You are on page 1of 6

DESIGN COEFFICIENT TABLES

Hazen-Williams Friction Factor (C)
Pipe Material Values for C Range High/Low 160/150 160/130 150/120 145/110 150/80 150/80 152/85 Average Value 150-155 148 140 120 130 130 120 60 Typical Design Value 150 140 130 110 100 100 100 60

Plastic, PVC, Polyethylene pipe or tubing Cement or mastic lined iron or steel pipe Copper, brass, lead, tin or glass pipe or tubing Wood Stave Welded or Seamless Steel Cast and ductile iron Concrete Corrugated steel

Manning’s Equation roughness coefficient (n)
Material Values for n Range 0.008-0.011 0.012-0.015 0.021-0.030 0.012-0.016 0.011-0.017 0.012-0.017 0.010-0.013 0.017-0.030 0.010-0.011 0.012-0.015 0.012-0.013 0.022-0.027 Typical Design Value 0.009 0.013 0.024 0.015 0.013 0.015 0.011 0.021 0.011 0.013 0.013 0.024

Polyethylene pipe Uncoated cast or ductile iron pipe Corrugated steel pipe Concrete pipe Vitrified clay pipe Brick and cement mortar sewers Wood stave Rubble masonry Concrete Culvert Pipe (Smooth) Concrete Boxes (Smooth) Spiral Rib Metal Pipe (Smooth) Corrugated Metal Pipe, Pipe-Arch and Box. (2 -2/3 in by ½ in Annular corrugation) Corrugated Metal Pipe, Pipe-Arch and Box. (2 -2/3 in by ½ in Helical corrugation) Corrugated Metal Pipe, Pipe-Arch and Box. (6 in by 1 in Helical corrugation) Corrugated Metal Pipe, Pipe-Arch and Box. (5 in by 1 in) Corrugated Metal Pipe, Pipe-Arch and Box. (3 in by 1 in) Corrugated Metal Pipe, Pipe-Arch and Box. (6 in by 2 in Structural Plate)

0.011-0.023

0.020

0.022-0.025

0.024

0.025-0.026

0.026

0.027-0.028

0.028

0.033-0.035

0.034

CECALC.com - Copyright 2010 – All rights reserved

1

05 0. and few boulders Mountain streams.01-0.02 0.025 0.05-0.013 0. heavy brush on banks Open Channel – regular section – some weeds. banks usually steep.035-0.033-0. no vegetation in channel.016 0. with large boulders Concrete gutter.02 0. no vegetation in channel.015 0.013 0. Pipe-Arch and Box.015 0.015 0.05 0. slight channel meander.05 0.035 0.05 0. (9in by 2-1/2 in Structural Plate) Corrugated Polyethylene Culvert Pipe (Smooth) Corrugated Polyethylene Culvert Pipe ( Corrugated) Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) (Smooth) Open Channel – regular section – some grass and weeds. little or no brush Open Channel – regular section – dense grass and weeds.012 0.08 0.010 0.06-0.030-0.009-0.009-0.05-0. dense willows on banks Open Channel – regular section – for trees within channel.06 0.018-0. increase open channel values given above by Mountain streams.02 0. increase all above open channel values by Irregular sections.01-0.07 0.com . banks usually steep.07 0.016 0.016 0.02 0.04 0.06 0. depth of flow materially greater than weed height Open Channel – regular section – some weeds.04 0.012 0.07 0. with branches submerged at high stage.Corrugated Metal Pipe.Copyright 2010 – All rights reserved 2 . with pools.04-0. trees and brush along banks submerged at high stage: bottom of gravel..013 0.015 CECALC. light brush on banks Open Channel – regular section – some weeds.037 0.035 0. trees and brush along banks submerged at high stage: bottom of cobbles. cobbles. trowel finish Asphalt pavement (smooth texture) Asphalt pavement (rough texture) Combination asphalt pavement and concrete gutter Concrete pavement 0.035-0.023 0.014-0.011 0.035 0.

