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t½kdif;arysdK

(1)

“arh tem;ukd wkd;rvmeJYaemf”


“tkd . . . arhukdvSvGef;vkdY Munfhrdwmygar&,f . . . wu,fawmh aru odyfvSwmyJ ar&,f . . .”

atmifoef;rSm tqD0if;aeaom rsufESmBuD;jzifh a&SUvnf;rwkd;? aemufukdvnf; rqkwfcsifESifh


tHukdBudwfí vufoD;rsm;ukd wif;MuyfpGm qkyfíxm;onf/ rsufvkH;awGrSmvnf;
rD;xGufawmhrnfhtvm; xifíae&avonf/
atmifoef;\ a&SUwGif vkHrysdKwpfOD;rSm xrD&ifvQm;jzifh wpfukd,fvkH; a&rsm; &TJ&JTpkdae&mu
&SufpEdk;rsufESmav;ESifh rsufarSmifav;ukwfvkdufonf/ NyD;vQif rsufckH;av;ukd 0ifhvkdufjyefonf/
olr\ vufuav;ESpfzufukd rkdY0if;aom &ifay:wGif ,Sufí wifxm;um x&HESifh ukd,fvkH;av;ukd
uyfvkdufonf/
0ifvkvk aea&mifvJhvhJonf a&csdK;cef;av;ukd qvkdufjzifh zrf;xkd;xm;ouJhokdY
a&Ta&mif0if;vJhaeonf/ ar\ udk,fvkH;armufarmuf toG,ft0kdufrsm;jzifh 0if;0if;0g0gav;rSm
0if;vkvkaea&mifjzifh yemoifhum wvSyfvSyfvufaejyefonf/
]]a[haumif atmifoef; oGm;uGm iga&csdK;vkdY rNyD;ao;bl;}}
rdkYaeaom yg;azmif;azmif;av;rsm;ukd ydefvkdufcg ESKwfcrf;vTm;eSpfcsyfukd pdypfvkduf&if; ajymvdkuf\/
vufaeavonfh rJeufaom rsufvkH; ywÅjrm; Mu,fESpfyGifhonf ab;ukd a&TUvsm;um &ifrkdYrkdYonf
a&SUokdY ckefwufvmonf[k xif&avonf/
xkdtcgrSyif 0if;vJhaom &ifom;ESpfvTmukdom &SmazGMunfhwwfaom atmifoef;\rsufvkH;rsm;onf
ykdí jyL;us,fvmoa,mif xif&onf/ xkdonfukd owdxm;rdaom vkHrysdKuvnf; olr\
&ifbwfay:odkU vufav;,Sufí wifxm;&muyif ukd,fukd atmifoef;ESifh rsufESmcsif;qkdif&mu
cg;apmif;apmif;av;vnfhvkdufavonf/
olr\ &ifom;rkdYrkdYrsm;qDrS atmifoef;\ rsufvkH;rsm;onf olr\ cg;qDokdY edrfhí oGm;onfukd
jrifvkduf&rS olr rSm;oGm;NyDukd odvkduf&onf/
a&rsm;pkd&TJí tom;jzifh wpfom;wnf;uyfí aeaom &ifvQm;xm;onfh cyfyg;yg; wpfywfEGrf;
xrDav;onf olr\ aemufausmzufwGif tacguftwGefYr&Sd jyefYjyL;í aeonf/ cg;qpfrSonf
atmufzufqDokdY av;ukdif;ozG,f rkdYarmufum auG;qif;oGm;awm azgif;rkdYaeonfh
tom;qkdifwkdYonf
cg;qpfav;\ aemufzufqDokdY vufav;vkH;omomrQyif azgif;rkdYí xGufaeonf/ NyD;awmh
ab;zufokdYvnf; um;wif;í jzpfaeum cyfpefYpefYav;axmufxm;aom
aygifom;BuD;wpfzufrSmvnf; ab;rS awGUae&aom rsufESmjyifonfyif a,usFm;xGmqkdifru
&Sdaeacsonf/
owdvufvGwfjzpfum oGm;&ovkdjzifh atmifoef;onf olr&Sd&m a&SuzufqDokdY
ajcwpfvSrf;wkd;vkdufavonf/
]]a[h . . . rvmeJYav. . . av}}
txdwfwvefYajym&if;u olronf ajcwHwpfzuf aemufokdYqkwfvkdufaomtcgwGifawmh
aphxm;aom aygifvkH;BuD;ESpfckonf NzJ[ay;vkdufovkd jzpfoGm;&um aygif;&if;ESpfckMum;rS
vufckyfwpfazgifeD;yg;rQ ckH;armufarmuft&mav;ukd wpfom;wnf;uyfaeaom
xrDyg;av;atmufrS azgufxGuf&ef ½kH;uefaeoa,mif awGUjrifvkduf&avonf/

