LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

CALENDAR OF

THE CORRESPONDENCE OF

GEORGE WASHINGTON
COMMANDER
IN CHIEF

OF THE CONTINENTAL ARMY

WITH THE OFFICERS

IN

FOUR VOLUMES
Ill
4,

VOL.
December
9,

1780 -January

1784

PREPARED FROM THE ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPTS IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS BY JOHN C. FITZPATRICK, DIVISION OF MANUSCRIPTS

WASHINGTON GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
1915

L. C. card, 10-35016

THIS

WORK IN POUR VOLUMES IS FOR SALE BY THE SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS
GOVERNMENT PRINTING
WASHINGTON,
OFFICE
D. C.

PRICE, $4 PER SET

CALENDAR.
1780
DEC. 9

Wilkinson, James. Philadelphia. A return of the clothing issued to Col. [Christian] Febiger for use of the

1780
DEC. 9

Southern Army. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Wil kinson to Tilghman, 1780, Dec. 18. 44, 221 A Return of clothing Wilkinson, J[ames]. Philadelphia. on hand at the magazine in Philadelphia. D. S. 1 Enclosed in Wilkinson to Tilghman, 1780, p. Dec. 18. 44, 222
Washington,

1780
DEC. 10

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. George. [James] Clinton, Albany. Officers to recruit the New York line; instructions from Governor
[George] Clinton.

1780
DEC. 10

[Washington, George.]
[William]

Auto, draft signed. 1 p. B. XII, pt, 2, 387 New Windsor. To [Maj.] Gen.
Point].

Heath [West
of

Salt beef for

Al

officers levies; rations; discharge clothing issues; arrest of Maj. [James Randolph] Reid; beef and flour supply. Draft. 2 pp. In

bany;

handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XII,

pt. 2,

383

1780
DEC. 10

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.
Draft.

To Capt.
1

[Bar-

1780
DEC. 10

Request In hand of Tench Tilghman. B. XII, pt. 2, 389 writing [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Comte de Roing a return of his troop.
p.

tholomew] von Heer [New Windsor].

letters;

Delay in answering his French officers at headquarters; quar tering a French division in Connecticut. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In
Ford,
9, 47.

chambeau [Newport].

D.

I, pt. 1,

377

1780
10

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Baron Steuben

[Richmond, Virginia]. Inspector s Department; Steuben s services in Virginia; Army in winter quarters; reported British embarkation for the South. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David Humphreys. In Sparks, 7, 317. B. XII, pt. 2, 385
1635

303036

V

L. C. card, 10-35016

THIS

WORK IN FOUR VOLUMES IS FOR SALE BY THE SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS
GOVERNMENT PRINTING
WASHINGTON,
OFFICE
D. C.

PRICE, $4 PER SET

CALENDAR.
1780
DEC.
9

Wilkinson, James.

return of the clothing Philadelphia. issued to Col. [Christian] Febiger for use of the Southern Army. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Wil
44, 221

A

kinson to Tilghman, 1780, Dec. 18.

1780
DEC.
9

Wilkinson, J[ames].

Philadelphia.

A Return

of clothing

on hand at the magazine in Philadelphia. D. S. 1 Enclosed in Wilkinson to Tilghman, 1780, p.
Dec. 18.
44,

222

1780
DEC. 10

Washington,

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. George. [James] Clinton, Albany. Officers to recruit the New York line; instructions from Governor
[George] Clinton.

1780
DEC. 10

Auto, draft signed. 1 p. B. XII, pt. 2, 387 New Windsor. To [Maj.] Gen. [Washington, George.] [William] Heath [West Point]. Salt beef for Al
officers levies; rations; clothing issues; arrest of Maj. [James Randolph] Reid; beef and flour supply. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.

bany;

discharge

of

B.

XII,

pt. 2,

383

1780
DEC. 10

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.
Draft.

To Capt.
1

[Bar-

1780
DEC. 10

Request In hand of Tench Tilghman. B. writing XII, pt. 2, 389 New Windsor. To Comte de Ro[Washington, George.]
ing a return of his troop.
p.

tholomew] von Heer [New Windsor].

letters;

Delay in answering his French officers at headquarters; quar tering a French division in Connecticut. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In
Ford,
9, 47.

chambeau [Newport],

D.

I, pt. 1,

377

1780
DEC. 10

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Baron Steuben
;

[Richmond, Virginia]. Inspector s Department Steuben s services in Virginia; Army in winter quarters; reported British embarkation for the South. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David Humphreys. In Sparks, 7, 317. B. XII, pt. 2, 385
1635

303036

16&6
1780
DEC. 10

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Skinner,

Abraham and Joshua
officers

Loring.

New York.

List of

exchanged agreed upon. Contemporary copy by Skinner. 1 p. Enclosed in Skinner to 45, 31 Washington, 1781, Jan. 5.

1780
DEC. 10

Wayne, Anthony.

Mount Kemble [New Jersey]. To [New Windsor], Intelli gence from Elizabethtown; fortification meas
[George] Washington
for
S.

ures

Wayne
3 pp.

s

camp;

need of dragoons.
44, 161

A. L.

1780
DEC. 10

Wayne, A[nthony]. Mount Kemble [New Jersey]. Intelligence from deserters. British regiments under embarkation orders; arrival of reenforcements.
A. D. S.
1 p.

Enclosed in preceding entry.
44, 164

[1780]
[DEC. 10]

[Wayne,

Anthony.] [Mount Kemble, New Jersey.] Diagram of Wayne s encampment at Mount Kemble. A. D. 1 p. Enclosed in Wayne to Washington,
1780, Dec. 10.
44, 163

1780
DEC. 11

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. Washington,] G[eorge], [Benjamin] Lincoln [Boston]. His appointment; persistence of the Massachusetts legislature in the temporary enlistment system; places of de
posit for supplies; failure of States to furnish Draft specific supplies; distress for clothing. signed. 4 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh-

man.
1780
DEC. 11

In Ford,

9, 49.

B.

XII,

pt. 2, 391

Barber, Francis.

Pompton [New

Jersey].

To

[George]

Washington,

New

Windsor.

Case of Capt. [Wil

1780
DEC. 11

liam B.] Gifford; suspicions of his loyalty. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Dec. 13. 44, 166 and Nathaniel Winslow. West Point. Greaton, J[ohn] Certificate of damaged clothing in the public D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in store at Newburgh. Heath to Washington, 1780, Dec. 13. 44, 179
Shreve,
I[srael].

1780
DEC. 11

Pompton [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Position of the
A. L.
S.
1 p.

Jersey brigade.

44, 168

1780
DEC. 12

[Daniel] [Washington, George.] Niven [West Point]. New log floats for the chain. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh-

New

Windsor.

To Capt.

man.
1780
DEC. 12

B.
.

XII,

pt. 2,

395

[Flatbush Long Island.] Bainbridge, [American] officers indebted for medicine with the amounts. Memorandum of Abraham Skin?

A

List of

COEEESPONDENCE OF GEOEGE WASHINGTON

1637

ner of expectation of paying the account on demand. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Smith to Washington, 1783, Feb. 25. 61, 340

1780
DEC. 12

Butler, Zebulon.

Wyoming

[Pennsylvania].

To

[George]

Washington [New Windsor]. Capture of men by the enemy; fruitless pursuit from want of provision men sent to Sunbury for flour stopped and made use of by Gov. [Joseph] Reed s orders. L. S. 1 p. Endorsed by Humphreys: "Mem
;

1780
"154-ef"

[DEC. 12]

be ordered to join his Regt." 44, 170 729 [Setauket, New York.] To John Culper, Samuel. Bolton [Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge, Danbury? Assurances of intention to con Connecticut]. tinue the service; another embarkation expected
to
"
"

for the South; British fears for [Charles, Earl] Cornwallis; hurricane in the West Indies ; increase

in

[illicit]

trade with the enemy; two

members

of the Continental Congress and a Judge of the Supreme Court engaged in the traffic. A. L. S.

2pp.
1780
DEC. 12

W

Willing, James.

[New York]. [George] Long Washington [New Windsor]. His situation; re 1 p. fusal of exchange by the British. A. L. S. Endorsed by Tilghman: "Orders given to the

Island

To

Commy.
1780
DEC. 13

of

prisoners."

44, 168

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. Passport for brig Jenny, William Fleming, master, with clothing and stores for British prisoners at Rutland, Mas 2 pp. Draft. In handwriting of sachusetts.

Tench Tilghman.
1780
DEC. 13

E.

387
Col.

[Washington,

George.]

New

Windsor.

To

Lt.

[Francis]

Barber [Pompton,
Draft.
1

New

Jersey].

Capt.

[William B.] Gifford

s loyalty;

embarkation at

New
1780
DEC. 13

York.

p.

Tench Tilghman.
Washington,

B.

In handwriting of XII, pt. 2, 401

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. George. Greene [Charlotte, South Carolina]. [Nathanael]

His

difficulties and apprehensions; discharge of the levies; [Lt.] Col. [Alexander] Hamilton and the Adjutant Generalship. Auto, draft signed.

3 pp.

In Ford,

9, 52.

P.

II,

237

1780
DEC. 13

New Windsor. To [Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Nathanael Greene, Charlotte, North Carolina]. Clothing; arrangement of the Virginia line;

1638

LIBBAKY OF CONGRESS

and places of deposit in Virginia and North Carolina; report of Britisli embarka tion at New York for the South; desires account of situation of affairs. Draft. 3 pp. In hand writing of Tench Tilghman.
specific supplies

B.

XII,

pt. 2,

397

1780
DEC. 13

Washington,
[Lt.l

George.

New

Windsor.
s

To Maj. Gen.

[William] Phillips [Elizabethtown,

New

Jersey!.

Gov. [Henry] Hamilton
1

Adam
1780
DEC. 13

Hay. Draft. Tench Tilghman.
[Washington,

p.

exchange; [Capt.] In handwriting of E. 355

New Windsor. To Comte de George.] Rochambeau [Newport]. Rumor of another embarkation from New York for the Southward. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
D.
I,

pt. 1,

381

1780
DEC. 13

Windsor. Instructions to Washington, George. Welles [Haverstraw? New York], Capt. [Roger] Command of guard boats; general management of same; reports; vigilance. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XII, pt. 2, 403
.

New

1780
DEC. 13

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Report of officers on survey of
re-piecing; escape of prisoners from the provost at Fishkill. L. S. 1 p. Endorsed by Humphreys: "Directions given Mr. [John] Moylan not to dispose of Cloathing ec." 44, 177

clothing;

1780
DEC. 13

Rochambeau, Comte

de. Boston. To [George Washington, Windsor]. News from France; armament coming from Brest; Mons. de Sartine succeeded by [Marquis] de Castris [as Minister of Marine of

New

France];
lation

expedition against Gibraltar.
2 pp.

Trans
44, 175

by Tench Tilghman.

1780
DEC. 13

Sheldon,

Hartford [Connecticut]. To [George Washington, New Windsor], Halt of his regi ment at Danbury through want of forage and accommodations; resolve of Connecticut to
Elisha.
scatter the

command through

different towns;

better quarters in certain Massachusetts towns; expresses. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Dec. 17.
44, 173

1780
DEC. 14

W[ashingto]n, G[eorge].

New

Windsor.

To Marquis de

Lafayette

[Paramus,

New

Jersey].

Want

of

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1639

employ expresses; cooperation with. exchange matters; disap pointments and change of Ministry in France.

money

to

Spanish;

Florida;

Auto, draft signed.
1780
DEC. 14

4 pp.

In Ford, 9, 56 B. XII, pt. 2, 407

Washington, George. New Windsor. To [Chevalier de La Luzerne, Philadelphia]. Thanks for knowl edge of Spanish designs upon Florida; want of clothing; expresses and want of money. Auto, D. draft signed. 2 pp. I, pt. 1, 383

1780
DEC. 14

New Windsor. To Col. James [Washington, George.] Livingston [Verplanck s Point, New York]. Orders a return of his regiment [1st Canadian] that will show the States to which his men be
long.
Same

Draft.

1

p.

Humphreys.
to the Officer

In handwriting of David B. XII, pt. 2, 411
s

commanding Spencer

Additional Continental

regiment.

1780
DEC. 14

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Don

Francisco
1 p.

Rendon
from

Another [Philadelphia]. the Southward. New York for
D.

embarkation
Draft.

In handwriting of
1780
DEC. 14

David Humphreys.
I,

pt. 1,

387

York.] [Hazen, Moses.] [Fishkill, [Maj. Gen. William Heath, West Point.] Duration of Maj. [James Randolph] Reid s arrest; time of trial;
delay for witnesses.

New

To

Contemporary copy.

1 p.

Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1780, Dec.
1780
DEC. 14

15.

44, 197

La Luzerne, Chevalier de. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Desire of Marquis de Fleury and Chevalier Mauduit Du Plessis to
be put upon the half-pay establishment. 1 p. (In French). Answered Dec. 20.
Translation

A. L. S.

44,185

by Tilghman,

44, 187.

1780
DEC. 14

Shreve, I[srael].

Pompton [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Inability to for
ward despatches
for

want

of

dragoons
L. S.

and
1 p.

horses;

progress in
16.

hut building.

Answered Dec.
1780
DEC. 15

44, 188

W[ashingto]n, G[eorge].
ael]

New Windsor. To Mrs. [NathanGreene [Rhode Island], Transmitting letters to and from Gen. Greene. Auto, draft signed.
2 pp.
P.
II,

241

1640
1780
DEC. 15

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington,

New Windsor. To Comte de George.] Rochambeau and Chevalier de Ternay [New
British

port].

embarkation

for

the

South;

necessity of opposition; news of the second divi
sion; Spanish expeditions against Florida, Pensacola and St. Augustine and proposition of Draft. cooperation therewith; plan for same. 6 pp. In handwriting of, Tench Tilghman. In D. I, pt. 1, 389 Ford, 9, 57.

1780
DEC. 15

Buchanan, John. West Point. To [George] Washington, New Windsor. Memorial setting forth his desti
tute condition for want of pay and clothing. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered Dec. :.9. 44, 206

1780
DEC. 15

Destouches, Chavalier.

Newport.
sor].

On board the Due de Bourgogne, To [George Washington, New Wind
of Chevalier de

Death

Ternay and

his ac

cession to
1 p.
Translation

of the squadron. (In French) Answered Dec. 23.
by Tilghman
44, 199.

command

A. L. S. 44, 198

1780
DEC. 15

Gist,

M[ordecai].

To [George] Annapolis [Maryland]. Act of legisla [New Windsor]. ture calling in the State and Continental money;
Washington

repeal of the Tender law; confiscation of British property; purchase of horses for Lee s legion; expected action for obtaining supplies for the

1780
DEC. 15

Army. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered Jan. 2. 44, 203 Heath, W[illiam]. West Point [New York]. To [George]" Washington [New Windsor]. Arrest of Major
[James Randolph] Reid; difficulties in the way of 44, 196 salting beef; need of boards. L. S. 1 p.

1780
DEC. 15

Osgood, Samuel and Oliver Phelps.
setts].

Springfield [Massachu-

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. Question of salting beef and forwarding live cat tle to Army in fulfilling Massachusetts quota of

To

the specific supplies
also

A. L.

S. of

Osgood signed
44, 195
Island].

by Phelps.
de].

Answered Dec.

28.

1780
DEC. 15

Viomenil,

[Baron

Newport [Rhode

To

Windsor]. Death of [George Washington, de Ternay from fever; Chevalier Des Chevalier

New

touches succeeds him.

A. L.

S.

2 pp.

(In

French)
Translation

W

by Tilghman,

44, 193.

1780
DEC. 15

Wilkinson, [James.]

Philadelphia. Return of clothing forwarded by Otis & Henley to Springfield [Massa-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
chusetts].
1 p.

1641

Enclosed in Wilkinson to TilghDec. 18. 44, 223 man, 1780,
1780
DEC. 16

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Maj. Gen. William Heath, West Point]. Maj. [James Randolph]

Reid s arrest; case of Joshua Ferris. Draft. In handwriting of David Humphreys.
B.

1 p.

XII,

pt. 2,

413

1780
DEC. 16

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Israel] Shreve [Pompton, New Jersey]. Sending off of dragoons on account of the scarcity of forage; clothing for the German regiment. Draft. __ 1 p.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XII,
1780
DEC. 16

pt. 2,

415

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Lt. Col. [Ludowick] Weltner [near Suffern s, New York]. Marching his men to the different State lines into which they are to be incorporated. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XII, pt. 2, 417
Heer,

1780
DEC. 16

Bartholomew von.
;

Palz [New York]. To Returns [George] Washington [New Windsor]. of his troop scarcity of forage need of arrange
;

New

ments
1780
DEC. 16

for repairs, clothing, etc.

L. S.

2 pp.
44,

208

Humphreys D[avid]

[New Windsor.]

To

[Col.

Timothy

Pickering, Totowa, New Jersey]. boats for the winter at Murderer
draft signed.
1 p.

Collecting the s Creek. Auto.

B.

XII,

pt. 2,

419

1780
DEC. 16

Pintard, Lewis.

Baskingridge [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor], Reasons why he cannot accept appointment [as agent for Ameri can prisoners in New York]; qualifications needed for the position; recommends John Franklin and

Abraham
1780
DEC. 17

Brashiers.

A. L. S.

2 pp.

44,

210

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Ezekiel] Cheever [Springfield, Massachusetts]. Trial of [John] Collins. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench B. XII, pt. 2, 425 Tilghman. [Washington, George.]

1780
DEC. 17

New Windsor. To Col. [Elisha] Sheldon [Hartford]. Request of Gov. [Jonathan] Trumbull as to winter quarters of his dragoons. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XII, pt. 2, 423 In Sparks, 7, 330.

1642
[1780]
[DEC. 17]

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Frye, Nathaniel.

[West Point.] To Maj. Gen. [William] Point]. Loss of hearing; petitions continuance in the service or transfer to the In valid Corps. A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1780, Dec. 17. 44, 226

Heath [West

1780
DEC. 17

Hay, Udny.

To [George] Distress of ship Washington [New Windsor]. carpenters for want of pay; casks for salting beef. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Dec. 22. 44, 216
Poughkeepsie [New York].

1780
DEC. 17

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Case of Ensign [Nathaniel] Frye; encloses court-martial of Joshua Ferris;
discharge of the

new

levies.

L. S.

1

p.

An
225

swered Dec. 19.
1780
DEC. 17

44,

Steuben,

To [George] Richmond, Virginia. [New Windsor]. Confusion of affairs Washington in the State; dispersed state of soldiers and
[Baron].
recruits; condition of a corps of six month s men; discharge of militia and efforts to collect their

accoutrements; troops forwarded to [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene; naked condition of others; Lee s legion gone southward; difficulties in ar ranging the Virginia Line; Col. [John] Gibson s regiment at Fort Pitt; bill before the legislature
to raise

men
L. S.

for the

ment.

8 pp.

war by voluntary enlist Answered Jan. 9, 1781.
44, 212

1780
DEC. 18

Heath, Wplliam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Trial of Maj. [James Randolph] Reid; need of boards; exhaustion of the flour

supply; reported embarkation at New York and concentrating of [Col. James] De Lancey s corps. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Dec. 20. 44, 223

1780
DEC. 18

Heath, Wplliam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Requests directions for storing boats in Murderer s Creek capture of two of the 1 p. prisoners escaped from Fishkill. L. S.
;

44,

224

1780
DEC. 18

Phillips,

W[ilh"am].

[George] Waslu ngton [New Windsor]. Passport for vessel with sup plies for Convention troops; removal of latter to

New

York.

To

Maryland.

L. S.

3 pp.

Answered Jan.

8.

44,

227

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1780
DEC. 18

1643

New York. Memorandum of charge Vincent, Elijah. that money was kept from Vincent by certain American officers while he was a prisoner.
A. D.

Endorsed by Abraham Skinner: 1 p. Skinner wishes Colo Tilghman s Order on "Mr. this Memorandum. Capt. Weaver of the 10th Penna. Regt. while a prisoner on Long Island had 3 Guineas Sent to him by a British Officer which he never rec d. Mr. Skinner when in New York obtained a Certifke. of this matter from the officer who reed, the Money but cou d not
obtain
it"

W

1780
DEC. 18

Wilkinson, J[ames].

Philadelphia.

To

[Lt.] Col.

[Tench]

Tilghman [New Windsor]. Delay in clothing from France; need of exertion among the States;
returns

ment

enclosed; mismanagement; rearrange of the Clothing Department by Congress;

intention to resign; desires to be succeeded [John] Moylan; personal affairs; intention

by
of

persuading Congress and the State authority to A. L. S. 3 pp. seize goods in Philadelphia.
44,

219

1780
DEC. 19

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor

To Capt

[John]

Buchanan, West Point. Compensation for his services. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench
Tilghman.
B.

XII,

pt. 2,

433

1780
DEC. 19

Washington, George.

New

Windsor.

To

[Brig.]

Gen-

James Clinton [Albany]. Introducing Chevalier de Chastellux, Vicomte de Noailles and Comte
de

Damas who wish
Draft.
1 p.

frontier.

to visit the Northern In handwriting of Tench P.
II,

Tilghman.
1780
DEC. 19

251

[Washington, George.] [James] Clinton [Albany]. Supplies and cloth ing; exemption of armorers from military duty; In 1 p. provisions at Fort Schuyler. Draft.

New

Windsor.

To

Brig. Gen.

handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XII,

pt. 2,

431

1780
DEC. 19

Windsor. [Maj.] Gen. [Washington, George.] Heath [West Point]. Leave of absence [William] for [Ensign Nathaniel] Frye; retention of the levies; boats; exchange matter; storage for salt meat; plan of boats. Draft. 2 pp. In hand writing of David Humphreys and Washington. B. XII, pt. 2, 427

New

To

1644
1780
DEC. 19
Bushnell,

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

David and
Washington,

Others.

West

Point.

To

[George]

New

Windsor.

Memorial: Their

undignified duties; lack of opportunity to dis tinguish themselves; request to be put on a re spectable footing. D. S. of Bushnell and four
others.

3pp.

Endorsed by Tilghman:

"From

officers of
given."

sappers and miners.

Verbal answer Memorials. 78

1780
DEC. 19

Damas, Comte de. Fishkill [New York]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Appreciation of Washington s kindness. Recent copy of a trans
lation.
1 p.

44,

234

1780
DEC. 19

Hamilton, Alexander]. Albany. [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Board of War s inability to support the armory at Albany; value of the plant; economy in its continuance; hides; Gen.
[Philip

To

John] Schuyler
Fishkill

s

invitation for
S.

Wash
116, 20

ington to visit Albany.

A. L.

4 pp.

1780
DEC. 19

Noailles, Viscount de.

Washington,
received;

New Windsor].

[New York]. To [George Thanks for letters
A. L. S.
44,
1

polite compliments.

p.

235

1780
DEC. 19

Rochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Death of Chevalier de Ternay; truth of the report of Marquis de Castris succeeding Mons. de Sartine news from [as Minister of Marine of France] embarkation at New York. Martinico; the L. S. 2 pp. Answered Jan. 3, 1781. 44, 232
;

1780
DEC. 20

Washington, George.

New

Windsor.
Point].

To Maj. Gen.

[Wil-

Ham] Heath [West

Want

of flour;

ex

amination of ration issues;
against Connecticut;

British intentions
Draft.

clothing.

2 pp.

1780
DEC. 20

In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XII, pt. 2, 435 [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Chevalier de La Luzerne [Philadelphia]. Question of halfpay to foreign officers. Draft. 1 p. In hand D. I, pt. 1, 397 writing of Tench Tilghman.
Clinton, James.

1780
DEC. 20

To [George] Washington [New Recruiting officers sent to the upper counties; lack of cash; supernumerary officers of the 4th New York regiment; arrangement of the New York Line. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Dec. 26. 44, 239
Albany.
Windsor].

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1780
DEC. 20

1645

Destouches, Chevalier.

On

board the Neptune, Newport

[George] Washington [New [Rhode Island]. Windsor] Flour for the French fleet. L. S. 1 p. Answered Jan. 24, 1781. 44, 236

To

1780
DEC. 20

Dunham, Lewis [F.] Pompton [New Jersey]. To George Washington [New Windsor]. Question of his re
tirement as a supernumerary.

A. L. S.

2 pp.
44, 238

Answered Dec.
1780
DEC. 20

29.

Hazen, Moses.
the

Fishkill

[New York].
officer
all

Garrison orders:

Abuses in
cers.

issues; weekly returns to be

made

to

by departmental Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Pickering to Washington, 1781, Jan. 13. 45, 154

commanding

offi

1780
DEC. 20

Heath, Wfilliam]. West Point. To [George] Washington Construction of flat-boats; [New Windsor]. 44, 240 guard boats. L. S. 1 p.

1780
DEC. 21

Hay, Udny.

Poughkeepsie [New York]. To the Assistant Purchasers of Provisions and Hay. Calling for returns and accurate state of the situation.

Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed Washington, 1780, Dec. 29.
1780
DEC. 21

in

Hay
44,

to

329

Heath, W[illiam].
flour;

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Arrival of a small quantity of
provision return comparisons;

holding

troops in readiness to march; clothing; desti tute condition of prisoners coming from New

York;
L. S.

rations

issued

to

discharged

soldiers.

2 pp.
de.

44,

243

1780
DEC. 21

la Luzerne, Chevalier

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. Forwarding despatches for Sir Henry L. S. 1 p. Clinton. Answered Jan. 9.
44,

To

245

1780
DEC. 21

Shreve, I[srael].

Pompton [New

Jersey].

To

[George]

Enclosing a return of blankets for the officers of the Jersey brigade. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered Dec. 29. 44, 241

Washington,

New

Windsor.

1780
DEC. 21

Shreve, I[srael]. [Pompton, New Jersey.] Return of blankets for the officers of the Jersey brigade. A. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in preceding entry.
44,

245

1780
DEC. 22

New Windsor. To Mrs. Susan [Washington, George.] Blair [Philadelphia]. Thanks in behalf of the
Army
for her exertions ; requests delivery of the

1646

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
shirts to Col. [Samuel] Miles will forward money donated by the ladies of Trenton and requests
;

that she use
1

it

to obtain

more

shirts.

Draft.

p.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
C.
4, pt. 1,

87

1780 DEC

-

22

1780
DEC. 22

Washington, George. New Windsor. To [Lt. Col. Louis Dominique, Ethis] de Corny [Newport]. Regret at his ill-health and wishing him a pleasant voy 1 p. Draft. In handwriting of Tench age. D. I, pt. 1, 399 Tilghman. [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Lt.] Col. Udny Hay [Poughkeepsie, New York]. Rations for carpenters; water-casks. Draft. 1 p. In hand B. writing of Tench Tilghman. XII, pt. 2, 437
Crane, Jacob.

1780
DEC. 22

Elizabethtown [New Jersey]. To Brig. Gen. [Anthony] Wayne, Mount Kemble [New

Jersey].

Embarkation

of loyalist corps,

regu

Gen. Benedict] Arnold and [Lt. Col. John Graves] Simcoe for a Southern expedi tion; loyalist marauding expedition; intended British attempt on Elizabethtown. A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in Wayne to Washington, 1780, Dec. 25. 44, 280
lars, [Brig.

1780 DEC

Hendricks, John.
-

22

Elizabethtown [New Jersey]. To Maj. [Benjamin] Fishbourne [Mt. Kemble, New Jer Secret service matters; embarkation at sey]. New York. A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in Wayne to Washington, ,1780, Dec. 25. 44, 282
Alexander.

1780 DEC

Scammell,
-

New

22

Washington [New Windsor].

Windsor. To [George] Manufacture and
A. L. S.
1

lasting qualities of leather caps.

p.

Endorsed by Tilghman: "Light Infantry caps, the Board of War written to on the subject the 10th Jany. 1781." 44, 256
Draft of the letter to the Board of

War

is in

A. V. pt.

2, 369.

1780 DEC

Rochambeau, Comte
-

22

ton,

Newport. To [George WashingNew Windsor]. Death of Chevalier de Terde.
;

nay; news from France; reenf orcements plan of campaign; cooperation of Spanish; Southern expedition; Chevalier de Monteil at Martinico;
reported movements of the enemy. L. S. 4 pp. Then follows a signed postscript by Destouches, in French: Difficulties in cooperating with the

Spanish; inability to take the

fleet to

sea from
44,

want

of flour to

make

biscuit.

246

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1780
DEC. 23

1647

[Washington,

New Windsor. To Chevalier George.] Destouches [Newport]. Death of Chevalier de
Ternay and
1

his succession to

command.
D.
I,

Draft.

p.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
pt. 1,

405

1780
DEC. 23

[Washington, George.]
[William]

To Maj. Gen. Indian corn and forage in Westchester County; road to West Point. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David B. XII, pt. 2, 439 Humphreys.
Windsor.
Point].

New

Heath [West

1780
DEC. 23

W[ashingto]n, G[eorge]. New Windsor. Lt. Col. [David] Humphreys

Instructions to

[New Windsor]. Attempt to surprise and capture Baron von Knyphausen. Draft signed. 2 pp. In hand writing of David Humphreys. In Ford, 9, 74.
B.

XII,

pt. 2,

449

1780
DEC. 23

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To

Col. [Samuel]

1780
DEC. 23

Delivery of shirts to troops. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XII, pt. 2, 443 New Windsor. To Comte de [Washington, George.]
Miles, Philadelphia.

Rochambeau [Newport]. News from West Indies;
change in French Marine Department [Marquis de Castries succession to the Ministry] quarters for the second division; death of Chevalier de
;

Ternay and

his successor, Chevalier Destouches;

intelligence from New York. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman and Washington.

D.

I,

pt. 1,

401

1780
DEC. 23

[Washington,

George.] Viomenil, Newport. Acknowledging notification of death of Chevalier de Ternay. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
D.
I, 1,

New

Windsor.

To Baron de

403

1780
DEC. 23

Heath, W[illiam].

VYest Point.

To

[George] Washington

Bringing up of forage by water; reenforcement sent down; Col. [Hugh] Hughes; utility of the road mentioned. A. L. S. 1 p. 44, 262

[New Windsor].

1780
DEC. 23

Humphreys, D[avid].

New Windsor. Memorandum of a plan for surprising and bringing off [Baron von] Knyphausen or the commanding officer of the British posts on north end of York Island. B. A. D. 4 pp. XII, pt. 2, 445

1648
1780
DEC. 23

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Laurens, John.
to

Philadelphia.

To

[George] Washington

[New Windsor].

His selection by Congress to go
A. L.
S.

France to obtain supplies.

3 pp.
44, 275

1780 DEC

Phillips, Wplliam].
-

New

York.

23

officers.

ton [New Windsor]. L. S. 2pp.

[George] WashingExchange of Convention

To

Answered Jan.

8,

1781.
44,

258

[1780]
[DEC. 23]

[Phillips, William]

[New York]

cers desiring exchange.

List of Convention offi2 pp. Enclosed in pre
44,

ceding entry.

259

1780
DEC. 23

Sunnier, J[ob].

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. His rank. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Dec. 26. 44, 265
Benjamin.
Springfield

1780
DEC. 23

Tupper,

[Massachusetts],
S.
1

To

[George] Washington ing leave of absence.

[New Windsor].
A. L.
p.

Request

Answered
44,

Jan.

1,

1781.

263

1780
DEC. 23

Van

Rensselaer, P[hilip].

Albany. [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Repair of arms; need of hides for cartridge-boxes, belts, etc. A. L. S.
1 p-

To

44,

267

1780
DEC. 23

[Van Rensselaer, Philip].

Albany. To

[the

Board

of

War,

Philadelphia]. Fruitless efforts to contract for repair of arms; necessity of the work and Van Rensselaer s efforts. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in preceding entry. 44, 268

1780
DEC. 23

Warner,

To [George] Bennington [Vermont]. [New Windsor]. Reduction of his Washington
Seth.

regiment furloughing of
;

officers

because of their

destitute

condition; march

of

detachment to

headquarters; impossibility of settling [William] Sherman s accounts; settlement of the recruiting
accounts.
[1780]
[DEC. 23]

L. S.

2 pp.

44, 273

Warner, Seth. [Bennington, Vermont.] Return of noncommissioned officers and privates in Col. Seth Warner s regiment. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in 44, 272 preceding entry.
Culper, Samuel.

1780
"154-fi

[Maj.

[New York]. To John Bolton Benjamin Tallmadge, Danbury? Connecti"727"

[DEC. 24]

cut]. Sailing of [Brig.] Gen. [Benedict] Arnold for Virginia; feeling of British officers against

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1649

Arnold; report of a French fleet sailing from France; condition of British troops; prisoners
sent to England; inhabitants deterred from aid 2 pp. ing prisoners in New York. A. L. S.

W

1780
DEC. 24

Galvan, [William]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor], Applies for Inspectorship of the cavalry; his qualifications. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Dec. 26. 44, 277

1780
DEC. 25

[Washington,

George.]
s

New

Windsor.
Point].

[William] Heath [West

To Maj. Gen. Reform of Liv
s

ingston

[1st

Canadian] and Spencer

[Addi

tional Continental] regiments; garrison of posts at King s Ferry. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of

Tench Tilghman.
.

B.

XII,

pt. 2,

453

1780
DEC. 25

Arendt,

Baron d Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. His return to America; his
report to Congress.

L. S.

1 p.

44,

294

1780
DEC. 25

Lincoln, B[enjamin].

Boston.

To

[George]

Washington

Prospect of obtaining recruits to fill Massachusetts quota of troops; question of enlistment for three years or during. the war;

[New Windsor].

finances; large amount of clothing in Massachu setts brought in by privateers ; fault of Congress
in not

making proper clothing arrangements;

divided responsibility in purchas ing; clothing of the troops by the respective States; uncertainty of Massachusetts as to the
difficulties of

matter; the specific supplies; quantity of cloth ing on hand; wishes directions; scheme of for warding men to camp; requests orders. L. S.
11 pp. Answered, Jan. 9, 1781. Letters to Washington, 3, 181.

In Sparks, 44, 287

1780
DEC. 25

Parsons,

Samuel H[olden]. To [George] Washington [FishCase of Lieuts. [Jesse] Grant and [Jesse] kill]. Cook. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Dec. 26.
44,

296

1780
25

Rochambeau, Comte

de.

Newport [Rhode

Island].

To

56214

VOL

312

[George Washington, New Windsor]. False re port of movement of the Connecticut militia; head winds preventing the start of despatches for France. L. S. 2pp. Answered Jan. 9, 1781. 44, 295

-

2

1650
1780
DEC. 25

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

Wayne, Anthony. Mt. Kemble [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Contradictory in
telligence of British; falling

down
s

of the fleet

presence on answers to queries obtained by a spy; board; efforts to obtain intelligence. A. L. S. 4 pp. 44, 283
[1780]
[DEC. 25]

toward [Sandy] Hook; Arnold

[Wayne, Anthony.] [Mt. Kemble, New Jersey.] Questions given to a spy and answers obtained by him. A. D. 2 pp. Enclosed in Wayne to Washing 44, 285 ton, 1780, Dec. 25.

1780
DEC. 26

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] [James] Clinton [Albany]. Command and garri son at Fort Schuyler. Draft. 1 p. In hand writing of Tench Tilghman. B. XII, pt. 2, 459
[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Maj. William Galvan [Camp]. His claim to promotion. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XII, pt. 2, 461 Washington, George. New Windsor. To Marquis de Lafayette, Philadelphia.

1780
DEC. 26

1780
DEC. 26

Expectation of aid from
s

France;

Comte de Rochambeau

intelligence;

British relinquishment of embarkation. In Ford, 9, 79. 3 pp. draft signed.
B.

Auto. 455

XII,

pt. 2,

1780
DEC. 26

New

Jersey, Legislature. Trenton. An Act for completing and keeping up the Quota of Troops belong ing to this State, in the service of the United 2 pp. Broadside. Enclosed in Shreve States. to Washington, 1781, Jan. 17. 45, 205

1780
DEC. 26

Rendon, Francisco. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Appreciation of intelli gence sent by Washington; delay, caused by hurricane, of the expeditions against Pensacola and St. Augustine. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Jan. 44, 298 2, 1781.

1780
DEC. 27

Washington, George. New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Nathanael] Greene [Cheraw, South Carolina]. In
telligence of sailing of a British expedition

from
In

New York

to the Southward.
B.

Draft.

1

p.

handwriting of Tench Tilghman.

XII,

pt. 2,

463

1780
DEC. 27

Washington, George. ander Hamilton, Albany],

New

Windsor.

To

[Lt. Col.

Alex-

Orders previously

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1651

ar given respecting citizens employed at Albany

mory; hides; inability to visit Albany; embar kation under Arnold reported at New York. A. L. S. 2 pp. In Hamilton, Works of Hamil Haml. 4, 44 ton, 1, 202.
1780
DEC. 27

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To P[hilip] Van Rensselaer, Albany. Discontinuance of armory at Albany; hides. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting B. XII, pt. 2, 465 of Tench Tilghman.
Bonnel, James.

1780
DEC. 27

Stony Point [New York]. To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath, West Point. Distressed situa tion of deranged officers of Spencer s [Additional
regiment; requests rations until A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in pay Heath to Washington, 1780, Dec. 28. 44, 321
their
arrives.
.

Continental]

1780
DEC. 27

Fisher,

J

Fishkill

Landing [New York]. To [Maj.

Gen. William Heath? West Point]. Impossi bility of obtaining boats to transport flour to West Point; clothing; use of small boats to col
lect the flour.

ditional note

of raft for

Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Ad by [Capt.] P[eter] Anspach of lack transporting flour. Enclosed in Heath
44,

to Washington, 1780, Dec. 29.

323

1780
DEC. 27

Otis

&

Henley. Boston. Return of clothing sent to Army to care of James Bull. A. D. S. Tabular state

ment.

Lincoln.

Addressed to Maj. Gen. [Benjamin] Enclosed in Lincoln to Washington, 44, 293 1780, Dec. 25.
1 p.

1780
DEC. 27

Sheldon,

To Northampton [Massachusetts]. March of [George] Washington [New Windsor]. his regiment to Northampton, Hatfield and Hadley; effect of Washington s letter to Gov. [Jona
Elisha.

than] Trumbull; no expectation of equipment from Connecticut. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered

Jan.

4,

1781.

44,

302

1780
DEC. 28

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Greene [Cheraw, South Carolina]. [Nathanael]
Capt. [Joseph] Eggleston [jr.] s conduct in case of 2 pp. In hand Peter Bainbridge. Draft.
writing of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XII,

pt. 2,

473

1780
DEC. 28

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Oliver Phelps and Samuel Osgood, Springfield [Massachusetts].

1052

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Necessity of regular beef supply from Massa 2 pp. Draft. In hand chusetts; salt beef.
writing of

Tench Tilghman.

B.

XII,

pt. 2,

471

1780
DEC. 28

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Israel] Shreve [Pomp ton, New Jersey]. Company to march to Wyoming; clothing. Draft. 1 p. In

handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XII,

pt. 2,

469

1780
DEC. 28

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To [Brig.] Gen. [Anthony] Wayne [Mt. Kemble,nearMorristown].
;

Protection of his
1 p.

camp gaining intelligence from New York; shirts; camp amusements. Draft.
In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XII, pt.
2,

467

1780
DEC. 28

Greene,

To [South Carolina]. His march [George] Washington [New Windsor]. to the camp on the Peedee; necessity of it; position of Lt. Col. [William] Washington and
Nathanael.

Cheraws

Gen. [Daniel] Morgan; arrival of British recruits at Charleston; [Maj.] Gen. [William] Smallwood s errand in Maryland; Baron Steuben
[Brig.]

in Virginia; cavalry sent to Virginia; condition of Armand s legion; light skirmishes distress of the Army for clothing, food and necessaries;
;

murders by Cherokees. A. L. S. 5 pp. An In Sparks, Letters to swered Feb. 2, 1781.
Washington,
1780
DEC. 28
3, 189.

44, 312

Heath, W[illiam].

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Garrison force ordered to Verplanck s and Stony Points difficulties of trans
; ; ;

porting forage state of the roads; preparations for a foraging expedition need of quicker supply transportation; sailing of a British fleet from 44, 319 New York. L. S. 2 pp.

1780
DEC. 28

Hnbley, Bernard.
loyalist

Dobbs Ferry [New York]. To

[George]

Washington,

New

Windsor.

families

into

New

Conveyance of York on a British

flag vessel; fears for [Lt.] Col. [David] 44, 310 phreys safety. A. L. S. 3 pp.

Hum

1780
DEC. 28

Jones,

Thomas.

[New Windsor.] Return employed in the Department of the

of persons Field Com

missary of Military Stores

who have not

received

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1653

names.

their depreciation of wages. Tabular list of A. D. S. in behalf of Richard Frothing1

ham.
1780
DEC. 28

p.

W

Keese, John.

To Daniel Carthy Flour at Fishkill Landing and [West Point]. other points; requests batteaux; scarcity of flour necessity of an impress warrant for teams. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to 44, 326 Washington, 1780, Dec. 29.
Fishkill

[New York].

;

1780
DEC. 28

Pickering,

T[imothy].

Anspach

[Fishkill

[Newburgh.] To [Capt. Peter] Landing. New York]. Order
flour

ing batteaux to carry alternative directions.
1

to

West Point;

p.

Enclosed in

Contemporary copy. Heath to Washington, 1780,
44,

Dec. 29.

325

1780
DEC. 28

Steuben,

Baron.
abuses
Virginia

Washington

Richmond [Virginia]. To [George] Existence of [New Windsor].
military order; state of the indiscriminate discharges and

against

Line;

furloughs granted; rendezvous proposed; records
to be kept; necessity of restraining officers from granting discharges and furloughs; method and forms adopted. L. S. 7 pp. Answered Feb. 6, 1781. 44, 336

1780
DEC. 28

Wesson, J[ames]. West Point, To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath [West Point]. His disablement; requests retirement on full pay. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1780, Dec. 28. 44, 320
Pickering, Timothy. Newburgh [New York]. To[Lt.]Col. [Tench] Tilghman [New Windsor]. Transpor tation of flour to West Point by water: diffi
culty in obtaining vessels; Pickering s orders and [Maj.] Gen. [William] Heath s complaints. A. L. S. 2 pp. 44, 317

1780
DEC. 29

1780
DEC. 29

Washington,] G[eorge],

New

Windsor.

To
s

Col. [Daniel]

Brodhead [Fort

Pitt].

Virginia

intention to

undertake an expedition against Detroit; list of and stores required; Col. [George artillery Clark and aid to be given him. Draft. Rogers] 3 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman and Washington. In part in Ford, 9, 83, note.
B.

XII,

pt. 2, 481

1654
1780
DEC. 29

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Col. Zebulon Butler, Wyoming [Pennsylvania]. Replacing his regiment at Wyoming by Continental troops;
2 pp. In directions to join the Army. Draft. of Tench Tilghman. In Ford, 9, 84, handwriting B. note. XII, pt. 2, 477

1780
DEC. 29

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Joseph Lewis, Morris County [New Jersey]. State legislature s authorization to Washington to sign provision 1 p. In handwriting of Draft. certificates. B. Tench Tilghman. XII, pt. 2, 489

1780
DEC. 29

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] [Samuel Holden] Parsons [Fishkill, New York], Readmission into the line of the Army of officers superseded while prisoners; difficulties of the 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Draft. case. B. XII, pt. 2, 475 Tilghman.
[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Israel] Shreve [Pomp ton, New Jersey]. Scarcity of instructions for officers to go to Wyo blankets; ming; want of coats; shirts. Draft. 2 pp. In

1780
DEC. 29

1780
DEC. 29

handwriting of Tench Tilghman. To Capt. [Job] [Washington, George.] New Windsor. Sumner [Verplanck s Point]. His rank. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XII, pt, 2, 485

1780
DEC. 29

Dagworthy, M[ary].

Trenton [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Forwarding three hundred and eighty pairs of stockings from the Ladies Committee to the soldiers. A. L. S. 1 p.
9,

Answered Jan.
1780
DEC. 29

1781.

44,

332

To [George] Hay, Udny. Poughkeepsie [New York]. Washington, New Windsor. Provisions for car penters; salt beef; supply of forage and provi sions; call for returns; requests exchange of Capt. [Elijah?] Townshend. A. L. S. 2 pp. 44, 327
Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor], Cases of Col. [James] Wesson

1780
DEC. 29

and Capt. [James] Bonnel; failure of flour sup ply and impossibility of obtaining boats for transportation; state of the roads. L. S. 2 pp. 44, 318

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1780
DEC. 29

1655

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Transmitting papers respecting the provision supply willingness to furnish men to the Quartermaster General [Timothy Picker
;

ing];

need of a regular system in bringing
supplies.

for-,

ward
1780
DEC. 29

L. S.

1

p.

44,

323

Shreve, I[srael].

Jersey

Camp [Pompton, New

Jersey].

To [George Washington, New Windsor].

Neces

Jersey men sity of having an exact return of s [Additional Continental] in Col. [Oliver] Spencer

New

regiment prior to arranging the Jersey Line. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Dec. 31. 44, 333
1780
DEC. 29

Steuben,

To [George] Richmond [Virginia]. [New Windsor]. Thanks for intelli Washington
Baron.
gence [of British embarkation for the South] the 44, 334 Inspector s Department. L. S. 1 p.
;

1780
DEC. 29

Tilghman, T[ench].

New

Windsor.

To

Col. [Timothy]

Distress of Pickering [Totawa, New Jersey], West Point for provisions; transportation of supplies

up the

river.

Auto, draft signed. B. XII, pt.

2 pp.
2,

487

1780
DEC. 30

New Windsor. Instructions to [Washington, George.] Capt. [Alexander] Mitchell [Pompton, New Jer sey]. To take post at Wyoming and protect the
country.
Draft.
2 pp.

Tilghman.
1780
DEC. 30

In handwriting of Tench B. XII, pt. 2, 491
Point [New York]. CerJohn D. P. Ten

Livingston, James.
tificate

Verplanck

s

Eyck
1780
DEC. 30

of robbery of Capt. 1 p. A. D. S. s chest.

W W

Read, Thomas. Verplanck s Point [New York]. Certificate of robbery of Capt. John D. P. Ten Eyck s 1 p. chest. A. D. S.
Shreve, I[srael].

1780
DEC. 30

Jersey

Camp [Pompton, New

Jersey].

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. Capt. Alexander Mitchell to command the detachment

To

[ordered to Wyoming] his need of money dep uty sent to receive clothing for Shreve s brigade.
;

;

A. L. S.

1 p.

Answered Dec.

31.

39,

332

1780
DEC. 30

Stark, John.

Peekskill

Hollow [New York].
Windsor.

Washington,
small
absence.

New

number

To [George] State of his health; of his brigade; requests leave of
1 p.

L. S.

44,

342

1656
1780
DEC. 31

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Israel] Shreve [Pompton, New Jersey]. Inability to

supply
Draft.

money
1 p.

to

Capt.

[Alexander] Mitchell.

1780
DEC. 31

1780
DEC. 31

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XII, pt. 2, 495 [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Israel] Shreve [Pompton, New Jersey]. Jersey men in Spencer s [Additional Continental] and Living 1 p. Draft. ston s [1st Canadian] regiments. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XII, pt. 2, 497 [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Brig.] Gen. His retirement. [John] Stark [West Point]. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XII, pt. 2, 493
Morgan, Daniel. Camp on Pacolet Creek [South Carolina]. To Maj. Gen. [Nathanael] Greene [Cheraws,

[1780] DEC. 31

South Carolina].
ton
s

victory

at

Hammond

Lt. Col. [William] s Store.

Washing Contem

2 pp. Enclosed in porary copy by Greene. Jan. 28. Greene to Washington, 1781, 45, 308
Dated in
error 1781.

[1780]
[DEC.]

[Steuben, Baron.]

Form of discharge adopted for the 1 p. Enclosed in Steuben to Line. Virginia 44, 340 1780, Dec. 28. Washington,

[1780]
[DEC.]

[Steuben, Baron]

[1780]
[DEC.]

Form of a pass adopted for furloughs in the Virginia Line. 1 p. Enclosed in Steuben to 44, 341 Washington, 1780, Dec. 28. Steuben, [Baron]. Remarks on abuses existent in the Army and regulations proposed for their correction:
Punishment
tribution of
of officers; officers

servants;

dis

arms and ammunition; standing and other guards; pickett regulations; manoeuvers
to be followed in case of attack; care of arms; returns; leaves of absence. D. S. 13 pp. En closed in Steuben to Washington, 1780, Dec. 28.
44, 343

[1780]

Disposition for op [Washington, George.] [Preakness.] the Enemy while we were Encamped at posing En 1 p. the Falls of Passaic 1781" A. D. M. 1, 331 dorsed by Washington as quoted.
"

[1780]

[Washington, George.] Memorandum of estimate of the expense of the Quartermaster General s Depart M. 1, 267 ment 1780. A. D. 2 pp.

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
[1780]

1657

[Washington, George.]

Memorandum [extracts from va rious letters of information respecting the force A. D. 1 p. and situation at Halifax].
M.
1,

385

[1780]

[Washington, George.]

Memorandum

of Order of Battle:

In case of junction of the French and Ameri can troops and no detachment from the latter
is

made

to the

Northward 1781.

In case of a separation and New York is at tacked by way of Long Island and York Island
at the
If

same time.
affairs

our Southern

should become

so

pressing as to compel us to relinquish the opera tion against New York and all offensive opera
tions in this quarter.

A. D. with diagrams.
"Disposition
"

Endorsed by Washington:

1 p. of the

Army
[1780?]

Armand[-Tuffin],

Campaign 1781 To [George Washington]. Ch[arles].
for the his

W
The

complaints against
offenders;

corps;

punishment of
punish;
corps;

failure of courts-martial to

trouble caused

by

officers

outside the
;

stealing of poultry

by the men

inability to get

along with [William Alexander,] Lord Stirling; hopes to be restored to Washington s favor. A. L. S. 4pp. 115,114 (In French.)
Translation

by John Laurens,

115, 116.

[1780]

[Collins,

John.] Charges [Springfield, Massachusetts.] Contemporary copy. against Ezekiel Cheever.
1

p.

44, 97

[1780]

[Fitzsimmons,
fleet

Arrival of a British .] Intelligence: at Charleston with reenforcements from

Cork; ships coming to
of

the British at Charleston.

Tench Tilghman.

York; situation of In handwriting Enclosed in Luzerne to
1 p.

New

Washington, 1780.
[1780]

115,

60

France.

Armament ready

at Brest to depart for

America:

List of vessels, etc. 1 p. (In French) Enclosed in Rochambeau to Washington, 1780, Dec. 13.
44, 176 A translation by Tilghman is on verso of his translation of Rochambeau
to Washington 1780, Dec.
13.

[1780]

Fiihrer,

.

List of the

with the British Army.

German troops in America Names of regiments,

commanders, numbers and stations. A. D. S. 1 p. Endorsed by Washington: "List of the

German

Troops"

W

1658
[1780]

LIBRAE Y OF CONGRESS
[Hamilton, Alexander]

Plan for attack on New York by advance from Westchester and Brooklyn; coop
eration of the French.

Auto, draft.

4 pp.
116, 17

[1780]

[Harrison,

Robert Hanson.] Return of non-commissioned officers and privates in the 4th [Continental]

Dragoons belonging
vania.
[1780]

to

the State of Pennsyl

A. D.

1 p.

W

La Luzerne, Chevalier de [Philadelphia.] To [George] Wash ington. Transmits intelligence from South Caro lina. A. L. S. in 3d person. 1 p. (In French)
115, 61

[1780]

Prisoners, Tariff.

Memorandum
1 p.

of value of the different

ranks.
[1780?]

W

[Rochambeau, Comte

Order of battle of the 1st de.] division of the Army under the command of. Translation by Alexander Hamilton. 2 pp. Endorsed by Washington: "French Order of
Battle."

W

[1780?]

[Tilghman, Tench.] Questions proposed to Mr. Hunt and his answers Depth of water and navigation of Hell Gate; suitable places for communication with Long Island east of Hell Gate; pilots for Hell Gate, the North River and Long Island Sound. A.D. with memorandum of distances by
:

[1780?]

Jonathan Trumbull, jr. 3 pp. [Tilghman, Tench.] Return of non-commissioned officers and privates in Maj. [Benjamin] Whitcomb s Corps enlisted during the war. List of names. A. D. 2 pp.
[Washington, George.]

W

W

1781
JAN.
1

New

Windsor.

Instructions [to

Timothy Pickering Totowa ? New Jersey]. Regulating and systematizing the Quartermaster
Col.

General

s

Department;

issues;

providing tents,

boats, etc. for next campaign; Artificer Corps. 2 pp. Draft. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. B. XIII, pt. 2, 3

1781
JAN. l

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Col.
Massachusetts].

Tupper
lough.

[Springfield,
1 p.

[Benjamin] His fur

1781
JAN.
l

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 2, 1 New Windsor. To [Maj. Benja[Washington, George.] min Whitcomb, Coos, New Hampshire]. Reduc-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1659

tion of his corps; orders to march his men to the various State lines into which they are to be

incorporated.

Draft.

1 p.

Tench Tilghman.
1781
JAN.
1

In handwriting of B. XIII, pt. 2, 7

Angell, Israel.

To [George] Johnston, Rhode Island. Washington [New Windsor]. Disclaims respon sibility for not making a return of Rhode Island
troops.

A. L.

S.

2 pp.

45, 4

1781
JAN.
l

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Arrangement of the Massa chusetts Line; reported capture of [Lt.] Col. [David] Humphreys and party; advance of the

enemy and
L. S.

Lt. Col. [William] Hull

s

movements.
45, 5

2 pp.

1781
JAN.
1

Hull, William.

s Bridge [New York]. To Maj. Gen. Heath [West Point]. Advance of the enemy and their retreat; reported sailing of a fleet from New York want of shoes and ammu 2 pp. Enclosed in Heath to nition. A. L. S.

Pine

[William]

;

1781
JAN.
1

Macnair, Ralph

45, 10 Washington, 1781, Jan. 2. & Co. New York. Amount of debts due from American officers, late prisoners, on Long Island; names and amounts due from each. Oath of correctness of above sworn by Ebenezer Macnair before William Walton, Magistrate of

Police.

3 pp.

Feb. 21, 1783. Contemporary copy. Enclosed in Smith to Washington, 1783, Feb. 25. 61, 337
[Boston.]
1

[1781] [JUNE

Phelps, Oliver.
l]

To [George] Washington. [New

Windsor.] A. L. S.

Presenting an ox to Washington. Answered June 1. 115, 46 p.

[1781]
[JAN. l]

Massachusetts, Officers. List of names of officers commanding the Massachusetts Line. 1 p. Enclosed
in

Heath

to Washington, 1781, Jan.

1.

45, 6

1781
JAN.
1

Rochambeau, Comte de.

Newport [Rhode

Island].

To

Corre [George Washington, spondence; Maj. [Caleb] Gibbs arrival; forwards box and papers for the Philanthropic Society "for the recovery of Drowned persons, in PhilaL. S. 1 p. Answered Jan. 9. 45, 1 delphy."

New

Windsor].

1781 JAN

-

l

[Rochambeau, Comte de.] Newport [Rhode Island]. To Gov. [Jonathan] Trumbull [Lebanon, Connecti
cut].

New Haven

as a place to quarter troops;

1660

LJBEAKY OF CONGRESS
winter quarters of troops; question of supplies; satisfaction with Col. [Jeremiah] Wadsworth; small encouragement received from supplies fur nished by Massachusetts and Rhode Island.

Contemporary copy.
ing entry.

2 pp.

Enclosed in preced
45, 2

1781
JAN. 1

Stark, John.

Peekskill Hollow

[New York].

To

[George]

Washington,

His health; need of to enable him to return home. L. S. 1 p. money
45, 3

New Windsor.

1781
JAN. 1

Steuben, [Baron].
lar list of

unfit for service sent

[New Windsor?] Return of by Massachusetts.
D.
S.

recruits

Tabu

names.

2 pp.

W

1781
JAN. 2

[Washington, George.] Brig. GenExer [Mordecai] Gist [Annapolis, Maryland].
tions of the [Maryland] legislature for next

New

Windsor.

To

cam

paign;

shirts.

Draft.

1

p.

Tench Tilghman.
1781
JAN. 2

In handwriting of B. XIII, pt. 2, 11

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To

Col. [Christo-

pher] Greene [Newport, Rhode Island]. Orders to join the Army; clothing for his regiment.

1781
JAN. 2

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 2, 13 [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Nathanael] Greene [South Carolina]. Sailing of British expedition from New York under Arnold; report of affair between [Brig.] Gen. [Thomas] Sumter and Col. [Banastre] Tarleton [Black Storks, on Tyger River, South Carolina]. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
Draft.
1 p.

1781
JAN. 2

B. XIII, pt. 2, 9 Windsor. To Don Francisco Washington, George. Rendori [Philadelphia]. Misfortune to Spanish

New

expedition against Pensacola; sailing of British detachment for the South. Draft. 1 p. In

handwriting of David Humphreys.
D.
I, pt. 2, 1

1781
JAN. 2

Arnold, Benedict].

On

board H. M.

S.

Hope

[off

Wil-

liamsburg, Virginia]. To the officer commanding the posts on shore. Responsibility of the people
if

opposition be offered;
offers

disclaims intention to

injure;

payment

Contemporary copy. 1 to Washington, 1781, Jan.

for supplies furnished. Enclosed in Steuben p.
8.

45,

64

CORRESPONDENCE OP GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
JAN. 2

1661

Continental Congress.

Resolve.
s

mand[-Tufnn]
teers

recruiting his legion
line.
1 p.

Consenting to Col. Arby volun

from the

Contemporary copy by
Enclosed
21.
in

Charles Thomson.

Armand
53,

to

Washington, 1781, Oct.
1781
JAN. 2

22

Hay, Udny.

Poughkeepsie [New York].

To

[George]

Washington [New Windsor]. Measures taken to transport flour by water; use of batteaux if batteau-men can be obtained. A. L. S. 3 pp. An
swered Jan.
5.

45, 11

1781
JAN. 2

Heath, W[illiam].

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Orders respecting passage of boats on the river; safe return of [Lt.] Col. [Da vid] Humphreys and party; Capt. [Roger] Welles command; Lt. Col. [William] Hull s let ter; Capt. [Matthew] Chambers at Springfield
[Massachusetts].

L. S.

2 pp.

45, 9

1781
JAN. 2

Palmer, John.

Landing [New York], Return of employed in the public service last sea son, the crews belonging to them and their fami Tabular statement showing name of vessel, lies. class, size, master, number of crew and number
Fishkill
vessels
of their families.

A. D. S.

1

p.

On

verso

is

auto, signed order of Alexander Hamilton to the Commissary of Issues, Jan. 21, to issue one ration
to persons named until further orders. Enclosed in Pickering to Hamilton, 1781, Jan. 17. 45, 219

1781
JAN. 2

Sumner,

J[ob].

Verplanck

[George]

Point [New York]. To Washington [New Windsor]. Action of
s

Congress respecting his rank.
1781
JAN. 2

A. L. S.

1 p.

45, 7

W[ayne,]

Mt. Kemble [New Jersey]. To A[nthony]. [George Washington, New Windsor]. Mutiny of the Pennsylvania Line; march of mutineers

toward Princeton;
officers killed;

fruitless efforts to stop them; attitude of mutineers. A. L. S.
3.

3 pp.

Answered Jan.

Tn Ford,

9, 90,

note.
45, 43

1781
JAN. 2

Wayne, Anthony.

Mount Kemble [New

Jersey].

Pro-

posal [to the Pennsylvania mutineers] to meet a

committee of sergeants; promise of effort to ob tain a redress of grievances and abstinence from

punishment of the mutineers.

1662
Committee

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Pennsylvania Line. Grievances Pennsylvania Line. Agreement to settle disputed enlistments by a board; address to be submitted to Congress. Contemporary copies by Moylan. 2 pp. Enclosed in Wayne, Butler and Stewart to Washington, 1781, Jan. 4. 45, 11
of Sergeants,

of the

1781
JAN. 2

Webb, Samuel B[latchley] and F[rancis] Johnson. Highlands. Extract from a division order of Maj.
Gen.

[Samuel Holden]

Parsons

consolidating

certain [Connecticut] same. D. S. 3 pp.

regiments; comments on In handwriting of Webb.

W

1781
JAN. 3

New [Washington, George.] William] Heath [West Point]. Capt. [Roger] Welles to continue in command of the water guards; transportation of flour down the river 2 pp. In handwriting Draft. to West Point.
Windsor.

To

[Maj. Gen.

of

David Humphreys.
George.]

B.

XIII,

pt. 2, 15

1781
JAN. 3

[Washington,

New

Windsor.

To Comte de

Sailing of British ex under [Brig. Gen. Benedict] Arnold for pedition the South; disaster to Spanish expedition [against

Rochambeau [Newport].

Pensacola] requesting sentiments upon proposed cooperation with Spaniards; call for Col. [Chris 2 pp. In Draft. topher] Greene s regiment. D. I, pt. 2, 3 handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
;

1781
JAN.

New Windsor. To [Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] John Stark [Peekskill, New York]. No money 1 p. In hand Draft. in the military chest.
writing of David

Humphreys.
B.

XIII,

pt. 2, 21

1781
JAN. 3

New Windsor. To [Brig.] Gen. Washington, George. [Anthony] Wayne [Morristown, New Jersey]. Mutiny of the Pennsylvania line; general advice and directions. Draft. 3 pp. In handwriting In Ford, 9, 87. of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII,

pt. 2, 17

1781
JAN. 3

Diriks, J[acob Gerhard].

Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Introduc Recent copy. 1 p. ing Count de Rechteren ? ]
[

45, 91

1781
JAN. 3-16

Memorandum Hazen, Moses. martial of Maj. [James Randolph] Reid and ment on same. D. S. 1 p.

of proceedings in court-

com

W

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
JAN. 3

1663

[Humphreys, David.] New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Removal of Pickering [Totowa, New Jersey].
flour at

Ringwood; rations
boats

for
to

batteau-men at

Fishkill; forwarding Auto, draft. 2 pp.

King

s

B.

XIII, pt.

Ferry. 2, 23

1781
JAN. 3

latimer, Henry.

Morristown [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Account of the
[Brig.]

march of the [Pennsylvania] mutineers; efforts of Gen. [Anthony] Wayne and Cols. [Richard]

Butler and [Walter] Stewart; the present situa tion. A. L. S. 5 pp. 45, 19
1781
JAN. 3

Miles, Samuel.

Philadelphia.

To

[George]

Washington
Recent copy.
45, 18

[New Windsor]. from the ladies
1

Forwarding the
of Pennsylvania.

shirts received

p.

1781
JAN. 4

[Washington, George.] Sheldon [Northampton, Massachusetts].

New

Windsor.
1

To

Col. [Elisha]

Horses

1781
JAN. 4

A.

B.

In handwriting of XIII, pt. 2, 25 Elizabethtown [New Jersey]. [Secret Service.] To Lt. Col. Jacob Crane [Elizabethtown]. Re
p.

and recruits. Draft. David Humphreys.

B.

ceipt of at New

news

of revolt of the

Pennsylvania

line

York;
[Brig.

preparations of British to enter

Jersey.

Crane, Jacob.

To
;

New Jersey].

Gen. Antnony Wayne, Princeton, Believe in truth of the above intel

ligence assembling of the militia. Contemporary copy by Walter Stewart. 2 pp. Enclosed in

Wayne, Butler and Stewart
Jan.
[1781]
[JAN. 4]
4.

to

Washington, 1781,
45, 15

Committee

of

Sergeants, Pennsylvania Line.
Jersey.]

[Princeton,

New

To

[Brig.]

Gen. [Anthony]

Wayne
[in

[Princeton].

Request to know what

men

the

Pennsylvania Line] are considered as entitled to their discharge.
JAN.
4.

[Wayne, Anthony.]

Committee of Sergeants]. Has sent express requesting a Committee of the Pennsylvania Council to meet the Committee of
[the

To

Sergeants to decide the question of discharges.

[Committee

Willingness to Princeton]. by Stephen Moylan. 2 pp. Contemporary copies Enclosed in Wayne, Butler and Stewart to 45, 12 Washington, 1781, Jan. 4.
of

Sergeants.]

To Wayne.

meet the

[Council]

Committee

[at

1664
[1781]
[JAN. 4]

LJBRABY OF CONGRESS

Committee

of

Sergeants, Pennsylvania Line.
Jersey.]

[Princeton,
to

New

Proposals.
of

Discharges

be

granted and arrearages

pay and clothing made

up; exoneration of participants in the revolt; reliance upon Wayne to obtain fulfillment of
these desires.

Contemporary copy by Walter

2 pp. Enclosed in Wayne, Butler and Stewart to Washington, 1781, Jan. 4. 45, 14

Stewart.

1781
JAN. 4

Franklin, John.

To [George Washington, Willingness to accept appoint ment as Agent of American Prisoners in New York; mentions that he is obnoxious to Sir Henry Clinton. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered Jan. 10. 45, 25
Philadelphia.

New

Windsor],

1781
JAN. 4

Hand, Edward.

Lancaster [Pennsylvania]. To [George] Duration of his leave of absence. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered Jan.

Washington [New Windsor].
23.

30, 112

1781
JAN. 4

Heath, W[illiam].

West

Point.

To

[George]

Washington

Transportation of flour by for watch-coats and mittens for water; request the Massachusetts troops. L. S. 2 pp. 45, 22

[New Windsor].

1781
JAN. 4

Heath, W[illiam]
[Fishkill,

West

Point.

To

Col. [Moses]

Hazen

Orders respecting abuses at Fishkill; quartermasters, commissaries, etc. under his direction; request a return of number
York].

New

rooms
provost.

in

barracks,

occupants,

women and
and the

children, etc; attention to the prisoners

Contemporary copy by Heath. 2 pp. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Jan. 16.
45, 195

1781
JAN. 4

Morgan, Daniel.

Camp on the Peedee [South Carolina]. To Maj. Gen. [Nathanael] Greene [Cheraws, South Carolina], Authenticity of account of Lt.
mond
Fort Williams. Contemporary copy by Greene. 1 p. Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, Jan, 13. 45, 145
of

Col.

[William] Washington destruction Stores;

s

success at

Ham

1781
JAN. 4

Shippen, W[illiam]

jr.

Philadelphia.

To [George Wash-

His resignation from the ington, a testimonial from Washington. Army; requests A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Feb. 13. 45, 24

New Windsor].

1781
JAN. 4

Wayne, Anthony, Richard Butler and Walter Stewart. Princeton [New Jersey]. To [George] Wasliing-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1665

ton [New Windsor]. Transmits correspondence of the mutiny; Washington s presence will be needed in another quarter; disposition of the [Pennsylvania] Line toward the common enemy; assembling of the New Jersey militia. A. L. S. of Wayne, signed also by Butler and Stewart. 2 pp. Answered Jan. 8. 45, 16
1781
JAN. 4

Wayne, Anthony.

Princeton [New Jersey]. To the Committee of Sergeants of the Pennsylvania Line [Princeton]. Agreement to discharge and pay

ment

pay and clothing. Contem copy by R[ichard] Butler. 2 pp. En porary closed in Wayne, Butler and Stewart to Wash
of arrears of
4.

ington, 1781, Jan.

45, 13

1781
JAN. 5

[George] Hay, Udny. Poughkeepsie [New York]. Washington, New Windsor. Requests orders for batteaux to move flour from the river land ings; prospects of a supply; flour sent to Fort 45, 33 Schuyler. A. L. S. 2 pp.

To

1781
JAN. 5

Knox, H[enry].

[New Windsor.]

Estimate of military

stores necessary for the campaign of 1781 and artillery proper for a siege, with note on cost of

cannon carriages;
factured articles.

D.

quality of American S. 3 pp.

manu

W

1781
JAN. 5

Skinner, Abraham. New Windsor. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Exchange of officers; distress of those on Long Island for want of

firewood; disputed rank; case of Capt. [Thomas] Willing. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Jan. 8.
45, 27

1781
JAN. 5

Tilghman, T[ench].

New

Windsor.

To

[Lt.] Col.

[Udny]

Boats for [Poughkeepsie, New York]. bringing down flour. Auto, draft signed. 1 p. B. XIII, pt. 2, 29

Hay

1781
JAN. 5

Tilghman, T[ench].

New

Windsor.

To

[Col.

Timothy

Pickering, Totowa, flour at Ringwood.

New

Removal of Jersey]. Auto, draft signed. 1 p
B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

27

1781 JAN 6
-

Barber, F[rancis].

Morristown [New Jersey]. To Col. The Shreve [Pompton, New Jersey]. [Israel] bad policy in marching the New Jersey troops; feeling among them respecting the Pennsylvania mutineers; purpose of Barber s move to Chat3

56214

VOL

312

1666

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

ham.
in

Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Shreve to Washington, 1780, Jan.

Enclosed
8.

45, 71

1781
JAN. 6

[Bellecorabe?

Mons. de.] Cape [Francois, San Domingo]. To [Comte de Rochambeau, Newport, Rhode Is News from Europe; French and British land]. naval force in the West Indies; scattering of the Pensacola expedition by a hurricane. Contem porary copy. 3 pp. Enclosed in Rochambeau
to

Washington, 1781, Feb.
of Sergeants,]

2.

46, 46

1781
JAN. 6

[Committee

Pennsylvania Line. [Princeton, Jersey.] [Brig.] Gen. [Anthony] Wayne [Princeton]. Pressing need of the clothing prom ised; desires to know when same will be fur nished. Signed by order of the board, William

New

To

Bowzer, Sergt. [Wayne, Anthony.] Reply to above. Assurance of tak ing proper measures to obtain a full supply of clothing as soon as his terms of Jan. 4 are fully
complied with. Contemporary copies by W[alter] Stewart on same document with Clinton, Sir

Henry, to the person appointed by the Pennsyl vania troops, etc. 1781, Jan. 45, 86
1781
JAN. 6

Memorandum of the corps under [Greene, Nathanael.] Lord Cornwallis. Names of regiments and their
Partly in Greene s handwrit General Greene s ing. estimates are in some instances too high as you
strength.

2 pp.

Memo, by Tilghman:

"

will see

by comparing them with mine taken
returns."

from actual
1781
JAN. 6

Washington, 1781, Feb.
Hay, Udny.

15.

Enclosed in Greene to 46, 202

Poughkeepsie [New York]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Flour cargoes fur nished the boats sent by Washington; would A. L. S. 2 pp. like more boats. 45, 36

1781
JAN. 6

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Announcing the Pennsylvania mutiny to the troops; their attitude and suffer ings; making out of returns of the Massachusetts L. S. 2 pp. 45, 35 troops.

1781
JAN. 6

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Plan of militia for an attempt

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
upon the Refugees
at Morrisania.

1667
L. S.
3,

2 pp.
45,

In Sparks, Letters to Washington,
1781
JAN. 6

193.

39

Hull,

William.

To Bridge [New York]. Heath [West Point]. In [Maj.] Gen [William] tention to attempt collection of cattle and sheep below the Croton; American marauders and the
Near Pine
-

s

villianies perpetrated

on defenceless inhabitants;

method

A. L. S.

putting a stop to the outrages. Enclosed in Heath to Wash 3 pp. Jan. 8. 45, 89 ington, 1781,
of

1781
JAN. 6

Hull,

William.
York].
Point].

Danforth

s,

near Pine
for

s

Bridge

To Maj. Gen.
Plan of militia

[William]

[New Heath [West

an attempt on the

Refugees at Morrisania; requests to know if he should join in the attack. A. L. S. 2 pp. En closed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Jan. 6.
45, 40

1781
JAN. 6

Lurvey, James. West Point. Petition to Maj. Gen. [William] Heath [West Point]. Offers made him by
[Brig.]

Gen. [Benedict] Arnold requests discharge from the service. A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in
;

Heath
1781
JAN.
7

to

Washington, 1781, Feb.

7.

46, 97

Washington,] G[eorge].
liam] Hull
tineers
s

New

Windsor.
Point].

To Maj. Gen.
[Lt.] Col.

[William] Heath [West

[Wil

proposed enterprise [against the at Morrisania] the Pennsylvania mu Refugees
; ;

Draft.

detachment and covering force for Hull. 2 pp. In handwriting of David Hum
B.

phreys.

XIII,

pt. 2, 31

1781
JAN. 7

New Windsor. Instructions to [Washington, George.] Gen. [Henry] Knox [New Windsor]. Jour Brig. ney to New England to obtain money and cloth Draft. ing for troops; necessity of measures. 4 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 2, 33
laurens, John.

1781
JAN. 7

Morristown [New Jersey].

Washington [New Windsor]. with Washington respecting

To [George] Desire to confer
his

mission

[to

France]; coertion of [Pennsylvania] mutineers by force the only practicable means. A. L. S.
3 pp.
45, 53

1668
1781
JAN. 7

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Lincoln, B[enjamin].

[George] Washington Progress of the recruiting; ap plication to the assembly for clothing for recruits; rendezvous appointed at Springfield; weak state A. L. S. 4 pp. Answered of the finances.

Boston.

To

[New Windsor].

Jan. 10.

45, 50

1781
JAN. 7

Reed, Joseph and James Potter. Princeton [New Jersey]. Proposals to the Pennsylvania mutineers: Dis charges to be allowed; settlement of pay depre

exemption from punishment. Contemporary copy by B[enjamin] 3 pp. Enclosed in Wayne to Fishbourn.
ciation; clothing to be issued;

Washington, 1781, Jan.
1781
JAN. 7

8.

45, 84

Reed, Joseph and James Potter.

Proposals

made

to the
of the

non-commissioned

officers

and

soldiers

Pennsylvania Line at Princeton. Broadside. 1 p. Enclosed with manuscript changes by Reed. Reed and Potter to Washington, 1781, Feb. in 19. 46, 284
1781
JAN. 7
St. Clair,

Arthur.

[Morristown].

Windsor]. ton, inability of Lafayette and himself to accomplish anything; demands of the mutineers; reluctance of the militia to attempt to subdue them; need of
force; organization of the mutineers; St. Glair s A. L. S. 3 pp. In Sparks, Let dispositions
ters to

New

To [George WashingThe Pennsylvania mutiny;

Washington,

3,

195.

45, 58

1781
JAN. 7

[St.

Simon, Marquis

de.] Cape [Francois, San Domingo]. To [Comte de Rochambeau, Newport, Rhode Island]. Loss among Spanish and French troops

from sickness; refusal of Spanish to cooperate; condition of Cuba; [Don Josef] Solano s Pensacola expedition; St. Simon s opinion of [Gov.
Bernardo] de Galvez; reported approach of French reenforcements at Martinico. Contem porary copy. 3 pp. Enclosed in Rochambeau to Washington, 1781, Feb. 3. 46, 52
.

1781
JAN. 7

Stirling, [William Alexander, Lord].

Trenton [New Jer-

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. sey]. the depreciation and pay of the New Settling Jersey Line; favorable aspect of the mutiny
situation;
saries.

To

court-martial of the British
1 p.

emis
45, 57

A. L. S.

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
JAN.
7

1669

Stirling, [William Alexander, Lord].
sey].

To

Trenton [New Jer[George] Washington [New Windsor].

The New Jersey Legislature s bill for settling the depreciation of pay of the New Jersey Line and
1781
JAN. 8

completing the regiments. A. L. S. 1 p. 45, 60 To [Maj.] Gen. [Washington, George.] New Windsor. [William] Phillips [Elizabethtown, New Jersey]. Removal of Convention troops to Fort Frederick, Maryland; passport for storeship settlement of 1 Draft. In handwriting of accounts. p. E. Tench Tilghman. 391
;

1781
JAN. 8

New Windsor. To Abraham [Washington, George.] Skinner [New Windsor]. Fire- wood for American
prisoners; status of militia prisoners; Lt. Col. [Matthias] Ward and Capt. [James] Willing. 3 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh Draft. man. B. XIII, pt. 2, 41

1781
JAN. 8

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Brig.] Gen. [Anthony] Wayne [Morristown, New Jersey]. Decision not to go to Princeton; confidence in his ability to manage the mutiny. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David Humphreys.
B.

XII,

pt. 2,

37

1781
JAN. 8

Hazen, Moses.

[George] ington, New Windsor. Requests directions as to certain specified officers. L. S. 46,117 2pp.

Fishkill

[New York].

To

Wash-

1781
JAN. 8

Heath, W[illiam].

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Reenforcement ordered to Lt. Col. [William] Hull and force sent toward Pomp-

1781
JAN. 8

ton; caution sent the guard at King s Ferry; 45, 88 plundering marauders. L. S. 2 pp. Hull, W[illiam]. Near Pines Bridge [New York]. To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath, West Point. Objections to placing himself under command of Col.

[Thomas] Thomas

[for

an attempt on Refugees

at Morrisania]. A. L. S. 3 pp. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Jan. 10. 45, 104

1781
JAN- 8

Pettit, Charles.

To [George Washington, Negotiation of bills on Wash ington s personal account; difficulty in finding a steward. A. L. S. 1 p. 45, 80
Philadelphia.

New

Windsor],

[1781]
[JAN. 8]

[Pettit, Charles.]

[Philadelphia.]

Memorandum of articles
Enclosed in
45, 81

purchased for Genl. Washington. preceding entry.

1670
1781
JAN. 8
St. Clair,

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Morristown [New Jersey]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Pennsylvania mu tineers at Princeton letters brought by a British
Arthur.
;

emissary; Sir Henry Clinton s proposals to the mutineers; St. Glair s orders to stop and search every one going in and coming out of Princeton; need of Washington s presence. A. L. S. 2 pp. 45, 72

1781
JAN. 8

Shreve, I[srael].

Pompton [New

Jersey].

To

[George]

Washington,

New Windsor. March of a battalion

of Jersey troops to Morristown; Shreve s failure to move; disgust of soldiers from poor quality of

clothing issued; small number of Jerseymen to join the brigade from Col. [Oliver] Spencer s

regiment; bad state of their arms; intention of going to Chatham. L. S.
Shreve, I[srael]

Shreve
3 pp.

s

45, 67

[1781]
[JAN. 8]

Col. [Oliver]

of Jersey]. [Pompton, s regiment belonging to the Spencer D. S. 3 pp. Enclosed in pre Jersey Line.

New

List of

men

ceding entry.

45, 69

1781
JAN. 8

Steuben, [Baron].

Petersburg [Virginia.]

To

[George]

Washington [New Windsor]. Account of British foray into Virginia; removal of stores; skirmish at Hoods lack of arms delay of militia in turn ing out; burning of Westham and Richmond; L. S. efforts to collect militia; want of arms. 4 pp. Answered Feb. 6. 45, 65
;
;

1781
JAN. 8

Wayne, Anthony. Princeton [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Washington s ap proval of officers conduct; advises disbandment
the Pennsylvania Line; seizure of British emissaries; the general situation; movement of the mutineers to Trenton. A. L. S. 4 pp. En
of

1781
JAN. 9

dorsed by Humphreys: "No Ansr given Vide Letter to Genl. St. Clair Jan. 12, 1781 45, 82 [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Miss [Mary] Dagworthy [Trenton]. Acknowledging stock ings for the New Jersey troops gratitude of the
"

;

soldiers

Draft.

toward the ladies [of New Jersey]. 1 p. In handwriting of David Hum
C.
4, pt. 1,

phreys.

117

1781
JAN. 9

Windsor. To [Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Nathanael Greene, South Carolina]. Sympathy

New

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
for his distress; dispute of

1671

rank between [Maj.] Gen. [William] Smallwood and Baron Steuben; preposterous release of prisoners in the south;

mutiny of Pennsylvania troops and their sur render of British emissaries. Draft. 4 pp. In handwriting of David Humphreys. In part in B. Xllf, pt. 2, 45 Ford, 9, 98.
1781
JAN. 9

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To

Chevalier de

La Luzerne
for

patches In handwriting of David Humphreys. D. I, pt.
1781
JAN. 9

[Philadelphia]. Acknowledging des 1 p. Draft. Sir Henry Clinton.
2, 7

[Washington, George.]
[Hartford],

New Windsor. To Due

de Lauzun

Acknowledging packet for Chevalier de La Luzerne. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of D. I, pt. 2, 11 David Humphreys.
[Washington, George.] New [Benjamin] Lincoln short enlistments Army, for southern
;

1781
JAN. 9

Windsor.
[Boston].

To

[Maj.] Gen.

Fatal effects of

clothing

supply for
3 pp.

main
In
2,

troops and

recruits; officers

Draft. to superintend recruiting. of Tench Tilghman. handwriting
B.

XIII, pt.

49

1781
JAN. 9

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Comte de Rochambeau [Newport]. The grounds for declining cooperation with the Spanish; cantonment of single regiments; arrival of [Maj.] Gen. [Alex
ander] Leslie s detachment in North Carolina. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh Draft. D. man. I, pt. 2, 9

1781
JAN. 9

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Israel] Shreve [Pompton, New Jersey]. Clothing for his troops; scarcity of the supply; detention of men of Spencer s regiment. Draft. 2 pp. In

handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt.
1781
JAN. 9

2,

57

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Baron Steuben
;

[Petersburg, Virginia]. Waste and derangement of public stores in Virginia arrangement of Vir ginia officers; the 9th regiment; Col. [Daniel] Brodhead to act under Steuben s orders; pay of

sub and brigade inspectors; mutiny of Pennsyl-

1672

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
vania line and
Draft.
3 pp.
its

surrender of British emissaries.

man.
1781
JAN. 9

In handwriting of Tench TilghB. XIII, pt. 2, 53

Wilkinson, James.

Philadelphia,

Tilghman, expected from the Pennsylvania mutiny; cloth ing and money supply; shoes sent southward; clothing expected from France; clothing at the Cape [Capes of the Delaware?]. A. L. S. 2 pp. 45, 94
[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To Lt. Col. [Tench] Some good effects

1781
JAN. 10

New

Windsor.

To

Col. [Daniel]

Friendly Indians; aid to Gibson s regiment; con the Independent companies with the solidating In handwriting of State lines. Draft. 2 pp.
Pitt].

Brodhead [Fort

Delawares; Col. [John]

Tench Tilghman.
1781
JAN. 10

B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

65

[Washington, George.]
[William]

New

Windsor.
Point].
1

Heath [West
Draft.

ing of officers.

Tench Tilghman.
1781
JAN. 10

To Maj. Gen. Ordering meet In handwriting of p. B. XIII, pt. 2, 59

New Windsor. To Col. [John] Washington, George. Nelson [Trenton, New Jersey]. Stockings do 1 nated by ladies of New Jersey. Draft. p. In handwriting of David Humphreys.
B.

XIII,

pt. 2, 67

1781
JAN. 10

[Washington, George.]
[Arthur]
St.

New
Clair

Windsor.

To

[Maj.]

Gen.

[Morristown,

New

Jersey].

His journey toward Morristown; council of offi cers [at West Point]; answer to Sir Henry Clin ton; negotiations with the Pennsylvania muti neers. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench In part in Ford, 9, 100, note. Tilghman.
B.

XIII,

pt. 2, 61

1781
JAN. 10

Washington, George. New Windsor. To [Philip John Schuyler, Albany]. Mutiny of the Pennsylvania line; delivering up of Sir Henry Clinton s emis saries by the mutineers. Auto, draft signed. 3 pp. P, II, 261
Heath, W[illiam].

1781
JAN. 10

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Condition of affairs at Fishkill; question of Heath s authority covering that post.
S.
1

A. L.
1781
JAN. 10

p.

45, 100

Heath, Wplliam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Orders to Lt. Col. [William]

.

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
Hull not to put himself under

1673
of a

command

militia officer; decrease of force at West Point and need of detachment sent toward Pompton;

request for furloughs from returning prisoners;

Maj. [Sebastian] Bauman s desire to experiment [in ranges of artillery fire]; arrangement of the Massachusetts brigade; flour and beef supply. 3 pp. L. S. 45, 103
1781
JAN. 10

Parsons,

Samuel H[olden]. Highlands. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Withdrawal of present
garrison at

Wyoming;

jealousies of the settlers

and their objections to troops [from Connecticut]. A. L. S. 1 p. Endorsed by Humphreys "Ansd. by D. Humphreys that the Garrison had
:

marched."

45, 101

1781
JAN. 10

Rochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Setback received by Spanish expeditions against Florida and Pensacola; cooperation; departure of Col. L. S. 3 pp. [Christopher] Greene s regiment. Answered Jan. 24. 45, 97

1781
JAN. 10

Wayne, Anthony.

Princeton [New Jersey]. To the Committee of Congress [to confer with the Pennsylva nia Executive, Trenton]. Introducing two emis

saries

from the British

;

their loyalty to

America

;

suggests using them to take Sir Harry [Clinton] like a wood Cock in his own Springe" A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Jan. 16. Enclosed in Wayne to

Washington, 1781, Jan.
1781
JAN. 11

11.

45, 108

Armand[-Tuffin,

Charles].

New

Windsor.

To

[George]
experi

Washington [West
enced in

equip his intention of going to France to obtain corps; accoutrements at his own expense if Congress will reimburse him; care of the legion in his absence; requests appointment of [Lt. Col. Jean Baptist] Ternant as Lt. Col. of his legion. A. L. S. 3 pp. 45, 118
1781 J AN
Colony,
-

Point]. Philadelphia in efforts to

Difficulties

John W.

[Succasunna,

New
etc

11

ammunition, wagons, Tabular statement. A. D.
[Foot,

Jersey.] Return of at "Suckesunny."
S.
1 p.

45, 157

1781 JAN

Ebenezer.]

[Fishkill,

New

-

11

Watrous, West Point]

To [Daniel of cattle; failure Supply
York].

1674
of

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
the Massachusetts agent to procure same. Contemporary extract. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath
to

Washington, 1781, Jan.

12.

45, 128

1781
JAN. 11

Greene,

Kershaw s Ferry, Peedee River, Nathanael. South Carolina. To [George] Washington [West
Enclosing extract of letter of Brig. Gen. [Charles, Earl] Cornwallis [Daniel] Morgan; Gen. [Louis Le Begue] Duportail strength; Brig. can inform as to the situation. A. L. S. 2 pp. 45, 115 Answered Feb. 27.
Point].

1781
JAN. 11

Heath, W[illiam].

West

Point.

To

[West Point]. march under

Detachment held

[George] Washington in readiness to
45, 117

command
1 p.

of Maj. Gen. [Robert]

Howe.
1781
JAN. 11
St. Clair,

L. S.

Morristown [New Jersey]. To [George] Reported move Washington [West Point]. ments of the mutineers; surrender of British
Arthur.
emissaries; retirement of the enemy; distress of [Lt.] Col. [Francis] Barber s detachment;

exhausted state of [Morris] county.
2 pp.

Answered Jan. 15

A. L. S. 45, 113

1781
JAN. 11

Knox, H[enry].

Lebanon [Connecticut]. To Comte de Rochambeau [Newport, Rhode Island]. Revolt of the Pennsylvania Line. Contemporary cop}
.

2 pp.

Enclosed in
4.

Knox

Feb. 1781
JAN. 11

to Washington, 1781, 46, 101
[Virginia].

Steuben, [Baron].

Camp
and

near

Hood s

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. drawal of the British; the attack at Hood
of militia
loss of

To With
flight

s,

cannon; militia for defense

of Fredericksburg; arms for militia; total want L. S. 4 pp. Answered Feb. 6. of all supplies. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 203. 45, 5

1781
JAN. ll

Tuckerman,

Abraham. West Point. Heath [West Point]. [William]

To Maj. Gen. His services and

state of health; requests transfer to the Invalid corps at Boston. A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in

Heath
1781
JAN. 11

to Washington, 1781, Jan. 20.

45,

237

Wayne, Anthony. Trenton [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [West Point]. Agreement of soldiers
to take discharges; surrender of the British spies and their execution; measures to gradually

re-obtain authority;

advises getting rid of

all

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
the sergeants;
arrival of
[Clinton]
;

1675

promises of soldiers to reenlist,
Sir

two more emissaries from
their characters
;

Henry

reported intention of

Capt [Ichabod?]
A. L. S.
1781
JAN. 12

Ward

to

kidnap Washington.
45, 108

4 pp.

Washington, George. New Windsor. To Col. [Charles] Armand[-TufTm, New Windsor]. His request to go to France; offer to cloth and equip his corps;
replacing of his major

by

Lt. Col. [Jean Baptiste]
[jr.]

Ternant;
signed.

Maj. [Henry] Lee

rights of officers in

Armand

s corps.

2 pp.

B.

promotion; Auto, draft XIII, pt. 2, 75

s

1781
JAN. 12

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.
Point].

To Maj. Gen.
Investigation of
1

[William] Heath [West

Draft. provision issues at Fishkill. of David Humphreys. handwriting
B.

p.

In
69

XIII,

pt. 2,

1781
JAN. 12

Washington, George.

New

Windsor.
Point].

To Maj. Gen.

[Wil-

Penn Gen. [Robert] Howe and sylvania mutiny; Maj.
Ham] Heath [West
Progress of the

command

of the

detachment [ordered against

mutineers]; watchfulness to protect West Point. 2 pp. In handwriting of David Hum Draft. Extract in Ford, 9, 101, note. phreys. B. XIII, pt. 2, 71

1781
JAN. 12

[Washington, George.]

thur] St. Glair [Trenton,

New Windsor. To Maj New Jersey].

.

Gen. [Ar-

Aspect of

the Pennsylvania mutiny and general directions. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh-

man.
1781
JAN. 12

In Ford,

9,

100.

B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

73

Board

of

War.

Philadelphia.

To

kinson, Philadelphia], breeches and socks to Capt. [Bartholomew] von Heer.

[Brig. Gen. James WilOrder to deliver leather

Wilkinson, [James].

To [Col. John] Moylan [New Wind Order to furnish above articles. Contem sor]. porary copies. 1 p. Enclosed in von Heer to 49, 288 Washington, 1781, May 25.
Newport [Rhode
Island].

1781
JAN. 12

Chastellux, Chevalier de.

To

Compli [George Washington, introduces [Comte de Castries de] Charlus. A. L. S. 2pp. Acknowledged Jan. 28. 45,126

New

Windsor].

ments

;

1676
1781
JAN. 12

LIBRAEY OF CONGRESS
Dickinson,

To Princeton [New Jersey]. Washington [New Windsor]. Distribu [George]
Philemon.
;

tion of clothing [to the mutineers] reported cap ture of vessels by the British. A. L. S. 1 p. An

swered Jan.
1781
JAN. 12

16.

45, 131

Dickinson,

Philemon.

[Princeton,

New

Jersey.]

To

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. son s disposition of militia because of the mutiny; execution of the two British spies; situation as to the mutineers; difficulty in feeding the militia. A. L. S. 3 pp. In Sparks, Letters to Wash 45, 132 ington, 3, 205.

Dickin

1781
JAN. 12

Dobbs, William.

Fishkill [New York]. To [George] Wash[New Windsor]. Recommending Capt. ington
pilot.

William Thompson as a
1781
JAN. 12

L. S.

1

p.

45, 129

To [George] Hay, Udny. Poughkeepsie [New York]. Washington, New Windsor. Requests orders to 48, 80 despatch boats for flour. A. L. S. 1 p.
Hazen, Moses.
Fishkill [New York]. To Maj. Gen. [WilHam] Heath [West Point]. Inconveniences suf fered in moving his regiment to Fishkill; failure

1781 JAN

-

12

of the quartermaster to provide quarters or right ful allowance of provisions; orders of Dec. 20

[1780] issued to obtain accurate information of

complaint disregard and contempt experienced; disposition shown by quartermasters and [Col. Timothy] Pickering;
affairs before entering
;

amazing

issues a source of suspicion.

L. S.

4 pp.
13.

Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Jan.
1781 JAN Heath, W[illiam].
-

45, 197

12

To [George] Washington Detachment in readiness to [New Windsor]. march slender garrison that will be left at West
Point.
;

West

Point; question of [Maj.] Gen. [Robert] Howe s command. A. L. S. 2 pp. 45, 122

1781
JAN 12
-

Heath, W[illiam].

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Pressing need of beef; rapid ex
L. S.
1 p.

haustion of the salt-beef reserve.
1781

45, 125

Parsons,

Samuel H[olden]. Highlands. To [George] Wash
ington [New Windsor]. Patriotic spirit in the Connecticut Line. A. L. S. 2 pp. 45, 120

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
JAN. 12

1677

Rochambeau, Comte
Windsor].
Charlus.

de.

Washington [New Comte [de Castries] de Introducing
[George]
1 p.

To

L. S.

Acknowledged Jan.

24.

45, 139

1781
JAN. 12

Wayne, Anthony. Trenton [New Jersey] To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Terms with the
mutineers; advises dissolution of the Pennsyl vania Line; execution of the spies; warning A. L. S. against kidnappers and assassins. 2 pp. 45, 123

1781
JAN. 13

B.

[British Secret Service.]

Chatham [New

Jersey].

To

Arranging a meeting. Contem porary copy. 1 p. Endorsed by David Hum phreys: "Copy of a Note from Cornelius H[at[Capt
d].

G

field] to

Capt.

G

d"

W

1781
JAN. 13

Cheever, Ezekiel. Springfield [Massachusetts].

Washington [New Windsor].
A.
L.
S.
1

[George] Arrest of John

To

Collins; his actions; requests notice of his trial.
p.

Endorsed

by

Humphreys:

"Ansd.

5,

by the Letter to Col. Shephard of Feb. 1781." 45, 149

1781
JAN. 13

Greene, Nathanael.
lina].

Camp on
[George]

the Peedee [South Caro-

To

Washington [New Windsor].

encountered; supplies; size of Army necessary in South; destitute condition of the
Difficulties

country; want of clothing; British in Virginia; preparations of enemy; difficulty in arranging the Virginia Line; [Brig.] Gen. [Daniel] Morgan s

advantages in moving the French fleet and Army to the Chesapeake. A. L. S. 6 pp. Answered Feb. 27. In Sparks, Letters to Wash
letter;

ington,

3,

207.

45, 141

1781
JAN. 13

Hazen, Moses.

[New York]. ham] Heath [West Point].

Fishkill

To

[Maj.] Gen. [WilHis official letter

respecting abuses at Fishkill; detachment ready to march. A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Jan. 13. 45, 196

1781
JAN. 13

Heath. W[illiam].

West

Point.

To

[George] Washington

[New Windsor]. Present temper of the troops; sympathy with the Pennsylvania mutineers; refusal of six companies of Col. [Rufus] Put nam s [5th Massachusetts] regiment to march; disinclination of the men in general to march 3 pp. L. S. 45, 147 against the mutineers.

1678
1781
JAN. 13

LIBBARY OF CONGRESS
[Heath, William.] West Point Garrison orders: Provisions returns at Fishkill to be countersigned by

commanding officers. Contemporary copy. En closed in Pickering to Washington, 1781, Jan. 14.
45, 153

1781
JAN. 13

[Heath, William.]

West

Point.

Extract from orders: All

provision returns to be

made

to Col.

[Moses]

Hazen.
in

Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed Heath to Washington, 1781, Jan. 16. 45, 194

1781
JAN. 13

Penn, William and the Councillors of Cooshockung. Salem [Pennsylvania]. To Col. Daniel Brodhead [Fort
Pitt].

Inability to keep his promise to
live;

come

requests that Brodhead keep his promise to build a fort at Cooshockung; Brodhead s enemies at Cooshockung; his resolve
to fight.
in

Cusheushkee to

Contemporary copy. 3 pp. Enclosed Brodhead to Washington, 1781, Feb. 18.
46,

267

1781
JAN. 14

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To

[Maj.

Gen.

William Heath, West Point].

Furloughs for [recently liberated] prisoners; clothing; arrange ment of the Massachusetts brigade; alarming
sion
state of supplies; fidelity of the soldiers; provi issues to quartermaster officers; detach

ment

tineers.

to be used against the Pennsylvania Draft. 4 pp. In handwriting of David

mu

Humphreys.
1781
"34i-ei"

Extract in Ford,
B.
"

9, 102,

note.
pt. 2,

XIII,

79
.

Culper, Samuel.

729 [Setauket]. To John Bolton [Maj Benjamin Tallmadge, Wethersfield, Connecti cut]. C[ulper] jr. to undertake [spy] work in the
"

Spring; excitement caused among the enemy by the revolt of the Pennsylvanians; the new Par

liament; low prices because of supplies furnished the British from Jersey [and Connecticut]; enormous size of the trade; has a plan for break 2 pp. ing it up. A. L. S. 45, 158

1781

Duportail, [Louis

Le Begue].

[Morristown.]

To

[George]

Washington [Morristown]. Ideas upon coopera tion with the French fleet and attack upon New York; calling out of the militia, etc. A. L. S 2pp.

W

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
JAN. 14

1679

Humphreys, D[avid]. [New Windsor.] To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. Investigation of provi sion issues; awaiting outcome of the Pennsyl vania mutiny. Auto, draft signed. 2 pp. B. XIII, pt. 2, 83
Pickering, Timothy.

1781
JAN. 14

Newburgh. To [George] Washing[New Windsor]. [Maj.] Gen. [William] Heath s "garrison order" respecting provision issues; Col. [Moses] Hazen s orders; the difficul ties and unwarranted assumption of power by
ton

Hazen.
1781
JAN. 14

A. L.

S.

4 pp.

45, 151

Pickering, Timothy.

Newburgh.

To

[George] Washing-

ton [New Windsor]. Difficulties in way of ob taining ox-teams for coming campaign; the as sessment question; hire of teams; advantages of tumbrils over wagons; officers carts; carriage of camp-kettles; inconveniences caused by various sizes of boats; uniformity needed. A. L. S.
3 pp.
45, 161

[1781]
[JAN. 14]

[Pickering, Timothy.] [Newburgh.] Estimate of wagons for a regiment of infantry under the new estab

lishment of October 1780. A. D. Tabular state ment. 1 p. Enclosed in preceding entry. 45, 164
[1781]
[JAN. 14]

[Pickering, Timothy.]

[Newburgh.] Queries respecting ox-teams, camp-kettles and wagons for officers. 1 p. A. D. 45, 165
Arthur. Morristown [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Negotiations with
mutineers;
tion;

1781
JAN. 14

St. Clair,

settlement of the enlistment ques

quietness of the British; wish to return to Pennsylvania; detachment to be ordered to the

Pennsylvania huts. Jan. 15. Settlement of all questions with mutineers; surrender of arms and execution of British spies. A. L. S. 3 pp.
45, 155

1781
J^N. 15

[Washington, George.]
crt

New Windsor. To [Maj
Point].

Howe, West

Gen. RobDetachment against the
.

[Pennsylvania] mutineers probably unnecessary. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David

Hum
2,

phreys.

B.

XIII, pt.

87

1680
1781]
[JAN. 15]

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
W[ashingto]n, G[eorge].

[New Windsor.] To [Lt. Col.] John Laurens [New Windsor]. Instructions gov
Draft signed. erning his mission to France. of Alexander Hamilton, 6 pp. In handwriting

1781
JAN. ]5

with exception of last paragraph which is by Haml. 3, 1 Washington. In Ford, 9, 102. [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Maj. Gen. Arthur St. Clair, Trenton, New Jersey]. Anxiously
waiting intelligence of the [Pennsylvania]
tiny.

mu

Draft.

2 pp.

Humphreys.
1781
JAN. 15

In handwriting of David B. XIII, pt. 2, 89

Clinton, James. Albany. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Scarcity of provisions and supplies; Col. [Philip Van] Cortlandt ordered to Fort Schuyler; returns delayed; need of Maj. [Nicho 1 p. A. L. S. 45, 188 las] Fish.

1781
JAN. 15

Destouches,

Chevalier.

Island.

On board the Neptune, Rhode To [George Washington, New Windsor].
L. S.

pp.

Introducing Chevalier de Granchain. (In French)

2

45, 174

1781
JAN. 15

Gates, Horatio.

Berkeley County, Virginia.
[Morristown].

To

[George]

Acknowledging re of letters; postponement of court of in ceipt 1 p. Answered quiry on his conduct. A. L. S.

Washington

May
1781
JAN. 15

12.

35, 92

Heath, W[illiam].

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Reported advance of British
A. L.
S.
1

into Jersey.

p.

45, 170

1781
JAN. 15

Heath, W[illiam].

West

Point.

To

[New Windsor]. Readiness

[George] Washington of the detachment to

march; willingness of the men to act; false re port of refusal of six companies of Col. [Rufus] Putnam s [5th Massachusetts] regiment to draw
provisions;

interruption of necessary

work by
L.
S.

holding the
2 pp.

detachment in readiness. Answered same day.

45, 171

1781 J AN

Humphreys, D[avid].
-

15

ness;

Pickering, the Pennsylvania mutiny; issues to the quartermasters. Auto, draft signed. 2 pp.
B.

[New Windsor.] To [Col. Timothy Newburgh, New York], Rush of busi

XIII,

pt. 2,

93

1781
JAN. 15

Reid,

James R[andolph].
court-martial.

West
D.
S.

Point.

Defense before

55 pp.

W

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
JAN. 15

1681

Stoutenburgh, Isaac. Albany. To [Brig.] Gen. [James] Clinton [Albany]. Impossibility of furnishing to Fort Schuyler from want of cash; supplies
troops at Schenectady and Saratoga being sup plied by assessment and expected failure of this

method.
Townes, John.

Contemporary copy.
s

1

p.

in Clinton to Washington, 1781, Jan. 15.

Enclosed 45, 189
Defense

1781
JAN. 15

Haddril

Point [South Carolina].

before court-martial of accusations brought by A. D. S. 4 pp. [Brig.] Gen. [Charles] Scott. Enclosed in Townes to Washington, 1781, Apr.
25.

45, 175

1781
JAN. 16

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Dickinson [Princeton, New Jersey]. [Philemon] Approving his course in the Pennsylvania
mutiny; dismissal of militia. Draft. handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII,
1

p.

In
99

pt. 2,

1781
JAN. 16

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. Heath [West Point]. Intelligence from [William] Jersey; flour for West Point. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys.
B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

97

1781
JAN. 16

[Washington, George.]

Windsor. To [Brig. Gen. Trenton New Jersey]. End of Anthony Wayne, 1 p. In Draft. the [Pennsylvania] mutiny. of David Humphreys. handwriting
B.

New

xrn,

pt. 2, 101

1781
JAX. 16

Dubuysson, Chevalier.

Philadelphia. To [George] WashHis promotion to [New Windsor]. ington Colonel in the French West Indies service appre ciation of Washington s aid in procuring same; requests his exchange. L. S. 2 pp. Answered
;

Feb.

1.

45, 201

1781
JAN. 16

Heath, Wplliam].

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. The command at Fishkill; Heath s authority and his orders; control of the
Quartermaster General
s

department at separate

posts; requests Washington s opinion on his recent actions; fatigue experience in transport ing flour in [row] boats; great want of paper. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Jan. 20. 45, 192
56214

VOL

312

4

1682
1781
JAN. 16

LIBRAE Y OF CONGRESS

Howe, Robert.

West

Point.

New

Windsor].

To [George Washington, Confidence in the willingness

of the Massachusetts troops; grounds of their the Pennsylreported refusal [to march against

vanians];

good disposition of [Brig.] Gen. [Samuel Holden] Parson s men; recommends occasional rum issue to the men. L. S. 3 pp.
45, 199
,

1781
JAN. 16

Hull, William.

Crompond [New York].

To

[Maj.

Gen/

William Heath, West Point].

Forwarding

New
(

of three British regiments into the Jersey; preparations for an expe gone A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to dition.

York papers; report

Washington, 1781, Jan.
178i
JAN. 16

18.

45, 222

To [John] Lowell [Boston]. Boston. Knox, H[enry]. Grievances of the Massachusetts troops; their expectations and measures necessary. Contem 2 pp. Enclosed in Knox to porary copy.
Washington, 1781, Feb.
4.

46, 102

1781
JAN. 16

Massachusetts, General Court. [Boston.] Resolves making up to the soldiers their stoppages of pay, etc.; gratuity of $24 per man; coats ordered. Con

temporary copy. 3 pp. Enclosed in Knox to 46, 103 Washington, 1781, Feb. 4.
1781
JAN. 16
.

Reid,

James Randolph.

West

Point.
Col.

Court-martial

of.

[Moses] Hazen s motion to expunge parts of Reid s defense from the record and opinion of the court thereon.

Extract of proceedings:

Contemporary extract. Enclosed Washington 1783, May 29.
1781
JAN. 16

in

Hazen

to

63, 126
1

Tallmadge, Benjamin.

North Hampton [Massachusetts]. Return of arms and accoutrements wanting to complete the 2d Dragoons. Contemporary copy. Tabular statement. 1 p. Enclosed in Cheever
to Washington, 1781, Jan. 20.
45, 234
Pierre.

