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A number of research works have been carried out in static and dynamic analysis of functionally graded (FG) plates.

Reddy et al. [8] presented three-dimensional thermo mechanical analysis of simply supported FG plates by using an asymptotic method. In which the material properties are estimated by the MoriTanaka scheme. In another research report Reddy commented that thin walled members, i.e., plates and shells, used in reactor vessels, turbines and other machine parts are susceptible to failure from buckling, large amplitude deflections, or excessive stresses induced by thermal or combined thermo mechanical loading. Liew et al. [9] presented thermal buckling and post-buckling analyses for moderately thick FG rectangular plates under uniform thermal loading. The first- order shear deformation theory was used for theoretical analysis. Effect of temperature-dependent thermo-elastic properties of the constituent materials and initial geometric imperfection on overall plate behavior was also considered. Yang et al. [10] investigated effect of initial geometrical imperfections on the post-buckling behavior of FG plates. The formulations were based on Reddys higher-order shear deformation plate theory and von Karman-type of geometric nonlinearity. Buckling behavior of moderately thick FG rectangular plates subjected to linearly varying in-plane loading was investigated by Bodaghi and Saidi[11]. Based on the first-order shear deformation plate theory and the neutral surface concept, the equilibrium and stability equations were derived. Due to changes in material properties along thickness the shifting of neutral surface from centroidal axes was also discussed. By above discussion it is clear that whilst much development work has been conducted but the degree of maturity of the current tools for predicting the behavior of FGMs , in the general case, has been a somewhat open question. Especially in case of FG plate very limited work is conducted to understand its thermo-mechanical behavior. Possibilities of thin FGM structures are more sensitive towards buckling and post buckling failure. So it is required to investigate FG

plate structures under critical conditions by using some more realistic techniques. Most of past attempts to analyze FG plate are based on some assumptions which limit their application in a generalized prospective. Keeping the above limitations in mind it is necessary to analyze the FG structures in more generalizing environment. So here analytical and FEM (Finite element method) analysis of FG plate is proposed under thermo mechanical loading. The key objective of this project is to investigate thin plate FG structure to formulate its buckling and post buckling behavior. In first part the theoretical formulation of FG structures will be carried out by applying the higher order shear deformation theory which is more realistic for various types of FGM structures. The continuous variation in material properties along thickness direction is considered. Effect of varying material properties on position of neutral surface should also be taken into account. In the latter part of project FEM modeling will be done. Obtained result of this Finite Element analysis will be cross validated by comparing it with analytical results. To establish the feasibility of developed model, Comparative analysis with some standard results will also be carried out.

5.2 Research work engaged in at present Major research work on the buckling and postbuckling responses of composite laminates under various in-plane mechanical loads, such as uni-axial compression, in-plane shear is carried out by the investigator as a part of his Ph.D. research work at Birla Institute of Technology and Science (i.e., BITS) Pilani. In the area of mechanics of composite laminates, the investigator has published ten research papers in international journals of high repute (impact factor 0.5-2.5). At the same time, the investigator has also attended five international conferences and presented his research work to various researchers working in the same field. (Refer List of Publications). In addition, some postgraduate students are also carrying out their projects on theoretical investigations on thermal and hygrothermal effects on composite laminates under the guidance of the investigator. More importantly, the investigator was awarded IASc-INAS-NASI Summer

Fellowship 2012 to work under the guidance of Prof Tarun Kant, an internationally renowned researcher in the area of mechanics of composites, at IIT Bombay, Mumbai during June-July 2012 in the same area. So, preliminary study on the proposed topic i.e., Hygrothermal Effects on Stability and Failure of Composite Laminates has already been started.

5.3 Objectives of the proposed project This research aims at developing the analytical model of FG plate by using some higher order plate theories. It is also proposed to create a FEM model of plate by using some higher level computational software to analyze FG plates for predicting their non-linear response under various loading and boundary conditions. Keeping in mind the aforementioned broad idea, the main objectives of the proposed project are as follows: 1. Development of a strategy for simulation of functionally graded materials to calculate their effective elastic and thermal properties, and position of neutral surface within the FG structure. It is also proposed to study the effect of thermal gradient on these properties. 2. Theoretical formulation of FG plate by improved higher order shear deformation theory to investigate buckling and post-buckling phenomenon under various type of thermal and/or mechanical loading. Due to variation of material properties in thickness direction the FG plate is non-symmetric along thickness furthermore thermal gradient in graded direction is also nonuniform therefore, using an improved higher order shear based on more rigorous kinetics of displacements to predict the buckling behaviors of functionally graded plates is expected to be more suitable than using other theories.