atmifoef;onf tHwpfcsuf Budwfvkduf&if;u ]][if;}} ueJ oufjyif;wpfcsufcsvkdufavonf/


]]aqm&D;yJ . . ar}} [kajymvkduf&if;u aemufokdYvSnfvQuf abmif;bDtdwfxJrS pD;u&ufwpfvdyfukd
xkwfum aomufvkdufavonf/
]]rif; bmvkdYroGm;ao;wmvJuG,f atmifoef;}}
]]arhukd ajymp&m&SdvkdYav? 'DaeY qef;a';r[kwfvm; . .}}
]][kwfw,favuG,f . . bmjzpfovJ? 'gyJaemf pum;r&SnfeJY ig a&eJYyufvkdufvkdY rif;½Sld;awG
ysufoGm;OD;r,f odvm; . . uJuGm jrefjrefajymprf;yg}}
]]ukd,f rjyefEkdifao;bl;ar? 'DaeY a&mhcf[ufqefygwJhum; oGm;MunfhrvkdY? 'gaMumifh arhukd
vmac:wmaygh}}
]]ig'DaeY pmusuf&OD;r,fuG? b,frS rvkdufEkdifbl; . . }}
]]aruvJuGm? ukd,fu tyifyef;cHNyD; vmac:&ao;w,f rvkdufcsifvJaeayghuGm}}
atmifoef;onf aqmifhatmifhum xGufoGm;avonf/ aronf a&csdK;cef;x&Hukd ukdifum
rsufckH;av;rsm;ukdyifhvsuf olr\ ESKwfcrf;axmifhrS tNyKH;av;wpfcsuf yGifhoGm;&avonf/ NyD;rS
[if;ueJ oufjyif;av;rSKwfum
]]aumifav;uawmh ZGwfBuD;bJ? 'gaMumifhrkdYvJ pmar;yGJuswm}} [kcyfwkd;wdk;av;
ajymvkdufavonf/

ar\ emrnftjynfhtpkHrSm arvJhyifjzpfonf/ urm&GwfokdY a&mufonf;rSm rMumao;acs/ awmwGif