1781
JAN. 17

Cadieux,

To "Dehose pointe" [West Point]. de Lafayette [New Jersey?] Petition Marquis for aid in obtaining reimbursement of expense caused him by his trip to Canada under orders; A. D. S. 1 p. (In French)

w

1781
JAN. 17

Clinton, James.

Albany. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Flour sent to Fort Schuyler; arrange-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1683

ment

of 1st

and 2d

New York

tion of visiting Washington.

regiment; inten A. L. S. 2 pp. 45, 208

1781
JAN. 17

Gosselin, Clement.

Fishkill

service performed

[New York]. Certificate of by Pierre Cayen [Cadieuxj.

A. D.
1781
JAN. 17

S.

1 p.

W

Howe, Robert.

West

Point.
1 p.

To [George Washington,
Pennsylvania mutiny; need

New Windsor]. The
of shoes.

L. S.

Answered Jan.

19.

45,

210

1781
JAN. 17

Irvine. William.

Trenton.

To

[George]
s

Washington [New
s

Windsor].

Taking of men

oath

as to enlist

ments; furlough of all the Pennsylvania Line; measures to reenlist.

Wayne, Anthony.

To Washington. Discharge of the whole Pennsylvania Line; arms packed and sent

to Philadelphia; requests recruiting instructions. A. Ls. S. 1 document. 3 pp. Answered Feb. 3.
45,

209

1781
JAN. 17

Knox, George.

King s Ferry [New York]. ToMaj.Gen. Heath [West Point]. Lack of all pro relies on West Point for a visions; supply. A. L. S. Enclosed in Heath to Washington,
[William]
1781, Jan. 18.
45,

223

1781 J AN

Lincoln, B[enjamin].
-

Boston.

To

!7

[New Windsor].

Effect of

news

[George] Washington of the Pennsyl

vania Line revolt; gratuity voted the Massa chusetts soldiers; measures to supply clothing. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Feb. 10. 45, 206
1781
JAN. 17

[Massachusetts, Second Regiment, Sergeants.] West Point. To Lt. Col. [Ebenezer] Sprout [West Point].

Stating grievances and praying for redress.

1

p.

Signed by twenty-two sergeants. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Jan. 20. 45, 239
1781
JAN
-

Pennsylvania line. Officers. Arrangement
17
|

|

of the
|

|

Penn-

sylvania Line, January 17, 1781. Names of officers by regiments and in order of rank. pp.
|

Plan and Instructions for the Pennsylvania Line. Recruiting pp. 10-15. 12 Printed and Pamphlet. Philadelphia, Sold by Francis Bailey. Enclosed in Reed and
1-9.

Also, Jan. 22.

|

Potter to Washington, 1781, Feb. 19.

46, 281

1684
1781
JAN. 17

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Pickering, T[imothy]. Newburgh. To [Lt.] Col. [AlexDestitute ander] Hamilton [New Windso^]. situation of masters and crews of vessels em ployed in the Continental service; approves their

request for rations during the winter;
3 pp.
See Hamilton
s

A. L. S. 45, 217

endorsement on

letter of Pickering, 1781, Jan. 18.

1781
JAN. 17

St. Clair, Arthur.

near Trenton [New Jer[George] Washington [New Windsor], sey]. Present situation of the mutiny; terms granted;

Mr. Hooper

s

To

discharges given; care of the arms and artillery; British on Staten Island; reported arrival of

French troops at Rhode Island; movements

of

the Jersey troops; leave of absence; the gout; officers completing negotiations with the muti A. L. S. 3 pp. neers. 45, 297

1781
JAN. 17

Shreve, I[srael].

[Pompton,

New

Jersey.]

To
of

Washington [New Windsor]. sey legislature to make up depreciation
;

Act

New

[George] Jer

[of pay] to the line fear of effect of discharge of the Pennsylvanians; encloses law for filling up the New

Jersey battalions; A. L. S. 2 pp.

requests leave

of

absence.
45, 204

1781
JAN. 17

Stevens, N[athaniel].

[William]

Fishkill [New York]. To Maj. Gen. Heath [West Point]. Impossibility of

navigating [the Hudson]; ill success in urging Col. [Timothy] Pickering to bring up salt and rum from Claverack [New York]; failure to ob

rum and spirits from Springfield [Massa chusetts]; failure of cattle supply; beef at Poughtain

keepsie and Fishkill; soap and candles; Benjamin Stevens willingness to continue in the service. A. L. S. 2 pp. 45, 224

1781
J AN
-

Glover John.
18

West

Point.

To

[George] Washington

[New

Windsor]. Question of filling vacancies in the Massachusetts line; Gov. [John] Hancock s ap
pointments.
L. S.
1 p.

Answered Jan.

19.

45, 213

1781
JAN
-

18

Heath, WRlliam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Exhaustion of beef supply; prospects of more; the salted article; the situa L. S. 3 pp. tion; lack of rum. 45, 220

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
JAN. 18

1685

King, Joseph.

To Col. Fishkill Landing [New York]. Tench Tilghman [New Windsor]. Clothing want
s]

ing for the [Baldwin A. L. S. 2 pp.

regiment of Artificers.

W

1781
JAN. 18

Moylan, John.

[Philadelphia.]

man [New

Windsor].

furnish clothing to 1 A. L. S. dians.

To Lt. Col. Tench TilghBoard of War s request to Oneida and Tuscarora In On verso of Board of p.

War
1781
JAN. 18

to Tilghman, 1781, Jan. 4.

W

Pickering, T[imothy]. [Newburgh.] To [Lt.] Col. [Alexander] Hamilton [New Windsor]. Requests to know the time for rendezvousing the ox-teams.

A. L.

1 S. Endorsed by Hamilton: "Oxp. teams to rendezvous the middle of May" and "Provisions to be issued to the Capts. & Crews."

45, 215
The second endorsement answers Pickering
s letter of

Jan. 17 ante.

1781
JAN. 18

Vose, Joseph.

To Brig. Gen. [John] Glover Promotions in his regiment war rants sent by Gov. [John] Hancock; claim of the A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Glover to officers. 45, 214 Washington, 1781, Jan. 18.
West
Point.

[West Point].

;

1781
JAN. 19

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Brig.] Gen. [John] Glover [West Point]. Promotions. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys.
B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

107

1781
JAN. 19

[Washington, George.]
[William]

[New Windsor.] To Maj. Gen. Heath [West Point]. Need of beef; a

1781
JAN 19
-

proposed enterprise [against Morrisania]. Draft. 1 In handwriting of David Humphreys. p. B. XIII, pt. 2, 103 [New Windsor] To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Shoes. Draft. [Robert] Howe [West Point]. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys.
B.

XII,

pt. 2,

105

1781
JAN 19
-

Giles,

Edward.

[Camp on Cane Creek, South Carolina.] List of commissioned officers in action of Jan. 17

[Battle of Cowpens]. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, Jan. 28. 45, 310

1781 JAN

Gist, Mordecai.
-

19

ington,

Annapolis [Maryland]. To [George WashNew Windsor]. Passage of a bill to raise

1686

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

men for three years; method of rais encloses report of Committee of the ing same; House of Delegates on Gist s letter; British in
a thousand

1781
JAN. 19

45, 225 Hampton Roads. A. L. S. 1 p. Morgan, Daniel. Camp near Cane Creek [South Carolina]. To [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene [On the Pedee,

South Carolina].

His retreat to the Cowpens;

account of the battle, victory and loss of the enemy. A. L. S. 3 pp. Enclosed in Greene to 45, 314 Washington, 1781, Jan. 28.
1781
JAN. 20

Washington, George.
liana]

New

Windsor.
Point].

To Maj. Gen.
Reasons

[Wil-

for desiring in investigating provision issues at Fishdelay kill. Auto, draft signed. 3 pp.

Heath [West

B.

XIII,

pt. 2, 109

1781
JAN. 20

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Comte de Rochambeau, Newport]. The Pennsylvania mu
tiny

and

its

causes;

want

of

money and

reestab-

lishment of expresses; desire to visit Rochambeau; Lt. Col. [John] Laurens s mission to France. Draft. 5pp. In handwriting of Alexander Ham D. ilton. In Ford, 9, 114. I, pt. 2, 13
1781
JAN. 20

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Israel] Shreve [Pompton, New Jersey]. Officers to be
sent on recruiting service.
Draft.
B.
1 p.

In hand
pt. 2, 113

writing of

David Humphreys.
XIII,

1781
JAN. 20

Washington, George. New Windsor. To Maj. [Benjamin] Throop [Ringwood, New Jersey]. Orders to re turn to West Point. Draft. 1 p. In handwrit
ing of David Humphreys.
B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

115

1781
JAN. 20

Cheever, Ezekiel. Springfield [Massachusetts].

To

[George]

Washington [New Windsor]. Maj. [Benjamin] Tallmadge s request; lack of saddles and leather; neglect of Board of War to order any; expected loss of good workmen from want of money for
pay.

A. L.

S.

1

p.

45, 232

1781
JAN 20
-

Hay, Udny.

Poughkeepsie [New York]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Transportation of

the specific supplies; stores collected ordered to Fishkill; requests directions. L. S. 2 pp. An swered Jan. 30. 45, 231

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
JAN. 20

1687

Heath, Wplliam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Fears of future provision sup ply; necessity of transportation arrangements by the Quartermaster General [Col. Timothy Pickering]; case of Oliver Richards; representa tion of sergeants of the Massachusetts Line; en listment of men of one State by officers of an
other; preparations for enterprise [against L. S. 3 pp. Answered Jan. 29. risania].

Mor235

45,

1781
JAN. 20

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Capt. [Abraham] Tuckerman s A. L. S. 1 p. 45, 238 request.
Shreve,
Israel.

1781
JAN. 20

Pompton [New

Jersey],

To

[George]

Windsor. Revolt of the Washington, Line; their drunken state; measures Jersey taken and taking. A. L. S. 2 pp. In Sparks, 7, 561. 45, 227

New

1781 J AN

Rochambeau, Comte de.
-

Newport [Rhode

Island].

To
of

2

revolt

[George Washington, of the Pennsylvania
7.

New

Windsor].

News

arrival of transports at Boston.

Line; expected L. S. 2 pp.
45,

Answered Feb.
1781
JAN. 21

229

New Windsor. To [Lt. Col. [Washington, George.] Francis Barber, Ringwood? New Jersey]. Capt. [William B.] Gifford s case; watchfulness neces sary. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. B. XIII, pt. 2, 123
[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Chevalier de Chastellux [Newport, Rhode Island]. The Comte [de Castries] de Charlus; suppression of mutiny of the New Jersey Line; friendship. Auto, draft.
2 pp. P.
II,

1781 J AN

-

21

269

1781
JAN 21
-

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Frederick] The Freylinghausen [Turkey, New Jersey].
[Jersey]

revolt;
1

Draft.

p.

Hamilton.
1781 JAN

decisive measures necessary. In handwriting of Alexander Extract in Ford, 9, 118, note.
B.

XIII, pt.

2,

121

-

21

Washington, George. New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. Transportation of saltbeef and flour to

West Point;

responsibility;

1688

LIBRABY OF CONGRESS

1781
JAN. 21

Ringwood. Draft. 2 pp. In hand David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 2, 127 New Windsor. To Col. [Israel] [Washington, George.] Detachment Shreve [Pompton, New Jersey].
flour

at

writing of

"

ordered against the [Jersey] mutineers summary action ordered. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of B. Alexander Hamilton. XIII, pt. 2, 119
;

1781
JAN. 21

Girty,

Thomas.

To [Simon Girty and others, Expectation of no less than a hundred persons willing to go [from Pittsburg] to Detroit. Contemporary copy by Brodhead. 1 p. With memo, that the real author is Myndert Fisher. Enclosed in Brodhead to Washington, 1781, Mar. 27. 47, 267
Pittsburg.

Detroit

?]

1781
JAN. 21

Hart, William

D

.

Pompton [New

Jersey].

To

Washington,
Jersey Line.

New New

Windsor.
1 p.

Revolt

[George] of the
45,

A. L. S.

255

1781
JAN. 21

Humphreys, D[avid].
liam]

Windsor.
Point].

To Maj. Gen.

[Wil-

Heath [West

Revolt of the Jersey

troops; orders for detachment to them. Auto, draft signed. 1 p.
B.

march against
2,

XIII, pt.

117

1781
JAN. 21

Humphreys, D[avid]. [New Windsor]. To Maj. [Benjamin] Throop [Ringwood, New Jersey]. Orders to remain in his present position on account of
the
1 p.

New

Jersey revolt;

position

among

his

men.

cultivation of good dis Auto, draft signed.
B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

125

1781
JAN. 21

Neilson, John.

Trenton.

Windsor. Jersey have
A. L. S.
Pickering, Timothy.

[George] Washington, New received from ladies of New Stockings

To

been

forwarded

to

the

1 p.

45,

army. 243
Capt.

1781 J AN

Newburgh [New York].

To

-

21

[Daniel]

Niven [West Point?].

Inability to fur

nish ox-teams to haul logs for rafts. porary copy. 1 p.

Contem
45,

247

1781
JAN 21
-

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John].

Albany. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Effect of the New Jersey revolt on the States; Schuyler s suggestion of a Convention of the Eastern States to settle all differences and delegate power to prosecute the war with vigor. A. L. S. 2 pp. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 213. 45, 245

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
JAN. 21

1689

Wayne, Anthony. Trenton. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Pennsylvania troops discharged;
enlistments found to be for the war; care of the

1781
JAN. 22

arms; furloughs granted; recruiting measures; requests orders; Governor [President Joseph] R[ee]d s precipitate zeal; case of Captainlieutenants; requests to be relieved from the A. L. S. 4 pp. 45, 249 recruiting service. West Point. Instructions [to Maj. [Washington, George.]

Gen. Robert Howe, West Point].
the Jersey mutiny.
Draft.
3 pp.

Suppression of In handwrit

ing of Alexander Hamilton.
B.

In Sparks, 7, 380. XIII, pt. 2, 129

1781
JAN. 22

Humphreys,] D[avid].

[West Point.] To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. Horses for the artillery and tents. Auto, draft signed. 1 p.
B.

XIII,

pt. 2, 133

1781
JAN.
22.

Pennsylvania Line, Recruiting.
recruiting.

Plan and instructions for
Line,
Officers,

See

Pennsylvania

1781, Jan. 17.

1781
JAN. 22

Pickering, Timothy.

Newburgh. To [Lt.] Col. [David] Humphreys [New Windsor]. Efforts to obtain horses by impress warrants from justices [of the
peace].

A. L.

S.

2 pp.

45,

257

1781
JAN. 23

Washington,] G[eorge], New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [Edward] Hand [Lancaster, Pennsylvania]. His appointment as Adjutant General; need for his presence. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David B. XIII, pt. 2, 139 Humphreys.
Washington, George. New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Philemon] Dickinson, Trenton [New Jersey]. Letter for the Governor [William Livingston]; action desired. Auto, draft signed. 1 p. B. XIII, pt. 2, 137
Brodhead, Daniel.

1781 J AN

-

23

1781 JAN

Fort Pitt [Pennsylvania].

-

23

Washington [New Windsor]. supply; prohibitive Act of
[Thomas] Jefferson
s

To [George] Failure of beef
Virginia;

Gov.

purchases in the vicinity; Brodhead s refusal to permit exportation of the grain; council of British and Indians at Detroit;

Brodhead s force; necessity of capturing De troit and Niagara; need of clothing for troops; lack of money or goods to purchase stock from

1690

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
the Moravian Indians; need of goods for pres ents to Indians; force necessary at Fort Pitt. A. L. S. 4 pp. Answered Feb. 28. 45, 262

1781
JAN. 23

Continental

Congress.
s

Resolve.

Approving

Col.

Ar-

mand[-Tuffin] plan of obtaining clothing and for his legion; leave to go to France; equipment

money

to recruit the legion; procuring of horses

and other matters. Contemporary copy attested by George Bond. 2 pp. Enclosed in Armand to Washington, 1781, Oct. 21. 53, 20
1781
JAN. 23

Frelinghuysen,

Frederick.

Turkey [New

Jersey].

To

[George] Washington,
tions with the

New

Windsor.

Negotia

Jersey mutineers; their re to duty and pardon granted. A. L. S. 2 pp. turn
46,

New

328

1781
JAN. 23

Humphreys,] D[avid].

[New Windsor.] To [the officer commanding the artillery, New Windsor]. Or ders for detachment to move to Ringwood and to take orders from Maj. Gen. [Robert] Howe.

1781
JAN. 23

Auto, draft signed. 2 pp. B. XIII, pt. 2, 141 Fishkill Landing [New York]. To Martlings, Barent. His serv [George] Washington [New Windsor].
ices

and
1

present
p.

distress;

prays

for

relief.

A. L. S.
[1781]
[JAN. 23?]

45,

259

New

Jersey, Troops.

the mutineers.
closed in

Form of pardon granted to Contemporary copy. 1 p. En Dayton to Washington, 1781, Jan. 23.
Mutiny.
7,

In Sparks,
1781
JAN. 23

562.

45,

273

Parsons,

Samuel H[olden].

Horseneck [Connecticut]. To Gen. [William] Heath, West Point. Success Maj. of the attempt [on Morrisania]; fatigue of the A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to troops.

1781
JAN. 23

45, 281 Washington, 1781, Jan. 25. Welles, R[oger]. Haverstraw [New York]. To [Maj. Gen. William Heath, West Point]. Report of his movement below Phillips Manor; desertion of two Massachusetts men. A. L. S. 2 pp. En

closed in

Heath

to Washington, 1781, Jan. 25. 45, 282

1781
JAN 23
-

Willing, James.

York. To [George] His capture and in retaliation for treatment of Lt. sufferings Col. Rogers; prays that latter may be paroled. A. L. S. 2 pp. 45, 260
Provost Goal,

New

Washington [New Windsor].

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
JAN. 24

1691

New Windsor. To [Chevalier [Washington, George.] Flour for the French Destouches, Newport]. fleet and Gov. [George] Clinton s assurances.
Draft.
ton.
1

p.

In handwriting of Alexander Hamil
D.
I, pt. 2,

23

1781
JAN. 24

[Washington, George.]
line;

New

Windsor.

To [Comte de
of the Jersey

Rochambeau, Newport].

Mutiny

2 pp. Draft. Arnold in Virginia. of Alexander Hamilton. handwriting

In
21

D.

I, pt. 2,

1781
JAN. 24

Bogert, Theunis.

Continental Village [New York]. To Gen. [William] Heath [West Point]. Suc [Maj.] cess of raid on Morrisania. A. L. S. 1 p. En
closed in

Heath

to

Washington, 1781, Jan. 25. 45, 283

1781
JAN. 24

Dayton, Elias.

Chatham [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Revolt of the Jer
sey troops; result of negotiations; fears renewal
of trouble; embarkation at pardon of mutineers enclosed.

New

L. S.

York; form of 2 pp. In
45, 271

Sparks,

7,

561.

1781
JAN. 24

Forrest,

Thomas. Philadelphia. To [George Washington,
Windsor]. Wish to retire; suggests that [Alexander] Hamilton take his place. A. L. S. 1 p. 45, 270
[Lt.] Col.

New

1781
JAN. 24

Greene, N[athanael].

Camp Pedee

[South Carolina].

To

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. [Brig.] Gen. [Daniel] Morgan s victory [at the Cowpens]; inability to improve the occasion through want
of supplies; desires Washington to urge Congress to fill up the [Southern] Army and form maga

confidence of officers and
;

zines of provisions, etc.; the general situation; men in Greene; rank

disputes, etc. Baron Steuben requested to keep Washington informed of events in Virginia. A. L. S. 4 pp. Answered Feb. 27. In Sparks,

[1781]
[JAN. 24]

Greene, Nathanael.

Letters to Washington, 3, 214. 45, 266 on the Pedee [South Carolina]. Camp
for

Washington [New Windsor]. Thanks Washington s private letter of Dec. 18 [Brig.] Gen. [Louis Le Begue] Duportail can inform as to

To

[George]

;

state of the

Army.

A. L. S.

2 pp.

45,

268

1781
JAN. 24

Greene, Nathanael. Camp [the President of Congress, Philadelphia].

on Pedee, South Carolina.

To
An-

1692

LIBKAEY OF CONGRESS
nouncing the victory at Cowpens British stand ards will be sent later. Copy by Greene. 2 pp. Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, Jan. 28. 45, 313
;

1781
JAN. 24

Parsons,

Samuel Hfolden].

Bedford [New York].

To

[Maj. Gen. William Heath, West Point]. March of his troops to Crompond; Parsons delay on

account of snow; inadvisability of moving the 2 pp. Enclosed in troops from Crompond. Heath to Washington, 1781, Jan. 25. 45, 284
1781
JAN. 24

Sheldon, Elisha.

Hartford [Connecticut]. To [George] Washington, New Windsor. State of his regi ment; obtaining of horses; enlistment terms. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Jan. 30. 45, 264
J[ob].

1781
JAN. 24

Sumner,

[George]
to

s Point [New York]. To Washington [New Windsor]. His wish exchange with a Captain in Col. James Living

Verplanck

ston

s [1st

Canadian] regiment.
23.

A. L.

S.

1

p.

Answered Feb.
1781
JAN. 25

45,

269

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To

the Officer
[Vice-

commanding
treatment

British fleet at

New York

Adml. Marriot Arbuthnot].
American
Draft.
2

Hamilton.
1781
JAN 25
-

Reports of inhuman of naval prisoners; request that an officer be permitted to investigate. In handwriting of Alexander pp. In Ford, 9, 119. E. 397

New Windsor. To Sir Henry [Washington, George.] Clinton [New York]. Compliance with request of Maj. Gen. [William] Phillips to exchange cer
tain officers; method of exchange proposed; ap pointment of John Franklin, Agent of Prisoners

New York; complaints of treatment American naval prisoners. Draft. 2 pp. In E. 393 handwriting of Alexander Hamilton.
to reside in of

1781
JAN. 25

[Washington, George.]
[William]
prise against

New

Windsor.
Point].

Heath [West

To Maj. Gen. Success of enter

Morrisania [New York]; rest for troops of Maj. Gen. [Samuel Holden] Parsons. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Hum
phreys.

In Sparks,

7,

385.

B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

145

1781
JAN. 25

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. W[ashingto]n, G[eorge]. [William] Heath [West Point]. Ability of Capt,

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
[Job]

1693

to carry out a proposed enterprise against enemy. Auto, draft signed. 2 pp.

Sumner

B.

XIII, pt.

2,

147

1781
JAN. 25

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] [Robert] Howe [Ringwood, New Jersey]. Anx iety for news of the Jersey revolt. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 2, 149
Washington, George. New Windsor. To [Col. Timothy Pickering, Newburgh]. Forage; desires a sleigh; delay in furnishing horses. Auto, draft signed.
2 pp.

1781
JAN. 25

B.

XIII,

pt. 2, 151

1781
JAN. 25

Howe, Robert. Turner s Clove [New York]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Progress of his march toward Ringwood. A. L. S. 1 p. 45, 276

1781
JAN. 25

Howe, Robert. Ringwood [New Jersey]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. The Jersey muti neers return to the Pompton huts; measures taken; the present situation and Howe s inten L. S. 3 pp. tions. 45, 278
Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Success of expedition against
Morrisania; holding of troops at Crompond because of their fatigue; temper of the troops sent to the Jerseys. L. S. 1 p. 45, 280

1781
JAN. 25

1781
JAN. 25

Hull, William.

Crompond [New York].

To Maj. Gen.

[Samuel Holden] Parsons [Highlands], Report of his destruction of British huts at Morrisania;
A. L.
dispositions made and success of the expedition. S. 6 pp. Enclosed in Heath to Washing
ton, 1781, Jan. 28.
46, 4

1781
JAN. 25

lee,

Henry, jr. Sampit River [South Carolina]. To [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene [Pedee River]. Com plete surprise of British post at Georgetown [South Carolina]. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, Feb. 9.
46, 140

1781
JAN. 25

lincoln, B[enjamin].

[New Windsor].

Boston. To [George] Washington Refers to [Maj.] Gen. [Henry]

Knox

for

news;
of
10.

exchange matters;
citizens.

exchange
ington,
3,

certain

Answered Feb.
216.

requests 2 pp. In Sparks, Letters to Wash

L.

S.

45,

274

1694
[1781]
[JAN. 25]

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Lincoln,

Benjamin.] [Boston.] List of citizens of South Carolina, prisoners with the enemy who desire to Enclosed in preceding 1 be exchanged. p.
entry.
45, 275

1781
JAN. 25

Parsons,

Samuel H[olden]. Highlands. To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath [West Point]. Account of the attack on Morrisania; destruction of the British huts and complete success of the expedition. A. L. S. 3 pp. Enclosed in Heath to Washing
ton, 1781, Jan. 28.
46, 2

1781
JAN. 26

Heath, W[illiam]. West [New Windsor].

Point.

To

[George]

Washington

Orders given Maj. Gen. [Samuel Parsons to forward a battalion to Maj. Holden] Gen. [Robert] Howe. A. L. S. 1 p. 45, 291

1781
JAN. 26

Parsons,

Samuel
killed,

H[olden].

[Highlands.]

Return

of

wounded and missing in an expedition against Morrisania [New York]. Tabular state
Enclosed in
28.
lie^ath to 45, 322

ment. A. D. S. 1 p. Washington, 1781, Jan.
1781
JAN. 26

Pickering, T[imothy].

Newburgh.

ington [New Windsor]. entrenching tools sent forward to Ringwood; further impressment; need of sleighs. A. L. S.
2 pp.
45,

To [George] WashTeams with tents and

288

1781
JAN. 27

Washington, George.

Ringwood. To [the officer commanding the New Jersey Line, Pornpton, New Manner of settlement of difficulties in Jersey].
the Jersey Line;
leniency.

Draft.

1

p.

In

handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. B. XIII,
1781
JAN. 27

pt. 2, 157

To [Washington, George.] Ringwood [New Jersey]. Gen. Anthony Wayne, Princeton, New [Brig. Jersey]. The Pennsylvania and New Jersey mu
tinies;

case 2 pp.

Draft.
ilton.

of rank of Captain-lieutenants. In handwriting of Alexander Ham

B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

155

1781
JAN 27
-

Chatham [New Jersey]. To Lt. Col. Dayton, Francis Barber, Pompton [New Jersey]. Expec tation of advance into Jersey by [Lt.] Gen. Rob
Elias.

inson [James Robertson]; suggests advancing 500 men to Troy or Cranetown [New Jersey];
seizure of British sympathizers. A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Barber to Washington, 1781, Jan. 29.

46,24

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
JAN. 27

1695

Dayton, Elias.

[Robert]

Chatham [New Jersey]. To Maj. Gen. Howe, Pompton [New Jersey]. Lt. Gen.

Robinson [James Robertson] s arrival on Staten Island; expectation of an advance into Jersey to
support the Pennsylvania mutineers; offers of reward to the Jersey revolters; expectation of an attempt on the stores at Morristown. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Barber to Washington, 1781, Jan. 29.
46, 21

1781
JAN. 27

Howe, Robert.

Ringwood [New

Jersey],

To [George

Washington, Ringwood]. Report of suppres sion of the New Jersey mutiny. L. S. 5 pp. In
Sparks,
7,

563.

45, 301

1781
JAN. 27

TVeat, Malachy.

New

Jersey].

wood],

Pennsylvania Huts [near Morristown, To George Washington [RingDistressed situation of the general hos Pennsylvania Huts;
condition of
;

pital at the

the buildings, scarcity of provisions, etc. advis ability of removing all the sick and women to

Trenton.
"

phreys:
Genl."

A. L. S. 2 pp. Endorsed by Hum Referred to Doer. Cochran, Directr. 45, 298

1781
JAN. 28

W[ashingto]n,

G[eorge].

Ringwood.

To

Col.

[Israel]

Shreve [Pompton, New Jersey], Demanding an explanation of his absence. Auto, draft signed. . B. 1 p. XIII, pt. 2, 159
Washington, George.

1781
JAN. 28

Ringwood. To the Officer Commanding the Jersey troops, Pompton [New Jer sey]. Posts at Pompton and Dobbs Ferry; guard
1

1781
JAN. 28

Auto, draft signed. XIII, pt. 2, 161 Barber, F[rancis]. Ringwood [New Jersey]. To Maj. Gen. [Robert] Howe [Near Smith s Clove, New York]. Advisability of his return [to Jersey] apprehen sion of renewal of trouble if British advance. A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed hi Barber to Washing 46, 25 ton, 1781, Jan. 29.
for stores at Morristown.
p.

B.

;

1781
JAN. 28

Greene, Nathanael.

To

the Pedee, South Carolina. [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Dispo sition of Greene s force; advance of Lord CornBrig. Gen. [Daniel] Morgan s position; defeat of Lt. Col. [Banastre] Tarleton [at Cowpens]; inability to improve the victory because
of the distressed state of the Army ; scarcity of sup-

Camp on

wallis;

1696

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
plies;

prisoners sent to Virginia.
27.
3,

Answered Feb.
ington,

217.

A. L. S. 5 pp. In Sparks, Letters to Wash 45, 305

1781
JAN. 28

Point. To [George] Washington Heath, W[illiam]. [New Windsor]. Transmitting particulars of the successful attempt on Morrisania. L. S. 1 p.

West

45,

320

1781
JAN. 28

Pennsylvania mutiny. Commissioners to adjust the terms of enlistment of the non-commissioned officers and privates of Printed form, filled the Pennsylvania Line. out (for Andrew Susonge[ ?]) and signed by Sam 1 p. Enclosed in Wayne to uel J[ohn] Atlee.

Form

of discharge

used by the

Washington, 1781, Jan. 28.
1781
JAN. 28

45,

319

Pennsylvania mutiny. Form of furlough to Pennsylvania soldiers. Printed form, filled out (for John Onox)
for sixty days furlough.

Signed by Anthony

Wayne.
1781
JAN. 28

1 p.

Enclosed in

Wayne

to

Washing
45,

ton, 1781, Jan. 28.

319a

Shreve, I[srael].

Pompton [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Hurt felt at Wash
ington s letter; explanation of his conduct during the mutiny of the New Jersey Line; wish to re tire. A. L. S. 4 pp. 45, 62

1781
JAN. 28

Tallmadge, Benjamin.

Wethersfield

[Connecticut].

To

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. Keceipt of a letter from [Brig. Gen. Benedict] Arnold.

A. L.

S.

1

p.

45, 315

1781
JAN. 28

Wayne, Anthony.

Trenton. To [George Washington, Number discharged and furWindsor], loughed from the Pennsylvania Line; arms and accoutrements; forms of discharge and furlough; newspaper account of the negotiation. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Feb. 3. 45, 317

New

1781
J AN 29
-

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Ephraim] Elaine [Newburgh]. Scarcity of meat authority for an impress. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 2, 173
;

1781 J AN

Washington,
-

29

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. George. His leave of ab [John] Glover [West Point]. sence. Auto, draft signed. 1 p. B. XIII, pt. 2, 171

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
JAN. 29

1697

[Washington, George.]
letters.

New
1 p.

Windsor.

To Maj. Gen.

[William] Heath [West
Draft.

Point]. Acknowledging In handwriting of David
7,

Humphreys.
1781
JAN. 29

In Sparks,

388.
B.

XIII, pt.

2,

163

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor

William Heath, West Point].

[Maj. Gen. Forwarding pro

To

visions to West Point; petition of non-commis sioned officers of Col. [Ebenezer] Sprout s regi

ment and discouragement
3 pp.

of

combination among
Draft.

troops; enlistment difficulty; blankets.

In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 2, 165

1781
JAN. 29

Washington,] G[eorge]. New Windsor. To [Maj. Gen. Robert Howe, Ringwood, New Jersey]. Reten tion of other troops near the Jersey Line. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. B. XIII, pt. 2, 169
[Washington, George.]

1781
JAN. 29

New

Windsor.

To [Comte de

Suppression of the success of an enterprise against Jersey mutiny; the enemy in Westchester [Morrisania] Arnold s

Rochambeau, Newport].

;

depredations in Virginia

;

[Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael]

Greene
3 pp.

s

position [in South Carolina].

Draft.

In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. D. I, pt. 2, 25

1781
JAN. 29

Barber, Ffrancis].

Ringwood [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Forwarding letters
sent to [Maj.] Gen. [Robert] Howe; apprehension of British advance into Jersey. A. L. S. 1 p.

46,23
1781
JAN. 29

Dickinson,

To Hermitage [New Jersey]. Washington [New Windsor]. Power granted Dickinson to call out militia force and operate within State limits; reported end of the
Philemon.
[George]

New
2 pp.

Jersey mutiny offer of assistance.
;

A. L. S.
46, 17

1781 JAN

Howe, Robert.
-

29

Tune s [Near Smith s Clove? New York]. To [George Washington, New Windsor] British
seduce the Jersey mutineers; surrender

effort to

of their proclamation; return

march

of

Howe

s

detachment.
56214

L. S.

2 pp.

46, 14

VOL

312

5

1698
1781
JAN. 29

LIBRAEY OF CONGRESS
Howe, Robert, Smith s [Clove, New York]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Will await orders.

1781
JAN. 29

Answered same day. Rochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode
L. S.
1

p.

46, 20

Island].

To

[George Washington, New Windsor]. Safety of French frigates and British ships lost in the
recent storm; hope of stationing ships before the Chesapeake Bay to break the British communica
tion between
1 p.

New York and
7.

the South.

L. S.
45,

Answered Feb.

286

1781
JAN. 29

Steuben,

Richmond [Virginia]. To [George] [Baron.] Washington [New Windsor]. British at Smithfield

and

their retirement to

Portsmouth;

dis

forces to prevent marauding of enemy; reduction of the militia expeditions force; collection of arms. A. L. S. 4 pp. An

position of

Steuben

s

swered Feb. 20.
1781
JAN. 30

46, 8

[Col. Jean [New Windsor.] [Washington, George.] West Point ?]. Settlement of Baptiste Gouvion, accounts of Pennsylvanians in his corps. Draft. In handwriting of David Humphreys. 1 p. B. XIII, pt. 2, 177

To

1781
JAN. 30

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Lt.] Col. Udny Hay [Poughkeepsie, New York]. Transporta 1 p. tion expense of specific supplies. Draft. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 2, 179

1781
JAN. 30

Washington, George. New Windsor. To [Lt. Col] John Laurens [Boston]. Crushing of the New Jersey Line revolt; British in Virginia and South Caro lina; list of articles desired. Auto, draft signed. 2 pp. P. II, 273
[Washington, George.] List of articles to be procured [abroad] for General Washington. Auto, draft. 1 p. Enclosed in preceding entry. P. II, 271 [Washington, George.]

[1781]
[JAN. 30]

1781 J AN

-

30

New Windsor. To Col. [Elisha] Sheldon [Hartford, Connecticut]. Remounts for dragoons reestablishment of expresses to Rhode Island. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David B. Humphreys. XIII, pt. 2, 175
;

1781
JAN. 30

Ball, Bfurges].

Washington,

Fredericksburg [New York]. To [George New Windsor]. His parole; inten-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1699

tion of journeying to the Mississippi to provide for the future; loss of his heriditary possessions. A. L. S. 2 pp. 46, 28

1781
JAN. 30

Caldwell, James.

Pompton [New

Jersey].

To

[George]

Windsor. Settlement of the Washington, enlistment question with the Jersey revolters; advantage of having a detachment of [Conti nental] troops near camp in case of disputes over enlistments; need of a post at Morristown; chance of a British incursion. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Feb. 7. 46, 29
Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Report of approaching pro visions; question of exchanging men from other regiments to those of their own State need of a
;

New

1781
JAN. 30

mode
on
Col.

for supplying provisions to recruits coming to the Army; question of clothing issues to

[John]

Crane
1.

Answered Feb.

3 pp. s regiment. L. S. Additional memorandum on a

separate sheet of report in tained [at Morrisania].

New York

of loss sus
46, 31

1781
JAN. 30

Massachusetts.

General Court.

Act appointing Oliver

Phelps to superintend the purchase of beef in Massachusetts; general regulations for his guid

Contemporary copy attested by John Avery. 3 pp. Enclosed in Phelps to Washing
ance.
ton, 1781, Feb. 4.
46, 62

1781
JAN. 31

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To

the Officer

Commanding at Charlottesville, Virginia. Brit ish officers to proceed to Elizabethtown [New
Jersey].

Draft.

1 p.

Humphreys.
1781
JAN. 31

In handwriting of David B. XIII, pt. 2, 181

Marion, Francis.

Santee [South Carolina]. To [Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene, Pedee, South Carolina].

Successful raid of Capt. [John] Postell against the enemy [at Wadboo and Monck s Corner].

Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, Feb. 9. 46, 142
1781
JAN. 31

Shaw,

Nathaniel.

New London

[Connecticut].

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. done the British shipping in Gardiner

To Damage s Bay by
46,

the recent storm.

A. L. S.

2 pp.

34

1700
1781
JAN.

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington, George.]
A. D.

Estimate of the enemy s force at number and strength of regiments. New York;
1 p. s force to

verso is an estimate of the the Southward taken from a enemy letter of Gov. [John] Rutledge of Dec. 8, 1780.

On

M.
1781
JAN .-JUNE

1,

305

[Washington,

Extracts from correspondence Lord George Germain, Sir Henry Clinton and Lord Cornwallis. A. D. 2 pp. M. 1, 99
George.]

between

[1781]
[JAN.]

[Clinton, Sir

Henry]

pointed by

[New York.] To the person apthe Pennsylvania troops to lead them

in the present struggle for their Liberties and Rights. Injuries suffered from Congress; prom
ise

military service;

back pay; no requirement of recommending them to take behind South River. Contemporary copy. post 1 Enclosed in St. Clair to Washington, 1780, p.
of all their
8.

Jan.
[1781]
[JAN.]

45, 73

the person ap[New York] [Clinton, the Pennsylvania troops to lead them pointed by in the present struggle for their Liberties and Rights. [Same as preceding entry, with addi
Sir Henry.]

To

warning the mutineers of the severity they may expect from Congress and their officers.] Contemporary copy by W[alter] Stewart. 2 pp. Enclosed in Wayne to Wash
tional paragraph

ington, 1781, Jan. 8.
[1781]
[JAN. ?]

45, 86

Gosselin,

Washington.

New York.] To George Report of conditions in Canada; number of troops and their various locations and commanders; defenses at Quebec and Point
Clement.
[Fishkill,

Levis;

transportation facilities; supplies, etc.; feeling of majority of inhabitants; their fear of lack of support; Canadian troops well disposed;

Indians and Chief Jean Vincent 4 pp. In French.

s influence.

D.

S.

W
and
losses;

1781
JAN.

Goulet, Jean.
ton].

Fishkill

[New York]. To [George WashingServices in obtaining informa
his sufferings
S.

Petition:

tion from Canada;

prays for justice.
1781 J AN

D.

4 pp.

W

Lanzun
-

s corps.

Grenada.

Extract of letter from an

offi-

cer to his Lt. Col. at Newport.

[Vice Adml. George

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1701

Brydges] Rodney in the West Indies; Marquis de Bouille arrived at Grenada; failure of British attempt on St. Vincent probability of the corps [Lauzun s] being sent [to the United States] if re
;

quested; news of rary copy. 4 pp.
Lloyd, Richard.

D Estaing s fleet.
New

Contempo

Enclosed in Rochambeau to Feb. 8. 46, 114 Washington, 1781,
[1781]
[JAN.]

Extracts from Reid s defense [before Maj. [James Randolph] court-martial] with observations on same. A. D. S. 9pp. Endorsed: "Specification of the
[Fishkill,

York.]

charges contained in the
[1781]
[JAN.]

defense."

W

Maryland, House of Delegates, Committee Report on Settlement [Brig.] Gen. [Mordecai] Gist s letter of pay and depreciation with the soldiers; allow ance granted to widows and orphans; disqualifi cation of army and marine officers from a seat in the Legislature or holding any civil office without resigning their commissions. Contemporary copy by John Knapp. Clk. 2 pp. Enclosed in Gist to 45, 226 Washington, 1781, Jan. 19.
:

[1781]
[JAN.]

Pennsylvania line. A return of troops continued, those discharged and those absent at time of settle ment [of the mutiny]. Tabular statement. 1 p. Enclosed in Reed and Potter to Washington, 46, 282 1781, Feb. 19.

1781
JAN.

Rhode Island, General Assembly.

Hard money appropriated to make up depreciation of pay to soldiers; land appropriated for same purpose; appropria tion to cancel Col. [Israel] Angell s debt. Con

temporary extract. 1 p. Enclosed in Washington, 1781, Feb. 4.
1781 FEB

Knox

to

46, 105

[Washington, George.]
1

Windsor. To Lt. Col. DuHis promotion; ina buysson [Philadelphia]. to interfere in his exchange. Draft. 1 p. bility In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 2, 189

New

1781
FEB. 1

[Washington, George.]
liam]

New Windsor. To Maj.

Gen. [Wil-

Extension of fur Point], lough in extraordinary cases. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys.
B.

Heath [West

XIII,

pt. 2, 183

1702
1781
FEB. 1

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Chester, Leonard. Wethersfield [Connecticut]. Deposition as to John Collins character. Contempo

2 pp. Enclosed in Collins to Wash 46, 243 ington, 1781, Feb. 16.

rary copy.

1781
FEB. 1

Collins,

John.

Wethersfield [Connecticut].

Certificate of

his character.

Contemporary copy

of

an

origi

by Elisha Williams and sixteen others. Attested by John Morgan, gaoler. Additional 2 pp. certificate of Ezekiel Williams on verso. Enclosed in Collins to Washington, 1781, Feb. 16.
nal signed
46, 241

1781
FEB. 1

Haussegger, Nicholas. New York. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Returning his commission. Recent copy. 1 p. 46, 80

1781
FEB. 1

[Humphreys, David.] New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh, New York]. Flour to be thrown into West Point. Auto, draft signed.
1 p.

B.

XIII, pt.

2,

185

1781
FEB.
1

[Lt.] Col. [Eben[Humphreys, David.] Pardon for Wil ezer] Stevens [New Windsor]. liam Hart. Auto, draft signed. 1 p. B. XIII, pt. 2, 187

New Windsor. To

1781
FEB.
l

Scammell, Alexander. Pomp ton [New Jersey]. To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath [West Point]. Delay of his detachment at Pompton. A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Feb. 4. 46, 74

1781
FEB. 2

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Greene [Guilford Court House, North [Nathanael] Carolina]. His position on the Pedee; Brig. Gen.
equipping Lee
s detachment; mounting and and Armand s corps; arrange ment of officers who were prisoners; settlement of the Pennsylvania mutiny and crushing of the

[Daniel]

Morgan
s

New

Jersey revolt; awakening of the States; [Maj.] Gen. [Samuel Holden] Parson s surprise
of [Refugee regiment, Col. James] De Lancey at Morrisania. 3 pp. Draft. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 2, 197

1781
FEB. 2

[Washington,

New Windsor To Maj. Gen. George.] [William] Heath [West Point]. Clothing for Col. [John] Crane s regiment; inoculation of troops;

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
Massachusetts purchase of coats. Draft. In handwriting of David Humphreys.
B.

1703
2 pp.
2,

XIII, pt.

193

1781
FEB. 2

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To

[Brig. Gen.

Anthony Wayne, Princeton, New Jersey]. Thanks for his exertions during the [Pennsyl
vania] mutiny.
of

Draft.

Alexander Hamilton.

2 pp. B.

In handwriting XIII, pt. 2, 201

1781
FEB. 2

Washington, George. New Windsor To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. Reestablishment of ex presses between Rhode Island and headquarters. 1 p. In handwriting of David Hum Draft. B. XIII, pt. 2, 205 phreys.
Clinton, [Sir] H[enry].

1781
FEB. 2

New York. To [George] WashingRefusal to allow John ton [New Windsor]. Franklin to reside within the city of New York; complaint as to treatment of naval prisoners
referred to the officer in

command.
off

L. S.

1 p.

46,

48

1781
FEB. 2

Dawson, G[eorge].

[H.

M.

S.]

7m,

New

York.

To

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. Transmits report on the treatment of American prisoners

on the [Prison-ship] Jersey; measures adopted; refusal to an American officer to visit New York,
without the approval of the
[Sir

Commander in Chief
2 pp.
46, 91

Henry

Clinton].

L. S.

1781
FEB. 2

[Dray ton, William Henry.] [South Carolina.] To [Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene ?, Guilford Court House,

South Carolina].

British capture of

Wilming

Con ton; retreat of militia, loss of stores, etc. 1 p. extract. Enclosed in Greene to temporary
Washington, 1781, Feb.
1781
FEB. 2
9.

46, 143

Humphreys, D[avid]. New Windsor. To Col. [Ephraim] Blaine [Newburgh]. Compensation for Perote s 1 p. cattle. Auto, draft signed. B. XIII, pt. 2, 207
" "

1781
FEB. 2

Jersey

New York

harbor.

Report

of

an enquiry
:

respecting the treatment of [American] naval
prisoners in
all cases.

Members

of

board

Capts.

George Dawson, Rupert George, James BatTestimony tersby and Ensign De Chambault. of prisoners of kindly treatment, regularity and

1704

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
quantity of food issues, statement of their non5 pp. Contemporary copy. crowding, etc. Attested by Dawson. Enclosed in Dawson to Washington, 1781, Feb. 2. Copy transmitted 46, 88 Congress, Feb. 13. Black River [South Carolina]. Maj. Francis.] [Marion, [James] Postell s successful destruction of British stores at Manigault s Ferry. Contemporary ex
tract.
1 p.

1781
FEB. 2

Enclosed in Greene to Washington,
46, 144
de.

1781, Feb. 9.

1781
FEB. 2

Rochambeau, Comte

Newport [Rhode

Island].

Windsor]. [George Washington, in dealing with the mutineers; conversa tion with Lt. Col. [John] Laurens; delay of Congress in sending him to France; letter from San Domingo; leave granted [Louis Dominique L. S. 3 fithis] de Corny to return to France. Answered Feb. 14. 46, 44 pp.

New

To Wisdom

shown

1781
FEB. 3

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Due de Biron, Paris. Introducing [Col. Charles Armand-Tuffin,] Marquis de La Rouerie; his services in America. In handwriting of Alexander 2 pp. Draft. P. Hamilton. In Sparks, 7, 394. II, 279
[Washington, George.]

1781
FEB. 3

New

Windsor.

To

Brig.

Gen.

[William] Irvine [Trenton,

New

Jersey].

The
1 p.

[Pennsylvania] mutiny; recruiting.

Draft.

In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. B. XIII, pt.
1781
FEB. 3

2,

213

[Washington, George.]
furloughs.

New Windsor
1

To

Col.

[John]

Greaton [West Point],
Draft.

David Humphreys.
1781
FEB. 3

Extension of officers In handwriting of p. B. XIII, pt. 2, 215

[Washington, George.]

New

Arthur
charges.

St. Clair, Philadelphia].

Pennsylvania Line;
Draft.
3

[Maj. Gen. Recruiting the fraudulently obtained dis

Windsor.

To

pp.

Alexander Hamilton.
1781
FEB. 3

In handwriting of In Ford, 9, 129. B. XIII, pt. 2, 209

Bayley, Jacob.

Newbury [New Hampshire] To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Difficulty in rais ing men; quota already supplied from the Grants; sacrifices and exertions of the inhabit
ants that go uncredited; intentions of defending the frontier. A. L. S. 1 p. 46, 57

COEEESPONDENCE OF GEOEGE WASHINGTON
[1781]
[FEB.
3]

1705
a

British fleet in Gardiner s

Bay [Long Island]. Report of

on the number, position, etc. of British ships in Gardiner s Bay. strength, 2 pp. [In French] Enclosed in Rochambeau to

French naval

officer

Washington, 1781, Feb.
1781
FEB. 3

3.

46, 54

Frelinghuysen, Frederick.

Pompton [New

Jersey].

To

[George] Washington, New Windsor. Settlement of enlistment claims of the Jersey mutineers feel
;

ing caused by method of settlement of the Penn sylvania enlistment disputes; willingness of people and militia to help quell the mutiny. A. L. S.
1 p.

Answered Feb.

7.

46, 55

1781
FEB. 3

Hubley,

Adam, jr. Philadelphia. [George] Washington [New Windsor]. His derangement; desire to
continue in the service;
s

To

Washington opinion of his conduct. 2 pp. Answered Mar. 24.
1781
FEB. 3

requests certificate of A. L. S.
46,

58

Olney,

Return of number of [Highlands.] Stephen. blankets received from Rhode Island for Col.
Angell s regiment [2d Rhode Island], In handwriting of and attested by p. Thomas Hughes. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to 46, 84 Washington, 1781, Feb. 5.
I[srael]

D.

S.

1

1781
FEB. 3

Rochambeau, Comte

de.

Newport [Rhode

Island].

To

Windsor]. Report of [George Washington, the French officer who viewed the British ship

New

ping in Gardiner sending French
Feb. 15.
1781
FEB. 3

s

Bay; question
frigates

of attack or of

to
S.

the

Chesapeake;

news from San Domingo. L.

2 pp.

Answered
46,

50

Scammell, Alexander. Verplanck s Point [New York]. To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath, West Point. His
return march from Jersey; among the Jersey mutineers.

apparent feeling A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Feb. 4. 46, 75
1781
FEB. 4

Armand[-Tuffin, Charles].

[New Windsor.]

To

[George]

Washington [New Windsor]. His situation; begs a letter of testimonial to the Due de Biron. A. L. S. 1 p. 46, 70
Brown, John.

1781
FEB. 4

Providence [Rhode Island]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor], Suggesting trans porting the French fleet and army to Virginia.
A. L.
S.

2 pp.

46,

64

1706
1781
FEB. 4

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Heath, Wplliam].

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Blankets issued; detention of Col. [Alexander] ScammelPs detachment in
forage below the lines;

Jersey;

lack of teams;

suggests an impress; Maj. [Thomas] Cartwright s resignation; measures taken by Massachusetts
ing.

to clothe her troops; L. S. 3 pp.

delay in forwarding cloth 46, 72
[George] Washington [New and exertions used in

1781 FEB

laurens, John.
-

Boston.

To

4

Windsor].

Difficulties

obtaining seamen to work the Alliance to France. A. L. S. 5 pp. In Sparks, Letters to Washing ton, 3, 220. 46, 66

1781 FEB

Phelps, Oliver.
-

4

Granville [Massachusetts]. To George Washington, New Windsor. Dissolution of the Superintending [Purchases] Committee in Massa chusetts; appointment of Phelps sole purchasing

agent of meat in the State; estimate of possible supply; great need of money; lethargy of a sister State [Connecticut?] inefficiency of the plan of Congress A. L. S. 3 pp.
1781 FEB
for

forwarding live

cattle.

46, 60
.

Washington, George.
-

New Windsor. To Maj
B.

[Epaphras]

5

Orders to join the 4th [Connecticut?] Draft. In handwriting of David Dragoons.

Bull

Humphreys.
1781 FEB
-

XIII,

pt. 2,

233

5

Honorable dis[Washington, George.] New Windsor. charge of Maj. Thomas Cartwright. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 2, 231
[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Maj. [Moore] Fauntleroy [Reading, Pennsylvania]. Orders to join the 1st Dragoons. Draft. In handwriting
of

1781 FEB

-

5

David Humphreys.

B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

233

1781 FEB

[Washington, George.]
-

5

New Windsor. To [Maj. Gen. William Heath, West Point]. Fishkill staff de partments under the control of West Point; au

thority of Col. [Moses] Hazen; Heath s right to issue orders; error in his of Jan. 13; power for granting provision, forage and fuel orders. Draft. 3 pp. In of Alexander

Hamilton.

handwriting B. XIII,

pt. 2,

217

CORRESPONDENCE OP GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
FEB. 5

1707

Washington,] G[eorge].

New

Windsor.
Point].

To Maj. Gen.
Forage below

[William] Heath [West

the lines; Maj. [Thomas] Cartwright s discharge. 1 p. In handwriting of David Draft. B. XIII, pt. 2, 221 phreys.

Hum

1781
FEB. 5

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To [Maj. Gen. Robert Howe, Smith s Clove, New York]. Maj. [William] Galvan and appointment in the light Draft. 1 In handwriting of infantry. p. David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 2, 223

1781
FEB. 5

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Purchase of remounts Pickering [Newburgh]. for the dragoons; impress of teams to obtain 1 p. In forage from below the lines. Draft.

handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt.
1781
FEB. 5

2,

227

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To

Col. [William]

Shepard [Springfield, Massachusetts]. Ordering court-martial of John Collins resolve of Congress
;

governing trial of delinquents in Commissary General of Military Stores Department. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 2, 225
1781
FEB. 5

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Questions as to Maj. [Benjamin] Throop s detachment and Maj. [Sebastian] Bauman s experiments in gunnery; return of blankets
received

by the 2d Rhode Island regiment.
p.

L. S.

1

46, 82

1781
FEB. 5

Humphreys, D[avid]. New Windsor. To [Col. Timothy Pickering, Newburgh]. Transportation of flour from Morristown and Ringwood to New York. Auto, draft signed. 1 p. B. XIII, pt. 2, 229
Sprout,

1781
FEB. 5

Ebenezer and John Porter. West Point. To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath [West Point]. Capt. [Thomas] Smart s desire to leave the service; uneasiness caused by delay of his discharge; vouch for regularity of his accounts. A. L. S.
of Porter, signed also by Sprout. 2 pp. En closed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Feb. 7.
46, 96

1708
1781
FEB. 6

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington, George.]
[William]

New

Windsor.

To Maj. Gen.

Heath [West
detachment

Throop
bastian] Draft.

s

Point]. Maj. [Benjamin] to be recalled; Maj. [Se

Bauman
1

p.

phreys.

experiment in gunnery. In handwriting of David Hum B. XIII, pt. 2, 235
s

1781
FEB. 6

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Baron

Steuben

[Richmond, Virginia]. Confidence in his exer tions; resolves of Congress relating to his de
partment;
furlough and discharge the Pennsylvania and New Jersey regulations; mutinies; British fleet in Long Island Sound damaged by storm; rumors from New York.
recruiting,

Draft.

3

pp.

Hamilton.

In handwriting of Alexander Extract in Ford, 9, 123. B. XIII, pt. 2, 237

1781
FEB. 6

Barber, F[rancis].

Pompton [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Arrangement of
the Jersey Line; agreement between Capt. Phelps [Jonathan Phillips] and Capt-lt. Wyman [Abel

Weyman];

want of a brigade-commandant; rank dispute with Col. [William] D Hart; re quests appointment of Maj. [William] Barber brigade-major; behavior of soldiers since the
mutiny.
A. L.
S.

3 pp.

Answered Feb.

7.

46, 86

1781
FEB. 6

Pennsylvania line, Officers. Philadelphia. To [George] [New Windsor]. Memorial: Services Washington in 1776 and derangement in 1779; resolves of Congress of Jan. 1, 1781 and injury sustained D. S: John Richardson and eight thereby. 1 p. Enclosed in Atlee to Washing others. Feb. 10. 46, 151 ton, 1781,

1781
FEB. 6

Shaw,

Nathaniel.

[George
vessels
1 p.

New London [Connecticut]. To Washington, New Windsor]. Condition
squadron in Gardiner
s

of British

Bay; names
A. L.

of
S.

damaged by

the late storm.

46, 85
officers of the

1781
FEB. 6

Topham, Daniel and other supernumerary
Pennsylvania Line.

Philadelphia.

To George

Washington [New Windsor].

Their dismissal

and

discrimination evidenced; pray Washing-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
ton
s

1709

interference in their behalf.

ham and eight others.
1781
FEB.
7

2 pp.

D. S. by TopAnswered Feb. 28.
46, 151

[Washington,

George.]

New

Windsor.

To
[Elias]

Lt.

Col.

[Francis]

Barber [Pompton,

New

Jersey].

His

request for a brigadier;
[William] Barber.
of

Col.

Dayton;

Barber to command until Dayton
Draft.
1 p.

David Humphreys.

B.

Maj. In handwriting XIII, pt. 2, 249

s arrival;

1781
FEB. 7

Washington, George. New Windsor. To Rev. [James] Commis Caldwell [Pompton, New Jersey].
sioners
of difficulties in the Jersey ordered to Morristown; recruiting. line; troops Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Hum B. XIII, pt. 2, 253 phreys.

on settlement

1781
FEB. 7

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Col. [Elias] Dayton [Pompton, New Jersey]. Retirement of
rank dispute between Lt.

Col. [Israel] Shreve;
Cols.

and

Hart [Francis] Barber and [William] necessity of Dayton s presence; his health.
2 pp.

D

Draft.

phreys.

In handwriting of David B. XIII, pt.

Hum
2,

243

1781
FEB. 7

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. Frederick Frelinghausen [Pompton, New Jersey]. Removal Draft. 1 p. of Jersey troops to Morris[town]. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 2, 245

1781
FEB. 7

[Washington, George.]
[William]
at
of

New

Windsor.

To Maj. Gen.
Relief for guard

Heath [West

Dobbs Ferry. David Humphreys.

Point]. Draft. 1 p.

B.

In handwriting XIII, pt. 2, 241

1781
FEB. 7

[Washington, George.]

Windsor. To [Comte de Rochambeau, Newport]. Arnold in Virginia; Maryland and the Confederation and Virginia s cession of Western lands. Draft. 1 p. In hand D. I, pt. 2,29 writing of Alexander Hamilton.

New

1781
FEB. 7

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To the Officer commanding the Jersey troops [Pompton, New
Jersey].

Smith

s

Posting of companies at Pompton, Clove and Dobbs Ferry; rest of troops

1710

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Morristown; vigilance necessary. In handwriting of David Hum B. XIII, pt. 2, 251 phreys. Destouches, [Chevalier] On board the Neptune, Hampton
Draft.
2 pp.

ordered

to

1781
FEB. 7

Roads

[Virginia].

To [George Washington, New
and
frigates sent to

Windsor].

A ship of the line

Virginia in consequence of that State s intima tion that something be done against [Brig. -Gen. Benedict] Arnold. A. L. S. 2 pp. (In French)

Answered Feb.
Translation

22.
verso of 53, 264.

53,

263

by Hamilton on

1781
FEB.
7

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Capt. [Thomas] Smart s resig nation and consequent promotions; Sergeant

James Lurvey

s request; filling of ensigncies in the Massachusetts line condition of the provost L. S. 3 pp. at Fishkill. 46, 93
;

1781
FEB. 7

Knox, H[enry].

New

Windsor.

To

[George]

Washington

Report of his mission to the Eastern States; measures adopted by the differ ent States for supplying their soldiers with necessaries; recruiting. L. S. 4pp. In Sparks,

[New Windsor].

Letters to Washington,

3,

222.

46, 99

1781
FEB.
7

Niven, D[aniel].

Hostertown [New York]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Need of hauling
timber for rafts for the chain.
A. L. S.
1

p.

46, 108

1781
FEB. 8

1781
"215-0"

Honorable dis[Washington, George.] New Windsor. of Capt. Roger Alden. Draft. 1 p. In charge of David Humphreys. handwriting B. XIII, pt. 2, 255 To Culper, Samuel. [Setauket, Long Island].
"729"

John Bolton

[Maj.

Benjamin Tallmadge, Weth-

Departure of British fleet from Sandy Hook; news from England; [Sir Henry] Clinton s dissatisfaction with [Brig. Gen. Benedict] Arnold s conduct; suffering on prison
ersfield, Connecticut].

ships;

enemy

s

positions of various British regiments; expectation of a large French fleet in the

Spring; supplies sent the enemy by persons within the American lines; Robert Bowen, of Shrewsbury, a British spy; Culper s expense and

amount
3 pp.

iv,3eived;

need of the balance.

A. L. S. 46, 111

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
FEB. 8

1711

Duportail, [Louis

Le Begue],

Philadelphia.

To [George
for his
will

Windsor], Washington, exchange; his delay in Philadelphia; at once if needed. A. L. S. 1 p.

New

Thanks

come

46, 123

1781
FEB. 8

Hazen, Moses.

Fishkill [New York]. To Maj. Gen. [WilHeath [West Point]. Actions of Maj. liam] [James Randolph] Reid at Hazen s trial; lack of

general rules governing courts-martial.
6 pp.

A. L. S. 46, 119

1781
FEB. 8

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Maj. [Benjamin] Throop s de

tachment; Maj. [Sebastian]

Bauman

s

experi

ments in gunnery; Capt. [Roger] WeUes and command of the guard-boats; small-pox and
lack of hospital necessities alteration in arrange ment of the Massachusetts Line. L. S. 3 pp.
;

Answered Feb.
1781
FEB. 8

11.

46, 109

lutterloh, H[enry] E[manuel]. Belknap s House [Near To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [New Newburgh]. Stoppage of forage by officers other burgh].
it is intended; necessity of A. L. S. 4 pp. Enclosed in Pickering to Washington, 1781, Feb. 9. 46, 126

than those for

whom

a preventive order.

1781
FEB. 8

Rochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Suppres
sion of the [Pennsylvania and New Jersey line] mutinies; detachment of French fleet to go to

Virginia to attack Arnold
of

s

Comte

D Estaing s
New

arrival

convoy; expectation Chevalier Destou;

opinion; secrecy necessary. Answered Feb. 24.

ches

L. S.

3 pp. 46, 113

1781
FEB. 9

[Washington, George.]

Windsor.
Point].

To Maj. Gen.

Discharge of Capt. [Thomas] Smart; Sergeant [James] Lur-

[William] Heath [West
s petition for

vey

discharge; filling of vacancies.

Draft.

2 pp.

phreys.

In handwriting of David B. XIII, pt.

Hum
2,

257

1781
FEB. 9

Washington, George. New Windsor. To [Brig.] Gen. [Henry] Knox [New Windsor], Approbation of his conduct on late mission to the Eastern States. 1 Draft. In handwriting of Alexander p. B. XIII, pt. 2, 259 Hamilton.

1712
1781
FEB. 9

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. Logs for support of the chain [at West Point]. Draft. 1 p. In hand
writing of David Humphreys.
B. XIII, pt. 2, 261 Windsor. To P[hilip] Van [Washington, George.] Rensselaer [Albany]. Hides and leather. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 2, 263 Council of War. Guilford Court House [South Carolina].

1781
FEB. 9

New

1781
FEB. 9

On advisability of risking a general action with the enemy. Members: Maj. Gen. [Nathanael] Greene, Brig. Genls. [Isaac] Huger and [Daniel]
Morgan. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, Feb. 9. 46, 145
The
original proceedings

were signed by Huger, Morgan and Col. O. H.

Williams.

1781
FEB. 9

Diriks,

[Jacob

Gerhard].

Philadelphia.

To
His

[George]

Washington [New Windsor].
ing.

rank and

present situation; begs the opportunity of serv A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Feb. 21.
46, 147

1781 FEB

Greene, Nathanael.
-

Guilford Court House [South Caro[George] Washington
of Cornwallis; Greene s

9

[New Windsor]. move ments; [Brig.] Gen. [Daniel] Morgan s judicious retreat; lack of aid furnished by the militia; progress of the enemy skirmishes difficulty of
lina].

To

Rapid advance

;

;

forming a junction of the troops; formation of a light corps Cornwallis strength Morgan s
;

;

health; dispositions made.

A. L. S.

9pp.

swered Mar. 21.
ington,
3,

In Sparks, Letters to

An Wash

225.

46, 134

1781 FEB

Heath, W[illiam].
-

9

West Point. To [George] Washington [Newburgh]. Heath s order of January 13 re

specting issues at Fishkill; Washington s disap probation; Heath s intent. L. S. 3 pp. An swered Feb. 11. 46, 129

1781 FEB

-

9

McDongall, Alexander. West Point. To [George] Washington [Philadelphia]. Requests a certified copy of minutes of the council of war held at McDougall
s quarters, Sep. 12, 1776.

L. S.

1

p.

Answered March 2. On verso of second McDougall to Washington, 1782, Feb. 8.

folio of

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
FEB. 9
Pettit, Charles.

1713

Philadelphia.

New Windsor.

To [George] Washington, Obtaining spurs and other per
; ;

sonal articles for Washington their price pres ent rate of exchange. A. L. S. 2 pp. 46, 132

1781
FEB. 9

Pickering,

T[imothy].
[of

Newburgh [New York].

To

[George] Washington,
larities

New

Windsor.

Irregu

forage

general officers; hauled to the river bank.

and provision seizures] by consequences of same; raft logs
A. L.
S.

2 pp.
46, 125

1782
FEB. 9

Skinner,

loring. New York. An exchange of an equivalent of American officers and privates [taken at the Cedars] for Lt. Gen. [John] Burgoyne. Contemporary copy by Skin 1 p. ner. Enclosed in Skinner to Washington, Feb. 18. 46, 262 1781,

Abraham and Joshua

1781
FEB. 10

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. Instructions to Brig. Gen. [Henry] Knox [New Windsor]. Prepa rations in his department for cooperation with

French against
handwriting of
145.

general plan of operations.

York; need of exertions; 2 pp. Draft. In Alexander Hamilton. In Ford, 9, B. XIII, pt. 2, 269

New

1781
FEB. 10

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. [Henry] Knox [New Windsor].

To

Brig.

Gen.

1781 FEB

-

10

Garanger s experiments. handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. B. XIII, pt. 2, 273 New Windsor. To Maj. [Benja[Washington, George.] Difficulties and dis min] Lincoln [Boston].
tresses

[Capt. Lewis] 2 pp. Draft. In

engendered by the Pennsylvania mutiny;

suppression of the Jersey revolt; sufferings of Army and exertions of States; exchange of prisoners in Southern Department. Draft. 4 pp.

1781
FEB. 10

In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 2, 265 [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Col. Timothy Pickering, Newburgh]. His instructions; assess

ment or

hire of teams;

ox and horse teams;

tumbrils; wagons for tents; carriage of campkettles; construction of boats; dispute between

Heath, Col. [Moses] Hazen 3 pp. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. B. XIII, pt. 2, 275

and
56214

[Maj.] Gen. [William] himself. Draft.

VOL

312

6

1714
1781
FEB. 10

LIBRARY OP CONGRESS
Atlee,

Samuel John. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Begging his influence, in
behalf of officers, who were prisoners in 1776, remonstrating to the Pennsylvania legislature

A. L.
1781
FEB. 10

respecting derangement and half 2 pp. S.

pay retirement.
46, 150

Colfax, William.

[Highlands] To [George] Washington Windsor]. Injury to his own and fellow [New officers rank by the late arrangement. A. L. S. 3 pp. 46, 296

1781
FEB. 10

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Capt. [Roger] Welles ordered to relieve the garrison of the blockhouse at Dobbs 46,149 Ferry. L. S. 1 p. AnsweredFeb.il.

1781
FEB. 10

Tilghman, T[ench].

[New Windsor.] To Return Pickering [Newburgh]. boats called for by Congress.
signed.
1 p.

Col.

[Timothy]

of horses

and
draft

Auto,

B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

279

1781
FEB. 11

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To Maj. Gen.

[William] Heath [West Point]. Arrangement of Massachusetts officers and names of those retired; inoculation. Oliver Richard s court-martial; Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 2, 281

1781
FEB. 11

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] [Samuel Holden] Parsons [Highlands]. Rank of lieutenants in the Connecticut line. Draft. 2 pp.
In handwriting
of

David Humphreys.
B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

283

1781
FEB. 11

Olney, Stephen.

[New Windsor] To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Unsettled rank dispute with
in

Capt. [William] Allen.

A. L. S. 1 p. Memo handwriting of Tench Tilghman that Olney is 4th Captain and Allen 5th. Answered Feb. 23. 46, 155

randum

1781
FEB. 11

Stewart, Walter.

Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Reason for his letter; failure to
s

obtain funds for recruiting owing to President

Joseph Reed

money;
Stewart A. L. S.
s

officers

undiplomatic threats; want of efforts with the Assembly;
delay of Answered Feb. 21.
substitutes; his
loss of

willingness of that body;

men through
3 pp.

papers.
46, 303

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
FEB. 12

1715

Barber, F[rancis].

Pompton [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Dispositions made of his troops according to directions; march of
the

[New Jersey] brigade to Morristown; Maj. (William] Barber s appointment. A. L. S. 2 pp.
46, 166

1781
FEB. 12

Rochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Sailing of a French squadron to Virginia to destroy [Brig. Gen. Benedict] Arnold s ships; celebration of

Washington
1781
FEB. 12

s

birthday.

L.

S.

2

pp.

An

swered Feb. 24.
Steuben,
[Baron],

46, 162
[Virginia].

Richmond

To

[George]

letter Washington, from [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene; British at Wilmington [North Carolina]; detachment equipped for the Southward; distress for want

New

Windsor]

Forwards

of arms.

L. S.

2 pp.

Answered Feb.

27.

46, 158

1781
FEB. 13

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. W[ashingto]n, G[eorge]. Le Begue] Duportail [Philadelphia]. His [Louis
exchange; permission to remain in Philadelphia. B. Auto, draft signed. 1 p. XIII, pt. 2, 287

1781
FEB. 13

New Windsor. To Mrs. A[nne] Washington, George. Mrs. Henrietta Hillegas, Mrs. M[ary] Francis, Clarkson, Mrs. Sarah Bache and Mrs. Susan Contribution of the ladies Blair, Philadelphia.
to the

Army.

Draft.

2 pp.

of Alexander Hamilton.

In handwriting In Ford, 9, 138. C, 4, pt. 1, 79

1781
FEB. 13

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To Maj. Gen.

General ren dezvous for Pennsylvania Line recruits. Draft. 1 In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. p. B. XIII, pt. 2, 285
[Arthur] St. Clair [Philadelphia].

1781
FEB. 13

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Dr. William Shippen, jr., Philadelphia]. Approbation of his management of the hospital. Draft. 2 pp. In

handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. B. XIII,
1781
FEB. 13

pt. 2,

289

Knox, H[enry].

New

Windsor.

To

[George]

Washington

[New Windsor].

Preparation of artillery and

1716

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
ordnance stores for
operations
of materials.

against

New
4 pp.

York or elsewhere; Board of War; lack
1781
FEB. 14

fate of estimates sent into

L. S.

46, 167

[Washington, George.]
Col.

Windsor. Instructions to Elaine [Newburgh]. Supply of [Ephraim]
1

New

Draft. provisions for West Point. of Alexander Hamilton. handwriting
B.

p.

In
293

XIII,

pt. 2,

1781
FEB. 14

New Windsor. Instructions to [Washington, George.] Provi Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. sions for West Point and attention to former
instructions.

Draft.

1

p.

Alexander Hamilton.
1781
TES. 14

B.

In handwriting of XIII, pt. 2, 291

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Comte de RO chambeau [Newport]. [Brig.] Gen. [Daniel] Mor gan s victory [at Cowpens] and Col. [William] Washington s at Hammond s Store House [South Carolina]; intended visit to Newport. 1 p. Draft. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh-

man.
1781
FEB. 14

D.

I,

pt. 2, 31

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To [Comte de Rochambeau, Newport]. Introducing Lt. Cols. Gouvion and Gimat. Draft. 1 p. In hand
writing of Alexander Hamilton.
D.
I,

pt. 2,

33

1781
FEB. 14

Brewster, Caleb.

Fairfield

Washington,

New

Windsor.

To [George] [Connecticut]. Fruitless visit [to

on the 9th; capture of a Refugee boat trade and intelligence lines of the boat; British; Brewster s need of one or two boats for his own security. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Feb. 23. 46, 181

Long

Island]

[1781]
[FEB. 14]

Brewster, Caleb. [Fairfield, Connecticut.] [List of prisoners captured in a Refugee boat on Long Island

Sound.]
entry.

A. D. S.

1 p.

Enclosed in preceding
46, 183

1781
FEB, 14

Clinton, James.
1 p.

where the

New Windsor. Memorandum New York Line is stationed.

of places

A. D. S. 46, 170

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
FEB. 14

1717
Washington
of deranged

Heath, W[illiam].

West

Point.

To

[George]
list

[New Windsor].
Massachusetts Feb. 15.

Transmitting
L. S.

officers.

1 p.

Answered
46, 169

1781
FEB. 15

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To [Maj. Gen. William Heath, West Point]. Orders to prepare the light companies for a rapid march to Mor1 p. In handwriting of Alex ristown. Draft. ander Hamilton. In Ford, 9, 139, note. B. XIII, pt. 2, 297

1781
FEB. 15

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. Heath [West Point]. Distribution of [William] hard money gratuity to Massachusetts soldiers. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

295

1781
FEB. 15

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. Provision, forage, etc. to be made for detachment of light troops ordered to Morristown. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. B. XIII, pt. 2, 299
[Washington, George.]

1781
FEB. 15

New

Windsor.

To [Comte de

Rochambeau, Newport]. Suggesting cooperation with Chevalier Destouches in an expedition
against Arnold; postponement of visit to New 4 pp. Draft. In handwriting of Alex port.

ander Hamilton.

In Ford,

9,

139.

D.

I, pt. 2,

37

1781
FEB. 15

Irwin s Ferry on the Dan River Greene, Nathanael. [South Carolina]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Difficulties in removing stores to a place of safety; Col. [Otho Holland] Williams and Lt. Col. [Edward] Carrington s efforts in retarding the enemy s advance and moving the critical position of the troops; their stores; lack of money; failure of militia to sufferings; turn out; effort to turn British pursuit into the lower counties; rapidity of British movements; A. L. S. 6 pp. spirits of Greene s troops. Answered Mar. 26. In Sparks, Letters to Wash 46, 188 ington, 3, 233.
Jones, Cadwallader.

1781
FEB. 15

To

House [Virginia]. His [George] Washington [New Windsor],
Chesterfield Court

1718

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
appointment as major
commission.
A. L.
S.

of dragoons;
1 p.

requests his
23.

Answered Mar.

46, 204

1781
FEB. 15

lincoln, B[enjamin].

Boston.

To

[George] Washington

[New Windsor].

[Lt.] Col. [John]

Laurens
s

diffi

culty in sailing [for France]; seamen from the Army; his

Lincoln

grant of

power

to issue
s

pay

warrants;

Lt.

Col.

[Jotham]
A. L. S.

Loring
3 pp.

case;

pardon of
Feb. 27.
231.

deserters.

Answered
3,

In Sparks, Letters to Washington,
Windsor.

46, 185

1781
FEB. 15

Pierce, John.

To [George Washington, Question of charging the extra ration to officers in settlement of the subsistence accounts. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered Mar. 24. 46, 187

New

New

Windsor].

1781
FEB. 15

[Tilly,

Gardeur

de.]

[Newport? Rhode Island.]

Chevalier de

La Luzerne,

Philadelphia].

To The

expedition to the Chesapeake.
copy.

Contemporary

beau
1781
FEB. 16

3 pp. (In French) Enclosed in to Washington, 1781, Mar. 1.

Rocham47, 41

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To

[Brig.

Gen.

James

Clinton, Albany]. [Goose] Van Schaick s regiment to march to West 1 p. In handwriting of Alex Point. Draft.

Six companies of Col.

ander Hamilton.
1781
FEB. 16

B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

303

[Washington, George.]

New

Dayton or
light

officer

Windsor. To Col. [Elias] commanding the Jersey brigade

[Pompton, New Jersey]. Ordering formation of a detachment and to hold it in readiness. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 2, 305
1781
FEB. 16

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To Maj. Gen.
Execution of
Draft.
1

[William] Heath [West Point]. certain courts-martial sentences.

p.

1781 FEB

Collins,
-

16

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 2, 301 John. To Springfield Goal [Massachusetts]. Trans [George] Washington [New Windsor]. mitting vouchers of his character; his services; [Ezekiel] Cheever s persecutions. A. L. S. 2 pp. 46, 242
John.

[1781]
[FEB. 16?]

Collins,

mate

Esti[Springfield Goal, Massachusetts.] of money advanced him on account of his

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
salary

1719

commencing January 1777. A. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Collins to Washington, 1781, Feb. 16. 46, 243
1781
FEB. 16

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Formation of a light corps and their orders to march to Peekskill. L. S. 2 pp.
46,

205

1781
FEB. 16

Howe, Kobert.

West

Point.

To

[George] Washington
to

[New Windsor].

Journey

Newport with
L. S.
2 pp.

Washington; Endorsed by Tilghman:
General
1781
FEB. 16
himself."

letters of introduction.

"Answered

by the
46,

224

ledyard, William.

[New London, Connecticut.]
s
1 p.

List of

British ships in Gardiner

A. D.
1781
FEB. 16

S.

Bay [Long Island], Memorandum, in French, of the

French Squadron at Newport. 45, 43 Maxwell, Hugh. Crompond [New York]. To [Maj. Gen. William Heath, West Point]. Raid of enemy near Bedford; the exchange negotiation; good effect on the soldiers of the hard money sent from Massachusetts. A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in Heath to Washington 1781, Feb. 18. 46, 253
Parsons,

1781
FEB. 16

Samuel H[olden]. To [George] [Highlands] Washington [New Windsor]. Transmitting an arrangement of the Connecticut Line; rank of
second lieutenants.
A. L.
S.
1 p.

46,

206

1781
FEB. 16

[Rochambeau, Comte
diner
s

de.]

Position of British ships in Gar1 p.

Bay with sketch map. Rochambeau to Washington,

Enclosed in
46, 247
t

1781, Feb. 18.

1781

F

B. 17

Washington, George. New Windsor. To [Maj. Gen. William Heath, West Point]. Lack of field officers for Massachusetts companies in the light detach

ment; suggested arrangement of officers for this temporary duty. Auto, draft signed. 2 pp. B. XIII, pt. 2, 307
1781 FEB
-

17

[Washington, George.] New Windsor To Abraham Skinner [Elizabethtown, New Jerse}^]. Exchange of Convention officers; Lt. Gen. [John] Burgoyne;
militia captures, citizens, etc. Draft. handwriting of Alexander Hamilton.

5 pp.

In In Ford,

B. XIII, pt. 2, 311 9, 147. Hamilton resigned as aide de camp Feb. 16, but remained with Wash ington until the end of April.

1720
1781
FEB. 17
C[heever,]

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
E[zekiel].

Springfield

[Massachusetts].

To

Leonard Chester [Springfield ?]. Character of John Collins. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. En closed in Cheever to Washington, 1781, Mar. 10.
47, 117

1781
FEB. 17

Craig, I[saac].

Fort Pitt.

Indent of ordnance stores nec-

essary in case of offensive operations against the enemy s posts westward. Tabular statement.

A. D.

S.

1 p.

ton, 1781, Feb. 18.

Enclosed in Brodhead to Washing 46, 270

1781
FEB. 17

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Completion of the light com panies; status of Capt. [Roger] Welles company. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Feb. 18. 46, 226

1781
FEB. 17

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Formation of the light com
panies; Maj. [James Randolph] Reid s sentence; arrangement of the Massachusetts line omission
;

names of Lt. Col. [Ebenezer] Sprout and Maj. John Porter. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Feb. 19.
of
46, 228

1781
FEB. 17

Dayton, Elias.

Chatham [New Jersey]. To [George Wash-

Health; fear of Wash Dayton s course with the ington blockade of Arnold in Vir mutineers; reported 46, 238 ginia by French ships. A. L. S. 2 pp.
ington,

New

Windsor].

s

disapproval of

1781
FEB. 17

Howe, R[obert].

To [George Washington, Explanatory of his wishes to serve in every way. L. S. 2 pp. 46, 237
West
Point.

New

Windsor].

1781
FEB. 17

Knox, H[enry].

mate
for

Windsor. EstiArtillery Park, near of ordnance, ammunition, etc. necessary

New

marks on same.
[1781]
[FEB. 17?]

an operation against New York, with re D. S. 8 pp. 46, 231

Littel D.

[New York.]

To

[Col. Elias

New Jersey]. Lack of news;

Dayton, Chatham, account of a French

reenforcement expected in America; expected attack on New York; description of a guard; narrow escape of two of his friends. A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed hi Dayton to Washington, 1781, Feb. 17. 46, 239
1781 FEB
Parsons,
-

Samuel Hfolden]. Highlands. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Prisoners sent [by Lt. Caleb Brewster] to the provost at Fishkill; their

17

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1721

suggested exchange for Maj. Brush and Capt. Conklin. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Feb. 22.
46, 233

[1781]
[FEB. 17]

[Stirling,

William Alexander, Lord]. Orders to [Simeon] to survey roads from Warwick to Ger man and Morristowns. A. D. 1 p. Endorsed by Tench Tilghman: "Sent to Mr. De Witt the

De Witt

17th.

Feby. 1781

\vith

orders to survey the

above."

W

1781
FEB. 18

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To Maj. Gen.

[William] Heath [West Point]. Orders looking to the security of West Point during absence of the light detachment.
Draft.
B. 2 pp.

In hand
pt. 2,

writing of

Tench Tilghman.
XIII,

317

1781
FEB. 18

[Washington,

New Windsor. To [Abraham George.] Con Skinner, Elizabethtown, New Jersey]. gress order to retaliate in matter of ration for
2 pp.
Draft. prisoners; directions for his guidance. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton.
B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

321

1781
FEB. 18

Brodhead, Daniel.

Fort Pitt.

To

[George]

Washington

Capture of a deserter; lack of meat; apprehension caused by report of with drawal of the Continental troops; requests an order for drawing arms from the fixed maga zines; requests an answer to the message of the Delaware council; ordnance stores necessary; introduces [Lt.] Col. [Presley] Neville. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Apr. 16. 46, 265

[New Windsor].

1781
FEB. 18

Gibson,

John and Others. Chesterfield Baron Steuben [Chesterfield].

[Virginia].

To

Remonstrance

against [Brig.] Gen. [George] Weedon s re-entry into the service. Contemporary copy. 7 pp.

Enclosed in Davies to Washington, 1781, Feb. 20. 46, 299
1781
FEB. 18

Hand, Edward.

To [George] Washington Will join Washington as soon as possible; arrival of Capt. [John] Paul Jones at Chester. A. L. S. 1 p. 30, 233
Philadelphia.

[New Windsor].

1781
FEB. 18

Heath, Wplliam].

West

Point.

To

[George] Washington

Design of British exchange unfit recruits [sent from Connecticut]; proposal;

[New Windsor].

1722

LIBRAE Y OF CONGRESS
Maj. [James Randolph] Reid s case; requests warrant for execution of one Taylor. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Feb. 19. 46, 251

1781
FEB. 18

[Heath, William]

West

Point.

Orders for formation of a

Light Infantry Corps. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in preceding entry. 46, 255
LittelD.

[1781]
[FEB. 18?]

Dayton [Chatham, Depressed spirits of the enemy; regiments held ready to reenforce Arnold news of a French fleet sailed for America; conduct of various persons within the American lines. A. L. S. 2 pp. 46, 316
[Elias]

[New York.]
Jersey].

To Col.

New

;

1781
FEB. 18

Parsons,

Samuel

II[olden].

Washington, Huntington s claim to rank; other similar claims affecting majors and captains in the Connecticut Line. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Feb. 22. 46, 234
Moylan, John.
[George] Washington [New Windsor]. [Col. James] Wilkinson s resig nation; Moylan s unwillingness to succeed him without Washington s approbation; requests his

New Windsor].

To [George [Highlands.] Lt. Col. [Ebenezer]

1781
FEB. 18

Newburgh.

To

approval of the appointment.

A. L.

S.

2 pp.
46,

Answered Feb.
1781
FEB. 18

23.

256

Parsons,

Samuel Hfolden]. [Highlands]. To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath [West Point]. Recruits, physi cally unfit, sent from Connecticut. A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Feb. 18.
46,

254

1781 FEB

Pickering, T[imothy].
-

Newburgh. To [George] Washing-

18

ton [New Windsor]. Work mapped out for im pressed teams and measures taken for transpor tation of supplies for the Light Infantry detach

ment;
A. L. S.

tents, intrenching tools, teams, etc. 3 pp. In Sparks, Letters to Washing

ton, 3, 238.

46,

258

1781 FEB

Rochambeau, Comte de.
-

18

ton,

New Windsor].

Estaing over [Rear] Adml. [Samuel] British ships in Gardiner s Bay. L. S.

D

Newport. To [George WashingReported victory of Comte

Hood;
2 pp.
46,

Answered Feb.
1781
FEB. 18

22.

216

Steuben, [Baron].

Chesterfield [Virginia].

To

[George]

Washington [New Windsor].

[Maj.] Gen. [Na-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
thanael] Greene
litia s

1723

retreat

toward Virginia; mi

ordered out to his support; position of the British in Virginia; measures taken by Steuben; set-backs received in drafting men; destitute condition of Virginia; need of assistance. L. S. 4 pp. Answered Mar. 21. 46, 249

1781
FEB. 18

Tilghman, T[ench].

To Col. [Timothy] His request to go to Phil Pickering [Newburgh]. Auto, adelphia; establishment of expresses. 2 pp. B. draft signed. XIII, pt. 2, 319
[New Windsor.]
Chesterfield [Virginia].

1781
FEB. 18

Virginia line, Officers.

To Baron

Steuben [Chesterfield]. Representation against [Brig.] Gen. [George] Weedon s return into the service. A. D. S. of O[liver] Towles, signed by twelve others. 5 pp. Enclosed in Steuben to 48, 136 Washington, 1781, Apr. 15.
[Washington, George.]
dolph] Reid
.

1781
FEB. 19

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. Heath [West Point]. Maj. [James Ran [William]
s

and Maj John Porter
in

sentence; Col. [Ebenezer] Sprout impositions in recruiting
;

Connecticut;
2 pp.

inspection

officers;

clothing.

1781
FEB. 19

In handwriting of Tench Tilgh B. XIII, pt. 2, 323 man. [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To John Moylan [Newburgh]. Clothing issue to the light detach ment on Marquis de Lafayette s order. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Martha Washington. B. XIII, pt. 2, 327
Draft.

1781
FEB. 19

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. Places of deposit for pro
visions ; line of
sor.

Draft.

1 p.

communication with New Wind In handwriting of Tench Tilgh
B.

man.
1781
FEB. 19

XIII,

pt. 2,

325

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Comte de RoSafe arrival of Vicomte chambeau, Newport]. de Rochambeau in France; importance of de stroying Arnold; cooperative measures and the
Virginia militia.
of

2 pp. In handwriting Draft. In Washington and Alexander Hamilton.
9, 143.

part in Ford,

D.

I, pt. 1,

41

1781
FEB. 19

Elaine,

Ephraim. Newburgh. To [Lt.] Col. [Alexander] Hamilton, New Windsor. Provisions for the [Light Infantry] detachment; cattle and rum.
A. L. S.
1 p.

46, 285

1724
1781
FEB. 19

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Knox, H[enry].

New

Windsor.

To

[George] Washington

[New Windsor].
stores for

A list of ordnance and principal
Col. [Ebenezer] Stevens is Board of and Ord

which Lt.

directed to apply to the nance. A. D. S. 3 pp.

War

46, 271

1781
FEB. 19

Reed,

Joseph

and James

Potter.

Philadelphia.

To

Report of their proceedings in [respect to the mutiny] of the Pennsylvania Line. L. S. 16pp. Answered Mar. 21. 46, 273
[George]

Washington [New Windsor].

1781
FEB. 20

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To

[Col.]

Ephraim

B[laine, Newburgh]. Orders to supply meat for troops at Albany, Schenectady and Fort Schuyler.

Draft.

1 p.

man.
1781
FEB. 20

In handwriting of Tench TilghB. XIII, pt. 2, 343

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] [James] Clinton [Albany]. Meat and salt provi sions for troops at Fort Schuyler, Schenectady
and Albany;
recruits.

Draft.
B.

1

p.

In hand
pt. 2,

writing of Tench Tilghman.

XIII,

341

1781
FEB. 20

Washington, George. New Windsor. To Marquis de Lafayette [Pompton, New Jersey]. Transmitting instructions; conditions governing the return of the expedition. Auto, draft signed. 1 p. In B. Ford, 9, 151, note. XIII, pt. 2, 331
Instructions to [Washington, George.] New Windsor. Marquis de Lafayette [Pompton, New Jersey].

1781
FEB. 20

March of

his

detachment to Virginia; route,
Arnold;
Draft.
B.
3

etc.;

general directions;

cooperation with

Comte de Rochambeau.
handwriting of 9, 149.
1781
FEB. 20

Alexander Hamilton.

In pp. In Ford, XIII, pt. 2, 333

Washington, George. New Windsor. To [Philip John] Schuyler, Albany. Perplexed situation of mili tary affairs; Maryland s acceding to the Confed eration and Virginia s relinquishment of Western lands; establishment of Ministers [Secretaries] of

departments; Schuyler and the Secretaryship of War; convention of Eastern States; postpone ment of visit to Rhode Island. Auto, draft signed. P. 3pp. In part in Ford, 9, 133. 11,295

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
FEB. 20

1725

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Baron Steuben Court House, Virginia]. Defense of [Chesterfield Virginia and assistance to [Maj .] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene; French squadron sent to the Chesa peake and Marquis de Lafayette s Light Infantry detachment for Virginia; pilots for French
Draft. squadron; Arnold; Armand s corps. 3 pp. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. B. In Sparks, 7, 420. XIII, pt. 2, 337

1781
FEB. 20

[Washington, George.]
peake].

New

Windsor.

commanding French Naval
Continental
Arnold.

To [the Officer force in the Chesa

Detachment, under Lafayette, from

army

to

Draft.

4

pp.

cooperate in destroying In handwriting of
D.
I,

Alexander Hamilton.
1781
FEB. 20

pt. 2,

43

Admiralty Board.

propounded

[Philadelphia]. Forty seven questions to Capt. John Paul Jones, to which

answers are to be given in writing, covering hia conduct from Nov. 1, 1777. Contemporary copy. 5 pp. In handwriting of Charles Morse. Enclosed in Jones to Washington, 1781, May 7. 49, 22
1781
FEB. 20

Cornwallis, Charles, Earl. Hillsborough, North Carolina. Proclamation: All loyal people to join the royal standard and aid in crushing the remains of the
1 p. rebellion. Contemporary copy by Greene. Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, Feb. 28. 47, 37

1781
FEB. 20

Davies, William.

Chesterfield

[New

Jersey].

To

[George]
of

Washington [New Windsor].

Remonstrance

officers of the Virginia Line against [Brig.] Gen. [George] Weedon s return to service. A. L. S.

as President of the

Board

of

Arrangement.
46,

1

p.

Answered March
1781
FEB. 20

24.

298

Destouches, [Chevalier].

port Road.
sor].

On board the Neptune, NewTo [George Washington, New Wind

Washington s proposal of an expedition to the Chesapeake; strength of French and British fleet in Gardiner s Bay. L. S. 2 pp. (In
French.)

Answered Feb.

26.

46,

292

1781
FEB. 20

Dewees, Thomas.

[New Windsor].

Philadelphia. To George Washington Petition praying remission of

1726

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
publication of his dismissal in general orders. A. D. 1 p. On verso is a recommendation of the petition to Washington s favor signed by the

members

of

Humpton
1781
FEB. 20

to

Enclosed in Feb. 21. Washington, 1781, 46, 313
the court martial.

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Maj. [James Randolph] Reid ordered to join the Light Infantry; discharge of
Capt. [Thomas] Smart; disposition of troops for the defense of West Point; advisability of for

warding the recruits from Springfield [Massa
chusetts].

L. S.

2 pp.

Answered Feb.

22.

46,

287

1780
FEB. 20

Rochambeau, [Comte de.] Newport [Rhode Island], To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Squadron sent by Destouches to Virginia; willingness to have undertaken Washington s suggestion [for an expedition against Arnold in Virginia];
Estaing s victory; regret at reports of Comte the delay in receiving Washington s suggestion. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Feb. 26. 46, 289

D

1781
FEB. 20

Shepard,

William.
[George]

Springfield

[Massachusetts].

To
1 p.

Washington [New Windsor].

Will trans
46, 291

mit court-martial proceedings.
1781
FEB. 20

A. L. S.

Smith, William

Stephens].

Peekskill.

[New

York].

Return of clothing wanting in the Light Infantry. Tabular statement. 1 p. Enclosed in Lafayette
to

Washington, 1781, Feb.

23.

46,

325

1781
FEB. 21

Washington, George. New Windsor. To Lt. Col. [Jacob Difficulties in Gerhard] Dircks, Philadelphia. him in the Army. Draft. 2 pp. In employing handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. B. XIII, pt. 2, 351
Washington,

1781
FEB. 21

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. George. Le Begue] Duportail, Philadelphia. [Louis Wishes Duportail to accompany him on visit to
the French army.

Auto, draft signed. B. XIII,

1 p.

pt. 2,

347

1781
FEB. 21

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] [Benjamin] Lincoln [Boston]. Need of recruits; forwarding of men; [Brig.] Gen. [Daniel] Mor-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
gan
s

1727
3 pp.

victory [at Cowpens].
B.

Draft.

In
345

handwriting of
1781
FEB. 21

Tench Tilghman.
XIII,
pt. 2,

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Lt. Col. [Jeremiah] Olney [Rhode Island]. Orders to forward 1 p. recruits as rapidly as possible. Draft. In

handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII, pt.

2,

349

1781
FEB. 21

Barber, F[rancis].

Menham Huts

[Pompton,

New Jersey].

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. For mation of a light corps; settlement of the diffi culties in the Jersey Line discharge claims his letters broken open. A. L. S. 2 pp. 46, 307
; ;

To

1781
FEB. 21

Dayton, Elias. [Chatham, New Jersey] To Marquis [de] Lafayette [Morristown, New Jersey], Forward A. L. S. 1 p. 46, 352 ing intelligence.
Destouches, [Chevalier]

1781
FEB. 21

On

board the Neptune, Newport

Road.

To [George Washington, New Windsor].

Success of the French ships in the Chesapeake. 2 pp. L. S. (In French) 46, 305

1781
FEB. 21

Humphrys, D[avid]. Hartford [Connecticut]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Delay in his re turn; meeting of the State Assembly to furnish money and supplies for the Army; state of the
unfit;

recruiting service; forwarding of the physically method of obviating same; marching of

the

men
S.

to

camp need
;

ments
A. L.
1781 Fes
21

for bringing salt

of transporation arrange meat to the Hudson.
46,

6 pp.

308

.

Humpton, Richard. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Petitions remission of latter portion of Thomas Dewees court-martial sen tence. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered Feb. 27. 46, 312
Tilghman, T[ench].

1781
FEB. 21

New

Windsor.

To

Col. [Timothy]

Pickering, or Col. [Samuel] Miles, Philadelphia.

Transmission of despatches
draft signed.
1

[to Virginia].

p.

B.

Auto. XIII, pt. 2, 353

1781
FEB. 22

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To

Jersey]. Dayton [Chatham, information of enemy s movements. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. Marked,
(private.)

New

Col. [Elias] Necessity of

B.

XIII, pt.

2,

377

1728
1781
FEB. 22

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

New Windsor. To Col. [Elias] [Washington, George.] or Officer commanding the Jersey bri Dayton gade [Chatham, New Jersey], Orders to place the light detachment under command of Marquis de Lafayette. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of
Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

379

1781
FEB. 22

New Windsor. To [Chevalier [Washington, George.] Detachment to coop Destouches, Newport]. erate in Virginia with his naval detachment in the Chesapeake. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. In Ford, 9, 159.
D.
I,

pt. 2,

47

1781
FEB. 22

[Washington, George.]

[Maj.] Gen. [William] Heath [West Point]. Capt, [Thomas] Smart s discharge; force at the different works; forwarding of recruits from Massachusetts,

New

Windsor.

To

Rhode Island and Connecticut.

Draft.

1

p.

1781
FEB. 22

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 2, 355 New Windsor. To Marquis de [Washington, George.]
Lafayette [Pompton,

New

Jersey].

Possibility

of reenforcement to his

detachment from the

1781 FEB 22
-

Pennsylvania Line; the Jersey detachment; pro vision arrangements. Draft. 2 pp. In hand of Tench Tilghman. writing B. XIII, pt. 2, 361 [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Maj.] Gen. [Samuel Holden] Parsons [Redding, Connecti cut]. Prisoners taken by Capt. [Caleb] Brewster; Lt. Col. [Ebenezer] Huntington s claim to rank;
disputes in the line of [Connecticut] Captains. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh

man.
1781 FEB

B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

365

[Washington, George.]
-

New

Windsor.

To

[Maj. Gen.

22

Samuel Holden Parsons, Redding, Connecticut]. Investigation of Tory plot in Stratford and Fairfield counties.

Draft.

Alexander Hamilton.
1781 FEB

[Washington, George.]
-

New
Clair

3 pp. In handwriting of In Ford, 9, 158. B. XIII, pt. 2, 367 Windsor. To Maj. Gen.

22

The Light [Philadelphia]. Infantry detachment under Marquis de Lafay ette; reenforcement desired from the Pennsyl[Arthur]
St.

CORRESPONDENCE OP GEORGE WASHINGTON
vania Line.
Draft.
2 pp.

1729

In handwriting of
9, 156.

Tench Tilghman.
1781 FEB

In Ford,

B.

XIII, pt.

2,

357

[Washington, George.]
-

New Windsor To

Col. [William]

2?

Shepard

[Springfield, Massachusetts].

Forward
2 pp.

ing of recruits; arms and clothing. Draft. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

375

1781 FEB 22
-

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Col. Walter Stewart, Philadelphia]. Stoppage of subscrip tions of the Philadelphia merchants; his exer tions during the late disturbances [mutiny of the

Pennsylvania Line]. Draft. ing of Alexander Hamilton.
1781 FEB

1 p.

In handwrit P. II, 301

Anonymous.
-

New Windsor.
and

22

ford

Report of Tory plot in StratFairfield counties [Connecticut]. 2 pp.
B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

371

1781 FEB

Gould,
-

.

22

[Elias]

[Elizabethtown ? New Jersey] To Col. Dayton [Chatham, New Jersey]. Effect on

British of [Col. Banestre] Tarleton s defeat [at Cowpens]; Arnold s situationin Virginia; ground ing of one of the French ships; preparations at

New York
A. L. S.

to

embark

assistance

[to Arnold].

Enclosed in Smith to Washing ton, 1781, Feb. 25. 46, 315
1 p.

1781 FEB

Heath, W[illiam].
-

22

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Capture of a patrol of [Col.
s corps.

James] Delancy
1781 FEB
Steuben, [Baron].
-

L. S.

1 p.

46,

318

Chesterfield Court House, Virginia.

To

23

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. Prepara tions made and orders issued for guarding the

French ships; capture of a British picket near
Portsmouth; departure of the French; contin ued efforts to cloth and equip the troops; sup plies from the North; position of Greene and
Cornwallis;

sembling of troops.
1781 FEB
-

militia ordered out; L. S. 6pp.

reports of as

46,319

23

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Capt. [Caleb] Brewster, Fairfield [Connecticut]. His prisoners;
inability to spare In handwriting of

him more men. Tench Tilghman.
B.

Draft.

1

p.

56214

VOL

312

XIII,

pt. 2,

387

7

1730
1781
FEB. 23

LIBRAEY OF CONGRESS
[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. ToMaj. Gen. [WilHam] Heath [West Point]. Providing for protec tion of West Point and dependencies; drawing
;

in of recruits

guards,

etc.
7,

militia signals; vigilance of water 2 pp. Auto, draft signed. In

Sparks,

426.

B.

XIII, pt.

2,

381

1781
FEB. 23

[Washington, George.]

[New Windsor] To John Moylan

His succeeding to office of [Philadelphia]. Clothier General on Col. [James] Wilkinson s res
In handwriting of Tench B. XIII, pt. 2, 389 New Windsor. To Capt. Stephen [Washington, George.] Olney [New Windsor]. His dispute of rank with Capt. [William] Allen. Draft. 1 p. In hand writing of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 2, 385
ignation.

Draft.

1 p.

Tilghman.

1781
FEB. 23

1781
FEB. 23

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To Capt.

[Job]

Sumner, Verplanck s Point. Question of his ex change in rank; half pay to officers of Living
ston
s

regiment.

Draft.

1 p.

B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

383

1781
FEB. 23

Adam, John.

[Elizabethtown,

New

[Elias] Dayton, Chatham. on Long Island; boats for their passage to the mainland; fears for Washington s safety; per

To Col. Jersey.] movement Cavalry

Sandy Hook].
1781 FEB
Lafayette,
-

plexity of British at New York over ships seen [off A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in La
fayette to Washington, 1781, Feb. 25.
46, 353

23

[Marquis de] Pompton [New Jersey]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Unreliable information of a deserter. A. L. S. 2 pp. An swered Feb. 25. 46, 324

1781
T?EB. 23

Saint Maime, [Comte de].
tion of

Pompton [New

Jersey].

To

[George Washington,

New

Windsor].

Apprecia

Washington s kindness; his own and Saint Victor intention of accompanying Capt. 1 p. (In Lafayette [to Virginia]. A. L. S.
French.)
46,
de].

322

1781 FEB

Lafayette,
-

[Marquis

Pompton [New

Jersey].

To

23

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. Addition of a Pennsylvania detachment [to his expedition];

march delayed by

rain; clothing needed; pre cautions to deceive the British; letters from France contain no news disappointment that no
;

clothing

was brought

in the Ariel; [Capt. John]

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1731

Paul Jones opinion as to reenforcement coming from France suspicions of a deserter sent on to Washington, and his information. A. L. S. 4 pp. 46, 326
;

1781
FEB. 24

Washington, George.

New Windsor.

To Due de Lauzun

[Hartford], Necessary postponement of journey to Newport. Auto, draft signed. 1 p.

D.

I, pt. 2,

53

1781
FEB. 24

[Washington George.]

New

Windsor.

To Comte de Ro-

intelligence of [Comte in the West Indies; the victory celebration of Washington s birthday; British

chambeau [Newport]. His

D Estaing s]

intentions; visit to Newport.

Draft.

2 pp.

handwriting of 9, 161.
1781
FEB. 24

Alexander Hamilton.
D.

In In Ford,
51

I, pt. 2,

New Windsor. To Abraham [Washington, George.] Skinner [New Windsor ?] Distress of British and
German
prisoners at Philadelphia. Draft.
1 p.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII,
1781
FEB. 24

pt. 2,

391

Butler, Zebulon.

Wyoming [Pennsylvania]. To [George] Washington, New Windsor. Delay in marching for Wyoming caused by need of clothing; lack
his application for leave; Capt. Mitchell s qualifications; officers of [Alexander]

of

blankets;

[Maj.

John Paul] Schott

s

corps

made super

numeraries; fruitless applications to the Board of War. L. S. 2 pp. 46, 343
1781 FEB 24
-

Destouches, [Chevalier].

[Newport Road.] To [Comte de Rochambeau, Newport]. Naval captures of the French squadron in the Chesapeake; inability to obtain pilots to go into the Elizabeth River; grounding of the Surveillante; intended use of

Romulus against the British privateers. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Ro chambeau to Washington, 1781, Feb. 24.
the
46,

335

1781
FEB. 24

Heath, W[illiam].

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Discharge of Capt. [Thomas]

Smart; unfit recruits [from Connecticut]; alarm signals; instructions to defend Verplanck s and Stony Points; block house at Dobbs Ferry; sup ply of salt-meat and flour; logs for the chain. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Feb. 27. 46, 346

1732
1781
FEB. 24

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Lafayette, [Marquis de].

Morristown [New Jersey].

To

[George Washington, New Windsor]. March of the troops; spies sent in to the enemy; zeal dis played by the troops; report of Arnold s distress and inability of New York to relieve him; addi
tion of axes to Lafayette s supplies; French offi cers requesting permission to accompany him.

A. L. S. 1781
FEB. 24

3 pp.

Answered Feb.

26.

46,

330

Parsons, Samuel H[olden]. Connecticut Huts [Highlands]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. His visit to his family; missing of Washington s in structions on his return. A. L. S. 1 p. 46, 341
Platt, Richard.

1781
FEB. 24

Newburgh. To [Lt.] Col. [Alexander] Hamilton [New Windsor]. Question of replace ment of oxen taken from Col. A[nn] Hawkes Hay for public use. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered
Feb. 25.
46,

337

1781
FEB. 24

Rochambeau, [Comte de]. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Sailing of French ships to Chesapeake Bay; arrival of his son [Vicomte de Rochambeau]; necessity of a conference with Washington; capture of a British warship [H. M. S. Romulus]. L. S. 2 pp. An swered Feb. 27. 46, 333
[Washington, George.]

1781
FEB. 25

New Windsor. To [John] Berrien,
1 p.

Danbury [Connecticut]. His retention of hospital
stores; orders to deliver them. Draft. handwriting of Alexander Hamilton.

