Reportable IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CIVIL ORIGINAL JURISDICTION WRIT PETITION (CIVIL) No.

435 OF 2012 Goa Foundation Versus Union of India Or!" … Re!#ondent! … Petitioner

$ITH WRIT PETITION (C) No. 99 OF 2013, WRIT PETITION (C) No. 184 OF 2013, TRANSFERRED CASE No.136 OF 2013 (ARISING O T OF T. P. (C) No. 8 OF 2013), TRANSFERRED CASE No.133 OF 2013 (ARISING O T OF T.P.(C) No. 230 OF 2013), TRANSFERRED CASE No.131 OF 2013 (ARISING O T OF T.P.(C) No. 1441 OF 2013), TRANSFERRED CASE No.132 OF 2013 (ARISING O T OF T.P.(C) No. 1186 OF 2013), TRANSFERRED CASE No.143 OF 2013 (ARISING O T OF T.P.(C) No. 5!4 OF 2013), TRANSFERRED CASE No.140 OF 2013 (ARISING O T OF T.P.(C) No. !66 OF 2013), TRANSFERRED CASE No.142 o" 2013 (ARISING O T OF T.P.(C) No. !!0 OF 2013),

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TRANSFERRED CASE No.141 OF 2013 (ARISING O T OF T.P.(C) No. !!6 OF 2013), TRANSFERRED CASE No.139 OF 2013 (ARISING O T OF T.P.(C) No. 836 OF 2013), TRANSFERRED CASE No.134 OF 2013 (ARISING O T OF T.P.(C) No. 864 OF 2013), TRANSFERRED CASE No.135 OF 2013 (ARISING O T OF T.P.(C) No. 866 OF 2013), AND TRANSFERRED CASE No.138 OF 2013 (ARISING O T OF T.P.(C) No. 869 OF 2013),

# DGE$ENT A. %. PATNAI%, #.

%" T&i! 'at(& of $rit Petition! and Tran!ferred Ca!e! re)ate to *inin+ in t&e State of Goa and a! i!!ue! rai!ed are (o**on to t&e $rit Petition! and t&e Tran!ferred Ca!e!, t&e (a!e! &a-e 'een ana)o+ou!). &eard and are 'ein+ di!#o!ed of '. t&i! (o**on /ud+*ent" F&'() *+,&(-./ (o 0-.-./ -. Go&1 0" Prior to %1"%0"%12% 3&en Goa 3a! a Portu+ue!e

territor., it! Portu+ue!e Go-ern*ent &ad +ranted *inin+

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(on(e!!ion!

in

#er#etuit.

to

(on(e!!ionaire!"

On

%1"%0"%12%, Goa 3a! )i'erated and 'e(a*e #art of t&e Indian Union and on 4%"%4"%125, t&e Mine! and Minera)! 6De-e)o#*ent Re+u)ation7 A(t, %189 6for !&ort :t&e

MMDR A(t;7 3a! *ade a##)i(a')e to t&e State of Goa" On %4"45"%198, t&e Contro))er of Minin+ Lea!e! i!!ued a notifi(ation (a))in+ u#on e-er. )e!!ee and !u'<)e!!ee to fi)e return! under Ru)e 8 of t&e Minin+ Lea!e! 6Modifi(ation of Ter*!7 Ru)e!, %182 and !ent (o#ie! of t&e notifi(ation to t&e (on(e!!ionaire! in Goa" A++rie-ed, t&e

(on(e!!ionaire! *o-ed t&e =o*'a. Hi+& Court, Goa =en(&, and '. /ud+*ent dated 01"41"%1>5, in Vassudeva Madeva Salgaocar -!" Union of India ?%1>86%7 =o*" CR 52@, t&e =o*'a. Hi+& Court re!trained t&e Union of India fro* treatin+ t&e (on(e!!ion! a! *inin+ )ea!e! and fro* enfor(in+ t&e notifi(ation a+ain!t t&e (on(e!!ionaire!" 5" Par)ia*ent t&ereafter #a!!ed t&e Goa, Da*an and

Diu Minin+ Con(e!!ion! 6A'o)ition and De()aration a! Minin+ Lea!e!7 A(t, %1>9 6for !&ort :t&e A'o)ition A(t;7 3&i(& re(ei-ed t&e a!!ent of t&e Pre!ident on 05"48"%1>9" Se(tion A of t&e A'o)ition A(t a'o)i!&ed t&e *inin+

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(on(e!!ion! and de()ared t&at 3it& effe(t fro* t&e 04 t& da. of De(e*'er, %12%, e-er. *inin+ (on(e!!ion 3i)) 'e dee*ed to 'e a *inin+ )ea!e +ranted under t&e MMDR A(t and t&at t&e #ro-i!ion! of t&e MMDR A(t 3i)) a##). to !u(& *inin+ )ea!e" Se(tion 8 of t&e A'o)ition A(t furt&er

#ro-ided t&at t&e (on(e!!ion &o)der !&a)) 'e dee*ed to &a-e 'e(o*e a &o)der of t&e *inin+ )ea!e under t&e MMDR A(t in re)ation to t&e *ine! in 3&i(& t&e (on(e!!ion re)ate! and t&e #eriod of !u(& )ea!e 3a! to eBtend u#to !iB *ont&! fro* t&e date 3&en t&e A'o)ition A(t re(ei-ed Pre!ident;! a!!ent, i"e" u#to 00"%%"%1>9" On %A"%4"%1>9, !u'<ru)e! 6>7 and 617 3ere in!erted in Ru)e 0AA of t&e Minera) Con(e!!ion Ru)e!, %124 6for !&ort :t&e MC Ru)e!;7 3&i(& dea) 3it& rene3a) of *inin+ )ea!e! in Goa, Da*an and Diu" T&e A'o)ition A(t 3a! (&a))en+ed '. t&e )e!!ee! 'efore t&e =o*'a. Hi+& Court in a 3rit #etition" T&e Hi+& Court #a!!ed an interi* order #er*ittin+ t&e )e!!ee! to (arr. on *inin+ o#eration! and t&e *inin+ 'u!ine!! in t&e (on(e!!ion! for 3&i(& rene3a) a##)i(ation! &ad 'een fi)ed under Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e!" Su'!eCuent)., t&e Hi+& Court &e)d in it! /ud+*ent dated 04"42"%119 t&at t&e

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A'o)ition A(t 3a! -a)id 'ut Se(tion 006i76a7 of t&e A'o)ition A(t 3ou)d o#erate #ro!#e(ti-e). and not retro!#e(ti-e)." T&e (on(e!!ionaire! fi)ed !#e(ia) )ea-e #etition a+ain!t t&e /ud+*ent dated 04"42"%119 'efore t&i! Court" On

40"45"%11>, t&i! Court #a!!ed an interi* order #er*ittin+ t&e (on(e!!ionaire! to (arr. on *inin+ o#eration! and *inin+ 'u!ine!! in t&e *inin+ area! for 3&i(& rene3a) a##)i(ation! &a-e 'een *ade on t&e (ondition t&at t&e )e!!ee #a.! to t&e Go-ern*ent dead rent fro* t&e date of (o**en(e*ent of t&e A'o)ition A(t" Su'!eCuent)., t&i!

Court +ranted )ea-e in t&e !#e(ia) )ea-e #etition and (ontinued t&e afore!aid interi* order" T2+ #3)(-'+ S2&2 Co00-))-o. &.4 -() *+5o*( D A" A! re#ort! 3ere re(ei-ed fro* -ariou! State

Go-ern*ent! of 3ide!#read *inin+ of iron ore and *an+ane!e ore in (ontra-ention of t&e #ro-i!ion! of t&e MMDR A(t, t&e Fore!t! 6Con!er-ation7 A(t %1>4, t&e En-iron*ent 6Prote(tion7 A(t, %1>2 and ot&er ru)e! and +uide)ine! i!!ued t&ereunder, t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent a##ointed t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion under Se(tion 5 of t&e Co**i!!ion! of InCuir. A(t, %180 '. notifi(ation dated

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00"%%"04%4" Para! 0 and 5 of t&e notifi(ation, 3&i(& are re)e-ant, are eBtra(ted &erein'e)o3D

E0" T&e ter*! of referen(e of t&e Co**i!!ion !&a)) 'e< 6i7 to inCuire into and deter*ine t&e nature and eBtent of *inin+ and trade and tran!#ortation, done i))e+a)). or 3it&out )a3fu) aut&orit., of iron ore and *an+ane!e ore, and t&e )o!!e! t&erefro*F and to identif., a! far a! #o!!i')e, t&e #er!on!, fir*!, (o*#anie! and ot&er! t&at are en+a+ed in !u(& *inin+, trade and tran!#ortation of iron ore and *an+ane!e ore, done i))e+a)). or 3it&out )a3fu) aut&orit.F 6ii7 to inCuire into and deter*ine t&e eBtent to 3&i(& t&e *ana+e*ent, re+u)ator. and *onitorin+ !.!te*! &a-e fai)ed to deter, #re-ent, dete(t and #uni!& offen(e! re)atin+ to *inin+, !tora+e, tran!#ortation, trade and eB#ort of !u(& ore, done i))e+a)). or 3it&out )a3fu) aut&orit., and t&e #er!on! re!#on!i')e for t&e !a*eF 6iii7 to inCuire into t&e ta*#erin+ of offi(ia) re(ord!, in()udin+ re(ord! re)atin+ to )and and 'oundarie!, to fa(i)itate i))e+a) *inin+ and identif., a! far a! #o!!i')e, t&e #er!on! re!#on!i')e for !u(& ta*#erin+F and 6i-7 to inCuire into t&e o-era)) i*#a(t of !u(& *inin+, trade tran!#ortation and eB#ort done i))e+a)). or 3it&out )a3fu) aut&orit., in ter*! of de!tru(tion of fore!t 3ea)t&, da*a+e to t&e en-iron*ent, #re/udi(e to t&e )i-e)i&ood and ot&er ri+&t! of tri'a) #eo#)e, fore!t d3e))er! and ot&er #er!on! in t&e *ined area!, and t&e finan(ia) )o!!e! (au!ed to t&e Centra) and State Go-ern*ent!"

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5" T&e Co**i!!ion !&a)) a)!o re(o**end re*edia) *ea!ure! to #re-ent !u(& *inin+, trade, tran!#ortation and eB#ort done i))e+a)). or 3it&out )a3fu) aut&orit."G

T&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion -i!ited Goa and i!!ued noti(e! under Se(tion A of t&e Co**i!!ion! of InCuir. A(t, %180 (a))in+ for infor*ation fro* (on(erned aut&oritie! and t&e )e!!ee! and !u'*itted it! interi* re#ort on %8"5"04%0 to t&e Mini!tr. of Mine!, Union of India" On

9"1"04%0, t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion Re#ort on Goa 3a! ta')ed in Par)ia*ent a)on+ 3it& an A(tion TaHen Re#ort of t&e Mini!tr. of Mine! and on %4"1"04%0 t&e State Go-ern*ent of Goa #a!!ed an order !u!#endin+ a)) *inin+ o#eration! in t&e State of Goa 3it& effe(t fro* %%"1"04%0" 8" Pur!uant to t&i! order of t&e State Go-ern*ent, on

%%"41"04%0 and %0"41"04%0 t&e Di!tri(t Ma+i!trate! of t&e State of Goa 'anned tran!#ortation of iron ore in t&eir re!#e(ti-e di!tri(t! and t&e Dire(tor of Mine! and Geo)o+. ordered for -erifi(ation of *inera) ore 3&i(& 3a! a)read. eBtra(ted" On %5"1"04%0, t&e Dire(tor of Mine! and

Geo)o+., Go-ern*ent of Goa i!!ued S&o3 Cau!e Noti(e! to A4 *inin+ )ea!e!" On %A"1"04%0, t&e Mini!tr. of

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En-iron*ent and Fore!t! of t&e Union of India a)!o dire(ted t&at a)) En-iron*enta) C)earan(e! +ranted to *ine! in t&e State of Goa 'e He#t in a'e.an(e" 2" On t&e 'a!i! of findin+! in t&e re#ort of t&e Ju!ti(e

S&a& Co**i!!ion on i))e+a) *inin+ in t&e State of Goa, t&e Goa Foundation &a! fi)ed $rit Petition 6C7 A58 of 04%0 a! Pu')i( Intere!t Liti+ation #ra.in+ for dire(tion! to t&e Union of India and t&e State of Goa to taHe !te#! for ter*ination of t&e *inin+ )ea!e! of )e!!ee! in-o)-ed in *inin+ in -io)ation of t&e Fore!t 6Con!er-ation7 A(t, %1>4, t&e Mine! and Minera)! 6Re+u)ation and De-e)o#*ent7 A(t, %189, t&e Minera) Con(e!!ion! Ru)e!, %124, t&e En-iron*ent 6Prote(tion7 A(t, %1>2, 6Pre-ention t&e $ater

Contro) of Po))ution7 A(t, %19A and t&e

Air 6Pre-ention and Contro) of Po))ution7 A(t, %1>% a! 3e)) a! t&e $i)d Life 6Prote(tion7 A(t, %190" T&e Goa

Foundation &a! #ra.ed t&at a dire(tion 'e i!!ued to t&e re!#ondent! to #ro!e(ute a)) t&o!e 3&o &a-e (o**itted offen(e! under t&e different )a3! and are in-o)-ed in t&e #i)fera+e of State re-enue t&rou+& i))e+a) *inin+

a(ti-itie! in t&e State of Goa in()udin+ t&e #u')i( !er-ant!

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3&o &a-e aided and a'etted t&e offen(e!"

T&e Goa

Foundation &a! a)!o !ou+&t for a##oint*ent of an inde#endent aut&orit. 3it& fu)) #o3er! to taHe (ontro), !u#er-i!e and re+u)ate *inin+ o#eration! in t&e State of Goa and to en!ure t&e i*#)e*entation of t&e )a3!" =e!ide!, t&e afore!aid *ain re)ief!, t&e Goa Foundation &a! a)!o #ra.ed for !o*e in(identa) and (on!eCuentia) re)ief!" On 8"%4"04%0, t&i! Court i!!ued noti(e in $rit

Petition 6Ci-i)7 No" A58 of 04%0 to t&e re!#ondent! and dire(ted t&e Centra) E*#o3ered Co**ittee 6for !&ort ECECG7 to !u'*it it! re#ort on t&e 3rit #etition and a)!o dire(ted t&at ti)) furt&er order!, a)) *inin+ o#eration! in t&e )ea!e! identified in t&e re#ort of t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion and tran!#ortation of iron ore and

*an+ane!e ore fro* t&o!e )ea!e!, 3&et&er ).in+ at t&e *ine<&ead or !to(H.ard!, !&a)) re*ain !u!#ended, a! re(o**ended Co**i!!ion" 9" Different *inin+ )e!!ee! of t&e State of Goa and t&e in t&e re#ort of t&e Ju!ti(e S&a&

Goa Minin+ A!!o(iation a)!o fi)ed $rit Petition! in t&e =o*'a. Hi+& Court, Goa =en(& for a de()aration t&at t&e

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re#ort of t&e S&a& Co**i!!ion i! i))e+a) and for Cua!&in+ t&e findin+! in t&e re#ort of t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion and a)!o for Cua!&in+ t&e order dated %4"1"04%0 of t&e Go-ern*ent of Goa !u!#endin+ *inin+ o#eration! in t&e State of Goa and t&e order dated %A"1"04%0 of t&e Mini!tr. of En-iron*ent and Fore!t!, Go-ern*ent of India,

dire(tin+ t&at t&e En-iron*enta) C)earan(e! +ranted to t&e *ine! in t&e State of Goa 'e He#t in a'e.an(e" T&e!e $rit Petition! &a-e 'een tran!ferred to t&i! Court for &earin+ a)on+ 3it& t&e &earin+ of $rit Petition 6Ci-i)7 No" A58 of 04%0 fi)ed '. t&e Goa Foundation" >" T&e $rit Petition! and t&e Tran!ferred Ca!e! 3ere &eard durin+ Se#te*'er, O(to'er and No-e*'er, 04%5" On %%t& No-e*'er, 04%5, an order 3a!

#a!!ed '. t&i! Court dire(tin+ t&at t&e in-entor. of t&e eB(a-ated *inera) ore! ).in+ in different

*ine!I!to(H.ard!I/ettie!I#ort! in t&e State of Goa *ade '. t&e De#art*ent of Mine! and Geo)o+. of t&e Go-ern*ent of Goa 'e -erified and t&ereafter t&e 3&o)e of t&e in-entori!ed *inera) ore! 'e !o)d '. e< au(tion and t&e !a)e #ro(eed! 6)e!! taBe! and

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ro.a)t.7 'e retained in !e#arate fiBed de#o!it! 6)ea!e< 3i!e7 '. t&e State of Goa ti)) t&e Court de)i-er! t&e /ud+*ent in t&e!e *atter! on t&e )e+a)it. of t&e )ea!e! fro* 3&i(& t&e *inera) ore! 3ere eBtra(ted" T&e Court &a! a)!o dire(ted t&at t&i! entire #ro(e!! of -erifi(ation of t&e in-entor., e<au(tion and de#o!it of !a)e #ro(eed! 'e *onitored '. a Monitorin+

Co**ittee a##ointed '. t&e Court" =. t&e !aid order dated %%"%%"04%5, t&i! Court a)!o (on!tituted an EB#ert Co**ittee to (ondu(t a *a(ro EIA Stud. on 3&at !&ou)d 'e t&e (ei)in+ of annua) eB(a-ation of iron ore fro* t&e State of Goa (on!iderin+ it! iron ore re!our(e! and it! (arr.in+ (a#a(it., Hee#in+ in *ind t&e #rin(i#)e! of !u!taina')e de-e)o#*ent and inter< +enerationa) eCuit. and a)) ot&er re)e-ant fa(tor!" On %%"%%"04%5 t&e (a!e 3a! a)!o re!er-ed for /ud+*ent" C2&,,+./+ (o Co00-))-o.1 1" (2+ R+5o*( o" (2+ #3)(-'+ S2&2

A! 3e &a-e a)read. noti(ed, in t&e (a!e! tran!ferred

fro* t&e =o*'a. Hi+& Court to t&i! Court, t&e *inin+ )e!!ee! &a-e #ra.ed for Cua!&in+ t&e re#ort of t&e Ju!ti(e

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S&a& Co**i!!ion"

Mr" J"J" Ven+u#a), )earned !enior

(oun!e) a##earin+ for t&e *inin+ )e!!ee!, !u'*itted t&at t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion did not i!!ue an. noti(e under Se(tion >= of t&e Co**i!!ion! of InCuir. A(t, %180 to t&e *inin+ )e!!ee! +i-in+ a rea!ona')e o##ortunit. of 'ein+ &eard in t&e inCuir. and to #rodu(e e-iden(e in t&eir defen(e" He furt&er !u'*itted t&at t&e Ju!ti(e S&a&

Co**i!!ion a)!o did not #er*it t&e *inin+ )e!!ee! to (ro!! eBa*ine t&e 3itne!!e!, to addre!! t&e Co**i!!ion and to 'e re#re!ented '. )e+a) #ra(titioner! 'efore t&e Co**i!!ion (ontrar. to t&e #ro-i!ion! of Se(tion >C of t&e Co**i!!ion! of InCuir. A(t, %180" He !u'*itted t&at e-en ot&er3i!e t&ere i! +ro!! 'rea(& of t&e #rin(i#)e! of natura) /u!ti(e and fair #)a. '. t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion and, t&erefore, t&e re#ort of t&e Co**i!!ion 3a! -io)ati-e of Arti()e %A of t&e Con!titution" He !u'*itted t&at t&e

re#ort of t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion !&ou)d, t&erefore, 'e Cua!&ed" In !u##ort of t&i! !u'*i!!ion, &e re)ied on

t&e de(i!ion! of t&i! Court in Kiran Bedi -" Committee of Inquiry and another ?6%1>17 % SCC A1A@, State of Bihar -"

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!K! "dvani ?604457 > SCC 52%@ and Union of India -" #ulsiram $atel ?%1>8657 SCC 51>@" %4" Mr" Mo&an Pra!aran, )earned So)i(itor Genera) for t&e Union of India, on t&e ot&er &and, !u'*itted t&at a! t&e notifi(ation dated 00"%%"04%4 of t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent a##ointin+ t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion under Se(tion 5 of t&e Co**i!!ion! of InCuir. A(t, %180 3ou)d !&o3, re#ort! 3ere re(ei-ed fro* -ariou! State Go-ern*ent! of 3ide!#read *inin+ of iron ore and *an+ane!e ore in (ontra-ention of t&e MMDR A(t, t&e Fore!t 6Con!er-ation7 A(t, %1>4 and t&e En-iron*ent 6Prote(tion7 A(t, %1>2 or ot&er Ru)e! and Li(en!e! i!!ued t&ereunder and for t&i! rea!on, t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent a##ointed t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion for t&e #ur#o!e of *aHin+ inCuir. into t&e!e *atter! of #u')i( i*#ortan(e" He !u'*itted t&at

after t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion !u'*itted t&e re#ort #ointin+ out -ariou! i))e+a)itie!, t&e Union Go-ern*ent &a! He#t t&e en-iron*ent ()earan(e! in a'e.an(e and it 3i)) taHe )e+a) a(tion on t&e 'a!i! of it! o3n a!!e!!*ent of t&e fa(t! and not on t&e 'a!i! of t&e fa(t! a! found in t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion;! re#ort" Si*i)ar)., Mr" At*ara*

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N"S" NadHarni, t&e Ad-o(ate Genera) a##earin+ for t&e State of Goa, !u'*itted t&at after +oin+ t&rou+& t&e re#ort of t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion, t&e State

Go-ern*ent &a! !u!#ended a)) *inin+ and tran!#ortation of ore! and no )e+a) a(tion 3i)) 'e taHen a+ain!t t&e *inin+ )e!!ee! on t&e 'a!i! of t&e findin+! in t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion;! re#ort un)e!! due o##ortunit. i! +i-en to t&e *inin+ )e!!ee! to #)a(e t&eir defen(e a+ain!t t&e findin+! of t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion" %%" $e find t&at Se(tion >= of t&e Co**i!!ion! of InCuir. A(t, %180 #ro-ide! t&at if a #er!on i! )iHe). to 'e #re/udi(ia)). affe(ted '. t&e inCuir., t&e Co**i!!ion !&a)) +i-e to t&at #er!on a rea!ona')e o##ortunit. of 'ein+ &eard and to #rodu(e e-iden(e in &i! defen(e and Se(tion >C of t&e Co**i!!ion! of InCuir. A(t, %180 #ro-ide! t&at e-er. !u(& #er!on 3i)) &a-e a ri+&t to (ro!!<eBa*ine and t&e ri+&t to 'e re#re!ented '. a )e+a) #ra(titioner 'efore t&e Co**i!!ion" A! t&e State Go-ern*ent of Goa &a!

taHen a !tand 'efore u! t&at no a(tion 3i)) 'e taHen a+ain!t t&e *inin+ )e!!ee! on). on t&e 'a!i! of t&e findin+! in t&e re#ort of t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion

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3it&out *aHin+ it! o3n a!!e!!*ent of fa(t! and 3it&out fir!t +i-in+ t&e *inin+ )e!!ee! t&e o##ortunit. of &earin+ and t&e o##ortunit. to #rodu(e e-iden(e in t&eir defen(e, 3e are not in()ined to Cua!& t&e re#ort of t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion on t&e +round t&at t&e #ro-i!ion! of Se(tion! >= and >C of t&e Co**i!!ion! of InCuir. A(t, %180 and t&e #rin(i#)e! of natura) /u!ti(e &a-e not 'een (o*#)ied 3it&" At t&e !a*e ti*e, 3e (annot a)!o dire(t #ro!e(ution of t&e *inin+ )e!!ee! on t&e 'a!i! of t&e findin+! in t&e re#ort of t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion, if t&e. &a-e not 'een +i-en t&e o##ortunit. of 'ein+ &eard and to #rodu(e e-iden(e in t&eir defen(e and not a))o3ed t&e ri+&t to (ro!!<eBa*ine and t&e ri+&t to 'e re#re!ented '. a )e+a) #ra(titioner 'efore t&e Co**i!!ion a! #ro-ided in

Se(tion! >= and >C re!#e(ti-e). of t&e Co**i!!ion! of InCuir. A(t, %180" $e 3i)), &o3e-er, eBa*ine t&e )e+a)

and en-iron*enta) i!!ue! rai!ed in t&e re#ort of t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion and on t&e 'a!i! of our findin+! on t&e!e i!!ue! (on!ider +rantin+ t&e re)ief! #ra.ed for in t&e 3rit #etition fi)ed '. Goa Foundation and t&e re)ief!

