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JAIPUR

Jaipur, also known as 'Pink City', is the capital of Rajasthan. It was founded by Maharaja Jai Singh II in 1727 AD. The city has acquired the name, Pink City, because of the extensive use of pink color on the walls during the visit of Prince Wales.

. Nahargarh Fort, Jaigarh Fort and Amer Fort are the three of the oldest forts that provide great visual treat to the visitors. Gaitore is a shrine dedicated to the Maharajas of Jaipur and is known for its exquisite carvings. Situated in the heart of Jaipur is the City Palace. The Statue Circle is a tribute to the founder of Pink city, Maharaja Jai Singh II

PROFILE OF JAIPUR

Planning and Architecture

King Sawai Jai Singh decided in 1727 to move his capital to the plains, 11 km south of Amber. Jaipur city was not only planned but its execution was also coordinated by Sawai Jai Singh II, in such a manner that a substantial part of the city developed within seven years of its foundation.

The planning of Jaipur is rooted in the centric Indian philosophy, with the temple of Govind Deva defining the centre of the city plan. Govinda Mahal as the centre further extended into the political centre with the Chandra Mahal Palace occupying an equally dominant position, thus symbolizing the Kachchwaha rulers’ status as representatives of Govind Deva.

A complete matrix of subcentres was further marked in the city by locating other temples at strategic points in a hierarchical arrangement addressing the main deity, Govind Deva. The present plan of the walled city of Jaipur shows seven city gates:

Suraj Pol in the east, Chand Pol in the west, Shiv Pol or Sanganeri Gate on the north-south axis on the southern end, with two other gates - Kishan Pol or Ajmeri Gate and Ram Pol or Ghat Gate - also in the southern city wall. At the northern end are the Dhruv Pol or Zorawar Singh Gate, with the Ganga Pol at the northeast. Two other existing gates are the New Gate, which was initially like a chor darwaza and was later increased in size by Sawai Ram Singh II; and the Char Dawarza at the northeast, a four-sided gate built for emergencies. Brahmapuri, the Brahmin colony to the northwest of the palace, was entered through another gate, the Samrat Pol.

Amber Fort

The Amer Fort is situated in Amer, which is 11 kilometers from Jaipur. Amer, originally, was the capital of the state before Jaipur. It is an old fort, built in 1592 by Raja Man Singh. This fort is also very popularly

known as the Amer Palace. The Amer Fort was built in red sandstone and marble and the Maotha Lake adds a certain charm to the entire Fort.

City Palace

City Palace, Jaipur Located in the heart of the Pink City Jaipur, the City Palace was where the Maharaja

reigned from. This palace also includes the famous ‘Chandra Mahal' and ‘Mubarak Mahal', and other

buildings which form a part of the palace complex.

History of City Palace

Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II is known to have commissioned work for building the outer wall of the city's complex. He shifted from Amer to Jaipur due to water problems and an increase in population in 1727. He had entrusted the city's architectural design to the chief architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya. The architect went on to design the City Palace in accordance with the Vaastushastra texts.

Architectural Layout

The City Palace reflects Rajput, Mughal and European architectural styles although the palace was designed to Vaastushastra treatise. Some of the famous gates are the 'Udai Pol', 'Jaleb Chowk', 'Tripolia Gate' and 'Virendra Pol', which also happen to be the various entrances to the palace. These are all richly decorated. The Palace has been designed according to a 'grid style' and houses various structures such as, 'Chandra Mahal', 'Mubarak Mahal', 'Diwan-I-Khas' and the 'Govind Dev Ji Temple. The walls and gates are ornately designed to Mughal style, with various murals, lattice and mirrors adorning them from sides.

Gaitore

Gaitore, one of the most prominent tourist attractions in Jaipur, is a royal cremation ground for the Kachhwaha Rajput kings and the members of the royal family. The word ‘Gaitore' is believed to be a mispronounced form of the Hindi phrase, 'Gaye ka Thor' which means ‘resting place of the departed

souls'.