qlylonfhtcsdefrSpNyD; NrdKU odkY ajymif;umvmcJhjcif; jzpfavonf/
arvJh\ tvSowif;rSmvnf; ausmif;om;avmuwGif ysHESHUí aeavonf/ rESpfu (7)wef;ukd
aru xdyfqkH;rSatmifcJhNyD; ,ck wuúokdvf0ifwef;ukd jzwfvrf;rS wufaeavonf/ olrwGif
&nf&G,fcsufuav;[lí bmrSr&Sdao;? okdYwap aumvdyfausmif;ESifh eD;aeaomaMumifh aumvdyfukd
a&mufcsifonfrSm tlvIdufonf;vIdufyifjzpfonf/
arvJh\ rdcifBuD;rSm rkqkd;rwpfOD;jzpfum txufatmuf ukefrsm;ESifh rMumcP oGm;aeojzifh
,if;aMumifhyifvQif arvJhukd apmifha&Smuf&eftwGuf tpfrjzpfavaom tysdKBuD;rwifpdefukd
ac:xm;&avonf/
rwifpdefonf odrfBuD;aps;wGif txnfa&mif;um ta':jzpfolESifh aexkdifvsuf&Sdonf/ arvJhESifh
taz:&atmif ac:xm;ojzifhom vmíae&vifhupm; rwifpdefonf odyfNyD;awmh rdcifjzpfolESifh
aecsifvSonfawmh r&SdvSygay/
rSefavonf/ arvJhESifh rwifpdefwkdY\tarrSm toufBuD;vmavav aphpyfaocsmavjzpfonf/
reufrkd;vif;vQif b,fae&m b,fokdY csdKU,Gif;aeonfukd nTefjyum qlylwwfonf/ xkdifae&ifrJh
wjypfawmufawmuf ajymwwfonf/ ,if;aMumifhyifvQif om;orD;rsm;u olwkdYararESifh
tap;ruyfMuacs? xkdokdUrdcifBuD;u *½kPmjzifh qlylonfukdyif ZDZmaMumifonf[k qkdavonf/
aronf a&rkd;csdK; tvSjyifí t0wftpm;vJum tjyifokdYxGufvmaomtcg tpfrjzpfol
rwifpdefonf owif;pmwpfapmifukd vSefíMunfhaeavonf/
]]rr 'DrSmMunfhygOD;}}
arvJhu tpfrjzpfol rwifpdef\ a&SUwGif ukd,fuav;ukd vSnfhí jyavonf/ rwifpdefu
owif;pmukd Munfhae&mu olYnDrtoHMum;&ojzifh acgif;armhum Munfhvkdufavonf/
]]nnf; 'DygwdwfvkHcsnfu odyfaumif;vScsnfvm;}}
]][kwfw,f rr&JU tqifuav;ua&m rqef;bl;vm;[if &Spfq,fawmif ay;&wm rr&JU}}
]]b,fol vufaqmifay;wmvJ}}
]]ukdcifatmifav rr oluawmhvmwdkif; 0,fvmwmcsnf;bJ}}
arvJhu acgif;&if;jyLwif;aygufteD; wkdifwGifuyfxm;onfh bJOykHt0kdif; rSefxJwGif
ajczsm;av;axmufum aumhaumhav;oGm;&if; tvSMunfhvkdufonf/ olraemufausmwGif
xkdifaeaom rwifpdefrSm atmufESKwfcrf;av; rodrom wGefYoGm;avonf/
]]ukdcifatmifwkdYoabFm puFmylu tjyefrSm 0,fvmwm r[kwfvm;}}
]][kwfwmaygh rr&JU? 'gu Armjynfaps; ajym&wm? [kdrSmawmif tenf;qkH;
ig;q,favmufay;&w,fwJh}}
arvJhu rwifpdef\rsufESmukd rMunfhyJ olr\qH,Ofuav;rsm;ukd rSefESifh uyfvsuf&Sdaom
pifuav;ay:rS vdyfcGHbD;uav;udk ,lum olr\qH,Ofav;rsm;ukd cGJí ezl;jyifay:csvkdufonf/
]][D[d . . tJ'g pH&Sm;wifzuf&Sifaygh rr}}
rwifpdefonf olr\ nDrukd iSufrav;vkd ysHaeonf[k xifaeavonf/ ,if;aMumifhyif
arvJhqDokdY rMunfhawmhyJ owif;pmukdom ikHYMunfhaeavawmhonf/

]]'gxuf nnf;qDukd aumifav;vmoGm;w,f [kwfvm; 'Daumifav;[m bmrS tvkdufrodbl;}}


]][kwfw,f rr&JU olu 'DaeYn &kyf&SifjyrvkdYwJh aru pmusuf&OD;r,fajymvkdY pdwfqkd;NyD;
xGufoGm;w,f}}
]]aumifav;Munfh&wm &J&Jwif;wif;av;aemf rdvJh owdxm;tkH;}}
]]tkd rruvJ ukd,feJY bmqkdifwmrSwfvkdY}}
jzwfueJ vSnfhumajymvkdufaom arvJh\ yg;jyifav;rSm eDa&mifoef;oGm;onfukd rdef;rcsif;jzpfol
tpfr rwifpdefu awGUjrifvkduf&avonf/ ajymNyD;onfESifh arvJhonf tpfrjzpfolESifh
pum;jzwfum tdrftwGif;bufokdY vSnfhí 0ifoGm;cJhavawmhonf/ nDrjzpfolwpfa,muf olr\
rsufpda&SUrS xGufoGm;aomtcgwGifrS rwifpdefonf nDrjzpfol pef;xí aeonfukd MunfEl;pGmjzifh
awG;vkdufrdum NAHK;ueJyif olr\ pdwfrsm;onf ukdbrlqkdaom olwpfa,mufukd owd&vkduf&mrS
wqifh twdwfqDokdY vGifhysHoGm;&avonf/
__________________________________________

