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Hot potato
Speak of an issue (mostly current) which many people are talking about and which is usually disputed A penny for your thoughts A way of asking what someone is thinking Actions speak louder than words People's intentions can be judged better by what they do than what they say. Add insult to injury To further a loss with mockery or indignity; to worsen an unfavorable situation. An arm and a leg Very expensive or costly. A large amount of money. At the drop of a hat Meaning: without any hesitation; instantly. Back to the drawing board When an attempt fails and it's time to start all over. Ball is in your court It is up to you to make the next decision or step Barking up the wrong tree Looking in the wrong place. Accusing the wrong person Beat around the bush

Avoiding the main topic. Not speaking directly about the issue. Best of both worlds Meaning: All the advantages. Best thing since sliced bread A good invention or innovation. A good idea or plan. Bite off more than you can chew To take on a task that is way to big. Blessing in disguise Something good that isn't recognized at first. Burn the midnight oil To work late into the night, alluding to the time before electric lighting. Can't judge a book by its cover Cannot judge something primarily on appearance. Caught between two stools When someone finds it difficult to choose between two alternatives. Costs an arm and a leg This idiom is used when something is very expensive. Cross that bridge when you come to it Deal with a problem if and when it becomes necessary, not before. Cry over spilt milk When you complain about a loss from the past.

KINDS OF GRAPHS and its uses

1. Pareto Diagram or Bar Graph - A bar graph contains a bar for each category of a set of qualitative data. The bars are arranged in order of frequency, so that more important categories are emphasized.

2. Pie Chart or Circle Graph - A pie chart displays qualitative data in the form of a pie. Each slice of pie represents a different category.

3. Histogram - A histogram in another kind of graph that uses bars in its display. This type of graph is used with quantitative data. Ranges of values, called classes, are listed at the bottom, and the classes with greater frequencies have taller bars.

4. Stem and Left Plot - A stem and left plot breaks each value of a quantitative data set into two pieces, a stem, typically for the highest place value, and a leaf for the other place values. It provides a way to list all data values in a compact form.

A stem and leaf plot does not resemble a tree, but it does show how the ones digits branch off of the tens digits. 5. Dot plot - A dot plot is a hybrid between a histogram and a stem and leaf plot. Each quantitative data value becomes a dot or point that is placed above the appropriate class values.

6. Scatterplots - A scatterplot displays data that is paired by using a horizontal axis (the x axis), and a vertical axis (the y axis). The statistical tools of correlation and regression are then used to show trends on the scatterplot.

A scatterplot of dinosaur bone lengths 7. Time-Series Graphs - A time-series graph displays data at different points in time, so it is another kind of graph to be used for certain kinds of paired data. The horizontal axis shows the time and the vertical axis is for the data values. These kinds of graphs can be used to

show trends as time progresses. A time series graph of the population of the United States from the years 1900 to 2000.

RIDDLES: I am a big round ball. Biggest of all the balls I shine and give heat to all What am I? (sun)

2. Sometimes I am full Sometimes I am half Sometimes I am whole I shine and give light. What am I? (moon)
Here are a few activities you can use in your classroom to help students become proficient at making predictions. Use book or movie titles. Read students the titles of books theyve never read before and ask them to make a prediction what the book is about. Then read the back cover or inside flap of the book out loud to see how close they came to the mark. You can do the same with movie titles and then read aloud a synopsis of the movie review. Bring an unusual object to class. Show students the object and have them predict what it could be used for and how it works. While showing the object, point out structures or components that could be clues as to what it is without actually explaining how it works. Read a section of text and then have students predict what is going to happen nex t. Have them write their predictions on sentence strips and place each prediction on the wall. Revisit the predictions once the action has been revealed in the story. Explain to students that making predictions is like being a detective. They can find clues in the book title, the illustration on the front cover, as well as pictures inside the book to predict what the story is about. Students may be inclined to take the easy way out and say the book is about a princess or a dog but thats not good enough. Have them also predict what a character will do or an import ant event that may take place. When student know how to make predictions and use this skill prior to reading, they not only have a reason to read, but this knowledge will improve their comprehension. By activating prior knowledge they can get at the deeper meanings, learn to read between the lines, and take the first steps for developing a love for literature.