368 views

Uploaded by Muhammad Imdadullah

Absolute Measure of Dispersion on Range, Standard Deviation etc from http://itfeature.com

- MCQs Basic Statistics 1
- MCQs on Correlation and Regression Analysis 2
- MCQs on correlation and Regression Analysis
- MCQs on Correlation and Regression Analysis
- Statistic Exam (MCQ)
- Statistics Mcq'S I.Com Part 2
- Chapter 04 - Measures of Dispersion and Skewness.pdf
- Statistics MCQ
- MCQs about R Language - Statistics Software
- Testing of Hypothesis
- Statistics for Management Mcqs
- Measures of Dispersion
- 40 Multiple Choice Questions in Basic Statistics
- biostat Q2
- MCQ stats
- MB0040 Solved Fall Drive Assignment 2011
- MBA First & Second Year Syllabus - Sub Centre Latur
- CHAPTER 22 - answer.doc
- Application of Statistical Concepts in the Determination of Weight Variation in Samples
- Sila Stast

You are on page 1of 4

2. Quartile Deviation

Range

Range is the dierence between the largest value and the smallest value in the data set. For ungrouped data, let X0 is the smallest value and Xn is the largest value in a data set then the range (R) is dened as R = Xn X0 . For grouped data Range can be calculated in three dierent ways

R=Upper class limit of highest class-Lower class limit of lower class R=Upper class boundary of highest class - Lower class boundary of lowest class

Quartile Deviation (Semi-Interquantile Range)

Quartile deviation dened as the dierence between the third and rst quartiles, and half of this range is called the semiinterquartile range (SIQD) or simply quartile deviation (QD). Q1 . QD = Q3 2 The Quartile Deviation is superior to range as it is not aected 1 Muhammad Imdadullah

htt p:/

Absolute measures gives an idea about the amount of dispersion/ spread in a set of observations. These quantities measures the dispersion in the same units as the units of original data. Absolute measures cannot be used to compare the variation of two or more series/ data set. A measure of absolute dispersion does not in itself, tell whether the variation is large or small. Commonly used absolute measures are

Statistics MCQs on Basic Statistics by extremely large or small observations, any how it does not give any information about the position of observation lying outside the two quantities. It is not amenable to mathematical treatment and is greatly aected by sampling variability. Although Quartile Deviation is not widely used as measure of dispersion, but it is used in situations in which extreme observations are thought to be unrepresentative/ misleading. Quartile Deviation is not based on all observation therefore it is aected by extreme observations. The range "Median QD" contains approximately 50% of the data.

Note: Mean Deviation (Average Deviation)

The Mean Deviation is dened as the arithmetic mean of the deviations measured either from mean or from the median. All these deviations are counted as positive to avoid the diculty arising from the property that the sum of deviations of observations from their mean is zero.

MD = MD = MD = MD =

|X X | n f |X X | f | |X X n | f |X X f

for ungrouped data for mean for grouped data for mean

for ungrouped data for median for grouped data for median

Mean Deviation can be calculated about other central tendencies but it is least when deviations are taken as median. The Mean Deviation gives more information than range or the Quartile Deviation as it is based on all the observed values. The Mean Deviation does not give undue weight to occasional large deviations, so it should likely to be used in situation where such deviation are likely to occur.

Variance and Standard Deviation

It is dened as the mean of the squares of deviations of all the observations from their mean. Traditionally for population 2 Muhammad Imdadullah

htt p:/

Statistics MCQs on Basic Statistics variance is denoted by 2 (sigma square) and for sample data denoted by S 2 or s2 . Symbolically

2 = S2 = 2 = 2 =

(Xi )2 N (Xi X )2 n f (Xi )2 f f (Xi X )2 f

Population Variance for ungrouped data Population Variance for grouped data Sample Variance for grouped data

The variance is denoted by V ar(X ) for random variable X . The term variance was introduced by R. A. Fisher (1890-1982) in 1918. The variance is in square of units and the variance is a large number compared to observation themselves. Note that there are alternative formulas to compute Variance or Standard Deviations. The positive square root of the variance is called Standard Deviation (SD) to express the deviation in the same units as the original observation themselves.It is a measure of the average spread about the mean and symbolically dened as

2 = 2 =

(Xi )2 N (Xi X )2 n

2 =

2 =

Standard Deviation is most useful measure of dispersion is credited with the name Standard Deviation by Karl Pearson (1857-1936). In some text Sample Standard Deviation is 2 i X ) dened as S 2 = (X on the basis of the argument that n1 knowledge of any n 1 deviations determines the remaining deviations as the sum of n deviations must be zero. In fact this is an unbiased estimator of the population variance 3 Muhammad Imdadullah

htt p:/

f (Xi )2 f f (Xi X )2 f

2.