(2)

jrpfwkdYonf ajzmifhajzmifhwef;wef;&Sdygrl om,maom ½Icif;wkdYukd jzpfvmEkdifvdrfhrnf r[kwfyg/


awmifwkdYonfvnf; tedrfhtjrifhr&Sd yuwdwnfNidrfpGm ajzmifhjzL;pDwef;aeyguvnf;
rufarmzG,faumif;avmufatmif wifhw,fvSyrnf r[kwfyg/
rwiffpdefwpfa,muf rdef;rysdKav;rsm;xJwGif b,faomtcgrS tuFDsyg;yg;vSyfvSyf
vufMuyfav;rsm;ukd 0wfavhr&Sdyg/ 0wf&rnfrSm rvkHrvJ jzpfaeaomaMumifhvm; rod/ nDrjzpfol
arvJhESifhawmh qefYusifzufyif jzpf\/ rwifpdefonf tqef;xJwGif ½kd;½kd;aewwfí ay:vGifovkd
arvJhuawmh tqef;xJ0,f ykdíqef;aeonf/
rwifpdefESifh &if;ESD;aom a,muFsm;av;oli,fcsif;rsm;xJwGif ukdbrlu eHygwf0rf; omjzpfonf/
ukdbrlum; tqef;xJwGif ½kd;½kd;ukd oabmusaeolyifwnf;/ rwifpdef\ ½kd;om;aom
[efuyifvQif tvSqef;ol arvJhwkdYxuf cspfp&m aumif;aeonfrSm trSefyifjzpfygonf/
ukdbrluvnf; 'DtuGufuav; wpfuGufjzifhyif rwifpdefukd tifrwefrS jrwfEkd;avaom
yef;yGifhav;wpfyGifhtjzpfESifh t&dyfwMunfhMunfh MunfhaecJh&Smygonf/
cspfygonf[laom pum;ukd tb,fokdYrQ az:xkwfEkdifrnf r[kwfaomfjim;vnf; w,kw,ESifh
tvSysdK;xm;avaom yef;uav;wpfyGifh tjzpfESifhawmh ,k,csifonf/ jrif&avwkdif;0,f
vS&rufa&tkdif0,f vl;vSdrfhrdvkdvSonf/ pdwfxJu wdwfwdwfuav; Budwfum avtvSdrfh0,f
tvSvrf;jyifay:ü ul;vl;wkHYjyefrdacsonf/ rsdKodyf rxm;EkdifawmhonftqkH; ukdbrlonf
ol\tcspfrsm;pGmukd pmjzifh a&;oDum rwifpdefukd vSpf[zGifhjycJhavonf/ rwifpdefuvnf; olr\
oabmxm;ukd pmjzifh jyefMum;cJhygonf/ olr&JU arwÅmukd *syefacwfu zufqpfqefqef
twif;awmif;,l&musaeí oabmrusayr,fhvnf; olrtaejzifh oli,fcsif;awGukd rnfolykdap?
vkdap&,fvkdY oabmrxm;ao;ygaMumif; ½kd;½kd;ESifh &Sif;&Sif;av;yif rwifpdefonf a&;om;í
ukdbrlxHokdY jyefMum;cJhavonf/
ukdbrlonf rwifpdefxHrS pmukd zwf&avwkdif; tonf;xJrSm eifhueJ . . eifhueJ
cHpm;vm&avonf/ ola&;ay;vkdufaompmxJwGif twif;t"r®&,fvkdY qkdjcif;r[kwfyg/
oludk,fwkdifuvJ odygonf/ tcspfqkdonfrSm twif;t"r®awmif;cHí &,laumif;aom
t&mr[kwfaMumif;ukdawmh ukdbrluvJ odygonf/ rwifpdef\ txifawmf tvGJcH&jcif;rSm
tifrwefrS 0rf;enf;aeygawmhonf/

