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Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM

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Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals
Release: 18.0 PC2 Document Revision: 18.04

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411-9001-126 .

Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Release: 18.0 PC2 Publication: 411-9001-126 Document release date: 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved. While the information in this document is believed to be accurate and reliable, except as otherwise expressly agreed to in writing NORTEL PROVIDES THIS DOCUMENT "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. The information and/or products described in this document are subject to change without notice.

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Contents
New in this release
Features 7 Abis over IP on electrical BSC3000 (34964) 7 TRM3 Capacity Increase: overview (35000) 8 Abis over IP: Support of TDM-based LMU (35240) 8 Other changes 8

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Introduction Chapter 1 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 introduction
1.1 BSC 3000 Overview 11 1.2 TCU 3000 Overview 13 1.3 RoHS compliancy 15

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Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture
2.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 17 2.1.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 17 2.1.2 TCU 3000 Product Structure 23 2.1.3 BSC 3000 Hardware Modules 27 2.1.4 TCU 3000 Hardware Modules 30 2.1.5 BSC 3000 Physical Interfaces 32 2.1.6 TCU 3000 Physical Interfaces 37 2.1.7 Protocol Architecture 39 2.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Functional Architecture 59 2.2.1 BSC 3000 Processing Unit Types 59 2.2.2 TCU 3000 Processing Unit Types 61 2.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Software Architecture 61 2.3.1 Introduction 61 2.3.2 Layered Architecture Presentation 62 2.3.3 CallP Architecture 65 2.3.4 OAM Architecture 67

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Chapter 3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 physical characteristics
3.1 BSC 3000 Dimensions 81 3.2 BSC 3000 Weight 81 3.3 BSC 3000 Cooling System 82
Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010
Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.

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4 3.4 TCU 3000 Dimensions 82 3.5 TCU 3000 Weight 82 3.6 TCU 3000 Cooling System 83

Chapter 4 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 electrical characteristics
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 BSC 3000 BSC 3000 TCU 3000 TCU 3000 Power Supply 85 Power Consumption 85 Power Supply 85 Power Consumption 85

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Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description
5.1 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Mechanical Structure 87 5.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description 91 5.2.1 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Dual-shelf assemblies 95 5.2.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Power supply and alarm systems 113 5.2.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Cooling system 120 5.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 SAI Frame Description 123 5.3.1 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 CTU module description 126 5.3.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 CTB board description 129 5.3.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 CTMP board description 133 5.3.4 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 CTMC board description 135 5.3.5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 CTMD board description 138 5.3.6 Hub overview 141 5.4 BSC 3000 Control Node Description 144 5.4.1 OMU module 145 5.4.2 TMU module 149 5.4.3 ATM-SW module 154 5.4.4 MMS modules 158 5.4.5 SIM 161 5.4.6 FiIler module 165 5.5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description 166 5.5.1 CEM 171 5.5.2 CEM2 172 5.5.3 CEM3 175 5.5.4 ATM-RM 178 5.5.5 8K-RM 181 5.5.6 LSA-RC module 183 5.5.7 HSA-RC module 198 5.5.8 IPG 201 5.6 TCU 3000 Transcoder Node Description 203 5.6.1 TRM 207 5.6.2 Subsystem specifications for Call Processing 211 5.7 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Cabinet Cabling 211 5.7.1 BSC 3000 Cabinet Cabling 211
Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010
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.4 Control Node Basic Services 235 6.1 U-TDOA support in Multi-SSN Lb and NSS 229 6.2 Standards compliancy and detailed requirements 239 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.2 BSC 3000 AAL-5 supervision 237 6.5.3 Permanent AAL1 self-testing to improve hardware failure detection 237 6.3.4.5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 synchronization requirements 238 6.5 5.2 LCS architecture including U-TDOA 230 6.3 Multi-SSN Lb based architecture dataflow with U-TDOA feature 230 6.5 LMU management in IP backhaul 234 6.3.3.1 BSC 3000 functional characteristics 227 6.1 Overview 238 6.2 TCU 3000 functional characteristics 228 6.3.3.4.3 Location services 229 6. All Rights Reserved.7.5.2 TCU 3000 Cabinet Cabling 222 Chapter 6 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 services and features 227 6.4.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.1 Wireless Priority Service 236 6.4 NSS-based architecture dataflow with U-TDOA feature 232 6.

All Rights Reserved. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.6 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.1.0 P&C 2 release.3. .5.2 “BSC 3000 Interface Node Hardware modules” (page 28) Updated the list of component parts within the Interface Node list under 2.3 “Interfaces within the BSC 3000 Interface Node” (page 36) Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. 7 New in this release The following section describe what is new in this release for Nortel GSM BTS S8006 Troubleshooting (411-9001-126) for V18..1.1 “BSC 3000 Product Structure” (page 17) Added IPG under 2. This feature impacts the following sections: • • • • • Updated the enhanced connectivity/capacity list under 1.5 “BSC 3000 Physical Interfaces” (page 32) Added Ethernet Links 2. • • Features “Features” (page 7) “Other changes” (page 8) See the following sections for information about feature changes: • • • Abis over IP on Electrical BSC3000 (34964) TRM3 Capacity Increase: overview (35000) Abis over IP: Support of TDM-based LMU (35240) Abis over IP on electrical BSC3000 (34964) This feature modifies the GSM BSC 3000 (electrical configuration) to connect to its dependent BTS with an Abis interface that runs over an packetized IP network instead of a traditional time-division multiplex carrier (E1 or T1).1.1.1 “BSC 3000 Overview” (page 11) Added IPG on the list of modules in the Interface Node under 2.

1. .2. See impacts of this feature in the following location: • Other changes 6.1.5 “ BSC 3000 Interface Node Description” (page 166) Added 5.7.2.1. This feature impacts the following section: • 5.1 “BSC 3000 Processing Unit Types” (page 59) Updated “Functional groups inside BSC 3000 Interface Node” (page 78) Added IPG on the Interface Node which houses the following modules list under 5.5 “LMU management in IP backhaul” (page 234) There are no other changes in this release.4 “Protocol for communication between the IPG modules and the BTS/IPM” (page 57) Updated the list of processing units for the Interface Node under 2.3 “Interface node shelf layout for Abis over IP” (page 104) Updated 5.8 New in this release • • • • • • • • • Updated Figure 9 and Figure 10 under 2.2.1 “Protocol for communication between the OMU modules and the OMC-R” (page 40) Added 2.3.7.2 “Protocol for communication between the IPG modules and the OMC-R/IBOS” (page 45) Added 2. All Rights Reserved.7. without any impact on the existing TDM-based TruePosition solution.5.8 “IPG” (page 201) TRM3 Capacity Increase: overview (35000) This feature modifies the software on the TCU to allow the new TRM3 to provide a higher capacity than the TRM2.1 “TRM” (page 207) Abis over IP: Support of TDM-based LMU (35240) The benefit of the feature is to allow the usage of existing TDM-based LMU & SMLC with the feature Abis over IP.1.6.1 “ BSC 3000 Dual-shelf assemblies” (page 95) Added 5.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.1. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. and Maintenance menus (411-901-129) Nortel GSM OMC-R Commands Reference—Security. All Rights Reserved. . Performance.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. and Help menus (411-9001-130) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fault Clearing (411-9001-131) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Troubleshooting (411-9001-132) Nortel GSM TML (BSC 3000/TCU 3000) Commissioning and Fault Management (411-9001-139) The glossary is presented in the technical document Nortel GSM BSS Terminology (411-9001-803).. Administration. SMS-CB. Prerequisites The readers must be familiar with the following technical documents: • • • • • • • • • • Nortel GSM BSS Documentation Roadmap (411-9001-000) Nortel GSM BSS Overview (411-9001-001) Nortel GSM BSS Fundamentals—Operating Principles (411-9001-007) Readers should also see: Nortel GSM PCUSN Fundamentals (411-9001-091) Nortel GSM BSS Fault Clearing—Advanced Maintenance Procedures (411-9001-105) Nortel GSM OMC-R Commands Reference—Configuration. 9 Introduction This document provides a complete reference for the Base Station Controller (BSC) 3000 and the Transcoding Unit (TCU) 3000 used in the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM).

.10 Introduction Navigation • • Chapter 1 “BSC 3000/TCU 3000 introduction” (page 11) provides a general overview of the BSC 3000 and TCU 3000 products. Chapter 5 “BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description” (page 87) describes all the hardware components of the BSC 3000 and TCU 3000 products. — Mechanical structure — BSC 3000 Control Node description — BSC 3000 Interface Node description — TCU 3000 Transcoder Node description — BSC/TCU 3000 Cabling (internal and external) • Chapter 6 “BSC 3000/TCU 3000 services and features” (page 227) describes the services and features provided by the BSC 3000 and TCU 3000 products. and cooling system). — Software architecture Architecture presentation: CallP and OAM architecture • • • Chapter 3 “BSC 3000/TCU 3000 physical characteristics” (page 81) presents the physical characteristics (dimensions. which helps readers understand the hardware architecture. All Rights Reserved. split into three parts: — Functional architecture — Hardware architecture: it shows a brief description of the modules and their interfaces.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. weight. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. Chapter 4 “BSC 3000/TCU 3000 electrical characteristics” (page 85) presents the electrical characteristics (power supply and power consumption). Chapter 2 “BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture” (page 17) deals with the architecture of the BSC 3000 and TCU 3000 products.

and DRX capacity increases. — Network connections are concentrated in an unique and easy access cable transition unit.1 BSC 3000 Overview BSC 3000 functional architecture is based on the following features: • • • • ability to handle varying traffic loads adaptability to different equipment structures highly fault tolerant architecture easy to operate: — All modules have the same look and visual indicators. All Rights Reserved. — Increased number of BTSs able to be connected to a BSC.. 1. — optional internet protocol gateway (IPG) complex permits Abis interface with BTS nodes to run over a packetized IP network instead of E1/T1 trunks • robust and scalable platform: — Star architecture Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. • enhanced connectivity/capacity: — Full electrical supports up to six LSA-RC (126 E1 / 168 T1). — Dual electrical and optical supports up to five LSA-RC (105 E1 / 140 T1) and two RC (126 E1 / 168 T1).04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. — Interface optical module (IOM) can support either Optical Carrier level 3 (OC-3) or STM-1 optical carrier hierarchy. — Path finding is used to identify the faulty module. 11 Chapter 1 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 introduction This chapter provides a general overview of the BSC 3000 and TCU 3000 products. . This relies on optical capacity. TMU2.

Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. — Load balancing It allows the distribution of the processing over the modules for an optimal usage of the resources. — Fault tolerance scheme It provides fast fault recovery by reconfiguring software activity on active modules without impacting the service. — A private MMS may be plugged in a shared MMS slot. The snapshot gives a picture of the detected hardware. . — Hot module insertion or extraction without service interruption. due to their logical hierarchical dependency. All Rights Reserved. • plug and play modules: — Easy hardware maintenance or extension by extracting or plugging the modules. but not the reverse. — OMU module and private MMS module cannot be managed like other plug and play modules. — N+P redundancy (nominal capacity preserved with P failures). • plug and play without snapshot Hardware management without the snapshot management. • reliable and high-performance of management: — The disk subsystem is protected against: – A hardware or a software failure inside the OMU module – An extraction of the MMS module — The OMU subsystem is protected against a hardware or software failure inside the MMS module. — The traffic model and BSC 3000 capacity are independent. — Online reconfiguration: request TMU load balancing from the OMC-R.12 Chapter 1 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 introduction It provides accurate and immediate fault detection. — Scalability Possibility to plug in a new processing module to increase the capacity of the BSC 3000 cabinet.

2 TCU 3000 Overview The Transcoding Unit (TCU) 3000 functional architecture is based on the following features: • • • • • the ability to handle different traffic loads the adaptability to different equipment structures the commitment to a functional approach a highly fault tolerant architecture an easy maintenance platform: — Each module has the same looking and the same visual indicators.2 TCU 3000 Overview 13 ATTENTION Performing a hot extraction may interrupt service. For more information and review about the limitations and precautions associated with the component to be removed before performing any hot extraction. — Network connections are concentrated in an unique and easy access cable transition unit. All Rights Reserved. • • simplified and opened network management the communication with the BSC 3000 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. .1.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. see appropriate sections in this manual and in the Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Troubleshooting (411-9001-132). — Path finding is used to identify the faulty module. mixity supported) 1. Optical BSC 3000 High Capacity The Optical BSC 3000 High Capacity functional architecture is based on the following features: • • • • • • • • compatibility with the optical BSC3000 installed base enables PCM connectivity of the BSC up to 231 E1 / 308 T1 allows to support 4000 Erlangs per BSC equipment reduces the number of modules (no more HSA) reduces site cabling enables to be “hardware ready” for future evolutions The optical BSC High Capacity 4K has the following configuration: Interface Node: two CEM3 + two ATM-RM On Control Node: two OMU + up to 14 TMU (type 2 or 3.

All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. Before performing any hot extraction. from the BSC 3000. . ATTENTION Performing a hot extraction may interrupt service. • plug and play modules: — easy hardware maintenance or extension by simply extracting or plugging in modules — hot module insertion or extraction without service interruption • plug and play without snapshot Hardware management without the snapshot management. The snapshot gives a "picture" of the detected hardware.14 Chapter 1 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 introduction • a robust and scalable platform: — a star architecture which provides accurate and immediate fault detection — a traffic model which is independent of the equipment capacity — scalability: The equipment capacity can be increased by simply plugging in a new processing module. which carries: — permanent links for the CallP and the OAM functions — temporary links for the software downloading Optical Transcoding Unit (TCU) 3000 High Capacity The Optical Transcoding Unit (TCU) 3000 High Capacity functional architecture is based on the following features: Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. see appropriate sections in this manual and in the Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Troubleshooting (411-9001-132) to review the limitations and precautions associated with the component to be removed. • the use of a 64 with Kbit/s Timeswitch for the BSC 3000 connection with the MSC This function is divided as follows: — switching matrix management — S-link monitoring • • • • • PCM (Pulse Code Modulation) link management transcoder management transcoding and rate adaptation synchronization of the time base on the clock taken from six of the PCM links connected to the MSC or from an internal reference clock terminating the LAPD (Link Access Protocol on D channel) links.

. All Rights Reserved. TRM2 or TRM3.1. TRM mixity supported 1.3 RoHS compliancy RoHS compliant versions are available for the following components: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ATM RM MMS2 CEM (including CEM2 and CEM3 variants) SIM IEM2 TIM CC1 OMU 8k-RM TMU2 TRM2 TMU3 TRM3 Control Node Non-integrated OEMs External cables All the mechanical parts of the BSC 3000 and TCU 3000 IOM Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.3 RoHS compliancy 15 • • • • • • • • is fully compatible with the optical TCU3000 installed base increases PCM connectivity of the TCU up to 252 E1 / 336 T1 allows to support 4000 Erlangs per TCU shelf reduces the number of boards (no more HSA) reduces site cabling enables to be “hardware ready” for future evolutions The optical TCU3000 high capacity has the following configuration: two CEM3 up to 16 TRM1.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.16 Chapter 1 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 introduction Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. .

17 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture This chapter deals with the architecture of the BSC 3000 and TCU 3000 products.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. and protocol architecture. hardware modules. All Rights Reserved.3. — Traffic Management Unit (TMU) modules These modules are provisioned in an N+P scheme.3. .1.. functional architecture.2 “Layered Architecture Presentation” (page 62) — 2. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.3 “BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Software Architecture” (page 61) — 2. physical interfaces.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure The Base Station Controller (BSC) 3000 cabinet is split up as follows: • • the SAI frame which is used to interface the BSC 3000 frame with the BTSs (Abis interface) and the TCU 3000 (Ater interface) or the PCUSNs (Agprs interface) the Control Node which houses — Operation and Maintenance Unit (OMU) modules These modules are provisioned in pairs to provide redundancy. 2.4 “OAM Architecture” (page 67) 2.1 “BSC 3000 Product Structure ” (page 17) 2. split into three parts: hardware architecture.3 “CallP Architecture” (page 65) — 2.2 “BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Functional Architecture” (page 59) 2.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure This section provides information about product structure.3. and software architecture. Navigation • • • 2.

— 8K Resource Module (8K-RM) These modules are provisioned in pairs to provide redundancy. — Mass Memory Storage (MMS) modules These modules are provisioned in pairs to provide redundancy. — ATM Resource Module (ATM-RM) These modules are provisioned in pairs to provide redundancy. all references in this document to IEM modules apply to both generations. Each HSA-RC module houses Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. . – Termination Interface Module (TIM) — High Speed Access Resource Complex (HSA-RC) modules. These modules are provisioned to reach the required number of PCMs. — Common Equipment Module 3 (CEM3) This module replaces CEM and IOM boards in a high-capacity optical configuration. — Low Speed Access Resource Complex (LSA-RC) modules These modules are provisioned to reach the required number of PCMs. All Rights Reserved. Each LSA-RC module houses: – Interface Electronic Module (IEM) These modules are provisioned in pairs to provide redundancy.18 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture – – N to provide the targeted performance P to provide the redundancy — ATM Switch (ATM-SW) modules These modules are provisioned in pairs to provide redundancy. • the Interface Node which houses — Common Equipment Module (CEM) These modules are provisioned in pairs to provide redundancy — Common Equipment Module 2 (CEM2) This module replaces CEM and 8K-SRT boards in a dual electrical and optical configuration. — Shelf Interface Module (SIM) These modules are provisioned in pairs to provide redundancy. Unless specifically stated otherwise. ATTENTION There are two generations of the IEM (IEM1 and IEM2).04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

. see Figure 1 "BSC 3000 cabinet: physical architecture" (page 20) and Figure 2 "BSC 3000 Optical cabinet: physical architecture" (page 21). Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved. ATTENTION There are no more HSA or LSA modules on the Optical BSC High Capacity 4K. ATTENTION CEM mixity is PROHIBITED.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. damage at risk.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 19 – Interface Optical Module (IOM) — Internet Protocol Gateway (IPG) Each IPG houses: – Internet Protocol Gateway Module (IGM) These modules are provisioned in pairs to provide redundancy.2. — Shelf Interface Module (SIM) These modules are provisioned in pairs to provide redundancy. For more information on the Base Station Controller (BSC) 3000 cabinet.

All Rights Reserved. .20 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture Figure 1 BSC 3000 cabinet: physical architecture Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

. All Rights Reserved.2. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 21 Figure 2 BSC 3000 Optical cabinet: physical architecture ATTENTION There are no more HSA or LSA modules on the Optical BSC High Capacity 4K.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

damage at risk. All Rights Reserved. . Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.22 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture Figure 3 Optical BSC 3000 high capacity cabinet: physical architecture ATTENTION CEM mixity is PROHIBITED.

ATTENTION There are two generations of the IEM (IEM1 and IEM2).2 TCU 3000 Product Structure The TCU 3000 cabinet is split up as follows: • • • The SAI frame interfaces the TCU 3000 frame assembly with the BSC 3000 (Ater interface) and the MSC (A interface). – — SIM TIM These modules are provisioned in pairs to provide redundancy.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 23 2. . Unless specifically stated otherwise. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.2.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. HSA-RC two Transcoder Nodes Each of them houses — CEM or CEM2 or CEM3 These modules are provisioned in pairs to provide redundancy. Each of them houses – IEM These modules are provisioned in pairs to provide redundancy. all references in this document to IEM modules apply to both generations.1. – – N to provide the targeted performance P to provide the redundancy — LSA-RC modules These modules are provisioned to reach the required quantity of PCM (E1/T1) links. see Figure 4 "Electrical TCU 3000 cabinet: physical architecture" (page 24). All Rights Reserved. For more information on the TCU 3000 cabinet. — TRM These modules are provisioned in an N+P scheme.

.24 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture Figure 4 Electrical TCU 3000 cabinet: physical architecture Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.

. All Rights Reserved.2. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 25 Figure 5 Optical TCU 3000 cabinet: physical architecture ATTENTION There are no more HSA or LSA modules on the optical TCU high capacity 4K Erlang.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

damage at risk. .26 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture Figure 6 Optical TCU high capacity 4K Erlang ATTENTION CEM mixity is PROHIBITED.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

MMS module.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. is mainly an ATM switch that implements the ATM network used as the Control Node backplane.3. Abis.1. OMU Module The OMU module is the front end OAM for the BSC 3000.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 27 2. 2. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.1. Ater. It performs the following main operations: • • • manages processing power for the GSM CallP terminates the GSM protocols for A.3. and SIM. and Agprs interfaces terminates the low level protocols: LAPD and SS7 ATM-SW Module The ATM-SW module. it provides the OC-3 connectivity on optical fibers towards the Interface Node. The RAID (Random Array of Inexpensive Disks) architecture. ATM-SW module. MMS Module The MMS modules house the data and software repositories. All Rights Reserved. It performs the following main operations: • manages each resource inside: — the Control Node — the Interface Node — the Transcoder Node • • • • supervises the BSC 3000 and the TCU 3000 cabinet manages the interface with the OMC-R manages the SCSI disks provides system maintenance (by using the TML or the OMC-R) TMU The TMU manages the GSM protocols.2. TMU module.2 “BSC 3000 Interface Node Hardware modules” (page 28) ATTENTION There are no more HSA or LSA modules on the Optical BSC High Capacity 4K.3 BSC 3000 Hardware Modules This section contains the following topics: • • 2. also called CC-1.1. . In addition.1 “BSC 3000 Control Node Hardware Modules” (page 27) 2.1.1 BSC 3000 Control Node Hardware Modules The hardware of the BSC 3000 Control Node consist of OMU module.3.