In
405

B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

1781
FEB. 25

[Washington, George.]

Hazen
altern

New Windsor. [Fishkill, New York],
Draft.

To

Col. [Moses]

Orders for a sub

necticut]

and party to proceed to Danbuiy [Con and obtain possession of hospital stores
1 p.

from [John] Berrien.
ing of

In handwrit
pt. 2,

Tench Tilghman.

B.

XIII,

401

1781
FEB. 25

New Windsor To [James and [Washington, George.] Horace] Hooker, Windsor, Connecticut. Order to deliver up hospital stores. Draft. 2 pp. In
handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. B. XIII,
pt. 2,

409

1781
FEB. 25

Washington, George.

fayette [Morristown,

New Windsor. To Marquis de LaNew Jersey]. British re-

enforcement for Arnold; clothing and shoes for

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
Lafayette
s

1733

detachment; [Rear] Adml. [Samuel]

Hood

s

defeat

by Comte

D Estaing;

boats; pro

visions.

3pp. In hand writing of Tench Tilghman and Washington. With excep tions in Ford, 9, 164. B. XIII, pt. 2, 393
Draft signed.

1781
FEB. 25

[Washington, George.]

[New Windsor.] To Comte de Sainte-Mesme [Saint-Maime, Pompton, New Jer His intention to accompany Lafayette [to sey]. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Virginia]. Alexander Hamilton. D. I, pt. 2, 55

1781
FEB. 25

[Washington, George.]
[Lt.

New Windsor. Instructions to William Torrey, Fishkill]. To obtain hos pital stores from [John] Berrien at Danbury. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 2, 403

1781 FEB

[Washington, George.]
-

25

Orange

New Windsor. To [the Colonels of County militia, New York]. Requesting

that the militia be held in readiness to march to 1 p. En support of West Point. Auto, draft. dorsed with names of Colonels of Orange, Ulster

and Dutchess.
Same
to the Colonels of Ulster

Swartwout.

B. XIII, pt. 2, 399 County and to Brig. Gen. Jacobus

1781 FEB

Bayley, Jacob.
-

Newbury [New Hampshire]. To

[George]

25

Requesting that Maj. [Benjamin] Whitcomb s corps be continued at Newbury; nearness of the enemy. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered Mar. 12. 47, 6
Brodhead, Daniel.
-

Washington [New Windsor].

1781

FEB

-

25

Fort Pitt. To [George] Washington Pleasure in obeying Washing ton s orders; rank of Capt. [Henry?] Heth and other officers; Indian murder on Ten Mile Creek and alarm of inhabitants; Col. [Brig. Gen. George Rogers] Clark s expedition; renews application for leave of absence continuance of garrison at Fort Mclntosh. A. L. S. 3pp. Answered Apr. 16. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 243.

[New Windsor].

;

47, 3

1781 FEB 25
-

Destouches, [Chevalier].
ton,

[George WashingReturn of the French Windsor]. squadron from the Chesapeake; capture of the Romulus; preparation for a second expedition; suggests junction with American troops at Head of Elk; requests directions. L. S. 2 pp. (In French) 47, 2

Newport. To

New

1734
[1781]
[FEB. 25]

LIBRAKY OF CONGRESS
France, Navy.
List of the French navy and their positions in the various parts of the world. Tabular Endorsed by statement. 3 pp. (In French). Washington: "List of the Navy of France

&

where employed as reed, from the Marquis de Laval 25 Feb. 1781"
[1781] FEB. 25

W

Hamilton, Alexander].

[New Windsor].

To Maj.

[Rich-

ard] Platt [Newburgh]. Orders delivery of oxen to Col. [Ann Hawkes] Hay. Auto, draft signed

on same document with Platt
ilton, 1781,

s letter to

Ham

Feb. 24.

1781
FEB. 25

Lafayette, [Marquis de]

Morristown [New Jersey]. To Intelli [George Washington, New Windsor]. a British cavalry movement, to attempt gence [of capture of Washington ?] [Maj Jean Bernard] de
;

1781
FEB. 25

accompany Lafayette; Wash s intended visit to Rhode Island. A. L. S. ington 2 pp. Answered Feb. 26. 46, 351 Near Newburgh [New York]. To Niven, D[aniel]. [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Need of

Murnand

s desire to

men

to prepare the chain. A. L. S. 1 p. En dorsed by Tilghman: "Genl. Heath to furnish the men wanted." 46, 350

1781

F EB

-

25

Rochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New Windsor], [Chevalier] Destouches determined to follow Washington s plan to hinder Arnold from taking post at Ports
capture of the Romulus and French troops to be sent to Virginia transports; and measures taken to secure the Rhode Island encampment need of Virginia forces cooperating
[Virginia];
;

mouth

with Baron Viomenil;
[1781]
[FEB. 25?]

preparations

for
46,

expedition. Rossbrook, Eleazar and Others.
shire].

L. S.

3 pp.

the 348

Newbury [New HampTo George Washington [New Windsor].

Memorial against the reduction and ordering South of Whitcomb s Corps; sufferings and incon veniences endured; pray to be allowed to remain to protect the frontier. D. S. 3 pp. Enclosed
in

Bayley to Washington, 1781, Feb.
Albany. To

25.

47, 7

1781
25

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John].

[George] WashingWashington s friendship; accession of Maryland to the Confederation and Virginia s cession of western lands; wish

ton [New Windsor].

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1735

that Congress would propose additional articles
of Confederation; advantage of ministers over boards for departmental affairs; Schuyler as

head of the

War

Department; reasons for not
A. L.
S.

serving; birth of a daughter.

7 pp.
46, 354

1781 FEB

-

25

Smith, William Stephens]. Mbrristown [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Lafayette

gone to Philadelphia; copies of
A. L.
S.
1 p.

letters received.

46,

314

1781 FEB

[Washington,
-

26

New Windsor. To Chevalier George.] Destouches [Newport]. Reasons for requesting a detachment; damage to British ships. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. D. I, pt. 2, 65

1781 FEB 26
-

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Marquis de Lafayette [Morristown, New Jersey]. Report of British dragoons in Connecticut; Pennsylvania Line ordered South; British troops at Cape Fear; suggestion for Continental vessels to go to the

Chesapeake;
Draft.

man.
1781 FEB
[Washington,
-

expected visit to Rhode Island. In handwriting of Tench TilghIn Ford, 9, 166. B. XIII, pt. 2, 413
2 pp.

26

New Windsor. To Due de George.] [Hartford]. Report of movement of directed against him. Draft. enemy, probably 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
Lauzun
D.
I, pt. 2,

61

1781 FEB

[Washington, George.]
-

26

D Estaing s success; situation in the Congress request of Chevalier Des touches. Draft. 3 pp. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. D. I, pt. 2, 57
of

Windsor. To Comte de His proposition for a detachment from the French Army; intelligence

New

Rochambeau [Newport].
Comte

South;

1781 FEB -26

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Maj

.

Gen. [Ar-

The Pennsylvania Line to join the Southern Army; need of a briga
thur] St. Clair [Philadelphia].
dier in Virginia. Draft. of Tench Tilghman.

2 pp. In handwriting B. XIII, pt, 2, 411

1781 FEB

-

26

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Brig. Gen, [Anthbny] Wayne [Philadelphia]. The Pennsylva-

1736

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
nia Line ordered South; Wayne to command it. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 2, 415 In part in Ford, 9, 157.

1781
FEB. 26

Bayley, Jacob.

Newbury [New Hampshire]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Explanation of
situation of the

New Hampshire
9.

Grants; their

origin, law, feeling of the people, etc. ; results of Congress delay in dealing with the matter.

L. S. 5 pp.

Answered June

47, 18

1781
FEB. 26

Col.

Henry.

Salem [Muskingum, Ohio]. To Makingweegesuch Col. [Daniel] Brodhead [Fort Pitt], Misunderstanding between them; knowledge
gained at Cooshocking; preparations to ally themselves to the Wyandots; war parties sent out; intended advance of British and Indians 2 pp. against the Delawares and Fort Pitt.

Enclosed in Brodhead to Washington, 1781, Mar. 10. 47, 123
1781
[FEB.] 26

Hackenwelder, John.

Salem [Muskingum County, Ohio].

Col. [Daniel] Brodhead [Fort Pitt]. Thanks for his gifts; hostile intentions of the Cooshock

To

ing Indians;

threats of

Bawbee

against Kill-

buck; character of latter; John Montour; hope of Brodhead s punishing the Cooshocking In dians. Copy. 3 pp. Enclosed in Brodhead to Washington, 1781, Mar. 10. 47, 121
1781
FEB. 26

Harrison, Robert H[anson]

Nanjemoy

[Virginia].

To

[George]

Washington [New Windsor]. The Penn

sylvania mutiny;

new arrangement of the Army;

effect of the financial conditions; Arnold s plun dering; failure of [Lt. Col. David] Humphrey s

capture Baron Knyphausen or Sir Henry Clinton]; Harrison s delay; Mrs. Harri son s death and property troubles: intention of 47, 16 leaving the Army. A. L. S. 3 pp.

attempt

[to

[1781]
[FEB. 26]

Maxwell, Hugh. [On the lines, near New York.] To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath [West Point]. News of Arnold being surrounded in Virginia and a regi ment embarking to go to his aid. Recent copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Feb. 27. 47, 25
Lauzun, D[uo
de].

1781
FEB. 26

Lebanon

[Connecticut].

To

[Lt. Col.

Alexander Hamilton,

New

Windsor].

Introduc-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
ing [Baron] de Closen. A. L. S.
1 p.

1737
(InFrench)
1,

In Hamilton, Works of Hamilton.
1781
FEB. 26

215.
2,

Haml.

113

Rendon, Francisco. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Gov. Bernardo de Galvez s
expedition against Pensacola; Spanish ships of the line at Havana; [Charles III, King of Spain s] approval of Rendon s measures. L. S.
5 pp.

Answered Mar.

23.

47, 10

1781 FEB

[Washington, George.]
-

New Windsor. To

[Chevalier Des-

27

touches, Newport]

French naval success in the

Chesapeake; cooperation with Lafayette; sug gesting an attempt against British expedition on Cape Fear River [North Carolina]. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton.
D.
I, pt. 2,

71

1781 FEB

-

27

[Washington, George.] [Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene, Guilford Court House, North Carolina]. [Brig.] Gen. [Daniel] Morgan s vic
tory [at Cowpens]; Greene s difficulties; Penn sylvania Line ordered South; damage to British fleet by storm; detachment under Lafayette or dered to Virginia; recruiting in Eastern States;

New Windsor. To

arms and clothing from French; Baron Steuben s aid to Greene; news of [Rear] Adml. [Samuel] Hood and Comte D Estaing. Draft. 3 pp. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton.
B.

XIII,
.

pt. 2,

419

1781 FEB 27
-

[Washington, George.]
liam]

New Windsor. To Maj

Gen. [Wil-

Heath [West Point]. Supply of meat and flour for West Point; preparation of logs for the chain; the orders to defend Dobbs Ferry; repair of arms. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench
Tilghman.
B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

417

1781 FEB

[Washington, George.]
-

New

Windsor.

To

Col. [Richard]

27

Humpton,
of

[Thomas] Dewees.

Philadelphia. Court-martial sentence Draft. 1 p.
B.

XIII,

pt. 2,
6,

433
and

Dewees was cashiered by court-martial at Philadelphia, Dec. sentence approved in General Orders, Dec. 25.

1780

1781 FEB 27
-

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor To
?].

fayette [Philadelphia

Marquis de LaPreparation of a French

squadron for Chesapeake Bay; government of

1738

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
his embarkation at Head of Elk. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In Ford, 9, B. 172. XIII, pt. 2, 427

1781
FEB. 27

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. ToMaj. Gen. [Benjamin] Lincoln [Boston]. [Lt.] Col. [John] Laurens embarkation; payment of Invalid regi ment; Lord Cornwallis and [Brig.] Gen. [Daniel] Morgan [in South Carolina]; [Maj.] Gen. [Na

Lee

manoeuvers; Lt. Col. [Henry] Georgetown; proclamations 2 pp. In hand of pardon for deserters. Draft. writing of Tench Tilghman. In Ford, 9, 170. B. XIII, pt. 2, 423
s
[jr.]

thanael] Greene

s surprise of

1781
FEB. 27

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] [Samuel Holden] Parsons [Redding, Connecti
cut].

Quickness essential to investigate [Tory

plot in Fairfield
1 p.

and Stratford

counties].

Draft.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt.

2,

431

1781
FEB. 27

W[ashingto]n, G[eorge].

New

Windsor.

Rochambeau [Newport].

To Comte de Success of the French

naval detachment in Chesapeake Bay; Lord Cornwallis and [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene in the South; militia; Maj. [Henry] Lee [jr.] s
capture of Georgetown; expected visit to New port; British preparations for a Virginia reenforcement. Draft signed. 4 pp. In handwrit D. ing of Alexander Hamilton. I, pt. 2, 67

1781
FEB. 27

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Baron Steuben [Richmond ?] Marquis de Lafayette s detach ment; aid to [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene;

Pennsylvania Line ordered South; meeting of the [Virginia] legislature. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. B. XIII, pt. 2, 429
1781
FEB. 27
Clinton,

James.

Albany.

To Gov.
York].
;

[George]
Critical

Clinton
state
of

[Poughkeepsie,

New

supplies and public magazines provisions needed at Fort Schuyler; condition of the sick; lack of provisions to pursue if enemy should raid the
frontier.

in Clinton to

Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed Washington, 1781, Apr. 5. 47, 287

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
FEB. 27

1739

Heath, W[illiam].

1781
FEB. 27

Mellen,

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Suggests repairing arms at West Point; absolute need of writing paper. L. S. 2 pp. Answered same day. 47, 24 James and Others. West Point. To Maj. Gen. Their service [William] Heath [West Point].
and exertions; mortification
of their

of having but one

number appointed

Infantry] detachment. other officers of the Massachusetts Line. closed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Mar.

to go with the [Light D. S. by Mellen and six

En
2.

47,27
1781
FEB. 27

Rochambeau, Comte

de.

Newport [Ehode

Island].

To

[George Washington, New Windsor]. Prepara tion of land and naval forces [for second expedi tion to the Chesapeake]; doubt of report of

Comte

D Estaing s
New

from France; news Answered Mar. 2.
1781
FEB. 28

of

victory; arrival of a frigate Estaing. L. S. 2 pp.

D

47, 23

To Col. [Samuel [Washington, George.] John] Atlee, Capts. [Daniel] Topham, [Robert] Caldwell, [Bernard] Ward, [Matthias] WenderWindsor.

man, [John] Richardson, [Daniel] Brodhead [jr.], [John] Lawrence, [John] Morgan and [John] Helm
[Philadelphia]. Sympathy for their situation; to second their application to the [Penn inability
2 pp. Draft. sylvania] Assembly. of Alexander Hamilton. writing

In hand
pt. 2,

B.

XIII,

441

1781
FEB. 28

[Washington, George.]
assistance
to

Brodhead [Fort
Clark
s

Windsor. To Col. [Daniel] His provision difficulty; Col. [Brig. Gen. George Rogers]
Pitt].
;

New

expedition [against Detroit] Draft. troops; leave of absence.
B.

scarcity of 2 pp. In
pt. 2,

handwriting of Tench Tilghman.

XIII,

437

1781 FEB

-

28

1781 FEB.28

[Washington, George.] Brig. Gen. Clinton [Albany]. [James] Ordering discon tinuance of morning and evening gun and salutes at Fort Schuyler. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 2, 435 Greene, Nathanael. High Rock Ford, Haw River, Guilford

New

Windsor.

To

County

[North

Carolina].

To

[George]

1740

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

Washington [New Windsor]. Cornwallis procla mation [of Feb. 20]; Greene s advance; lack of aid from the militia; Col. William Campbell expected with mounted riflemen; Cornwallis movements; lack of news from Brig. Genls. [Thomas] Sumter and [Francis] Marion; raising of two negro regi ments by the British large number of disaffected in North Carolina; success of [Brig.] Gen. [An drew] Pickens and Lt. Col. [Henry] Lee [jr.] in routing [Lt.] Col. [John] Hamilton s corps; need of exertion by the Southern States; Baron Steuben s efforts; eighteen months men from
;

Virginia; uselessness of Armand s corps; de struction of Cherokee towns by militia of the

back counties; Greene

sioners to treat with the Cherokee

Nations. A. L. S. Sparks, Letters to Washington,

appointment of Commis and Chickasaw 7pp. Answered Mar. 21. In
s
3,

244.

47, 33

1781
FEB. 28

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Men to be sent above Newburgh to work on the logs; reduction of number of troops on the lines and remonstrance of inhabit ants; Maj. [Hugh] Maxwell s position; confusion in New York; British reports from the Chesa

peake; several cases of small-pox. Answered Mar. 1.
[1781]
[FEB.]

L. S.

3 pp.
47, 31

Francis, A[nne], Henrietta Hillegas, M[ary] Clarkson,

Sarah

To [New Windsor]. Delay [George] Washington caused by death of Mrs. [Esther] Read purchase of shirts and forwarding of same gratitude of the
Bache and Susan
Blair.

[Philadelphia.]

;

;

ladies to the
cess.

Army; wishes and prayers
2pp.

for suc

L. S.
9,

Answered Feb.

13.

Extract

in

Ford

113, Note.

Memorials, 83

[1781]
[FEB.]

Greene, Nathanael.

[South Carolina.] Cornwallis pursuit of Virginia]. Gen. [Daniel] Morgan; efforts to form a [Brig.] junction; lack of resistance made by militia; prospects of checking the enemy; need of men;

To [Baron Steuben,

Richmond,

neglect of arms; uselessness of militia; capture of Georgetown intention of harassing the British rear. Contemporary copy. 4 pp. Enclosed in
;

1781 MAR.

1

Steuben to Washington, 1781, Feb. 12. 46, 160 New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] [Philemon] Dickinson, Trenton. Orders to hold

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1741

the Jersey militia in readiness against an attack on West Point. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting
of

Tench Tilghman.

B.

XIII,

pt. 3, 7

1781 MAR.

Washington,
1

1781 MAR.

1

Duportail [Philadelphia ?] Unexpected departure for Rhode Island; Draft. requests Duportail to join him there. 1 p. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. B. XIII, pt. 3, 11 New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Force on the [William] Heath [West Point].
lines;

George. [Louis Le Begue]

New

Windsor.

To

Brig.

Gen.

supplies to be repair of arms. Draft.

pushed to West Point; 1 p. In handwriting of

1781 MAR.

1

Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 3, 1 [New Windsor.] To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] [Henry] Knox [New Windsor]. Replenishing artillery and ordnance stores at Fort Schuyler; powder for New York. Draft. 1 p. In hand B. XIII, pt. 3, 9 writing of Tench Tilghman.
[Washington, George.] [New Windsor.] To [Marquis de French expedition Lafayette, Philadelphia]. under Chevalier Destouches to operate in Chesa

1781 MAE.

1

peake Bay; cooperation in Virginia; [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene and Lord Cornwallis in North Carolina Arnold and change of plan and cover 4 pp. In ing of Lafayette s design. Draft. handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. In Ford,
;

9,177.

B.
de]

XIII,

pt. 3, 3

1781 MAR.

Charlus,
1

[Comte

Castries

de.

[George Washington,

New

To Philadelphia. Desire to Windsor].

accompany Lafayette on the [Virginia] expedi tion. Recent copy. 1 p. Answered Mar. 23.
47, 55

1781

Dillon, Robert.
-

MAR

l

Philadelphia. To [George Washington, Windsor]. Wish to accompany Lafayette on the Southern expedition. A. L. S. 1 p. (In Answered Mar. 23. Endorsed by French) from Count Dillon 47,64 Tilghman:

New

"

"

1781

MAR

-

*

Hazen, Moses. Fishkill [New York]. To George Washington [New Windsor]. Memorial: His services;

prays payment of his regiment and promotion to C. C. 152,10,13 brigadiership. D. S. 4pp.
1781

Heath, W[illiam].
-

MAR

!

West Point. To [New Windsor]. Requests

[George] Washington directions respecting

1742

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
flour,

beef and

hands
2 pp.

rum at Peekskill; clothing in of the Massachusetts sub-clothier. L. S.
47, 43

1781 MAR.

Loring,
1

Joshua

and

Abraham

Skinner.

New

York.

Exchange of Convention officers agreed to. Contemporary copy by Skinner. Tabular state ment giving names, corps and rank. 2 pp.
Enclosed in Skinner to Washington, 1781, Mar.
10.

47, 108

1781 MAR.

Lincoln, Benjamin.
1

Boston.
the

[New Windsor].
recruits
to

To [George] Washington Collection and marching of
clothing;
militia

Army;

and

Lincoln going to Rhode Island: arrival of gunbarrels and locks from France. A. L. S. 3 pp. 47, 52
1781 MAR.
[Barbe-]Marbois,
1

To [George Marquis] de. Col. [Lewis de] Windsor]. Washington, La Radiere s certificate of service. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Mar. 23. 47, 50
[Francois,

New

1781 MAR.

Pomeroy,
1

Ralph.

New

Windsor.

Memorandum

of

for forwarding provisions from western Connecticut to the Hudson "River. D. S.
1 p.

method proposed

47, 45

1781 MAR.

Skinner,
1

Abraham and Joshua
Exchange

loring.

New

York.

of British officers agreed to.

Con
rank.

temporary copy by Enclosed in Skinner to Washington, 1781, 1 p. Mar. 10. 47, 110
1781 MAR.
1

Skinner.

Names and

Rochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To Letters [George Washington, New Windsor]. from France; Prince de Montbarey succeeded by Marquis de Segur [as Minister of War of France];
arrival of

Comte D Estaing

of the [Chesapeake

Bay] expedition. L.

at Brest; preparation S. 2 pp.
47, 38

1781 MAR.

Steuben,
1

[Baron].

Richmond

[Virginia].

To

[George]

Washington [New Windsor]. Preparations for an attempt on Portsmouth; impossibility of Ar
nold
s escape by land; concentration of troops; strength; plan proposed; assistance sent [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene; general measures taken. L. S. 5 pp. Answered Mar. 21. 47, 47

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
[1781] [MAR.

1743

[Steuben, Baron.]
l]

Portsmouth

Sketch plan of attack proposed on 1 p. Enclosed in pre [Virginia]. 47, 49 ceding entry.

1781 MAR.

2

[Washington, George.] Col. Morehouse s. To Chevalier His determination to Destouches [Newport]. send a second expedition to the Chesapeake.
Draft.
ilton.
1

p.

In handwriting of Alexander
D.
Col.

Ham
75

I, pt. 2,

1781 MAR.

[Washington, George.]
2

Morehouse

s.

To Comte de
intelli
1

Rochambeau [Newport]. Acknowledging
gence; journey to Newport. Draft. handwriting of Alexander Hamilton.
D.

p.

In
73

I, pt. 2,

1781 MAR.

2

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Appointment of officers to the [Light Infantry] detachment feeling among the
;

officers;

1781 MAR.

Lafayette,
2

Heath own feelings. L. S. 2 pp. 47, 26 [Marquis de]. Philadelphia. To [George Washrapidity
of

ington, en route for Newport].
ters;

march

of

the

Delay of his let detachment;

measures for the passage down the [Chesapeake] Bay; message sent to [Capt. Gardeur] de Tilly and Baron Steuben; impossibility of obtaining a reenforcement from the Pennsylvania Line; ob stacles to sending out the Continental frigates; uncertainty of things; danger of venturing down the Bay; damage to British ships circumstances
;

that will govern Lafayette s return; difficulties in obtaining clothing and shoes; desires to ac company Washington to Newport. A. L. S.
7 pp.

In Sparks, Letters to Washington,
Philadelphia.

3,

248.

47, 68

1781 MAR.

St. Clair,
2

Arthur.

To

[George] Washington

Newport]. Recruiting business be fore the [Pennsylvania] Assembly; necessity of
[en route for

the late discharge method; inadvisability of

pun

ishment; difficulty in complying with Washing ton s orders of Feb. 22 [to reinforce Lafayette s detachment] delay in fulfilling promises made to the Pennsylvania mutineers and effect on the re 2 pp. A. L. S. 47, 66 cruiting.
;

1781 MAR.

Skinner,
2

Abraham.
York].

New

York.

To Joshua Loring [New

Proposing to

exchange Lt. Gen. [John]

1744

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

Burgoyne by composition.
1 p.
ish."

Contemporary copy.

Endorsed: "Not acceded to by the Brit Enclosed in Skinner to Washington, 1781,
10.

Mar.
1781 MAR.
3

47, 111

Canadian regiment, Second, Officers. Fishkill [New York]. To Lt. Col. [Edward] Antill [Fishkill]. Illiberal sentiments of Maj. James Rfandolph] Reid s defense; decline duty under him until assertions
are proved at public hearing. Contemporary copy of original signed by Maj. Jos. Torrey and

fourteen others.

1

p.

1781 MAR.

Washington, 1783, Jan. 13. Elk [Maryland]. Lafayette, [Marquis de].
3

Enclosed in Hazen to 61, 48

To [George] route for Newport]. His perusal Washington [en of Baron Steuben s letter; delay in preparation
of vessels.

A. L. S.

2 pp.

Answered Apr.

4.

47, 72

1781 MAR.

Skinner,
3

Abraham and Joshua Loring. Proposals for exchange of German and British officers of the Con
vention troops List of names provisional rati fication agreement. Contemporary copy. 4 pp. Enclosed in Skinner to Washington, 1781, Mar. 10. 47, 112
:

;

1781 MAR.

Torrey, Joseph
3

[New York]. To West Point]. Maj. James R[andolph] Reid s impeachments and charges against officers of Col. [Moses] Hazen s
and
Others.

Fishkill

[Maj. Gen. William Heath,

regiment; decline to do duty under Reid until charges are sustained at a public hearing. Con temporary copy of an original signed by Torrey

and
1781 MAR.

fifteen others.

2 pp.

Enclosed in Heath to

47, 331 Washington, 1781, Apr. 5. Jeremiah. Providence [Rhode Island]. To [George] Olney,
4

Washington [Hartford, Connecticut] and forwarding recruits; clothing
A. L.
S.

Collecting
difficulties.

2 pp.

47, 74

1781 MAR. 4

*

Shepard,

To Springfield [Massachusetts]. [George] Washington [Hartford]. Forwarding recruits from Great Barrington; delays in the re
William.
cruiting ; lack of clothing.

A. L. S.

2 pp.

47, 76

[1781] [MAR.

Shepard, William.
4]

randum
Point.
entry.

of

MemoSpringfield [Massachusetts]. number of recruits sent on to West
1

A. D. S.

p.

Enclosed in preceding
47, 77

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781 MAR.
Berrien,
5

1745

John.

Danbury

[Connecticut].

To

[George]
47, 80

Washington [Lebanon].
tion of hospital stores.

Keasons for his deten
L. S.
1 p.

1781 MAR.

Duportail,
5

[Lewis

Le Begue,

Washington, Lebanon]. letters; regret at not

Chevalier]. Delay of

To

[George

Rhode
A. L.
1781 MAR.

Island; will set
1 p.

Washington s accompanying him to out at once for Newport.
47, 82

S.

5

To Providence [Ehode Island]. Whipple, Abraham. Lebanon, Connecticut]. [George Washington, His capture at Charleston [South Carolina]; efforts to obtain an exchange; request of the French Admiral [Chevalier Destouches] to be
exchanged for Capt. George Gay ton; need of 47, 79 Washington s approval. L. S. 2 pp. Edward. Coldenham [New York]. To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath [West Point]. Objections of officers to Maj. [James Randolph] Reid s actions. A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to Washing
ton, 1781, Apr. 5. 47, 332

1781 MAR.

Antill,
7

1781 MAR.

Lafayette, [Marquis de].
7

Head

of

Elk [Maryland].

To

[George] Washington [Newport, Rhode Island]. Delay in embarkation; efforts of Maryland; ves sels; Baron Steuben s letters; question of storm

ing Portsmouth; [Brig.] Gen. [Anthony] Wayne and the Pennsylvanians State of Virginia and
;

A. L. S. 4 pp. prisoners. to Washington, 3, 254.
1781 MAR.
7

In Sparks, Letters
47, 87

Remy, [Jean Joseph]. Newport [Rhode Island]. Report of sick and wounded of the French Army at
Tabular statement. D. S. Endorsed by Washington: French.) of ye Sick
Newport.
"

1 p.

(In

"Report

W

1781

Shepard,
-

William.
of

Springfield

[Massachusetts].

To

MAR

7

[George] Washington [Newport]. John Collins; complicity of Eli Parsons and others in the crime; great number of arms need

Court-martial

ing repairing; lack of money, tem. A. L. S. 2 pp.
[1781] [MAR.

economy and
Island]

sys

47, 91

Washington, George.
8]

[Newport,

Rhode

To

[Lt.]

Col. [Alexander] Hamilton [Newport]. Requests the answer to the address [of the Citizens of NewVOL

56214

312

8

1746

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
port].

A. L.
1,

S.

1

Hamilton,
1781 MAR.

193,

In Hamilton, Works of p. under date of 1780. Haml. 4, 40

8

[Washington, George.] Newport [Rhode Island]. To de Lafayette, Elk River, Maryland]. [Marquis Sailing of French fleet [for the Chesapeake]. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. * * Communicated the same in Endorsed:
"*

telligence to the Minister of

France"

[Chevalier
pt. 3, 13

de La Luzerne].
1781 MAR.

In Sparks,

7,

447.

B.

XIII,
faulty

Armstrong, John.
8

Carlisle

[Pennsylvania].

To George
financial

Washington [Newport].
system; interposition of

The

Providence seen in news
[Maj.]

from the South; [Lord] Cornwallis and

Gen. [Nathanael] Greene; sad circumstances of [Maj.] Gen. [Horatio] Gates; reported arrest of A. Col. [Charles] Armand[-Tuffm] by Greene. 100 L. S. 3 pp. 47,
1781 MAR.
Destouches, [Chevalier].
8

On board

the

Due

de Bourgogne

[Newport].

To

Sailing of the 1 p. L. S.

[George Washington, Newport]. expedition for the Chesapeake. 47, 97

1781 MAR.

Lafayette, [Marquis de].
8

Elk [Maryland].
s

To [George

Comte Rochambeau

Washington, Newport]. Lafayette movements; s wish to have only the French troops employed; his motive; spirit of
the troops; safety in going as far as Annapolis by water; Lafayette s intentions; hopes of cor recting the political mistakes of the Barons [Vio-

menil and Steuben]; his letter to [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene; secrecy of his intentions. A. L. S. 4 pp. Answered Apr. 4. 47, 93
1781 MAR.
8

Kauthe, Philip. New York. Examination before a Committee of officers. Treatment experienced while
a prisoner at Philadelphia; scarcity and quality D. S. by Capt. of food; neglect of sick, etc.

Volpert, Lt. Ch. de Seelhorst and Judge Advocate Plumque. Confirmation of above by four pri
vates, Mar. 17, 1781. 4pp. Enclosed in Knyphausen to Washington, 1781, Mar. 25. 47, 243

1781 MAR.

Southwick, Solomon.
8

To [George] Washington to call on account of rheu [Newport]. Inability matism; supplies on hand; wishes to talk with
Newport.
Washington.
L. S.
2 pp.
47, 94

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781 MAR.

1747

D
9

Aboville, [Comte].

Newport [Khode Island], Return of and principal artillery and ammunition of guns both field and siege artillery of the French Army. Tabular statement. D. S. 3 pp. Signed also by Pery, Nadal, and Pau.
Newburgh.

W

1781 MAR.

Blaine, Eph[raim].
9

To

[George]

Washington

[Newport], Great expense and consumption of provisions caused by posts for deposit for State
supplies being established on the line of commu nication from the Eastern to the Southern States;

posts in Connecticut.

by Tilghman:

"Gov.

A. L. S. 3 pp. Endorsed Trumbull assures that no

Continental provision will be used by the State 47, 102 Troops."
1781 MAR.

Dayton, Elias.
9

Chatham [New

Jersey].
s spies;

To

[George]

Washington [Newport]. to death of three of Dayton

Capture and sentencing
sailing of a

British expedition; reception and treatment ac corded British flags at Elizabethtown. L. S.
2 pp.

Answered Mar.
Fort
Pitt.

27.

47, 104

1781 MAR.

Brodhead, Daniel.
10

[George] Washington [Newport]. Arrangement of the Maryland Line; loss of the interest of the Cooshocking Indians

To

and expectation of a general Indian war; scanty meat supply and need of salt provisions; Brig.
George Rogers] Clark s applications for supplies; reported defeat and death of Col. [Mottin] de La Balme at hands of Miami Indians.
[Gen.

A. L. S.
1781 MAR.
Cheever,
10

2 pp.

Answered Apr.

16.

47, 119

Ezekiel.

Springfield

[George]
Collins; state of

Washington [Newport]. his behavior and that

[Massachusetts], Trial of

To
John

of his friends;

1781 MAR.

10

[Commissary General of Military Stores] Department for want of money; payment for [char-] coal in smith-work; neglected state of the Department; expectation of workmen quitting. A. L. S. 2pp. 47,116 Iron Works, North Carolina. To Greene, Nathanael. [George] Washington [Newport] Lt. Col. [Henry] Lee[jr.] s skirmish at Alamance; junction with militia forces; retreat of British toward Guilford Court House; lack of confidence in the militia. A. L. S. 2 pp. In Acknowledged Apr. 19. Letters to Washington, 3, 259. 47, 105 Sparks,

1748
1781 MAR.
Skinner,
10

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

Abraham.

New Windsor. To [George] Washington [Newport]. Exchanges made of Convention and other British officers; refusal of enemy to exchange [Lt.] Gen. [John] Burgoyne on Skinner s terms; requests directions. A. L. S. 2 pp. An swered Apr. 12. 47, 106

1781 MAR.

11

[Washington, George.] Newport. To Marquis de Lafayette [Elk River, Maryland]. Intelligence of sail ing of a British fleet for the Chesapeake; caution
necessary.

Draft.

1

p.

In handwriting of Tench
7,

Tilghman.
1781 MAR.

In Sparks,

449.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3, 15

[Washington, George.]
11

de La Newport. Luzerne [Philadelphia]. Sailing of the French and British fleets and chances of an encounter. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh 1 p. Draft. D. I, pt. 2, 77 man.
Chevalier

To

1781 MAR.

[Washington, George.]
12

Newport. To Brig. Gen. Jacob Bayley [Newbury, New Hampshire]. Reduction
of

Whitcomb

s corps;

part of country.

Draft.

inability to protect every 1 p. In handwriting of

Tench Tilghman.
1781 MAR.

B.

XIII,

pt. 3, 19

[Washington, George.]
12

Newport.

To Maj. [Benjamin]

His delay with order to send his men to the complying various State lines. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting
in of

Whitcomb, Coos [New Hampshire].

Tench Tilghman.

1781 MAR.

Board
12

of

War.

[Philadelphia.] Fishkill and dismissal of

B. XIII, pt. 3, 17 Discontinuance of post at

John Ruddock.
to

Ex

tract
1

from the minutes.
Enclosed in

p.

Knox

Contemporary copy. Washington, 1781,
47, 125

Apr. 23.
1781
Harrison, R[ichar]d.
-

Cadiz [Spain].

To

[George Washing-

MAR

12

ton, Newport]. Clothing purchased to Boston. A. L. S. 2 pp.
Duplicate
47, 140.

and shipped
47, 130

1781

Harrison, R[ichard].
-

Cadiz [Spain].

Invoice of soldiers

MAR

12

clothing purchased for use of the United States. A. D. S. 7 pp. Enclosed in Harrison to Wash
ington, 1781, Mar. 12.
Duplicate and triplicate, 47, 134 and 142.

47, 132

1781

[Greene, Nathanael.]
-

MAR

13

Carolina.]

[Iron Works near Guilford, North Field return of the Southern Army.

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1749

Contemporary copy. Tabular statement. 1 p. Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, Mar. 17.
47, 162

1781 MAR.

Jones,
13

[John]

To John Brown Philadelphia. Answers to forty-seven ques [Philadelphia]. tions propounded by the Board of Admiralty
Paul.

Feb. 20 and Mar. 1. Answers cover Jones con duct from Nov. 1, 1777. Contemporary copy. 26 pp. Enclosed in Jones to Washington, 1781,

May

7.

In Sherburne

s

Life of Jones,

1851.
49,

pp. 215-224.

26

The original draft, by Jones, of the above answers is undated and is Papers of John Paul Jones, vol. X, 40, in the Library of Congress.

in the

1781 MAK.

Pray, John.
13

Nyack [New York]. To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath [West Point]. Cannon sent him; defeat
of British expedition against the block-house [at Dobbs Ferry]; return of a British fleet; reported

capture of Arnold; need of repairs to a boat and of shoes and clothing in the Connecticut Line. A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in Heath to

want

Washington, 1781, Mar.
1781 MAR.
Southwick, Solomon.
13

14.

47, 153

Newport. To [George] Washington Flour borrowed from the French; [Newport]. unsuccessful efforts to obtain a quantity for its
replacement from Connecticut; requests Wash ington s interposition. L. S. 3 pp. Endorsed by Tilghman: "Matter laid before Gov. Trumbull" 47, 145

1781 MAR. 14

Dickinson,

Hermitage [near Trenton, New [George] Washington [New Wind Jersey]. sor]. Carrying out of Washington s orders; readiness to join the Army at any time. A.L. S.
Philemon.

To

2 pp.

47,
[Lt.]

220

1781 MAR. 14

Heath, W[illiam].

[David] Alacrity of the detachment ordered to support the militia move ment to relieve the block-house at Dobbs Ferry from investure; repulse of the enemy. L. S.
2 pp.
47, 151

West Point. To Humphreys [New Windsor].

Col.

1781 MAR. 14

Mitchell,

To Rhode Island]. [George] Washington [Providence, Strengthening the fort at Wyoming; repulse of
Alexander.

Wyoming

[Pennsylvania],

savages at Shawane.

L. S.

1 p.

47, 149

1750
1781 MAR.
Parsons,
14

LIBRAEY OF CONGRESS

[George]

Samuel H[olden], Redding [Connecticut]. To Washington [Providence, Rhode Island].
association

Difficulty hi obtaining information;

formed to submit to the British; stages of intelli gence with Canada; general nature of the plot and question of dealing with same; State law
given Parsons spy. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Mar. 23. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 260. 47, 147
of

respecting assurances

marauders; reward

requests

directions;

1781
MAR.
14

Pray, John.

Nyack [New

York].

To Maj. Gen.

[William]

Heath, West Point.

New

Return of a British fleet to York; reports of Arnold s capture; con
A. L.
S.
1 p.

fusion in the city.

Enclosed in
47, 151

Heath
1781 MAR.

to

Washington 1781, Mar.

14.

Dayton, Elias.
15

Chatham [New Jersey]. To [George Wash
its destination.

ington, Providence].

from Sandy Hook; Answered Mar. 27.
1781 MAR.
Lafayette,
15

Sailing of a British fleet L. S. 1 p.
47, 245

[Marquis

de.]

York[town,

Virginia].

To

Washington [Providence]. Move of the detachment to Annapolis; purpose of the expe
[George]

known despite secrecy; Lafayette s purpose in preceding the expedition; strength of the combined forces; [Brig. ?] Gen. [John?] Greg ory s correspondence with the enemy; Arnold at Portsmouth; delay of the French fleet; har mony with Baron Steuben; reconnoissance of enemy s works. A. L. S. 4 pp. Answered Apr. 4. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3
dition well
264.
47, 156

1781 MAR. 15

Lauzun. [Due de]
legion.

Lebanon

[Connecticut].
1 p.

Return

of his

Tabular statement.

(In French.)

W

1781
MAR.
15

Steuben.

To [George Rhode Island], Arrival Washington, Providence,
[Baron]

Yorktown

[Virginia].

Marquis de Lafayette; delay of the expedition; readiness to start operations as soon as the [French] fleet arrives. L. S. 2 pp. Answered 47, 154 Apr. 4.
of

1781 MAR.

Rochambeau, Comte
15

de.

Newport [Rhode

Island].

To

[George Washington, Providence].

Strength of

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
the British
fleet;
its

1751

destination;

money

at

Washington
1781 MAR.
Greene,
16

s

disposal;

Comte de Barras. L. S. Nathanael. Iron Works 10 miles from Guilford Court House [North Carolina]. To the President
of Congress [Philadelphia].

conference desired by 2 pp. 47, 155

1781 MAR.

17

Reasons inducing an with the enemy; account of the engagement battle of Guilford; retreat; loss of the enemy. Contemporary copy by Greene. 5 pp. Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, Mar. 17. 47, 159 Greene, Nathanael. Iron Works 10 miles from Guilford To [George] Court House [North Carolina],

Washington [Hartford, Connecticut]. Battle of Guilford Court House; loss of enemy and hope
of ultimate advantage.

A. L. S.

1 p.

47, 158

1781 MAR.

17

Williams, O[tho] H[oUand]. and missing of the Continental troops at battle A. D. S. Tabular of Guilford Court House.
statement.
1 p.

Return

of kiUed,

wounded

Enclosed in Greene to
17.

Wash
47, 164
killed

ington, 1781, Mar.

1781 MAR.

Williams, O[tho] H[olland].
17

Return

of militia,

wounded and missing

at battle of Guilford Court

House. A. D. S. Tabular statement. 1 p. Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, Mar. 17. 47, 163
1781
"374-eo"

Culper, Samuel.

"729"

[Setauket,

John Bolton [Maj.
ersfield,

Long Island]. To Benjamin Tallmadge, WethEmbarkation
to
assist

[MAR. 18]

Connecticut].
"727"

Arnold; news from Europe; [Samuel] C[ulper] jr. [New York]. A. L. S. 1 p. again in 47, 172
1781
MAR. 18

Dayton,

To [George Jersey]. Windsor], Forwarding news Washington, papers containing accounts of rupture between Holland and Great Britain report of French and British fleets steering for the Chesapeake. L. S. 1 p. Answered Mar. 27. 47, 273
Elias.

Chatham [New

New

;

1781 MAR.

Greene, Nathanael.
18

Iron Works 10 miles from Guilford Court House [North Carolina]. To [George] Washington [Hartford, Connecticut], Behavior
of militia at Guilford; reasons for bringing on the engagement; efficiency of [Charles, Earl] Cornwallis force; Lafayette s move to Virginia;

1752

LJBBARY OF CONGEESS
reported reason of the Pennsylvania mutiny; aid given Greene by Virginia on account of A. L. S. Washington s friendship; illness. 4 pp. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 266.
47, 167

1781 MAR.

18

Rochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, Hartford]. Letter to Sir Henry Clinton [on exchange of French seamen];
[President John] Hancock s request for ships to aid expedition against Penobscot; report of Cornwallis being surrounded;

be taken

alive.

L. S.

2 pp.

Arnold s oath never to Answered Mar. 21
47, 166

1781
MAR. 19

board the Due de Bourgogne, Destouches, [Chevalier]. south of the Capes of Delaware. To [George]

On

Washington

[en route to New Windsor], barkation for the Chesapeake; account of the engagement with the British fleet and the return

Em

to Newport. L. swered Mar. 31. A second L. S. is in C. C.

S.

4 pp.

(In French)

An

47, 170
152, 10, 31.

1781 MAR.

Viomenil,
19

On board the Due de Bourgogne, [Baron.] south of Capes of Delaware. To [George Wash The Chesa ington, en route to New Windsor], A. L. S. 2 pp. (In French.) peake expedition. Answered Mar. 31. 47, 168
Philadelphia.

1781
MAR. 19

Wayne, Anthony.

To

[George] Washing-

ton [en route to New Windsor]. Inability to forward a detachment South on account of the supineness of the [Pennsylvania] State Council; its delay in f ulfilling its promises to the troops excuse of lack of money; the clothing situation; accoutrements and camp arms, equipage. A. L. S. Answered Apr. 8. 3 pp. 47, 179
;

1781
.

Wayne, Anthony.
19

Philadelphia.

To the President

of

Congress -[Philadelphia]. Washington s expecta tions respecting the Southern detachment; delay in forwarding the reenf orcements need of money and clothing; need for Congress to adopt some mode to facilitate advancement of the troops;
;

Wayne
Wayne.

s

situation.

Contemporary

copy
to

by

Enclosed in Mar. 19. ington, 1781,
2 pp.

Wayne

Wash
47, 181

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781 MAR.

1753

Washington, George.
21

New

Windsor.

To Chevalier de

Chastellux [Newport,

Island]. Obliga tions for his politeness; situation in Virginia and

Rhode

South Carolina.
1781 MAR.

Auto, draft signed.

2 pp.
P.
II,

309

21

[Washington, George.] [Nathanael] Greene [Camp

New

Windsor.
at

To Maj. Gen,
Buffalo Creek,

Carolina]. His retreat before Cornwallis; Lafayette s and French detachment for the Chesapeake; British detachment and reenforcement; delay of levies from Eastern States; opera tions in Virginia; war between Britain and Hol 3 pp. In handwriting of Tench land. Draft. In Sparks, 7, 456. Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 3, 25

North

1781 MAR. 21

Washington,] G[eorge].
[William]

New

Windsor.

To Maj. Gen.

Point]. Complaint of Massachusetts officers; their unfounded suspiciousness and jealousy over commands in La
s

Heath [West

1781 MAR.

21

detachment; Heath s personal com Auto, draft signed. 3 pp. In Ford, B. XIII, pt. 3, 21 New Windsor. To President [JO[Washington, George.] seph] Reed and Brig. Gen. [James] Potter [Phila delphia]. Their report of the [Pennsylvania] mu
fayette
plaint. 9, 185.

tiny; approbation of their proceedings; promo tion matter. Draft. 2 pp. B. XIII, pt. 3, 33

1781 MAR.

21

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Comte de Rochambeau [Newport]. Sailing of British ships from New York; Britain s declaration of war against HoUand; Cornwallis in the South; Mas
sachusetts

Penobscot.

request for an expedition against 2 pp. Draft. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. D. I, pt. 2, 79

1781 MAR.

21

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Baron Steuben Value of Steuben s [Williamsburg, Virginia]. services; contemplated attack on Portsmouth
[Virginia].

Draft.

2 pp.

David Humphreys.
1781
-

B.

In handwriting of XIII, pt. 3, 29

Elaine, Eph[raim].
21

Newburgh [New York]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Difficulty of set tling accounts of his deputies who have left the
requests leave to attend the Treasury

service;

1754

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Board; changes necessary if he is to stay in the [Commissary] Department; arrangements made; desires Washington s approbation of past con duct should he leave the service. A. L. S. 3 pp.
47, 192

1781 MAR.

Elaine,
21

Ephraim. Newburgh. To [George Washington, Newburgh]. Public transactions [as Deputy and Commissary General of Purchases] since 1778 are
still

unsettled requests leave of absence to settle the accounts; willingness to render Washington every aid even if he should leave the Army.
;

A. L. S. 1781 MAR.
Fauntleroy, Moore.
21

3 pp.

Endorsed

"A

Copy

"

W

Lancaster [Pennsylvania]. To [George Washington, New London]. Impossibility of to transfer to the 1st Dragoons. A. L. S. agreeing
2 pp.
47, 191

1781 MAR.

Answered Apr. 4. Rochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode
21

Island].

To

[George Washington,

New

fleet of British transports.

Windsor]. L. S. 1 p.

Return of Answered
47, 183

Mar. 29.
1781 MAR.
Stewart, Walter.
21

Yellow Springs [Pennsylvania]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor], Satisfac tion at Washington s approval of his conduct

during the Pennsylvania mutiny; slowness of re cruiting; conscious guilt of men respecting their oath as to former discharge; efforts to obtain a law that will draw out recruits; strength of the different regiments; intention of marrying but will not leave the Army. A. L. S. 3 pp. An swered Apr. 12. 47, 185
1781 MAR.
22

Washington,] G[eorge]. New Windsor. To Mrs. [NaNews from thanael] Greene [Rhode Island]. Gen. Greene; her intention to join him. Auto. draft signed. 1 p. P. II, 313

1781

MAR

-

22

lyman, Gamfaliel] D[wight]. Fairfield [Connecticut]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Intended British expedition against Casco Bay; was lately
in the British service ; applies for a position in the Continental Army. A. L. S. 2 pp. 47, 195

1781

Moylan, Stephen.
-

Lancaster [Pennsylvania].

To

[George]

MAR

22

Washington [New Windsor]. Transfer of Majors [Epaphras] Bull and [Moore] Fauntleroy; no

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1755

prospect of horses or accoutrements; report of British and French fleets off the Virginia capes. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Apr. 4. 47, 194
1781 MAR.
23

[New Windsor.] To [Francois, [Washington, George.] de Barbe-Marbois, Philadelphia]. Cer Marquis tificate of service of Col. [Lewis de] La Radiere.
Draft.
1

p.

In handwriting of Tench TilghD.
I,

man.
1781
MAR. 23

pt. 2, 81

1781 MAR.

[de [Washington, George.] Castries] de Charlus [Philadelphia]. His offer to accompany Marquis de Lafayette. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. D. I, pt. 2, 85 New Windsor. To "Comte" [Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To Comte

23

[Robert] Dillon [Philadelphia]. His intention to accompany Lafayette. Draft. 1 p. In hand
writing of Tench Tilghman.

D.

I, pt. 2,

87

1781 MAR.

23

To Capt. Cad[Washington, George.] New Windsor. wallader Jones, Chesterfield Court House [Vir His claim to majority. Draft. 1 p. In ginia].
handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B. XIII, pt, 3, 41 To Maj. Gen. Windsor. [Washington, George.] Parsons [Redding, Connecticut]. [Samuel Holden] Circumvention of [Tory] plot [in Fairfield and

1781 MAR.

New

23

Stratford counties]; military aid.

Draft.

3 pp.

1781
MAR.
23

In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 35 Washington, George. New Windsor. To Don Francisco

Rendon [Philadelphia]. The expedition against Pensacola; importance of operations in the South. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench D. I, pt. 2, 83 Tilghman.
Washington, George. New Windsor. To [Philip John] Schuyler, Albany. Birth of his daughter; post ponement in appointing Secretary at War; expectation of arrival of the French fleet delay of French; situation in South Carolina. Auto, 2 pp. draft signed. Extract in Ford, 9, 134, P. note. II, 315
;

1781 MAR. 23

1781 MAR.

[Washington, George.]
23

New Windsor. To

Col. [William]

Shepard [Springfield, Massachusetts]. Carrying out of court-martial sentence of John Collins;

1756

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
condition of public works at Springfield. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David Humphreys.
B.

XIII,

pt. 2,

39

1781 MAR.

Blaine, Eph[raim].
23

Newburgh [New York].

To

[George]

Washington,

Windsor. Directions of the State Council to furnish no more [Pennsylvania]

New

provisions to the Army; small prospect of flour supply; indifference of Jersey; requests Wash ington to write to the Pennsylvania Assembly;
supplies in store at
3 pp.

West

Ringwood, Morristown and other places.
1781 MAR. 23

Point, Fishkill, etc., A. L. S.
47,

210

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Sailing of a British transport fleet to the Southward; secret despatches sent from New York to Quebec; flat boats at Spuyten Duyvil Creek and the New Levies at Fort Wash ington; character of John Austin. L. S. 3pp. 47, 203
Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Washington s approbation of his conduct; discharge of Maj. [Thomas] Cartwright; efforts to obtain intelligence from New York. L. S. 2 pp. 47, 205
Lafayette,

1781 MAR.

23

1781 MAR.

[Marquis

dc].

Williamsburg

[Virginia].

To

23

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. March of the detachment and sailing to Annapolis;

Lafayette s movement to Virginia; reconnoissance of enemy s position; arrival of a British measures taken to return to the North; fleet; of engagement of the 15th [Guilford Court report House]. A. L. S. 7 pp. Answered Apr. 4. In 47, 206 Sparks, 8, 509.
1781 MAR.

Moylan, John.
23

Newburgh [New York]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Large return of
clothing called for by Col. [Timothy] Pickering for employees of the Quartermaster Department;
similar application for hides; detrimental con sequences to troops; belief in Pickering s motive.

A. L.
1781 MAR.

S.

3 pp.

47,

200

Parsons, Samuel Hfolden].
23

To

Windsor].

Carrying out of Washington

[George] Washington [New s orders

[respecting the

Tory

plot in Fairfield

and Strat-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
ford counties]; wish to join the

1757

Army.

March

26

Receipt of Washington s letter of 23d inst. ; inability to stir on account of a fever. L. S. 2 pp.
47, 202

1781 MAR.

Steuben, [Baron].
23

Williamsburg, Virginia. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Regret at failure of

attempt on Portsmouth; [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene s success dependent upon that in Vir ginia; chance of British again penetrating the
country and consequent stoppage of aid sent to the Southward. L. S. 2pp. Answered Apr. 18. 47, 198
1781 MAR.

[Washington, George.]
24

New Windsor. To Col. [William] Davies [Chesterfield, Virginia]. Remonstrance of

Weedon s

Virginia field officers against Brig. [Gen.] [George] readmission into the Virginia Line. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 3, 45

1781 MAR. 24

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To

[Lt.]

Col.

[Adam] Hubley [jr., Philadelphia]. His derange ment; certificate of his merit. Draft. 1 p. In
handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

47

1781 MAR. 24

Washington, George.] New Windsor. Certificate of service of Lt; Col. Adam Hubley, jr. Draft. 1 p. In

handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

49

1781 MAR.

[Washington, George.]
24

Maj. Gen. [WilHam] Heath [West Point]. Maj. [Thomas] Cartwright s resignation; [John] Austin, a secret agent. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David B. XIII, pt. 3, 43 Humphreys.

New Windsor. To

1781 MAR. 24

[Washington, George.]
[Philadelphia]. Draft. 2 pp.

New

Windsor. To John Pierce Extra ration issued to officers. In handwriting of David Hum
B.

phreys.

1781 MAR.

[Washington, George.]
24

New Windsor. Wilkinson [Philadelphia]. Matter of residence referred to Congress. Draft. 1 p. In hand
B.

XHI, pt. 3, 53 To [Col.] James

writing of Tench Tilghman.

XIII,

pt. 3, 51

1781 MAR.

24

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [N ew Windsor]. Date of Maj. [Thomas] Cart-

1758

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
wright
s

discharge;

and Timothy Crouch. A. L.
Mar. 25.
1781 MAR.
KnT>x,"H[enry].

sends forward John Austin S. 2 pp. Answered 47, 212

[New Windsor] To [George] Washington
Opinion on appointment of
L. S.
7 pp. F.
Ill, 1

24

[New Windsor].
brigade bakers.
Laurens, John.

1781 MAR.

24

Passy near Paris [France]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. [Benjamin] Frank lin s negotiations; Comte de Vergennes reply; money and clothing to be furnished; delay and
difficulties;

Vergennes complaint of the exces

demands of Congress; fleets to be sent to the East and West Indies; probability of Comte De Grasse arriving on the American coast in July; value of Washington s name. A. L. S.
sive 5 pp. part in cipher with translation (47, 217) in

Washington handwriting.
3,

to Washington,
Press-copy in 48,
59.

268.

In Sparks, Letters 47, 213
Certificate of service

1781 MAR.

Washington, George.
25

New Windsor.
1 p.

of Lt. Col. Robert Hanson Harrison.

draft signed.

P.

Auto, II, 321
[Wil-

1781 MAR.

[Washington, George.]
25

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen.
Point].

Maj. [Thomas] CartDraft. s discharge; return of a deserter. wright In handwriting of David Humphreys. 1 p. B. XIII, pt. 3, 55
liam]

Heath [West

1781 MAR. 25

Hay, Udny. Poughkeepsie [New York]. To [George] Washington, New Windsor. Dispute with [Maj.] Jellis Fonda respecting supplies for Oneida In dians. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Mar. 27. 47, 246
Heath, Wplliam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Inoculation of troops for small

1781 MAR.

25

pox; hospital accommodations; requests direc tions and supplies. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Mar. 26. 47, 230
1781 MAR.
25

Knyphausen, [Baron von]. New York. To [George] WashSufferings of Hessian ington [New Windsor].
prisoners in Philadelphia; requests permission an officer to take them clothing, money, etc. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Mar. 29. 47, 237
for

1781 MAR.

Lafayette,
25

Marquis

de.

Williamsburg

[Virginia].

To

[George]
fleet in

Washington [New Windsor].

British

Lynn Haven Bay;

reported actions be-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
tween the British and French
of Virginia;
fleets off

1759
the Capes

lack of knowledge of the issue; measures taken by Lafayette. A. L. S. 4 pp. Answered Apr. 4. In Sparks, Letters to Wash
ington,
3,

270.

47, 231

1781 MAR.

25

Pomeroy, Ralph. Hartford [Connecticut]. To Col. Timothy Pickering [Newburgh, New York]. Hiring of ox-teams dispute over terms advisability of purchasing; inability to obtain teams in Massa chusetts on account of the low pay; provision supply; need of iron, coal, etc. supplies sent on; lack of money; method employed to obtain sup
; ; ;

plies; worthlessness of Pickering s certificates; settlement of last winter s team accounts ; public

horses in Litchfield

County [Connecticut]
elsewhere.

;

maga

zine at Bull s Ferry;
Litchfield,

removal of stores from

Danbury and

Contempo

rary copy. 4 pp. Enclosed in Pomeroy to Wash 48, 26 ington, 1781, Apr. 8.

1781 MAR.

Rochambeau, Comte de.
25

Newport [Rhode

Island].

To

[George Washington, over lack of news of the French

New Windsor]
fleet
s

Uneasiness

[Viomenirs

detachment]; England against Holland. L. S. 2 pp.
31.

declaration

of war Answered Mar.
47,

226

1781 MAR.

Sibille,
26

-

de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. His station and consequence; Rochambeau s confidence; readi ness to resign if he is an obstruction to free communication with Rochambeau. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Apr. 5. 47, 228

1781 MAR.

Washington, George.
26

New

Windsor.

To

[Maj.]

[John]

Armstrong

[Carlisle,

Pennsylvania].

Gen. Les

son of experience; state of affairs; anxiety for affairs in South Carolina and the French fleet;

French to go to Chesapeake Bay when proposed by Washington; conduct of the States. Auto, draft signed. 4 pp. With omis sions in Ford, 9, 192. P. II, 323
refusal of
first

1781 MAR.

[Washington, George.]
26

New

Windsor.

To Maj. Gen.

[William] Heath [West Point]. Refitting of gun boat; inoculation of troops. Draft. 2 pp. In

handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt.

3,

57

1760
1781 MAR.
26

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Dayton, Elias.

Chatham [New Jersey]. To [George Wash-

ington,

New

Windsor].

intelligence

from

New

Difficulty of obtaining York; movements of the

British fleet at

Sandy Hook; requests permission
on Staten Island. Acknowledged Mar. 27. 47, 255

to attempt a secret mission

A. L. S.
1781 MAR.

1 p.

Hand, Edward.
26

New Windsor. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Purpose of formation of Invalid
;

corps inspection necessary and general rule for future transfers to the corps. L. S. 2 pp. 31, 90

1781 MAR.

Heath, W[illiam].
26

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. The unavoidable expense he has been under as commandant of West Point;
his private affairs and need of leave of absence. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Mar. 30. 47, 250

1781

Heath, Wplliam].
26

M AR.

To [George] Washington Gun-boat to protect the guard[New Windsor]. boats; inoculation of troops; John Austin s
West
Point.

identity.

L. S.

2 pp.

47,

252

1781 MAR.

Lafayette,
26

[Marquis de]. Williamsburg [Virginia], To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Keturn of

British fleet to

Lynn Haven Bay accompanied

by transports from New York; account of action of British and French fleet; mistaken reports as
to the second cannonade heard. Answered Apr. 4.

A. L. S.

2 pp.
47, 233

1781 MAR.

lafayette,
26

Williamsburg [Virginia]. To French [George] Washington [New Windsor]. fleet gone to Cape Fear; mistake about can nonade; return of the British with reenforcements; intention to return with his detachment to the Army; opportunity to attack New York. A. L. S. 4 pp. 47, 235
[Marquis
de].

1781

Miles, Samuel.
-

Philadelphia.

To Capt. [Bartholomew]

MAR

26

von Heer [Reading, Pennsylvania].

Want

of

money

the reason of not furnishing supplies to

his corps. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in von Heer to Washington, 1781, May 25.
49,

295

1781 MAR.

[Neilson, John.]
26

Trenton.

Newburgh]. Pluckamin. 1 p. Enclosed in Pickering to Washington, ing. 48, 110 1781, Apr. 14.

To [Col. Timothy Pickering, Sale of huts of the Artillery at Contemporary extract by Picker

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
[1781] [MAR.

1761

New
26]

York, Legislature.

Act making purchasing agents and officers of Army amenable to civil law for misconduct in office. Contemporary copy. 1 p.

Enclosed in
1781

Hay

to Washington, 1781, Apr. 10. 48, 45

Parsons,

1781 MAR. 26

See: Parsons Mar. 23. Washington, 1781, Viomenil, Baron de. On board the Due de Bourgogne [NewTo Comte de Rochambeau [Newport]. port].

Samuel Holden.
to

To Washington.

Reports failure of the [Chesapeake] expedition; preparations for landing the wounded, etc. Con

chambeau
[1781]
[MAR. 26]

temporary translation. 1 p. Enclosed in to Washington, 1781, Mar. 27.

Ro

47, 258

[Viomenil, Baron.] [Newport.] Return of troops wounded or killed in the action near Chesapeake Bay, March 16, 1781. 1 p. Enclosed in Rochambeau to Washington, 1781, May 27. 47, 259

1781 MAR.

[Washington, George.]
27

New Windsor. To Col. [Elias] Dayton [Chatham New Jersey]. Intelligence obtained by British through flags at Elizabethtown; permission to employ men as proposed Draft. 1 p. In [for a foray on Staten Island]. handwriting of David Humphreys.
B.

XIII, pt.

3,

59

1781 MAR.

27

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Hay [Poughkeepsie, New York].
Indians.
Draft.
1 p.

[Lt.] Col. Udny Ration issue to

Humphreys.
1781 MAR. 27

In handwriting of David B. XIII, pt. 3, 61

Brodhead, Daniel.

To [George] Washington State of [Brig.] Gen. [George Rogers] Clark s preparations; discovery of a communication with the enemy; disaffected
Fort Pitt.

[New Windsor].

Delawares from Cointended raid on the Coshocking towns; request for continuance of Capt. [Samuel] Brady s services. A. L. S. 3 pp.
inhabitants;
friendly

shocking;

Brodhead

s

Answered Apr.
ington, 3, 273.

25.

In Sparks, Letters to Wash
47, 266

1781 MAR. 27

Knox, H[enry].

New

Windsor.

To
;

[George] Washington
of second lieutenant

[New Windsor].
appointment,

Filling

vacancies in the artillery

question as to right of
of

method

promotion;

quali-

56214

VOL

312

9

1762

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
fications;

care

necessary

in

appointments;

requests a representation of the matter to Con L. S. 4 pp. In Sparks, Letters to gress.

Washington,
1781 MAR.
27

3,

275.

47,

262

La Luzerne, Chevalier de. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Forwarding letters for Comte de Rochambeau the Chesapeake ex In pedition; L. S. 2 pp. Answered Mar. 31. Letters to Washington, 3, 272. 47, 260 Sparks,
;

1781 MAR.

Rochambeau, Comte
27

de.

Newport [Rhode

Island].

To

Windsor]. [George Washington, counter of the French and British fleets off the Capes of the Chesapeake; losses. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Mar. 31. 47, 256

New

The en

1781 MAR.

[Washington, George.]
28

Maj. Gen. Permission for Point]. [John] Austin to go to Morristown. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 63
[William] Heath [West

New

Windsor,

^o

1781 MAR.

Admiralty Board.
28

[Philadelphia.] Report to Congress on result of investigation of clothing and military stores not being sent from France and conduct
of Capt.

16 pp.

May
1781 MAR.
28

7.

John Paul Jones. Contemporary copy. Enclosed in Jones to Washington, 1781, 49, 40

Scudder, John.
[Elias]

Elizabethtown [New Jersey]. To Col. Dayton [Chatham, New Jersey], Raid of

A. L. S.

enemy on Elizabethtown; need of ammunition. 1 p. Enclosed in Dayton to Washing
ton, 1781,

Mar. 30.

47,

304

1781

Skinner,
-

Abraham.

MAR

28

Camp [New Windsor]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. The application for permission for British and Hessian officers to
visit prisoners [at Philadelphia].
"

A. L. S.

2 pp.

Endorsed by Tilghman: "Copy transmitted to Genl. Knyphausen 29th March. 47, 272
1781
Trescott, Lemuel.
-

MAR

28

Crompond [New York]. To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath, West Point. Acknowledgement of a British officer that the late naval action off

the Chesapeake Capes was a drawn battle. A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in Heath to Washing ton, 1781, Mar. 29. 47, 282

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781 MAR.

1763
Col.
[Elias]

[Washington, George.]
29

New

Windsor.

To

Dayton [Chatham,

New
of

report recruiting; British fleets near the Chesapeake. Draft. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

Jersey], action of

Success

in

French and
1 p.

XIII, pt.

3,

65

1781 MAR. 29

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Capt. [James] Johnston [New Windsor]. Settlement of pay of Massachusetts regiments. Draft. 1 p. In hand
writing of

David Humphreys.
B.

XIII, pt.

3,

67

1781 MAR.

[Washington, George.]
29

New

Windsor.

To [Baron von]

Knyphausen [New York].

Complaint as to pro

visions issued to Hessian prisoners; treatment of British in Philadelphia; passports for officers

3 pp.

Draft. conveying clothing, etc.; inspections. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. E. 401

1781 MAR. 29

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To Comte
for the

de

squad ron that sailed for the Chesapeake; movements of British ships. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. D. I, pt. 2, 89
Clinton,

Rochambeau [Newport]. Anxiety

1781 MAR. 29

James.

Albany.

To Gov. George

Clinton

York]. Necessity of with [Poughkeepsie, from the frontier because of lack drawing troops
of

New

provisions.

Contemporary

copy.

1

p.

Enclosed in Clinton to Washington, 1781, Apr. 5. 47, 284
1781 MAR.
Grasse,
29

Comte de. La ViTle de Paris, at Sea. To [Comte de Rochambeau, Newport, Rhode Island]. Ap
pointment to

command

of

French naval forces

in America; need of pilots; requests intelligence of British fleet; date of his departure [from

West

Indies] for coast of North America; short time he can stay on the coast and necessity of being ready to cooperate. Contemporary copy. 3 pp. Enclosed in Rochambeau to Washington,

1781, June 12.

50,52

1781 MAR. 29

Greene, Nathanael.
Carolina].
sorj.

Col.

Ramsay

s,

Deep River [North

[George] Washington [New WindArrival of British reenforcements in Vir

To

ginia;

wish for Lafayette

s

detachment to join

1764

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
failure of recruiting in Virginia, Maryland and North Carolina; intention of carrying the war into South Carolina; object; difficulties; plan of the march. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered

him;

Apr. 22.
3,

277.

In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 47, 298

[1781] [MAR.

Greene, Nathanael.
29]

Return of infantry serving in the Southern Army. Tabular statement. A. D. S. 1 p. of O[tho] H[olland] Williams. Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, Mar. 29. 47, 300

1781 MAR.

29

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington .[New Windsor]. Uneasiness of Col. [Goose] Van Schaick s regiment [1st New York] on account of L. S. pay; diminishing stock of provisions.
2 pp.

Answered Mar.

30.

47,

278

1781 MAR.

29

Heath, W[illiam]. [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Intelligence from Maj. [Lemuel] Trescott. A. L. S. 1 p. Acknowledged Mar. 30.
47, 281

West

Point.

To

1781 MAR. 29

Platt, Richard.

vid

Newburgh [New York]. To Lt. Col. DaHumphreys [New Windsor]. Lack of success
teams to transport
flour

wood

in obtaining to

from Ring-

New Windsor;

refusal of magistrates to

1781 MAR.

grant warrants; quantities awaiting transporta tion; impress necessary. A. L. S. 6pp. 47,274 Selden, E[zra]. Stony Point [New York]. To Maj. Gen.
29

off

[William] Heath, West Point. Report of action the Virginia capes between the French and
fleet.

British

A. L.

S.

1 p.

to Washington, 1781, Mar. 30.

Enclosed in Heath 47, 295
Inads

1781 MAR.

29

Virginia, Legislature, Council. visability of adopting

[Williamsburgh].

sugges tion to send militia to reenforce [Maj.] Gen. [Na thanael] Greene; allowing, as a reenforcement, one-fourth of militia of certain named counties.
in

Baron Steuben

Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed to Washington, 1781, Apr. 15.
1781 MAR. 30

Steuben
48, 140

[Washington, George.]

Gen. [WilPoint]. Distress of New York troops for pay; his rations on his journey to Mas sachusetts; extra allowance as commander at

New Windsor. To Maj.

ham] Heath [West

West Point. Draft. David Humphreys.

2 pp.

B.

In handwriting of XIII, pt. 3, 69

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781 MAR. 30

1765

Dayton, Elias.

Chatham [New Jersey]. To [George Wash-

ington,
of

Hook; engagement
4.

New Windsor]. British fleet at [Sandy] abortive raid on Elizabethtown; report
of

French and British
A. L. S.
1 p.

fleets off

the Chesapeake Capes.

Answered
47,

Apr.
1781 MAR. 30

303

Greene, Nathanael.

s, Deep River [North President of Congress, Phila [the Carolina]. delphia]. Pursuit of the enemy; difficulties en countered from the disaffected; British loss at Guilford; returning home of the Virginia militia;

Col.

Ramsay

To

deadly character of the partizan warfare; impos sibility of supporting the war in the South by mi litia; skirmish at the Great Bridge [near Wilming
ton] [Mar.] 9 ; CornwalhV proclamation [after the battle of Guilford]; British abandonment of scheme to raise two negro regiments; their
efforts with the militia; need of clothing for Greene s troops. Contemporary copy. 4 pp. Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, Mar. 29. 47, 296

A

manuscript copy
18, 1781, is

of Cornwallis
2, 25.

Proclamation which was daled Mar.

in C. C. 155,

1781 MAR. 30

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Washington s care of the [1st] New York regiment; requests his influence with Congress to obtain reimbursement of his ex penses; feelings on inability to obtain leave of absence. L. S. 3 pp. 47, 289 Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Stoppage of all intercourse with New York evidence of an important movement L. S. 2 pp. 47, 293 being in contemplation.
;

1781 MAR. 30

1781 MAR. 30

Strong,

Nathan and Nehemiah Prudden. Hartford [ConAlexander McDowall s information necticut].
respecting a certain British spy named Lee. D. S. Sworn before Oliver Ellsworth. 1 p. 61, 72

1781 MAR. 30

Walker, Joseph.

Danbury

[Connecticut].
[Brig.]

To

[George]

Washington [New Windsor].

Gen. [Sam

uel Holden] Parsons illness; capture and impris onment of many persons [concerned in Loyalist
S.

plot in Fairfield 2 pp.

and Stratford Counties].

A. L.
47, 291

1766
1781 MAR. 31

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington,

New Windsor. To Chevalier George.] Destouches [Newport]. Acknowledging account of his action with [Vice] Adml. [Marriot] Arbuthnot; sense of valor of the French. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
D.
I, pt. 2,

97

1781
MAR. 31

[Washington, George.] La Luzerne, Philadelphia]. count of action between the French and British squadrons off the Chesapeake Capes; confidence in the exertions of the French. Draft. 2 pp.

New

Windsor.

[Chevalier de Transmitting ac

To

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
D.
I,

pt. 2, 91

1781 MAR.

31

[Richard] Washington, George. New Windsor. Platt [Newburgh, New York]. Impress of teams for bringing forward stores and clothing. Draft. In handwriting of David Humphreys. 1 p.

To Maj.

B.

XIII,

pt. 3, 71

1781 MAR.

[Washington, George.]
31

New
;

Windsor.

To Comte de
;

Rochambeau [Newport]. Return of the French squadron to Newport valor of the French news of battle at Guilford Court-house, North Caro 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench lina. Draft.
Tilghman.
D.
I, pt. 2,

93

1781
MAR. 31

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Baron Viomenil [Newport]. Failure of the Chesapeake enterprise; confidence in exertions of the French. 1 Draft. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh p.

man.
1781 MAR.
Cheever,
31

D.
Springfield

I, pt. 2,

95

Efzekiel].

[Massachusetts].

To

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. Need of money to repair arms and accoutrements of Col.
[Elisha] Sheldon s regiment [2d Continental Dra goons]; fruitless attempt to obtain leather from the Board of War. A. L. S. 1 p. 47, 308

1781 MAR.

Kinnan, Peter.
31

Pompton [New

Jersey].

Washington,
of

New
de.

John Smith.

Windsor]. A. L. S. 1

To [George Suspicious actions 47, 309 p.
Island],

1781 MAR.

Rochambeau, Comte
31

Newport [Rhode

To

[George Washington,
recent engagement

New

Windsor].

Necessity

of a decided superiority at sea as
[off

shown by the

cooperative plans;

march

the Chesapeake capes]; to the North River;

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
possible

1767
[Louis

move

to

the Southward;
s

Le

[1781]
[MAR.
?]

knowledge of Begue] Brig. [Gen.] Duportail Rochambeau s ideas. L. S. 4 pp. Answered 47, 305 Apr. 5. [New Windsor.] General Duportail, [Louis Le Begue] observations on operations which can be under taken on arrival of Comte de Grasse at [Sandy] F. Hook. A. D. S. 6 pp. Ill, 9.
[Pomeroy, Ralph.] [Hartford, Connecticut.] Agreement, in blank, with conductors of ox-teams for fur
nishing
2

1781 MAR.

transportation.

Contemporary

copy.

Enclosed in Pomeroy to Washington, 48, 28 1781, Apr. 8.
pp.

[1781]
[MAR.]

[Pomeroy, Ralph.] [Hartford, Connecticut.] List of conductors who have contracted to raise teams and 1 p, A. D. drivers for the ensuing campaign. Enclosed in Pomeroy to Washington, 1781. 48, 29 Apr. 8.
Swift,

[1781]
[MAR.]

Heman.

[Hartford, Connecticut].

To

[George]

Washington [New Windsor]. Information of respecting one Lee. [Alexander] McDowall 1 p. A. L. S. 47, 310
[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Capt. [Joseph] Walker [Danbury, Connecticut]. Management [of the Tory plot in Fairfield and Stratford coun Draft. 2 pp. In ties]; disposition of prisoners.

1781
APR. 1

handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII,
1781
APR.
l

pt. 3,

73

Hand, Edward. [New Windsor.] Return of recruits that have joined the Army since Jan. 1, 1781. Tabu
lar statement.

D.

S.

1 p.

A.

VI, pt.

1,

47

1781
APR.
l

Shepard,

William.
[George]

Springfield

[Massachusetts].

To

Washington [New Windsor]. Forward ing recruits; lack of arms and accoutrements.
A. L. S.
1

p.

47, 311

1781
APR. 2

Continental Congress.

Resolve.

Pay, subsistence, cloth-

ing and officering of two

New York

State regi

Contemporary copy. 1 p. In hand writing of Tench Tilghman. Enclosed in Wash
ments.
ington to Heath, 1781, Dec. 31.
1781
APR. 2

XIV, pt. 2, 251 Fogg, Jeremiah. Bedford [New York]. To Maj. [Amos] Morrill, on the Lines. Capture of deserters by
B.

1768

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
reward; character of the Bed ford militia; intention of starting partisan war fare in retaliation. A. L. S. 3 pp. Enclosed
militia; claim of

1781
APR. 2

Forrest,

Heath to Washington, Thomas. Philadelphia.
in

1781, Apr.

5.

47, 333

To [George Washing-

Fulfilment of orders at ton, New Windsor]. Carlisle [Pennsylvania]; breaking up of the post

by the Board ommendation

of

War;

solicits

Washington

s rec

for appointment as Commissary General of Military Stores. A. L. S. 2 pp.

Answered Apr.
1781
APR. 2

16.

47,

316

Hall, D[avid?].

[Orange County, New York]. To [Maj. Richard Platt, Newburgh, New York]. Teams

obtained by impressment. Contemporary copy on same document with Steward to Platt, 1781, Apr.
1781
APR. 2
2.

Hughes, Hugh. Return of all public craft and boats on the Hudson River. Contemporary copy. Tabu lar statement. 1 p. Enclosed in Platt to Hum
phreys, 1781, Apr.
3.

47,

320

1781
APR. 2

Lincoln,

To Hingham B[enjamin]. [New Windsor]. Delay in [George] Washington forwarding recruits from lack of clothing; pros pect of completing the levies. A. L. S. 2 pp.
[Massachusetts].

Answered Apr.
[1781]
[APR. 2]

21.

48,

200

Procter, Thomas.

[Philadelphia.]

Monthly

return of the

4th Pennsylvania Artillery. D. S. 1 p. Printed blank filled out. Enclosed in St. Clair to Wash
ington, 1781, Apr.
6.

48, 6

1781
APR. 2

Steward, John.

Teams Platt, Newburgh]. service since March 21st.

Goshen [New York]. To [Maj. Richard from his district in
Contemporary copy.
6.

Enclosed in Platt to Humphreys, 1781, Apr.
1781
APR. 3

48, 9

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To Comte de Ro[Nathanael]

chambeau [Newport].
Greene
s

Maj. Gen.

account of battle [of Guilford Court British account of engagement between house]; Chevalier Destouches and [Vice] Adml. [Marriot] Arbuthnot. 2 pp. In handwriting of Draft. David Humphreys. D. I, pt. 2, 99
1781
APR. 3

Chandler,

Bethlehem [New York]. To Maj. Joseph. [Richard] Platt [Newburgh]. Teams impressed

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1769

tute

and ordered to Ringwood [New Jersey]; desti condition of the people. Contemporary 1 p. Enclosed in Platt to Humphreys, copy.
1781, Apr. 6.
48, 8

1781
APR. 3

Harrison, R[ichar]d.

Cadiz [Spain]. To [George Washington, Newport]. Cop}7 of letter of Mar. 12; memorandum of ships by which the clothing was sent. A. L. S. 3 pp. 47, 139

1781
APR. 3

Howell, Joseph,
public.

[New Windsor.] Certificate jr. Thomas Procter s freedom from debt
A. D. S.
1 p.

of Col.

to

the

Enclosed in Procter to 48, 36 Washington, 1781, Apr. 9.
1781
APR. 3

Marvin, Elihu.

Cornwall Precinct [New York]. To [Maj. Richard Platt, Newburgh]. Result of his im press warrant for teams. Contemporary copy on same document with Steward to Platt, 1781, Apr. 2. Enclosed in Platt to Washington, 1781,
Apr.
6.

1781
APR. 3

Platt, Richard. [David]

Newburgh [New York]. To [Lt.] Col. Humphreys Enclosing a return of
Recent copy.
de.
1 p.

boats.

47,

319

1781
APR. 3

Kochambeau, Comte

Newport [Rhode

Island].

To

Windsor]. Proposed [George Washington, march of the French [toward the Hudson]; Brit
ish

New

convoy from
7.

New

York.

L. S.

2 pp.
47,

An
317

swered Apr.
1781
APR. 3

Satterly, Nathaniel.

Cornwall Precinct [New York].

To

[Maj. Richard Platt, Newburgh]. Result of his impress warrant for teams. Contemporary copy

Apr. Apr.
1781

on same document with Steward to Platt, 1781, 2. Enclosed in Platt to Washington, 1781,
6.

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John],
to

Albany. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Embarrassment at inability

show [Mrs. Martha Washington] attention; motives behind the appointment of a Secretary at War; opinion of [Maj.] Gen. [Horatio] Gates, who is proposed for the office; regret at the de feat of Washington s plan [of French expedition to Virginia]. A. L. S. 3 pp. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 280. 47, 321

1770
[1781]
[APR.
3]

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

Hanover [New York]. To [Maj. Richard Platt, Newburgh]. Teams to be ready. James. Shawangunk. Same. Hunter,
Smith, Henry.

Same. James. Goshen Precinct. Same. Little, Morrison, John. Same. "Daniel Burt and William Armstrong Esqrs.
Dubois, Nathaniel.

only signed their names" Contemporary copies on same document with Steward to Platt, 1781,

Apr.
1781
APR. 4

2.

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Maj. [Epaphras] Bull [Lancaster? Pennsylvania]. Cancelling or der for his transfer to 4th Dragoons. Draft.
1 p.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt.

3,

85

[Washington, George.]
post[-rider] ;
1 p.

New

Windsor.

To

Col.

[Elias]

Dayton [Chatham, New
In handwriting

Jersey]. Capture of the intelligence of British fleet. Draft.
of

Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII, pt.

3,

81

1781
APR. 4

[Washington, George.] New Winsdor. To Maj. [Moore] Fauntleroy [Lancaster, Pennsylvania]. Cancel ling of order for his transfer to 1st Dragoons.
Draft.
1 p.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 3, 87
.

1781
APR. 4

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Maj Gen. [Benjamin] Lincoln [Boston]. Pressing need of as sisting the South; slowness of recruiting; Brit ish reenforcement of their Southern Army; [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene s defeat [at Guilford Courthouse]; detention of Massachusetts In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In officers. Ford,
9,

200.

B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

75

1781
APR. 4

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Stephen] Moylan, Lancaster [Pennsylvania]. Transfer of

Majors [Moore] Fauntleroy and [Epaphras] Bull; importance of completing the cavalry. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 3, 83
1781
APR. 4

[Washington, George.]

New
[jr.,

Windsor.

To
de]

Brig.

Gen.

[Thomas] Nelson

Yorktown,
?

Virginia].

questing assistance to [Ensign

Re Camus who is

COREESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
to

1771

command an armed
1 p.

vessel in

York

river.

1781
APR. 4

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 3, 79 New Windsor. To Baron Steuben [Washington, George.]
Draft.
[Chesterfield,

Virginia].
;

Failure of expedition

against Arnold exertions for Lafayette; help to [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene; Capt. Cadwallader Jones s promotion. Draft. 2 pp. In hand

1781
APR. 4

B. XIII, pt. 3, 77 Tench Tilghman. Kochambeau, Comte de. Newport. To [George WashingWashington s approval of ton, New Windsor]. courage shown by the French in the engagement

writing of

[off

intentions.

the Chesapeake Capes] opinion of Cornwallis L. S. 1 p. Answered Apr. 8.
;

47, 322

1781
APR. 5

[Washington, George.] Failure of Lafayette, Elk River, Maryland]. exertions of Chevalier enterprise [against Arnold] Des Touches; return of detachment; artillery and stores to be left at Baltimore. Draft. 2 pp. In
;

New

Windsor.

To [Marquis de

handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
468.
B.

In Sparks, 7, XIII, pt. 3, 89

1781 ApR

Washington, George.
5

[Newport].

which he
writing of

is

New Windsor. To Mons. de Sibille His rank and the consideration to entitled. 1 p. Draft. In hand
D.
I, pt. 2,

David Humphreys.

101

1781 ApR

Clinton, James.
-

5

Albany. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Withdrawal of troops from the fron tiers because of lack of provisions; lack of stores for the sick; deficiency of every kind of supplies.
L. S.
3 pp.

Answered Apr.

12.

47, 285

1781
APR. 5

Clinton, James.

Albany. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Lack of occurrences; lack of neces
sities

for

Northern Department and means to

obtain them; lack of provisions; raising of State troops; distress in hospitals; lack of money;

need of an engineer; application to the State 3 pp. Pers. legislature. Auto, draft signed.
1781 ApR
Heath, W[illiam].
-

5

West Point. To [George] Washington Protest of officers of Col. [New Windsor]. [Moses] Hazen s [2d Canadian] regiment against
s

Maj. [James Randolph] Reid

conduct; case of

1772

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Capt. Simmons; British ships in New York har bor; Pennsylvania deserters reward for capture L. S. 3 pp. of deserters. 47, 329
;

1781
APR. 5

Swift,

Heman.

To [George] [New Windsor] Suspicions of a Mr. Washington Lee; theft of public stores by Glastonbury teamsters. L. S. 1 p. Answered Apr. 16.
Wethersfield [Connecticut].
47,

326

1781
APR. 6

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Marquis de Lafayette [Elk River, Maryland]. Ordering his detachment to reenforce [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael]

Greene; general directions for his march;
[Lt.]

difficulty with Massachusetts officers over Col. Gimat and Maj. [William] Galvan s

com

mand.
1781
APR. 6

Draft.

3 pp.
9,

Tilghman.

In Ford,

202.

In handwriting of Tench B. XIII, pt. 3, 95

To Marquis de [Washington, George.] New Windsor. Lafayette or officer commanding the detachment [Elk River, Maryland]. Orders to halt. Draft. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. 1 p. B. XIII, pt. 3, 93
[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Jotham Loring [Boston ?] Reasons for refusing him a new trial. Draft. 3 pp. In handwriting of David Hum B. XIII, pt. 3, 99 phreys. [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Samuel] Miles [Philadelphia]. Importance of letters to be forwarded to Marquis de Lafayette. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 103
Pierce, John.

1781
APR. 6

1781
APR. 6

1781
APR. 6

Philadelphia.

To [George Washington,
s letter of [Mar.]

New Windsor]. Washington

24

laid before Congress; warrants granted on the A. L. S. States; delay in returning to camp.
1 p.

48, 15

1781
APR. 6

Platt,

Richard.
ton
s

Newburgh [New York]. To Lt. Col. [David] Humphreys [New Windsor]. Washing

application to Justices [of the Peace] for teams; their answers and the result; refusal of
willing

people to furnish teams unless the unwilling are forced to do likewise; impress 48,7 penalty proposed. A. L. S. 2pp.

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
APR.
6

1773

Rochambeau, Comte

Newport [Rhode Island], To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Consider ation of plan proposed by Massachusetts to attack Penobscot; French transports ordered away; confidence in supplies and forces being
de.

furnished once the plan of campaign is decided upon. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Apr. 10. 47, 334

1781
APR. 6

St. Clair,

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. Gout; small success with the Assembly in forwarding the recruiting; strength of the detachment artillery and route of march

Arthur.

Philadelphia.

To

;

to join [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene; state of Moylan s regiment retreat of Cornwallis ; British
;

1781
APR. 6

reenforcement in the Chesapeake; difficulty in L. S. 4 pp. obtaining returns of troops. 25. Answered Apr. 48, 4 Stevens, N[athaniel]. Fishkill [New York]. To John R.

Request for beef and Enclosed in Heath to p. 48, 22 Washington, 1781, Apr. 7.
Stafford,

West

Point.
1

rum.

A. L. S.

1781
APR. 6

Hartford. To [George] WashTallmadge, Benjamin. ington, New Windsor. Assembling of Refugees

system of intelligence estab and plan of Tallmadge s in lished; proposal former [Samuel Culper] for breaking up the post Tallmadge s willingness to act in any capacity in the attempt. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Apr. 8.
at

Lloyd

s

Neck;

;

48, 2

1781
APR. 6

Williams, J[ohn?] C[hester?] Granville [Massachusetts]. To N[athaniel] Stevens [Fishkill, New York].

Drove

of cattle sent to Fishkill; impossibility of

obtaining number desired weekly from Massa chusetts alone. A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in

Heath
1781
APR.
7

to Washington, 1781, Apr. 10.

48, 50

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Ralph Pomeroy, Hartford [Connecticut]. Transportation of meat to the Army. Draft. 2 pp. In hand writing of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 3, 105 [Washington, George.] New Windsor. Tc Comte de Rochambeau [Newport]. Deferring march of French army toward the Hudson; enterprise against New York and affairs in the South; conversation

1781
APR.
7

1774

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
with [Brig.] Gen. [Louis Le Begue] Duportail; movements of the British and their strength at New York. Draft. 3 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In part in Ford, 9, 205.
D.
I, pt, 2,

103

[1781]
[APR. 7?]

Beekman, G. G.

Memorandum [Peekskill, New York.] of intelligence of the British having sent out four parties to capture or assassinate Washing
Enclosed in Heath to 48, 20 Washington, 1781, Apr. 7.
ton and others.
1

p.

1781
APR. 7

Dayton,

Elias.

Chatham [New

Jersey].

To [George
[William]

Washington,
of

New

Windsor].

Probable capture
of Lt.
1

Washington s letter; using McMichael as a spy. L. S.
Apr.
1781
APR.
7

p.

Answered
48, 18

11.

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Forwarding information [of assassinating parties sent out by the enemy]; precautions taken; regret over number of old
British soldiers in the

New York

regiment

[1st

?].

L. S.

1

p.

47, 19

1781
APR.
7

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Vigilance on the water; appre hension of scarcity of provisions; officer ordered 2 pp. L. S. to go in a flag to New York.
48, 21

1781
APR. 7

Pray, John.

Nyack [New York]. To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath [West Point]. Removal of British boats from Spuyten Duyvil Creek to the East River. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to Washing A. L. S.
ton, 1781, Apr.
7.

48, 23

1781
APR.
7

Eochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Satisfac tion at postponement of junction with Southern army; purchase of horses; strength of guard needed for stores depositing at Providence; re quests advance notice to move the French army;
preparations for march; the [Penobscot] expedi tion; circumstances against its undertaking; re L. S. 4 pp. pairing damage done the fleet.

Endorsed by Tilghman:

"Rec

Ansd 16th

it is

supposed
13th."

this

d 15th at night should have been
48, 16

dated the 12th or

COBRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
APR. 8

1775

[Washington, George.]
[William]
salt provisions;

New

Windsor.
Point].

To Maj. Gen.
Forwarding of

Heath [West

guard.

Draft.

Humphreys.
1781
APR. 8

reenforcement of Washington s In handwriting of David 1 p. B. XIII, pt. 3, 107

To Marquis de [Washington, George.] New Windsor. Lafayette [Elk River, Maryland]. Reasons for return of Col. [Jean Baptiste] Gouvion to head quarters. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench
Tilghman.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3, 111

1781 APB.S

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Comte de Rochambeau and Chevalier Destouches [Newport].
;

Introducing Maj. [Benjamin] Tallmadge his plan against Lloyd s Neck. Draft. 2 pp. In hand D. I, pt.2, 107 writing of David Humphreys.
1781
APR. 8

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To Maj. Gen.
Recruiting the

[Arthur] St. Clair [Philadelphia],

Pennsylvania Line; requesting returns; need of 2 pp. In handwriting of exertion. Draft. B. David Humphreys. XIII, pt. 3, 109
1781
APR. 8

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Maj. Benjamin Proposed Tallmadge, Hartford, Connecticut]. design against the British [at Lloyd s Neck]; secrecy necessary intelligence of enemy s strength on York, Long and Staten Islands. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David Humphreys. In Sparks,
;

8, 3.

B.

XIII,

pt. 3, 115

1781
APR. 8

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Brig.] Gen. [Anthony] Wayne [Philadelphia]. His exertions in raising men and forwarding the Pennsylvania Line to the South. Draft. 2 pp. In hand writing of David Humphreys. In Sparks, 7, 472.
B.

XIII, pt.

3,

113

1781
APR. 8

Lafayette, [Marquis de].

Elk [Pennsylvania]. To [George]
Orders for his
his visit to

Washington [New Windsor].
troops to return to
s

Head

of Elk;

Washington mother and Mount Vernon; diffi culties in moving troops from Annapolis; Com modore [James] Nicholson s services; return of the detachment to Elk; letter from [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene; cannon and ammunition forwarded to Greene; capture of two British
spies;

Maj. [William] Macpherson

s

assistance;

1776

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
receipt of orders to return

South with

his detach

ment

;

delay in starting

ties; preparations; troops to serve in South; their want of clothes and shoes; expectation of an answer [from France] to the propositions of attacking New

transportation difficul objections of Northern
;

York.
Sparks,

A. L. S.
8,

9pp.

Answered Apr.

11.

In

512.

48, 30

1781
APR. 8

Pomeroy, Ralph.

Hartford [Connecticut]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Report of a cap ture of mail by the enemy; encloses copy of his letter to Col. [Timothy] Pickering which was taken. A. L. S. Ip. Answered Apr. 16. 48,25
Fishkill [New York]. To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath, West Point. The beef supply. A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in Heath to Washing 48, 48 ton, 1781, Apr. 10.

1781
APR. 8

Stevens, N[athaniel].

1781
APR. 9

Washington, George. New Windsor. To [Lt. Col.] John Laurens [Passy, France]. [Brig. Gen. Daniel]

Morgan

victory [at Cowpens] and Cornwallis s retrograde movement; failure of French to take
s

advantages offered in proposed expedition to Chesapeake Bay need of an European loan and aid from France; Pennsylvania line ordered South. Auto, draft signed. 5 pp. With omis sions in Ford, 9, 209. P. II, 335
;

1781
APR. 9

Bruen, J[eremiah].

Fishkill

[New York].

To [George

Washington,

New

Windsor].

Ineffectual efforts

to learn the state of his regiment; detachment ordered to the Artillery Park; officers sent back

but
1781
APR. 9

men

detained.

A. L. S.

1 p.

48, 40

Burt, Daniel.

Warwick [New York].

Windsor]. ington, furnish teams. A. L. S.
Cleaveland, Moses.
chusetts

New

To [George WashRefusal of farmers to 1 p. 48, 39

1781
APR. 9

West Point. To Maj. Gen. [William] West Point. Question of pay of Massa Heath,

men drafted into corps of Sappers & A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in Heath to 48, 47 Washington, 1781, Apr. 10.
Miners.

1781
APR. 9

Heath, W[illiam].

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Need of salt provision reliance of posts upon West Point; need of rum; reenforcement for Washington s guard; inquiry into
;

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1777

Capt. [Isaac] Pope s conduct; arrival of recruits from Massachusetts. L. S. 2 pp. Answered

Apr.
1781
APR. 9

12.

48, 41

Porter, J[ohn].

[West Point.] Plans for capturing [Maj .] Gen. [Friedrich von] Hackenberg at Morris House [New York]. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to 48, 52 Washington, 1781, Apr. 10.
Philadelphia. To George Washington, Windsor. Resignation; state of his ac counts. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Apr. 20. 48, 34

1781
APR. 9

Procter,

Thomas.

New

1781
APR. 9

Stark, John.

Derryfield [Massachusetts],

To

[George]

Forwarding -re cruits; expectation of efficacy of pardoning de serters; disposition of the [New Hampshire] General Assembly to furnish troops; Stark s 2 pp. health. Answered Signature cut off. Apr. 6. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3,
284.
48, 34

Washington [New Windsor].

1781
APR. 9

Stevens,

N[athaniel].

Fishkill

[New York].
;

To

Col.

[Hugh] Hughes [West Point?] Exhaustion of flour magazine at West Point necessity of bring ing the flour from Ringwood [New Jersey] to New Windsor. Contemporary copy. 1 p. En
closed in Platt to

Humphreys, 1781, Apr.

10.

48, 10

1781
APR. 10

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Comte de Rochambeau, Newport]. The proposed expedition against Penobscot. Draft. 2 pp. In handwrit ing of Alexander Hamilton. In Ford, 9, 213. D. I, pt. 2, 111

1781 ApR

Hay, Udny.
-

Poughkeepsie [New York].
;

To

[George]

10

Washington [New Windsor]. Supplies for the Indians exchange of salt for fish baking of bis cuit want of beef by the troops in the North Act
; ; ;

of

New York

legislature respecting purchasing

officers of

the Army.
"Ansd.

L. S.

1 p.

1781 ApR

Heath, Wplliam].
-

10

Humphreys: West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Difficulties in the Sappers & Miners cause of recent cannonade in New York 48, 46 Bay. L. S. 1 p. Answered Apr. 12.
14th"
;

verbally the

Endorsed by 48,44

56214

VOL

312

10

1778
1781
APR. 10

LIBRAKY OF CONGRESS
Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Maj. John Porter s desire to attempt the capture of the Hessian General [Maj. Gen. Friedrich von Hackenberg] at Morris House. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered Apr. 12. 48, 51

1781
APR. 10

Humphreys,] D[avid]. [New Windsor.] To Maj. [Richard]
Ordering impress of teams. B. 1 p. XIII, pt. 3, 117 New Windsor. Warrant for imHumphreys,] D[avid]. press of teams. Auto, draft signed. 1 p.
Platt [Newburgh], Auto, draft signed.
B.

1781
APR. 10

XIII, pt.

3,

119

1781
APR. 10

Keese,John.

[Lt.] Col. [Edward] Conversion of blockhouse into a provost; advantages of Pollopel s Island. A. L. 2 pp. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, S. 48, 128 1781, Apr. 14.

Fishkill

[New York]. To

Antill, Fishkill.

1781
APR. 10

Lafayette, [Marquis

Washington [New Windsor].
;

Elk [Maryland]. To [George] Delay from lack of for troops lack of knowledge of Wash clothing ington s plans; New York and use of the French fleet; Capt. La Touche s influence; Lafayette s ideas; grant of two and one-half million [livres] made to Dr [Benjamin] Franklin and efforts to increase it; regret at not receiving [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene s message; application to the Board of War for shoes, etc. A. L. S. 5 pp. Answered Apr. 14. 48, 42
de].

1781
APR. 10

lafayette, Marquis

de.

Elk [Maryland].

To [George

Windsor]. Maj. [Benjamin] Washington, Throop s return to the Army; Col. [Joseph] Vose; [Lt.] Col. [William Stephens] Smith; readiness of the Pennsylvania Line to march South; reported British embarkation at New York for New
castle [Delaware].

New

A. L. S.

3 pp.

48,

53

1781
APR. 10

Platt, Richard.

[David]

Humphrey

Newburgh [New York]. To Lt. Col. s [New Windsor]. Small

number

of wagons obtained [from application to the magistrates]; requests aid of dragoons to impress care promised in exercise of the power. A. L. S. 2 pp. 48, 10
;

[1781]
[APR. 10]

Platt, R[ichard]. [Newburgh.] Memorandum of quota of teams allotted to each Justice [of the Peace].

D.

S.

1 p.

Enclosed in preceding entry.
48, 12

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
APR. 10

1779

Pomeroy, Ralph.

Hartford.

To Gov. [Jonathan] Trum-

Army for beef; requests authority to order forward the salt-beef west of the Connecticut River to Fishkill. Con
bull [Lebanon].

Distress of the

1781
APR. 10

temporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Pomeroy to Washington, 1781, Apr. 11. 48, 103 Reynaud, Cape [Francois, San Domingo, West To [Comte de Rochambeau, Newport, Indies]. Rhode Island]. Reenforcement expected by Marquis de Bouille; blockade of Martinico, etc. 1 Enclosed in p. Contemporary extract.
.

Rochambeau
1781
APR. 10

to

Washington, 1781,

May

4.

48,

347

Shee,

John and Jacob
1

Morris.

of the accounts of Col.
p.

Philadelphia. Certificate Thomas Procter. D. S.

Apr.
1781
APR. 11

9.

Enclosed in Procter to Washington, 1781, 48, 38

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.
Jersey].

To

Col. [Elias]

Dayton [Chatham, New

Right to seize

deserters; reliance to be placed

on a secret agent;

Draft. intelligence desired and compensation. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3, 125

1781
APR. 11

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Marquis de Elk River, Maryland]. Reasons Lafayette, for ordering his detachment into Virginia; shoes;
the Jersey
line.

Draft.

3 pp.

In handwriting of
3,

Tench Tilghman.
1781
APR. 11

In Ford,

9, 216. B. XIII, pt.

121

Washington,] G[eorge]. New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. Transportation of salted provisions from towns west of the Connecticut. 1 p. In handwriting of David Hum Draft.
phreys.
B.
Fishkill

XIII, pt.

3,

127

1781
APR. 11

Antill,

Edward.

[William] 1 p. tion of a provost. A. L. S. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Apr. 14. 48, 126

[New York]. To Maj. Gen. West Point. Report on erec Heath,

1781
APR. 11

Heath, Wplliam].

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. Stretching the chain across the Hudson; small-pox patients; need of hospital 1 p. L. S. stores. Acknowledged Apr. 12.
48, 70

West

Point.

To

1780
1781
APR. ll

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Laurens, John.

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. Money loans; obtaining of cloth ing; Lauren s efforts to obtain money direct from the Treasury; clothing and other supplies; ap

Passy [France].

To

parent disapproval of the French ministry of besieging New York; intelligence obtained from intercepted letters; time of his departure from France. A. L. S. 5 pp. In Sparks, Letters to 48, 56 Washington, 3, 285.
1781
APR. ll

Pomeroy, Ralph.

Hartford.

To

[George] Washington

Prospect of a meeting of the Council of Safety [of Connecticut] in response to Washington s representations. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered Apr. 16. 48, 120

[New Windsor].

1781
APR. 12

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] Lack of supplies; [James] Clinton [Albany]. efforts to forward stores to Albany and for Fort
2 pp. Draft. Schuyler; armory at Albany. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 3, 135 New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] [William] Heath [West Point]. Exertions to for

1781
APR. 12

ward supplies [to West Point]; preparations of British for an embarkation at New York; need
of vigilance;

postponement

of [Maj.

John Por

ter

s] proposed enterprise [to capture Maj. Gen. Friedrich von Hackenberg], Draft. 3 pp. In

1781
APR. 12

handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 131 New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.]
[William]

Heath [West

Point].
lists

Inquiry into
of recruits;

prisoner escort; descriptive

pay

Massachusetts

in Sappers Miners; Capt. Simmons; hospital stores. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B.

men

&

XIII,

pt, 3,

129

1781
APR. 12

[Washington, George.] Pickering [Newburgh].
lieve distresses of West

New Windsor. To
Energy

Col. [Timothy] necessary to re
1 p.

Point and the Army.

1781
APR. 12

In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 137 New Windsor. To [Abraham [Washington, George.]
Skinner, Elizabethtown,

New Jersey]. Exchange

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
matters; Lt. Gen. [John] Burgoyne.

1781
Draft.
2

1781
APR. 12

pp. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. B. XIII, pt. 3, 139 [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. Walter Stewart [Pennsylvania]. Progress in recruiting

the Pennsylvania Line; his marriage.
1 p.

Draft.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
P.
II,

337

1781
APR. 12

Connecticut, Governor

and Council

Resolve and order. Pomeroy with meat; payment for same, etc. Contemporary extract from the minutes. 2 pp. Enclosed in Pomeroy to Washington, 1781, Apr. 14. 48, 100
Heath, W[illiam].

of Safety. [Lebanon]. Towns to furnish Ralph

1781
APR. 12

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Stoppage of officer sent down in a flag; his meagre discoveries; state of the
provisions; chain in place.

L. S.

2 pp.

An
48, 76

swered Apr.
1781
APR. 12

12.

Howe,

Robert.

To Portsmouth, New Hampshire. New Windsor]. Wish to [George Washington, return to Army in event of active service; un

prepared state of forts at Newbury, Marblehead, etc.; property exposed; slowness in forwarding [John] Hancock s feeling for recruits; Gov. renews request to be sent for in Washington; event of service. A. L. S. 4 pp. 48, 87
1781
APR. 12

Hunter, Elijah.

Newburgh [New York].

To

[George]

Washington, New Windsor. Destitute condition of the Kenecut family; Kenecut s offer to obtain 1 p. Endorsed by Hum intelligence. A. L. S. phreys: "Ordered two months Provisions for
Kennicut"

48, 78

1781
APR. 12

To [George] Lafayette, [Marquis de.] Elk [Maryland]. Washington [New Windsor]. Delay in march; efforts to obtain clothing for officers and men;
changes of officers; [Lt.] Col. [William Stephens] Smith; relative popularity of [Lt.] Col. Gimat and Maj. [William] Galvan. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Apr. 22. 48, 70 London, Samuel. Fishkill [New York]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Capture of post-rider Montange; difficulty of procuring another; dan-

1781
12

1782

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
ger of the [Smith
s]

Clove route; advisability of

Montange s early exchange. A. L. S. 1 p. En dorsed by Tilghman: "the post directed to go 48, 72 by Warwick &c"
1781
APR. 13

To [Nathaniel] [Washington, George.] New Windsor. Fishkill [New York]. Stephens, Transporting rum to the Army. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting B. XIII, pt. 3, 141 of David Humphreys.
Elaine, Ephraim.

1781
APR. 13

To George Washington [New Windsor]. Ordered by Congress to secure
Philadelphia.

and remove all public stores from the peninsula between Delaware and Chesapeake Bays; flour at Brandywine Mills and seizure of same for the public; [Continental] frigates ordered to Lewiston
A. L.
1781
APR.
13.