]]'DrSm pdef cPav;}}


ausmif;qif;aom tcdsef0,f ukdbrlu vl&Sif;vSaom ae&mta&muf vkdufíacnf/ ae&muav;rSm
½dk;acsmif;uav;ukd jzwfausmfxm;aom wHwm;jzLuav;jzpfí urf;pyfwGif aygufaeaom
ukuúdKvfyifBuD;u wHwm;jzLav;ukd tkyfrkd;wm;avonf/ ,if;aMumifhyif wHwm;jzLav;ae&mrSm
arSmif&D&Dav; jzpfaeacsonf/ þokdY arSmif&dyfuav; pGef;xif;aejcif;yifvQif vdifrwlavaom
olwkdYESpfOD;\ pdwfawGukd ykdrkdvIyf&Sm;apawmhonf/
]]uRefawmfhtay: rwifpdef txifvGJaeovm;vkdYyg? uRefawmf 'gaMumifh rwifpdefqDufk ..}}
]]tkd txifvGJp&m r&Sdygbl; ukdbrl? uRefrbmom a&;vkdufwJh pmxJrSm ykdNyD; &kdif;oGm;ovm;
xifrdaewmyg&Sif? uRefrwkdY 'DrSm Mum&Snf&yfae&if txifvGJukefvdrfhr,f ukdbrl oGm;Mu&atmif}}
]]ukdbrleJY rwifpdef[m &if;ESD;wJh oli,fcsif;awGqkdwmukd tm;vkH;u odvmcJhMuw,f r[kwfvm;
rwifpdef? 'Dvkd &Sifvif;wJhae&muav;rSm pum;ajym&wm tcGifhaumif;av;rkdY 'DwHwm;av;ay:rSmyJ
&yfNyD; pum;ajymcsifw,f rwifpdef&,f}}
rwifpdefonf ukdbrl\ pum;aMumifh &kwfw&uf aemufrqkwfomavawmh/
okdYwapvnf; rwifpdefu ukdbrl\ pum;udk tusaumufum
]]&if;ESD;wJh oli,fcsif;awGqkd&ifvnf; vrf;oGm;&if;u ajymEkdifwmbJ ukdbrl? uJav
bmrsm;axGaxGxl;xl; ajymrvkdYvJ qkdprf;ygOD; q&mBuD;&JU}} [k rwifpdefu ajymaeus
avoHtwkdif; ajymvkdufavonf/
]]uRefawmf rwifpdefukd &Sif;&Sif;yJ ajymyg&ap? uRefawmfuawmh rwifpdefukd b,folrS
odrf;ykdufoGm;rSm rcHEkdifbl; rwifpdef/ uRefawmf[m rwifpdef&JUpmukd &vmuwnf;u pdwfawG[m
acsmufcsm;vmw,f . . rwifpdef[m uRefawmfh&JU tonf;ESvkH;yJ? uRefawmfh&JU tonf;ESvkH;ukd
acR,lwJhol[m uRefawmfhudk owfwJhol[m rwifpdefyJ}}
þokdYyif ukdbrlu ajymvkdufavaomaMumifhyif rwifpdefrSm ESKwfcrf;av; rodrom wGefYoGm;cJhNyD;
wcpfcpf &DarmvkdufNyD;vQif ]] vlwpfa,mufuaeNyD; bmrS aoG;om;rawmfpyfwJh vlwpfa,mufukd
cspfvSygcsnf&JUqkdNyD; b,folUvufrS ta&mufrcHEkdifbl; qkdwmuawmh udk,fhukdudk,f
'ku©ay;&musygw,f ukdbrl&,f . . 'Dawmh uRefrqDu arwÅmvkdcsif&if ukdbrl&JU
wZGwfxkd;EkdifvSwJh tjyKtrlukd pGefYvGwfEkdif&ifawmh odyfukdaumif;rSmbJ ukdbrl}}
]]uRefawmf rwifpdefeJY 'Dae&mrSm &efjzpf&atmif vmaewm r[kwfygbl; rwifpdef? uRefawmfhukd
wZGwfxkd;yJqkdqdk? tcspf&kdif;yJ qkdcsifqkdaygh? ukd,fu cspfaewJhtaMumif;awmh rwifpdef
odapcsifygw,f? 'DvkdoabmeJY bGif;bGif;yJ ajymvkdufwm rwifpdef ? 'Dawmh uRefawmfhtay:rSm
rwifpdef&JU oabmukd tck odyg&apvm;Asm}}

ukdbrlrSm ta&mifvufaeaom rsufvkH;BuD;rsm;jzifh rwifpdef\ rsufvkH;rsm;twGif;okdY pkdufí


