16 views

Uploaded by Dany Stark

- Pumps in Series and Parallel
- new irrigation.xls
- Pres. 14 (1hr) Blighs Theory
- 9759.pdf
- 6 Pipe Flow System (Lecture)
- WP XKA Hydrometer
- CH E 425 E1 Conclusion (Edit)
- Pump Energy Efficiency Calculation Tool
- Exp_2_Loss in Pipe Fittings
- tugas PAP (1).xlsx
- CORTEZ. Devt of Hydraulic Model
- Bab i
- Head Loss Estimation for Water Jets from Flip Buckets
- Design of Water Distribution System for SVNIT Campus
- 77_Fowler.pdf
- Discussion on T-GEM Learning Cycle
- Sizing of Water Piping System.pdf
- 16ce203 Fluid Mechanics
- Electrical Design - Ferro Resonance
- fundamentalsofelectriccircuitsalexander5theditionsolutionsmanual-130619115927-phpapp01

You are on page 1of 35

Free Discharge

It is the sum of the head from the pipe outlet centroid to the water surface in the upstream reservoir and the approach velocity head in the upstream reservoir.

()

Submerged Discharge

Question

Two identical long pipes with different setting height are shown in the figure, The relationship between the two discharges in the pipes is:

A. Q1<Q2 C. Q1=Q2

B. Q1>Q2 D. uncertain

Question

A L-length short pipe is connected to an external wall of the water tank. The free discharge with a Q1-discharge is shown in Fig. A. Submerged discharge with a Q2-discharge is shown in figure B, the relationship between Q1 and Q2 is:

A.Q1=Q2 C.Q1<Q2

B. Q1>Q2 D. uncertain.

Example

The reinforced concrete inverted siphon through the road base is shown in figure . The pipe length lAB=60m, lBC=80m, lCD=60m,=20. Frictional factor = 0.0167 Determine: (1) When the water surface elevation difference 27.4m19.4m=8mthe pipe diameter d=2m, check the discharge Q; (2) If the discharge Q'=25.14m3/s , the pipe diameter and downstream water surface elevation are constant, what is the upstream water surface elevation?

the velocity

The discharge

(2)

Because the length, diameter, material of the pipe elements and the piping system don't change, the loss coefficient is not changed, so

The pipe diameter is 100mm and has length 15m and feeds directly into the atmosphere at point C 4m below the surface of the reservoir (i.e. za zc = 4.0m). The highest point on the pipe is a B which is 1.5m above the surface of the reservoir (i.e. zb za = 1.5m) and 5 m along the pipe measured from the reservoir. Assume the entrance and exit to the pipe to be sharp and the value of friction factor to be 0.32. Calculate a) velocity of water leaving the pipe at point C, b) pressure in the pipe at point B.

a) for entry loss kL = 0.5 , Pressure at A and C are both atmospheric, uA is very small so can be set to zero, giving

u2 l u2 u2 zA = + zC + + 0.5 2g 2g d 2g

L u2 z A zc = 1 + 0.5 + 2g d

Substitute in the numbers from the question

pB 1.26 2 3.2 5.0 1.5 = + (1.5 + ) 1000 9.81 2 9.81 0.1 pB = 28.58 103 N

m

2

Basic concepts of pipe system analysis apply also to multiple pipe systems. However, the solution procedure is more involved and can be iterative. Consider the following: 1. pipes in series 2. pipes in parallel

1 Pipes in Series

the piping that is connected by several pipe elements of different diameters in order.

1Energy equation

Where n is the numbers of pipe elements ; m is the numbers of minor resistance. 2Continuity equation Without discharge output With discharge output

A. the same head loss B. the same total head loss C. the same hydraulic slope D. the same discharge through them

Example

Consider the two reservoirs shown in figure, connected by a single pipe that changes diameter over its length. The surfaces of the two reservoirs have a difference in level of 9m. The pipe has a diameter of 200mm for the first 15m (from A to C) then a diameter of 250mm for the remaining 45m (from C to B).

For the entrance use kL = 0.5 and the exit kL = 1.0. The join at C is sudden. For both pipes use = 0.04.

2 pipes in parallel

Parallel Piping is the piping that the fluid can flow from one location to another location by two or more pipe elements.

Volume flow rate is the sum of the components Pressure loss across all branches is the same

The analysis can be carried out by simply treating each pipe individually and summing flow rates at the end.

Since p is the same for all branches, head loss in all branches is the same

Question

From the figure, we can see that the relationship among the head losses from A to B in the pipes in parallel 1, 2, 3 is:

Example

Two pipes connect two reservoirs (A and B) which have a height difference of 10m. Pipe 1 has diameter 50mm and length 100m. Pipe 2 has diameter 100mm and length 100m. Both have entry loss kL = 0.5 and exit loss kL=1.0 and Darcy f of 0.008. Calculate: a) rate of flow for each pipe b) the diameter D of a pipe 100m long that could replace the two pipes and provide the same flow.

