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StressesforCylindricalMembers

1.AxialTension
2.AxialCompression
2.1Columnbuckling
2.2Localbuckling
3.Shear
3.1Beamshear
3.2Torsionalshear
4.Hydrostacpresure
4.1Designhydrostachead
4.2Hookbucklingstress
5.Axialcompressionandbending
6.Simplejoints
Example
D 1066.8mm := Diameter
t 17.8mm := Wallthickness
D
t
59.933 =
I
D
4
D 2 t
( )
4

64

(
(

8.071 10
9
mm
4
= :=
Area

4
D
2
D 2 t
( )
2

58660.446 mm
2
= :=
r
I
Area
370.931 mm = :=
1.AxialTension
AllowablestressFtforcylindricalmemberssubjectedtoaxialtensileloads
shouldbedeterminedfrom:F
t
=0.6F
y
UR
1
=
f
t
F
t
Where:
f
t
isthetensionstressduetoactualloads
F
t
istheallowabletensionstress
F
y
345MPa := Yieldstress
f
t
0MPa := Tensionstressduetoactualloads
f
a
29MPa := Axialstressduetoactualloads
F
t
0.6 F
y
207 MPa = := Allowabletensionstress
UR
1
f
t
F
t
0 = :=
2.AxialCompression
2.1Columnbuckling
FormemberswithD/ts60theaxialcompressivestressFashouldbe:
Fork.lo/r>Cc Fa=
1
k
l
o
r

\
|
|
.
2
2 C
c
2

(
(
(
(
(

5
3
3 k
l
o
r

\
|
|
.

8 C
c

+
k
l
o
r

\
|
|
.
3
8 C
c
3

F
y

Fork.lo/r>Cc Fa=
12 E
23 k
l
o
r

\
|
|
.
2

Where:
E:Young'smodulus
k:Eecvelengthfactor
l
o
:Umbracedlength
r:radiusofgyraon
IfD/t>60,thecricalbucklingstressF
xe
orF
xc
(thesmallest)issubstuted
byF
y
todeterminateC
c
andF
a
.
Thisspecicaonshouldnotbeusedfordesignofprimarybracing
membersinoshorestructures.Thisequaonmaybeusedonlyfor
secondarymemberssuchasboatlandings,stairways,etc.
E 210000MPa := Young'smodulus
k 0.8 := Eecvelengthfactor
l
o
16178mm := Umbracedlength
F
y
345 MPa =
C
c
2
2
E
F
y
109.614 = := k
l
o
r
34.892 =
F
a
1
k
l
o
r

\
|
|
.
2
2 C
c
2

(
(
(
(
(

5
3
3 k
l
o
r

\
|
|
.

8 C
c

+
k
l
o
r

\
|
|
.
3
8 C
c
3

F
y
k
l
o
r
C
c
< if
12 E
23 k
l
o
r

\
|
|
.
2

otherwise
:=
F
a
183.794 MPa =
2.2Localbuckling
2.2.1Elascloadbuckilngstress
When60<D/t<300,withwallthicknesst>6mm,boththeelasc(Fxe)
andinelasclocalbucklingstress(Fxc)duetoaxialcompressionshouldbe
determinedfrom:
Fxe=
2 C
crt
E t
D
Where:
C
crt
=cricalelascbucklingcoecient
D=outsidediameter
t=wallthickness
ThetheorecalvalueofCis0.6.However, areducedvalueof0.3is
recommendedtoaccountfortheeectofinialgeometricimperfecons
withinAPISpec2Btolerancelimits.
2.2.2Inelascloadbuckilngstress
Theinelasclocalbucklingstress,Fxc,shouldbedeterminedfrom:
Fxc=Fy 1.64 0.23
D
t
|

\
|
|
.
0.25

(
(

s Fxe,forD/t>60
Fxc=Fy, forD/ts60
C
crt
0.3 :=
D 1066.8 mm =
t 17.8 mm =
F
xe
2 C
crt
E t
D
2102.362 MPa = :=
D
t
59.933 =
F
xc
max F
y
1.64 0.23
D
t
|

\
|
|
.
0.25

(
(

F
xe
,

(
(

D
t
60 > if
F
y
otherwise
:=
F
xc
345 MPa =
3.Bending
TheallowablebendingstressFbis:
Fb=0.75 F
y
for
D
t
10340
F
y
s
Fb= 0.84 1.74
F
y
D
E t

|

\
|
|
.
F
y
for
10340
Fy
D
t
<
20680
Fy
s
Fb= 0.72 0.58
F
y
D
E t

|

\
|
|
.
F
y
for
28680
Fy
D
t
< 300 s
D 1066.8 mm =
10340MPa
F
y
29.971 =
t 17.8 mm =
D
t
59.933 =
20680MPa
F
y
59.942 =
F
y
345 MPa =
F
b
0.75 F
y

( )
D
t
10340MPa
F
y
s if
0.84 1.74
F
y
D
E t

|

\
|
|
.
F
y

10340MPa
F
y
D
t
<
20680MPa
F
y
s if
0.72 0.58
F
y
D
E t

|

\
|
|
.
F
y

20680MPa
F
y
D
t
< 300 s if
:=
F
b
230.694 MPa =
f
by
3.937MPa := Bendingstressduetoactualloads(yaxis)
f
bz
11.017MPa := Bendingstressduetoactualloads(zaxis)
f
b
f
by
2
f
bz
2
+ 11.699 MPa = :=
UR
2.3
f
b
F
b
0.051 = :=
4.Shear
4.1Beamshear
Themaximumbeamshearstress,fv,forcylindricalmembersis:
fv =
v
0.5 Area
Where:
fv=themaximumshearstress
V=thetransverseshearforce
Area=thecrossseconalarea
Theallowablebeamshearstress,Fv,is:
Fv=0.4Fy
4.2Torsionalshear
Themaximumbeamshearstress,fv,forcylindricalmembersis:
fvt=
M
t
D
2
|

\
|
|
.

I
p
and Fvt=0.4Fy
Where:
f
vt
=maximumtorsionalshearstress
M
t
=torsionalmoment
I
p
=polarmomentofinera
Whiletheshearyieldstressofstructuralsteelhasbeenvariouslyesmated
asbetween1/2and5/8ofthetensionandcompressionyieldstressandis
frequentlytakenasFy/ 3,itspermissibleworkingstressvalueisgivenby
AISCas2/3therecommendedbasicallowabletensilestress.Forcylindrical
memberswhenlocalsheardeformaonsmaybesubstanalduetocylinder
geometry,areducedyieldstress maybesubstutedforFy.
v 27922.17N := Shearforceduetoactualloads
Area 5.866 10
4
mm
2
=
f
v
v
0.5 Area
0.952 MPa = :=
F
v
0.4 F
y
138 MPa = :=
UR
4.1
f
v
F
v
0.007 = :=
M
t
32827.6N mm :=
Torsional moment
I
p

2
D
2
|

\
|
|
.
4
D 2 t
( )
2

(
(

(
(

1.614 10
10
mm
4
= :=
f
vt
M
t
D
2
|

\
|
|
.

I
p
1.085 10
3
MPa = :=
F
vt
0.4 F
y
138 MPa = :=
UR
4.2
f
vt
F
vt
7.861 10
6
= :=