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You are on page 1of 18

TO EXCELL in

set TARGET

do EXERCISES

Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise

Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise

Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise

Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise

Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise

Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise

Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise

Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise

Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise

Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise

Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise

My TARGET

1

Teacher’s Copy

No Items Page

1 SPM Paper Format 3

2 Time Allocation 4

3 Components 4

4 Overview: Form 4 Topics 5

5 Overview: Form 5 Topics 9

6 Hidden Information 17

7 Common Mistakes 21

8 Answering Techniques: Paper 1 29

9 Answering Techniques: Paper 2 32

10 Workshop 1 35

11 Perfect 60 48

12 Workshop 2

13 Workshop 3

14 Workshop 4

Appendix

15 Answers & Solutions

16 Concept & Formula 57

17 Use of Calculator : (570MS)

18 List of Formulae

2

FORMAT&COMPONENT

PAPER 1 (3472 / 1)

No Items Comments

2 Total Marks

……80 marks………….

3 Time

…….2 hours

6 : 3 : 1

PAPER 2 (3472 / 2)

No Items Comments

1 Three sections Section A Section B Section C

2 No of questions 6 5 4

Answer Choose Choose

(need to answer 12

questions )

…ALL….. …four…. …two…..

4 Time

………2 ½ hours……………..

Low : Moderate : High

5 Level of difficulty 4 3 3

3

Teacher’s Copy

………………………………….

1. Functions

2. Quadratic Equations

3. Quadratic Functions

ALGEBRA 4. Indices & Logarithms

5. Simultaneous Equations

6. Progressions

7. Linear Law

1. Coordinate Geometry

Geometry 2. Vector

1. Differentiation

Calculus 2. Integration

1. Circular Measures

Triginometry 2. Trigonometric Functions

1. Statistics

2. Probability

STATISTICS

3. Permutation & Combination

4. Distribution Probability

1. Index Numbers

Social Science

2. Linear Programming

1. Solutions to Triangle

Science & Technology

2. Motion in a Straight Line.

4

FORM 4 TOPICS

P(X)

and you’ll see the wonders …

5

FORM 4 TOPICS

TOPIC 1 : FUNCTIONS

f(a) = b a

object = …………………….. image = ………………..

b

3x 5

f ( x) , x1

x 1

Types of roots

- two distinct real roots

>0 - intersects at two points

Real roots

0

=0

- two equal roots

b2 – 4ac

- touches / tangent

<0

- no root

- does not intersect

- f(x) is always positive

b c

Sum of roots, ( + ) = Product of roots ( ) = x2 – SOR x + POR = 0

a a

f (x) = 2

ax + bx + c a( x + p)2 + q

- turning point ( - p , q)

i value of a : Positive

iii y-intercept : C

Equation of axis of b

iv X=

symmetry : 2a

6

FORM 4 TOPICS

(x – a) (x – b) > 0 (x – c) (x – d) < 0

1. Let the right hand side = 0

- factorise

2. Find the roots of the equation

3. Sketch the graph

3. Determine the region c d

positive or negative a b

x……………………….

<a , x> c<x<d

…………….………

b,

TOPIC 4: SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS

Substitution

Use ……………………………….. method

intersection

To find the ………………………………… points between a straight line and a curve.

1

Use Index rule : (i) 5x+1 . 125x = ……………………….

25

5x +1. 5 3x = 5–2

x + 1 + 3x = – 2 Change the

x = – base to the

INDEX

same

Use log : (ii) 8 3x = 7 number

............................