[Delaware]; quantity of flour at different places. 2 pp. S. 48, 96

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. CaseofCapt. Simmons; requests instructions condition of the provost at Fishkill and need of a new one. L. S. 2 pp. Endorsed
;

by Humphreys:
1781
APR. 13

"NotAnsd."

48,97

Lafayette,

[Marquis

de].

Susquehannah Ferry [Mary-

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. Orders for [Lt.] Col. [Jean Baptiste] Gouvion; mis construction of Lafayette s letter to the Board of
land].

To

War;

his

supposed objection to going South;

reported arrival of the 2d division of the French A. L. S. 2 pp. An at the Delaware Capes.

swered Apr. 22.
1781
APR. 13

48, 90

Lafayette,

[Marquis

land].

To
of

March

Susquehannah Ferry [Mary[New Windsor]. the troops toward Richmond; [Maj.]
de.]

[George] Washington

Gen. [Nathanael] Greene s intention to carry the war into South Carolina; Lafayette s fear of be
ing forced to the defensive; exertions of Maj. [William] Macpherson and his saving of flour from the enemy; wishes Washington to recommend

Macpherson movements;

to Greene; rapidity of Lafayette s A. L. S. 4 pp. An desertions. swered Apr. 22. In Sparks, Letters to Washing 48, 111 ton, 3, 287.

1781
APR. 13

Lincoln, B[enjamin].
cruits;

Boston.

[New Windsor].
Act

[George] Washington Collecting and forwarding re

To

of [Massachusetts] legislature delay-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEOEGE WASHINGTON

1783

ing those from the eastern counties; inability of officers to return to camp from lack of money;

Maj. [Matthew] Clarkson Answered Apr. 21.
1781
APR. 13

s

message.

L. S. 3 pp.
48, 92

Pickering, T[imothy].
visions
ster

Newburgh. To Lt. Col. [David] Humphreys [New Windsor], Forwarding of pro

from Connecticut; orders to Col. [Hugh] Hughes; other efforts; impress of teams in Ul
County.
A. L.
S.

2 pp.

48,

89

1781
APR. 13

Pomeroy, Ralph.

Hartford.

Circular letter to the Select-

towns [of Connecticut]. Or ders of the Governor and Council to forward saltmeat to Fishkill [New York] pressing need of the Army. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in
of the various
;

men

to Washington, 1781, Apr. towns addressed is given on verso.

Pomeroy
1781
APR. 13

14.

List of
48, 101

Pray, John.

Nyack [New York]. To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath, West Point. Arrival of Sir Henry Clin ton and the 42d Regiment at New York; the fleet from the Southward; embarkation at New York; movements on the Hudson; meeting of the Refugees at Frogs Point. A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Apr. 14. 48, 130

1781
APR. 13

Elizabethtown [New Jersey]. To [Col. Scudder, John. Elias Dayton, Chatham]. Reported British em
vessels in the harbor.

barkation for Chesapeake Bay; embargo on all A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in 48, 124 Dayton to Washington, 1781, Apr. 14.
Philadelphia.

1781
APR. 13

Wayne, Anthony.

To

Prest. Joseph

Reed

Washington s anxiety for the Pennsylvania line to march South; payment of
[Philadelphia].

the bounty, depreciation, etc.; chance of inter cepting enemy s detachment under [Maj.] Gen. [William] Phillips. A. L. S. 4 pp. Enclosed in

Wayne
1781
APR. 14

to Washington, 1781,

May

7.

48, 94

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Marquis de Lafayette, Susquehannah ferry]. Small chance of operating [against New York] water route for Col. [William Stephens] [Lt.] detachment; Smith s command; report of Sir Henry Clinton to take post on the Delaware; desertions from Lafayette s detachment; march of part of the
;

1784

LJBRABY OF CONGEESS
Pennsylvania Line from York [Pennsylvania]. Draft. 3 pp. In handwriting of Tench TilghB. man. In Sparks, 8, 13. XIII, pt. 3, 143 New Windsor. To Abraham [Washington, George.] Skinner [Elizabethtown, New Jersey]. Congress
instructions regarding exchanges.
Draft.
1

1781
APR. 14

p.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII,
1781
APR. 14
Elias.

pt. 3,

147

Chatham [New Jersey]. To [George] Dayton, Washington [New Windsor]. Preparation at New York for another embarkation; surmise as

New

reported return of Arnold to York; reported embodiment of Kefugees under [Lt.] Col. [John] Connolly; war reported between Great Britain and Portugal. L. S. 2 pp. 48, 123
to its destination;

1781
APR. 14

Harrison, Robert H[anson].

Philadelphia.

To [George

Washington, New Windsor]. Pinchers; state of his health and meeting of the Maryland legisla ture; ravages of British on the lower Potomac; capture of a vessel at Alexandria by a picaroon; lack of money and delays in forwarding troops southward caused thereby; indictment against J[ames] Mease and [William] West; report of Comte D Estaing s sailing from Brest. A. L. S.
4 pp.
48, 121

1781
APR. 14

Heath, W[illiam].
tion and

West

[New Windsor].

[George] Washington Intelligence of British embarka other movements. A. L. S. 2 pp.
15.

Point.

To

Acknowledged Apr.
1781
APR. 14

48, 125

Heath, W[illiam].

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Forwarding supplies to West Point; ability to withstand the enemy; British
Points;

observation of Verplanck s and Stony weakness of artillery companies; need of musket cartridges; court-martial sentences;
officer s

erection

of

provost

on Pollypus

[Pollopel

s]

Island; arrival of recruits from Massachusetts. L. S. 3 pp. Acknowledged Apr. 15. 48, 120

1781
APR. 14

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Return of a British fleet from the Southward; wagons brought from Long Island to Westchester; need of musket car 2 pp. L. S. 48, 129 tridges and provisions.

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
APR. 14

1785

McHenry, James.

To [George] Washington Report from Virginia of col lection of boats by the British at Portsmouth;
Baltimore.

[New Windsor].
in

regiments
1781
APR. 14

the

town.

A.

L.

S.

2
48,

pp.

Answered May 2. Pickering, Timothy. Newburgh.
ton, for selling the reform of Col. [Jeduthan]
artillery-artificers].

10G

To

[George] Washing-

New Windsor.

Col. [John] Neilson s reasons artillery huts at Pluckamin;

Baldwin
1

s

regiment

[of

A. L. S.

p.

48, 108

1781
APR. 14

Pickering, T[imothy].

Newburgh. To [George] WashingFailure to obtain
for ensuing

ton [New Windsor].

money

from Congress requisite

campaign;

plan proposed of States equipping their own troops; transmits detailed estimate of supplies
needed.
"See

A. L. S.

2 pp.

letter of 16 April to
Subject"

Endorsed by Tilghman: Eastern States on the

above
ington,

In Sparks, Letters to

Wash
48, 113

3,

289.

The draft by David Humphreys, of the circular letter which enclosed a copy of Pickering s together with his estimates is in C, IV, pt. 1, 225. It is addressed to Govrs. [Jonathan] Trumbull, [William] Greene, [John] Hancock, and Prest. [Meshech] Weare. It is dated Apr. 17, 1781 and endorsed by Humphreys, Apr. 16. "Circular to the Governors of N. England."

1781
APR. 14

Pickering, T[imothy].

Newburgh.

Estimates of camp
1

equipage to be provided by New Hampshire, Connecticut, 2 pp.; Rhode Island, 1 p.;

p.

;

and

Tabular statements. Massachusetts, 2 pp. Ds. S. Enclosed in Pickering to Washington, 48, 116-118 1781, Apr. 14.
1781
APR. 14

To [George] Washington Hartford. Pomeroy, Ralph. Order obtained from the [Con [New Windsor]. necticut] Council and measures taken to forward salt-meat to Fishkill. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered 48, 99 April 16.
Stevens, Nathaniel.
Fishkill

1781
APR. 14

[New York].

To

[George]

in Con Washington [New Windsor]. necticut and Philadelphia; rum owing from Massachusetts; beef cattle from Massachusetts.

Rum

L. S.
[1781]
[APR. 14
?]

1 p.

48, 98

W.

D.

F. Dis Randolph, Woodbridge, Jersey]. covery of traders carrying secret information [out of New York]; preparation of the cavalry
[Secret

Service]

[New York.]

To [Asher

New

1786
for

LIBKARY OF CONGRESS
an expedition;
mail captured; troops in British ships in the harbor. 48, 153

winter quarters; A. D. S. 4 pp. 1781
APR. 15

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] [William] Heath [West Point]. Artillery and stores; erection of a provost on Pollipus [PolioIn handwriting of 1 p. Draft. pel s] Island. B. David Humphreys. XIII, pt. 3, 149
Craig, I[saac].

1781
APR. 15

Philadelphia.

[New Windsor].

[George] Washington Artillery supplies for [Brig.]

To

Gen. [George Rogers] Clark s expedition; Craig s need of men; requests instructions. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Apr. 25. 48, 149
1781
APR. 15

Destouches, [Chevalier].

Newport [Rhode

Island].

To

[George Washington, New Windsor]. Abandon ment of project against Penobscot. L. S. 2 pp. 48, 147 (In French.)
Lafayette, [Marquis de].

1781
APR. 15

Susquehannah Ferry [Maryland].
In

To [George Washington, New Windsor].

or Congress to supply ability of the Board of wants of the detachment; refusal of Pennsyl

War

vania line to move until paid; lack of money; desertions; noise caused by Washington s con
fidential letter respecting delays of the French; march of the French army toward the Hudson;

wishes of the French Court; regret [at Alex ander Hamilton s resignation]; need of under standing the present situation before again writing to the French Court. A L. S. 3 pp. Answered Apr. 22. 48, 145
to be his letter a copy of which, in Washington s handwriting, in Series P, vol. 2, 327. is headed "Copy of a Letter to Mr. Lund Washington as Published in Rlvington s Gazette of the 4th ol

The

confidential letter

was presumed by Washington
Mar.
28,

to

Lund Washington,

1781,

April,

1781."

See: Ford, Writings of

Washington,

vol. 9, 225-6.

1781
APR. 15

Lafayette, Marquis de.

Susquehannah Ferry [Maryland]. [New Windsor]. Im press of wagons on south side of the Susque hannah; need of hastening his march; desertions; Maj. [William] Galvan s actions and dissatisfac tion caused thereby; great want of accoutre

To

[George] Washington

possibility of attacking Portsmouth; raising of militia; desires to know reasons for overthrow of project [against New York]; dis

ments;

putes between the Jersey and

New England

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1787

troops; desertions from the Rhode Island troops; A. L. S. their aversion to serving in the South.

1781
APR. 15

4 pp. Answered Apr. 22. Woodbridge Randolph, Asher F.

48, 145

[New

Jersey].

To

[George] Washington [New Windsor], ing intelligence of embarkation at New York. A. L. S. 1 p. Endorsed by Tilghman: "from

Forward

Ashur Fitzrandolph
1781
APR. 15

"

48,152

Rochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Prepara tions and abandonment of the project [against
Penobscot].
L. S.
2 pp.

Answered Apr.

22.

48, 143

1781
APR. 15

St. Clair,

Arthur.

Philadelphia.

[New Windsor]. sylvania Line southward; slowness in paying the men; loose resolves of the Assembly for recruit
ing; strength of the

To [George] Washington Delay in march of the Penn

detachment; weak state of the Artillery detachment; lethargy of the people
L. S.
3 pp.

at large.

Answered Apr.

25.
48, 141

1781
APR. 15

Steuben, [Baron].

Chesterfield Court

House

[Virginia].

To

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. Efforts of people to save the stores collected for the at

tempt on Portsmouth; Steuben s plan against Corn\vallis; derangement of affairs caused by arrival of British reenf orcement weakness of
;

militia force; difficulties in recruiting; lack of arms, ammunition and powder; horses for cav
alry; need of swords and cartridge boxes; [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene s refusal to allow Steu ben to join the Southern Army; desertions; re quests list of Southern officers exchanged repre
;

sentation of Virginia line officers against [Brig.] Gen. [George] Weedon; British at Portsmouth

and Norfolk.
1781
APR. 16

L. S.

7pp.

Answered May
3,

1

.

In

Sparks, Letters to Washington,

290.

48, 132

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

Brodhead [Fort

Pitt].

To Col. [Daniel] Power for holding a

court-martial; forwarding stores to Fort Pitt; supplies furnished Col. [Brig. Gen. George Rogers]

Clark; Fort Mclntosh; fort for the Cooshocking Indians; Washington s efforts to keep Fort Pitt
supplied.

1788

LIBEAEY OF CONGBESS

Warrant for holding a general court-martial
Fort Pitt.
1781
APR. 16

at

Draft.

3 pp.

Tench Tilghman.

In handwriting of B. XIII, pt. 3, 151

Washington, George. New Windsor. To Sir Henry Clinton [New York]. Order of Congress demanding the return of [Lt.] Gen. [John] Burgoyne. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. E. 405

1781
APR. 16

Washington, George.
Forrest

New Windsor. To Lt. Col.
Draft.
1

[New Windsor].

mendation.

[Thomas] His request for recom In handwriting of p.
B.

Tench Tilghman.
1781
APR. 16

XIII,

pt. 3, 157

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Oliver] Phelps [Boston]. Necessity of a regular supply of beef Draft. 2 pp. cattle from Massachusetts. In

handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII,
1781
APR. 16

pt. 3, 163

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Ralph Pomeroy
;

[Hartford]. Forwarding of salt provisions Pomeroy s letter fallen into hands of the enemy.

Draft.

Ip.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 3, 159

1781
APR. 16

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Comte de Rochambeau [Newport], Embarkation of British
at

New
s

York; arrival

beau
1781
APR. 16

preparations. writing of Tench Tilghman.

Draft.

of fleet there; 2 pp.

RochamIn hand
117

D.

I, pt. 2,

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Abraham Skinner [Elizabethtown, New Jersey]. Action of Congress regarding exchange of Lt. Gen. [John] Burgoyne; general directions as to his negotia 1 p. tions. Draft. In handwriting of Alex ander Hamilton. B. XIII, pt. 3, 161
[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Heman] Swift Articles Connecticut]. [Wethersfield, found upon teamsters; slowness of recruiting in Connecticut. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 3, 155

1781
APR. 16

1781
APR. 16

Washington, George. New Windsor. To [Jonathan Trumbull, jr., Lebanon, Connecticut]. Offering him position as aide de camp. Auto, draft signed. 1 p. In Sparks, 8, 14. P. II, 339

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
APR. 16

1789

Brodhead, Daniel.

Fort Pitt [Pennsylvania]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Receipt of Wash ington s letters; transmits rank of Maryland
consternation of frontier inhabitants; requests leave; continuation of garrison at Fort Mclntosh. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered April 16.
officers;

47, 4

1781
APR. 16

Bruen, J[eremiah].

Washington,

[New York]. To [George Windsor]. Requests an opin ion as to right of reduced artillery-artificer offi cers to half-pay and bounty lands. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered Apr. 17. 48, 161
Fishkill

New

1781
APR. 16

Clinton, James.

Albany. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Indian foray at Fort Schuyler weak
;

ness of the garrison and scarcity of provisions; inability of State Agents to purchase flour as

purchases are
specie;

made

for the

French army with
L. S.
2 pp.

lack of everything.

An

swered
1781
APR. 16

May

4.

48, 162

Pomeroy,

Ralph.
Fishkill

Hartford.

To

[Nathaniel

Stevens,

His request of Connecticut for rum; dispositions made for removing a quantity of salt-meat. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Stevens to Washington, 1781, 48, 204 Apr. 21.
York].

New

1781 ApR

-

16

Rendon, Francisco. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Thanks for information;
lack of intelligence from Havana. L. S. 2 pp. Endorsed by Tilghman: "Only to be acknowl Answered May 2. 48,158 edged"

1781 ApR

-

17

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] [James] Clinton [Albany]. Investigation of [Philip] Van Rensselaer s order for hides. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII,
of

pt. 3, 165

1781 APR

[Washington, George.]
-

New Windsor. To Maj.
Question
officers.

[Jeremiah]
for

17

Bruen

[Fishkill].

reformed Artificer

half-pay 1 p. Draft.

In
167

handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII, pt.

3,

1781 APR

Bauman,
-

S[ebastian].

West

Point.

To

[Maj.]

Gen.

17

[Henry] Knox [New Windsor]. Report on [Capt. Lewis] Garanger s artillery experiments; his

1790

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
knowledge.
closed in

Knox

Contemporary copy. 3 pp. to Washington, 1781, Apr.

En
18.

48, 172

1781
APR. 17

Fogg, Jeremiah.

Bedford [New York].

To Maj. [Amos]

Morrill [Bedford ?]. Barbarities committed by British on American militia. A. L. S. 3 pp.
48,

209

1781
APR. 17

Heath, W[illiam].

West Point. To [George] Washington Deserters from the Light [New Windsor].
;

Infantry; the beef and flour supply his efforts to forestall the present situation. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Apr. 20. 48, 164

1781
APR. 17

Pickering, Timothy.
[Fishkill,

Newburgh.
York].

To

Col.

[Hugh] Hughes

reply from Congress respecting sale of provisions to obtain money for orders to conduct the sale; transportation;

New

No

Contemporary copy by Enclosed in Pickering to 48, 260 Washington, 1781, Apr. 25.
Pickering.
2

caution to be observed.
pp.

1781
APR. 18

New Windsor. To [Maj. Gen. Washington, George. Nathanael Greene, near Camden, South Caro His situation; exertions of Virginia to lina].
reenforce him;

command

in Virginia

and Baron

Steuben; [Brig. Gen. Daniel] Morgan s victory; South s confidence in Greene. Auto, draft P. 3 pp. In Ford, 9, 220. II, 341 signed.
1781
APR. 18

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Baron

detachment

[Chesterfield, Virginia]. to Virginia;

Steuben Return of Lafayette s
strength of the
first

division of the Pennsylvania line ordered south; report of British embarkation at New York

under command of Sir Henry Clinton. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3, 169

1781
APR. 18

Garanger,

Lewis.

Philadelphia.

To Maj. B[enjamin]

Walker [New Windsor]. Requests copy of his certificate of service from [Maj.] Gen. [Henry] Knox. A. L. S. 1 p. (In French)
Knox, II[enry].

W

1781
APR. 18

New

Windsor.

To

[George] Washington

[New Windsor].
periments.
L. S.

Maj. [Sebastian]

Bauman
artillery

s re

port of [Capt. Lewis]
1

Geranger

s

ex

p.

48, 170

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
APR. 18

1791

Lafayette, [Marquis de.]

ington,

New

Windsor].

Baltimore. To [George Desire to relieve

Wash-

ington of anxiety; inability of Board of furnish the detachment; stoppage of desertions; loan of Baltimore merchants to buy clothing for the troops; ladies to make up shirts; conditions
of the loan; false report as to capture of

Wash War to

La

public papers; [Maj.] Gen. [William] force; intention of making a forced Phillips march to Fredericksburg or Richmond. A. L. S.
fayette s
4 pp.

Answered May
de.

5.

In Sparks,

8,

513.
48, 174

1781
APR. 18

Rochambeau, Comte Newport [Rhode Island]. To Trans [George Washington, New Windsor].
ports sent to Hispaniola; delay in sending des patches to France; requests knowledge of the
British fleet; false report of capture of a French convoy. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Apr. 22.
48, 168

1781
APR. 18

Skinner,

Elizabethtown [New Jersey]. To New Windsor]. [Lt. Col. Tench Tilghman? Postponement of interview with [Joshua] Loring; requests instructions; capture of two British offi cers; embarkation preparing in New York.

Abraham.

A. L. S.
1781
APR. 19

2 pp.

48, 177

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. Z[ebulon] Butler [Wyoming, Pennsylvania]. Orders to 1 p. Draft. In handwriting join the Army.
of

David Humphreys.

B.

XIII, pt.

3,

175

1781
APR. 19

New Windsor. To [Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Nathanael Greene, near Camden, South Caro lina]. Approval of his forcing battle [at Guilford
Courthouse]; his critical situation; Lafayette s detachment and Pennsylvania Line ordered to his reenforcement. 2 pp. Draft. In hand
writing of Alexander Hamilton.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3, 171

1781 ApR

Howe, Robert.
-

19

To [George Washington, New Cutting short of his tour of inspec tion on reported commencement of military activities; forwarding of recruits from Massa A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered May 7. chusetts. 48, 181
Boston.
Windsor].

1792
1781
APR. 19

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Knox, H[enry].
D. S.

[New Windsor.] Estimate of ordnance and stores necessary to be sent to Fort Pitt.
4 pp. Jeremiah.
A.

VI, pt.

1,

65

1781
APR. 19

Wadsworth,
for

Hartford

[Connecticut].

To

[George]

Washington [New Windsor]. Reasons wishing the French Army to march to the
3 pp.

Hudson along
A. L. S.

the seacoast; one Lee, a suspect. 48, 180

1781
APR. 20

New Windsor. To Col. [John] [Washington, George.] Durkee [Camp]. His interference in permitting
remain at Wyoming. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 179 New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.]
soldiers to

1781
APR. 20

[William] Heath [West Point]. Punishment of deserters from Lafayette s detachment; courtmartial ordered on Capt. [Isaac] Pope. Draft.

1781
APR. 20

In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 177 Windsor. To Col. [Thomas] Washington, George. New Procter [Philadelphia]. His resignation. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
1

p.

B.

XIII,

pt. 3, 181

1781
APR. 20

Dayton, Elias. Chatham [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. [Lt.] Col. [John] Connolly to go to Canada and join Sir John Johnson; intended attempt on Fort Pitt and seduction of
inhabitants; strength of British in New York; condition of the fleet; small success in recruiting
in Jersey.

L. S.

2 pp.

Answered May
"

1.

48, 196

1781
APR. 20

Heath, W[illiam].

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Delay in executing criminals
L. S.

through actions of Provost-marshal Hutton; re

Endorsed by Tilgh Tuesday provost respited Marshal to be tried immediately for disobedience
quests orders. 2 pp.

man:
of

"Criminals

till

Orders."

48, 195

1781
APR. 20

Humphreys, D[avid]. New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. Requests report as to transportation of flour from Ringwood pasture
;

for

horses

of

headquarters;
1

writing

paper.

Auto, draft signed.

p.

B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

183

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
APR. 20
"H-Senior"

1793

[British Secret Service]. Intelligence of conditions at Fort Stanwix, Johns Town, on the
s

Mohawk
ton

River, Schenectady, Albany, Washing Camp, in the South and East, Vermont, Saratoga and Fort Edward; troops provisions,
etc.

assurances that people New Scotland and vicinity will rise in aid of British; forwards his
;

journal;

actions

of

Y. H.

;

begs for a

flag.

Contemporary copy by John Lansing, jr. Con tinuing on same document after Smith, George to Haldimand, 1781, May 9.
1781
APE. 20

Johnston, James.

[New Windsor.] Certificate of Col. Thomas Procter s accounts. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed
Washington, 1781, Apr.
9.

in Procter to

48, 37

1781
APR. 20

Parsons,

Samuel H[olden]. Redding [Connecticut]. To His [George] Washington [New Windsor].
health; successful check to operations of the disaffected [the Tory plot]; advantages of an

expedition against Lloyd s Neck; wishes to com mand. L. S. 2pp. Answered Apr. 30. 48,188

1781
APR. 20

Pickering, Timothy. Newburgh. Commission to Col. [Jabez] Champlin as Barrackmaster to the French Army. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in follow

ing entry.

48, 194

1781
APR. 20

Pickering, T[imothy]. Newburgh. To Lt. Col. [AlexHamilton [New Windsor]. Abolishment ander]
duties devolved

Department by Congress; its upon the Quartermaster General; French Army arrangements and questions in volved in appointment of Col. [Jabez] Champlin
as Barrackmaster to same.

of

Barrackmaster

s

A. L. S.

3 pp.
48, 192

1781
APR. 20

Pickering, T[imothy]. Newburgh. [New York]. To Lt. Col. [David] Humphreys [New Windsor], Teams with supplies from Ringwood as a result of the

impress delay in obtaining return of provisions that have arrived at Ringwood. A. L. S. 2 pp. 48, 186
;

1781
APR. 20

Stevens, N[athaniel].

Fishkill

[New York].

To

[George]

Washington, Inability to obtain salt-fish through lack of money. L. S. 1 p.
Windsor.
48, 183 VOL

New

56214

312

11

1794
1781
APR. 20

LIBEARY OF CONGRESS
Tallmadge,

Benjamin.

Fairfield

[Connecticut].

To
of

[George] Washington [New Windsor].
of accurate returns of British forces
forts,

Obtaining

and plans

etc

at

Lloyd

s

Neck and Fort Slongo;

corps sent in the fleet recently sailed under 1 p. [Maj.] Gen. [William] Phillips. A. L. S. 48, 185

1781
APR. 20

Wadsworth,

Jeremiah.

Hartford

[Connecticut].

To

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. Route of the French army; difficulty in furnishing forage

on the inland route. A. L.
1781
APR. 21

S.

2 pp.

48, 190

Washington,] G[eorge]. New Windsor. To [Marquis de His Lafayette, near Alexandria, Virginia]. return to headquarters and difficulty of assigning

him war

a
in

command;
the

the probable theatre of the

coming campaign. Draft. 3 pp. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton. In
Ford,
9,

223.

P.

II,

345

1781
APR. 21

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] [Benjamin] Lincoln [Boston]. Maj. [Matthew] Clarkson and the secret agent. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 3, 185

1781
APR. 21

New Windsor. To [Nathaniel] [Washington, George.] Stevens, Fishkill. Provision prospect; call for cattle from the Eastern States; preservation of salt provisions. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting B. of David Humphreys. XIII, pt. 3, 187
Arbuthnot, M[arriot].

1781
APR. 21

Royal Oak

off

New

York.

To

[George Washington, New Windsor]. Delay in answering Washington s letter; investigation of treatment of naval prisoners; requests better treatment for British prisoners in Philadelphia. Recent copy. 2 pp. 48, 197
Garanger, Lewis. New Windsor. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Inability to obtain appointment in the Army without causing uneasiness; inten tion of returning to France; requests a certifi cate of service. A. L. S. 2 pp. 48, 206
Heath, W[illiam],

1781
APR. 21

1781
APR. 21

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Desertions from the Light In

fantry; arrest of subaltern concerned in allowing prisoners to escape; character of the various

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1795

prisoners under sentence of death; precedent for compelling the provost-marshal to act as exe cutioner; alarming state of the provision supply. 3 pp. L. S. 48, 207

1781
APR. 21

Marion, Francis.

[Near Camden? South Carolina]. To Skir [Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene, Camden]. mishes and minor successes. Extract of letter.

In handwriting of Greene. Enclosed in 1 p. Greene to Washington, 1781, Apr. 22. 48, 215
[1781]
[APR. 21]

[Pickering, Timothy.]
of

[Newburgh.]
Philadelphia].

To

[the President

Congress,

Responsibility in

1781
APR. 21

event of stoppage of all Quartermaster Depart ment activity; Pickering s incapacity through lack of mone;y Contemporary extract by Pick 1 p. Enclosed in Pickering to Washing ering. 48, 262 ton, 1781, Apr. 25. Elizabethtown [New Jersey]. To Skinner, Abraham. Lt. Col. [Alexander] Hamilton [New Windsor]
.

Acknowledging directions respecting prisoners; order for Lt. Gen. [John] Burgoyne; delay in A. L. S. 1 p. 48, 205 visiting Philadelphia.
1781
APR. 21

Steuben,

[Baron].

Chesterfield Court House, Virginia.

To

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. Prep arations of British at Portsmouth; Steuben s removal of stores; advance of enemy up the

James River; slowness of militia in assembling and the confused and disorganized state of 2 pp. L. S. affairs. Answered May 16.
48,

199

1781
APE. 21

Stevens, N[athaniel].

Fishkill

[New York].

To

[George]

Washington, New Windsor. Flour and cattle from Connecticut and Massachusetts; prospects
of

a supply; supplies in

New

Jersey.

L.
48,

S.

2 pp.

202

1781
APR. 22

New Windsor. To [Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Nathanael Greene, near Camden, South Carolina]. Baffling of Lord Cornwallis; Greene s plan; de lay in march of the Pennsylvania Line detach
ment; Maj. [William] Macpherson s merit. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Alexander Hamilton.
B.

XIII, pt.

3,

191

1781
-

22

New Windsor. To Marquis de Washington, George. His Lafayette [near Alexandria, Virginia]. presence at headquarters; intercepted letter pub-

1796

LJBKAEY OF CONGRESS
lishcd

llivington; its strictures of the the disagreement with [Lt. Col. Alex French; ander] Hamilton]. In Ford, 9, 224. P. II, 349

by [James]

1781
Ant. 22

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Marquis de Lafayette, Alexandria, Virginia]. Temper and desertions from his detachment; force for the

South; clothing for Southern detachments; re monstrance of Massachusetts oflicers; [Lt.] Col.

Gimat and Maj. [William] Galvan; probability
an operation [against New York]; danger to Southern States;. strength of Army; full view of affairs. Draft. 3pp. In handwriting of Alexan Hamilton. With omissions in Ford, 9, 227. der
of B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

193

1781
APR. 22

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Comte de IloBritish fleet at New chambeau [Newport]. news in Rivington s Gazette. Draft. 1 p. York; In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. D. I, pt. 2, 119
Durkee, J[ohn]. [New Windsor.] To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Explanation of soldiers

1781
APR. 22

being permitted to remain at Wyoming.
1

L. S.

p.

48,219

1781
APR. 22

To [Greene, Nathanael.] [Camden, South Carolina.] New Windsor]. Trans [George Washington, mits copy of his letter to Congress. A. L. Un 1 p. Answered June 1. 48, 214 signed.
Greene, Nathanael.

1781
APR. 22

Camden [South Carolina]. To the President of Congress [Philadelphia]. Reasons governing Greene s return to South Carolina; weakness of his force; lack of support and sup plies; poverty of the country; strength of the
enemy
Marion
against
failure
s position; effect of [Brig.] Genls. [Francis] s and [Thomas] Sumter s activity; march

Camden and
of

in vesture of Fort

Watson;
;

promised reenforcements; difficult nature of the country condition of the Army regret at failure of the Portsmouth, Virginia, expedition; Lord Cornwallis at Wilmington A. L. S. [North Carolina]; minor successes. Marked copy. 7 pp. Enclosed in Greene to 48, 216 Washington, 1781, Apr. 22.
;

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781

1797

Humphreys,
22

D[avid].

New

Windsor.

To Maj. Gen.

Am.

[William]
signed.

Heath [West
1 p.

oner under sentence

Point]. Pardon of pris of death. Auto, draft,

B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

189

1781
APR. 22

Neilly,

Benjamin.

Pittsburgh. To [George Washington, Windsor]. Unbecoming conduct of Col. Brodhead and refusal of officers to dine [Daniel]

New

with him;
unofficerlike

his

calumny

of

Neilly
S.

and other
with
list

conduct.

A. L.

of

names of officers who have declined Brodhead and their reasons. 3 pp.
[1781]
[APR. 22]

to dine with
48, 211

Neilly, Benjamin.

Charges against Col. Pittsburgh. Daniel Brodhead. A. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in 48, 213 preceding entry.
Philadelphia.

1781
APR. 22

Smith, William Stephens].

To
s

[George]

health; reason for his remaining at Philadelphia; awaits orders. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered May 14.
48,

Washington [New Windsor].

Smith

210

1781
"22fg"

Culper, Samuel.
2:3]

To [Setauket, Long Island]. John Bolton [Maj. Benjamin Tallmadgc, Weth"729"

[APR.

ersfield,

Connecticut].

Transmitting report of a

secret agent; enemy s force at Lloyd s Neck; their feeling of apparent security; [Samuel] C[ulper] jr s refusal to make any more written

reports;

New
1781
APR. 23

York.
to

return of a spy from Rhode Island to A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Tall-

madge

Washington, 1781,

May

2.

48,

326

Fort Watson, (South Carolina.)

Articles of Capitulation.

of British officers taken, etc. Contem porary copy of original signed by Lt. James

With list

McKay and

Capt. Patrick Carnes.

1

p.

En
279

closed in Greene to Waslungton, 1781, Apr. 27.
48,

1781
APR. 23

Knox, II[enry].

New

[New Windsor].

Windsor. To [George] Washington Order of Board of War discon

tinuing post at Fishkill; importance of the place its discontinuance; [John] Ruddock s dismissal. L. S. 5 pp. Memo, by Tilghman: "Copy of the above (except the para

and reasons against

graph relating to the dismission of Mr. Ruddock) transmitted to Board of War the 26th of April
1781."

47, 126

1798
1781
APR. 23

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Lafayette, [Marquis de].

Alexandria.

To

[George]

Wash-

ington [New Windsor].

ington s progress of his march; spirits of the troops; prefers to remain in Virginia rather than go to Carolina. A. L. S. 3 pp. In Sparks, Letters to

Informs of Lund Wash actions in treating with the British;

Washington,
1781
APR. 23

3,

295.

48, 221

Marion,

Francis.

Fort Watson [South Carolina]. To Gen. Nathanael Greene, near Camden]. [Maj. Investure and capture of Fort Watson exertions
;

of Lt. Col.

[Henry] Lee
others.

[jr.],

Maj. [Hezekiah]
2 pp.

Maham and

Contemporary copy.

Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, Apr. 27. 48, 278
1781
APR. 24

[Washington, George.]

Windsor. Warrant to the Deputy Quartermaster General of New York [Col. Hugh Hughes] at Fishkill to impress teams to transport provisions. Draft. 1 p. In hand
XIII, pt.
3,

New

writing of David Humphreys. B.

213

1781
APR. 24

Fitzhugh, Peregrine. Near Lower Marlboro [Maryland]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Appre ciation of honor conferred [appointment as aide de camp]. A. L. S. 2 pp. 47, 218

1781
APR. 24

Hazard,

Ebenezer.

Jamaica Plains [Massachusetts].

To

[George] Washington [New Windsor] Capture of the mail by the British; suggests a dragoon escort through the dangerous district. A. L. S.
1 p.

Answered May

9.

48,

248

1781
APR. 24

Humphreys, D[avid].

New

Windsor.

To

[Col.

Timothy

Objections to impress Pickering, Newburgh]. on great occasions. Auto, draft signed. except
2 pp. B.

XIII,

pt. 3, 197

[1781]
[APR. 24]

[Nesbitt,

To [Col. [Warwick, New York.] Timothy Pickering, Newburgh]. Difficulty in obtaining wagons. Contemporary extract by 1 p. Enclosed in Pickering to Wash Pickering. 48, 263 ington, 1781, Apr. 25.
Robert.]

CORRESPONDENCE OP GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
APR. 24

1799

Pickering, T[imothy].

Newburgh.

To

Lt. Col. [David]

Humphreys [New Windsor].

Difficulties in pro

curing teams to forward provisions; method adopted; scarcity of hay. A. L. S. 3 pp.
48,

238

1781
APR. 24

Rendon, Francisco.

Philadelphia.

To

[George] Washing-

ton [New Windsor]. Capture of San Juan de Nicaragua by the Spanish; expectation that Penmanoeuvers. sacola had surrendered; naval Answered May 2. 3 pp. L. S. 48, 242
Rochefermoy,

1781
APR. 24

[Mathieu

Alexandre]

[George] Washington,
rejoin the

New

To de. Boston. Windsor. Desire to
recom 47,222

Army;
L.S.

[Philip John] Schuyler s

mendation.
1781
APR. 24

2pp.

(In French).

Shepard,

William.
[George]

Springfield

[Massachusetts].

To

Washington [New Windsor].

Escape

of [John] Collins from gaol; request of Board of War for Shepard to reorganize the Department
[of Public Stores] at Springfield; need of money; A. L. S. recruits forwarded; recruiting matters. 2 pp. 48, 242

1781
APR. 24

Sobbe, [Christian].

Philadelplu a.

To

[Lt.] Col.

[William]

Complaint of treatment received; requests redress. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Knyphausen to Washington, 49, 219 1781, May 17.

Grayson [Philadelphia].

1781
APR. 24

Stevens, N[athaniel].

Fishkill

[New York].

To

[George]

Washington,

Proportion of beef cattle called for from Massachusetts, New Hamp shire and Connecticut; salt-meat. L. S. 2 pp. 48, 233

New

Windsor.

1781
APR. 24

Swift,

Heman. Wethersfield [Connecticut]. To [George] The recruiting Washington [New Windsor].
service ; enlisting of

men

caused by town disputes over men.
1781
APR. 24

unfit for service ; delay L. S. 1 p.
48,

237

Tallmadge, Benjamin.

Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Result of
French naval aid against
A. L. S.
2 pp.
48,
s

his mission to enlist

Lloyd Neck and Fort Slongo. Answered Apr. 30.
1781
25

235

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Daniel] Brodhead, Fort Pitt. [Lt.] Col. [John] Connolly s

1800

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
project; removal of suspects of Fort Pitt. Draft. 2 pp.

from neighborhood In handwriting of
XIII,
pt. 3,

Tench Tilghman.
1781
APR. 25

B.

203

New Windsor To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] [George Rogers] Clark, Fort Pitt. Assistance for expedition [against Detroit]; report of [Lt.] Col. [John] Connolly s project; suspects about Fort Pitt. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In Sparks, 8, 25. B. XIII, pt. 3, 201
[Washington, George.]
Craig,
artificers for

1781
APR. 25

New

Windsor.
Filling

To Capt.
of his
1 p.

[Isaac]

Philadelphia.

Fort Pitt.

Draft.
B.

company; In hand
pt. 3,

writing of Tench Tilghman.

XIII,

205

1781
APR. 25

Washington, George.

New

Windsor.
Necessity

To
of

Col.

[Hugh]

Hughes
teams.

[FishkillJ.

Draft.

1 p.

Humphreys.
1781
APR. 25

impressing In handwriting of David B. XIII, pt. 3, 215

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To Maj. Gen.

[Arthur] St. Clair [Philadelphia]. Delay in march of the Pennsylvania Line; completion of Capt.
[Isaac] Craig s

company; artiUerymen
Draft.
B.
1 p.

for [Maj.]

Gen. [Nathanael] Greene.
writing of

Tench Tilghman.

In hand XIII, pt. 3, 199

1781
APR. 25

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.
s

To

the Officer

Commanding

[Fishkill]. regiment Orders to furnish party to impress teams to transport salt provisions. Draft. 1 p. In hand

Hazen

writing of David Humphreys.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

207

1781
APR. 25

Heath, W[iUiam].

[George] Washington [Alexander] Scammell s wish to serve with the Light Infantry. A. L. S. 2 pp. 48, 264

West

Point.

To

[New Windsor].

Col.

1781
APR. 25

Heath, W[iUiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Pay of the Massachusetts troops; request of Col. [Hugh] Hughes for men. L. S. 2 pp. 48, 266

1781
-

25

Humphreys, D[avid]. New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Power to Col. [Hugh] Pickering [Newburgh]. Hughes to impress teams; anxiety respecting flour supply. Auto, draft signed. 1 p.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

211

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
APB. 25

1801

Pickering, T[imothy].

Newburgh.

To

[George] Washing-

Necessity of immediate im of teams to bring forward flour from War press

ton [New Windsor].

wick and Ringwood; distressed situation of

New

York

State inhabitants; necessity of selling some provisions in order forward the rest; wretched
ness of this method; sentiments expressed to 48, 528 Congress. A. L. S. 3 pp.

1781
APR. 25

Rochambeau, Comte de and [Chevalier] Destouches. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Maj. [Benjamin] Tallmadge s re port of the strength, etc. of fort at Lloyd s Neck;
difficulty of a successful surprise;
frigates.

absence of the

L.S.

3pp. Answered Apr. 30.

48,256

1781
APR. 25

Steuben,

To [George] [Baron.] Advance of British Washington [New Windsor].
Chesterfield [Virginia].
to City Point; resistance offered at Blandford, and the retreat over Pocahontas Bridge; gal 48, 252 lantry of the troops. L. S. 3 pp.

1781
APR. 25

Stevens, N[athaniel].

Fishkill

[New York].

To

[George]

Washington, New Windsor. Quantity of salt on hand and expected from Massachusetts, Con necticut and New Jersey. L. S. 1 p. 48, 250
Tallmadge,

1781
APR. 25

To Benjamin. Newport, Rhode Island. New Windsor. General [George] Washington, plan of a secret correspondence with [Samuel] C[ulper] Sr. and Jr; Culper Sr. s offer to supply money. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Apr. 30. 48, 254

1781
APR. 25

Townes, John. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington, New Windsor. His court-martial and unjust sen A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered May 2. tence. 45, 177
Williams, O[tho] H[olland]. [Sanders Creek, South CaroUna.] Field return of infantry in the Southern Army. Tabular statement. A. D. S. 1 p.
List of commissioned officers killed, wounded and captured in action before Camden, April 25 [Hob-

[1781]
[APR. 25]

kirk s Hill], on verso.

Washington, 1781, Apr. 27.
1781
APR. 26

Enclosed in Greene to 48, 281

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. Flour supply of Army; authority and general directions for an impress

1802
of

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

1781
APR. 26

teams to transport same. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 209 [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Comte de Rochambeau [Newport]. [Vice] Adml. [Marriot] Arbuthnot s ships; embarkation at New York. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
D.
I, pt. 2,

121

1781
APR. 26

Gibbs, C[aleb].

Near West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Appreciation of Washing
s

ton
1781
APR. 26

kindness;

Recent copy.

requests certificate of service. 2 pp. 48, 273

Humphreys, D[avid]. New Windsor. To Maj. [Richard] Platt [Newburgh]. Lack of bread at West Point. B. XIII, pt, 3, 217 Auto, draft signed. 1 p.
Lincoln, B[enjamin].

1781
APR. 26

Boston. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Arranging meeting with a secret
;

agent repeal of law retaining levies in the three eastern counties of Massachusetts; prospect of A. L. S. filling the number of recruits voted.

1781
APR. 26

Answered May 11. House of Representatives. Massachusetts,
3 pp.

48, 271

Resolve ap-

pointing a committee to procure clothing and 1 p. tents for the Army. Contemporary copy.

Enclosed in Pickering to Humphreys.

1781,
49,

June
1781
APR. 26

5.

382

Platt, Richard.

Newburgh.

To

Lt. Col. [David]

Hum-

Orders to the Marephreys [New Windsor]. chausee corps; other arrangements for trans 48, 267 porting the flour. A. L. S. 2 pp.

1781
APR. 26

Rochambeau, Comte

de.

Newport [Rhode

Island].

To

Quotation [George Washington, from Washington s letter to Lund Washington
[1781, Mar. 28]; the expedition sent to Virginia at request of Congress and that State; time of

New

Windsor].

Washington s orders; readiness to the North River; need of force to protect Newport on withdrawal of the French fleet and army; despatches for France. L. S. 4 pp. Answered Apr. 30. 48, 269
receipt
of

move toward

1781
APR. 26

Williams, O[tho] H[olland]. [Sanders Creek, South CaroUna.] Field return of Lt. Col. [William] Washing ton s detachment of cavalry accounting for killed,

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1803
Camden,

wounded and missing

in action before

April 25 [Hobkirk s Hill]. Field return of artillery in the Southern

Army.

Tabular statements. A. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, Apr. 27. 48, 282
1781
APR. 27

Washington,] Gfeorge].

New

Windsor.

Certificate
1

of
p.

Draft. service of Capt. Lewis Garanger. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

225

1781
APR. 27

Washington, George.

New Windsor. To Lt.

Col. [Alexan-

der] Hamilton [De Peysters Point, New York]. Difficulties in the way of his appointment to a of

command. Draft signed. 2 pp. In handwriting Tench Tilghman. In Ford, 9, 229.
B.

XIII,
.

pt.

3,221

1781
APR. 27

[Washington, George.]
liam]
flour

New Windsor. To Maj
Point].

Heath [West to West Point;

Gen. [WilTransportation of

prisoners of

war sent
Draft.

as re

cruits

by Massachusetts;

Col. [Benjamin]

Tup2 pp.

per to relieve Col. [Joseph] Vose.

In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII,
1781
APR. 27

pt. 3,

219

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. Pay and expenses of Geographer for the Army; [Robert] Erskine s ac counts. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench

Tilghman.
1781
APR. 27

B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

233

Continental Congress.
to deliver
eral.

Resolve.
[cloth] to

Order to John Bradford
the Quartermaster

duck

Gen

1 p. Contemporary copy by Pickering. Enclosed in Pickering to Humphreys, 1781, June 5. 49, 383

1781
APR. 27

Greene, Nathanael.
[George]

Sanders Creek [South Carolina].

To

Washington [New Windsor]. Transmit ting copy of his letter to Congress. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered June 1. 48, 277
Greene, Nathanael. Sanders Creek [South Carolina]. [the President of Congress, Philadelphia].

1781
APR. 27

To Ac

count of battle
spirit of

[of

Hobkirk

s Hill];

manoeuvers;

the troops. Contemporary copy, partly in Greene s handwriting. 4 pp. Enclosed in

Greene to Washington, 1781, Apr. 27.

48,

279

1804
1781
APR. 27

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Hamilton, Alexander].
Peysters Point [New York]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. His commission as Lieutenant-Colonel; wishes to be employed with the Army. A. L. S. 2 pp. In 116, 22 Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 297.

De

1781
APR. 27

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Distress of Massachusetts offi cers and the whole Army for want of pay; nonreceipt of the two month s advance pay resolved by Congress; uneasiness expected from Massa chusetts paying her troops; requests four

month
2 pp.

pay for all the officers and men. L. S. Endorsed by Humphreys: "Ansd. 28th 48, 285 by the General s order"
s

1781
APR. 27

Trumbull,

Lebanon [Connecticut]. To Jonathan, jr. [George] Washington, New Windsor. Washing ton s offer of appointment as aide; doubt as to 2 pp. 48, 283 acceptance. A. L. S.

1781
APR. 28

Washington, George. New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Diversion of part of Pickering [Newburgh]. money to pay Massachusetts troops to transpor
tation of flour; ox-teams; rum; tents. Draft. 3 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 3, 229

1781
APR. 28

Board

of

War.

[Philadelphia.]

To

Lt. [Christian]

Sobbe

Condition of Hessian prisoners [Philadelphia]. due to lack of necessaries; necessity of their be ing supplied with medicine; refusal to allow him
to go to Lancaster; assistance in forwarding clothing, etc. to prisoners. Contemporary copy.
1

p.

1781,

Enclosed in Knyphausen to Washington, 49, 220 May 17.

1781
APR. 28

Humphreys, D[avid].
liam]
setts troops.

New

Heath [West

To Maj. Gen. [WilPoint]. Pay for Massachu Auto, draft signed. 1 p.
Windsor.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

227

1781
APR. 28

Rochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New Windsor], Transmits copy of letter to Chevalier La Luzerne respecting propositions of Congress for supplying the French 48, 286 army. L. S. 1 p. Answered May 3.
Sobbe, [Christian].

1781
APR. 28

Philadelphia,

[Philadelphia].

To the Board of War Recommending Hessian pris-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1805

oners to protection of the Board; requests their removal from present place of confinement; requests passport to go to Lancaster [Pennsyl vania]. Contemporary copy. On verso of Sobbe to Grayson, 1781, Apr. 24.

1781
APR. 28

[Stevens, Nathaniel.] Fishkill [New York]. Instructions to James Morrel and [Judge] Derrick Wynkoop to procure fish for salting; Contemporary copy.
1

p.

May
1781
APR. 28

3.

Enclosed in Stevens to Washington, 1781, 48, 290

Woodbridge, Theodore. Connecticut Huts [Highlands]. To Brig. Gen. [Edward] Hand, New Windsor. Volunteers mustered in Col. [Moses] Hazen s [2d Canadian] regiment unfit for service; absen tees from the 2d Connecticut brigade. A. L. S. 1 p. 48, 288

1781
APR. 29

Washington, George.
to

New

Windsor.

To John

Flood.

compensate Jesse Cole for secret Agreement from New York. Auto, draft signed. intelligence 1 p. P. II, 353

1781
APR. 29

New Windsor. [Washington, George.] [David] Waterbury, Stamford
Tench Tilghman.
B.

To

Brig.

Gen.

[Connecticut].

Seizure of Capts. [William] Scudder and [Gilbert] Deane s boat. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of

XIII,

pt. 3,

233

1781
APR. 29

Gates, Horatio.

Philadelphia.

[New Windsor], by Washington

To [George] Washington Delay and tampering suffered
Gates
letter to

s letters;

Con

gress referred to

Washington; protests against treatment received; requests exchange of Maj. Thomas Pinckney. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered
12.

May
1781 Ap K.

48, 299

Hay, Udny.
29

Philadelphia.

To

[George] Washington

[New

Matter of exchange of salt for fish; management of the business. A. L. S. 1 p. 48, 303
Windsor].
Heath, W[illiam].

1781 ApR

-

29

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor], Sending in of prisoners of war as recruits by Massachusetts requests return of
;

court-martial proceeding; capture of deserters and return of others; status of the Convention
troops; need of flour; exhaustion of beef supply. L. S. 2 pp. Answered May 5. 48, 301

1806
1781
APR. 29

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Pickering, T[imothy].

Newburgh.
"Windsor.

To

[Lt.j Col.

[Tench]

Estimate of expense Tilghman, of transporting flour to the Highlands; bringing of salt-meat from Connecticut. A. L. S. 1 p.
48,

New

296

[1781]
[APR. 29]

Pickering, Timothy.

[Newburgh.] Estimate of expense of 2500 barrels of flour and 1500 A. D. 1 p. barrels of salt-meat. 48, 298
transporting

1781
APR. 29

S. G.

[Secret Service.]

[Long Island.] To J[ohn] B[olton, Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge, Wethersfield, Con necticut]. General account of batteries, redouts, etc. from [King s] bridge to the Grand Battery; condition of the fleet arrival of the Cork fleet at
;

Charleston [South Carolina]; preparation of flatbottom boats. A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Tall-

madge
1781
APR. 29
S.

to

Washington, 1781,

May 2.

48,

328

G.

[Secret Service] [Long Island.] Sketch plan of British work at Brooklyn ferry with descriptive memorandum. A. D. 1 p. Enclosed in Tall-

madge
1781
APR. 30

to Washington, 1781,

May

2.

48,

325

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] [Samuel Holden] Parsons [Redding, Connecti
Troops at Danbury to escort provisions to inexpediency of a proposed enter [against Lloyd s Neck]. Draft. 2 pp. In prise handwriting of David Humphreys B. XIII, pt. 3, 237 New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] [Washington, George.]
cut].

Peekskill;

1781
APR. 30

Pickering [Newburgh].
troops for provisions

Escort of Continental

1781
APR. 30

from Danbury [Connecti 1 p. In handwriting of David Draft. cut]. B. XIII, pt. 3, 239 Humphreys. Washington, George. New Windsor. To Comte de Ro-

chambeau [Newport, Rhode
ton
its

Island].

Washing

intercepted letter published by the enemy; strictures of the French; explanation, etc.
s

In handwriting of Alex Draft signed. 3 pp. ander Hamilton. In Ford, 9, 231. P. II, 355
1781
APR. 30

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Comte de Rochambeau [Newport]. Postponement of Maj. [Benjamin] Tallmadge s project [against Lloyd s Neck]; preparations of the French Army; Euro-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
pean and West India
against

1807

intelligence; operations

Pensacola.

Draft.

2

writing of

Tench Tilghman.

pp. D.

In

hand
123

I, pt. 2,

Paragraph relating to Pensacola has been crossed out.

1781
APR. 30

[Washington, George.]
[Chesterfield

Steuben Trouble caused by Maj. [William] Galvan s actions; requests Steuben s 2 pp. In influence for betterment. Draft.
?

New Windsor. To Baron

Virginia].

handwriting
(Private)

of

David

Humphreys.
B.

Marked
3,

XIII, pt.

235

1781
APR. 30

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Maj. [Benjamin] Tallmadge [Wethersfield, Connecticut]. Adoption of a regular correspondence with the
C[ulper]s [Samuel and Samuel jr]; general out line of intelligence desired. 2 pp. Draft. In

handwriting of David Humphreys. In Ford, 9, B. 234. XIII, pt. 3, 245
1781
APR. 30

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To
[Hartford,

Wads worth
march
Draft.
1

Col. [Jeremiah] Line of Connecticut].

for the
p.

phreys.

French troops [from Rhode Island]. In handwriting of David Hum B. XIII, pt. 3, 241

1781
APR. 30

Clinton, James.

Albany. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Lack of beef at Fort Schuyler and
; ;

other posts desertions British vessels at Crown Point; prisoners; requests directions regarding

mustering of troops; distress of Canadian fami lies report from Fort Schuyler as to provisions L. S. 2 pp. prisoners forwarded to Fishkill. Answered May 5. 48, 316
;

;

1781
APR. 30

Harrison, Rfichard].

Cadiz [Spain]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Giving names of ships on which clothing for Army is shipped to America. A. L. S. 2 pp. 48, 166 Cadiz [Spain], To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Notice of clothing shipped in certain vessels to America. A. L. S. 1 p. 48, 305

1781
APR. 30

Harrison, Richard.

1781
APR. 30

[Parsons,

Samuel Holden.]

Redding [Connecticut].

To

[George Washington, New Windsor]. State of his health; check to activity of the disaffected; reported British assurances to Col. [Ethan] Allen

1808

LJBEAKY OF CONGRESS
regarding Vermont; hope of securing a register of the disaffected. In handwriting of a secretary,
unsigned.
1

p.

Answered May

3.

48,

310

1781
APR. 30

Rochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Introduc ing Comte de Menonville; supplies for French 48, 306 army. L. S. 1 p. Answered May 7.
Tilghman, T[ench].

1781
APR. 30

To [John] Moylan to be sent to the South [Philadelphia]. Clothing ern army; shoes. Auto, draft signed. 1 p.
Windsor.
B.

New

XIII,

pt. 3,

243

1781
APRIL.

Chastellux, Chevalier de.

[Newport

?

Rhode

Island]

To
314

[George Washington, New Windsor]. compliments. A. L. S. 2 pp.
[Lincoln,

His

illness;

48,

[1781]
[APR.?]

Benjamin.] Whiston; his employment by Sir Henry Clinton
to transmit offers to

Memorandum

respecting Obediah

Ethan

Allen; plan of the

proceeding; Capt. [Theodore?] Bliss interest with the enemy. 2 pp. Endorsed by Tench Tilghman: "letter put into the care of Commy
of prisoners.
"

W

1781
APRIL.

Riedesel, [Baron.]

Brooklyn [Long Island]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Exchange of Ger

man

officers;

requests parole of Maj. [Justus
3 pp.

Christoph]

and
L. S.

Meibom.
1781

Ensign [Carl Christoph Answered May 11.
48,

de]

307

Stevens, N[athaniel]
1

Fishkill

MAY

Washington, Judge [Derrick] Wynkoop and [James] Morrell to
procure barrels of salted shad.
L. S.
1 p.

New

[New York]. To [George] Windsor. Employment of

48,

317

1781

MAY

1

New Windsor. To Sir Henry [Washington, George.] Clinton [New York]. Revoking demand for Draft. return of [Lt.] Gen. [John] Burgoyne. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman E. 407
[Washington, George.]

1781

New

Windsor.

To

Col.

[Elias]

MAY

1

Dayton [Chatham,
desired of strength

New

New York;

and detachment and kindred matters. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David
sailing of a

Intelligence position of British at
Jersey].

Humphreys.

B.

XIII, pt.

3,

251

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781

1809

MAY!

New Windsor. To Abraham [Washington, George.] Skinner [Elizabethtown, New Jersey]. Exchange of [Lt.] Gen. [John] Burgoyne. Draft. 1 p. In
handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII, pt.

3,

253

1781

[Washington, George.]
1

MAY

New Windsor. To Baron Steuben [New Kent County, Virginia]. Defeat of his plan of invading North Carolina; forwarding of
arms
ammunition; completion of the exchanged Virginia officers; com plaint against [Brig.] Gen. [George] Weedon s reentry into service; Steuben s valuable services
cavalry;
in Virginia.

and

Draft.

2 pp.

In handwriting of

1781

B. XIII, pt. 3, 247 Tench Tilghman East Greenwich, Rhode Island. To Arnold, Thomas.
1

MAY

[George] Washington,
leg at

New

Windsor.

Loss of a

Monmouth;

financial straits

and lack of

pay; requests leave of absence with permission to go on board a privateer A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered May 12. 48, 319
1781
Clinton,

James.

MAY!

Albany. To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath [West Point]. Spirit of desertion; need of sup

plies to

prevent abandonment of every post in the [Northern] Department; forwarding of pris oners from lack of means to maintain them;

British at
in

Crown

Point.

L. S.

2 pp.

Heath

to Washington, 1781,

May

6.

Enclosed 48, 374

1781

Greene,
1

N[athanael].

[Near Camden, South Carolina.]

MAY

To [George Washington, New Windsor].

The

situation; Baron Steuben and Lafayette; re quests a majority for [James] McHenry; his services as aide. A. L. S. 3 pp. In Sparks,

Letters to Washington,

3,

299.

48, 321

1781

MAY

1

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Reported embarkation at New

To

York; on the
1781

alarming state of provision supply shad. L. S. 2 pp. 37, 129 pickled
P[hilip]

[Brig. lines ;

Gen. Benedict] Arnold to

command
;

Rensselaer,
l

MAY

of small A. D. S. arms, accoutrements, etc. Tabular statement. 1 p. Enclosed hi Clinton to 49, 145 Washington, 1781, May 17.

Van.

Albany.

Return on hand.

56214

VOL

312

12

]810
1781

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington, George.]

MAv2

Now Windsor. To Don Francisco Rendon [Newport]. Keeapturo of Fort San Juan do Nicaragua; the Pensacola expedition. In handwriting of David Hum 2 pp. Draft.
phreys.
D.
I,

pt, 2, 127

1781

MAv2

Lt. Col. [Washington, George.] Stevens [New Windsor]. [Khene/er] Ordering out a party to capture a gang of villians. Draft.

New

Windsor.

To

1781

MAY

2

handwriting of Tench Tilghnian. B. Xllf, pt. 3, 255 New Windsor. To 1,1. [John] [Washington, George.] His re-quest regarding Townos, Philadelphia.
1

p.

In

his court-martial proceedings. Draft. handwriting of Tench Tilghnian.

1

p.

In

B.

XJIf,

pt. 3,

259

1781

B6ville,
2

-

do.

Hartford.

MAY

New
ment

Windsor).
of [Jaho/]

[George Washington, Condition of roads; appoint
1

To

French Army.
1781
Dickinson, Philemon.
J

Champlin Barrackmaster of the Recent copy. 48, 331 p.

Philadelphia.

To

[George]

Wash-

MAY

Requests Washington s recommendation to LI,. Gen. Don Bernardo de Galvez of lOvan Jones of Pensacola; Jones sac rifices in the- cause, of America. A. L. S. 2 pp.
ington

[New Windsor],

Answered May
1781
(,<>:.:.

15.

48,

.

542

H in,

<

l<-m<-nl

.

,\cv\

Wind. or
.

|,\c\v

York).

To

MAY

2

Windsor]. expenses of his Canadian trip; account of these expenses. A. L. S. 2 pp. (In I<Yonoh.)
(

[George Washington
for

New

His claim

W

1781

1

iijiiiiiit.i.n,

A|li xii.ndor|.

l>-

Peysters

Point [New York].

MAY

2

To [George Wash ington, Now Windsor).
H.I,

Regret

having caused embarrassment;
of

case of Maj.

[William]

standing Hamilton.
to

Macpherson; hre.vol, ollice.rs; urule-rWashington s refuHiil to appoint
A. L. S.
.

^ pp.

In

Washington,
I)[n,vid[.

{,

:)!.

Sparks, Letters 116, 24
{Nathaniel] SteI

1781 MAVii

HiunphroyH,

New Windsor, To

verm
Paraoni,

[KiHlikill].

Salting of fish. Draft. B. XIII, pt.

p.

3.257

1781

Samuel

Jl|oldon|.

WiiidNor).
ish ilccl

To [Georg*^ Washington, New Arnold ex piloted at New York ; Brit
Hpirits of MM-

and

enemy;

state of the

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1811

American Army shown by an intercepted letter of Washington; Vermont; need of money. A. L. S. 48, ,M pp.
:*
:

1781

Phelps, Oliver.
2

Boston.

To George Washington [New

MAY

Windsor]. Regret lit slight assurances of Massa chusetts furnishing cattle.; heavy burdens of the, people- and slowness in raising necessary money;

Phelps exertions; expectations as to cattle sup ply; beef salted and .sent to the north and west 48, )V20 frontiers; need of cash. A. L. S. 2 pp.
1781
Pickering, T[imothy].
2

MAY

man [New
state1

Newburgh. To Col. [Tench] TilghWindsor]. Return of tents on hand; of tents used in last campaign. A. L. S.
48,
,

p.

W2
I).

1781

MAY

2

[Pickering, Timothy.] Newburgh [New York], tents with memoranda respecting same..
2 pp.

Return of
A.
48,
.

Enclosed

in

preceding entry.

WO

1781

Tallmadge,
2

MAY

Benjamin. Wethcrsfield [Connecticut], To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Character
"S.

arid ability of

(!.";

obtaining intelligence for
;

Comte
delay
stain

<1(5

in

Rochambeau; [Samuel] C[ulper] Sr. sending to Long Island; need of more
for
s

[chemical
of
: ,

secret

writing);

transmits
ferry.

sketch A. L. S.
1781 MAY:I

enemy
pp.

works at

Brooklyn

48,

:J2:*

[Washington, George.]
uel
Jlis

New Windsor. ToMaj.Gen. [SamParsons
[Redding,
Connecticut].

Ilolde.n)

intelligence; Washington s inter cepted letter; lack of money; approval of courtmartial and execution of sentences. Draft. 2 pp.

health;

1781 MAY:J

handwriting of David Humphreys. Extract B. Ford, IDS, note,. XIII, pt. i, 201 [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Comte de JtoIn,

in

.

<),

chambeau [Newport]. Forwarding letters. Draft. In handwriting of David Humphreys. p.
1

D. 1781
Carrington,
:

I,

pt. 2,

I2<)

MAY

,

Edward and Frederick Cornwallis. On the Pedee [Kiver, South (Carolina]. Article.s of agree ment for exchange and relief of prisoners. Con temporary copy. 4 pp. Enclosed in Greene to 49, 101 Washington, 17HI, May 10. West
Point.

1781

Heath, W|illiam].

To

[N(;w Windsor].

Crowding

[George] Washington of barracks from ar-

1812

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
riving Eastern recruits; necessity of putting men into tents; earliness of the season; need of pay for the Massachusetts detachment under Marquis

de Lafayette.
1781
Lincoln, B[enjamin].
3

L. S.

2 pp.

Answered May
48,

5.

345

MAY

[New Windsor].

Boston. To [George] Washington Massachusetts General Assem

bly vote of tents to troops; disposition to aid but embarrassment from lack of money; quantity of
supplies
available;

awaits orders to join the

Army.
1781

A. L.

S.

2pp.

Answered May

11.

48, 343

Stevens, X[athaniel].
3

MAY

Fishkill [Xew York]. To [George] Washington [Xew Windsor]. Instructions for obtaining fish; meat sent to New Windsor and West Point. L. S. 1 p. 48, 290

1781

Washington,
4

MAY

Xew Windsor. To Brig. Gen. George. [James] Clinton [Albany]. His letter sent to Con

gress; pressing need of bread and beef; meas ures to supply Fort Schuyler. Draft. 2 pp. In

handwriting of David Humphreys.
B.

^XIII, pt.

3,

263

1781

MAY

4

Washington, George. X ew Windsor. To Marquis de Laf ayette [Richmond, Virginia]. Disapproval of Lund Washington s actions; papers desired. Auto, draft signed. 2 pp. In Ford, 9, 238.
P.
II,

361

1781

MAY 4

[Washington, George.] Xew Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Xewburgh]. Xeed of haste in throw ing a supply of bread and meat into Fort 2 pp. Draft. In handwriting of Schuyler. David Humphreys B. XIII, pt. 3, 265
Clinton, James.

1781

MAY 4

Albany [Xew York.] To [George] Washington [Xew Windsor]. Distresses of the Depart ment; conditions at Fort Schuyler; lack of flour and support of every post by plunder; purchase of flour on personal credit and inability to for ward it to Fort Schuyler; spirit of mutiny

among
recruits

the

troops;

necessity

of

furloughing

of provisions; requests orders as to evacuation of Fort Schuyler; enemy on

from want

the frontier; need of ammunition.

L. S.

Answered May

7.

3 pp. 48, 353

COEBESPONDENCE OF GEOEGE WASHINGTON
1781

1813

MAY
1781

4

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Preparations in New York.
L. S.
Lafayette,

Answered May 5. [Marquis de]. Near Bottom
1

p.

48,
s

355

MAY

4

To [George Washington, New

Creek [Virginia]. Windsor]. Corre

spondence with [Maj.] Gen. [William] Phillips; latter s astonishment at Lafayette s celerity; reasons for his movements and dispositions made; Lafayette s wish to be at headquarters. A. L. S. In Sparks, 3, 303. 4 pp. 48, 351
1781
Parsons,
4

MAY

Samuel H[olden]. Redding. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Uneasiness of officers over appointment of field officers in the Light Infantry; requests appointment of Lt. Col. [Ebenezer] Gray; exchange of certain WestA. L. S. chester [New York] citizens. 1 p. Endorsed by Humphreys: "Commissy. of Pris oners written to the same day." 48, 348

1781

MAY

4

Rochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To British [George Washington, New Windsor]. naval intelligence from New York; Anspach yagers near Lloyd s Neck Chevalier Destouches
;

project against the Refugee boats in Huntington Bay; reports from San Domingo. L. S. 2 pp.

Answered May
1781
Schuyler,
4

7.

48,

346

Ph[ilip

John].

Saratoga [New York].

To

MAY

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. Character of one Harris; ideas respecting Vermont; wish to see its independence; report of British

meat for troops;
A. L. S.
1781
Schuyler,
4

advance to south end of Lake George; lack of fears of their joining the enemy.
4 pp.

Answered May

14.

48,

357

MAY

To Ph[ilip John]. Saratoga [New York]. [George] Washington, New Windsor. Enclosing a paper. A. L. S. 1 p. 49, 81

1781

Washington, George.
&

New

Windsor.

To

MAY

Brodhead [Fort

Pitt].

[Alexander]

Col. [Daniel] Fowler s
trial;
1

charges against [David] Duncan; arrest and Draft. charges against Col. Brodhead.

p.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII,
1781

pt. 3,

275

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To

Brodhead [Fort

Pitt].

[Alexander]

Col. [Daniel] Fowler s

1814

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
charges against Brodhead; measures and depo Draft. 2 pp. In sitions for court-martial.

handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII, pt.

3,

273

1781

MAY

5

[Washington, George.] [James] Clinton [Albany]. visions to Fort Schuyler; salting of
2 pp.

New

Windsor.

Brig. Gen. Efforts to supply pro
fish.

To

Draft.

1781

MAY

5

In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 271 New Windsor. To Alexander [Washington, George.] Fowler, Fort Pitt. Requiring specific charges in
his allegations

against Col. [Daniel] Brodhead and [David] Duncan; manner of trial. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

277

1781

[Washington, George.]
5

New

Windsor.

To Maj. Gen.

MAY

Arrival of [West Point]. to the Massachusetts recruits; forwarding pay companies [with Lafayette]; status of Conven
[William]
tion

Heath

troops;

enlistment of prisoners.

Draft.

1781

MAYS

In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 267 [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Marquis de Lafayette [Richmond, Virginia]. Spirit of dis satisfaction and desertion in his detachment; Lafayette s generosity in purchasing clothing and necessaries for the detachment; map of New York harbor. Draft. 2 pp. In hand writing of David Humphreys. In Sparks, 8, 35. ~B. XIII, pt. 3, 269
2 pp.

1781

MAY 5

Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Forwarding court-martial pro ceedings; state of his health from the close and confining work of the winter; case of one Powell. 2 pp. Answered May 6. L. S. 48, 363
Jersey Brigade.

1781

MAY

5

Return of
Jan.
1,

Camp [Pompton, New Jersey] recruits enlisted in Jersey Brigade since Tabular statement. A. D. S: 1781.
Jersey

J[ohn] N[oble]

Gumming,

B[rigade] Mfajor].

1 p.

49, 87

1781

MAY 5

Rochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New York]. Washington s explanation of the letter to Lund Washington [Mar. 28]; Chevalier Destouches ignorance of the

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1815

matter; delays in naval movements; Col. [Jere miah] Wadsworth s report as to march of the French Army; British ships off Newport harbor. A. L. S. 3 pp. Acknowledged, 1781, May 11. 48, 359

1781

Stenben,

[Baron]

MAY 5

[George] Lafayette; saving of stores at Chesterfield Court house and Petersburg; intention of returning to

To County, Virginia. [New Windsor]. Arrival of Washington

New Kent

former work of collecting and forwarding re cruits to [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene; need of 48, 362 arms, blankets, etc. L. S. 2 pp.
1781

[Washington, George.]
6

New Windsor. To Maj

.

Gen. [Wil-

MAY

liam] Heath [West Point]. His health; approval Draft. 1 p. In of courts-martial proceedings.

1781

MAY

6

handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 281 New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] [Washington, George.] Pickering [Newburgh]. Distress for want of pro visions [at West Point and Fort Schuyler] trans
;

portation; necessity of vigorous exertion; money. In handwriting of David Draft. 2 pp. B. XIII, pt. 3, 285 phreys.

Hum

1781

[Washington, George.]
6

MAY

To John Pierce from Eastern States to [Philadelphia]. Money pay their troops under Lafayette; pay for com pany of Col. [Moses] Hazen s [2d Canadian] regi ment; pay for the Jersey detachment. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys.
Windsor.
B.

New

XIII,

pt. 3,

287

1781

MAY 6

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] Stark [Derryfield, New Hampshire]. His [John]
of cattle

and forwarding supplies; need Hampshire. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David Humphreys.
aid in recruiting

from

New

B. [1781]

XIII, pt.

3,

283

Flood, John.
6]

[MAY

of

[New Windsor.] Information: Navigation [Long Island] Sound east of Frog s Neck.
In handwriting of Washington.

2 pp.

M.

1,

387

1781

Heath, Wfilliam].

MAY 6

[George] Washington [New Windsor]. Exhausting of provision sup plies and necessary dispersal of the troops unless

West

Point.

To

speedily relieved.

L. S.

2 pp.

48,

370

1816
1781

LIBEAEY OF CONGRESS
Heath, W[illiam]. West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Forwarding newspaper; report of sailing of a small fleet from New York; letter from [Brig.] Gen. [James] Clinton. L. S. 1 p.
48,

MAY 6

372

1781

MAY

6

[Menonville, Comte de.] New Windsor [New York]. tract of Comte de Rochambeau s orders to

EX-

Men

onville with Washington s answers thereto on the matter of supplies for the French Army. 3 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. D. S. and with interlineations by Washington. 48, 367

[1781]

[Menonville,
6]

Comte

de.]

Memorandum
;

of

needs of the

[MAY

[French] artillery at Newport suggests requisi tion on States for men. Contemporary transla
tion?
ington.

2 pp.

In handwriting of Martha

Wash
48,

369

1781

MAY

6

Moylan, John. Newburgh. To [George Washington, New His appointment by Congress [as Windsor].
Clothier General]; appreciation of recommendation. A. L. S. 2 pp.

Washington

s

49, 188

1781

Pickering, T[imothy].
6

Newburgh. To [George] WashingFailure of transportation of
of forage; Col. [Hugh] to forward salted meat;

MAY

ton [New Windsor].
salt provision

from lack

Hughes

trip to

Danbury

no reply from [Ralph] Pomeroy.
1781

A. L.

S.

2 pp.
49, 89

MAY

6

Tallmadge, Benjamin. Wethersfield [Connecticut]. To [George] Washington, New Windsor. Efforts to put correspondence with [Samuel] C[ulper] on a

more advantageous footing; report of paroled British prisoners being in arms; efforts to ob tain remounts for his regiment [2d Continental Dragoons]; suggests a request to the Connecticut
legislature; falling

down

of a British

fleet

to

[Sandy]
1781

Hook and

prison ships.

impressing of A. L. S. 3 pp.

men from

the 365 48,

Washington, George.
7

New

Windsor.

Questions [put to

MAY

Washington by Comte de Menonville] with an swers thereto. Supplies for French Army; es
tablishment of magazines in
4 pp.

New

change of provisions; salt-beef; teams.
1781

Jersey; ex A. D. S.

M.

1,

307

MAY

7

To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] New Windsor. [James] Clinton [Albany]. Supplies sent and

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1817

last extremity;

the support of his post [Fort Schuyler] to the appeal to the Eastern States; Draft. 3 pp. In hand Clinton s exertions.
writing of

David Humphreys.
B.

XIII, pt.

3,

291

1781

MAY

7

Washington, George. New Windsor. To Chevalier de Chastellux [Newport Rhode Island]. Recovery of his health; news from the West Indies and Auto, draft inability to take advantage of it. 2 pp. P. II, 369 signed.

1781

MAY

7

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] [Robert] Howe, Boston or Newport. Ordering his return to take command at West Point.
Draft.
1

p.

man.

In handwriting of Tench TilghB. XIII, pt. 3, 287

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. Danger of mutiny of frontier troops and abandonment of Fort Schuy

from want of provisions; forwarding of flour and meat; transportation of salt provision; flour from Pennsylvania. Draft. 2 pp. In hand writing of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 295
ler

1781

[Washington, George.]
7

New

Windsor.

To Comte de Roof

MAY

chambeau

[Newport].

Appointment

Col.

[Jabez] Champlin, Barrack-master to the French Army; letter for [Maj.] Gen. [Robert] Howe. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench TilghDraft.

man.
1781
General Court-martial.
7

D.

I, pt. 2,

131

Danbury

[Connecticut].

Proceedenlisting for

MAY

ings in trial of

Bennet Beardsley for
recruits to the

and forwarding

enemy and

kindred crimes. D. S: Ebenezer Gray, Prest. 9 pp. Enclosed in Parsons to Washington, 1781,

May8.
1781
Clinton, James.

49,53

Albany [New York]. To [George] WashArrival of provisions ington [New Windsor],

for Fort Schuyler; forwarding same; destitution at all the posts; requests forwarding of flour

from Red Hook and vicinity; Washington s or ders respecting fish. 2 pp. Answered L. S. 49, 74 May 14.

1818
1781

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Cobb, David.
7

Boston.
1 p.

To

[George] Washington

[New

MAY
1781

Windsor]. A. L. S.

Requesting continuance of furlough.

W

General Court-martial.
7

MAY

[Danbury, Connecticut.] ings in trial of Thomas Langley Collyer for at tempting to give informotion to the enemy.
:

Proceed-

D. S Saml. B[latchley] Webb, Prest. 2 pp. closed in Parsons to Washington, 1781, May
1781
Jones, [John] Paul.
7

En
8.

49, 62

Philadelphia.

To

[George] Washing-

MAY

ton [New Windsor]. Insinuations of Jones culpa bility in delay of military stores sent from France his examination before the Board of Admiralty; lack of appreciation of the importance of a marine establishment; Jones confidence in abil
ity to put it upon a respectable footing; would soon distress the enemy; asks Washington s influence. 2 pp. A. L. S. Answered May 15. 49, 20

;

1781

MAY

7

La Luzerne, Chevalier de. Philadelphia. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Transmitting copy
of his letter to Chevalier Destouches; requests Washington to return it if it interferes with any

plan.

L. S.
14.

2 pp.

(In French).
49, 18.

Answered
49, 15

May
[1781]

Translation

by Tench Tilghman,

[La Luzerne, Chevalier de.]
7J

[Philadelphia.]

To

[MAY

Destouches, Newport, Rhode

Island].

[Chevalier Situation

in Virginia; suggests that Destouches establish himself in Chesapeake Bay; considerations in

volved; disclaims intention of interfering with

Destouches instructions. Contemporary copy. 4 pp. Enclosed in preceding en (In French)
try.
Translation

49, 16
by Tilghman,
49, 13.

1781

Pickering,

MAY?

To Newburgh [New York]. Flour Washington [New Windsor]. ordered to Albany and orders respecting the sup ply en route from Pennsylvania expresses sent to Boston and elsewhere. A. L. S. 2 pp. 49, 6
T[imothy].
[George]
;

1781

MAY

7

Rochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Interest ing intelligence from Europe; intention of driv ing back British cruisers to New York; fear of

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1819

enemy being enabled
Gardiner
s

Bay.

L.

to return a squadron to 2 pp. S. Acknowledged
49, 5

May
1781

11.

General Court-martial.
7

MAY

Danbury [Connecticut]. Proceedin trial of Dr. Nathaniel Towner for receiving ings a commission from the British and recruiting

men

for the service of the

ezer Gray, Prest.

8 pp.

Washington, 1781,
1781

May

enemy. D. S EbenEnclosed in Parsons to 8. 49, 58
:

MAY

7

Wayne, Anthony. Philadelphia. To [George] WashingEfforts to forward the ton [New Windsor].
Pennsylvania troops [southward]; expectations; changes in arrangement made at Trenton in Jan
uary.

A. L. S.

3 pp.
[Lt.] Col.

49, 10

1781

Weed, Jacob.
7

New Windsor. To

[David]

Hum-

MAY

phreys [New Windsor]. Flour and salt-provision issued; quantity on hand; beef at Artillery Park 49, 12 lacking transportation. A. L. S. 1 p.

1781

Washington, George.
8

New Windsor To

MAY

Beville [Newport].

Brig. Gen. [de] Appointment of Col. [Jabez]

Champlin Barrack-master to the French army. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Hum
phreys.

D.

I, pt. 2,

133

1781

[Washington, George.]
8

New Windsor To
Point].

MA Y

liam]

Heath [West

Maj. Gen. [WilDistressed condition
s

and prospect before the Army; Heath

personal

influence with Eastern States; requests that he set out at once. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of

David Humphreys.
1781

B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

297

Washington,

George.

New

Windsor.

To

MAYS

Brig.

Gen.

[Jedidiah] Huntington [Norwich, Connecticut]. Orders to repair to Army. Draft. 1 p. In hand

writing of

David Humphreys.

1781

MAT

8

B. XIII, pt. 3, 299 Windsor. Memorandum: Washington, George. Comte de M6nonville s intended requests of Con gress for supplies on the Connecticut River, live cattle for the French Army, salt-meat and teams with Washington s remarks on same. A. D. S. 2 pp. M. 1, 311

New

1781

Butler, Zebulon.

To

Newborough [Newburgh, New York]. [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Lame

1820

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

men and

their families;

those sent back because of distress of Butler s absence. A. L. S. 1 p.
49, 72

1781
"373-o"

Culper, Samuel.
8]

"729"

[Setauket]

To JohnBolton

[Maj.

Benjamin Tallmadge, Wethersfield, Connecticut]. Inability to obtain written accounts; re turns French money, it not being permitted to

[MAY

pass;

news from Europe; naval

force at

New

York; warm

press in the city; troops destined for Virginia; belief as to the [U. S. S.] Confeder 49, 116 acy. A. L. S. 2 pp.

1781

MAY

8

Hughes, H[ugh]. Danbury [Connecticut]. To [Col. Timothy Pickering, Newburgh]. Fruitless efforts to obtain teams; result of coertion; difficulties of
[Ralph] Pomeroy.

Contemporary

extract.

1 p.

Enclosed in Pickering to Washington,

1781,
49, 77

May
1781
Lafayette,
8

9.

[Marquis

de.]

MAY

[George] Washington

Richmond [Virginia]. To [New Windsor]. Defeat of
plan against Rich into Virginia; the first importance of for

[Maj. Gen. William] Phillips

mond; Cornwallis advance
junction at Halifax;

warding troops and supplies to [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene; hastening of [Brig.] Gen. [An thony] Wayne s march; Greene before Camden.
A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered May 31. Letters to Washington, 3, 306.
1781
Parsons,

In Sparks, 49, 70

Samuel H[olden].

MAYS

[George] Washington

ment ordered
1781

Redding [Connecticut]. To [New Windsor]. Detach from Danbury; courts-martial
A. L. S.
1

sentences and prisoners.

p.

49, 51

Rochambeau, Comte
8

de.

Newport [Rhode

Island].

To

MAY

[George Washington,

New

Windsor].

Arrival of

Comte de Barras and Vicomte Rochambeau; re 2 pp. Answered quests a conference. L. S.

May
1781

13.

49, 49

Stevens, Nfathaniel].
8

MAY

FishkiU [New York]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Shad procured by Judge [Derrick] Wynkoop; efforts to obtain cat tle from New England. L. S. 1 p. 49, 48

1781

MAY 9

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] [John] Glover [Marblehead, Massachusetts]. Or-

COERESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
ders to repair to Army. Draft. * writing of David Humphreys.
B.
1

1821
p.

In hand
pt. 3,

XIII,

301

1781

[Washington, George.]
9

New New

Windsor.

To Maj. Gen.

MAY

[William] Heath [West Point]. Instructions for his appeal to Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Con necticut and Hampshire; supply of beef
cattle, salted provisions

and a systematic plan
be
used;
pressing 4 pp.
3,

for feeding the

Army during the campaign; trans

portation;

importunity to

necessities of the situation; rum. Draft. In handwriting of David Humphreys.

B.

XIII, pt.

303

1781

Dayton,

Elias.

Chatham [New

Jersey].

MAY 9

Washington [West

Point].

[George] Secret service ar

To

rangements; reported sailing of a fleet from New York; requests granting of parole to Maj. [Justus Christoph] de Meibom and Ensign [Carl Christoph] de Meibom death sentence of Simon Kent weakening of Dayton s party by furnishing de tachments for guards. L. S. 2 pp. Answered 49, 85 May 11.
;
;

1781

Pickering, T[imothy].
9

Newburgh. To [George] Washing-

MAY

ton [West Point]. Evasion of towns in sending forward salted meat; necessity of sending out impress parties. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered 49, 75 May 10.
Schuyler,

1781

MAY

9

To Saratoga [New York]. New Windsor [West Point]. [George] Washington, Mistake in transmitting a paper; guilt of a cor poral and party in escape of a British prisoner; lack of beef and expectation of consequent aban donment of Saratoga. A. L. S. 2 pp. 49, 82
Phfilip

John].

1781

[Smith, George?]
9

MAY

Albany. To [Lt. Gen. Frederick Haldimand, Canada]. Execution of his orders advises attempt on Albany; good effects producible by hand-bills; necessity of advance notice being given to enable the people [loyalists] to rise to
;

his

assistance.
jr.

Lansing,
1781,
in Dr.
eral

May

Contemporary copy by John Enclosed in Clinton to Washington 30. Noted as: "Copy of a Letter

Smith s Handwriting, supposed to Gen Haldimand Intercepted 27th May 1781."
49, 321

1822
1781

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. Measures looking to im
press for provisions and transportation; [Maj.] Gen. [William] Heath s mission. Draft. 1 p.

MAY

10

In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII,
1781
Butler, Zebulon.
10

pt. 3,

307

MAY

Highlands. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Transmitting return of men A. L. S. 1 p. left at Wyoming. 49, 103
[Highlands.] Return of men, belong ing to Capt. [Simon] Spalding s corps, left at

[Butler, Zebulon]

Wyoming.
entry.

A. D.

1

p.

Enclosed in preceding
49, 104

1781

Destouches, [Chevalier.]
10

MAY

Newport [Rhode Island]. To Washington, New Windsor]. Appoint [George ment of Comte de Barras to command the French fleet; Destouches appreciation of approval of his conduct by Congress and Washington. L. S.
1 p.

(In French)
by Tilghman,

Answered May
49, 95.

14.

49, 94

Translation

1781

Greene,
10

Nathanael.

[Near

MAY

To

[George] Washington

Camden, South Carolina]. [New Windsor]. Trans
A. L.
S.
1 p. 49, 99

mitting copy of exchange cartel.

1781

Pickering, T[imothy],
10

MAY

Newburgh. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Shad from Esopus; sug

gests bringing
;

down

the daily catch to save

salting expense measures taken to forward pro A. L. S. visions from Warwick, Ringwood, etc. 2 pp. 49, 90
.1781

MAY

10

New York. Memorandum of treatSobbe, [Christian]. ment received at Philadelphia. Contemporary
Enclosed in Knyphausen to 49, 218 Washington, 1781, May 17.
translation.

2 pp.

1781

MAY

10

Stewart, Charles. New Windsor. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Necessity of strenuous ef fort to forward supplies to the Army; estimate
of amount of beef necessary from the various Eastern States for the daily support of the Army. A. L. S. 1 p. Endorsed by Tilghman: 49, 88 "Copy given to Genl. Heath"

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781

1823

MAY

10

Tilghman, T[ench]. New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Shad fish; boards for Pickering [Newburgh]. Auto, draft signed. at West Point. magazine B. 1 p. XIII, pt. 3, 309
Townes, J[ohn]. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington, New Windsor. Requests attention to his situa A. L. S. 2 pp. tion. 49, 92
Trumbull, Jonathan, jr. Hartford. To [George] Washington, New Windsor. Acceptance of appointment as aide; inability to join headquarters before June 1. A. L. S. 1 p. 49, 96
[Washington, George.]

1781

MAY
1781

10

MAY

10

1781

MAY

11

New Windsor. To Col. [Elias] Dayton [Chatham, New Jersey]. His intelligence
a British embarkation at

[of

New

York]; dislike

of detaching corps; returns of his corps; arrest and trial of [John] Adam. Draft. 2 pp. In

handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

313

1781

[Washington, George.]
11

New

Windsor.

MAY

[New Windsor?]

Trial of

To Thomas Durie [John] Adam; orders

to proceed to Elizabethtown; prisoner matters. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.

1781

MAYII

XIII, pt. 3, 317 Gen. [Ben[Washington, George.] Lincoln [Boston], [Maj.] Gen. [William] jamin] Heath s mission to the Eastern States; permis sion to Lincoln to return to the Army. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In
B.

New Windsor. ToMaj.

Sparks,

8, 39.

B.

XIII, pt.

3,

31

1781

MAY

11

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Baron [von] Biedesel [Brooklyn, New York]. His misunder
standing of exchange negotiations;
partiality

charge of

toward British

officers.

1781

In handwriting of Tench New Windsor. [Washington, George.]
11

Draft. 2 pp. E. 411 Tilghman.

To

Lt.

Gen.
1

MAY

[James] Robertson [New York]. enclosures from [Robert] Morris.

Transmitting
Draft.
p.

1781

MAY

11

E. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. 409 New Windsor. To Comte de Ro[Washington, George.] chambeau [Newport]. Report of sailing of a British fleet for Rhode Island. Draft. 1 p. In

handwriting of David Humphreys.
D.
I, pt. 2,

135

1824
1781
Barras,
11

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

Comte
rival

de.

Newport [Rhode
of the

Island].

To [George
ar
forces;

MAY

Washington,

New Windsor]. Announcing his
French naval

and command

the interview requested by Comte de Rochambeau. 2 pp. Answered L. S. (In French) 14. 49, 109 May
Translation

by Tllghman,

49, 110.

1781

MAY

11

Rochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Despatches from France; necessity of a conference. L. S.
1

p.

Answered May

14.

49, 105

[1781]

[Stevens, Nathanael.]
11]

[MAY

Account of [Fishkill, New York.] provisions received from Connecticut from Feb. 6 to May 11. Tabular statement of quantities by
1 p.

towns.

Enclosed in Pickering to Washing
12.

ton, 1781,

May

49, 108

1781

Wetmore, Hezekiah.
11

Pay

Office

[New Windsor]. To

[Lt.]

MAY

Pro Col. [David] Humphreys [New Windsor]. of paying warrants for money due ab priety
sentees.

A. L. S.

1 p.

W

1781

MAY

12

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Capt. Thomas Arnold, East Greenwich, Rhode Island. Refus ing his request to be allowed to enter the sea
service.

Draft.

1

p.

In handwriting
B.

of

Tench
323

Tilghman.
XIII,
pt. 3,

1781

MAY

12

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Horatio] Gates [Philadelphia]. Delay in inquiry into his conduct; difficulties; Maj. [Thomas] Pinckney s exchange. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of B. XIII, pt. 3, 319 Tench Tilghman.
Castries de Charlus, [Comte de].

1781

MAY

12

To [George Newport. Windsor]. Requesting trans Washington, mission of despatches for Marquis [de Lafayette] transmits map of Portsmouth [Virginia]. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered May 17. 49, 113

New

;

1781

Chastellux, Chevalier de.
12

Newport [Rhode

Island].

To

MAY

[George Washington,
scarcity

New

Windsor].

Provision
his letters
;

and Comte de Menonville;

from France; money instead of reenforcements French fleet from Brest and its destination. A. L. S. 3pp. 49,117

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
Clinton, James.
12

1825

MAY

Albany. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Supplies for Fort Schuyler; delay caused by heavy rains; beef and flour prospect.
2 pp.

L. S.

Acknowledged May

14.

49, 120

1781

Council of Officers.
12

MAY

Fort Schuyler [New York]. Investigaand report on condition of fortifications. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Clinton to Washington, 1781, May 16. 49, 182
tion

1781

Pickering, T[imothy].
12

MAY

Newburgh. To [George] Wash[New Windsor]. State of the salted meat ington
estimates;

supply;

contingent orders to for
;

ward

flour

from Warwick by impress

instruc

tions regarding flour at Sussex A. L. S. 3pp.

[New

Jersey], etc.

49,111

1781

MAY

12

Quin, Patrick. of by
of

[New Windsor, New York.] Examination Tench Tilghman Condition and position various British regiments. 1 p. In hand
:

writing of Tilghman.

49, 119

1781

MAY

12

Wethersfield [Connecticut]. To Tallmadge, Benjamin. New Windsor]. Establish [George Washington, ment of correspondence with [Samuel] C[ulper] and other secret service matters. A. L. S. 1 p. 49, 115

1781

MAY

13

Washington, George. New Windsor. To Chevalier de La Luzerne [Philadelphia]. Forwarding Rochambeau s letter. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. D. I, pt. 2, 137
[Washington, George.] New Windsor To Maj. Gen. [Alexander] McDougall [Philadelphia]. Requesting him to join the Army. Draft. 1 p. In handwrit
ing of

1781

MAY

13

David Humphreys.

B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

325

1781

MAY

13

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. Forwarding of salt pro vision from Hartford. Draft. 1 p. In hand
writing of David Humphreys.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

327

1781

MA Y

13

[Washington, George.] New chambeau [Newport]. Agreement to meet at Wethersfield; report of sailing of a British de tachment from New York. Draft. 1 p. In

Windsor.

To Comte de RO

handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
D.
56214

VOL

312

I, pt. 2,

139

13

L826
1781

LIBRAKY OF CONGRESS
Anonymous.
13

Saratoga [New York].

Information of Brit-

MAY

Crown Point; force that will advance from Canada in June. Copy in handwriting of Schuy2 pp. ler. Enclosed in Schuyler to Washing
ish at

ton, 1781,

May

14.

49,

270

1781

MAY

13

Cochran, Robert. Fort Schuyler [New York]. To [Brig.] Gen. [James] Clinton [Albany]. Ruinous condi tion of the fortifications; garrison put on short
allowance.
in Clinton to

Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed Washington, 1781, May 16. 49, 183

1781

Knox, H[enry] and Timothy Pickering.
13

New

Windsor.

MAY

To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Rec ommending an arrangement for Col. [Jeduthan]
Baldwin
s Artificer regiment. signed also by Pickering.

A. L.

S. of

Knox,

49, 125

1781

MAY

14

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Comte de Barras [Newport]. His appointment to command of the French fleet; interview at Wethersfield. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In Sparks, 8, 40. D. I, pt. 2, 145

1781

MAY

14

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] [James] Clinton [Albany]. Flour; [Maj.] Gen. [William] Heath s errand to the Eastern States;
care of ammunition supply levies to relieve Con 2 pp. Draft. In tinentals on the frontier.
;

1781

MAY

14

handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 335 [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Chevalier DCStouches [Newport]. His naval services to Amer ica. Draft. 1 In handwriting of Tench p.

Tilghman.
[Washington, George.]

D.

I, pt, 2,

147

New

Windsor.

To Chevalier de
Approval
of

La Luzerne

[Philadelphia].

Lu-

zerne s plan [for Chevalier Destouches to move to the Chesapeake]; meeting at Wethersfield;

forwarding
writing of

letters.

Draft.

2

Tench Tilghman.

pp. D.

In hand
I,

pt. 2, 141

1781

MAY

14

To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] New Windsor. [John] Paterson [West Point]. Ordering out the Connecticut Line; vigilance necessary; transmit
ting intelligence of
1 p.

enemy s movements. Draft. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B, XIII, pt. 3, 337

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781

1827

MAY

14

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Ralph] Pomeroy [Hartford]. Date of conference with French commanders at Wethersfiekl; quarters and for 1 p. In hand age to be provided. Draft.
writing of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

341

1781

MAY

14

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To P[hilip] Van Rensselaer [Albany]. Powder and lead for the

Northward; economy necessary. Draft. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

1

p.

XIII,

pt. 3,

343

1781

MAY

14

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Comte de Rochambeau [Newport]. Meeting at Wethersfield. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh Draft. man. D. I, pt. 2, 143 [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Philip Schuyler [Albany]. Intercepting the enemy s communi cations; predatory warfare on the frontier; Ver

mont;
Draft.

suffering of frontier troops; supplies. 3 pp. In handwriting of David

Hum

phreys.

In Ford,

9,

246.

B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

329

1781

MAY

14

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Lt. Col. W[ilHam Stephens] Smith [Philadelphia]. Reason for not appointing him to a command [with La 1 p. In hand fayette s detachment]. Draft.
writing of David

Humphreys.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

339

1781

MAY

14

Washington, George. His coming to bull, jr. [Lebanon, Connecticut]. the first part of June. Auto, draft headquarters 1 p. P. signed. II, 375
Bayley, Jacob.

New Windsor. To Jonathan Trum-

1781

MAY

14

Newbury [New Hampshire]. To George Washington [New Windsor]. Forwarding pay and muster roll of a company of St. Francois
Indians;
at

clothing issued;
Col.
S.

British fortifications

Masco [Mascoma River,
A. L.
2 pp.

New

Hampshire];
fears of the
49, 131

capture of
people.

Thomas Johnson;
To
[George]

1781
14

Blaine,

Ephraim.

Philadelphia.

Washington

[New Windsor]. Results of his visit to Delaware and Maryland; great quantity of supplies with out authority to seize them; collection of pro-

1828

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS on the Eastern and Western Shores; Delaware to act results of speculation, and disaffected activity in Philadelphia; villainy depreciation of paper currency; orders of Board
visions
failure of
;

of

War

Gen.
3 pp.

for Blaine to provide supplies for [Brig.] L. S. [Anthony] Wayne s detachment.
49, 133

1781

Cochran, Kobert.
14

MAY

Fort Schuyler [New York]. To [Brig.] Destruction Gen. [James] Clinton [Albany], caused by fire at Fort Schuyler. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Clinton to Washington, 49, 140 1781, May 17.
Fort Schuyler [New York]. To [Brig.] Gen. [James] Clinton [Albany]. Destruction of barracks; saving of the magazine and part of the provisions. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed
in Clinton to

1781

Cochran, Robert.
14

MAY

Court of Inquiry,

at

burning of Enclosed

Washington, 1781, May 17. 49, 184 Fort Schuyler [New York]. On barracks. Contemporary copy. 1 p. in Clinton to Washington, 1781,
49, 147

May
1781

17.

MAY

14

Dean, Gilbert and William Scudder. Poundridge [New Jersey]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Intelligence obtained from Long Island; efforts
to arrange for secret service; and ships; need of devising a

British regiments

mode
A. L.

of
S.

communi
of

cation with

Windsor. also by Scudder. signed
1781

New

Dean,
49, 126

Forman, David.
14

MAY

Freehold [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Sailing of a British fleet for the Southward; family troubles; employment of a lookout on Middletown heights. A. L. S. 1 p. 60, 12

1781

[Greene, Nathanael].
14

MAY

McCord s Ferry on the Congaree South Carolina]. To [the President of [River,
British evacuation of
sick

Congress, Philadelphia].
left

Camden; baggage burned and wounded and
behind;

delay in arrival of Virginia militia prevented capture of the town; reduction of

Orangeburg by [Brig.] Gen. [Thomas] Sumter and Fort Mott by [Brig.] Gen. [Francis] Marion; arms and supplies taken; in vesture of Augusta and Ninety-Six and intended siege of fort at

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
Friday
of
s

1829

Ferry; evidences of coming evacuation post near Nelson s Ferry; movements of Cornwallis. Contemporary copy. 5 pp. En
closed in Greene to Washington, 1781, May 16. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 310.
49, 135

1781

MAY

14

Hand, Edward. [New Windsor.] Return of killed, wounded and missing of detachment on the Croton
River.

Tabular statement.

D.

S.

1 p.

C. C.

152, 10, 113

1781

Moodie, Andrew.
14

MAY

Fort Schuyler [New York]. To Brig. Gen. [James] Clinton [Albany]. Damage done by a fire; supplies immediately needed; exertions of Lt. [James] Brewster and himself. Contempo rary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Clinton to Wash 49, 146 ington, 1781, May 17.

1781

MAY

14

Olney, Coggeshall. Rhode Island Village [Highlands]. To Col. [Alexander] Scammell [Highlands]. Murder of Col. [Christopher] Greene; need of [Lt.] Col.

[Jeremiah] Olney

s

presence.

A. L. S.

2 pp. 49, 128

1781

Paterson, John.
14

West

Point.

MAY

[New Windsor].
letter;

[George] Washington Acknowledging Washington s

To

1781

MAY

14

transmits intelligence [of Col. Christopher s death]. Recent copy. 1 p. 49,127 West Point. To [George Washington, Paterson, John. New Windsor]. Advance of enemy from the

Greene

Croton River; New Hampshire meet them. A. L. S. 1 p.
1781

line

marched

to

W

MAY

14

Pray, John. Nyack [New York]. To Brig. Gen. [John] British boats off Fort Paterson, West Point. 1 Lee; expectation of an alarm. A. L. S. p.

Enclosed in Paterson to Washington, 1781,
15.

May

49, 150

1781

MAY
1781

14

Pray, John. Dobbs Ferry [New York]. To Brig Gen. [John] Paterson, West Point. British erecting a block house at Fort Lee. A. L. S. 1 p. 49, 151

Scammell, Alexander.
lands].

N[ew] Hampshire] Village [High-

Point.

on the

To Brig. Gen. [John] Paterson, West Lack of ammunition; need of surgeon lines [to attend the wounded of Col.

Christopher Greene s command]; officers killed and taken [at Croton River]; barbarity of the

1830

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

enemy; completeness
2 pp.
1781,

Enclosed

in

A. L. S. of the surprise. Paterson to Washington,
49, 130

May

14.

Schuyler,

To John]. Saratoga [New York]. Washington [New Windsor]. Intelli gence of British brought by a spy; intended move of Vermonters; engagement of spy to 2 pp. serve Schuyler. A. L. S. Answered
Ph[ilip

[George]

May
1781

30.

49,

268

MAY

15

Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] [Philemon] Dickinson, Trenton or PhiladelphiaImpropriety of interfering in behalf of his rela.

New

[Evan Jones] at Pensacola; suggests appli cation to the French Minister [Chevalier de La 2 pp. In handwriting of Draft. Luzerne].
tive

Tench Tilghman.
1781

B.

XIII, pt.

3,

345

MAY

15

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Capt. [John Paul] Jones [Philadelphia]. Delay of stores and clothing from France; Jones s reputation. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In
Sparks,
8, 44.

B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

349

1781

MAY

15

[Washington, George.] Brig. Gen. John Paterson [West Point]. Detachment to support block house at Dobbs Ferry. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys.
B.

New

Windsor.

To

XIII,

pt. 3,

347

1781

Allen, Ethan.
15

Bennington [Vermont],

To

[Maj.] Gen.

MAY

York]. [Philip John] Schuyler [Saratoga, British design to capture Schuyler; denial of
reports that Allen is corresponding with the enemy to the prejudice of the United States.

New

A. L. S.

1 p.

Enclosed in Schuyler to
21.

Wash
49,

ington, 1781,

May

244

Brooks, D[avid].

Newburgh.

To

[Lt.] Col.

Tench Tilgh

Windsor]. Case of Mrs. Mary Smith; her aid to American prisoners at New York; A. L. S. justice in granting her a daily ration.
4 pp.

man [New

W

1781

Fort Granby, (South Carolina).
15

Articles of Capitulation

MAY

between Maj. A[ndrew] Maxwell and Lt. Col. Henry Lee [jr]. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, May 16.
49, 175

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781

1831

MAY

15

To [George] Washington Hartford. Heath, W[illiam]. [New Windsor]. Reception accorded Washing ton s letter by the Connecticut legislature; beefcattle,

salt

meat and rum ordered; action

of

legislature respecting supplies for the campaign. 2 pp. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, L. S.
3,

312.

49, 164

1781

MAY

15

Heer, Bartholomew von. Reading [Pennsylvania]. To the Board of War [Philadelphia]. Complaints of
his

corps for pay; approach of expiration of terms of enlistment of his soldiers; requests di rections. Contemporary copy. 3 pp. Enclosed
in

von Heer

to

Washington, 1781,

May

25. 49, 291

1781

Heer,
15

MAY

Bartholomew von. Reading [Pennsylvania]. To the Board of War [Philadelphia]. Breeches, socks and shirts for his men. Contemporary 1 p. Enclosed in von Heer to Washing copy.
ton, 1781,

May

25.

49,

293

1781

Huntingdon,
15

MAY

Norwich [Connecticut]. To [New Windsor]. Hope of [George] Washington
J[edidiah].

soon joining the Army; reported meeting of British and combined fleets. A. L. S. 1 p.
49, 165

[1781]

[MAY

15]

Tilghman, Tench. [New Windsor.] Memorandum of information of British works at Kingsbridge. A. D. 1 p. 49, 141
Lafayette,

1781

MAY

15

Wittloh [Whitlock, Gen. Anthony Wayne, Virginia]. [Brig. York, Pennsylvania]. Position of [Maj.] Gen. [William] Phillips; approach of Lord Cornwallis; his strength; need of Wayne s assist ance; requests that baggage be left behind and a forced march made to his relief; celerity of
[Marquis
de.]

Camp

To

Cornwallis movements.
duplicate.

L. S.

4 pp.

Marked
49, 152

Enclosed in
26.

Wayne

to Washington,

1781,
[1781]

May

ledyard, I[saac].
15?]

[MAY

[New Windsor?] To [Lt.] Col. [Tench] Tilghman [New Windsor]. Introducing Mrs. [Smith] her assistance to American Mary Smyth prisoners in New York; her means exhausted;
;

suggests granting her provisions.

A. L. S.

2 pp.

W

1832
[1781]
Lee,
15]

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

[MAY

Henry, jr. [Fort Granby, South Carolina.] To Maj. Gen. [Nathanael] Greene [On the Congaree River, South Carolina]. Investure and capture of Fort Granby. Contemporary copy. 4 pp. Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, May 13.
49, 173

1781

Loring, Joshua.
15

MAY

York. To Abraham Skinner [New Proposal of exchange of Lt. Gen. [John] Burgoyne by composition. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Skinner to Washington, 1781,
York].

New

May
1781

19.

49,

234

Paterson, John.
15

West

Point.

MAY

New

Windsor.

[George] Washington, Transmitting letters from Capt.
1 p.

To

[John] Pray.

L. S.

Answered same day.
49, 148
[Brig.]

1781

MAY

15

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John]. Gen. [James] Clinton [Albany].

Saratoga [New York]. To
;

vance of party of enemy

Discovery of ad necessity of sending out

scouts; non-arrival of provisions. Contempo rary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Clinton to Wash

1781

Skinner,
15

May 16. Abraham. New York. To Joshua
ington, 1781,

49, 185

MAY

York].

Loring [New Proposal of an exchange. Contempo rary copy by Skinner. 2 pp. Enclosed in Skin ner to Washington, 1781, May 19. 49, 232

1781

[Washington,
16

MAY

George.] New Windsor. To [Francois, Marquis de Barbe-] Marbois, Philadelphia. Trans

mitting certificate of Col. [Lewis] La Radiere s service. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench

Tilghman.
1781

.

D.
Sir

I,

pt. 2, 149

MAY

16

Washington, George. Henry Clinton [New York], for permission to Request ship a cargo of tobacco to Charleston for benefit of American prisoners. Draft. 1 p. In hand of Tench Tilghman. E. 413 writing

New

Windsor.