The CEM3 aims at replacing set of previous CEM and IOM modules.3. ensures that the data. ATM-RM. and still accessible in the event of a software or hardware failure. 8K-RM. The CEM is in charge of supervision of The DS0 (64 kbits/s) traffic switching functions. 2. The CEM2 can be used to: • • • replace a CEM without using the embedded 8K functionality replace a CEM using the embedded 8K functionality. each 8K-RM. In addition. and each ATM-RM of the Interface Node. The CEM2 also provides the same level of functionality as the CEM. replace a CEM to provide optical capability In BSC 3000 Optical. CEM/CEM2 The CEM is in charge of controlling each LSA-RC module.28 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture an industry standard. CEM3 provides two OC-12 / STM-4 connectivity but only one is used on optical TCU 3000.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. It provides shelf-originated alarm signals from the PCIU to the OMU modules. SIM The SIM provides the power and alarm interfaces for the Control Node. it provides: • • clock synchronization and traffic switching an access to the system maintenance using the TML In the BSC 3000. LSA-RC modules.2 BSC 3000 Interface Node Hardware modules The hardware of the BSC 3000 Interface Node consist of CEM/CEM2. All Rights Reserved. .1. the CEM2 uses the embedded 8K functionality. IPG and HSA-RC modules. It is also used to increase connectivity on the optical BSC3000. and the software are secured. the functions of the 8K-SRT can be replaced by the CEM2. CEM3 provides the following switching capacity in both uplink and downlink of DS0 and 8K sub-rate: • • Up to 32K switching capacity at DS0 level Up to 256K switching capacity at 8K sub-rate level Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. In this case the SRT and the DS512 fibers are removed. CEM3 board provides both switching and connectivity. CEM3 The CEM3 removes the DS0 switching bottleneck and increases connectivity on the optical TCU3000. It does not support mixity with previous versions of CEM.

• a single TIM Each function inside the TIM is implemented with passive components which allows the TIM to be non-redundant without impacting system reliability. Each ATM-RM terminates one ATM port for both bearer channels and signaling channels. • a Resource Complex Mini backplane (RCM) The RCM performs the connection of the IEM across the S-link interface (within the backplane) to the CEM and the PCM (E1/T1) line coded signals between the IEM and the TIM. mapping the PCM information onto the S-link format and providing a diagnostic interface. This module is only included in the BSC 3000 Electrical. the other for the North American PCM T1 links For this version.2. it converts: • • ATM/AAL-1 and ATM/AAL-5 cells into DS0 rate channels ATM/AAL-5 packet into intra-node messaging 8K-RM The 8K-RM. the LSA-RC provides 21 PCM E1 connections. handles various other functions such as clock and frame recovery. HSA-RC Module The HSA-RC module provides the optical link interface and is composed of two modules: two IOMs in a non-revertive 1+1 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. The LSA-RC module is a set of the following components: • a duplicated IEM The IEM transmits and converts the PCM (E1/T1) line coded signals to the CEM across the S-link interface (within the backplane).1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 29 ATM-RM The ATM-RM provides OC-3 connectivity on optical fibers towards the Control Node. alarm detection. is an application-specific circuit module which performs a timeswitch function on sub-DS0 rate channels.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. line coding. Two versions of the LSA-RC module exist: • • one for the international PCM E1 links For this version. In addition. the LSA-RC provides 28 PCM T1 connections. LSA-RC Module The LSA-RC module provides the PCM (E1/T1) link interfaces (the LSA is named a complex rather than a module since it made up of several modules). . It allows the efficient switching of 8 and 16 with kbit/s channels. All Rights Reserved.

alarm detection.1. The IOM provides the SONET/SDH interface termination including frame generation. ATTENTION There are no more HSA or LSA modules on the Optical BSC High Capacity (4K Erlangs). mapping the PCM information onto the S-link format and providing a diagnostic interface. line coding. LSA-RC modules. It has Ethernet ports to support Abis over IP traffic and aggregated traffic. alarm detection. generation. • • STM-1 capacity supports 63 E1 connections (2016 DS0) OC-3 capacity supports 84 T1 connections (2016 DS0) The IOM transmits and converts the PCM (E1/T1) line coded signals to the CEM2 across the S-link interface and handles various other functions such as clock. . The IPG is not supported in the BSC 3000 optical configuration. The use of CEM2 allows for the 8K-SRT modules to be removed.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. The modules are channelized to DS0 level. Each IPG gets up to 147 E1 (196 T1) Abis flow from the BSC and converts this TDM flow in a Nortel proprietary RTP-like flow for traffic (circuit-switched and packet-switched) and LAPD signaling flow. The IPG consists of two IGM boards for redundancy. TRM. All Rights Reserved. IPG The IPG is in charge of interfacing the TDM centric BSC with the packet network used for supporting the Abis interface. ATTENTION There are no more HSA or LSA modules on the Optical BSC High Capacity (4K Erlangs). and HSA-RC modules. 2. there is no HSA-RC. The IOM is a single bidirectional line interface with two optical fibers physically connected to the module. instead. The IPG is not supported in the BSC 3000 optical configuration.30 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture scheme. It also performs the reverse operation for packet to TDM conversion. the CEM3 manages the optical interface. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.4 TCU 3000 Hardware Modules The hardware of the TCU 3000 consist of CEM. The presence of two optical fiber pairs in an HSA-RC means that the optical network is redundant with a dual optical ring. This frees up two 9-Slink slots allowing space for the two HSA-RC modules (combined IOM). frame recovery. In the high capacity optical configuration. and error detection.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. see 2. CEM3 board provides both switching and connectivity. All Rights Reserved. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. It does not support mixity with previous versions of CEM. The CEM3 aims at replacing set of previous CEM and IOM modules. the CEM3 manages the optical interface. instead. CEM3 provides the following switching capacity in both uplink and downlink of DS0 and 8K sub-rate: • • Up to 32K switching capacity at DS0 level Up to 256K switching capacity at 8K sub-rate level TRM The TRM manages the vocoding of speech channels. it provides • • clock synchronization and traffic switching an access to the system maintenance using the TML CEM3 The CEM3 removes the DS0 switching bottleneck and increases connectivity on the optical TCU3000.1. CEM3 provides two OC-12 / STM-4 connectivity but only one is used on optical TCU 3000. .2 “BSC 3000 Interface Node Hardware modules” (page 28). enhanced full. and adaptive multi-rate) on multiple traffic channels. HSA-RC Module For more information about the functional description of the HSA-RC module and a description of the IOM.3. In addition. In the high capacity optical configuration.1.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 31 CEM The active CEM is in charge of controlling each LSA-RC module and each TRM of each Transcoder Node and the traffic switching functions. This task is accomplished by an array of general purpose. The flexibility and computational power of the TRM allow it to run any of the GSM codecs (full. there is no HSA-RC. It is also used to increase connectivity on the optical BSC3000.2 “BSC 3000 Interface Node Hardware modules” (page 28).2. see 2. LSA-RC Module For more information about the functional description of the LSA-RC module and a description of the IEM and TIMs and the RCM.3. programmable DSPs.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.1.5. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. see ATM Forum AF-PHY-0040. All Rights Reserved. and Ethernet link.32 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture 2. Alarm links. .1995.1.1 Interfaces within the BSC 3000 Control Node This section briefly describes ATM 25 links. SCSI interface buses.000. Ethernet links.3u . Ethernet links For more information on the physical layer interface for Ethernet.5 BSC 3000 Physical Interfaces The following internal BSC 3000 equipment interfaces connect the component parts: • within the Control Node: — ATM 25 links (within the backplane) between ATM-SW modules. MTM bus. ATM 25 links For more information on the physical layer interface for the ATM 25. see Ethernet 10/100 Base-T IEEE std 802. OMU modules and TMU modules — Ethernet links: – between the active and passive OMU modules – to the TML – to the OMC — SCSI interface bus between the MMS modules and the OMU modules • between the Control Node and the Interface Node: — OC-3c optical multimode fiber (on ATM155) between the ATM-SW modules in the Control Node and the ATM-RM in the Interface Node • within the Interface Node: — S-links — IMC (Inter Module Communication) links between the active and passive CEM — Ethernet links – to the IPM at the BTS (in IP-enabled BSC) – to the TML – to the iBOS software module in the OMC-R • within the Control Node and the Interface Node: — MTM interface bus (within the backplane) — alarm links through the SIMs 2.

Alarm links For more information on the frame assembly of the BSC 3000 cabinet’s internal and external alarm links. see ANSI SCSI SPI-3.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 33 SCSI interface buses For more information on the physical layer interface for SCSI interface buses.1995. March 1992. see Figure 7 "BSC 3000 frame: alarm cabling" (page 34) and Figure 8 "BSC 3000 Optical frame: alarm cabling" (page 35). Only the active OMU module has control of the bus. and controls the MTM bus transactions. . see the IEEE P1149.2.3u . The MTM bus will give priority to the active OMU module over all other modules for: • • • reset control LED control override module configuration data read-out For more information about the MTM bus. All Rights Reserved. The other modules within the system are under the control of the OMU.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. Ethernet link The Ethernet link performs the connection between the BSC 3000 or TCU 3000 and the TML to the OMU module.5 Standard Module Test and Maintenance (MTM) bus protocol. see Ethernet 10/100 Base-T IEEE std 802. MTM bus The MTM bus transfers the information between each module across the backplane. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. For more information on the physical layer interface for Ethernet. but they can initiate communication with the OMU module through the MTM bus. The MTM bus is used to facilitate the communication with the test and maintenance commands. each module is connected to the MTM bus. Except for the SIMs.

34 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture Figure 7 BSC 3000 frame: alarm cabling Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. .

All Rights Reserved.2. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 35 Figure 8 BSC 3000 Optical frame: alarm cabling Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

Ethernet links Each IPM in the IPG resource complex is equipped with Ethernet ports that conform to IEEE Ethernet standards (IEEE 802.1.1.3 for untagged Ethernet frames and IEEE 803.1 “Interfaces within the BSC 3000 Control Node” (page 32). Ethernet ports on the IPM support the implementation of Abis over IP and also provide TML access to the IPM.5. An IMC link has a bandwidth of 126 DS0. For more information on how the modules are connected to the CEM/CEM2 modules by means of S-links (Serial links).1 “Interfaces within the BSC 3000 Control Node” (page 32).5. and the ATM-RM. OC-3 links The physical Layer interface for ATM155 over the OC-3 optical fiber interface is described in the documentation with the following reference: ATM User-Network Interface Specification af-uni-0010. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. MTM bus For a description of the MTM bus. the 8K-RM. Alarm links For a description of the alarm links.5.3 Interfaces within the BSC 3000 Interface Node This section briefly describes the IMC. Alarm link. see 2. In addition to interfacing PCM (E1/T1) transport channels. see Figure 1 "BSC 3000 cabinet: physical architecture" (page 20) and Figure 2 "BSC 3000 Optical cabinet: physical architecture" (page 21) . In a BSC 3000 optical configuration. . the S-link also carries transport messaging channels and overhead control and status bits between the CEM. and HSA-RC modules. Ethernet links For a description of the Ethernet links.1.2 Interfaces between the BSC 3000 Control Node and the BSC 3000 Interface Node This section briefly describes the OC-3 and Ethernet links.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. MTM bus.002.1. IMC links The IMC links perform the connection between both CEMs.1 “Interfaces within the BSC 3000 Control Node” (page 32).5. see 2.1. which (when compared to bus architectures) provides superior fault containment and isolation properties. The 8K-RM cards are removed for this configuration. Only the active CEM has control of the MTM bus. 2. and the LSA-RC modules. All Rights Reserved. the S-link carries the same traffic types between the CEM2 modules and the ATM-RM.1u for tagged Ethernet frames). see 2.36 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture 2. It is a specific interface dedicated to both CEMs. S-link and Ethernet links. S-link interfaces The modules are equipped within the Interface Node to provide the functionality required for a particular application. This results in a point-to-point architecture.5.

All Rights Reserved. For more information of the the S-link distribution on the module slots and the slot position numbers.2. Each S-link provides 256 time slots. This frees up S-links required for optical capacity. two clusters) each. these slots are capable of terminating the full payload bandwidth from an OC-3c.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 37 Their functionality is integrated into the CEM2 card. or 768 time slots. . Figure 9 Interface Node: S-link distribution 2. So each CEM supplies a total of 96 S-links (18x3 S-links + 4x1 S-links + 4x9 S-links). Some module slots have access to three S-link interfaces (an S-link cluster). Two module slots (9 and 10 on shelf 0) are provided with six extra links (that is.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.6 TCU 3000 Physical Interfaces The following internal TCU 3000 equipment interfaces connect the component parts within the Transcoder Node: • • • • • S-links IMC links between the active and passive CEM Ethernet links to connect the TML MTM interface bus (within the backplane) Alarm links by means of the SIMs Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. Therefore.1. see Figure 9 "Interface Node: S-link distribution" (page 37).

6.1.5. 2.4 MTM bus For a description of the MTM bus. see 2.5 Alarm links For more information on the frame assembly of the TCU 3000 cabinet the internal and external alarm links.1.6. 2.3 Ethernet link The Ethernet links provides the connection of the TML to the CEM. see Figure 10 "TCU 3000 frame: alarm cabling" (page 39).04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.1. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.38 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture 2.6. see Ethernet 10/100 Base-T IEEE std 802. All Rights Reserved. .1.3u . Only the active CEM has control of the MTM bus.1995.6. 2.5.1.1 “Interfaces within the BSC 3000 Control Node” (page 32). For more information on the physical layer interface for Ethernet. see 2.1 S-link interfaces For a description of the S-links interfaces.2 IMC links For a description of the IMC links. see 2.3 “Interfaces within the BSC 3000 Interface Node” (page 36).1.1.3 “Interfaces within the BSC 3000 Interface Node” (page 36).5.6. 2.1.

All Rights Reserved.2.7 Protocol Architecture The purpose of this section is to give a high-level presentation of the protocol architecture in a BSS network with a BSC 3000 cabinet and a TCU 3000 cabinet.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. . Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure Figure 10 TCU 3000 frame: alarm cabling 39 2.1.

812 Upper Layer Protocol Profiles for the Q3 Interface Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. FTAM-1. • • association management capability The associations manager is interfaced upon the Transport layer API. . and FTAM-3 • ASN1 compiler This compiler is required to generate the data coding/decoding of the transactions exchanged upon the BSC 3000/OMC-R interface.1 Protocol for communication between the OMU modules and the OMC-R This section describes the protocol used for communication between an OMU module inside the BSC 3000 cabinet and the OMC-R. The BSC 3000 cabinet and the OMC-R communicate by means of an OSI protocol stack that covers the following needs: • physical connection capability LAN/RFC1006 (TCP/IP): two Ethernet links from the BSC 3000 side and one Ethernet link from the OMC-R side. the File Transfer Access Management (FTAM) The FTAM contains the following characteristics: — only the responder capability is needed — restart and recovery capabilities are used — content list types needed: NBS9. All Rights Reserved. For more information.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.40 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture 2.811 Lower layer Protocol Profiles for the Q3 Interface — ITU-T Q.7.200 Basic Reference model of Open Systems Interconnection — ITU-T Q. The OSI protocol stack is compliant with the following recommendations: • General — ISO 7498/ITU-T X. The Ethernet link at up to 100 Mbit/s.1. see Figure 12 "Protocol architecture between the OMC-R and the BSC 3000 cabinet" (page 42) and Figure 14 "Protocol architecture between the OMC-R and the BSC 3000 optical cabinet" (page 44).

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.2. . All Rights Reserved.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure Figure 11 Protocol architecture between the OMC-R and the BSC 3000 electrical cabinet 41 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

All Rights Reserved. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.42 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture Figure 12 Protocol architecture between the OMC-R and the BSC 3000 cabinet Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 43 Figure 13 Protocol architecture between the OMC-R and the BSC 3000 cabinet Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. . All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.2.

All Rights Reserved. Access.217 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. .44 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture Figure 14 Protocol architecture between the OMC-R and the BSC 3000 optical cabinet • Application Layer — ISO 8571 File Transfer. and Management Protocol — ISO 8649/ITU-T X.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

1.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 45 Association Control Service Element Service — ISO 8649/ITU-T X.2.215 Connection Oriented Session Service Definition — ISO 8327/ITU-T X.2. see Figure 13 "Protocol architecture between the OMC-R and the BSC 3000 cabinet" (page 43)and Protocol architecture between the OMC-R and the BSC 3000 Optical . Basic Service Element Protocol • Session Layer — ISO 8326/ITU-T X.7.0 — RFC 1006 OSI Transport Services on top of TCP • Network Layer — ISO 8208/ITU-T X. .216 Connection-Oriented Presentation Definition — ISO 8823/ITU-T X. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.25 Packet Level Protocol for DTE — ISO 8348/ITU-T X.227 Association Control Service Element Protocol • Presentation Layer — ISO 8822/ITU-T X.224 Connection Oriented transport Protocol Class 4.214 Connection Oriented Transport Service — ISO 8073/ITU-T X.213 Network Service Definition 2.225 Connection Oriented Session Protocol • Transport Layer — ISO 8072/ITU-T X.2 Protocol for communication between the IPG modules and the OMC-R/IBOS This section describes the protocol used for communication between an IPG resource complex inside the BSC 3000 cabinet and the IBOS entity at the OMC-R For more information.209 ASN 1. All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.226 Connection-Oriented Presentation Protocol — ISO 8825/ITU-T X.

Figure 17 "Protocol architecture between each node within a Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. no GSM traffic is carried on this channel. and other BSS products This section briefly describes the main protocol communication between: • each node inside: — the BSC 3000 cabinet: Control Node and Interface Node — the TCU 3000 cabinet: both Transcoder Nodes • each BSS product: — OMC-R — BSC 3000 — BTSs — TCU 300 — PCUSN — MSC For more information.46 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture The IPG–IBOS service channel between the IPG and IBOS is transported in IP packets which in turn are encapsulated into Ethernet frames.7. . The IPG and the IBOS communicate by means of protocol stack that covers the following needs: • physical connection capability — IEEE 802. All Rights Reserved. see Figure 15 "Protocol architecture between each node within a BSC 3000 and a TCU 3000" (page 48). TCU 3000.1 Q tagged Ethernet frames (for VLAN) • • • internet layer — IETF RFC791/RFC1122 Internet Protocol (version 4) transport — IETF RFC793 transport control protocol (TCP) security — IETF RTF2401/RTF2412 IP Secure (IPSEC) with ESP encapsulation 2.3 Protocol for communication between each node inside BSC 3000. Figure 16 "Protocol architecture between each node within a BSC 3000 and a PCUSN" (page 49). The IBOS uses this connection to transmit configuration change requests and session key information.1.3 classical Ethernet frames — IEEE 801.

2. . a TMU module needs 82 virtual circuits: • • 64 virtual circuits for CallP signaling (LAPD). The ATM interface uses the ATM25 standard as defined by the ATM Forum. and Figure 18 "Protocol architecture between each node within a BSC 3000 Optical and a PCUSN" (page 51) ATM interface distribution The Control Node uses a duplex star connectivity with the cell switching performed by both ATM-SW modules at the center of the star and the OMU and TMU modules at the leaves. using AAL-5 protocol Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.This subsystem provides a reliable backplane modules interconnection with live insertion capabilities. using AAL-1 and AAL-5 protocols. It carries all internal signaling information. All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 47 BSC 3000 Optical and a TCU 3000" (page 50). It contains the following main components: • • an ATM switch located inside each ATM-SW module an ATM Adapter located inside each OMU module and each TMU module The connections between each module inside the Control Node use a redundant ATM25 point-to-point connection to the ATM switches. ATM Adaptation Layer Protocols: AAL-1 and AAL-5 The communication exchanged between each module on the ATM subsystem is accomplished over the virtual circuits using the AAL-1 and AAL-5 (ATM Adaptation Layer) protocols. For example. using AAL-1 protocol 18 virtual circuits for internal messaging.

48 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture Figure 15 Protocol architecture between each node within a BSC 3000 and a TCU 3000 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. . All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 49 Figure 16 Protocol architecture between each node within a BSC 3000 and a PCUSN Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved. .2.

50 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture Figure 17 Protocol architecture between each node within a BSC 3000 Optical and a TCU 3000 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved. .

.2.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 51 Figure 18 Protocol architecture between each node within a BSC 3000 Optical and a PCUSN Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. .52 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture Figure 19 Protocol architecture between each BSS product within a BSC 3000 and a TCU 3000 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

. All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.2.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 53 Figure 20 Protocol architecture between each BSS product within a BSC 3000 and a PCUSN Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. . All Rights Reserved.54 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture Figure 21 Protocol architecture between each BSS product within a BSC 3000 Optical and a TCU 3000 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

. AAL-5 traffic is a bursty traffic because it contains internal messaging: • inside the Control Node: Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.The IP packets are carried in ATM AAL-5 type cells. To secure the transfer.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 55 Figure 22 Protocol architecture between each BSS product within a BSC 3000 Optical and a PCUSN Internal Messaging: IP over AAL-5 protocol The communication inside the BSC 3000 is performed by an internal messaging.Vc) address is achieved by means of the address resolution protocol table built during system initialization.2. which conveys the OAM and CallP data flows.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. Translation of IP address to ATM (Vp. All Rights Reserved. the internal messaging uses the TCP/IP protocol.

The AAL-1 virtual circuits are used to transport LAPD links and SS7 links between the Control Node and the Interface Node. TMU. and ATM-SW modules) — from each TMU module to each ATM-SW module and the other TMU modules • between the Control Node and the Interface Node: — from each OMU module to each CEM — from each TMU module to each CEM LAPD and SS7 Signaling: Circuit Emulation over AAL-1 LAPD and SS7 links carried on PCM TS (DS0) are translated over ATM using the ATM AAL-1 protocol (Circuit mode Emulation). The DS0 are used to transport: • LAPD channels between: — the Interface Node and the Transcoder Node — the Interface Node and the BTSs — the Interface Node and the PCUSN • SS7 channels between the Interface Node and the MSC through the Transcoder Node AAL-1 and AAL-5 Multiplexing The ATM connections currently used in the BSC 3000 are: • for AAL-5: — inside the Control Node: – – – one virtual circuit from each OMU module to each ATM-SW module one virtual circuit from each TMU to each ATM-SW module one virtual circuit between each module (OMU. TMU.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. . All Rights Reserved. and ATM-SW modules) — between the Control Node and the Interface Node: Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. The AAL-1 virtual circuits are converted in DS0 links by the ATM-RM located inside the Interface Node.56 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture — from each OMU module to each TMU module and ATM-SW module — from each ATM-SW module to each other module (OMU.