Hawa Mahal

The renowned ‘Palace Of The Winds', or Hawa Mahal, is one of the prominent tourist attractions in

Jaipur city. Located in the heart of Jaipur, this beautiful five-storey palace was constructed in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh who belonged to Kachhwaha Rajput dynasty. The renowned 'Palace Of The Winds', or Hawa Mahal, is one of the prominent tourist attractions in Jaipur city. Located in the heart of Jaipur, this beautiful five-storey palace was constructed in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh who belonged to Kachhwaha Rajput dynasty. The main architect of this palace built of red and pink sandstone, is Lal Chand Ustad and the palace is believed to have been constructed in the form of the crown of Krishna, the Hindu god. Considered as an embodiment of Rajputana architecture, the main highlight of Hawa Mahal is its pyramid shape and its 953 windows or 'Jharokhas' which are decorated with intricate designs. The main intention behind the construction of the Mahal was to facilitate the

royal women and provide them a view of everyday life through the windows, as they never appeared in public. Read further to know more about Hawa Mahal, its history, architecture and its visiting hours.

Jaigarh Fort

The Jaigarh Fort is a majestic stronghold built by Sawai Jai Singh II. This almost-intact fort is surrounded by huge battlements and is connected to the Amer Fort (also called ‘Amber' Fort), with subterranean passages. Originally built to protect the Amer Fort and the palace within the complex,

Jantar Mantar

There are plenty of observatories all over the world, but the Jantar Mantar is considered to be one of the largest observatories ever built. Combining religion, science and art, the Jantar Mantar is the name given to a series of five, magnificent structures built in Jaipur, New Delhi, Ujjan, Varanasi and Mathura.

Maharaja Jai Singh II, the founder of the 'pink city', was a great scholar and an avid astrologer. He studied philosophy, astrology, architecture and religion in various schools, and was also well versed with universal mathematical concepts such as Euclid's Clements, Ptolemy's Syntaxes and the Master works of Aryabhatta. In the year 1718, he wanted to construct an observatory of renown. For this, he studied the subject of astronomy and then built five different observatories around North India. At these places, he would sit with other scholarly astronomers, such as Pt. Kedarnath, for astronomical observations. The 'Jantar Mantar' at Jaipur, being the biggest conservatory in the country, was renovated time and again and houses various instruments that offer precise measurements of time, the azimuth, declination of the sun and the positions of constellations, along with several other astronomical phenomena. The Jaipur observatory was functional for seven years only, as the Maharaja was not very successful in deriving accurate, astronomical observations.

Architecture

The astronomical observatory consists of fourteen major geometric devices for measuring time, tracking constellations and, even for, observing the orbits around the sun. Popular structures within the Jantar

Mantar are the 'Samrat Yantra' (the world's largest sundial), the 'Hindu Chhatri', the 'Jaiprakash Yantra' and various geometric structures with astronomical devices to probe the 'universe'

Statue Circle History Of Statue Circle

. It was built as a tribute to Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the founder of the city. Statue Circle perhaps got its name from the statue that it comprises of and also the spot at which statue is located

Architectural Layout

Statue Circle encompasses a life size statue of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, made of white marble. As the

Maharaja was known to be an ardent lover of astrology, the statue circle illustrates the king holding an astrological diagram.

Galtaji

A pre-historic Hindu pilgrimage site, the Galtaji Temple, is located only 10km away from Jaipur. One of the jewels of Jaipur, the temple complex encompasses natural fresh water springs and 7 holy 'kunds' or water tanks. Among these kunds, the 'Galta Kund', is the holiest one and is believed to never get dry. A spring of pure water flows from the 'Gaumukh', a rock shaped like a cow's head, into the tanks.The Galta Monkey Temple has a back-drop of gorgeous landscape featuring lush green vegetation, and offers a fascinating view of the city of Jaipur. This temple is famous for the many tribes of monkeys that dwell in this area.

History

Diwan Rao Kriparam, an attendant to Sawai Jai Singh II, in the 18th Century, built the Galtaji Temple.

Legends

It is believed that, Saint Galav spent all his life here and performed his 'tapasya' for 100 years. Pleased with his penance, the Gods appeared before him and blessed his place of worship with abundant water. To honour this great 'rishi', a temple was built here and it was named after him. Taking a dip in the

natural springs of Galtaji is considered very auspicious and is said to cleanse a person of his sins.. Birla temple

The Birla Temple, originally known as Lakshmi Narayan Temple, and is situated below the Moti Dungri Fort in Jaipur. Dedicated to Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi, this temple is a proud architectural landmark of Jaipur. Built in pure white marble, the Birla Temple is unlike the traditional ancient Hindu temples, and is built with a modern approach. Inside this magnificent shrine, beautifully sculpted idols of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi, as well as other Hindu Gods and Goddesses, can be seen. Delicate carvings of Hindu symbols, and ancient quotes from the Geeta and the Upanishads ornament the walls of this fascinating temple. One can also recognize the mythological events engraved on the walls

History Of The Temple

According to history, the Birla temple was built on the land given to the Birla family by the Maharaja, for just a token sum of one rupee. One of India's most famous business families, B.M Birla Foundation, built this temple in the year

1988.