3. To perform nonlinear analysis of nonsymmetrical FG plate to investigate bifurcation type of instability for different type of boundary and loading conditions. Effect of geometric irregularities in plate (plate with hole, sharp edges etc.) on instability will also be considered. For generalization purpose the analysis will be employed to develop a finite element model of FG plate. 4. Investigation of different failure and instability patterns of graded plates under critical loading conditions and a full study of failure criteria and damage mechanisms in contrast of FGMs. Application of most appropriate failure theory to capture different failure modes in FG plate and to predict its corresponding buckling and post-buckling strengths is also proposed. 5. Comparative analysis of buckling and post-buckling behavior of FG plate with

structures made by composites and an analysis/comparison of the advantages/benefits of using basic structural element constructed of functionally graded materials with respect to those constructed with homogenous materials will also be carried out.

5.3 Review of R&D in the proposed area (National & International Status, Importance, patents etc.) 5.3.1 International status There are many approaches used to describe the variation in material properties of FGMs. In general, most of the approaches are based on the volume fraction distribution (macroscopic analysis) rather than developed from micromechanics approach graded microstructures [1].Effective properties of FGM may be obtained using basic three laws i.e. Power Law (P-FGM), Exponential Law (E-FGM) and Sigmoid Law (S-FGM).

Khorshidv and Eslami [13] compared solutions of all three laws for thermal buckling solution of circular FGM plate. In Power Law (P-FGM), a model is created that describes the function of composition throughout the material. In Figure 2, the volume fraction Vc, describes the volume of ceramic at any point z across, the thickness h according to a parameter n which controls the shape of the function [12]. (1)

Figure 2 Ceramic Volume Fractions across the FGM Layer Pc is the material property of the pure ceramic and Pm is the material property of the pure metal. It follows that the volume fraction of metal, Vm(z), in the FGM is 1-Vc(z). (2)

Figure 3 Effect of Power Law Index (n) on the Volume Fraction Vm


Exponential Law (E-FGM) is also used to describe the material properties of FGM. An exponential function used for defining material properties was applied in many studies in order to investigate crack propagation, fracture mechanics, bending, buckling and vibration [14, 15].Mahi et al. [16] studied the influence of an exponential volume fraction law on the vibration frequencies of thin functionally graded cylindrical shells. It directly correlates the properties of FGM with ceramic and metal properties. (3) Where and ( )

Chung and Chi [17] defined the Sigmoid Law (S-FGM) in which volume fraction is calculated using two power-law functions to ensure smooth distribution of stresses among all the interfaces. The two power law functions are defined by ( For ) For (5) (4) ( )

Sankar[18] presented an analytical solution based on elasticity theory for long, slender beam under sinusoidal varying load to represent more general loading conditions. The equilibrium equations and boundary conditions are used to obtain the static finite element equations for the FGM composite beam. Solution of FG beam by using Euler-Bernoulli theory is also obtained for comparison purpose. According to Euler-Bernoulli beam theory, the axial force and bending moment, N and M, are defined (N, M) = [ ] (6)

Yaghoobi[19] investigated the effect of varying material parameters on position of neutral surface and it is suggested that position of neutral surface is shifted. The position of neutral surface for functionally graded beam is obtained by considering FGM beam under uniformly distributed load. Structures made by FGMs are basically required to sustain in higher temperature and thermal gradient applications. So it is perquisite to analyze the response of these materials under higher thermal loading. A significant number of efforts can be found in literature which involved in thermal analysis of FGMs. In comparative analysis of FGMs with traditional composites under thermal loading Noda[20] reveal that the limitations of the composite materials, such as delamination, huge residual stress, and large deformations, may be avoided or reduced in FGM materials . Thermal residual stresses in FGMs are due to nonlinear variation in thermal expansion coefficient which can be compensated in significant amount by taking variation in young modulus.Becker et al. [21] presented an approximate solution for thermoelastic analysis of a particular class of FGMs. Thermoelastic equilibrium equations for a FG beam structure were analyzed to establish a relationship between variations of temperature and elastic constants by Shankar and Tzeng [22]. It was concluded that thermal residual stresses significantly depends on direction of increment in temperature and material constants. The dependence of temperature distribution on thermal stresses was investigated in one another analysis by Rahimi and Davoodinik [23]. The study suggested that the function of heat distribution should be same as the function of material properties distribution.Chaofeng et al.[24] applied the state space method coupled with the technique of differential quadrature to obtain the two-dimensional thermoelasticity solution of FG beams.