2. and the reporting of some alarms and counters from the IPM to the IPG. The actual Abis traffic is carried by two proprietary protocols that run over UDP over IP. carrying GSM traffic and signaling. For more information. The IGM-IPM service channel uses the TCP over IP. The OAM-IN and CallP_IN (for Interface Node) data flows are conveyed over the UDP/IP protocol stack. All Rights Reserved.1 BSC 3000 Product Structure 57 – – one virtual circuit from each OMU module to each CEM one virtual circuit from each TMU module to each CEM • for AAL-1: — between the Control Node and the Interface Node: – up to 64 AAL-1 virtual circuits from each TMU module to the Interface Node Switching LAPD and SS7 time slot LAPD and SS7 messages inside the Interface Node are received inside the AAL-1 cells by both ATM-RM modules and distributed to both CEM through the S-link interfaces. The IPG and the IBOS communicate by means of a protocol stack that covers the following needs: • physical connection capability Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. FTP is used to download the software. Traffic between the IPG and IPM is transported in IP packets which in turn are encapsulated into Ethernet frames.4 Protocol for communication between the IPG modules and the BTS/IPM This section describes the main protocol for communication between an IPG resource complex inside the BSC 3000 cabinet and the IP module (IPM) at the BTS. 2. only the time slot of the active plane is switched in the LSA to ATM path. see Figure 23 "Protocol stack for IPM-IPG interface" (page 58). A Y connection connects the two identical time slots to the required LSA-RC module: • • in the ATM to LSA path. . This channel is used for keep-alive traffic. Communication between the Control Node and the Interface Node The communication between the Control Node and the Interface Node uses the TCP/IP and UDP/IP protocol stack over AAL-5. IPM configuration messages.7.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.1. and a clock recovery stream from the IGM to the IPM. the time slot is broadcasted to both S-links S-links used for signaling are called primary S-links.

All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.1 Q tagged Ethernet frames (for VLAN) • • internet layer — IETF RFC791/RFC1122 Internet Protocol (version 4) transport — IETF768 user datagram protocol (UDP) — IETF RFC793 transport control protocol (TCP) • security — IETF RTF2401/RTF2412 IP Secure (IPSEC) with ESP encapsulation • GSM application layers — proprietary real-time protocol for GSM traffic and signaling — proprietary real-time protocol for clock recovery Figure 23 Protocol stack for IPM-IPG interface Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.3 classical Ethernet frames — EEE 801.58 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture — IEEE 802. .

2. the control – – Interface Node management for the twelve TMU modules. which ensures that for BSC 3000.2.2.2.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Functional Architecture 59 2. All Rights Reserved.2 “TCU 3000 Processing Unit Types” (page 61) 2. message broadcasting.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. . and traffic overload control) – TCU 3000 management – PCU management – for the two TMU modules that are dedicated to SS7 management: – communication with the MSC (SS7 signaling channels) — the ATM-SW modules enable: – – conversion of the ATM 25 to the SONET interfaces (ATM155) conversion of the LAPD and SS7 channels on each TMU module through the VP-VC on AAL-1 • for the Interface Node: — the ATM-RM modules enable: Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Functional Architecture This section contains the following topics: • • 2. – OMC-R access and related function management.1 “BSC 3000 Processing Unit Types” (page 59) 2.1 BSC 3000 Processing Unit Types The types of processing units include: • for the Control Node: — the OMU modules enable the following basic BSC 3000 operating functions: – – – MMS module management BSC 3000 initialization sequences (loading the programs and data into the different processors) monitoring correct processor operations function. radio environment monitoring. that are dedicated to the CallP: — the TMU modules enable: – centralized call processing functions – communication with the BTS (traffic management. there is a maximum of 24 elements in the pcuPcmRefList and CrossConnectList.

— IPG module supports: – packet to TDM /TDM to packet conversion – IPM-IGM Service channel with TCP/IPsec (in tunnel mode) – downlink packets time-stamping for clock synchronization purpose – traffic aggregation/de aggregation for BTS “BSC PCM sharing” configurations (traffic related to several BTS conveyed on the same Abis PCM at BSC level) – IPG and IPM counter retrieval mechanism – IP related features (IPG embedded router) Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.60 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture – – conversion of the AAL-1 to S-link interfaces conversion of the AAL-5 to Spectrum messaging interfaces — the CEM/CEM2 enable: – management of the ATM-RM. and LSA-RC modules in a BSC 3000 configuration – management of the mixing order for the 64K and the 8K switching parts (CEM) – management of the ATM-RM and HSA-RC modules in an optical configuration (CEM2 only) — the CEM3 enables: – removal of the DS0 switching bottleneck – increased connectivity on the optical TCU3000 and on the optical BSC3000 — the 8K-RM modules enable: – – – running of the mixing order to the 8K switching part management of the PCM/defect monitoring conversion of the PCM to S-link interfaces — the LSA-RC modules enable: — the HSA-RC modules enable: – management of the optical interface – handling synchronization input in the IN – management of the PCM/defect monitoring ATTENTION There are no more HSA or LSA modules on the Optical BSC High Capacity (4K Erlangs).04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved. . 8K-RM.

and the TCU 3000 cabinet.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Software Architecture This section contains the following topics: • • • • 2.3.2.1 Introduction The software part of the BSC 3000 cabinet.2.2 TCU 3000 Processing Unit Types The main types of processing units inside each Transcoder Node are split up as follows: • • the TRM is used to transcode A channel (64 kbit/s) from (to) the MSC into Ater channel (16 kbit/s or 8 kbit/s) from (to) the BSC 3000 the CEM/CEM2 are used — to manage the TRMs and the LSA-RC modules in an electrical configuration (CEM only) — to manage the HSA-RC modules in an optical configuration (CEM2 only) • the CEM3 is used — to remove the DS0 switching bottleneck — to increase connectivity on the optical TCU3000 and on the optical BSC3000 • the LSA-RC module enables — to manage the PCM/defect monitoring — to convert the LAPD to Spectrum messaging interfaces — to convert the PCM to the S-links interfaces ATTENTION There are no more HSA or LSA modules on the Optical TCU high capacity 4K Erlang.3. .3.1 “Introduction” (page 61) 2.3. as described in the functional architecture is subdivided into the following areas: • the OAM application This application manages Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.2 “Layered Architecture Presentation” (page 62) 2.3 “CallP Architecture” (page 65) 2.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.3. 2.4 “OAM Architecture” (page 67) 2. All Rights Reserved.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Software Architecture 61 2.

The Core layer is composed of the standard and off-the-shelf software running on the operating system. the hardware abstraction layer.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. The Application and Services layer is a set of functional entities providing the BSC 3000 and TCU 3000 services as GSM Network components. The Common layer is responsible for the management of the platform (physical links. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved. see 6. the hardware layer. the OS Kernel and the drivers required to manage the hardware. see Figure 24 "Position of the Core system in the layered Control Node software architecture" (page 63). It is composed of a Base Support Package (BSP).2 “TCU 3000 functional characteristics” (page 228). For more information on the software part.3.1 “BSC 3000 functional characteristics” (page 227) and 6. It can perform call processing itself and supervision of network elements. but it can also be a transactional application. and the application and services layer are described in the following sections: The Hardware Abstraction Layer is responsible for making the upper layers independent with respect to the hardware. Basically. . For more information on the functional architecture. the core layer (also called BaseOS). 2. and 2.3.1 “Introduction” (page 61)Figure 26 "Position of the Core system in the layered Transcoder Node software architecture" (page 65). Figure 25 "Position of the Core system in the layered Interface Node software architecture" (page 64). the common layer (also called Platform layer).2 Layered Architecture Presentation In the following paragraph.62 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture — the platform in accordance with requests provided by the OAM center and the updated platform — the global behavior of the platform • the CallP application This application manages the network elements and signaling. fault tolerance). the high-level architecture software is described as a layered model for the BSC 3000 cabinet and the TCU 3000 cabinet.

All Rights Reserved.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Software Architecture Figure 24 Position of the Core system in the layered Control Node software architecture 63 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. .2.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. . All Rights Reserved.64 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture Figure 25 Position of the Core system in the layered Interface Node software architecture Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

.3. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.2. All Rights Reserved.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Software Architecture 65 Figure 26 Position of the Core system in the layered Transcoder Node software architecture 2.3 CallP Architecture The CallP corresponds to each task that is related to the management of the GSM communications.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. which corresponds to — the allocation of terrestrial circuits — the allocation of radio resources — the allocation and the management of AMR channels (full rate. link. paging) or to the whole BSC (for example. and especially half rate channels) • • • handover radio measurements power control The active and the passive applications share the time switch. BSC 3000 Control Node overview The Control Node is mainly used to • • • set up a call connection delete a call connection modify a call connection BSC 3000 Interface Node overview The Interface Node does the following functions: • • • provides network connectivity for the Abis and Ater interfaces routes the Control Node connectivity for LAPD and SS7 signaling links performs the following switching functions: — 16 with kbit/s for bearer voice/data between BTS and BSC 3000 (Abis interface) — 64 with kbit/s for signaling links between the BSC 3000 and the TCU 3000 (Ater interface) Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. which corresponds to — the management of connections between an MS and the MSC — the transfer of user information between an MS and the MSC (direct transfer application part or DTAP) — the management of functions related to a whole cell (for example. .66 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture It manages the following main functions: • traffic management. All Rights Reserved.) — the AMR management (AMR vocoding. reset. channel and frame [TRAU] adaptation) • network resources allocation. Each connection request sent by the active application is directly seen by the passive application.

All Rights Reserved. see Figure 27 "BSC 3000.3.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Software Architecture 67 TCU 3000 Transcoder Node overview The Transcoder Node performs the following functions: • • • • managing the vocoding path between the MSC and the BSC managing the bearer channels managing the different types of vocoding algorithms providing the network connectivity between the RMs and: — the A interface — the Ater interface • • • terminating the Ater interface routing SS7 signaling links and the Control Node connectivity for SS7 signaling links switching functions: — 64 with kbit/s for signaling links between the TCU 3000 and the BSC 3000 after transcoding (Ater interface) — 64 with kbit/s for signaling links between the TCU 3000 and the MSC (A interface) 2.4 OAM Architecture This section includes the following topics: • • • • • • • “Overview” (page 67) “BSC 3000 Control Node” (page 73) “BSC 3000 Interface Node” (page 75) “TCU 3000 Transcoder Node” (page 75) “Basic services” (page 76) “Functional groups inside BSC 3000 Interface Node” (page 78) “Functional groups inside TCU 3000 Transcoder Node” (page 80) Overview For more information on how the OAM is distributed inside a BSC 3000 and a TCU 3000. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. .2. TCU 3000 and PCUSN: OAM hierarchical architecture" (page 69).04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

see Figure 28 "BSC 3000 and TCU 3000: OAM architecture" (page 70). . All Rights Reserved. It decides and involves each action after orders or observations.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.68 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture OAM is not only an OMC-R agent for the BSC 3000. The following spontaneous behavior can be run: • • • • • • • • overload protection the SWitch of the ACTivity after a hardware or a software failure in an active module defense against applicative inconsistencies At any level the OAM entity manages the following operations: ensures coordination between each subtending entity reports upper layer orders to lower layer orders synthesizes and informs the upper layer entity about lower events runs a corrective action if this remains local to the resource controls each subtending entity (supervision role) For more information on the OAM architecture with the main functional groups and their main relationships for the BSC 3000 cabinet and the TCU 3000 cabinet.

TCU 3000 and PCUSN: OAM hierarchical architecture 69 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.2.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Software Architecture Figure 27 BSC 3000. All Rights Reserved. .

70 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture Figure 28 BSC 3000 and TCU 3000: OAM architecture Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved. .

2.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Software Architecture

71

Spectrum supervision
The Interface Node and TransCoder Node supervisions (SupIn and SupTcu) are in charge of the following parts in the BSC 3000/TCU 3000:

• • • • • • • •

to configure the IN/TCU internal boards and PCMs contained in the BSC 3000 database to manage IN/TCU internal object states to act as an interface between the OMC-R and the BSC 3000 components to establish IN/TCU communication link and ensures its availability

The main phases of SupIn and SupTcu are creation request performed by Fault Tolerance switch of activity (active or passive) communication establishment between CN and IN (for SupIn) and TCU (for SupTcu) after communication has been established, the IN (for SupIN) and TCU (for Sup Tcu) configuration agree

Interface Node and Transcoder Node upgrade The IN/TCU internal board software is performed for any software modification:

• • •

a new major version a new minor version one or more patches without version modification

The Interface Node and TransCoder Node supervisions perform types 3, 4, 6, and 7 upgrades.

• • • •

type 3: BSC software change with new MIB structure and/or with interboard interface evolution (loss of service) type 4: BSC software change with same MIB and no interboard interface evolution (no downtime) type 6: BSC software change with new MIB structure and interboard interface evolution. MIB objects remain the same (loss of service) type 7: BSC software change with the same MIB and with inter board interface evolution (loss of service)

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Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.

72 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture

The Interface Node and TransCoder Node supervisions send the global request to the IN/TCU, which perform the upgrade board after board. The BSS software components are then downloaded on the OMU disks in the Control Node and a directory is created. This directory is composed of the:

• • •

TREE1 directory with the path for the running version TREE2 directory with the path for the version to be used DOWNLOAD directory with the path for the installation files

The files are then copied to the appropriate directory. Interface Node and TransCoder Node supervisions services The Interface Node supervision upgrade functionality provides the following services:

start IN upgrade process:

— at IN startup — on OMC-R upgrade request — if the IN detects a wrong software version on one or many cards

• • • •

FTP Server IP address package path determines available packages gradually informs OMC-R about upgrade status

The Transcoder Node supervision upgrade functionality provides the following services:

start TCU upgrade process:

— at TCU startup — on OMC-R upgrade request — if the TCU detects a wrong software version on one or many cards

• • • • •

request information to the Upgrade Control Node send the correct upgrade type to the TCU gradually inform the OMC about the upgrade status restart the upgrade in case of OMU SWACT reinitialize the IP path in case of OMU or TMU SWACT

Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010
Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.

2.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Software Architecture

73

BSC 3000 Control Node
The Control Node houses the following main functional groups:

BSC 3000/OMC-Com This functional group is in charge of the relationship between the BSC 3000 and the OMC-R in terms of protocol association, transport, transaction, and file transfer.

OMC Services This functional group provides to any software present in the Control Node, the ability to interact with

— the Fault Management function — the Performance Management function — the Configuration Management function

Supervision This functional group gathers together all software entities to manage the nodes of the BSS network. It is composed of the following functional groups:
• • • • • SUP_CN SUP_IN SUP_TCU SPP SPR to supervise the Control Node in the BSC 3000 to supervise the Interface Node in the BSC 3000 to supervise each TCU 3000 to supervise the PCUSN to supervise the BTSs

Global services Three functions manage the software entities of the Control Node:

— Administration function — Data/File access system function — Software bus function

Basic services Various basic services are offered to all software entities of the Control Node.

— Messaging service
This service provides the capability to each software entity to communicate without knowing the location of the destination entity, even if this software entity, in case of module failure, migrates from one module to another one.

C-Node_OAM

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74 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture

The C-Node_OAM functional group gathers together the following parts:

— a Software Management part
This part does the start-up of all non-fault-tolerant software entities in the Control Node. In addition, it ensures their synchronization during the start-up phase and supervises their activities.

— an Overload Management part
This detects overload condition and to generate internal signals toward the different software entities inside the Control Node to adapt their behavior to the congestion phase. These signals allow a reaction of each software when different thresholds are crossed (activation of a flow control, handling of emergency call, call restriction).

— an Upgrade Management part
This manages the software upgrade of the Control Node. In addition, it ensures the relationship with the SUP_IN and the SUP_TCU to upgrade the software of the Interface Node and the Transcoder Node respectively.

— a Test and Diagnostic Management part
This part is in charge of the maintenance aspect of the Control Node. In addition, it ensures the communication with the TML (Terminal Local Maintenance)

– – –

to run the tests to collect information about the Interface Node components to provide advanced services for:

– the I and C (Installation and Commissioning) procedures – the maintenance procedures — a Fault Tolerance and Load Balancing part
This part is in charge of the distribution of the software entities over the available modules of the Control Node (that is, load balancing). To do this, the Load balancing function uses the Fault Tolerance function, which interacts with the software entities: to run, to switch, or to delete their activities.

— a Hardware Management part
This part is in charge of providing the following functions:

– to detect the plugged modules – to identify the plugged modules

Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010
Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.

Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. TCU 3000 Transcoder Node The Transcoder Node houses the T-Node_ OAM functional group. it ensures the communication with the Terminal Local Maintenance (TML) in order to do the following: — to run the tests — to collect information about the Interface Node components — to provide advanced services for: – – the Installation and Commissioning (I and C ) procedures the maintenance procedures • a Hardware Management part This part is in charge of supervising each procedure to test the modules using the MTM bus and the S-link interfaces located inside the back plane of the frame assembly. . • a Test and Diagnostic Management part This part is in charge of the maintenance aspect of the Interface Node. All Rights Reserved.2. In addition. The Control Node through the SUP_IN sends these requests.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Software Architecture 75 BSC 3000 Interface Node The Interface Node houses the I-Node_OAM functional group and gathers together the following parts: • an Object Management part This part is in charge of the following operations in the Interface Node: — setting up each module through the ATM network (AAL-1/AAL-5) and the external interfaces with the PCM links on the Abis interface and the Ater interface — providing a local defense (that is the SWACT: switch of activities) — sending to the OMC each software or hardware fault that will appear inside the component of the Interface Node • a Critical Path Management part This part is in charge of the following operations at the start-up of the BSC 3000 cabinet: — running some components inside the Interface Node — setting up some components inside the Interface Node — establishing the dialog with the Control Node • an Upgrade Management part This part is in charge of handling the requests to upgrade the software of the Interface Node.

In addition. The Control Node through the SUP_TCU sends these requests. • a Test and Diagnostic Management part This part is in charge of the maintenance aspect of the Interface Node.76 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture It gathers together the following main functions: • an Object Management part This part is in charge of the following operations in the Transcoder Node: — setting up each module by means of the S-link interfaces — providing a local defense (that is the SWACT: SWitch of ACTivity) — sending to the OMC-R each software or hardware fault that will appear inside the component of the Transcoder Node • a Critical Path Management part This part is in charge of the following operations at the start-up of the TCU 3000 cabinet: — running the components inside the Transcoder Node — setting up the components inside the Transcoder Node — establishing the dialog box with the Control Node • an Upgrade Management part This part is in charge of handling the requests to upgrade the software of the Transcoder Node.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved. Basic services The basic services group houses the following functions: Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. . it ensures the communication with the Terminal Local Maintenance (TML): — to run the tests — to collect various information items about the Transcoder Node components — to provide advanced services for: – – the I and C procedures the maintenance procedures • a Hardware Management part This part is in charge of supervising each procedure to test the modules through the MTM bus and the S-link interfaces located inside the back plane of the frame assembly.

2. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Software Architecture 77 • • • • • • • • • FT LB MESSAGING SM UM T and D OV HM Base OS Fault Tolerance Load Balancing Service to exchange messages Software Management Upgrade Management Test and Diagnostic Management OVerload Hardware Management Base Operating System For more information. see Figure 29 "BSC 3000 (Control Node): C-Node_OAM functional group organization" (page 78). .

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. . All Rights Reserved. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. The Interface Node is the connectivity component of the BSC 3000 and it is fully driven by the Control Node.78 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture Figure 29 BSC 3000 (Control Node): C-Node_OAM functional group organization Functional groups inside BSC 3000 Interface Node This section lists OAM software modules that are specific to hardware components within the Interface Node.

All Rights Reserved. .3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Software Architecture 79 It provides the following main functions: • manages the connections — between each module in the Interface Node — between the Interface Node and: – the BTSs (Abis interface) – the TCU 3000s (Ater interface) – the PCUSN (Agprs interface) • • manages each module inside the Interface Node provides the ATM links through the ATM-RM to connect the Interface Node with the Control Node It houses the following functional groups: • inside each CEM: — Interface NODE_ACCESS — I-Node_OAM — Standalone API (SAPI) — Base Maintenance • inside each ATM-RM: — RM_OAM_Generic — ATM_OAM_Specific • inside each 8K-RM: — RM_OAM_Generic — 8K_OAM_Specific • inside each LSA-RC module: — RM_OAM_Generic — LSA_OAM_Specific • inside each HSA-RC module: — RM_OAM_Generic — HSA_OAM_Specific • inside each IPG complex: — RM_OAM_Generic — IPG_OAM_Specific Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.2.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved. It provides the following main functions: • manages the connections: — of each module in the Transcoder Node — between the Transcoder Node and: – – the BSC 3000 (Ater interface) the MSC (A interface) • • • manages each component inside the Transcoder Node supervises the physical links (S-link interfaces) It houses the following functional groups: inside each CEM: — Transcoder NODE_ACCESS — T-Node_OAM — Stand alone API (SAPI) — Base Maintenance • inside the LSA-RC module: — RM_OAM_Generic — LSA_OAM_Specific • inside the HSA-RC: — RM_OAM_Generic — HSA_OAM_Specific • inside the TRM: — RM_OAM_Generic — TRM_OAM_Specific Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.80 Chapter 2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 architecture Functional groups inside TCU 3000 Transcoder Node This section lists OAM software modules that are specific to hardware components within the Transcoder Node. The Transcoder Node is a connectivity component and it is fully driven by the Control Node. .

8 in.) (23.2 BSC 3000 Weight • BSC 3000 fully loaded (including cosmetic panels): 550 kg (1200 lb) • BSC 3000 frame only with all modules integrated: 400 kg (880 lb) • BSC 3000 frame only without any module: 220 kg (480 lb) • SAI frame only with modules: 90 kg (200 lb) Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.) (86.) (23.6 in.4 in. and cooling system.6 in.6 in.) BSC 3000 frame dimensions (23.) (86.) SAI frame dimensions without cosmetic panels (11.1 BSC 3000 Dimensions BSC 3000 cabinet dimensions with cosmetic panels • width: 960 mm • depth: 600 mm • height: 2200 mm • width: 900 mm • depth: 600 mm • height: 2200 mm • width: 600 mm • depth: 600 mm • height: 2200 mm • width: 300 mm • depth: 600 mm • height: 2200 mm (37.6 in. 81 Chapter 3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 physical characteristics This chapter presents the physical characteristics of the BSC 3000/TCU 3000 in terms of dimensions.) (86.. 3. weight. .6 in.8 in. All Rights Reserved.6 in.6 in.) (86.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.6 in.) BSC 3000 cabinet dimensions without cosmetic panels (35.) (23.) (23.6 in.) 3.