To

1781

MAY

16

New Windsor. [Washington, George.] [John] Paterson [West Point],
Badlam
of
s position.

To

Brig.

Gen.

[Lt.] Col. [Ezra]

Draft.

1

p.

David Humphreys.

B.

In handwriting XIII, pt. 3, 353

1781

MAY

16

New Windsor. To [Washington, George.] Skinner [Elizabethtown, New Jersey].
sion to parole certain prisoners.

Abraham
Permis In 1 p.
pt. 3,

Draft.

handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII,

355

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781

1833

MAY

16

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Baron Steuben [New Kent County, Virginia]. Behavior of mi litia in opposing advance of enemy in Virginia; arms and clothing; sailing of a British detach

1781

ment from New York; coming interview with Comte de Rochambeau. Draft. 2pp. In hand B. XIII, pt. 3, 351 writing of Tench Tilghman. Board of War. [Philadelphia.] To [Capt. Bartholomew
16

MAY

von Heer, Reading, Pennsylvania]. Question of and pay for his corps. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in von Heer to Washing
clothing
ton, 1781,

May

25.

49,

294

1781

MAY

16

Clinton, James. Albany. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Burning of barracks at Fort Schuyler and appearance of enemy on the frontier; has requested Gov. [George] Clinton to consult with Washington respecting affairs of the Northern Department; need of ammunition and supplies.

L. S.

2 pp.

Answered May

18.

49, 180.

1781

Clinton, James.
16

Albany.

To

[Lt.] Col.

[Robert] Cochran

MAY

[Fort Schuyler [New York]. Suspicious circum stances of fire at Fort Schuyler orders retention
;

1781

works and repair of damages in best manner possible. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Clinton to Washington, 1781, May 16. 49, 186 James. Albany. To Col. [Philip Van] Cortlandt Clinton,
of
16

MAY

[Albany ?].
garrison;

Destruction caused by
general to the
instructions
fort.

fire

at Fort

Schuyler; provisions and assistance to be sent the

march up
2 pp.

governing his Contemporary copy. 49, 187

1781

Dayton, Elias.
16

Chatham [New Jersey]. To [George Wash-

MAY

British fleet sailed for ington, New Windsor]. the South; small number of troops in New York. 1 p. L. S. 49, 179 Acknowledged May 28.

1781

Fort Granby.
16

(South Carolina).

Return

of

prisoners

MAY

taken,

May

15.

Fort Mott.

(South Carolina) Return of prisoners taken Tabular statements. A. D. S. of Ed Hyrne. 1 p. Enclosed in Greene to 49, 139 Washington, 1781, May 16.

May 12. mund M.
1781

Greene, Nathanael.
16

On

MAY

lina].

To

[George]

the Congaree [River, South CaroWashington [New Windsor].

1834

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Surrender of British post [Fort Granby];
situation
of
p.
affairs;
critical

Cornwallis
30.

movements.
49, 171

L. S.

1

Answered July

La Luzerne, Chevalier de. To [George Philadelphia. Washington, New Windsor]. Transmitting let
ter for Chevalier Destouches.

L. S.

1

p.

(In

French.)

49, 166

1781

MAY

16

Lawrence, J[onathan] jr. Rockland [Dobbs Ferry, New York]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Erection of a block house at Fort Lee by Ref
ugees; propositions of A. L. S. 1 p.

Capt.

Ward

to desert.
49, 170

1781

Paterson, John.
16

West

Point.

MAY

New

Windsor].

[Lt.] Col.

To [George Washington, [Ezra] Badlam s ad

vance; intelligence of the surprise [May] 14th A. L. S. 1 p. Answered [at Croton River].

immediately.
1781
Selden, E[zra].
16

49, 169

MAY

Stony Point [New York]. To Brig. Gen. [John] Paterson, West Point. Information of a Refugee marauding party. A. L. S. 2 pp. 49, 167
George.]

1781

[Washington,
17

New

Windsor.

To Comte de
Acknowledging

MAY

[Castries de] Charlus [Newport]. packet for Lafayette and copy of
of

map

of vicinity

Portsmouth.

Draft.

1

p.

In handwriting
D.
I, pt. 2,

of

Tench Tilghman.

153

1781

MAY

17

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Brig.] Gen. [David] Forman [Monmouth, New Jersey]. His intelligence of sailing of a British fleet [from New York]; willingness to employ a lookout on Mon mouth Heights. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 3, 357

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Chevalier de La Luzerne [Philadelphia]. Forwarding despatches. 1 p. Draft. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh D. man. I, pt. 2, 151 New Windsor. To Capt. J[onathan]
Rockland [Dobbs Ferry]. Watch fulness to prevent deception by a spy; intelli gence of enemy desired. Draft. 2 pp. In

1781

[Washington, George.]
17

MAY

Lawrence

[jr.],

handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII,

pt. 3,

363

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781

1835

MAY

17

To Col. [Alex[Washington, George.] New Windsor. At ander] Scammell [Pompton, New Jersey]. on British party fortifying near Fort Lee; tempt
Capt. [Jonathan] Lawrence.

In Draft. 3 pp. handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In Sparks, 8, B. 46. XIII, pt. 3, 359

1781

Barras, [Comte de.]
17

Newport.

To [George Washington,

MAY

New
May

Inability to attend the confer ence [at Wethersfield]. L. S. 1 p. Answered

Windsor].

23.

47,

264

1781

Clinton, James.
17

MAY

Windsor].

Albany. To [George] Washington [New Cause of fire at Fort Schuyler; loss;
L.S.

want
needs.

of military stores at

1781

Hand, Edward.
17

MAY

To [George] Washington The present strength of the [New Windsor]. Army; Jersey line; number unfit for service; lack
of clothing; state of discipline; returns of recruits. L. S. 3 pp. 50, 90

New

2pp. Windsor.

Answered May 29.

Albany; rebuilding 49,142

1781

Hand, Edward.
17

MAY

New Windsor. Return of recruits that have joined the New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Connecticut lines since Apr. 1. Tabular
statement.

D.

S.

1 p.

50,

92

1781

MAY

17

Howe, Robert. Boston. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Delay in setting out for camp; loss of clothing in the Confederacy; obtaining a supply from Comte D Estaing; reported capture of the Protector. A. L. S. 3 pp. 49, 221
Lafayette, [Marquis de.]
[Virginia].

Camp Wilton on James
[George]

River

Washington [New Wind sor]. Correspondence with British commanders; death of [Maj.] Gen. [William] Phillips and [re fusal of] communication with [Brig. Gen. Benedict] Arnold; latter s threat to send American pris

To

oners to
2 p.

West

Indies; partial exchanges.
31.

L. S.

Answered May Washington, 3, 316.
1781
laurance, John.
17

In Sparks, Letters to 49, 193
[George] Washington

West

Point.

To

MAY

of jurisdiction of a court[New Windsor]. martial over persons [tories] arrested in [Fairfield

Lack

S.

1

and Stratford counties] Connecticut. A. L. Endorsed by Varick: "Vide M. Genl. p.
May"

Parsons Letter of 8th

[1781].

49, 195

1836
1781

LIBKAEY OF CONGRESS
Loring, Joshua.
17

MAY

[Abraham] Skinner [New Proposal to send American prisoners from Charleston, South Carolina to Philadelphia in exchange for British to be sent to New York. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Skinner
York].
to

New York. To

Washington, 1781,

May

19.

49, 235

1781

MAY

17

Knyphausen, [Baron von]. New York. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Treatment received by Lt. [Christian] Sobbe; requests permission for a Hessian surgeon to visit sick in Philadelphia. 2 pp. Answered June 1. L. S. 49, 215

1781

MAY

18

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] Abandonment of [James] Clinton [Albany]. Draft. 1 p. T^ort Schuyler. In handwriting
of

Tench Tilghman.

B.

XIII, pt.

3,

369

1781

MAY

18

[Washington, George.] Brig. Gen. [John] Paterson [West Point]. Departure for Wethersfield Maj. Gen. [Arthur] St. Clair in general command of the Highlands. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys.
;

New

Windsor.

To

B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

365

1781

Biron,
18

Due
to

de.

Paris.

To [George Washington,

en route
s

MAY

Connecticut].

Acknowledges Washington

[Col. Charles Armand-Tuffin,] de La Rouerie; his impatience to return Marquis to America; bestowal of Cross of St. Louis; com (In French) pliments, etc. L. S. 4 pp.

letter respecting

49,

227

1781

Lafayette, [Marquis de].
18

Wilton, North Side of James

MAY

River

[Virginia].

To

[George]

Washington

route to Connecticut]. of Richmond; British

Maneuvers
movements;

[en in vicinity approach of

[William] [Maj.] Gen. of [Brig.] Gen. [Anthony] Wayne s Phillips; delay reenforcements; danger in engaging the enemy;

Cornwallis;

death

of

measures taken; lack of arms.

L.

S.

4 pp.
49, 225

Answered
1781

May

31.

MAY

18

Pickering, T[imothy]. Newburgh. To [George] WashOn the way to Connecticut. Repair of ington,

boats; building of boats at Albany. A. L. S. 2 pp.

Wappings Creek and
49,

223

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781

1837

MAY

18

Robertson, James. New York. To [George] Washington [en route to Connecticut]. Acknowledging with

thanks the return of his commission.
1 p.

L.
49,

S.

229

1781
"363-eq"

Culper,
19]

Samuel.
necticut].

U
729"

[Setauket,

Long

Island].

To

[Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge, Wethersfield, Con-

[MAY

Inability to find a suitable agent in
"724"

New

[Aus York; is suspected by British; tin Roe] s report from New York; destination of [Vice] Adml. [Marriot] Arbuthnot s fleet; im pressment of American prisoners on British ships; news from Europe; Refugees at Fort
George,
Skinner,

A. L. S.

1

p.

W

Abraham.

New

Windsor.

To

[George]

Wash

ington [Wethersfield, Connecticut]. British re fusal of exchange proposition; correspondence; [Lt.] Gen. [John] Burgoyne and prisoners at the Cedars; enemy s wish to send American pris oners from Charleston to Philadelphia; refusal
of British to

A. L.
1781

S.

2 pp.

exchange privates; requests orders. Answered June 30. 49, 230

MAY

20

Clark, G[eorge] R[ogers]. Fort Pitt. To [George Wash Difficulty in obtaining ington, Wethersfield]. troops; refusal of Col. [Daniel] Brodhead to fur nish same; requests necessary orders; advan

tages of an expedition against the Indian country and Detroit. L. S. 2 pp. Answered June 8. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 323, under

date of
1781
General
20

May

26.

49,

236
of

Court-martial.

York

[Pennsylvania].

Trial

MAY

John Fortesque for attempting mutiny. D. S: James Hamilton, Prest. 1 p. Note by Wayne: "Fortescue was Shot to Death." Enclosed in

Wayne
1781
[Chastellux,
21

to Washington, 1781,
de.]

May

26.

49, 158

Marquis

White Tavern

[Wethersfield].

MAY

To [George Washington, Wethersfield]. Pro poses plan to move the French forces to Vir ginia and cooperate with Comte De Grasse against
Gen. [Benedict] Arnold and [Maj.] Gen. A. D. 3 pp. 49, 240 [William] Phillips.
[Brig.]

1838
1781

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Anonymous.
21

MAY

Saratoga [New York] To [Maj. Gen. Philip John Schuyler, Saratoga]. Recruiting reports of enemy s designs against Albany and Schenectady.

A. L.

1

p.

Washington, 1781,
1781
Clark, G[eorge] R[ogers].
21

May

Enclosed in Schuyler to 21. 49, 245

MAY

Pittsburg. To [George Washington, Wethersfield]. Clark s chain of intelli gence from the Indian country advance of Brit
;

ish;

belief

in

their

route being
of

through the
the

Wabash country;
Indians
;

friendliness

Wabash
1

difficulty of obtaining
8.

men.

L. S.

p.

Answered June
ington,
3,

In Sparks, Letters to

Wash
49,

317.

237

1781

Clinton, [Sir] II[enry].
21

MAY

New York. To [George] Washington [Wethersfield, Connecticut]. Washington s letters respecting recall of Lt. Gen. [John] Burgoyne; refusal of permission to send tobacco to Charleston [South Carolina, to sell] for benefit of American prisoners. L. S. 2 pp. 49, 247
Resolve. The court of inquiry ordered on Maj. Gen. [Horatio] Gates; right to ex ercise command orders for Gates to repair to
;

1781

Continental Congress.
21

MAY

headquarters.
closed in

Contemporary copy. Gates to Washington, 1781,

1

p.

En
22.

May

49,

253

1781

Diriks,
21

J[acob] G[erhard].

Philadelphia.
1

MAY

Washington
Intelligence.

return to Holland.
[1781]

[Wethersfield, A. L. S.
?

To [George] His Connecticut].
p.

49,

246

[MAY

21]

Information given Enclosed in Schuyler to 49, 244 * Washington, 1781, May 21.
[Saratoga
deserter.

New
1

York.]

by a

p.

1781

Schuyler,
21

MAY

To Saratoga [New York]. Intelli Washington [Wethersfield]. gence of intended advance of British; Ethan Al len s letter; reward of an individual for recover ing brass mortars. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered
Phfilip

John].

[George]

May
1781

30.

49, 242

Smith, William Stephens].
21

Philadelphia.

To

[George]

MAY

Continuance at [Wethersfield]. of illness; joining the Philadelphia on account Southern army; continuance in the service.

Washington

A.

I,.

S.

2 pp.

Answered May

30.

49,

238

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
Burr, George
22

1839

and Others.
for

Fairfield [Connecticut].

To
S.

MAY

[George] Washington

[Wethersfield].

Petition

ing mercy Burr and

Thomas Langley

Colly er.

D.

by

fifteen others, justices of the peace,

ministers and militia oflicers.

49, 65

1781

Washington, George.
22

MAY

Estimate of force to bring against New York. A. D. 1 p. possible Endorsed by Tilghman: Copy of this was
Wethersfield.
"A

given to
1781
Clinton,
22

Count

Rochambeau."

W

MAY

James. Albany. [George] Washington [Wethersfield, Connecticut]. Evacuation of Fort Schuyler and taking of post at the German Flats; need of troops but lack of provisions for them;
impress of flour; arrest of [David] Higgenbottom.
L. S. 2 pp.

To

Answered May

29.

49,

257

1781

Clinton, James.
22

MAY

Lt. Col. [Robert] Cochran York]. Orders to evacuate Fort Schuyler and take post at Fort Herkimer; removal of stores, demolition of works, etc. Con

Albany.

To

[Fort Schuyler,

New

James
1781
General
22

temporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Clinton, to Washington, 1781, May 22. 49, 259

Court-martial.

York [Pennsylvania].

Trial

of

MAY

William Crofts, Thomas Wilson, Samuel Frank lin, James Wilson and Philip Smith for inciting mutiny and mutinous actions. D. S. J[ames]
Moore, Prest. 7 pp. Note by Wayne "Thomas Wilson, James Wilson, Philip Smith & John Fortescue were shot to Death in front of the Line drawn up under Arms an hour after trial. Saml. Franklin & John [William] Crofts were Enclosed in Wayne to Washington, pardoned".
:

1781,

May

26.

49, 159

1781

Gates, Horatio.
22

MAY

Philadelphia. To [George] Washington Court of inquiry Connecticut]. on his conduct; Congress mistake in the matter;
[Wethersfield,

Gates position; Washington s consideration. A. L. S. 2 pp. In Sparks, Letters to Washing 49, 251 ton, 3, 319.
[1781]

Higgenbottom, David.
22]

[MAY

[Saratoga.] Intelligence brought British troops at Ticonderoga and Crown Point; strength and position of regiments in

by

:

Canada.

A. D. of Schuyler.

2 pp.

Enclosed
22.

in Schuyler to

Washington, 1781,

May

49,

256

1840
1781

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Pettit, Charles.
22

MAY

Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [Wethersfield, Connecticut]. Apologies for de lay in writing; settlement of small personal busi

ness for Washington.

A. L. S.

2 pp.

49, 249

1781

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John].

MAY22

Saratoga. To [George] Washington [Wethersfield, Connecticut]. Tardiness of States in supplying the Army; David Higgeiibottom; British at Crown Point and Ticonderoga; few troops raised to defend the frontier; Ethan Allen s declaration to neither receive nor give
assistance to

New
30.

York.

A. L.

S.

3 pp.

An

swered June
ersfield

49, 254

Washington, George and Comte de Rochambeau.
Conference.

Propositions

of

Weth Rocham

beau with Washington s replies, in parallel col umns: March of French army to the North River; removal of fleet to Boston; guard for works and stores at Rhode Island; attempt upon New York; appearance of British fleet and post ponement of concerted movements. D. S. 8 pp.

Rochambeau

s

propositions are in handwriting
"

Washington. Endorsed by Washington: Result of a Con ference In Ford, 9, 251, with Rocham beau s proposals condensed.
. . .
."

of de Sibille, the replies in that of

D.

I, pt. 2,

159

1781

MAY

23

[Washington, George.] ras [Newport]. Regret at not seeing him; result of the conference. Draft. 1 p. In handwrit of Tench Tilghman. D. ing I, pt. 2, 171

Wethersfield.

To Comte de Bar-

1781

MAY

23

[Washington, George.] Wethersfield. To Chevalier de La Luzerne, Philadelphia]. March of the French

De Grasse
9,

army; project against New York; need of Comte s fleet. Auto draft. 2 pp. In Ford,
254.

D.
Wethersfield.

I, pt. 2,

157
[Ar-

1781

[Washington, George.]
thur]
St.

To Maj. Gen.
British
1

MAY23

Clair

[New Windsor].

em
In

barkation from

New

York.

Draft.

p.

handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
1781
Stewart,
23

MAY

B. XIII, pt. 3, 371 Sussex Court House [New Jersey]. To [George Washington, Wethersfield, Connect icut]. Transportation of flour to New Windsor. A. L. S. 1 p. 49, 260
Charles.

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
Steuben, [Baron].
23

1841

MAY

Forks of the James River [Virginia] To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Report
of his proceedings in Virginia; small success in recruiting the Virginia line; difficulties in cloth
ing,

equipping and forwarding men to the South ward; interruptions caused by British invasions and preparations against Portsmouth; small ex pectation of raising men so long as British are in the State; strength of the Virginia Line with [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene; Steuben s ex
pectation of being able to march South; arrange ments; need of interference of Congress to obtain

cavalry horses.
11.

L. S.

6 pp.

Answered June
49, 121

1781

Bay ley, Jacob.
24

MAY

Newbury [New Hampshire]. To [George Washington, en route to New Windsor. British block house on Masco [Mascoma River, New Hampshire] preparations for an attack on the frontier; price of bread in Canada. A. L. S. 1 p. 49, 263
;

1781

MAY

24

Bay ley, Jacob and Others. On the Connecticut River. To George Washington [en route to New Windsor]. Memorial on exposed state of the frontier and
need of protection; expedition against Canada. D. S. by Bayley and twelve others. Enclosed in Hazen to Washington, 1781, June 18. 50, 100 Greene, Nathanael. Before Ninety Six [South Carolina]. To the Board of War [Philadelphia]. Trans
mits
court-martial

1781

MAY

24

proceedings of

Lt.

[John]

Townes; opinion on legality of the trial. Con temporary copy by Townes. 1 p. Enclosed in Townes to Washington, 1781, July 1. 50, 239
1781
Greene, Nathanael.
Una].

MAY24

before Ninety Six [South Caro[John] Townes [Philadelphia]. Sentiments regarding his court-martial are with

Camp
Lt.

To

the

Townes.
1781

of War. Contemporary copy by Enclosed in Townes to Washington, 50, 286 1781, July 2.

Board

MAY24

Lafayette, [Marquis de]. Richmond. To [George] Washington [en route to New Windsor], Junction of Cornwallis with the force in Virginia at Peters

burg; Lafayette
tactics
56214

s

forced adoption of defensive
reports
of

and move to Richmond;

VOL

312

14

1842

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Cornwallis

numbers and
;

of arrival of British

transports; Col. [Banastre] Tarleton s surprise of militia at Chesterfield British movement toward

City Point;

delay in arrival of [Brig.] Gen.

[Anthony]

Wayne

caution of movement.

by Tilghman:
himself"

detachment; importance of A. L. S. 3 pp. Endorsed "Acknowledged by the General 49, 264

s

1781

Lafayette,
24

MAY

Richmond [Virginia]. To [Marquis de.] en route to New Wind [George Washington, His situation and caution of movement sor]. necessary; delay in arrival of the Pennsylmilitia fear of British horse;

vanians;

need of

cavalry and wish for Lauzun s legion; health of the troops; requests [Lt.] Col. [Jean Baptiste] Gouvion. A. L. S. 4 pp. In Sparks, Letters to 49, 266 Washington, 3, 320.

1781

Scammell,
24

Alexander.

Clarkstown

[New York].

To

MAY

[George] Washington Failure of the attempt against the Tory post at

[en route to

New Windsor].

Fort Lee

;

abandonment

of their reestablishing themselves.

of fort but probability A. L. S. 3 pp.
49, 261

1781

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John].
24

MAY

Gen.

[James]

Clinton

Saratoga [New York]. To [Brig.] Evidence of [Albany].
"Col."

Higgeiibottom; captured des [Ira] patches to [loyalists] in Albany; Allen s presence with a flag reported at Isle aux Noix. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Clinton to Washington, 17^81, May 30. 49, 320
guilt of [David]

1781

MAY

24

Return of Wayne, Anthony. [York, Pennsylvania]. detachment of Pennsylvania Line commanded 1 p. by him. Printed form filled out. D. S.
Enclosed in

Wayne to Washington,

1781,

May 26.
49, 156

1781

MAY

25

New Windsor. Appointment of Washington, George. [Lt. Col.] Richard Varick as Recording Secretary at Headquarters; duties, employment of clerks, Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of salaries, etc. Varick. B. XIII, pt. 3, 373
A
second copy by

Humphreys

is

in 51, 288.

1781

MAY

25

Windsor. Instructions [to Washington,] Gfeorge]. Lt. Col. Richard Varick, New Windsor]. Classi fication and arrangement of papers [at head-

New

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1843

filing.

directions governing copying and quarters]; Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of George

Taylor, A second

jr.

B.
is

XIII,

pt. 3,

375

copy by Varick

in 51,

28f>.

1781

Heer,
25

MAY

Bartholomew von. Reading [Pennsylvania]. To Enlist [George] Washington [New Windsor]. ment of men in his troop; refusal of Pennsyl vania to pay the bounty-money; actions of the Legislature and Board of War; lack of horses;
requests directions

how

to proceed.

L. S.

3 pp.

Answered June
1781
Lafayette,
25

1.

49,
s

278

MAY

Near Bottom Creek. To [Marquis de.] [George Washington, New Windsor]. Friendship letters for Washington; from [Maj.] Gen.

[Nathanael] Greene; strange letters from [Maj.] Gen. [William] Phillips; reason for leaving the artillery; requests delay in sending Colonels; s march; Phillips rage; lack of Lafayette sup
port reasons for his actions general ideas of his value to Greene dispositions made Lafayette s
; ;
; ;

desires regarding the campaign; his wish for Washington to come southward. A. L. S. 4 pp. Answered May 31. 48, 351

1781

Varick,
25

Richard.

Albany.

MAY

[New Windsor].

To [George] Washington Consultation with [Maj.] Gen.

[Philip John] Schuyler and Governor [George] Clinton in obtaining proper persons to assist him [as Recording Secretary]; acceptance of the 49, 274 appointment. A. L. S. 2 pp.

1781

Grier, D[avid].
26

York

[Pennsylvania].

Return, of military

MAY

stores left at

sent to [Brig.]
1

York and now remaining there, Gen. [Anthony] Wayne. A. D. S.

p.

Enclosed in
26.

Wayne

to Washington, 1781,
49, 157

May
1781

Scammell, Alexander].

MAY26

Clarkestown [New York]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Refugee post on Bergen Point; [Capt. Jonathan] Law rence s desire for commission in the Sappers and

Miners; suggests keeping a number of boats at Nyack. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered May 28.
49,

296

1781

MAY26

Wayne, Anthony. York [Pennsylvania]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Transmitting re
turns, courts-martial proceedings, etc.;

restora-

1844

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
tion of discipline; resignation of officers; Lafay ette s letter; news from the South. A. L. S.

1781

3 pp. Bayley, Jacob.

Answered June 9. Newbury [New Hampshire].

49, 154

To [George

MAY 27

Washington,

New Windsor].

British incursion from

ada from Vermont. June 9.
1781
Collyer,
27

Report of intended flag sent to CanA. L. S. 1 p. Answered

Canada

;

49,

297

Thomas Langley.
begging that his
life

Fishkill

[New York].
S.
1

To
p.

MAY

[George] Washington

[New Windsor]. be spared. A. D.

Petition
49, 67

1781
"373fn"

Culper, Samuel.
27]

"

729

"

[Setauket,

Long Island]. To John
;

[MAY

Bolton [Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge, Hartford]. Secret service arrangements capture of Pensacola

by the Spaniards; countermand of orders for British troops to leave Long Island; diffi culty in surprising enemy at Kingsbridge num
;

ber of troops at New York; death of [Maj.] Gen. [William] Phillips; succeeded by [Lt.] Gen. [James] Robertson. A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in

Tallmadge to Washington, 1781,
[1781]
"S.

May 29.

49,

306

G."

[MAY

27?]

[Secret Service]. Position of various British and Hessian regiment about Kingsbridge, Long and Staten Islands; [Lt. Gen. James] Robertson to succeed to command in Virginia; expected for

aging expedition from Kingsbridge;

recall

of

Long Island troops ordered
A. D. S.
1

to

New

York.

p.

Enclosed in Tallmadge to

Wash
49,

ington, 1781,

1781

[Washington,
28

May 29. New Windsor. George.]

308

To

[Brig.

Gen.

MAY

James Clinton, Albany].

Stores for the North

ward; fortifications [to be erected near Fort Herkimer]; need of troops at West Point; de signs of enemy on the frontier. Draft. 2 pp. In
handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII,
1781
pt. 3,

381

[Washington, George.]
28

MAY

New Windsor. To Col. [Elias] Dayton [Chatham, New Jersey]. Perplexing ac counts from New York orders to be in readiness
;

intelligence desired. Draft. handwriting of Tench Tilghman.

to

move;

1

p.

In

Note by

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1845

Humphreys:
taken in the
1781

"June

last

weeks

4th Duplicate. The original mail" In Sparks, 8, 58. B. XIII, pt. 3, 389

MAY

28

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen[Washington, George.] Le Begue] Duportail [New Windsor]. De [Louis siring estimates of necessaries for an operation
York] ; officer to superintend forti [against fications to be erected at Fort Herkimer. Draft.
In handwriting of David Humphreys. In B. XIII, pt. 3, 385 Sparks, 8, 57. New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] Knox [New Windsor]. Desiring estimate [Henry]
2 pp.

New

1781

MAY 28

an operation against New York; drawing supplies from Eastward; stores for Northward. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of B. David Humphreys. XIII, pt. 3, 381
of necessaries for

1781

MAY

28

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Alexander] Scammell, Clarkstown [New York]. Order ing him to take post between Peekskill and Crom-

pond;
Draft.

Capt.
2 pp.

[Jonathan]

Lawrence

s

services.

man.
1781

In handwriting of Tench TilghB. XIII, pt. 3, 393

MAY

28

Rochambeau, Comte de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Prepara tions of squadron of Comte deBarras; Rochambeau s delay in commencing his march. L. S. 1 p. Answered June 2. 49, 298
Scott,

1781

John Morin.
A. D. S.

Fishkill

MAY
1781

28

court-martial case of
2 pp.

[New York]. Opinion on Thomas Langley Collier.
49, 68

MAY

29

[Washington, George.] [John] Sullivan [Philadelphia].
[for

New

Windsor.

[Maj.] Gen. His suggestions
difficulties;

To

an attempt on
of

New

York] and

States; supineness ters [of Departments].

appointment of Minis
Draft.
B.

6 pp.

writing of

David Humphreys.

In hand In Ford, 9, 262. XIII, pt. 3, 397

1781

Heath, W[illiam].
29

MAY

Roxbury [Massachusetts]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Supplies of salt-

and rum in Connecticut; assurances from Massachusetts, Rhode Island and New Hampshire; rum and clothing supplies; salt probeef, fish

1846

LIBRAKY OF CONGEESS
vision at Springfield, Great Barrington and west ern Massachusetts; fluctuating state of the

money.
1781

A. L. S.

4 pp.

Answered June

8.

49,

314

Forman, David.
29

MAY

Freehold [New Jersey]. To [George New Windsor]. Departure of Washington, British ships to the eastward and their return. A. L. S. 1 p. 49, 313

1781

Knox, H[enry].
29

New Windsor. Memorandum
A. D.

of artillery
S.
1

MAY
1781

supplies sent to Fort Schuyler.

p.

49, 144

MAY

29

Ledyard, William. New London [Connecticut]. To [Comte de Rochambeau, Newport, Rhode Island]. Send
ing back of horses collected

by the
sailing

British on

Long

Island;

enemy

s fleet

eastward;

French and British fleets in the West Indies [Comte De Grasse s victory over Hood and Drake off Martinique]. A. L. S. 3 pp. Enclosed in Rochambeau to
reported

engagement

of

Washington, 1781,
1781

May

31.

49, 327

MAY

29

Rendon, Francisco. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Expectation of capture of Pensacola; no news from the combined fleets.
L. S.
3 pp.

Answered June

8.

49,

316

1781

MAY29

Tallmadge, Benjamin. Hartford. To [George] Washington, New Windsor. Forwarding intelligence; unknown identity of A. L. S. 1 p. Ac 49, 304 knowledged May 31.
"S.

G."

1781

MAY 30

Washington, George. New Windsor. To [Philip John] Schuyler [Albany]. Preparations of British [at Lake Champlain]; rumors of evacuation of New

York; British
Draft.
3 pp.

in South Carolina and Virginia. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman B. XIII, pt. 3, 405

1781

MAYSO

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Lt. Col. \Wi\Ham Stephens] Smith [Philadelphia]. His return to the Army. 1 p. In handwriting of Draft. Tench Tilghman. B. XIII, pt. 3, 409
Clinton, James.

1781

MAY

30

Albany. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Obtaining British despatches through [David] Higgenbottom s guilt; case of spies; Thomas Reid; other suspects; small quantity of

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1847

supplies; weakness of force on the frontier; copies of the British despatches forwarded by

Maj. [William] Popham.
1781
Ternant,

L. S.

3 pp.

49,

318

J[ean Baptiste].

Philadelphia.

To

[George]
of his ex

MAY 30

Washington [New Windsor]. Chances
change; requests orders. swered June 8.
A. L. S.

2 pp.

An

49, 340

1781

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor. To Marquis de LaApproving
his conduct; re

MAYSI

fayette [Virginia].

fusal to correspond with Arnold; British detach ment from New York; march of the Pennsylva-

nians to his aid.
of
"

Draft.

2 pp.

In handwriting

Tench Tilghman. Noted by Humphreys: June 4th. Duplicate. The original supposed to
last
mail."

have been taken in the
60.

B.

1781

[Washington, George.]

New Windsor.

In Sparks, 8, XIII, pt. 3, 411 To [Marquis de La-

MAYSI

Result of the conference at Wethersfield; preparations for an attempt upon New York. Draft. 4 pp. In handwriting of
fayette, Virginia].

Tench Tilghman.
1781

In Sparks,
Windsor.

8, 60.

P.

II,

379

[Washington, George.]

New

To

Col. [Elisha]

MAY 31

Sheldon [Hartford, Connecticut]. Orders to hold his corps in readiness to march; fitting out; horses. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench B. XIII, pt. 3, 415 Tilghman.
[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Maj. [BenjaLetter for Col. min] Tallmadge [Hartford]. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting [Elisha] Sheldon. of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 419

1781

MAYSI

1781

MAYSI

1781

MAYSI

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Maj. Villefranche [New Windsor]. Orders to proceed to Albany. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench B. XIII, pt. 3, 421 Tilghman. Council of War. (French) On board the Due de Bour[Newport, Rhode Island]. Decision as to gogne

French

fleet

remaining at Rhode Island.

Con

temporary copy. 4 pp. Original signed by Chev. Bernard de Marigny, Chacleau de La Clocheterie, Le Gardeur de Tilly, Le Mis. de Laval, De Lauzun, Beville, [the two] Viomenils, La Villebrune,
Chev. de Medine, Chev. de Lombard,

La Gran-

1848

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Destouches, Custine, Choisy, Chev. de Chastellux, Comte de Rochambeau and Barras. En
diere,

closed in

Rochambeau

to

May
1781
Glover, John.

31.

Washington, 1781, 49, 329

MAY 31

Marblehead [Massachusetts]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. His health; news of a French fleet at Martinique. A. L. S. 1 p.
49, 331 de.

1781

Rochambeau, Comte

Newport [Rhode

Island].

To
of

MAY 31

[George Washington, Guadaloupe; council of war and decision

New Windsor]. News from

Comte de Barras; troops necessary
of the

French
L. S.

fleet

;

for protection reasons for not going to Bos
4.

ton.

2 pp.

Answered June
frontier.

49,

325

[1781] [MAY]

Anonymous.

Intelligence

from the

British ex-

pectation of mutiny among the American troops; parties sent out; readiness of men in the [New Hampshire] Grants. 1 p. Enclosed in Schuyler
to Washington, 1781, May 9. 49, 84 Jotham. Boston. To [George] Washington [New loring, Windsor]. Refusal of his request for a new trial;
his situation;
retrial.

1781

MAY

new evidence
6 pp.

L. S.

obtained; pleads for Duplicate A. L. S. 8 pp.
24.

Aug.
1781 JUNE

15, 1781.

Answered Aug.

49,

336

Duplicate, 49, 332.

l

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] [Nathanael] Greene [Sanders Creek, South Caro Defeat at Camden; interview with Ro lina].
chambeau and
decision to attempt

New

York;

destination of a British detachment; reenforcements for Greene from Virginia and Maryland;
[Brig.]

Gen.

[Anthony]

Wayne

s

detachment.

Draft.

man.
1781 JUNE
l

4 pp. In handwriting of Tench TilghB. In Ford, 9, 265. XIII, pt. 3, 425

[Washington, George.]

New

Windsor.

To

Capt. [Bar-

tholomew] von Heer [Reading, Pennsylvania]. His exertions to equip his corps; depreciation of pay and horses; value of the Marechausee service. Draft. 4 pp. In handwriting of David Hum B. XIII, pt. 3, 441 phreys.
[Washington, George.]

1781 JUNE

1

New Windsor. To [Baron von] [New York]. Complaint of treat Kn3 phausen ment accorded Hessian officers on visit to prisr

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1849

oners in Philadelphia; refusal to allow a surgeon to reside with Hessian prisoners. Draft. 2 pp.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
1781 JUNE

E.

415

[Washington, George.]
l

New

Windsor.

To

[Col.]

Charles

Record books for tran Pettit, Philadelphia. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench scribing.
Tilghman.
B.

XIII, pt.

3,

431

1781 JUNE

[Washington, George.]
1

New Windsor. To Oliver Phelps His present of an ox; concern for beef [Boston]. supply of Army. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 435

1781 JUNE

l

La Luzerne, Chevalier de. Philadelphia. To [George] Awaits impa Washington [New Windsor]. tiently the arrival of the French fleet; regret at past delays; maintenance of confidence with
Washington;
to
will transmit

Washington

s letter

Grasse; grant of six million livres by the King [Louis XVI]; Russia s offer of mediation to England; necessity of exertions to drive enemy from America; news of De Grasse s L. S. 4 pp. (In victory at Martinique.

Comte De

French)
Translation
3, 327.

Answered June
by Tilghman,
49, 348.

8.

49,

345

In Sparks, Letters to Washington,

1781 JUNE

l

Tilghman, T[ench]. New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. Vessels to transport six companies of Col. [Goose] Van Schaick s and Col. Auto. [Moses] Hazen s regiments to Albany. 1 p. B. draft signed. XIII, pt. 3, 429
W[ashingto]n, G[eorge].

1781 JUNE

2

New Windsor. To [Maj. Gen. Robert Howe, [New Windsor ?] Necessity of

vigilance; desires report of conditions at West Point; dispositions for defense; cleanliness in barracks and works. Auto, draft signed. 2 pp.

B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

445

1781 JUNE

2

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Comte de Rochambeau [Newport]. Report of British fleet

movements;

[Francis,]

Lord

Rawdon

s

sally

[Nathanael] Greene [at against [Maj.] of Fort Watkins and the Ninety Six]; capture situation in the South. Draft. 3 pp. In hand

Gen.

writing of

Tench Tilghman.

D.

I, pt. 2,

173

1850
1781 JUNE

LIBEARY OF CONGRESS
Baldwin, Jeduthan.
2

Windsor. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. His services; requests leave to retire. A. L. S. 1 p. 49, 356

New

1781 JUNE

Duportail, L[ouis
2

Return

of

Le Begue]. New Windsor [New York]. what is necessary in the Engineer De
for

partment

the proposed operation [against
1

New
1781 JUNE
2

York].

A. D. S.

p.

W

Ledyard, William.

New London. To [Comte de] Rochambeau [Newport, Rhode Island]. Intelligence from Martinique encounter of French and Brit ish fleets and expedition against St. Lucia. 2 pp. Enclosed in Rochambeau to A. L. S. 50, 25 Washington, 1781, June 9.
;

1781 JUNE

Sheldon, Elisha.
2

To [George] Hartford [Connecticut]. New Windsor. Resolve of Connect icut to raise horses for Sheldon s dragoons; need of saddles, bridles, etc.; requests leather;
Washington,
clothing; requests instructions as to equipping. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered June 6. 49, 357

1781 JUNE

3

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Comte de Rochambeau [Newport]. Capture of letters by the enemy; junction of Lord Cornwallis and
[Brig.]

Gen.
2 pp.

[Benedict]

Draft.

man.
1781 JUNE
3

Arnold in Virginia. In handwriting of Tench TilghD. I, pt. 2, 177

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Lt, Col. [CalResolutions of Con vin] Smith [West Point ?]
gress respecting rank of officers who were prison ers of war and rank of [Capt. Mason] Wattles.

Draft.

1

p.

phreys.

In handwriting of David B. XIII, pt.

Hum
3,

447

1781 JUNE

Lafayette, [Marquis de].
3

and North Anna
ington,

Camp between Rappahannock To [George Wash [Virginia].

New Windsor]. Correspondence with Gen. [Nathanael] Greene; disappoint [Maj.] ments; slowness and carelessness of militia; benefits to be derived from Washington s pres ence in Virginia; militia to be depended on. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered June 29. 49, 368
1781 JUNE
[Pray, John.]
3

Nyack [New York].

To [George Washing-

ton,

New

Windsor].

Fleets sailed from

New

York; expectation in the city of being besieged. Extract of a letter. 1 p. 50, 160

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781 JUNE
Stafford,
3

1851

John R.
1 p.

West

Point.

the different works.

Return of provisions in Tabular statement. A. D. S
to

Enclosed in
5.

Howe

June
1781 JUNE
4

Washington, 1781, 49, 387

New Windsor. To [Comte de [Washington, George.] Barras, Newport]. Continuance of the French Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting fleet at Newport. D. of Tench Tilghman. I, pt. 2, 185
[Washington, George.]

1781 JUNE

4

New Windsor. To Capt, [BenHicks [New Windsor]. Orders to appre jamin] hend Patrick Smith. Draft. 1 p. In hand
writing of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

451

1781 JUNE

4

Windsor. Washington, George. Intercepting the mail; Lafayette [Virginia]. caution against bringing on a general action. P. Auto, draft signed. 1 p. II, 385
[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Comte de Rochambeau [Newport]. Continuance of the French fleet at Newport and the council of war thereon aid to the South by demonstration against New York. Draft. 4 pp. In handwriting of Tench
;

New

To Marquis de

1781

juNE4

1781
"336-i"

D. I, pt, 2, 181 Tilghman. In Ford, 9, 268. Samuel. Rhode Island]. To [Setauket, Culper, John Bolton [Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge, Weth"729"

[JUNE

4]

ersfield,

Connecticut].

Movements

of

British

1781 JUNE

4

fleet; alarm caused by French fleet in the West Indies; tory outrages on Long Island; fears of safety and necessity of ceasing to send intelli A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in Tallmadge gence. to Washington, 1781, June 6. 49, 392 - de. Boston. To Comte de Rochambeau Valnais, [Newport, Rhode Island]. His arrival at Boston; news of Comte De Grasse encounter with Brit
;

ish fleet off Martinique
St. Lucia.

and expedition against

A. L.

S.

closed in

Rochambeau

2 pp. En (In French.) to Washington, 1781,
50, 27

June
1781 J UNE
5

9.

Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George], Clinton [Albany]. Reenforcement for [James] the North; concentration of troops on the fron tier. Draft. 3 pp. In handwriting of David In Sparks, 8, 67. Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 453

New

1852
1781 JUNE

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Cadwalader, John.
5

Annapolis [Maryland]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Useless to repeat
the causes of the present deplorable situation; relaxation of people on completion of treaty with France; need of money; efforts of the legislature;

lack of arms and ammunition; war in the South and Great Britain s intentions; need of Washing

ton s presence. A. L. Letters to Washington,
1781 JUNE

S.
3,

3

pp.

In

Sparks,
49,

329.

384

Edwards,
5

Timothy.

Stockbridge

[Massachusetts].

To

Brig. [Gen. John] Paterson [West Point]. Pleads A. L. S. 1 p. for pardon of William King.

Enclosed

in

Paterson

to

Washington,

1781,
50, 12

June
1781 JUNE
Hollister,
5

7.
.

To Stockbridge [Massachusetts]. Gen. [John] Paterson [West Point]. Re quests pardon for William King; personal mat ters. A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Paterson to
J
[Brig.]

Washington, 1781, June
1781 JUNE

7.

50, 14

Howe, Robert.
5

[George] Washington, Returns of provisions at West Point; stoppage of work on fortifications for want of nails. L. S. 1 p. 49, 386

West

Point.

To

New

Windsor.

1781 JUNE

Pickering, T[imothy].
5

Newburgh. To Lt. Col. [David] Humphreys [New Windsor]. Tents on hand; duck for making others; prospects of Massachu setts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Con
necticut supplying tents to their troops. 3 pp.

A. L. S. 49, 377

[1781]
[JUNE
5]

[Pickering, Timothy.] Newburgh. the Army May 23, 1781.
1 p.

Return of tents in Tabular statement.
49,

Enclosed in preceding entry.

379

1781 JUNE

Pickering, Tfimothy].
5

Newburgh.

Return

of tents

and

knapsacks prepared and preparing for the cam paign of 1781. Tabular statement. 1 p. with auto, signed memo. Enclosed in Pickering to June 5. 49, 380 Humphreys, 1781,
Walker, William. Stockbridge [Massachusetts]. To Brig. Gen. [John] Paterson, West Point. Pleads for pardon of William King. A. L. S. 1 p. En closed in Paterson to Washington, 1781, June 7.
50, 13

1781 JUNE

5

1781 JUNE

[Washington,
6

George.]

New

[Edward] Antill

[Fishkill].

To Lt. Col. Windsor. Orders to proceed

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1853

1781 JUNE

with [2d Canadian] regiment to Albany. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 461 New Windsor. To [Col. Elisha [Washington, George.]
6

Sheldon,
leather

for

1781 JUNE

6

swords; 4 pp. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 457 Tallmadge, Benjamin. Wethersfield [Connecticut]. To Intelli [George] Washington, New Windsor. gence of British fleet forwarded to Comte de Barras. A. L. S. 2 pp. 49, 390

Hartford]. Equipping his corps; saddles and shoes; pistols and Draft. breeches and stable jackets.

1781 JUNE

7

To [Col. Theod[Washington, George.] New Windsor. orick Bland, Philadelphia]. Need of reenforcement for South; Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland troops ordered to Virginia. Draft.
1 p.

In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 465

1781 JUNE

Howe, Robert.
7

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Requests pardon for [William]

1781 JUNE

7

50, 15 King. A. L. S. 2 pp. John. West Point. To [George] Washington, Paterson, New Windsor. Circumstances respecting deser tion of [William] King. A. L. S. 1 p. 50, 10

1781 JUNE

7

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. Getting the boats in readiness; transportation of arms and accoutre ments to the Southward. Draft. 1 p. In hand
writing of David Humphreys.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

471

1781 JUNE

[Washington, George.]
7

New Windsor. To Comte de Rochambeau [Newport]. Naval news from the West Indies; British advance in Virginia. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
D.
I, pt. 2,

189

1781 JUNE

[Washington, George.]
7

Windsor. To Col. [Elisha] Orders to march his corps to the Army. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIII, pt. 3, 467

New

Sheldon [Hartford].

1781 J UNE 7

Hand, Edward.

New

Windsor.

Return
1

of recruits

from

the several States from Jan.
lar statement.

to

June

1.

Tabu

D.

S.

1 p.

C. C.

152, 10, 137

1854
[1781]

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington, George.]
8

JUNE

[New Windsor.] Force it is presumed may be drawn into the field for actual
service.

Tabular statement.

A. D.

1

p.

M.
1781 JUNE

1,

313

8

1781 JUNE

[Washington, George.] [George Rogers] Clark [Fort Pitt]. request for troops for expedition against Detroit; militia available. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting B. of Tench Tilghman. XIII, pt. 3, 483 New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.]
[William] Heath [Boston]. Urging unremitting importunity to obtain aid from the legislatures;

New

Windsor.

To

Brig. Gen. Refusal of his

8

rum and clothing; beef cattle; from Spain and transportation of same. clothing In handwriting of David Hum Draft. 3 pp.
salt provisions,

phreys.

B.

XIII,

pt, 3,

475

1781 JUNE

8

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Pardon of West Point. [Robert] Howe, [William] King, under sentence of death and 1 orders respecting other prisoners. Draft. p.
In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIII, pt. 3, 477 New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.]

1781 JUNE

8

Ammunition [Henry] Knox [New Windsor]. from New Jersey and quantity to be request expected from the Eastward; platform planks. 1 p. In handwriting of David Hum Drafts. B. XIII, pt. 3, 479 phreys.
[Washington, George.]

1781 JUNE

8

To Chevalier de His expected visit [to camp]; [Robert] Morris s appointment as 1 p. In Superintendent of Finance. Draft.
Windsor.

New

La Luzerne

[Philadelphia].

handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
D.
I, pt. 2,

191

1781 JUNE

[Washington, George.]
8

New

Windsor.

To Don Francisco

Rendon

Pensacola.

[Philadelphia]. 1 Draft.
jr.

Jonathan Trumbull,
1781 JUNE

Success of Spaniards at In handwriting of p. D. I, pt. 2, 193

[Washington, George.]
8

New

Windsor.

To

Col. [William]

Improper discharges and mustering impositions. Draft. 1 p. In hand writing of Tench Tilghman.
Shepard
[Springfield].

B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

485

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781 JUNE

1855

Washington, George.
8

New Windsor. To Lt. Col. [Jean Ternant [Philadelphia]. His desire for Baptiste] employment on being exchanged; need of his Draft. 2 pp. In services in Armand s corps. of David Humphreys. handwriting
B.

XIII, pt.

3,

487

1781 JUNE

Council of War.
8

(French)

On board

port,

Rhode

Island].

the Neptune [NewAssembling of council in
request; further Newport as stations
s

compliance with Washington
consideration of Boston and
for the fleet.

Contemporary copy. 3 pp. The was signed by: Chev. Bernard de Maoriginal rigny, Chadeau de la Clochetterie, Gardeur de Tilly, de Laval, de Lauzun, Beville, the two
Viomenils, Villabrune, Chev. de Medine, Chev. de Lombard, de la Grandiere, Destouches, Custine, Choisy, Comte de Rochambeau and Barras.
"

Certifie

conforme a
de

L original

par nous major

de

L escadre

Granchain."

(In French)

En
50, 33

closed in Barras to Washington, 1781, June 14.

1781 JUNE

Pettit, Charles.
8

Philadelphia.

New
same.

Windsor.
A. L. S.

To [George] Washington, Blank books and payment for 2 pp. Answered June 11.
50, 17

1781 JUNE

Pickering, T[imothy].
8

Newburgh. To [George] Wash[New Windsor]. Forwarding of military ington stores to Trenton need of money langour among artificers; their lack of pay and clothing; need A. L. S. of tar for boats at Wapping Creek.
; ;

2 pp.

50, 19

1781 JUNE

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John],
8

Albany. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Reported arrival of troops at Halifax; sending forward intercepted letters; scouting party sent to Ticonderoga and Crown Point chagrin of tories ideas respecting carrying of the war into the South by the enemy and evacuation of New York; flour obtained for Washington; directions for same should be sent
;
;

A.

Jacob Cuyler; need of rum for Indians. 4 pp. Endorsed by Tilghman: L. S. "Ansd. by letter of 16th to Mr. Jacob Cuyler."
to
50, 21

1856
1781 JUNE

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington, George.]
9

New

Windsor.

To

Brig.

Gen.

Hampshire]. Pay and clothing for the St. Francois Indians;
deserters

[Jacob]

Bayley

[Newbury,

New

from the enemy;
1

New York and Ver

mont.

Draft.

p.

Tilghman.
1781 JUNE

In handwriting of Tench B. XIII, pt. 3, 491

Washington, George.
9

New

Windsor.

To

Brig.

Gen.

Bayley [Newbury, New Hampshire]. Lewis Vincent s importunity for a commission. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Jonathan Trum[Jacob]
bull, jr.

B.

XIII, pt.

3,

493

1781 JUNE 9

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] Size of his de [Anthony] Wayne [Virginia]. tachment; suppression of mutiny; resignation of officers. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench B. XIII, pt. 3, 489 Tilghman.
Barras,

1781 JUNE

Comte

9

de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. The second coun cil of war; additional reasons for prefering New port to Boston as a station for the [French]
fleet.

L.
13.

S.

2

pp.
50, 28.

(In

French)

Answered
50,

June
1781 JUNE

29

Translation

by Tilghman,

Board
9

of Inspection.

Report on damaged by J[ames] Keith, T[homas] provisions. Hartshorn, A[braham] Williams, Daniel Lee, Zibeon Hooker. 1 p. Enclosed in Howe to 50, 49 Washington, 1781, June 11.
Point.

West
S.

D.

1781 JUNE

Chastellux, Chevalier de.
9

Newport [Rhode

Island],

To

[George Washington,

New

Windsor].

Explana

tion of his position respecting the council of war [of May 31]; position of the French fleet; arrival
of

money from France.

A. L. S.

3 pp.

49, 370

1781 JUNE

Greene, Nathanael.
9

Before Ninety Six [South Carolina]. [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Has requested Congress to transmit Washington 1 p. A. L. S. 50, 134 copies of his letters.

To

1781 JUNE

Rochambeau, Comte de.
9

Newport [Rhode

Island].

To

[George Washington,

New

Windsor].

Conclu

sions of a second council of war; intention of setting off for Providence and probable short

delay there; documents previously forwarded;

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
arrival of [French] tion of the attack

1857

convoy at Boston; confirma on St. Lucia. L. S. 2 pp.
50,

Answered June
1781 JUNE
10

13.

23

New "Windsor To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] Clinton [Albany]. Reenforcements sent [James] north to be held in readiness to return; salt beef
ordered to him; carefulness of issue necessary. In handwriting of David Hum 2 pp. Draft.
phreys.
B.

XIII,

pt. 3,

495

1781 JUNE

10

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Timothy] Platform plank; engi Pickering [Newburgh]. neer needs; preparation of boats and returns desired. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David B. XIII, pt. 3, 497 Humphreys.
Lafayette, [Marquis de].

1781 JUNE

10

Brook s Bridge [Virginia]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Col. [Jo seph] Vose s change of mind and resultant disap
pointment
ing a

command.

of Col. [Benjamin] Tupper in obtain A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered

July
1781 JUNE
11

13.

49,

343

To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] New Windsor. Howe [West Point]. Blunderbusses and [Robert] swivels for Capt. [John] Pray; requests Howe s
presence at headquarters. Draft. writing of David Humphreys. B.
1 p.

In hand
1, 1

XIV, pt.

1781 JUNE

11

Howe, Robert. West Point. To [George] Washington, New Windsor. Report of board appointed to in spect damaged provisions; state of ammunition

magazine at Stony Point; Capt. [John] Pray s request for swivels and blunderbusses for his boats. L. S. 50,47 3pp. Answered June 1 1
.

1781 JUNE

11

Waterbnry, David. Stamford [Connecticut]. To [Maj.] Gen. [Robert] Howe [West Point]. Intelligence of intended foray of British on Stamford and to destroy the whale-boats; requests aid. A. L. S. Enclosed in Howe to Washington, 1781, 1 p.

June
1781 JUNE
12

12.

50, 57

[Washington, George.]

Windsor. To Col. [Daniel] [Philadelphia]. Measures to be taken 1 p. In Draft. respecting his coming trial. of David Humphreys. handwriting

New

Brodhead

B.
56214

VOL

312

XIV,

pt. 1, 5

15

1858
1781 JUNE 12

UBRARY OF CONGRESS

New Windsor. To Alexander [Washington, George.] Fowler, Fort Pitt. Order to arrange statement of charges and accusations against Col. [Daniel]
Brodhead. Draft. than Trumbull, jr.
1

p.

In handwriting of Jona
B.

XIV,

pt. 1, 7

1781 JUNE

12

New Windsor. To Col. [Alex[Washington, George.] ander] Scammell [Dobbs Ferry]. Rank of [Lt.] Col. [George] Reid and date of his commission. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIV,

pt. 1, 3

1781 JUNE

Board
12

of

New Windsor. On plan of General Officers. operation concerted with Comte Rochambeau economy in .provision matters queries on pro
;

;

vision

ment
chief;

of

and baking matters, position and encamp Army. Members: The Commander in
Maj.
Genls.
Stirling,

Howe, Parsons,

McDougall; Brig. Genls. Knox, Paterson, Hand, Huntington and Duportail. 4 pp. In hand F. 111,17 writing of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.
1781 JUNE

Howe, Robert.
12

West

Point.

To [George Washington,
letter [of Brig. Gen. directions. L. S.
50, 56

New
1 p.

Windsor].

Transmits

David Waterbury] and requests
1781 JUNE
P[ettit,] C[harles].
12

Philadelphia.

To

the President of

Congress [Philadelphia]. Rearrangement of the Quartermaster General s Department and resig nation of Pettit as Assistant Quartermaster General; settlement of his accounts. Contem porary copy. 3 pp. Enclosed in Pettit to Wash 50, 155 ington, 1781, June 23.
Rendon, Francisco. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Capture of Pensacola by the Spaniards. L. S. 2 pp. Answered June 21. 50, 54

1781 JUNE

12

1781 JUNE

Rochambeau, Comte
12

de.

Newport [Rhode

Island].

To

Letter Windsor]. [George Washington, from Comte de Grasse; the proposed attack on New York; Rochambeau s suggestion that De

New

Grasse visit the Chesapeake Bay before coming to New York. L. S. 3 pp. Partly in cipher with translation in Washington s handwriting. Answered June 13. 50, 50

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781 JUNE

1859

13

New Windsor. To Comte de [Washington, George.] Barras [Newport]. Council of war on detaining
the French fleet at Newport; arrival of convoy.
Draft.
1

p.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. D. I, pt. 2, 203

1781 JUNE

13

W[ashingto]n, G[eorge]. New Windsor. To Chevalier de His dis Chastellux [Newport, Rhode Island]. agreement with opinion of the Board of War as
to continuing the French fleet at Rhode Island. Auto, draft signed. 2 pp. In Ford, 9, 270, P. note. II, 401

1781 JUNE

[Washington, George.]
13

New

Windsor.

To Maj. Gen.

[William]

Heath

transportation attention to recruiting, urging States to

[Boston]. Necessity of urging of supplies to Army; requests

com

plete their battalions; militia; clothing from Spain. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David

Humphreys.
1781 JUNE
13

B.

XIV,

pt. 1, 9

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Howe [West Point]. Orders to remove [Robert] cattle and boats [from near the enemy s lines]; Col. [Alexander] Scammell to advance. Draft.
1

p.

In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull,
B.

jr.

1781 JUNE

13

1781 J UNE

13

XIV, pt. 1, 11 New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Lincoln [Boston]. Requesting him to [Benjamin] 1 p. In handwriting of join the Army. Draft. Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 1, 13 [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Chevalier de La Luzerne [Philadelphia]. Approach of fleet of Comte De Grasse request for land reenforcement also. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of
;

David Humphreys. In Sparks,
1781 JUNE

8, 78.

D.

I, pt. 2,

195

[Washington, George.]
13

New

Windsor.

To [Comte de
of
at

Rochambeau, Newport].
convoy;
Island;

Approach
fleet

French

detention of French
British in Virginia;

Rhode

need that troops

should

be

brought

with

Comte De Grasse;

possible object of the campaign. Draft. 3 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In Ford,
9,

280.

D.

I, pt. 2,

199

1860
1781 JUNE

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

13

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] [David] Watcrbury, Stamford [Connecticut]. Orders to remove boats and cattle [from near the enemy s lines]; cooperation with Col. [Alex
ander]

ScammelFs detachment;
Draft.
2 pp.

state of

Water-

1781 JUNE

13

bury B. David Humphreys. XIV, pt. 1, 15 To [George] Hartford [Connecticut]. Sheldon, Elisha. New Windsor. March of his regi Washington,

s force.

In handwriting of

ment according
ing, etc. A. L. S.
;

to orders

efforts to

2 pp.

accoutrements, cloth obtain horses and furniture. 50, 157
;

1781 JUNE

13

Stirling, [William Alexander, Windsor. Report of

New Lord] and Others. General Officers on the
them
D.
S.

several matters referred to

at the

General Officers of June

12.

Board of by all members

1781 JUNE

In 6 pp. of that Board except Washington. F. Ill, 21 handwriting of Huntington. New Windsor. To Col. [Elias] [Washington, George.]
14

Dayton [Chatham, New
York;
[John]

Jersey]. Suspiciousness of his intelligence of intended evacuation of New

Adam s

court-martial;
1 p.

Dayton

s

request for clothing. Draft. ing of Tench Tilghman.

In handwrit

B.

XIV,

pt. 1, 17

1781 JUNE

[Washington, George.]
14

New Windsor. To Maj.

Gen. [Wil-

liam] Heath [Boston]. Call to States to furnish militia and levies; supply of beef cattle British
;

in Virginia in

South

[Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene Carolina; evacuation of Camden by

and

Lord Rawdon and capture of OrangeMott, Fort Granby and siege of burg, and Ninety Six. Draft. 4 pp. In Augusta handwriting of David Humphreys.
[Francis,]

Fort

1781 JUNE

14

[Washington, George.] ner [Elizabethtown,

XIV, pt. 1, 21 New Windsor. To Abraham SkinB.

British propo Gen. [John] Burgoyne, the Cedars and Charleston prisoners; British reten tion of prisoners. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of
sitions respecting [Lt.]

New Jersey].

Tench Tilghman.
1781 JUNE
Barras, [Comte de].
14

XIV, pt. 1, 19 Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Transmitting pro
B.

ceedings of the second council of war.

L. S.

1

p.

Answered June

19.

50, 65

COEEESPONDENCE OF GEOBGE WASHINGTON
1781 JUNE

1861

14

Empie, William. Schenectady [New York], Examination of: Questions and answers as to British troops. Examination of: Questions and an Hewit, Randall. swers respecting the enemy.

Examinations made before Abraham Wempel. Contemporary copy. 5 pp. Enclosed in Clinton to Washington, 1781, June 15. 49, 365
1781 JUNE
Irvine, William.
14

Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Efforts before the Legislature to raise men; inadequate measure proposed; vol unteers in York and Cumberland [counties];

small prospect of obtaining militia under present system. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered June 23.
50,

74

1781 JUNE

14

Pennsylvania, Legislature An Act for recruiting the Pennsylvania Line. Printed for public consideration.
Postscript to the Pennsylvania Packet [of June Broadside. 2 pp. 16, 1781, vol. X, No. 743].

Enclosed in Irvine to Washington, 1781, June 14. 50, 76
1781 JUNE
14

Rendon, Francisco. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Presenting a box of fruit,
etc.

from Havana.

L. S.

2 pp.

Answered July
50,

13.

62

[1781]
[JUNE
14]

[Rendon, Francisco.] [Philadelphia.] Memorandum of artides in a box sent to General Washington. 1 p.

Enclosed in preceding entry.
1781 JUNE

50, 61

Waterbury, David.
14

Stamford [Connecticut]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor], Returns of troops

under his
1781 JUNE
Clinton, James.
15

command foray of British in New York State [Westchester county]. L. S. 1 p. 50, 64
;

Albany. To [George] Washington [New Safe removal of stores from Fort Windsor]. Schuyler and demolition of the works; difficulty in erecting fortifications at the German Flats; troops and their positions on the frontier; re ported strength of the enemy at Crown Point; disordeiiiness and mutinous character of Hazen s
[2d Canadian] regiment;
state of flour

supplies; provision issues to wives of soldiers and Canadian Refugees;

and beef and children

advisability of leaving the troops in the North as long as possi ble requests to be called to the front when oo;

1862

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
erations

commence

against the

enemy march
;

of

regiment for its station. A. L. S. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 335.
s
Clinton s draft
Is

Hazen

4 pp.

49, 362 among the Clinton papers in the Library of Congress.

1781 JUNE

Mortier, Mrs. [Abraham?]
15

New

York.

To Mrs. [Martha]

Washington [New Windsor]. Keport of her ill ness; articles sent by flag of truce. A. L. S. in 3d person. 1 p. 50, 78
[Mortier, Mrs.

[1781] [JUNE

Abraham?]

[New York.]

List of articles
1

15]

[sent Mrs. Martha Washington]. in preceding entry.

p.

Enclosed 50, 80

1781 JUNE

15

Rochambeau, [Comte de] Providence [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Arrival of recruits from the convoy at Boston; commence ment of march of the French Army to the North
River.

L. S.

2 pp.

50, 77

1781 JUNE

16

New Windsor To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] Clinton [Albany]. Need of all Conti [James] nental troops in movement against New York;
orders necessary arrangements.
B.

Draft.

2 pp.

In handwriting of David Humphreys.

XIV,

pt.

1,

27

1781 JUNE

16

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Jacob Cuyler, Albany. Request to deliver flour to Brig. Gen. 1 p. In handwriting [James] Clinton. Draft. of Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 1, 29
Stirling, [William Alexander,

1781 JUNE

Lord]

Brewster

s,

near

New

16

Windsor.
sor].

To [George] Washington [New Wind Some thoughts on proposed operations for
of 1781.

campaign
Warner,
Seth.

A. L.

S.

5pp.

F.

111,29

To [George] Bennington [Vermont]. [New Windsor]. Intelligence from Washington Canada; case of Capt. Simeon Smith and other prisoners; Warner s health and settlement of his
accounts.

A. L.

S.

2 pp.

50,

73

1781 JUNE

17

New Windsor. W[ashingto]n, G[eorge]. [Louis Le Begue] Duportail
;

To Brig. Gen. [New Windsor].

Assignment of Engineers and Sappers & Miners in arrangement of Army selection of site for en campment. Auto, draft signed. 1 p.
B.

XIV,

pt,

1,

31

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781 JUNE

1863

17

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Capt. Hunt, Requests him to Fredericksburg [New York]. Draft. In 1 at headquarters. p. report of David Humphreys. handwriting B. XIV, pt. 1, 33

1781 JUNE

17

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Comte de Rochambeau [Newport]. Successes of Maj. Gen. [Nathanael] Greene; suggesting naval blockade Draft. of the Chesapeake by Comte de Barras. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. 2 pp. D. I, pt. 2, 205
S.

1781 JUNE

G.

[Secret Service.]

[New York.] To
Wethersfield,

[Maj.] B[enjamin]

17

T[allmadge,

Connecticut].

Ar

rival of [Vice

Adml. Marriot] Arbuthnot and Gen. Benedict] Arnold at New York; prep [Brig. aration for a foray from Kingsbridge; sailing
of fleet of transports; ships in

Huntington Bay.
50,

A. L. S.

1 p.

89

1781 JUNE

Brewster, Caleb.
18

Fan-field [Connecticut].

To

[Brig.]

Gen.

Waterbury [Stamford, Connecticut]. Expedition from Kingsbridge planned against
[David]

him; arrival of [Brig.] Gen. [Benedict] Arnold at New York; withdrawal of troops from Lloyd s Neck. A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Howe to 50, 118, Washington, 1781, June 20.
1781 JUNE

Hazen, Moses.
18

Philadelphia.

To

[George]

Washington

[New Windsor].

Transmitting a memorial [of Col. Jacob Bayley and others]; impatience at 1 enforced delay in Philadelphia. A. L. S. p. 50, 99

1781 JUNE

Heath, William.
18

Roxbury

[Massachusetts].

To

[George]

Washington [New Windsor]. Disposition of New England States to afford aid; Massachusetts measure to supply beef for the campaign; rum; clothing; forwarding the clothing supply from Spain; heavy expenses; convention to meet at
Providence to establish system for a regular supply for the campaign; success of the French in the West Indies [Comte De Grasse s vic tory at Martinique]. A. L. S. 4pp. Answered 50, 93 July 8.

1781 JUNE

Howe,
18

Robert.

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. British encamped at East
L. S.
1 p.

Chester.

50, 95

1864
1781 JUNE

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Lafayette, [Marquis de].
18

Allen

s

Creek, 22 miles from
[George] Washington intercepted by the

Richmond [Virginia]. To [New Windsor]. Letters
enemy;

feeling of the people against Baron Steuben; his position, numbers and difficulties; his abandonment of position; confidential nature
of the preceding; number of troops possible to concentrate; arrival of British ships at New

York.
1781 JUNE

A.

L. S.

4 pp.

Answered July

13.

50, 59

Washington,] G[eorge].
19

New

Windsor.

To Comte

[de]

[Newport]. Intelligence of British reen1 p. In handwriting of Draft. forcements.

B arras

Jonathan Trumbull,
1781 JUNE
19

jr.

D.

I,

pt. 2, 211

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Comte de Rochambeau [Newport]. March of the French [to ward the North River]; British at East Chester; report of reenforcements sailing from Cork. 2 pp. In handwriting of Jonathan Draft.

Trumbull,
1781 JUNE 19

jr.

D.

I, pt. 2,

207

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To [Philip John] Schuyler [Poughkeepsie, New York]. Need of boats and Schuyler s offer. 1 p. Draft. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIV, pt. 1, 35
Clark

1781 JUNE

19

1781 JUNE 19

Providence [Rhode Island]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Forward ing a Cheshire cheese captured from enemy. 1 p. A. L. S. Answered July 14. 50, 102 Summers, Peter. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [New Windsor] Resignation. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered July 9. 50, 97
Nightingale.

&

1781 JUNE

Tallmadge,
19

Benjamin.

Hartford

[Connecticut].

To

Comte de Rochambeau [Windham,

Enemy
1781 JUNE

Answered June
Waterbury, David.
19

calling in 24.

outposts.

Connecticut]. A. L. S. 1 p.
11,

256
Col.

Stamford [Connecticut].

To

[Alexander] Scammell [Dobbs Ferry, New York]. British intentions against Waterbury s post; need of assistance. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Howe to Washington, 1781, June 20. 50, 122

1781 JUNE

[Washington, George.]
20

New

Windsor.
Point].

To Maj. Gen.
Invalid corps

[William]

Heath [West

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1865

ordered to West Point; the companies at Boston
to march; clothing, etc.; right wing of Army Draft. reserved for Heath. 3 pp. In hand writing of David Humphreys. B. XIV, pt. 1 39
,

1781 JUNE 20

[Washington,

George.]

New

Windsor.

To

Col.

Seth

Warner [Bennington ? Vermont].

Inability to effect an exchange of the prisoners in Canada. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.

B.

1781 JUNE

[Washington, George.]
20

New
the

Commanding
Boston.

Windsor. detachment

XIV, pt. 1, 43 To the Officer
of

Invalids

at

Orders to march his detachment to West Point. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIV, pt. 1, 45
1781 JUNE
Beatty,
20

Erkurius.

Certificate that Lt. not indebted to the 4th Penn sylvania Regiment. A. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Summers to Washington, 1781, June 19. 50, 98

Philadelphia.
is

Peter

Summers

1781 JUNE

Continental Congress, Resolve.
20

Pettit

to

resign

as

Assistant

Permitting Col. Charles Quartermaster

General and abolishing that office. Contem porary copy on verso of last page of Pettit to the President of Congress 1781, June 12.
1781 JUNE
Greene, Nathanael.
20

Carolina].

delphia]. and their advance; failure of Maj. Gen. [Thomas] Sumter to carry out orders ; difficulty in drawing

Ninety Six [South the President of Congress [Phila British reenforcement at Charleston

Little River near

To

out the militia; storming of Ninety-Six and abandonment of the siege bravery of the troops
;

;

losses;

disaffected;
in

cavalry.

general situation; need of Contemporary copy by Greene. 13 pp.

Enclosed

Greene

to

Washington,

1781,
50, 135

June
1781 JUNE
20

22.

Howe, Robert.

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Measures taken by Col. [Alex ander] Scammell in consequence of [Brig. Gen. David] Waterbury s information. L. S. 2 pp.
50, 117
de.

1781 JUNE

Rochambeau, Comte
20

Windham

[Connecticut].

To

[George Washington, New Windsor]. Delay of march caused by ox-teams and weak horses;

1866

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
despatches sent Comte De Grasse; Comte de Ban-as lack of seamen; [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene s success. L. S. 3 pp. 50, 105

1781 JUNE

20

Scammell, Alexander. [Dobbs Ferry, New York]. To Maj. Gen. [Robert] Howe, West Point. Measures taken to receive the enemy; orders to Capt. [Jeremiah] Fogg. A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in Howe to Washington, 1781, June 20. 50, 120
.

1781 JUNE 20

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John].

Poughkeepsie [New York]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Construc tion of batteaux at Albany on his private credit. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered June 30. 50, 113
[Little

1781 JUNE 20

Williams, O[tho] H[olland].

River near Ninety

of killed, wounded and missing at Six.] of Ninety Six. Tabular statement. A. D. S. siege Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, 1 p.

Return

June
1781 JUNE
21

22.

50, 144

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Robert] Howe [West Point]. Approval of his dispo 1 p. In Draft. sitions to prevent surprise.

handwriting of David Humphreys.
B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

55

1781 JUNE

21

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Robert] Howe [West Point]. Orders for treatment to be accorded a flag. Draft. 2 pp. In handwrit B. XIV, pt. 1, 51 ing of David Humphreys.

1781 JUNE

Washington,] Gfeorge].
21

New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Alexander] McDougall [Fishkill]. Command of West Point assigned to him. Draft. 1 p. In
handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull,
B.
jr.

XIV,

pt. 1,

49

1781 JuNE21

Washington, [George.] New Windsor. To Mrs. [Abraham?] Mortier [New York]. Return of articles sent Mrs. [Martha] Washington; appreciation of her kindness. Draft in 3d person. 1 p. In hand
writing of

Tench Tilghman.

50, 81

1781 JUNE

21

New Windsor. To Col. [Lewis] Washington, George. Nicola [Philadelphia]. Orders to march the In
valids to

West Point; importance
B.

of the duty.

Draft.

3 pp.

In handwriting of David

Hum
57

phreys.

XIV,

pt. 1,

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781 JUNE

1867

[Washington, George.]
21

New

Windsor.

To Don Francisco

Rendon
sacola.

[Philadelphia]. Spanish success at Pen1 p. In handwriting of Tench Draft.

Tilghman.
1781 JUNE
21

D.

I,

pt. 2,

215

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Abraham Skinner [Elizabethtown, New Jersey]. Permission
for Lt. Col. [John] Hill to

Draft.

1 p.

go into New York. In handwriting of David Cobb.
B.

1781 JUNE 21

Barras,

XIV, pt. 1, 61 [Comte] de. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [Comte de Rochambeau, near Hartford]. Arrival of con
at Boston; the sick; complaint against pri vateers taking French seamen; great number of men lacking in the fleet report of a fleet to the

voy

;

southward
America.
in

of

Long Island

;

desire to be useful to

Contemporary copy. 4 pp. Enclosed Rochambeau to Washington, 1781, June 23.
50, 149

1781 JUNE

Clinton, James.
21

Albany. To [George] Washington [New Work on fortification at German Windsor].
Flats; readiness of troops to L. S. 2 pp.

move

to

West Point.
50, 126

1781 JUNE

Continental Congress, President.
21

Philadelphia.

To

Col.

[Charles] Pettit [Philadelphia]. Transmitting re solve accepting his resignation as Assistant

Quartermaster General.

Contemporary copy. Original signed by Samuel Huntington On verso of last page of Pettit to the President of Congress, 1781, June 12.
.

1781 JUNE

Howe, Robert.
21

West

Point.

To [George Washington,

British troops under marching orders; flag from the enemy. L. S. 2 pp. 50, 128

New

Windsor].

1781 JUNE

Shepard,
21

To [Massachusetts]. [New Windsor]. Move [George] Washington ment of business in the [Mustering] Department forwarding stores to West Point. L. S. 1 p.
William.
Springfield
50, 123

;

1781 JUNE

22

[Washington, George.] New Windsor. ToMaj. Gen. [Robert] Howe [West Point]. Artificers to continue at

West Point. David Cobb.

Draft.

1

p.

In handwriting of B. XIV, pt. 1, 63

1868
1781 JUNE

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington, George.]
22

New

Windsor.
Windsor].

To

Capt-lt. [Ja-

1781 JUNE 22

Orders to obtain 1 p. In handwrit oil in Sussex County. Draft. B. XIV, pt. 1, 67 ing of Tench Tilghman. New Windsor. To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] [Alexander] McDougall [Fishkill]. General direc
cob]

Kemper [New

tions for
1 p.

management

of

West

Point.

Draft.

In handwriting of David Cobb.
B. XIV, pt. 1, 65 Bush River [South Carolina]. To Washington [New Windsor]. Wish to

1781 JUNE 22

Greene, Nathanael.

[George]

oblige Maj. [William]

Macpherson; advantage of an attempt against Lord Cornwallis in Virginia
over besieging New York or Charleston; necessity of cavalry in the South; necessity of a draft to obtain troops. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered July 30. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 341. 50, 132

1781 JUNE

Howe, Robert.
22

West Point. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Retention of artificers on ac
Stony Point,
L. S.

count of state of the works; stoppage of British
flag at

1781 JUNE

Hyrne,
22

Edmund M. and James

Fraser.

2 pp. 50, 144 Charleston [South

Carolina]. Exchange cartel giving public notice Broadside. of exchange of all militia prisoners. Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, 1 p.

1781 JUNE 22

July 28. Johnson, Jacob.

51, 97

Wyoming

[Pennsylvania].

To George
on neces
S.

Washington [New Windsor].
sity of a chaplain at

Insisting

Wyoming.
Windsor.
brigade;
2 pp.

A. L.

3 pp.
50, 146

1781 JUNE

[Washington, George.]
23

New

To

Brig.

Gen.

[William] Irvine [Philadelphia].

Disappointing
for

prospects of
in the field.

filling his

command
8, 80.

him

Draft.

In handwriting of
B.

David Humphreys.
1781 JUNE

In Sparks,

XIV,

pt. 1, 71

[Washington, George.]
23

New Windsor. To Thomas Lowry,

flour to

Flemington [New Jersey]. Transportation of North River; need of a supply. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

1781 JUNE

Washington,] G[eorge].
23

New

Windsor.

XIV, pt. 1, 73 To Maj. Gen.
St.

[Arthur]

St.

Clair

[Philadelphia].

Clair s

CORRESPONDENCE OP GEORGE WASHINGTON
exertions;

1869

repair [of arms]; Lord Cornwallis s operations in Virginia; St. Glair s taking the field; movement of Army. Draft. 2 pp. In hand

writing of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

69

1781 JUNE

23

Boston. To [George WashingChastellux, Marquis New Windsor]. Zeal for Washington and ton, the country; spirit In the [French] Navy. A. L. S. 2 pp. 50, 163
de.

1781 JUNE

Greene, Nathanael.
23

Bush River [South Carolina]. To [George Washington, New Windsor]. Wish to merit Washington s approbation; advantage to North Carolina and Virginia from Greene s
movements;
fears for

lack of reenforcement.

Marquis [de Lafayette]; A. L. S. 4pp. 50,160

1781 JUNE

Pettit, Charles.
23

Philadelphia.

To

[George] Washington

Explaining his resignation as 1 p. Assistant Quartermaster General. A. L. S. Answered July 9. 50, 154

[New Windsor].

1781 JUNE

23

Hartford [Connecticut]. To Rochambeau, Comte de. Halt to [George Washington, New Windsor]. refresh horses and oxen; requests orders for his march toward the North River; reported British reenforcement from Europe; Rochambeau s line of march; correspondence with Comte de Barras. L. S. 4 pp. Answered June 27. 50, 148
[Rochambeau, Comte de.] Hartford [Connecticut]. To [Comte de Barras, Newport, Rhode Island]. Reported arrival of 4000 British troops in the Chesapeake Bay; loan of 400 men to Barras; cannon invalids to be sent to Providence sugges
;
;

1781 JUNE

23

tions for posting militia at

Newport, Pa[w]tuxet and Providence. Contemporary translation. 3 pp. Enclosed in Rochambeau to Washington, 50, 152 1781, June 23.

1781 JUNE

24

New Windsor. To Comte [de] [Washington, George]. Barras [Newport]. False intelligence of British
Chesapeake Bay. Draft. D. I, handwriting of David Cobb.
fleet

at

1

p.

pt. 2,

In 219

1781
24

Windsor. To Charles PetWashington,] G[eorge]. Blank-books. Draft. 1 p. tit, Philadelphia. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.

New

B

XIV,

pt. 1,

77

1870
1781 JUNB 24

LIBRABY OF CONGRESS
[Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Comte de Rochambeau [Newport]. March of the French Army toward the North River; false intelligence of British reenforcement. 2 pp. Draft. In

handwriting
Sparks, 8, 81.

of

Jonathan

Trumbull,
D.

jr.

I, pt. 2,

In 217

1781 JUNE

[Washington, George.]
24

New

Windsor.

To Maj.

[Benja-

Tallmadge [Wethersfield, Connecticut]. Desiring knowledge of Comte de Rochambeau s march to Peekskill. Draft. 1 p. In hand writing of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.
rnin]

B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

75

1781 JUNE 24

Barras, [Comte de]

Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, Peekskill]. Thanks for intelligence
of British

reenforcements.

L.

S.

1

p.

An

swered July 11
1781 JUNE
Heath, W[illiam].
24

50, 167

1781 JUNE 24

Roxbury [Massachusetts] To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Exertions of the towns to fill the battalions; militia [for Rhode Island]; fresh beef supply from Rhode Island; rum in Rhode Island and Connecticut; clothing. A. L. S. 4 pp. Answered July 8. 50, 170 Lafayette, [Marquis de]. Mattapony River [Virginia]. To Intelli [George] Washington [New Windsor].
gence from [Maj.] Gen. Nathanael Greene; La fayette s strength; difficulty in obtaining the Maryland levies; evacuation of Portsmouth; exposed position of British ships in York River;
fortifications

at Gloucester;

confidence of the

enemy and
Grasse;

his lack of

[Brig.]

knowledge of Comte de Gen. [Anthony] Wayne s move

ments; place of rendezvous; despatches sent to de Grasse; cannon and stores necessary to be brought from the north; advantage of hurrying Lauzun s legion to Virginia; necessity of sending intelligent commissaries to manage the subsist ence; secrecy maintained; need of hard money; Cornwallis strength. A. L. S. 8 pp. In Sparks,
Letters to Washington,
3,

342.

51, 324.

1781 JUNE

St. Clair,

Arthur.

24

To [George] Washington, Measure adopted by Legislature to raise men; lack of clothing and camp equi page; reports of position of Cornwallis and the
Philadelphia.

New

Windsor.

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
Marquis [de Lafayette]
obtain supplies.
10.
;

1871

[Robert] Morris offer to A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered July 50, 168

1781 JUNE

25

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] Clinton [Albany]. Replacing Continen [James]
tal troops to

Northward by
Gen.

militia

under com

[John] Stark and Col. [Brig.] 2 pp. In handwrit Willett. Draft. [Marinus] of Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 1, 79 ing
of

mand

1781 JUNE 25

Washington,] Gfeorge.] New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [John] Fellows [Berkshire, Massachusetts], New Hampshire militia at Albany to replace Conti nental troops. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting
of

Jonathan Trumbull,

jr.

B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

85

1781 JUNE

W[ashingto]n, G[eorge].
25

New Windsor. To Col.
Need
of horses.

Pickering [Camp].
signed.

2 pp.

[Timothy] Auto, draft P. II, 407

1781 JUNE

25

New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] Stark [Derryfield, New Hampshire]. Or [John] ders to take command at Saratoga, raise militia and protect the frontier. Draft. 2 pp. In hand
writing of David

Humphreys.
B.

In Sparks,

8, 82.

XIV,

pt. 1, 81

1781 JUNE

25

Windsor. To [Garret H.] Van Washington, George. Fishkill. Orders to send prisoners of Wagenen,

New

war

Draft. to Lancaster, Pennsylvania. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B.

1

p.

1781
[JUNE 25?]

Dayton,

XIV, pt. 1, 87 Elias. [Chatham, New Jersey.] To [Geo/ge] Washington [New Windsor]. Landing of enemy at Middletown Point their position near Monmouth; British defense of New York; promo tion of Col. [Moses] Hazen; Dayton s feelings.
;

A. L. S.
1781 JUNE 25

2 pp.

Answered June

28.

115, 81

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John].

Poughkeepsie [New York].

To

Washington [Peekskill]. Prospects of batteaux built; requests Washington to having urge Congress to provide payment; boards, nails, etc.; need of communication with [Brig.] Gen. [John] Stark on procuring of supplies. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered June 30. 50, 175
[George]

1872
1781 JUNE

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Tallmadge, Benjamin.
25

Wethersfield [Connecticut].
[Peekskill].
difficulties

Washington chambeau s march;
[George]

To Comte de Roin

equipping
S.

dragoons;
1781 JUNE 25JULY 5

prospects;

horses.

A. L.

3 pp.
50, 172

Villefranche, Chevalier de. [Fort Herkimer, New York.] Journal. Contemporary copy by Villefranche.
1 p.

1781, July

Enclosed in Villefranche to Washington, 6. 50, 282

1781 JUNE

Willis,
25

Henry.

Near King s Ferry [New York]. To [George] Washington [Peekskill]. Retirement of

British ships

down

houses at Gloucester Dock.
1781 JUNE

the river; destruction of A. L. S. 1 p.
50, 174

Commissioners from the
26

New England States. Providence [Rhode Island]. Proceedings of a Convention to adopt a method of supplying beef regularly to the Army. Commissioners: Justin Ely and Oliver Phelps from Massachusetts; Jabez Bowen from Rhode Island; Col. Henry Champion from Con necticut. Measures adopted and quotas agreed 3 pp. upon. Contemporary copy by Heath. in Heath to Washington, 1781, July 4. Enclosed 50, 264
Chatham [New
[Peekskill].

1781 JUNE

Dayton, Elias.
26

Jersey].

Washington

To [George] British foray in Mon-

mouth
not
tion of

s fleet at

Adml. Marriot] ArbuthSandy Hook; New York s expecta a siege; Capt. [John] Scudder s laxity as
[County];
[Vice

to flags at Elizabethtown.

L. S.

1 p.

50, 181

1781 JUNE

Nicola, Lewis.
26

Philadelphia.

To

[George]

Washington
in

[Peekskill].

Difficulties
;

and delays

commenc
;

ing his

march

slowness of militia in turning out

apprehension of delay in obtaining wagons at Trenton. A. L. S. 2 pp. 50, 178
1781 JUNE
26

Nicola, Lewis. Philadelphia. State of Invalid Regiment at Philadelphia. Tabular statement. D. S. 1 p.

Enclosed in preceding entry.
1781 JUNE
Parsons,
26

50, 180

Samuel H[olden]. Peekskill [New York]. To Refusal [George] Washington [New Windsor].
its line;

of Connecticut Legislature to adjust accounts of difference of opinion over charges for

past subsistence

;

backpay;

fear of officers leav-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1873

ing the service; requests Washington s assist ance. A. L. S. 2 pp. Endorsed by Jonathan

Trumbull:
bull

"to

Answered 27th

be transmitted to Govr. Trum& 28th." 50, 85

1781 JUNE

Stark, John.
26

Derryfield [New Hampshire]. To [George] Washington [Peekskill]. Levies forwarded; act passed by Legislature to encourage recruiting;

cattle supply; 2 pp. L. S.

rum forwarded; Stark s

health.
50, 177

1781 JUNE

27

[Washington, George.] Peekskill To Comte [de] Barras Draft. Transmitting intelligence. [Newport]. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. 1 p. D. I, pt. 2, 223

1781 JUNE

27

Washington,] G[eorge], Peekskill [New York]. To Maj. Gen. [Samuel Holden] Parsons [Peekskill]. His
letter

transmitted
1 p.

to

the

State
B.

legislature.

Draft.
bull, jr.

In handwriting of Jonathan

Trum

1781 JUNE

27

Washington,] G[eorge]. Peekskill. beau [Newton, Connecticut]. Position to be taken by the French troops; intelligence and thanks to Comte de Barras. Draft. 2 pp. In In Sparks, handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
8, 84.

XIV, pt. 1, 89 To Comte de Rocham-

D.

I, pt. 2,

221

1781 JUNE

Clinton, James.
27
kill].

Albany. To [George] Washington [PeeksScour of frontier settlements for disaf
scouting party sent to

fected;

Crown Point;

flattering prospect of provisions; discontent of soldiers from lack of pay; scarcity of cash

necessitating impresses.

L. S.

2 pp.

Answered
50, 189

June
1781
"

30.
"729"

Culper,
"

336-fn

[JUNE

27]

Samuel. To [Setauket, Long Island], John Bolton [Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge,WethersIs not safe to go to New York field, Connecticut.]
;

arrival of

Cork fleet movements of British troops
;

;

preparations at Kingsbridge; large number of transports. A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in Rocham-

beau to Washington, 1781, June
1781 JUNE Heath, W[illiam].
27

30.

50,

220

Roxbury

[Massachusetts].

To

[George]

Invalids at Boston Washington [Peekskill]. ordered to West Point; arrangements of Con necticut and New Hampshire to furnish men and
supplies.

A. L. S.

2 pp.

50, 187

56214

VOL

312

16

1874
1781 JUNE

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Irvine, William.
27

Philadelphia.

To

[George]

Washington

[Peekskill].

vania
1781 JUNE
Pray, John.
27

s

new

Philadelphia; Pennsyl recruiting law. A. L. S. 1 p.

Delay

in

W

[George] Washington Request for newspapers; suggests relieving men stationed at block house at

Nyack [New [New Windsor].

York].

To

Dobbs Ferry.
1781 JUNE

A. L. S.
Peekskill.

2 pp.

50,

88

[Washington,
28

George.]

To Maj. [Samuel]

1781 JUNE

Darby [West Point]. Ordering assembling of boats and batteaux at Peekskill without delay. In handwriting of David Hum Draft. 1 p. B. XIV, pt. 1, 107 phreys. [Washington, George.] New Windsor. To Col. [Elias]
Dayton, [Chatham, New Jersey]. Orders to con centrate at Morristown; promotion of Col. Hazen. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of [Moses] B. Jonathan Trumbull, jr. XIV, pt. 1, 99
[Washington, George.]
Peekskill.

28

1781 JUNE

To

[Brig.]

Gen. [Henry]

28

Knox [New

War to

Inability of Board of furnish necessary means dubiousness as to success of intended operation [against New

Windsor].

;

York]; furnishing of supplies. Draft. handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

3pp.
pt. 1,

In
93

XIV,

1781 JUNE

Washington,] G[eorge].
28

Peekskill.

To Maj. Gen.

[Alex-

ander] McDougall [West Point].

Preparation of

hard bread and collection of boats. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. and

David Humphreys.
1781 JUNE
28

B.

[Washington, George.] Pray [Nyack,
state
of
his

New Windsor. New York]. Requesting
detachment.
Draft.

XIV, pt. 1, 91 To Capt. [John]
report of
1

p.

In

handwriting of David Humphreys.
B.

XIV,
Col.

pt. 1, 109

1781 JUNE

[Washington, George.]
28

Peekskill.

To

[Alexander]

Scammell [Dobbs Ferry ?] Requesting his pres ence with state of his and Maj. [John?] Porter s
detachment.
Draft.
1

p.

In handwriting of
B.

1781 JUNE

28

XIV, pt. 1, 101 W[ashington,] G[eorge.] New Windsor. To Brig. Gen. [John] Stark [Derryfield, New Hampshire]. To
advise with [Philip John] Schuyler in manage-

David Humphreys.

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1875
1
jr.

ment

of

frontier

matters.

Draft.

p.

In

handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull,
1781 JUNE
Boudinot, Elias.
28

B. XIV, pt. 1, 97 [New Jersey]. To [George] Baskingridge Washington [Peekskill]. Reported construction
of

two unusual

vessels

at

New

York; Mrs.
S.

[Martha] Washington

s illness.

A. L.

2 pp.
50, 196

1781 JUNE

28

Fowler, Alexander]. Pittsburg. To G[eorge] Washington [Peekskill]. Awaits accounts and vouchers

from Philadelphia to specify charges against David Duncan; Col. [Daniel] Brodhead s pres ence; impropriety of Fowler acting as Judge Advocate. A. L. S. 3 pp. 50, 194
1781 JUNE
Lafayette, [Marquis de.]
28

[Virginia.]

To [George Wash-

ington, Peekskill].
coast;

British retreat toward the

A. L.
1781 JUNE
28

S.

Lord Cornwallis fruitless manoeuvers. 3 pp. Answered July 13. 50, 192

Newtown [Connecticut]. To Rochambeau, Comte de. [George Washington, Peekskill]. Halt at Newtown; continuance of his march; route of Lauzun s corps; receipt of Washington s orders. 2 pp. Answered June 30. L. S. 50, 191
Peekskill. Col. [Elisha] Sheldon, Tilghman, T[ench]. near Robinson s Mills [New York]. Orders for dragoon s to act as expresses. Auto, draft

1781 JUNE

2S

signed.

1

p.

B.

XIV,

pt. 1, 103

1781 JUNE

Trumbull, Jonathan,
28

Peekskill. To Col. [Timothy] jr. Boards and nails for Pickering [Newburgh]. completing boats. Auto, draft signed. 1 p.

B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

105

1781 JUNE

[Washington, George.]
29

Peekskill.

To Marquis de LaVague and

fayette [Mattapony River, Virginia].

unsatisfactory reports from Virginia; march of the French army; anxiety to hear from him. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh Draft.

1781 JUNE

Cobb,
29

XIV, pt. 1, 111 David. Newtown [Connecticut]. To [George] Washington [Peekskill]. Approach of Comte de Rochambeau and the French Army. A. L. S.
8, 86.

man.

In Sparks,

B.

2 pp.

50,

210

1781 JuNE

Darby, Samuel.
29

West

Point.

To

[Lt.] Col.

David

Hum-

phreys, Peekskill.

Muffled oars and boats from

1876

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

Wapping

2 pp. Creek. 1st page a recent copy, 2d page the original postscript of two lines. 50, 212

1781 JUNE 29

General Court-martial.

Fort Pitt [Pennsylvania].

Pro-

ceedings in trial of Lt. John and disobedience of orders
against

Ward

for insolence

and taking part
[Col.

the

commanding

officer

Daniel

Brodhead]; George Wallace for neglect of duty and insolence; Lt. Archibald Read for defraud ing soldiers and withholding their pay; John Hinds for desertion and Myndert Fisher for corresponding with the enemy. Ds. S. Fred erick Vernon and S. Bayard, Presidents. 29 pp.
1781 JUNE
Gibson, John.
29

W
p.

Fort Pitt.

Pitt].

To Alexander Fowler [Fort Requests charges against David Duncan
Contemporary copy.
1

or

any other person.

Enclosed in Gibson to Washington, 1781, Aug. 25. 51, 333
A
second copy
(50, 217)

was

also enclosed

by Duncan

to Washington,

1781,

Aug.

18.

1781 JUNE

Knox, II[enry].
29

New

Windsor.

To

[George] Washington

Prospect of assistance from Penn sylvania; Washington s doubts of being able to carry out the plan of campaign; ordnance and
[Peekskill].
artillery

of plan; rockets

arrangements in consequence of change and lanthorns. A. L. S. 3 pp.
2.

Answered July
1781 JUNE 29
Pickering, T[imothy].

50, 198

Peekskill.

To

[George] Washing-

Requests appointment of Lt. Col. [Henry] Dearborn to succeed Maj. [Richard] Platt as Deputy Quartermaster to the main 50, 207 Army. A. L. S/ 1 p.
Pickering T[imothy].
[Peekskill.]

ton [Peekskill].

1781 JuxE29

To Jonathan Trum50,

bull, jr. [Peekskill].

Nails for batteaux at Al

1781 JUNE

29

bany. A. L. S. 2 pp. Pray, John. Nyack [New York]. ton [Peekskill]. Return

202

To
of

[George] Washing-

guards at Block

House and Dobbs Ferry; requests continuance of
Lt. [Joseph] Shaylor; plundering trip of one of 2 pp. the guard boats. A. L. S. 50, 205
[1781] [JUNE

[Pray, John.]
29]

[Nyack, New York.] Return of force at the Block House at Dobbs Ferry and strength of the water guard. A. D. 1 p. Enclosed in preceding 50, 206 entry.

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781 JUNE 30

1877

[Washington, George.] Peekskill. To Brig. Gen. [James] Clinton [Albany]. Orders to forward Continental regiments to West Point; arrangements with
[Brig.]

Gen. [John] Stark.

Draft.
B.

1

p.

In hand
pt.

writing of

David Humphreys.

XIV,

1,119

1781 JUNE 30

[Washington, George.]

Peekskill.

To

[Lt] Col. [David]

Cobb

[Peekskill].

Instructions for

ting intended surprise of

enemy

to

communica Comte de Ro1

chambeau; necessity of secrecy. Draft. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.
Sparks,
8, 87.

p.

In

See: Ford,
Peekskill.

9,

290
B.

et seq.

notes.
pt. 1, 125

XIV,

1781 JUNE 30

[Washington, George.] [Morristown,

To

New

Jersey].

Col. [Elias] Dayton Orders to move
1 p.

toward Kingsbridge. Draft. ing of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.
1781 JUNE

In handwrit

Washington,] G[eorge].
30

Peekskill.

XIV, pt. 1. 123 ToMaj. Gen. [AlexanB.

1781 JUNE 30

Orders for the ar In handwriting of Da vid Humphreys. B. XIV, pt. 1,115 Peekskill. To Comte de RochamWashington, George. beau [Ridgebury, Connecticut]. Plans for at tacking the British post on the upper end of York
der]

McDougall [West
Draft.

Point].
p.

tillerymen.

1

Island

;

orders hurrying

march

of

French troops

;

Due de Lauzun s corps to operate [James] De Lancey; junction of
Draft. 4 pp.

against Col. the Armies.

man.
1781 JUNE 30

In Ford,

In handwriting of Tench TilghD. 9, 288. I, pt. 2, 225

Peekskill. To Capt. [William] [Washington, George.] Sackett [Bedford ? New York]. Orders to join Col. [Elisha] Sheldon at Bedford; secrecy of

movement

Draft. necessary. writing of David Humphreys.
B.

1

p.

In hand
pt. 1,

XIV,

127

1781 JUNE

30

Washington,] G[eorge]. [Philip John] Schuyler [Saratoga]. Preparation of boats and reimbursement for his expenditures; letter for [Brig.] Gen. [John] Stark. Draft. 1 p. In hand writing of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 1, 113
[Washington, George.] Peekskill. To Brig. Gen. [David] Waterbury [Stamford, Connecticut]. Orders for

Peekskill.

To

1781 JUNE 30

1878

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
a rapid and secret junction with Col. [Elisha] Sheldon. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench

Tilghman and Jonathan Trumbull,
B.

jr.

1781 JUNE

Barras,[
30

Comte

de.]

XIV, pt. 1, 121 [Rhode Island]. To [George Newport
False report of arrival

Washington, Peekskill].

of [British] fleet in the Chesapeake;

convoy
L. S.

at

Boston and other naval
(In French.)

Answered July
[Peekskill].

intelligence. 11.

1 p.

50, 165

1781 JUNE

Cobb,
30

David.

Newtown

[Connecticut].

Washington

To [George] Willingness of Comte

de Rochambeau to cooperate in proposed move

ment; march of the first brigade and Lauzun s Legion as requested. A. L. S. 2 pp. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 345. 50, 214
1781 JUNE
Dayton, Elias.
30

ington, Peekskill].

Chatham [New Jersey]. To [George WashRaids of enemy to obtain

cattle ; suggests an order for driving off all cattle from the lines ; arrival of transports from Charles

ton [South Carolina]; reenforcements left by them at that place; British regiments on Staten Island. L. S. 2 pp. Answered July 7. 50, 227

1781 JUNE 30

Fay, Joseph.

Bennington [Vermont]. To [Brig.] Gen. [James] Clinton [Albany]. Exchange of prisoners between Vermont and Canada; requests return

of all prisoners taken by Vermont troops. Con temporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Clinton to

Washington, 1781, July
1781 JUNE
Fowler, Alexander].
30

6.

50,

285

Fort Pitt.

To

Col.

John Gibson

[Fort Pitt]. Question of propriety in his acting as Deputy Judge Advocate in trial of David Duncan; proofs sent for; intent of exhibiting charges against John Johnston, and Lt. Archibald

Enclosed in Gibson to 51, 334 Washington, 1781, Aug. A second copy (50, 217) was also enclosed by Duncan to Washington,
A. L. S.
1

Read.

p.

25.

1781,

Aug.

18.

1781 JUNE 30

McDougall, Alexander. West Point. To [George] Washington [Peekskill]. Baking of bread; light fieldpieces sent for; ambiguity of orders for same. 2 pp. Answered June 30. L. S. 50, 223
Pray, John.

1781 JUNE

Nyack [New
[Peekskill].

30

ton

York]. To [George] WashingArrival of a British fleet from

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1879

Virginia and other naval movements; heavy cannon mounted at Kingsbridge. A. L. S. 1 p.
50,

226

1781 JUNE

Rochambeau, Comte
30

de.

Newtown

[Connecticut].

To

[George Washington, Peekskill]. March of the French troops; their condition; subsistence
difficulties;

intelligence

Benjamin] T[allmadge]. July 1.
1781 JUNE 30
Stewart,
Charles.
[Peekskill.]
[Peekskill].

L. S.

received from Mfajor 2 pp. Answered
50,

218

To

Humphreys
bread.

[Lt.] Col. [David] Non-arrival of cattle

;

reservation of

pork; Recent copy.

supply expected;
1 p.

hard 50, 224

1781 JUNE 30

Tmmbnll, Jonathan, jr. Peekskill. To Maj. Gen. [Alexander] McDougall [West Point]. Alteration of order for two pieces of artillery. Auto, draft
signed.
1 p.

B.
[Peekskill]

XIV,

pt. 1,

117

[1781]
[JUNE]

[Washington, George.]
in

Inquiries to be

made

[by secret agents]: Strength and of the enemy, etc. Draft. 1 p. In dispositions

New York

handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
[1781]
[JUNE]

W W

[Washington,

Memorandum of [Peekskill.] George.] British troops in New York City. A. D. Scrap.

[1781]
[JUNE]

Washington,

[Peekskill.] George. strength of French Army. A. D.

Memorandum
1 p.

of

W

[1781] [JUNE

[Washington,
?]

Memorandum of [Peekskill.] George.] questions and propositions for Comte de Grasse; his strength; operation against New York; to the southward, etc. A. D. 1 p. Endorsed later
by Washington:
"Question

to be proposed to Adml. de Grasse to Sandy Hook."
[1781]
[JUNE]

wch. were intended had he come

M.

1,

391

a [Washington, George.] [Peekskill.] "Thoughts on, for the Surprize of the Enemy s Posts [at plan Kingsbridge] upon the North end of York Is land" A. D. 6 pp. Endorsed by Washington as quoted. M. 1, 317

&

1781 JULY

1

[Washington, George.] Peekskill. To Due de Lauzun [en route to Bedford, New York]. Directions govern
ing his attempt on [Col. James]
;

De Lancey s
etc.
;

corps troops under his command, his march,

particular orders regarding Morrisania, cutting

1880
off

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
the

enemy

s retreat, etc.

Draft.

handwriting of David Humphreys.
292, note.
The paragraph regarding Morrisania
not in the letter as sent.
etc.

D.

7 pp. In In Ford, 9, I, pt. 2, 233

has been crossed out and was

1781
JULY
1

[Washington, George.] Peekskill. Instructions to Maj. Gen. [Benjamin] Lincoln [Peekskill]. Force

under his command and capture, by surprise, of Forts Tryon, Knyphausen and George; general Draft. directions governing his movements. 6 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In
Ford,
9,

291
Peekskill.

1781
JULY
1

[Washington, George.]

XIV, pt. 1, 131 To [Capt. John Pray,
B.

Dobbs
rence.

Ferry]. Draft.

Boats for Capt. [Jonathan] Law In handwriting of David 1 p.
B.
Peekskill.

Humphreys.
1781
JULY
1

Washington,] G[eorge].

XIV, pt, 1, 145 To Comte de Ro-

chambeau [Ridgebury, Connecticut]. Contin gencies of the attempt on New York outposts [at
Kingsb ridge] the general plan; dependence on Maj. Gen. Benjamin Lincoln s discretion; Due de Lauzun s movement. Draft. 3 pp. In hand writing of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.
;

D.

I,

pt. 2,

229

1781
JULY
1

Washington,] G[eorge].

Peekskill.

To

Col. [Elisha] Shel-

don

Bedford, New York]. Instruc tions for junction with Due de Lauzun; Lt. Col.
[en route to

[John]

Jameson
Draft.

s

mand.
1781
JULY
1

2 pp.
jr.

detachment; Lauzun to com In handwriting of Jon
B.

athan Trumbull,

XIV,

pt. 1, 141

To Col. [Charles] Peekskill. [Washington, George.] Stewart [Peekskill]. Orders to prepare for sup plying the Army during the approaching move ments; bread and beef. Draft. 1 p. In hand
writing of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIV,

pt. 1, 143

1781
JULY
1

Washington,] G[eorge].

Brig. Gen. [David] Waterbury [Horseneck, Connecticut]. Orders to join Sheldon s corps and Lauzun s Legion at
Peekskill.

To

Bedford; detachment to be Due de Lauzun. Draft. 1
of

commanded by

the

Jonathan Trumbull,

jr.

291.

In handwriting p. See note, Ford, 9, B. XIV, pt. 1, 139

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
JULY
l

1881

Fellows, John.

Sheffield [Massachusetts].
[Peekskill].

To

[George]

Washington
Lowrey, Thomas.

in rousing the militia.

Pledging services to aid L. S. 1 p. 50, 233

1781
JULY
l

Flemington [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [Peekskill]. Purchase of flour and
delivery of same at King s Ferry; lack of casks; method adopted. A. L. S. 2 pp. Endorsed by Tilghman: "See letter to Mr. Morris of the

10th

July."
s draft of

50,
the letter to Morris
is

233

Tilghman

in Ser. A.

VI,

pt. 1, 165.

1781
JULY
1

Rochambeau, Comte de. Ridgebury [Connecticut]. To Arrival of [George Washington, Peekskill]. at Bedford; subsistence difficulties. L. S. troops Answered July 2. 1 p. 50, 228
Schuyler, Ph[ilip John].

1781
JULY
l

Albany. To [George] Washington [Peekskill]. Delays in obtaining carpenters for batteau building; lack of nails and oakum; refusal of carpenters to work without rum.
A. L.

1781
JULY
1

4 pp. Answered July 9. S. 50, 230 David. Stamford [Connecticut]. To [George] Waterbury, Washington, Peekskill. Number of men he can 1 p. L. S. collect. 50, 232

[1781]
[JULY 2?]

Washington, George. [Peekskill.] Instructions to Brig. Gen. [Edward] Hand [New Windsor] for attempt upon British posts at [Kingsbridge] north end of

York Island directions for his march and pas sage down the river; signals; plan of attack, etc.
;

A. D.

8 pp.
Peekskill.