Higuchi et al.[25] developed a shear deformation based theory to analyze the bending behavior of FG beam.Azadi[26] presented a finite element method for free and forced lateral vibration analysis of FG beams. Dynamic analysis was also performed taking spatial and temperature dependent variation in material properties. The natural frequencies were obtained for FG beams with various boundary conditions.Giunta [27] proposed several theories for the linear static analysis of FG beams.2-Dimensional variations in material properties was considered for comparative analysis.imek[28] performedstatic analysis of a functionally graded (FG) simplysupported beam by using Ritz method. Deformation assumed was based on Timoshenko and the higher order shear deformation beam theories. In this study, the effect of various material distributions on the displacements and the stresses of the beam were examined. Malihi et al.[29] proposed Two-dimensional elasticity solution for static analysis of FG beams with various boundary conditions The effect of material gradient index, coefficient of elastic foundation and the ratio of thickness to length on the behavior of beam was also considered. From the perspective of Finite Element Analysis (FEA) of FGMs, Khodaei and Zeman[30] addressed the discrete element approach based on micromechanics for linear elastic behavior of FGMs. liwa et al. [31] used FEM to investigate the internal stresses within FGM tool materials. Xuan et al. [32] presented an improved finite element approach for free triangular plate elements;the formulation used only linear approximations to reduce the level of complexity.A finite element formulation was derived for the analysis of FGM thick cylinders byMoeini and Ahmadian[33] . This study developed a new cylindrical element which was based on properties of FGM structures. Latter it was shown that utilization of this element in FGM analysis reduced the computational time effectively.Komeili et al.[34] investigated bending of beam made by functionally graded piezoelectric material (FGPM). FEM calculations were based

on Minimum potential energy and Hamilton principle. Choi et al. [35] performed finite element computations to investigate the effects of yield strength and strain hardening on contact deformation. Elishakoff and Gentilini [36] presented athree-dimensional solution for the problem of transverselyloaded FG plates of arbitrary thicknessusing the Ritz principle. To avoid computational complexity the linear deformations and small strain conditions were assumed. A nonlinear behavior of FG shells was investigated by Arciniega and Reddy [37]. The polar finite element equations were derived from first-order shear deformation theory [FSDT]. Ferreira et al. [38] provided a meshless method to obtain natural frequencies of FG plates by using first order shear deformation theory (FSDT). Vel and batra [39] producedan exact solution for three-dimensional simply supported FG plate for thermomechanical loading. Classical plate theory and other higher order theories were applied to insure the accuracy of solutions.Analytical investigation of the free vibration behavior of circular functionally graded (FG) plate with piezoelectric (PZT4) material layers, based on the classical plate theory (CPT) was presented byEbrahimi and Rastgo [40].Reddy [41] proposed finite element models of FGM plate using based on the third- order shear deformation plate theory. The plates were assumed to have isotropic, two-constituent material distribution through the thickness, and the modulus of elasticity of the plate was assumed to vary according to a power-law distribution in terms of the volume fractions of the constituents. The formulation accounts for the thermomechanical coupling, time dependency, and the von Karman- type geometric non-linearity. It is evident from the study of past literature that a significant number of attempts are made to understand the behavior of FGMs however limited efforts have done to analyze the buckling and post-buckling of FGM plates. Some important contributions in this area are mentioned bellow.

TUNGand DC [42] presented thermal buckling and post-buckling analysis for FG simply supported plates under thermal stresses. First- order shear deformation theory with consideration of initial geometric imperfection was applied. A series of contributions are made by Reddy and his collaborators in analysis of FGM plates. Reddy analyzed the problem of thick rectangular FGM plates by developing a third-order shear deformation theory [43]. A simply supported FGM plate subjected to thermo-mechanical loading was analyzed by Reddy and cheng[44]. Earlier contributions by Reddy and co-workers [45, 46, 47, 48, and 49] on static and dynamic analysis of FGM cylinders, rectangular, circular, and annular plates are provided a better understanding on FGM structures. Classical beam or plate theory when applied to FG beam or plate, do not seem to give appropriate results as calculated deflections due to bending are under-estimated by these

theories. Thus theories that consider shear deformation effects are recommended to apply for analyzing beams and plates produced from FGMs, in order to achieve more accuracy in predictions. The first order shear deformation theory (FSDT) is used when the normal to the plate mid- plane before deformation remains straight but not necessarily normal to the deformed mid- plane. The higher order shear deformation theories (HSDTs) are needed when normal to the plate mid-plane before deformation does not remain straight after deformation; causing a nonlinear variation of displacements u and v over the beam and plate thickness. In the case of FGMs, due to the approximated properties across the thickness, the improved TSDT provides a better representation of the cubic variation of displacements through the thickness over the FSDT [50, 51]. The in-plane loads are known to be the main causes of buckling in structures. Objectives of buckling analysis are to determine the buckling critical loads and their corresponding mode