3.) (86. All Rights Reserved.4 TCU 3000 Dimensions TCU 3000 cabinet dimensions with cosmetic panels • width: 960 mm • depth: 600 mm • height: 2200 mm • width: 900 mm • depth: 600 mm • height: 2200 mm • width: 600 mm • depth: 600 mm • height: 2200 mm • width: 300 mm • depth: 600 mm • height: 2200 mm (37.) (23.3 BSC 3000 Cooling System • Forced air in each dual-shelf.) TCU 3000 frame dimensions (23.) (23.) (23.82 Chapter 3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 physical characteristics 3. .) (86.) SAI frame dimensions without cosmetic panels (11.6 in.6 in.6 in.4 in.6 in. • The temperature gradient inside the premises must comply with the recommendation for operating conditions (see ETS 300 019-1-3).8 in.) (86.) (23.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.6 in.6 in.6 in.8 in.) (86. Maintenance must be periodically performed.5 TCU 3000 Weight • TCU 3000 fully loaded (including cosmetic panels): 550 kg (1200 lb) • TCU 3000 frame only with all modules integrated: 400 kg (880 lb) • TCU 3000 frame only without any module: 220 kg (480 lb) • SAI frame only with modules: 90 kg (200 lb) Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.6 in. the ventilation system must be equipped with a filter compliant with ETS 300 019-1-3. • In case of risk of dust.) TCU 3000 cabinet dimensions without cosmetic panels (35.) 3.6 in.

.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. • In case of risk of dust. the ventilation system must be equipped with a filter compliant with ETS 300 019-1-3.6 TCU 3000 Cooling System 83 3. All Rights Reserved. Maintenance must be periodically performed.6 TCU 3000 Cooling System • Forced air in each dual-shelf. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.3. • The temperature gradient inside the premises must comply with the recommendation for operating conditions (see ETS 300 019-1-3).

84 Chapter 3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 physical characteristics Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. . All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

3 TCU 3000 Power Supply • rated voltage: -48 V DC • minimum voltage: -40.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.5 V DC • maximum voltage: -57 V DC 4.5 V DC • maximum voltage: -57 V DC 4.4 TCU 3000 Power Consumption • maximum consumption: 1380 W for two shelves Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.2 BSC 3000 Power Consumption • maximum consumption: 1500 W 4. ..1 BSC 3000 Power Supply • rated voltage: -48 V DC • minimum voltage: -40. 4. 85 Chapter 4 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 electrical characteristics This chapter presents the electrical characteristics of the BSC 3000/TCU 3000 in terms of power supply and power consumption.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.86 Chapter 4 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 electrical characteristics Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. .

The frame can be used with existing earthquake anchors and existing overhead or underfloor cabling systems. cable connections. see Figure 30 "BSC 3000 cabinet presentation" (page 89). The Control Node can accommodate up to 28 removable modules. . For more information on the TCU 3000 cabinet. 5. and HSA-RC modules. see Figure 31 "TCU 3000 cabinet presentation" (page 90). Modules.1 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Mechanical Structure The BSC 3000 cabinet or the TCU 3000 cabinet is composed of one frame assembly and one SAI (Service Area Interface) frame assembly. For more information on the BSC 3000 cabinet. The SAI is installed in the left hand side of the frame. except the OMU. LSA-RC. The basic mechanical elements of a BSC 3000 frame or a TCU 3000 frame consist of two dual-shelf assemblies which are based on a Spectrum architecture. All Rights Reserved.. Retractable doors and cable-trough covers protect the cable runs and cable connections. and other maintenance items can be accessed from the front of the frame. air-filter assemblies. 87 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description This chapter describes all the hardware components of the BSC 3000 and TCU 3000 products. Each SAI frame is based on a PTE2000 altered architecture. The modules are electrically-shielded metal boxes that have identical dimensions. The BSC 3000 frame and the TCU 3000 frame are based on a PTE2000 architecture.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. It is an auxiliary frame which allows you to connect the PCM E1/T1 cables between: • the BSC 3000 frame and the: — BTSs — TCU 3000 or PCUSN • the TCU 3000 frame and the: — BSC 3000 — MSC Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

All Rights Reserved. The BSC 3000 cabinet or the TCU 3000 cabinet is designed for indoor applications and are EMC compliant (no rack enclosure is necessary). Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. EMC compliance is performed on each dual-shelf assembly. ATTENTION There are no more HSA or LSA modules on the Optical BSC High Capacity (4K Erlangs).88 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description ATTENTION There are no more HSA or LSA modules on the Optical TCU high capacity 4K Erlang. . The SAI is optional in the TCU 3000 optical configuration.

5.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved. .1 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Mechanical Structure Figure 30 BSC 3000 cabinet presentation 89 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

.90 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 31 TCU 3000 cabinet presentation Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.

Each of them houses four fan units and provides mechanical ventilation for each dual-shelf. • two grill assemblies The upper grill assembly is located in the middle of the frame and the lower grill assembly at the bottom of the frame. on the top.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. and the power and alarm cables to each dual-shelf assembly. • one PCIU (Power Cabling Interface Unit) The PCIU is mounted on the top of the frame of the BSC 3000 or the TCU 3000 cabinet. Different covers protect each cable and each connector.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description The frame of a BSC 3000 cabinet or a TCU 3000 cabinet houses the following: • two dual-shelf assemblies: — for the BSC 3000: – one dual-shelf assembly is dedicated to the Control Node – the other dual-shelf assembly is dedicated to the Interface Node The Control Node is located above the Interface Node. It accommodates the power cables from the operator boxes. A frame summary indicator and a fan failure lamp are located on the cover. • two cooling systems One is located on the top and the other in the middle of the frame. All Rights Reserved. — for the TCU 3000: – both dual-shelf assemblies are dedicated to the Transcoder Node • four retractable doors on each dual-shelf assembly Each of them houses a transparent part. to show both visual indicators (red and green LEDs) on each module. • two air filter assemblies The air filter assemblies filter the air supply for each dual-shelf.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description 91 5. One filter assembly is located in the middle of the frame and the other at the bottom of the frame. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.5. . They allow the air flow circulation.

.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.92 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 32 BSC 3000 cabinet component layout Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved. .2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description 93 ATTENTION CEM mixity is PROHIBITED.5. Figure 33 TCU 3000 cabinet component layout Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. damage at risk.

damage at risk.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.94 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 34 BSC 3000 cabinet component layout (With CEM3) ATTENTION CEM mixity is PROHIBITED. . All Rights Reserved.

1.1 BSC 3000 Dual-shelf assemblies The BSC 3000/BSC3000 Optical frame houses the following dual-shelf assemblies: • the Control Node which houses the following modules: — OMU: Operation and Maintenance Unit — TMU: Traffic Management Unit — MMS: Mass Memory Storage — ATM-SW: ATM Switch.1 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Dual-shelf assemblies This section includes the following topics: • • • • • 5.2 “ TCU 3000 Dual-shelf assemblies” (page 100) 5.5 “ Common module hardware architecture in the Control Node” (page 110) 5.2.1.4 “ Generic hardware architecture inside the BSC 3000 and the TCU 3000” (page 105) 5.1 “ BSC 3000 Dual-shelf assemblies” (page 95) 5. All Rights Reserved.2.2.2.2.2. also named CC-1 (Communication Controller 1) — SIM: Shelf Interface Module — FILLER modules • the Interface Node which houses the following modules: — CEM: Common Equipment Module — CEM2: Common Equipment Module 2 — CEM3: Common Equipment Module 3 — ATM-RM: ATM Resource Module — 8K-RM: 8K Resource Module or SRT-RM: Subrate Resource Module — HSA-RC: High Speed Access Resource Complex – IOM: Interface Optical Module — LSA-RC: Low Speed Access Resource Complex Each LSA-RC housed the following modules: – IEM: Interface Electronic Module – TIM: Termination Interface Module Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.6 “ Common module hardware architecture in the Interface Node and the Transcoder Node” (page 111) 5. .1.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description 95 5.2.5.1.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.1.1.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. HSA-RC (replacing LSA-RC) and IOM (replacing IEM) modules. BSC 3000 Optical requires CEM2 (replacing CEM and 8K-RM).96 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description — SIM: Shelf Interface Module — FILLER modules — IPG Internet protocol gateway Each IPG contains: – IGM: IP gateway module The type of configuration determines which modules the Interface Node houses. also named CC-1 (Communication Controller 1) SIM: Shelf Interface Module FILLER modules The Interface Node which houses the following modules: CEM3: Common Equipment Module 3 ATM-RM: ATM Resource Module Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved. The IP-enabled BSC (electrical only) requires the IPG resource complex. The BSC 3000 Optical frame houses the following dual-shelf assemblies: The Control Node which houses the following modules: • • • • • • • • OMU: Operation and Maintenance Unit TMU: Traffic Management Unit MMS: Mass Memory Storage ATM-SW: ATM Switch. see Figure 35 "BSC 3000 electrical configuration frame front view" (page 97) and Figure 36 "BSC 3000 optical configuration front view " (page 98) ATTENTION There are no more HSA or LSA modules on the Optical BSC High Capacity (4K Erlangs). . For more information on frame houses.

2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description Figure 35 BSC 3000 electrical configuration frame front view 97 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.5.

All Rights Reserved. .98 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 36 BSC 3000 optical configuration front view Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

. All Rights Reserved.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description 99 Figure 37 BSC 3000 Optical high capacity configuration front view Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.5.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.1. All Rights Reserved. For more information.2 TCU 3000 Dual-shelf assemblies TCU 3000 frame houses the following dual-shelf assemblies. Each of them corresponds to the Transcoder Node which houses the following modules: • • • CEM: Common Equipment Module TRM: Transcoder Resource Module LSA-RC: Low Speed Access Resource Complex Each LSA-RC houses the following modules: — IEM: Interface Electronic Module — TIM: Termination Interface Module • • • HSA-RC: High Speed Access Resource Complex — IOM:Interface Optical Module SIM: Shelf Interface Module FILLER modules ATTENTION There are no more HSA or LSA modules on the Optical TCU high capacity 4K Erlang. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.100 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description 5.2. . see Figure 38 "TCU 3000 electrical configuration front view" (page 101).

. Figure 38 TCU 3000 electrical configuration front view Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. damage at risk.5.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description 101 ATTENTION CEM mixity is PROHIBITED.

.102 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 39 TCU 3000 optical configuration front view Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description 103 Figure 40 TCU 3000 optical configuration front view (with CEM3) Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. . All Rights Reserved.5.

Hardware impacts are localized only on the Interface Node. 9 Slinks slot).1. see Figure 35 "BSC 3000 electrical configuration frame front view" (page 97). Configurations The configuration is supported: • IP Electrical BSC configuration. . LSA RC 5 is removed (an IP-equipped Interface Node can use only 4 LSA-RC). There is no hardware impact on Control Node. IP Electrical BSC hardware impacts In order to support IP interface in the BSC in addition to the electrical TDM interface on the Interface Node: • • • • The configuration is derived from classical full electrical BSC. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.2.104 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description 5. For more information.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. It is based on the 3K Erlang pure electrical configuration (CEM1 based). All Rights Reserved. This configuration provides TDM connectivity and IP connectivity. It provides up to 63/84 PCM over IP (E1/T1). Optical fibers in front panel of IGM 0 and IGM 1 are not required. IPG RC is inserted on 2 slots which were used LSA 5: shelf 0 slot 1 (IGM0. 9 Slinks slot) and shelf 0 slot 2 (IGM1. Hardware impacts depend on the configuration which is used.3 Interface node shelf layout for Abis over IP This section provides information about the physical description and the configurations supported by the interface Node for Abis over IP.

2. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. LED description.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description Figure 41 IP electrical configuration 105 Backplane restriction IP configurations are supported only on BSC which are equipped with Revision 3 backplanes.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.4 Generic hardware architecture inside the BSC 3000 and the TCU 3000 This section provides information about the physical design description. and LED display of the BSC 3000 and the TCU 3000. All Rights Reserved. see Figure 42 "Generic module view" (page 106). Physical design description For more information on a generic module. 5.1.5. .

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. . radiated/conducted) defined control volume for noise environment ESD protection for circuit packs handling ruggedness minimized EMC retest with new designs PCB stiffener function visual indicators on top of the front panel LED description Each module inside each dual-shelf assembly houses two LEDs on the upper part of the front panel. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved.106 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Each module provides the following features and benefits: • • • • • • • • Figure 42 Generic module view a single level of EMC shielding Electro-Magnetic Interference (EMI) containment across boards within a shelf (RFI. This eases on-site maintenance and reduces the risk of human error.

it gives some scenarios: examples of LED states according to the action on the module (such as inserted or removed). the combinations and the states of the red LED and the green LED for each module (except the MMS module) inside the BSC 3000 cabinet and the TCU 3000 cabinet. see Figure 43 "Module front panel indicators" (page 107).5. In addition.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description 107 The actual colors of these LEDs are: • • red with a triangular shape green with a rectangular shape The red and green LEDs indicate the module status. For more information on the position of each LED for each module. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. Figure 43 Module front panel indicators LED display The following table gives the description. All Rights Reserved. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

108

Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description

Table 1 Description of the visual indicators on the front panel of each module (except the MMS modules) in the BSC 3000 and the TCU 3000 steps 1 Red LED unit LED Green LED unlit LED Status The module is not powered or the BIST terminated successfully

2

lit LED

lit LED

The BIST is running or terminated unsuccessfully

3

unlit LED

blinking LED

The module is passive

4

unlit LED

lit LED

The module is active and unlocked (active OMU, both ATM-SW, all TMU)

5

lit LED

unlit LED

Alarm state

6

blinking LED

unlit LED

Path finding (the module can be removed)

7

blinking LED

blinking LED

The ATM-SW module waits OMU master activation (simultaneous blinking)

8

blinking LED

blinking LED

The ATM-SW module waits software downloading (alternative blinking)

The following scenarios are related to all the modules:

Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010
Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.

5.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description

109

Scenario 1: (General case)

When a module is inserted (general case), the LED behavior is: step 1 → step 2 → step 3 for all modules, except TMU, OMU, and ATM-SW. When an OMU module is inserted, the LED behavior is:step 1 → step 2 → step 4 → step 3. When a TMU module is inserted, the LED behavior is: step 1 → step 2 → step 4. When an ATM-SW module is inserted, the LED behavior is: step 1 → step 2 → step 7 → step 8 → step 4.

Scenario 2: (Passive OMU removal) Scenario 3: (Active OMU removal)

When a passive OMU module has to be removed, one must press the "Removal request pushbutton" (a TML command also exists), the LED behavior is: step 3 → step 1 → step 6 When an active OMU module has to be removed, the behavior is: step 4 → step 3 → step 1 → step 6

The following table gives the description, the combinations, and the states of the red LED, and the green LED for the MMS module in the BSC 3000 cabinet. In addition, it gives some scenarios: examples of LED states according to the action on the module (inserted, removed...).
Table 2 Description of the visual indicators on the front panel of each MMS module in the BSC 3000 steps 1 Red LED unlit LED Green LED unlit LED Status The MMS module is not powered

2

lit LED

lit LED

The MMS module is not managed or not created

3

unlit LED

blinking LED

The MMS module is not operational (disk updating or stopping)

Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010
Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.

110

Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description

Table 2 Description of the visual indicators on the front panel of each MMS module in the BSC 3000 (cont’d.) steps 4 Red LED unlit LED Green LED lit LED Status The MMS module is active and unlocked

5

lit LED

unlit LED

Alarm state

6

blinking LED

unlit LED

Path finding (the MMS module can be removed)

The following scenarios are related to the MMS modules:
Scenario 1: When a MMS module is inserted (normal case: the administrate state is unlocked), the LED behavior is: step1 → step 2 → step 3 1 [updating...] → step 4. When the administrative state is unlocked and when a MMS module is inserted, the LED behavior is : step 3 1 [updating...] → step 4. When a MMS module has to be removed, one must press the "Removal request pushbutton" (a TML command also exists), the LED behavior is: step 4 → step 3 → step 6.

Scenario 2:

Scenario 3:

5.2.1.5 Common module hardware architecture in the Control Node
Except for the SIMs, each module contains a computer board or an SCSI disk and an adapter board enclosed in a metallic housing which provides:

• • •

a single level of EMC shielding noise protection control of other environmental parameters

For more information, see Figure 44 "Control Node: common architecture inside each module" (page 111). The processing boards are split up as follows:

• •

a SBC (Single Board Computer) board a PMC (PCI Mezzanine Card) board
Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010
Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.

5.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description

111

The adapter board executes the following operations:

• • • •

adapts the VME and SCBUS to the ATM network and provides backplane communication redundancy regenerates SCBUS clocks from the synchronizing data flow provides live inserting capability to the module supplies on the front panel: visual indicators, Ethernet connector, and optical-fiber connections

Figure 44 Control Node: common architecture inside each module

5.2.1.6 Common module hardware architecture in the Interface Node and the Transcoder Node
For more information on how each 8K-RM, ATM-RM, TRM, IEM/LSA-RC, and IOM/HSA-RC module presents the same interface to the CEM. For more information, see Figure 45 "Interface Node or Transcoder Node: common architecture inside each RM" (page 113). A common S-link interface is responsible for the physical interface, and it

• • • •

recovers data from both CEM monitors link health by means of a CRC check extracts messaging channels from both CEM selects PCM data from both CEM, based on the CEM activities
Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010
Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.

providing a single level of EMC shielding.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. . control.112 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description A small elastic store function is supplied to accommodate phase variations between each CEM: • formats the selected data stream into a parallel bus for access by the resources supplied by: — 8K-RM. and ID storage Each RM in the Interface Node or in the Transcoder Node has: • a local processor This processor provides maintenance and low level processing related to the function • a main device board This board is enclosed in a metallic housing. ATM-RM. or IOM/HSA-RC modules in the Interface Node — IEM/LSA-RC. or IOM/HSA-RC modules in the Transcoder Node • • • • broadcasts outgoing PCM data to both CEM inserts outgoing messaging TS to each CEM inserts link CRCs provides low level links. This provides consistent access to system test and maintenance resources such as: • • • • MTM bus module slot ID storage and retrieval of fault logs storage and retrieval of test and configuration data Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. including test. noise protection and other environmental parameters control. • a Test Bus Master functional block This functional block consists of: — ITM (Intelligent Test Master) ASIC — module Information memory — power-up reset logic The Test Bus Master functional block provides an interface to a system standard test and maintenance bus based on the proposed IEEE 1149. All Rights Reserved. and status facilities.5 MTM (module test and maintenance) bus standard. IEM/LSA-RC.

2.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description 113 • • status LEDs access and control of the Test Bus Master functional block is performed through the CEM ITM block using the MTM bus Figure 45 Interface Node or Transcoder Node: common architecture inside each RM 5. • two Shelf Interface Modules (SIMs) for each dual-shelf They serve to transfer — the -48 V DC supply to (from): Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved. .5.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Power supply and alarm systems The power supply and the alarm systems of the BSC 3000 or the TCU 3000 frame are composed of: • Power Cabling Interface Unit (PCIU) This serves as a central distribution and gathering point for all power and alarm cabling used inside the BSC 3000 or the TCU 3000 frame.

2. see Figure 46 "PCIU hardware overview (BSC 3000)" (page 115)) on the top of the TCU 3000 (For more information. All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.1 PCIU The PCIU is located in a frame power distribution tray and mounted: • • on the top of the BSC 3000 (For more information.114 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description – the operator boxes through the PCIU – each module — each alarm from each module to the PCIU 5. .2. see Figure 47 "PCIU hardware overview (TCU 3000)" (page 116)) The PCIU contains the following modules: • • • • ALarm Module (ALM) Fan Management Units (FMU) In addition: it serves as a central distribution unit it provides a connection point for: — power cables from the operator boxes — power and alarm cables to – the SIM – the fan units housed in the cooling units When the frame summary indicator (amber lamp) located on the front cover is: • • OFF: there is no active alarm in the BSC 3000 or the TCU 3000 frame ON: there is an active alarm in the BSC 3000 or the TCU 3000 frame Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description Figure 46 PCIU hardware overview (BSC 3000) 115 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.5. All Rights Reserved. .

All Rights Reserved. .116 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 47 PCIU hardware overview (TCU 3000) Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

2 SIM The SIMs are the DC power conditioners for each dual-shelf. and the fuse failures provides control for each LED on the fan units reports alarms on each dual-shelf reports the PCIU fail function FMU module The FMU module provides over-current protection and conducted noise filtering. All Rights Reserved. see Figure 48 "SIM hardware overview" (page 119) Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. . A soft-start circuit prevents high filter-capacitor inrush current. the cooling units.5. Each dual-shelf houses two SIMs.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description 117 The PCIU provides: • • • • a connection for the -48 V DC (A and B feeds) between the PCIU and the operator boxes a connection (by means of four cables) for the -48 V DC (A and B feeds) and the alarms between the PCIU and the four SIMs a connection (by means of two cables) for the -48 V DC (A and B feeds) and the alarms between the PCIU and both cooling units an alarm battery supply (ABS) connection in standalone mode for: — telephone — data jacks — frame fail Light Emitting Diode (LED) • front access to all connection for the I and C and maintenance procedures ALM module The ALM module performs the following main functions: • • • • monitors the SIMs.2. For more information.2.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.The main functions of the FMU module are: • • • • soft-start to limit capacitor inrush current capacitor fault alarm -48 / -60 V at 30 A input capability input transient protection alarm 5.

. switch on/off.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. loss alarm. and alarm interface between the PCIU and: — the OMU modules for the Control Node — the CEM for the Interface Node and the Transcoder Node • • filtered -48 / -60 V at 30 A power conditioning Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved. Functions The SIM manages the following functions: • • current limiting during start-up the alarms: filter fail.118 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description The DC part of the SIM houses: • • • • a switch a soft start circuit a -48 V DC /alarms connector an electromagnetic interference (EMI) conditioning element The SIM also provides the alarm interface between the PCIU module and each dual-shelf.