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#ra.ed for in t&e 3rit #etition! fi)ed '. t&e *inin+ )e!!ee!, 3&i(& &a-e 'een tran!ferred to t&i! Court" W2+(2+* (2+ ,+&)+) 2+,4 67 (2+ 0-.-./ ,+))++) 2&8+ +95-*+41 %0" A((ordin+ to t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion re#ort,

#rior to 9t& Januar., %115, !u'<ru)e 6A7 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e! #ro-ided t&at t&e rene3a) a##)i(ation of t&e )e!!ee i! reCuired to 'e di!#o!ed of 3it&in !iB *ont&! fro* t&e date of it! re(ei#t and !u' ru)e 687 of Ru)e 0AA #ro-ided t&at if t&e a##)i(ation i! not di!#o!ed of 3it&in !ti#u)ated ti*e, t&e !a*e !&a)) 'e dee*ed to &a-e 'een refu!ed" T&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion &a! found t&at t&e a##)i(ation! of !e-era) *inin+ )ea!e! for rene3a) 3ere not di!#o!ed of 3it&in t&e !ti#u)ated ti*e and t&ere 3a! no #ro-i!ion in t&e MC Ru)e! to (ondone t&e de)a. and, t&erefore, t&e!e )ea!e! are in (ontra-ention of t&e MC Ru)e! and are -oid and &a-e no effe(t a! #ro-ided in Se(tion %1 of t&e MMDR A(t" %5" T&e CEC in it! re#ort &a! !tated t&at under Se(tion A of t&e A'o)ition A(t, t&e (on(e!!ion! 3ere a'o)i!&ed fro* 05rd Ma., %1>9 and treated a! dee*ed )ea!e! under t&e

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MMDR A(t and t&e #eriod of dee*ed )ea!e! under Se(tion 8 of t&e A'o)ition A(t 3a! eBtended u#to !iB *ont&! 3it& effe(t fro* t&e date of a!!ent to t&e A'o)ition A(t 605 rd Ma., %1>97 i"e" u#to 00nd No-e*'er, %1>9" T&e CEC &a! furt&er !tated t&at '. notifi(ation! dated 04 t& No-e*'er, %1>9 and 04t& Ma., %1>>, &o3e-er, t&e Go-ern*ent of Goa a))o3ed eBten!ion of !iB *ont&! ea(& 6tota)in+ one .ear7 for *aHin+ a##)i(ation! for t&e fir!t rene3a) of dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e! and t&i! one .ear #eriod eB#ired on 00nd No-e*'er, %1>>" T&e CEC &a! furt&er !tated t&at a! #er t&e infor*ation #ro-ided to t&e CEC, out of 818 *inin+ (on(e!!ion! a'o)i!&ed and (on-erted into dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e! under Se(tion A of t&e A'o)ition A(t, a! *an. a! 591 dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e &o)der! &a-e fi)ed a##)i(ation! for t&e fir!t rene3a) of t&e *inin+ )ea!e! 'efore 00 nd No-e*'er, %1>> and 81 !u(& )ea!e! &a-e fi)ed

a##)i(ation! for t&e fir!t rene3a) of t&e dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e! after 00nd No-e*'er, %1>>, i"e", 'e.ond t&e ti*e )i*it #er*itted under Ru)e, 0AA6>7 of t&e MC Ru)e!" %A" In re#)., )earned (oun!e) for t&e )e!!ee! and Mr" Ar-ind Datar, )earned !enior (oun!e) a##earin+ for t&e

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State of Goa, !u'*itted t&at !u'<ru)e! 6A7 and 687 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e! did not a##). to t&e State of Goa" T&e. !u'*itted t&at !u'<ru)e! 6>7 and 617 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e! a##). !#e(ifi(a)). to t&e State of Goa and !u'<ru)e 6>7 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e! #ro-ide! t&at an a##)i(ation for t&e fir!t rene3a) of t&e dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e referred to in Se(tion A of t&e A'o)ition A(t !&a)) 'e *ade to t&e State Go-ern*ent in For* :J; 'efore t&e #eriod of !iB *ont&! of t&e *inin+ )ea!e a! #ro-ided in Se(tion 86%7 of t&e A'o)ition A(t" T&e. !u'*itted t&at t&e #ro-i!o to !u'<ru)e 6>7 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e! (onferred #o3er on t&e State Go-ern*ent to eBtend ti*e for *aHin+ !u(& a##)i(ation u#to a tota) #eriod not eBtendin+ one .ear" T&e. !u'*itted t&at, '. t3o

notifi(ation!, t&e State Go-ern*ent eBtended ti*e for a #eriod of one .ear u#to 00"%%"%1>> and 3it&in t&i! #eriod *o!t of t&e )e!!ee! &a-e a##)ied for t&e fir!t rene3a) of t&e dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e" Learned (oun!e) for t&e )e!!ee! and )earned (oun!e) for t&e State of Goa !u'*itted t&at !u'<ru)e 617 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e! *aHe! it ()ear t&at if an a##)i(ation for fir!t rene3a) i! *ade 3it&in t&e

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ti*e referred to in !u'<ru)e 6>7 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e! or 3it&in t&e ti*e a))o3ed '. t&e State Go-ern*ent under t&e #ro-i!o to !u'<ru)e 6>7 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e!, t&e #eriod of t&at )ea!e !&a)) 'e dee*ed to &a-e 'een eBtended '. a furt&er #eriod ti)) t&e State Go-ern*ent #a!!e! order! t&ereon" %8" For ea!. referen(e, C&a#ter II (ontainin+ Se(tion! A and 8 of t&e A'o)ition A(t i! eBtra(ted &erein'e)o3D

:C;APTER II A<OLITION OF $INING CONCESSIONS AND DECLARATION AS $INING LEASES NDER T;E $INES AND $INERALS ACT A" 6%7 E-er. *inin+ (on(e!!ion !#e(ified in t&e Fir!t S(&edu)e !&a)), on and fro* t&e a##ointed da., 'e dee*ed to &a-e 'een a'o)i!&ed, and !&a)), 3it& effe(t fro* t&at da., 'e dee*ed to 'e a *inin+ )ea!e +ranted under t&e Mine! and Minera)! A(t, and t&e #ro-i!ion! of t&at A(t !&a)), !a-e a! ot&er3i!e #ro-ided in t&i! A(t, a##). to !u(& *inin+ )ea!e" 607 E-er. *inin+ (on(e!!ion !#e(ified in t&e Se(ond S(&edu)e !&a)), on and fro* t&e da. neBt after t&e date of +rant of t&e !aid (on(e!!ion and !#e(ified in t&e

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(orre!#ondin+ entr. in t&e ei+&t& (o)u*n of t&e !aid S(&edu)e, 'e dee*ed to &a-e 'een a'o)i!&ed, and !&a)), 3it& effe(t fro* t&at da., 'e dee*ed to 'e a *inin+ )ea!e +ranted under t&e Mine! and Minera)! A(t, and t&e #ro-i!ion! of t&at A(t !&a)), !a-e a! ot&er3i!e #ro-ided in t&i! A(t, a##). to !u(& *inin+ )ea!e" 657 If, after t&e date of a!!ent, t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent i! !ati!fied," 3&et&er fro* an. infor*ation re(ei-ed '. it or ot&er3i!e, t&at t&ere &a! 'een an. error, o*i!!ion or *i!de!(ri#tion in re)ation to t&e #arti(u)ar! of an. *inin+ (on(e!!ion or t&e na*e and re!iden(e of an. (on(e!!ion &o)der !#e(ified in t&e Fir!t or t&e Se(ond S(&edu)e, it *a., '. notifi(ation, (orre(t !u(& error, o*i!!ion or *i!de!(ri#tion, and on t&e i!!ue of !u(& notifi(ation, t&e Fir!t or t&e Se(ond S(&edu)e, a! t&e (a!e *a. 'e, !&a)) 'e dee*ed to &a-e 'een a*ended a((ordin+)." %! &'( $&ere a *inin+ (on(e!!ion &a! 'een dee*ed to 'e a *inin+ )ea!e under !e(tion A, t&e (on(e!!ion &o)der !&a)), on and fro* t&e da. *entioned in t&at !e(tion, 'e dee*ed to &a-e 'e(o*e t&e &o)der of !u(& *inin+ )ea!e under t&e Mine! and Minera)! A(t in re)ation to t&e *ine to 3&i(& t&e *inin+ (on(e!!ion re)ate!, !u'/e(t to t&e (ondition t&at t&e #eriod of !u(& )ea!e !&a)), not3it&!tandin+ an.t&in+ (ontained in t&at A(t, eBtend u# to a #eriod of !iB *ont&! fro* t&e date of a!!ent" 607 On t&e eB#ir. of t&e #eriod of an. *inin+ )ea!e under !u'<!e(tion 6%7, it *a., if !o de!ired '. t&e &o)der of !u(& )ea!e and on an a##)i(ation 'ein+ *ade

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'. &i* in a((ordan(e 3it& t&e #ro-i!ion! of t&e Mine! and Minera)! A(t and t&e ru)e! *ade t&ereunder, 'e rene3ed on !u(& ter*! and (ondition!, and u# to t&e *aBi*u* #eriod for 3&i(&, !u(& )ea!e (an 'e rene3ed under t&e #ro-i!ion! of t&at A(t and t&e ru)e! *ade t&ereunder"G %2" For ea!. referen(e, Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e! i! a)!o eBtra(ted &erein'e)o3D E0AA" R+.+=&, o" 0-.-./ ,+&)+ " K 6%7 An a##)i(ation for t&e rene3a) of a *inin+ )ea!e !&a)) 'e *ade to t&e State Go-ern*ent in For* J, at )ea!t t3e)-e *ont&! 'efore t&e date on 3&i(& t&e )ea!e i! due to eB#ire, t&rou+& !u(& offi(er or aut&orit. a! t&e State Go-ern*ent *a. !#e(if. in t&i! 'e&a)f" 607 T&e rene3a) or rene3a)! of a *inin+ )ea!e +ranted in re!#e(t of a *inera) !#e(ified in Part :A; and Part :=; of t&e Fir!t S(&edu)e to t&e A(t *a. 'e +ranted '. t&e State Go-ern*ent 3it& t&e #re-iou! a##ro-a) of t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent"F 657 T&e rene3a) or rene3a)! of a *inin+ )ea!e +ranted in re!#e(t of a *inera) not !#e(ified in Part :A; and Part :=; of t&e Fir!t S(&edu)e to t&e A(t *a. 'e +ranted '. t&e State Go-ern*ent"F Pro-ided t&at 'efore +rantin+ a##ro-a) for !e(ond or !u'!eCuent rene3a) of a *inin+ )ea!e, t&e State Go-ern*ent !&a)) !eeH a re#ort fro* t&e Contro))er Genera), Indian =ureau of Mine!, a! to 3&et&er it 3ou)d 'e in t&e intere!t of *inera) de-e)o#*ent to +rant t&e rene3a) of t&e *inin+ )ea!e"

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Pro-ided furt&er t&at in (a!e a re#ort i! not re(ei-ed fro* Contro))er Genera), Indian =ureau of Mine! in a #eriod of t&ree *ont&! of re(ei#t of t&e (o**uni(ation fro* t&e State Go-ern*ent, it 3ou)d 'e dee*ed t&at t&e Indian =ureau of Mine! &a! no ad-er!e (o**ent! to offer re+ardin+ t&e +rant of t&e rene3a) of *inin+ )ea!e" 6A7 An a##)i(ation for t&e rene3a) of a *inin+ )ea!e !&a)) 'e di!#o!ed of 3it&in a #eriod of !iB *ont&! fro* t&e date of it! re(ei#t" 6O*itted7 687 If an a##)i(ation i! not di!#o!ed of 3it&in t&e #eriod !#e(ified in !u'<ru)e 6A7 it !&a)) 'e dee*ed to &a-e 'een refu!ed" 6O*itted7 627 If an a##)i(ation for t&e rene3a) of a *inin+ )ea!e *ade 3it&in t&e ti*e referred to in !u'<ru)e 6%7 i! not di!#o!ed of '. t&e State Go-ern*ent 'efore t&e date of eB#ir. of t&e )ea!e, t&e #eriod of t&e )ea!e !&a)) 'e dee*ed to &a-e 'een eBtended '. a furt&er #eriod ti)) t&e State Go-ern*ent #a!!e! order t&ereon" 697 O*itted" 6>7 Not3it&!tandin+ an.t&in+ (ontained in !u'<ru)e 6%7 and !u'<ru)e 627, an a##)i(ation for t&e fir!t rene3a) of a *inin+ )ea!e, !o de()ared under t&e #ro-i!ion! of !e(tion A of t&e Goa, Da*an and Diu Minin+ Con(e!!ion 6A'o)ition and De()aration a! Minin+ Lea!e 7 A(t,%1>9, !&a)) 'e *ade to t&e State Go-ern*ent in For* J 'efore t&e eB#ir. of t&e #eriod of *inin+ )ea!e in ter*! of !u'< !e(tion 6%7 of !e(tion 8 of t&e !aid A(t, t&rou+& !u(& offi(e or aut&orit. a! t&e State Go-ern*ent *a. !#e(if. in t&i! 'e&a)fD

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Pro-ided t&at t&e State Go-ern*ent *a., for rea!on! to 'e re(orded in 3ritin+ and !u'/e(t to !u(& (ondition! a! it *a. t&inH fit, a))o3 eBten!ion of ti*e for *aHin+ of !u(& a##)i(ation u# to a tota) #eriod not eB(eedin+ one .ear" 617 If an a##)i(ation for fir!t rene3a) *ade 3it&in t&e ti*e referred to in !u'<ru)e 6>7 or 3it&in t&e ti*e a))o3ed '. t&e State Go-ern*ent under t&e #ro-i!o to !u'<ru)e 6>7, t&e #eriod of t&at )ea!e !&a)) 'e dee*ed to &a-e 'een eBtended '. a furt&er #eriod ti)) t&e State Go-ern*ent #a!!e! order! t&ereon" 6%47 T&e State Go-ern*ent *a. (ondone de)a. in an a##)i(ation for rene3a) of *inin+ )ea!e *ade after t&e ti*e )i*it #re!(ri'ed in !u'<ru)e 6%7 #ro-ided t&e a##)i(ation &a! 'een *ade 'efore t&e eB#ir. of t&e )ea!e"G %9" Su'<ru)e 6>7 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e! &a! 'een

in!erted '. G"S"R" >886E7, dated %At& O(to'er, %1>9 and t&i! !u'<ru)e 6>7 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e! #ro-ide! t&at not3it&!tandin+ an.t&in+ (ontained in !u'<ru)e 6%7 and !u'<ru)e 627, an a##)i(ation for t&e fir!t rene3a) of a dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e, referred to in Se(tion A of t&e A'o)ition A(t, !&a)) 'e *ade to t&e State Go-ern*ent in For* J 'efore t&e eB#ir. of t&e !iB *ont&! #eriod of dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e a! #ro-ided in Se(tion 8 6%7 of t&e A'o)ition A(t" T&e #ro-i!o to !u'<ru)e 6>7 of Ru)e 0AA of

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t&e MC Ru)e!, &o3e-er, e*#o3er! t&e State Go-ern*ent to eBtend t&e ti*e for *aHin+ !u(& a##)i(ation u#to a tota) #eriod not eBtendin+ one .ear" In eBer(i!e of t&e!e #o3er! in t&e #ro-i!o to !u'<ru)e 6>7 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e!, t&e State Go-ern*ent of Goa &a!, in fa(t, eBtended ti*e for *aHin+ a##)i(ation! for fir!t rene3a) u#to 00"%%"%1>>, '. t3o notifi(ation! dated 04"%%"%1>9 and 04"48"%1>>" Su'<ru)e 617 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e!,

3&i(& 3a! a)!o in!erted '. G"S"R" >886E7, dated %A t& O(to'er, %1>9, read! a! fo))o3!D EIn an a##)i(ation for fir!t rene3a) *ade 3it&in t&e ti*e referred to in !u'<ru)e 6>7 or 3it&in t&e ti*e a))o3ed '. t&e State Go-ern*ent under t&e #ro-i!o to !u'<ru)e 6>7, t&e #eriod of t&at )ea!e !&a)) 'e dee*ed to &a-e 'een eBtended '. a #eriod of one .ear fro* t&e date of eB#ir. of )ea!e or date of re(ei#t of a##)i(ation, 3&i(&e-er i! )ater, #ro-ided t&at t&e #eriod of dee*ed eBten!ion of )ea!e !&a)) end 3it& t&e date of re(ei#t of t&e order! of t&e State Go-ern*ent t&ereon, if !u(& order! are *ade ear)ier"G Su'<ru)e 617 3a! !u'!tituted '. G"S"R" 90A6E7 dated 09 t& Se#te*'er, %11A '. t&e eBi!tin+ !u'<ru)e 617 6eBtra(ted a'o-e7 to #ro-ide t&at if an a##)i(ation for fir!t rene3a) i! *ade 3it&in t&e ti*e referred to in !u'<ru)e 6>7 or 3it&in

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t&e ti*e a))o3ed '. t&e State Go-ern*ent under t&e #ro-i!o to !u'<ru)e 6>7, t&e #eriod of t&at )ea!e !&a)) 'e dee*ed to &a-e 'een eBtended '. a furt&er #eriod ti)) t&e State Go-ern*ent o#inion, #a!!e! t&e order! t&ereon" of In our

(on!idered

intention

ru)e<*aHin+

aut&oritie! i! -er. ()ear fro* !u'<ru)e 617 a! 3a! ori+ina)). in!erted '. G"S"R" >886E7, dated %At& O(to'er, %1>9 and !u'<ru)e 617 a! 3a! !u'!tituted '. G"S"R" 90A6E7, dated 09t& Se#te*'er, %11A, t&at unti) order! 3ere #a!!ed '. t&e State Go-ern*ent on an a##)i(ation for fir!t rene3a) of a )ea!e fi)ed '. a )e!!ee 3it&in t&e ti*e a))o3ed, t&e )ea!e 3a! dee*ed to &a-e 'een eBtended" %>" T&e )e!!ee! &a-e (ontended t&at t&e. &ad fi)ed t&eir

a##)i(ation! '. 00"%%"%1>>, i"e" t&e date u# to 3&i(& t&e State Go-ern*ent &ad a))o3ed ti*e under t&e #ro-i!o to !u'<ru)e 6>7 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e!" T&e State

Go-ern*ent &a! a)!o taHen t&e !tand t&at *o!t of t&e a##)i(ation! for fir!t rene3a) 3ere fi)ed 3it&in t&e ti*e a))o3ed '. t&e State Go-ern*ent and t&i! !tand i! a)!o !u##orted '. t&e fa(t! found '. t&e CEC" T&e re!u)t i!

t&at *o!t of t&e *inin+ )ea!e! in 3&i(& t&e State

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Go-ern*ent &a! not #a!!ed order! are dee*ed to &a-e 'een eBtended under !u'<ru)e 617 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e!" Hen(e, t&e findin+ in t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion re#ort t&at t&e a##)i(ation! for rene3a) 3ere not di!#o!ed of 3it&in t&e !ti#u)ated ti*e and t&e )ea!e! are in (ontra-ention of t&e MC Ru)e! i!, t&u!, not (orre(t" T&i! o#inion of t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion, a! 3e &a-e noti(ed, 3a! 'a!ed on !u'<ru)e! 6A7 and 687 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e!, 3&i(& 3ere a##)i(a')e +enera)). to an a##)i(ation for rene3a) of *inin+ )ea!e!, !tood eB()uded to t&e eBtent !#e(ifi( #ro-i!ion! &a-e 'een !u'!eCuent). *ade '. t&e ru)e<*aHin+ aut&oritie! in !u'<ru)e! 6>7 and 617 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e! in re!#e(t of t&e dee*ed )ea!e! in Goa" %1" Mr" Pra!&ant =&u!&an, )earned (oun!e) for t&e Goa Foundation, &o3e-er, !u'*itted t&at !u'<!e(tion 607 of Se(tion > of t&e MMDR A(t #rior to it! a*end*ent #ro-ided t&at a *inin+ )ea!e *a. 'e rene3ed for on). ten .ear! and, t&erefore, if t&e dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e! of t&e )e!!ee! eB#ired on 00"%%"%1>9, e-en if t&e )ea!e 3a! rene3ed on t&e a##)i(ation of fir!t rene3a) *ade '. t&e

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)e!!ee! in Goa, t&e #eriod of )ea!e under t&e fir!t rene3a) 3ou)d eB#ire on 0%"%%"%119 and after 0%"%%"%119, t&ere (an 'e no dee*ed eBten!ion" A)ternati-e)., &e !u'*itted t&at !u'<!e(tion 607 of Se(tion > of t&e MMDR A(t a! a*ended '. A(t 08 of %11A #ro-ided t&at t&e *inin+ )ea!e *a. 'e rene3ed for a *aBi*u* #eriod not eB(eedin+ t3ent. .ear!" He !u'*itted t&at a! t&e

dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e! eB#ired on 00"%%"%1>9, t&e )e!!ee! 3ou)d 'e entit)ed to a rene3a) for a *aBi*u* #eriod of t3ent. .ear! u#to 0%"%%"0449 and after 0%"%%"0449, t&e )e!!ee! 3ou)d not 'e entit)ed to an. rene3a) and &en(e t&e )e!!ee! 3ere not entit)ed to o#erate t&e )ea!e 'e.ond 0%"%%"0449" 04" Learned (oun!e) for t&e )e!!ee!, on t&e ot&er &and, !u'*itted t&at !u'<!e(tion 657 of Se(tion > of t&e MMDR A(t *aHe! it ()ear t&at not3it&!tandin+ an.t&in+

(ontained in !u'<!e(tion 607 of Se(tion > of t&e MMDR A(t, t&e State Go-ern*ent (an aut&ori!e rene3a) of a *inin+ )ea!e in re!#e(t of *inera)! not !#e(ified in Part A and Part = of t&e Fir!t S(&edu)e for a furt&er #eriod or #eriod! not eB(eedin+ t3ent. .ear! in ea(& (a!e" T&e. !u'*itted

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t&at iron ore i! !#e(ified in Part C in t&e Fir!t S(&edu)e and &en(e t&e State Go-ern*ent (an aut&ori!e rene3a) of t&e *inin+ )ea!e in re!#e(t of iron ore for a #eriod or #eriod! not eB(eedin+ t3ent. .ear! in ea(& (a!e" T&e. a)!o

referred to !u'<ru)e 657 of Ru)e 0AA 3&i(& #ro-ided t&at rene3a) or rene3a)! of a *inin+ )ea!e +ranted in re!#e(t of a *inera) not !#e(ified in Part A and Part = of t&e Fir!t S(&edu)e to t&e MMDR A(t *a. 'e +ranted '. t&e State Go-ern*ent #ro-ided t&at 'efore +rantin+ a##ro-a) for !e(ond or !u'!eCuent rene3a) of a *inin+ )ea!e, t&e State Go-ern*ent !&a)) !eeH a re#ort fro* t&e Contro))er Genera), Indian =ureau of Mine!, a! to 3&et&er it 3ou)d 'e in t&e intere!t of *inera) de-e)o#*ent to +rant t&e rene3a) of t&e *inin+ )ea!e" Learned (oun!e) for t&e

)e!!ee! !u'*itted t&at a! t&e a##)i(ation of t&e )e!!ee! for rene3a) of *inin+ )ea!e! &a-e not 'een di!#o!ed of '. t&e State Go-ern*ent 'efore t&e date of eB#ir. of )ea!e, t&e #eriod of )ea!e !&a)) 'e dee*ed to &a-e 'een eBtended '. a furt&er #eriod ti)) t&e State Go-ern*ent #a!!e! order! t&ereon a! #ro-ided in !u'<ru)e 627 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e!" T&e. !u'*itted t&at it 3i)) 'e ()ear fro* !u'<ru)e