shapes. The bifurcation point is defined at the critical load. The structure exhibits buckled configuration when subjected to the in-plane load that exceeds its critical load value. Hence, post buckling analysis could be addressed to investigate structural behavior at the stage of instability.Shi-rong et al.[52] used Timoshenko beam theory to solve problems of post-buckling of FG beams under non-uniform temperature rise. Lanhegave[53] the solutions for thermal buckling analysis of simply supported moderate and thick FG plates using first order shear deformation theory.Shen[54] consider two cases of temperature field, i.e. in-plane non-uniform parabolic temperature distribution and heat conduction to investigate thermal post buckling of simply supported FG plate. It was concluded that, in the case of heat conduction, the postbuckling path of geometrically perfect plates is no longer of the bifurcation type. Zhao et al.[55] investigated the problem of geometrical irregularities by considering the FG plates that contain square and circular holes at the centre. It was found that the size of the hole presents a considerable impact not only on the buckling but also on the buckling mode shapes of the plate. National status A great interest is shown in FGM by researchers from all over the world. Some important investigations on FGM analysis are performed in INDIA also, for instance kant and his coworkers provided a significant contributionin series of research papers for analyzing FGM plates, cylinder and shells [56, 57, 58]. In these studies analytical cum numerical modeling was done to propose static as well as dynamic solution for FGM structures.Chakraborty et al. [59] proposed a new beam finite element for static and dynamic analyses of beam structures with varying thermal and elastic properties along the beam thickness. Shimpi and Ainapure [60] applied trigonometric shear deformation beam theory to evaluate performance of FGM. A beam element with two


nodes and three degree of freedom was used. Post buckling behavior of FGM skew plates under thermal load is investigated by parkash et al. [61] in which temperature gradient is assumed to be uniform along thickness direction. So by above mentioned literature it is very clear that there are very few attempts to investigate the buckling and post-buckling behavior and most of the past studies were simplified their analysis by assuming that the material properties remain unaffected of temperature within a certain range of temperature. In contrast, for FGMs, this simplification was unacceptable when these materials were subjected to high variations of temperature (of temperature of several hundred degrees) [62]. So based upon the above discussion, in the current project, the solutions of thermal buckling analysis of FG structures are derived by using temperature dependent material properties.Moreover to the best of authors knowledge, in spite of its importance, no research work related to the failure analysis of FGM plate due to buckling and post-buckling phenomenon has been yet presented.

Importance of the proposed project in the context of current status

From above literature survey, it is clear that buckling and post buckling analyses due to thermal and mechanical loads of FG plates were relatively rare and most of the past

investigations were ignored the effect of shear deformation. However this do not seem to give appropriate results as deflections due to bending are under-estimated by this assumption. One more factor remains questionable in past investigation that most of analysis is based on symmetric FG plate structures however due to the change in material properties along thickness,


these structures no more remain symmetric. It is required to apply nonlinear analysis to investigate asymmetric FG plate. As FG structures basically applied in high temperature conditions so their material properties vary significantly with temperature gradient but It is revealed by studying past literature on FG plate that the material properties were assumed to be constant with respect to temperature, which is unacceptable. To the best of authors knowledge no investigation is carried out to study the failure mechanism of FG plate (with various cutouts) for buckling and post-buckling phenomenon. So it will be a novel idea to compare the performance of different failure theories in evaluating the buckling and post buckling strength. Also the effect of geometrical irregularities presented in plate may have a considerable effect on stability of FG plate. So analyzing these structures will certainly give a more realistic and safe design of FG plate So in contrast of present status of FGM research, this project may give a new research direction in respective area.

5.5 Work plan (including detailed methodologyand time schedule)

Based on the objectives set for the present study and the international and national status reported in literature with their limitations, the methodology of the present study is proposed as follows:

Phase 1: Literature Survey The literature pertaining to the proposed research work till date has already been carried out. However, an up-to-date and detailed literature survey would be carried out using the


available library facilities. The details regarding analytical solutions for FGM plate, Material properties for different FGMs, variable function for temperature distribution, available buckling and post-buckling results etc. (for comparative and validation purpose) would be searched through various relevant journals such as Thin-Walled Structures, Mechanics of Materials and Structures, International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Materials Science and Engineering Journal of Solid Mechanics and Materials Engineering , journals from Elsevier ,Taylor and Francis etc. Apart from this, various other university library sources will be used for carrying out the literature survey.

Phase 2: Analytical Modeling In this phase computations will be done for modeling of FG plate by using higher order nonlinear plate theory this will require a higher level computation machine and workstation, so that parallel computations can be done. All the calculations at this stage will be done by using some powerful mathematical software like MATLAB, MATHEMATICA, MAPPLE which will require all of these software, so that appropriate software for particular computation can be used. Some professional help to modify the inherent computer programs in above software, according to the need of problem may also be required. Phase 3: FEM Modeling In this phase of the research work, Finite Element Modeling of FG plate will be done. For FEM there will be two approaches to ensure the accuracy of model. In first approach MATLAB coding will be done based on the analytical principle (Minimum Potential Energy Principle, Galarkin approach, Ritz method etc.) In other approach of FEM modeling some FEM software


(ABAQUS, ANSYS, and NASTRAN etc.) will be used to cross validate the results. The material properties of FGM in these FEM tools will be given by user defined functions. In both approaches initial models will be validated by applying it on some bench-mark type of problems. Phase 4: Comparative analysis for Analytical and FEM results To judge the accuracy level of FEM model with respect to mathematical solution a special purpose computer program will be developed. For a given problem it will compare the both solutions and give the percentage accuracy level with visualization (deformed shapes, buckling and post buckling modes etc) of the both results. Phase 5: Failure Investigation and Strength prediction In this phase, using the developed models, different composite failure theories (Tsai-Hill, Hashin Criterion, Yamda-Sun Criterion etc) will be applied. Failure strength of FG plate will be calculated using these theories. Most appropriate theory for FGMs will be suggested by evaluating their comparative performance with respect to empirical results (Empirical data will be taken from past literature).