W

1781
JULY
2

[Washington, George.] Brig. Gen. [Henry] Knox [New Windsor]. His arrangements for transporting heavy stores from Philadelphia; intended attempt on British outposts [at KingsDraft. bridge]; signals for calling out militia. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In 3 pp.
Sparks,
8,

To

94.

B.

XIV,

pt. 1, 151

1781
JULY
2

[Washington, George.] Tarry town [New York]. To [Maj.] Gen. [Benjamin] Lincoln [near Kingsbridge, New York]. Orders to occupy the heights at Kings1 p. Draft. In handwriting of David bridge. B. XIV, pt. 1, 147 Humphreys, [Washington, George.] Peekskill. To Maj. Gen. [AlexIntended at ander] McDougall [West Point]. on British outposts on northern end of tempt

1781 JuLY2

1882

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

1781 JULY

York Island; arrangements for signals to call out the militia. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 1, 149 Washington,] G[eorge]. Peekskill To Comte de Rocham2

beau [Ridgebury ? Connecticut]. March of French army to North Castle; introducing [Lt.] Col.
[William] Hull.
of

Draft.

2 pp.
jr.

Jonathan Trumbull,

293, note.

In handwriting In part in Ford, 9, D. I, pt. 2, 241

1781
JULY
2

Barras, [Comte de.]

Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, en route to Valentine s Hill]. Ac knowledges letters; British reenforcement at Charleston; capture of a French transport. L. S. 1 p. Answered July 1 1 50,246 (In French)
.

1781
JULY
2

Knox, H[enry].

[George] Washington [en route to Valentine s Hill, New York]. Requests directions respecting movement of the artillery

Peekskill.

To

park, laboratory and artificers; stores from Phil 1 adelphia. L. S. p. Answered July 7. In

Sparks, Letters to Washington,

3,

346.

50,

245

1781
JULY
2

Townes, John.
[en

Philadelphia.

To

[George]

Washington

route to Valentine s Hill, New York]. His court-martial and sentiments of [Maj .] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene and the Board of War thereon.

A. L. S.
1781
JULY
3

1 p.

Answered July

10.

50,

237

Washington,] G[eorge]. Valentine s Rochambeau [North Castle,

Hill.

To Comte de
Failure
;

New York].

of plan [against posts at Kingsbridge] junction 2 pp. In of Armies at White Plains. Draft.

handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull,
D.
[1781]
[JULY 3-7]

jr. I,

pt. 2,

245

Anonymous.

[New York.] Intelligence: British fleet at Sandy Hook under [Rear] Adml. [Thomas, Lord] Graves; number of vessels at New York; loca
tion of troops; fear of attack in New York; reenforcements at Charleston; subjugation of

Southern States; capture

of

Pensacola by Span

ish; garrison to come to New York at liberty to act against America; number of troops in New

York.

A. D.

2 pp.
7.

Enclosed in Culper to Bol-

ton, 1781, July

W

1781

Clinton, James.

Albany. To Joseph [Jonas] Fay [Bennington, Vermont]. Declines to give up prisoners

CORRESPONDENCE OP GEORGE WASHINGTON

1883

requested without orders from headquarters; their status. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Clinton to Washington, 1781, July 6. 50, 286 1781 JULYS

Hay, Udny.

Poughkeepsie.
;

To

[George] Washington

[Valentine s Hill]. Transmitting provision and forage returns state of the account between the

Quartermaster Department and
L. S.
[1781] [JULYS]

New York State.
50,

2 pp.

252

Hay, Udny. [Poughkeepsie.] General return of provisions purchased and delivered from August 1780 to May 1, 1781. Tabular statement. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in preceding entry. 50, 253 Hay, Udny. [Poughkeepsie.] Return of provisions pur-, chased and delivered from August 1780 to June 24, 1781 for which vouchers have not yet been received. Tabular statement. D. S. 1 p. En
closed in

[1781]
[JULY
3]

Hay

to Washington, 1781, July 3.
50,

254

[1781]
[JULY
3]

Hay, Udny. [Poughkeepsie.] General return of short forage purchased and delivered from August 1780 to May 1, 1781. Tabular statement. D. S. 2 pp. Enclosed hi Hay to Washington, 1781, July 3. 50, 254a
Hay, Udny.
[Poughkeepsie.] Return of hay purchased and delivered from August 1780 to May 1, 1781. Tabular statement. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in 50, 254b Hay to Washington, 1781, July 3.

[1781]
[JULY
3]

[1781]
[JULY
3]

Hay, Udny.

[Poughkeepsie.] Return of forage purchased and delivered from August 1780 to June 24, 1781, for which vouchers have not yet been procured. Tabular statement. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Hay
to

Washington, 1781, July

3.

50,

254c

[1781]

[Lee,

Henry,

JULYS

[High Hills of the Santee, South Carojr.] Una.] To [Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene, High Hills of the Santee]. Cavalry victory of Capt. [Joseph] Eggleston, jr., [at the Saluda River]. Contemporary extract by Greene. 2 pp. En closed in Greene to Washington, 1781, July 17.

51,31
[1781] [JULYS?]

Rochambeau,

Comte

de.

[Near

North

Castle.]

To

[George] Washington [Valentine s Hill]. Junc tion of the first and second divisions of the

French troops

;

meeting with Washington
L. S.
1 p.

;

the,

march

to Philadelphia.

115, 103

1884
1781 JULYS

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Schuyler, Ph[ilip John]. Albany. To [George] Washington [Valentine s Hill]. Letter for [Brig.] Gen. [John] Stark requests to be informed of Congress

determination regarding fulfillment of Schuyler s obligation for construction of batteaux. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered July 9. 50, 249
1781
JULY
3

Stewart,

To [George] Washington Hard bread and pork for [Valentine Hill]. warded to the Army; flour to be sent; flour, saltCharles.
Peekskill.
s

beef and cattle on hand.

A. L. S.

2 pp.

50,

248

1781
JULY 4

[Washington, George.]

White Plains. To [Comte de Rest for the North Castle]. Rochambeau, French troops; junction of the Armies. fatigued Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench TilghD. man. I, pt. 2, 247
[Pompton, New Jersey]. Examination of: Account of his horse-stealing expeditions from
Staten Island.

[1781]
[JULY 4?]

Cully, John.

Wm. D Hart.
fected?]

4 pp. Partially in handwriting of List of various names [of disaf

on

last page.

Enclosed in
4.

D Hart
50,

to

Washington, 1781, July
[1781]
[JULY 4?]

309

[Cully, John.]

[Pompton,
in

New

Jersey.]

Confession of his
1780.
1

proceedings A. D[?] Initialed by W[illiam]

January and February.

D H[art].
50,

p.

Enclosed in

D Hart to Washington,

1781, July 4.

311

1781
JULY 4

D

Hart, William.

Jersey Huts [Pompton,

New

Jersey].

To

[George] Washington [Phillipsburg]. Courtmartial proceedings; cases of John Cully, Cor
poral William Jibbs [Gibbs
?]

and

others.

3pp.

A. L. S. 50, 307
[George] at

1781
JULY 4

Heath, W[illiam].

Roxbury

[Massachusetts].

To

Washington
beef

[Phillipsburg].

Convention

Providence to adopt a mode of supplying fresh to the Army; rum; Teneriffe wine in Massachusetts; clothing from Spain. A. L. S.
3 pp. Endorsed by Tilghman: "Ansd. to Gov. Hancock of the 14th July"
Tilghman
s draft of

by

letter

50,

262
1, 401.

the letter to Hancock

is

in Ser. C, vol. IV, pt.

1781
JULY 4

Hopping, Ephraim.

Narrative of his [Poughkeepsie.] in Canada; attitude of people and imprisonment clergy toward the American cause; British regi-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
ments,

1885

among
tions

their strength and position; feeling the tories and Hessian troops; vessels on
fortifica

the Lakes [Champlain and George];
at

Quebec, Sorel,

St.

Johns and other
officers;

places;

names

of

the

commanding

unpopularity of

[Lt.]

Gen. [Frederick] Haldi-

mand; names
visions.

D.

S.

of British spies; prices of pro 6 pp. Sworn to before Samuel

1781
JULY 4

Dodge, Justice of the Peace. Enclosed in Hay 50, 267 Washington, 1781, July 5. Rochambeau, Comte de. North Castle [New York], To Forced [George Washington, Phillipsburg]. march of the 2d brigade of the French; awaits
to
orders.

L. S.

1

p.

Answered same day.

50,256

1781
JULY 4

St. Clair,

Arthur. Philadelphia. To [George Washington His orders to pro Phillipsburg, New York]. ceed to the southward; Mrs. St. Glair s health
venient.

and other considerations rendering it incon A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered July 10.
50,

255

1781
JULY 4

Stevens, N[athaniel].

Hartford [Connecticut]

To

[George]

Washington [Phillipsburg]. Quantities of pro visions found and being forwarded from various
places in Connecticut.

L. S.

1

p.

50,

258

1781
JULY 4

Stevens, N[athaniel].

Lebanon [Connecticut]. Return of provisions and rum received of Connecticut upon the requisition of Congress, Nov. 4, 1780, with
balance due July 1, 1781. D. S. Tabular state ment. 1 p. Enclosed in Stevens to Washington, 50, 289 1781, July 7.

1781
JULY 4

Tallmadge,

Benjamin.

Hartford

[Connecticut].

To

[George] Washington [Phillipsburg]. Dragoons and accoutrements sent on to the [2d] regiment;

saddles and swords at Litchfield; chased. A. L. S. 1 p.

horses pur
50,

260

1781
JULY 5

To [George] Washington Hay, Udny. Poughkeepsie. New York]. Forwarding intelli [North Castle, gence; vouches for the author. A. L. S. 1 p. 50, 266
[Washington, George.] Near Dobbs Ferry [New York]. To Brig. Gen. [James] Clinton [Albany]. Con tinental troops to be held in readiness to join the

1781 JULYS

1886

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

Army. Draft. Humphreys.
"Near

2 pp.

In handwriting of David
B.

XIV,

pt. 1, 155

Dobbs

Ferry"

was at Phillipsburg about

three and a half miles

from the Ferry.

1781 JULYS

Clinton,

James.

[Phillipsburg]. Point; failure

To [George] Washington Albany. Forwarding troops to West of supplies from the eastward;

provisions seized from the disaffected and for warded to Fort Herkimer; correspondence with

Vermont
tions.

respecting prisoners; requests direc L. S. 2 pp. Answered July 9. 50, 283
Phillipsburg.

1781
JULY
6

Pickering,

Timothy

ington [Phillipsburg]. the Army on its march; delivery of orders, dis 50, 274 tances, etc. A. L. S. 3 pp.
Schuyler, Ph[ilip John].

[George] WashExplaining the halting of

To

1781 JULYG

Albany. To [George] Washington [Phillipsburg]. Lack of nails; preparation of bridge timber; troops to take the batteaux down. A.L. S. 2pp. Answered July 9. 50,270

1781
JULY
6

Stirling, [William Alexander, Lord].

[Dobbs Ferry,

New

York].

[George] Washington [Phillipsburg]. 2 pp. Inability to visit headquarters. L. S.
50,

To

272

1781 JULY

Villefranche, Chevalier de.
6

Fort Herkimer [New York].

To George Washington
to Fort Herkimer;
store.

[Phillipsburg]. Impossi bility of erecting fortifications ordered; repairs

A.L.

S.

cannon and ammunition in 3pp. Answered July 14. 50,280

1781 JULY 6

Willett, Marinus.

York],
in

German Flats, Fort Herkimer [New To [George] Washington [Phillipsburg].

Gov. [George] Clinton s instructions to take post Tryon County; richness of the land; result of Indian forays; forts erected; condition of the crops; need of troops to protect the country; measures adopted; willingness of the militia;
lack of necessity for fortification as planned by Maj. Villefranche; best method of coping with enemy; requests directions. L. S. 7 pp. An

swered July
1781
JULY
7

14.

50,

276

Wfashington,] G[eorge].
[Elias]

Near Dobbs Ferry. To Col. Or to Kings Ferry]. Dayton ders to direct his march to Dobbs Ferry. Draft. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. 1 p.
[en route

B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

159

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781 JULY

1887

7

Washington,] G[eorge]. Near Dobbs Ferry. To [Brig.] Gen. [Henry] Knox [New Windsor]. Wishes to Draft. 1 p. In see him as soon as possible. handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 1, 157
[Washington,
George.]

1781 JULY

Near Dobbs Ferry.

To

Col.

7

Establishment of ex [Elisha] Sheldon [Camp]. Draft. to Southington [Connecticut]. presses In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. 1 p.
B.

XIV,

pt. 1, 161

1781
JULY
7

Anonymous.

1781
"337-N"

[JULY

7]

List of [Rear] Adrnl. [Thomas, Lord] Graves 51, 252 squadron. 1 p. 729 [Setauket, New York.] To John Samuel. Culper, Bolton [Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge, Hartford, Connecticut]. Transmits report from old assist 1 p. ants in New York. A. L. S.
"
"

W

1781 JULY

Humphreys, D[avid].
7

Dobbs Ferry [New York].

To

Orders [Capt. John Pray, Nyack, New York]. A. L. S. to use whale-boats as guard boats.
2 pp.

W

1781 JULY

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John].
7

Albany. To [George] Washington [Phillipsburg]. Forwarding intelligence; dis belief of same; wish for adjustment of contro versy with Vermont and that the independence A. L. S. 2 pp. of that State be acknowledged. 50, 291
Hartford [Connecticut]. To [George]

1781 JULY

Stevens, N[athaniel].
7

Washington [Phillipsburg]. Report of provisions and rum made to Gov. [Jonathan] Trumbull;
agreement of

New England
and

States to furnish

beef; [salt] beef 2 pp.

live cattle supply.

L. S.
50,

287

1781 JULY?

Stevens,

Hartford. To Gov. [Jonathan] N[athaniel]. Trumbull [Lebanon, Connecticut]. Cattle col
ing
lected at various towns; requests their forward to the Army. Contemporary copy. At

bottom
1781 JULY

of Stevens, 1781, July 4.

Return

of provision

and rum,

8

To [Maj.] [Washington, George.] Near Dobbs Ferry. Gen. [William] Heath [Boston]. Delay of Mas sachusetts in raising mili tia need of punctuality in furnishing supplies; orders to join the Army; desires information of Rhode Island and Con;

1888

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
necticut s fulfilment of requisitions; supplies en 2 pp. Draft. In handwriting of Jon
B.

route.

1781
JULY 8

athan Trumbull, jr. Newark. Caldwell, James.
route to

To

Col. Elias

XIV, pt. 1, 163 Dayton [en

Dobbs Ferry, New York]. Possibility of obtaining clothing for the Jersey brigade cap tured in the Confederacy; need of a passport
from Washington to bring it out from New York. 1 p. Enclosed in Dayton to Washing
ton, 1781, July 12.
50,

A. L. S.
1781 JULYS

340

Dayton, Elias.

Troy [New

Jersey].

To

[George]

Wash-

ington [Phillipsburg].

Delay in march of Jer from want of meat and wagons; sey troops

John
1781 JULYS

court-martial of various criminals; confession of 1 p. L. S. 50, 305 Cully.

S. G. [Secret Service]

[New York.] To K[ichard] M[uirson, Long Island?] [Rear] Adml. [Thomas, Lord] Graves fleet at [Sandy] Hook; sufficiency of
ships
;

lack of sailors

;

force at Kingsbridge

;

re-

enforcement expected from the South; location of British and Loyalist regiments; Grenada and Pensacola reported captured by Spanish; French successes in the West Indies; urges attack on

New York.
1781 JULYS

A. L. S.

2pp.

W

Wayne, Anthony. Chickahominy Church, 8 miles from Jamestown [Virginia]. To [George] Washington
[Phillipsburg].

Retreat

of

Cornwallis

to

the

James River; pursuit and attack near Green Spring Farm [Jamestown Ford]; account of the
engagement; bravery of troops; A. L. S. 10pp. Answered July 30. Letters to Washington, 3, 347.
1781
JULY
9

losses,

etc.

In Sparks, 50, 299

[Washington, George.] Near Dobbs Ferry. To Brig. Gen. [James] Clinton [Albany]. Detention of troops at Albany; boats; supply of beef cattle to north ward; Vermont matters. Draft. 2 pp. In

handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIV,

pt. 1, 175

1781
JULY 9

Washington,] G[eorge].

Near Dobbs Ferry. ToMaj.Gen. [Alexander] McDougall [West Point]. Troops from the North to be retained at West Point.
Draft.
bull, jr.
1 p.

In handwriting of Jonathan Trum
B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

173

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
JULY 9

1889

[Washington, George.]
ices.

Near Dobbs Ferry.
1

To

Charles

Pettit, Philadelphia.

Draft.

p.

Tilghman.
1781 JULY
9

His resignation and serv In handwriting of Tench B. XIV, pt. 1, 179

1781
JULY 9

Washington,] G[eorge]. Near Dobbs Ferry. To [Philip John] Schuyler [Albany]. Nails, oakum, etc. for warded; rum; boats and means of getting them to Army; timber. Draft. 2pp. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 1, 169 [Washington, George.] Near Dobbs Ferry. To Lt. Peter Summers, Philadelphia. His resignation. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIV,
3 pp.

pt. 1,

177

[1781]
[JULY
9]

Charlant, Pierre.

Account
7,

of his services to

America from
9.

1775 to July

1781.

A. D.

[?]

in Schuyler to

Washington, 1781, July
de].

Enclosed 50, 318

1781 JULY

[Barbe-JMarbois,
9

[Francois, Marquis

Philadelphia.

To [George Washington,

For wards letters for Europe; news from South Caro lina and the West Indies. A. L. S. 3 pp. (In
Phillipsburg].

French).

Answered July

13.

51, 43

1781
JULY
9

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John],

Albany. To [George] Washington [Phillipsburg]. Services rendered by Pierre 50, 316 Chapeton [or Charlant]. A. L. S. 1 p.

1781
JULY
9

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John].

Albany.

Certificate of services

and imprisonment of Pierre Charlant. A. D. S. on verso of last page of Charlant, Account of his
services, 1781,

July

9.

1781 JULY

[Washington, George.]
10

Near Dobbs Ferry. ToMaj.Gen. [Arthur] St. Clair [Philadelphia]. Pennsylvania s Act to procure men; St. Clair s command in the
South and
writing of

1781 JULY

difficulties. Draft. 2 pp. In hand Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 1, 181 [Washington, George.] Near Dobbs Ferry. To Lt. [John]

10

Townes, Philadelphia.
trial.

Draft.

1

p.

His request for a new In handwriting of Tench
B.

Tilghman.
1781
J ULY 10

XIV,

pt. 1,

185

Clinton, James.

lipsburg].

Albany. To [George] Washington [PhilHolding of the 2d [New York] regi

ment; mutiny of 1st regiment; desertions; guard for [Philip John] Schuyler. L. S. 2 pp. Answered July 14. 50, 325
56214

VOL

312

17

1890
1781
JULY 10

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Parsons,

Samuel H[olden].

[Phillipsburg.]

To [George

Washington, Phillipsburg]. Capts. [Edward] Bulkley s and [James] Morris claim to rank;
claims of subalterns.

A. L. S.

1 p.

50,

324

1781
JULY 10

Scammell, Alexander.

Dobbs Ferry [New York],
convey
1

Orders

to Capt. James Morris to British lines. A. D. S.

letters to the

On verso of 2d p. the receipt, in pencil, of Lt. Col. de Prueschener for seven sealed letters. Enclosed in
sheet
is

Scammell
1781
JULY 10

to

Washington, 1781, July

11.

50,

36

Townes, John.

Philadelphia.

To

[George] Washington

[Phillipsburg]. Pleading settlement of his case. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered July 16. 51, 46a

1781
JULY 11

[Washington, George.] Dobbs Ferry. To Comte de B arras [Newport]. Capture of a French transport; Brit ish reenforcement at Charleston and naval intelli gence. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench

Tilghman.
1781
JULY 11

D.

I, pt. 2,

251

[Near Dobbs Ferry.] To [Maj. [Washington, George.] Gen. Benjamin Lincoln, near Kingsbridge]. Ref ugee impress of horses. Draft. 1 p. In hand writing of David Humphreys. B. XIV, pt. 1, 187

1781
JULY 11

[Washington, George.] [Near Dobbs Ferry.] To [Comte de Rochambeau, Phillipsburg]. Signs of a Refu gee incursion. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of D. David Humphreys. I, pt. 2, 249

1781
JULY 11

Hand, Edward.

of killed,
1 p.^

Near Dobbs Ferry [New York]. Return wounded and missing in the action near
3.

Kingsbridge, July

Tabular statement.

D.

S.

W

1781
JULY
11

Humphreys, David.
Island;

Dobbs Ferry. To Col.

art [Peekskill].
of salt provision.

[Charles] StewBeef cattle for militia in Rhode

husbanding, storage and transportation Auto, draft signed. 2 pp. B. XIV, pt. 1, 189
de.

1781
JULY 11

Rochambeau, Comte

orandum

of

[Phillipsburg, New York.] Memreceipt of Washington s letter of

date and orders given in consequence. A. D. S. D. 1 p. I, pt, 2, 249a

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
[JULY 11] JUNE 11

1891

Scammell, Alexander.

[George] a flag of the British guards at and about Kings
scarcity bridge; 1 p. A. L. S.
of

Dobbs Ferry [New York]. To Washington [New Windsor]. Report of
forage

with

the

enemy.
50, 35

1781 JULY

Woelpper, J[ohn] D[avid].
11

Philadelphia. To Maj. Gen. [Arthur] St. Clair, Philadelphia. Charges against Col. [Lewis] Nicola. L. S. 2 pp. Endorsed by

Trumbull:
10th

"Copy

sent to Genl. McDougall

Aug

for

Trial."

Enclosed in

St. Clair to

Washington, 1781, July 20.
1781
JULY 12

50,

328

[Washington, George.] Near Dobbs Ferry. To Col. [Elias] Dayton, Dobbs Ferry. Orders to maintain his
present position; [Rev. James] Caldwell s pro posal to procure clothing. Draft. 1 p. In hand writing of Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 1, 195

1781
JULY 12

[Washington, George.] [Near Dobbs Ferry.] To Maj. Gen. [Alexander] McDougall [West Point]. Desires a return of troops at West Point; prisoners. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

1781
JULY 12

[Washington, George.] [Samuel Holden] Parsons [Redding, Connecticut]. Orders for Brig. Gen. [David] Waterbury to move
his corps to
1 p.

Near Dobbs Ferry

XIV, pt. 1, 191 To Maj. Gen.

Mamaroneck [New York].
B.

Draft.

In handwriting of David Humphreys.

XIV,

pt. 1, 193

1781
JULV
12

[Washington, George.]
[de]

[Near Dobbs Ferry.]

To Comte

[Phillipsburg]. Arrangements 1 p. for a reconnoisance in force. Auto, draft.

Rochambeau

D.

I,

pt. 2,

253

1781
JULY 12

Clinton, James.

Albany.

To

[George] Washington [Phil-

lipsburg]. Readiness of 2d [New York] regiment to march; application for beef; acknowledges directions respecting the cartel between Vermont

and Canada; Col. [Marinus] Willett s victory over Indians at Curry s Town. L. S. 2 pp. An swered July 20. 50, 337
1781 JULY 12

Dayton, Elias.

Dobbs Ferry [New York].

To [George

Washington
Ferry; Caldwell
day.

Arrival at Dobbs] [Phillipsburg]. party sent to seize cattle; Rev. [James]
s letter.

L. S.

1

p.

Answered same
50,

339

1892
1781
JULY 12

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Pennsylvania Brigade. [James River, Virginia.] Return of the Pennsylvania brigade commanded by Col. Richard Humpton. Tabular statement. D. S. of Humpton. 1 p. Enclosed in Wayne to 51, 102 Washington, 1781, July 16.
Pickering, Timothy.
12

1781 JULY

[Phillipsburg.]

To
;

[George]

Wash-

num ington [Phillipsburg]. Disappointment ber of horses available for use fruitless efforts to
in

hire teams; necessity of hard money; requests directions; failure to procure artillery horses for
[Maj.] Gen. [Henry]

Knox.

A. L. S.

6 pp.
50,

333

1781
JULY 12

Stevens, N[athaniel].

Fishkill [New York]. To [George] Washington [Phillipsburg]. Extensive purchas ing and forwarding of beef cattle; inability to

discover A. L. S.

name
2 pp.

of the

buyer for Rhode Island.
50, 331

1781
JULY 13

[Washington, George.] Near Dobbs Ferry. To [Francois, de Barbe-]Marbois [Philadelphia]. Marquis Transmitting letters; intelligence from South Carolina and the West Indies. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. D. I, pt. 2, 257 [Washington, George.] [Near Dobbs Ferry.] To [Chevalier de Chastellux, French Camp]. Arrest of a dis
turber [of the camp.] Draft. 1 p. In hand of David Humphreys. D. I, pt. 2, 255 writing

1781
JULY 13

1781
JULY 13

[Washington, George.]

Dobbs

Ferry.

To
1

tholomew] von Heer [New Windsor].
Draft. join the main Army. writing of David Humphreys.
B.
p.

Capt. [BarOrders to

In hand
pt. 1,

XIV,

205

1781
JULY 13

[Washington, George.] Near Dobbs Ferry. To Marquis de Lafayette [Mattapony River, Virginia]. Con gratulations on his advantages over Lord Cornwallis; [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene s successes
in South Carolina; confidential

communication by

troops and magazines in Virginia; establishment of communication with main Army ;

an

officer;

requests early intelligence in event of Cornwallis detaching any troops by sea. Draft. 4 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In Ford, 9, 298. B. XIV, pt. 1, 197

1781
JULY 13

Washington,] G[eorge].
Francisco

Rendon

Near Dobbs Ferry. To Don Thanks for [Philadelphia].

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
his present [of fruit, etc.] to Mrs. [Martha] 1 In Draft. p. ington and himself.

1893

Wash
hand
259

writing of

Jonathan Trumbull,

jr.

D.

I, pt. 2,

1781
JULY
13

[Washington, George.] Near Dobbs Ferry. To Brig Gen. [David] Waterbury [Stamford, Connecticut]. Orders to take position on the left of White Plains; two and three days provision to be on

hand; intelligence desired. Draft. handwriting of David Humphreys.
B.

2 pp.

In

1781
JULY
13

Chastellux,

Chevalier de.

XIV, pt. 1, 201 To [George [Phillipsburg.]
Forwarding a
pris

Washington, Phillipsburg].
oner.

A. L. S.

2 pp.

50,

346

1781
JULY
13

New

Jersey Brigade. of the New Jersey brigade present at Dobbs 1 p. Enclosed in Ferry. Tabular statement.

Dobbs Ferry [New York].

Return

1781
JULY
13

51, 3 Dayton to Washington, 1781, July 14. Rochambeau, Comte de. Phillipsburg. To [George Wash-

ington, Phillipsburg]. Uneasiness over delay in arrival of bread supply; requests final resolution
as to delay in

march

of the French.

L. S.

2 pp.
50,

342

1781
JULY
13

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John].

Albany. [George] Washington [Phillipsburg]. Arrival of nails and nail rods
;

To

refusal of conditions insisted

on

at

Schenectady
deficiency of
50,

for building batteaux; expected

planks.

A. L.

S.

1781
JULY 13

Willett,

Marinus.

Fort

2 pp. Rensselaer

344

[New York].

To

[George] Washington [Phillipsburg]. Victory over Tories and Indians [at Curry Town] com

1781
JULY 14

manded by Joseph Brant. Washington,] Gfeorge]. Near Dobbs

L. S.

2 pp.

50,

S47

Ferry. [James] Clinton [Albany]. Disturbance in the 1st New York regiment; guard for [Philip John] Schuyler; militia to defend frontier; removal of

To Brig. Gen.

cannon and stores from Fort Herkimer;
lerymen.
1781 JULY
Draft.
2

artil

pp.

14

Jonathan Trumbull, jr. Near Dobbs Ferry. To Col. Washington,] G[eorge]. [John] Greaton [Dobbs Ferry ?] Intelligence to be communicated to Lord Stirling. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 1, 219

In handwriting of B. XIV, pt. 1, 211

1894
1781
JULY 14

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington, George.]
[John]

Near Dobbs

Ferry.

To

Capt.

Pray [Dobbs Ferry]. Orders for guard boats to proceed down the river; secret move ment of Army. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of

David Humphreys.
1781
JULY 14

B.

XIV,

pt.

1,

233
Col.

[Wasnington, George.] Ferry.] Post [Alexander] Scammell [Dobbs Ferry]. on account of weather. ponement [of enterprise]
Draft.
1

[Near Dobbs

To

p.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

221

1781
JULY 14

Near Dobbs Ferry. To Col. Washington,] Gfeorge]. Alexander Scammell [Dobbs Ferry]. Orders for
a night advance; Draft. ment.
general directions as to
3

move
of

pp.

In

handwriting

1781
JULY 14

B. Jonathan Trumbull, jr. XIV, pt. 1, 223 Near Dobbs Ferry. Instructions [Washington, George.] to [William Alexander,] Lord Stirling [Dobbs Security of camp and baggage; culti Ferry].

vation of harmony with French. Draft. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

3 pp.

XIV,

pt. 1,

207

1781
JULY 14

[Washington,

Near Dobbs Ferry. To Maj. George.] Re Villefranche [Fort Herkimer, New York]. pair of the old fortifications; cannon and stores.
Draft.
2 pp.

In handwriting of David
B.

Hum

1781
JULY 14

1781
JULY 14

XIV, pt. 1, 231 [Washington, George.] Near Dobbs Ferry. To Brig. Gen. [David] Waterbury [near White- Plains], Orders 1 p. In Draft. to march to East Chester. handwriting of David Humphreys. B. XIV, pt. 1, 215 Dobbs Ferry.] To Brig. Washington,] G[eorge], [Near Gen. [David] Waterbury [near White Plains].
phreys.

Countermanding marching orders on account
weather.
Draft.
1

of of

p.

In

handwriting
pt.
1,

1781
JULY 14

B. Jonathan Trumbull, jr. XIV, Near Dobbs Ferry. Washington, George.

217
Col.

To

[Marinus] Willett [Fort Rensselaer, New York]. Approving his dispositions for defense of the
frontier; militia and New York levies must be his main reliance; forwarding cannon and stores from Fort Herkimer. Draft. 2 pp. In hand

writing of

Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

227

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
JULY 14
Elaine,

1895

Ephraim. Philadelphia. To [George Washington, Phillip sburg]. Forwarding stores and supplies for 51, 4 Washington s table. L. S. 1 p.

1781
JULY 14

[Elaine, Ephraim.] Philadelphia. List of sundries sent to headquarters for use of Washington s table.
1 p.

Enclosed in preceding entry.

51, 5

1781
JULY 14

Dayton, Elias.
[of

Dobbs Ferry [New York].
[Phillipsburg].

To

[George]

Washington

the Jersey brigade]; State for recruits; impress of wagons.
1 p.

Transmitting return bounty offered by the
L. S.
51, 2

1781
JULY
14

Honeywell, Israel.

Cortlandt

Manor [New York].
s

To

George Washington [Phillipsburg]. watchfulness of [Col. James] De Lancey
A. L.
S.
1

Position and

Corps.
50,

p.

350

1781
JULY 14

Lafayette, [Marquis de.] Bottoms Bridge Maj. [William] Galvan [Bottoms

[Virginia],

To

Per Bridge]. mission to go to Philadelphia; his zeal and activity; brilliant conduct in the late skirmish [Jamestown Ford and Green Springs]. L. S.
2 pp.

Enclosed in Galvan to Washington, 1781,
4.

Aug.
1781
JULY 15

51, 175

Dobbs Ferry. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] Clinton [Albany]. Men to bring boats [James] from Albany. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of B. XIV, pt. 1, 241 David Humphreys.
Washington,] G[eorge].

1781
JULY 15

Near Dobbs Ferry. To Maj. Gen. [Alexander] McDougall [West Point]. Orders to receive and guard the boats from Albany.
1 p.

Draft.

Smith.
1781
JULY 15

In handwriting of William Stephens B. XIV, pt. 1, 239

Washington,] G[eorge]. Near Dobbs Ferry. To [Philip John] Schuyler [Albany]. Orders to send down boats, oars and plank immediately. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 1, 237
Barras, [Comte de].

1781
JULY 15

Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, Phillipsburg]. Acknowledges Brit ish naval intelligence from New York; reasons for not removing the French squadron [to the
Chesapeake]; failure of attempt against Hunt(In ington Bay [Long Island]. L. S. 3 pp. 51, 8 French) Answered July 21.

1896
1781
JULY 15

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Humphreys, David.]

Near Dobbs Ferry.

To the

Officer

at Verplanck s Point [New York]. Intelligence of British ships sailing up the Hud son. Auto, draft. 2pp. B. XIV, pt, 1, 245

commanding

1781
JULY 15

S. G. [Secret Service.]

[Stony Brook, Long Island.]

To

[Maj.] B[enjamin] T[allmadge, Hartford? Con State of reenforcements received at necticut].

York; location of British fleet unknown; enlargement of fort at Huntlngton [Long Island] Stony Brook harbor to be fortified for Refugees; will ruin secret intelligence. A. L. S. 2 pp. En dorsed: "August 15th 1781 Culper on matters &
;

New

things"

W

1781
JULY 15

Stark, John.

Derryfield [New Hampshire], To [George] Washington [Phillipsburg]. Intended visit to the Green Mountain Boys on his way to Saratoga.

L. S. 3, 353.

1

p.

In Sparks, Letters to Washington,
51, 6

1781
JULY 15

[Tilghman, Tench.] [Phillipsburg, New York.] Memorandum of strength of the Army. A. D. 1 p. En dorsed by Washington "Force in July 1781"
:

W

1781
JULY 15

W[arner,] S[eth].

Bennington [Vermont]. To [George] Washington [New Windsor]. Requests exchange
of his officers taken in 1779.

ing of
[1781]
[JULY 15]

and

initialed

by

2 pp. In handwrit a secretary. 50, 70

[Warner, Seth.]

Return

of officers

ment taken prisoners
and Aug.

at

and soldiers of his regiLake George, July 15

22, 1779. 1 p. Addressed to the Com missary General of Prisoners [Abraham Skin Enclosed in Warner to Washington, 1781, ner].

July
1781
JULY
16

15.

51, 7

[Washington, George.]

Near Dobbs Ferry.

To Lt.

[John]

Townes, Philadelphia. Referring his case to Gen. [Nathanael] Greene. Draft. 1 p. In Maj.
handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

1781
JULY
16

Humphreys], D[avid]. Dobbs Ferry. Stewart [Peekskill]. Orders to inspect the ovens
at

XIV, pt. 1, 249 To Col. [Charles]
1

White
Barry.

Plains.

Auto, draft signed.
B.

p.

XIV,

pt. 1,

251

1781
JULY 16

St. leger,

Instructions to St. Johns [Canada.] - Howard to capture prisoners and destroy things tending to the comfort of the enemy. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Stark to

Washington, 1781, Aug.

9.

51,

226

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781 JULYIG

1897

Wayne, Anthony.
ginia].

Woodson s Ferry, James River [VirTo [George] Washington [Near Dobbs
Col.

Ferry].

toward Carolina;

that quarter; bring forward reenforcements; recovery of men unfit for duty.

Tarleton s advance corps ordered toward officers sent to Pennsylvania to
[Banastre]

Wayne

s

need of same;
L. S.
3 pp.
51,

100

1781 JULYI?

Greene, Nathanael.
Una],

High

Hills of the Santee [South Caros

To

[George] Washington [Phillipsburg].

The proposed attempt on New York; Greene
measures for the defense of Virginia South; Marquis [de Lafayette s] good principles on which Greene acted; change in British conduct of the war.
4 pp. 1781
JULY 17

and the
conduct; probable A. L. S.
51, 21

Greene, Nathanael.
Una],
phia].

To

High Hills of the Santee [South Carothe President of Congress [Philadel

Retirement before the enemy; his later and Greene s pursuit; Capt. [Joseph] Eggleston [jr] s exploit [at Saluda River]; cap
retreat

ture of British store wagons; other manceuvers;

evacuation of Ninety-Six; exchange of prisoners; benefit expected from the attempt on New York;
British reenf orcement ;

mutiny of a British regi of the enemy; tories; gathering ment; ravages of militia in Georgia and South Carolina; estab
lishment of Civil Government; belief in British plan of war; prudent measures of the Marquis [de 15 pp. En Lafayette]. Contemporary copy. closed in Greene to Washington, 1781, July 17. With omissions in Sparks, Letters to Washing 51, 23 ton, 3, 354.

1781
JULY 17

McDougall, Alexander. West Point. To [George] Washington [Phillipsburg]. Boats; lack of meat; unnecessary increase of distance and expense in transporting cattle and rum to West Point;
expenditure of the salted provision in the magazine; one-third of the garrison inefficient from youthfulness and age; danger of commu nication by water. L. S. 4 pp. Answered July 21. 51, 17

1781 JULY

Nicola, Lewis.
17

Philadelphia.

Phillipsburg]. need of pay for the regiment; efforts to obtain A. L. S. 2pp. 51, 16 it; lack of boats.

To [George Washington, Delay in marching caused by

1898
[1781]
[JULY 17]

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Rochambeau, Comte
de.]

[Phillipsburg.]

To [George

Washington, Phillipsburg]. Sand-bags sent to Providence. 1 p. In 3d person and the hand
writing of a secretary. Chastellux, Chevalier de. [Phillipsburg,
51, 19

1781
JULY 18

New

York].

To

[George] Washington [Phillipsburg]. a barrel of claret. A. L. S. 2 pp.

Presenting 51, 35

1781
JULY 18

McFarland, Moses.

Boston.

To
in
of

[George]

Washington
L. S.
1 p.

[Phillipsburg].

Delay

march
money.

of Invalids for

West Point from want
1781
JULY 18

51,

32

Muhlenberg, P[eter].

[Bottoms Bridge, Virginia.]

To

[Maj. William Galvan, Bottoms Bridge]. Regret at his proposed journey to the northward; his

value to the Army and to Muhlenberg. A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Galvan to Washington, 1781,

Aug.
1781
JULY 18
Schott,

4.

51, 177

John

P[aul].

Wyoming

[Pennsylvania].

To
:

Memorial His services, derangement, pay due and desti tution; pleads for a recommendation to Con
[George] Washington [Phillipsburg].
gress.

A. D.

S.

2 pp.

51,

33

1781
JULY 19

[Washington, George.] Chastellux, Newport].
claret.

New
1

Windsor.

[Chevalier de Acceptance of a cask of

To

Draft.

p.

Tilghman.
1781 JULY
Pickering, Timothy.
19

In handwriting of Tench P. II, 417

[Phillipsburg.]

To

[George]

Wash-

ington [Phillipsburg]. Purchase of horses for the artillery; horses expected from Pennsylvania;

recommends an impress
for the light artillery;

in

New

Jersey for horses

need of ferry boats at
of route of transporta

Dobbs Ferry; shortening
tion of stores

1781
JULY 19

and expresses. A. L. S. 2 pp. In Letters to Washington, 3, 358. 51, 41 Sparks, Rochambeau, Comte de and George Washington. Dobbs Ferry. Conference Plans of campaign and con tingencies. Questions by Rochambeau and an
:

swers by Washington, arranged in parallel col umns. D. S. 3 pp. Questions in handwriting of de Sibille, answers in that of Jonathan TrumIn Ford, 9, 307. D. bull, jr. I, pt. 2, 261
1781 JULY

Rochambeau, Comte
19

ington,

Phillipsburg. To [George WashDisinclination of de Phillipsburg].
de.

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1899

Barras to leave harbor before joining Comte de Grasse requests to know Washington s definitive plan of operations for submission to de Grasse. L. S. 2 pp. 51, 37
;

1781
JULY 19

Varick, Richard.

Poughkeepsie [New York].

To

[George]

Washington [Phillipsburg]. Delay at New Wind sor for want of water carriage; papers missing from those of 1775 and 1776; sorting and arranging; commencement of work of copying;
arrangement of opinions of decision to keep councils of war sepa rate; safety of Varick s quarters. A. L. S. 3 pp.
misplaced papers;
officers;

51,

39

1781
JULY 20

Dobbs Ferry. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] [James] Clinton [Albany]. Forwarding men and boats [to West Point]; inquiry as to the Massa chusetts militia. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of
Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

253
[Col.

1781
JULY 20

[Washington, George.]

[Near Dobbs Ferry.]

To

Timothy Pickering, Newburgh]. Transportation
of stores across the

horses.

Draft.

1 p.

Cobb.
1781
JULY 20
Clinton, James.

[Hudson] river; impress of In handwriting of David B. XIV, pt. 1, 255

Albany.

lipsburg]. of money; delay in arrival of troops from the eastward; weakness of Capt. [Andrew] Moody s

To [George] Washington [PhilMurmuring of troops caused by delay

company.
1781
JULY 20

L. S.

1 p.

51, 57

Lafayette,

Malvern Hill [Virginia]. To [Marquis de]. Lack of [George Washington, Phillipsburg]. news of affairs outside of Virginia; requests Washington s opinion as to the Virginia cam
paign; manoeuvers; failure of Col. [Banastre] Tarleton s raid; British army at Portsmouth;
troops to go to

New York

;

possible departure of

Lord Cornwallis;
thony] Wayne termination to

his ability; [Brig.] Gen. [An s station at Goode s Bridge; de

join

[Maj.]

Gen.

[Nathanael]
;

Greene

position of American troops promise of militia reenf orcement need of a "treaty of alli
;
;

ance with the

Negroes"

encloses plans of

New York;

to find dragoon horses; non-arrival of cloth-

1900

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
ing for the Light Infantry; worth of the corps. A. L. S. 7 pp. Marked "private" Answered

July 30.
1781
JULY 20 Lafayette,

51,

49

Marquis

de.

Malvern Hill

[Virginia].

To

[George Washington, Phillipsburg]. Writes to his friend and not the Commander in chief;
operations in Virginia; British embarkation; reasons for desiring to be with the main Army;

Lord Cornwallis
any capacity;

inquiries willingness to serve in intelligence obtained from a cap tured British officer; place for Lafayette in the
;

main Army; intended reconnoissance of Ports mouth. A. L. S. 7pp. Answered July 30. In
Sparks, Letters to Washington,
3,

360.

51,

53

1781
JULY 20

Pierce, John.

[Phillipsburg.]
of

To

[Phillipsburg].

Advances

[George] Washington of money made the

Army; payment

troops taken over by the States; depreciation; requests authority for the payments. A. L. S. 2 pp.

W

1781
JULY 20

St. Clair,

Arthur.

Philadelphia.

To

[George]

Washington

[Phillipsburg].

Regret
in

main Army; delay

at not serving with the march of Pennsylvania

of clothing and necessaries; delay of the Invalid Corps from want of money; charges against Col. [Lewis] Nicola [by Capt. John David Woelpper]; Lt.

troops southward from want

[John]

Bigham

s

case; introducing Maj.

[Isaac

Budd] Dunn; need of the Pennsylvania levies in case of Lord Cornwallis return to New York. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Aug. 7. 51, 45
1731
JULY 21

[Washington, George.] Dobbs Ferry. To Comte de Barras [Newport]. Regret at his declining to send a squadron to the Chesapeake; the attempt 2 pp. against Huntington [Long Island]. Draft. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In Ford, D. I, pt. 2, 271 9, 323, note.
[Washington, George.]
[Elias]

1781
JULY 21

[Near Dobbs

Ferry.]

To

Col.

Dayton [Dobbs Ferry]. Letter for [Brig.] Gen. [David] Forman. Draft. 1 p. In hand
Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 1, 265 Dobbs Ferry. To Col. [Elias] [Washington, George.] Dayton [Dobbs Ferry]. Orders for reconnoitering
writing of

1781 JULY

21

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1901

party on heights at Fort Lee; reports to be made 1 p. In hand Draft. of enemy s movements. B. XIV, of Tench Tilghman. 1, 267 writing
pt.

1781 JULY

[Washington, George.]
21

Dobbs Ferry. To [Brig. Gen. David Forman, Monmouth, New Jersey]. En closure for Comte de Grasse; lookouts and ex

presses; intelligence of British ships desired. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh Draft.

man and Jonathan
1781
JULY 21

Trumbull,

jr.

B.

[Washington, George.] Dobbs Ferry. His arrival; junction of [In the West Indies]. the allied Armies; force of British at New York and attempt against that place or against Vir 4 pp. In handwriting of Tench Draft. ginia. D. I, pt. 2, 267 Tilghman. [Washington, George.]

XIV, pt. 1, 261 To Comte de Grasse

1781
JULY 21

Near Dobbs Ferry. To [Ma j. Gen. Alexander McDougall, West Point]. Physical condition of recruits; damage done British ships

by battery
2

pp.

Smith.
1781
JULY 21

Draft. at Dobbs Ferry; supplies. In handwriting of William Stephens B. XIV, pt. 1, 257

[Washington, George.]
[John]

[Near Dobbs Ferry.] To Capt. Ferry]. The postponed reconnoissance to be made tonight; necessity of

Pray [Dobbs

immediate intelligence of every movement of enemy s boats. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of B. David Humphreys. XIV, pt. 1, 271
1781
JULY 21

Washington,] G[eorge].
[Phillipsburg,

Dobbs Ferry. ToMons.deSibille York]. Thanks for translat ing and putting in cipher his letter to Comte

New

de Grasse.

Draft.

1
jr.

p.

Jonathan Trumbull,
1781
JULY 21

In handwriting of D. I, pt. 2, 275

Washington,] Gjeorge]. Near Dobbs Ferry. To [Lt.] Col. [Richard] Varick [Poughkeepsie]. His care of the papers; confusion among those of 1775-76; an swers and opinions of General Officers; quarters at Poughkeepsie. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 1, 269
[Washington, George.] Near Dobbs Ferry. [David] Waterbury [White Plains

1781
JULY 21

To
?].

Brig. Gen. Orders to

1902

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

march
David
1781
JULY 21

tion necessary.

to East Chester; scouting party and cau Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Humphreys. In Ford, 9, 310. B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

259

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John].

Albany. To [George] Washington [Dobbs Ferry]. Completion of batteaux for warding same intelligence from Canada. A. L. S. 3 pp. 51, 58
;

;

1781
JULY 21

Sibille,

Mons. de [Phillipsburg.] To [George WashingForwards [French] transla ton, Dobbs Ferry].
tion of

Washington
A. L. S.

s

letter

to

De

Grasse

[of

July
1781
JULY 22

21].

1 p.

51, 61

Tallmadge, Benjamin.
[George]

Wethersfield [Connecticut].

Washington [Kingsbridge].

To Remounts

forwarded to camp; expected time of arrival at 51, 65 camp. A. L. S. 1 p.
1781
JULY 23

Dayton, Elias. Dobbs Ferry. To [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Cannon sent by British to

Sandy Hook

;

recall of the

Anspach regiment and

British Light Infantry from the Southward; col lection of men by Col. [Silvanus] Seely; move

ment
L. S.

of

Dayton

s

1 p.

regiment to better pasturage. 51, 74

1781
JULY 23

Fellows, John.

Sheffield [Massachusetts].

To

[Lt.] Col.

[Marinus] Willett [Fort Herkimer, New York]. Raising of militia; lack of orders to forward the

men

to Albany. Contemporary copy. 1 p. En closed in Clinton to Washington, 1781, July 30.
51, 118
Second copy,
51, 121.

1781
JULY 23

To [George Freehold [New Jersey]. Forman, David. Washington, near Dobbs Ferry]. Establishment of expresses to convey intelligence British ships;

of-the-line [in New York bay]; departure of a 51, 73 squadron for the South. A. L. S. 1 p.

1781
JULY 23

Pugh, Jonathan. Trenton. Return of corps of Invalids Tabular state at Trenton, July 23. A. D. S. ment. 1 p. Countersigned by Col. Lewis Nicola. Enclosed in Nicola to Washington, 1781, July 24. 51, 80
Nicola, Lewis.

1781
JULY 24

Trenton.
Ferry].

To [George Washington, Near
Recounting reasons of delay in
[of Invalids]
;

Dobbs

marching the regiment

delay in ob-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1903

taining pay and boats; measures taken to allay uneasiness of the men; Capt. [John David] 51, 76 Woelpper s charges. A. L. S. 8 pp.

1781
JULY 24

Steuben,

[Baron].

Charlottesville

[Virginia].

To

Col.

[Christian] Febiger
Virginia],
recruits;
1 p.

[Cumberland Court House ? Selection of a general rendezvous for

encloses instructions.

Contemporary

Enclosed in Febiger to Washington, copy. 55, 25 1782, Mar. 14.
[1781]
[JULY 24]

Steuben, [Baron.] [Near Charlottesville, Virginia.] Instructions to govern the recruiting service, sup

1781
JULY 24

Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed Washington, 1782, Mar. 14. 55, 26 Woodbridge, Joseph. Groton [Connecticut]. To [George] Washington [near Dobbs Ferry]. Recovery of cannon from [H. M. S.] CuUoden; offers them on A. L. S. 1 p. reasonable terms. Answered
plies, etc.

in Febiger to

Aug.
1781
JULY 25

5.

51, 75

Washington,] G[eorge]. Near Dobbs Ferry. To [Col. Elias Dayton, Dobbs Ferry]. Importance of his
position of his brigade. Draft. 1 p. handwriting of William Stephens Smith.
post;
B.

In

1781 JULY

25

[Washington, George.] [Alexander] McDougall [West Point]

XIV, pt. 1, 277 Near Dobbs Ferry. ToMaj.Gen.
Arrival of
1

West Point. Draft. writing of David Humphreys.
militia at

p.

In hand

B.

1781
JULY 25

[Washington, George.]

[Dobbs Ferry.]

XIV, pt. 1, 273 To Comte de Ro-

1781
JULY 25

chambeau [Phillipsburg]. Sailing of [Rear] Adml. [Thomas, Lord] Graves from New York. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench TilghD. I, pt. 2, 277 man. [Washington, George.] Near Dobbs Ferry. To [Brig. Gen. David Waterbury, White Plains]. Disposition of cattle and horses taken from Throgs Neck.
Draft.
1 p.

Smith.
1781
JULY 25

In handwriting of William Stephens B. XIV, pt. 1, 275

Barras, [Comte de].

Newport.
refers

To

[George] Washington

[Dobbs

Ferry].

Dispositions

made
p.

for

any

movement; Washington Comte de Rochambeau. L. S. 1
Translation

to his letter to

(In French)

51,87
by Peregrine Fitzhugh,
51, 88.

1904
1781
JULY 25
[Barras,

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

Comte

de].

Newport.

To [Comte de RochamUnsuccesful attempt

beau, near

Dobbs

Ferry].

against Huntington [Long Island]; repair of the Surveillante; news from the West Indies;

expected time of arrival of Comte De Grasse; depth of water at Sandy Hook; Washington s desire for Barras to go to the Chesapeake; reasons need of his transports; crews. against it;

Contemporary translation by Tilghman.
1781
JULY 25
Billing, Stephen.

4 pp. 51, 85

Dobbs Ferry. To [George] Washington [Dobbs Ferry]. Charges against Maj. [Jean Bernard de] Murnand; requests his arrest.
A. L. S.
1 p.

51,

84

1781
JULY 25

Bowman,

Nathaniel.

[George
A. L. S.

[Near Fort Lee, Washington, Near
s

New

Jersey].

To

Report of enemy
1 p.

movements

Ferry]. within their lines.
51,

Dobbs

83

1781 JULY

Heer,
25

Bartholomew von.

Philadelphia.

To

[George]

Washington [Dobbs Ferry]. Orders to march to camp; lack of horses and accoutrements for his corps; pay due the men; their dissatisfaction;
inability
of officers to support forwards a small number of men;
s consideration.

ington

L. S.

themselves; begs Wash 3 pp. 51, 81

1781 JULY 26

Lafayette,

To [Virginia]. [Marquis de.] British em [George Washington, Phillipsburg]. barkation from Virginia; measures taken to obtain further intelligence; numbers embarked; Col. [Banastre] Tarleton s loss. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Aug. 15. 50, 348
Malvern Hill

Greene, Nathanael. High Hills of the Santee [South Caro Successes of Lt. Col. [Henry] Lee [jr.], lina].
Col.

Wade Hampton, [Maj.] Gen. [Thomas] Sumter and others against the lower British
posts in vicinity of Charleston; battle at Quinby s Bridge; gallantry of the troops; prisoners and supplies taken; strength of British and their

intended advance to the Congaree. Contempo rary copy by Greene. 8 pp. Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, July 28. 51, 93
1781 JULY 26
Southern Army.
Una],

High
Return

Hills of the Santee [South Caroof Infantry, Artillery

and Cavalry

COEEESPONDENCE OF GEOEGE WASHINGTON

1905

serving under command of Maj. Gen. [Nathanael] Tabular statements. A. Ds. S. of Greene.

O[tho] H[olland] Williams, D[eputy] A[djutant] G[eneral]. 3 pp. Enclosed in Greene to Wash

ington 1781, July 28.
1781 JULY
26

51,

98

Trumbull, Jonathan, jr.] [Near Dobbs Ferry.] To [Brig.] Gen. [Louis Le Begue] Duportail [Camp]. Orders
for arrest of Maj [Jean Bernard de] Murnand and Capt. [Daniel] Livermore. Auto, draft signed.
.

1

p.

B.

1781 JULY

27

Dobbs Ferry [Washington, George.] [Alexander] McDougall [West Point]. Light companies to be sent down to the Army; return
of militia desired.
1 p.

XIV, pt. 1, 279 To Maj. Gen.

In handwriting
B.

of

Tench
281

Tilghman.
1781 JULY
27

XIV,

pt. 1,

To Col. [Near Dobbs Ferry.] [Washington, George.] [Alexander] Scammell [Dobbs Ferry]. Forage on North River to be sent in to the enemy measures
;

for seizing

it.

Draft.

1 p.

1781
JULY 27

David Humphreys. [Washington, George.] Near Dobbs Ferry. To [Silvanus] Seeley, Morristown [New

In handwriting of B, XIV, pt. 1, 283
[Lt.] Col.

Jersey].

Dispersal of militia at Morristown for want of provisions; orders to march future arrivals to

Dobbs Ferry.
1781 JULY
Duportail, [Louis
27

Draft.
jr.

1 p.

Jonathan Trumbull,

B.

In handwriting of XIV, pt. 1, 285

Le Begue]. [Near Dobbs Ferry]. To [George Washington, near Dobbs Ferry]. Per plexity over [Comte] de B arras excuses regard ing the forcing of New York harbor; absence of the British fleet. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered July
28.
51, 103

[1781]

[Duportail, [Louis

JULY 27

Le Bdgue]. General [Phillipsburg.] observations on the proper mode of attacking New York. D. S. 3 pp. F. Ill, 41

1781 JULY

27

Dobbs Ferry. Pray, John. [Near Dobbs Ferry].

To

[George] Washington

Suggesting destruction of collected by British orders. A. L. S. 1 p. hay Answered July 27. 51, 105

1781 JuLY27
56214

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John].
VOL

Albany. To [George] Washington [Phillipsburg]. Completion of one hundred
18

312

1906

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

and seven batteaux; requests to know
Six [South Carolina]
is

if

Ninety
1

reduced.

L. S.

p.

51,

60

1781
JULY 28

Washington, George.

[Near Dobbs Ferry.] To Col. [Louis Le Begue Duportail, Camp]. Perplexing and incomprehensible nature of his idea; will talk more fully at their coming meeting. A. L. S.

On
1781
JULY 28

verso of Duportail to Washington,

1781,

July 27.
[Washington, George.] Dobbs Ferry. To Maj. [James] Parr [Philadelphia]. His command of a Penn sylvania Rifle corps; forwarding the recruits; Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench rifles.

Tilghman.
1781
JULY 28

B.

XIV,

pt.

1,

287
a

Dayton, Elias.

Dobbs Ferry. Near Dobbs Ferry].

To [George Washington,
Reported arrival
L. S.
1 p.

of

British fleet at

Sandy Hook.
Hills
of

51, 115

1781
JULY 28

Greene, Nathanael.
Carolina].

High

the Santee [South

Ferry]. the British lower posts; exchange of prisoners; weak state of his force; impatient for news from

[George] Washington [Dobbs Operations of a detachment sent against

To

the North.

A. L. S.

3 pp.

51, 91

1781
JULY 28

Parsons,

Samuel H[olden]. [Near Dobbs Ferry]. To [Near Dobbs [George] Washington Ferry]. Robberies committed by people in rear of the Army and their sympathy with the refugees; 1 Endorsed suggests regulations. A. L. S. p. by Humphreys: "Gen. Order form d in con
51, 106 Aug. Creek [New York]. List of names Wapping and rations requested. Tabular statement. Con temporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in McDougall

sequence.

1"

1781
JULY 29

Boat-builders.

to Washington, 1781, Aug.

3.

51,

158

1781 JULY 29

Seely, Silvanus.

of Morristown [New Jersey]. of militia under his command. detachment Tabular statement. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in

Return

1781
JULY 29

51, 124 Seely to Washington, 1781, July 30.) Sickels, Zacharias. Poughkeepsie [New York]. Engagement as a writer to Lt. Col. Richard Varick and

pledge of secrecy respecting Washington s pa A. D. S. 1 Enclosed in Varick to pers. p. Jan. 14. 53, 301 Washington, 1782,

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781 JULY 30

1907

Near Dobbs Ferry. To Maj. Washington,] G[eorge]. Gen. [Nathanael] Greene [High Hills of the
Approbation of his demonstration against New York; situ conduct; 2 pp. Draft. In hand ation in the South. of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. In Ford, 9, writing
Santee,
318.

South Carolina].

1781
JULY 30

Washington, George. de Lafayette [Mattapony River, Virginia]. Prob able change of plan from attempt on New York; hint of Southern project; establishment of maga
zines
in Virginia, preparation of militia and cavalry; the French fleet, etc. Draft signed. 5 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In

XIV, pt. 1, 291 Near Dobbs Ferry. To Marquis

B.

Ford,
1781
JULY 30

9,

321.

B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

297

[Washington, George.] Near Dobbs Ferry. To Marquis de Lafayette [Mattapony River, Virginia]. Rivington s account of action at Green River; ap
probation of his conduct;
reenforcing [Maj.]

Gen. [Nathanael] Greene; non-receipt of maps. Draft. 3 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh man. B. XIV, pt. 1, 293
1781 JULY 30

[Washington,

George.]
at

Dobbs

[Anthony]
action

Wayne

Ferry To Brig. [Yorktown, Virginia].

Gen.

The

Greene River; ill state of British affairs in the South; [Brig.] Gen. [Anthony] Wayne s reenforcement of [Maj.] Gen. [Nath Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting anael] Greene. of Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 1, 305
1781
JULY 30

Brewster, Caleb.

Fairfield

[Connecticut].

To

[George]

Washington

Reported sailing of [Rear] Adml. [Thomas, Lord] Graves for Virginia to bring back Cornwallis s army; Hessians to be sent to Canada; reported French
Ferry].

[Near

Dobbs

expedition to that place; encloses draft of the fort at Lloyd s Neck. A. L. S. 1 51, 125 p.

1781
JULY 30

Clinton, James.

Dobbs

To [George] Washington [Near Troops from the 2d [Continental] regiment forwarded to West Point; report re specting the Massachusetts militia; completion of the batteaux. L. S. 1 p. Answered Aug. 5.
Albany.
Ferry].
51, 120

1781

Gibbs, Caleb. [Phillipsburg, New York.] Report of pickets of the American Army mounted July 29.

1908

LIBEARY OF CONGRESS
Tabular statement of detail with report of oc currences. A. D. S. 1 p. Countersigned by Col. Benjamin Tupper. On verso is:
[Washington, George.] Memorandum of number of Conti nental troops by corps and of militia by States. A. D.

W

1781
JULY 30

lafayette, [Marquis

[George]

Malvern To de]. [Virginia]. Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Per
Hill

fect intelligence will be forwarded at once. Brit ish still in Hampton Roads; difficulty of defend

ing Virginia;
litia;

efforts

positions of Continentals and mi to obtain cavalry; inability to
s

fathom Cornwallis Answered Aug. 15.
ington,
3,

intentions.

A. L. S. In Sparks, Letters to

4 pp.

Wash

364.

51, 139

1781 JULYSO

McDougall, Alexander. West Point. To [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Scarcity of paper; few arrivals of militia; boys sent by Connecticut;
returns enclosed; troops arrived and those sent to the Army; reported intention of breaking up

McDougall
1781
JULY 30
Seely, Silvanus.

the issuing post at the Continental Village and s opinion thereon. L. S. 3 pp.
51, 126

Morristown [New Jersey].

To

[George]

Washington [Near Dobbs
to collect the men.

Ferry]. Continuance of the militia at Morristown; ineffectual efforts

L. S.

1 p.

51, 123

1781
JULY 30

S. G. [Secret Service.]

[Stony Brook, Long Island.] To John Bolton [Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge, Hart Garrison and equipment of ford, Connecticut]. [British] forts at Lloyd s Neck; vessels in har
fort at

bor; pilots, depth of water etc.; description of Lloyd s Neck; sailing of British fleet from

New

York; French fleet on way to America; need of reenforcements at New York; sketch of Lloyd s Neck fortifications. A. L. S. 2 pp.

W

1781
JULY 31

[Washington, George.]

Near Dobbs Ferry.
;

To

[Capt.

William Dobbs, Fishkill New York]. Pilots for the French fleet secrecy. Draft. 1 p. In hand B. XIV, pt. 1, 311 writing of David Cobb.
Washington,] G[eorge].
[David]

1781
JULY 31

Dobbs Ferry. To Brig. Gen. Forman [Monmouth, New Jersey]. Pi-

COBBESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
lots for the

1909

French

fleet ;

anxiety to obtain intel
1 p.

ligence of British. Draft. of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.

B.

XIV,

In handwriting pt. 1, 309

1781
JULY 31

Lafayette,

Malvern Hill [Virginia]. To Marquis de. Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Cornwallis and officers still in Portsmouth; troops embarked; British ships in the river [Elizabeth]; information furnished by a servant of Cornwal[George]

lis;

ton

s

the situation; literal following of Washing instructions; improvement of the Light In

fantry; value of the cavalry to [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene ; mutiny of a British regiment at

Charleston;
wallis.

polite

A. L. S.

correspondence with Corn4 pp. 51, 137

1781
JULY 31

Lincoln, Bfenjamin].

[Near Dobbs Ferry.]

To

[George]

Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Applications of inhabitants for stock in camp; opportunity offered to spies; method suggested of handling the business. L. S. 2 pp. Endorsed by Hum
phreys:
"Gen.

Aug.
1781
JULY 31

1st."

Orders issued in Consequence. 51, 134

Moore, Joseph.

East Windsor [Connecticut]. To [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Requesting to be exchanged or paroled. A. L. S. 3pp. 51,128

1781
JULY 31

Rendon, Francisco. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Acknowledgement of letters; minor personal matters. L. S. 2 pp. 51, 130

1781
JULY 31

Woelpper, J[ohn] D[avid].
Nicola
s

Philadelphia.

To [George
Col. [Lewis]
51, 132

Washington, Near Dobbs Ferry].
conduct.
L. S.
2 pp.

[1781] [JULY]

Anonymous.

Intelligence from Canada. Advance of British in three divisions; treason at Schenectady and Albany; aid to be given by Vermont. 2 pp.

Enclosed in Schuyler to Washington, 1781, July 7. 50, 293
[1781]
[JULY.]

Bagley, Josiah.

To George Washington. Petition for clemency toward Edmund Burke under sen tence of death. A. D. S. 2 pp. Agreement of six other New York officers to above. Endorsed
:

"Pardon granted."

Memorials.

81

1910
[1781]
[JULY.]

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Dodge,

Washington. [George] Myndert case; intercedes for his pardon or a 115, 19 stay of execution. A. L. S. 2 pp.
Fisher
s

John.

To

1781
AUG.
l

[Washington, George.]

Near Dobbs Ferry. ToMaj.Gen. [William] Heath [Camp]. Settlement of mode of succession [of officers] in hospital department; opinion of general officers desired. Draft. 1 p.
In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.

1781
AUG.
1

Dobbs, William.
L. S.

XIV, pt. 1, 317 To [George] Wash[New York]. Need of money. ington [Near Dobbs Ferry].
B.
Fishkill
1 p.

51, 142

1781
AUG.
l

Forman, David.

Freehold [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington, Dobbs Ferry. Reports from New York; sailing of [Vice Adml. Thomas, Lord] Graves; difficulty in obtaining intelligence; stations of expresses; assembling of pilots; diffi
culty in

obtaining expresses;
arrival

regarding Cornwallis A. L. S. 2 pp.

at

misinformation New York. 51, 146

1781
AUG.
1

Hand, Edward.

Dobbs Ferry. Return of recruits from the several States from Jan. 1 to July 31. Tabu lar statement. D. S. 2 pp. C. C. 152, 10, 203
[Marquis
[George]

1781
AUG.
1

Lafayette,

Malvern Hill [Virginia]. de.] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry].

To
Sail

ing of the British fleet for Baltimore; L. S. [William] Macpherson s services.

Maj.
1

p.

Answered Aug.
1781
AUG.
1

15.

51, 141

loring, Joshua.

ham

Elizabethtown [New Jersey]. To AbraSkinner [Elizabethtown]. Proposition for a

general exchange of prisoners. Contemporary copy by Skinner. 1 p. Enclosed in Skinner to

Washington, 1781, Aug.
1781
AUG.
l

6.

51, 189

Loring, Joshua.

Elizabethtown.

To Abraham Skinner

Reason for non-payment of [Elizabethtown]. balance of American prisoners; American indebt
edness for balance due on exchanged Cedars 1 p. prisoners. Contemporary copy by Skinner. Enclosed in Skinner to Washington, 1781, Aug. 6. 51, 196

[1781] [AUG.

[Loring, Joshua.]
1]

Elizabethtown [New Jersey].

Copy

of

proposal for a general exchange of British and German officers of the Convention troops. Tabu-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEOEGE WASHINGTON

1911

lar statement, giving names of British, German and American officers and their tariff value.

in Skinner to

Contemporary copy by Skinner. 4 pp. Enclosed Washington, 1781, Aug. 6. 51, 192
Alexander. Wyoming [Pennsylvania]. To [George Washington, Near Dobbs Ferry]. Lack of provisions; need of beef to prevent mutiny or an evacuation of the post; requests relief. L. S.
2 pp.

1781
AUG.
1

Mitchell,

Answered Aug.

8.

52,

28

1781 AUG.

Skinner,
l

Abraham. Elizabethtown [New Jersey]. To Joshua Loring [Elizabethtown]. Demands rea son of non-payment of prisoners due surprise at his not having sent out the men. Contemporary copy by Skinner. 1 p. Enclosed in Skinner to
;

Washington, 1781, Aug.
1781
AUG.
2

6.

51, 191

Board

of

General

Officers.

Near Dobbs Ferry.

On plans
De

for succession [of officers] in the Medical

partment. Members: Maj. Genls. Heath, Stirling, Lincoln, Howe, Parsons; Brig. Genls. Knox, Glover, Paterson, Huntington. D. S. by all the members. 2 pp. F. Ill, 35
1781
AUG.
3

Dobbs Ferry. To Comte de [Washington, George.] Barras [Newport]. Expected arrival of Comte de Grasse at Sandy Hook, and operation against
York; false report of arrival of British troops from Virginia. Draft. 3 pp. In hand D. I, pt. 2, 279 writing of Tench Tilghman.

New

1781
AUG.
3

Washington,] G[eorge]. [Near Dobbs Ferry.] To [Capt.] William Dobbs [Fishkill], Money. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of William Stephen Smith. B. XIV, pt. 1, 319
Charleston, (South Carolina) Plan of coast and rivers in vicinity of Charleston. 1 p. Enclosed in Lincoln
to Washington, 1781, Aug. 3?
51,

[1781] [AUG. 3?]

152a

1781
AUG. 3

Forman, David.
for

Freehold [New Jersey]. To [George Washington, Phillipsburg]. British fleet bound
sailed

Quebec; French fleet [of Comte De Grasse] from the West Indies; expected arrival of [Vice] Adml. [George Brydges] Rodney at New
secret

York;

service

British naval intelligence.

swered Aug.

5.

arrangements to report 1 p. A. L. S. An 50, 323

1912
1781
AUG.
3

LIBRARY OP CONGRESS
Lincoln, B[enjamin].

[Near Dobbs Ferry.] To [George] [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Description of Washington Charleston, its approaches, defense advantages, harbor, etc. ; scheme of attack. L. S. 6pp.
51, 150

1781
AUG.
3

McDougall, Alexander. West Point. To [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Approach of In valids from Boston; wretched condition of those

from

Philadelphia; returns enclosed; courtmartial sentences; character of Edmund Burke;
distressed situation of boat builders at

Wapping

Creek; their ration claim in event of reenlistment; arrival of Connecticut militia; minor mili 51, 154 tary matters. L. S. 4 pp. 1781
AUG. 3

Massachusetts militia. West Point. Return of militia from Massachusetts. Tabular statement. 1 p.

Enclosed in McDougall to Washington, 1781,

Aug.
1781
AUG.
3

3.

51, 157

Nicola, Lewis.

West

Point.

Return

Tabular statement.

of Invalid Regiment. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in

1781
AUG.
3

Nicola, Lewis.

Washington, 1781, Aug. 3. 51, 156 Return of Invalid regiment. West Tabular statement. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in

McDougall

to

Point.

Nicola to Washington, 1781, Aug.

4.

51, 167

1781
AUG.
3

Pickering, Timothy.

[Near Dobbs Ferry.] To [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Propositions for general orders respecting horses in the Army; forage supply and chances of a failure in the 51, 159 hay crop. A. L. S. 1 p.
Springfield [Massachusetts.] State of recruits of the counties of Worcester, Hampshire

1781
AUG.
3

Shepard, William.

and Berkshire. Tabular statement. 1). S. 1 p. Enclosed in Shepard to Washington, 1781, Aug. 7. 51, 213
1781
AUG. 3

Skinner,

Abraham. Newburgh. To [George] Washington Transmits accounts of [Near Dobbs Ferry], due from American officers for board, etc. money
while in captivity.

A. L. S.

I

p.

Endorsed

1781
AUG. 4

by Tilghman: "The Acct. alluded to was taken back by Mr. Skinner to Copy." 51, 168 [Washington, George.] Dobbs Ferry. To the Officer commanding the Berkshire militia [Berkshire, Mas sachusetts]. Requisition for 600 men to march

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1913

2 pp. Draft. to Albany; urges compliance. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XVI, pt. 1, 323

1781
Auo.
4

Forrest, T[homas].
ton,
1 p.

Philadelphia.

To [George WashingResignation.

Near Dobbs Ferry]. Answered Oct. 8.

A. L.

S.

51, 172

1781
AUG. 4

Galvan, [William].

Near Dobbs

Philadelphia. To [George Washington, SoUicits a lieut-colonelcy; Ferry].

Marquis [de Lafayette s] and [Brig.] Gen. [Peter] Muhlenberg s certificates; account of his fatigues and services in the Virginia campaign; attach

ment
1781
AUG. 4

to

Washington

s

person.

A. L. S.

4 pp.
51, 173

Hewlett, James. Provost [at Camp]. To George Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. His long imprisonment ;
piloted

Comte
2 pp.

D Estaing;

A. L. S.

pleads for release. 51, 170

1781
AUG. 4

Nicola, Lewis.

West Point. To [George Washington, Near Dobbs Ferry], Arrival of the Invalids at West Point; their ability to do duty; difficulty in getting wood and water; requests [courtmartial] of himself on arrival of Capt. [John 1 p. Answered David] Woelpper. A. L. S.

1781
AUG. 4

51, 166 Aug. 10. To [George] Washington James. Parr, Philadelphia. [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Difficulty in recruiting his [rifle] corps. A. L. S. 2 pp. 51, 160

[1781] [AUG. 4?]

[Pickering,

Timothy.]

[Newburgh.]

Memorandum

to

[Lt.] Col.

[David] Humphreys respecting tents and duck for same. A. D. 1 p.
B.

1781 AUG. 4

XIV, pt. 1, 333 Rochambeau, Comte de. [Near Dobbs Ferry.] To [George Washington, Near Dobbs Ferry]. Slowness of Massachusetts militia in reaching Rhode Island. L. S. 1 p. Endorsed by Trumbull: "Letter of same Date to Gov. Hancock in Consequence."
51,
The
429.

169
1,

draft, by David Cobb, of the letter to It is dated Aug. 3, 1781.

Hancock

is

in C, IV, pt.

1781 AUG. 4

T[rumbull,] Jonathan].

[Near Dobbs Ferry]. To Maj. Gen. [Alexander] McDougall [West Point]. De Auto, draft signed. scription of a British spy. 1 p. B. XIV, pt. 1, 321

1914
1781
AUG. 5

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington, George.] Near Dobbs Ferry. To Brig. Gen. [James] Clinton [Albany]. Exposed situation of the frontier and continuance of [Col. Philip Van]

Cortlandt s [2d] Continental regiment at Albany; Maj. Gen. [Benjamin] Lincoln s errand to Berk
shire

Draft.

and Hampshire counties to rouse the militia. 1 p. In handwriting of David Hum
B.

phreys.

1781
AUG. 5

[Washington, George.] Dobbs Ferry. [David] Forman [Monmouth,

XIV, pt. 1, 325 To [Brig.] Gen.

New

Jersey].

British fleet off Block Island; expectation of French fleet; dangerous route of the expresses

and orders to change same. Draft. handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

2 pp.
pt. 1,

In
327

XIV,

1781
AUG. 5

Humphreys, D[avid]. Dobbs Ferry. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh]. Supply of tents; boats below King s Ferry. Auto, draft signed. 2 pp.
Tilghman, T[ench].

1781 AUG.

XIV, pt. [Near Dobbs Ferry.] To Col.

B.

1,

331

[Alex-

5

Scammell [Dobbs Ferry]. Orders to provide covering party and escort for the Com mander-in-chief on the North River Road.
ander]

Auto, draft signed.
1781
AUG.
6

1 p.

B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

329

Washington,] G[eorge]. Dobbs Ferry. Instructions to Maj. Gen. [Benjamin] Lincoln [Camp]. Delay in drawing out the Hampshire and Berkshire mi litia; recital of attempts; Lincoln to use every means to forward them to Army. Draft. 3 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 1, 335
Greene, Nathanael.

1781
AUG. 6

High Hills of the Santee. To [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. French fleet from the West Indies; forwards account of his
situation; importance of New York; Cornwallis in Virginia; possibility of his capture by aid of

the

fleet;

Charleston,

its

strength and defenses;

number

of garrison; force possible for Greene to raise; question of a siege; memorandum of land ing places; chances of success; control of the sea;

waits Washington s orders; situation of the enemy in South Carolina possibility of Cornwal;

CORRESPONDENCE OP GEORGE WASHINGTON
lis

1915

attempting to return to Charleston; a minor 18 pp. In cavalry success. A. L. Unsigned. Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 368. 51, 204

1781
AUG.
6

Lafayette, [Marquis de].
Virginia].

Camp on

the

Pamunky

[River,

[George] Washington [Near Dobbs Cornwallis at York and Gloucester; Ferry]. Lafayette s movements; strength of the British

To

York and Gloucester; La the attempt against New measures; fayette York; possibility of influencing Cornwallis s
and
their position at
s

manceuvers. A. L. S. 6 pp. Answered Aug. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 366.
51,

17.

183

1781 AUG.

6

Lafayette, [Marquis de]. New Castle [Virginia]. To Maj. Gen. [William] Smallwood [Annapolis, Mary land] British at York and Gloucester; need of

reenforcement.
closed
in

Contemporary copy. 2 pp. En Smallwood to Washington, 1781,
51,

Aug.
1781 AUG.
6

9.

223

Massachusetts, Subalterns.

Near Dobbs
[William]

York].
lands],

To Maj. Gen.

Ferry [New Heath [High

Requesting a board of officers to settle rank of subalterns. D. S: Ralph T. Bowles, Ben. Ray, Charles Selden. Committee. 2 pp.

W

1781 AUG.

Skinner,
6

[Near Dobbs Ferry.] To [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Demand on British for prisoners still due on exchange; con sequent proposals received. Recent copy. 1 p. Answered Aug. 8. 51, 187

Abraham.

1781 AUG.

Washington, George.
7

Dobbs Ferry.
[Phillipsburg].

chambeau
for

To Comte de RoTransmitting letter

Gov. [William] Greene to aid in protecting the French fleet. Auto, draft signed. 1 p. D. I, pt. 2, 283
1781 AUG.

Washington,] Gfeorge].
7

Dobbs Ferry.

To Maj. Gen.

[Arthur]

[Philadelphia]. Recruiting reports from Pennsylvania; charges against Col. [Lewis] Nicola; effect of dependence of the cam paign on Cornwallis s movements. Draft. 1 p.

St.

Clair

In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull,
B.

jr.

XIV,

pt. 1,

339

1916
1781 AUG.
Greene,
7

LJBRABY OF CONGRESS
N[athanael].

High

Hills

of

the

Santee.
Ferry],

[George Washington, Near Dobbs
quests information dies reenforcement
of

To Re

the expected West In [Comte De Grasse s fleet];

arrangements contingent upon the plan campaign; fear of French departure before any plan can be fully carried out; interest of France in expulsion of British from America; position of enemy and Greene s intentions. A. L. S. 4 pp. 51, 200
s

Greene
of

1781
AUG.
7

1781
AUG.
7

To [George WashNeed of shoes for troops. ington, Phillipsburg]. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Aug. 9. 116, 26 Rochambeau, Comte de. [Near Dobbs Ferry.] To [George Desire of Washington, Near Dobbs Ferry]. Rhode Island militia to be discharged; need of
Hamilton, Alexander].
[Phillipsburg].

their services; critical situation; British convoy 2 pp. Endorsed in Long Island Sound. L. S. Ansd. by Letter of same Date to by Trumbull
"

:

Gov.
The

Greene."
draft,

51,
of the letter to

194
1, 439.

by Trumbull,

Greene

is

in C, IV, pt.

1781 AUG.

Shepard, William.
7

Springfield [Massachusetts]

Washington, Near Dobbs Ferry].
Springfield; recruiting matters.

To [George Conditions at 1 A. L. S. p. 51, 212

1781 AUG.

[Washington, George.]
8

ander]
tress

Dobbs Ferry. To Capt. [AlexMitchell, Wyoming. Surprised at his dis
supplies;
p.

for
1

remedial
B.

measures taken.
of

Draft.

In handwriting

Tench Tilgh-

man.
1781 AUG.
8

[Washington, George.] Dobbs Ferry. ner [Philadelphia]. British propositions for the
release of [Lt.] Gen. [John]

XVI, pt. 1, 341 To Abraham Skin-

Burgoyne and Con

vention officers; the Cedars prisoners; prece dence in exchange of Southern officers and men
of [Col. James?] De release of citizens.

Lancey
Draft.

s

corps;
3 pp.

demand

for

In hand

writing of Tench Tilghman.

1781 AUG.

Barras,
8

XIV, pt. 1, 345 [Comte de.] Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Desire to serve interest of both the King [Louis XVI] and the United States; expected arrival of Comte de
B.

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1917

West
1781 AUG.

Grasse at Sandy Hook; intelligence from the L. S. 2 pp. (In French.) Indies, etc. 51, 215

8

Humphreys, D[avid]. Near Dobbs Ferry. To Col. [Charles] Stewart [Peekskill]. Salt provision on the Con
necticut
river;

transportation
1 p.

to

Auto, draft signed.
1781 AUQ.
Schuyler, Ph[ilip John].
8

Albany.

XIV, To [George Washing-

B.

Hartford. pt. 1, 343

ton,

Ferry]. Reports of intended of Schuyler; attack on his house; guard capture ordered; money for payment for building boats;

Near Dobbs

rum borrowed.
Aug.
1781 AUG.
9

A.

L.

S.

4

pp.

Answered
51,

16.

218

[Washington, George.] [Near Dobbs Ferry.] To Lt. Col. [Alexander] Hamilton [Camp]. Supply of shoes for [New York] State troops under his com

mand.
1781 AUG.

Draft.

1

p.

In handwriting of David
B.

Humphreys.
9

XIV,

pt. 1,

349

Washington,. George [Phillipsburg.] To Maj. Gen. William] Heath [Highlands]. Ordering Board of General Officers to settle dispute of rank between Cols. [Heman] Swift and [Samuel Blatchley] Webb. L. S. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench

Tilghman.
1781 AUG.
Clinton,
9

W

James.

[George] Washington [Near Arrival of [Brig.] Gen. [John] Ferry]. Stark; assembling of militia from the eastward and levies from New York; daring attempt to

Albany.

To

Dobbs

capture [Philip John] Schuyler; scouting parties

from Canada. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Aug. 16. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 374. 51, 227
1781
AUG.
9

Nicola, Lewis.

West
D.

Point.
1

Return

of

Invalids stationed at Fishkill.

detachment of Tabular state
to
51,

ment.

S.

p.

Enclosed in Nicola

Washington, 1781, Aug. 4.
1781
AUG.
9

265

Smallwood, William.

Annapolis [Maryland]. To [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Ineffectual efforts to raise and equip men in Maryland; de lay in march of the 3d [Maryland] regiment south ward; difficulties in obtaining dragoons and nine

months men;

disbelief in

rumored invasion

of of

Maryland; Capt. [John]

Hughes complaint

1918

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Col. [Moses] Hazen and his request; embarrass ments of the Delaware levies; British Army at

York and
Aug.
1781
AUG. 9
Stark, John.
24.

Gloucester.

L. S.

5 pp.

Answered
51,

220

Albany. To [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Promises of the Governor [Thomas Chittenden] and leading men [of Ver

mont] of assistance in repelling the British; troops sent to Saratoga on an alarm; capture of tories en route to Canada; delay of the Hamp shire and Berkshire militia; lack of means to obtain expresses; assistance promised from
[Philip John] Schuyler; lack of

rum;

inability to

report the true state of the Northern Depart ment. L. S. 3pp. Answered Aug. 16. 51,224

1781
AUG. 10

Dobbs Ferry. To Comte [Washington, George.] Barras [Newport]. British embarkation
arrival

de
at

[Vice] Hampton Roads; expected Adml. [George Brydges] Rodney and Comte

of

De
1781
AUG. 10

Grasse.

Draft.

2 pp.

Tench Tilghman. Dobbs [Washington, George.]

In handwriting of D. I, pt. 2, 285

To [Maj. Gen. Ferry. Alexander McDougall, West Point]. Invalid at West Point; court-martial matters; Corps
regiments ordered down;
charges against Col.

Lewis Nicola.

Draft.

2 pp.
B.

In handwriting of

Tench Tilghman.
1781
AUG. 10

XIV,

pt. 1,

351

Washington,] G[eorge]. Dobbs Ferry. To Col. [Lewis] Nicola [West Point]. Difficulties of the Invalid Corps; charges against him and Sergt. [Samuel] Castleton. Draft. 1 In handwriting of p. Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 1, 355
Davenport,

1781 AUG. 10

Abraham.

Stamford

[Connecticut].

To

[George]

Washington

[near

Dobbs
1

Exposed situation
[Humphreys, David.]
10]

of Stamford;

Ferry]. outrages suf
51,

fered; requests troops.
[1781] [Auo.

L. S.

p.

239

randum

[Phillipsburg, New York.] Memoof British force in South Carolina; regi

ments there Jan. 6, 1781, and those sent else where, numbers captured, etc. A. D. 2 pp.
[1781]
[Auo. 10]

W

Seely, Silvanus.

[Dobbs Ferry.]

To

[George] Washing-

ton [Near Dobbs Ferry].

Transmitting a return

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
of his regiment; his march [to collection of men on the way.

1919

Dobbs Ferry] and
L. S.
1 p.

51, 231

1781
AUG. 10

[Seely,

Silvanus.] Dobbs Ferry. Return of Col. Seely s regiment of three months New Jersey levies.

Tabular statement.
entry.

2 pp.

Enclosed in preceding 51, 223
Island].

1781
AUG. 11

Barras, [Comte de.]

Newport [Rhode Washington [Near Dobbs despatches [from Comte de
(In French.)

To

Ferry].
Grasse].

[George] Arrival of
1 p. 51, 241

L. S.

1781
AUG. 11

Dennis, Patrick.

Baskingridge [New Jersey].

To [George

Need of Washington, Near Dobbs Ferry]. boats and guard for the pilots; advan horses, tage of staying at Monmouth. L.S. 1 p. 51,243;
Freehold [New Jersey]. To [George Forman, David. Washington, Near Dobbs Ferry]. Alteration of
route of expresses; arrival of a British fleet at Sandy Hook. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Aug. 13. Endorsed by Humphreys: "Extract of the

1781
AUG. 11

information given same day to Cte. Rochambeau" 51, 241
1781
AUG. 11

Humphreys D[avid]. [Near Dobbs Ferry.] To [Lt.] Col. Orders for Lt. [John] [Calvin] Smith [Camp].
Holden.
Auto, draft signed.
B.
1

p.

XIV,

pt. 1,

359

1781
AUG. 11

Lafayette, [Marquis de.]

New Kent Mountain

[Virginia].

To

[George]

Washington [Near Dobbs

Ferry].

Willingness to stay in Virginia;

requests

more

minute information through Maj. [Lt. Col. Jean Baptiste] Gouvion or Comte Damas; Cornwallis intrenching at York and Gloucester; trouble between the Virginians and Pennsylvanians; latter to be sent [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene
ostensibly by Washington 4 pp. Answered Aug. 27.
[1781]
[Auo. 11]
s

orders.

A. L. S. 51, 237

Swift,

Heman.

[Near Dobbs Ferry].

To [Board of Gen-

eral Officers,

Dispute of rank with Col. [Samuel Blatchley] Webb. A. L. S..
1 p.

Near Dobbs Ferry].

W

1781
AUG. 11

T[rumbull,] Jonathan]. Elias Dayton,

Dobbs

[Near Dobbs Ferry.] To [Col. Orders to cover Ferry].
1

and protect the convoy coming from the Jerseys.
Auto, draft signed.
p.

B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

357

1920
1781
AUG. 11

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

Webb, Samuel

B[latchley]. NearDobbs Ferry. To of General Officers [Near Dobbs Ferry].

Board

Hank

dispute with Col. [Heman] Swift; A. L. S. 3 pp.
[1781]
[AUG. 11?]

claim, etc.

W
W

[Webb, Samuel Blatchley.] [Board of General
Col.

[Near Dobbs
Officers,
s

Ferry].

To

Near Dobbs

Ferry].

[Heman] Swift

pretensions to rank.

A. D.

4 pp. 1781
AUG. 11

Fishkill [New York]. To [George] Wickes, Thomas. Washington [Phillipsburg]. Forwarding report of approach of a French fleet. A. L. S. 1 p.
25, 129

1781
AUG. 12

[Barras,

Comte de.] Newport [Rhode Island], To [Comte de Rochambeau, Near Dobbs Ferry]. [Comte]
de Grasse does not depend on Barras for coopera tion; impossibility of attempting New York from lack of water to cross the bar [with heavy
proposes an expedition against New foundland; readiness to set sail. Contemporary translation by Tilghman. 2 pp. 51, 246
ships];

1781
AUG. 13

[Washington, George.]

Dobbs Ferry.

To Capt.

[Patrick]

Dennis [Baskingridge,

New Jersey].

for safety of the pilots. Draft. writing of Tench Tilghman. B.

Precautions 2 pp. In hand

XIV,

pt. 1,

363

1781
AUG. 13

Washington,] G[eorge]. Near Dobbs Ferry. To [Brig.] Gen. [David] Forman [Monmouth, New Jersey]. Intelligence of a British fleet. Draft. 1 p. In
handwriting of David Humphreys.
B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

361

[1781]
[Auo. 13]

Anonymous.

David Forman, FreeJersey] hold]. British fleet from Europe at Sandy Hook; number of troops aboard; the Saratoga and the Trumbull taken. 1 p. Enclosed in Forman to

[New

To

[Col.

Washington, 1781, Aug.
[1781]
[Auo. 13]

13.

51,

253

Belknap, Hannah.

[Long Island]. [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Petitions to be allowed to return from Long Island; circumstances of her going there. A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in

To

Waterbury
1781
AUG. 13

to

Washington, 1781, Aug.

13.

51,

249

Forman, David.

Freehold [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Forwarding 1 p. Answered Aug. 14. intelligence. A. L. S.
51, 251

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
[1781]
[Auo.
13]

1921

James, Sarah. [Long Island.] To [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Requests permission to re turn to Rhode Island; circumstances of her going 1 p. A. L. S. Enclosed in to Long Island.

Waterbury
1781
AUG.
13

to Washington, 1781, Aug. 13. 51, 250

Waterbury, David. White Plains. ton [Near Dobbs Ferry].
ceived
of

[George] WashingForwarding papers re

To

by

flag.

Memorandum by

D[avid] C[obb]

answer given to the petitions [of Sarah James and Hannah Belknap]. L. S. 1 p. Endorsed by Cobb: "Ansd. the same day." 51, 248
1781
AUG.
14

[Washington, George.]

Near Dobbs Ferry. To [Brig. Gen. David Forman, Monmouth, New Jersey]. In
Draft. telligence of arrival of a British fleet. In handwriting of David Humphreys. 1 p.

1781
AUG. 14

Barras,

XIV, pt. I, 365 [Comte de]. Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Despatches from Comte de Grasse; project against CornwalB.
lis;

of

Washington and Rochambeau.

cooperation with de Grasse; awaits decision L. S. 3 pp.
51,

(In French.)

262

1781
AUG. 14

Fowler, Alexander]. Pittsburg. Grievances, complaints and accusations exhibited against Col. Daniel

Brodhead by citizens of Westmoreland and Washington counties and the town of Pittsburg.
A. D.
S.

2 pp.

Addressed to Brodhead.
of controversy be

Memorandum by Brodhead

tween Fowler and Capt. John Finley as to the Deputy Judge Advocateship. Enclosed in Brod head to Washington, 1781, Aug. 23. 51, 315
Papers respecting this controversy which was also referred to the State authority, and which raged almost the entire time of Brodhead s commanding at Fort Pitt, are among the Pennsylvania manuscripts in
the Library of Congress.

1781
AUG.
14

Goodrich,

William. To Stockbridge [Massachusetts]. [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Offer of volunteers. A. L. S. 1 p. 51, 266

1781

Nicola, Lewis.
-

AuG

!4

West Point. To [George] Washington, Near Dobbs Ferry]. Physical condition of the Invalid company from Boston; need of clothing for men from Philadelphia; British clothes.
A. L.
S.

2 pp.

51,

264

56214

VOL

312

19

1922
1781
AUG. 15

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Washington, George. Dobbs Ferry. To [Comte de Barras, British naval reenforcement and Newport]. urging junction with Comte De Grasse in the Chesapeake. Auto, draft signed of a postscript added to Rochambeau s letter to Barras of this 1 In Ford, 9, 336, note. date. p.
D.
The letter-book copy of Rochambeau s letter Rochambeau papers in the Library of Congress.
I, pt.

2/289

to Barras is

among the

1781
AUG. 15

Dobbs Ferry. To Marquis de [Washington, George.] [York River, Virginia]. Arrival of a Lafayette British fleet at New York; Comte de Grasse ex
pected in the Chesapeake and directions for Lafayette s guidance in the contigency. DraftIn handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In 3 pp. B. XIV, pt. 1, 367 Ford, 9, 334.

1781
AUG. 15

[Washington, George.] Dobbs Ferry. To Col. [Samuel] Miles [Philadelphia]. Important despatches for Marquis de Lafayette. Draft. 2 pp. In hand
writing of David Humphreys.
B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

371

1781
AUG. 15

Board

of

General

Near Dobbs Ferry. ConsideraOfficers. tion of grounds of dispute about rank among subalterns of Massachusetts and Connecticut
lines.

1781
AUG. 15

Members: Maj. Genls. Heath, Stirling, Lincoln, Howe, Parsons; Brig. Genls. Glover, Paterson, Huntington and Hazen. D. S. by all 2 pp. the members. [Dobbs Ferry.] Parsons, Samuel H[olden] and Others. To [George Washington, Dobbs Ferry]. Col. [John] Durkee s retirement and consequent pro motions. Contemporary copy by David Cobb.
A.

W

VI, pt.

1,

225

1781
AUG. 15

Pickering, T[imothy].

Phillipsburg.

To

Lt. Col. [David]

Humphreys [Phillipsburg]. Estimate of quan in this tity of forage to be left with families
vicinity [Westchester County.]

A. L.

S.

2 pp.

W

1781
AUG. 16

[Washington, George.] Dobbs Ferry. To Comte de Barras [Newport]. Supply of vessels sent for con In handwriting of Tench Draft. 1 p. voy. D. I, pt. 2, 291 Tilghman.

1781 AUG.

16

Dobbs Ferry. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] Clinton [Albany]. Arrival of [Brig.] Gen. [James]

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1923

[John] Stark and militia; orders for remaining Continental troops to join the Army; guard for 1 p. In hand Draft. [Philip John] Schuyler.

writing of David

Humphreys.
B.

1781
AUG. 16

[Washington, George.]

Dobbs Ferry.

XIV, pt. 1, 375 To [Philip John]

Schuyler [Albany]. Congratulations on his es cape; orders for a guard; replacement of bor rowed rum. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys. In Sparks, 8, 129. B. XIV, pt. 1, 393

1781 AUG.

16

Dobbs Ferry. To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] Stark [Saratoga, New York]. Behavior [John]
and disposition
militia, lack of

of people of

Vermont;

money and rum.
B.

prisoners, 2 pp. Draft.

In handwriting of David Humphreys.

XIV,

pt. 1,

377

1781
AUG. 16

Board

of

ConsideraOfficers, Near Dobbs Ferry. and report on memorial of Udny Hay. Members: Maj. Genls. Heath, Stirling, Lincoln,

General

tion

Howe, Parsons;

Brig.

Genls.

Knox, Glover,
Heath.
1

Huntington and Hazen.
[1781]
[AUG. 16?]

D.

S. of

W
To [George
of
as a

p.

Duportail, [Louis

Le Begue.]

[Phillipsburg.]

Washington,

Phillipsburg]. preparations for an attack blind. A. L. S. 1 p.

Continuance

on

New York
F.

Ill,

39

1781
AUG. 16

Forman, David.

Freehold [New Jersey]. To [George Washington, Near Dobbs Ferry]. Arrival of a British fleet off Sandy Hooks; believes it to be A. L. S. [Rear] Adml. [Thomas, Lord] Graves s. 1 p. 51, 267

1781
AUG.
17

[Washington, George and Comte de Rochambeau] PhillipsTo Comte de Grasse [off the Atlantic burg. Coast]. Transfer of campaign to the South con
;

tingencies of operations in Virginia or against Charleston. Draft. 7 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In Ford, 9, 336.

D.

I,

pt. 2,

295

1781
17

Washington,] G[eorge]. [Near Dobbs Ferry.] To [Col. Elias Dayton, Dobbs Ferry]. Orders for a patrol of the country between "Closter and the New Draft. 1 In handwriting of Bridge." p. William Stephens Smith. B. XIV, pt. 1, 383

1924
1781
AUG.
17

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

Dobbs Ferry. [Washington, George.] [David] Forman [Monmouth,
British fleet from Europe.

To
1

[Brig.]

Gen.

New
p.

Jersey].

Draft.
"

In hand

writing of David Humphreys.
B.

1781
AUG. 17

Dobbs Ferry [Washington, George.] York River, Virginia]. [Brig.] Gen. Lafayette, [Louis Le Begue] Duportail s confidential mis In handwriting of David 1 p. Draft. sion. B. Cobb. XIV, pt. 1, 379
[Washington, George.]

XIV, pt. 1, 381 To [Marquis de

1781
AUG.
17

[Dobbs

Ferry.]

Rochambeau
and distances

[Phillipsburg]. for the French

Route
2 pp.

To Comte de of march
Phil

Army from

Draft. lipsburg to Trenton. of David Humphreys. writing
9,

343, note.

In hand Extract in Ford, D. I, pt. 2, 293

1781
AUG.
17

Armand[-Tuffin, Charles].

Boston.

To George WashingHis arrival with
for his legion
;

ton [Near

Dobbs

Ferry].

clothing and accoutrements

other

supplies; question of land or water carriage to

Philadelphia; honors conferred on Armand by the King [Louis XVI]; appreciation of Wash 51, 269 ington s kindness. A. L. S. 2 pp.

1781
AUG.
17

Barras, [Comte de].

Newport [Rhode

Island].

To Comte

de Rochambeau [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Regret at the opposition of both Washington and Rocham beau to his project [against Newfoundland]; intention of sending the French artillery, etc. to the Chesapeake in accordance with his and Washington s desire insists on hazardous nature of the move convoy of provisions from Boston for Comte de Grasse; the Virginia situation; shipping that must be left at Rhode Island.
;
;

Contemporary translation by Tilghman.
1781
AUG.
17

7 pp.
51,

354

Putnam, Rufus.

Near Dobbs Ferry. To [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Ferry]. Names of officers recommended for regimental staff appointments A. L. S. for the 5th Massachusetts regiment. 1 p. 51, 268

1781
AUG. 18

[Washington, George.] Dobbs Ferry. To Comte de Barras Arrival of [Rear] Adml. [Thomas, [Newport].

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
Lord] Graves at Sandy Hook. Draft. handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
D.
1

1925
p.

In

I, pt. 2, 3.03

1781
AUG. 18

[Washington, George.] Near Dobbs Ferry. ToMaj.Gen. [Alexander] McDougall [West Pointl]. Boats to be sent to King s Ferry. Draft. 1 p. In hand writing of David Humphreys.

1781
AUG. 18

XIV, pt. 1, 385 [Dobbs Ferry.] To Comte de [Washington, George.] Rochambeau [Phillipsburg]. Exchange of flour.
B.

Draft.

1 p.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. D. I, pt. 2, 305

1781
AUG. 18

Barras,

To Newport [Rhode Island]. Dobbs Ferry]. [Near [George] Washington Acknowledging his and [Comte] de Rocham[Comte
de.]

beau
L. S.

s letter;
1

instructions will be carried out.
51, 271

p.

(In French)

1781
AUG. 18

Duncan, David.

Pittsburg.

To

[George]

Washington
s

[Phillipsburg]. charges and his acting as prosecutor.

His arrest; [Alexander] Fowler
L. S.
50,
1

p.

216

1781
AUG. 18

Zeisberger,

Tuppaking [On the Muskingum]. John Gibson, Fort Pitt]. Advance of [Col. Indians toward Wheeling and Forts Pitt and Mclntosh; [Col.] Guy Johnson s advance from
D[avid].

To

Presque Isle; safety contributed [to the Mora vian town] by [Brig.] Gen. [George Rogers] Clark s march; enjoins secrecy as to his com munication; messenger from Capt. Johnny. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Gibson to Washington, 1781, Aug. 24. 51, 336
1781
AUG. 19

[Washington, George.]

[Near Dobbs

Ferry.]

To

Col.

[Elias] Dayton [Dobbs Ferry]. Jersey Line and Hazen s [2d Canadian] regiment to march to

heights between

Chatham and

Springfield

[New
Draft.

Jersey]; [Lt.] Col. [Sylvanus] Seeley to at Dobbs ; French bakery at Chatham.
1

remain

p.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

399

1781

AuG

-

[!9]

[Washington, George.] [Near Dobbs Ferry.] Instructions to Maj. Gen. [William] Heath [Near Sing Sing, New York]. Extent of his command protection
;

1926
of

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

tion of works at

West Point and covering of country Dobbs Ferry returns
;

;

demoli

to Congress and care of boats. Draft. handwriting of David Humphreys.

of troops 7 pp. In

B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

387

1781
AUG.
19

[Washington, George.] Gen. [Alexander]

[Near Dobbs

Ferry.]

To

[Maj.]
Point].

McDougall

[West

Change of plan; offer of a command with de tachment to move South; troops ordered to

King s Ferry. Draft. Tench Tilghman.
1781
AUG. 19

2 pp. B.

In handwriting of XIV, pt. 1, 395

Brodhead, Daniel.

Fort Pitt [Pennsylvania]. To [George Washington, Near Dobbs Ferry]. Brodhead s right to command [Alexander] Fowler s charges controversy over the Deputy Judge Advocateship between Fowler and Capt. [John] Finley ac tion of officers respecting Brodhead s right to command; requests directions. A. L. S. 3 pp. 51, 316
;

;

;

1781
AUG. 19

Brodhead, Daniel.
Pitt].

Fort

Pitt.

To

Col.

John Gibson [Fort
on

Requests

opinion of officers, in writing,

1 p. his right to command. L. S. Enclosed in Gibson to Washington, 1781, Aug. 25. 51, 339

1781
AUG. 19

Fowler, Alexander].
[Fort Pitt].

[Pittsburg.]

To

Col.

John Gibson

Charges handed

head; [Washington s] acknowledge Capt. John Finley
rary copy.
2

Col. [Daniel] Brod instructions; refusal to
s

authority as

Deputy Judge Advocate General.
pp.

Contempo

Enclosed in Brodhead to 51, 318 Washington, 1781, Aug. 19.
Second copy enclosed in Gibson to Washington,
1781,

Aug.

25.

51, 337.

1781 AUG.

Gibson, John and
19

Others.

Fort Pitt.
Pitt].

To

[Col.

Daniel

Brodhead, Fort

Opinion of the impro of his commanding at Fort Pitt. Contem priety porary copy. 1 p. The original was signed by Enclosed Gibson and twelve other officers.
in

Brodhead

to

Washington, 1781, Aug.

19.

51,
Second copy, by Gibson, enclosed in Gibson to Washington,
25.

320
Aug.

1781,

51, 341.

1781
AUG. 19

Peterson, Gabriel, Archibald

Read and James Morrison.

Fort Pitt.
Ferry].

To [George] Washington [Near Dobbs Manner in which they have been de
petition
1

ranged; A. L. S.

a

correction

of

the

error.

p.

51,

273

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
AUG. 20
Stark, John.
litia

1927

Albany.
Ferry].

To

Dobbs

[George] Washington [Near Slowness of Massachusetts mi

1781
AUG. 21

in arriving; number sent to Schoharie; awaits arrival of a larger force before moving his 51, 274 quarters to Saratoga. L. S. 1 p. To the Officer [Washington, George.] [King s Ferry.]

commanding

British fleet at

New York

[Vice-

Adml. Marriot Arbuthnot]. Complaints as to treatment of prisoners on prison-ships; requests permission for an American Commissary to in spect same. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. E. 419
1781
AUG. 21

Washington,] G[eorge]. King s Ferry [New York.] To Marquis de Lafayette [York River, Virginia]. March of French and American armies for Vir
ginia collection of wagons in that state ; preven tion of escape of enemy water-craft to be sent to
; ;

Head
note.

of Elk.

Draft.
jr.

2 pp.

Jonathan Trumbull,
1781
AUG. 21

In handwriting of In part in Ford, 9, 346, B. XIV, pt. 1, 401
s Ferry].

Washington,] G[eorge].

King

s

Ferry.

chambeau
nental
note.

[en route to

King

To Comte de RoMarch of

the French;

Army.

passage of the river by the Conti 1 p. In handwriting of Draft.
jr.

Jonathan Trumbull,
1781
AUG. 21

Extract in Ford,
D.

9,

346,

I, pt. 2,

307

[Washington, George.] Chatham [New Jersey]. To Comte de Rochambeau [Whippany]. Detachment to
cover the French bakery at Chatham. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Cobb. D. I, pt. 2, 327

1781
AUG. 21

Washington,] G[eorge]. [King s Ferry.] To [Lt.] Col. [Sylvanus] Seeley [Dobbs Ferry]. Orders for continu ing at Dobbs and march toward Springfield in 1 p. telligence of enemy in New York. Draft. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 1, 403
;

1781

Barras,
-

[Comte

AuG

21

Newport [Rhode Island]. To [George Washington, King s Ferry]. American
de].

militia to

guard the

fleet;

ter to Chevalier de

La Luzerne.

encloses important let A. L. S. 1 p.
51,

(In French)

293

1781

lafayette, [Marquis de].
-

AUG

21

Forks of York River [Virginia]. To [George Washington, Near Dobbs Ferry].

