IHS Jane’s Capabilities Briefing

Syria in focus: fighter aircraft and land-based air-defence systems
September 2013ihs.com

Please contact your account manager if you are interested in receiving this KML file. Accompanying this report. Unknown location L-39ZO (1 squadron) MiG-21MF (1 squadron) SYRIA MiG-23MS (1 squadron) Hamah MiG-21MF (2 squadrons) Shayrat Su-22M3 (1 squadron) Deir Zzor MiG-21MF (1 squadron) Shayrat Su-22M4 (1 squadron) Hamah MiG-29 (1 squadron) Tiyas Su-22M4 (1 squadron) An Nasiriyah MiG-23BN (1 squadron) Dumayr Su-22M3 (1 squadron) Al Qusayr MiG-21bis (2 squadrons) Tiyas Su-24MK (1 squadron) Tiyas MiG-25PD (2 squadrons) Sayqal MiG-29 (2 squadrons) Mezze SA 342L (2 squadrons) Marj Ruhayyil Su-22 (1 squadron) Dumayr MiG-23MLD (1 squadron) Khalkhalah MiG-21bis (2 squadrons) Marj Ruhayyil MiG-23MLD (1 squadron) As Suweidaya West Mi-24A (2 squadrons) Marj Ruhayyil Mi-24A (1 squadron) Source: IHS *Squadron information based on Syrian air force order of battle circa 2012. With strong opposition from Russia.IHS Jane’s Capabilities Briefing | Syria in focus Syria in focus: fighter aircraft and land-based air-defence systems Debate over the merits of international intervention in Syria in the form of air and missile strikes has flared following the Syrian government’s alleged use of chemical weapons in August 2013. Meanwhile. the British parliament’s failure to pass a measure approving military action means the US and France have been left as primary advocates of an air campaign to hobble the Assad regime. While US President Barack Obama has announced that he will let Congress vote on the matter. This will become even more likely in the event that UN weapons inspectors confirm Syrian government participation in the August chemical attack. IHS Jane’s examines the Syrian air force and air-defence assets that would combat any unilateral or multilateral strikes against the country. © 2013 IHS: 1459782 Cover: The Buk-M2E (SA-17 ‘Grizzly’) self-propelled surface-to-air missile system is the most potent air-defence weapon currently in service with the Syrian Armed Forces. a vote for intervention in Syria is unlikely to pass the UN Security Council. Unit deployment and strengths may have changed due to the ongoing conflict. with an added layer detailing all known insurgent attacks and counter-terrorism operations in Syria from March-August 2013. unilateral strikes by NATO countries cannot be ruled out. we have created a KML file of the map below. Airbases under Syrian government control (as of September 2013) Primary role Ground attack Air defence Shayrat MiG-25PD (1 squadron) Shayrat MiG-23MF (1 squadron) KML File Available IHS Jane’s holds a wide variety of geospatially enabled data on military forces as well as terrorism and insurgency events. © 2013 IHS 2 September 2013 .