Phase 6: Conclusions and Report Preparation In this phase all work done in different phases will be documented for the submission of final report. Throughout the proposed work, research papers would be published in scientific journals as well as presented in the conferences. The phase-wise work plan is represented in the form of bar chart and shown in Figure 3.
Phase 6

Phase 5


Phase 3 Phase 2 Phase 1

Phase 4

24 30 36 18 Time (Months) Figure 3Phase wise plan of work and targets to be achieved Details of the research funding received in the past and/ongoing projects (mention Ref. no., title, duration, cost, funding agency, and brief achievements). 6 12 NA 1. Name and address of the institution where the proposal will be/likely to be executed: Mechanical Engineering Department, Malaviya National Institute of Technology (MNIT), Jaipur 302 017 (Rajasthan) India 2.Facilities provided/to be made available at the host institute: Equipment: Server Room for Work Station Other Infrastructural Facilities: Library and internet facility for literature review


8. Name(s) and address(es) of Indian expert(s) in the proposed area: Dr. Akhilendra Singh Assistant Professor, Deptt.of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Patna, Navin Government Polytechnic Campus Patliputra Colony Patna 800 013 Emails:; Prof Tarun Kant Institute Chair Professor, Department of Civil Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay Powai, Mumbai-400 076, INDIA Email: Dr. IndraVir Singh Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247667, Uttarakhand, India E.mails:,

Prof. S B Singh Associate Professor, Civil Engineering Department Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani (BITS) Pilani 333 031, INDIA Emails:;


9.Details of financial requirements for three years (with justifications) and phasingfor each year: S.No. Head 1st Year 2nd Year 3rd Total Year Fellowship @ Rs.35,000/NA NA NA NA 1. p.m.* Manpower** 1,80,000 1,80,000 1,80,000 5,40,000 2. Consolidated compensation for Senior Research Fellow @ 15,000/- p.m. Consumables 75,000 75,000 50,000 2,00,000 3. Carbon Fibers and Epoxy Resin/ Prepreg Travel (within India) 25,000 25,000 25,000 75,000 4. Contingency 50,000 50,000 50,000 1,50,000 5. Equipments 6. 1. LabView based multi6,00,000 channel (8) data acquisition system - 1 No. 2. Force transducer of 1,50,000 Capacity 1MN (i.e., 100 Tonnes) - 1 No. 3. Sensors: Displacement 2,00,000 Transducers non-contact type - 2 Nos. and Strain Gauges 4. Temperature humidity 4,00,000 controlled chamber (Temperature -200C ~1500Cand Humidity 20%-98%RH- 1 No. 5. Acoustic Emission System 4,00,000 - 1 Nos. 1,00,000 6. Test Fixture 3 Nos. 7. Computer/Laptop (DELL) 70,000 with all accessories (printer, scanner, etc.) Overhead Costs (max. up to 4,50,000 66,000 66,000 5,82,000 7. 20% of project cost) 8 Grand Total (Including 27,00,000 3,96,000 3,96,000 34,92,000 Overhead Costs)
* applicable to scientist having no regular employment and are not drawing any fellowship during the project tenure ** applicable for researcher holding regular position.