.5.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description Figure 48 SIM hardware overview 119 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.

are individually replaceable fans that include mounting slides and connectors. The fan units are removed by turning the plastic screw clockwise (located on the extraction handle) and pulling the unit out of the cooling unit. The fan units: • • draw air through the grills.120 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description 5. see Figure 49 "Cooling air flow diagram inside the BSC 3000 or TCU 3000 frame assembly" (page 121) and Figure 50 "Cooling system hardware overview" (page 122). For more information.2. and then into the actual shelves for cooling. The upper dual-shelf assembly draws cooling air through the upper grill assembly located between the dual-shelf assemblies. into the air filter assemblies. depending on the local dust conditions. The fans expel the air from the rear of the frame assembly.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. • The filter assembly rests horizontally at the bottom of each dual-shelf. All Rights Reserved. For more information on the fan units. The bottom dual-shelf assembly draws air through the lower grill assembly mounted at the bottom of the frame.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Cooling system The air is forced through each part and the frame is cooled by two cooling units housing four fan units. Replace the filter periodically. The foam air filter elements contained in the assembly are not reusable. . Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. • The grill assemblies protect the ambient air intakes that cool the dual-shelf assembly. see Figure 51 "Fan unit hardware overview" (page 123).

All Rights Reserved. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.5.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Frame Description Figure 49 Cooling air flow diagram inside the BSC 3000 or TCU 3000 frame assembly 121 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

122 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 50 Cooling system hardware overview Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. . All Rights Reserved.

Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. . see Figure 52 "SAI hardware overview" (page 126).3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 SAI Frame Description The SAI is an auxiliary frame that is installed in the left hand side of the BSC 3000 or TCU 3000 frame. For more information.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 SAI Frame Description 123 Figure 51 Fan unit hardware overview 5. All Rights Reserved.5.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. The SAI frame in a BSC 3000 cabinet or a TCU 3000 cabinet encloses the electronic equipment used to interface the following: • the frame of the BSC 3000 cabinet with the external PCM (E1/T1) cables heading to the following: — TCU 3000 on the Ater interface — PCUSN on the Agprs interface — BTSs on the Abis interface • the frame of the TCU 3000 cabinet with the external PCM (E1/T1) cables heading to the following: — BSC 3000 on the Ater interface — MSC on the A interface For more information on the BSC 3000 cabinet. For more information on the TCU 3000 cabinet. They provide the physical interface for: — up to 21 (120 or 75 ) PCM E1 links — up to 28 (100 ) PCM T1 links • for the TCU 3000: up to eight CTU modules — up to 21 (120 or 75 ) PCM E1 links — up to 28 (100 ) PCM T1 links Each CTU module of the SAI frame houses the following: • • one backplane: CTB (Cable Transition Board) up to seven boards: CTMx (Cable Transition Module) Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. The SAI frame is Earthquake Zone 4 compliant. The SAI is optional in the TCU 3000 optical configuration.124 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description It is a separate frame and is shipped to the field fully configured. Hardware for all lineup configurations will accompany the SAI. It houses the CTU modules and provides space for cabling each high density LSA-RC module to an external cross connect. All Rights Reserved. The SAI is bolted to the floor and to the left side of the frame (from a position facing the front of the frame) at the operator site. see Figure 33 "TCU 3000 cabinet component layout" (page 93). see Figure 32 "BSC 3000 cabinet component layout" (page 92). . The SAI frame houses the following: • for the BSC 3000: up to six CTU (Cable Transition Unit) modules.

This board provides a connection for three PCM E1 links. All Rights Reserved. .3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 SAI Frame Description 125 There are three types of Cable Transition Module: • • • a CTMC board for 75 a CTMP board for 120 a CTMD board for 100 PCM E1 Coax PCM E1 twisted pair PCM T1 twisted pair This board provides a connection for three PCM E1 links. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.5.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. This board provides a connection for four PCM T1 links.

. All Rights Reserved.3.1 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 CTU module description The CTU module is a frame assembly which provides the physical interface (PCM E1/T1 links) between the TIM (housed inside the LSA-RC module) and the other BSS products. For more information.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. see Figure 53 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.126 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 52 SAI hardware overview 5.

• up to seven boards: CTMx (Cable Transition Module). — a CTMD board for PCM T1 twisted pair It provides the PCM loopback capability and secondary surge protection for the 100 impedance PCM T1 interface connection. CTMC. It is split up as follows: • one backplane: CTB (Cable Transition Board) The CTB is a backplane that is mounted at the back of the CTU module. The CTB provides connection with each CTMx (either CTMP. or CTMD). Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. — a CTMC board for PCM E1 coax It provides PCM loopback capability. — A interface and the Ater interface for the TCU 3000 cabinet with an electrical configuration. secondary surge protection. All Rights Reserved. . Impedance matching allows the 75 operator premise coaxial cables to be connected to the TIM with an internal impedance of 120 .5.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 SAI Frame Description 127 "CTU module: left side view with a CTB and CTMPs (PCM E1 120 ohms)" (page 128) and Figure 54 "CTU module: right side view with a CTB and CTMDs (PCM T1 110 ohms)" (page 129). Each of them is either: — a CTMP board for PCM E1 twisted pair It provides a PCM loopback capability and secondary surge protection for the 120 impedance PCM E1 interface connection. and impedance matching. Each CTU module provides the following functions: • • terminates the cables that connect the TIM to the CTB provides connectors for terminating the PCM links on the: — Abis interface and the Ater interface or the Agprs interface for the BSC 3000 cabinet.

.128 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 53 CTU module: left side view with a CTB and CTMPs (PCM E1 120 ohms) Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

3.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 SAI Frame Description 129 Figure 54 CTU module: right side view with a CTB and CTMDs (PCM T1 110 ohms) 5.5.2 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 CTB board description The CTB (Cable Transition Board) is a backplane that interfaces the following: • the individual CTMx board which shall be either: Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved. .

the CTB houses seven 1SU connectors to connect each CTMx board. see Figure 56 "CTB board component layout" (page 132). All Rights Reserved. with: — 120 — 75 — 100 ± 10% between tip and ring signals for PCM E1 links ± 10% between tip and ring signals for PCM E1 links ± 10% between tip and ring signals for PCM T1 links • current loop connection to detect cable presence Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. Each of them is connected to the corresponding TIM inside the LSA-RC module. For more information on the CTB components layout. In addition.130 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description — a CTMP board for PCM E1 twisted pair — a CTMC board for PCM E1 coax — a CTMD board for PCM T1 twisted pair • and the TIM which is housed inside the LSA-RC module For more information on the CTB. . Each PCM (E1/T1) transmit signal is routed to one of the 62-pin connectors and each PCM (E1/T1) receive signal is routed to the other 62-pin connectors. The CTB provides the following features: • • • ease of installation for 21 PCM E1 links or 28 PCM T1 links ease of troubleshooting for 21 PCM E1 links or 28 PCM T1 links a controlled impedance design. see Figure 55 "CTB board physical representation" (page 131). The CTB houses • • up to seven CTMx to connect with the PCM (E1/T1) external links between the SAI and the other BSS products two 62-pin connectors for the PCM (E1/T1) internal links between the SAI and the LSA-RCs.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

All Rights Reserved.5. .3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 SAI Frame Description Figure 55 CTB board physical representation 131 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

.132 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 56 CTB board component layout Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

see Figure 58 "CTMP board component layout" (page 135) For more information on the CTMP. The CTMP provides the following functions: • • • • • physical interface for three PCM E1 links to the LSA-RC module loopback capability for each of the three PCM E1 links both on the local and remote sides secondary protection against over-voltage and over-current for each PCM E1 link easy installation and troubleshooting for many PCM E1 links secondary protection against over-voltage and over-current with the Trisil SMP75-8 by SGS-Thomson. For more information. The CTMP board houses two connectors: • • 25-pin connector 1SU Molex Omnigrid right angle connector The 25-pin connector pinout is arranged such that the transmit and receive PCM (E1/T1) signals are separated as much as possible. These switches are mounted on the PCB and protrude through the faceplate of the CTMP.5.3. . In addition.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 CTMP board description The CTMP contains two basic sections: • • secondary protection for each PCM E1 twisted pair against over-current and over-voltage loopback push buttons that can loop the transmit and receive PCM E1 signals back towards the LSA-RC module and the customer equipment.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 SAI Frame Description 133 5. a right-angle faceplate has been designed to allow customer cable access.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. ground pins are distributed throughout the connector for further isolation between spans. All Rights Reserved. Trisil is a low voltage surge arrestor designed to protect T1/E1 trunks against lightning strikes and other transients three loopback switches to loop each PCM E1 link back towards the LSA-RC module and towards the customer equipment. • Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. see Figure 57 "CTMP board hardware overview" (page 134). In addition.

.134 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 57 CTMP board hardware overview Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.

5.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 SAI Frame Description 135 Figure 58 CTMP board component layout 5. see Figure 59 "CTMC board hardware overview" (page 137). The CTMC board houses two connectors: • • an 8-coax connector 1SU Molex OmniGrid right angle connector Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved.4 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 CTMC board description The CTMC board houses three basic sections: • • • secondary protection for each PCM E1 coax against over-current and over-voltage a balun for each PCM E1 coax to match the 75 and convert to a 120 differential pair open-ended signal loopback push buttons () that can loopback the transmit and receive PCM E1 signals back towards the TIM and the operator boxes. For more information. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. For more information on the CTMC. see Figure 60 "CTMC board component layout" (page 138).3.

certain shield pins are left as no connects intentionally. The CTMC provides the following functions: • • • • • physical interface for three PCM E1 links to the LSA RC loopback capability for each of the three PCM E1 links on the local and remote sides secondary protection against over-voltage and over-current for each of four PCM E1 links ease of installation and troubleshooting for many PCM E1 links balun interface to convert 75 pair single open-ended to 120 differential Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. The eight coax connections are labelled A1 through A8. All Rights Reserved. there are three pins associated with each coax cable connection. one pin for the signal and two pins for the shield. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. Ground separates the pairs of signals (tip and ring). There are two different pin counting schemes.136 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description On the 8-coax connector. This is to prevent a ground potential difference between the customer’s equipment and the CTMC because the cable is grounded at the customer transmit end. However.

All Rights Reserved. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.5.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 SAI Frame Description Figure 59 CTMC board hardware overview 137 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

All Rights Reserved. .5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 CTMD board description The CTMD contain two basic sections: • • secondary protection for each PCM T1 twisted pair against over-current and over-voltage loopback push buttons that can loop the transmit and receive PCM T1 signals back towards the LSA-RC module and the customer equipment. see Figure 62 "CTMD board component layout" (page 141). see Figure 61 "CTMD board hardware overview" (page 140).3. These push buttons are mounted and they protrude through the faceplate of the CTMD.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.138 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 60 CTMC board component layout 5. For more information on the CTMD. For more information. The CTMD houses two connectors: • • 25-pin connector 1SU Molex Omnigrid right angle connector Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 SAI Frame Description 139 The 25-pin connector pinout is arranged such that the transmit and receive PCM T1 signals are separated as much as possible. there is a 4-pole.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. In addition. double-throw switch to put the transmit and receive paths in loopback mode.5. ground pins are distributed throughout the connector for further isolation between each PCM T1 link. The CTMD provides the following functions: • • • • • • physical interface for four twisted pair PCM T1 links to the TIM loopback capability for each of the four PCM T1 links on the local side and on the remote side secondary protection against over voltage and over current for each of the four PCM T1 links secondary protection against over voltage and over current loopback capability using 4-pole double throw loopback switches loopback capability for both the customer line side and the equipment side. . Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved. For each PCM T1 link.

140 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 61 CTMD board hardware overview Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. . All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

For an example of OMUs and CEM2s connections inside the BSC 3000/TCU 3000 cabinet with two 8-port optional hubs.3. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. They can also provide a physical interface between the TML and both CEMs.5.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. The customer takes charge of their installation. see Figure 64 "Example of two 8-port optional hubs connection with BSC 3000 Optical/TCU 3000 cabinet" (page 143). For an example of OMUs and CEMs connections inside the BSC 3000/TCU 3000 cabinet with two 8-port optional hubs. see Figure 63 "Example of two 8-port optional hubs connection with BSC 3000/TCU 3000 cabinet" (page 142). The CEM connections are done in 10BASE-T (Ethernet) and the OMU connections are done in 10 or 100BASE-T (Fast Ethernet). These hubs are installed outside the SAI frame. They provide a physical interface between the OMC-R and both OMU modules. All Rights Reserved.3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 SAI Frame Description 141 Figure 62 CTMD board component layout 5. .6 Hub overview One or two hubs are necessary for running the system.

142 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 63 Example of two 8-port optional hubs connection with BSC 3000/TCU 3000 cabinet Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

3 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 SAI Frame Description 143 Figure 64 Example of two 8-port optional hubs connection with BSC 3000 Optical/TCU 3000 cabinet Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved.5. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. It uses standard VME boards as processor boards in each OMU and TMU module. signal integrity. All Rights Reserved.144 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description 5. The links for the Control Node are achieved: • • • between each module through redundant ATM25 point-to-point connections with the Interface Node through a redundant ATM155 on OC-3 optical multimode fibers with the OMC-R and the TML through a TCP/IP on a Ethernet connection from each OMU module These links allow high fault-isolation. see Figure 65 "Control Node physical architecture" (page 145). scalability.4 BSC 3000 Control Node Description For more information on the physical architecture of the Control Node. and backplane redundancy. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

4 BSC 3000 Control Node Description Figure 65 Control Node physical architecture 145 5.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.4. All Rights Reserved.5.1 OMU module Each OMU (Operation and Maintenance Unit) module is used: • • to manage each MMS module which houses a SCSI disk to run and control: — each ATM-SW module — each TMU module • • • to supervise the Interface Node to manage the debug access through the RS232 connector or the RJ45 connector which are located on the front panel to manage an external Ethernet access to the OMC-R or the TML through the RJ45 connector which is located on the front panel Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. .

the partitions’ size is to be optimized in accordance with the 9 Gigabyte legacy shared mirrored disks.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. A double slot is used to install each OMU module. . This optimization is required at BSC 3000 level. An OMU module houses • the following VME boards: — OMU-SBC board — OMU-PMC board • • • an OMU-TM assembly Each OMU module can have access to the following: one private disk for its private data two shared disks managed in a mirroring way They are used to save the data in the event of an OMU module failure or a disk failure. All Rights Reserved.146 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description For more information on the OMU module. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. ATTENTION In order to support the increase of the stored data size. see Figure 66 "OMU module hardware overview" (page 147).

5.4 BSC 3000 Control Node Description Figure 66 OMU module hardware overview

147

5.4.1.1 External interfaces
The following are the external interfaces of each OMU module:

on the double front panel:

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— two visual indicators (LEDs) — one 9-pin connector for one asynchronous RS232 debug port — one RJ45 connector for one 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet OMC port — one removal request push-button to indicate a request to remove
the OMU module

on the backplane:

— the redundant ATM links — the redundant -48 V DC links — one Slot ID — the SCSI buses to connect the following: – one SCSI private disk located inside the MMS module – two SCSI shared mirrored disks located inside both MMS
modules

— the MTM bus connected to each module through the backplane — an Ethernet 10/100 Mbit/s to link both OMU modules across the
backplane

— an interface between the SIMs and the OMU modules to connect
and to control the -48 V DC and the alarms to each of the other modules

5.4.1.2 Electrical characteristics
Each OMU module is powered by the -48 V DC which comes from the operator boxes through the PCIU frame assembly and the SIMs. Each module houses the following:

• • •

a DC/DC converter which provides power to each component a ground for each board a fixed fuse to protect each component

5.4.1.3 Hot swap removal request and action
A push-button which is mounted on the front panel provides the facility for requesting removal of the OMU module. Pushing the button sets a latch on the OMU module. The latch can only be reset by an OMU ITM action or by cycling the MMS -48 V DC power (hot removal and reinsertion). Both OMU and MMS support hot insertion.

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149

On detection of the removal request, the system software signifies acknowledgement and acceptance of the removal request by continually winking the triangular red LED, which is the only legal condition for hot removal of an OMU module. The OMU module must be removed within 15 minutes of the acknowledgement otherwise the system software will cancel the acceptance. The acceptance and acknowledgement facility is only a function of the software. If no passive OMU module is ready to take over the services, then the active OMU module will not accept the removal request.

5.4.2 TMU module
The TMU3 provides further increase in processing capability compared to the TMU2, but the number of LAPD and SS7 ports supported by the TMU2 and TMU3 boards are the same. It is based on a standard VME CPU board offering the processing power and a specific PMC (PCI Module Card) implementing the coupling function. From 2 to 12+2 TMU modules can take a place inside the Control Node as a function for the processing requirements. The TMU module:

• • •

provides processing power for GSM CallP terminates GSM protocols (A, Abis, and Ater interfaces) terminates the low level protocols (LAPD and SS7)

The VME board gives the GSM processing capability, while the I/O a PMC board gives capability (LAPD and SS7). The VME board and the PMC board are SCSA compliant. Each TMU module handles 64 bi-directional HDLC channels:

CCS7 channels (two):

— two channels fully loaded (Message Signal Unit of 40 bytes with
only one flag between each MSU) in both transmit and receive directions

— MTP1 and MTP2 layers are performed

62 LAPD channels: level 1, level 2, and upper layers are performed.

A single Spectrum slot is used to install each TMU module, which contains the following components:

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TMU-SBC assembly which houses:

— VME board with high processing capability split up as follows: — TMU-PMC board
These components are connected to the TMU-TM assembly

a TMU-TM assembly which houses an adapter board provides:

— point-to-point ATM25 interface with each ATM-SW module — VME interface with the OMU-SBC board

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04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. . TMU2. and TMU3 boards look identical except for the name printing on the board. All Rights Reserved.5.4 BSC 3000 Control Node Description Figure 67 TMU module hardware overview 151 TMU.

2.1 External interfaces The following are the external interfaces of each TMU module: • • on the single front panel: — two visual indicators (LEDs) on the Control Node backplane: — redundant ATM links — redundant -48 V DC links — one Slot ID — MTM bus 5.152 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Mixed configurations of TMU .TMU2. the overall BSC capacity must be checked. Each TMU module houses the following: • • • a DC/DC converter which provides power to each component a ground for each component a fixed fuse to protect each component 5.3 BTS load caching mechanism on the TMU The aim of the caching mechanism is to reduce the involvement of the TMU when downloading multiple BTS in parallel. and TMU3 modules are supported.2. 5.4.2 Electrical characteristics Each TMU module is powered by the -48 V DC which comes from the operator boxes through the PCIU frame assembly and the SIMs.4. . a faulty TMU board can be replaced by a different type of board. The CM-LA is responsible for the management of the TMU cache and it is also in charge of the cache capacity.4. Cache items: A cache item possesses the following attributes: • • • a size corresponding to the software load expressed in octets a date of last use corresponding to the date of the last transition from In use to Unused a hit counter corresponding to the number of times the item has been transferred to a BTS since it has been transferred into the cache The three different states of a cache item are: Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. However. Therefore. All Rights Reserved.2. since the capacity depends on the type of board.

the software load is transferred from the OMU and. File caching: When a new software load transfer towards a BTS begins: If the software load is in the cache then • unless the corresponding cache item state is equal to Locked. the file replacement policy is invoked in order to determine which cache items (if any) need to be removed from the cache such that enough capacity is freed to store the new software load.4 BSC 3000 Control Node Description 153 • • • unused: the software load is stored in the cache but is not. at the present time. simultaneously. the new cache item state is equal to Locked. to the BTS otherwise. transferred to at least one BTS locked: the software load is presently transferred from the OMU to the cache The size of a locked cache item is equal to the size of the corresponding software load and is independent of the amount of data effectively transferred so far from the OMU. to both the BTS and the cache. its state is set to In use If the software load is not in the cache then • if the cache capacity minus the sum of the size of the cache items (which state is equal to either In use or Locked) is less than the size of the software load. then the software load cannot be stored into the cache and is transferred from the OMU and. All Rights Reserved. The remaining capacity of the cache is defined as the difference between its capacity and the sum of the size of all the items.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. at the present time. • Cache replacement The replacement policy is invoked only when the usable capability is greater than or equal to the size of the new software load. During the entire transfer duration. . transferred to any BTS in use: the software load is stored in the cache and is. simultaneously. The usable capacity of the cache is defined as the difference between its capacity and the sum of the size of the items which state is equal to either in use or locked.5. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. Once these cache items have been removed. The sum of the size of the cache items must be less than or equal to the cache capacity.

Based on this comparison. All Rights Reserved. the re-configuration is rejected and not initiated by the BSC. the BSC has the capability to re-configure allocation of resources (Erlangs for example) associated with the TMUs. The BSC provides information concerning recommendation levels based on selected criteria for performing an on-line reconfiguration.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. 5.154 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description 5. or Negative. Null or Negative recommendations imply that certain core processes may be stopped during the re-configuration.3 ATM-SW module From a hardware perspective.2. . are performed in a dual star architecture. The BSC initiates an online re-configuration in the case of the first three recommendation levels and based on reception of a load re-configuration TGE. Low. In this case. These links are used to connect both ATM-SW modules and each of them to: — the TMU modules — the OMU modules • an ATM155 interface Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.4. Strong. You may override this decision by sending a TGE with the checks_overide flag set to true. each time the distribution is not satisfactory) the BSS software runs the initial distribution algorithm in order to obtain a candidate initial distribution which it compares to the current effective Core Process distribution. Upon reception of the associated RGE. Each time the BSC reports a load imbalance to the OMC-R (that is. This is not only useful in rebalancing the load in the event of a failed TMU but also where a TMU is added to the configuration. the recommendation level can be either Mandatory. This subsystem provides a reliable backplane boards interconnection with live insertion capabilities.4. a popup dialog box informs you of whether or not the re-configuration has been started.4 TMU Load re-configuration In an effort to enhance algorithms already in use. the ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) subsystem is a key factor for the platform robustness and scalability. Null. which are located on the Control Node backplane. This on-line re-configuration also addresses load balance issues in other TMU core processes. The ATM-SW module houses the following main components: • • an ATM switch an ATM25 interface It performs the adaptation of the ATM25 links.