5 0.75 .7 deg.2 0.73 .0 2.5 0.0018 .486 .5 0.2 0.69 . Rounded on 3 edges to radius of D/12 or B/12 or beveled edges on 3 sides Wingwalls at 30 deg to 75 deg to barrel. Side.043D 18 to 33.667 .515 .0379 .or slope-tapered inlet Box.510 .81 .0 1.0098 . Socket end Headwall or headwall and wingwalls.50 2.0553 .50 2.0400 .7 deg bevels ¾” chamfers.04505 .0 75 .71 Circular CMP Circular Rectangular Box Rectangular Box ¾” chamfers CECALC.0 2.or slope-tapered inlet Ke 0.2 0.0347 .667 . cut end Headwall or headwall and wingwalls. paved or unpaved slope End-Section conforming to fill slope Beveled edges.7 deg.5 0. Crown edge rounded to radius of D/12 or beveled top edge Wingwalls at 10 deg to 25 deg to barrel. 45 deg skewed headwall ¾” chamfers.061 .2 0. radius D/12 Mitered to conform to fill slope End-Section conforming to fill slope Beveled edges. Square-edged at crown Wingwalls parallel (extension of sides). 30 deg skewed barrel K .80 . bevels Beveled ring.667 .79 .0314 . bevels 30 to 75 deg wingwall flares 90 and 15 deg wingwall flares 0 deg wingwall flares 45 deg wingwall flare d=.4 deg non-offset wingwall flares 18.0309 .806 .80 .667 c .7 0.2 0.75 .5 0.50 1.486 .0 2.667 .com .498 .667 .0425 .0045 .67 . sq.0398 .522 .5 0.7 0. Square-edge on 3 edges Headwall parallel to embankment (no wingwalls).0252 .0375 . or 45 deg.0018 . 15 deg skewed headwall 45 deg bevels.0317 .83 .061 .2 0.Culvert Design . 10 to 45 deg skewed headwall 45 deg non-offset wingwall flares 18.82 .82 .0243 .667 . Square-edged at crown Wingwalls at 30 deg to 75 deg to barrel.0463 .705 .Constants for Inlet Control Design Equation Shape and Material Circular Concrete Inlet Edge Description Square edge w/headwall Groove end w/headwall Groove end projecting Headwall Mitered to slope Projecting Beveled ring.0423 . socket end (groove-end) Projecting from fill.75 .2 0.803 . Concrete Projecting from fill.0018 .2 Culvert Design .0300 .0361 . Square-edged at crown Wingwalls parallel (extension of sides).0292 . bevels Side.83 .4 non-offset wingwall flares.7 deg wingwall flare d = .68 .0340 .0210 .0386 Y .2 0.0249 .026 . bevels Side.0339 .5 0. or 45 deg.4 0.74 .545 .667 . 33.0402 .Copyright 2010 – All rights reserved 3 .667 .493 .083D 90 deg headwall w/ 3/4” chamfers 90 deg headwall w/ 45 deg bevels 90 deg headwall w/ 33.9 0. 45 deg.7 deg.54 .495 .7 0. 33.0078 .495 M 2.667 .533 .or slope-tapered inlet Pipe or Pipe-Arch Corrugated Metal Projecting from fill (no headwall) Headwall or headwall and wingwalls square-edge Mitered to conform to fill slope.2 0. 30 deg skewed headwall ¾” chamfers.497 .667 . 33.667 .74 .33 1. Full or Partly Full Entrance Head Loss Coefficient (Ke) Type of Structure and Design of Entrance Pipe. Reinforced Concrete Headwall parallel to embankment (no wingwalls).69 .865 .Outlet Control. Square-edge Rounded.0327 .