- Pumps in Series and ParallelUploaded bySuhadahafiza Shafiee
- new irrigation.xlsUploaded byNghia
- Pres. 14 (1hr) Blighs TheoryUploaded byJahanzeb Ali
- 9759.pdfUploaded bysaravanachandhran
- 6 Pipe Flow System (Lecture)Uploaded byali
- WP XKA HydrometerUploaded byvladimirkulf2142
- CH E 425 E1 Conclusion (Edit)Uploaded byIthan Jessemar Dollente
- Pump Energy Efficiency Calculation ToolUploaded byDinesh Durairaj
- Exp_2_Loss in Pipe FittingsUploaded byPriyam Parashar
- tugas PAP (1).xlsxUploaded byDhea Rizky Ramadhan
- CORTEZ. Devt of Hydraulic ModelUploaded byPaul Hendrik Cortez
- Bab iUploaded byDhea Rizky Ramadhan
- Head Loss Estimation for Water Jets from Flip BucketsUploaded bytheijes
- Design of Water Distribution System for SVNIT CampusUploaded byAnshuk Garg
- 77_Fowler.pdfUploaded byRonan Cayo
- Discussion on T-GEM Learning CycleUploaded byDoug Smith
- Sizing of Water Piping System.pdfUploaded byorganicspolybond
- 16ce203 Fluid MechanicsUploaded byvnkat
- Electrical Design - Ferro ResonanceUploaded bykrcdewanew
- fundamentalsofelectriccircuitsalexander5theditionsolutionsmanual-130619115927-phpapp01Uploaded byLim Santos
- Parameters Affecting the Efficiency of a Hydram Pumping SystemUploaded byijteee
- 8 adikUploaded byAmalina Ismail
- 09_Line Differential ProtectionUploaded bynabil160874
- ElectricityUploaded byzipzapdhoom
- 14Uploaded byDelfin
- Chapter 2 - Uniform Flow_kalam(1)Uploaded byHonin Alshaer
- AC Powered LED Circular Magnifier Work LampUploaded byicsm_arafat
- nl 4 2 2018Uploaded byapi-264545520
- ElectricityUploaded byChui Wai
- 14.txtUploaded byjayr

- 16_CondensatoriUploaded byDany Stark
- _13_RuoteDentate.pdfUploaded byDany Stark
- LaTeX Mathematical SymbolsUploaded byjfreyre
- Formulario di elettrotecnica.pdfUploaded byDany Stark
- formulario_cinematica.pdfUploaded byDany Stark
- formulario_cinematica.pdfUploaded byDany Stark
- Flussi_supersonici-Parte_1.pdfUploaded byDany Stark
- 02-doppi-bipoliUploaded byilmagiconatale
- 16-DiagrammiFaticaUploaded byDany Stark
- 04LubrificazioneUploaded byDany Stark
- Cinematic Apunto 2Uploaded byDany Stark
- 03TornituraUploaded byDany Stark
- SCHEMI_NOTEVOLI_ISOSTATICIUploaded byDany Stark
- Ch5 Energy in Steady FlowUploaded byDany Stark
- 10)Meccanica Razionale Concetti BaseUploaded byDany Stark
- 3343 TurbinesUploaded byDany Stark
- 3-43Uploaded byDany Stark
- Momentum Equation PPTUploaded bynsbaruaole

- Physics Of Sailing.pdfUploaded byAnil Joseph Alexander
- day2Uploaded byPendekar Pemetik Bunga Desa
- Problem Set (Projectile&Curvilinear Motion)Uploaded byMico Andres
- newtons lawsUploaded byapi-239131622
- Bubble Burst Control Using Smart Structure Sensor Actuators for Stall SuppressionUploaded bySukhoiLover
- CFD Training ManualUploaded bygajendra2010
- Stem Student Tarc Handbook SarradetUploaded byvictor
- phy1ass1Uploaded byabhijeetnarkhede69198
- S01 Hydraulic and Eletric DiagramUploaded bygadeharog
- Engineering MechanicsUploaded bypvr2k1
- Bluff Body AerodynamicsUploaded byZheng Niu
- Unit 2 Forces- Force, Mass, Acceleration Lab Calculation InstructionsUploaded bynamah
- GATE Aerospace 2017 PaperUploaded bymani kvr
- Design of EjectorsUploaded byM Reza Ghotb
- WindUploaded byOsama EL Hakim
- 10ME46B Fluid MechanicsUploaded byManjunatha Eikila
- midyear review 2014 studentUploaded byapi-237866679
- free fall labUploaded byapi-327823961
- Motion - Speed & VelocityUploaded byjeffersonsubiate
- Design and Optimisation of a Water Vortex Hydro Plant by Sean MulliganUploaded byJeff Barnard
- UNIT5.pdfUploaded byiscet2016
- 1-s2.0-S0167610515000136-mainUploaded byAbhijit Kushwaha
- 3- Pump-pipeline System Analyses and DesignUploaded byAnonymous 7oXNA46xiN
- CFD Assignment 1Uploaded byTom Fallon
- Test++FyBNVC07+Ch+5++Circular++MotionUploaded byEpic Win
- Impulse TurbineUploaded byAnugrah Anil
- Radio Navigation and Principles of FlightUploaded byMahesh Mahajan
- Paul Gabriel Report No 4Uploaded bygelled
- Fluid Mechanics ProblemsUploaded bySalvador Vargas-Diaz
- CBSE CBSE Class 11 Physics Solved Sample Paper 2017Uploaded byTravel with me Guys