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PUBLIC

IST R&D. FP6-Priority 2.


SPECIFIC TARGETED RESEARCH PROJECT
Project Deliverable

SUIT Doc Number SUIT_435


Project Number IST-4-028042
Project Acronym+Title SUIT- Scalable, Ultra-fast and Interoperable Interactive
Television
Deliverable Nature Prototype
Deliverable Number D5.11 (Updated)
Contractual Delivery Date November 31, 2007
Actual Delivery Date January 14, 2008 (Updated August 20th)
SoC+FPGA and Reception Profiles Prototype
Title of Deliverable
Contributing Workpackage WP5
Project Starting Date; Duration 01/02/2006; 27 months
Dissemination Level PU
Author(s) Moti Goldstein (RUNCOM), José Ferreira (Wavecom),
Antonio Navarro (IT), Nuno Coelho (IT)

Abstract
The main objective of this report is to present the SUIT reception profiles prototype. This document
also shows some implementations of the profiles and respective tests.

Keyword list: SoC, FPGA, Prototype, Reception profiles, Threshold, Bit Rate, Code Rate,
Throughput.
PUBLIC

SoC+FPGA and Reception Profiles Prototype

SUIT_435

14-January-2008

Updated August 20th


2009
(Introduction section was added)
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Table of Contents
1  INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................................................... 4 
1.0 Introduction 4
1.1  SCOPE ............................................................................................................................................................... 4 
1.2  OBJECTIVE ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 
2  SUIT RECEPTION PROFILES PROTOTYPES................................................................................................ 6 
2.1  RECEPTION PROFILES – GENERAL VIEW........................................................................................................... 6 
2.2  URBAN BUILDING PROFILE PROTOTYPE ........................................................................................................... 7 
2.3  URBAN IP – STB PROFILE PROTOTYPE ............................................................................................................ 8 
2.4  RURAL HOUSE PROFILE PROTOTYPE ................................................................................................................ 9 
2.5  HAND HELD, LAPTOP PROFILE PROTOTYPE ..................................................................................................... 9 
2.6  VEHICULAR PROFILE PROTOTYPE .................................................................................................................. 10 
3  FIXED AND MOBILE ENVIRONMENT RECEPTIONS PROFILE CRITERIA ....................................... 11 
3.1  FIXED ENVIRONMENT ..................................................................................................................................... 11 
3.2  MOBILE ENVIRONMENT.................................................................................................................................. 12 
4  FIXED AND MOBILE FUNCTIONALITY AND PERFORMANCES .......................................................... 13 
4.1  DVB-RCT AND WIMAX SOC FUNCTIONALITY FOR FIXED ENVIRONMENT.................................................... 13 
4.2  DVB-RCT AND WIMAX SOC FUNCTIONALITY FOR MOBILE ENVIRONMENT ................................................. 13 
4.2.1 Main performance parameters ....................................................................................................................... 13 
4.2.1.1  WiMAX ...........................................................................................................................................................................13 
4.2.1.2  DVB-RCT........................................................................................................................................................................15 
5  VEHICULAR TESTS PERFORMED ................................................................................................................ 17 

6  CONCLUSIONS ................................................................................................................................................... 18 

7  ACRONYMS ......................................................................................................................................................... 19 


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1 Introduction

1.0 Introduction

After the first Review held in Brussels on March 7, 2007 and on the corresponding Review
Report recommendations as indicated in Section 6 of the 1st Review Report, comments b and
d, SUIT Consortium invited an operator to join SUIT to help us to probe the market. The
main result from the market assessment was the introduction of several reception profiles, not
referred in the TA, as described in D5.6, D5.11 and D6.4.
Thus, the project Coordinator had to redirect the work to meet the Commission first review
report requirements. Intensive work and a lot of resources were dedicated for the
development of the 5 Reception Profiles by Runcom. Runcom developed 5 Reception Profiles
instead of one which was the original reception profile targeting Mobile Profile Prototype
(Vehicular);

1. Urban building Profile Prototype


2. Urban IP-STB/Profile Prototype
3. Rural house Profile Prototype
4. Hand held, Laptop Profile Prototype
5. Vehicular Profile Prototype
All the five Reception Profiles were tested in real environment during a series of field tests
including the final field test.

1.1 Scope

This document is set up inside the framework of SUIT FP6 project. It is part of the WP5 –
“Components for the Test-bed/Field Trials”, which is the responsible for designing some required
components not available in the market. The scope of this document is to cover the reception
profiles. It includes some performance tests.