5.4 BSC 3000 Control Node Description

155

The ATM155 links are used to connect each ATM-SW module to each ATM-RM, which are located inside the Interface Node, using the SONET OC-3c optical multimode fibers. For more information, see Figure 68 "ATM-SW module hardware overview with OC-3 optical fibers plug-in" (page 156) and Figure 69 "ATM-SW module hardware overview" (page 157). An ATM-SW module fits in one slot. The ATM-SW contains the following boards:

• •

an ATM-SW-SBC board It houses the ATM Cell Switch an adapter board named: ATM-SW-TM It allows interfacing the ATM-SW-SBC with the:

— ATM25 links — ATM155 links — LEDs

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Figure 68 ATM-SW module hardware overview with OC-3 optical fibers plug-in

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157

Figure 69 ATM-SW module hardware overview

5.4.3.1 External interfaces
The following are the external interfaces of each ATM-SW module:

on the front panel:

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— two visual indicators (LEDs) — one TX connector for the OC-3 optical multimode fiber — one RX connector for the OC-3 optical multimode fiber

on the backplane:

— redundant ATM links — redundant -48 V DC links — one Slot ID — MTM bus 5.4.3.2 Electrical characteristics
Each ATM-SW module is powered by the -48 V DC which comes from the operator boxes through the PCIU assembly and the SIMs. Each ATM-SW module houses:

• • •

a DC/DC converter which provides power to each component a common ground for each board a fixed fuse to protect each component

5.4.4 MMS modules
The Control Node houses four MMS modules. For more information, see Figure 70 "MMS module hardware overview" (page 160). Each of them contains a SCSI hard disk. They are split up as follows:

Two shared hard disks implement disk mirroring for both OMU modules. Each of them is used to save the data in the event of a software or hardware failure inside the OMU module or the MMS module.

• •

One private disk for the OMU-A module. It is used to save the private data for the OMU-A module. One private disk for the OMU-B module. It is used to save the private data for the OMU-B module.

The MMS module provides circuitry and mechanical features. It is compliant with the Control Node hardware architecture. There are two generations of MMS modules. The MMS1 contains either a 9 Gigabyte hard disk, or a 36 Gigabyte hard disk clamped to a 9 Gigabyte hard disk. The MMS2 contains a 73 Gigabyte hard disk.

Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010
Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.

5.4. Each MMS module houses: • • • a DC/DC converter which provides power to each component a ground for each metallic board a fixed fuse to protect each component Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.4.4 BSC 3000 Control Node Description 159 The shared disk capacity in an MMS2 can be increased to accommodate a new definition of partition sizes required for features that require more storage. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.2 Electrical characteristics Each MMS module is powered by the -48 V DC which comes from the operator boxes through the PCIU frame assembly and the SIMs.4.4.1 External interfaces The following are the external interfaces of each MMS module: • on the front panel: — two visual indicators (LEDs) — one push button to request to remove the MMS module • on the backplane: — SCSI bus — one SCSI slot ID — MTM bus 5.5. All Rights Reserved.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.160 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 70 MMS module hardware overview 5. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.3 Hot swap removal request and action A push button which is mounted on the front panel provides the facility for requesting removal of the MMS module.4. All Rights Reserved.4. . Pushing the button sets a latch on the MMS module which stimulates the active OMU module.

4. 5. The acceptance and acknowledgement facility is only a function of the software. the system software signifies acknowledgement and acceptance of the removal request by continually winking the triangular red LED. Each of them houses two SIMs. If no passive MMS is ready to take over the services. The MMS module must be removed within fifteen minutes of the acknowledgement otherwise the system software will cancel the acceptance.5 SIM The SIMs are the DC power conditioners for each dual-shelf. .4. The DC part of the SIM houses • • • • a switch a soft start circuit a -48 V DC/alarms connector an electromagnetic interference (EMI) conditioning element The SIM also provides the alarm interface between the PCIU module and each dual-shelf. switch on/off. On detection of the removal request. The latch can only be reset by: • • an ITM action on the OMU module or by cycling the MMS -48 V DC power (hot removal and reinsertion).4 BSC 3000 Control Node Description 161 Both OMU and MMS support hot insertion. All Rights Reserved. and alarm interface between the PCIU and: — the OMU modules for the Control Node — the CEM for the Interface Node and the Transcoder Node Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. see Figure 71 "SIM hardware overview" (page 163).1 Functions The SIM manages the following functions: • • current limiting during start-up the alarms: filter fail.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. then the removal request will not be accepted by the OMU module. For more information. loss alarm. which is the only legal condition for hot removal of an MMS module. 5.5.5.

Soft start circuitryThe soft start circuitry protects the power conditioning circuit from high-inrush start-up conditions. Alarm block and LED driversThey provide alarm logic and LED drivers for the following alarm functions: • • • capacitor protection fuse or the circuit protection fuse power loss power switch open Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. EMI filterThe EMI filter provides filtration of conducted interference to maintain CC/CSA-mandated standards.162 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description • • filtered -48 / -60 V DC at 30 A power conditioning 5.4. SwitchThe switch houses a 30-amp filter which is used to connect the EMI filter to the -48 V DC. All Rights Reserved. . see Figure 72 "SIM functional blocks" (page 164).5.2 Functional Blocks For more information on each functional block inside a SIM.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

5.4 BSC 3000 Control Node Description Figure 71 SIM hardware overview 163 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. .

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. . All Rights Reserved.164 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 72 SIM functional blocks Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

CAUTION Damage to frame assembly If one (or more) slot(s) remains empty (that is. Filler modules maintain electromagnetic interference (EMI) integrity and they maintain shelf airflow patterns to ensure proper cooling. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.6 FiIler module A Filler module is an empty module container which can be used inside: • • the Control Node and the Interface Node of the BSC 3000 cabinet each of both Transcoder Nodes of the TCU 3000 cabinet For more information.4.5. they do not house a Filler module) then the BSC 3000 or the TCU 3000 frame assembly can be damaged. see Figure 73 "Filler module hardware overview" (page 166). Each unused slot on a powered shelf must be equipped with a Filler module. All Rights Reserved. A Filler module occupies any slot in each dual-shelf that does not contain a module or an RM.4 BSC 3000 Control Node Description 165 5.

166 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 73 Filler module hardware overview 5.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description The Interface Node performs the following functions: • provides network connectivity with: — the BTSs through the SAI on the Abis interface — the TCU 3000 through the SAI on the Ater interface — the PCUSN through the SAI on the Agprs interface • • communicates with the Control Node using the TCP/IP protocol over AAL-5 routes the AAL-1 cells over the ATM network for the LAPD and SS7 channels Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. . All Rights Reserved.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. Figure 74 BSC 3000 frame (Interface Node) physical architecture Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. see Figure 74 "BSC 3000 frame (Interface Node) physical architecture" (page 167) and Figure 75 "BSC 3000 Optical frame (Interface Node) physical architecture" (page 168). All Rights Reserved.5. .5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description 167 • • converts the AAL-1 cells into DS0 links provides the 16 or 8 kbit/s circuits in the I-Node for bearer speech/data channels between the BTSs and the MSC from the TCU 3000 or the SGSN from the PCUSN For more information.

All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. .168 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 75 BSC 3000 Optical frame (Interface Node) physical architecture Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

5.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. .5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description 169 Figure 76 IP Interface Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved.

LSA-RC. actually performing the call processing procedure) while the other is inactive. Each of the other RMs (ATM-RM. One CEM/CEM2 is active (that is. 8K-RM. The system does. however.170 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description The Interface Node hardware architecture for the BSC 3000 is based on the general Spectrum platform with the following features: • • • high speed telecom interfaces twenty-eight general purpose slots for application and interface modules two slots reserved for both SIMs which provide to each other module the -48 V DC and the alarm links ATTENTION The system does not support hot extraction of an active Interface Node CEM. All Rights Reserved. ready to take over if the active module fails. The fault tolerant architecture is based on duplicated CEM/CEM2/CEM3. see "Replacement of a CEM" in the Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Troubleshooting (411-9001-132). support hot extraction when the CEM is passive.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. For more information and to ensure that the CEM is passive before performing a hot extraction. and HSA-RC modules) is connected to the CEM/CEM2/CEM3 This results in a point-to-point architecture. which (when compared to bus architecture) provides: • • • superior fault containment and isolation properties fewer signal-integrity-related problems easier backplane signal routing Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. in order to synchronize: — call processing — maintenance states CEM2 modules handle the increased PCM capacity provided by the STM-1/OC-3 optical interface. . Both CEM/CEM2/CEM3s: • • receive identical PCM (E1/T1) links from each resource can communicate together through the IMC (Inter Module Communication) links.

In the initial product release. the S-link interfaces transport messaging channels and overhead control and status bits between the CEM/CEM2/CEM3 and each RM. For more information.5. . In a BSC 3000 Optical configuration. • IGM located inside the IPG complex has access to either 3 or 9 S-link interfaces combined .5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description 171 In addition to the speech data channel. and LSA-RC modules) clock subsystem alarm processing Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. or 768 DS0 channels to each CEM2 in a BSC 3000 configuration. All Rights Reserved. Each slot for each: • • • ATM-RM has access to three S-link interfaces. • IOM (combined IOM) located inside the HSA-RC module has access to nine S-link interfaces or 2304 DS0 channels to each CEM2 in a BSC 3000 Optical configuration. IEM located inside the LSA-RC module has access to three S-link interfaces. the 8K-RM must be installed in a slot with nine S-link interfaces. This module can be inserted in a generic slot. The CEM manages the following functions: • • • • • 64 k switching matrix message processing of the Interface Node: OAM and CallP over AAL-5 control each of the other resource modules (8K-RM. see Figure 77 "CEM/CEM2 hardware overview" (page 174). ATM-RM.5. the 8K-RMs are removed and the slots are used by HSA-RC. Each S-link interface provides 256 TS. The IOM requires a slot with nine S-links.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. 5. 8K-RM has access to nine S-link interfaces. or 2304 DS0 channels to each CEM. or 768 DS0 channels to each CEM2 .1 CEM The common equipment module (CEM) provides the centralized resources required to support the Interface Node applications.

All Rights Reserved. .5.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.5. • on the backplane: — S-link redundancy — -48 V DC links redundancy — IMC link redundancy — MTM bus — one Slot ID 5.1. For more information.5. see Figure 77 "CEM/CEM2 hardware overview" (page 174).172 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description 5.1 External interfaces The following are the external interfaces of each CEM: • on the front panel: — two visual indicators (LEDs) — an Ethernet link on the RJ45 connector to connect the TML ATTENTION You can connect the TML to the CEM only after having plugged the TML on the OMU module or on the optional HUB(s) to find a hardware fault or a software fault inside the Interface Node.1. The CEM2 manages the following functions: • • 64 k switching matrix message processing of the Interface Node: OAM and CallP over AAL-5 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.2 Electrical characteristics Each CEM: • • is powered by the -48 V DC which comes from the operator boxes through the PCIU frame assembly and the SIMs houses: — a DC/DC converter which provides power to each component — a common ground for each board — a fixed fuse to protect each component 5.2 CEM2 The common equipment module 2 (CEM2) provides the centralized resources required to support the Interface Node applications. The CEM2 integrates the functions of the CEM and has embedded in it the functions of the 8K-SRT.

5.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.2. The 8K-RTM cards are then removed to free up Slinks to serve the optical capacity.2 Electrical characteristics Each CEM/CEM2 is powered by the -48 V DC which comes from the operator boxes through the PCIU frame assembly and the SIMs. 5. • on the backplane: — S-link redundancy — -48 V DC links redundancy — IMC link redundancy — MTM bus — one Slot ID 5. . and HSA-RC modules) depending on the configuration used: CEM2 with or without embedded 8K-SRT. All Rights Reserved. LSA-RC. ATM-RM.5.1 External interfaces The following are the external interfaces of each CEM2: • on the front panel: — two visual indicators (LEDs) — an Ethernet link on the RJ45 connector to connect the TML ATTENTION You can connect the TML to the CEM2 only after having plugged the TML on the OMU module or on the optional HUB(s) to find a hardware fault or a software fault inside the Interface Node.5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description 173 • • • control of each of the other resource modules (8K-RM. clock subsystem alarm processing CEM2 is a requirement for BSC 3000 optical which uses the embedded 8K-RTM capability.5.2. Each CEM/CEM2 houses: • • • a DC/DC converter which provides power to each component a common ground for each board a fixed fuse to protect each component Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

.174 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 77 CEM/CEM2 hardware overview Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

5.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. 5. CEM3 also manages optical interface. It does bear the label CEM2 to distinguish it from CEM. .5. All Rights Reserved.1 External interfaces The external interfaces of each CEM3 are described below: • on the front panel: — two visual indicators (LEDs) — an Ethernet link on the RJ45 connector to connect the TML ATTENTION You can connect the TML to the CEM3 only after having plugged the TML on the OMU module or on the optional HUB(s) to find hardware fault or a software fault inside the Interface Node.3 CEM3 The common equipment module 3 (CEM3) embeds the optical connectivity functionality and is supported only on optical BSC and optical TCU.5. 5.5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description 175 The CEM2 card looks the same as the CEM where visual indicators and connector plugs are concerned.3. The CEM3 has at least the same performances and reliability as the previous versions of CEM. The CEM3 is ROHS compliant. replacing IOM in the high-capacity optical BSC and high capacity optical TCU. • on the backplane: — S-link redundancy — -48 V DC links redundancy — IMC link redundancy — MTM bus — one Slot ID Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. CEM3 provides the following switching capacity in both uplink and downlink of DS0 and 8K sub-rate • • up to 32K switching capacity at DS0 level up to 256K switching capacity at 8K sub-rate level CEM3 provides two connectors for OC-12 / STM-4 connectivity but only one is used on optical TCU 3000.

2 Electrical characteristics Each CEM3 is powered by the -48 V DC which comes from the operator boxes through the PCIU frame assembly and the SIMs. All Rights Reserved.176 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description 5. .3. Each CEM3 houses: • • • a DC/DC converter which provides power to each component a common ground for each board a fixed fuse to protect each component Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.5.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

5.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description Figure 78 CEM3 hardware overview 177 The CEM3 card looks the same as the CEM where visual indicators and connector plugs are concerned. All Rights Reserved. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. It does bear the label CEM3 to distinguish it from CEM or CEM2. .

4 ATM-RM The ATM-RM provides the centralized resources required to support the Interface Node applications.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved. . Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.4. The main functions of the ATM-RM are: • • • • interface to an OC-3 optical multimode fiber termination of ATM forum specified SONET transport and path overhead termination of ATM OAM and CallP cells map DS0 to ATM cells over AAL-1 for Nx64 connections and speech/data channels 5.5.4.2 Electrical characteristics Each ATM-RM is powered by the -48 V DC which comes from the operator boxes through the PCIU frame assembly and the SIMs.5.5.1 External interfaces The following are the external interfaces of each ATM-RM: • on the front panel: — two visual indicators (LEDs) — one TX connector for the OC-3 multimode optical fiber — one RX connector for the OC-3 multimode optical fiber • on the backplane: — S-link redundancy — -48 V DC links redundancy — one Slot ID 5. see Figure 79 "ATM-RM hardware overview" (page 179) and Figure 80 "ATM-RM optical fibers plug-in" (page 180). The ATM-RM provides: • • a SONET OC-3 physical interface that allows direct connection to the ATM network located on the Control Node interworking functionality between the cell based ATM network (ATM25 interfaces) located on backplane of the Control Node and the switching network (S-link interfaces) located on backplane of the Interface Node For more information.178 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description 5.

All Rights Reserved.5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description 179 Each ATM-RM houses: • • • a DC/DC converter which provides power to each component a common ground for each board a fixed fuse to protect each component Figure 79 ATM-RM hardware overview Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.5. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

. All Rights Reserved.180 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 80 ATM-RM optical fibers plug-in Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description 181 5.5. as the CEM is only capable of switching at a DS0 level (64 with Kbit/s channels).5.1 External interfaces The following are the external interfaces of each 8K-RM: • • on the front panel: — two visual indicators (LEDs) on the backplane: — S-link redundancy — -48 V DC links redundancy — MTM bus — Slot ID 5.5 8K-RM The 8K-RM (8K Resource Module) is also named subrate timeswitch. .2 Electrical characteristics Each 8K-RM is powered by the -48 V DC which comes from the operator boxes through the PCIU frame assembly and the SIMs.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. The role of the 8K-RM is to add subrate switching capability to the cabinet.5. allowing for the efficient switching of 8 and 16 with kbit/s channels. supporting up to 16 with Kbit/s channels (contained in 2268 DS0 signals). It manages the following main functions: • • transmits and receives data to/from two (active and inactive) CEM through nine S-links provides non-blocking sub-DS0 rate timeswitching on 8 with kbit/s channels 5. All Rights Reserved. Its functions are performed by the CEM2 in the BSC 3000 optical configuration. It is an application-specific circuit module which performs a timeswitch function on sub-DS0 rate channels. The 8K-RM is only included in the BSC 3000 electrical configuration.5. For more information. It provides a secondary stage of switching individual bits within DS0 signals. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.5. see Figure 81 "8K-RM hardware overview" (page 182).5.

All Rights Reserved. .182 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Each 8K-RM houses • • • a DC/DC converter which provides power to each component a common ground for each board a fixed fuse to protect each component Figure 81 8K-RM hardware overview Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

This is accomplished by duplicating the IEM modules. It occupies three slots on the Interface Node shelf and consists of the following modules: • • • a duplicated pair of IEM modules a single TIM an RCM (Resource Complex Mini backplane) For more information. Due to the large quantity of PCM (E1/T1) links carried on a single LSA-RC module.5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description 183 5. The CTU module provides: • • • • copper management manual loopback lightning protection impedance matching For more information on the electrical architecture between a LSA-RC module in the BSC 3000 frame and a CTU module in the SAI frame. All Rights Reserved. the system has been designed to minimize the possibility that the failure of a single module will cause the failure of an entire LSA-RC module.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. . Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. which contain all of the electronic circuitry. This quantity of PCM (E1/T1) links allows full utilization of the S-link bandwidth available on the backplane. The LSA-RC module provides an electrical interface for the signals on the PCM (E1/T1) links.5. The IEM that is receiving the PCM signals is considered as the active IEM while the other is considered as the passive IEM. see Figure 83 "LSA-RC module hardware overview" (page 187) and Figure 84 "LSA-RC module front view" (page 188). The LSA-RC module provides access to 21 PCM E1 links or 28 PCM T1 links.5. see Figure 82 "LSA-RC/CTU module electrical architecture" (page 186).6 LSA-RC module The low speed access for the Interface Node is defined as either PCM (E1/T1) interfaces and is achieved by means of: • • a LSA-RC module housed inside the Interface Node shelf a CTU module housed inside the SAI frame assembly ATTENTION There are no more HSA or LSA modules on the Optical BSC High Capacity (4K Erlangs).

Nevertheless. The DS0 transport: — SS7 channels — LAPD channels — speech/data channel • format the data in the proper high speed serial format necessary for processing by the CEM Two versions of the IEM are available: • one interfaces: — twenty-one 120 W four-wire PCM E1 — or twenty-one 75 W coax PCM E1 • the other interfaces twenty-eight 100 W four-wire PCM T1 For more information. All Rights Reserved. . Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.5. it is desirable to quickly classify PCM (E1/T1) faults. the LSA-RC module provides loopback switches for each PCM (E1/T1) through the CTMx boards which are housed inside the SAI frame. The LSA-RC module provides management for either 21 E1 or 28 T1 PCM links. The speech/data channels from all of the PCM (E1/T1) links are multiplexed onto the S-link interface through the PCM (E1/T1) adaptor and vice versa. To this end.1 IEM This interface electronic module (IEM) is used to • • • provide PCM (E1/T1) interfaces with each BTS: Abis interface provide PCM (E1/T1) interfaces with the TCU 3000: Ater interface convert the PCM (E1/T1) links in DS0 on the S-link interfaces.6.184 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description 5. The IEM contains a PCM (E1/T1) adaptor to terminate each PCM link. see Figure 84 "LSA-RC module front view" (page 188). each PCM (E1/T1) is an individual network element that can connect to another piece of transmission equipment located at a great distance away.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. Both generations of the IEM (IEM1 and IEM2) are available in E1 and T1 versions. During troubleshooting activities.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. .5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description 185 CAUTION Loss of communications It is very important in the troubleshooting and maintenance of transmission equipment that the loopback feature be operated only after the PCM (E1/T1) has been prepared for maintenance. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.5. Failure to do so could cause the unexpected termination of multiple network connections. All Rights Reserved.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved. .186 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 82 LSA-RC/CTU module electrical architecture Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

5.5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description 187 Figure 83 LSA-RC module hardware overview Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved. .

.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. it will not be obvious to the operator which Loopback push button on the CTMx board is associated with the corresponding LSA-RC module.188 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 84 LSA-RC module front view After the BSC 3000 cabinet is fully installed and all the cables are dressed within cable management facilities. All Rights Reserved. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

Internally.5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description 189 The solution is to know that: • • the minimum port number of a PCM (E1/T1) is located on the bottom left of a CTU module the maximum port number of a PCM (E1/T1) is located on the top right of a CTU module Programmable read-only memory residing inside the IEM modules enables functions that are directly related to the type of module that hosts them. AIS is represented by an (unframed) all-ones signal. However.Alarm Indication Signal — fault definition On the T1 line.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. The LOS defect is cleared when the incoming signal has an average pulse density. All Rights Reserved. . An AIS defect is: Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. alarm loops) report events to the BSC 3000 The frame alignment circuit raises the following alarm condition signals: LOS .Loss of Signal — fault definition The presence of the LOS fault at any time during the previous one-second interval The LOS defect is detected when the incoming signal has no transitions.5. their common purpose is to detect any changes in their physical environment such as external alarm loops and PCM (E1/T1) connections. AIS is represented by all-ones in all timeslots. — LED requirement LOS LED is turned – ON when LOS GSM fault is the highest ranking GSM fault – OFF when LOS GSM fault is no longer the highest ranking GSM fault • AIS . They do the following: • • • • initialize board software and hardware by configuring the data loaded by the BSC 3000 to match the host board operating needs detect and confirm physical changes in the BSC 3000 environment (PCM alarms.

– OFF when a frame alignment GSM fault is no longer than the highest ranking GSM fault. — LED requirement LFA LEDs or LOF LEDs are turned: – ON when a frame alignment GSM fault is the highest ranking GSM fault. where T is 3ms to 75ms – cleared within a time period T when the incoming signal does not meet either the ones density or the unframed signal criteria. LFA or LOF should be detected within 12 ms. The maximum average reframe time is the average time to reframe when the maximum number of bit positions must be examined to locate the frame alignment signal. The presence of the LOF fault at any time during the previous one-second interval. where T is 3ms to 75ms The presence of the AIS fault at any time during the previous one-second interval. It must be confirmed over several frames to avoid the unnecessary initiation of the frame alignment recovery procedure due to the transmission bit errors. The frame alignment recovery procedure should begin immediately once a LFA or a LOF has been confirmed. It is also said to be lost when three errors of the bit 2 in TS0 in frames not containing alignment signals are received. All Rights Reserved. The maximum average reframe time should not exceed 15 ms (for ESF) and 50 ms (for SF).Loss Of signal Frame alignment — fault definition Frame alignment is said to be lost when three consecutive errors of the alignment signals are received.Remote Alarm Indicator: — fault definition Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. .Loss of signal Frame Alignmentor LOF for T1 .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.190 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description – detected when the incoming signal is an unframed signal with ones density present for a time equal to or greater than T. — LED requirement AIS LED is turned – ON when AIS GSM fault is the highest ranking GSM fault – OFF when AIS GSM fault is no longer the highest ranking GSM fault • LFA for E1. • RAI .