1928

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Actions of the enemy at York and Gloucester; Lafayette s position; measures for bringing out the militia; [Brig.] Gen. [Anthony] Wayne s movements; officer to meet [Comte de Grasse]; general plan of Lafayette s intended measures;

number

of his

troops;

difficulties

in

forming

magazines and obtaining provisions; lack of clothing, heavy artillery and ammunition; wishes for Washington s presence; inability of staff officers to carry on matters in a large compaign; prospects of compelling Cornwallis to sur A. L. S. 7 pp. In Sparks, Letters to render.

Washington,
1781
AUG. 21 Pickering, T[imothy].

3,

389.
s

51,

276

King
s

Ferry.

To

[George]

Wash-

Examination of roads; ington [King Ferry]. stores and carpenter tools; offi quartermaster cers baggage; allowance of wagons for same. A. L. S. 2pp. Endorsed by Trumbull: "Genl. Order in Consequence issued next Day." 51, 289
Seely, Silvanus.

1781
AUG. 21

Dobbs Ferry.

To

[George] Washington

[Near Dobbs Ferry]. Orders governing his posi tion; the food situation; reconnoitering boats of the enemy. L. S. 1 p. 51, 275
Varick, Richard.

1781
AUG. 21

Poughkeepsie [New York]. To [George Washington, Near Dobbs Ferry]. His instruc tions; pay and subsistence; forage for two horses;

pay
left

for writers; encloses invoices of property in his charge at New Windsor; firewood,
;
"

candles, etc. need of an order from Washington. ansd. A. L. S. 3 pp. Endorsed by Trumbull: 10 Octo. & Instructions & Appointment for warded." 51, 282
[1781] [Auo.

Varick, Richard.
21]

of articles of

New York]. Inventory baggage of Gen. Washington left in charge of Varick, June 25, 1781 and forwarded to Head Quarters Aug. 21, 1781 and list of articles
[Poughkeepsie,

left in his

pp.

charge Aug. 21, 1781. A. Ds. S. 2 Enclosed in preceding entry. 51, 284

1781
AUG. 21

Varick, Richard.

Col. Jonathan]

Poughkeepsie [New York]. To [Lt. Trumbull [jr., Near Dobbs Ferry].

His

appointment [as Recording Secretary]; agreement as to pay, etc.; need of forage for an

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1929

need of money by October.
1781 AUG. 21
Zeisberger, David.

extra horse; firewood; additionals to writers; A. L. S. 3 pp.
51,

280

Tuppaking [On the Muskingum]. To Col. [Daniel] Brodhead or [John] Gibson [Fort Indians and tories at Gnadenhutten Pitt].
;

their intelligence of [Brig.] Gen. [George Rogers] Clark s expedition; narrow escape of Sahdusky;

intended expedition against Wheeling; feeling among the Delawares force sent against Clark. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Gibson to Washington, 1781, Aug. 24. 51, 342
;

1781 AUG.

[Washington, George.]
22

King s Ferry. Answers to quesComte de Rochambeau. Draft. 3 pp. tions of In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
D.
I,

pt. 2,

309

1781 AUG.

22

[Washington, George.] King s Ferry. To [Maj. Gen. Arthur St. Clair, Philadelphia]. Assembling of

Pennsylvania and Delaware recruits. In handwriting of David Cobb. 1 p.
B.

Drafts.

XIV,

pt. 1,

405

1781 AUG.

22

[Washington, George.] King s Ferry. To [Benoit Joseph] de Tarl6 [King s Ferry]. Exchange of flour. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh Draft. D. I, pt. 2, 317 man.
Duportail, [Louis

1781
AUG. 22

Le Begue]. Washington, King s
change

Philadelphia.

To [George
ex
1 p.

Ferry]. of certain of his friends.

Requesting A. L. S.
51,

297

1781
AUG. 22

Dnportail, [Louis

Le Begue]. Washington, King s

Philadelphia.

To [George
intended Marquis de 51, 295

Ferry]. rapidity of his journey to reach the

Illness;

Lafayette.

1781 AUG.

Heath, W[illiam].
22

To

Upper part of Sing Sing [New York]. [George] Washington [King s Ferry]. March
;

toward Croton covering the French baggage and forwarding the American. L. S. 2 pp. 51, 294
[1781] [Auc.
22]

[Rochambeau, Comte de.] King s Ferry. Questions proposed [to Gen. George Washington]. Peekskill as a safe location for hospital and stores; com munication between Boston, Providence and the North River; embarkation of French troops on

1930

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
the Delaware; transportation to Head of Elk and down the Chesapeake. Contemporary copy.
3 pp.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
D.
I, pt. 2,

313

1781 AUG.

Rochambeau,
22

Comte
;

de.

Peekskill

[New York].
;

To

March of [George] Washington [King s Ferry]. the French unexpected difficulties baggage and
artillery; letters

from France

at Boston.

L. S.
51,

2 pp.

295

1781
AUG. 23

Brodhead, Daniel.

Fort Pitt. To [George] Washington Col. [John] Gibson s claim [to Ferry]. command at Fort Pitt]; complaint of officers;

[King

s

[Alexander] Fowler s actions; scarcity of provi sion; conduct of the 7th Virginia regiment; need

an expedition against the Sandusky Indians and the question of com
of clothing preparations for

1781
AUG. 23

mand. A.L.S. 3pp. Answered Sep. 6. 51,313 Cambray, Chevalier du. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [King
;

s

Ferry].

Requesting to be ex
of the Southern country.
51,

knowledge changed Recent copy. 1 p.
1781
AUG. 23

his

312

Freehold [New Jersey]. To [George Forman, David. Adml. [Rear] Washington, King s Ferry]. [Thomas, Lord] Graves at Sandy Hook; move

ments

of the British ships;
s arrival.

reports of [Comte]
1 p.

De
1781
AUG. 23

Grasse

A. L. S.

51, 311

Heath, W[illiam].

Peekskill [New York]. To [George] Washington [King s Ferry]. Intended camp at Crompond and necessity of moving nearer the river; demand for teams from the Quartermas ter General; Heath s situation if compelled to comply. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Aug. 24.
51,

308

1781
AUG. 23

Schaick, G[oose] V[an]. Camp near King s Ferry. To [George] Washington [King s Ferry]. Superseded

by

Col. [Moses] Hazen; requests leave to lay his case before Congress. L. S. 1 p. Endorsed by
"Ans.

Trumbull:
to Phila

24th

Liberty given to proceed 51, 303

1781
AUG. 23

Stark, John.

Albany. To [George] Washington [King s Retention of armorers; arrival of mi Ferry]. retention of a guide. L. S. 2 pp. 51, 310 litia;

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
AUG. 24

1931

Washington, George. King s Ferry. To Col. [Elias] Dayton [Near Springfield, New Jersey]. Desiring in
telligence of effect of late

British at

New York

and strength

movements upon the of enemy on

Staten Island; orders to be in readiness to march. B. Auto, draft signed. 1 p. XIV, pt. 1, 421
1781
AUG. 24

[Washington, George.] King s Ferry.

To [Brig.] Gen. [DaForman [Monmouth, New Jersey]. Orders vid] to watch movements of British fleet. Draft. 1 p.
In handwriting of Tench Tilghmau.
B.

1781
AUG. 24

Washington,] G[eorge]. Ferry. King Junction of Grasse, near Chesapeake Bay]. Barras with his fleet; urging sending of Comte de
frigates

s

XIV, pt. 1, 419 To [Comte de

and transports to Head

of Elk.

Draft.

2 pp.

In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. D. I, pt. 2, 319

1781
AUG. 24

[Washington, George.] King s Ferry. To Lt. Abijah Hammond, Boston. Conditions on which he is grant ed leave for a sea voyage. Draft. 1 p. In hand writing of Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 1 423
,

1781
AUG. 24

Washington,] Gfeorge].
liam]

King

s

Ferry.

ToMaj.Gen.

[Wil-

Heath

forges.

[Highlands]. Request for travelling 1 p. In handwriting of David Draft.
B.

1781

AuG

-

24

XIV, pt. 1, 407 Haverstraw [New York]. To Washington,] G[eorge]. Maj. Gen. [William] Heath [Highlands]. Orders
Cobb.
to furnish
1

teams at once.

p.

B.

Auto, draft signed. XIV, pt. 1, 409

1781

[Washington, George.]
-

King

s

Ferry.

To Marquis de La-

AuG

24

fayette [York River, Virginia]. Major [Caleb] Gibbs sent to fill the place of Major [William]

Galvan.
1781

Draft.

1

p.

Humphreys.
AuG
-

In handwriting of David B. XIV, pt 1., 415

24

[Washington, George.] King s Ferry. To Maj. Gen. [Benjamin] Lincoln [Camp]. Instructions for march
of his

detachment to Philadelphia; route,
Auto, draft.
s

dis

tances, etc.

3 pp. B.

1781

Washington,] G[eorge].
-

King

Ferry.

XIV, pt. 1, 411 To [Jotham Lor-

AuG

24

ing, Boston].
1

p.

His request for a retrial. Draft. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 1, 425

1932
1781
AUG. 24

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington,
George.] King s Ferry. To [Brig. Gen. William Smallwood, Annapolis, Maryland]. Urg ing marching of Maryland recruits to Marquis de

Lafayette; Capt. [John] Hughes to join his regi ment. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David B. XIV, pt. 1, 417 Humphreys.

1781
AUG. 24

Gibson, John.

Fort Pitt.

To [George] Washington [King
letters

s

Ferry].

Enclosing

from Rev. [David]

Zeisberger;

disbelief of intelligence respecting

1781
AUG. 24

1 p. 51, 332 [Col. Guy] Johnson. A. L. S. La Luzerne, Chevalier de. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [King s Ferry]. Exchange of [Col.]

Laumoy and

[Lt.

Col.]

Cambray;

news

of

L. S. British and French naval intelligence. 2 pp. (In French.) 51, 321

1781
AUG. 25

Washington, George.
[Philip

King

s

Ferry.

Instructions to Col.
s Ferry].

Van] Cortlandt [King

To

trans

port clothing, boats, intrenching tools 1 p. stores to Springfield. Copy.

and other In hand
pt. 1,

writing of George Taylor,

jr.

B.

1781 AUG. 25

[Washington,

George.]

[King

s

Ferry.]

XIV, To

427
Col.

Lt.

[Silvanus] march to
1

Seeley [Dobbs

Ferry].

Orders to
Draft.
jr.

Acquakanonk [New
B.

Jersey].

p.

In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull,

XIV,

pt. 1,

429

1781
AUG. 25

Court of Inquiry.

Philadelphia. Opinion on complaint against Lt. Col. [Thomas] Forrest for discharge of a soldier. Contemporary copy. 1 p. En closed in 1781, Dec. 29. 53, 353

1781
AUG. 25

Gibson, John.

Fort Pitt.

To [George] Washington [King
Brodhead
s

s

Ferry].

Col. [Daniel]

case; confusion

respecting the deputy judge advocateship; ap pointment of Capt. John Finley; [Alexander]

Fowler
Clark
s

s

charges; [Brig.] Gen. [George Rogers] expedition against the Wyandots and

Shawanoes; supplies furnished him; lack of clothing; Brodhead s assurances; meeting of in habitants of Yohiogany county [Youghiogheny, Pennsylvania]; agreement to Gibson s proposals for an Indian expedition; opinion of meeting of officers called by Brodhead to consider charges
against him; interpretation placed

upon Wash

ington

s letters;

Brodhead

s

persistent claim to

COEEESPONDENCE OF GEOEGE WASHINGTON

1933

command

at Fort Pitt; fear of disaster to Clark
;
;

from this persistence distress for provisions lack of intelligence from spies; returns made by Brodcourt-martial head; A. L. S. 8 pp.
1781
AUG. 25

proceedings

forwarded. 51, 328

Heath, W[illiam].

Peekskill [New York]. To [George] Washington [King s Ferry]. Subalterns of the New England lines desire to know decision as to rank settled by recent board of general officers. L. S. 1 p. Answered Sep. 6. 51, 327 Peekskill
s

1781
AUG. 25

Howe, Robert.

[New York]. To

ington [King

move South;

Ferry]. mortification at being left behind; personal considerations, etc. A. L. S. 6 pp.
51,

[George] WashBelief that Army will

345

1781
AUG. 26

[Washington, George.] Ramapaugh [New Jersey]. To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath [Highlands]. Settle ment of subaltern rank [in the Massachusetts
Line].

Draft.

1 p.

Tilghman.
1781
AUG. 26
Enos, Roger.

In handwriting of Tench B. XIV, pt. 1,431

Castleton, Vermont.

To George Washingthe

ton [Ramapo,

New

Jersey].

appointment to

command

Announcing his Vermont troops;

intelligence of intended British attack upon the frontier. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Oct. 6.
51,

349

1781
AUG. 26

Greene,

Nathanael.
[George]
Col.
taliate

Camden

[South

Carolina].

To
of
re

Washington [Ramapo]. Hanging [Isaac] Haynes; Greene s intention to
;

high water a bar to enterprises intended attempt on British at McCord s Ferry; ignorance
;

of affairs in Virginia and to the Northward. A. L. S. 3 pp. In Sparks, Letters to Washing
ton, 3, 393.
51,

353

1781
AUG. 27

[Washington, George.] Chatham [New Jersey]. To [MarDis quis de Lafayette, York River, Virginia]. agreeable nature of part of his letter; march of

Army South; point of debarkation of French and American troops; provisions and beef supply in
Draft. Virginia; requests to know his position. 3 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIV,

pt, 1,

433

1781
AUG. 27

[Washington, George.]
[Philadelphia].

Chatham.

To Col. [Samuel] Miles Orders to assemble water-craft at

1934

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Trenton for transportation of Army deception of enemy; need of exertion. Draft. 3 pp. In
;

handwriting of David Humphreys.
1781
AUG. 27

Washington, George.

Chatham.

XIV, pt. 1, 439 To [Comte de] KochamB.

beau [Whippany

British reenforcing Staten ?] Island; halt of allied troops; arranging for boats, D. etc. Auto, draft signed. 2pp. I, pt. 2, 321

1781 AUG.

27

Tilghman, T[ench]. Chatham. To Col. [Philip] Van Cortlandt [Pompton, New Jersey]. Directing route of boats to Chatham. Auto, draft signed. 1 p. B. XIV, pt. 1, 439
Washington, George. Chatham. To [Lt. William Colfax, Chatham]. Transmitting instructions; criticism
of his absence; secrecy;

1781
AUG. 28

Mrs
1

[Elizabeth]
p.

Thomp
1,

son.

Auto, draft signed.

B.

XIV,
Col.

pt.

455

1781 AUG.

28

[Washington, George.] Cortlandt [Chatham]. to Trenton. Draft.

Chatham.

To

[Philip

Van]

1781
AUG. 28

David Humphreys. Washington,] G[eorge]. Chatham. To Capt. [William] Dobbs, Baskingridge [New Jersey]. Pilots no longer necessary; pay. Draft. 1 p. In hand writing of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.
B.

Orders directing his route 1 p. In handwriting of B. XIV, pt. 1, 449

XIV,

pt. 1,

453

1781 AUG.

Washington,] G[eorge].
28

vid]

Chatham. To [Brig.] Gen. [DaForman [Monmouth, New Jersey]. Desiring

Draft. every intelligence of the British fleet. 1 p. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 1, 447

1781
AUG. 28

W[ashingto]n, G[eorge].

Chatham. Instructions to Maj. Gen. [Benjamin] Lincoln [Chatham]. Composi tion of columns to march to Trenton; route; wagons; apportionment of water-craft between the two Armies; guides. Auto, draft signed. 3 pp. B. XIV, pt. 1, 443

1781
Auo. 28

Washington, George. Chatham. To Comte de Rochambeau [Whippany]. March of the French; the meeting at Princeton. Auto, draft signed. 2 pp. D. I, pt. 2, 325
[Washington, George.] Chatham. To [Elizabethtown, New Jersey].

1781
AUG. 28

Abraham Skinner
Exchange nego-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
tiations;
cers;

1935
offi

the Cedars prisoners and Canadian

exchange of [Lt.] Gen. [John] Burgoynefor Draft. [Henry] Laurens; southern prisoners. 3 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 1, 45
1781
AUG. 28

[Washington, George.]

Chatham. Instructions to the General or Deputy Quartermaster Quartermaster General with the Army. Authorizing impress of cattle and horses for Army on the march. In handwriting of David Hum 1 p. Draft. B. XIV, pt. 1, 451 phreys.

1781 AUG.

Cortlandt,
28

Pompton [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [New Brunswick]. Intended
Pfhilip

Van].

march of his regiment [2d New York] to 52,3 Chatham; delay of boats. A. L. S. 1 p.
line of

[1781]
[AUG. 28]

Freehold [New Jersey]. To [George Forman, David. New Brunswick]. Arrival of a Washington,
British fleet off

Sandy Hook.

A. L. S.

1

p.

52,25
1781 AUG.
Viomenil, [Baron].
28

To [George Need of a guard Brunswick]. Washington, for the French bakers at Chatham until Septem
Whippany [New
Jersey].

New
1

ber
1781 AUG.

2.

L. S.

p.

52,

4

Washington,] G[eorge].
29

Trenton. To [Brig.] Gen. [David] Forman [Monmouth, New Jersey]. His intelli

gence of the British
writing of

fleet.

Draft.
jr.

1

p.

In hand
pt.
1,

Jonathan Trumbull,
B.

XIV,

463

1781
AUG. 29

Washington,] G[eorge]. Gen. [William] Heath [Highlands].

Trenton [New Jersey].

To Maj.
1

Circular let
p.

ters for the States; militia aids. Draft. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.

B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

461

1781
AUG. 29

Washington,] G[eorge]. Chatham. To Baron Viomenil [Chatham]. Detachment to protect the bakery. 1 p. In handwriting of Jonathan Trum Draft.
bull, jr.

D.

I, pt. 2,

329

1781
AUG. 29

Brodhead, Daniel.

Pitt. To [George] Washington Murder by Indians near Cross Creek; alarm of the frontier; desertion of Maryland corps in Westmoreland; suffering of the troops;

Fort

[Trenton].

spies sent into the Indian country; confusion

1936

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
caused by dispute with Col. [John] Gibson over command of the post. A. L. S. 2 pp. In 52, 8 Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 397.

1781 AUG.

Cortlandt,
29

P[hilip

Van].

Dodd
S.
1

s

Tavern [New
[Trenton].

Jersey].
52, 13

To
his

[George]

Washington
A. L.

Progress of

march.

p.

1781 AUG. 29

Forman, David.

Freehold [New Jersey].

To

[George]

Washington, Trenton. Arrival of a British fleet, supposed to be [Vice] Adml. [George Brydges] Rodney, at Sandy Hook; British naval strength; prospect of success against New York; suggests attempt upon the British Southern ports; neces
sity of seizing

and

fortifying

Sandy Hook
to

in

campaign against
results

New

York; observations on
forward
52, 9

British fleet; horsemen A. L. S. 2 pp. intelligence.
to

1781 AUG.

Miles, Samuel.
29

Philadelphia. To [George] Washington Efforts to send all river craft ob [Trenton]. tainable up to Trenton; their inadequate num
ber.

A. L.

S.

1

p.

In Sparks, Letters

to

1781 AUG. 29

52, 11 Washington, 3, 396. Samuel. Philadelphia. List of water craft engaged Miles, Tabu [for transporting the Army from Trenton]. lar statement of names of owners, kind of craft,
etc.

Memorandum, Aug.
A. D.
S.
1 p.

30, of topsail vessels
52, 51

available.

1781
AUG. 30

Affleck,

Edmund.

To [George] Washington Washington s complaint respect ing prisoners confined on prison ships and de mand for inspection by an American officer; re
York.
[Philadelphia].

New

criminations.

A. L. S.

3 pp.

In Sparks,

8,

523.

52, 17

1781
AUG. 30

Lee,

Thomas S[im]. Annapolis [Maryland]. To Col. Henry Hollingsworth [Head of Elk]. Measures taken to furnish flour and beef to the Army;
places of deposit.

Contemporary copy.

1

p.

Enclosed in Hollingsworth to Washington, 1781, 52, 98 Sep. 7.
1781
AUG. 30
Lincoln, B[enjamin].

To

Brunswick Landing [New Jersey]. [George] Washington [Philadelphia]. Arrival of troops at the Landing; problem of wagons, etc.; Col. [Timothy] Pickering to wait on Wash
ington for directions.

A. L. S.

2 pp.

52, 21

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781 Auo.

1937

31

[Washington, George.] Philadelphia. To Maj. Gen. [Benjamin] Lincoln [Trenton]. Transportation of the

heavy artillery and baggage; fords at Trenton and over the Neshaminy; march of troops; trans 3 pp. In hand portation matters. Draft. of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. writing B. XIV, pt. 1, 465
1781
AUG. 31

To Maj. Gen. Washington,] G[eorge]. Philadelphia. Lincoln [Trenton]. March of French [Benjamin] Army; water transportation for the American; Draft. 2 pp. In hand artillery; wagons, etc. of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. writing B. XIV, pt. 1, 469
Freehold [New Jersey]. To [George Forman, David. Washington, Philadelphia]. Sailing of both British fleets from Sandy Hook; total number of British ships on the American coast; change A. L. S. 1 p. of route of intelligence. 52, 24
Lincoln, B[enjamin].

1781
AUG. 31

1781
AUG. 31

Trenton.

To

[George] Washington
of ordnance
S.

[Philadelphia].

Embarkation

and

artillery corps, stores, etc.

A. L.
3,

Sparks, Letters to Washington,

3 pp. In 399. 52, 29

1781
AUG. 31

Lincoln, B[enjamin]. Trenton [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington, Philadelphia. Passage of the river; British embarkation at New York; desertions.

A. L. S.

2 pp.

52, 31
[Virginia].

1781
AUG. 31

McPherson, Duncan.
officer in

Yorktown

To

[a fellow

New York].
work on

Arrival of the French fleet

in the Chesapeake; obstinate defense of [H.
Loyalist;
fortifications;

M.

S.]

personal mat blockade of the port; position of the various ters; regiments; confidence and spirits of the troops. A. L. S. 3 pp. (Intercepted letter.) Enclosed
in Gist to

Washington, 1781, Sep. 24.
of this letter

52,

183

Contemporary extract of latter portion

by Cobb,

52, 185.

[1781]
[AUG.]

[Greene, Nathanael.]

Memorandum
of

of landing places in

[South Carolina], Enclosed in Greene to Washington, 1781, 51, 202 Aug. 6.
vicinity

the

Charleston

2 pp.

1781
AUG.

Laumoy,

Philadelphia.

To [George Washington,
for

Near Dobbs Ferry]. Pleads change. Recent copy. 2 pp.
VOL

an early ex 51, 141a

56214

312

20

1938
1781
SEP. 1

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Washington,] G[eorge].
Clinton
officers

Philadelphia.

To

[Sir

Henry]
British

[New York].

Protested

bills of

2 pp.

and request for payment of same. Draft. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.
E.

423
Gen.

1781
SEP. l

[Washington, George.] Philadelphia. [David] Forman [Monmouth,

To

[Brig.]

Jersey]. for his intelligence; report of troops ar rived in British fleet; value of his communica

New

Thanks
tions.

Draft.

2 pp.

Humphreys.
1781
SEP. 1

In handwriting of David B. XIV, pt. 1, 477

Washington,] G[eorge]. Philadelpnia. To Marquis de Laf ayette [York River ? Virginia]. Transmitting
information of the British fleet; progress of the Army South. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of B. Jonathan Trumbull, jr. XIV, pt. 1, 475

1781
SEP. 1

Forman, David.

Freehold [New Jersey].
[Philadelphia].

Washington

To [George] British fleet sailing

South; reported arrival of Comte de Grasse in the Chesapeake and [Rear] Adml. [Thomas, Lord] Graves intention; arrival of [Rear] Adml. [Samuel] Hood at New York. A. L. S. 1 p. 52, 40
1781
SEP. 1

Heath, W[illiam].

Peekskill [New York]. To [George] Washington [Philadelphia]. Quiet along the lines; Heath s grand forage toward [White] Plains; return of [Lt.] Col. [John] Laurens from France. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Sep. 7. 52,34

1781
SEP. 1

Lincoln, Bfenjamin].

Trenton.

To

[George] Washington

[Philadelphia].

Lack

of sufficient boats for the

French troops; passage

of the river

by Ameri

cans; orders left for Col. [Philip Van] Cortlandt. L. S. 2 pp. 52, 33

1781
SEP. 1

Smallwood, W[illiam].

Annapolis [Maryland]. To [George]

Lack of arms and [Philadelphia]. blankets causing delay in march of the 3d Mary
Washington
land regiment; lack of arms, accoutrements and clothing by all the troops; condition of [Mary land s] finances. L. S. 3 pp. 52, 38

1781
SEP. 2

Washington,] G[eorge].
[David]

To Philadelphia. Forman [Monmouth, New

[Brig.]

Gen.
In-

Jersey].

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1939

telligence of destination of British fleet. Draft. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. 1 p.

B.

1781
SEP. 2

Washington,] G[eorge]. Philadelphia. Goodrich [Stockbridge, Massachusetts].
shire

XIV, pt. 1, 491 To Maj. William
Berk
1 p.

gentlemen s offer of services. Draft. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.
B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

495

1781
SEP. 2

Washington, George.

Philadelphia.

Instructions to Lt.

Gouvion [with the Army]. To join Lafayette; report on roads en route and en deavor to repair same; making of fascines, etc.
Col. [Jean Baptiste]

Auto, draft signed.
1781
SEP. 2

2 pp.

B.

XTV,

pt. 1,

493

[Washington,

Instructions to George.] Philadelphia. Brig. Gen. [Moses] Hazen [with the Army]. To superintend transportation of boats and ordnance

and stores from Christiana Bridge to Head of Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Elk.
Tilghman.
1781
SEP. 2

B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

489

[Washington, George.] Philadelphia. To [Maj. Gen. William Heath, Highlands]. Offer of service of 1 In hand Stockbridge Indians. Draft. p. B. XIV, pt. 1, 479 writing of David Cobb.
[Washington,
George.]
Philadelphia.

1781
SEP. 2

To Marquis de
March
of

Lafayette [Williamsburg, Virginia].

combined Armies [to Virginia]; supplies; anxiety for news of French fleets. Draft. 8 pp. In handwriting of David Humphreys. In Ford, 9,
356.
B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

481

1781
SEP. 2

Duportail, [Louis Le Begue]. Cape Henry. On board the Ville de Paris. To [George] Washington [Phila
delphia].

Comte de Grasse

s

fleet;

Comte de

delay; the situation; troops furnished Marquis [de Lafayette]; his opportunity; urges Washington to hurry forward no chance of under
s
;

Barras

taking anything to the southward [of Yorktown]; transport advantage of [allied Army] being at Baltimore instead of Elk. A. L. S. 3 pp.
1781
SEP 2
-

Answered Sep. 7. Grasse, Comte de. At Cape Henry
letter

52,
[Virginia].

47

To [George

Washington, Philadelphia].

Acknowledges his

by

[Lt.] Col. [Louis

Le Begue] Duportail;

1940

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
embarkation of allied Armies at [Head of] Elk; blockade of Cornwallis and junction with Marquis de Lafayette; Cornwallis ships and position; intention of attacking; Washington s wishes to govern; [Comte de] Barras s squadron. L. S. 3

1781
SEP. 2

Answered Sep. 6. 52, 41 Heath, W[illiam]. Peekskill [New York]. To [George] Washington [Philadelphia]. Arrival of a British
pp.
(In French).
fleet at

New York

of reason of 2 pp.

Washington

with Hessians; British report s march South. L. S. 51, 43

1781
SEP. 3

[Laurens, John.]

Philadelphia. Summary of cargoes [of military stores] of the Cibette, Olimpe and Du4 pp. quetrouin [shipped from France]. A. D.

A copy
[1781]
SEP. 3

of this

Summary,

in the

handwriting of George Bond,
2.

52, 50 is among

the enclosures of Laurens s letter to Congress, 1781, Sep.

C. C. 105, 223.

Massachusetts, Subalterns. Arrangement. List of names D. S. of John Paterson in order of seniority.
3 pp. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1782, Feb. 23. 54, 297

and William Hull.
1781
SEP. 3

[Washington, George.]

Philadelphia.

To Comte
Route
of

[de]

Rofor

chambeau

[Philadelphia].

march

cavalry, artillery, baggage,

etc.

through Virginia.
D.
I, pt. 2,

Auto, draft.
1781
SEP. 3

331

Washington,] G[eorge].

Philadelphia. To Joseph Woodbridge [Groton, Connecticut]. Purchase of can non from the Culloden. Draft. 1 p. In hand

writing of Jonathan Trumbull,
B.

jr.

XIV,

pt. 1,

497

1781
SEP. 3

Gillilano,

[George] WashingPhiladelphia. Distressed situation of his ton, Philadelphia. 1 p. family; requests rations for same. A. L. S.
52, 61

James.

To

1781
SEP. 3

Seely, Silvanus.

Connecticut Farms [New Jersey].

To

sailing of a fleet

[George] Washington [Philadelphia]. Reported commanded by [Rear] Adml. [Thomas, Lord] Graves; troops to be convoyed.
1

L. S.

p.

52,

56

1781
SEP. 3

Skinner,

Abraham.

Elizabethtown [New Jersey].

To

[George] Washington [Philadelphia]. Release of all private prisoners obtained; negotiations for exchange of [Lt.] Gen. [John] Burgoyne. A. L. S.
1 p.

52, 52

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
SEP. 3

1941
[New Prop

Skinner,

Abraham.
York].
osition
for
;

Decker

s

Ferry, Staten Island

To Joshua Loring [Staten Island].

the exchange of Lt. Gen. [John] exchange of Cedars prisoners depend Burgoyne ent upon allowance for Canadian officers paroled
in 1776.

Contemporary copy by Skinner. Enclosed in Skinner to Washn. 1781, Sep.
Staten Island [New York].

1 p.

4.

52,

59

1781
SEP. 3

Loring, Joshua.

To [Abraham

Counter proposition for of Lt. Gen. [John] Burgoyne. Contem exchange porary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Skinner to 52, 60 Washington, 1781, Sep. 4.
Skinner, Staten Island].
Skinner,

1781
SEP. 3

Abraham and Joshua Loring-. Staten Island [New York]. An exchange of American for Brit ish and German officers of the Convention troops and prisoners of war. Ratified and completed. Tabular statement of names with corps and
compositional value. Contemporary copy by Skinner. 5 pp. Enclosed in Skinner to Wash
ington, 1781, Sep.
4.

52,

55
i

1781
SEP. 4

To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Philadelphia. [Nathanael] Greene [High Hills of the Santee,
South Carolina].
reasons and the

Change

of plan of

move
Draft.

to Virginia; the British

campaign; and

French

fleets;

Lord Cornwallis; correspondence
6 pp.
B.

with Greene.

David Humphreys.
1781
SEP. 4

In handwriting of XIV, pt. 1, 499

Gist, M[ordecai].

Philadelphia.

Baltimore. To [George] Washington, Arrival of Comte de Grasse s

fleet; prizes taken; despatches vessels ordered to Head of Elk.

from de Grasse;
A. L.
S.

2 pp.
52, 72

[1781]
[SEP. 4]

[Gist,

Mordecai.] Grasse s]

[Baltimore].
fleet in

List of the French [de

the Chesapeake.

A. D.

1

p.

Enclosed in preceding entry.
1781
SEP. 4

52, 71 a

Grasse,

Comte

To [George Introduces Capt. de Washington, Philadelphia]. Saint-Cezair; question of vessels for transporta tion of allied Armies [down Chesapeake Bay]; debarkation of troops of St. Simon, etc. L. S. 3 pp. (In French.) Answered Sep. 15. 52, 68
de.

At Cape Henry [Virginia].

1942
1781
SEP 4
-

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Lincoln, Bfenjamin].

Redley, three miles from Chester

[George] Washington [Philadel Progress of the march; spirit of the 52, 65 troops. A. L. S. 1 p.
phia].

[Delaware].

To

1781
SEP 4
-

Skinner,

Abraham.
[George]

Elizabethtown [New Jersey].
[Philadelphia].

To

Washington

Exchange

of all [American] officers except those taken to the southward; negotiations for exchange of Lt.

Gen. [John] Burgoyne; question of the Cedars prisoners; composition exchange propositions of the enemy; journey eastward to arrange the [Commissary of Prisoners] Department. A. L. S.
2 pp.
52, 53

1781
SEP. 4

Smallwood, W[illiam]. Annapolis [Maryland]. To [George] Washington [Philadelphia]. Obtaining arms and accoutrements for the 4th and 5th Maryland
regiment; orders to join Marquis [de Lafayette]; reported arrival of the French fleet in the Chesa 52, 63 peake. A. L. S. 1 p.

1781
SEP. 5

Washington,] G[eorge]. Chester. To Chevalier [de] La Luzerne [Philadelphia]. Arrival of Comte de Grasse in the Chesapeake Bay. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Cobb. D. I, pt. 2, 333
Heath, Wplliam].
Peekskill

1781
SEP. 5

[New York].

To

[George]

Washington

Report of a [British] fleet [in Long Island Sound]; return of troops in the department sent to the Adjutant-General.
[Chester].

L. S.

2 pp.

52, 74

1781
SEP. 6

[Washington, George.]

Head
Pitt].

of Elk.

To

Col. [Daniel]

Brodhead [Fort

during his trial. Draft. writing of Jonathan Trumbull,
B.

mand

Orders to relinquish com 1 p. In hand
jr.

XIV,

pt. 1,

513

1781
SEP. 6

Washington,] Gfeorge]. Wilmington [Delaware]. To Brig. Gen. [David] Forman [Monmouth, New Jersey]. Arrival of Comte de Grasse; communication of 1 p. Draft. In handwriting of intelligence. David Cobb. B. XVI, pt. 1, 511 Washington,] G[eorge]. Head of Elk. To Alexander] Fowler [Fort Pitt]. Orders to desist from acting as deputy judge advocate in trial of Col. [Daniel] Brodhead. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Jona than Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 1, 517

1781
SEP. 6

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
SEP.
6

1943

Washington,] G[eorge]. Head of Elk. To [Col. John GibOrders to relieve Col. [Daniel] son, Fort Pitt]. Brodhead of command; [Alexander] Fowler s
right to act as
1

p.

deputy judge-advocate. Draft. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 1, 515

1781
SEP. 6

Head of Elk. To [Comte de [Washington, George.] Grasse, Chesapeake Bay]. Embarkation of van of the allied Army at head of the Bay prevention
;

of escape of Cornwallis. Draft. writing of Jonathan Trumbull,

2pp.
jr.

358, note.

D.

In hand In Ford, 9, I, pt. 2, 335

1781
SEP. 6

Washington, George.

[Head

of]

Elk.

To

[Col.

Timothy

Orders to join the Pickering, Philadelphia?]. 1 p. In handwriting of at once. Draft. Army B. William Stephens Smith. XIV, pt. 1, 519
Brodhead, Daniel.
[George] Washington Col. [John] [Head Gibson s attitude; resultant confusion; [Alexan der] Fowler s actions; his malicous nature; ar
of Elk].

1781
SEP. 6

Fort Pitt.

To

Murders by Indians;

rest of Col. Gibson.

A. L. S.

2 pp.

52, 79

1781
SEP. 6

Forman, David.

Freehold [New Jersey].
of Elk].

To

[George]

Washington [Head

Few troops and their

by [Rear] Adml. [Sam countermand of British orders for uel] Hood; embarkation; Comte de Grasse in the Chesa
sickly condition brought

peake; prizes taken; desire to know the situa tion. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Sep. 7. 52, 81
1781
SEP. 6

[Humphreys, David.] Head of Elk [Maryland]. To Brig. Gen. [Mordecai] Gist [Baltimore]. Arrival of Comte de Grasse call for transports and need of exertion. Auto, draft. 2 pp. B. XIV, pt. 1, 509
;

1781
SEP. 6

Worthington, William, Benjamin Gale and Aaron Eliot.

To all civil and Killings worth [Connecticut]. officers. British under [Lt. Col. Stephen] military
Delancey and [Brig. Gen. Benedict] Arnold burn ing New London. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Sep. 9.
52, 106

1781
SEP
-

Washington, George.
7

Head
[Elk].

of Elk.

To

Cadwalader

Requests

[Brig.] Gen. [John] his assistance in

procuring craft

for transportation

of

Armies

1944

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

down Chesapeake Bay.

Draft.
jr.

1

p.

In hand
pt. 1,

writing of Jonathan Trumbull,
B.*

XIV,

535

1781
SEP. 7

W[ashingto]n, G[eorge]. Lt. [William] Coif ax [Camp].

Head

of Elk.

Instructions to

Transportation of

headquarters baggage and stores. Draft signed. 1 p. In handwriting of David Cobb.
B.

1781
SEP. 7

Head of Elk. [Washington, George.] [Louis Le Begue] Du Portail [Off Cape Henry]. Uneasiness for Comte de B arras; lack of trans ports; forwarding of the French and American Armies. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David
XIV, pt. 1, 531 Head of Elk. To [Brig. Gen. Washington,] G[eorge]. David Forman, Monmouth, New Jersey]. Ap preciation of Forman s efforts; arrival and sta tion of Comte de Grasse in the Chesapeake; movement against Cornwallis. Draft. 2 pp.
Humphreys.
B.

XIV, pt. 1, 543 To Brig. Gen.

1781
SEP. 7

In handwriting of William Stephens Smith.
B.

1781
SEP. 7

Head of Elk. [Washington, George.] Gist [Baltimore]. Transmitting des [Mordecai] 1 p. In patches for Comte de Grasse. Draft.
handwriting of David Humphreys.

XIV, pt. 1, 537 To Brig. Gen.

1781
SEP. 7

XIV, pt. 1, 533 Head of Elk. To [Maj.] Gen. [Washington, George.] Heath [Highlands]. Arrival of Comte [William] de Grasse in the Chesapeake; the march to Vir
B.
ginia;

clothing

handwriting of
1781
SEP. 7

and beef. Draft. David Cobb.
B.

2

pp.

In

Head of Elk. [Washington, George.] Lafayette [Williamsburg, Virginia]. Approving his measures transportation of troops down the Chesapeake. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David Humphreys. In Sparks, 8, 156. B. XIV, pt. 1, 529
;

XIV, pt. 1, 521 To Marquis de

[1781]
[SEP. 7]

[Washington, George.] [Head of Elk.] Instructions to [Maj.] Gen. [Benjamin] Lincoln [Head of Elk]. Embarkation and transportation of troops and
stores

down Chesapeake Bay;

clothing, provi-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
sions,
artillery,

1945

troops; need of haste.

baggage, etc.; returns; French Auto, draft. 5 pp. B. XIV, pt. 1, 523

1781
SEP. 7

Washington,] G[eorge]. Head of Elk. Instructions to Col. [Henry Emanuel] Lutterloh [Elk]. Koute of teams and horses to WiUiamsburg [Virginia]; au
thorizing impress

when

necessary.
B.

Draft.
jr.

1 p.

In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull,

XIV,

pt. 1,

539

1781
SEP. 7

[Washington, George.]

Head

of Elk.

Instructions to Lt.

[Jacob] Mytinger [Headquarters]. with his command to Baltimore.

To proceed
Draft.
1 p.

In handwriting of David Cobb.
B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

545

1781
[SEP.
7]

[Washington, George.]
for forage

Head

of Elk.

Impress warrant
Draft.
2 pp.

on march

to Virginia.

In handwriting of David Humphreys.
1781
SEP. 7

XIV, pt. 1, 541 Resolve. Ordering payment to Continental Congress. New York State for forage consumed by the allied
B.

Armies in Westchester county. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to Washington,
1781, Sep. 21.
52, 94

1781
SEP. 7

Davies, William.

War

Office

[Williamsburg, Virginia].

To [Marquis de Lafayette ? Williamsburg] Need of Capt. [Thomas?] Parker s company on the
Eastern Shore [Virginia]; resistance of the people
to law; equipment of cavalry; seizure of a wagon sent for linen; efforts to collect clothing. A. L. S. 3 pp. 52, 164

1781
SEP. 7

Febiger, Christian.

Charlestown, Maryland.

To

[George]
his

Washington [Head of Elk], Explaining sence from Virginia. A. L. S. 4 pp.
Heath, W[illiam].
rider;

ab

52, 95

1781
SEP. 7

Peekskill

[New York].
[in

To

[George]

Washington [Head

of Elk].

Capture of the post-

British fleet sailing east

Long

Island

[Rear] Adml. Sound]; reported departure [Samuel] Hood; withdrawal of all British guard ships from the North River. L. S. 2 pp. An swered Sep. 23. 52, 93
of

1781
SEP 7
-

Hollingsworth, H[enry]. Head of Elk. To [George] Washington [Head of Elk]. Acknowledging letter; 52, 97 prospect of supplies. Recent copy. 1 p.

1946
1781
SEP. 7

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Macpherson, W[illiam]. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [Head of Elk]. Requesting to serve in the 52, 91 Army. A. L. S. 2 pp.

1781
SEP. 8

Washington, George. Head of Elk. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Elk?]. Route for horses and teams; orders to join Lafayette. Draft. 2pp. In hand
writing of David Humphreys.
B.

XIV, pt. 1, 547
Instructions to
troops.

1781
SEP. 8

Washington,] G[eorge].

John Pierce
1

[Elk].

Head of Elk. Payment of
B.

Draft.
jr.

p.

In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull,

XIV,

pt. 1,

549

1781
SEP. 8

Cornwallis, [Charles, Earl]. Yorktown, Virginia. To Sir Henry Clinton [New York]. Arrival of a French
fleet in

the Chesapeake; firing heard

off

the Capes

and Henry]; landing of French troops; expected arrival of Washington and Army from up the Bay; [position taken; state of works and quantity of provisions on hand]. L. S. 3 pp.
[Charles

(Intercepted letter.) Enclosed in Gist to Wash 52, 186 ington, 1781, Sep. 24.
Information In brackets at close of the letter is in cipher.

1781
SEP. 8

Lafayette,

To [Marquis de]. Williamsburg [Virginia]. [George Washington, Baltimore]. Engagement [between Rear Admls. Thomas, Lord Graves,

Samuel Hood and Comte de Grasse] off Cape Henry; need of Washington s Army; intention to reconnoitre [Yorktown] delay [of march of allied troops] until return of Comte de Grasse; suggests
;

thanks to Marquis de Saint Simon; requests re

command of the troops that served the Virginia campaign. A. L. S. 4 pp. during In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 400.
tention of
52, 101

1781
SEP. 8

Riddell, James.
dell,

Yorktown, Virginia.
York.
(Intercepted letter)

To Alexander RidA. L. S. Enclosed in Gist to
52, 191

New

Mercantile matters.

3 pp.

Washington, 1781, Sep. 24.
1781
SEP. 8
St.

Simon, [Marquis de]. Williamsburg [Virginia]. To [George Washington, Baltimore]. Desire to serve America; junction with forces of Lafayette; his L. S. 2 pp. 52, 103 (In French.) corps.

1781
SEP. 8

T. S:

[Thomas Symonds] [II. M. S.] CJi[aro]n [York Orders River]. To Henry White, New York. draft of 100 sent his wife and 20 or 30 ships-of-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
the-line [to

1947

Yorktown]. A. L. S. 1 p. [Inter cepted letter] Enclosed in Gist to Washington,
1781, Sep. 24.
52, 188

1781
SEP. 8

Valiancy, George. Yorktown [Virginia]. Memorandum for Mrs. Thompson, New York, of well being of

Captain [George Preston] Valiancy and family. A. D. S. 1 p. (Intercepted letter.) Enclosed in Gist to Washington, 1781, Sep. 24. 52, 189
1781
SEP.
[9]

Washington, George.

Mount Vernon [Virginia]. To Peter Waggener, Fairfax County [Virginia]. Militia to repair roads. Draft signed. 2 pp. In handwrit ing of David Humphreys and Washington.
XIV, pt. 1, 551 To [George Freehold [New Jersey].
B.
Difficulty in

1781
SEP. 9

Forman, David. Washington, Mt. Vernon, Virginia].

obtaining exact intelligence; arrival and de parture of troops at New York; encampments on west end of Long Island and east end of Staten 1 p. Island. A. L. S. 52, 107

1781
SEP. 9

Heath, W[illiam],

Peekskill
[Mt.

[New York].
Vernon,

To

[George]

Washington

guards; Continental troops ford [Connecticut] and Albany;
tivity of Sir

Virginia]. ordered to

Ferry

Stam

Henry
failure

Highlands;
L. S.
3 pp.

Clinton; to receive
1.

expected ac protection of the
general orders. 52, 104

Answered Oct.

1781
SEP. 10

[Washington, George.] Mount Vernon. To Col. [James] Hendricks, Alexandria [Virginia]. Improve

ment

of landings at Georgetown. Draft. In handwriting of David Humphreys.

1

p.

B.

XIV,

pt.

1,

557

1781
SEP. 10

[Washington, George.] Mount Vernon. To Marquis de Lafayette [Williamsburg, Virginia], Expecta 1 p. tion of reaching him on the 14th. Draft. In handwriting of David Humphreys. In Ford,
9,

359, note.

B.

XIV,

pt.

1,

553

1781
SEP. 10

Washington, George.
[George]

Mount Vernon. To Brig. Gen. Weedon [Hubbards Heights, Virginia].

Need of repairs to roads; conveyances or fresh horses for Comte de Rochambeau and [Marquis]
de Chastellux.
of

Draft.

David Humphreys.

2 pp. B.

In handwriting XIV, pt. 1, 555

1948
1781
SEP. 10

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Lafayette,

[Marquis

de.]

Williamsburg

[Virginia].

To

[George] Washington [Mt. Vernon].

Precautions

taken for the safety of [the allied] troops [in passage down the Chesapeake Bay] information sent in previous letters. A. L. S. 3 pp.
;

52, 112

1781
SEP. 11

To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Mount Vernon. [Benjamin] Lincoln [Head of Elk]. Scarcity of water craft in the Chesapeake; advisability of marching part of the troops to Virginia. Draft.
1 p.

In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 1, 559
Resolve.

1781
SEP. 11

Continental Congress.

Escort for the mail be-

tween Fishkill and Morristown to be furnished by Maj. Gen. [William] Heath. Contemporary 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, copy.
1781, Dec. 4.
53,

254

1781
SEP. 11

Greene, Nathanael.

Martin s Tavern, near Fergusson s South Carolina. To the President of Swamp, March to Eutaw Congress [Philadelphia].
Springs; dispositions made and description of the battle; bravery and intrepidity of the troops;

enemy

losses, retreat

and consternation.
17.

Con
52, 144

temporary copy. to Washington, 1781, Sep.
1781
SEP. 11

11 pp.

Enclosed in Greene

Lincoln, Bfenjamin].

Head

of Elk.

ington [Mt. Vernon].

To [George] WashFirst division embarked

ready to sail; returns; [Brig.] Gen. [James] Clin ton s [New York] brigade to march to Baltimore.
L. S.
[1781]
[SEP. 11]

2 pp.

52, 116

[Lincoln,

Benjamin.]

[Head

of Elk.]

Invoice of ordnance

and stores shipped on board sundry vessels at Elk landing. 4 pp. Enclosed in preceding en
try.

52, 117

1781
SEP. 12

Heath, W[illiam].
[George]

Continental Village [New York].

To

Beef [Fredericksburg]. cattle forwarded to the Army; destruction of New

Washington

London; detachment

sent; Sir Henry Clinton s of the Highland posts; Heath s intentions; safety position; requests directions respecting trans

ports at Rhode Island with salt provisions for the Army. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Oct. 1. 52, 123

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
SEP. 12

1949

Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth.

P

1

liadelphia.
?

To

[George]

Washington
questing
to

[Fredericksburg

sideration.

be exchanged; con A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Sep. 24.
52, 121

Virginia]. his claim to

Re

1781
SEP. 12

Smith, Simeon, Michael Duning and W[illiam]
Isle of Orleans,

Scudder.

Canada.
1 p.

To George Washington
Petitioning

[Fredericksburg?
change.

Virginia].

ex

D.

S.

52, 125

1781
SEP. 14

Forman, David.
at

Freehold [New Jersey].
of

To

[George]

Washington [Williamsburg,

New York

Virginia]. approach of [Rear]

Report Adml.
;

[Robert] Digby with ten ships-of-the-line em barkation to relieve Cornwallis. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Sep. 24. 52, 132

1781
SEP. 15

To Comte de Washington,] Gfeorge]. Williamsburg. Custine [Head of Elk]. Orders to proceed down the Chesapeake Bay to Jamestown. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. D. I, pt. 2, 341

1781
SEP. 15

To Comte de Washington], G[eorge]. Williamsburg. Grasse [Chesapeake Bay]. His defeat of the
British; delay in transporting troops; interview. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Jonathan Trum In Ford, 9, 361. D. bull, jr. I, pt. 2, 339

1781
SEP. 15

Washington,] Gfeorge]. Williamsburg. To Col. James Hendricks [Alexandria, Virginia]. Distress of

Army
1 p.

for bread; forwarding of flour. Draft. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 1, 565

1781
SEP 15
-

To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Williamsburg. [Benjamin] Lincoln [Head of Elk?] Urging for ward the Army; need of haste. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. In
part in Ford,
9,

360, note.

B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

563

1781
SEP 15
-

[Washington, George.] Williamsburg [Virginia]. Gen. [Arthur] St. Clair [Philadelphia].

To Maj.
Urging

forwarding of Pennsylvania recruits; need of their services. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. In Ford, 9, 362. B. XIV, pt. 1, 561

1950
1781
SEP. 15

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Pryor, J[ames],

Williamsburg [Virginia]. To Marquis de Lafayette, Williamsburg. Supplies possible to collect at Williamsburg and the length of time 52, 133 necessary. A. L. S. 1 p.

1781
SEP. 15

Pryor,

J[ohn].

Return of [Williamsburg, Virginia]. military stores on hand belonging to the State
of Virginia. Tabular statement with remarks as to quantities probable en route. A. D. S. 1 p.

Enclosed in preceding entry.
1781
SEP. 16

52, 134

1781
SEP. 16

At Cape Henry [Virginia]. To [George] Washington [Williamsburg]. Transports from Comte de Barras squadron sent to Baltimore; conference with Washington blockade of York river. L. S. 2pp. Answered Sep. 20. 52,136 Continental Village [New York]. To Heath, W[illiam]. Wanton [George] Washington [Williamsburg]. conduct of British at New London; troops embarked at New York. L. S. 1 p. 52, 135
Grasse,
de.
;

Comte

[1781]
[SEP. 17]

[Washington, George.] [Chesapeake Bay.] Questions proposed to Comte de Grasse and answers (arranged in parallel columns) great aid from the French
;

and importance of present operation; length of his stay on the coast; sending ships above York; use of men from the fleet; enterprise against Wilmington [North Carolina]; loan of cannon and powder. Draft. 4 pp. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. and Tench Tilghman.
D.
I,

A copy, In French, signed by Comte de Grasse is in 52, 138.
[1781]
[SEP. 17?]

pt. 2,

343

Grasse,

Comte

de.

[On board La

ViTLe de Paris, at

Cape

Henry.] Memorandum of station of the French fleet; blockade of the James and York Rivers; seven requests made to Washington respecting hospital arrangements, return of sailors, dispo
sition

of

British prisoners,

communication

of

intelligence, passports, provisions and debark ation of artillery. Translation by John Laurens.

4 pp.

52, 140

1781
SEP. 17

Greene, Nathanael.
lina].

High

Hills of the Santee [South Caro-

To [George] Washington [Chesapeake Bay].
affairs in the

Account of

Southern Department

previously forwarded; Washington s march to Virginia; wishes for success; victory [at Eutaw
Springs];

attempt to raise militia to prevent

COBRESPONDENCE OF GEOEGE WASHINGTON
Cornwallis s 4 pp. L. S.
3,

1951

escape

406.

through North Carolina. In Sparks, Letters to Washington. 52, 142
Hills of the Santee [South Caro-

1781
SEP. 17

Greene, Nathanael.
lina].

High

[George] Washington [Chesapeake Appreciation of Washington s approval; good understanding between Lafayette, Wash ington and himself; suggests a letter from Washington to Baron Steuben; minor personal A. L. S. 3 pp. matters. 52, 155

To

Bay].

1781
SEP. 18

To Weedon, G[eorge]. Hubbard s Heights [Virginia]. Washington, Chesapeake Bay]. Con [George
gratulations of arrival [in Virginia]; lack of car
tridges, arms, equipment and supplies; parties sent out to intercept British foragers; Weedon s

new

position; negroes afflicted with smallpox L. S. sent out of the lines by the British.

Answered Sep.
1781
SEP. 19

23.

52, 156

1781
SEP. 19

Clothing. Memorandum of invoice of clothing at Richmond [Virginia]. 1 p. 42, 78 War Office [Williamsburg, Virginia]. Davies, William.

To [George Washington, Chesapeake Bay].
forts to obtain clothing; the situation.

Ef

2 pp.

A. L. S. 52, 162

1781
SEP. 19

Howe,

Robert.

[New York]. To [George] Washington [Chesapeake Bay]. Proposed in quiry into his conduct in December, 1 778 [battle of Brewton Hill, Savannah Georgia]; requests
Peekskill

postponement
paign be over.
1781
SEP. 19

until the active part of the

cam
160

L. S.

2 pp.

52,

To White, Anthony Wfalton]. Horses [George Washington, Chesapeake Bay]. for Washington and his staff; condition of the other dragoon regiments and need of horses for White s. L. S. 2 pp. 52, 159
Ruffin s Ferry [Virginia].

1781
SEP. 20

Washington,] G[eorge]. Queen Oharlotte, James River. To Comte de Grasse [Chesapeake Bay]. Arrival of provision vessels; cordiality of De Grasse s 1 In handwriting of Draft. reception. p. Jonathan Trumbull, jr. D. I, pt. 2, 347

1781
SEP. 20

To James River [Virginia]. Washington,] G[eorge]. Gen. [George] Weedon [Hubbard s Heights, Brig.
Virginia].

Lauzun

s

Legion to

assist in restrain-

1952

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
ing the
stores.

enemy and preventing
Draft.
1
jr.

their obtaining

p.

athan Trumbull,
1781
SEP. 20

In handwriting of Jon B. XIV, pt. 1, 567

[Washington, George.] James River. To Officer commanding infantry of Lauzun s Legion [near Order for debarking troops and Gloucester]. stores. 1 p. In handwriting of Jon Draft.

1781
SEP. 20

athan Trumbull, jr. D. I, pt. 2, 349 Eeath, W[illiam]. Continental Village [New York]. To [George] Washington [Chesapeake Bay]. Fleet fallen down to Sandy Hook Rivington s account
;

Chesapeake Bay; gloom at New York; condemnation of the Robust and Prudent; requests copy of report of board of General Offi cers on rank of [Massachusetts] subaltern officers. 2 pp. L. S. Answered Oct. 6. 52, 166
of the battle off

1781
SEP. 20

Alexandria. Hendricks, James. ton [Chesapeake Bay].

[George] WashingForwarding of flour; supply taken from Washington s mills; quantity furnished for the French; difficulty caused by French use of hard money; impossibility of ob taining supplies with Continental money; efforts A. L. S. 2 pp. to obtain hatchets and axes.
52, 168

To

1781
SEP. 20

Morgan, Daniel. [Near Winchester, Virginia]. To [George Washington, Chesapeake Bay]. Congratulations and best wishes; regret at never having served in any great operation under Washington s im mediate command state of his health. A. L. S. 2 pp. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 411.
;

52, 170

1781
SEP. 20

White, Anthony Wfalton]. Ruffin s Ferry [Virginia]. To George Washington [Chesapeake Bay]. Horses for his command. A. L. S. 2 pp. 52, 171
Heath, W[illiam].

1781
SEP. 21

Continental Village [New York].

To

[George] Washington [Chesapeake Bay]. Reso lution of Congress; data needed to estimate the quantity of forage [consumed by the allied Armies
in Westchester county] heavy cannon from the grand battery in New York put aboard the British fleet; Col. von Wurmb s corps embarked. L. S. 1 p. Answered Oct. 6. Endorsed by Trumbull: M. to make Return of Horses &
;

"Q.

Cattle foraged at

Philipsburgh."

52, 171

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
SEP. 22

1953

To Comte de [Washington, George.] Williamsburg. Grasse [Cape Henry]. Forwarding letters. Draft.
1

p.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
D.
I, pt. 2,

351

1781
SEP. 22

Grasse,

Comte

de.

At Cape Henry

[Virginia].

To [George

Washington, Williamsburg]. Arrival of convoy [of provision vessels]; naval dispositions etc.
L. S.
2 pp.

(In French)

52, 173

1781
SEP. 23

[Washington,

George.] Williamsburg. [William] Heath [Highlands].
Draft.
B.

To Maj. Gen.
Interview with
of
1 jr.

Comte de Grasse; forwarding
Cornwallis fortifying.
writing of

operations;

p.

In hand

Jonathan Trurnbull,

1781
SEP. 23

Washington,] G[eorge].

XIV, pt. 1, 569 To Brig. Gen. Williamsburg.

[George] Weedon [Hubbard s Heights, Virginia]. Due de Lauzun s Legion and prevention of en emy gaining supplies; attention to be shown

Lauzun. Draft. athan Trumbull,
1781
SEP. 23

1 p.
jr.

In handwriting of Jon B. XIV, pt. 1, 571

Grasse,

Comte

de.

At Cape

Henry

[Virginia].

To

[George Washington, Williamsburg]. Change in the situation caused by arrival of [Rear] Adml.
[Robert] Digby; suggests advisability of putting
to
sea;
;

disadvantageous

anchorage at York
L. S.

[-town]

requests his opinion.

French) swered Sep. 25.
528.

with

an

3pp. (In autograph postscript. An Free translation in Sparks, 8, 52, 177
[Virginia].

1781
SEP 23
-

Harrison,

Benjamin,
[George]

jr.

Williamsburg

To

Washington [Williamsburg]. Amount of disbursements to Marquis de Lafayette and the Virginia troops orders for further payments and inability to obtain money. A. L. S. 3 pp.
;

52, 175

1781
SEP- 23

Muhlenberg,

P[eter].

Burwell

s

Mills

[Virginia].

To

of [George Washington, Williamsburg]. from British; reported burning of intelligence some of their shipping. A. L. S. 1 p. 52, 181

Lack

1781
SEP 23
-

Weedon, George. Ware Church [Virginia]. To [George Washington, Williamsburg]. Measures taken to prevent a grand forage from Gloucester; sickness
in the garrison; caution of the

enemy

;

perplexi-

56214

VOL

312

21

1954

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
ties

of militia dependence;
s

approach of Lau52, 179

zun
1781
SEP. 24

L. S.

cavalry; 2 pp.

Weedon s intended movement.
Williamsburg.

[Washington, George.]

To

[Brig.

Gen.

David Forman, Monmouth, New Jersey]. [Rear] Admiral [Robert] Digby s arrival at New York;
progress of the

movement
2 pp.

against Cornwallis;
B.

intelligence desired.

David Humphreys.
1781
SEP. 24

In handwriting of XIV, pt. 1, 577

[Washington,

To Maj. Gen. George.] Williamsburg. Heath [Highlands]. Resolution of [William] on inquiry into conduct of Maj. Gen. Congress
[Robert]
1778].

Howe in Georgia
Draft.
1

p.

than Trumbull,
1781
SEP. 24

jr.

[at Brewton Hill, Dec, In handwriting of Jona B. XIV, pt. 1, 573

Washington,] G[eorge].
[Robert]

To Maj. Gen. Williamsburg. Regret for his feel ing; explanation of his not receiving a command in the Southern expedition. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. Extract in Ford, 9, 365, note. B. XIV, pt. 1, 575

Howe

[Highlands].

1781
SEP. 24

To Col. Charles [Washington, George.] Williamsburg. C[otesworth] Pinckney, Philadelphia. Question of his exchange. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of
Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIV,

pt.

1,

579

1781
SEP. 24

Gist, M[ordecai].

Baltimore.

To

[Williamsburg].

Enclosing
;

[George] Washington des intercepted

patches from Lord Cornwallis; sailing of French troops from Annapolis flour embarking. A. L. S. 1 p. Endorsed by Trumbull: "Some of the Originals of Intercepted Letters, sent to Count de Grasse." 52, 182
1781
SEP. 24

Hurt, John.

Williamsburg

[Virginia].

To [George Wash-

ington, Williamsburg]. His capture and parole; requests exchange; lack of pay and detention of
his horses.

A. L. S.

1 p.

Answered Sep.

25.

52, 196

1781
SEP. 25

[Washington,

To [Comte de Williamsburg. George.] Grasse, Cape Henry]. Anxiety at de Grasse s of plan; disasterous effect of his proposed change departure and importance of accomplishing the
present object. Draft. 8 pp. In handwriting of John Laurens. In Ford, 9, 367. D. I, pt. 2, 353

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
SEP. 25

1955

To Rev. [John] [Washington, George.] Williamsburg. Hurt [Williamsburg]. His status as prisoner; pay. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Jonathan B. Trumbull, jr XIV, pt. 1, 581
Brodhead, Daniel.

1781
SEP. 25

Fort Pitt [Pennsylvania]. To [George] Relinquishment of command; apologies; [Alexander] Fowler s relinquishment of claim to act as judge advocate; groundlessness of the charges against Brodhead. A. L. S. 2 pp. 52, 202

Washington [Williamsburg].

1781
SEP. 25

Chautard,

Experiment, James [George Washington, Williamsburg]. Transmitting his memorial ask ing for exchange of Capt. Segond. A. L. S. 2 pp. 52,226 (In French).
Martelli.

[On

board

L

River]

Virginia],

To

1781
SEP. 25

Chautard,

Martelli.

On

board

L

Experiment

[James

Washington [Williamsburg]. Memorial asking for exchange of Capt. Segond.
River].
S.

To

[George]

D.

1 p.

(In French.)
14.

entry.
[1781]
[SEP. 25?]

Answered Oct.

Enclosed in preceding 52, 227

Fort Slongo (Long Island).
i

Sketch plan of fortifications. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, p. Oct. 5. 52, 270
Probably the original sketch furnished Maj. Trescott
attack.
for

guidance in his

[1781]
[SEP. 25]

Grasse,

Comte

de.

[At

Cape

Henry,

Virginia].

To

[George Washington, Williamsburg]. Decision of a council of war; continuance of the blockade; battery to be erected on [Old] Point Comfort to 2 pp. (In French) protect the fleet. L. S. Translated in part in Ford, 9, 371, note.
52,

240

1781
SEP. 25

Heath, W[illiam].

Continental Village [New York]. To [George] Washington [Williamsburg]. Return of British fleet in shattered condition; belief in New York that Cornwallis is lost; naval movements;

reported British loss at New London; danger of commanding the [Loyalist] militia [at New York]; debarkation of troops at Staten Island; con fusion in the city. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Oct.
12.

52,

200

1781 SEP

Scammell, Alexander.
-

25

Williamsburg. To [George] Washington [Williamsburg]. His disagreeable situa-

1956

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
tion in being put under the

command

Gen. A. L.
1781
SEP. 25

[Moses] Hazen; requests a S. 2 pp. Answered Sep. 26.

of [Brig.] transfer.
52, 197

Tallmadge, Benjamin. Instructions for [Lemuel] Trescott [Norwalk]. Fort Slongo, Long Island. Contem attacking porary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Heath to 52, 267 Washington, 1781, Oct. 5.

Norwalk [Connecticut].

To Maj.

1781
SEP. 25

Weedon, G[eorge]. Ware Church [Virginia]. To [George Arrival of LauWashington, Williamsburg]. zun s cavalry; introduces Mr. Hunter; inten
tion moving to new Acknowledged Sep. 27.
position.

L.

S.

1 p. 52, 199

1781
SEP. 26

Washington,] G[eorge].
of

Williamsburg.
explanation.

To

Col.

[Alex-

ander] Scammell [Williamsburg].

command;

His grievance 2 pp. Draft. In
jr.

handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull,
B.

1781
SEP. 26

Washington,] G[eorge].
burg].

Williamsburg.

XIV, pt, 1, 583 To Cols. [Eph-

raim] Blaine and [Charles] Stewart [Williams hides and tallow.

Depots for supplies on Eastern shore; Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of William Stephens Smith. B. XIV, pt. 1, 585

[1781]
[SEP. 26]

Grasse,

Comte

[Lynn Haven Bay, Virginia.] To [George Washington, Before Yorktown]. Reas surances of the decision to remain at Cape
de.

Henry; regrets causing Washington uneasiness.
L. S.
2 pp.

(In French.)
[en route to Yorktown.]

115, 21

1781
SEP. 27

Washington, George, de Grasse [Hampton Roads].

To Comte

faith in success of enterprise; 2 Draft signed. fire-ships.

His change of plan; warning against In hand pp. In part in of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. writing
Ford,
9,

371, note.
[en

D.
route to

I, pt. 2,

361

1781
SEP. 27

[Washington,

George.]

Comte de Grasse [Hampton Roads].

To Yorktown.] Request

for reenforcement for the Gloucester besiegers. In handwriting of Peregrine FitzDraft. 1 p.

hugh.
1781
SEP. 27

D.

I,

pt. 2,

365

To Maj. Gen. Williamsburg. [Washington, George.] Greene [High Hills of the Santee, [Nathanael] South Carolina]. Miscarriage of letters; general account of operations against Cornwallis; naval

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
manoeuvers; Greene
tions
;

1957

s

wishes for future coopera

report of action of the 8th

[Eutaw Springs,
In handwrit

South Carolina]. Draft. 4 pp. ing of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.
B.

XIV,

pt. 1,

587

1781
SEP. 27

[en route to Yorktown.] [Washington, George.] Chevalier de Villebrun [In York River].

To Or
In
367

ders for station of his ships.

Draft.

1

p.

handwriting of Peregrine Fitzhugh.
D.
I, pt. 2,

1781
SEP. 27

[Washington,

Williamsburg. [Ware Church, Virginia], French marines to assist operations on the 1 p. In handwriting Gloucester side. Draft. B. of David Humphreys. XIV, pt. 1, 591
George.]
[George]

To

Brig. Gen.

Weedon

1781
&XP- 27

Blaine,

Ephraim and Charles Stewart. Williamsburg To [George] Washington [Williams [Virginia].
burg]. Supply of rum. David Cobb. 1 p.

Contemporary copy by 52, 224

1781
SEP. 27

Craik,

James.

To [George Williamsburg [Virginia]. Washington, Williamsburg]. Great necessity of blankets for the hospital. Contemporary copy 52, 225 by David Cobb.
[Hampton Roads, Virginia]. To [George Washington, Williamsburg]. Furnishes men re quested unwillingness to send any further reen;

1781
SEP. 27

Grasse.Comtede.

forcement; safety of the

fleet;

length of stay

on the coast; measures in case of Cornwallis at tempting to escape supplies. L. S. 3pp. (In French.) With autograph postscript. Answered
;

Oct.

1.

52,

222

1781
SEP- 27

Heath, W[illiam].

Continental Village [New York]. To [George] Washington [Williamsburg]. Shattered condition of British fleet; Cornwallis given up as

lost;

debarkation at Staten Island; waylaying of

the Southern mail 2 pp.
[1781]
[SEP. 29?]

by

[Lt.

James ?] Moody. L.

S.

52, 221

Anonymous.

Intelligence [from Gloucester]:

Skirmish;

troops passing over to Gloucester; destroying horses at Yorktown; shipping sunk. A. L.
signed:
"Well

Witchers to the

EUr

States."

Enclosed in

Weedon to Washington,

1781, Oct.
52,

2.

253

1958
[1781]
[SEP. 29?]

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Deserters.
Intelligence: Strength of various British regiments; troops sent from Gloucester to York1 p. En town; vessels sunk in York River. closed in Weedon to Washington, 1781, Oct. 2. 52, 254

1781
SEP. 29

Greene, Nathanael.
lina].

High

Hills of the Santee [South Caro-

Washington [Before Yorkneed of the Maryland troops as town]. Pressing movements of enemy; expi a reenf orcement
[George]
;

To

ration of time of service of the Virginia line. A. L. S. 3 pp. 52, 230

1781
SEP. 29

St. Clair,

Arthur. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Assemblage of Pennsylvania militia from Congress fear of Sir Henry Clinton

attempting the city; St. Clair s disbelief of the report; his delay at Philadelphia; difficulty in forwarding troops and equipment; Pennsyl vania s measures to raise troops; militia in Philadelphia; Clinton on Staten Island; British losses in action with Comte de Grasse [off the Virginia Capes]. A. L. S. 2 pp.
1781
SEP. 29

W

Weedon, G[eorge]. Ware Church [Virginia]. To [George ReenforceWashington, Before Yorktown]. ment; foraging expedition with the Due de Lauzun; caution of the enemy; place of debar
lack of intrenching tools; advises against a regular approach of Gloucester harmony between Lauzun and himself. L. S.

kation of marines;

;

3 pp.

Answered Sep.

30.

52,

228

1781
SEP. 30

Gibson, John.

To [George Fort Pitt [Pennsylvania]. Failure to Before Yorktown]. Washington, obtain intelligence from Presque Isle; expul sion of Moravians and their Indians; appointed rendezvous for expedition against the Wyandots; confusion caused by Col. [Daniel] Brodhead s Gibson s arrest; settlement of the circular; for dispute by Washington s letter; date fixed the Wyandot expedition. L. S. 3 pp. 52, 236
Adml. [Robert] Digby at New York; impressment of wagons by the British; capture of a British scouting party from Canada. L. S. 52, 234 Answered Oct. 16. 2 pp.
of [Rear]

1781
SEP. 30

Heath, W[illiam].

Continental Village [New York]. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Arrival

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
SEP. 30

1959

Lafayette, [Marquis de.]

Washington,

Before York[town]. To [George Before Yorktown]. Chance of enemy escaping by way of West Point [Virginia]; recommends service by battalions rather than
detail; Col. [Alexander] Scammell s capture; prevention of officers undertaking private reconnoissances; suggests consolidation of battalions; future consideration of against operations Charleston or Savannah; reasons for desiring a reenforcement in Gloucester county. A. L. S. 4 pp. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 412. 52, 232

by

1781
SEP. 30

Washington,]

Before York[town, Virginia]. Gen. [George] Weedon [Ware Church]. Brig. Enemy s evacuation of exterior lines; chances of
G[eorge].

To

Cornwallis

attempting to escape by way of 2 pp. Draft. Gloucester; contingent orders. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 1, 593

[1781]
[SEP.]

Bowman, Charles and Others. [Williamsburg, Virginia.] Examination of: State of Simcoe s corps; quan tity of forage and provision on hand; fortifi
cation work.
2 pp.
52,

219

[1781]
[SEP.
?]

Galvez, Bernardo

de.

[Havana].

To [Comte de

Grasse,

Transmitting copy of the capitu lation of Pensacola; necessity of allowing the

Cape Henry].

British garrison to return to New York on parole. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Ren-

don to Washington, 1781, Oct.
[1781]
[OCT. 1]

2.

52,

261

[Washington, George.]
Grasse,

[Before Yorktown.]

To [Comte de
Proposing s oppor

Hampton Roads,

Virginia].

stationing of ships above York;

enemy

tunity for mischief; abuse of passports; hospital at Hampton; impossibility of supplying sailors; powder; route of escape of Cornwallis; de Grasse s continuance on the coast; supplies. Draft. 14
pp.

In handwriting of John Laurens.
D.

in Ford, 9, 373.

I, pt. 2,

In part 369

1781
OCT. 1

Before Yorkftown]. To [Maj. [Washington, George.] Gen. William Heath, Highlands]. Provisions; investure of Yorktown; wounding of Col.
[Alexander] Scammell.
writing of
Draft.

3 pp.
B.

In hand
pt. 2, 3

David Humphreys.

XIV,

1960
1781
OCT.
1

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Board
of

War.

[Philadelphia.]

To

Col. [Charles]

Armnnd

[-Tuffin, Philadelphia].

Recruiting instructions.

Contemporary copy by Armand. 2 pp. En closed in Armand to Washington, 1781, Oct. 21.
53, 21

1781
OCT.
1

Smith, William Stephens]. [Before Yorktown.] To Col. Orders to alter [Timothy] Pickering [Camp]. 1 route of expresses. Auto, draft signed. p.
Varick, Richard.

1781
OCT.
l

XIV, pt. 2, 7 Poughkeepsie [New York]. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Progress of the
copying work;
changes, etc.;
betical
abilities of the

B.

various writers;

Varick

s

personal labors; alpha

arrangement of the indexes; length of a A. L. S. 7 pp. s work and other matters. day Answered Nov. 15. 52, 242
1781
OCT. 2

Anderson, James and William Stuart.

[Before Yorktown].

To [George Washington, Before Yorktown]. In jury they have sustained from Capt. Anthony Selin s introduction into the regiment [2d Cana
dian]; requests an inquiry.

L. S.

2 pp.
52,

262

1781
OCT. 2

Durie,

Thomas.

Camp near Yorktown. Return of prisoners of war taken by the Army under Marquis de Lafayette. Tabular statement. A. D. S.
1 p.

W

1781
OCT. 2

Forman, David.

Freehold [New Jersey]. Washington [Before Yorktown]. tions on the siege; concentration
ships-of-the line at

To

[George]

Congratula
of all British

New

York; plan

for rescue of

Cornwallis; reports of intentions against Phila
delphia; repairs to [H. M. S.] London; British naval strength at New York; sailing of a squadron to the Southward. A. L. S. 3 pp. 52, 45
Dated in
error:
"

Sept.

2."

1781
OCT. 2

Grasse,

Comte
ington
the

de.

[Hampton

Roads, Virginia].

To

[George] Washington [Before Yorktown].
s

Wash

request for warships to pass above York-

town; difficulties, fireships etc.; refusal to make attempt; general ideas on the situation. 4 pp. L. S. 52, 255 (In French)
1781
OCT. 2

Rendon, Francisco. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Don Bernardo de Galvez s desire for intelligence; cooperation of

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1961

L. S.

Spanish forces with movements in the South. Answered Oct. 12. In Sparks, 3 pp. Letters to Washington, 3, 414. 52, 259

1781
OCT. 2

Weedon, G[eorge]. Ware Church [Virginia]. To [George Washington, Before Yorktown]. Vessels sunk 1 A. L. S. in the channel by the enemy. p. Answered Oct. 3. 52, 249 Weedon, Gfeorge].

1781
OCT. 2

To

Gloucester Court House [Virginia]. [George Washington, Before Yorktown].

Troops to move to Abington Church; their strength; position of Simcoe s corps; attempted
night forage

by enemy.
3.

A. L.

S.

2 pp.
52,

An
250

swered Oct.
1781
OCT. 2

Weedon, G[eorge]. Ware Church [Virginia]. To [George] Caution of Washington [Before Yorktown]. enemy; British reason for holding Gloucester; intention of moving down to Abington Church;
requests artillery. Oct. 3.

A. L.

S.

3 pp.

Answered
52, 251

1781
OCT. 3

To Comte [Before Yorktown] [Washington, George.] de Grasse [Lynn Haven Bay]. The proposal to send ships above Gloucester; naval officers to observe movements of enemy; British loss in recent naval action. Draft. 3 pp. In hand D. I, pt. 2, 383 writing of John Laurens.
[Washington, George.]
[George]

1781
OCT. 3

[Before Yorktown.]

Weedon [Ware Church,

Virginia].
1 p.

To Brig. Gen. Can
In hand
pt. 2, 9

non

for his side of the river; [Brig.] Gen. [Claude

Due de] Choisy. Draft. writing of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.
Gabriel,
B.

XIV,

1781
OCT. 3

Choisy, [Due de.]

SaouPs Tavern [Virginia]. To [Brig. Gen. George Weedon, Ware Church, Virginia]. Repulse of British cavalry by the Due de Lau2 pp. zun. L. S. Enclosed in Weedon to Oct. 3. 52, 274 Washington, 1781,

1781
OCT. 3

Tallmadge, Benjamin. Compo Point [Connecticut]. To [Maj.] Gen. [William] Heath [Continental Vil

Account of successful expedition against Fort Slongo, Long Island; bravery of troops, etc. Contemporary copy. 3 pp. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Oct. 5. 52, 265
lage].

1962
1781
CT 3
-

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Trescott, Lemuel. [Compo Point ? Connecticut.] Return of prisoners, ordnance, military stores, etc. taken
in Fort Slongo

copy. 1781
CT 3
-

1 p.

[Longo Island]. Contemporary Enclosed in Heath to Washington,
52, 271

1781, Oct.

5.

Weedon, George. To [George] [Virginia]. Advance to Washington, Before Yorktown. position near Abington Church; skirmish and
repulse of the

Ware Church

enemy by

[Lt.] Col.

[John Francis]

Mercer and Due de Lauzun; Weedon s disposi tions; cooperative harmony between French and
forces; troops to stop British plunder 2 pp. ing parties. L. S. 52, 272

American

1781
CT 4
-

Washington,] G[eorge]. Before Yorkftown]. To Brig. Gen. [George] Weedon [Ware Church]. His intelligence of advantage gained over enemy;
shortening route of expresses.
B.

Draft.
jr.

2 pp.
pt. 2, 11

In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull,

.XIV,

1781
CT 4
-

Greene, N[athanael].
Carolina].

High

Hills of the Santee [South

To

[George]

Washington

[Before

Yorktown]. Introducing Maj. [Edward] Giles; he desires to serve Washington as a volunteer aid. A. L. S. 1 p. 52, 276
1781
CT 4
-

Howe, Robert. Philadelphia. Before Yorktown].
against
1778].

To [George Washington,

Howe
A. L.

Congratulations; charges [conduct at Brewton Hill, Dec.
3 pp.

S.

Answered Oct.

15.

52,

282

[1781]
CT 4
-

[Laurens, John.] Memorandum of [Before Yorktown.] the relation of the commander of a boat cap

tured coming out of York River; channel blocked by hulks; transports before the town; provisions failing; [Lt. Col. Banastre] Tarleton and British horse gone to Gloucester; fortifications; aid hoped
for; strength of relief to

come from New York;
A. D.

interception of Cornwallis despatches; fire-ships

prepared; illness in Yorktown.
[1781]
[

3pp.

W

[Schreiber, Jacques].

[Philadelphia.]

To

[the President of

CT 4 ]
-

Capture by the British and loss of effects; need of money. Contem porary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Schreiber to Washington, 1783, Mar. 4. 62, 32
Congress, Philadelphia].

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
OCT. 5

1963

To Brig. Before York[town]. Washington,] G[eorge]. Gen. D[aniel] Morgan [near Winchester, Virginia].
Thanks
of

for his expressions; sympathy for his Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting condition, etc.

Jonathan Trumbull,
de.

jr.

B.

1781
OCT. 5

Grasse,

Comte

[Hampton

Koads.]

XIV, pt. 2, 13 To [George Wash-

ington, Before Yorktown]. British obstructions in the York River; dispositions in case of a sortie.

L. S.

1

p.

(In French.)

Answered Oct.

6.

52,

284

1781
OCT. 5

Heath, W[illiam]. Continental Village [New York]. [George] Washington [Before Yorktown].

To Re

quests directions regarding inquiry into Maj. Gen. [Robert] Howe s conduct [in Dec., 1778]; capture of Fort Slongo; Capt. [Daniel] Liver-

more

s case;

beef cattle forwarded to the
2 pp.

weekly.

L. S.

Marginal note by

Hum

Army

phreys that paragraph relating to the Howe in be sent to Congress, vide Letter to quiry is Genl. Heath Octr. 27th." 52, 268
"to

1781
OCT. 5

[Johnson,

1 p. Thomas.] St. John s. Parole. A. D. Enclosed in Johnson to Washington, 1782, July

20.

58, 6

1781
OCT. 5

Pickering, Timothy.

[Before Yorktown.] [Before

To

[George]

Failure to Yorktown]. obtain money from the Intendant [de Tarle]; temporary arrangement; vessels for supplies and transporting the French marines; salt meat on a Rhode Island vessel. L. S. 2 pp. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 418. 52, 285

Washington

1781
OCT. 6

[Washington, George.]

Before York[town].

To

Col.

Roger

Enos

[Castleton,] Vermont. Pleasure at prospect of settlement of the Vermont dispute; directs

Enos to correspond with Maj. Gen. [William] Heath and Brig. Gen. [John] Stark. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 2, 29
The original L. S., 1 p., of Congress.
is

among the H.

of

R. papers in the Library

1781
OCT. 6

[Washington, George.] Before Yorkftown]. To Comte de Grasse [York River]. Obstructing York River alternative proposed; channel; difficulty of Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of John pilots. Laurens. D. I, pt. 2, 387

1964
1781
OCT. 6

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Washington, George.
Before York[town]. To Maj. Gen. Greene [Charlotte, South Carolina]. [Nathanael] Congratulations on his victory [Eutaw Springs]; harmony; Baron Steuben. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In Ford, 9,
377. P.
II,

377

1781
OCT. 6

Before York[town]. Washington,] G[eorge]. Gen. [Nathanael] Greene [Charlotte, South Caro lina]. Progress of the siege; British naval reenforcement and result of conflict with the French
the Capes of the Chesapeake; congratulations on victory at Eutaw Springs. Draft. 3 pp. In
off

To Maj.

handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull,
B.

jr.

XIV,

pt. 2, 17

1781
OCT. 6

Before York[town]. To Maj. Washington,] G[eorge]. Gen. [William] Heath [Highlands]. Returns of forage used at Phillipsburg report on subaltern
;

rank;
Draft.

slowness of operations against enemy.
2

pp.
jr.

In handwriting of Jonathan
B.

Tnunbull,
1781
OCT. 6

XIV,

pt. 2, 15

[Washington, George.] Before York[town]. Memoranda be for Lt. Col. [Lewis] Morris [jr., Camp], communicated to no person but to Maj. Gen. Reason for operation against CornGreene." wallis limit of Comte de Grasse s stay on the coast troops to be sent Greene; possibility of Washing ton taking command in the South; information to be forwarded; transportation of troops in French fleet; memoranda to be destroyed as soon as .... committed .... to memory." / Draft. 5 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh man and Jonathan Trumbull, jr. Extract in
"to
;

;

"

.

.

.

.

1781
OCT. 6

XIV, pt. 2, 21 Washington,] G[eorge]. Before York[town]. To [Brig.] Gen. [William] Smallwood [Annapolis, Mary land]. Equipment and forwarding of troops;
Ford,
9,

378, note.

B.

Gen. [Nathanael] Greene s need of men. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Jonathan Trum
[Maj.]
bull, jr.

B.

1781
OCT. 6

Canadian regiment, Second, Officers. To Maj. James Rfandolph] Reid [Virginia]. [Before Yorktown]. Intention to abide by senti

XIV, pt. 2, 27 Before Yorktown

ments
[Mar.

in their letter to Lt. Col.
3,

Edward

Antill

1781]; in present crisis will act under

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
his orders for the benefit of America.

1965

Contem
1

porary copy, attended by Richard Lloyd.
Original signed by Capt. eleven others. Enclosed in
ton, 1783, Jan. 13.

p.

Wm.

Satterlee

and
49

Hazen

to

Washing
61,

1781
OCT. 6

Varick, Richard.

Poughkeepsie [New York]. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. [John] Myers
actions; his discharge; efforts to obtain services of Peter Hughes; question of rations and pay;

employment of Ensign [John?] Fonda; 5 pp. [Edward] Dunscomb. A. L. S. Capt. Answered Nov. 15. 52, 288
suggests

1781
OCT. 7

Gates, Horatio.

Berkeley County [Virginia]. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Secrecy and rapidity of Washington s movements; Gates s former letter; wish to aid where possible; introduces farmer who will furnish beeves to Army. A. L. S. 2pp. Answered Oct. 31. In 52, 291 Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 420.

1781
OCT. 7

Grasse,

Comte

[Hampton Roads]. To [George WashBefore Yorktown]. Report of [French] ington, officers on practicability of vessels passing above Yorktown; pilots. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Oct. 11. 52, 297
de.

1781
OCT. 7

Greene,

Nathanael.

Charlotte

[North

Carolina].

To

[George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Con gratulations on the prospect; regret at short

ness of stay of French fleet on the coast; sends Lt. Col. [Henry] Lee [jr.] to describe the situation
in

the Southern States;

efforts

to

militia; capture of 3 pp.

Gov. [Thomas] Burke.

bring out L. S.
52,

293

1781
OCT. 8

[Washington, George.]
resign;

Before Yorkftown]. To Lt. Col. [Thomas] Forrest, Philadelphia. His request to
settlement of accounts; charge

made by
2 pp.

[the late] Maj. [Benjamin] Eustis. Draft. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.

1781
OCT. 8

[Washington,

George.]

XIV, pt. 1, 35 To Capt. Before York[town],
B.

[John]

Heard
Lt.
1

[near Gloucester].
Col.

His charges

against Draft.

p.

[Anthony Walton] White. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 2, 41

1966
1781
OCT. 8

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington,

To Maj. Before York[town]. George.] [William] Macpherson [Philadelphia]. Willing ness to employ him in line of the Army at large.
Draft.
bull, jr.
1 p.

In handwriting of Jonathan TrumB.

XIV,

pt.

1,

39

1781
OCT. 8

[Washington,

George.]

Before

York[town].

To

Col.

Moylan [near Gloucester]. Orders to prepare to march to reenforce [Maj.] Gen.
[Stephen]

[Nathanael] Draft. 1 p.

Greene; clothing for his men. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIV,

pt. 2, 31

1781
OCT. 8

[Washington, George.] Before York[town]. To [Lt.] Col. [Anthony Walton] White [Near Gloucester]. Orders to march to reenforce [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene. In handwriting of Tench B. XIV, pt. 2, 33 Tilghman.
Grasse,

1781
OCT. 8

Comte

de.

[Hampton Roads,

Virginia.]

To

[George Washington, Before Yorktown]. Pilots. 1 p. L. S. (In French.) Answered Oct. 11. 52, 295

1781
OCT. 8

Weedon, G[eorge]. Timber Neck Creek [Virginia]. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Estab lishing communication with mam Army. A. L. S. 1 p. 52, 299
Huntington, Ebenezer. Before Yorktown. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Requests per mission to serve as a volunteer during the siege. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered Oct. 15. 52, 302

1781
OCT. 9

1781
OCT. 9

White, Anthony W[alton]. Ruffin s Ferry [Virginia]. To [George Washington, Before Yorktown]. State of his regiment [1st Continental Dragoons]; need of clothing, equipment, etc. A. L. S. 2 pp. 52, 301
[Washington, George.] Before York[town]. To Comte de Reconnoissance of Grasse [Hampton Roads]. the York River and the importance of sending ships above the town; naval force of enemy; In hand 2 pp. Draft. progress of the siege. D. of John Parke Custis. I, pt. 2, 391 writing
Greene,

1781
OCT. 11

1781
OCT. 11

Conqueror, York Spit Bay [Virginia]. Joseph. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. His capture; state of Mrs. Greene s health and his own; begs to be paroled. A. L. S. 2 pp. An 52, 307 swered Oct. 14.

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
OCT. 11

1967

Heath, Wplliam].

Continental Village [New York].

To

[George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Prepa ration of a fleet and fire-ships at New York; regu
lar troops to serve as marines;

expected attack

frontiers; irregularity of Loveless s execution by [Brig.] Gen. [John] Stark. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Oct.
27. 52,

on Northern

force to protect same;

305

1781
OCT. 12

[Washington, George.]

Before York[town].

ToMaj.Gen.

[William] Heath [Highlands]. His intelligence of the damage sustained by the British fleet in the

engagement with the French
progress of the siege.

off

the Chesapeake;
2 pp.

Draft.
B.

In hand
pt. 2,

writing of Jonathan Trumbull,

jr.

XIV,

43

1781
OCT. 12

[Washington, George.] Before Yorkftown].
cisco

Rendon

[Philadelphia].

ToDonFranDon Bernardo de

Galvez s success; cooperation with the Spanish; terms of Pensacola surrender; progress of the siege of Yorktown. Draft. 3 pp. In handwrit ing of Tench Tilghman and David Cobb. In part D. I, pt. 2, 395 in Ford, 9, 378.
1781
OCT. 12

Washington,] G[eorge]. Before York[town]. To Brig. Gen. [George] Weedon [near Gloucester]. Militia to serve on brig under [Ensign] de Camus; oarsmen for boats. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting B. of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. XIV, pt. 2, 45

1781
OCT. 13

Washington,] G[eorge]. Before YorkftownJ. Instructions to Maj. Moore Fauntleroy [near Gloucester]. Or ders to march to Richmond and thence to reenforce Maj. Gen. [Nathanael] Greene. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 2, 49

1781
OCT. 13

To Col. Before York[town]. Washington,] Gfeorge]. Wells, near Portsmouth [Virginia]. Orders for militia to demolish the British works at Ports mouth. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Jona B. than Trumbull, jr. XIV, pt. .2, 47
Weedon, Gfeorge]. Sewall s Point [Virginia]. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Measures taken to bring down the vessels in the upper Gloucester
River; Gloucester militia returned home ; weak ness of Weedon s force; orders to county-lieuten ants to destroy bridges, etc. in case Cornwallis en-

1781
OCT. 13

1968

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

way of Gloucester; advan tage of getting French ships above Yorktown. A. L. S. 2 pp.
1781
OCT. 14

deavors to escape by

W

Washington,] G[eorge]. Before York[town]. ToMaj. [Joseph] Green, on board the Conqueror. Refers his 1 p. In request to Comte de Grasse. Draft.
handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. E. 425 Before York[town]. To Capt. [Washington, George.] Martelli Chautard [York River]. His request for exchange for Capt. Segond. Draft. 1 p. In
handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
D.
I, pt. 2,

1781
OCT. 14

399

1781
OCT. 14

[Washington, George.] [Before othy] Pickering [Camp]. headquarters. Draft. Tench Tilghman.
Armand[-Tuffin, Charles].
to
of

Yorktown.] To
1

Col. [Tim-

Orders to bring boats to In handwriting of p.
B.

1781
OCT. 14

XIV, pt. 2, 51 [Before Yorktown.] To [George
Requests leave
place; state
1

Washington, Before Yorktown].

move camp
the
15..

to a

more healthful
L.
S.
p.

Legion.

A.

Answered
52,

Oct.

316

1781
OCT. 14

Durie,

Thomas. [Before Yorktown.] Return of prisoners of war taken Oct. 14. Tabular statement. A. D. S.
1 p.

W
de.

1781
OCT. 14

Grasse,

Comte [Hampton Roads]. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. M. de St. Cosme s report on practicability of passing the York batteries; necessity of protection from fireL. S. 2 pp. Answered (In French.) ships.
Oct. 16.
Translation

52,
by Tilghman,
52, 311.

312

1781
OCT. 14

Huntington, Ebenezer. Before York. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Reason for asking to remain as a volunteer. A. L. S. 1 p. 52, 317
Seely, Silvanus.

1781
OCT. 14

Connecticut Farms [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Prepa

rations at

New York
1 p.

[for relief of

Yorktown];
52,

size

of the fleet,

number

of troops embarking, etc.

A. L. S.
1781
OCT. 15

337
Col.

[Washington,

George.]

[Before

Yorktown.]

To

[Charles] Armand[-Tumn, Camp]. Recruiting Draft. his legion; dismounting his dragoons.
1 p.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIV,

pt. 2,

53

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
OCT. 15

1969

Washington,] G[eorge].

Before York[town]. To Lt. Col. [Ebenezer] Huntington [Camp]. His command of a detachment; compliance with his request.
Draft.
bull, jr.
1

p.

In handwriting of Jonathan TrumB.

1781
OCT. 15

XIV, pt. 2, 55 Hamilton, Alexander]. Before Yorktown. To Marquis de
Report on the Lafayette [Before Yorktown]. storm and capture of the [British] left redoubt; bravery of the troops, etc A. L. S. 3 pp. En dorsed by Tilghman: "Colo Hamilton report of the attack of the enemy s redoubt on the 14th" 116, 28
[Hamilton, Alexander.]
killed

1781
OCT. 15

Return of Before Yorktown. and wounded in the advance corps com manded by Lt. Col. Hamilton in an attack on the enemy s left redoubt on the evening of Oct. 14. Tabular statement. A. D. 1 p. Enclosed in
preceding entry.
116, 27
at.

1781
OCT. 15

Yorktown

(Virginia.)

French

Return

of killed

and

1781
OCT. 16

wounded of the French troops since the beginning of the siege of York. Endorsed by Tench Tilgh man: "Copy of Return Washington,] G[eorge]. Before Yorkftown]. To Brig. Gen. [David] Forman [Monmouth, New Jersey]. Thanks for his intelligence; Sir Henry Clinton s
etc."

W

intention to relieve Cornwallis; general account of operations. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of B. Jonathan Trumbull, jr. XIV, pt. 2, 61

1781
OCT. 16

[Washington, George.] [Before Yorktown.] To [Comte de Grasse, Hampton Roads]. Station above enemy s works in York River and small boats for protection from fire-ships; Cornwallis reliance on naval relief; capture of British redoubts. In handwriting of John Laurens. Draft. 5 pp. D. I, pt. 2, 401 [Washington, George.] [Before Yorktown.] To Maj. Gen. [Nathanael] Greene [High Hills of the Santee, South Carolina]. Progress of the siege; erecting
batteries; capture of redoubts; preparations to In hand writ relieve Cornwallis. Draft. 2 pp.

1781
OCT. 16

ing of Jonathan Trumbull,

jr.

B.

XIV,

pt. 2,

59

1781

Washington, George. Before York[town]. To Maj. Gen. OCT. 16 [William] Heath [Highlands]. Progress of the 56214 VOL a 12 22

1970

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
erection of batteries and capture of re doubts; sortie by enemy; chance of manoeuvre against New York. Draft. 2 pp. In handwrit ing of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. Extract in Ford,
siege;
9,

382, note.
de.

1781
OCT. 16

Grasse,

Comte

XIV, pt. 2, 57 [Hampton Roads]. To [George

B.

Washington, Before Yorktown]. Congratula tions on capture of British redoubts; vessels to pass above Yorktown the first fair wind; flatboats for protection against (In French) pp.
Translation

fire ships.

L. S. 2
52,

325

by Tilghman,

52, 324.

1781
OCT. 16

Heath, W[illiam].
[George]

Continental Village [New York].

To

Washington

[Before

Strength of British
ports; intelligence

fleet at

New

Yorktown]. York; trans
;

from Cornwallis

British

"en

deavor some desparate aid for his Lordship"; advance of enemy on the northern frontier. L. S. 2 pp. 52, 327
1781
OCT. IS

Lafayette, [Marquis de]. Before York. To [George] Washington [Before York]. Report of storming of the British redoubt the evening of Oct. 14. L. S.
3 pp.

In Sparks, Letters to Washington,

3,

425.

52,

322

[1781]
[OCT. 16]

[Bochambeau,

To [Before Yorktown.] Before Yorktown]. Report [George Washington, of transactions of the night of the 14th and 15th instant [storming of the British redoubts] bravery of the troops. Unsigned. 3pp. In handwriting of de Sibille. 52, 320
Comte
de].
;

1781
OCT. 17

Washington, George. Before York[town]. To [Charles,] Earl Cornwallis [Yorktown]. Willingness to con sider terms of surrender; cessation of hostilities. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Jonathan 53, 99 Trumbull, jr. In Sparks, 8, 530.
A
contemporary copy
Is

in E. 427.

1781
OCT. 17

[Washington, George.]
Grasse,

Before York[town]. To [Comte de Hampton Roads]. Flat-boats to meet ships ascending the river; Cornwallis s letter and de Grasse s presence at the approaching capitula 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Draft. tion. Tilghman and John Laurens. Extract in Ford, D. I, pt. 2, 407 9, 384, note.

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
OCT. 17

1971

Bradford,

Gloucester [Virginia]. To [George] Passing of Washington, Before Yorktown. back and forth between Yorktown British troops

Samuel K.

Gloucester; every precaution obtain intelligence. A. L. S. 2 pp.

and

taken
52,

to

329

1781
OCT. 17

Cornwallis,

York[town]. [Charles, [Before Yorktown]. Washington terms of surrender. L. S. 2 pp.
Earl].
8,

To

[George]

Proposing In Sparks,
53, 97

530.

1781
OCT. 17

Freehold [New Jersey]. Forman, David. Washington, Before Yorktown]. Condition of British fleet; inteUigence from New York; death of [Col. Nathaniel] Scudder. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered Oct. 27. 52, 341
Grasse,

To [George

1781
OCT. 17

Comte

de.

[Hampton Roads.] To [George WashBefore

ington,

Yorktown].
L. S.

de Grasse
1781
OCT. 18

s illness.

2 pp.

Congratulations; (In French.) 52, 281

Washington, George. Before York[town]. To [Charles,] Earl Cornwallis [Yorktown]. General basis of terms that will be granted. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. In handwriting of Zacharias Sickels. In E. 429 Ford, 9, 384.
Dnrie,

1781
OCT. 18

Thomas.

Camp

before Yorktown.

Return

of

1781
OCT. 18

1 p. prisoners taken Oct. 16. A. D. S. Freehold [New Jersey]. To [George] Forman, David. Washington [Before Yorktown]. Intelligence for warded; British naval force at New York and preparations to relieve Cornwallis; assembling of A. L. S. 2 pp. 52, 341 fleet [at Sandy Hook].

W

1781
OCT. 18

Seely, Silvanus.

Connecticut Farms [New Jersey]. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Sail ing of British fleet from [Sandy] Hook [in attempt
to rescue Cornwallis].

L. S.

1 p.

53, 2

1781
OCT. 18

Smallwood,

To W[illiam]. Annapolis [Maryland]. [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Regret at not holding a command [at the seige of York;

town] failure of recruiting in Maryland through lack of specie; willingness of the State govern ment; troops forwarded; lack of clothing for
others.

L. S.

2 pp.

Answered Oct.

25.

53, 3

1781
OCT. 19

[Washington, George.] Before Yorkftown]. To Comte de Grasse [Hampton Roads]. Regret at de Grasse s

1972

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
the approaching capitulation; report of in the Jerseys. Draft. 2 pp. In hand enemy D. I, pt. 2, 411 writing of John Laurens.
illness;

1781
OCT. 19

W[ashingto]n, G[eorge].

Before York[town].

To[Ducde]

Choisy [Gloucester]. Transmitting the articles of capitulation. Auto, draft signed. 1 p. D. I, pt. 2, 417
[Washington, George.] [Before Yorktown.] To [Due] de Choisy [Gloucester]. Ceremony of surrender of the Gloucester posts. Draft. 2 pp. In hand writing of John Laurens. In Ford, 9, 386, note.. D. I, pt. 2, 415 [Washington, George.]
[Before Yorktown.]

1781
OCT. 19

1781
OCT. 19

To

B[rig].

Guard G[en]. [George] Weedon [Gloucester]. for arms and accoutrements surrendered at
Gloucester.
Draft.
1

p.

In handwriting of
B.

Tench Tilghman.
1781
OCT. 19

XIV,

pt. 2,

63

Forman, David.

To [George Freehold [New Jersey]. Before Yorktown]. British troops Washington,
;

1781
OCT. 19

embarked on war-ships difficulty in getting lat ter over the [Sandy Hook] bar; sailing of the fleet in a head wind. A. L. S. 2 pp. 53, 11 Knox, H[eiiry]. [Yorktown.] Return of ordnance and military stores taken at York and Gloucester.
D.
S.

6 pp.

C. C.

152, 10, 339

1781
OCT. 19

Yorktown

Articles of Capitulation: The four(Virginia.) teen articles settled between Gen. [George] Wash ington, Comte de Rochambeau and Comte de Grasse on the one part and [Charles,] Earl Corn-

waUis and [Capt] Thomas Symonds on the other. 9 pp., in parallel columns. In handwriting of

David Humphreys and signed by Cornwallis and Symonds. In Sparks, 8, 533.
Contemporary copies are in C. C.
152, 10, 299

W
of

and E,

433.

1781
OCT. 19

Yorktown, Surrender.

British

Naval

force.

Return

vessels surrendered.

2 pp.

(In French.)
C. C.

152, 10, 299

1781
OCT. 20

Washington,] G[eorge]. [Before Yorktown.] To [Due de] Surrender arrangements. Choisy [Gloucester]. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Jonathan TrumD. I, pt. 2, 427 bull, jr.
[Washington, George.] [Before Yorktown.] To Comte de Grasse [Hampton Roads]. Suggesting campaign

1781
OCT. 20

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1973

against Charleston or Wilmington; advantages. Draft. 5 pp. In handwriting of John Laurens. D. I, pt. 2, 419 In Ford, 9, 389.
[1781]
[OCT. 20]

[Washington, George.] [Before Yorktown.] To Comte de Grasse [Hampton Roads]. Transmitting inter cepted letters from Sir Henry Clinton to Lord Cornwallis; approaching visit. Draft. 2pp. In D. I, pt. 2, 425 handwriting of John Laurens.

1781
OCT. 20

Washington,] G[eorge]. [Before Yorktown.] To Brig. Gen. [George] Weedon [Gloucester], Securing of surrendered arms and stores. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.

1781
OCT. 20

Choisy,

[Due de.] [Gloucester, Washington [Before] York[town]. arm s, ammunition, etc. delivered to
[George]

XIV, To Virginia].

B.

pt. 2,

65

[George]

Weedon.

A. L. S.

1

p.

Tarleton s [Brig.] Gen. 53, 25

1781
OCT. 20

Destouches, Chevalier.

[York River, Virginia]. To [George Washington, Before Yorktown]. Congratula A. L. S. 1 p. tions. (In French.) 52, 99

1781
OCT. 20

Gerlach,

H

Yorktown. To [George Washington, Before Yorktown]. State of case of his cartel vessel; requests a new passport. A. L. S. 3 pp.
.

53, 12

1781
OCT. 20

Grasse,

Comte

de. Chesapeake Bay. To [George] Washington [near Yorktown]. Agreeing to cooperate with the Wilmington plan. Contemporary copy C. C. 152, 10, 323 by Jonathan Trumbull, jr.

1781
OCT. 20

S. G. [Secret

Service]

To Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge.
[Philadelphia.]

See:

Tallmadge to Heath, 1781, Oct. 23.
Armand[-Tuffin,
Charles].

1781
OCT. 21

To

[George]
his

Washington [Before Yorktown] Recruiting
corps; horses and accoutrements
certain of his officers
resolves of Congress
;

thereon; requests exchange of
of

need of
a

and appointment
2 pp.

place of rendezvous.

A. L. S.

53, 18

1781
OCT. 21

Baytop, John and Others.
the militia.
officers,

Gloucester

Certificate of safe

keeping of captured horses while

under care of D. S. by Baytop and twelve other also sworn to by Baytop. 1 p. Enclosed
Washington, 1781, Oct. 23. 53, 42

in Pickering to

1974
1781
OCT. 21

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Lincoln,

To [George [Before Yorktown.] Washington, Before Yorktown]. Irregularities and confusion in Yorktown; need of guards; people to be ordered out of town, etc. L. S.
B[enjamin].
2 pp.
53, 15

1781
OCT. 21

Jones,

Thomas.
stores

Yorktown.

Return
at

of provisions

and

surrendered Tabular statement.

York and
S.
1 p.

Gloucester.

D.

Signed also by
152, 10, 357

Jacob
1781
OCT. 21

Weed and Adam Dolmage.
C. C.

Weedon, G[eorge].
Virginia].

Camp
Requests
s

[at]

Sewells [near Gloucester,
for

To [George Washington, Before Yorkdirections

town].

disposal

of

Tarleton horses, boat and field-piece and the colors of the 80th Regiment; British sick and wounded in Gloucester. A. L. S. 1 p. 53, 14 1781
OCT. 22

[Washington, George.]
horses.

[Before Yorktown.]
2 pp.

To [Due

de]

Choisy [Gloucester].
Draft.

Disposition of surrendered

Laurens. 1781
OCT. 22

In handwriting of John D. I, pt. 2, 431

[Washington, George.] Before York[town]. To [Charles, Earl] Cornwallis [Yorktown]. Requesting the chest turned over to the [Ameri [British] military can] Quartermaster General [Col. Timothy Pick
ering].

Draft.

1 p.
jr.

than Trumbull,
1781
OCT. 22

In handwriting of Jona E. 437

Washington,] G[eorge]. Near Yorkftown]. To Comte de Grasse [Hampton Roads]. Transmitting des patches for Europe. Draft. 1 p. In handwrit D. I, pt. 2, 429 ing of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.
Choisy,

1781
OCT. 22

[Due de] Gloucester [Virginia]. To [George Washington, Before Yorktown]. Picking out of 2 pp. six horses from Tarleton s corps. A. L. S.
53, 23

1781
OCT. 22

SteuFebiger, Christian. of the Virginia ben [Before Yorktown]. State line and suggestions as to measures to be taken; need of clothing; distressed situation of the
3 pp. Enclosed in Steuben to 53, 37 Washington, 1781, Oct. 22.
officers.