Munfhvkdufavonf/ ,if;okdY MunfhvkdufaomaMumifhvnf; rwifpdef\ rsufvkH;rsm;
ndK;avQmhoGm;um acgif;ikHypfvkduf&if;u . .
]]uRefr ajymNyD;ygaum ukdbrl? uRefr[m tcktcsdefrSm ynmukdrufaeolwpfa,mufbJ? ukd,feJY
twlwl cifrifvmcJhwJh oli,fcsif;awGukd oli,fcsif;b0eJYyJ aecsifygao;w,f ukdbrl&,f}}
]]'gjzifh rwifpdef[m tckxdyJ tdrfaxmifa&;ukd pdwfrul;ao;bl; qkdygawmh rwifpdef}}
]][kwfygw,f uRefrtaeeJY b,fvkdrS qkH;jzwfEkdifr,f r[kwfao;ygbl;? 'DpdwfawGukd
tckaetcgrSm azsmufxm;apcsifw,f ukdbrl&,f 'gygyJ . .}}
rwifpdefu ukd,fuav;ukdvSnhfí xGufoGm;av&m ukdbrlrSm wHwm;jzLav;ay:0,f ai;ikdifum
usef&pfcJhavawmhonf/ ,if;tcsdefupNyD; ukdbrlrSm rwifpdefukd aemufxyf pmray;cJhovkd
rwifpdefuvnf; ukdbrltm; t&iftwkdif;yif oli,fcsif;wpfOD;vkd qufqHcJhavonf/
__________________________________________

]]rr uRefr cifpef;wkdYtdrf cPoGm;OD;r,f xrif;qm&ifpm;ESifhawmhaemf}}


]]at; . . at;}}
nDrjzpfol arvJh\ pum;oHaMumifh tawG;jywfíoGm;&mrS arvJhukd vSrf;í Munfhvkdufrdonf/
arvJhrSm pmtkyfav; ESpftkyfukdifí olr\a&SUrS jzwfoGm;onfukd awGUjrifvkduf&avonf/
trSefuawmh rwifpdefonf ukdbrlukd oHa,mZOfjzpfcJh&onfrSm trSefyifjzpfonf/ e,fwGif
at;csrf;rIr&Sdí &efukefokdY ajymif;a&TUívmcJh&aomfvnf; rwifpdefonf rMumcPqkdovkdyif
ukdbrlukd owd&rdaeonfrSm trSefyifjzpf\/ arvJh xGufoGm;NyD;umrS rwifpdefonf
ukdbrltaMumif;ukd xkdif&mrx qufí pOf;pm;rdaeao;\/ cPMumrS tjyifzufwGif
arSmif&DysdK;vmonfukd owdxm;rdNyD; xdkif&mrSxum rD;zGifhvkduf\/ NyD;rS rD;zkdacsmifxJokdY 0ifí
xrif;[if;rsm; cl;cyfíaeavonf/ xkdokdY cl;cyfíae&if;rS aemufzufokdY wpfpkHwpfOD;
a&mufvmovkd cHpm;vkduf&í olr\ rsufESmav;ukd vSnfhí MunfhvkdufrdpOfrSmyif olr\
ukd,fvkH;ay:okdY vufwpfpkHu a&mufívmum aemufrSaeí odrf;BuHK;zufvkdufwmukd
cHvkduf&awmhrS olr\ wukd,fvkH; qwfueJyif wkefíoGm;&avawmhonf/

]][Jh . . atmifoef; . . 'gbmvkyfwmvJ . . z,f . . z,fprf;yg . . z,fuGm}}


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__________________________________________

(3)

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__________________________________________

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rwifpdefonf olr\ rsufESmav;udk armhívmum ukdbrlukd &Da0a0av; Munfhívmawmhonf/
wcPtwGif;rSmyif cspfpdwfawG a0cJhNyDjzpfaom ukdbrlonf cyfarmharmhav; jzpfí vmaom
rwifpdef\ rsufESmav;qDrS yg;jyifuav;rsm;ukd b,fjyefnmjyef erf;&mrSpí olr\
ESKwfcrf;tpkHukd iHkí pkyfvkduf&if;u vufwpfzufuvnf; rwifpdef\ cg;qDokdY ajymif;í
zufvkdufum wajz;ajz; rwifpdef\ ukd,fvkH;av;ukd tdyf,may:okdY vSJí csvkdufavawmhonf/
ESpfa,mufpvkH; ukwifxufokdY a&mufoGm;Muonfh cPwGifawmh ukdbrlonf rwifpdef\
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ajy;vTm;yGwfoyfae&if;u qkyfí qkyfí ay;aejyefawmh rwifpdefonf cE¨mukd,f wpfckvkH; ylaEG;í
vmcJh&rS zsif;ueJ zsif;ueJ cHpm;&um &ifawGvJ w'def;'def; ckefae&avonf/ cHpm;&cufpGmjzifh
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vnfyif;wpfzufukdyif okdif;í zufxm;rdacsNyD jzpfonf/
zkdESifhr rdrd&& xdawGU&mrS &rufrD;yGifhwkdYonf &Sufjzmí awmufavmifvmcJh&ayNyD/