Govind dev ji

The temple of Govind Dev Ji is one of the most sacred and famous tourist destinations in India. It is located in the City Palace complex, in Jaipur, Rajasthan. The deity, Govind Dev Ji, is none other than Lord Shri Krishna himself. It is believed that the image in this temple looks exactly how Lord Krishna looked during his incarnation on earth. The idol was originally kept in the temple of Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh and was later brought to Jaipur by Raja Sawai Jai Singh, a staunch devotee of Lord Krishna. The idol of Govind Dev Ji is strikingly beautiful for its complete resemblance with Lord Krishna, and the temple is placed between Chandra Mahal and Badal Mahal in the City Palace complex. Every day, various 'Aartis' and 'Prasad' or 'Bhogs' are offered at the temple, at seven different times. The festival of Janmashtami is among the most important ones celebrated here as it commemorates the birth of Lord Krishna.

History

The idol of Lord Govind Dev Ji was brought by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II from Vrindavan to his own palace, Surya Mahal. The king was inspired by a dream, in which Lord Krishna told him to install the idol in his palace, to save it from being destroyed by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Later, he built his new palace, Chandra Mahal, which became his residence.

Legend

According to mythology, the idol of Lord Govind Dev Ji was sculpted by the great grandson of Lord Krishna, Bajranabh. Approximately, 5000 years back, when Bajranabh was just 13 years old, he asked his grandmother as to how Lord Krishna looked like. After getting the description, Bajranabh created an image of Lord Krishna. However, his grandmother said that only the feet of the image looked like those of Lord Krishna. He made a second image of him and was told that only its chest resembled Lord Krishna. Finally, he created a third image, about which his grandmother said, it was completely like Lord Krishna.

This image was named 'Bajrakrit', meaning 'created by Bajra'.

Moti Dungri

Location:

Jaipur, Rajasthan

Built In:

1761 AD

Built By:

Seth Jai Ram Paliwal

Visiting Hours:

5:00 AM to 1:30 PM & 4:30 PM to 9:30 PM, everyday

The Moti Dungri Ganesh Temple was constructed by Seth Jai Ram Paliwal in the early eighteenth century, and continues to be one the most popular tourist destinations in Jaipur. Situated in the heart of Jaipur, the Moti Dungri temple is perched on a small hill, and is surrounded by an exotic palace. In the recent past, the palace was home to Rajmata Gaytri Devi, but now, the palace is locked to public, with the temple being the only tourist location.

History Of The Temple

Built In: 1761 AD Built By: Seth Jai Ram Paliwal Visiting Hours: 5:00 AM to 1:30

According to the priests of the temple, the King of 'Mewar' was returning back to his palace from a long journey and was carting a colossal 'Ganesh' idol on a bullock cart. It is said, that the king wanted to build a temple, and had decided to consecrate the idol of Lord Ganesh wherever the bullock cart halted the first time. Legend states that the bullock cart stopped at the foot of the Moti Dungri hills, which is where the temple is situated today. It is said that the

construction and the design of the temple was commissioned to Seth Jai Ram Paliwal, who supervised the construction of this magnificent structure, on the inspiration of 'Mahant' (chief priest) Shiv Narain Ji. The temple was originally built to house the 'Ganesh' idol, with only the 'Shaiva' (Lord Shiva followers) visiting the temple

Kanak Vrindavan Valley

The Kanak Vrindavan Valley is an exotic place in Jaipur, and is located on the way to the Amer Fort. Nuzzled at the bottom of the Nahargarh hill, the garden complex is surrounded by popular tourist spots such as the Amer Palace, Jaigarh fort and blankets of lush greenery. History states that the garden was given its name by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, approximately 280 years ago, when the complex was built. The term 'Vrindavan' was coined because the garden resembled the descriptions of a mythological place, where Lord Krishna is believed to have resided. The garden is often compared to the valley of 'Vrindavan' and the king, subsequently, consecrated an idol of Lord Krishna in a special complex in the Kanak Vrindavan valley called the 'Shri Govind Deoji' complex.

The Kanak Vrindavan Valley is an exotic place in Jaipur, and is located on the way

History

. It is also believed to be a sacred spot where the waters from several important rivers merged to carry out the holy 'Ashwamedh Yagna'. The Govind Deoji temple was built around the same time, and is believed to house the incarnation of Lord Krishna.

Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh

Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh is situated at a distance of 10 km from Jaipur city and lies on Jaipur-Agra highway. This royal garden was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh in 1728 for his second queen Sisodia. Sisodia Rani Garden is adorned with beautiful wall paintings of Radha-Krishna love story

. The flowerbeds, fountains and water channel running through the garden and merging at the centre are quite symbolic of Mughal style. There are natural springs and shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva, Vishnu and Hanuman in the vicinity of this royal garden.

The Kanak Vrindavan Valley is an exotic place in Jaipur, and is located on the way

Vidyadhar Garden Jaipur

The Vidyadhar garden is a pristine garden located in the heart of Jaipur. One of Jaipur's best-preserved gardens, this picturesque garden is aesthetically designed and was built in the memory of Jaipur's chief Architect, Vidyadhar

Bhattacharya ..

The garden was strategically built to the

decrees of the ancient 'Shilpa Shasthra' and is situated close

to the Sisodia gardens. The garden is the perfect amalgamation of contemporary Hindu and Mughal styles with its wonderful, sylvan lakes, terraced lawns, fountains and the majestic pavilions that house Lord Krishna's murals and paintings ..

Gangaur Festival

The Vidyadhar garden is a pristine garden located in the heart of Jaipur. One of Jaipur's

Time of Celebration:

 

March-April

 

Place:

 

Rajasthan, Some Parts of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh

Duration of Celebration:

 

18 Days

   

. In the word Gangaur, 'Gan' is the synonym for Lord Shiva whereas 'Gaur' stands for Gauri or Goddess Parvati. But mainly, this festival is held in the honour of Goddess Parvati as she is regarded as the epitome of marital love, strength, courage, power and excellence. During the festivities, married women worship Goddess Parvati for the long life, well being and wealth of their husbands while the girls pray for getting a smart and an understanding life partner. The festival is rejoiced in the month of Chaitra, the first month of the Hindu calendar and falls in between March and April, according to

Gregorian calendar

. It begins on the very first day Chaitra

The Vidyadhar garden is a pristine garden located in the heart of Jaipur. One of Jaipur's

month, the day after Holi and

is celebrated for 18 days. Also, it marks the end of winter season and the

coming of spring season.

.

This ritual goes on for 10 days and on the last day women and girls break the pots and throw the broken

pieces into a well or a tank; the clay idols made by the married women are also immersed in water on the last day of the festival. A grand procession is held which starts from the Zanani-Deodhi of the City Palace which then goes through Tripolia Bazaar, Chhoti Chaupar, Gangauri Bazaar, Chaugan Stadium and finally converges near the Talkatora. This procession is headed by a colourful show of elephants, old palanquins, chariots, bullock carts and performance folk artistes. People irrespective of their caste and creed come to observe and to be a part of the procession.

Teej Festival

Time of Celebration:

 

July-August

 

Celebrated:

 

In and around Rajasthan

Duration of Celebration:

 

One to two days

   

Teej, which falls in the monsoon months of July-August. On this occasion, married women pray to Lord Shiva and Parvati to bless them with happy and long married life. Celebrated in and around Rajasthan this festival of swings welcomes monsoon.

Significance

According to mythology, it was the day when Goddess Parvati reunited with Lord Shiva after a long separation. It is said that

whoever worships Parvati on this day, is fortunate enough to get his/her desires fulfilled by her blessings.

Rituals And Celebrations

pieces into a well or a tank; the clay idols made by the married women are

On this day parents of married women send Sinjara to their daughters, which is a gift pack that includes

bindi, vermilion, mehandi or henna, bangles, ghevar (a special Rajasthani sweet) and lahariya (a multi- coloured sari) as a symbol of their covertures. Fairs are conducted on this festival; processions are taken out from Tripolia gate of this Pink City Jaipur. Passing through various markets, it ends at Chaugan Stadium. The idol of Goddess Teej (incarnation of Goddess Parvati) is decorated by the royal families of Jaipur, for the fair. Convoy of beautified elephants, horses and camels are made to walk before Goddess Teej's palanquin made of gold and silver. Various folk dances are performed to the tunes of folk songs during this rally.

Famous persons from Jaipur

  • Rajeev Khandelwal: Rajeev Khandelwal is a famous reputed actor in the soap opera’s and

now can be seen on the screen of the Bollywood as well. Rajeev was born in mansarowar, which is the largest colony in jaipur. He helped to carry out the culture of rajasthan by his simplicity and dedication towards his work.

