Cummins India Ltd.

INTRODUCTION: Cummins Inc. is a Fortune 500 corporation that designs, manufactures, and distributes engines, filtration, and power generation products. Cummins also services engines and related equipment, including fuel systems, controls, air handling, filtration, emission control and electrical power generation systems. Headquartered in Columbus, Indiana, United States, Cummins sells in approximately 190 countries and territories through a network of more than 600 company-owned and independent distributors and approximately 6,000 dealers.

HISTORY:  Also in the 1930s, Cummins company designed the Model H and the N Series engines, which officially launched Cummins Company as a reliable engine producer.  In 1937 it made its first profit.  Made more profit in the 1950s as the primary engine provider for trucks and equipments used in the American interstate highway projects.  In the 1950s Cummins Company also open is first oversees manufacturing facility is Shotts, Scotland and expanded sales into 98 countries

Organization Structure and Product Lines Cummins has four business units:

. • The Company sustains its leadership through eleven manufacturing units which produce world class products backed by comprehensive marketing and service/parts network throughout the country. gensets and construction equipment. It produces and does business through :  Cummins Turbo Technologies  Cummins Power Generation  Cummins Emission Solutions Cummins is overseen by its current Chairman and CEO Thomas Linebarger along with 15 vise presidents who oversee other business processes. Market Leader/competitor of Cummins ltd: • Greaves Cotton Limited is one of the leading engineering companies in India with core competencies in diesel/petrol engines. Cummins Engine Business  Cummins Power Generation Business  Cummins Component Business  Cummins Distribution Business Cummins has three additional subsidiaries.

The various ratios discussed under this head are as follows: A) Debt Equity Ratio B) Interest Coverage Ratio C) Dividend coverage Ratio D) Capital Gearing Ratio 1) Debt Equity Ratio :This ratio reflects the proportion of owners’ stake in the business. Total Debt ---------------------------Shareholders’ Funds . They are interested to know whether the company is viable enough to refund the long term loan along with interest or whether the company shall be able to pay dividend to shareholders etc.CAPITAL STRUCTURE / LEVERAGE RATIOS : DEFINATION: The ratios under this category are very relevant from the point of view of long term funds providers. So ratios here focus on the long term solvency of the company.

5 .5 156099 = 0.FOR THE YEAR ENDING MARCH 2013 128289 -----------------238673 2012 105854 -----------------.= 0.= 0.= 0.5 180627 2010 86371 -----------------.5 204315 2011 105939 -----------------.

as we can see above debt equity ratio is 0.5 2012 0.3 0.1 0 1 2 3 4 5 Series1 INTERPRETATION : Companies with less debt equity ratio are less risky than the companies having a high ratio.YEARS DER 2010 0.5 2011 0.5 0. Thus. it is an important for a share holder to look at the financial ratios in order to invest in a company.5 2013 0. In cummins.4 0. 2) Interest Coverage Ratio: Net Profit before Interest & Tax Interest Coverage Ratio = -----------------------------------------------------Fixed Interest Charges .2 0.5 in every above financial year it shows that for every rupee of outsiders.5 0. the firm has two rupee of owner’s capital.6 0.

25 487 = 2.FOR THE YEAR ENDING MARCH 2013 1051 -----------------461 2012 824 -----------------.68 475 2010 610 -----------------.28 .= 1.52 541 2011 802 -----------------.= 1.= 1.

92 2012 152. It shows that firm ability to pay the interest is increased. . the firm shall be able to meet its commitment of fixed interest charges. more safe are the long term creditors because even if earnings of the firm fall later. On the other side.43 2013 228. its interest coverage ratio improved from FY10 to FY13. Higher the ratio. Capital Structure of the Company: The company’s debt equity ratio is constant over the years which imply that they are issuing share capital and debt in same amount to generate their cash inflow so that they can use the money in their development activities.4 2011 168.YEARS ICR 2010 125.05 ICR 250 200 150 100 50 0 1 2 3 4 ICR INTERPRETATION: The interest coverage ratio measures a company's ability to meet its interest obligations with income earned from the firm's primary source of business.

. this shows that the company is more of a risk lover.Cil has more equity than debt in all the four financial years and their debt equity ratio is way below the standard ratio of 2:1. Since cost of equity is more than the cost of debt.