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627 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e! t&at t&e intention of ru)e< *aHin+ aut&oritie! i! t&at t&ere *a. not 'e an. &iatu! in *inin+, and *inera) de-e)o#*ent in t&e (ountr. *a. (ontinue 3it&out 'reaH, 3it&out an. )o!! to t&e e(ono*. and )o!! of re-enue to t&e Go-ern*ent" T&e. (ited t&e /ud+*ent of t&i! Court in State of U!$! ) *rs! v! al+i

#andon &dead( through Rs! ?6044A7 % SCC %@, in 3&i(& t&i! Court &a! &e)d t&at t&ere i! a differen(e 'et3een an eBten!ion of )ea!e and rene3a) of )ea!e and 3&erea! in t&e (a!e of eBten!ion of )ea!e it i! not ne(e!!ar. to &a-e a fre!& deed of )ea!e eBe(uted, in (a!e of rene3a) of )ea!e, a fre!& deed of )ea!e !&a)) &a-e to 'e eBe(uted 'et3een t&e #artie!" T&e. a)!o (ited #ata Iron and Steel Company td! -" Union of India ) "nr! ?6%1127 1 SCC 941@ in !u##ort of t&eir ar+u*ent t&at under !u'<!e(tion 657 of Se(tion > of t&e MMDR A(t, t&e Go-ern*ent (an rene3 t&e *inin+ )ea!e for a furt&er #eriod if it 3a! in t&e intere!t of *inera) de-e)o#*ent" 0%" Mr" NadHarni, )earned Ad-o(ate Genera) for t&e State of Goa, !u'*itted t&at t&e t&en State Go-ern*ent of Goa a))o3ed t&e 3orHin+ of t&e *ine! fro* 0449 ti)) 04%0

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'a!ed on dee*ed eBten!ion !tatu! 'ut it &a! 'een de(ided '. t&e State Go-ern*ent no3 in t&e Goa Minin+ Po)i(. of 04%5 t&at no *ine (an 'e a))o3ed on dee*ed eBten!ion 'a!i!" T&e ()ear !tand of t&e State Go-ern*ent of Goa in t&e re!u*e of ar+u*ent! fi)ed '. t&e )earned Ad-o(ate Genera) Mr" NadHarni i! t&at t&e dee*ed eBten!ion !tatu! 3ou)d not *ean t&at a *ine (an 'e a))o3ed to run indefinite). 3it&out a de(i!ion on t&e rene3a) a##)i(ation" 00" Se(tion > of t&e MMDR A(t i! eBtra(ted &erein'e)o3D E>" P+*-o4) "o* =2-'2 0-.-./ ,+&)+) 0&7 6+ /*&.(+4 o* *+.+=+4 6%7 T&e *aBi*u* #eriod for 3&i(& a *inin+ )ea!e *a. 'e +ranted !&a)) not eB(eed t&irt. .ear!D Pro-ided t&at t&e *ini*u* #eriod for 3&i(& an. !u(& *inin+ )ea!e *a. 'e +ranted !&a)) not 'e )e!! t&an t3ent. .ear!F 607 A *inin+ )ea!e *a. 'e rene3ed for a #eriod not eB(eedin+ t3ent. .ear!@D 657 Not3it&!tandin+ an.t&in+ (ontained in !u'<!e(tion 607, if t&e State Go-ern*ent i! of o#inion t&at in t&e intere!t! of *inera) de-e)o#*ent it i! ne(e!!ar. !o to do, it *a., for rea!on! to 'e re(orded, aut&ori!e t&e rene3a) of a *inin+ )ea!e in re!#e(t of *inera)! not !#e(ified in Part A and Part = of

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t&e Fir!t S(&edu)e for a furt&er #eriod or #eriod! not eB(eedin+ t3ent. .ear! in ea(& (a!e" 6A7 Not3it&!tandin+ an.t&in+ (ontained in !u'<!e(tion607 and !u'<!e(tion 657, no *inin+ )ea!e +ranted in re!#e(t of *inera) !#e(ified in Part A or Part = of t&e Fir!t S(&edu)e !&a)) 'e rene3ed eB(e#t 3it& t&e #re-iou! a##ro-a) of t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent"G 05" Su'<!e(tion 6%7 of Se(tion > of t&e MMDR A(t, 3&i(& #ro-ide! t&e *aBi*u* and *ini*u* #eriod! for 3&i(& a *inin+ )ea!e *a. 'e +ranted 3i)) not a##). to dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e! in Goa 'e(au!e !u'<!e(tion 6%7 of Se(tion 8 of t&e A'o)ition A(t #ro-ide! t&at t&e #eriod of !u(& dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e! 3i)) eBtend u#to !iB *ont&! fro* t&e date of a!!ent

not3it&!tandin+ an.t&in+ (ontained in t&e MMDR A(t" In ot&er 3ord!, not3it&!tandin+ an.t&in+

(ontained in !u'<!e(tion 6%7 of Se(tion > of t&e MMDR A(t, t&e #eriod of a dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e in Goa 3a! to eB#ire on 00"%%"%1>9 6!iB *ont&! fro* t&e date of a!!ent7" Under !u'<!e(tion 607 of Se(tion > of t&e MMDR A(t, a *inin+ )ea!e *a. 'e rene3ed for a #eriod not eB(eedin+ t3ent. .ear!" Su'<

!e(tion 657 of Se(tion >, &o3e-er, #ro-ide! t&at

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not3it&!tandin+ an.t&in+ (ontained in !u'<!e(tion 607, if t&e State Go-ern*ent i! of t&e o#inion t&at in t&e intere!t of *inera) de-e)o#*ent, it i! ne(e!!ar. !o to do, it *a. for rea!on! to 'e re(orded, aut&ori!e t&e rene3a) of a *inin+ )ea!e in re!#e(t of *inera)! not !#e(ified in Part A and Part = of t&e

Fir!t S(&edu)e for a furt&er #eriod or #eriod! not eB(eedin+ t3ent. .ear! in ea(& (a!e" T&u!, rene3a) 'e.ond t&e fir!t rene3a) for a #eriod of t3ent. .ear! i! (onditiona) u#on t&e State Go-ern*ent for*in+ an o#inion t&at in t&e intere!t of *inera) de-e)o#*ent, it i! ne(e!!ar. to do !o and a)!o (onditiona) u#on t&e State Go-ern*ent re(ordin+ rea!on! for !u(&

rene3a) of a *inin+ )ea!e in re!#e(t of iron ore 3&i(& i! not !#e(ified in Part A and Part = of t&e Fir!t S(&edu)e" In #ata Iron and Steel Company td! -"

Union of India ) "nr! 6!u#ra7, t&i! Court &a! &e)d t&at t&e )an+ua+e of !u'<!e(tion 657 of Se(tion > i! Cuite ()ear t&at ordinari). a )ea!e i! not to 'e +ranted 'e.ond t&e ti*e !#e(ified in !u'<!e(tion 607 and on). if t&e Go-ern*ent i! of t&e -ie3 t&at it 3ou)d 'e in

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t&e

intere!t

of

*inera)

de-e)o#*ent,

it

i!

e*#o3ered to rene3 )ea!e of a )e!!ee for a furt&er #eriod after re(ordin+ !ound rea!on! for doin+ !o" T&i! Court &a! furt&er &e)d in t&e afore!aid (a!e t&at t&i! *ea!ure &a! 'een in(or#orated in t&e )e+i!)ati-e !(&e*e a! a !afe+uard a+ain!t ar'itrarine!! and t&e )etter and !#irit of t&e )a3 *u!t 'e ad&ered to in a !tri(t *anner" 0A" T&e MC Ru)e! &a-e 'een *ade under Se(tion %5 of t&e MMDR A(t '. t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent and o'-iou!). (ou)d not &a-e 'een *ade in a *anner in(on!i!tent 3it& t&e #ro-i!ion! of t&e A(t" Su'<ru)e 627 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e! #ro-ide! t&at if an a##)i(ation for t&e rene3a) of a *inin+ )ea!e *ade 3it&in t&e ti*e referred to in !u'<ru)e 6%7 i! not di!#o!ed of '. t&e State Go-ern*ent 'efore t&e date of eB#ir. of t&e )ea!e, t&e #eriod of t&e )ea!e !&a)) 'e dee*ed to &a-e 'een eBtended '. a furt&er #eriod ti)) t&e State Go-ern*ent #a!!e! order t&ereon" T&i! !u'<ru)e (annot a##). to a rene3a)

under !u'<!e(tion 657 of Se(tion > of t&e MMDR A(t

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'e(au!e t&e rene3a) under t&i! #ro-i!ion (annot 'e *ade 3it&out eB#re!! order! of t&e State

Go-ern*ent re(ordin+ rea!on! for rene3a) in t&e intere!t of *inera) de-e)o#*ent" In ot&er 3ord!, !o )on+ a! t&ere i! a ri+&t of rene3a) in t&e )e!!ee 3&i(& in t&e (a!e of a *inin+ )ea!e i! for a *aBi*u* #eriod of t3ent. .ear!, t&e #ro-i!ion re+ardin+ dee*ed eBten!ion of a )ea!e (an o#erate, 'ut if t&e ri+&t of rene3a) of a *inin+ )ea!e i! de#endent u#on t&e State Go-ern*ent for*in+ an o#inion t&at in t&e intere!t of *inera) de-e)o#*ent it i! ne(e!!ar. to do !o and t&e State Go-ern*ent re(ordin+ rea!on! t&erefor, a #ro-i!ion re+ardin+ dee*ed eBten!ion ti)) order! are #a!!ed '. t&e State Go-ern*ent on t&e a##)i(ation of rene3a) (annot a##)." $e are,

t&erefore, of t&e o#inion t&at !u'<ru)e 627 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e! 3i)) a##). to a (a!e of fir!t rene3a) under !u'<!e(tion 607 of Se(tion > of t&e MMDR A(t ot&er t&an a (a!e (o-ered under !u'<ru)e 617 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e!, 'ut 3i)) not a##). to rene3a) under !u'<!e(tion 657 of Se(tion > of t&e

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MMDR A(t" In our -ie3, t&e dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e! of t&e )e!!ee! in Goa eB#ired on 00"%%"%1>9 under !u'<!e(tion 6%7 of Se(tion 8 of t&e A'o)ition A(t and t&e *aBi*u* of 04 .ear! rene3a) #eriod of t&e dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e! in Goa a! #ro-ided in !u'< !e(tion 607 of Se(tion > of t&e MMDR A(t read 3it& !u'<ru)e! 6>7 and 617 of Ru)e 0AA of t&e MC Ru)e! eB#ired on 00"%%"0449"

W2+(2+* 4305 '&. 6+ >+5( 6+7o.4 (2+ ,+&)+ &*+&1 08" T&e re#ort of t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion !tate! t&at a'out 0912"0A &a of area &a-e 'een found to 'e under en(roa(&*ent '. t&e *inin+ )e!!ee! out of 3&i(& a'out 89>"A0 &a &a-e 'een found to &a-e 'een i))e+a)). u!ed for eBtra(tionIre*o-a) of iron ore" T&e CEC in it! re#ort &a! !tated t&at t&e CEC -i!ited !o*e of t&e area! !tated to 'e under en(roa(&*ent! and a nu*'er of )ea!e &o)der! &a-e fi)ed re#re!entation! a+ain!t t&e findin+! of t&e S&a& Co**i!!ion !tatin+ t&at t&e. are not in-o)-ed in an. en(roa(&*ent" A((ordin+ to t&e Goa Foundation, t&i! 3a! a +ro!! i))e+a)it. (o**itted '. t&e *inin+ )e!!ee!"

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02"

Mr" A"D"N" Rao, t&e A*i(u! Curiae, referred to

Se(tion 1 of t&e MMDR A(t to !u'*it t&at an. re*o-a) of *inera)! fro* t&e )ea!ed area (an 'e *ade '. &o)der of a *inin+ )ea!e on). on #a.*ent of ro.a)t." He !u'*itted

t&at t&e 3a!te *ateria) and o-er'urden, t&erefore, (annot 'e du*#ed out!ide t&e )ea!ed area 3it&out #a.*ent of ro.a)t." He referred to #ara+ra#& A> of t&e /ud+*ent of t&i! Court in Sama+ $arivartana Samudaya and *rs! v! State of Karnata,a and *rs! ?604%57 > SCC %8A@ in 3&i(& t&i! Court &a! o'!er-ed t&at du*#in+ of *inin+ 3a!te 6o-er'urden du*#!7 a)!o (on!titute! *inin+ o#eration! 3it&in t&e *eanin+ of Se(tion 56d7 of t&e MMDR A(t and, t&erefore, t&e u!e of fore!t )and for !u(& a(ti-it. 3ou)d reCuire ()earan(e! under t&e Fore!t Con!er-ation A(t, %1>4" He !u'*itted t&at in t&e e-ent du*#in+ of *inin+ 3a!te out!ide t&e )ea!ed area i! to 'e done, it (an on). 'e done after ()earan(e i! o'tained under Con!er-ation A(t, %1>4" 09" T&e )earned (oun!e) a##earin+ for t&e *inin+ )e!!ee! !u'*itted t&at t&e )e!!ee! &a-e a(tua)). u!ed area! out!ide t&e *inin+ )ea!e 3&i(& are a)!o o3ned *o!t). '. t&e Fore!t

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t&e )e!!ee! #er*i!!i')e

for ()earin+ t&e du*# and t&i! 3a! under t&e Minera) Con!er-ation and

De-e)o#*ent Ru)e!, %1>> 6for !&ort :MCD Ru)e!;7 and t&e MC Ru)e!" In #arti(u)ar, t&e. referred to Ru)e %2 of t&e

MCD Ru)e!, 3&i(& #ro-ide! for !e#arate !ta(Hin+ of non< !a)ea')e *inera)!, !u(& a! o-er 'urden and 3a!te *ateria) o'tained durin+ *inin+ o#eration, on t&e +round

ear*arHed for t&e #ur#o!e, 3&i(& !&ou)d 'e a3a. fro* t&e 3orHin+ #it" T&e. a)!o referred to Ru)e 2A C of t&e MC Ru)e! 3&i(& #ro-ide! t&at on re*o-a) of tai)in+! or re/e(t! fro* t&e )ea!ed area for du*#in+ out!ide )ea!ed area, !u(& tai)in+! or re/e(t! are not )ia')e for #a.*ent of ro.a)t." T&e State Go-ern*ent &a! !u##orted t&i! !tand of t&e *inin+ )e!!ee! t&at du*#in+ of t&e o-er'urden and *inin+ 3a!te out!ide t&e )ea!e area 3a! #er*i!!i')e under t&e MC Ru)e! and MCD Ru)e!" 0>" Se(tion! A6%7 and 1607 of t&e MMDR A(t, Ru)e 2AC of t&e MC Ru)e! and Ru)e %2 of t&e MCD Ru)e! are eBtra(ted 'e)o3D E4. P*o)5+'(-./ o* 0-.-./ o5+*&(-o.) (o 6+ 3.4+* ,-'+.'+ o* ,+&)+.??6%7 No #er!on !&a)) undertaHe an. re(onnai!!an(e,

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#ro!#e(tin+ or *inin+ o#eration! in an. area, eB(e#t under and in a((ordan(e 3it& t&e ter*! and (ondition! of a re(onnai!!an(e #er*it or of a #ro!#e(tin+ )i(en(e or, a! t&e (a!e *a. 'e, a *inin+ )ea!e, +ranted under t&i! A(t and t&e ru)e! *ade t&ereunderD Pro-ided t&at not&in+ in t&i! !u'<!e(tion !&a)) affe(t an. #ro!#e(tin+ or *inin+ o#eration! undertaHen in an. area in a((ordan(e 3it& t&e ter*! and (ondition! of a #ro!#e(tin+ )i(en(e or *inin+ )ea!e +ranted 'efore t&e (o**en(e*ent of t&i! A(t 3&i(& i! in for(e at !u(& (o**en(e*ent" Pro-ided furt&er t&at not&in+ in t&i! !u'< !e(tion !&a)) a##). to an. #ro!#e(tin+ o#eration! undertaHen '. t&e Geo)o+i(a) Sur-e. of India, t&e Indian =ureau of Mine!, t&e Ato*i( Minera)! Dire(torate for EB#)oration and Re!ear(& of t&e De#art*ent of Ato*i( Ener+. of t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent, t&e Dire(torate! of Minin+ and Geo)o+. of an. State Go-ern*ent 6'. 3&ate-er na*e (a))ed7, and t&e Minera) EB#)oration Cor#oration Li*ited, a Go-ern*ent Co*#an. 3it&in t&e *eanin+ of Se(tion 2%9 of t&e Co*#anie! A(t, %182" Pro-ided a)!o t&at not&in+ in t&i! !u'<!e(tion !&a)) a##). to an. *inin+ )ea!e 63&et&er (a))ed *inin+ )ea!e, *inin+ (on(e!!ion or '. an. ot&er na*e7 in for(e i**ediate). 'efore t&e (o**en(e*ent of t&i! A(t in t&e Union territor. of Goa, Da*an and Diu" …………………………………………………………"" G E9. Ro7&,(-+) ,+&)+).?? -. *+)5+'( o" 0-.-./

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6%7 ………………………………………………………" 607 T&e &o)der of a *inin+ )ea!e +ranted on or after t&e (o**en(e*ent of t&i! A(t !&a)) #a. ro.a)t. in re!#e(t of an. 6*inera) re*o-ed or (on!u*ed '. &i! a+ent, *ana+er, e*#)o.ee, (ontra(tor of !u'< )e!!ee7 fro* t&e )ea!ed area at t&e rate for t&e ti*e 'ein+ !#e(ified in t&e Se(ond S(&edu)e in re!#e(t of t&at *inera)" """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""G E64C. Ro7&,(7 o. (&-,-./) o* *+@+'().??On re*o-a) of tai)in+! or re/e(t! fro* t&e )ea!ed area for du*#in+ and not for !a)e or (on!u*#tion, out!ide )ea!ed area !u(& tai)in+! or re/e(t! !&a)) not 'e )ia')e for #a.*ent of ro.a)t.D Pro-ided t&at in (a!e !o du*#ed tai)in+! or re/e(t! are u!ed for !a)e or (on!u*#tion on an. )ater date after t&e date of !u(& du*#in+, t&en, !u(& tai)in+! or re/e(t! !&a)) 'e )ia')e for #a.*ent of ro.a)t."G E16. S+5&*&(+ )(&'>-./ o" .o.?)&,&6,+ 0-.+*&,).??6%7 T&e o-er'urden and 3a!te *ateria) o'tained durin+ *inin+ o#eration! !&a)) not 'e a))o3ed to 'e *iBed 3it& non< !a)a')e or !u'<+rade *inera)!Iore!" T&e. !&a)) 'e du*#ed and !ta(Hed !e#arate). on t&e +round ear*arHed for t&e #ur#o!e" 607 T&e +round !e)e(ted for du*#in+ of o-er'urden, 3a!te *ateria), t&e !u'<+rade or non<!a)a')e ore!I*inera)! !&a)) 'e a3a. fro* 3orHin+ #it" It !&a)) 'e #ro-ed for a'!en(e or #re!en(e of under).in+ *inera) de#o!it! 'efore it i! 'rou+&t into u!e for du*#in+"

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40

657 =efore !tartin+ *inin+ o#eration!, t&e u)ti*ate !iLe of t&e #it !&a)) 'e deter*ined and t&e du*#in+ +round !&a)) 'e !o !e)e(ted t&at t&e du*#in+ i! not (arried out 3it&in t&e )i*it! of t&e u)ti*ate !iLe of t&e #it eB(e#t in (a!e! 3&ere (on(urrent 'a(Hfi))in+ i! #ro#o!ed"G 01" Under Se(tion A of t&e MMDR A(t, a #er!on 3&o &o)d! a *inin+ )ea!e +ranted under t&e MMDR A(t and t&e Ru)e! *ade t&ereunder i! entit)ed to (arr. on *inin+ o#eration! in a((ordan(e 3it& t&e ter*! of t&e )ea!e in t&e )ea!ed area and *a. (arr. on a)) ot&er a(ti-itie! (onne(ted 3it& *inin+ 3it&in t&e )ea!ed area" Ru)e 5% of t&e MC Ru)e! #re!(ri'e!

t&at t&e )ea!e deed 3i)) 'e in For* J or in a for* near t&ereto" Part I of For* J de)ineate! t&e area of t&e )ea!e and Part II of For* J aut&oriLe! t&e a(ti-itie! t&at (an 'e done '. t&e )e!!ee in t&e )ea!ed area" T&u!, a &o)der of a *inin+ )ea!e doe! not &a-e an. ri+&t to du*# an. re/e(t, tai)in+! or 3a!te in an. area out!ide t&e )ea!ed area of t&e *inin+ )ea!e on t&e !tren+t& of a *inin+ )ea!e +ranted under t&e MMDR A(t and t&e Ru)e! *ade t&ereunder" Su(& area out!ide t&e )ea!ed area of

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t&e *inin+ )ea!e *a. 'e)on+ to t&e State or *a. 'e)on+ to an. #ri-ate #er!on, 'ut if t&e *inin+ )ea!e doe! not (onfer an. ri+&t 3&at!oe-er on t&e &o)der of a *inin+ )ea!e to du*# an. *inin+ 3a!te out!ide t&e )ea!ed area, &e 3i)) &a-e no )e+a) ri+&t 3&at!oe-er to re*o-e &i! du*#, o-er'urden,

tai)in+! or re/e(t! and Hee# t&e !a*e in !u(& area out!ide t&e )ea!ed area" In ot&er 3ord!, du*#in+ of an. 3a!te *ateria)!, tai)in+! and re/e(t! out!ide t&e )ea!ed area 3ou)d 'e 3it&out a -a)id aut&oriLation under t&e )ea!e<deed" 54" Moreo-er, Se(tion 1607 of t&e MMDR A(t *aHe! t&e &o)der of a *inin+ )ea!e +ranted on or after t&e (o**en(e*ent of t&e A(t )ia')e to #a. ro.a)t. in re!#e(t of an. *inera) re*o-ed or (on!u*ed '. &i* or '. &i! a+ent, *ana+er, e*#)o.ee, (ontra(tor or !u'<)e!!ee fro* t&e )ea!ed area" T&u!, t&e

*o*ent t&e *inera) i! re*o-ed or (on!u*ed fro* t&e )ea!ed area, t&e &o)der of a *inin+ )ea!e &a! to #a. ro.a)t." =. -irtue of Se(tion 1 of t&e MMDR A(t, tai)in+! and re/e(t! eB(a-ated durin+ *inin+

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o#eration! 'ein+ *inera)! 3i)) a)!o 'e eBi+i')e to ro.a)t. t&e *o*ent t&e. are re*o-ed fro* t&e )ea!ed area" 5%" Ru)e 2AC of t&e MC Ru)e! !tate! t&at on re*o-a) of tai)in+! or re/e(t! fro* t&e )ea!ed area for du*#in+ and not for !a)e or (on!u*#tion, out!ide )ea!ed area !u(& tai)in+! or re/e(t! !&a)) not 'e )ia')e for #a.*ent of ro.a)t." Ru)e 2AC of t&e MC Ru)e!,

t&erefore, eBe*#t! t&e re*o-a) of tai)in+! or re/e(t! fro* t&e )ea!ed area for t&e #ur#o!e of du*#in+ and not for t&e #ur#o!e of !a)e or (on!u*#tion fro* t&e )e-. of ro.a)t." Ru)e 2AC of t&e MC Ru)e! doe! not aut&ori!e du*#in+ of tai)in+! or re/e(t! in an. area out!ide t&e )ea!ed area" T&i! Court &a! &e)d in #he Central Ban, of India ) *rs" -" #heir -or,men. etc! ?AIR %124 SC %0@ t&at :if a ru)e +oe! 'e.ond 3&at t&e !e(tion (onte*#)ate!, t&e ru)e *u!t .ie)d to t&e !tatute;" In our -ie3, if Ru)e 2AC of t&e MC Ru)e! !u++e!t! t&at tai)in+! or re/e(t! (an 'e du*#ed out!ide t&e )ea!ed area, it *u!t +i-e 3a. to Se(tion A of t&e MMDR A(t, 3&i(& doe! not

