Wind Load on Saudi Arabia according to U B C 1997

Design Wind Pressure in psf (P)
P =C
e
C
q
q
s
I
w
a. q
s
Wind stagnation pressure in psf at height of 33' (10 meter) above the ground .
q
s
=0.00256 V
2
Where V =Wind speed in mph
By / Eng Khalid Omar Hanafy
flykoh@hotmail.com
mph 70 80 90 100 110 120 130
Basic Wind Speed
mps 31 36 40 45 49 54 58
psf 12.6 16.4 20.8 25.6 31 36.9 43.3
Pressure q
s
kg/m
2
61.5 80.1 101.6 125.0 151.4 180.2 211.4
b. I
w
Importance factor
Essential facilities and hazardous facilities are designed to withstand higher forces
by setting Iw =1.15, which is approximately equivalent to a 100 year recurrence
interval.
Otherwise, Iw =1.0
C. Ce
Combined height, exposure, gust coefficient
Wind pressure increases with building height:
For the Windward wall , UBC uses stepped pressure diagram
For leeward wall, pressure taken as constant over the full wall height and is
calculated using the mean roof height for CE determination.
Height Above Average Level of Adjoining Ground
feet meters
Exposure D Exposure C Exposure B
0 - 15 0 - 4.6 1.39 1.06 0.62
20 6.1 1.45 1.13 0.67
25 7.6 1.5 1.19 0.72
30 9.1 1.54 1.23 0.76
40 12.2 1.62 1.31 0.84
60 18.3 1.73 1.43 0.95
80 24.4 1.81 1.53 1.04
100 30.5 1.88 1.61 1.13
120 36.6 1.93 1.67 1.2
160 48.8 2.02 1.79 1.31
200 61.0 2.1 1.87 1.42
300 91.4 2.23 2.05 1.63
400 121.9 2.34 2.19 1.8
B - Urban, suburban, closely spaced obstruction the size of single - family residences.
C - Open country and grasslands that are generally flat.
D - Unobstructed flat terrain facing a large body of water extending inland 1/4 mile or ten times building
height, whichever is greater.
By / Eng Khalid Omar Hanafy
flykoh@hotmail.com
C. C
q
Pressure Coefficient
Description Cq Factor
Windward wall 0.8 inward
Walls
Leeward wall 0.5 outward
Wind perpendicular toridge Leeward roof or flat roof 0.7 outward
Windward roof 0.7 outward
less than 2:12 (16.7%) 0.9 outward or 0.3inward
Slope 2:12 (16.7%) to less than9:12(75%) 0.4 inward
Slope 9:12 (75%) to 12:12(100%) 0.7 inward
Roofs
Slope>12:12 (100%) 0.7 outward
Using Etabs 2000,SAP 2000 to generate Wind load
Define >Static load Cases
Add wind case and select UBC 97 then click modify lateral load
Importance factor
B for urban .
Wind speed in jeddah
Wind speed in jeddah
Height of wind affection
Select to manually add wind Coefficient
(C
q
) on shell and dummy element
By / Eng Khalid Omar Hanafy
flykoh@hotmail.com

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