352 km* * internal fuel. AA-2 ‘Atoll’ Armament AA-8 AA-11 ‘Archer’ AA-6 ‘Acrid’ Armament AA-6 ‘Acrid’.296 km* © 2013 IHS: 1459786 Source: IHS © 2013 IHS 3 September 2013 . AA-8 ‘Aphid’ Range Source: IHS Armament Cannon * with max internal fuel 1. 10% reserves. A-11 ‘Archer’ Range Source: IHS Armament SA-7 ‘Grail’. SA-14 ‘Gremlin’ Range 450 km* * standard internal fuel.098 km* Range Source: IHS 2.092 km* © 2013 IHS: 1459787 MiG-23 ‘Flogger’ Variants Role MS/BN/MLD/MF Air defence MiG-25 ‘Foxbat’ Variants Role PD Air defence ‘Aphid’.500 km* Range Source: IHS 1. AA-7 ‘Apex’. Mi-24P © 2013 IHS: 1459790 2. AA-11 ‘Archer’ * internal fuel only © 2013 IHS: 1459783 1. L-139 © 2013 IHS: 1459789 © 2013 IHS: 1459785 Su-22 ‘Fitter’ Variants Role M3/M4 Attack * max fuel high altitude Mi-24 ‘Hind’ Variants Role A Attack helicopter Armament AA-2 ‘Atoll’.863 km* * with max internal fuel © 2013 IHS: 1459788 © 2013 IHS: 1459784 MiG-29 ‘Fulcrum’ Variants Role MiG-29 Air defence/attack Aero L-39 ‘Albatros’ Variants Role ZO Trainer/light attack Armament AA-8 ‘Aphid’. AA-8 ‘Aphid’. AA-8 ‘Aphid’ Range Source: IHS Armament AA-8 ‘Aphid’.944 km* Range Source: IHS 1.IHS Jane’s Capabilities Briefing | Syria in focus MiG-21 ‘Fishbed’ Variants Role Bis/MF Air defence/attack Su-24 ‘Fencer’ Variants Role MK Attack * max fuel high altitude Armament AA-2 ‘Atoll’. AA-8 ‘Aphid’ * max internal use Range Source: IHS 1. AA-10 ‘Alamo’.

the IADS potentially represents a significant risk to low-altitude operations by co-operative targets. Key Syrian land-based air-defence assets Equipment name Role Effective against Simultaneous target engagement capability Weaponry Missile warhead weight Missile effective range (general) Missile effective altitude (maximum) Gun effective range (general) Miroslav Gyurosi 1331948 Buk-M2E (SA-17 ‘Grizzly’) Self-propelled surface-to-air missile system Fixed. ballistic and air-launched missiles 4 4 x 9M317 missiles 50-70 kg 45 km 25 km n/a n/a Mid-2000s © 2013 IHS Gun effective altitude (maximum) First developed Source: IHS Equipment name Role Effective against Simultaneous target engagement capability Weaponry Missile warhead weight Missile effective range (general) Missile effective altitude (maximum) Gun effective range (general) Gun effective altitude (maximum) IHS/Peter Felstead Pechora-2M Surface-to-air missile system Fixed. Buk-M2E (SA-17 ‘Grizzly’). As such. the bulk of the network does not represent a significant threat to modern combat aircraft. although any threat system should be regarded as potentially dangerous. there is a notable overreliance on ageing Soviet-era technology that has already been encountered and exploited by Western air arms. • The IADS is highlighted by a limited number of modern. and Pechora-2M. These have not yet been encountered in combat by Western air forces and are likely deployed to protect Syria’s most sensitive military and political infrastructure. • However. cruise. specifically the Pantsir-S1 (SA-22 ‘Greyhound’). and cruise missiles prior to network degradation.IHS Jane’s Capabilities Briefing | Syria in focus Land-based air defence assets • Syria operates an integrated air-defence system (IADS) that provides interlaced surface-to-air missile positions backed by numerous anti-aircraft artillery emplacements. survivable surface-to-air missile assets. As such.and rotary-wing aircraft. helicopters.and rotary-wing aircraft. cruise and ballistic missiles 1 2 x 5V27DE missiles Unknown 32 km 20 km + n/a n/a Late 1990s © 2013 IHS First developed Source: IHS © 2013 IHS 4 September 2013 .