CM Pipe Arch.50 .667 .0100 .5035 .0446 .65 .15 0.0210 .0368 .5 2.85 0.0083 .0463 .less favorable edges Side tapered .3 0.0018 .0340 .05-0.475 .5 2.0463 .75 .0302 .Copyright 2010 – All rights reserved 4 .83 .35 0.0300 .1 0. over 7% slope driveways.0446 .0340 .0379 .0 2.667 .beveled edges Tapered inlet .0368 .719 .2 0.0300 .18-0.667 .50 .square edges Tapered inlet .881 . 2% to 78% slope lawns.56 .85 .534 .0317 .offset 18.97 .493 . poor drainage (clay soil).0100 .667 2.80 .74 .0496 .0317 .less favorable edges Slope tapered .13-0. well drained (sandy soil).68 .68 .3 0.0 2. well drained (sandy soil).10-0.71 C M Boxes Horizontal Ellipse – Concrete Vertical Ellipse – Concrete Pipe Arch.0292 .4 deg wingwall flares .0 1.69 .15-0.0179 .com .0018 .74 . up to 2% slope lawns.more favorable edges Slope tapered .1-0.25 CECALC.7-0.0 1.75-0.0378 .0095 .0378 .69 .667 . 2% to 7% slope lawns.0496 .57 .0045 .offset 90 deg headwall Thick wall projecting Thin wall projecting Square edge w/headwall Groove end w/headwall Groove end projecting Square edge w/headwall Groove end w/headwall Groove end projecting 90 deg headwall Mitered to slope Projecting Projecting No Bevels 33.7 deg wingwall flares .Concrete Rational Method/Modified Rational Method Runoff Coefficients (C) Categorized by surface forested asphalt brick concrete shingle roof lawns.17 0.0340 .0496 .667 .0 2.0030 .7-0.Rectangular Box Top Bevels 45 deg wingwall flares .0030 .519 .0496 .0300 .0 2.75-0.90 .0379 .536 . well drained (sandy soil).77 .0083 .95 0.22 0.0083 .667 .75 1.0269 .3 0.0398 .0088 .75 .5 2.67 .835 . up to 2% slope lawns.0252 .57 .90 .497 .69 . 31” Corner Radius .0496 .555 .0 2.5 .887 .0145 .0478 .64 .667 . poor drainage (clay soil).5 2.95 0.0368 .0419 .5 1.05-0.95 0.0 1.0292 .0 1.1-0.0 2.77 .2 0.8-0.69 . over 7% slope lawns.offset 33.75 .57 .0 2.0379 .622 .57 .87 .495 .0598 .69 . walkways Categorized by use farmland pasture unimproved parks cemeteries C 0.25 0.05-0.0398 .059-0. poor drainage (clay soil).0 1. 18” Corner Radius .0088 .25-0.7 deg Bevels 90 deg headwall Mitered to slope Thin wall projecting Smooth tapered inlet throat Rough tapered inlet throat Tapered inlet .56 .57 .CM Arch CM Circular Elliptical Inlet Face Rectangular Rectangular .5 2.80 .85 0.0227 .0 1.7 deg Bevels Projecting No Bevels 33.0196 .0300 .thin edge projecting Tapered inlet throat Side tapered .64 .547 .67 .0269 .1-0.more favorable edges .

inches/hour Description Sand and gravel mixture Silty gravels and silty sands to inorganic silt.9 Modified Rational Method.920 460 – 1. attached residential.1-0.50 0 0 0 0.80 0.Copyright 2010 – All rights reserved 5 .175 Soil Cohesion and Friction Factors fp fs 0.2-0. impervious surface Smooth. light industrial. MH.4-0.40 0. GP. detached residential.80 CECALC.76 0 0. packed bare soil Poor grass. passing 200 sieve Cohesive granular soil wet to moist Clay.5-0.8 0. saturated. and welldeveloped loams Silty clay sand to sandy clay Clays. dry.com . OH ---------- 0. CL CH.2 0. multi-plexes.65 0.175 460 – 1. in/hr 0.60 0.6-0. apartments.7 0.35 0. multi-plexes.2-0.1 Soil Cohesion and Friction Factors (For use in Thrust Block Design) Soil Material Sand. wet to moist at maximum compaction Friction Angle (degrees) 44.5 0.50 0. city (downtown) residential.7 0.railroad yard playgrounds (except asphalt or concrete) business districts.40 0.6 0. saturated. Typical Values of Infiltration Rates.75 0.0 0.5 – 16. not highly fractured Soil group symbol GW.2-0.7-0.6 SC.4 0. heavy 0. condominiums industrial. SM. passing 200 sieve Silt. SW. well graded Silt.5-0. dry well graded Sand.50 0.6-0.75 0.22 11.5 39 40 32 13 .95 0.8-1.35 0.3-0. SP GM. ML.80 Kerby’s Roughness Coefficient Categorized by surface Smooth. cultivated row crops of moderately rough bare soil Pasture or average grass Deciduous timberland Timberland with deep forest litter or dense grass Kerby n 0.5 11.5 Cs 0 0 0 0 385 .95 0. single family residential.5 – 16. inorganic and organic Bare rock.0-0. neighborhood business districts.02 0. (F).20 0. F. OL Infiltration.3 0.25-0. wet to moist Clay. suburban residential.5-0.3-0.10 0.

213 0. small upland gullies k 0.Slope Intercept Coefficient k Categorized by surface Forest with heavy ground litter.152 0.305 0.com .457 0.Copyright 2010 – All rights reserved 6 .491 0.274 0. alluvial fans in western mountain regions Grassed waterway (shallow concentrated flow) Unpaved (shallow concentrated flow) Paved area (shallow concentrated flow). contour or strip cropped. hay meadow (overland flow) Trash fallow or minimum tillage cultivation.619 CECALC. woodland (overland flow) Short grass pasture (overland flow) Cultivated straight row (overland flow) Nearly bare and untilled (overland flow).076 0.