  • Juhi Parmar: Juhi Parmar is famous for the versatility in anchoring, acting, television presenter, singing and dancing. She was bought up in Jaipur and famous for her clear heart and pilon nature which reflects the purity of her heart.

  • Vasundra Raje: She was the first woman chief minister of Rajasthan til 2008 and held a variety of changes in the state rajasthan which led to the progress of lower middle class and poor people in the state

  • Rajya Vardhan Singh Rathore: He is an Indian Shooter who won the silver medal in men’s

double trap at Olympics 2004 ..

  • Irrfan Khan: He is an Indian actor in film, television and theater with the reputation of skill work and hard work to lead a successful life. His attitude and presence in the commercials and films make people love him and respect him for his work

  • Ila Arun: She is known for her unique and husky voice. She shares the title of Indian actress, TV personality and rajasthani folk/folk-pop singer

  • Maharani Gayatri Devi: She is the third maharani of jaipur from 1939 to 1970. She was blessed with ultimate beauty and was a fashion icon in her age. She has been counted in the ten most beautiful women of the world.

  • Pratibha Patil: Pratibha Patil who was the 12th president of the republic of india was born In the city jaipur. Her great efforts and hard work to succeed the county and take the nation on the new heights is worth salute and respect.

  • Vishwa Mohan Bhatt: Mr. Bhatt is an Indian slide guitar player who performs classical music in Hindustani essence. He is the owner of two honouree award sangeet natak akademi and padma shri because of his amazing and mad love for the music.

  • K.C. Bokadia: He is a famous director and producer in bollywood since 1980s. He has dedicated his life to films and direction. He gave many hits in his time with mithun chakarborty. He has given super-hit films as Pyaar Jhukta Nahin {1985},Mera Sajna Saath Nibhana {1992}, Janta Ki Adalat {1994} and many more

Jaipur zoo

The zoological garden or Jaipur zoo was founded by Sawai Raja Pratap Singh in the year 1868, with the intention of dearth reprieve. On the word of the records, a massive amount of about 4 lakhs was invested to build this chronological garden, just then. The zoological garden encircles a vast area of about 33 acres, and is placed at the core Jaipur city. The Jaipur zoo was

established at some stage in the supremacy of Sawai Ram Singh II. Being developed on the verdict of the olden Shilpa Shastra, there is no shortage of destinations to travel around Jaipur

Jalmahal

al Mahal which literally means the “Water Palace” is a palace located in the middle of the Man Sagar Lake in Jaipur city, the capital of the state of Rajasthan. The palace and the lake around it were modernized and enlarged in the 18th century by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Amber. Jal Mahal, that means water palace in English, is a beautiful place that is located in the center of the lake Man Sagar, in Jaipur.

Jal Mahal is considered as one of the most beautiful architectural palace that was built with the Mughal and Rajput craftsmanship. The palace provides a charming view of the Man Sagar Lake and the Nahargarh hills that border it. The Jal Mahal palace is considered an architectural beauty built in the Rajput and Mughal styles of architecture. The complete palace is made of red stone and is 5 story high. The 4 floors of the palace stay under the water and it is only the 5th floor that is visible. There are 4 chattris on all the four corners of the palace. These are octagonal in shape. The fort has some of the exquisite marble cravings which denotes the royal touch and the palace also has twenty pillars which are the cenotaph of the royal family of Raja Jai Singh. The lake, as well as the place, was renovated by Maharaja Jai Singh 2 in the 18th century.

During the rainy seasons, the city lake gets filled up with water. The palace is open only through boats that take the tourist from the land to the palace in the center of the lake. Even while crossing the palace for the road, the whole view looks very charming that it attracts people of all ages. The lake used to be a bird watcher’s paradise in the past and was a favorite ground for the Rajput kings of Jaipur for royal duck shooting parties during picnics.

The lake was home for more than 150 species of local and migratory birds that included Large Flamingo, Great Crested Grebe, Pintail, Pochards, Kestrel, Coot, Redshank, Marsh Sandpiper, Ruff, Herring Gull, Red-breasted Flycatcher, Grey Wagtail, but their numbers declined with the worsening of the lake. The reserve forest area of the lake catchment has several wild life species such as Deer, Jungle cat, striped hyena, Indian Fox, Indian wild Boar and leopards. Jal Mahal is one or the sites which tells the story of the royals and their exclusive taste and creations

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