1.2 Objective

This document shows the some photos of WiMAX and DVB-T/H/RCT (referred now on as DVB-
RCT) implemented components used to design the fixed and mobile reception profiles. The
components are used as a “last mile” interface and they are operating as 2nd layer bridge and as an
IP pipe.
In general, CPEs in both systems are based on SoC (System on Chip) and the Base Station consists
of FPGA mainly because of economical reasons.
The main objective of this deliverable is to show the existence of all designed components which
compose the reception profiles. It also shows the photos of the reception profiles.
Figure 1 below shows the transmitters and the reception units.
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Hand Held User Terminal

Playout side Front End WiMAX CPE


Wireless Part R USB
SoC
GPS TDD System F Ethernet
Wimax WiX Laptop
WiMAX BST Amplifier

10/100BT Ethernet FPGA R GateWay (Building and STB)


DVB
Modem F
WiMAX Ethernet
R
F
SoC
To PlayOut Video
DVB
DVB
R EthernetCombiner
F
SoC

FDD System
WiX

DVBRCT BST UHF


Amplifier Mobile SUIT User
Terminal (Vehicular)
10/100BT Ethernet FPGA R
Modem F
DVB Wimax
R Ethernet
F
SoC
DVB Video
SOC1 H Combiner
U Ethernet
SOC0 B

Rural

DVB Ethernet
R AP
F
SoC

Figure 1: Users types used in Suit Project based on SoC in the CPEs side and FPGAs in BST side
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2 SUIT Reception Profiles Prototypes

2.0 Reception Profiles – General View

Building
Profile
239.255.255.x
10.0.1.2
DVB AP
WiFi WiFi
CPE Combiner MAC Terminal Terminal
10.0.3.1 10.0.3.2 IGMP IGMP
Bridge NAT
Router PortA PortA
DHCP IP A
239.255.255.x 192.168.100.6 192.168.100.7
Server 192.168.100.1
IGMP
WiMAX 10.0.2.2
CPE

Bridge

AP
MAC WiFi
10.0.3.3 WiFi Terminal
NAT Terminal IGMP
DHCP IGMP
STB Server
IP A
192.168.100.1 PortA PortA
Profile 192.168.100.6 192.168.100.7

239.255.255.x
10.0.1.3
DVB
CPE
Combiner
Bridge Router
IGMP Display
239.255.255.x Decoder
10.0.2.3
WiMAX
CPE

Bridge

239.255.255.x
10.0.1.4 NAT WiFi
DVB AP WiFi Terminal
Terminal
CPE DHCP IGMP
IGMP
IP A
IGMP
192.168.100.1 PortA PortA
Bridge
192.168.100.6 192.168.100.7
Rural
Profile

Figure 2: Reception profiles-example


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2.1 Urban Building Profile Prototype

Figure 3: Building prototype

In Figure 3, the gateway is on the top-right corner and the coax cableconnects a modem to a set of
splitters placed down in the building crossing three floors.
Figure 4 shows Wavecom building profile implementation and Figure 4 shows its performance in
terms of data communications bit rate over the existing (in the building) coax cable in function of
the cable attenuation. The maximum achievable throughput is 80 Mbps due to the Ethernet interface
in the GW. Although this throughput is enough since we are considering only two DVB
multiplexers, it is expectable 128 Mbps if the GW uses 1Gbps Ethernet interfaces. The building
profile solution is also able to provide analogue TV to the households.
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90.0
80.0
Bit rate (Mbit/sec)

70.0
60.0
50.0
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
Attenuation (dB)

Figure 4: Building profile performance

2.2 Urban IP – STB Profile Prototype

Figure 5: STB prototype


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2.3 Rural House Profile Prototype

Figure 6: Rural prototype

2.4 Hand Held, Laptop Profile Prototype

Compact Flash Module USB Module

Figure 7: Portable prototype


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2.5 Vehicular Profile Prototype

Antenna
2.5 GHz Modem Part Video Combiner
Part
Eth
WiMAX
Antenna
UHF F1/F 2
Diplexer Gateway Eth
Hub
DVBRCT Eth
Antenna TRNS1 Eth
UHF Diplexer
DVBRCT Eth
TRNS2
F3/F 4

WiMAX Module

Figure 8: Vehicular Gateway prototype


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3 Fixed and Mobile Environment Receptions Profile Criteria

3.0 Fixed Environment

In fixed environment, the link budget between the FPGA BST and the User Terminal can be
assumed as constant. The link variations are small and no significant fading can be measured. This
assumption provides sensitivity threshold of –94dBm (For modulation scheme QPSK code rate ½)
in DL and UL. (See the Table 1 below)

Modulation Code Rate RSSI CINR Throughput


(BER=10^-5) dBm (BER=10^-5) dB Mbit/sec
Down Link Using channel model Veh A
QPSK 1/2 -94.0 6.0 4.32
QPSK 3/4 -90.2 9.8 6.48
16QAM 1/2 -88.0 12.0 8.64
16QAM 3/4 -84.4 15.4 12.96
64QAM 1/2 -82.0 18.0 12.96
64QAM 2/3 -79.0 21.0 17.28
64QAM 3/4 -77.2 22.8 19.44
64QAM 5/6 -74.8 25.2 21.60
Up Link Using channel model Veh A
QPSK 1/2 -92.0 7.0 2.16
QPSK 3/4 -89.5 9.5 3.24
16QAM 1/2 -86.0 13.0 4.32
16QAM 3/4 -83.0 16.0 6.48