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aut&ori!e du*#in+ of *inera)! out!ide t&e )ea!ed area and *u!t +i-e 3a. to Se(tion 1 of t&e MMDR A(t 3&i(& doe! not aut&ori!e re*o-a) of *inera)! out!ide t&e )ea!ed area 3it&out #a.*ent of ro.a)t." $e, t&erefore, &o)d t&at du*# (annot 'e He#t '. t&e )e!!ee! 'e.ond t&e )ea!ed area" 50" Ru)e %2 of t&e MCD Ru)e! #ro-ide! t&at t&e o-er'urden and 3a!te *ateria) o'tained durin+ *inin+ o#eration! !&a)) 'e du*#ed and !ta(Hed !e#arate). on t&e +round ear*arHed for t&e #ur#o!e and t&e +round !e)e(ted for du*#in+ of o-er'urden, 3a!te *ateria) !&a)) 'e a3a. fro* 3orHin+ #it" T&ere i! not&in+ in !u'<ru)e! 6%7, 607 and 657 of Ru)e %2 of t&e MCD Ru)e!, 3&i(& #ro-ide! t&at !u(& o-er'urden or 3a!te *ateria) o'tained fro* *inin+ o#eration! !&a)) 'e He#t :out!ide t&e )ea!ed area;" On t&e ot&er &and, ()au!e 697 of Part II of For*<J #ro-ide! a! fo))o3!D ELi'ert. and #o3er to enter u#on and u!e a !uffi(ient #art of t&e !urfa(e of t&e !aid )and! for t&e #ur#o!e of !ta(Hin+, &ea#in+, !torin+ or de#o!itin+ t&erein an. #rodu(e of t&e *ine! or 3orH! (arried on and an. too)!, eCui#*ent, eart& and *ateria)! and !u'!tan(e! du+ or rai!ed under t&e

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)i'ertie! and #o3er! *entioned in t&i! #art"G T&e eB#re!!ion :!aid )and!; in ()au!e 697 of Part II of For*< J Cuoted a'o-e refer! to t&e area of t&e )ea!e in Part I of For* J and, t&erefore, i! (onfined to t&e )ea!ed area" Ru)e %2 of t&e MCD Ru)e!, t&erefore, (annot 'e read to #er*it du*#in+ of o-er'urden and 3a!te *ateria)! o'tained fro* *inin+ o#eration! out!ide t&e )ea!ed area" 55" Learned (oun!e) for t&e )e!!ee!, &o3e-er, !u'*itted t&at *an. of t&e!e area! in 3&i(& t&e. &a-e du*#ed t&e o-er'urden!, tai)in+! and re/e(t! are )and! o3ned '. t&e* and '. -irtue of t&eir o3ner!&i# ri+&t t&e. (ou)d du*# t&e *inin+ 3a!te on t&eir o3n )and!" T&i! (ontention of

)earned (oun!e) a##earin+ for t&e )e!!ee! )o!e! !i+&t of t&e fa(t t&at *o!t of t&e!e )and! are )o(ated in fore!t area! 3&ere non<fore!t a(ti-it., !u(& a! *inin+, i! #ro&i'ited under Se(tion 0 of t&e Fore!t Con!er-ation A(t, %1>4 3it&out t&e #rior #er*i!!ion of t&e Centra)

Go-ern*ent" Moreo-er, t&e notifi(ation i!!ued under !u'< ru)e 657 of Ru)e 8 of t&e En-iron*ent 6Prote(tion7 Ru)e!, %1>2 reCuirin+ #rior en-iron*enta) ()earan(e (o-er! t&e

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a(ti-it. of *inin+" Su'<ru)e 657 of Ru)e 8 e*#o3er! t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent to i*#o!e #ro&i'ition or re!tri(tion! on t&e )o(ation of an indu!tr. or t&e (arr.in+ on of #ro(e!!e! and o#eration! in an area for t&e #ur#o!e of #rote(tin+ t&e en-iron*ent" Ina!*u(& a! t&e a(ti-it. of du*#in+ *inera) 3a!te! 3i)) #o))ute t&e en-iron*ent, it 3i)) (o*e 3it&in t&e *eanin+ of a(ti-it. of *inin+ in()uded in t&e S(&edu)e to t&e notifi(ation i!!ued under !u'<ru)e 657 of Ru)e 8 of t&e En-iron*ent 6Prote(tion7 Ru)e!, %1>2" T&u!, for du*#in+ of *inin+ 3a!te on a #ri-ate )and, a #rior ()earan(e of t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent under t&e notifi(ation i!!ued under !u'<ru)e 657 of Ru)e 8 of t&e En-iron*ent 6Prote(tion7 Ru)e!, %1>2 3ou)d 'e ne(e!!ar." $e, t&erefore, do not find an. *erit in t&e (ontention of )earned (oun!e) for t&e )e!!ee! t&at t&e. (an du*# *inin+ 3a!te out!ide t&e )ea!ed area" W-(2-. =2&( 4-)(&.'+ "*o0 (2+ 6o3.4&*-+) o" N&(-o.&, P&*>) &.4 W-,4,-"+ S&.'(3&*-+), -) 0-.-./ .o( 5+*0-))-6,+ -. (2+ S(&(+ o" Go&1 5A" T&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion &a! !tated in it! re#ort t&at t&e Nationa) =oard for $i)d Life 6N=$L7 ado#ted ET&e $i)d Life Con!er-ation Strate+.K0440G and tooH a de(i!ion

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in it! *eetin+ &e)d on 0%"%"0440 under t&e C&air*an!&i# of Pri*e Mini!ter to notif. t&e area! 3it&in %4 H*!" fro* t&e 'oundarie! of Nationa) ParH! and San(tuarie! a! e(o< fra+i)e Lone! under !e(tion 56-7 of t&e En-iron*ent 6Prote(tion7 A(t and Ru)e 8, Su'<ru)e 6%76-iii7 6B7 of t&e

En-iron*ent 6Prote(tion7 Ru)e! and t&i! de(i!ion &a! 'een (o**uni(ated on 8"0"0440 to t&e C&ief $i)d Life $arden, Go-ern*ent of Goa and t&e State Go-ern*ent &a! 'een reCue!ted to )i!t out !u(& area! and furni!& a detai)ed #ro#o!a) for t&eir notifi(ation a! e(oK!en!iti-e area! under t&e En-iron*ent 6Prote(tion7 A(t, %1>2" T&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion &a! found t&at t&i! &a! not 'een done ti)) date 'ut t&e Go-ern*ent of Goa &a! a))o3ed *ine! to o#erate" In t&i! (onteBt, t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion Re#ort &a! referred to t&e order dated 4A"%0"0442 of t&i! Court in $rit Petition No"A24I044A 6/oa 0oundation v! Union of India7 '. 3&i(& t&i! Court &ad dire(ted t&e MoEF to refer to t&e Standin+ Co**ittee of t&e Nationa) =oard for $i)d Life, under Se(tion! 8= and 8C 607 of t&e $i)d Life 6Prote(tion7 A(t, t&e (a!e! in 3&i(& en-iron*enta)

()earan(e &a! a)read. 'een +ranted 3&ere a(ti-itie! are

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3it&in %4 H*!" Lone" A((ordin+ to t&e re#ort of t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion, in !#ite of t&e ()ear #ro-i!ion! of Se(tion 56076-7 of t&e En-iron*ent 6Prote(tion7 A(t, %1>2 and t&e EIA Notifi(ation!, (onferrin+ t&e /uri!di(tion, #o3er and aut&orit. on t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent 6MoEF7 to +rant or refu!e #rior en-iron*ent ()earan(e for an. iron ore *inin+ a(ti-it. 3it&in %4 H*!" of Nationa) ParH!,

San(tuarie! and Prote(ted Area! and de!#ite #ro-i!ion! in Se(tion 8C6076'7 of t&e $i)d Life 6Prote(tion7 A(t, %190 #uttin+ a re!tri(tion on *inin+ a(ti-itie! in!ide Nationa) ParH!, San(tuarie! and ot&er Prote(ted and e(oK!en!iti-e Area!, *inin+ a(ti-itie! &a-e 'een #er*itted 3it&in %4 H*!" and in!ide t&e Nationa) ParH!, San(tuarie! and Prote(ted Area!" T&e re#ort of t&e Ju!ti(e S&a&

Co**i!!ion furt&er !tate! t&at out of t&e en-iron*enta) ()earan(e!, t&e ()earan(e! 3it& re+ard to 9A *inin+ )ea!e! !&ou)d &a-e 'een #)a(ed 'efore t&e Standin+ Co**ittee of t&e Nationa) =oard for $i)d)ife in a((ordan(e 3it& t&e order dated 4A"%0"0442 of t&i! Court" T&e re#ort of t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion furt&er !tate! t&at t&ere &a! 'een a tota) fai)ure on t&e #art of t&e MoEF in not

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(on!iderin+ t&i! i!!ue 3&i)e +rantin+ t&e en-iron*enta) ()earan(e!" 58" T&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion in it! re#ort &a! furt&er

!tated t&at in t&e order dated 4A"4>"0442 of t&i! Court in #!1! /odavarman #hirumulpad v! Union of India ) *rs ", t&i! Court &a! taHen a -ie3 t&at % H*" fro* t&e 'oundarie! of Nationa) ParH! and San(tuarie! 3ou)d 'e a !afet. Lone, !u'/e(t to t&e order! t&at *a. 'e *ade in IA No"%444 re+ardin+ Ja*ua Ra*+ar& San(tuar. and t&e State 3i)) not +rant an. Te*#orar. $orHin+ Per*it 6T$P7 in t&e!e !afet. Lone! (o*#ri!in+ % H*" fro* t&e 'oundarie! of Nationa) ParH! and San(tuarie! and .et !o*e of t&e *ine! 3it&in % H*" fro* t&e 'oundarie! of Nationa) ParH! and San(tuarie! &a-e 'een a))o3ed in t&e State of Goa" 52" T&e CEC in it! re#ort i! of t&e -ie3 t&at &ad t&e MoEF i*#)e*ented t&i! Court;! order! dated %A"40"0444 and 4A"%0"0442, t&e unre+u)ated and en-iron*enta)).

un!u!taina')e *anner in 3&i(& *inin+ &a! taHen #)a(e in Goa 3ou)d &a-e 'een a-oided" T&e CEC &a! !u++e!ted

t&at a)) en-iron*enta) ()earan(e! +ranted for *inin+

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)ea!e! )o(ated u#to a di!tan(e of %4 H*!" fro* t&e 'oundarie! of Nationa) ParH! and $i)d)ife San(tuarie! !&ou)d 'e dire(ted to 'e He#t in a'e.an(e and t&e en-iron*enta) ()earan(e! !&ou)d 'e dire(ted to 'e

(on!idered '. t&e Standin+ Co**ittee of t&e Nationa) =oard for $i)d)ife in a((ordan(e 3it& t&i! Court;! order dated 4A"%0"0442 and t&e Additiona) Prin(i#a) C&ief Con!er-ator of Fore!t!, Re+iona) Offi(e, MoEF, =an+a)ore, !&ou)d 'e dire(ted to -erif., after eBa*inin+ t&e EIAIEMP re#ort! and ot&er re)e-ant detai)!, 3&et&er t&e *inin+ o#eration! 3i)) &a-e ad-er!e i*#a(t on t&e f)ora, fauna and 3i)d)ife &a'itat and 3&et&er t&e di!tan(e of t&e Nationa) ParH!I$i)d)ife San(tuarie! and t&at t&e !tatu! of t&e :fore!t; &a-e 'een (orre(t). !tated in t&e

ECIa##)i(ation for taHin+ a de(i!ion re+ardin+ EC;! and on). after (on!iderin+ t&e re(o**endation! of t&e

Standin+ Co**ittee of t&e Nationa) =oard of $i)d)ife and t&e re#ort of t&e Additiona) Prin(i#a) C&ief Con!er-ator of Fore!t! 6Centra)7 and ot&er re)e-ant infor*ationIdetai)!, t&i! Court *a. taHe a de(i!ion" )earned (oun!e) a##earin+ for Mr" Pra!&ant =&u!&an, t&e Goa Foundation,

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!u'*itted t&at t&ere !&ou)d 'e no *inin+ a(ti-it. 3it&in an. Nationa) ParH!I$i)d)ife San(tuarie! or 3it&in %4 H*!" fro* t&e 'oundarie! of Nationa) ParH! and $i)d)ife San(tuarie! !o t&at t&e f)ora, fauna and 3i)d)ife &a'itat of Nationa) ParH! and $i)d)ife San(tuarie! are #rote(ted" 59" Learned (oun!e) for t&e )e!!ee!, on t&e ot&er &and, !tated t&at !o far a! t&e State of Goa i! (on(erned, on t&e one !ide, t&ere i! a (oa!ta) re+u)ation Lone in 3&i(& *inin+ i! not #er*itted and, on t&e ot&er !ide, are t&e Nationa) ParH! and $i)d)ife San(tuarie! in 3&i(& a+ain *inin+ i! not #er*itted and a! a (on!eCuen(e a -er. !*a)) !tri# of )and i! a-ai)a')e for *inin+" T&e. !u'*itted t&at t&ere i! no 'a!i! for #re!u*in+ t&at an area out!ide t&e )i*it! of a Nationa) ParH or a $i)d)ife San(tuar. i! reCuired to 'e *aintained a! a 'uffer Lone" T&e.

!u'*itted t&at '. t&e order dated 4A"%0"0442 of t&i! Court #a!!ed in $rit Petition 6C7 No"A24 of 044A, t&i! Court did not fina)). fiB t&e 'uffer Lone of %4 H*!" fro* t&e 'oundarie! of Nationa) ParH! and $i)d)ife San(tuarie!, 'ut +ranted a )a!t o##ortunit. to t&e State! to !u'*it t&eir re(o**endation! for e(o<!en!iti-e Lone and t&at t&e

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i!!ue i! !ti)) #endin+ in I"A" No"%444 in $rit Petition 040 of %118 in #!1! /odavarman #hirumulpad v! Union of India ) *rs! T&e. furt&er ar+ued t&at '. t&e order dated

4A"4>"0442, t&i! Court &ad on). dire(ted t&at no *inin+ 3ou)d 'e #er*itted '. Te*#orar. $orHin+ Per*it! 3it&in % H*" fro* t&e Nationa) ParH! and $i)d)ife San(tuarie! and '. t&e !aid order, a'!o)ute 'an &a! not 'een i*#o!ed a+ain!t *inin+ e-en 3it&in % H*" fro* t&e 'oundarie! of Nationa) ParH! and $i)d)ife San(tuarie!" T&e. ar+ued t&at for de()aration of e(o<!en!iti-e Lone, a notifi(ation under Se(tion 5 of t&e En-iron*ent 6Prote(t7 A(t, %1>2 i! *andator. and ti)) date no !u(& notifi(ation &a! 'een i!!ued for t&e State of Goa de)ineatin+ an. e(o<!en!iti-e Lone and in t&e a'!en(e of !u(& a notifi(ation *inin+ a(ti-itie! (annot 'e #ro&i'ited 'e.ond t&e 'oundarie! of a nationa) #arHI3i)d)ife !an(tuar." 5> Mr" NadHarni, )earned Ad-o(ate Genera) a##earin+

for t&e State of Goa, !u'*itted t&at #re!ent). t&e State of Goa i! not #er*ittin+ *inin+ in!ide an. Nationa) ParH or $i)d)ife San(tuar." He !u'*itted t&at ea(& of t&e !e-en 3i)d)ife !an(tuarie! in t&e State of Goa &a-e +ot re-enue

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-i))a+e!

and

)o(a)

&a'itation

of

#eo#)e

in!ide

t&e

!an(tuarie! and 'efore notif.in+ t&e 'uffer Lone around a 3i)d)ife !an(tuar. t&e (on!eCuen(e! of t&e re!tri(tion! of t&e 'uffer Lone on t&e )o(a) #o#u)ation and on t&e )o(a) de-e)o#*ent &a-e to 'e 3ei+&ed" He !u'*itted t&at t&e State Go-ern*ent i! of t&e (on!idered o#inion t&at 3&i)e e-o)-in+ a (on!er-ation !trate+., t&e fo))o3in+ #e(u)iar )o(a) (on!traint! in t&e State of Goa &a-e to 'e (on!ideredD 6i7 T&e State of Goa i! t&e 5rd !*a))e!t State in t&e UnionF 3it& a tota) +eo+ra#&i(a) are of on). 5,940 !Cuare *etre!F and out of t&at, an area of %,AA4 !Cuare *etre! i! under :Fore!t; 6#rote(tedIre!er-edI#ri-ate7 3&i(& i! a)*o!t a'out 5>M of t&e tota) +eo+ra#&i(a) areaF 6ii7 Out of t&e !aid area under :Fore!t; near). 20M i"e" 98"58 !Cuare *etre! &a! 'een de()ared a! :Nationa) ParH;, andIor :$i)d)ife San(tuar.;F 6iii7 An area of a##roBi*ate). or *ore t&an 94 !Cuare Hi)o*etre! fa))! under t&e :Coa!ta) Re+u)ation None; 6CRN7" Indeed, t&e CRN run! into %42 H*!", of t&e Coa!ta) =e)t of t&e State of GoaF 6i-7 In fa(t, t&e tota) )and *a!! a-ai)a')e to t&e State of Goa, free fro* -ariou! re!tri(tion!, 3ou)d furt&er 'e redu(ed '. %12">4 !Cuare Hi)o*eter!, i"e" u# to 8"50M,

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on a((ount of Ri-er!, LaHe! and ot&er $ater =odie!F 6-7 Indeed, a##roBi*ate). A4M of t&e )and i! under a+ri(u)ture 3&i(& t&e Go-ern*ent &a! de(ided not to 'e di-erted under an. (ir(u*!tan(e!F 6-i7 Furt&er, t&e State Go-ern*ent &a! a)!o dire(ted t&at no :Fore!t Land; i! to 'e di-erted for an. *inin+ #ur#o!e"

He !u'*itted t&at (on!iderin+ a)) t&e!e (on!traint!, t&e State Go-ern*ent &a! re(o**ended t&at an area u# to % H*" fro* t&e 'oundarie! of Nationa) ParH!I$i)d)ife

San(tuarie! !&ou)d 'e treated a! !afet. Lone! 'ut e-en in t&e!e !afet. Lone! *inin+ a(ti-it. !&ou)d 'e #ro&i'ited in a #&a!ed *anner in 8 to %4 .ear!" 51" Mr" Mo&an Para!aran, )earned So)i(itor Genera),

!u'*itted t&at t&e Prin(i#a) C&ief Con!er-ator of Fore!t! and C&ief $i)d)ife $arden, Go-ern*ent of Goa, -ide &i! )etter dated 40"48"04%5 &a! !u'*itted !iB #ro#o!a)! for de()aration of e(o<!en!iti-e Lone! around !iB #rote(ted area! in t&e State of Goa 6Nationa) ParH!I$i)d)ife

San(tuarie!7 and t&e #ro#o!a)! 3ere referred to a Co**ittee (on!tituted under t&e C&air*an!&i# of Dr"

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Ra/e!& Go#a), Additiona) Dire(tor Genera) of Fore!t! and Me*'er Se(retar. of 3it& Nationa) t&e Ti+er fo))o3in+ Con!er-ation Ter*! of

Aut&orit.<C&air*an, Referen(eD

6i7 T&e Co**ittee 3i)) undertaHe a !ite !#e(ifi( !ite !ur-e. of a)) !iB #rote(ted area! in Goa, 3it& referen(e to !tud.in+ t&e to#o+ra#&. and re#ort on t&e eBi!tin+ natura) 'oundarie! around t&at i! out!ide ea(& #rote(ted area" Su(& 'oundarie! (ou)d in()ude inter alia ri-er!, &i))! et(" 6ii7 T&e Co**ittee 3i)) dra3 u# a definition of 3&at (ou)d (on!titute a (redi')e natura) 'oundar., a)3a.! Hee#in+ in *ind t&at t&e o'/e(t i! to #rote(t t&e f)ora, fauna and 'iodi-er!it. in t&e PA fro* 'ioti( #re!!ure" 6iii7 T&e Co**ittee 3i)) !u'*it it! -ie3! on 3&et&er an. of t&e natura) 'oundarie! of t&e PA! in Goa (ou)d 'e an effe(ti-e 'oundar. of a ro'u!t E(o<Sen!iti-e None around t&e P"A" He !u'*itted t&at t&e Co**ittee &a! !u'*itted it! re#ort on %>"%4"04%5 and t&e re#ort &a! 'een (on!idered '. t&e Mini!tr. of En-iron*ent and Fore!t! and '. offi(e *e*orandu* En-iron*ent dated and 0A"%4"04%5, &a! t&e not Mini!tr. a((e#ted of t&e

Fore!t!

re(o**endation of t&e Go-ern*ent of Goa re+ardin+

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'uffer Lone and in!tead a((e#ted t&e re(o**endation of t&e Co**ittee to define t&e e(o<!en!iti-e Lone! in !ite !#e(ifi( *anner !u'/e(t to t&e re)e-ant Court order! on t&e !u'/e(t and t&at a draft notifi(ation definin+ e(o< !en!iti-e Lone! around ea(& of t&e !iB #rote(ted area! 3ou)d 'e i!!ued for !taHe&o)der (on!u)tation!" A4" $e &a-e (on!idered t&e !u'*i!!ion! of )earned (oun!e) for t&e #artie! and 3e find t&at #re!ent). no *inin+ o#eration! are 'ein+ (arried on in!ide an. Nationa) ParH or $i)d)ife San(tuar., and t&e State of Goa &a! taHen a !tand 'efore u! t&at it 3i)) not #er*it an. *inin+ o#eration! in!ide an. Nationa) ParH or $i)d)ife San(tuar." Hen(e, t&e on). Cue!tion t&at 3e &a-e to de(ide i! 3&et&er *inin+ (ou)d &a-e 'een #er*itted or (ou)d 'e #er*itted 3it&in a (ertain di!tan(e fro* t&e 'oundarie! of t&e Nationa) ParH or $i)d)ife San(tuar. in t&e State of Goa" A%" T&i! Court in eBer(i!e of it! #o3er under Arti()e 50 of t&e Con!titution (an dire(t t&e State to #ro&i'it *inin+ a(ti-itie! in an area ad/a(ent to a Nationa) ParH or a $i)d)ife San(tuar. for t&e #ur#o!e of

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#rote(tin+ t&e f)ora, fauna and 3i)d)ife &a'itat of t&e Nationa) ParHI$i)d)ife San(tuar. 'e(au!e t&e!e

(on!titute #art of t&e natura) en-iron*ent ne(e!!ar. for &ea)t&. )ife of #er!on! )i-in+ in t&e State of Goa" T&e ri+&t to )ife under Arti()e 0% of t&e Con!titution i! a +uarantee a+ain!t t&e State and for enfor(in+ t&i! funda*enta) ri+&t of #er!on! t&e State, 3&i(& a)one &a! a ri+&t to +rant *inin+ )ea!e! of t&e *ine! )o(ated in!ide t&e State, (an 'e dire(ted '. t&e Court '. an a##ro#riate 3rit or dire(tion not to +rant *inin+ )ea!e! or not to a))o3 *inin+ t&at 3i)) 'e -io)ati-e under Arti()e 0% of t&e Con!titution" In Re2 Construction of $ar, at 1*I3" near *,hla Bird Sanctuary ?604%%7 % SCC 9AA@ a t&ree<Jud+e =en(& 6Fore!t =en(&7 of t&i! Court &a! o'!er-edD E…… En-iron*ent i! one of t&e fa(et! of t&e ri+&t to )ife +uaranteed under Arti()e 0% of t&e Con!titution" En-iron*ent i!, t&erefore, a *atter dire(t). under t&e Con!titution and if t&e Court #er(ei-e! an. #ro/e(t or a(ti-it. a! &ar*fu) or in/uriou! to t&e en-iron*ent it 3ou)d fee) o')i+ed to !te# in" …"G T&u!, t&e !u'*i!!ion! of )earned (oun!e) for t&e )e!!ee! t&at unti) a notifi(ation i! i!!ued under t&e En-iron*ent