9.1 Justification for Manpower (Project Fellow) Applicant is a permanent employee of MNIT, Jaipur and not eligible to draw any fellowship during the project tenure. A Senior Research Fellow (@ 15,000/- p.m.) will be appointed and employed to conduct various experimental and theoretical (modeling and simulation) studies. Parallelly, the SRF will register for his/her Ph.D. in the institute and the present work would result in his/her Doctoral Degree. 9.2 Justification for Consumables Grant Carbon/Glass Fibers and Epoxy Resin or Prepreg etc. will be used to manufacture composite laminates of various configurations such as such as quasi-isotropic (+45/-45/0/90)2s, crossply, (0/90)4s, and angle-ply, (+45/-45)4s with and without cutouts using hand lay-up method for experimental investigation. 9.3 Justification for Equipments Grant Because of the experimental and analytical nature of the research, equipment costs will be required to purchase sensors (Strain Gauges and LVDTs) and force transducer. Data acquisition system will be used in conjunction with sensors and computer to gather data such as deflection and strains, and failure loads while performing experiments on Universal Testing Machine (UTM). Acoustic Emission System requested would be required to find the first-ply failure load of the laminate In addition, computer system will also be required to develop the computer program for theoretical analysis and analyse the results as well as to store the data in the form of reports and technical papers. Temperature-humidity controlled chamber will be used to keep specimens at various environmental conditions of temperature and humidity. One test fixture is also to be designed and procured. This is to be used to hold the specimens to provide various loading and boundary conditions while performing test on the UTM. Moreover, other auxiliary equipments such as scanner and printer are required to scan the photos of the experimental tests and failure results and to print the document and technical research papers. 9.4 Justification for Travel Grant The travel expenses will be used for attending and presenting the results of the project work in the national and international conferences and seminars to be held in India during the project. 9.5 Justification for Contingency An amount of Rs. 50,000/- per year has been requested to take care of contingencies (books, journals, proceedings, pen drive, conference registration fee, printer cartages etc.).


10. Have you ever applied before under this Scheme or Women Scientist Scheme? If yes, give details (Name of the scheme, Title, subject area, reference number, if any, year and the decision). NO 11. Any other information in support of the proposed project: PI has enough expertise with international publications in the research area of Mechanics of Composites. The investigator has published ten research papers in international journals of high repute (impact factor 0.5-2.5). At the same time, the investigator has also attended five international conferences and presented his research work to various researchers working in the same field. In addition, some postgraduate students are also carrying out their projects/dissertation on theoretical investigations on thermal and hygrothermal effects on composite laminates under the guidance of the investigator. More importantly, the investigator was awarded IASc-INAS-NASI Summer Fellowship 2012 to work under the guidance of Prof Tarun Kant, an internationally renowned researcher in the area of mechanics of composites, at IIT Bombay, Mumbai during June-July 2012 in the same area. So, PI has enough expertise in the area and will be able to achieve the objectives stated in the research proposal. The proposed project would certainly result in some important contributions in the area of research. The PI would also like to bring in notice that as the cost of the proposed project is exceeding the maximum permissible limit under Fast Track Scheme i.e., Rs.23.00 lakhs (excluding overheads). So, the PI would request his parent Institute to provide the balance amount to execute this project successfully.


12. Statement from the Present Employer as per Annexure-I (In respect of person holding regular position) This is to certify that: i. Dr Dinesh Kumar, the Principal Investigator in the project entitled Hygroscopic Effects on Stability and Failure of Composite Laminates will assume full responsibility for implementing the project. ii. The date of appointment starts from the date on which the University/Institute receives the bank draft/cheque from the Department of Science & Technology. iii. The Investigator will be governed by the rules and regulations of the University/ Institute and will be under administrative control of the University/ Institute for the duration of the project. iv. The grant-in-aid by the Department of Science & Technology will be used to meet the expenditure on the project and for the period for which the project has been sanctioned as indicated in the sanction letter/ order. v. No administrative or other liability will be attached to the Department of Science & Technology at the end of the project. vi. The University/ Institute will provide basic infrastructure and other required facilities to the investigator for undertaking the research project. vii. The University/ Institute will take into its books all assets received under this sanction and its disposal would be at the discretion of Department of Science & Technology. viii. Institute assumes to undertake the financial and other management responsibilities of the project.

Seal of University/Institute Signature

Registrar of University/Head of Institute


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Detailed Biodata
1. Name of the Applicant: Dr. Dinesh Kumar 2. Mailing Address (Indicate Telephone, Fax, E-mail, etc.) Assistant Professor, Mechanical Engineering Department, Malaviya National Institute of Technology (MNIT), Jaipur 302 017 (Rajasthan) India Fax: +91-141-2529029 Mobile: 09929206830


3. Date of Birth & Gender: 12-09-1975 and Male 4. Educational Qualifications (Starting from Graduation onwards):
Exam Discipline/Subjects University /Board Year Division / Grade/ %age

High School

Hindi, Eng., Math, Science, SS, Sanskrit

Board of State Education, Haryana




Math, Physics, Chemistry, Hindi, English

Board of State Education, Haryana




Mech .Engg.

State Board of Technical Education, Haryana M D University, Rohtak, Haryana B.I.T.S Pilani


76.5% (Hons)


Mech. Engg.


75.85% (Hons)


Mech .Engg.


9.86 CGPA (with 1st Rank Holder) NA


Thesis title: Postbuckling Strength and Failure of Symmetrically Laminated Composite Plates with Cutouts

B.I.T.S Pilani


5a.Details of professional training and research experience, specifying period. Attended one week short term training programme on CAD/CAM Using CATIA at NITTTR, Chandigarh organized from May 30, 2005 to June 3, 2005. One week Short Term Training Programme on Accreditation of Technical Institutions at NITTTR, Chandigarh, December, 2004. Participated in UGC Sponsored Refresher course on Manufacturing Excellence from 12/12/2005 to 31/12/2005 at BITS Pilani. Participated in National Conference-cum-Workshop on Issues Related to IPR held on March 3 & 4, 2006 at BITS Pilani.