IND Insert

log on

both

Use substitution : (iii) 3

n+1

+ 3 = 12

n

sides

Steps of solutions

or can be factorise 3 . 3 + 3n = 12

n

4a = 12

a = 3 2. substitute

3n = 3 n = 1

2n n

(iv) 3 + 5. 3 = 6

a2 + 5a – 6 = 0

7

FORM 4 TOPICS

(a – 1) (a + 6) = 0

a = 1 , a = –6

3n = 1 3n –6

n=0

log2 (x + 9) = 3 + 2 log2 x

2

log2 (x + 9) – log2 x =3

log2 (x + 9) = 3

x2

3

x+9 = 2

x2

x + 9 = 8x 2

8x2 – x – 9 = 0

(8x -9) (x + 1) = 0

x –1, x =

8

FORM 4 TOPICS

Equation of straight line y = mx +

Mid point

c

Arrange : general form

Area (positive)

anticlockwise ax + by + c = 0

Gradient : gradient form y = mx + c

- parallel m1 = m2 x y

: intercept form 1

a b

- perpendicular m1 m2 = –1

Rhombus : ……its diagonal are perpendicular to each other ……….

Parallelogram, square, rectangle, rhombus. its diagonal share the same mid point

TOPIC 7: STATISTCS

The change in

Interquartile

values when Mean Mode Median Range range Variance

each data is

Multiplied by m m m m m m m m 2

radian = ………

…… 180

Area of segment = ½ r2 ( - sin )

Shaded angle = –

rad

9

FORM 4 TOPICS

TOPIC 9: DIFFERENTIATION

gradient of normal mN mT = –1

gradient of tangent

dy equation of normal

Tangent mT =

dx

Rate of change dy = dy dx

dt dx dt

Applications

y = dy x

Small Changes approximate value

dx

y ORIGINAL + y

d2y

minimum 0

dx 2

Turning points

dy maximum d2y

dx = 0 0

dx 2

Sine Rule

Cosine Rule

Area = ab sin C

I A, B I B, C = I A, C

Given that the price index of an item is 120. If the price index increases at the same

rate in the next year, what will be the new price index of the item?

120

………………………………120 ……………………………………………

100

……………………………………………………………………………………….

10

FORM 4 TOPICS

11

Teacher’s Copy

TOPIC 1: PROGRESSIONS

Examples : 20, 15, 10, …..., …. 4, 3, 2.25, ……., ….

T

Uniqueness : d = T2 – T1 r= 2

T1

n( a l ) a

Others : Sn S =

2 1 r

Thus, T8 = S8 – S7

S 3 to 7 = S7 – S2

Find the sum from the

3rd term until the 7th

term. + + + + + +

T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7

Y = m X + c

b 1 b

ay = x + xy = x2 +

x a a

p

y h x y x = h x + p

x

T 1

T + 1 = a 2 + k = a + k

y = ax

b

log y = b log x + log a

y=kp

x

log y = log p x + log k

12

FORM 4 TOPICS

TOPIC 3: INTEGRATIONS

dy

= ……gradient function ……………………

dx

AREA under a curve: Show how you would find the area of the shaded region.

y = x2 x = y2 – y

y = 4x - x 2 1

0 1 2

2 3 1 4 0

point. thus, y = 4(1) – 12 = 3 y = x3 – 3x2 + 2x

when x = 2, y = 4 1

Shaded Area:

A 0 x dy

Shaded Area: 1

0 y dx

2. Find the area

Area under curve + area Area under curve – area Area above =

4

2 2

2

= x dx + (1)(4) = (4 x x ) dx – (3)(3) 1

2 y dx

0 1 Area below =

Total area

revolved about x-axis revolved about x-axis revolved about y-axis revolved about y-axis

2

y=x 2 y = 4x - x 1

3–

4–

1 2

2 3 1 4 –1

V y

2 dx V y

2 dx

V x 2 dy

V x 2 dy

2 2 1

4

0

(x 2 ) 2 dx 1 (4 x x 2 ) 2 dx I=

1

( y 1) dy

1

( y 2 1) 2 dy

13

Teacher’s Copy

TOPIC 4: VECTORS

i) m+n = ……2i + 3j + ( i – 4j ) = 3i – j …………….