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6Prote(tion7 A(t, %1>2 and t&e Ru)e! *ade t&ereunder #ro&i'itin+ *inin+ a(ti-itie! in an area out!ide t&e 'oundarie! of a Nationa) ParHI$i)d)ife San(tuar., no *inin+ (an 'e #ro&i'ited '. t&i! Court i! *i!(on(ei-ed" A0" $e *a. no3 eBa*ine 3&et&er t&i! Court &a! '. t&e order! #a!!ed on 4A"4>"0442 and 4A"%0"0442, #ro&i'ited *inin+ a(ti-itie! around Nationa) ParH! or $i)d)ife

San(tuarie!" $&en 3e read t&e order of t&i! Court #a!!ed on 4A"4>"0442 in #!1! /odavarman #hirumulpad v! Union of India ) *rs", 3e find t&at t&e Court 3&i)e (on!iderin+ t&e Cue!tion of +rant of Te*#orar. $orHin+ Per*it! for *inin+ a(ti-itie! in Nationa) ParH!, San(tuarie! and fore!t area!, dire(ted t&at Te*#orar. $orHin+ Per*it! !&a)) 'e +ranted on). 3&ere t&e (ondition! !ti#u)ated in t&e !aid order are !ati!fied" Condition No!" 6ii7 and 6iii7 !ti#u)ated in t&e order dated 4A"4>"0442 are eBtra(ted &erein'e)o3D E6ii7 T&e *ine i! not )o(ated in!ide an. Nationa) ParHISan(tuar. notified under Se(tion %>, 02<A or 58 of t&e $i)d)ife 6Prote(tion7 A(t, %190F 6iii7 T&e +rant of t&e T"$"P" 3ou)d not re!u)t in an. *inin+ a(ti-it. 3it&in t&e !afet. Lone around !u(& area! referred to in 6ii7 a'o-e, 6a! an interi* *ea!ure, one Hi)o*etre !afet. Lone !&a)) 'e *aintained

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!u'/e(t to t&e order! t&at *a. 'e *ade in I"A" No"%444 re+ardin+ Ja*ua Ra*+ar& San(tuar.7F;G It 3ou)d, t&u!, 'e ()ear t&at t&i! Court 3a! of t&e o#inion t&at +rant of Te*#orar. $orHin+ Per*it! !&ou)d not re!u)t in an. *inin+ a(ti-itie! 3it&in t&e !afet. Lone! around a Nationa) ParH or $i)d)ife San(tuar. and a! an interi* *ea!ure, one Hi)o*eter !afet. Lone 3a! to 'e *aintained !u'/e(t to t&e order! t&at *a. 'e *ade in I"A" No"%444 in Ja*ua Ra*+ar& San(tuar." T&i! order dated 4A"4>"0442 &a! not 'een -aried !u'!eCuent). nor an. order! *ade in I"A"No" %444 re+ardin+ Ja*ua Ra*+ar& San(tuar. !a.in+ t&at Te*#orar. $orHin+ Per*it! (an 'e +ranted 3it&in one Hi)o*eter !afet. Lone 'e.ond t&e 'oundarie! of a Nationa) ParH or $i)d)ife San(tuar." T&e re!u)t i! t&at t&e order #a!!ed '. t&i! Court !a.in+ t&at t&ere 3i)) 'e no *inin+ a(ti-it. 3it&in one Hi)o*eter !afet. Lone around Nationa) ParH or $i)d)ife San(tuar. &a! to 'e enfor(ed and t&ere (an 'e no *inin+ a(ti-itie! 3it&in t&i! area of one Hi)o*eter fro* t&e 'oundarie! of Nationa) ParH! and $i)d)ife San(tuarie! in t&e State of Goa"

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A5" $&en, &o3e-er, 3e read t&e order dated A"%0"0442 of t&i! Court in $rit Petition 6C7 No"A24 of 044A 6/oa 0oundation v! Union of India 7, 3e find t&at t&e Court &a! not #ro&i'ited an. *inin+ a(ti-it. 3it&in %4 Hi)o*eter di!tan(e fro* t&e 'oundarie! of t&e Nationa) ParH! or $i)d)ife San(tuarie!" T&e re)e-ant #ortion of t&e order

dated 4A"%0"0442 i! Cuoted &erein'e)o3D ET&e Mini!tr. i! dire(ted to +i-e a fina) o##ortunit. to a)) State!IUnion Territorie! to re!#ond to it! )etter dated 09t& Ma., 0448" T&e State of Goa a)!o i! #er*itted to +i-en a##ro#riate #ro#o!a) in addition to 3&at i! !aid to &a-e a)read. 'een !ent to t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent" T&e Co**uni(ation !ent to t&e State!IUnion Territorie! !&a)) *aHe it ()ear t&at if t&e #ro#o!a)! are not !ent e-en no3 3it&in a #eriod of four 3eeH! of re(ei#t of t&e (o**uni(ation fro* t&e Mini!tr., t&i! Court *a. &a-e to (on!ider #a!!in+ order! for i*#)e*entation of t&e de(i!ion t&at 3a! taHen on 0%!t Januar., 0440, na*e)., notifi(ation of t&e area! 3it&in %4 H*" of t&e 'oundarie! of t&e !an(tuarie! and nationa) #arH! a! e(o<!en!iti-e area! 3it& a -ie3 to (on!er-e t&e fore!t, 3i)d)ife and en-iron*ent and &a-in+ re+ard to t&e #re(autionar. #rin(i#)e!" If t&e StateIUnion Territorie! no3 fai) to re!#ond, t&e. 3ou)d do !o at t&eir o3n ri!H and #eri)" T&e MoEF 3ou)d a)!o refer to t&e Standin+ Co**ittee of t&e Nationa) =oard for $i)d)ife, under !e(tion! 8 6'7 and 8 6(7 6ii7

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of t&e $i)d Life 6Prote(tion7 A(t, t&e (a!e! 3&ere en-iron*ent ()earan(e &a! a)read. 'een +ranted 3&ere a(ti-itie! are 3it&in %4 H*" Lone"G It 3i)) 'e ()ear fro* t&e order dated A"%0"0442 of t&i! Court t&at t&i! Court &a! not #a!!ed an. order! for i*#)e*entation of t&e de(i!ion taHen on 0% !t Januar., 0440 to notif. area! 3it&in %4 H*!" of t&e 'oundarie! of Nationa) ParH! or $i)d)ife San(tuarie! a! e(o !en!iti-e area! 3it& a -ie3 to (on!er-e t&e fore!t, 3i)d)ife and en-iron*ent" =. t&e order dated 4A"%0"0442 of t&i! Court, &o3e-er, t&e Mini!tr. of En-iron*ent and Fore!t,

Go-ern*ent of India, 3a! dire(ted to +i-e a fina) o##ortunit. to a)) State!IUnion Territorie! to re!#ond to t&e #ro#o!a) and a)!o to refer to t&e Standin+ Co**ittee of t&e Nationa) =oard for $i)d)ife t&e (a!e! in 3&i(& en-iron*ent ()earan(e &a! a)read. 'een +ranted in re!#e(t of a(ti-itie! 3it&in t&e %4 H*!" Lone fro* t&e 'oundarie! of t&e 3i)d)ife !an(tuarie! and nationa) #arH!" T&ere i!, t&erefore, no dire(tion, interi* or fina), of t&i! Court #ro&i'itin+ *inin+ a(ti-itie! 3it&in %4 H*!" of t&e 'oundarie! of Nationa) ParH! or $i)d)ife San(tuarie!"

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AA" A#art fro* t&e #o3er! of t&e Court to +i-e a dire(tion #ro&i'itin+ *inin+ a(ti-itie! u# to a (ertain di!tan(e fro* t&e 'oundarie! of Nationa) ParH! or $i)d)ife San(tuarie!, t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent &a! #o3er! under Ru)e 8 of t&e En-iron*ent Prote(tion Ru)e!, %1>2 to #ro&i'it (arr.in+ on of *inin+ o#eration! in area! 3&i(& are #roBi*ate to a $i)d)ife San(tuar. or a Nationa) ParH" Ru)e 8 of t&e

En-iron*ent 6Prote(tion7 Ru)e!, %1>2 i! eBtra(ted &erein underD E5. P*o2-6-(-o.) &.4 *+)(*-'(-o.) o. (2+ ,o'&(-o. o" -.43)(*-+) &.4 (2+ '&**7-./ o. 5*o'+))+) &.4 o5+*&(-o.) -. 4-""+*+.( &*+&) 6%7 T&e Centra) +o-ern*ent *a. taHe into (on!ideration t&e fo))o3in+ fa(tor! 3&i)e #ro&i'itin+ or re!tri(tin+ t&e )o(ation of indu!trie! and (arr.in+ on of #ro(e!!e! and o#eration! in different area!< 6i7 Standard! for Cua)it. of en-iron*ent in it! -ariou! a!#e(t! )aid do3n for an area" 6ii7 T&e *aBi*u* a))o3a')e )i*it! of (on(entration of -ariou! en-iron*enta) #o))utant! 6in()udin+ noi!e7 ?or an area" 6iii7 T&e )iHe). e*i!!ion or di!(&ar+e of en-iron*enta) #o))utant! fro* an indu!tr., #ro(e!! or o#eration #ro#o!ed to 'e #ro&i'ited or re!tri(ted" 6i-7 T&e to#o+ra#&i( and ()i*ati( feature! of an area"

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6-7 T&e 'io)o+i(a) di-er!it. of t&e area 3&i(&, in t&e o#inion of t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent need! to 'e #re!er-ed" 6-i7 En-iron*enta)). (o*#ati')e )and u!e" 6-ii7 Net ad-er!e en-iron*enta) i*#a(t )iHe). to 'e (au!ed '. an indu!tr., #ro(e!! or o#eration #ro#o!ed to 'e #ro&i'ited or re!tri(ted" 6-iii7 ProBi*it. to a #rote(ted area under t&e An(ient Monu*ent! and Ar(&aeo)o+i(a) Site! and Re*ain! A(t, %18> or a !an(tuar., Nationa) ParH, +a*e re!er-e or ()o!ed area notified a! !u(& under t&e $i)d Life 6Prote(tion7 A(t, %190 or #)a(e! #rote(ted under an. treat., a+ree*ent or (on-ention 3it& an. ot&er (ountr. or (ountrie! or in #ur!uan(e of an. de(i!ion *ade in an. internationa) (onf(r(n(e% a!!o(iation or ot&er 'od." 6iB7 ProBi*it. to &u*an !ett)e*ent!" 6B7 An. ot&er fa(tor a! *a. 'e (on!idered '. t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent to 'e re)e-ant to t&e #rote(tion of t&e en-iron*ent in an area" 607 $&i)e #ro&i'itin+ or re!tri(tin+ t&e )o(ation of indu!trie! and (arr.in+ on of #ro(e!!e! and o#eration! in an area, t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent !&a)) fo))o3 t&e #ro(edure &ereinafter )aid do3n" 657 6a7 $&ene-er it a##ear! to t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent t&at it i! eB#edient to i*#o!e #ro&i'ition or re!tri(tion! on t&e )o(ation! Of an indu!tr. or t&e (arr.in+ on of #ro(e!!e! and o#eration! in an area, it *a. '. notifi(ation in t&e Offi(ia) GaLette and in !u(& ot&er *anner a! t&e Centra) +o-ern*ent

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*a. dee* ne(e!!ar. fro* ti*e to ti*e, +i-e noti(e of it! intention to do !o" 6'7 E-er. notifi(ation under ()au!e 6a7 !&a)) +i-e a 'rief de!(ri#tion of t&e area, t&e indu!trie!, o#eration!, #ro(e!!e! in t&at area a'out 3&i(& !u(& notifi(ation #ertain! and a)!o !#e(if. t&e rea!on! for t&e i*#o!ition of #ro&i'ition or re!tri(tion! on t&e )o(ation! of t&e indu!trie! and (arr.in+ on of #ro(e!! or o#eration! in t&at area" 6(7 An. #er!on intere!ted in fi)in+ an o'/e(tion a+ain!t t&e i*#o!ition of #ro&i'ition or re!tri(tion! on (arr.in+ on of #ro(e!!e! or o#eration! a! notified under ()au!e 6a7 *a. do !o in 3ritin+ to t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent 3it&in !iBt. da.! fro* t&e date of #u')i(ation of t&e notifi(ation in t&e Offi(ia) GaLette" 6d7 T&e Centra) Go-ern*ent !&a)) 3it&in a #eriod of one &undred and t3ent. da.! fro* t&e date of #u')i(ation of t&e notifi(ation in t&e Offi(ia) GaLette (on!ider a)) t&e o'/e(tion! re(ei-ed a+ain!t !u(& notifi(ation and *a. 3it&in one &undred and ei+&t. da.! fro* !u(& da. of #u')i(ation@ i*#o!e #ro&i'ition or re!tri(tion! on )o(ation of !u(& indu!trie! and t&e (arr.in+ on of an. #ro(e!! or o#eration in an area" 6A7 Not3it&!tandin+ an.t&in+ (ontained in !u'<ru)e 657, 3&ene-er it a##ear! to t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent t&at it i! in #u')i( intere!t to do !o, it *a. di!#en!e 3it& t&e reCuire*ent of noti(e under ()au!e 6a7 of !u'< ru)e 657"G A8" 3&i(& Su'<ru)e 6%7 of Ru)e 8 )i!t! t&e nu*'er of fa(tor!, t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent &a! to taHe into

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(on!ideration 3&i)e #ro&i'itin+ or re!tri(tin+ t&e (arr.in+ on of #ro(e!!e! and o#eration! in different area!" Su'<

ru)e 607 of Ru)e 8 #ro-ide! t&at 'efore #ro&i'itin+ t&e #ro(e!!e! and o#eration! in t&e area t&e Centra)

Go-ern*ent &a! to fo))o3 t&e #ro(edure )aid do3n in !u'< ru)e 657" T&e #ro(edure in !u'<ru)e 657 of Ru)e 8 of t&e

En-iron*ent 6Prote(tion7 Ru)e!, %1>2 in()ude! +i-in+ noti(e of t&e intention of t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent to #ro&i'it t&e (arr.in+ on of #ro(e!!e! and o#eration! in t&e re!er-ed area, +i-in+ 'rief de!(ri#tion of t&e area, t&e o#eration! and #ro(e!!e! in t&at area re)atin+ to 3&i(& t&e notifi(ation #ertain! and a)!o !#e(if.in+ t&e rea!on! for t&e i*#o!ition of t&e #ro&i'ition on (arr.in+ on of t&e #ro(e!!e! or o#eration! in t&at area, and an o##ortunit. to #er!on! intere!ted in fi)in+ an o'/e(tion a+ain!t t&e i*#o!ition of !u(& #ro&i'ition on (arr.in+ on of #ro(e!!e! or o#eration! '. t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent" T&e!e

#ro(edura) (&e(H! &a-e 'een *ade in Ru)e 8 'e(au!e a notifi(ation i!!ued '. t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent #ro&i'itin+ an o#eration or a #ro(e!! 3i)) &a-e !eriou! (on!eCuen(e! on t&e ri+&t! of different #er!on!" For eBa*#)e, #er!on!

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3&o are (arr.in+ on t&e #ro(e!! or o#eration and t&o!e 3&o are dire(t). or indire(t). e*#)o.ed in t&e #ro(e!! or t&e o#eration *a. 'e affe(ted '. t&e #ro#o!ed #ro&i'ition of t&e #ro(e!! or t&e o#eration in t&e entire area" T&erefore unti) t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent taHe! into a((ount -ariou! fa(tor! *entioned in !u'<ru)e 6%7, fo))o3! t&e #ro(edure )aid do3n in !u'<ru)e 657 and i!!ue! a

notifi(ation under Ru)e 8 #ro&i'itin+ *inin+ o#eration! in a (ertain area, t&ere (an 'e no #ro&i'ition under )a3 to (arr. on *inin+ a(ti-it. 'e.ond % H*" of t&e 'oundarie! of Nationa) ParH! or $i)d)ife San(tuarie!"

A2" In fa(t, 3e find t&at t&e #ro(e!! of i!!uin+ a notifi(ation under Ru)e 8 of t&e En-iron*enta) Prote(tion Ru)e!, %1>2 #ro&i'itin+ *inin+ a(ti-itie! in e(o<!en!iti-e Lone! around t&e Nationa) ParH! or $i)d)ife San(tuarie! in t&e State of Goa &a! no3 'een initiated" T&e Go-ern*ent of Goa vide )etter dated 40"48"04%5 !u'*itted t&e fo))o3in+ !iB #ro#o!a)! for de()aration of e(o< !en!iti-e Lone! around #rote(ted area! in t&e State of Goa to t&e Mini!tr.D 6i7 Coti+ao

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$i)d)ife San(tuarie!F 6ii7 Netra-a)i $i)d)ife San(tuar.F 6iii7 =&a+3an Ma&a-eer $i)d)ife San(tuar. and

=&a+3an Ma&a-eer Nationa) ParHF 6i-7 Madei $i)d)ife San(tuar.F 6-7 =ond)a $i)d)ife San(tuar.F and 6-i7 Dr" Sa)i* A)i =ird San(tuar." T&e!e !iB #ro#o!a)! 3ere referred to a Co**ittee (on!tituted under t&e C&air*an!&i# of Dr" Ra/e!& Go#a), Additiona) Dire(tor Genera) of Fore!t! and Me*'er Se(retar. of Nationa) Ti+er Con!er-ation Aut&orit., 3it& !#e(ified ter*! of referen(e and t&e Co**ittee +a-e it! findin+! and t&e Mini!tr. of En-iron*ent and Fore!t!, Go-ern*ent of India '. t&e Offi(e Me*orandu* dated 0A"%4"04%5 &a-e a((e#ted t&e findin+! of t&e Co**ittee and re/e(ted t&e #ro#o!a)! of t&e Go-ern*ent of Goa" It i! a)!o !tated in t&e Offi(e Me*orandu* dated 0A"%4"04%5 of t&e Mini!tr. of En-iron*ent and Fore!t!, Go-ern*ent of India t&at a draft notifi(ation definin+ E(o<Sen!iti-e None! around ea(& #rote(ted area i! 'ein+ i!!ued for !taHe&o)der (on!u)tation!" T&i! notifi(ation 3i)) &a-e to 'e i!!ued under !u'<ru)e 657 of Ru)e 8 of t&e En-iron*ent 6Prote(tion7 Ru)e!,

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%1>2, and after o'/e(tion! are re(ei-ed, t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent 3i)) &a-e to (on!ider t&e !a*e and t&ereafter taHe t&e de(i!ion re+ardin+ i*#o!ition of #ro&i'ition of *inin+ a(ti-itie! in t&e e(o !en!iti-e area! 3it&in t&e #eriod !ti#u)ated in !u'<ru)e 56'7 of Ru)e 8 of t&e En-iron*ent 6Prote(tion7 Ru)e!, %1>2" At t&i! !ta+e, 3e (an on). dire(t t&e Mini!tr. of En-iron*ent and Fore!t! to fo))o3 t&e #ro(edure and i!!ue t&e notifi(ation of e(o !en!iti-e Lone! under Ru)e 8 of t&e En-iron*ent 6Prote(tion7 Ru)e!, %1>2 3it&in !iB *ont&!" W2+(2+* (2+*+ 2&) 6++. & 8-o,&(-o. o" R3,+) 3! &.4 38 o" (2+ $C R3,+) 67 (2+ 0-.-./ ,+))++) -. (2+ S(&(+ o" Go&1 A9" T&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion &a! found in it! re#ort t&at in t&e State of Goa, %2

(o*#anie!Ifir*!Iindi-idua)! are (arr.in+ out *inin+ o#eration! under different )ea!e! +ranted to t&e* a! a !in+)e unit a! if t&e )ea!e! are a*a)+a*ated" T&e S&a& Co**i!!ion &a! referred to Ru)e 5> of t&e MC Ru)e! 3&i(& #ro-ide! t&at t&e State Go-ern*ent *a., in t&e intere!t of *inera) de-e)o#*ent and 3it&

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rea!on!

to

'e

re(orded

in

3ritin+,

#er*it

a*a)+a*ation of t3o or *ore ad/oinin+ )ea!e! &e)d '. a )e!!ee #ro-ided t&at t&e #eriod of a*a)+a*ated )ea!e! !&a)) 'e (o<ter*inu! 3it& t&e )ea!e 3&o!e #eriod 3i)) eB#ire fir!t" T&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion i! of t&e o#inion t&at a! a*a)+a*ation of t3o )ea!e! (an on). 'e #er*itted '. t&e State Go-ern*ent for rea!on! to 'e re(orded in 3ritin+, #er*i!!ion &a! 'een taHen fro* and no !u(& t&e State

Go-ern*ent for t&e a*a)+a*ation of different )ea!e! a! a !in+)e unit, t&e )e!!ee! 3&o are o#eratin+ different )ea!e! a! a !in+)e unit &a-e -io)ated Ru)e 5> of t&e MC Ru)e!"

A>"

T&e CEC in it! re#ort, &o3e-er, &a! not !tated a'out an. -io)ation of Ru)e 5> of t&e MC Ru)e! and &a! in!tead !tated t&at Ru)e 59 of t&e MC Ru)e! 3&i(& #ro-ide! t&at t&e )e!!ee !&a)) not, 3it&out t&e #re-iou! (on!ent in 3ritin+ of t&e State Go-ern*ent a!!i+n, !u')et, *ort+a+e, or in an. ot&er *anner, tran!fer t&e *inin+ )ea!e, or an. ri+&t, tit)e or

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intere!t

t&erein,

&a!

'een

-io)ated

'.

