Si Macario Sakay ay Pilipinong Heneral noong panahon ng digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano.

Siya ang tumutol sa pamamalakad ng Estados Unidos sa Pilipinas kahit na ipinahayag na ng Estados Unidos na tapos na ang digmaan noong 1902.Si Heneral Macario Sakay ay isang orihinal na miyembro ng Katipunan. Nakipaglaban siya sa mga Kastila kasama ni Andres Bonifacio sa Rebolusyong Filipino noong 1896.Ipinagpatuloy niya ang pakikipaglaban upang makamit ang kalayaan ng Pilipinas sa mga Amerikano. Nang malapit na matapos ang digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano, nadakip siyang Hukbong Pamayapa ng Pilipinas at ikinulong. Nang sumuko ang pinakahuling Heneral na Pilipinong lumaban sa digmaan na si Heneral Miguel Malvar noong Abril 1902, opisyal na ibinalita ng noo'y Pangulo ng Estados Unidos na si Theodore Roosevelt na tapos na ang digmaan sa pagitan ng Pilipinas at Amerika noong Hulyo 4, 1902. Si Heneral Macario Sakay at iba pang mga ikinulong ay binigyan ng amnestiya at pinalaya.Subalit noong Nobyembre 12, 1902 nagpasa ng batas ang Komisyong Pilipinas(Philippine Commission) ng Kautusan Laban sa Pagiging Tulisan (Bandolerism Act ) kung saan lahat ng lumalaban o tinatawag na insurhensiya at mga nahulingnakikipagdigma ay kailangan litisin sa hukuman bilang mga bandido, ladrones at magnanakaw. Hindi ito sinang-ayunan ni Heneral Macario Sakay at siya ay nagdeklarang sariling manipesto at idineklara ang kanyang sarili bilang Pangulo ng Katagalugan(the Tagalog Republic) bilang pagsasalungat sa pananakop ng Estados Unidos sa Pilipinas.

Macario Sakay
Further information: History of the Philippines (1898–1946)

Macario Sakay

Macario Sakay (third from left, front row) with his Cabinet: (first row, left to right) Julián Montalan, Francisco Carreón, Sakay, Lucio de Vega (second row, left to right) León Villafuerte, and Benito Natividad.

President of the Philippines

[1] . 1906 Vice President Francisco Carreón Preceded by Miguel Malvar Succeeded by Abolished title next held by Manuel Quezon Personal details Born Macario Sakay y de León c.Tagalog Republic In office May 6. 1870 Tondo. 1907) was a Filipino general who took part in the 1896 Philippine Revolution against the Spanish Empire and in the Philippine-American War. Manila Spanish East Indies Died 13 September 1907 (aged 37) City of Manila. 1902 – July 14. Philippine Islands Political party Katipunan Republika ng Katagalugan Profession Revolutionary Religion Roman Catholicism Macario Sakay y de León (1870 – September 13. After the war was declared over by the United States in 1902. Sakay continued resistance and the following year he became President of the Republic of Katagalugan.