Table 1: Power and Signal-to-Interference and Noise Ratio

The modulation and code rate can be defined very easily and can stay as a reference for the system
decisions how to change the BW allocation for each User Terminal.
One of the main points in fixed environment is that Power consumption is not a critical parameter.
Section 2.1 describes reception profiles in fixed environment as follow:
• Urban User Terminal for buildings (WiFi AP is connected via the infrastructure of
the TV cables in the buildings/houses)
• Urban User Terminal for IP (WiFi AP can be connected directly to the gateway)-
STB
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3.1 Mobile Environment

In mobile environment all link parameters are changed. More than 10dB is reduced in the sensitivity
threshold comparing to fixed environment. The sensitivity threshold is -83dBm (For modulation
scheme QPSK code rate ½) in DL and UL taking into account the fading variation. (See Table 2
below)

Modulation Code Rate RSSI CINR Throughput


(BER=10^-5) dBm (BER=10^-5) dB Mbit/sec
Down Link Using channel model Veh A at 120Km/h
QPSK 1/2 -82.7 16.3 4.32
QPSK 3/4 -79.5 19.5 6.48
16QAM 1/2 -77.5 21.5 8.64
16QAM 3/4 -71.4 27.6 12.96
64QAM 1/2 -72.0 26.7 12.96
64QAM 2/3 -66.3 32.7 17.28
64QAM 3/4 -64.2 34.8 19.44
64QAM 5/6 -62.8 36.2 21.60
Up Link Using channel model Veh A at 120Km/h
QPSK 1/2 -82.8 16.2 2.16
QPSK 3/4 -79.5 19.5 3.24
16QAM 1/2 -77.3 21.7 4.32
16QAM 3/4 -71.8 27.2 6.48

Table 2: Link parameters

Modulation scheme and code rates are changed and they depend on the vehicle position.
HO is the most important feature and should have highly considerations. A special care should be
taken in synchronization and data streaming to avoid packet losses.

• Vehicular User Terminal, capable of performing Hand Over.


• Portable User Terminal capable of performing Hand Over.
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4 Fixed and Mobile Functionality and Performances

4.0 DVB-RCT and WiMAX SoC functionality for fixed environment

The user Terminal is consisting of one DVB-RCT transceiver and one WiMAX transceiver. Each of
them is capable of receive and transmit IP packets. In SUIT project both transceivers are receiving
descriptions D1 and D2 with D1/D2 ratio according to the Playout decision. Both transceivers can
transmit back to the play out control and other messages.
DVB-RCT can also receive DVB-T TS (transport stream) and with additional MPEG-2 decoder it
can be displayed on a monitor as a regular DVB-T transmission.

4.1 DVB-RCT and WiMAX SoC functionality for mobile environment

4.1.1 Main performance parameters


4.1.1.1 WiMAX

Tests have been done in the lab according to the set-up as shown in Figure 9 below.
For mobile environment tables with the simulation results (with Vehicular A channel model) have
been provided to IRT to make the coverage simulations

RF TX
BST CPE
RS232
Var Attenuator
RF RX

Ethernet
100 Base T

Port 1 Eth
RS232

Eth
Cable Switch
Laptop Laptop

Figure 9: WiMAX test set up

All tests have been done in 10MHz BW

CPE and BST Sensitivity Threshold = -92dBm


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Modulation Code Rate Packet CPE RSSI CINR Throughput


Size dBm (BER=10^-5) dB Mbit/sec
Down Link
QPSK 1/2 64 -50(-92dBm was measured 32 3.28
Sensitivity threshold)
QPSK 1/2 512 -50 32 3.8
QPSK 1/2 1514 -50 32 3.75
16QAM 1/2 64 -50 32 3.24
16QAM 1/2 512 -50 32 5.8
16QAM 1/2 1514 -50 32 4.5
16QAM 3/4 64 -50 32 3.24
16QAM 3/4 512 -50 32 8.5
16QAM 3/4 1514 -50 32 6.5
64QAM 1/2 64 -50 32 3.24
64QAM 1/2 512 -50 32 8.5
64QAM 1/2 1514 -50 32 8.5
Up Link
QPSK 1/2 64 -93dBm/carrier 30 0.8
QPSK 1/2 512 -93dBm/carrier 30 0.8
QPSK 1/2 1514 -93dBm/carrier 30 0.3
16QAM 1/2 64 -93dBm/carrier 30 1.64
16QAM 1/2 512 -93dBm/carrier 30 1.6
16QAM 1/2 1514 -93dBm/carrier 30 0.8
16QAM 3/4 64 -93dBm/carrier 30 1.64
16QAM 3/4 512 -93dBm/carrier 30 2.3
16QAM 3/4 1514 -93dBm/carrier 30 2.2
Bi – Directional (DL+UL)
QPSK 1/2 512 -50dBm/10MHz DL 32DL, 30UL 3 DL + 0.8 UL
-93dBm/carrier UL
16QAM 1/2 512 -50dBm/10MHz DL 32DL, 30UL 5.7DL+ 1.5UL
-93dBm/carrier UL
16QAM 3/4 512 -50dBm/10MHz DL 32DL, 30UL 7.0DL+ 1.8UL
-93dBm/carrier UL