rwifpdef\ ukd,fvkH;av;ay:wGif arSmufí xm;&mrS BuHK;íxvmaom ukdbrlonf olr\


tuÐsav;rsm;ukd Mu,foD;rsm; jzKwfum cRwfay;aepOfrSmawmh rwifpdefrSm &rufaoG;aMumifh
rjiif;&uf&SmayrhJvnf; &SufaoG;av;uvJ &Sdaeavawmh olr\ rsufvkH;uav;rsm;ukd pkHrSdwfíyif
xm;&avawmhonf/ tuÐsav;rsm; uif;uGmoGm;aom tcsdefwGifawmh vdar®mfoD;wifxm;onfhyrm
vkH;0ef; jynfhNzdK;vSonfh rwifpdef\ EkdYtkHESpfvkH;ukd rxd&uf MunfhvQufae&mrS rjrif&uf
EkdifonfhtqkH; ukdbrlonf zGzGav; vufjzifh qkyfí yGwfay;&mrS ikHí pkdYvkdufayawmhonf/
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uvDpmrsm; aygufxGufvkrwwf tcH&cufae&mu xkdt&omukdyif aysmufuG,foGm;rnf
pkd;onfhtvm; olr\ &ifom;rsm;ukd twif;yif zduyfay;aeavawmhonf/ ukdbrltzkdY
'Dxufawmh qufNyD; onf;rcHEkdifawmhay/ ukdbrlonf xí xkdifvkduf&mu ol\
t0wftpm;rsm;ukdyg cRwfypfvkdufNyD; rwifpdef\ ukd,fay:wGif wpfckwnf;om usefcJhavaom
olr\ xrDav;ukd qGJtcRwfwGif rwifpdef\ vufwpfzufu twif;yif qGJxm;avojzifh cRwf&ef
cufoGm;onfh rwifpdef\ xrDav;ukd cg;qDokdY vSefí wifvkdufNyD; wNydKifeufwnf;rSmyif
udkbrlonf azgif;rkdY cHk;armufí jynfhjynfhwif;wif; &SdvSaom olr\ apmufywfukd vufjzifh
prf;vkdufaomtcgwGifrl wGefYí oGm;aom rwifpdefonf olr\ ajcawmufav; ESpfzufukd qGJí
auG;vkduf&mu aygifESpfvkH;ukd axmifvkdufavawmhonf/
tvkdufoifhjzpfvmaom taetxm;av; rysuf,Gif;rDrSmyif ukdbrlonf olr\
aygifESpfvkH;Mum;wGif0ifí xkdifvkduf&mu aygifav;ESpfzufukd um;ay;vkduf&if; ol\
vD;wefBuD;ukd rwifpdef\ apmufywfxJokdY tirf;r&yif zdí oGif;vkdufavawmh&m
ausmjyifav;aumhí wufoGm;&aom rwifpdefonf atmf[pfcg nnf;vkdufcsifayr,fhvnf;
toHxGufoGm;rSmukdyif olru pkd;&drfí atmufESKwfcrf;av;udk ukdufí xm;vkdufavonf/ tdí
azmif;aeaom olr\ apmufywfESKwfcrf;om;BuD; ESpfckMum;rSwqifh pD;pD;ykdifykdif wkd;0ifíoGm;aom
rmawmifhvGef;onfh ukdbrl\ vD;wefBuD;onf olr\ &ifacgif;xJxd 0ifoGm;ovdkjzifh
cHpm;vkduf&um apmufzkwftkHav; wpfckvkH;yifvQif wkefí oGm;&avonf/ oefrmvSaom
vD;wefBuD;aMumifyifvQif apmufywf0 tay:em;av;rS vD;weffBuD;jzifh xdvkrwwf &Sdaeavaom
rwifpdef\ apmufpdav;onfyif axmifí wufoGm;oa,mifjzpf\/ ukdbrl\ vD;wefBuD;rSm
rwifpdef\ apmufywfxJokdY wqkH;0ifí oGm;NyD;aomtcsdefwGifawmh rwifpdefonf wpfpkHwpfckaom
jyif;xefpGm awmifhwae&rIwpfckukd auseyfoGm;onfhtvm; tm;&pGmjzifh;yif ukdbrl\ cg;BuD;ukd
olr\ vufuav;ESpfzufjzifh BuHK;í zufvkdufavawmhonf/