5.5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description 191 For SF framing. As an exception to this rule.6. The T1 version of the faceplate is virtually a subset of the E1 version and will not be shown in Figure 84 "LSA-RC module front view" (page 188).04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. so a slightly different set of LEDs are required which means that different faceplates are required. see their generic description in 5. The application manages LFA for E1 or LOF for T1. see Figure 84 "LSA-RC module front view" (page 188). .2 External interfaces This section describes the external interfaces of the IEM. RAI should be detected by bit 2 in every channel time slot being set to 0. The only difference will be that the acronym LFA will be displayed as LOF. The LEDs on the front panel of the board display these alarms. The requirements to display alarms for a PCM (E1/T1) link are different. For ESF framing. — LED requirement RAI LED is turned: – ON when the RAI GSM fault is the highest ranking GSM fault. RAI should be detected by the frame alignment alarm sequence (FF00).5. – OFF when the RAI GSM fault is no longer the highest ranking GSM fault. The behavior described within will apply in either case. LSA specific requirements on the interactive front panel Primarily. the LEDs on the front panel are used to display specific information about the alarms on the PCM (E1/T1) links. They indicate the IEM module or the TIM status. IEM front panel For more information on the front panel of the IEM modules. AIS. The presence of the RAI fault at any time during the previous one-second interval.2. All Rights Reserved. 5. The corresponding alarm LED lights for at least 200 ms upon each alarm occurrence. and RAI. For more information about these LEDs. Visual indicators The visual indicators which contain the red and green LEDs at the top of the front panel are "standard" Spectrum LEDs.4 “ Generic hardware architecture inside the BSC 3000 and the TCU 3000” (page 105). OK will be displayed on the alpha-numeric LED of the active IEM when there are no alarms to Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.1. The NO information will be displayed when there are no problems to report.

Pressing the arrow key increments ("Up" arrow key) or decrements ("Down" arrow key) the information displayed on the interactive front panel to the next fault alarm. Only the highest severity signal failure is presented on the front panel for a given PCM (E1/T1). the failure is removed from the faceplate at the same time the clear is reported inside defect monitoring. AIS. then the multiple PCM (E1/T1) alarm begins to blink. Signal failure indicator The signal failure LEDs have a transparent text cover which indicates the type of signal failure detected in the receive signal of the IEM. If a failure on a PCM (E1/T1) is cleared. The LSA-RC module provides management for either 21 PCM E1 links or 28 PCM T1 links.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved. each PCM (E1/T1) is an individual network element that can connect to another piece of transmission equipment located a great distance away. but in the outside plant. If a failure exists in one or more PCM (E1/T1) links. AIS. Like before. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. signaling to the operator that more information is available by pressing one of the arrow keys. or blank. XX. This has the effect of passively indicating to the operator which IEM is active and which is passive. and RAI PCM (E1/T1) number failure indicator increment/decrement controls to show alarms for multiple failed spans Multiple PCM (E1/T1) failure LED The multiple PCM (E1/T1) LED is off when there is a failure in zero or one PCM (E1/T1) link.192 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description report. If one or more additional alarms are detected on other PCM (E1/T1) links within the same IEM. . the signal failure displayed on the faceplate reflects the PCM (E1/T1) number shown in the PCM (E1/T1) indicator. The interactive portion of the front panel consists of the following elements: • • • • • multiple span failure indication LED signal failure indication LEDs for a PCM E1 link: LOS. and RAI signal failure indication LEDs for a PCM T1 link: LOS. the number of the troubled PCM is displayed along with the fault condition LED. The signal failure LEDs are used by an E1 or a T1 LSA and operate as follows: • • • • No failure indicator LED is lit if the span failure indicator shows OK. LOF. LFA.

AIS. PCM (span) failures are sorted by a PCM (E1/T1) number. LOF. The PCM (E1/T1) failure indicator operates as follows: • • It is blank until the IEM is brought into service.5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description 193 PCM (E1/T1) failure indicator The PCM (E1/T1) failure indicator is used in conjunction with the signal failure indicators to show the type of failures encountered on a given PCM (E1/T1). This indication is shown regardless of whether carriers are in service. . It contains the text XX on the active IEM when there is a problem with the copper connection between the IEM and the SAI frame. All Rights Reserved. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. LFA. lowest PCM (E1/T1). The PCM (E1/T1) links are numbered from 0 to 20 inclusive. the PCM (E1/T1) failure indicator is updated to show OK provided no cabling problems exist. If a failure is cleared on a PCM (E1/T1) displayed on the faceplate and this is the only PCM (E1/T1) failure present. The PCM (E1/T1) information is not changed as the consequence of a new PCM (E1/T1) failure. — PCM E1 links have no signal failures: LOS. the front panel is updated to show the failure on the next. The increment/decrement controls do nothing when there is a single PCM failure or the span indicator shows OK. For multiple PCM (E1/T1) failures. or blank. The PCM (E1/T1) links are numbered from 0 to 27 inclusive.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. AIS. If a failure is cleared on a PCM (E1/T1) link displayed on the front panel and there are multiple PCM (E1/T1) links experiencing failures. The increment/decrement control has behavior when the multiple PCM (E1/T1) links LED indicates multiple failures. the PCM (E1/T1) failure indicator shows the last viewed PCM (E1/T1). • • • • Increment/decrement PCM (E1/T1) control The increment/decrement PCM (E1/T1) control is used by the operator to check the status of multiple failed PCM (E1/T1) links. If a single PCM (E1/T1) failure occurs. XX. It is used on the interactive front panel of the IEM. If the clearing event is associated with the lowest numbered PCM(E1/T1). or RAI — PCM T1 links have no signal failures: LOS. It contains the text OK on the active IEM when all are provisioned. or RAI • • • It is blank (no text or symbol) on the inactive IEM.5. the next PCM (E1/T1) is shown. the PCM (E1/T1) failure indicator is updated to show the affected PCM (E1/T1) number. The PCM (E1/T1) links are not listed by order of failure occurrence.

If the last. IEM backplane The backplane houses the following interfaces: • • • • • S-link redundancy -48 V DC links redundancy MTM bus redundancy PCM link redundancy slot ID Electrical characteristics Each IEM is powered by the -48 V DC which comes from the operator boxes through the PCIU frame assembly and the SIMs. lowest sorted PCM (E1/T1) link failure. highest sorted PCM (E1/T1) link failure. selected span had the highest value for any failed span.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. the PCM (E1/T1) failure indicator is updated to show the next. All Rights Reserved. the next PCM (E1/T1) shown will have the highest failed PCM (E1/T1) value. . The RCM provides the following features: • interface for up to — 21 PCM E1 links — 28 PCM T1 links • matched impedance for 120 W or 75 W + 10% between tip and ring optimal for the PCM E1 links Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. selected PCM (E1/T1) links had the lowest value for any failed PCM (E1/T1). If the decrement control (down arrow) is used when multiple PCM (E1/T1) link failures are present. the PCM (E1/T1) failure indicator is updated to show the next. If the last.194 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description If the increment control (up arrow) is used when multiple PCM (E1/T1) link failures are present. the next span shown will have the lowest failed span value. Each IEM houses: • • • a DC/DC converter which provides power to each component a common ground for each board a fixed fuse to protect each component RCM The resource complex mini backplane (RCM) was initially designed to provide additional interface signals for both IEM modules and the TIM.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. the TIM. . and the backplane. All Rights Reserved. Signal connections between both IEMs and the backplane contain: • • • • • S-link redundancy synchronization MTM bus Signals between both the IEMs and the TIMs contain: PCM (E1/T1) differential pairs LED control Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.5. The RCM provides inter-connection for signals among both IEMs.5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description 195 • • • • • matched impedance for 100 W + 10% between tip and ring optimal for the PCM T1 links interface for additional status/control signals among LSA-RC module (IEM/TIM/IEM) interface for existing signals with matched impedance of 60 W + 10% connection to Synchronization slots on the backplane of the Interface Node RCM slot identification for the IEMs Components layout For more information on each main link inside the RCM. see Figure 85 "RCM component layout" (page 196).

all external interfaces must be located on the front of the circuit packs. The TIM is used for PCM T1 links with Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.196 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 85 RCM component layout TIM The TIM provides access to the line signals from the IEMs. All Rights Reserved. Without rear access on the Interface Node.

it is connected from both 62-pin connectors located on the front panel of the TIM to both 62-pin connectors on the located on the CTB inside the SAI assembly. . All Rights Reserved. see Figure 86 "TIM layout" (page 198).5. External interfaces The following are the external interfaces of the TIM: • on the front panel: — two visual indicators (LEDs) which are controlled by the IEM — PCM (E1/T1) RX signals to the SAI frame — PCM (E1/T1) TX signals to the SAI frame • on the backplane: — PCM (E1/T1) links redundancy Connector description The TIM is connected to the RCM backplane. For more information. The TIM is used in BSC 3000 electrical only. The TIM provides the following functions: • • • interface for up to 28 PCM T1 links interface for up to 21 PCM E1 links matched impedance between tip and ring (optimal for the same for PCM (E1/T1)): — for PCM E1 120 — for PCM E1 75 — for PCM T1 100 ± 10% ± 10% ± 10% • version and presence information to the IEMs The TIM does not receive the -48 V DC and therefore EMI filtering for all signals is dedicated to or from the SAI frame.5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description 197 compensation for impedance mismatch located in the CTMx board housed inside the SAI frame. In addition. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

These are referred to as optical carrier modules or IOM. An HSA-RC is composed of two IOM in a non-revertive 1+1 scheme. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.7 HSA-RC module In order to support optical interface. .5.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. the BSC 3000 is equipped with High Speed Access Resource Complex (HSA-RC).198 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 86 TIM layout 5. All Rights Reserved.

and VC12P carriers are hard coded provisioned in the BSC 3000. the optical network is redundant with a dual optical ring. sparing available but not used VC4P (represents Virtual Container 4 of an STM-1 frame) VC12P (represents Virtual Container 12 of the STM-1 frame) E1P (represents the E1 carriers mapped onto VC12P) and it has to be provisioned as PCM interface STM-1R. which is not the case with the electrical network.5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description 199 By virtue of the two optical fiber pairs in an HSA-RC. sparing available but not used STM-1M (represents the Multiplexor Section of an STM-1 frame). The IOM is channelized to the DS0 level: • • STM-1 capacity is the equivalent of 63 E1s (2016 DS0) OC-3 capacity is the equivalent of 84 T1s (2016 DS0) STM-1 carrier hierarchy STM-1 carrier hierarchy from the highest to the lowest (DS0) is as follows: • • • • • STM-1R (represents the Regenerator Section of an STM-1 frame). sparing available but not used Then two object hierarchies are possible: — STS1P (represents Path 1 of an DS3P) — DS3P (represents Path 28 of an DS1P) — DS1P (represents the T1 carriers mapped onto DS1P) and it has to be provisioned as PCM interface OR: Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. and error detection. sparing available but not used STS3L (represents the Multiplexor Line of an OC-3 frame). IOM The IOM has SONET/SDH interface termination including frame generation. All Rights Reserved. alarm detection and generation. STM-1M. VC4P. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.5. OC-3 carrier hierarchy OC-3 carrier hierarchy from the highest to the lowest (DS0) is as follows: • • OC-3S (represents the Regenerator Section of an OC-3 frame).

Default provisioning is VT1. This provisioning can be modified by TML to have DS3P hierarchy.200 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description — STS1P (represents Virtual Container 28 of an VT 1. For more information. The IOM is a single bidirectional line interface. • • One fiber is used to send information to the network on each combined IOM of a HSA-RC. All Rights Reserved.5 hierarchy. STS1P. .5 carriers are hard coded provisioned in the BSC 3000.5 (represents Virtual Container 1 of an DS1P) — DS1P (represents the T1 carriers mapped onto DS1P) and it has to be provisioned as PCM interface OC3S. Two optical fibers are physically connected to the module. and DS3P or VT1. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. Combined IOM hardware description The IOM is fault tolerant with a line protection based on type1+1 Linear (SONET)/MSP (SDH) non-revertive uni-directional (no impact on the service) as described in GR 253/ITU-T G. see Figure 87 "BSC 3000 Optical fiber ring" (page 201).5) — VT1.841.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. One fiber is used to receive information on each module but only one is selected at the end by the active OC3S/STS3L / STM-1R/STM-1M block to get information. STS3L.

additional equipment is required (intermediate reach). Combined OC-3/STM-1 has optical SC connectors. Fault detection and switch completion times meet the requirements described in GR 253 and ITU-T G. Sparing completion is done in less than 50 ms.5.841.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. SAI is mandatory in case an LSA-RC is present. see Figure 87 "BSC 3000 Optical fiber ring" (page 201). 5. .5 BSC 3000 Interface Node Description Figure 87 BSC 3000 Optical fiber ring 201 ATTENTION The SAI cannot be removed even if the BSC3000 is equipped with only HSA-RC. Every 15 km. All Rights Reserved. K1/K2 bytes will be transmitted to indicate channel activity but they will not be monitored for the purposes of aligning channel activity with the far end transmitting equipment for activity switches. Fiber to be used is single mode and 1310 nm wave length.5. The IOM is plug and play and requires a single 9 S-link slot.8 IPG The IPG is in charge of interfacing the TDM centric BSC with the packet network used for supporting the Abis interface. For more information. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.202 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Each IPG gets up to 84 E1 (63 T1). It also performs the reverse operation for packet to TDM conversion. The IPG provides BTS clock synchronization/clock recovery. All Rights Reserved. . in a BSS where the Abis interface runs over a packetized IP-based network). IPG is only used in an IP-enabled BSC (that is. IPG supports: • • • • • • • packet to TDM and TDM to packet conversion IPM-IGM Service channel with TCP/IPsec (in tunnel mode) downlink packets time-stamping for clock synchronization purpose traffic aggregation and de aggregation for BTS BSC PCM sharing configurations (traffic related to several BTS conveyed on the same Abis PCM at BSC level) IPG and IPM counter retrieval mechanism level 2 or level 3 switching and traffic aggregation using an embedded Ethernet switch processing of Ethernet frames to apply VLAN tagging and DiffServ marking Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. Abis flow from the BSC and converts this TDM flow in a Nortel proprietary RTP-like flow for traffic (CS and PS) and LAPD signaling flow.

.5.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.6 TCU 3000 Transcoder Node Description Figure 88 IPG front panel 203 5.6 TCU 3000 Transcoder Node Description The TCU 3000 houses two Transcoder Nodes. All Rights Reserved. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

Figure 89 TCU 3000 (Transcoder Node) physical architecture electrical configuration Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. see Figure 89 "TCU 3000 (Transcoder Node) physical architecture electrical configuration" (page 204). .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.204 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Each of them performs the following functions: • provides network connectivity with — the BSC 3000 through the Ater interface — the MSC through the A interface • • • • converts the LAPD channels in DS0 links transports the SS7 signaling links through the DS0 links allows the communication between the Transcoder Node and the Control Node through the LAPD channels over DS0 links and through the Interface Node manages the GSM vocoding of the speech/data channels For more information.

.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.5.6 TCU 3000 Transcoder Node Description 205 Figure 90 TCU 3000 (Transcoder Node) physical architecture optical configuration Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. support hot extraction when the CEM is passive. . The system does. see "Replacement of a CEM" in the Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Troubleshooting (411-9001-132). ready to take over if the active unit fails. One CEM is active (that is actually performing call processing functions) while the other is inactive. damage at risk. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved. For more information and to ensure that the CEM is passive before performing a hot extraction.206 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 91 TCU 3000 (Transcoder Node) physical architecture optical configuration (with CEM3) The Transcoder Node hardware architecture for the TCU 3000 is based on the general Spectrum platform with the following features: • • • high speed telecom interfaces twenty-eight general purpose slots for application and interface modules two slots reserved for both SIMs which provide to each other module the -48 V DC and the alarm links ATTENTION The system does not support hot extraction of an active Transcoder Node CEM. ATTENTION CEM mixity is PROHIBITED. however. The fault tolerant architecture is based on duplicated CEM.

Each slot for each: • • • has access to three S-links. .5. and HSA-RC modules) is connected to the CEM through the S-link interfaces.1 TRM The TRM manages the GSM vocoding of the speech/data channels. see Figure 92 "TRM hardware overview" (page 210) for details. In addition to the TRM1 module there are also the TRM2 and TRM3 modules which provide greater capacity. All TRM3 is also a configuration supported in optical TCU. Any combination of TRM1/TRM2 and TRM3 is supported for both electrical and optical without any restriction. LSA-RC. in order to synchronize: — call processing — maintenance states Each RM (TRM. For more information about TRM.6 TCU 3000 Transcoder Node Description 207 Both CEMs: • • receive identical PCM (E1/T1) traffic from each resource can communicate with each other using the IMC (Inter Module Communication) links. All Rights Reserved. or 768 DS0 channels to each CEM 5. This results in a point-to-point architecture. a mixed TRM1/TRM2/TRM3 in the same TCU cabinet is supported without any restriction. the S-link interfaces transport messaging channels.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. overhead control and status bits between the CEM and each RM. or 768 DS0 channels to each CEM IOM located inside the HSA-RC module has access to nine S-links. the TRM2 and TRM3 are functionally equivalent to the TRM1. Each S-link provides 256 DS0. The AMR-WB is a codec and is supported on TRM3 boards only. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. or 768 DS0 channels to each CEM IEM located inside the LSA-RC module has access to three S-links.6. In the electrical and optical configuration of the TCU 3000. which (when compared to bus architectures) provides: • • • superior fault containment and isolation properties fewer signal integrity related problems easier backplane signal routing In addition to the speech data channel. From a call processing point of view.

CAUTION In rare cases. The TRM2 and TRM 3 boards are RoHS compliant.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. replacement of a TRM3 by a TRM1 or TRM2 will also cause a decrease in TCU capacity. 5. The Transcoder Node houses up to 12 seconds. hot extraction of a TRM board may result in some calls being dropped. enhanced full rate (EFR). and adaptive multi-rate (AMR) FR or HR on multiple traffic channels. The TRM3 boards supports AMR-WB. All Rights Reserved.6.208 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description The extra capacity provided by the TRM3 board can only be realized if a TRM capacity license is installed on this TCU. see Nortel GSM BSS Configuration—Operating Procedures (411-9001-034). see Nortel GSM BSS Configuration—Operating Procedures (411-9001-034) for details. CAUTION Before replacing a faulty TRM2 by a TRM1 board. . The speech channels can process the CTM (cellular text telephone modem) for transmission of a text telephone conversation. If the TRM capacity increase feature is active on a TCU. For instructions on activating increased capacity mode.1. all TRM3 in a TCU 3000 shelf will operate in increased capacity mode. This task is accomplished by an array of Digital Signal Processors (DSPs). on a properly dimensioned TCU. If a license is purchased from Nortel and installed at the OMC-R. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. check the overall TCU capacity since it will decrease. The flexibility and computational power of the allow it to run any of the GSM coding/decoding processes: full rate (FR). The number of seconds required depends on the operator capacity requirements.1 TRM capacity TRM3 is capable of operating in two capacity modes: standard capacity mode and increased capacity mode. For more information about TRM3. The TRM3 does not support Abis PCM error correction.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. Each TRM houses: • • • a DC/DC converter which provides power to each component a common ground for each board a fixed fuse to protect each component Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.5. All Rights Reserved. .2 External interfaces The following are the external interfaces of the front panel and the backplane: • • on the front panel: — two visual indicators (LEDs) on the backplane: — S-links redundant — -48 V DC links redundant — MTM bus 5.1.3 Electrical characteristics Each TRM is powered by the -48 V DC which comes from the operator boxes through the PCIU frame assembly and the SIMs.1.6 TCU 3000 Transcoder Node Description 209 5.6.6.

Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. The same holds true in the case of a TRM3 board.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved. . TRM2 will appear on a TRM2 board to distinguish it from the TRM1.210 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 92 TRM hardware overview The two TRM boards look identical except for the name printed on the board.

5. • Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.1 BSC 3000 Cabinet Cabling The BSC 3000 cabinet is cabled inside the BSC 3000 frame and the SAI frame through different internal cable paths ensuring protection against electrical and electromagnetic interference. TcuCallP is also in charge of the Transcoder Resource Module management and all the defense actions impacting the GSM calls.7. by rails which are located in the upper part or through a false floor.7 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Cabinet Cabling This section includes the following topics: • • 5. For more information on how to connect the OC-3 optical multimode fibers on the ATM-SW module.7 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Cabinet Cabling 211 5. The cables are routed from the BSC 3000 cabinet to the other BSS products.7.2 Subsystem specifications for Call Processing Call processing on TCU 3000 is performed by a software module called TcuCallP whose role is to connect the Ater and the A circuits for each GSM call establishment required by the Traffic Management running on the Control Node.2 “ TCU 3000 Cabinet Cabling” (page 222) 5.1.7. 5. The configuration parameters linked to CallP are of the following types: • • • general parameters applicable to the whole platform parameters linked to speech encoding/decoding and applicable to TRM boards parameters linked to codec distribution on archipelagoes and applicable on CallP 5.1 Internal cabling The internal cabling of the BSC 3000 cabinet is shown on the following figures: • For more information on how to connect the OC-3 optical multimode fibers. .7. All Rights Reserved. see Figure 95 "ATM-SW module optical fibers plug-in" (page 215).04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. see Figure 93 "BSC 3000 optical fibers cabling" (page 213) and Figure 94 "BSC 3000 optical fiber cabling" (page 214).6.1 “ BSC 3000 Cabinet Cabling” (page 211) 5. They are used to connect the ATM backplane in the Control Node through the ATM_SW module to the S-link backplane in the Interface Node through the ATM-RM.