!e-era)

)e!!ee!" T&e CEC &a! re#orted t&at t&ere are !e-era) (o*#)aint! re(ei-ed '. t&e State Go-ern*ent t&at t&e )ea!e! &a-e 'een o#erated '. t&e #er!on! ot&er t&an t&e )e!!ee!" T&e CEC &a! o'!er-ed in it! re#ort t&at Ru)e 59 it!e)f #ro-ide! t&at in !u(& (a!e! of -io)ation of Ru)e 59, t&e State Go-ern*ent *a. deter*ine t&e *inin+ )ea!e, 'ut t&e State

Go-ern*ent &a! taHen no a(tion and &a! taHen a !tand t&at 3orHin+ of t&e *inin+ )ea!e! '. a #er!on ot&er t&an )ea!e &o)der i! a #re-ai)in+ *inin+ #ra(ti(e in Goa and t&e!e fa(t! are in t&e Hno3)ed+e of t&e Go-ern*ent" Mr" Pra!&ant =&u!&an, )earned (oun!e) for t&e Goa Foundation, !u'*itted t&at in a)) t&e!e (a!e! t&e -io)ation !&ou)d 'e identified '. a Co**ittee &eaded '. t&e C&ief Se(retar., Goa, and t&o!e )e!!ee! 3&o &a-e 'een found to &a-e -io)ated Ru)e 59 of t&e MC Ru)e!, !&ou)d 'e #ena)iLed '. deter*ination of t&e )ea!e!" A1" Ru)e! 59 and 5> of t&e MC Ru)e! are eBtra(ted &erein'e)o3D

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E59" T*&.)"+* o" ,+&)+. K 6%7 T&e )e!!ee !&a)) not, 3it&out t&e #re-iou! (on!ent in 3ritin+ of t&e State Go-ern*ent and in t&e (a!e of *inin+ )ea!e in re!#e(t of an. *inera) !#e(ified in ?Part :A; and Part :=; of@ t&e Fir!t S(&edu)e to t&e A(t, 3it&out t&e #re-iou! a##ro-a) of t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent D< 6a7 a!!i+n, !u')et, *ort+a+e, or in an. ot&er *anner, tran!fer t&e *inin+ )ea!e, or an. ri+&t, tit)e or intere!t t&erein, or 6'7 enter into or *aHe an. 'onafide arran+e*ent, (ontra(t, or under!tandin+ 3&ere'. t&e )e!!ee 3i)) or *a. 'e dire(t). or indire(t). finan(ed to a !u'!tantia) eBtent '., or under 3&i(& t&e )e!!eeO! o#eration! or undertaHin+! 3i)) or *a. 'e !u'!tantia)). (ontro))ed '., an. #er!on or 'od. of #er!on! ot&er t&an t&e )e!!eeD Pro-ided furt&er t&at 3&ere t&e *ort+a+ee i! an in!titution or a =anH or a Cor#oration !#e(ified in S(&edu)e V, it !&a)) not 'e ne(e!!ar. for t&e )e!!ee to o'tain an. !u(& (on!ent of t&e State Go-ern*ent" 6%A7 T&e State Go-ern*ent !&a)) not +i-e it! (on!ent to tran!fer of *inin+ )ea!e un)e!! t&e tran!feree &a! a((e#ted a)) t&e (ondition! and )ia'i)itie! 3&i(& t&e tran!feror 3a! &a-in+ in re!#e(t of !u(& *inin+ )ea!e" 607 $it&out #re/udi(e to t&e #ro-i!ion! of !u'<ru)e 6%7 t&e )e!!ee *a., !u'/e(t to t&e (ondition! !#e(ified in t&e #ro-i!o to ru)e 58, tran!fer &i! )ea!e or an. ri+&t, tit)e or intere!t t&erein to a #er!on 3&o &a! fi)ed an affida-it !tatin+ t&at &e &a! fi)ed an u#< to<date in(o*e<taB return!, #aid t&e in(o*e taB a!!e!!ed on &i* and #aid t&e

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in(o*e taB on t&e 'a!i! of !e)f<a!!e!!*ent a! #ro-ided in t&e In(o*e TaB A(t, %12%6 A5 of %12%7, on #a.*ent of a fee of fi-e &undred ru#ee! to t&e State Go-ern*entD Pro-ided t&at t&e )e!!ee !&a)) *aHe a-ai)a')e to t&e tran!feree t&e ori+ina) or (ertified (o#ie! of a)) #)an! of a'andoned 3orHin+! in t&e area and in a 'e)t 28 *etre! 3ide !urroundin+ itF Pro-ided furt&er t&at 3&ere t&e *ort+a+ee i! an in!titution or a =anH or a Cor#oration !#e(ified in S(&edu)e V, it !&a)) not 'e ne(e!!ar. for an. !u(& in!titution or =anH or Cor#oration to *eet 3it& t&e reCuire*ent re)atin+ to in(o*e taBF Pro-ided furt&er t&at t&e )e!!ee !&a)) not (&ar+e or a((e#t fro* t&e tran!feree an. #re*iu* in addition to t&e !u* !#ent '. &i*, in o'tainin+ t&e )ea!e, and for (ondu(tin+ a)) or an. of t&e o#eration! referred to in ru)e 54 in or o-er t&e )and )ea!ed to &i*F 657 T&e State Go-ern*ent *a., '. order in 3ritin+ deter*ine an. )ea!e at an. ti*e if t&e )e!!ee &a!, in t&e o#inion of t&e State Go-ern*ent, (o**itted a 'rea(& of an. of t&e #ro-i!ion! of !u'<ru)e 6%7 or !u'<ru)e 6%A7 or &a! tran!ferred an. )ea!e or an. ri+&t, tit)e or intere!t t&erein ot&er3i!e t&an in a((ordan(e 3it& !u'<ru)e 607F Pro-ided t&at no !u(& order !&a)) 'e *ade 3it&out +i-in+ t&e )e!!ee a rea!ona')e o##ortunit. of !tatin+ &i! (a!e" 5>" A0&,/&0&(-o. o" ,+&)+). K T&e State Go-ern*ent *a., in t&e intere!t of *inera) de-e)o#*ent and 3it& rea!on! to

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72

'e re(orded in 3ritin+, #er*it a*a)+a*ation of t3o or *ore ad/oinin+ )ea!e! &e)d '. a )e!!eeD Pro-ided t&at t&e #eriod of a*a)+a*ated )ea!e! !&a)) 'e (o<ter*inu! 3it& t&e )ea!e 3&o!e #eriod 3i)) eB#ire fir!tD Pro-ided furt&er t&at #rior a##ro-a) of t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent !&a)) 'e reCuired for !u(& a*a)+a*ation in re!#e(t of )ea!e! for *inera)! !#e(ified in Part :A; and Part :=; of t&e Fir!t S(&edu)e to t&e A(t" It 3i)) 'e ()ear fro* !u'<ru)e 6%76a7 of Ru)e 59 t&at t&e )e!!ee (annot a!!i+n, !u')et, *ort+a+e, or in an. ot&er *anner, tran!fer t&e *inin+ )ea!e, or an. ri+&t, tit)e or intere!t t&erein, 3it&out t&e #re-iou! (on!ent in 3ritin+ of t&e State Go-ern*ent in t&e (a!e of t&o!e *inera)! 3&i(& are not !#e(ified in Part A and Part = of t&e Fir!t S(&edu)e to t&e A(t" Sin(e iron ore i! !#e(ified in Part C of t&e Fir!t S(&edu)e to t&e A(t, t&e #re-iou! (on!ent in 3ritin+ of t&e State Go-ern*ent i! ne(e!!ar. 'efore an. !u(& tran!fer i! *ade '. a *inin+ )e!!ee" Su'<ru)e 6%A7 of Ru)e 59 furt&er !tate! t&at t&e State Go-ern*ent !&a)) not +i-e it! (on!ent to tran!fer of a *inin+ )ea!e un)e!! t&e tran!feree &a! a((e#ted a)) t&e (ondition! and )ia'i)itie! 3&i(& t&e tran!feror 3a! &a-in+ in re!#e(t of !u(& *inin+ )ea!e"

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Su'<ru)e 657 of Ru)e 59 furt&er #ro-ide! t&at t&e State Go-ern*ent *a., '. order in 3ritin+ deter*ine an. )ea!e at an. ti*e if t&e )e!!ee &a!, in t&e o#inion of t&e State Go-ern*ent (o**itted a 'rea(& of an. of t&e #ro-i!ion! of !u'<ru)e 6%7 or !u'<ru)e 6%A7 of Ru)e 59 of t&e MC Ru)e!" T&e!e #ro-i!ion! &a-e 'een *ade in Ru)e 59 to en!ure t&at a)) t&e (ondition! and )ia'i)itie! to 3&i(& a )e!!ee i! !u'/e(ted to under a *inin+ )ea!e are a)!o a((e#ted '. t&e tran!feree" Su'<ru)e 607 of Ru)e 59 furt&er #ro-ide!

t&at 3it&out #re/udi(e to t&e #ro-i!ion! of !u'<ru)e 6%7, t&e )e!!ee *a. tran!fer &i! )ea!e or an. ri+&t, tit)e or intere!t t&erein to a #er!on 3&o &a! fi)ed an affida-it !tatin+ t&at &e &a! fi)ed u#<to<date in(o*e<taB return!, #aid t&e in(o*e<taB a!!e!!ed on &i* and #aid t&e in(o*e<taB on t&e 'a!i! of !e)f<a!!e!!*ent a! #ro-ided in t&e In(o*e TaB A(t, %12%" T&i! #ro-i!ion i! *eant to en!ure t&at t&e tran!feree of a *inin+ )ea!e i! an in(o*e<taB a!!e!!ee and i! #a.in+ &i! in(o*e taB a!!e!!ed on &i* and due fro* &i* on t&e 'a!i! of !e)f<a!!e!!*ent" Su'<ru)e 657 of Ru)e 59 e*#o3er! t&e State Go-ern*ent to deter*ine an. )ea!e at an. ti*e if t&e )e!!ee &a!, in t&e o#inion of

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t&e State Go-ern*ent, (o**itted a 'rea(& of an. of t&e #ro-i!ion! of !u'<ru)e 6%7 or !u'<ru)e 6%A7 or &a!

tran!ferred an. )ea!e or an. ri+&t, tit)e, or intere!t t&erein ot&er3i!e t&an in a((ordan(e 3it& !u'<ru)e 607 after +i-in+ t&e )e!!ee a rea!ona')e o##ortunit. of !tatin+ &i! (a!e" T&e intent of t&e Ru)e<*aHin+ aut&orit. in *aHin+ t&e!e #ro-i!ion! in Ru)e 59 i! t&at t&e )ia'i)itie! and (ondition! in a *inin+ )ea!e are a)!o enfor(ea')e a+ain!t t&e tran!feree and t&at t&e tran!feree #a.! &i! due! to3ard! in(o*e taB re+u)ar)." Ru)e 59, t&erefore, (annot 'e a))o3ed to 'e -io)ated '. t&e )e!!ee! 3it& i*#unit. and t&e State Go-ern*ent (annot o-er)ooH tran!fer! '. !a.in+ t&at t&e tran!fer! of t&e *inin+ )ea!e! are #art of t&e *inin+ #ra(ti(e in t&e State of Goa" -io)ation! of Ru)e 59 are In our -ie3, if t&e!e t&ere !&a)) 'e

a))o3ed,

!u'!tantia) )eaHa+e of re-enue and *inin+ o#eration! (annot 'e effe(ti-e). re+u)ated and (ontro))ed '. t&e State Go-ern*ent" T&e State Go-ern*ent, t&erefore,

*u!t initiate a(tion a+ain!t t&o!e *inin+ )ea!e! 3&o -io)ate Ru)e 59 of t&e Ru)e!"

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84" Ru)e 5> of t&e MC Ru)e! #ro-ide! t&at t&e State Go-ern*ent *a., in t&e intere!t of *inera)

de-e)o#*ent and 3it& rea!on! to 'e re(orded in 3ritin+, #er*it a*a)+a*ation of t3o or *ore

ad/oinin+ )ea!e! &e)d '. a )e!!ee, #ro-ided t&at t&e #eriod of a*a)+a*ated )ea!e! !&a)) 'e (o<ter*inu! 3it& t&e )ea!e 3&o!e #eriod 3i)) eB#ire fir!t" If t&e State Go-ern*ent &a! not #er*itted a*a)+a*ation of ad/oinin+ )ea!e! in t&e intere!t of *inera)

de-e)o#*ent and &a! not re(orded t&e rea!on! for !u(& #er*i!!ion, t&e State Go-ern*ent (annot a))o3 t&e a*a)+a*ation of t&e )ea!e!" W&) (2+*+ & 'o05,+(+ ,&'> o" 'o.(*o, o. 5*o43'(-o. &.4 (*&.)5o*(&(-o. o" 0-.+*&, "*o0 (2+ 0-.-./ ,+&)+) -. (2+ S(&(+ o" Go&1 8%" T&e CEC in it! re#ort &a! !tated t&at in t&e State of Goa, t&ere i! no !.!te* of #eriodi( -erifi(ation of t&e Cuantit. of iron ore #rodu(ed in t&e *inin+ )ea!e!, t&e #a.*ent! of ro.a)t., t&e #er*it! i!!ued for tran!#ortation of *inera) '. t&e Minin+ De#art*ent, t&e tran!it #er*it! i!!ued '. t&e Fore!t De#art*ent

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nor an. re(on(i)iation of t&e Cuantit. of t&e *inera) !tated to &a-e 'een #rodu(ed in t&e *inin+ )ea!e 3it& t&e Cuantit. of t&e *inera) for 3&i(& ro.a)t. &a! 'een #aid and tran!it #er*it! &a-e 'een i!!ued, and t&ere i! no -erifi(ation of t&e tran!it #er*it! at t&e (&e(H #o!t! and no -erifi(ation of t&e Cuantit. of t&e *inera) eB#ortedIdo*e!ti(a)). u!ed -i!<P<-i! t&e Cuantit. )e+a)). #rodu(ed" A((ordin+ to t&e CEC, in t&e a'!en(e of !u(& (&e(H!I-erifi(ation!I(ontro)!, i))e+a) *inin+ (an ea!i). 'e undertaHen and t&e a(tua) Cuantit. of iron ore #rodu(ed and tran!#orted fro* t&e *inin+ )ea!e! *a. not 'e a((ounted for '. t&e State of Goa or '. t&e )e!!ee!, re!u)tin+ in )eaHa+e of re-enue" T&e CEC in it! re#ort &a! +i-en a (&art to !&o3 t&e differen(e of fi+ure! in t&e iron ore eB#orted a! #ro-ided '. t&e Goan Minera) Ore EB#orter!; A!!o(iation and t&e tota) iron ore

#rodu(ed in t&e State of Goa a! #er re#ort! (o*#i)ed '. t&e Indian =ureau of Mine!, 3&i(& i! eBtra(ted &erein'e)o3D A+&* Go&. I*o. To(&, (I. L&>2

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O*+ E95o*() P*o43'(-o.

$T) E9'+)) o" +95o*() o8+* 5*o43'(-o. 5%"441 5A"085 2A"98> %08"00 %A4"A48 395.645

0442<0449 0449<044> 044><0441 0441<04%4 04%4<04%% To(&,

54>"1A4 55A"55A 5>4"980 A82">21 A2>"A2A 1949.369

099"15% 544"41% 5%8"11A 55%"2A1 50>"481 1553.!24

A((ordin+ to t&e CEC, t&ere i! e-er. rea!on to 'e)ie-e t&at t&e eB(e!! Cuantit. of 518"2A8 )aH& MT, a! !&o3n in t&e afore!aid (&art, i! i))e+a)). *ined ore" 80" $e entire). a+ree 3it& t&e CEC re#ort t&at in t&e a'!en(e of #ro#er (&e(H!, -erifi(ation! and (ontro)!, t&ere i! 'ound to 'e i))e+a) *inin+, !tora+e and tran!#ortation of *inera)!, 'ut 3e find t&at after t&e CEC Re#ort, t&e Goa 6Pre-ention of I))e+a) Minin+, Stora+e and Tran!#ortation of Minera)!7 Ru)e!, 04%5 &a-e 'een fra*ed '. t&e State Go-ern*ent under Se(tion 056(7 of t&e MMDR A(t" A readin+ of t&e!e Ru)e! !&o3 t&at !e-era) #ro-i!ion! &a-e 'een *ade in t&e!e ru)e! to #re-ent i))e+a) *inin+ and to

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re+u)ate t&e !a)e, eB#ort and tran!it of ore, !tora+e of *inera) and tran!#ortation and 3innin+ of *inera)" T&e ru)e! a)!o #ro-ide for e!ta')i!&*ent of (&e(H #o!t!, 'arrier! and 3ei+&'rid+e! and in!#e(tion of *inera)! in tran!it" Moreo-er, t&e!e ru)e! e*#o3er an. #er!on aut&ori!ed '. t&e Go-ern*ent to enter, in!#e(t, !ear(& and !eiLe arti()e!" T&e!e ru)e! 3i)) &a-e to 'e !tri(t). enfor(ed '. t&e State Go-ern*ent and 3e &o#e t&at '. !u(& !tri(t enfor(e*ent of t&e!e ru)e!, t&e *inin+, !tora+e and tran!#ortation of *inera)! in t&e State of Goa 3i)) +et (ontro))ed and re+u)ated and t&e )eaHa+e! and e-a!ion of re-enue 3i)), to a )ar+e eBtent, 'e #re-ented" To =2&( +9(+.( 0-.-./ 2&) 4&0&/+4 (2+ +.8-*o.0+.( -. Go& &.4 =2&( 0+&)3*+) &*+ (o 6+ (&>+. (o +.)3*+ -.(+*?/+.+*&(-o.&, +B3-(7 &.4 )3)(&-.&6,+ 4+8+,o50+.(1 85" Mr" Pra!&ant =&u!&an, )earned !enior (oun!e)

a##earin+ for Goa Foundation, re).in+ on t&e re#ort of t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion, !u'*itted t&at !u'!tantia) da*a+e &a! 'een (au!ed to t&e e(o !en!iti-e Lone in Goa '. eB(a-atin+ )ar+e Cuantitie! of iron ore t&rou+& *inin+ and a! !u++e!ted '. t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion a(tion

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!&ou)d 'e taHen in t&i! re+ard"

He !u'*itted t&at t&e

(ondition! !ti#u)ated in t&e EIA ()earan(e! i*#o!ed '. t&e C&ief $i)d)ife $arden, Goa, &a-e not 'een i*#)e*ented" He !u'*itted t&at t&e en-iron*enta) ()earan(e !.!te* &a! a(tua)). (o))a#!ed re!u)tin+ in a*a!!in+ of 3ea)t& '. (ertain indi-idua)! and (o*#anie! at t&e (o!t of t&e en-iron*ent and t&e e(o<!.!te*" #rin(i#)e! of !u!taina')e He !u'*itted t&at and inter<

de-e)o#*ent

+enerationa) eCuit. 3&i(& 3ere #art of t&e funda*enta) ri+&t under Arti()e 0% of t&e Con!titution, reCuire t&at a (a# !&ou)d 'e #ut on t&e annua) eB(a-ation of iron ore fro* different *ine! in t&e State of Goa, after taHin+ into a((ount t&e need to (on!er-e iron ore re!our(e! for future +eneration! and t&e (arr.in+ (a#a(it. of t&e State of Goa for *inin+ and tran!#ortation of *inera) ore!" 8A" Learned (oun!e) a##earin+ for t&e )e!!ee!, on t&e ot&er &and, !u'*itted t&at t&ere are adeCuate #ro-i!ion! in t&e MCD Ru)e! for #re-entin+ da*a+e to t&e

en-iron*ent and for re!toration of t&e en-iron*ent" T&e. referred to Ru)e! 05A, 05=, 05D and 05E of t&e MCD Ru)e! 3&i(& re)ate to t&e *ine ()o!ure #)an 3&i(& *u!t #ro-ide

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for

#rote(ti-e

*ea!ure!

in()udin+

re()a*ation

and

re&a'i)itation 3orH" T&e. !u'*itted t&at t&e &o)der of t&e *inin+ )ea!e, t&erefore, &a! to taHe a)) t&e #rote(ti-e *ea!ure! in()udin+ re()a*ation and re&a'i)itation 3orH 'efore a'andonin+ t&e *ine" T&e. !u'*itted t&at

C&a#ter V of t&e MCD Ru)e! a)!o (ontain! -ariou! #ro-i!ion! 3&i(& a &o)der of *inin+ )ea!e &a! to (o*#). and t&e!e #ro-i!ion! in()ude #re(aution! for #rote(tion of en-iron*ent and (ontro))in+ of #o))ution 3&i)e (ondu(tin+ *inin+ o#eration! in t&e area" In re#). to t&e !u'*i!!ion! of Mr" =&u!&an t&at t&ere !&ou)d 'e a (a# on t&e annua) eB(a-ation of *inera) ore in t&e State of Goa to en!ure t&at future +eneration! are not denied t&e *inera) re!our(e!, Mr" MuHu) Ro&ta+i, )earned !enior (oun!e) a##earin+ for Se!a Goa Li*ited, re)ied on a #u')i(ation of t&e =riti!& Geo)o+i(a) Sur-e. and !u'*itted t&at t&ere 3ou)d ne-er 'e an. !(ar(it. of *inera) re!our(e! and t&ere 3ou)d 'e enou+& for t&e future +eneration!" He

!u'*itted t&at Se!a Goa Li*ited &a! a)!o taHen !te#! to re()ai* t&e )and 3&i(& 3a! da*a+ed t&rou+& *inin+ o#eration and #rodu(ed #&oto+ra#&! to !&o3 &o3

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re()a*ation and re&a'i)itation 3orH &a! 'een done after *inin+ 3a! o-er in an. area" 88" Mr" N"S" NadaHarni, )earned Ad-o(ate Genera) for t&e State of Goa, !u'*itted t&at in t&e Goa Minera) Po)i(. of 04%5, State Go-ern*ent &a! #ro#o!ed a (a##in+ of t&e *inera) ore! to 'e eB(a-ated annua)). in t&e State of Goa 'a!ed on t&e (arr.in+ (a#a(it. of #u')i( road! and t&e need to #rote(t inter<+enerationa) eCuit." He !u'*itted

t&at a! #er t&e Goa Minera) Po)i(. of 04%5, unti) t&e road (a#a(it. in Goa i*#ro-e!, t&ere !&ou)d 'e a +ro!! (a##in+ at A8 MT #er annu*" 82" After (on!iderin+ t&e afore!aid !u'*i!!ion! of

)earned (oun!e) for t&e #artie!, 3e tooH t&e -ie3 t&at a Co**ittee of EB#ert! *u!t (ondu(t a *a(ro EIA !tud. and #ro#o!e (ei)in+ of t&e annua) eB(a-ation of iron ore fro* t&e State of Goa, (on!iderin+ it! iron ore re!our(e! and it! (arr.in+ (a#a(it. and Hee#in+ in *ind t&e #rin(i#)e! of !u!taina')e eCuit. and de-e)o#*ent a)) ot&er and inter< fa(tor!"

+enerationa)

re)e-ant

A((ordin+)., '. order! dated %%"%%"04%5 and %>"%%"04%5, 3e (on!tituted an EB#ert Co**ittee (o*#ri!in+ Profe!!or

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C"R" =a'u 6E(o)o+i!t7, Dr" S"D" D&i*an 6Geo)o+i!tIH.dro< +eo)o+i!t7, Profe!!or ="J" Mi!&ra 6Minera)o+i!t7, Profe!!or S" Para*e!&3ar##a 6Fore!tr.7, S&ri Pari*a) Rai 6No*inee of t&e Mini!tr. of En-iron*ent and Fore!t!, Go-ern*ent of India7" T&i! EB#ert Co**ittee &a! !u'*itted an interi* re#ort dated %A"45"04%A" In t&i! re#ort, t&e EB#ert

Co**ittee &a! indi(ated t&at t&e e(ono*. of Goa de#end! on touri!* and iron ore *inin+, 'e!ide!

a+ri(u)ture, &orti(u)ture and *inor indu!trie!, 'ut in re(ent .ear!, 3&i)e t&ere &a! 'een in(rea!e in t&e +ro3t& rate in touri!* and *inin+, t&ere &a! 'een a de()ine in t&e +ro3t& rate of a+ri(u)ture and fi!&in+" T&e EB#ert

Co**ittee &a! in #arti(u)ar &i+&)i+&ted t&e da*a+e t&at &a! 'een done '. in(rea!e in t&e #rodu(tion of iron ore t&rou+& *inin+ to t&e en-iron*ent in Goa in t&e fo))o3in+ 3ord!D ET&e #rodu(tion of iron ore &a! /u*#ed fro* %A"2 *i))ion ton! in %1A% to A%"%9 *i))ion ton! in 04%4<%%" In %1>4;! t&e #rodu(tion 3a! a'out %4 MTIannu*" T&e Cuantu* /u*# in iron ore #rodu(tion in Goa 3a! e!!entia)). due to !tee# ri!e in eB#ort! of fine! and ot&er )o3 +rade ore of A0M Fe (ontent to C&ina" T&i! &a! )ed to *a!!i-e ne+ati-e

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i*#a(t! on a)) e(o!.!te*! )eadin+ to en&an(ed air, 3ater, and !oi) #o))ution affe(tin+ Cua)it. of )ife a(ro!! Goa" T&i! i! e-ident '. t&ree i*#ortant re#ort! i"e" 6i7 Area 3ide En-iron*enta) Qua)it. Mana+e*ent 6AEQM7 P)an for t&e Minin+ 'e)t of Goa '. Tata Ener+. Re!ear(& In!titute, Ne3 De)&i and Goa 6%1197 and it 3a! !u'*itted to t&e Dire(torate of P)annin+, Stati!ti(!, and E-a)uation, Go-ern*ent of Goa, 6ii7 En-iron*enta) and So(ia) Perfor*an(e Indi(ator! and Su!taina'i)it. MarHer! in Minera)! De-e)o#*ent Re#ortin+ #ro+re!! to3ard! i*#ro-ed E(o!.!te* Hea)t& and Hu*an $e))<'ein+, P&a!e<III '. TERI and Internationa) De-e)o#*ent Re!ear(& Centre, Otta3a, Canada 604427 and 6iii7 t&e Re+iona) En-iron*enta) I*#a(t Stud. of iron ore *inin+ in Goa re+ion !#on!ored '. MoEF, Ne3 De)&i 604%A7 '. Indian S(&oo) of Mine!" =e!ide! t&e a'o-e t&ree *ain Re#ort!, a nu*'er of !(ientifi( re!ear(& #a#er! on t&e i*#a(t of iron ore *inin+ on t&e en-iron*ent and e(o)o+. of di-er!e e(o!.!te*! 3ere #u')i!&ed '. !(ienti!t! 3orHin+ at Goa uni-er!it. and NIO" T&e!e re#ort! and #u')i(ation! !u'!tantiate! t&at t&e *inin+, #arti(u)ar). t&e en&an(ed )e-e) of annua) #rodu(tion (ontri'uted to ad-er!e i*#a(t! on t&e e(o)o+i(a) !.!te*!, !o(io e(ono*i(! of Goa and &ea)t& of #eo#)e of Goa )eadin+ to )o!! of e(o)o+i(a) inte+rit." T&i! i! due to en&an(ed )e-e)! of #o))utant!, #arti(u)ar). RSPM and SPM, !edi*entation of *ateria)! fro* du*#! and iron ore in ri-er!, e!tuarie! and