Participated in Indo-German Workshop on Green Manufacturing held at BITS-Pilani on 21st September, 2009.

5b.Details of employment (present & past) Employer Post

Malaviya National Institute of Assistant Technology, Jaipur Professor Birla Institute of Technology and Assistant Science Pilani Professor Birla Institute of Technology and Lecturer Science Pilani Birla Institute of Technology and Assistant Lecturer Science Pilani BRCM College of Engg. & Tech. Senior Lecturer Bahal, Bhiwani BRCM College of Engg. & Tech. Lecturer Bahal, Bhiwani BRCM College of Engg. & Tech. Lecturer Bahal, Bhiwani M/s Rico Auto Ind. Ltd. Gurgaon Graduate ( An Ancillary Unit of Hero Engineering Honda Motors Ltd. Gurgaon) Trainee (GET)

Period of Responsibilities Employment From To 1. Teaching August Till 2. Research 2012 date 3. Administration 1. Teaching April July 2. Research 2012 2012 3. Administration 1. Teaching Jan April 2. Research 2007 2012 3. Administration 1. Teaching July Dec 2. Research 2005 2006 3. Administration 1. Teaching Jan July 2. Research 2005 2005 3. Administration 1. Teaching May Dec 2. Research 2004 2004 3. Administration 1. Teaching Aug Jan 2. Research 2001 2003 3. Administration Nov Aug Quality Control 2001 2002

5c.List of publications during last five years (with complete details such as Journal name, all the authors name as appeared in the journal, volume number, page number and the year of publication).

1. Kumar, Dinesh and Singh S. B., (2012), Stability and failure of composite laminates with various shaped cutouts under combined in-plane loads, Composites: Part B, 43(2), 142-149.


2. Kumar, Dinesh and Singh S. B., (2011), Effects of Cutout Shapes on Postbuckling Response of Quasi-Isotropic Laminate under Combined In-Plane Loads," World Journal of Engineering, Issue Supplement 1, pp 611-12. 3. Kumar, D. and Singh S. B., (2011), Load Interaction Curves and Postbuckling Response of Composite Laminate with Circular Cutout under Combined In-plane Loading, Composites Part B: Engineering (Elsevier), 42(5), 1189-1195. 4. Kumar, D. and Singh, S.B. (2011), Effects of Cutout Location on Postbuckling Responses and Failure Characteristics of Composite Laminates, Journal of Aerospace Sciences and Technologies, Aeronautical Society of India, 63(2), Paper No. 712. 5. Kumar, D. and Singh S. B., (2010), Postbuckling Strengths of Composite Laminate with Various Shaped Cutouts Under In-Plane Shear, Composite Structures (Elsevier), 92(12), 2966-2978. 6. Kumar, D. and Singh S. B., (2010), Effects of Boundary Conditions on Buckling and Postbuckling Responses of Composite Laminate with Various Shaped Cutouts, Composite Structures (Elsevier), 92(3), 769-779. 7. Singh, S. B and Kumar D. (2010), Cutout Shape and Size Effects on Response of Quasi-isotropic Composite Laminate under Uni-axial Compression, International Journal of Structural Engineering and Mechanics, 35(3), 335-348. 8. Singh, S. B and Kumar D. (2009), Postbuckling Response and Failure of Symmetric Laminated Plates with Rectangular Cutouts under In-Plane Shear, International Journal of Structural Engineering and Mechanics, 34(2), 175-188. 9. Singh, S. B. and Kumar, Dinesh (2008), Postbuckling Response and Failure of Symmetric Laminated Plates with Rectangular Cutouts under Uni-axial Compression, Structural Engineering Mechanics, Vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 455-467. 10. Pohekar, S. D., Kumar, Dinesh and Ramchandran M. (2005), Dissemination of Cooking Energy Alternatives in India A Review, International Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (Elsevier), Vol. 9, pp. 379-393.

1. Dinesh Kumar and Singh S.B. (2011), Effects of Flexural Boundary Conditions on Postbuckling Strengths of Composite Laminate under Combined In-plane Loads, 56th Congress of The Indian Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (ISTAM) -An International Meet, SVNIT, Surat, December 19-21, 2011. 2. Dinesh Kumar andS. B. Singh (2011), Effects of Cutout Shapes on Postbuckling Response of Quasi-Isotropic Laminate under Combined In-Plane Loads, 19th International Conference On Composites Or Nano Engineering (i.e., ICCE- 19), held in Shanghai, China during July 24-30, 2011. 3. Dinesh Kumar and Singh S.B. (2011), Load interaction curves and postbuckling response of composite laminate with cutout under combined in-plane loading, 16th International Conference on Composite Structures (ICCS 16), held in Porto, Portugal during 28-30 June. 4. S. B. Singh and Dinesh Kumar (2011), Effect of cutout aspect ratio on buckling and postbuckling strengths of composite panel under in-plane shear, 16th International Conference on Composite Structures (ICCS 16), held in Porto, Portugal during 28-30 June.