udkbrluvnf; ajz;íwzkH jrefíwrsdK; vkd;ae&mu rwifpdef\ EkdYtkHESpfckukdvnf; vSrf;í qGJum


qkyfvkduf nSpfvkdufao;\/ 'gwifruao; vkd;&if; vkd;&if;u wajz;ajz; tm;r&Ekdifjzpfí
rwifpdef\ ajcaxmufESpfzufukd ol\yckH;wpfzufqDwGif wifNyD; 'Hk;pkdif;um vkd;avawmh&m
rwifpdef\ apmufywfxJokdY ol\ vD;wefBuD; xkwfcsD oGifcsDjzifh jzpfaeoHrSm ]] wpGyfpGyf}} ]]
w>ywf>ywf}} jzifh aomaomnHí aeavonf/ ukdbrlu a&SUokdY ikdufí tm;pkdufavav
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w&dyf&dyf tvQiftjref ajy;í wufvm&aom olwkdY\ aoG;om;&rufwkdYonf rMumcifrSmyif
olwkdY\ cE¨mukd,frsm;ukd azgufxGuf yGifhuefum jzpfouJhokdY ukdbrlESifh rwifpdefwdkY\
cE¨mukd,fESpfckwkdYonf &kef;uefvIyf&Sm;oGm;Muygavawmhonf/

__________________________________________

ukdbrlESifh rwifpdef tcef;xJrS jyefí xGufvmMuaomtcgwGifrl rwifpdef\ nDr arvJhonf


rsufESmav; cyfrJhrJhav;jzpfum tdrfa&SUcef;wGif xkdifvsuf&Sdonfukd awGU&avonf/
olwdkYESpfa,mufvnf; tdrfa&SUcef;ukd ta&muf arvJhuvJ xkdifae&mrS qwfueJ xum olwdkYudk
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tdyfcef;wHcg; ydwfoHukd Mum;vkduf&avonf/ ukdbrluvJ ol\ ykqkd;ukd jyif0wfí ]]ukd,f
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jrifuGif;rS aysmufuG,foGm;avrS tdrfa&SUcef;&Sd ukvm;xkdifay:okdY ajcypfvufypf
xkdifypfvkdufavonf/

arvJhwpfa,muf tdrfokdY jyefí a&mufaeonfrSm em&D0ufcefYyif &Sdí aeNyDjzpf\/ tcef;xJrS


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awG;xifvkdufrdao;\/
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0ifa&mufí udef;atmif;vmcJh&ayonf/

xkdpOfrS pwifí arvJh\ ukd,fcE¨mtwGif;rS taoG;tom;rsm;onf tawG;jzifh vIyf&Sm;cJh&onf/


xkdokdY vIyf&Sm;vm&aomtcg jzpfay:vmonfh cHpm;csufav;rsm;ukdyif arvJhonf wyfrufrdae\/
xkdnu arvJhonf xrif;vnf;rpm;awmhbJ tdyf,may:wGif apmif;vkduf vSdrfhvkdufjzifhom
nOfh0ufumvukd ausmfvGefcJh&avawmhonf/
__________________________________________

(4)

aemufxyf(10)&ufcefU tMumwGifawmh ukdbrlESifh rwifpdefwkdYonf &kH;wufí


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tnmokdY wufoGm;cJhjyefavonf/
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arvJhudkyg ac:cJh&avonf/
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[k arvJhu ajymvkdufawmhrS oufxGef;u xyfí rajymawmhbJ &yfí oGm;cJh&\/

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tkef;ESJyifBuD;atmuf0,f twlxkdifaeMu\/ oufxGef;\ rsufpda&SUwGifyif ukdbrlESifh
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w,f[kwfMuwmbJ}} [k Budrf;0g;vdkufavawmhonf/
__________________________________________

olwdkY\ NrdKUuav;onf jrpf0uRef;ay:wGif&SdonfhtwGuf &efukefokdY tjyefwGif {&m0wDoabFmjzifh


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wpfa,mufwnf; jzpfae&mrS rMumrSDrSmyif arvJh\ ab;wGif vSJí tdyfcsvkdufavawmhonf/

arSmif&dyfxJwGif touf&IoHonf nifnifomomav; xGufay:í aeavonf/


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