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!&a))o3 de#t& 604*7 of !ea 3ater, a+ri(u)tura) fie)d!, &i+& (on(entration of Fe and Mn in !urfa(e 3ater! and t&eir 'ioa((u*u)ation"G

T&e EB#ert Co**ittee &a! a)!o !tudied t&e !u!taina'i)it. of iron ore *inin+ in t&e Goa and after ana).Lin+ t&e eBi!tin+ data fro* TERI re#ort, %119, ISM, D&an'ad Re#ort, 04%5, Po))ution Contro) =oard, Goa 6Annua) Re#ort7 and re)e-ant )iterature re)atin+ to !u!taina'i)it. and after ado#tin+ t&e Fo)(&i *et&od &a! +i-en t&e o#inion t&at *inin+ at t&e rate of 04 to 09"8 *i))ion ton! #er annu* a##ear! !u!taina')e in t&e State of Goa" Ho3e-er, in it! !u**ar. of re(o**endation!, t&e EB#ert Co**ittee &a! *ade t&e!e re(o**endation!D E%4" To e)i*inate t&e e)e*ent of !u'/e(ti-it., due to t&e ti*e (on!traint! and )i*itation of a-ai)a')e aut&enti( ti*e !erie! data re)atin+ to *inera) re!our(e! and en-iron*enta) i*#a(t of *inin+ in t&e State of Goa, t&i! Co**ittee !u++e!t! t&at *inin+ 'e #er*itted to 'e (arried out at t&e )e-e) of 04 *i))ion ton #er annu* 3it& adeCuate *onitorin+ of i*#a(t! on different e(o)o+i(a) and en-iron*enta) #ara*eter!, 3&i(& 3i)) a)!o &e)# t&i! Co**ittee in it! future a##rai!a)"

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%%" Ti)) t&e !(ientifi( !tud. '. t&i! Co**ittee i! (o*#)eted, 3&i(& *a. taHe a'out %0 *ont&! *ore, t&e *inin+ a(ti-it. at )e-e)! a! dire(ted '. t&e Hon;')e Su#re*e Court, 'e !tri(t). *onitored and re+u)ated '. t&e De#art*ent of Mine! and Geo)o+. and Goa State Po))ution Contro) =oard of t&e State of Goa, in (on!u)tation 3it& ot&er !tatutor. 'odie! !u(& a! Indian =ureau of Mine!, Mini!tr. of En-iron*ent and Fore!t! 6Go-t" of India7 and ot&er!"G It, t&u!, a##ear! t&at t&e EB#ert Co**ittee &a! !u++e!ted t&at for t&e ti*e 'ein+ annua) eB(a-ation of 04 *i))ion ton! of iron ore *a. 'e #er*itted in Goa 3it& adeCuate *onitorin+ i*#a(t! on different e(o)o+i(a) and

en-iron*enta) #ara*eter!, 3&i(& 3i)) a)!o &e)# t&e EB#ert Co**ittee in it! future a##rai!a)" Re+ardin+ t&e

aut&oritie! or a+en(ie! 3&i(& !&ou)d !tri(t). *onitor and re+u)ate t&e *inin+ a(ti-itie! in Goa, t&e EB#ert

Co**ittee &a! re(o**ended t&at t&e De#art*ent of Mine! and Geo)o+. of Go-ern*ent of Goa and t&e Goa State Po))ution Contro) =oard in (on!u)tation 3it& ot&er !tatutor. 'odie! !u(& a! Indian =ureau of Mine!, Mini!tr. of En-iron*ent and Fore!t! 6Go-ern*ent of India7 !&ou)d (arr. on !u(& *onitorin+ and re+u)ation !tri(t)." T&e

EB#ert Co**ittee, &o3e-er, &a! !aid not&in+ a'out &o3

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t&e *inin+ du*#! in!ide or out!ide t&e )ea!ed area! noti(ed '. t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion are to 'e dea)t 3it& #re!u*a'). 'e(au!e in our order dated %%"%%"04%5 3e &ad not i!!ued an. dire(tion in t&i! re+ard" $e t&inH t&at 3e !&ou)d !eeH t&e o#inion of t&e EB#ert Co**ittee in t&i! re+ard" 89" $e find t&at t&e State Go-ern*ent &a! a)!o en+a+ed t&e !er-i(e! of NEERI for *a(ro )e-e) EIA !tud. for C)u!ter! of Iron Ore Mine! in t&e State of Goa, 'ut NEERI in it! #re)i*inar. re#ort &a! not re(o**ended a! to 3&at !&ou)d 'e t&e tota) Cuantu* of annua) #rodu(tion of iron ore in Goa in future" $e a)!o find t&at Mini!tr. of

En-iron*ent and Fore!t!, Go-ern*ent of India &ad entru!ted t&e Indian S(&oo) of Mine! 6ISM7, D&an'ad to (arr. out a re+iona) en-iron*ent i*#a(t a!!e!!*ent !tud. of *inin+ in Goa re+ion and ISM, D&an'ad &a! !u'*itted it! re#ort #ro#o!in+ a (a# of 0A"118 MT #er annu* on t&e 'a!i! of t&e (arr.in+ (a#a(it. of t&e eBi!tin+ infra!tru(ture of Goa" Re)e-ant #ortion of t&e re#ort of

ISM, D&an'ad, i! eBtra(ted &erein'e)o3D E20.!.4.! C,3)(+* W-)+ C&55-./ o. T*&.)5o*(

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T&e (a# of 0A"118MTPA #ro#o!ed in t&e afore*entioned !e(tion i! de#endent #ri*ari). on t&e eBi!tin+ infra!tru(ture and *u!t 'e fo))o3ed 'a!ed on t&e !#atia) -ariation!" To #re!ent an o-era)) (a#a(it. of *inin+ in Nort& Goa and Sout& Goa, t&e road (a#a(it. &a! 'een taHen a! a #ara*eter" T&e (a#a(it. 3a! arri-ed at %5"2>8MTPA for Nort& Goa and %%"5%MTPA for Sout& Goa" T&e (a# #ro#o!ed 3i)) not in()ude t&e *ine! ).in+ 3it&in t&e 'uffer Lone! a! t&e!e &a-e i*#o!ed re!tri(tion of #&a!in+ out in ti*e 'ound #eriod" Furt&er, t&i! (a# (an 'e re#re!ented into a ()u!ter 3i!e !(enario to de(i#&er &o3 *u(& ea(& ()u!ter 3i)) 'e a')e to tran!#ort under t&e eBi!tin+ tran!#ort fa(i)itie!" T&e -a)ue! are #re!ented in ta')e 'e)o3" T&6,+ 20.!.191 C,3)(+* W-)+ C&55-./ o. T*&.)5o*( <&)+4 o. E9-)(-./ T*&.)5o*( F&'-,-(-+)

C,3)(+* Ad3a)#a)< =i(&o)i*

Ro3(+)

Ve)+ue*< Pi!!ur)e*

Ad3a)#a)e Sir!ai Jett. S&ri+ao to Sir!ai Jett. S&ri+ao to Ja)-in Jett. Da&'d&a'a to Sar*ana! Son!&i to A*ona Jett. SanCue)i* to A*ona Jett. Honda to Na-e)i*6Maina Son!&i to J&aLan Jett.

C&5&'-(7 o" C&5&'-(7 o" (2+ Ro3(+) (2+ C,3)(+* ($TPA) ($TPA) to 4">% 8">98 %"02 %"%2 0"2A8 0"%% 4"80 %"50 %"50 9"1

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A*'e!i to Cota*'i Jett. Di+neu* to Sur)a Jett. Cod)i<Co!ti Cod)i to A*ona Jett. Cod)i to Ca#Be* Jett. Co!ti to San-orde* Co))e* Co))e* to A*ona Jett. S&i+ao to San-orde* To))e* To))e* to S&e)-ona Jett. Maina< Su)(orna to Su)(orna S&e)-ona Jett. Maina to S&e)-ona Tota) (a#a(it. of t&e Re+ion

%"01 %"5A %"1A %"0A %"8% %"1A 4">0 %"9% %"40 %"4A 0A"118 %"9% 0"42 0"92 A"21

T&u!, t&e (u*u)ati-e ore tran!#ortation (a#a(it. of t&e eBi!tin+ road net3orH! i! 0A"118MTPA"G $e, t&erefore, find t&at t&e EB#ert Co**ittee a! 3e)) a! ISM, D&an'ad, after (on!iderin+ t&e a-ai)a')e data and after (on!iderin+ t&e ad-er!e i*#a(t on en-iron*ent and t&e )i*ited (arr.in+ (a#a(it. of t&e tran!#ort !.!te* in Goa, are of t&e o#inion t&at a (a# 'et3een 04 to 09"8 *i))ion ton! #er annu* !&ou)d 'e fiBed for eB(a-ation of iron ore in t&e State of Goa" In it! re(o**endation!,

&o3e-er, t&e EB#ert Co**ittee &a! !u++e!ted t&at ti)) t&e

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!(ientifi( !tud. '. t&e EB#ert Co**ittee i! (o*#)eted in a'out %0 *ont&! or !o, and *ore of data in()udin+ i*#a(t! on different e(o)o+i(a) en-iron*enta) #ara*eter! i! a-ai)a')e t&rou+& *onitorin+ of t&e i*#a(t! '. different a+en(ie! in()udin+ t&e Goa State Po))ution Contro) =oard, 04 *i))ion ton! #er annu* !&ou)d 'e fiBed a! t&e annua) eB(a-ation of iron ore in Goa" 8>" E-en t&i! *inin+ of 04 *i))ion ton! #er annu* in t&e State of Goa, a((ordin+ to t&e EB#ert Co**ittee, &a! to 'e !tri(t). *onitored and re+u)ated '. t&e De#art*ent of Mine! and Geo)o+., Go-ern*ent of Goa and t&e Goa State Po))ution Contro) =oard in (on!u)tation 3it& ot&er !tatutor. 'odie! !u(& a! t&e Indian =ureau of Mine!, t&e Mini!tr. of En-iron*ent and Fore!t! 6Go-ern*ent of India7 and ot&er!" It 3a! t&e re!#on!i'i)it. of t&e Go-ern*ent of

Goa, De#art*ent of Mine!, to enfor(e t&e #ro-i!ion! of t&e MMDR A(t, t&e MC Ru)e! and t&e MCD Ru)e!, 'ut a! 3e &a-e a)read. noti(ed, t&i! re!#on!i'i)it. 3a! not #ro#er). di!(&ar+ed" $e &o#e t&at in future, it 3i)) enfor(e t&e

#ro-i!ion! of t&e MMDR A(t, t&e MC Ru)e!, t&e MCD Ru)e!

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and t&e Goa 6Pre-ention of I))e+a) Minin+, Stora+e and Tran!#ortation of Minera)!7 Ru)e!, 04%5" 81" T&e Goa State Po))ution Contro) =oard &a! i**en!e #o3er! under t&e $ater 6Pre-ention Contro) of Po))ution7

A(t, %19A 6for !&ort :t&e %19A A(t;7 to #re-ent #o))ution of 3ater" Se(tion 55A of t&e %19A A(t 3&i(& (onfer! on t&e State Po))ution Contro) =oard t&e #o3er to +i-e dire(tion! i! Cuoted &erein'e)o3D E33A. Po=+* (o /-8+ 4-*+'(-o.)"R Not3it&!tandin+ an.t&in+ (ontained in an. ot&er )a3, 'ut !u'/e(t to t&e #ro-i!ion! of t&i! A(t, and to an. dire(tion! t&at t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent *a. +i-e in t&i! 'e&a)f, a =oard *a., in t&e eBer(i!e of it! #o3er! and #erfor*an(e of it! fun(tion! under t&i! A(t, i!!ue an. dire(tion! in 3ritin+ to an. #er!on, offi(er or aut&orit., and !u(& #er!on, offi(er or aut&orit. !&a)) 'e 'ound to (o*#). 3it& !u(& dire(tion!" 45planation"RFor t&e a-oidan(e of dou't!, it i! &ere'. de()ared t&at t&e #o3er to i!!ue dire(tion! under t&i! !e(tion in()ude! t&e #o3er to dire(tR 6a7 t&e ()o!ure, #ro&i'ition or re+u)ation of an. indu!tr., o#eration or #ro(e!!F or 6'7 t&e !to##a+e or re+u)ation of !u##). of e)e(tri(it., 3ater or an. ot&er !er-i(e"G

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Si*i)ar)., t&e Air 6Pre-ention and Contro) of Po))ution7 A(t, %1>%6for !&ort :t&e %1>% A(t;7 (onfer! i**en!e #o3er! on t&e State Po))ution Contro) =oard to #re-ent air #o))ution" Se(tion 5%A of t&e %1>% A(t 3&i(& (onfer! #o3er! on t&e State Po))ution Contro) =oard to +i-e dire(tion! i! Cuoted &erein'e)o3D E31A. Po=+* (o /-8+ 4-*+'(-o.)"R Not3it&!tandin+ an.t&in+ (ontained in an. ot&er )a3, 'ut !u'/e(t to t&e #ro-i!ion! of t&i! A(t, and to an. dire(tion! t&at t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent *a. +i-e in t&i! 'e&a)f, a =oard *a., in t&e eBer(i!e of it! #o3er! and #erfor*an(e of it! fun(tion! under t&i! A(t, i!!ue an. dire(tion! in 3ritin+ to an. #er!on, offi(er or aut&orit., and !u(& #er!on, offi(er or aut&orit. !&a)) 'e 'ound to (o*#). 3it& !u(& dire(tion!" 45planation"RFor t&e a-oidan(e of dou't!, it i! &ere'. de()ared t&at t&e #o3er to i!!ue dire(tion! under t&i! !e(tion in()ude! t&e #o3er to dire(tR 6a7 t&e ()o!ure, #ro&i'ition or re+u)ation of an. indu!tr., o#eration or #ro(e!!F or 6'7 t&e !to##a+e or re+u)ation of !u##). of e)e(tri(it., 3ater or an. ot&er !er-i(e"G 24" It 3i)) 'e ()ear fro* t&e afore!aid #ro-i!ion! of Se(tion 55A of t&e %19A A(t and Se(tion 5%A of t&e %1>%

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A(t t&at t&e Goa State Po))ution Contro) =oard &ad #o3er! to i!!ue an. dire(tion in()udin+ t&e #o3er to ()o!e, #ro&i'it or re+u)ate *inin+ o#eration! or e-en to !to# or re+u)ate !u##). of e)e(tri(it., 3ater or an. ot&er !er-i(e 3it& a -ie3 to #re-ent 3ater #o))ution or air #o))ution" Set, fro* t&e re#ort of t&e EB#ert Co**ittee a! 3e)) a! t&e re#ort! of ISM, D&an'ad and NEERI, it i! ()ear t&at iron ore #rodu(tion in Goa &a! )ed to *a!!i-e ne+ati-e i*#a(t! on a)) e(o!.!te*! )eadin+ to en&an(ed air, 3ater and !oi) #o))ution affe(tin+ Cua)it. of )ife a(ro!! Goa" T&e Goa

State Po))ution Contro) =oard in it! note fi)ed in $rit Petition 6C7 No"A58 of 04%0, &o3e-er, !tate!D E3etails of monitoring of 6ater quality &6ith regards to mining leases( from 7889 to 78'7 K T&e =oard (ondu(t! in!#e(tion! durin+ t&e *on!oon and ot&er !ea!on! a)!o to -erif. t&e di!(&ar+e of !urfa(e runoffIdi!(&ar+e fro* t&e #it out!ide t&e *inin+ )ea!e and a)!o (o))e(t! !a*#)e! for ana).Lin+ in t&e =oard La'orator." $&ere-er t&e #ara*eter! eB(eed t&e #re!(ri'ed )i*it! ne(e!!ar. dire(tion! are i!!ued to t&e *inin+ unit! to taHe re*edia) *ea!ure! for (ontro))in+ t&e 3a!te 3ater 'ein+ di!(&ar+ed into t&e 3ater 'odie!Ifie)d! 3it&out treat*ent" Dire(tion! are a)!o i!!ued to #ro-ide !ett)in+ #ond!, arre!tor 3a))!, fi)ter 'ed! !o a! to en!ure t&at no untreated 3a!te

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3ater i! di!(&ar+ed 'odie!Ifie)d!"

into

t&e

3ater

3etails of monitoring of air quality &6ith regards to mining leases( from 7889 to 78'7 K T&e =oard i! #re!ent). (arr.in+ out t&e #eriodi( *onitorin+ of Air Qua)it. in #re<!e)e(ted area! t&rou+&out t&e State to (o*#). 3it& one of t&e *andate! of t&e Centra) Po))ution Contro) =oard 6CPC=7 under Nationa) A*'ient Monitorin+ Pro+ra**e 6NAMP7 at %2 !tation!"G $e do not a+ree 3it& Mr" Ar-ind Datar, )earned !enior (oun!e) for t&e Goa State Po))ution Contro) =oard, t&at !in(ere effort! 3ere *ade '. t&e Po))ution Contro) =oard to *onitor t&e 3ater Cua)it. and air Cua)it. in t&e *inin+ area!" Rat&er, it a##ear! t&at t&e Goa State Po))ution

Contro) =oard, t&ou+& (onferred 3it& i**en!e !tatutor. #o3er!, &a! fai)ed to di!(&ar+e it! !tatutor. fun(tion! and dutie!" $e &o#e t&at in future t&e Goa State Po))ution

Contro) =oard eBer(i!e! !tri(t -i+i) and *onitor! t&e 3ater Cua)it. and air Cua)it. in a((ordan(e 3it& t&e #ro-i!ion! of t&e t3o A(t! and if ne(e!!ar., eBer(i!e! t&e #o3er! (onferred on it to ()o!e do3n *inin+ o#eration of a )e!!ee, if t&e )e!!ee doe! not (onfor* to t&e air e*i!!ion and 3ater di!(&ar+e !tandard! 3&i)e (arr.in+ on *inin+

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o#eration! and doe! not taHe ot&er #re-enti-e *ea!ure! a! dire(ted '. t&e State Po))ution Contro) =oard" 2%" Re+ardin+ t&e re+u)ation '. t&e Mini!tr. of

En-iron*ent and Fore!t!, in our order dated 42"4%"04%A #a!!ed in I"A" No!"%>2>, 041%, 0008<0009, 05>4, 082> and 0159 in $rit Petition 6Ci-i)7 No"040 of %118 6 #!1! /odavarman #hirumulpad v! Union of India ) *rs! 7, 3e &a-e a)read. dire(ted Union of India to a##oint a Re+u)ator 3it& offi(e! in a! *an. State! a! #o!!i')e under !u'<!e(tion 657 of Se(tion 5 of t&e En-iron*ent

6Prote(tion7 A(t, %1>2 a! dire(ted in t&e order in t&e (a!e of afarge Umiam Mining $rivate imited " A! and 3&en

t&e Union of India a##oint! a Re+u)ator under !u'<!e(tion 657 of Se(tion 5 of t&e En-iron*ent 6Prote(tion7 A(t, %1>2 3it& an offi(e for Goa in (o*#)ian(e 3it& t&e afore!aid dire(tion of t&i! Court, t&e Re+u)ator !o a##ointed 3i)) (arr. out it! fun(tion! in a((ordan(e 3it& t&e order #a!!ed under !u'<!e(tion 657 of Se(tion 5 of t&e En-iron*ent 6Prote(tion7 A(t, %1>2" 20" Re+u)ator. and *onitorin+ *ea!ure! enfor(ed '. t&e De#art*ent! of Mine! and Geo)o+., t&e Goa State

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Po))ution Contro) =oard and t&e Re+u)ator a##ointed '. t&e Centra) Go-ern*ent under !u'<!e(tion 657 of Se(tion 5 of t&e En-iron*ent re!tore 6Prote(tion7 t&e A(t, %1>2 (annot, t&at i!

&o3e-er,

entire).

en-iron*ent

da*a+ed in (our!e of *inin+ o#eration!" Co**ittee #er*anent &a!, fund t&erefore, for

T&e EB#ert t&at a and

re(o**ended

inter<+enerationa)

eCuit.

!u!taina'i)it. of *inin+ for a)) ti*e! to (o*e na*ed a! EGoan Iron Ore Per*anent FundG 'e (reated and an eB#ert +rou# *a. 'e (on!tituted '. t&e State for 3orHin+ out t&e detai)! of t&i! fund" Mr" Hari!& Sa)-e, )earned

A*i(u! Curiae, !u'*itted t&at a! t&e )e!!ee! of *inin+ )ea!e! earn out of t&e !a)e #ro(eed! of t&e iron ore eB(a-ated '. t&e*, t&e. !&ou)d 'e dire(ted to (ontri'ute %4M of t&e !a)e #ro(eed! of a)) iron ore eB(a-ated in t&e State of Goa and !o)d '. t&e* to3ard! t&e Goan Iron Ore Per*anent Fund" He (ited t&e /ud+*ent of t&i! Court in Sama+ $arivartana Samudaya and *rs! v! State of

Karnata,a and *rs! 6!u#ra7 in 3&i(& t&i! Court &a! !i*i)ar). dire(ted for (reation of a S#e(ia) Pur#o!e Ve&i()e out of %4M of t&e !a)e #ro(eed! of t&e ore !o)d '. e<

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au(tion" T&ere i! a )ot of for(e in t&e afore!aid !u'*i!!ion of Mr" Sa)-e" 25" $e find fro* t&e re#ort of t&e EB#ert Co**ittee t&at t&e State of Goa &ea-i). de#end! on iron ore *inin+ for re-enue a! 3e)) a! e*#)o.*ent" T&e )e+i!)ati-e #o)i(.

'e&ind t&e MMDR A(t *ade '. Par)ia*ent i! *inera) de-e)o#*ent t&rou+& *inin+" T&e State Go-ern*ent of

Goa &a! a)!o ado#ted t&e eBe(uti-e #o)i(. to en(oura+e *inin+ of *inera)! in Goa" Moreo-er, a! Mr" Ra-i S&anHar Pra!ad, )earned !enior (oun!e) a##earin+ for 55

Pan(&a.at!, &a! !u'*itted a'out %"8 )aH& #eo#)e are dire(t). e*#)o.ed in *inin+ in Goa and )ar+e nu*'er of #er!on! &a-e taHen 'anH )oan! and #ur(&a!ed tru(H! for tran!#ortation of iron ore" Hen(e, #eo#)e 3&o earn t&eir )i-e)i&ood t&rou+& 3orH in (onne(tion 3it& *inin+ 3i)) 'e !eriou!). affe(ted if *inin+ i! tota)). 'anned to #rote(t t&e en-iron*ent" $e (annot, t&erefore, #ro&i'it *inin+

a)to+et&er, 'ut if *inin+ &a! to (ontinue, t&e )e!!ee! 3&o 'enefit t&e *o!t fro* *inin+, *u!t (ontri'ute fro* t&eir !a)e #ro(eed! to t&e Goan Iron Ore Per*anent Fund for !u!taina')e *inin+" A((ordin+)., in eBer(i!e of our #o3er!

