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Performance Support

Storage: Disk Drive Types, Performance & Costs
When it comes to disk storage there are several different types of disk drives. And each of these different disks have individual specifications. Some are better suited for budget conscious areas where high performance is a less of a concern, while others are best suited for high performance needs where we might be willing to spend the extra money, and there are lots in between. Let’s have a look at some of the most common disk drive types and the associated performance and cost of each. irst how do we define performance in the area of disk drives. !wo of the main measures of performance are rotational speed, for example "#,### or "#$ %&' disk, and the other is the measure of (nput)*utput &er Second or (*&S. !he faster the disk spins the faster the data is read or written and (*&S is a measure of +ust how much input and output a certain disk can process in one second. ,igher numbers in both cases typically e-uate to higher performance. Some of today’s heaviest workloads demand very high (*&S from the disk subsystem. (mplementing a system with high (*&S re-uirements on a system that cannot meet those needs will result in serious performance issues. !he disk types that we want to cover in this session are Serial A!A or SA!A, Serial Attached S.S( or SAS, ibre .hannel / .0, Solid State 1isk /SS10. Serial A!A or SA!A has the lowest (*&S but also has the lowest cost. A 2,3## %&' drive will produce about 4# (*&S and a "#$ drive will produce about a ""# (*&S. Still in use for applications where cost per gigabyte of storage is more important than high performance. !he next disk type is Serial Attached S.S( or SAS. !his is a mid to high (*&S and mid to high cost disk. A "#$ drives for SAS produce about a "3# (*&S while the "5$ drives can do about a "6# (*&S. !he SAS disks are growing in market share for enterprise class workloads and make up a large ma+ority of the enterprise class disk being sold today. ibre .hannel or . has a very high (*&S but also very high cost. "#$ drives can produce about a "7# (*&S while "5$ drives can do about a "4# (*&S. !his is still the standard for the heaviest disk workloads and where cost per gigabyte of storage is less important than performance. !he last drive type that we want to cover in our session today is Solid State 1isk /SS10. While SS1 is not exactly a spinning disk, it still should be covered here. !here is no %&' rating8 data on an SS1 is basically stored in memory within the SS1 instead of on disk platters. !hey can produce extremely high (*&S and they9re very costly. Approximately ten times more expensive than traditional disk types. (*&S ratings can vary but in the range of 5,### to "#,### is not abnormal. !his is not a traditional disk and is used for very specific workloads and purposes, very high cost but in certain cases it does make a lot of sense. !hat’s disk performance, thanks for watching.

" : 3#"; Skillsoft (reland Limited