The Standard Deviation has a denite mathematical measure, it utilizes all the observed values and is amenable to mathematical treatment but aected by extreme values.

htt p:/

4 Muhammad Imdadullah

- MCQs Basic Statistics 1Uploaded byMuhammad Imdadullah
- MCQs on Correlation and Regression Analysis 2Uploaded byMuhammad Imdadullah
- MCQs on correlation and Regression AnalysisUploaded byMuhammad Imdadullah
- MCQs on Correlation and Regression AnalysisUploaded byMuhammad Imdadullah
- Statistic Exam (MCQ)Uploaded byzephyryu
- Statistics Mcq'S I.Com Part 2Uploaded byShafique Ur Rehman
- Chapter 04 - Measures of Dispersion and Skewness.pdfUploaded byClemence Cruz
- Statistics MCQUploaded bysp_rao2000
- MCQs about R Language - Statistics SoftwareUploaded byMuhammad Imdadullah
- Testing of HypothesisUploaded byKent Gerard Balagot
- Statistics for Management McqsUploaded byNIRALI
- Measures of DispersionUploaded byVarun Rijhwani
- 40 Multiple Choice Questions in Basic StatisticsUploaded by29_ramesh170
- biostat Q2Uploaded byRuba Ghanim
- MCQ statsUploaded byRahul Rein
- MB0040 Solved Fall Drive Assignment 2011Uploaded byvijaivictor84
- MBA First & Second Year Syllabus - Sub Centre LaturUploaded bythakareyn
- CHAPTER 22 - answer.docUploaded bycathchemmm
- Application of Statistical Concepts in the Determination of Weight Variation in SamplesUploaded byIan Paguigan
- Sila StastUploaded bySultan Javed
- Abbasi et al_Consanguinity in Iran_JBS_08 published.pdfUploaded byRabia Tabassum Dhanotar
- ET ZC344 ET ZC341-L3Uploaded bymohimran2002
- A9-2Uploaded bySahil Bhatt
- Dental and Skeletal Outcomes ClassIIUploaded byAdriana MeHer
- 107B Numerical & Statistical MethodsUploaded bygowtham1990
- Portfolio FormulaUploaded byTUSHAR
- MARK202 Spring 2012 Lectures Lecture 4Uploaded bySheikh Hasan
- StatisticsUploaded byKirti Sethi
- Statistics RefresherUploaded byJorgeSanz
- Assignment in CPMPERT.Uploaded byAsh Yehia

- MCQs on Correlation and Regression Analysis 1Uploaded byMuhammad Imdadullah
- PQ1Uploaded bycocobacoco458
- 30 Creative Uses for Coca Cola IncludeUploaded byMuhammad Imdadullah
- Binary Logistic Regression Mintab TutorialUploaded byMuhammad Imdadullah
- R IntroUploaded byMuhammad Imdadullah
- Logistic Regression IntroUploaded byMuhammad Imdadullah
- MCQs about R Language - Statistics SoftwareUploaded byMuhammad Imdadullah
- Intro to CalculusUploaded byMuhammad Imdadullah
- HEC Scholarshipd How ToUploaded byMuhammad Imdadullah
- ch06 samplingUploaded byMuhammad Imdadullah

- Quantitative Aids to Decision MakingUploaded bybalakscribd
- statistical process controlUploaded byHimraj Bachoo
- Tracking SignalUploaded byMazhaic Maham
- Standard Deviation PracticeUploaded byTrisha Bechard
- Risk Identification & MeasurementUploaded byvmtripathi09
- The Quality of Accruals and EarningsUploaded byEndah Dian Purwati
- New Life for Sulphated Lead-Acid Cells - Richard PerezUploaded bybudiona
- Quality Control Chart.docxUploaded byAtul Gaur
- StatisticsUploaded byVaibhav Singh
- IBM_SPSS_Statistics_Base_23.pdfUploaded bythe
- Standard DeviationUploaded byVishal Gandhi
- Measures of VariabilityUploaded byrobertbanse
- DS- Measure of DespersionUploaded byKartik Sharma
- p Ptt Ttttt TttttUploaded byJasmine Singh
- Exam 1 Review, Solutions, And Formula Sheet, Chapters 1-4Uploaded byDanielle Reid
- Module 1 - Part a - Population, Sample, Locati[1]Uploaded byrigoberto choque
- EM 8731Uploaded bymuji7
- Stat15Uploaded byRia
- What is a Standard Deviation and How Do I Compute ItUploaded byHehe
- 134174001Uploaded bySurendra Singh Gaud
- Chapter 4Uploaded byFatimaIjaz
- Lind17e_chapter03_tb.docxUploaded bydockmom4
- StatisticsUploaded byMar Nurul
- 1608 Probabilityandstatisticsinengineering 161031145711 (2)Uploaded bycielo
- EI-L3Uploaded byAman Verma
- Absolute Measure of DispersionUploaded byMuhammad Imdadullah
- 34309-0001-CodebookUploaded bysana aman
- Pipette Calibration.Uploaded byAkhtar Abbas
- 3.3 Mean and Standard Deviation of Grouped DataUploaded byNoraliza Rajibi
- Curs 11-Data AnalysisUploaded byAlin San