com/jmsa • IHS Jane’s Defence.5 mm ZPU-2 (Twin) 14. To learn more visit www. Equipment & Technology (JDET) Intelligence Centre.ihs. To learn more. visit www.ihs.IHS Jane’s Capabilities Briefing | Syria in focus Equipment Name Role Effective against: Simultaneous target engagement capability: Weaponry: Missile Warhead Weight: Missile Effective Range (general): Missile Effective Altitude (maximum): Gun Effective Range (general) Miroslav Gyurosi 1124487 Pantsir-S1 (SA-22 ‘Greyhound’) Self-propelled gun/surface-to-air missile system Fixed. air-launched missiles 3 12 x 9M335 missiles 2 x 30 mm 2A38 guns 16 kg 12 km 5 km 4 km 3 km Early 1990s © 2013 IHS Gun Effective Altitude (maximum): First Developed: Source: IHS Additional Syrian land-based air defence assets Army and air force equipment in service System Variant 9K38 Igla (SA-18 'Grouse') 9K35 Strela-10 (SA-13 'Gopher') 9K37 Buk (SA-11 'Gadfly') 9K31 Strela-1 (SA-9 'Gaskin') 2K12 Kub (SA-6 'Gainful') 9K33 Osa (SA-8 'Gecko') S-125 (SA-3 'Goa') S-75 Dvina (SA-2 'Guideline') S-200 (SA-5 'Gammon') 9K32/9K32M Strela-2/2M (SA-7a/b 'Grail') 9K36 Strela-3 (SA-14 'Gremlin') 9K310 Igla-1 (SA-16 'Gimlet') 23 mm ZSU-23-4 (Quad) 57 mm ZSU-57-2 (Twin) 12.5 mm ZPU-4 (Quad) 20 mm 20 mm (Twin) 23 mm ZU-23-2 (Twin) 30 mm HS-661 37 mm M1939 57 mm S-60 85 mm KS-12 100 mm KS-19 Source: IHS Jane’s Manufacturer Konstruktorskoe Bjuro Mashinostroenia Soviet state factories Ulyanovsk Mechanical Plant Soviet state factories Soviet state factories Almaz / Antei Almaz / Antei Almaz / Antei Almaz / Antei Konstruktorskoe Bjuro Mashinostroenia Konstruktorskoe Bjuro Mashinostroenia Konstruktorskoe Bjuro Mashinostroenia Soviet state factories Muromskiy Mashinostroitelnyy Soviet state factories Soviet state factories Soviet state factories Hispano-Suiza Hispano-Suiza Soviet state factories Hispano-Suiza Soviet state factories Aleksinskiy Khimicheskiy Kombinat Soviet state factories Soviet state factories Primary Role (General) Surface-to-air missile system (self-propelled) Surface-to-air missile system (self-propelled) Surface-to-air missile system (self-propelled) Surface-to-air missile system (self-propelled) Surface-to-air missile system (self-propelled) Surface-to-air missile system (self-propelled) Surface-to-air missile system (static and towed) Surface-to-air missile system (static) Surface-to-air missile system (static) Surface-to-air missile system (man-portable) Surface-to-air missile system (man-portable) Surface-to-air missile system (man-portable) Anti-aircraft gun (self-propelled) Anti-aircraft gun (self-propelled) Anti-aircraft gun (towed) Anti-aircraft gun (towed) Anti-aircraft gun (towed) Anti-aircraft gun (towed) Anti-aircraft gun (towed) Anti-aircraft gun (towed) Anti-aircraft gun (towed) Anti-aircraft gun (towed) Anti-aircraft gun (towed) Anti-aircraft gun (towed) Anti-aircraft gun (towed) First Developed 1970s 1970s 1970s 1960s 1960s 1960s 1950s 1950s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1970s 1950s 1950s 1950s 1940s 1940s 1970s 1970s 1950s n/a 1930s 1950s 1930s 1940s © 2013 IHS Contributors: Alexander von Rosenbach. IHS Jane’s Armed Forces Editor Sebastian Boe.7 mm M53 (Quad) 14. IHS Jane’s Analyst Neil Gibson.and rotary-wing aircraft. IHS Jane’s Defence Researcher This Capability Briefing draws on analysis and data from: • IHS Jane’s Military & Security Assessments (JMSA) Intelligence Centre.com/jdet © 2013 IHS 5 September 2013 .

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