Before York[town]. To Baron

L. S.

1781
OCT. 22

Steuben,

[Baron].

Before

York[town].
L. S.
1

To
p.

[George]
situ

Washington [Before Yorktown]. Distressed
ation of Virginia officers.

53,

39

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
OCT. 23

1975

[Tallmadge,

Norwalk [Connecticut]. To Benjamin]. [Maj. Gen. William Heath, Continental Village]. [Copy of his letter Intelligence from "S. G."

to Tallmadge, Oct. 20]: Sailing of relief fleet for Cornwallis; position and strength of enemy s troops at the north end of New York; move

Neck; fear of discovery. Contemporary copy by Heath. 3 pp. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Oct. 30. 53, 107
ments; fort at Lloyd
s

178
OCT. 23

Washington,]

To Dr. [Before Yorktown.] G[eorge]. [James] Craik [Camp]. Arrangements for accom modation of the sick; discharges in Gaskin s
Draft.

regiment; clothing for sick; money. 2 pp. In handwriting of David Cobb.
B.

1781
OCT. 23

[Washington, George.] [Before Grasse [Hampton Roads]. Furnishing a vessel to transport Cornwallis and officers to New York

XIV, pt. 2, 67 Yorktown.] To Comte de

;

seamen
3 pp.

their exchange. In handwriting of John Laurens.

for

same and

Draft.

D.

I,

pt. 2,

433

1781
OCT. 23

[Washington, George.] Near Yorkftown]. To David Ross [Camp]. Orders to refrain from purchasing salt 1 In handwriting of Draft. provision. p. Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 2, 69

1781
OCT. 23

To [Baron [Washington, George] Before York[town]. Steuben, Before Yorktown]. Sensibility of state of the officers and small power to relieve it ; gen eral directions for formation and marching of the
Virginia troops.
Draft.
1 p.

David Cobb.
1781
OCT. 23

In handwriting of 53, 36

Board

of

War. [Philadelphia.] To Maj. Gen. [Samuel Holden] Parsons [Continental Village]. Retire

ment

of disabled Connecticut officers.
1 p.

Contem

porary copy.
Another copy
Dec.
27.

Enclosed in Heath to

Wash
53, 192

ington, 1781, Nov. 17.
(53, 314)

was enclosed

In Parsons to Washington, 1781,

1781
OCT. 23

Craik, James.

Near York[town]. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. State of the hospitals;

need of clothing, blankets, etc. for sick; failure to obtain supplies from Philadelphia; need of rice,
wine, etc.
L. S.
2 pp.
53,

58

1976
1781
OCT. 23

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Grasse,

Comte

de.

[Hampton Roads.]
[Before

To

[George]
;

Washington

Yorktown].

Despatches

transportation of [the British] prisoners. L. S. 2 pp. (In French). 53, 33
[1781]
[OCT. 23]

[Lafayette,

Memorandum of Comte de Marquis de.] Grasse s attitude on the proposed expeditions against Charleston or Wilmington. A. D. 2 pp.
(In French.)
Translation

54, 43
54, 45.

by John Laurens,

In Ford,

9, 391,

note.

1781
OCT. 23

Muhlenberg, P[eter]. Williamsburg [Virginia]. To [George Washington, Before Yorktown]. Requests per mission to cross the mountains on account of his health. A. L. S. 1 p. Endorsed by Trumbull: "his 53, 47 Request granted"
Pickering, Timothy.
[Before Yorktown.]

1781
OCT. 23

To

[George]

Washington [Before Yorktown].

Difficulties in

obtaining captured stores at Gloucester; horses; need of Continental guards. theft of tents; A. L. S. 3 pp. In Sparks, Letters to Washing
ton, 3, 427.
53,

40

1781
OCT. 23

Eoss, David.

Yorkftown, Virginia]. Memorandum of proposed disposition of slaves taken at Yorktown. A. D. S. 2 pp. 53, 34

1781
OCT. 23

Saint- Jean, Chevalier de.
ters.

Hampton [Virginia]. To [George
Hospital

Washington, Before Yorktown].
A. L. S.
3 pp.

mat

(In French.)

53, 31

1781
OCT. 24

Washington, George.
Col.

[Near Yorktown.]

Instructions to
supplies

Ephraim Blaine [Camp]. Provision

Draft. for prisoners surrendered at Yorktown. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. 1 p.

1781
OCT. 24

Washington,] G[eorge]. [Nathanael] Greene [High Hills of the Santee, South Carolina]. The surrender of Cornwallis; In handwriting of 2 pp. Draft. terms, etc.

XIV, pt. 2, 75 Near Yorkftown]. To Maj. Gen.
B.

Jonathan Trumbull,
1781
OCT. 24

jr.

B.

Washington, George. [Near Yorktown.] Return of captured negroes to their [Camp]. owners. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Jona than Trumbull, jr. In Ford, 9, 392.
B.

XIV, pt. 2, 71 To David Ross

XIV,

pt. 1, 77

CORRESPONDENCE OP GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
OCT. 24

1977

[Washington, George.] Near York[town]. To Marquis de Saint-Simon [Camp]. Tribute to his services dur ing the siege. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of
D. I, pt. 2, 437 John Laurens. Near York[town]. To [Brig. Gen. Washington, George. Jethro Sumner, North Carolina]. Letter to Gen. [Nathanael] Greene left open for his [Maj.] perusal; enemy s movements to be reported. In handwriting of David Cobb. 1 p. Draft.
B.

1781
OCT. 24

XIV,

pt. 2,

73

1781
OCT. 24

Anspach, Peter.

Yorktown.
1

Keceipt to British paymas-

ter for cash surrendered at

porary copy.
jr.

Yorktown. Contem Note by Jonathan Trumbull, that the British military chest was turned over
p.

to the Quartermaster General
ing]

[Timothy Picker
152, 10, 351

C. C.

1781
OCT. 24

Le Begue]. Duportail, [George] Washington
[Louis
plies for furlough; A. L. S. 2 pp.

Before Yorktown.

To

[Before Yorktown]. Ap his claim to advancement.
C. C.

152, 10,

369

1781
OCT. 24

Grasse,

Comte

de.

[Hampton

Roads.]

To [George
Vicomte de

Washington, Before Yorktown].

1781
OCT. 24

Montguyot s mission; offer of boats for use of 1 p. the Army. L. S. 53, 60 (In French.) Grasse Comte de. To Marquis de [Hampton Roads.]
Pilots; transportation Lafayette, York[town]. of troops; [Vicomte] de Montguyot s mission. A. L. S. 3 pp. 53, 64 (In French.)

1781
OCT. 24

Heath, W[illiam].

Continental Village [New York]. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Sail ing of the British fleet for the southward; spirit
of militia

on

last

alarm; want of bread; requests

directions for distribution of the clothing in store at Newburgh. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Nov. 15.
53, 68

1781
OCT. 24

Lawson, Robert.

[Drinking Spring Virginia.]

To [George]

Return of Washington [Before Yorktown]. prisoners under his charge; weakness of his com mand. A. L. S. 1 p. 53, 62
Lawson, Robert.
prisoners

[1781]
[OCT. 24]

D.

S.

1

Drinking Spring [Virginia]. Return of under escort. Tabular statement. p. Enclosed in preceding entry. 53, 63

1978
1781
OCT. 25

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Washington,] G[eorge]. [Before Yorktown.] To [Comte de Grasse, Hampton Koads]. His offer of boats;
prisoners and transportation of 2 pp. In handwriting of Draft. D.
Cornwallis.

David Cobb.
I, pt. 2,

441

1781
OCT. 25

Washington,] G[eorge]. [Before Yorktown.] To Comte de Grasse [Hampton Roads]. Cornwallis s let ters on subject of the cartels; request from North Carolina [merchants]. Draft. 1 p. In handwrit D. I, pt. 2, 443 ing of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.
Washington, George. Near York[town]. To [Abraham Skinner, Camp]. Prisoners to be sent to Win chester and Fort Frederick. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of David Humphreys.

1781
OCT. 25

W

1781
OCT. 25

Washington,] G[eorge]. Near York[town]. To Maj. Gen. [William] Smallwood [Annapolis, Maryland]. Use of the Maryland nine months men. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.
B.

XIV,

pt. 2,

79

1781
OCT. 25

[Washington,

George.]

Near

York[town].

To

Col.

[Charles] Armand[-Tuffin [Gloucester ?] Recruit ing his corps by draft from the Army; horses and

accoutrements; exchange of
of draft allowed.

officers;

proportion

Draft.

1781
OCT. 25

of David Humphreys. XIV, pt. 2, 81 Comte de. [Lynn Haven Bay.] To [George WashGrasse,

2 pp. B.

In handwriting

ington, Before Yorktown]. Arrival of the Brit 1 p. L. S. ish fleet [off the Virginia Capes].
53,

78

1781
OCT. 25

Greene, Nathanael.
lina].

High

Hills of the Santee [South Caro-

To

town],

[George] Washington [Before YorkRegret at inability of French to cooperate

against Charleston; affairs in Virginia; evacua tion of Wilmington and evidences of similar in tention at Charleston; sickly condition of troops;

strength and need of reenf orcement papers re specting Col. [Isaac] Hayne s execution. L. S.
;

Answered Nov. 16. 5 pp. to Washington, 3, 429.
[1781]
[OCT. 25]

In Sparks, Letters
53,

75

Yorktown. Ross, David. fore Yorktown].
practiced;

To

[George] Washington [Beof slaves; deceptions 2 pp. A. L. S.
"Vide

Recovery

guard suggested.

Endorsed by Humphreys:
issued in

Genl. Order
53, 70

consequence" [Oct. 25].

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
OCT. 26

1979

W[ashingto]n, G[eorge]. Near Yorkftown]. To Brig. Gen. [Louis Le Begue] Duportail [Camp]. His request for a furlough and his views of rewards for serv Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of John Lauice.
rens.

In Sparks,

8, 194.

B.

XIV,

pt. 2,

83

1781
OCT. 26

[Washington, George.] Near Yorkftown]. Instructions to Col. [Stephen] Moylan [Gloucester?]. Equip ment of dragoon regiments and reenforcement of

1781
OCT. 26

XIV, pt. 2, 85 Campbell, Arthur. Holstein River [Virginia]. To [George]
B.

[Maj.] Gen. 2 pp.

[Nathanael] Greene.

Auto, draft.

Washington [Before Yorktown]. Cherokee hos tility being stirred up by British; chiefs to be
sent
to

headquarters;
3 pp.

case

of

Col.

Martin.
53,

A. L. S.

90

1781
OCT. 26

Glean, Oliver. Poughkeepsie [New York]. Engagement as a writer to Lt. Col. Richard Varick and

pledge of secrecy respecting Washington s papers. A. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Varick to Washing 53, 302 ton, 1782, Jan. 14.

1781
OCT. 26

Grasse,

Comte

Chesapeake Bay. To [George WashBefore Yorktown]. Thanks for assist ington, ance to [Vicomte] de Montguyot; transportation of Cornwallis to New York; cooperation in a southern expedition. L. S. 2 pp. (In French).
de.

53, 85

1781
OCT. 26

Grasse,

Comte

[Chesapeake Bay]. Lafayette, Before Yorktown].
bility to cooperate [against

de.

To [Marquis de

Reasons of ina Wilmington, North
2

Carolina].

French.)
397, note.
Translation

Contemporary copy. Attested by Lafayette.
by John Laurens,
53, 88.

pp.
53,

(In
9,

In Ford,

1781
OCT. 26

Grasse,

Comte

Charlus,

[Chesapeake Bay.] To [Comte de Before Yorktown]. Impossibility of transporting the allied troops to the southward.
de.

Contemporary
1781
CT 26
-

copy. Attested by Lafayette.

2

pp.

(In

French). 53, 89
[George]

lincoln,

Impractica bility of taking Charleston without aid of the French; reasons. L. S. 6 pp. In Sparks, Let ters to Washington, 3, 431. 53, 80

Near Yorkftown]. B[enjamin]. Washington [Before Yorktown].

To

1980
1781
OCT. 27

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Washington,] G[eorge].

Near York[town]. To [Charles r Cornwallis [Yorktown]. Earl] Surprise at offi cers objections to parole; necessity of com 1 p. In handwriting pliance. Draft. Signed.
of

John Laurens.

In Sparks,

8, 195.

E.

439

1781
OCT. 27

1781
OCT. 27

Washington,] G[eorge]. Near York[town]. To Brig. Gen. [David] Forman [Monmouth, New Jersey]. His intelligence of [Rear] Admiral [Robert] Digby s designs; success at Yorktown. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. B. XIV, pt. 2, 97 Washington,] G[eorge]. [Before Yorktow n.] To Comte de Grasse [Chesapeake Bay]. Introducing two
T

sons of [Robert] Morris who go to France for their 2 pp. In handwriting of Draft. education. D. Jonathan Trumbull, jr. I, pt. 2, 445

1781
OCT. 27

[Washington, George.] Near York[town]. To [Maj. Gen. Success against William Heath, Highlands]. on Long Island inquiry into Maj Gen. Refugees [Robert] Howe s conduct [in Dec., 1778]; for
;
.

warding
2

of

cattle

and salting

of beef.

Draft.
pt. 2, 91

pp.

In handwriting of David Humphreys.
B.

XIV,

1781
OCT. 27

Washington,] G[eorge]. Near Yorktown. Instructions Removal to Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Camp]. of British hospital to Fredericksburg [Virginia]; troops ordered to Maj. Gen. [Nathanael] Greene and the North [Hudson] River; water transporta tion; artillery and ordnance stores to go to Phila delphia; teams for Southern service; disease among the cattle tents. Auto, draft. 3pp.
;

1781
OCT. 27

Washington,] G[eorge]. John] Schuyler [Albany].
Fisher;

XIV, pt. 2, 99 [Near Yorktown.] To [Philip
B.

Pardon

of

Myndert
1

surrender of Cornwallis.
B.

Draft.
jr.

p.

In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull,

XIV,

pt. 2,

89

1781
OCT. 27

Amerman,

D
D.

.

Near Yorktown.
S.
1

Invoice of cloth-

ing surrendered by the British.

Tabular state
152, 10, 361

ment.
1781
OCT. 27

p.

C. C.

Amerman,

D

.

Near Yorktown.

ing received from the British.

Invoice of clothA. D. S. 1 p. C. C. 152, 10, 343

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
OCT. 27

1981

Duportail, Chevalier.

Before York[town].

To [George

Washington, Before Yorktown]. Need of rank of Major General before he returns to France; requests Washington not to interfere against it;
requests certificate of service for [Lt.] Col. [Jean 2 pp. Baptiste] Gouvion and himself. A. L. S. 53, 100

1781
OCT. 27

Durie,

Thomas.

Near Yorktown.

Return

of British

troops surrendered at Yorktown. Tabular state C. C. ment. A. D. S. 2 pp. 152, 10, 331
Grasse,

1781
OCT. 27

Comte

de.

[Chesapeake Bay].

To [George Wash-

ington, Before Yorktown]. Requesting trans mission of naval signals to Chevalier de La Luzerne.

L. S.

1 p.

53,

92

[1781]
[OCT. 27]

Pickering,

Return of [Near Yorktown.] Timothy. wagons, horses and quartermaster s stores taken
at

York and

Gloucester.

Contemporary copy.
C. C.

2 pp.

152, 10, 347

1781
OCT. 27

Tilghman, Tench. Philadelphia. ton [Before Yorktown].

To

[George] Washing-

Difficulties

and delays

in his journey to Philadelphia; Comte de Grasse s despatch; inquiries of a committee of Congress

respecting the articles of capitulation; rancor of South Carolina members against Cornwallis; will

await orders at Chester. A. L. S. 3 pp. En dorsed by Trumbull: "Ans. 16 by the Genl." In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 434.
53, 94

1781
OCT. 27

Wallbridge,

Skenesborough [New York]. To [Brig.] Gen. [John] Stark [Saratoga]. [Col. Barry] St. Leger s force at Ticonderoga. Contemporary 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, copy. Nov. 3. 1781, 53, 138
.

E

1781
OCT. 28

[Washington, George.] [Before Yorktown.] To [Comte de Grasse, Chesapeake Bay]. General considera
tions for cooperation in next campaign; Charles ton and New York; naval superiority. Draft. 4 pp. In handwriting of John Laurens. In D. I, pt. 2, 447 Ford, 9, 398.

[1781]
[OCT. 28]

[Washington, George.] [Before Yorktown.] To [Comte de Grasse, Chesapeake Bay]. Disappointment at decision against the Wilmington expedition;

1982

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
requesting delay of
tion of

a few days; transporta Draft. 4 pp. In Army, of John Laurens. D. I, pt. 2, 451 handwriting
fleet

stores, etc.

1781
OCT. 28

Amerman,

D

.

Near Yorktown.

Return

of British

Tabular state clothing surrendered Oct. 19. ment. D. S. 1 p. C. C. 152, 10, 343
Enos, Roger. Saratoga [Xew York]. To [Brig.] Gen. [John] Stark [Saratoga]. Report of British re pairs to Ticonderoga; number of their ships.

1781
OCT. 28

Contemporary copy. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Nov. 3. On same folio with
Stark to Stirling, 1781, Oct. 28.
1781
OCT. 28

Stark, John.

Saratoga [New York]. To Lord Stirling British on Lake George; rumor of [Albany]. intended advance need of intrenching tools and militia. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Nov. 3. 53, 139
;

1781
OCT. 29

[Washington, George.]

Near York[town]. To Maj. Gen. Heath [Highlands]. General directions [William]

for disposing the Army in winter quarters. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of David Humphreys.

1781
OCT. 29

[Washington, George.]

XIV, pt. 2, 103 Before Yorkftown]. To Thomas
B.

Jones, Richmond, Virginia.

Order, in blank, for
for

arms and accoutrements
Draft.
1

North Carolina.

p.

1781
OCT. 29

Washington,] G[eorge]. Her de La Luzerne, Philadelphia]. Transmitting French naval signals. Draft. 1 p. In hand writing of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. D. I, pt. 2, 445

XIV, pt. 2, 113 Near York[town]. To [ChevaB.

[1781]
[OCT. 29]

[Near Yorktown.] Instructions [Washington, George.] to Maj. Gen. [Benjamin] Lincoln [Camp]. March of Army and transportation of stores northward. Auto, draft. 2 pp. In Ford, 9, 402. B. XIV, pt, 2, 109

1781
OCT. 29

Washington,] G[eorge]. [Near Yorktown.] Instructions to Maj. [Allen] McLane [Gloucester]. To recon
noitre the British fleet off the Virginia Capes. 1 p. In handwriting of Jonathan Trum Draft. B. XIV, pt. 2, 111 bull, jr.

1781
OCT. 29

Washington, George. Near York[town]. Instructions to Maj. Gen. [Arthur] St. Clair [Camp]. Detach-

COERESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1983

ment

to

march

into the Carolinas; authorizing

an attempt upon Wilmington [North Carolina]; transportation of artillery, stores, etc. Auto, 2 pp. In Ford, 9, 400. draft.
B.

XIV,

pt. 2, 105

1781
OCT. 29

Continental Congress.

Thanks to the artillery and men of the Army for their services at Yorktown. Contemporary copy. 1 p. In handwriting of William Stephens Smith. Enclosed in Washington to Heath, 1781, Dec. 15.
Resolve.
officers

and engineers,

1781
OCT. 29

B. XIV, pt. 2, 213 Le Begue]. Before Yorktown. To Duportail, [Louis [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Rec ommending [Maj. Jean Baptiste] Gouvion and

[Capt. Bichet de] Rochfontaine.
C. C.

A. L.

S. 1 p. 152, 10, 373

1781
OCT. 29

Frey, [Charles] Baron de. Before Yorktown. To George Washington [Before Yorktown]. Application A. L. S. 2 pp. for a command or a furlough.
C. C.

152, 10, 379

1781
OCT. 29

Grasse,

Comte

de.

Chesapeake Bay.

To [George WashFuture operations;
L. S.
2 pp.
(In
53, 101

ington, Before Yorktown].

transportation of troops, etc.

French.)

See Sparks,

8, 197, note.

1781
Orr. 29

Hughes, P[eter],
of

Poughkeepsie [New York].
respecting
p.

Engagement
and pledge
s

as a writer to Lt. Col. Richard Varick

secrecy
1

Washington

papers.

1781
OCT. 29

Enclosed in Varick to Washing 53, 298 ton, 1782, Jan. 14. To Maj. Gen. [WilStirling, [William Alexander, Lord].
A. D. S.
liam]

Heath [Continental

Village,

New

York].

Evidence of British intention of occupying Ticonderoga and consequent need of intrenchments at
Saratoga; militia ordered out in response to [Brig.] Gen. [John] Stark s call for assistance; Col. [Marinus] Willett s pursuit of the enemy.

Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed Washington, 1781, Nov. 3.
1781
OCT. 30

in

Heath

to

53, 142

Enos, Roger.

Castleton [Vermont]. To [Brig.] Gen. [John] Stark [Saratoga, New York]. Advance of British past Lake George; Enos s force; need of car
tridges at Fort Ann; British at Ticonderoga. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to 53, 140 Washington, 1781, Nov. 3.

1984
1781
OCT. 30

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Greene, Nathanael.
Una].

High

Hills of the Santee [South Caro-

To

town].

[George] Washington [Before YorkArrangement of the Maryland line; re

quests recommendation of Col. [Otho Holland] Williams to a brigadier. L. S. 2 pp. Endorsed by Tilghman: "Copy to Congress 4th Decemr. Ansd 15th Decemr." 53, 103

1781
OCT. 30

Heath, W[illiam].

Continental Village [New York]. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Diffi culty of accomplishing anything against the enemy; Heath s force; troops sent to the north

ward

;

report of Col. [Marinus] Willett

s

action

with enemy near Johnstown [New York]. L. S. Answered Nov. 15. 3 pp. 53, 105
[1781]
[OCT. 31]

[Washington,

To Cols. [Before Yorktown] George.] Ephraim Blaine and Charles Stewart [Camp].
Provisioning the Army
cers; draft.
;

supplies for British

offi

1781
OCT. 31

Auto, 2 pp. B. XIV, pt. 2, 127 Washington, George. Near Yorkftown]. Orders to Col. George Baylor [Gloucester?]. To act under Col. 1 p. [Stephen] Moylan. Auto, draft signed. B. XIV, pt. 2, 123

payment

of debt

due the French.

Same

to Lt. Col.

Anthony Walton White.

1781
OCT. 31

W[ashingto]n, G[eorge].
tail

services to [Brig.] Gen. [Louis

[Camp].
1 p.

signed.

Near York[town]. Certificate of Le Begue] Du PorHis abilities and services. Draft In handwriting of John Laurens.
B.

In Ford,
1781
OCT. 31

9,

404, note.

XIV,

pt. 2, 119

[Washington, George.]
services
to

[Camp], In handwriting of John Laurens.
B.

[Before Yorktown.] Certificate of Lt. Col. [Jean Baptiste] Gouvion His talents and abilities. Draft. 1 p.

1781
OCT. 31

Washington,] G[eorge]. [Nathanael] Greene [High Hills of the Santee, South Carolina]. Intelligence and articles of the
capitulation
at Yorktown; failure of design against Wilmington [North Carolina] and coopera tive plan against Charleston reenf orcements sent
;

XIV, pt. 2, 125 Near York[town]. To Maj. Gen.

him; Maj. Gen. [Arthur] St. Glair s instructions; winter quarters of French Army; exchange of
prisoners; efforts to relieve Cornwallis.

Draft.

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1985
jr.

4 pp. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, Extract in Ford, 9, 400, note.
B.

XIV,

pt. 2, 115

1781
OCT. 31

[Washington, George.] [Before Yorktown.] Instructions to Col. [Stephen] Moylan [Gloucester ?]. Prepara tion of cavalry to join the Southern Army. B. Auto, draft. 1 p. XIV, pt. 2, 121
[Washington, George.] [Before Yorktown.] To [Benoit Joseph de] Tarle [Camp]. Appreciation of his services. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of John Laurens.
D.
I,

1781
OCT. 31

pt. 2,

457

1781
OCT. 31

Stirling,

[William
York]. nental

Alexander,

Lord.]

Saratoga

[New
[Conti
of

To Maj. Gen.
Village,

[William]

Heath

New

York].

Intelligence

advance of the enemy; Col. [Marinus] Willett at German Flats. 1 Contemporary copy. p. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Nov. 3.
53, 141

[1781]
[OCT.]

Washington, George. [Before Yorktown.] Memorandum of matters to be determined respecting sur rendered horses and clothing. A. D. 1 p.

W

[1781]
[Ocr.]

Anonymous.

British Intelligence [from New York], to relieve Cornwallis. 1 p. En preparations closed in Forman to Washington, 1781, Oct. 17.
52,

338

[1781]
[OCT.
?]

Bermuda.

basis of a capitulation.

Articles to be proposed to the island as the 2 pp. 53, 53

[1781]
[OCT.
?]

Charleston [South Carolina]. Outlines of a plan for a reduction by surprise. 6 pp. 53, 55

1781
OCT.

Hand, Edward.

wounded
1

[Before Yorktown.] Return of killed and of the combined armies from Sep. 28 to Oct. 19 inclusive. Tabular statement. D. S.
p.

W
[Before Yorktown.] Return of killed and of the American Army from Sep. 28 to
14 inclusive.

1781
[OCT.]

Hand, Edward.
Oct.
1 p.

wounded

Tabular statement.

D.

S.

W W

1781

Knox, H[enry].
-

[Yorktown.]

Memorandum

of

ordnance

O CT

stores directed to be sent

up the Chesapeake

Bay.
56214

D.

S.

2 pp.

VOL

312

23

1986
[1781]
[Ocr.]

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Machin,

Thomas and

Isaac Hubbell. [Yorktown.] Return of sundry goods purchased in Yorktown for the brigade of Artillery, and distribution thereof.

D.
1781
OCT.

S.

3 pp.
of.

W
W

Yorktown (Virginia)

Return of prisoners taken Siege Tabulated Oct. 19 at York and Gloucester.
statement.
1 p.

1781
Nov.
1

[Washington,

George.]

Near

York[town].

To

Col.

Authoriza [Charles] Armand[-Tuffin, Camp]. tion to draft men for his corps; orders to march
to
Charlottesville.

Draft.
B.

1

p.

In

hand
135

writing of John Laurens.

XIV,

pt. 2,

1781
Nov.
1

[Maj.] Washington,] G[eorge]. Gen. Horatio Gates [Berkeley County, Virginia]. His unfortunate situation; wish to serve in In handwriting of 2 Draft. pp. army.

Near York[to\vn].

To

1781 Nov.

B. Jonathan Trumbull, jr. XIV, pt. 2, 131 Near York[town]. To Brig. Gen. Washington,] G[eorge].
1

[William] Irvine [Fort Pitt].
of

Courts-martial at

Fort Pitt; pardon Myndert Fisher and case Kinds. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of of John B. Jonathan Trumbull, jr. XIV, pt. 2, 133
1781
Nov.
1

[Washington,

George.]

[Near

[Gloucester?] Draft. to go to Philadelphia.
B.

[Stephen] Moylan

To Col. Yorktown.] His application 1 p. In hand
jr.

writing of Jonathan Trumbull,

1781
Nov.
1

Moylan,

Stephen.

[Before

XIV, pt. 2, 137 To [George] Yorktown].

State of his regiment; request for a furlough on account of health; horses and accoutrements. A. L. S. 2 pp. 53, 109

Washington [Before Yorktown].

1781
Nov.
l

Moylan,

Stephen.

[Before

Yorktown].

To

[George]
as

Washington [Before Yorktown].

Officers

signed to the Southern detachment; Moylan s health; superfluous officers of the 4th [Conti nental Dragoons]; suggests incorporating the men into other regiments. A. L. S. 2 pp. 53, 111

1781
Nov.
1

Provaux, Adrian.

Williamsburg [Virginia]. To [George Washington, Before Yorktown]. Requests per mission to go to Cape Francois. A. L. S. 2 pp.
53, 118

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781 Nov.
Stirling,
l

1987

[William Alexander, Lord]. Saratoga York]. To Col. [Barry] St. Leger [Lake
plain].

[New Chamcopy.

Proposing an exchange of prisoners;
surrender.

Cornwallis s
1

Contemporary

Enclosed in Stirling to Washington, 1781, p. Nov. 20. 53, 113
1781 Nov.
Dnrie, T[homas].
2

Near Yorktown To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Persons enquired of by Gov. [Thomas Sim] Lee. A. L. S. 1 p. 53, 123

1781 Nov.

Greene,
2

Nathanael.
Carolina].

High

Hills

of

the Santee [South

To

Yorktown].
quietness of
3 pp.

[George] Washington [Before Joy at Cornwallis s surrender;
in

enemy

South Carolina.
15.

Answered Dec.

A. L. S. 53, 119

1781 Nov.

Schuyler,
2

To John]. Saratoga [New York], Washington [Before Yorktown]. Con gratulations on the Yorktown victory; report of
Phplip
[George]
British repairing Ticonderoga; Col. [Barry] St. Leger s apology to Vermont; suspicious actions
of that state s leading men; Col. [MariWillett s defeat of the enemy at Johnstown. nus] A. L. S. 4 pp. Answered Nov. 28. 53, 121

of

some

1781
Nov.
2

Trumbull,

To Col. [Near Yorktown]. Permission to [Stephen] Moylan [Gloucester]. go to Philadelphia. Auto, draft signed. 1 p. B. XIV, pt. 2, 139
J[onathan]
jr.

1781 Nov.

Willett,
2

Marinus.

Fort Rensselaer [New York].

To

[William Alexander,] Lord Stirling [Saratoga, New York]. Report of action with the enemy at Johnstown and account of the pursuit of Maj. [John] Ross party Oct. 27-30 through the Mo hawk county; Col. Walter Butler s stand at Canada Creek. Contemporary copy. 5 pp.
53, 159

[1781] [Nov.

2]

Yorktown (Virginia.) French at. Return of wounded and killed of the French army each day during the operations from Oct. 6 to Nov. 1, inclusive

W

1781
Nov. 3

Washington,] G[eorge].

Near Yorkftown].

Instructions

to Lt. [William] Colfax [Camp]. Transportation of guard and baggage of headquarters to Phila

delphia.

Auto, draft.

1

p.

B.

XIV,

pt. 2,

149

1988
[1781] Nov. 3

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington, George.] [Before Yorktown.] Instructions to Maj. Gen. [Benjamin] Lincoln [Camp]. Sta tions of New Jersey and New York troops; Army ordered to the North River; attention to stores, Auto, draft. 2 pp. sick, etc. at Head of Elk.
B.

XIV,

pt. 2, 141

1781
Nov.
3

Washington,] G[eorge].

Near Yorkftown]. To David Ross [Yorktown]. Orders to furnish hospital at

Williamsburg with articles noted in memorandum of Malachi Treat. Contemporary copy. 1 p. In handwriting of William Stephens Smith.
B.
[1781]

[Washington, George.]
3

[Near Yorktown]

XIV, pt. 2, 151 To Brig. Gen.
Virginia].

Nov.

[George] British
Draft.

and

Weedon [Fredericksburg, German convalescent
In handwriting
B.
of

prisoners.

2 pp.

John Laurens. XIV, pt. 2, 143

1781
Nov.
3

Grasse,

Comte

Chesapeake Bay. To [George WashYorktown]. Taking leave of 53, 128 Washington. L. S. 1 p. (In French)
de.

ington,

Before

1781 Nov.

Heath, W[illiam].
3

Continental Village [near Peekskill,

New

York].

To

[George] Washington [Before

Confusion of intelligence from the Yorktown]. North. L. S. 1 p. Answered Nov. 15. 53, 136
1781 Nov.
3

Moylan, John. Boston. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Difficulties experienced in forward ing clothing from Boston; clothing at Newburgh ordered issued to troops under [Maj.] Gen. [Wil liam] Heath; apology for not having a deputy at headquarters; congratulations on [Yorktown] A. L. S. 5 pp. 53, 130 victory.
Moylan, Stephen.
for

1781
Nov. 3

[Before Yorktown.]
[jr.,

To

[Lt.] Col. [Jon-

athan] Trumbull

Before Yorktown].

Thanks
state of

Washington

s

consideration of

Ms

health; cavalry measures to be taken.
1

A. L.

S.

p.

53, 127

[1781]
[Nov.
3]

St. Clair,

[Yorktown.] Memorandum of clothing needed for the Southern Army. A. D. S. 1 p.
Arthur.
53, 125

1781 Nov.

Stirling,
3

[William
York.]

Alexander,
.

Lord].

[Saratoga,

New

To Maj Gen.

tal Village, dismissal of the militia;

[William] Heath [Continen New York]. The Yorktown victory;

works ordered erected;

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

1989

intention of returning to Albany; Col. [Marinus] Willett s victory at Johnstown and in the Mo

hawk

country,
2 pp.
9.

Oct.

25-30.

Contemporary
53, 162

copy. ton, 1781, Nov.

Enclosed in Heath to Washing

1781

Nov

.

4

Washington, George. [Near Yorktown.] Instructions to Capt. [William Dent ?] Beall [Camp]. Guarding of British hospital at Gloucester and forwarding of prisoners to Fredericksburg; disbanding his de B. XIV, pt. 2, 157 tachment. Auto, draft. Washington, George.

1781
Nov. 4

Near York[town] Instructions to Simeon De Witt [Camp]. Road surveys to be made. Auto, draft signed. 1 p.
B.

XIV,

pt. 2, 161

1781 Nov.

4

Yorktown. [Washington, George.] Passport for ship Cochran transporting [Charles,] Earl Cornwallis to New York. Draft. 3 pp. Memoranda of other vessels granted passports to go to New York. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. E. 441
[Washington, George.] [Near Yorktown.] To Col. Timothy Pickering [Camp]. Disposal of surplus cap tured stores for discharge of debt; collection of boats; expresses; forage taken and damage done by troops. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of B. Jonathan Trumbull, jr. XIV, pt. 2, 159

1781 Nov.

4

1781
Nov. 4

Washington,] G[eorge].
ficers of

[Near Yorktown]. To [Brig. Gen. Anthony Wayne, Camp]. His application and of
1 p.

the Pennsylvania Line. Draft. handwriting of William Stephens Smith.
B.

In

XIV,

pt. 2, 153

1781 Nov. 4

W[ashingto]n, G[eorge].

[Before Yorktown]. [Brig.] Gen. [Anthony] Wayne [Camp]. Leaves him to act as he requested. Auto, draft signed. 1 p. B. XIV, pt. 2, 155

To

1781 Nov. 4

Antill,

Edward.

Before Yorktown. To Brig. Gen. [Moses] Hazen [Before Yorktown]. Promotions in the regiment; officers recommended. Con temporary copy. 2 pp. On same folio with

Hazen
1781 Nov. 4

to Washington, 1781,

Nov.

4.

Hazen, Moses. [Before Yorktown]. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown] Case of promotions officers [of the 2d Canadian regiment]. among 2 pp. L. S. 53, 148

1990
1781
Nov. 4
Jones,

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

Thomas.

[Yorktown.] Memorandum of military stores remaining in the State of Virginia. D. S. 3 pp. Countersigned by Henry Knox.

W

1781 Nov. *

Knox, H[enry].

[Yorktown.]

Memorandum

of

ordnance

and

stores prepared for the Southern detach

ment.
1781
Nov. 4

D.

S.

1 p.

W

La luzerne, [Chevalier de]. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [Before Yorktown]. Acknowledg ing papers from Comte de Grasse; congratula
tions [on surrender of Yorktown].

L. S.

2 pp.
53, 145

1781
Nov.
4

Wayne, Anthony.

Near York[town].
1

To
p.

[George]

Wash53, 143

ington [Before Yorktown]. leave of absence. A. L. S.

Requesting a short

1781
Nov. 4

To [George] [Before Yorktown.] Wayne, Anthony. Washington [Before Yorktown]. His request for
leave.

A. L.

S.

2 pp.

53, 147

[1781]
[Nov.
5]

[Washington, George.] [Near Yorktown.] Instructions to Thomas Durie [Gloucester]. Shipment of paroled
British

removal of sick and well prisoners; Auto. prisoners to Fredericksburg [Virginia]. draft. 2 pp. B. XIV, pt. 2, 145

[1781] [Nov.

5]

[Washington, George.] [Before Yorktown.] To [Comte de Grasse, Chesapeake Bay]. Separation from de Grasse; his f riendship present of horses; news
;

British fleet; flag vessels for New York. Draft. 5 pp. In handwriting of John Laurens.
of

D.

I, pt. 2,

459

1781 Nov.

5

[Washington, George.] [Before Grasse [Chesapeake Bay].

Yorktown] To Comte de
Claim
of

British

prisoners to release on ground of being citizens. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of John Laurens.

D.

I, pt. 2,

465

1781
Nov.
5

[Washington, George.]
Col.

Near York[town].

Warrant to

Timothy Pickering [Camp] to impress forage 1 for Army on its northward march. Draft. p.
In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull,
B.
jr.

XIV,

pt. 2,

163

1781 Nov.

Stark, John.
5

Saratoga [New York]. To Gov. [Thomas] Chittenden [Arlington, Vermont]. Requests report on British treatment of a Vermont scout ing party and a copy of the letter said to have

been sent Chittenden by the enemy; confidence

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
in

1991

Vermont s patriotism; salute of fourteen guns in honor of [Yorktown] victory. Contemporary 3 pp. 53, 335 copy.
1781 Nov.
5

Kendon, Francisco. Philadelphia. To [George] Washington [Eltham, Virginia]. Congratulations on the Yorktown success; cooperation with the Spanish forces. A. L. S. 2 pp. 53, 150
Hospital (British.) Gloucester [Virginia.] Present state of the sick and wounded of general and regi

1781 Nov.

6

mental hospitals. Tabular statement. A. D. S. Alexander Grant. 1 p. Enclosed in Durie to 53, 306 Washington, 1781, Dec. 18.
of

1781 Nov.

St.
7

leger, Barry.

[Lake Champlain,

New

York.]

To

[Maj.] Gen. [Lord] Stirling [Saratoga]. Lack of reasons for authority to make exchanges;

severity toward prisoners.
1

p.

On
1.

Contemporary copy. verso of Stirling to St. Leger, 1781,

Nov.
1781 Nov.
8

Heath, W[illiam].

New

York].

Continental Village [near Peekskill, To [George] Washington [Eltham,

Return of British fleet to New York; Virginia]. return of Col. [Marinus] Willett from pursuit of
Maj. [John] Ross party; report of British inten tion against the Highlands. L. S. 2pp. 53,156
1781 Nov.

Washington,] G[eorge].
9

"Col.

Bassetts"

ginia].

To David Ross [Yorktown].

[Eltham, VirIntroduc
1 p.

ing Cherokee chiefs; presents.
B.

Draft.
jr.

In
165

handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull,
1781 Nov.
Greene, Nathanael.
9

XIV,

pt. 2,

[High Hills of the Santee,

South

Carolina.]

To Maj. Gen.

[Paston] Gould [Charles

ton?

South Carolina].

Barbarous practice of
unless
3 pp.
it

burning buildings;
stopped.
in

retaliations

is

Contemporary copy. Greene to Washington, 1781, Nov. 20.

Enclosed
53, 198

1781

Heath, W[illiam].
-

Nov

9

[George]
ligence

Continental Village [New York]. To Washington [Before Yorktown]. Intel
of

victory

of

Col.

[Marinus]

Willett.
53, 158

L. S.

1

p.

1781

[Willett, Marinus.]
-

Nov

9

taken
try].

[at

Albany. Return of British prisoners Johnstown and in the Mohawk coun

Heath

1 p. Contemporary copy. to Washington, 1781, Nov.

Enclosed in
12.

53, 172

1992
1781 Nov.

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Willett, Marinus.]
9

[Albany.] Return of killed, wounded and missing in the action at Johnstown [Oct.] 1 25. Enclosed in p. Contemporary copy. Heath to Washington, 1781, Nov. 12. 53, 173

1781 Nov.

Bayley, Jacob.
10

Newbury [New Hampshire]. To Maj. Gen. [William] Heath, [Highlands]. Intelligence from Canada through Col. Thomas Johnson. A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to Washing 53, 250 ton, 1781, Dec. 4.
Before Yorktown. To [George de. Washington, Eltham]. Sympathy [on death of John Parke Custis]; departure of Comte de Grasse; [Maj.] Gen. [Benjamin] Lincoln s assi
duity; winter quarters for the troops.
1

1781 Nov.

Rochambeau, Comte
10

L.

S.

p.

Answered Dec.

2.

53, 166

1781 Nov.

Febiger, Christian.
11

Cumberland Court House

[Virginia].

To Maj. Gen.
ginia],

[Arthur] St. Clair, Richmond [Vir Miserable situation of Continental troops

at Cumberland; lack of clothing; smallpox and inoculation condition of the men requests direc A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in St. Clair to tions.
; ;

Washington, 1781, Nov.
1781
Nov. 12

14.

53, 179

Continental Congress.
[Capt.]

Resolve. Ordering adjustment of Jacob [Jacques] Schreiber s accounts and granting leave for him to return to Europe. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Schreiber to Washington, 1783, Mar. 4. 62, 37

1781 Nov.

12

Continental Village [near Peekskill, Heath, W[illiam]. New York]. To [George] Washington [FredSalting of beef salt pro ericksburg, Virginia].
;

visions

from Connecticut; disposition determined

for winter quarters of the various troops; position of New Hampshire troops; difficulty in obtaining flour; need of pay for the troops; re

on

turns of losses and prisoners from Col. [Marinus] Willett; force for guarding the northern frontier. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Nov. 28. 53, 170

1781
Nov. 14

Braxton,

Carter,

Josiah

Parker and William Harvey.

confiscated goods of James R. Robert son & Co. Agreement to accept payment in tobacco. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed
in Carrington to Washington, 1782, Jan.
4.

Bond to ment for

[Lt. Col.]

Edward Carrington

for

pay

54,31

COERESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781 Nov.
Carrington,
14

1993

To Ed[ward]. Williamsburg [Virginia]. [George Washington, Mt. Vernon]. Finishing up the mercantile affairs of [Robert] Hoakesly and
Recent copy.
1 p.

[David] Ross; amounts.
1781 Nov.

53, 181

14

Yorktown [Virginia]. Return of Carrington, Edward. the sale and disposal of goods of James R. Robertson & Co., seized for use of the United
Commander-in-chief. 1 p. Enclosed in to Washington, 1782, Jan. 4. 54, 32 Carrington
States

by order

of

the

Tabular statement.
1781 Nov.
Chittenden,
14

D.

S.

Thomas. Arlington [Vermont]. To Brig. Gen. [John] Stark [Albany]. Account of treat ment accorded a Vermont scouting party by the British transmitted to Washington; thanks for the salute of fourteen guns. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Stark to Washington, 1781, Dec. 27. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 440. 53, 334
and David

1781 Nov.

Nicolson, George
14

Edward Carrington
goods of porary copy.

Bond to [Lt. Col.] payment for confiscated James R. Robertson & Co. Contem
Ross.
for

ment
1781

in

2 pp. Agreement to accept pay tobacco. Enclosed in Carrington to

Nov

-

14

54, 33 Washington, 1782, Jan. 4. Parsons, Samuel H[olden]. [Continental Village, near To Maj. Gen. [William] Peekskill, New York.] Heath [Continental Village]. Retirement of dis abled officers of the Connecticut Line. A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Nov. 17. 53, 194
St.

1781

Glair, Arthur.

Richmond

[Virginia].

To

[George]

Xov

-

14

Difficulty and delay in crossing the river; worthlessness of the quar termasters; lack of horses; strength of his force; British at Wilmington and position of American

Washington [Mt. Vernon].

militia;

lack of ammunition; difficulty of at tempting Wilmington. L. S. 6 pp. Answered Nov. 30. 53, 176

1781

Washington,] G[eorge].
-

Mount Vernon.

To Maj. Gen.

Nov

15

[William] Heath [Highlands], Aspect of matters to the northward; clothing distribution; meat and bread supply. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting
of

Jonathan Trumbull,

jr.

B.

XIV,

pt. 2, 167

1994
1781
Nov.
15

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Washington,] G[eorge].
[Robert]
his
1 p.

Howe

[Philadelphia],

Mount Vernon. To Maj. Gen. The inquiry into

conduct in Georgia [in Dec., 1778]. Draft. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.
Mt. Vernon.
B. XIV, pt. 2, 169 To [Marquis de La-

1781 Nov.

Washington, George.
15

fayette, Philadelphia].

delphia;

friendship;

in reaching Phila necessity of a naval supe

Delay

riority to terminate the
talions, etc.
9,

405.

war; filling of the bat Auto, draft signed. 5pp. In Ford, P. II, 435

1781
Nov. 15

Washington,] G[eorge]. Mount Vernon. To Col. [RichHis ard] Varick [Poughkeepsie, New York]. writers and arrangements; money for same. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Jonathan Trum
bull, jr.

1781 Nov. 15

Parsons, D[avid].

Peekskill

XIV, pt. 2, 171 [New York]. To Maj. Gen.
Village].

B.

[Samuel Holden] Parsons [Continental

Wish

to retire.

closed in

Contemporary copy. 1 p. En Heath to Washington, 1781, Nov. 17.
53, 191

1781
Nov. 15

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John].

Albany. To [George] Washington [Mt. Vernon]. Hope that States will not con ceive the war at an end; retirement of British toward Canada. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Nov. 28. 53, 174

1781
Nov.
16

To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Mount Vernon. [Nathanael] Greene [High Hills of the Santee,
South Carolina]. March of Army North disposal
;

of the British prisoners to increased exertion;

;

stimulation of Congress chain of expresses to

South Carolina. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr. Extract in Ford, 9, 407.
B.

XIV,

pt. 2, 173

1781
Nov.
17

Heath, W[illiam].

Continental Village [near Peekskill,

York]. To [George] Washington [Mt. Ver non]. Gallant capture of British sloop by Lt. [Samuel] De Forest suspension of clothing issues
;

New

by the Board of War; great need L. S. 2 pp. Answered Nov. 28.
1781 Nov.
Virginia
17

of the troops.
53, 189

Officers. Cumberland Court House [Virginia], Memorial to Col. [Christian] Febiger [Cumberland Court House]. Their distressed situation for

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
want
of

1995

pay and clothes; refusal to march until Original supplied. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. signed by Thomas Posey, John Poulson, Saml En Finley, Alexdr Parker and Joseph Scott. closed in St. Clair to Washington, 1781, Nov. 26.
53,

224

1781
Nov. 18

Stirling,

[William
York].

Alexander,

Lord],

To Maj. Gen.

[William]

Rynbeck [New Heath [Continen

tal Village, York]. Correspondence with Col. [Barry] St. Leger; charge of paroles broken by American officers. Contemporary extract.
1

New

p.

Nov.
1781
Nov. 19

20.

Enclosed in Stirling to Washington, 1781, 53, 114

Schur, [Friedrich Heinrich].

Fredericktown [Maryland].

To [George Washington, Mt. Vernon]. Request ing passport for an officer to bring money to Hes
sian prisoners.

Recent copy.

(In French)

1 p. 53, 195

1781
Nov. 20

Stirling,

[William

York]

To

Virginia].

Lord]. Rynbeck [New Washington [Alexandria, Congratulations on the Yorktown sur

Alexander,
[George]

render; dispositions for defending the frontier; advance of the British battle at Johnstown and
;

Marinus Willett s victory; death of [Col.] Walter Butler; British at Ticonderoga and Lake George; militia ordered out; retirement of enemy.
Col.

L. S.

6 pp.

53, 115

1781 Nov.

Greene, Nathanael.
21 lina.]

[High Hills of the Santee, South Caro-

land].

To [George] Washington [Annapolis, Mary Need of [Maj.] Gen. [Arthur] St. Clair s re-

enforcements; expectation of vigorous attempt by British; evacuation of Wilmington [North Carolina] delay in making a return of prisoners;
;

question of retaliation for murder of Col. [Isaac] Hayne letter sent enemy to put a stop to their
;

burnings;
ington,
3,

Answered Dec.
447.

the general situation. L. S. 15. In Sparks, Letters to

3 pp.

Wash
53, 196

1781
22

Graham, Samuel.

Winchester

[Virginia].

To

[Brig.]

Gen.

[Daniel] Morgan [Saratoga, Virginia]. furnish flour to British and Anspach prisoners. A. L. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Morgan to Washing
ton, 1781,

Failure to

Nov.

25.

53, 207

1996
1781
Nov. 22

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Greene, Nathanael.

South Carolina.

To

[George]

Wash-

ington [Annapolis]. Appreciation of Washing ton s letter; Mrs. Greene s presence. A. L. S.
2 pp.
53,

204

[1781] [Nov.

Greene,
22]

NathanaeL

[South Carolina,] To [George WashMrs. Greene s journey; ington, Annapolis.] sympathy [on death of John Parke Custis] ; the
s

1781
Nov. 22

brightness and gloom of Greene State politics. A. L. S. 3 pp. Humphrys, D[avid]. Peekskill [New York].

situation;
53,

205

To

[George]

Washington [Annapolis]. Arrangements for s winter quarters; proposes scheme Washington to attempting a surprise of New York City. A. L. S. 4 pp. Answered Dec. 11. 53, 210
Lincoln,

1781
Nov. 22

B[enjamin].

Head

of

Elk

[Maryland],

To

Board of [George] Washington [Annapolis]. War s intention of lodging the sick in Philadel
reasons against so doing; intention of urging Burlington or Trenton as a better place. L. S. 2 pp. 53, -202 Head of Elk [Maryland]. Division Lincoln, B[enjamin]. Orders: Stations for the various regiments;
phia;
3 pp.

1781
Nov. 22

transportation of sick, etc. Contemporary copy. Enclosed in Lincoln to Washington, 1781,
22.
53,

Nov.
1781
Nov. 22
Ross, David.

200

Yorktown, Virginia.

To

[George]

Wash-

ington [Annapolis]. Entertainment of the Chero kee Chiefs; settlement of mercantile matters with the British merchants; scheme of bills of exchange. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Dec. 10. 53, 208

1781 Nov. 23

Knyphausen, [Baron von].

New York. To

[George]

Wash-

ington [Annapolis]. Request Hessian officer to take money
oners in Philadelphia. Feb. 26, 1782.
L. S.

for passport for to Hessian pris

2 pp.

Answered
53,

214

1781
Nov. 23

Skinner,

Abraham.

To [George] Washington Arrangements for prisoners at Winchester, Fort Frederick and Fredericktown; escape of prisoners and liberty permitted in Frederick County, Maryland stockade and pro
Baltimore.
[Annapolis].
;

vision supplies at Fredericktown; situation of 3 pp. prisoners at Winchester. A. L. S.
53, 212

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
Nov. 24

1997

Brownson, Gideon.

Sunderland [Vermont]. To [George] Washington [Baltimore]. His derangement while his subsistence debts; prisoner in Canada; redress. A. L. S. 2 pp. 53, 218 requests

1781
Nov. 24

Duportail, [Louis

Le Begue].

Philadelphia.

To

[George]

Washington [Baltimore]. Appreciation of Wash ington s recommendation to Congress; requests a letter to Marquis de Segur. A. L. S. 2 pp.
53,

220

1781
Nov.
24

Ross, David.

Yorktown, Virginia. Request of British merchants ton, Baltimore]. for authority to carry away tobacco; need of passport for a tobacco cargo. A. L. S. 2 pp.
10.

To [George Washing-

Answered Dec.
1781
Nov. 25

53,

216

Morgan, Daniel.

Saratoga [Virginia] To [George] Washington [Philadelphia]. The victory at Yorktown loss of British prisoners; tory aid to escape; Morgan s measures; refusal of people to furnish provisions; need of orders respecting straggling soldiers and escaped American prisoners. L. S.
3 pp.

;

Answered Dec.
Versailles.

12.

53, 221

1781
Nov. 26

Louis

[XVI].
in the

To Comte de Rochambeau

[Williamsburg, Virginia]. Success of the French West Indies; the victory at Yorktown; Contemporary copy. thanksgiving ordered.
2 pp.

Enclosed in Rochambeau to Washington, 56, 110 1782, Apr. 29.

1781
Nov. 26

St.

Clair, Arthur.

Taylor s Ferry [North Carolina]. To March of [George] Washington [Philadelphia]. the troops; evacuation of Wilmington [North
route to [Maj.] Gen. [Nathanael] Greene; memorial of Virginia officers. L. S. 2 pp. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 449. 53, 222
Philadelphia.

Carolina];

1781 Nov.

Durie,
27

Thomas.

To

[George]

Washington

Transportation of sick prisoners from Gloucester; those left behind; guards requested of Gov. [Thomas] Nelson [jr.]; returns to be made; transportation of British officers to
[Philadelphia].

New York;
in

merchants and others

still

remaining
53,

Yorktown; prisoners sent to House. A. L. S. 4 pp.
G[eorge].

Hanover Court
225

1781 Nov.

Washington,]
28

Philadelphia.

To Maj. Gen.
Approves winter-

[William]

Heath [Highlands].

1998

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
quarters arrangement; flour supply; scarcity of money; Col. [Marinus] Willett s success [at Johnstown]. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of

Jonathan Trumbull,
1781 Nov. 28

jr.

B.

[John] Washington,] Gfeorge]. Philadelphia. Schuyler [Albany]. Fear [of lethergy of States]; temper of Vermont; success of Col. [Marinus] Willett on the frontier [Johnstown and the Mo hawk country]. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting B. XIV, pt. 2, 175 of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.

XIV, pt. To Philip

2,

177

1781 Nov. 29

lafayette, Marquis de.

[en route to

Boston ?] To [George

Washington,

numbers
of

Philadelphia]. Sending [cipher] for use in correspondence; appreciation

Washington s thanks to the Virginia troops commanded by Lafayette begs the extra month s pay for them; minor personal matters. A. L. S.
;

3 pp.

In Sparks, Letters to Washington,

3,

451.

53,

230

1781
Nov. 29

Mentges, F[rancis].

Williamsburg [Virginia]. To [George Washington, Philadelphia]. Distresses of the hospital for medicines and provisions; laxity in regard to prisoners; Comte de Rochambeau s 3 pp. Answered Jan. 2, A. L. S. kindness. 1782. 53, 228

1781
Nov. 30

Washington,] G[eorge].
of his

To Philadelphia. [Arthur] St. Glair [North Carolina].

Maj.

Gen.

Difficulties

march; suggested attempt against Wil mington [North Carolina]; transmits extracts of resolves of Congress [1781, Oct. 29] on Yorktown; Col. [Christian] Febiger s command. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.
B.

1781
Nov. 30

Washington,] Gfeorge].
ander,]

Philadelphia.
Stirling

XIV, pt. 2, 181 To [William Alex-

Danger of [Albany]. of States ; success on the northern fron lethergy tier [Col. Marinus Willett s victory at Johns
town].
Draft.
1 p.

Lord

In handwriting of Jona
B.

than Trumbull,
1781
Nov. 30
Clinton, [Sir] H[enry].

jr.

XIV,

pt. 2,

179

New

York.

To

[George]

Wash-

ington [Philadelphia]. Requests permission for a British officer to go to Fredericktown and Winchester with money for prisoners. L. S. Answered Dec. 6. 1 p. 53, 234

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
Nov. 30

1999

Hunter, William,

Alexandria [Virginia]. To [George jr. Washington, Philadelphia]. Forwarding of pass ports for a brigantine to go to New York. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered Dec. 10. 53, 232

[1781]
[Nov.
?]

Duportail, [Louis

Le Begue]

[Philadelphia.]

To

[George]

Washington [Preakness ?]. Recommending Col. Laumoy and Lt. Col. Wuibert; arrangement of the Sappers and Miners; command of same;
regulation proposed.

L. S.

3 pp.

W

1781
DEC. 2

Washington,] G[eorge].

Philadelphia.

To [Comte de

Ac Rochambeau, Williamsburg, Virginia]. knowledgment of his sympathy on death of [John Parke] Custis. Draft. 1 p. In hand writing of Jonathan Trumbull, jr.
D.
I, pt.

2,469

1781
DEC. 2

Irvine, William.

Washington

Fort Pitt [Pennsylvania]. To [George] [Philadelphia]. Conditions at Fort

Pitt; relinquishment of the Sandusky expedition; re-formation of the Pennsylvania regiments; de

plorable condition of the troops; misuse of mili tary stores; powder and lead issued to militia by
Col. [Daniel]

Brodhead

s orders; failure of [Brig.]

Gen.

Rogers] Clark s expedition; his difficulty in raising men rottenness of the buffalo meat; ambuscade of [Lt.] Col. [Archibald] Lochrey s party; consternation in Westmoreland county; chances of a British expedition against
[George
;

Fort Pitt; ruinous state of the fortifications; advantageous ground for works on Shirtus [Chartier s?] Creek; proposal to abandon Fort Mclntosh; disappearance of public boats; neces
sity of capturing Detroit to relieve the frontier; general plan for an attempt; requests permis sion to come to camp; failure of contractors

to furnish provision; reports of escaped pris oners of British preparations to attack the
frontier; question of exchanges; requests direc tions respecting John Hynds and Myndert

Fisher.

A. L. S. 8 pp. Answered Dec. In Sparks, Letters to Washington, 3, 452.
53,

18.

236

1781
DEC. 2

Rawlings, Moses.

Fredericktown [Maryland].
[Philadelphia].

Washington

To [George] Insolent behavior

2000

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
of British prisoners; their punishment; clamor of British officers. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered

Dec. 12.
1781
DEC. 3

53,

338

Heath, Wfilliam]

Highlands.

To

[George] Washington

Distressed state of the troops [Philadelphia]. for want of clothing; need of more tailors; pressing need of the New Hampshire troops; poor quality of cloth vests in store. L. S. 2 pp.

Answered Dec.
1781
DEC. 3

15.

53,

244

Mosher,

W[illiam].

To Capt. Bedford [New York]. [Thomas] Prichard [On the Lines]. Account of a skirmish with the enemy and capture of Capt.
[Richard] Sackett.

Contemporary copy.

1

p.

Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1781, Dec. 4. 53, 255
1781
DEC. 3

Porter,

Andrew.
1 p.

A. D. S. Enclosed in Forrest to Washington, 1781, Dec. 29. 53, 351
of a soldier

Philadelphia. by Lt. Col.

Certificate of enlistment

Thomas Forrest.

1781
DEC. 3

Ogden,

M[atthias].

Elizabethtown [New Jersey].

To

Negotia [George Washington, Philadelphia]. tions [for his exchange]; capture of picaroons. A. L. S. 2 pp. 53, 242
Heath, W[illiam].

1781
DEC. 4

Highlands. To [George] Washington [Philadclpliia]. Letters and Capt. [John] Edgar s

report of plot to deliver

Vermont

to the British

;

information

to be

obtained
distress of

Thomas Johnson;

from Col. American

[Capt.]
officers

prisoners in Canada; impatience of Westchester county for a settlement for forage consumed by

the allied Armies and delay of quartermasters in furnishing returns; winter quarters selected for

Sheldon
Dec. 1781
DEC. 4
15.

s

dragoons.

L. S.

3

pp.

Answered
53,

248

Heath, W[illiam].

Highlands.

To

[George] Washington

Exhaustion of horses of the [Philadelphia]. escort for the mails; questions need of dragoon
escort; 2 pp.

new

horses necessary;
15.

skirmish.

L. S.
53,

Answered Dec.

252

1781
DEC. 5

[Washington, George.] Philadelphia. To Abraham Skinner [Philadelphia]. Orders to negotiate an ex

change of prisoners; Lord Cornwallis; [Maj.j Gen. [Charles] O Hara s rank; prisoners in Can-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

2001

ada and non-military prisoners of Yorktown. Djaft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
1781
DEC. 5

XIV, pt. 2, 185 Durie, Thomas. Elizabethtown [New Jersey]. To [George]
B.

Washington
Washington, George.

[Philadelphia].

the Lord Mulgrave.

A. L.

S.

Reported wreck of 2 pp. 53, 256

1781
DEC. 6

Philadelphia.

To Sir Henry Clinton

[New York]. prisoner situation; proposing meeting of Commissioners to settle the various matters. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench E. 445 Tilghman. In Sparks, 8, 215.
[Washington,

The

1781
DEC. 6

To Brig. Gen. George.] Philadelphia. [Moses] Hazen [Delaware]. Orders to march to
Pennsylvania; 1 p. In hand XIV, pt. 2, 189

quarters in Lancaster clothing for his regiment. Draft. writing of Tench Tilghman. B.

winter

1781
DEC. 6

[Washington, George.] Philadelphia. Passport, in blank, for a British officer to convey money to prisoners at Fredericktown, Maryland and Winchester, Vir 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Draft. ginia. E. 447 Tilghman.
Clinton, James.

1781
DEC. 6

To [George] Jersey]. [Philadelphia]. Absence of huts for winter quarters for his brigade. A. L. S. 2 pp.

Pompton [New

Washington

Answered Dec.
1781
DEC. 6

14.

53,

261

Morris,

Robert.

[Philadelphia.] Articles of Agreement [Contract] with Comfort, Richardson and Joshua Sands, [Sands & Co.] to furnish provisions to

West Point and

its dependencies. Contemporary copy with marginal notes by Washington. 12 pp. Enclosed in Washington to Benson, Smith and

Hobart, 1782, July
1781
DEC. 7

9.

55, 164

Craig, J[ohn].

Fort Pitt [Pennsylvania].
[Philadelphia].

To

[George]
of Brig.

Washington

Account

Gen. George Rogers Clark s expedition; disap pointments experienced; Craig s return to Fort Pitt; strategems practiced against the Indians. A. L. S. 4 pp. 53, 264a
1781
DEC. 8

[Washington, George.]

To Maj. Gen. [WilReturns for report of a Ham] Heath [Highlands]. committee of Congress. Draft. 1 p. In hand
Philadelphia.

writing of
56214

Tench Tilghman.

B.

XIV.

pt, 2, 191

VOL

312

24

2002
1781
DEC. 8

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Schuyler, Philip John]
kill,

Albany.
[Col.

To Lord
Barry]
St.

New

York].

Leger

Stirling [Fishs retire

ment

into Canada; probability of the British vessels being caught in the ice on Lake [Champlain];

shocking condition of Maj. [John] Ross

surviving men.

Contemporary

extract.

1 p.

En
280

closed in Stirling to Washington, 1781, Dec. 13.
53,

1781
DEC. 8

Wemyss, J[ames]. Charleston [South Carolina]. To Maj. [Edmund M.] Hyrne [Charleston ?]. Permission to serve in American Army if a like indulgence be Contemporary procured for a British officer. copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Hyrne to Washington, 54, 270 1782, Feb. 20.
Dated in
error 1782

and endorsed by Trumbull:

"Superceded

by general

Liberation of

all Prisoners"

1781
DEC. 9

G-reene,

Nathanael.
[South

Headquarters at the Round O. To [George] Washington Transmitting his letter to Con [Philadelphia]. gress; prisoner matters; Greene s correspond ence with Comte de Rochambeau. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Feb. 18. 53, 266
Carolina].

1781
DEC. 9

Greene,

Nathanael.
Carolina].
delphia].

Headquarters at the Round O [South

To

Failure

[the President of Congress, Phila of attempted surprise of

British at Dorchester;

defeat of

enemy

in a

cavalry skirmish; evacuation of the place; forti fications erected at Charleston; British attempts to embody the tories and arouse the Indians; evacuation of Beaufort and Ebenezer; present restricted limits of the British army; corre spondence with British respecting [Robert]
Starke; requests directions respecting retalia Con tion for murder of Col. [Isaac] Hayne.

temporary copy. 5 pp. Washington, 1781, Dec.
1781
DEC. 10

9.

Enclosed in Greene to 53, 268

[Washington,

To Comte de George.] Philadelphia. Rochambeau [Williamsburg]. Vessel from New York with American prisoners and medicines,
stores,
etc. for

British; passports for

tobacco
471

ships.

Draft.

2 pp.

In handwritirig of Tench
D.
I, pt. 2,

Tilghman.
1781
DEC. 10

Washington,

George.

Philadelphia.
Virginia].

[Yorktown ?

To David Ross Payment of bills drawn

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

2003

by [Robert] Morris; passport for a brigantine and granting of same for tobacco ships. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIV,

pt. 2,

193
for

1781
DEC. 10

Washington,]

G[eorge].

Philadelphia.

Passport

brigantine Potomac to proceed to New York with tobacco and paroled [British] prisoners. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. Draft. 1 p.
E.

449

1781
DEC. 11

[Washington, George.] Philadelphia. To [Rear] Adml. Robert Digby, New York. Comte de Rochambeau written to in regard to cartel ship New
Blessing.

Draft.

1 p.

Tilghman.
1781
DEC. 11

In handwriting of Tench E. 451

To [Lt.] Col. [Washington, George.] Philadelphia. [David] Humphreys [Peekskill, New York],
His efforts to secure quarters; proposed attempt on enemy. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 2, 195

1781
DEC. 11

Frey,

[Charles,

To George Baron] de. Philadelphia. Washington, Philadelphia. Requesting Wash ington s aid to obtain rank of brevet-major from Congress; value of rank to him in France. A. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Dec. 12. 53, 273
[George] [Philadelphia]. Propriety of his giving testimony, while a prisoner on parole, in

1781
DEC. 11

Ternant,

[Jean Baptiste].

Philadelphia.

To

Washington
of
1

trial

[Maj.]
p.

Gen.

[Robert]

Howe.

Recent
53,

copy.

272

1781
DEC. 12

[Washington, George.]

To Baron de Frey His resignation and application [Philadelphia]. for brevet rank. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of
Philadelphia.

1781
DEC. 12

XIV, pt. 2, 201 To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] Philadelphia His offer to manage [Daniel] Morgan [Virginia].
B,

Tench Tilghman.

prisoner matters; terms of service of exchanged Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of prisoners. Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 2, 197

1781
DEC. 12

[Washington,

To [Lt.] George.] Philadelphia. [Moses] Rawlings, Frederick, Maryland. moval of British prisoners to Lancaster
Philadelphia.
Draft.
1

Col.

Re
and

p.

In handwriting of
B.

Tench Tilghman.

XIV,

pt. 2, 199

2004
178.1

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Heath, W[illiamj.

Highlands.

To

DEC. 12

[Philadelphia].

New Hampshire

[George] Washington regiments or

Mohawk

dered stationed to the northward and along the River; completion of huts; need of clothing; scanty flour supply; plentifulness of meat; smallpox. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Dec. 24. 53, 277

1781
DEC. 12

Clinton, George.

Gen.

Poughkeepsie [New York]. William Heath, Highlands].

To [Maj. Need of

clothing for recruits, enlisted into Col. [Marinus] Willett s corps, from the nine months men.

Contemporary extract. 1 p. Enclosed to Washington, 1781, Dec. 22.
1781
DEC. 12-15
Stillwell, John.

in

Heath
325

53,

[Middletown heights.] Diary: Sailing of a British fleet from Sandy Hook. [Sent to Col. David Forman, Freehold, New Jersey]. A. D. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in Forman to Washington, 1781, Dec. 16. 53, 290
Philadelphia.

1781
DEC. 13

[Washington, George.]

Walker
Ternant

[Philadelphia].

ToCapt. [Benjamin] Evidence of [Brig.] Gen.

[Samuel] Elbert and [Lt.] Col. [Jean Baptiste] [in court martial of Maj.] Gen. [Robert]
Draft.
1 p.

Howe.
1781
DEC. 13

Tilghman.

In handwriting of Tench B. XIV, pt. 2, 203
Fishkill

Stirling, [William Alexander, Lord]

[New York].

[George] Washington [Philadelphia]. Wash ington s approval of his measures in the North;

To

intelligence from Canada; Stirling s sympathy on death of [John Parke] Custis. A. L. S. 1 p. Answered Dec. 25. 53, 279

1781
DEC. 14

To Brig. Gen. [Washington, George.] Philadelphia. [James] Clinton [Pompton, New Jersey]. Orders
to hut

and establish guard
1

in

Ringwood Clove.

Draft.

p.

man.
1781
DEC. 14

In handwriting of Tench Tilgh B. XIV, pt. 2, 205

Washington, George. Philadelphia. To Col. [Timothy] Pickering [Newburgh?]. Collection and preser
vation, repair and building of boats; preparation 2 pp. of estimates of supplies wanted. Draft.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIV,

pt. 2,

207

1781
DEC. 14

Clinton, [Sir] H[enry].

New

York.

To

[George]

Wash-

ington [Philadelphia].

Requests passport for

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

2005

subalterns and non-commissioned officers to carry money and supplies to British prisoners in Penn
sylvania.

L. S.

1 p.

Answered Dec.

31. 53, 281

1781-2
DEC. 14-

FEB

-

23

[Walker, Benjamin.] [Timothy] Pickering. A. D., with marginal notes of results accomplished in writing of
Pickering. 3pp. Endorsed by Walker: "Prep arations in Qr. Mr. Departmt." 55, 288

Memoranda

of directions to Col.

1781
DEC. 15

To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Philadelphia. [Nathanael] Greene [High Hills of the Santee]. Improvement of affairs in the South; recom mendation of Col. [Otho Holland] Williams; British reenf orcements danger of States relax
;

ing exchange of prisoners retaliation measures. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh3 pp. Draft.
; ;

man.
1781
DEC. 15

In Ford,

9,

419.

B.

Washington,

George. Philadelphia. [Nathanael] Greene [High Hills of the Santee,

XIV, pt. 2, 215 To [Maj.] Gen.

South Carolina]. Greene s eminent services; Mrs. Greene s journey to meet him. Auto, draft 1 p. B. XIV, pt. 2, 219 signed.
1781
DEC. 15

[Washington, George.]
liam]

Philadelphia.

Heath [Highlands].
;

To Maj. Gen. [WilClothing; escort for

mail from Fishkill to Morristown; Vermont s manceuvers resolve of Congress on the surrender at Yorktown; boats; contracts for provision and

supply at West Point. Draft. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
forage
B.

2 pp.

XIV,

pt. 2,

209

1781
DEC. 15

Noailles,

[Louis Marie,]

Viscomte

de.

[Boston.]

To

[George Washington, Philadelphia]. Hopes of soon returning to America. A. L. S. 1 p. 53, 285

1781 DEC

[Washington, George.]
-

16

To Comte de RoVigorous efforts of Congress for next campaign. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. D. I, pt. 2, 475
Philadelphia.

chambeau [Williamsburg].

1781 DEC

Forman, David.
-

16

Washington, Philadelphia.

Freehold [New Jersey]. To [George] Transmitting intel

ligence; sailing of a British fleet

from Sandy

2006
Hook; requests directions employment of observers.
swered Dec.
1781
DEC. 16
17.

as to continuing the

A. L. S.

1

p.

An
289
[Wil-

53,

McDougall, Alexander.
liam]

West

Point.

To Maj. Gen.

Heath

Putnam caused by
ington].

[Highlands]. Recall of Col. [Rufus] from survey duty; disorder and distress
detailing garrison officers; settlement by the Commander in chief [Wash

of question

Contemporary copy made and attested by Richard Platt. Jan. 27, 1782. Enclosed in McDougall to Washington, 1782, Jan. 27.
54, 147
Copy
liam.
of

McDougall

s letter of

Dec.

16, 1781, also

Particular specification of charges.

appears in Heath, Wil 1782, Apr. 17-19.

1781
DEC. 16

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John].

Albany. To [George] WashingFruitless efforts to bring ton [Philadelphia]. about a reconciliation with Vermont unwise act of the New York legislature; introduces [Capt. John] Edgar. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Jan. 8, 1782. 53, 287
;

1781
DEC. 17

[Washington, George.]
vid]

Philadelphia. To Brig. Gen. [DaForman [Monmouth, New Jersey]. Destina

tion of the British fleet; intelligence from New York. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench

Tilghman.
1781
DEC. 17

Extract in Ford,

9,

428, note.

B.

XIV,

pt. 2, 221

to Philadelphia. [Washington, George.] de Frey of services in the Army. Draft. [Baron] 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 2, 223
Certificate

1781
DEC. 17

[Washington, George.] Philadelphia. To Abraham Skinner [Elizabethtown, New Jersey]. Exchange of Jacob Summer and officers in Canada; Southern
officers

and precedence in exchange. Draft. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

1 p.

1781
DEC. 17

Viomenil, [Baron.]

XIV, pt. 2, 225 Williamsburg [Virginia]. To [George
;

Washington, Philadelphia]. Regret at not seeing Washington before he left York intended return
to France.

A. L. S.
15.
292.

1

p.

(In French.)

An

swered Jan.
Translation

53, 291

by Tilghman, 53,

1781
DEC. 18

Washington,] G[eorge].

Philadelphia. [William] Irvine [Fort Pitt].

Western Department;

To Brig. Gen. Disorder in the failure of [Brig.] Gen.

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

2007

[George Rogers] Clark s expedition against De troit suggested removal of Fort Pitt deficiency in contracts for Fort Pitt; exchange matters.
;

;

Draft.

2 pp.

man.
1781
DEC. 18

In handwriting of Tench TilghB. XIV, pt. 2, 227

Durie,

T[homas].

Elizabethtown

[New

Jersey],

To

[George] Washington [Philadelphia]. Transmit ting return of the British sick at Gloucester and
of the

sent to
[1781]
[Dsc. 18?]

men lost in the wreck of the vessel [PoUy] New York. A. L. S. 2 pp. 53, 305
[Elizabethtown,
of

Durie, T[homas].

randum

names

on passage from Enclosed in preceding entry. 1 p.
1781
DEC. 18

New Jersey]. Memoof persons lost with sloop Polly Virginia to New York. A. D. S.
53,

308

Heath, W[illiam].

Highlands. To [George] Washington Preparation of returns; [Brig] Gen. [John] Stark s bad health; command in the North. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Dec. 24. 53, 303
[Philadelphia].
de.

1781
DEC. 18

Rochambeau, Comte
receiving

Williamsburg
s

[Virginia].

To

[George] Washington [Philadelphia].

Delay in

Washington

letters;
;

refusal of ex

press riders to serve longer correspondence with the British; [Sir Henry] Clinton s ill humor; so
cial diversions.

L. S.

2 pp.

Answered Jan.
53,

8,

1782.

293

1781
DEC. 18

Varick, Richard.

Poughkeepsie [New York].

To
;

[George]

Washington Washington
in writing;

[Philadelphia]. Appreciation of s approval of his conduct his delay

need of an addi tional writer; hours of service; pay in hard money; question of making up lost time; form
of the various writers; additional blank-books employment of
;

work

of index.

A. L. S.

6 pp.

Answered Dec.

31.

53,

294

1781
DEC. 18

Varick, Richard.
Col.

Poughkeepsie [New York]. To [Lt.] Jonathan Trumbull [jr.], Philadelphia. Per sonal matters; necessity of hard money for the
writers; Varick s personal circumstances; diffi culty in obtaining fire-wood and forage. A. L. S. 2 pp. 53, 299

1781
19

Washington,] Gfeorge]. Philadelphia. To Maj. Gen. [Nathanael] Greene [High Hills of the Santee, South
Carolina].
Filling the State battalions
;

returns

2008

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
to be made; form of same; sailing of British fleet from New York. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting B. of Tench Tilghman. XIV, pt. 2, 231

1781
DEC. 20

[Washington, George.] Philadelphia. To Col. [Elias] Dayton [Morristown, New Jersey]. Obtaining secret
intelligence of

enemy s movements.
B.

Draft.

1

p.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.

XIV,

pt. 2,

235

1781
DEC. 20

Washington, George. Philadelphia. To [Abraham Skinner Elizabethtown, New Jersey]. Exchange of Gov. [Thomas] Burke. Draft. 1 p. In hand writing of Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 2, 237
Boyer, James.

1781
DEC. 20

Philadelphia.

To

[George]

Washington

Transmits general return of [Philadelphia]. stores on hand at Philadelphia, Lancaster and A. L. S. in behalf of the Commis elsewhere. General of Military Stores. Memorials. 107 sary
Hutchins, Thomas.
Philadelphia.

1781
DEC. 20

To

[George]

Washsubmits 53, 310 Gen.

ington [Philadelphia]. cation for pay; his 1 p. account. L. S.
[Washington,

Postponement
present

of appli

need;

1781
DEC. 21

Inexpedient to Fort Pitt; repair of works; probability of an attempt against Detroit. Draft. 2 pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh B. man. XIV, pt. 2, 239

Philadelphia. George.] [William] Irvine [Fort Pitt].
of

To

Brig.

remove post

1781
DEC. 21

Ogden, Mfatthias].
1st

Jersey Huts [Highlands].
officers

non-commissioned

Return of and privates of the

Tabular statement. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, D. S. p. 53, 359 1781, Dec. 30.
Jersey regiment.
1

New

1781
DEC. 21

Wales

&

Davis.

Boston.

To Maj. Gen.

[William]

Heath

[Highlands]. Clothing forwarded for Massachu setts troops; General Court s non-compliance with recommendation of Congress for clothing the

Continental Army.

Contemporary copy.

1

Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1782, Jan.
54,

p. 19.

84

1781
DEC. 22

Clinton,

James.
his

Pompton [New

Jersey].

Washington, Philadelphia]

To [George Position of huts of
supplies;
53,

brigade; difficulty in obtaining erection of blockhouses. L. S. 1 p.

313

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
DEC. 22

2009
Washington

Heath, W[illiam].

Highlands.

To

[George]

[Philadelphia]. Clothing for New York recruits in Col. [Marinus] Willett s regiment; returns for

warded; distribution of British dyed clothing to the troops; objections encountered on the score
of uniformity;
etc.

lack of bread, clothing, forage

L. S.

4 pp.

Answered Dec.

31.
at.

53,

326

1781
DEC. 23

Charleston

(South Carolina) British forces estimate. 3pp. (In French).

French 54,112

1781
DEC. 23

[Claiborne,

Richmond [Virginia]. To [Col. Richard.] Timothy Pickering, New Windsor]. Unsuccess

money to forward supplies Southern army; necessities of Armand s legion and calamitous situation of [British] pris oners at Winchester. Contemporary extract. 1 p. Enclosed in Pickering to Washington, 1782, Jan 17. 54, 65
ful efforts to obtain

to the

1781
DEC. 23

[Nicola, Lewis.]

Fishkill [New York]. Return of noncommissioned officers and privates in the Invalid Tabular statement. 1 D. S: Regiment. p. John McGowan, Capt. Enclosed in Heath to 53, 360 Washington, 1780, Dec. 30.

1781
DEC. 23

Skinner,

Abraham.
ington

Philadelphia.

[Philadelphia].

To [George] WashFailure to effect an
refusal
of

exchange of prisoners;

British

to

negotiate unless [Charles,] Earl Cornwallis be entitled to exchange. A. L. S. 2 pp. 53, 315

1781
DEC. 23

Skinner,

Abraham.
ton

Philadelphia.

To

1

[George] Washing-

Large balance of naval due the British; wishes directions to prisoners enable him to relieve [American] prisoners on
[Philadelphia].

the prison ship ; their miserable situation. A. L. S. 2 pp. 53, 316

,

1781
DEC. 24

[Washington,

George.]

Philadelphia.

To

[Maj.

Gen.

William

Heath,

Highland].

troops; clothing for the Rhode returns called for by Congress;

Inoculation of Island regiment;
successor to
2 pp.

[Brig.] Gen. [John] Stark; supplies. Draft. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.

B.

XIV,

pt. 2,

241
[Col.

1781
DEC. 24

[Claiborne,

Richard.]

Richmond

[Virginia].

To

Timothy Pickering, the [State] government

New

Windsor].
to

Refusal of

advance any more

2010

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

money

Army

for the Continent; necessity of selling horses; lack of means to forward clothing

and accoutrements
extract.

to

Armand

s

legion.

Con

Enclosed in Pickering to temporary Jan. 17. On folio with ClaiWashington, 1782, borne to Pickering, 1781, Dec. 23. 54, 65
1781
DEC. 24

Bochambeau, Comte de. Williamsburg [Virginia]. To [George] Washington [Philadelphia]. Sailing of a cartel ship for New York; damage caused by fire in the hospital; buildings burned, removal of
the sick, etc.; proof of British evacuation of Wilmington [North Carolina]. L. S. 2 pp.

Answered Jan.
1781
DEC. 24

8.

53, 317.

Skinner,

Abraham.
sailors

Philadelphia.

To

[George]

Wash-

ington [Philadelphia]. chiefly employed by the different States; con fusion caused by States negotiating exchanges; Skinner s efforts; balance due enemy from
neglect and carelessness in guarding captured British seamen; requests instructions. A. L. S.
2
pp.
53,

Naval prisoners

319

1781
DEC. 25

Washington,] G[eorge].
ander,]

Philadelphia

To [William Alex-

Lord Stirling, Fishkill [New York]. Accounts from the Northern frontier; minor
personal matters.
of

Draft.

1

p.

Tench Tilghman.

B.

XIV,

In handwriting pt. 2, 243

1781
DEC. 26

Heath, W[illiam].

[Philadelphia].

Highlands. To [George] Washington Security of boats; Capt. [Daniel]
exploit; British

Williams

movements

in

New

York; reported reenforcements for Charleston [South Carolina]; deserters from Arnold s corps;
problem of bringing salt provisions down [Long Sound; protests of soldiers raised on the Susquehannah [the Wyoming company]; their L. S. 4 pp. Answered petition; small pox.
Island]

Jan.

3.

53,

323

1781
DEC. 26

Mentges, F[rancis].

Williamsburg

[Virginia].

To George

Washington [Philadelphia]. Hospital destroyed by fire; distress of the sick; need of clothing. A. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Mar. 1. 53, 321
Washington,] Gfeorge].
Philadelphia.

1781
DEC. 27

To

[Maj.

James

Randolph

Reid,

Lancaster,

Pennsylvania].

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
Leave
of

2011
In hand
pt. 2,

absence.

Draft.

2

pp.

writing of

William Stephens Smith.
B.

XIV,

245

[1781]
[DEC. 27]

Anonymous.

[New

New York
Dayton
Anonymous.

York.] List of British regiments in and their strength. 1 p. Enclosed in
1

to Washington,

781 Dec. 27.
,

53,

342

1781
DEC. 27

Intelligence: Non-arrival of reenforcements aboard the Cork fleet; troops; troops sent to Savannah [Georgia]. Contempo 1 p. Enclosed in Greene to Wash rary copy. 54, 123 1781, Jan. 24. ington,

Charleston.

1781
DEC. 27

Armstrong, John.

Carlisle [Pennsylvania].

To

[George]

Washington
Southern

[Philadelphia]. The Yorktown and campaigns; disaster to [Brig.] Gen.
s

[George Rogers] Clark
expeditions;

expedition; the Detroit

rumored plot of Virginians and Pennsylvanians to form a settlement on the Wabash; sympathy [for death of John Parke Custis]; state of the finances and the situation.
A. L.
1781
DEC. 27
S.

3 pp.

53,

340

Dayton,

Elias.

Chatham [New

Jersey].

To

[George]

Washington

Present force of in New York; capture of a deserter and enemy question of exchange; troops embarked for Charleston [South Carolina]. A. L. S. 1 p.
[Philadelphia].
3.

Answered Jan.
1781
DEC. 27

53,

342

Greene,

Nathanael. Comte de
ginia].

Round O. [South
Rochambeau,

Carolina].

To
Vir

Williamsburg,

Reenforcement of enemy; Greene s need more troops; calls on Rochambeau for a de tachment. Contemporary copy. 3 pp. En
of

closed in

Rochambeau

to

Washington,

1782,

Jan. 22.

54, 108

1781
DEC. 27

Moylan, John.

Newburgh [New York]. To [George] Washington [Philadelphia]. Clothing brought from Boston reserved for [Maj.] Gen. [William] Heath s troops; distribution commenced with the New Hampshire troops; objections raised on
account of color of the dyed cloth; requests directions; quality of underclothes and size of blankets requests directions regarding the fash ion of the uniform; delay in attending to Southern 53, 329 Department affairs. A. L. S. 4 pp.
;

2012
1781
DEC. 27

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Parsons, S[amuel] H[olden].

Middletown [Connecticut].
[Philadelphia].
Ill

To

[George]

Washington

health; Board of War s order respecting dis 1 p. An abled Connecticut officers. A. L. S.

swered Jan.
1781
DEC. 27

8.

53,

357

Stark, John.

[George] Washington [PhilaAlbany. Congratulations [on the surrender at Yorktown]; retirement of the British into Can ada; enemy s apology to Gov. [Thomas] Chittenden for an attack on a Vermont scouting party; Stark s correspondence with Chittenden;
delphia].
latter s assurances; seizure

To

by Vermont of New York and New Hampshire lands; Stark s loss of faith in Vermont s sincerity; her failure to fulfill
promises.

L. S.

4 pp.
[Virginia].

53,

332

1781
DEC. 28

Morgan,

Daniel.

Winchester

To

[George]

Washington [Philadelphia]. Case of Capt. [David] Barclay; settlement of his accounts. L. S. 1 p. 53, 347
Connolly, John.
[Philadelphia.]

1781
DEC. 29

To

[George]

Washington

[Philadelphia]. Imprisonment for alleged viola tion of his parole; begs inquiry into the matter.

A. L. 1781
DEC. 29

S.

1 p.

53,

348

Forrest, T[homas].

Philadelphia.

To

[George] Washing-

ton [Philadelphia]. Certificate of an enlistment; state of Forrest s accounts; his need of money. A. L. S. 2pp. Endorsed by Tilghman: "Ac quittal of a charge brought agt. him by Majr. Eustace [Eustis] on Report of a Court of En Answered Jan. 3. 53, 349 quiry."
[Washington, George.]
Officer

1781
DEC. 30

Philadelphia. To the Continental commanding at Head of Elk [Maryland]. Murder of a civilian by a soldier. Draft. 1 p.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.
The complaint of
this

XIV,

pt. 2,

247

murder was made by Justice of the Peace Joseph
His
letter is in 53, 247.

Gilpin, of Cecil County, 1781, Dec. 25.

1781
DEC. 30

Heath, W[illiam].

To [George] Washington, Returns of troops; uneasiness of Philadelphia. officers at delay in approving report on rank of Captains in the Massachusetts line Capt. [Benja
Highlands.
;

min]
Jan.

Heywood
8,

s actions.

L. S.

2 pp.

Answered
53,

1782.

356

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1781
DEC. 30

2013

McHenry, James. Annapolis [Maryland]. To [George Washington, Philadelphia]. Resignation; legis
lative affairs;

personal.

A. L. S.

3 pp.
53,

An
354

swered Jan.
1781
DEC. 31

11, 1782.

Washington, George.

Philadelphia.

To

Sir

Henry

Clinton

Changes in cantonments of British and Hessian prisoners and consequent delay in

[New York].

granting passports requested.

Draft.

1 p.

handwriting of
1781
DEC. 31

Tench Tilghman.

E.

In 453

[Washington, George.] Philadelphia. Certificate of services of Maj. [William] Galvan. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 2, 257

1781
DEC. 31

[Washington, George.]

Philadelphia. To Maj. Gen. [NaGreene [High Hills of the Santee, South thanael] Carolina]. Sailing of British regiments for South Carolina; rumors of action near Charleston. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 2, 253 Philadelphia.

1781
DEC. 31

[Washington, George.]
liam]

To Maj. Gen.
Issue
of

[Wil-

Heath [Highlands].
;

captured

York troops
ments.
1781
DEC. 31

clothing to Massachusetts, clothing for
Draft.
2 pp.

New Jersey and New New York State regi

Tilghman.
[Washington, George.]
ices of Capt. Allen

In handwriting of Tench B. XIV, pt. 2, 249
Certificate of serv-

Philadelphia.

handwriting of
1781
DEC. 31

McLane. Draft. Tench Tilghman.
B.

2 pp.

In

[Washington, George.] Philadelphia. chambeau [Williamsburg]. Intelligence of sail ing of a British expedition toward the South. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. D. I, pt. 2, 477

XIV, pt. 2, 259 To Comte de Ro-

1781
DEC. 31

Washington, George. Philadelphia. To [Lt. Col] Richard Varick, Poughkeepsie [New York]. Employ ment of writers hours of service indexing pay. Draft. 2pp. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 2, 255
;

;

;

1781
DEC. 31

Crane, John.

West

Point.

Return
of

of Massachusetts [3d

Tabular Artillery. Enclosed in Paterson to 54, 20 Washington, 1783, Jan. 2.
Continental] regiment statement. D. S. 1 p.

2014
1781
DEC. 31

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Pierce, John.
Col.

[Philadelphia.] Certificate of pay due Lt. [Thomas] Forrest. A. D. S. 1 p. Enclosed in Forrest to Washington, 1781, Dec. 29. 53, 352

[1781]
[DEC.]

Digby, Robert.

[New York.]
Stores

To George Washington

sent to Virginia for [Philadelphia]. British sick in cartel ship New Blessing. L. S.

2 pp.
[1781?]

Answered Dec.

11.

53,

275

[Washington, George.] List of questions respecting fortifi cations, etc. at north end of York Island. A. D.
2 pp.

Eighteen questions

writing of David

(last three in hand Humphreys) with answers of

one Quinn and Middleton Tench Tilghman.
:

in

handwriting of M. 1, 315

[Washington, George.] Memorandum Extracts from Acts of the New York Assembly for raising men. A. D
.

1

p.

W

"Some thoughts respecting the [Washington, George.] operations of the Campaign 1781" dependent upon the time of arrival of Comte De Grasse and the force he brings. A. D. 2 pp. Endorsed by

[1781]

M. 1, 333 Washington as quoted. [Hand, Edward.] Answers to questions respecting a plan of attack on New York City. A. D. 6 pp.

W
of

1782
JAN.
1

Washington,]
1

G[eorge]. services of Lt.
p.

Philadelphia.

Certificate

In

Smith. 1782
JAN.
1

Archibald McCallister. Draft. handwriting of William Stephens B. XIV, pt. 2, 261

Antill,

Edward.
orders:

Lancaster [Pennsylvania].

Regimental

Arrangement of the [2d Canadian] regiment. Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in Duncan to Washington, 1782, Feb. 2. 54, 158
A second copy is in 54, 6

1782
JAN.
1

Freehold [New Jersey]. To [George Forman, David. Washington, Philadelphia]. Sailing of a British fleet from New York for Charleston [South Caro
departure of Cornwallis for Europe; stop page of intelligence through fright of [secret]
lina];

agents; condition of Staten Island defences; A. encloses his accounts for 1780 and 1781.

L. S.

1

p.

54, 3

1782
JAN.
1

Heath, W[illiam].

[Philadelphia].

Highlands. To [George] Washington Inoculation of troops for small-

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON

2015

pox; clothing matters; non-receipt of returnform; need of a commander for troops to the

Northward

;

commencement

of the

new

contract

failure of Secretary at War system [Benjamin Lincoln] to send instructions as to mode; issue of clothing and its quality; small
of supplies;
size of blankets ; deficiency of shoes ; difficulty in

making up the

clothing;

small pay offered to

tailors; suffering of the troops for want of cloth ing; need of clothing for Light Infantry sick at

Annapolis.

L. S.

4 pp.

Answered Jan.

8.

54, 5

1782
JAN. 2

Barber, W[illiam] and
necticut].
phia].

Thomas Cogswell. Danbury [ConTo [George] Washington [Philadel

[Elisha]

Report on inspection of horses of Col. Sheldon s legion. A. L. S. of Barber,
54, 7

signed also by Cogswell.

1782
JAN. 2

Benson, Joshua. a sailor

Head
by a

of

Elk [Maryland].

To

[George]
regi

Washington, Philadelphia.
soldier of the

Reporting killing of

Rhode Island
3pp.

ment;
1782
JAN. 2

requests directions.

A. L. S.

54,8

Clinton, [Sir] H[enry].

[George] Washington [Philadelphia]. Requesting appointment of commissioners to negotiate an exchange of prisoners; British commissioners already ap pointed. L. S. 2pp. AnsweredJan.il.

New

York.

To

54, 10

1782
JAN. 2

Crawford, Bellamy.

Philadelphia.

To George Washing-

Distresses and suffering of ton, Philadelphia. his family; depreciation of pay; requests to be

put on the same footing as
clothing.

line officers;

need of
54, 12

A. L.

S.

2 pp.

[1782]
[JAN. 2]

[Ledyard, Isaac]. Memorandum of case of: His services in the Hospital Department; rank desired. 3pp.

Endorsed by Humphreys:

"reffered

War
gall to

Ansd. llth

Janry."

to Secy at Enclosed in McDou2.

Washington, 1782, Jan.

54, 14

1782 J AN

-

2

McDougall, Alexander. West Point. To [George] Washington [Philadelphia]. Congratulations [on Yorktown victory]; subsidence of mutinous spirit of
the garrison; Dr. [Isaac] Ledyard L. S. 4 pp. merit.
s

case; his
54, 16

2016
1782
JAN. 2

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
[Washington, George.] Philadelphia. To Due de Broglie [Paris]. Gallantry of Chevalier de La Meth at Yorktown. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of

Tench Tilghman.
1782
JAN. 2

D.

II, 1

Washington,] G[eorge].

Philadelphia.

To

[Brig. Gen.

David Forman, Monmouth,

New

Jersey].
;

Set

tlement of his account for intelligence informa tion desired of British on Staten Island; minor 2 pp. In hand Draft. secret service matters. of William Stephens Smith. writing B. XIV, pt. 2, 263

1782
JAN. 2

[Washington, George.] Philadelphia. To Lt. Col. [Francis] Mentges [Williamsburg,] Virginia. Investigation of hospital matters security of prisoners. Draft.
;

1 p.

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

1782
JAN. 2

[Washington, George.]

Philadelphia.

XIV, pt. 2, 265 To Chevalier de

La Meth
Draft.

Sense of his merit; sentiments communicated to Due de Broglie.
[Williamsburg].
1

p.

In handwriting

of

Tench Tilgh
D.
II, 3

man.
1782
JAN. 2

Taulman,

[New York]. To Arrest of Newburgh. Capt-lt. [David] Kirkpatrick and himself; ap 61, 14 peal to Washington. A. L. S. 2 pp.
P[eter].

Constitution Island

[George]

Washington,

1782
JAN. 3

[Washington,

George.]

Philadelphia.

To

Col.

[Elias]

Sailing of Jersey]. British fleet for Charleston; case of [Lt. William] 1 p. In handwriting of Draft. McMichael.

Dayton [Chatham, New

Tench Tilghman.
1782
JAN. 3

B.

[Washington,

George.]

Philadelphia.

XIV, pt. 2, 271 To [Lt.] Col.

1782
JAN. 3

[Thomas] Forrest [Philadelphia]. His acquittal and pay. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench B. XIV, pt. 2, 273 Tilghman. [Washington, George.] Philadelphia. To Maj. Gen. [Wil-

Ham] Heath [Highlands].

Salt provisions; fur

loughs to the Connecticut Wyoming company; a State s right to grant discharges; 10th Massa chusetts regiment ordered to Albany; troops to

be held in readiness.
writing of

Draft.
B.

2 pp.

In hand
pt. 2,

Tench Tilghman.

XIV,

267

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1782
JAN. 3

2017

Heath, W[illiam].

Highlands. To [George] Washington [Philadelphia]. Requests copy of the instructions given to Maj. Gen. [Alexander] McDougall when
assigned to
1

command
8.

at

West

Point.

L.

S.

p.

Answered Jan.

54, 21

1782
JAN. 3

Pollock, Oliver.

New

Orleans.

To

[George]

Washington

Free navigation of the Missis [Philadelphia]. establishment of an United States customssippi;
house; necessity of a pilot station at Balize. A. L. S. 5 pp. 54, 25

1782
JAN. 3

Harrison,

Benjamin.

[Richmond]

To

[Col.

Charles Ar-

mand-Tuffin, Charlottesville, Virginia]. Impro priety of taking from the people horses captured at Yorktown; question of impressment of wagons. Contemporary copy by Armand. 1 p. Enclosed
in

Armand

to

Washington 1782, Jan.

25.
54, 130

1782
JAN. 4

[William] Washington, George. Philadelphia. Connor, Fort Pitt. Accepting his resignation. 1 p. Draft. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. B. XIV, pt. 2, 275

To Ensign

1782
JAN. 4

Washington, George.

Philadelphia.

To Marquis de La-

financial aid from France for next campaign; economical measures adopting; capture of St. Eustatia; thanks of Vir Auto, ginia to Lafayette; news from the South. draft signed. In Ford, 9, 428. 7 pp. P. II, 445

fayette [Paris].

Naval and

1782 J AN

-

4

Washington, George. Philadelphia. To Chevalier de La Luzerne [Philadelphia]. Forwarding testimo nials of conduct of Chevalier de La Meth. Auto, draft signed. 1 p. D. II, 5
Carrington,

1782
JAN
-

Edward.

Richmond

[Virginia].

To

[George]

4

[Philadelphia]. Report of sale of British goods at Yorktown; amounts, bonds

Washington
;

given, etc.

alarm caused in the South by neglect

of [Robert] Morris to arrange contracts for the Southern States; stoppage of all state exertions.

L. S.
[1782] [JAN 4 1
-

3 pp.

54, 29

[Clinton, Sir

Henry] [New York.] List of British officers proposed for exchange against certain of the French. 1 p. Enclosed in Rochambeau, 1782,
Jan. 22.
54, 110

56214

VOL

312

25

2018
1782
JAN. 4

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Loring, Joshua.

New

York.

List of
S.

American

colonels,

Enclosed in Roprisoners on parole. D. chambeau to Washington, 1782, Jan. 22. 54, 114
1 p.

1782
JAN. 4

Morris, Robert.

[Philadelphia.]

Agreement

[contract]

with Comfort, Richardson and Joshua Sands [Sands & Co] to supply the hospitals at West Point and its dependencies with provisions. Contemporary copy. 2 pp. Enclosed in Wash
ington to Benson, Smith and Hobart, 1782, 55, 170 July 9. John. [Hudson River.] Return of all public vessels Tyson, and boats on Hudson River. Tabular statement. the return received from Col. 3 pp. "Copy of

1782
JAN. 4

[Hugh] Hughes D. Q. M. Tim: Pickering Enclosed in Pickering to Washington, Q. M. Feb. 8. 54, 195 1782,
G."

1782
JAN. 5

Schuyler, Ph[ilip John].

Albany. To Maj Gen. [William] Schuyler s guard; [Brig. Gen. Benedict] Arnold s sensibilities; suggests employing Capt. Holt[on] Dunham to obtain secret intelligence. A. L. S. 2 pp. Enclosed in Heath to Washington, 1782, Jan. 19. 54, 85
.

Heath

[Highlands].

[1782]
[JAN. 5]

[Virginia, Legislature.]
press.

[Richmond.]

Act to regulate im-

Armand
1782
JAN. 6

Contemporary copy. 1 p. Enclosed in to Washington, 1782, Jan. 25. 54, 131

Hazen, Moses.

Lancaster [Pennsylvania]. To [George] Washington, Philadelphia. Capt. [David] Bar clay and Lt. [Zachariah] Hall s request to go to New York. L. S. 2 pp. Answered Jan. 12. 54, 38
[William] [Highlands]. Arrangement of Cap tains of the Massachusetts line vouchers for Con

1782
JAN. 8

[Washington, George.]

Philadelphia.

To Maj. Gen.
;

Heath

tractors [Sands Co]; clothing; sick at Annapo command at the Northward. Draft. 2 pp. lis;

&

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
B.

XIV,

pt. 2,

281

1782
JAN. 8

Washington, George. Philadelphia. To Maj. Gen. [Samuel Holden] Parsons, Middletown [Connecticut].

Requests his aid in obtaining [from Connecticut] a full compliance with requisitions for men and money. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench B. XIV, pt. 2, 281 Tilghman.

CORRESPONDENCE OF GEORGE WASHINGTON
1782
JAN. 8

2019

Washington,] G[eorge].

Philadelphia.

chambeau [Williamsburg].

To Comte de RoPoor express regula

tion to Williamsburg; loss of [hospital] buildings by fire; congratulations on victory at St. Eustatia.

Draft.

1

p.

In handwriting of Tench
D.
II, 7

Tilghman.
1782
JAN. 8

[Washington, George.] Philadelphia. To [Philip John] Schuyler [Albany]. [Gov. Thomas] Chittenden s Draft. 2 pp. letter and Washington s answer. In handwriting of Tench Tilghman. In part in B. XIV, pt. 2, 277 Ford, 9, 427, note.

[1782]
[JAN. 8]

Anonymous.

British [Intelligence from Staten Island.] and their strength on York, Staten and regiments Islands; strengthening of works at Paulus

Long
1782
JAN. 8

Hook and
Heath, W[illiam].

dependencies.

A. D.

1 p.

W

Highlands.

To

[George] Washington

[Philadelphia].

Making

of returns;

spread of

stores; re directions respecting medicines in store. quests Answered Jan. 12. L. S. 3 pp. 54, 45

small-pox; need of medicines and

1782
JAN. 8

Rochambeau, Comte

de.

Williamsburg

[Virginia].

To

[George] Washington [Philadelphia]. Prepara tions for next campaign; birth of a Dauphin. 1 L. S. Answered Jan. 16. 54, 47 p.
Sands,

1782
JAN. 9

Comfort.

[Fishkill?

New

York.]

Proposal to

increase bread ration in return for rum.

Con

temporary copy, attested
Jan. 27.

by Richard Platt. 1 p. Enclosed in McDougall to Washington, 1782,
54, 149

1782
JAN. 10

Heath, W[illiam].

Highlands.

To

[George] Washington

own country need of clothing for musicians; deserters shops; from the enemy; question of policy of capital punishment for deserters from enemy who for merly deserted from the Continental Army. L. S. 3 pp. Answered Jan. 22. 54, 48
tailors

[Philadelphia]. employment of

Insufficient

number
at

of tailors;

their

1782
JAN
-

Heath, W[illiam].
1

Highlands.
L. S.

[Philadelphia].

delphia.

[George] Washington Shipment of medicine to Phila 1 p. Answered Jan. 22.
54,

To

50

1782 J AN

-

11

To Sir Henry [Washington, George.] Philadelphia. Clinton [New York]. Primary object of proposed

2020
meeting of Exchange Commissioners; settlement In hand of prisoner accounts. Draft. 2 pp. E. 455 writing of Tench Tilghman.
1782
JAN. 11

To Maj. Gen. [Washington, George.] Philadelphia. [West Point]. Case of [Alexander] McDougall Dr. [Isaac] Ledyard; tranquility at West Point. 2 pp. In handwriting of David Hum Draft. B. XIV, pt. 2, 283 phreys.
[Washington,
George.]
Philadelphia.

1782
JAN. 12

To
1

Col.

[Elias]

Dayton [Chatham, New

Jersey].

guard to escort prisoners. Draft. writing of Tench Tilghman.
B.

Subaltern s p. In hand
pt. 2,

XIV,

289

1782
JAN. 12

[Washington, George.] Philadelphia. Febiger [Cumberland Court House, Virginia]. Refusal of Virginia line officers to march; their
representation; sufferings; maintenance of dis cipline; censure of their conduct. Draft. 3 pp.

To

Col. [Christian]

In handwriting of Tench Tilghman.
9,

431.

B.

In Ford, XIV, pt. 2, 291

1782
JAN. 12

[Washington,

To Brig. Gen. Philadelphia. George.] Hazen [Lancaster, Pennsylvania]. De [Moses] tention of Capt. [David] Barclay and Lt. [Zachariah] Hall. Draft. 1 p. In handwriting
of

David Humphreys.

B.

1782
JAN. 12

[Washington,

Philadelphia. George.] [William] Heath [Highlands]. in store [in the Highlands] for inoculation of

XIV, pt. 2, 287 To Maj. Gen. Use of medicines

the

troops; 1 p. Draft.

urges transmission of returns. In handwriting of Tench Tilgh
B.

man.
1782
JAN. 12

[Washington,

George.]

Philadelphia.

XIV, pt. To Maj.

2,

285

Gen.

[Benjamin] Lincoln [Boston]. Requesting his aid in recruiting; despatches for New Hampshire Draft. 1 p. In handwriting of Tench officers. B. XIV, pt. 2, 323 Tilghman.
Dayton,
Elias.

1782
JAN. 12

Chatham [New

Jersey].

Washington [Philadelphia]. York; resignations sailing of Hessians from Hart and Maj. [John] of Lt. Col. [William]

To [George] Prisoner matters;

New

D

Hollingshead

;

continuation of abuse