Table 3: Test results


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4.1.1.2 DVB-RCT

Tests have been done in the lab according to the set-up as shown in Figure 10 below.
For mobile environment tables with the simulation results (Using channel model COST231 with
mobile adaptation) have been provided to IRT to make the coverage simulations
220
V

Power Supply Camera MPEG-4


or Video Encoder

Att Ethernet
Ethernet
SU BS
Att
Hub / Switch
( 100 Base T)

Telephone
VoIP

Hub / Switch
( 100 Base T)
Laptop
Telephone
VoIP

Figure 10: DVB-RCT test set up

All tests have been done in 8MHz BW

CPE and BST Sensitivity Threshold = -93dBm


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Modulation Code Rate Received Signal Measured results Expected Delay

(dBm) GI =1/32 (Mbit/sec) (Less than Msec)

1 QPSK 1/2 -75 5.4 25


2 QPSK 2/3 -75 7.4 25
3 QPSK 3/4 -75 8.3 25
4 QPSK
5/6 -75 9.3 25
5 QPSK 7/8 -75 9.8 25

6 16-QAM 1/2 -75 11.2 18

7 16-QAM 2/3 -75 15.0 18

8 16-QAM 3/4 -75 17.1 18

9 16-QAM 5/6 -75 19.0 18

10 16-QAM 7/8 -75 19.8 18

11 64-QAM 1/2 -75 17.0 14

12 64-QAM 2/3 -75 22.8 14

13 64-QAM 3/4 -75 24.8 14

14 64-QAM 5/6 -75 26.8 14

15 64-QAM 7/8 -75 28.8 14

Table 4: DL results

Modulation Code Rate US PWR REF Measured results Expected Delay

(dBm) GI =1/32 (Mbit/sec) (Less than Msec)

1 QPSK 1/2 -20 4.1 29

2 QPSK 7.0 29
3/4 -20

3 16-QAM 1/2 -20 7.2 26

4 16-QAM 3/4 -20 11.4 26

5 64-QAM 1/2 -20 10.2 24

6 64-QAM 3/4 -20 TBD TBD

Table 5: UL results
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5 Vehicular Tests Performed


Test setup has been established in the laboratory to test the mobile user terminal as shown in Figure
11 below:

Figure 11: Vehicular test setup

WiMAX and DVBRCT BST were connected to the playout via ports 20000 and 10000. The mobile
user Terminal was connected via RF cables and attenuators to the BSTs. Linksys AP (Router) was
connected to output of the mobile terminal using IP addresses 10.0.3.1.
Two links (DVBRCT & WiMAX) were established and video streaming from the Playout has been
transmitted from the BSTs to the mobile terminal and through the router to the client, SUIT decoder
terminal.

Test Result:
As a result video streaming of 300kbit/sec (video movie) was received in SUIT terminal decoder.
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6 Conclusions
This deliverable describes some prototype namely the reception prototypes and their components.
All profiles are working properly. The vehicular profile is more demanding due to its capacity of
supporting handover.
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7 Acronyms
BM Bandwidth Manager
BW Bandwidth
CATV Cable Television Network
CMTS Cable Modem Termination System
Copernicus Communal name for the element manager (BARCO)
DVB Digital Video Broadcasting
DVB-RCT Digital Video Broadcasting – Return Chanel Terrestrial
DVB-T Digital Video Broadcasting – Terrestrial
EMS Element Management System
GK Gatekeeper
HDSL High bit rate Digital Subscriber Line
HFC Hybrid Fibre Coax
ID Identity
IP Internet Protocol
IT Instituto de Telecomunicações
MDC Multiple Description
Mbit/sec 106 bit/s
MIB Management Information Base
NE Network Element
NMS Network Management System
NMS Network Management system
QoS Quality of Service
RADIUS Radius Server
RF Radio Frequency
RIC Integrated Communication Network
ROSA Communal name for the client monitoring programme (BARCO)
SMS Service Management System
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
TMN Telecommunications Management Network
UDP User Datagram Protocol
VCM Video Call Manager
VxM Video exchange Manager
WiMAX Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access