For more information on how to connect the external the OMU modules to the OMC-R or to the TML. these cables are connected to the TCU 3000 cabinet or the PCUSN cabinets or the BTS cabinets. Then. For more information on how to connect the internal PCM (E1/T1) cables between the TIM in each LSA-RC module of the Interface Node and each CTU module of the SAI frame. .2 External cabling The external cabling of the BSC 3000 cabinet is shown on the following figures: • For more information on how to connect the external PCM (E1/T1) cable on each CTU module of the SAI frame.7.212 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description • • For more information on how to connect the OC-3 optical multimode fibers on the ATM-RM. For more information on how to connect the internal -48 V DC and alarm cables between the PCIU and the four SIMs located on the Control Node and the Interface Node. see Figure 100 "BSC 3000: cabling to/from both optional hubs" (page 220). For more information on how to connect the external -48 V DC cables to the PCIU. • • Both optional hubs can be installed outside the SAI frame. see Figure 97 "BSC 3000 PCM internal and external cabling for electrical configuration" (page 217). see Figure 99 "BSC 3000 -48 V DC and alarm cabling" (page 219). All Rights Reserved. see Figure 100 "BSC 3000: cabling to/from both optional hubs" (page 220). see Figure 99 "BSC 3000 -48 V DC and alarm cabling" (page 219).1. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. see Figure 96 "ATM-RM optical fiber plug-in" (page 216). 5. • — the PCIU — and the four SIMs located on the Control Node and the Interface Node The internal -48 V DC and the alarm links are distributed: — for the Control Node: from the SIMs to the OMU modules and the other modules through the ATM backplane — for the Interface Node: from the SIMs to the CEM and the other modules through the S-link backplane • For more information on how to connect the OMU modules to the optional hubs.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. these cables are connected to the other BSS products. Then. see Figure 97 "BSC 3000 PCM internal and external cabling for electrical configuration" (page 217).

All Rights Reserved.7 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Cabinet Cabling Figure 93 BSC 3000 optical fibers cabling 213 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. .5.

. All Rights Reserved.214 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 94 BSC 3000 optical fiber cabling Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.7 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Cabinet Cabling 215 Figure 95 ATM-SW module optical fibers plug-in Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. . All Rights Reserved.5.

216 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 96 ATM-RM optical fiber plug-in Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. . All Rights Reserved.

. All Rights Reserved.7 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Cabinet Cabling 217 Figure 97 BSC 3000 PCM internal and external cabling for electrical configuration Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.5.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.218 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 98 BSC 3000 PCM internal and external cabling for optical configuration Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved. .

5. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.7 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Cabinet Cabling 219 Figure 99 BSC 3000 -48 V DC and alarm cabling Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

All Rights Reserved.220 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 100 BSC 3000: cabling to/from both optional hubs Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. .04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. .5.7 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Cabinet Cabling 221 Figure 101 BSC 3000 Optical high capacity cabling (4K Erlangs) Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved.

see Figure 102 "TCU 3000 the configuration PCM internal and external cabling for electrical configuration" (page 223). • 5. All Rights Reserved. For more information on how to connect the internal -48 V DC and alarm cables between the PCIU and the four SIMs located on both Transcoder Nodes.2 TCU 3000 Cabinet Cabling The TCU 3000 cabinet is cabled inside the TCU 3000 frame and the SAI frame by means of different internal cable paths ensuring protection against electrical and electromagnetic interference.2 External cabling The external cabling of the TCU 3000 cabinet is shown on the following figures: • For more information on how to connect the external PCM (E1/T1) cable on each CTU module of the SAI frame. • Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. see Figure 105 "TCU 3000 -48 V DC and alarm cabling" (page 226). see Figure 102 "TCU 3000 the configuration PCM internal and external cabling for electrical configuration" (page 223). .2. these cables are connected to the other BSS products by the operator. For more information on how to connect the external -48 V DC cables to the PCIU.222 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description 5.7. The cables are routed from the TCU 3000 cabinet to the other BSS products. Then. see Figure 105 "TCU 3000 -48 V DC and alarm cabling" (page 226). Then.7.1 Internal cabling The internal cabling of the TCU 3000 cabinet is shown on the following figures: • For more information on how to connect the internal PCM (E1/T1) cables between the TIM in each LSA-RC module of the Transcoder Node and each CTU in the SAI frame. these cables are connected to the MSC or to the BSC 3000. The internal -48 V DC and the alarm cables are distributed on each transcoder from the SIMs to the CEM and each RM through the S-link backplane.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. 5.7. by rails which are located in the upper part or by using a false floor.2.

All Rights Reserved. .5.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.7 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Cabinet Cabling Figure 102 TCU 3000 the configuration PCM internal and external cabling for electrical configuration 223 Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.

224 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 103 TCU 3000 the configuration PCM internal and external cabling for optical configuration Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. .

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.5.7 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Cabinet Cabling 225 Figure 104 Optical TCU 3000 High Capacity the configuration PCM internal and external cabling for electrical configuration Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved. .

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.226 Chapter 5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 hardware component description Figure 105 TCU 3000 -48 V DC and alarm cabling Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. All Rights Reserved. .

04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.. All Rights Reserved.1 BSC 3000 functional characteristics The BSC 3000 is fully redundant. to control transceivers (TRX) — to initialize the TRX and set the channels Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. It manages the following main functions: • radio resource management: — to process radio accesses — to allocate radio channels (traffic and signaling) — to allocate AMR FR and HR channels based on signal load — to monitor radio channel operating states — to share radio channels between GPRS and GSM • call processing: — to set up and release terrestrial and radio links — to transfer messages between the mobile stations and the MSC (through the TCU 3000s and the BTSs) — to switch the channels between the BTSs and the MSC (through the TCU 3000) • call sustaining procedures: — to process measurements from mobile stations and the BTSs — to launch: – the power control procedures – the handover procedures • BTS management: — to set physical channels. 227 Chapter 6 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 services and features This chapter describes the services and features provided by the BSC 3000 and TCU 3000 products. . 6.

A set of modules that house boards and processors provide the logical units with the processing power they need. which does the following: Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. These functions include for the BSC 3000 the module switching and restart mechanisms. called a core system. . to avoid problem spreading — to provide equipment unit reconfiguration using redundant units. All Rights Reserved. • BSS operation and maintenance: — to manage the link with the radio operations and maintenance center (OMC-R) — to process operations requested by the OMC-R — to store all BSS configuration data and software.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. if needed — to update system parameters • PCU management: — PCU Initial starting (downloading is not done by the BSC) — PCU radio configuration management — PCU supervision • BSC 3000 defense: — to detect and correct failures and operating anomalies — to provide local defense by isolating faulty units. 6. and distribute them among the various entities The BSC 3000 software architecture is based on a network model of processors. The core system is divided into logical process units. which does the following: — switches the speech/data channels — switches channels between BSC and MSC • defense. that can be tailored to fit into different hardware structures.2 TCU 3000 functional characteristics The TCU 3000 is fully redundant.228 Chapter 6 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 services and features — to supervise BTS operating states — to provide BTS reconfiguration. It performs the following main functions: • call processing.

thus avoiding problem spreading — provides equipment unit reconfiguration using of redundant units These functions include switching and restart mechanisms for the modules inside the TCU 3000.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. Each LMU determines a Time Of Arrival (TOA) value and sends it to the Positioning Determination Entity (PDE). ATTENTION U-TDOA is only applicable to legacy MS for E911 calls. All Rights Reserved. The U-TDOA location method uses transmit energy to locate an MS on an existing dedicated connection (SDCCH or TCH). The position of the MS is obtained using a network-based method called Uplink Time Difference Of Arrival (U-TDOA). Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. U-TDOA support on the BSS removes the Abis sniffer equipment previously used in location services. The PDE uses the received TOA values to calculate a geographic position. 6. . • switching of the SS7 channels from the BSC 3000 to the MSC 6. Information transfer between the PDE and the LMUs is independent from the BSC.3 Location services 229 — detects and processes failures and operating anomalies — provides local defense by isolating faulty units. These LMUs start capturing and storing MS bursts.3 Location services Location services allow the GSM network to determine the geographic position of Mobile Stations (MS). Channel assignment information is given by the BSC to the SMLC. then transmitted to a set of Location Measurement Units (LMUs). ATTENTION LMUs are wireless devices (type A).6. All radio channel information is given to Serving Mobile Location Center (SMLC) through Multi-SSN Lb (Tandem Hybrid) or Network and Switching Subsystem (NSS) (Ls) interface.3.1 U-TDOA support in Multi-SSN Lb and NSS The U-TDOA (Uplink Time Difference Of Arrival) feature (26669/26670) supports Multi-SSN Lb (Tandem Hybrid) or NSS (Ls) based system architectures to determine the geographic position of Mobile Stations and is only applicable for BSC 3000.

.3 Multi-SSN Lb based architecture dataflow with U-TDOA feature For more information on the dataflow in a Multi-SSN Lb architecture with U-TDOA to process a location request. see Figure 107 "Multi-SSN Lb dataflow with U-TDOA" (page 231). 6.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. A timer called delta-timer is used to define the maximum time BSC supervises the location request. and the SMLC. This architecture relies on two distinct physical routes between the BSC. the BSC.3.2 LCS architecture including U-TDOA For more information on the LCS architecture with U-TDOA and PDE. 6.3. all changes in channel assignment information is sent by the BSC to the SMLC. From an SS7 perspective the configuration that applies is Lb direct to an SMLC. Figure 106 LCS architecture with U-TDOA 6. All Rights Reserved. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.1 LCS architecture and SS7 The BSS-based network architecture relies on two distinct physical routes between the BSC and the MSC and the BSC and the SMLC.230 Chapter 6 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 services and features During a localization procedure. see Figure 106 "LCS architecture with U-TDOA" (page 230).3. The BSS-based feature implies that the BSC manages two distant point codes: the MSC one and the SMLC one. the MSC.2. Each route supports one set of F-links.

The delta_timer contains one of the following values: • • the timer value given in the U-TDOA_request message. When the BSC is ready to answer.6. This value is set to the maximum delta-timer value (one octet with step of 0. the BSC uses the maximum delta-timer value (one octet with step of 0.1 second) a predefined internal BSS value if the optional delta_timer IE is not present in the U-TDOA_request message. the BSC opens an SCCP connection with the SMLC and forwards the message.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.1 second) The SMLC sends a U-TDOA_response message with the following information: • • channel description serving cell identifier Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. .3 Location services Figure 107 Multi-SSN Lb dataflow with U-TDOA 231 When the BSC receives an A-interface message BSSAP_Perform Location Request. The SMLC responds by sending a new BSSLAP U-TDOA_request message to the BSC. If this value is equal to 0. it sends a BSSLAP U-TDOA_response message to the SMLC and starts a timer. All Rights Reserved. called delta_timer.

All Rights Reserved. if encryption is active cipher mode setting.232 Chapter 6 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 services and features SMLC sends the following information if the function is active: • • • • • • • • • frequency list. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. see Figure 108 "NSS dataflow with U-TDOA" (page 233). the BSC stops the delta_timer. if frequency hopping is active encryption key Kc.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. . 6. if AMR is used The following information is not sent by the SMLC: MS power timing advance measurement report When the BSC receives the BSSAP_LE Perform Location Response message from the SMLC. if encryption is active cipher mode setting. if FR or AMR is used (not EFR) multiRate Configuration.3. if encryption is active channel Mode. transmits the message to the MSC on a dedicated SCCP connection and closes the SCCP connection with the SMLC.4 NSS-based architecture dataflow with U-TDOA feature For more information on the dataflow in an NSS (Ls) architecture with U-TDOA to process a location request.

a predefined internal BSS value if the optional delta_timer IE is not present in the U-TDOA_request message. called delta_timer. if frequency hopping is active encryption key Kc.6.1 second).1 second). The BSC receives a BSSLAP U-TDOA_request message from the SMLC. the BSC uses the maximum delta-timer value (one octet with step of 0. This value is set to the maximum delta-timer value (one octet with step of 0.3 Location services Figure 108 NSS dataflow with U-TDOA 233 The NSS-based architecture uses the Ls interface between MSC and SMLC. All Rights Reserved. When the BSC is ready to answer it sends a BSSLAP U-TDOA_response message to the SMLC and starts a timer. The delta_timer contains one of the following values: • • the timer value given in the U-TDOA_request message.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. if encryption is active Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. The SMLC sends a U-TDOA_response message with the following information: • • • • channel description serving cell identifier SMLC sends the following information if the function is active: frequency list. . If this value is equal to 0.

Cross connect equipment at BTS side is removed. All Rights Reserved. LMU traffic for this TS is carried over IP network. if FR or AMR is used (not EFR) multiRate Configuration. if AMR is used The following information is not sent by the SMLC: MS power timing advance measurement report When the delta_timer expiration time is reached. ATTENTION The current need for a TDM cross connect equipment sitting in front of the BSC will remain as long as the BSC handles TDM-based BTS (as opposed to IP-based BTS).5 LMU management in IP backhaul For BTS connected over IP.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. Cross connect functionality will be done by CEM card in the interface node of the BSC. the BSC closes the location session. there is no more physical PCM on Abis network. if encryption is active channel Mode.234 Chapter 6 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 services and features • • • • • • cipher mode setting. As for TDM one TS is reserved to carry traffic between LMU and SMLC (in the 2 ways). Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. Cross connect functionality will be done by BTSSM exactly as it is done in case of drop and insert configuration: LMU connected on BTSSM in drop and insert configuration. the need for TDM Cross connect function at the BSC end disappears. 6. . For each IP-based BTS. The BSC does not see the location response from the SMLC in a NSS-based architecture.3. inside RTPn/UDP/IP packets used by the corresponding PCM. so it is no more possible to connect the SMLC equipment using a cross connect in front of the BSC.

SMLC can be connected to LSA or to HSA (if this one is not connected to IPG).4 Control Node Basic Services Control node basic services includes the following: • • • 6. ATTENTION In order to use this new feature the BSC and the OMC-R must be at least in V18.0 P&C1.4.6. Note 2: In case of optical BSC. All Rights Reserved.2 “BSC 3000 AAL-5 supervision” (page 237) 6. For more information. see PE/SYS/DD/024472. .4.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.4 Control Node Basic Services Figure 109 LMU management in IP backhaul 235 Note 1: The PCM between SMLC and BSC can be connected on any LSA of the BSC.1 “Wireless Priority Service” (page 236) 6. 6.3 “Permanent AAL1 self-testing to improve hardware failure detection” (page 237) Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.4.

All Rights Reserved.4. so that it is no longer fixed. if a service user invokes WPS.1. WPS provides the means for NS/EP wireless calls to get through the congestion. an adaptation is made. terrorist attacks. National Security and Emergency Preparedness (NS/EP) personnel at all levels of government compete with the public for congested landline and wireless resources.1.1 WPS Queuing This function improves the BSS queuing services for WPS. Once the cell enters the congestion state.1 Wireless Priority Service Disasters. Directed retry without queuing provides priority access. which defines a 3-minute timer.4.4. a supervision timer is sent and every three minutes (non-configurable).04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. to address the fixed forbidden access list issue and makes the mechanism more efficient one high level.3 WPS Access class barring This function allows the user to access the network periodically during periods of network congestion.4. . 6.4 WPS Public access bandwidth protection This feature ensures that a radio network bandwidth is available to public users despite cell congestion (during a lack of radio resources). which results in a reduction of call drops and increases availability.2 Directed retry without queuing This feature provides support of NS/EP telecommunications services by allowing qualified and authorized users to get priority access to radio traffic channels during network congestion. independent of the queuing functionality. and major accidents trigger tremendous telephone traffic in the landline and wireless networks.4. the WPS request is queued according to: • • • the WPS priority the call initiation time the state of the queue for the cell 6. This feature provides the ability to create two levels of WPS access class barring that run at the same time: • • one low level. 6. to increase the number of barred access classes. For example. 6.236 Chapter 6 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 services and features 6.1. Wireless Priority Service (WPS) is an enhancement to basic wireless service which allows NS/EP calls to queue for priority service in order to complete the call. and no radio traffic channel is available in the cell.1. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. based on the new cell congestion state.

and also other CC1s. The CC1 refers to the ATM Switch (ATM-SW) module.3 Permanent AAL1 self-testing to improve hardware failure detection The AAL1 (ATM Adaptation Layer -1) self-test feature allows for improved detection of hardware failures at the BSC. As the faulty board is only declared Enabled or Degraded on the SWB. — a state change Enabled/Degraded on the faulty board — a specific fault notification (ANO_AUTOTEST_CC1) recalling the tests results for this board — In this version. For a given suspected path. When a problem is encountered related to a given CC1-xMU or CC1-CC! path a sequence is run to try to obtain a more precise diagnostic (specific PHY loops can be ordered to solve a part of the problem). All Rights Reserved. 6. alarm severity is either Warning (tests KO) or Cleared (tests OK).04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.2 BSC 3000 AAL-5 supervision The ATM Adaptation Layer . If any problem is confirmed. the only potential PHY loops that can be ordered are those that cannot disturb the other test paths. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. 3. This feature provides a more accurate diagnostic by taking into consideration the following elements: • • • presence of multiple boards (potentially other CC1 or OMU-TM/TMU-TM) multiple communication paths (PHY/SAR) needed timing issues (DPLL/VCXO) The list of present boards is obtained through the SUP-CN SWB at startup and SUP-CN SWB also informs the auto-test task on a dynamic basis about the presence/absence of boards to put/remove them into/from the auto-test board list. 2.4. There are three main phases to this autotest: 1.4 Control Node Basic Services 237 6. . OMUs.6.5 (AAL5) autotest runs on each CC1 and allows testing of the AAL5 paths between one CC1 board and the TMUs.4. CC1 sends a test frame towards each present board (other CC1 + xMU). the AAL-5 auto-tests will go on running for this board. it will result in an OMC notification by means of a state change and the associated alarm.

For each connection the physical path contains the following components: • • • • • • HDLC port on the TMU SCBUS reaching the TMU_TM ATM links up to the CC1 optical fibers connected to the ATM-RM of the IN Slinks attached to the active CEM 64K link matrix The testing procedure used for TMU1.1 Overview Given the distributed nature of the 3000 GSM nodes.1 “Overview” (page 238) 6. TMU2.5. a set of requirements has been defined to attempt to ensure the best possible network performance for the system under all conditions. . Upon a request from the control node (CN) a physical loopback is set up inside the interface node (IN) by means of a 64K internal connection in the 64K matrix of the CEM with no change therefore to the CC1 switching configuration. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. and the potential for intervening network nodes (such as cross connects and MUXES). The tests are non-intrusive due to the fact that not all ports on a TMU need to be tested to know that the connection is good.238 Chapter 6 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 services and features The objective is to perform a non-intrusive test of the HDLC ports on the TMUs and the entire AAL1 path by using a loopback method.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. Strict adherence to these requirements is mandated to achieve the requisite network synchronization performance. AAL-1 tests take place automatically as soon as the BSC is activated (CN + IN). All Rights Reserved. An installer or maintenance technician can consult the AAL-1 test results for a given TMU by means of the TML. 6.2 “Standards compliancy and detailed requirements” (page 239) 6. Tests are initiated by the Control Node. and TMU3 is the same.5. The OMC also provides a notification of the results.5. the Interface Node serving in a slave capacity to execute the request for a loopback connection.5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 synchronization requirements This section includes the following topics: • • 6.

December 2000. Normal operation is considered to be locked or sync’ed to a Stratum 1 clock. December 2000) and R5-119 as defined in Telcordia GR-253 (Issue 3. as well as the quality (that is stability) of the clock received from the MSC (or intervening node). Assuming these stability criteria are met. 6. jitter performance.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks.813. as well as the quality (that is stability) of the clock received from the TCU • Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18. frequency accuracy and traceability to a Stratum 1 clock will be ensured.). GR-1244. these stability metrics must be consistent with the requirements of SONET nodes. • Wander performance at the MSC copper timing outputs to the TCU must meet requirements R5-4 through R5-6 as defined in Telcordia GR-1244 (Issue 2.5. Cesium Oscillator or GPS Receiver) driving a TSG/SSU (that is the BITS clock). September 2000).812/G. jitter performance. These failed modes of operation are known as free-running and holdover. and no equipment in the timing path is in a failed mode of operation. The output performance requirements are the same as those identified in item 2. . and transient performance.6.5 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 synchronization requirements 239 The MSC is timed from a PRS/PRC (Stratum 1 clock is strongly recommended. Failed modes of operation are internal timing where the clock is self-timed rather than tracking a stratum clock. and transient performance.2 Standards compliancy and detailed requirements The BSC 3000/TCU 3000 clock synchronization requirements are compliant with the recommendations in Telecordia GR-253. and transient performance. jitter performance. In order to accommodate the needs of the BSC-IN/BSC-CN SONET interworking. The stability of the clock leaving the MSC through its copper interfaces (which are intended for use by the TCU as timing carriers) are determined by its wander performance. This requires an absolute frequency accuracy of 1e10-11 to ensure proper traceability downward through the TCU and BSC-IN to the BSC-CN. the stability of the clock between the BSC-IN and the BSC-CN over the optical connection (ATM over SONET) is determined by the BSC-IN wander performance. All Rights Reserved. and ITU-T G. • — Transient performance at the MSC copper timing outputs to the TCU must meet R5-9 through R5-14 as defined in Telcordia GR-1244 (Issue 2 December 2000) • the stability of the clock leaving the TCU through its copper interfaces which (are intended for use by the BSC-IN as timing carriers) are determined by its wander performance. Jitter performance at the MSC copper timing outputs to the TCU must meet requirement R5-7 as defined in Telcordia GR-1244 (Issue 2.

GR-1244 and GR-253 both strongly caution against the use of any such copper interfaces for network synchronization purposes. The output performance requirements are the same as those identified in item 2. • copper interfaces carried as payload across optical (SONET/SDH) transport facilities are unsuitable for use for TCU or BSC-IN timing because of the excessive wander and jitter introduced as a result of pointer justifications at the optical transport layer. .240 Chapter 6 BSC 3000/TCU 3000 services and features or (intervening node). Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Nortel GSM BSC 3000/TCU 3000 Fundamentals 411-9001-126 18.04 29 January 2010 Copyright © 2000-2010 Nortel Networks. All Rights Reserved.

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