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under Arti()e 50 read 3it& Arti()e 0% of t&e Con!titution, 3e dire(t t&at &en(efort& %4M of t&e !a)e #ro(eed! of iron ore eB(a-ated in t&e State of Goa and !o)d '. t&e )e!!ee! *u!t 'e a##ro#riated Fund for to3ard! t&e t&e Goan of Iron Ore

Per*anent

#ur#o!e

!u!taina')e

de-e)o#*ent and inter<+enerationa) eCuit. and t&e State of Goa in (on!u)tation 3it& t&e CEC 3i)) fra*e a (o*#re&en!i-e !(&e*e in t&i! re+ard and !u'*it t&e !a*e to t&i! Court 3it&in !iB *ont&!" W2+(2+* -. "3(3*+ (2+ 0-.-./ ,+&)+) &*+ (o 6+ &3'(-o.+4 o* 2&8+ (o 6+ /*&.(+4 -. &''o*4&.'+ =-(2 (2+ 5o,-'7 o" (2+ S(&(+ &.4 (2+ 5*o8-)-o.) o" (2+ $$DR A'( &.4 (2+ $C R3,+)C 2A" Mr" Pra!&ant =&u!&an, )earned (oun!e) for Goa Foundation, !u'*itted t&at in Arti()e 516'7 of t&e

Con!titution, it i! #ro-ided t&at t&e o3ner!&i# and (ontro) of t&e *ateria) re!our(e! of t&e (o**unit. !&ou)d 'e !o di!tri'uted !o a! to 'e!t !u'!er-e t&e (o**on +ood and, t&erefore, t&e State (annot di!tri'ute t&e *ateria) He

re!our(e of t&e (o**unit. in an. 3a. it )iHe!" !u'*itted t&at in Centre for $ublic Interest

itigation )

*rs! v! Union of India ) *rs! ?604%07 5 SCC %@, a t3o<Jud+e

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98

=en(& of t&i! Court &a! &e)d re).in+ on Arti()e 516'7 of t&e Con!titution t&at t&e State i! t&e )e+a) o3ner of t&e natura) re!our(e! a! a tru!tee of t&e #eo#)e and a)t&ou+& it i! e*#o3ered to di!tri'ute t&e !a*e, t&e #ro(e!! of di!tri'ution *u!t 'e +uided '. t&e (on!titutiona) #rin(i#)e! in()udin+ t&e do(trine of eCua)it. and )ar+er #u')i( +ood" He !u'*itted t&at in t&e afore!aid (a!e, t&e t3o Jud+e =en(& &a! furt&er &e)d t&at a du). #u')i(iLed au(tion (ondu(ted fair). and i*#artia)). i! #er&a#! t&e 'e!t *et&od for di!(&ar+in+ t&i! 'urden and *et&od! )iHe :fir!t< (o*e<fir!t<!er-ed; 3&en u!ed for a)ienation of natura) re!our(e!I#u')i( #ro#ert. are )iHe). to 'e *i!u!ed '. un!(ru#u)ou! #eo#)e 3&o are on). intere!ted in +arnerin+ *aBi*u* finan(ia) 'enefit and &a-e no re!#e(t for t&e (on!titutiona) et&o! and -a)ue!" He re)ied on t&e

(on()u!ion of t&e t3o Jud+e =en(& of t&i! Court in t&e afore!aid (a!e t&at 3&i)e tran!ferrin+ or a)ienatin+ t&e natura) re!our(e!, t&e State i! dut.<'ound to ado#t t&e *et&od of au(tion '. +i-in+ 3ide #u')i(it. !o t&at a)) e)i+i')e #er!on! (an #arti(i#ate in t&e #ro(e!!" He

!u'*itted t&at a! MMDR A(t doe! not #ro&i'it t&e State

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99

fro* &o)din+ au(tion of t&e *inin+ )ea!e!, t&i! Court !&ou)d dire(t t&at in future t&e *inin+ )ea!e! *u!t 'e au(tioned '. t&e State Go-ern*ent" 28" Learned (oun!e) for t&e )e!!ee! and t&e )earned Ad-o(ate Genera), on t&e ot&er &and, !u'*itted t&at t&e MMDR A(t and t&e MC Ru)e! &a-e *ade !#e(ifi( #ro-i!ion! re+ardin+ t&e *anner in 3&i(& t&e State i! to +rant *inin+ )ea!e! and it i! for t&e State to taHe de(i!ion! on +rant of *inin+ )ea!e! in a((ordan(e 3it& t&e #o)i(. and t&e #ro-i!ion! of t&e MMDR A(t and t&e MC Ru)e!" T&e. (ited t&e o#inion of t&e Con!titution =en(& of t&i! Court in 1atural Resources "llocation. In Re. Special Reference 1o!' of 78'7 ?604%07 %4 SCC %@ t&at au(tion de!#ite 'ein+ a *ore #refera')e *et&od of

a)ienationIa))ot*ent of natura) re!our(e!, (annot 'e &e)d to 'e a (on!titutiona) reCuire*ent or )i*itation for a)ienation of a)) natura) re!our(e! and, t&erefore, e-er. *et&od ot&er t&an au(tion (annot 'e !tru(H do3n a! ultra vires t&e (on!titutiona) *andate"

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10

22" $e are of t&e (on!idered o#inion t&at it i! for t&e State Go-ern*ent to de(ide a! a *atter of #o)i(. in 3&at *anner t&e )ea!e! of t&e!e *inera) re!our(e! 3ou)d 'e +ranted, 'ut t&i! de(i!ion &a! to 'e taHen in a((ordan(e 3it& t&e #ro-i!ion! of t&e MMDR A(t and t&e Ru)e! *ade t&ereunder and in (on!onan(e 3it& t&e (on!titutiona) #ro-i!ion! and t&e de(i!ion taHen '. t&e State of Goa to +rant a *inin+ )ea!e in a #arti(u)ar *anner or to a #arti(u)ar #art. (an 'e eBa*ined '. 3a. of /udi(ia) re-ie3 '. t&e Court" To Cuote t&e o#inion of four Jud+e! out of fi-e Jud+e! eB#re!!ed '. D"J" Jain J" in 1atural Resources "llocation. In Re. Special Reference 1o!' of 78'7 6!u#ra7D EA)ienation of natura) re!our(e! i! a #o)i(. de(i!ion, and t&e *ean! ado#ted for t&e !a*e are t&u!, eBe(uti-e #rero+ati-e!" Ho3e-er, 3&en !u(& a #o)i(. de(i!ion i! not 'a(Hed '. a !o(ia) or 3e)fare #ur#o!e, and #re(iou! and !(ar(e natura) re!our(e! are a)ienated for (o**er(ia) #ur!uit! of #rofit *aBi*i!in+ #ri-ate entre#reneur!, ado#tion of *ean! ot&er t&an t&o!e t&at are (o*#etiti-e and *aBi*i!e re-enue *a. 'e ar'itrar. and fa(e t&e 3rat& of Arti()e %A of t&e Con!titution" Hen(e, rat&er t&an #re!(ri'in+ or #ro!(ri'in+ a *et&od, 3e 'e)ie-e, a /udi(ia) !(rutin. of *et&od! of di!#o!a) of natura) re!our(e! !&ou)d de#end on t&e fa(t! and (ir(u*!tan(e! of ea(& (a!e, in

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(on!onan(e 3it& t&e #rin(i#)e! 3&i(& 3e &a-e (u))ed out a'o-e" Fai)in+ 3&i(&, t&e Court, in eBer(i!e of #o3er of /udi(ia) re-ie3, !&a)) ter* t&e eBe(uti-e a(tion a! ar'itrar., unfair, unrea!ona')e and (a#ri(iou! due to it! anti*on. 3it& Arti()e %A of t&e Con!titution"G

W2+(2+* )3)5+.)-o. o" 0-.-./ o5+*&(-o.) -. (2+ S(&(+ o" Go& 67 o*4+* 4&(+4 10.09.2012 o" (2+ Go8+*.0+.( o" Go& &.4 (2+ )3)5+.)-o. o" (2+ E.8-*o.0+.(&, C,+&*&.'+) /*&.(+4 (o (2+ 0-.+) -. (2+ S(&(+ o" Go& 67 o*4+* 4&(+4 14.09.2012 =+*+ ,+/&, &.4 8&,-4C 29" A! 3e &a-e &e)d t&at t&e dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e! of t&e )e!!ee! in Goa eB#ired on 00"%%"%1>9 and t&e *aBi*u* #eriod 604 .ear!7 of rene3a) of t&e dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e! in Goa &a! a)!o eB#ired on 00"%%"0449, *inin+ '. t&e )e!!ee! in Goa after 00"%%"0449 3a! i))e+a)" Hen(e, t&e order dated %4"41"04%0 of t&e Go-ern*ent of Goa !u!#endin+ *inin+ o#eration! in t&e State of Goa and t&e order dated %A"41"04%0 of t&e MoEF, Go-ern*ent of India, !u!#endin+ t&e en-iron*enta) ()earan(e! +ranted to t&e *ine! in t&e State of Goa, 3&i(& &a-e 'een i*#u+ned in t&e 3rit #etition! in t&e =o*'a. Hi+& Court, Goa =en(& 6tran!ferred to t&i! Court and re+i!tered a!

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10

tran!ferred (a!e!7 (annot 'e Cua!&ed '. t&i! Court" T&e order dated %4"41"04%0 of t&e Go-ern*ent of Goa and t&e order dated %A"41"04%0 of t&e MoEF 3i)) &a-e to (ontinue ti)) de(i!ion! are taHen '. t&e State Go-ern*ent to +rant fre!& )ea!e! and de(i!ion! are taHen '. t&e MoEF to +rant fre!& en-iron*enta) ()earan(e! for *inin+ #ro/e(t!" 2>" On 48"%4"04%0, t&i! Court 3&i)e i!!uin+ noti(e in $rit Petition 6C7 No"A58 of 04%0 6/oa 0oundation -!" Union of India ) *thers7 a)!o #a!!ed order! t&at a)) *inin+ o#eration! in t&e )ea!e! identified in t&e re#ort of t&e Ju!ti(e S&a& Co**i!!ion and tran!#ortation of iron ore and *an+ane!e ore fro* t&o!e )ea!e!, 3&et&er ).in+ at t&e *ine<&ead or !to(H.ard!, !&a)) re*ain !u!#ended" T&ereafter on %%"%%"04%5, t&i! Court #a!!ed an order t&at t&e in-entor. of t&e eB(a-ated *inera) ore! ).in+ in different *ine!I!to(H.ard!I/ettie!I#ort! in t&e State of Goa *ade '. t&e De#art*ent of Mine! and Geo)o+. of t&e Go-ern*ent of Goa 'e -erified and t&ereafter t&e 3&o)e of t&e in-entori!ed *inera) ore! 'e !o)d '. e<au(tion and t&e !a)e #ro(eed! 6)e!! taBe! and ro.a)t.7 'e retained in !e#arate fiBed de#o!it! 6)ea!e<3i!e7 '. t&e State of Goa

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10

ti)) t&i! Court de)i-er! /ud+*ent in t&e!e *atter! on t&e )e+a)it. of t&e )ea!e! fro* 3&i(& t&e *inera) ore! 3ere eBtra(ted" In our order #a!!ed on %%"%%"04%5, 3e &ad

a)!o dire(ted t&at t&i! entire #ro(e!! of -erifi(ation of t&e in-entor., e<au(tion and de#o!it of !a)e #ro(eed! 'e *onitored '. a Monitorin+ Co**ittee a##ointed '. t&e Court" T&e Monitorin+ Co**ittee (o*#ri!in+ Dr" U"V"

Sin+& 6Additiona) Prin(i#a) C&ief Con!er-ator of Fore!t!, JarnataHa7, S&ri S&aiH& Nai*uddin 6for*er Me*'er of Centra) =oard of Dire(t TaBe!7 and Pari*a) Rai 6No*inee of Go-t" of Goa7 &a-e in t&e *ean3&i)e *onitored t&e e< au(tion" $e eBtra(t &erein'e)o3 t&e re)e-ant #ortion of t&e interi* re#ort dated %0"45"04%A of t&e Monitorin+ Co**itteeD EAfter t&e t3o e<au(tion!, t&e tota) ore au(tioned i! a'out %"20 *i))ion MT and t&e tota) -a)ue rea)iLed i! 024"2> (rore! a##roBi*ate)." A! dire(ted '. t&i! Hon;')e Court, t&e State Go-ern*ent &a! 'een reCue!ted to *aintain !e#arate a((ount!, )ea!e 3i!e, and Hee# t&e !a)e #ro(eed! a! fiBed de#o!it! in Nationa)iLed =anH!" T&e #ro(e!! of tran!#ortation of ore for eB#ort &a! not .et 'een initiated 'e(au!e of t&e !tora+e (&ar+e! 'ein+ de*anded fro* t&e !u((e!!fu) 'idder '.

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t&e Mar*a+oa Port Tru!t 6MPT7" A! a re!u)t, t&e #ro(e!! of e<au(tion i! )iHe). to !)o3 do3n" T&e eBtent of !tora+e (&ar+e! de*anded i! a! #er AnneBure MC III"G

21"

A! 3e &a-e &e)d t&at rene3a) of a)) t&e dee*ed

*inin+ )ea!e! in t&e State of Goa &ad eB#ired on 00"%%"0449, t&e *inin+ )e!!ee! 3i)) not 'e entit)ed to t&e !a)e -a)ue of t&e ore! !o)d in e<au(tion 'ut t&e. 3i)) 'e entit)ed to t&e a##roBi*ate (o!t 6not a(tua) (o!t7 of t&e eBtra(tion of t&e ore!" On a((ount of !u!#en!ion of

*inin+ o#eration! in t&e State of Goa, t&e 3orHer! 3&o 3ere e*#)o.ed '. t&e )e!!ee! ()ai* t&at t&e. &a-e not 'een #aid t&eir 3a+e!" Under Se(tion 08C of t&e

Indu!tria) Di!#ute!, A(t, %1A9, 3&en a 3orH*an 3&o!e na*e i! 'orne on t&e *u!ter ro))! of an indu!tria) e!ta')i!&*ent and 3&o &a! (o*#)eted not )e!! t&an one .ear of (ontinuou! !er-i(e under an e*#)o.er i! )aid<off, &e i! entit)ed to 'e #aid '. t&e e*#)o.er for a)) t&e da.! 3&i(& &e i! !o )aid<off, eB(e#t for !u(& 3eeH). &o)ida.! a! *a. inter-ene, (o*#en!ation 3&i(& !&a)) 'e eCua) to 84M of t&e tota) of t&e 'a!i( 3a+e! and dearne!! a))o3an(e t&at 3ou)d &a-e 'een #a.a')e to &i* &ad &e not 'een !o

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)aid<off"

Fo))o3in+ t&i! #rin(i#)e of )a.<off (o*#en!ation,

3e &o)d t&at 3orHer! 3&o (ou)d not 'e #aid 3a+e! '. t&e )e!!ee! 3i)) &a-e to 'e #aid (o*#en!ation at t&e rate of 84M of t&eir 'a!i( 3a+e! and dearne!! a))o3an(e durin+ t&e #eriod of non<e*#)o.*ent on a((ount of !u!#en!ion of *inin+ o#eration!" Moreo-er, Mar*a+oa Port Tru!t 3i))

&a-e to 'e #aid 84M of t&eir (&ar+e! for !tora+e of t&e *inera) ore! after 48"%4"04%0" 94" T&e entire !a)e -a)ue of t&e !to(H of *inera) ore! !o)d '. e<au(tion )e!! t&e a-era+e (o!t of eB(a-ation, 84M of t&e 3a+e! and a))o3an(e! and 84M of t&e !tora+e (&ar+e! to 'e #aid to MPT i! t&u! due to State Go-ern*ent 3&i(& i! t&e o3ner of t&e *inera) ore! 3&i(& &a-e 'een !o)d '. e<au(tion" T&e State Go-ern*ent 3i)) !et<a!ide %4M of

t&i! 'a)an(e a*ount for t&e Goan Iron Ore Per*anent Fund for t&e #ur#o!e of !u!taina')e de-e)o#*ent and inter<+enerationa) eCuit." T&i! entire eBer(i!e of

(a)(u)atin+ t&e a-era+e (o!t of eBtra(tion of ore! to 'e #aid to t&e *inin+ )e!!ee!, 84M of t&e 'a!i( 3a+e! and dearne!! a))o3an(e to 'e #aid to t&e 3orHer!, %4M of t&e 'a)an(e a*ount to3ard! t&e Goan Iron Ore Per*anent

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Fund and t&e 'a)an(e a*ount to 'e a##ro#riated '. t&e State Go-ern*ent 3i)) 'e done '. t&e Dire(tor of Mine! and Geo)o+., Go-ern*ent of Goa, under t&e !u#er-i!ion of t&e Monitorin+ Co**ittee" Ti)) t&i! eBer(i!e i! o-er and t&e re#ort of t&e Monitorin+ Co**ittee i! fi)ed, t&e Monitorin+ Co**ittee 3i)) (ontinue and t&eir *e*'er! 3i)) 'e #aid t&eir re*uneration a))o3an(e! a! dire(ted in t&e order dated %%"%%"04%5"

9%" In t&e re!u)t, 3e de()are t&atD 6i7 t&e dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e! of t&e )e!!ee! in Goa eB#ired on 00"%%"%1>9 and t&e *aBi*u* of 04 .ear! rene3a) #eriod of t&e dee*ed *inin+ )ea!e! in Goa eB#ired on 00"%%"0449 and (on!eCuent). *inin+ '. t&e )e!!ee! after 00"%%"0449 3a! i))e+a) and &en(e t&e i*#u+ned order dated %4"41"04%0 of Go-ern*ent of Goa and t&e i*#u+ned order dated %A"41"04%0 of t&e MoEF, Go-ern*ent of India are not )ia')e to 'e Cua!&edF 6ii7 du*#in+ of *inera)! out!ide t&e )ea!ed area of t&e *inin+ )e!!ee! i! not #er*i!!i')e under t&e MMDR A(t and t&e Ru)e! *ade t&ereunderF

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6iii7 unti) t&e order dated 4A"4>"0442 of t&i! Court i! *odified '. t&i! Court in I"A" No"%444 in #!1! /odavarman #hirumulpad v! Union of India ) *rs ", t&ere (an 'e no *inin+ a(ti-itie! 3it&in one Hi)o*eter fro* t&e 'oundarie! of Nationa) ParH! and San(tuarie! in GoaF 6i-7 '. t&e order dated 4A"%0"0442 in $rit Petition 6C7 No"A24 of 044A 6Goa Foundation -" Union of India7, t&i! Court &a! not #ro&i'ited *inin+ a(ti-itie! 3it&in %4 Hi)o*eter! di!tan(e fro* t&e 'oundarie! of t&e Nationa) ParH! or $i)d)ife San(tuarie!F 6-7 it i! for t&e State Go-ern*ent to de(ide a! a *atter of #o)i(. in 3&at *anner *inin+ )ea!e! are to 'e +ranted in future 'ut t&e (on!titutiona)it. or )e+a)it. of t&e de(i!ion of t&e State Go-ern*ent (an 'e eBa*ined '. t&e Court in eBer(i!e of it! #o3er of /udi(ia) re-ie3" And 3e dire(t t&atD 6i7 MoEF 3i)) i!!ue t&e notifi(ation of e(o<!en!iti-e Lone! around t&e Nationa) ParH and $i)d)ife San(tuarie! of Goa after fo))o3in+ t&e #ro(edure di!(u!!ed in t&i! /ud+*ent 3it&in a #eriod of !iB *ont&! fro* toda.F 6ii7 t&e State Go-ern*ent 3i)) initiate a(tion a+ain!t t&o!e *inin+ )e!!ee! 3&o -io)ate Ru)e! 59 and 5> of t&e MC Ru)e!F

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6iii7 t&e State Go-ern*ent 3i)) !tri(t). enfor(e t&e Goa 6Pre-ention of I))e+a) Minin+, Stora+e and Tran!#ortation of Minera)!7 Ru)e!, 04%5F 6i-7 t&e State Go-ern*ent *a. +rant *inin+ )ea!e! of iron ore and ot&er ore! in Goa in a((ordan(e 3it& it! #o)i(. de(i!ion and in a((ordan(e 3it& MMDR A(t and t&e Ru)e! *ade t&ereunder in (on!onan(e 3it& t&e (on!titutiona) #ro-i!ion!F 6-7 unti) t&e fina) re#ort i! !u'*itted '. t&e EB#ert Co**ittee, intere!t! t&e of State Go-ern*ent 3i)), in t&e and !u!taina')e de-e)o#*ent

inter+enerationa) eCuit., #er*it a *aBi*u* annua) eB(a-ation of 04 *i))ion MT fro* t&e *inin+ )ea!e! in t&e State of Goa ot&er t&an fro* du*#!F 6-i7 t&e Goa Po))ution Contro) =oard 3i)) !tri(t). *onitor t&e air and 3ater #o))ution in t&e *inin+ area! and eBer(i!e #o3er! a-ai)a')e to it under t&e %19A A(t and %1>% A(t in()udin+ t&e #o3er! under Se(tion 55A of t&e %19A A(t and Se(tion 5%A of t&e %1>% A(t and furni!& a)) re)e-ant data to t&e EB#ert Co**itteeF 6-ii7 t&e entire !a)e -a)ue of t&e e<au(tion of t&e in-entori!ed ore! 3i)) 'e fort&3it& rea)i!ed and out of t&e tota) !a)e -a)ue, t&e Dire(tor of Mine! and Geo)o+., Go-ern*ent of Goa, under t&e !u#er-i!ion of t&e Monitorin+ Co**ittee 3i)) *aHe t&e fo))o3in+ #a.*ent!D

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6a7 A-era+e (o!t of eB(a-ation of iron ore! to t&e *inin+ )e!!ee!F 6'7 84M of t&e 3a+e! and dearne!! a))o3an(e to t&e 3orHer! in t&e *u!ter ro))! of t&e *inin+ )ea!e! 3&o &a-e not 'een #aid t&eir 3a+e! durin+ t&e #eriod of !u!#en!ion of *inin+ o#eration!F 6(7 84M of t&e ()ai* to3ard! !tora+e (&ar+e! of MPT" Out of t&e 'a)an(e, %4M 3i)) 'e a##ro#riated to3ard! t&e Goan Iron Ore Per*anent Fund and t&e re*ainin+ a*ount 3i)) 'e a##ro#riated '. t&e State Go-ern*ent a! t&e o3ner of t&e ore!F 6-iii7 t&e Monitorin+ Co**ittee 3i)) !u'*it it! fina) re#ort on t&e uti)iLation and a##ro#riation of t&e !a)e #ro(eed! of t&e in-entori!ed ore! in t&e *anner dire(ted in t&i! /ud+*ent 3it&in !iB *ont&! fro* toda.F 6iB7 &en(efort&, t&e *inin+ )e!!ee! of iron ore 3i)) &a-e to #a. %4M of t&e !a)e #ri(e of t&e iron ore !o)d '. t&e* to t&e Goan Iron Ore Per*anent Fund" 6B7 t&e State Go-ern*ent 3i)) 3it&in !iB *ont&! fro* toda. fra*e a (o*#re&en!i-e !(&e*e 3it& re+ard to t&e Goan Iron Ore Per*anent Fund in (on!u)tation 3it& t&e CEC for !u!taina')e de-e)o#*ent and

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inter+enerationa) eCuit. and !u'*it t&e !a*e to t&i! Court 3it&in !iB *ont&! fro* toda.F and 6Bi7 t&e EB#ert Co**ittee 3i)) !u'*it it! re#ort 3it&in !iB *ont&! fro* toda. on &o3 t&e *inin+ du*#! in t&e State of Goa !&ou)d 'e dea)t 3it& and 3i)) !u'*it it! fina) re#ort 3it&in t3e)-e *ont&! fro* toda. on t&e (a# to 'e #ut on t&e annua) eB(a-ation of iron ore in Goa" 94" $it& t&e afore!aid de()aration! and dire(tion!, $rit T&e Tran!ferred

Petition 6C7 No"A58 of 04%0 i! a))o3ed"

Ca!e! and IA fi)ed '. MPT a! 3e)) a! ot&er IA! a)!o !tand di!#o!ed of" T&e interi* order dated 48"%4"04%0 of t&i! Court i! -a(ated" T&e!e *atter! 3i)) 'e )i!ted a! and 3&en t&e Monitorin+ Co**ittee and t&e EB#ert Co**ittee !u'*it t&eir fina) re#ort! and t&e State Go-ern*ent !u'*it! t&e !(&e*e for t&e Goan Iron Ore Per*anent Fund" T&e #artie! !&a)) 'ear t&eir o3n (o!t!"

""""……………""………………………"J" 6A" J" PatnaiH7

…"""…………""………………………""J" 6Surinder Sin+& Ni//ar7

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…""""…………""………………………""J" 6FaHHir Mo&a*ed I'ra&i* Ja)ifu))a7 Ne3 De)&i, A#ri) 0%, 04%A"

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