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Pruning Trees to Give Direction
any people believe that only mature trees need to be pruned. However, just like a young child, young trees need to be trained on how to “behave” or grow properly. If we do not train them, they often develop poor structures that can lead to limb breakage or even tree failure. A structural problem that can be easily fixed on a young tree may require radical, expensive, or damaging repairs later. One pruning technique, called “subordination pruning,” involves selectively shortening or subordinating leaders and branches to encourage the growth of others. By doing this, we attempt to duplicate the way trees grow in the forest. Forest trees grow close together. Young trees compete with each other for space and sunlight. The trees grow narrow and tall trying to rise above their neighbors to get the most sunlight. Growth tends to be focused in the central leaders and suppressed in side branches. This allows trees to focus growth upward, rather than outward. In a landscape situation, we plant trees farther apart. In the absence of competition from nearby trees, urban trees have a tendency to grow wider than they do in the forest. Often, several branches from the same tree will compete with each other for vertical space. These competing branches often lead to trees with multiple leaders and poor structure. By selecting the best leader and shortening competing leaders, an arborist can “train” the tree to grow in a manner that promotes a strong framework less likely to be damaged by storms or needing drastic structural correction later in life. A few minutes time selectively shortening and removing branches on young trees can prevent thousands of dollars worth of future damage.
In This Issue:
Our business is people and their love for trees™
Fall To-Do List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Ask the Tree Doctor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 A Helpful Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Flap The Care of Trees Shares “Building With Trees” Honors . . . . . 6
Riding for Tree Research
embers of The Care of Trees family recently took part in 2009 Stihl Tour des Trees, an annual bike ride that raises money for tree research and helps to educate the public on the importance of proper tree care in maintaining the health of our community forests and urban trees. More than 70 cyclists took part in this year’s 500-mile trek which started in New York City’s Central Park and traveled across the Northeast, making stops and planting trees along the route. Since its inception in 1992, the Tour has generated more than $4.4 million and has funded a host of diverse projects such as post-Katrina research on the impact of hurricane flooding on mature trees. For more information, visit www.tourdestrees.org. (left) Don Roppolo, Regional Resource Coordinator, Wheeling, IL.; (right) Peter Orszulak, ISA Certified Arborist, Greenwich, CT
Wondering what you need to do for your trees this fall?
Here’s a to-do list that can help. Your certified arborist with The Care of Trees can assist you in keeping your landscape looking beautiful and healthy.
Fall To-Do List
• Mulch your trees and shrubs
OCT NOV DEC
• Improve your soil with SoilCareSM treatments • Plant suitable trees for your landscape
• Water your trees and shrubs if dry • Apply gypsum or humate—two natural materials— around your trees and shrubs if winter de-icing salts will be used near them • Check for gypsy moth egg masses • Inspect your trees for signs of problems and structural concerns • Start dormant pruning • Apply deer repellents and anti-desiccants to prevent winter burn
Ask the Tree Doctor!
Rex A. Bastian, Ph.D., is a doctor of Entomology and our Vice President of Field Education and Development. Rex has over 25 years of experience in diagnosing and treating tree diseases and other problems caused by pests, soils and site-related incidents. If you have a question for Dr. Rex, you can e-mail him at email@example.com and we will feature selected questions in the next issue of Arbor Topics.
Dear Tree Doctor, Are Japanese beetle traps effective? I have heard conflicting reports.
Because these obnoxious, metallic green and brown beetles will feed on over 250 different species of plants (roses, lindens and maples are favored), high expectations are given to traps to help save the day. Japanese beetle traps are very effective in attracting and trapping adult Japanese beetles, but they are ineffective in protecting your susceptible trees and shrubs from their feeding damage. This seemingly contradictory answer requires an explanation. Japanese beetle traps, sold at most garden center outlets, usually contain two separate, chemical lures. One lure is a feeding attractant that attracts both male and female beetles. The second lure is a sex pheromone that attracts male beetles. These lures work very well in attracting hundreds, even thousands of adult beetles toward the trap. Therein lies the problem. Many adult beetles are attracted into the area around the trap, but they do not necessarily get caught inside the trap. Susceptible plant species located nearby can be more heavily damaged than if the traps were not used at all. This can be true even if the trap is full of captured adults. If you would like to experiment with Japanese beetle traps, be sure to locate them as far away as possible from the plants you are trying to protect. Placing a trap in the middle of your rose garden, for example, is just asking for trouble.
We Are Tweeting on Twitter
he Care of Trees is now on Twitter, the free social-networking site where users can send and receive short messages to and from friends, family and businesses. Already have an account? Follow The Care of Trees today to get the latest news on tree pests and diseases, upcoming “green” events in your area, tree care tips, and much more!
New to the Tweeting scene? Signing up is easy and it’s free. Simply visit twitter.com to create an account, visit us at twitter.com/thecareoftrees, and join the conversation. We want to hear from you!
A Helpful Reminder
You’re a very busy person and we want to make caring for your trees as easy as possible for you. That’s why we offer e-mail confirmations – a friendly little reminder noting the time and date of your appointment, your arborist’s name, and the easiest way for you to reach us should you need to change your appointment. We care about making your experience with The Care of Trees memorable and we will do just about anything we can to ensure your complete satisfaction, short of picking up your dry cleaning.
ou’re in meetings all day. You’re taking the kids from point A to point B. You’re on the go. In traffic. On the phone. People to see, places to go!
Tell us how we can improve and win a $250 gift certificate
Do you have an idea on how we can improve our service? We’d like to hear it. Our business is people and their love for trees® is our slogan and we stand by those words. Our goal is to provide excellent service for you, each and every time. By sharing your ideas with us, your name will be entered into a drawing for a $250 gift certificate toward our tree care services. We will randomly select one winner. All eligible entries must be postmarked by December 31st, 2009.* Best of luck!
Your Name: _____________________________________ Phone: _________________________________________ Address:________________________________________ City: ___________________________________________ State: __________________ Zip: ____________________ E-mail Address: __________________________________ Suggestion: _____________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________
* Entries may also be entered using the Feedback Form at www.thecareoftrees.com.
Emerald Ash Borer Update
The emerald ash borer (EAB) has already been found in northeastern Illinois, western Pennsylvania and parts of metro Washington, D.C. If you have ash trees and live within 15 miles of a known infestation, you need to start taking action now if you want to try to protect your ash trees. (For a list of infestation locations, check with your department of agriculture website or visit www.emeraldashborer.info.) There are several treatments for EAB; different conditions determine which is best for your trees. Each treatment aims to prevent the pest from damaging the tree once it arrives, rather than work as a repellent. Your certified arborist can help you decide the best course of action.
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The Care of Trees Shares “Building With Trees” Honors
The Care of Trees and Clark Realty Capital LLC recently shared a 2009 Award of Excellence in the Building With Trees recognition program. The program, sponsored by the Arbor Day Foundation in cooperation with the National Association of Home Builders, recognized three groups of builders and developers that have demonstrated exemplary effort in working in concert with nature and protecting the environment during land development and construction projects. Clark Realty Capital developed Park Village, a new 13-acre housing development located at Fort Belvoir in Virginia, to house
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