1

iii) unit vector in the direction of m + n = …… (3i j ) ………………………

10

1 2 2 1 3

If A(1, 3) and B(–2, 5) find AB : …OA = , OB = AB =

5 – 3 = 2

3 5

can also be written in the form of i and j.

Given CD = 2h x + 5y and CD = 8x – 2hky , find the value of h and of k.

cos 2x = positive values

2

2. Determine the quadrant 1st and 4th

quadrant

3. Find the reference angle 2x = 30

5. Find all the angles

x = 15, 165, 195, 345

14

FORM 4 TOPICS

cos 2x cos x = 0 ………Angles are not the same………

sin2 x + 3cos x = 3

2 sec2 x + tan2 x = 5 ………have different functions ……….

sin A 1 . 1 1

Remember : tan A , tan , sec 2x = , cosec A =

cos A cot cos 2x sin A

1. Determine the quadrant involved. ……second……………….

2. Determine the values of the other trig. fxn cos and tan = negative

in the quadrant. cos A = 3 , tan A = –

5

find sin 2A

3. Do you need to use identity? sin 2A = 2 sin A cos A

4. Substitute values = 2 ( ) ( 3 )

5

= 24

25

Sketch Graphs

a cos b x + c

a tan b x + c b = number of basic shape between 0 and 2

curve

Basic Graphs

1- 1-

2 2 2

–1- –1-

15

Teacher’s Copy

Three committee members of a society are to be Three committee members of a society are to be

chosen from 6 students for the position of chosen from 6 students. Find the number of

president, vice president and secretary. Find ways the committee can be chosen.

the number of ways the committee can be

chosen.

Permutations: 6 3 P Combination: 6 3 C

with condition:

Find the number of different ways the letters Find the number of ways 11 main players of a

H O N E S T can be arranged if it must football team can be chosen from 15 local

begin with a vowel. players and 3 imported players on the

2 5 4 3 2 1 condition that not more than 2 imported

players are allowed.

condition 2 Import.

condition Case : (2 Import, 9 local) or 3C2. 15C9

vowels = 2 choices 3 15

(1 import 10 locals) or + C1. C10

( 0 import 11 locals) + 3C0.15C11

TOPIC 7: PROBABILITY

n ( A)

P(A) =

n ( S)

Probability getting the same colors = Example: (Red and Red) or (Blue and blue)

Probability of at least one win in two matches = (win and lose) or (lose and win) or (win and win)

16

FORM 4 TOPICS

P(X)

BINOMIAL DISTRIBUTION _

0.3

0.25 _

- The table shows the binomial probability distribution of

0.2 _

an event with n = 4 .

0.15 _

0.1 _

X=r r=0 r=1 r=2 r=3 r=4

0.05 _

P(X) 0.2 0.15 0.3 0.25 0.1 0 1 2 3 4 X=r

total = 1

- formula: P(X = r) = n C r p r q n – r

NORMAL DISTRIBUTION

X

- Formula : Z

[use formula] [use calculator]

- Type 2 : Given the probability Find the value of Z Find its value of X .

[use log book] [use formula]

ds dv d 2s

s= v dt v a =

dt dt dt 2

dv

Maximum velocity - 0 a=0

dt

return to O s=0 - -

da

max. acceleration 0

dt

17

Teacher’s Copy

Given:

(i) y >x–2 (ii) x+y 5 (iii) 4x y

(a) Draw and shade the region, R, that satisfy the three inequalities on the graph paper provided

using 2 cm to 2 units on both axes.

(b) Hence, find, in the region R, the maximum value of 2x + y where x and y are integers.

(1, 4) and ( 3, 2) . Point (3, 1) cannot be

taken because it is not in R (it’s on dotted line)

2x + y = 2(1) + 4 = 6

= 2(3) + 2 = 8 the max value

6

4x = y

5

3

y=x–2

1 R

–3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

–1

y+x=5

–2

–3

–4

18

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