CHAPTER 2 CASH FLOWS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AT SUNSET BOARDS

Below are the financial statements that you are asked to prepare. 1. The income statement for each year will look like this: Income statement 2008 $247,259 126,038 24,747 35,581 $60,853 7,735 $53,118 10,624 $42,494 $21,247 21,247

Sales Cost of goods sold Selling & administrative Depreciation EBIT Interest EBT Taxes Net income Dividends Addition to retained earnings 2.

2009 $301,392 159,143 32,352 40,217 $69,680 8,866 $60,814 12,163 $48,651 $24,326 24,326

The balance sheet for each year will be: Balance sheet as of Dec. 31, 2008 Cash Accounts receivable Inventory Current assets Net fixed assets Total assets $18,187 12,887 27,119 $58,193 $156,975 $215,168 Accounts payable Notes payable Current liabilities Long-term debt Owners' equity Total liab. & equity $32,143 14,651 $46,794 $79,235 $89,139 $215,168

In the first year, equity is not given. Therefore, we must calculate equity as a plug variable. Since total liabilities & equity is equal to total assets, equity can be calculated as: Equity = $215,168– 46,794 – 79,235 = $89,139

195 $129.668 OCF2010 = $109.792 . plus the new equity.326 + 15.983 – 11.216 Current liabilities $81.935 OCF2009 = $96.425 OCF2010 = $78. so: Equity = $89.065 $272.400 45. The capital spending for the year was: Capital spending Ending net fixed assets – Beginning net fixed assets + Depreciation Net capital spending $214.810 $19.401 $91.826 4.377 + 39. 2009 $27.411 Long-term debt $191.139 + 24.192 $ 82.600 Equity = $129. Using the OCF equation: OCF = EBIT + Depreciation – Taxes The OCF for each year is: OCF2009 = $68. we need to find the capital spending and change in net working capital. To calculate the cash flow from assets.661 Total liab.717 Notes payable 37.184 176.602 12.478 Accounts payable 16.Cash Accounts receivable Inventory Current assets Net fixed assets Total assets Balance sheet as of Dec.250 Owners' equity $272.997 $52.302 + 45.661 The owner’s equity for 2009 is the beginning of year owner’s equity.065 3.192 – 13. 31. & equity $36. plus the addition to retained earnings.976 And the change in net working capital was: Change in net working capital Ending NWC – Beginning NWC Change in NWC $32.404 15.

800 $10.976 19. The company does have a positive cash flow. but a large portion of the operating cash flow is already going to capital spending. The firm invested $19. The company has had to raise capital from creditors and stockholders for its current operations. The cash flow to creditors was: Cash flow to creditors Interest paid – Net new borrowing Cash flow to creditors 6. companies do need capital to grow. The expansion plans may be a little risky. The firm gave $7.536 . Before investing or loaning the company money.336 16. 2.536 to stockholders. It raised $3.478 from bondholders.058 $9. the expansion plans may be too aggressive at this time.440 –$3.976 in new fixed assets. The firm had positive earnings in an accounting sense (NI > 0) and had positive cash flow from operations.792 in new net working capital and $82. and why the company is spending so much in this area already. and paid $10. you would want to know where the current capital spending is going.792 $ 7. the cash flow from assets was: Cash flow from assets Operating cash flow – Net capital spending – Change in NWC Cash flow from assets 5.058 to its stakeholders.962 13. So.478 $27. The cash flow to stockholders was: Cash flow to stockholders Dividends paid – Net new equity raised Cash flow to stockholders Answers to questions 1. On the other hand.So. $109.826 82.