in search of sources of weapons to carry out its struggle against the Americans. performing in a number of plays including Principe Baldovino. The army units were composed of Kabohans (eight soldiers.[2] Tagalog Republic Further information: Tagalog Republic Around 1902 Sakay established the Tagalog Republic somewhere in the mountains of Rizal. and later released as part of an amnesty. the government. dated April 5. he was jailed for seditious activities. which sought to achieve Philippine independence through legal means. stated that it was willing to confer military rank on citizens who could turn over firearms to the Presidential Office or any of the headquarters under its command.[2] An original member of the Katipunan movement. The party appealed to the Philippine Commission.[2] In Sakay's presidential order No. 1903. in the City of Manila. 1 was dated March 18. 26 to 36 firearms.[2] Sakay's military circular No. and Batalions (801 soldiers. in Sakay's Second Manifesto. dated June 19. and his Presidential Order No. There are insufficient documents to speculate on the size of the Republic's army. [2] Military organization In Sakay's military circular No. 7. the rank of colonel.Early life Sakay was born in 1870 along Tabora Street. he continued the struggle for Philippine independence against the United States. 16 to 25 firearms. Companias (117 soldiers. it was said that the exact number of soldiers in his army could not be ascertained. the rank of major. Camilleros (nine soldiers). His first military circulars and presidential orders as "President and Commander-in-Chief" came in 1903. which prohibited any form of propaganda advocating independence.[3] After the war Sakay was one of the founders of the Partido Nacionalista (unrelated to the present Nacionalista Party founded in 1907).[2] In Sakay's military order . the rank of captain.[2] However. dated May 8. but the Commission passed the Sedition Law. Early in the Philippine-American War. equivalent to a company. Ranks would be conferred on the following schedule: 10 to 15 firearms. 40 to 50 firearms. but they do demonstrate that Sakay's army existed and that it was made up of officers appointed and commissioned by Sakay himself.[2] He first worked as an apprentice in a kalesa (carriage) manufacturing shop. He was also a tailor and a stage actor. he fought alongside Andrés Bonifacio against the Spanish throughout the Philippine Revolution. 1903. Doce Pares de Francia. 1903. the government of the Tagalog Republic (called the "Republic of the Philippines") affirmed the formation of an organized army. Tondo. the rank of lieutenant. 1 was dated May 5. and Amante de la Corona. 1904.[2] In 1899. 2.[4][5] Sakay thus took up arms again. of which he joined in 1894. equivalent to battalion). equivalent to a squad). 1903.

descending from the mountains on the promise of an amnesty for him and his officials. 1903. and hanged on 13 September 1907. Carreon's and Sakay's forces planned to kidnap Alice Roosevelt Longworth. and Sakay along with his principal lieutenants were disarmed and arrested while the party was in progress. Sakay was accused of "bandolerismo under the Brigandage Act of Nov. he surrendered on 20 July 1906. dated May 25. he made the following statement: “ "Death comes to all of us sooner or later. his. cavalry (dark blue). that they be permitted to carry firearms. it was a trap. sanitary (yellow). and that he and his officers be permitted to leave the country. General León Villafuerte.No. and that its establishment would be the first step toward Filipino independence. infantry (light blue). the Philippines! Farewell! Long live the Republic and may our independence be born in the future! Long live the Philippines!" [9][10] ” . and the formation of a Philippine Assembly composed of Filipinos that would serve as the "gate of freedom". Colonel Harry H. 12. Gómez met with Sakay at his camp and argued that the establishment of a national assembly was being held up by Sakay's intransigence. 5. Gómez assured Sakay that these conditions would be acceptable to the Americans. the daughter of President Theodore Roosevelt. the government assigned the following color codes for the divisions of its army: artillery (red). Bandholtz. where they were welcomed and invited to receptions and banquets. and Sakay's emissary. engineering (dark brown). chief-of-staff (dark green).[6][7] At his trial.[2] Capture and execution In 1905. As a result. Sakay travelled to Manila.[2] Planned kidnapping According to General Leon Villafuerte. so I will face the LORD Almighty calmly. Filipino labour leader Dominador Gómez was authorised by Governor-General Henry Clay Ide to negotiate for the surrender of Sakay and his men. Before his death. But I want to tell you that we are not bandits and robbers. The kidnapping was not attempted since Longworth postponed her trip by train to Baguio. One invitation came from the Constabulary Chief." The colonial Supreme Court of the Philippines upheld the decision. as the Americans have accused us. 1902. obtained agreement to them from the American Governor-General.[8] Sakay was sentenced to death. The plan was to trade her with the Americans in exchange for the immediate recognition of Philippine independence. and marines (gray).[citation needed] Sakay believed that the struggle had shifted to constitutional means. which interpreted all acts of armed resistance to American rule as banditry. but members of the revolutionary force that defended our mother country. and that the establishment of the assembly was a means to winning independence. Sakay agreed to end his resistance on the condition that a general amnesty be granted to his men.[citation needed] With Villafuerte.