5. Dinesh Kumar andS. B. Singh (2010), Investigation of Postbuckling Strengths of Composite Laminate under In-plane Load for Varying Cutout Locations, 55th Congress of The Indian Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (ISTAM)-An International Meet, NIT, Hamirpur, December 18-21. 6. S. B. Singh and Dinesh Kumar (2009), Effect of Location of Circular Cutout on Stability and Failure Characteristics of Composite Laminate, 54th Congress of The Indian Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (ISTAM)-An International Meet, NSIT, New Delhi, December 18-19. 7. S. B. Singh and Dinesh Kumar (2009), Cutout Shapes Effect on Failure Characteristics of Quasi-isotropic Composite Laminate, International Conference on Advances in Concrete, Structural and Geotechnical Engineering (ACSGE-2009), BITS, Pilani, October 25-27, Ref. No. SBS_S314. 8. S. B. Singh, Dinesh Kumar and Ganesh Soni (2009), Investigation of Postbuckling Response of Practical Laminates using ABAQUS, International Conference on Advances in Concrete, Structural and Geotechnical Engineering (ACSGE-2009), BITS, Pilani, October 25-27, Ref. No. SBS_S315. 9. S. B. Singh and Dinesh Kumar (2009), Buckling and Postbucklingf Response of Quasi-isotropic Laminate with Circular and Non-Circular Cutouts under Uni-axial Compression, Proceedings of Sustainable Concrete Infrastructure Development, MNIT Jaipur, May 19-20, pp. 286-294. 10. Shamsher B. Singh, Madappa V.R. Sivasubramanian, Anitha P. Subramanian and Dinesh Kumar (2009), Performance Based Design Approaches for Concrete Composite Systems A Review, Proceedings of 3th National Conference on Recent Trends in Concrete Composites for Structural Systems (RTCCSS-09), Erode, Tamilnadu, India, April 03-04, pp. 01-12 11. Dinesh Kumar and SrinivasaPrakashRegalla (2006), Finite Element Modal Analysis of the Dynamics of Suspension Structure for a Hard Disk Drive, National Conference on Design for Product Life Cycle (DPLC- 2006), BITS Pilani, February 17-18.

6. Professional recognition, awards, fellowships received: Life Member (LM 44972), Indian Society of Technical Education (ISTE).

Life Member (L/655), The Indian Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (ISTAM)

Reviewed Research paper (Manucript ID. No. JCOMB-D-10-00341)for possible publication in the journal Composite Part-B Engineering, an Elsevier publication. Reviewed research paper (Manucript ID No. JRP-12-0002) for possible publication in the journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, an SAGE Publication. GATE (2003) scholarship during ME. Reviewed sample chapters of books on Finite Element Methods for Pearson Education, New Delhi and Oxford University Press, New Delhi.



Paper-setter and external practical examiner for CDL University, Sirsaand University, Rohtak. Merit Scholarship from Haryana Govt. during graduation (BE)


Awarded Scholarship from Haryana State Industrial Development Corporation (HSIDC) Awarded Travel grant from DST, New Delhi for attending an International Conference held in Shanghai, China Awarded IASc-INSA-NASI Summer Research Fellowship 2012 Any other information:

Seminar/Conference Organized Member of the Organizing Committee (Registration and Certificate) for the National Conference on Design for Product Life Cycle (DPLC-2006) held on 17-18 February 2006 at BITS Pilani. Member of the Organizing Committee (Venue & Sessions Management) for the International Conference on Advances in Concrete, Structural and Geotechnical Engineering (ACSGE-2006) held on 25-27 October 2009 at BITS Pilani. Member of the Organizing Committee for the Workshop on The Art and Science of Identifying Research Problems and Writing Research Proposals for Research Grants conducted on 16 November, 2009 at BITS Pilani Member of the Organizing Committee for the Sustainable Manufacturing: Trends, Issues and Practices held during 10-12 November 2011 at BITS Pilani

Other Academic and Corporate Activities In-charge, Ph.D. Programme Monitoring, Nucleus member of Research and Consultancy Division, BITS-Pilani. Visiting faculty for NTPC, HINDALCO and L&T to teach B.S. (Power Engg.) and B.S. (Design Engg.). Coordinated BITSAT-2006, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011 and 2012 (An all India on-line test for the admission in various UG level courses at BITS Pilani) at Lucknow and Noida centers


Registration Advisor for students.

Place & date:

Signature of the applicant