Nang sumiklab ang Digmaan Filipino-Amerikano. in which he is portrayed by actor Julio Díaz. Dito itinatag niya ang Republikang Tagalog. the 101st anniversary of his death.[12] That same month. tagapagtatag ng Katipunan.[13][14] Macario Sakay Revolutionary Leader 1870-1907 Si Macario Sakay ay naging pangulo ng Republikang Tagalog. Nang magbinata. Kasa-kasama siya ni Andres Bonifacio noong unang yugto ng Rebolusyong Pilipino. Siya ang naging aktor ng komedya sa Tondo. Naging masigasig siya sa pagtatag ng mga sangay ng Katipunan at naging pangulo ng Dapitan. and his name has become a byword in the Philippines for people needing a haircut.In popular culture  Sakay is often cited for his long hair. by the Manila Historical Heritage Commission on 13 September 2008. Tumulong din sya sa pamamahagi ng Kalayaan. Maynila. Cavite. Si Sakay ang isa sa unang 300 kasapi ng Katipunan.[11]  A life-sized statue of Sakay was unveiled at the Plaza Morga in Tondo. nadakip si Sakay ng mga Amerikano dahil sa tinangka niyang buhayin ang Katipunan sa Maynila. Isinilang si Sakay noong 1870 sa Tondo. nagtrabaho siya bilang sastre. na binubuo ng mga rebolusyonaryong puwersa sa Bulacan. the Senate adopted two separate resolutions honouring Sakay's life and his fellow freedom fighters for their contribution to the cause of independence. opisyal na pahayagan ng rebolusyonaryong samahan. Dito niya nakilala siAndres Bonifacio. Pampang. . Laguna at Batangas.[citation needed]  Sakay is the subject of the biographical film Sakay directed by Raymond Red. isa sa mga pinaka aktibong sangay nito. Morong (ngayo'y Rizal). Namundok siya pagkaraang makalaya. at pagkaraa'y naging katulong sa isang pagawaan ng kalesa.

1907 sa Bilibid. mainit na sinalubong ng taumbayan si Sakay at kanyang mga tauhan sa Maynila." Pagkaraan ng masusing pag-iisip. He was also an actor of the comedia in Tondo. Sakay was arrested by the Americans for trying to revive the Katipunan in Manila. 1907. Mahirap pang madakip si Sakay dahil tinangkilik ng taumbayan. na makipag usap kay Sakay sa kuta nito sa Tanay. Binigyan ni Gobernador Heneral Henry C. Rizal. official organ of the revolutionary society. After his release from prison. Muli niyang ipinahayag ang kanyang makabayang layon sa manipestong ibinigay niya sa mga dayuhang konsulado. Maynila. When the FilipinoAmerican War broke out. Ide ng awtoridad si Dr. He also helped in distributing "Kalayaan". He organized the revolutionary forces in Bulacan. Laguna. sayawan. . He was active in setting up Katipunan chapters and was president of Dapitan. Sa isang handaan ng mga Amerikano noong Hulyo 17. Sakay was born in 1870 in Tondo. Biography of Macario Sakay in English Macario Sakay was president of the Tagalog Republic. he worked as a tailor and later became an apprentice a calesa-manufacturing shop. Naging malaking banta sa mga Amerikano si Sakay at ang kanyang tauhan. Binitay si Macario Sakay noong Setyembre 13. one of its active chapters. Pampanga. Inanyayahan sila sa mga handaan. He was with Bonifacio during the early days of the Philippine Revolution. and Batangas into what he called the Tagalog Republic. This was where he met Andres Bonifacio. Napilitang magsagawa ng panloloko ang mga Amerikano. 1906.Noong May 6. Noong Hulyo 4. Sakay was one of the first 300 members of the Katipunan. Morong (now Rizal). As a young man. Cavite. sumang-ayon si Sakay na magbaba ng kanilang armas sa kondisyong ilalatag ng Estados Unidos ang Asemblea Filipina. Dominador Gomez. founder of the Katipunan. Gomez kay Sakay ng siya ang "huling balakid para makamit ang pagkabansa ng Pilipinas. naglabas si Sakay ng manipestong nagpapahayag ng intensyon ng Republikang Tagalog na makipaglaban sa mga Amerikano para sa kasarinlan ng Pilipinas. Sinabi ni Dr. lider-mangagawa. he fled to the mountains. inaresto si Sakay at kanyang mga tauhan. harana at iba pang pagdiriwang. Isinakdal si Sakay at kanyang mga tauhan sa salang bandolerismo. Manila.

Ide authorized Dr. Macario Sakay was hanged at the Old Bilibid Compound in Manila. WALA SIYANG PINIPILING TRABAHO. The Americans would then resort to deception. He reaffirmed his patriotic resolve in other manifesto addressed to all foreign consulates. M ACARIO S AKAY (1870-1907) MATAPANG NA HENERAL SI MACARIO SAKAY AY IPINANGANAK NOONG SETYEMBRE 1870 SA TROZO MANILA. serenades and other festive gatherings. to meet. NILITIS SIYA AT NOONG SETYEMBRE 13. NAHIRANG SIYANG MAGING PINUNO NG HUKBO SA KATAGALUGAN. NOONG TAONG 1894 AY SUMAPI SIYA SA KATIPUNAN O KKK. Sakay and his troops became a threat to the Americans. ISINUGO NG MGA AMERIKANO SI DR. GUMAGANAP SIYA SA MGA DULA-DULAAN AT MORO-MORO. 1906. Rizal. MATAPANG SIYA AT BUO ANG LOOB. Sakay agreed to lay down arms on that condition that the United States establish the Philippine Assembly. On July 4. In a party hosted by the Americans on July 17. LUBOS NIYANG NAUNAWAAN ANG MGA PINAGLALABAN NG MGA KATIPUNERO AT TUMIMO IYON SA KANYANG ISIP AT KALOOBAN. On September 13. NANG MADAKIP SI EMILIO AGUINALDO NOONG TAONG 1901. Governor General Henry C. . SUBALIT AMERIKANO. ITINATAG NIYA ANG REPUBLIKA NG KAPULUANG TAGALOG. LIKAS ANG KANYANG KASIPAGAN." After much thought. 1906. HULYO 14. NAGING PANGULO SIYA NG SANGAY SA DAPITAN AT DAHIL NAGING MAHUSAY SIYANG LIDER NG KANYANG NASASAKUPAN. AY IPINAGPATULOY NI MACARIO SAKAY ANG PAKIKIPAGLABAN AT PAKIKIBAKA. They were invited to banquets. with Sakay in his mountains camp in Tanay. 1907. Popular support made it more difficult for the Americans to capture Sakay. Sakay and his men were arrested. SI SAKAY AT ANG KANIYANG MGA KASAMAHAN. KAHIT NA ANO PINAPASUKAN NIYA BASTA'T MARANGAL NA MAPAGKAKAKITAAN. Dominador Gomez. he and his men received the heroes' welcome as they marched into Manila. AT DAHIL GUSTO RIN NIYANG MAGBAGONG BUHAY KASAMA ANG KANYANG MGA TAUHAN AY NAKUMBINSE RIN SIYANG SUMUKO NOONG PAGKARAAN NG ANIM NA ARAW AY PATAKSIL SIYANG DINAKIP NG MGA HINATULANG MAMATAY. DOMINADOR GOMEZ UPANG HIMUKIN SI MACARIO SAKAY NA SUMUKO.On May 6. 1907. MAHILIG DIN SIYANG UMARTE. Sakay issued a manifesto declaring the intention of the Tagalog Republic to fight the Americans in order to establish Philippine Independence. dances. a labor leader. He told Sakay that he was the "last obstacle to Filipino nationhood. Sakay and his men charged with banditry. 1907 SI MACARIO SAKAY AY BINITAY. NOONG SIYA AY BATA PA NAGING MANGGAGAWA SIYA NG KALESA AT NAGING MANANAHI RIN.