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).

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2 =
2 =
2 = 2 + 2
2 =
=

2 =
2 =
2 = 2 + 2
2 =
=

= 90 
,
= = 90
. , ,
= .

1
:

1

, 2 = //
=

o

.

= 90 
,

:
2 = 2 =

2 + 2 = + =

= ( + ) = 2 //

< >



.


,
=, =.

: 2=2+2=2+2=2.
=, ,

, , = = 90 .//

= 90 
,
.
.
=
1


2 =
=

//


()
()

.

< 90  2 = 2 + 2 2

> 90  2 = 2 + 2 + 2

< 90 .
2 = 2 + 2 (1)
2 = 2 2 (2)
=-
2 = 2 + 2 2 (3)
(2) , (3) (1) :
2 = 2 2 + 2 + 2 2 = 2 + 2 2

> 90  //

< >:
, ,
.
= 90 o
2 = 2 + 2
< 90 o
2 < 2 + 2
> 90 o
2 > 2 + 2

.


. 2 + 2 = 22 +

.


.
2 2 = 2 //

1 2

1 .
2 = 2 + 2 2 (1)

2 = 2 + 2 + 2 (2)

=
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
+ = 2 + 2 = 2 + 2( ) = 2 +
2
2
2 .
(1) (2) =

=
2

2 2 = 4 = 2
//


.
2 2 + 2 2 2
2 =
:
4
:
2 2 + 2 2 2
=
4
2

2 2 + 2 2 2
=
4
2


( , R) =

, .
:
= 2 2 , .
= 2 2 ,

.
= =
:
!

= :
=

= + = +
= - =
= ( + )( )= 2 2 .
: .

1
2

1 = 2 (),
= , ( )

= ( ). = = .

: = + = + = - =
= ( + )( ) = 2 2 .//

( , R )
= 2 2
( , R )

2 2 >0
2 2 =0
2 2 <0

( , )
( , ) 2 .


2 = 2 2 = 2 2 ,
( , )! //

...
1

( B < 90 ) :
2-2=2-2

,
:
2-2=(2+2)-(2+2)=2+2-2-2=2-2.

2
84
37.

++=84 , =37. +=47. (1)


2+2=2=1369 (2)
(2) (1) : (47-)2+2=1369 ,

2-47+420=0 12 35.
, =35 =12 =12 =35.

A = 90 + 2 . .

+ 2

(+)2( 2 )2

2+2+222

2+2+22(2+2)

2+2+222+22  2+2-2 0  (-)20 , .

10

3
A = 90 2+2+2= 2.
2

a
, A = 90 .
2
2
a
3
5a 2

+2+2= 2  2+2=
.
4
2
4

2=2+


= + .
2
2

2+2= 2+ 2+

2 + 2
4

=2+

a 2 5a 2
=
.
4
4

5
,
2+2=2+2.

.

:
2=2+2 2=2+2.

: 2+ 2= 2+2 +2+2= (2 +2)+( 2+ 2)=2+2.

6
=4 ,
=10 5.

== . (),
=. , 2+= 
2+= ( =) , =


= 3.
2

11

2=2-2=16 => =4.


2=2+2 =>== 49 + 16 = 65.

2=2+2- (1) , = 60
.

1 . : 2=2+2-2 (2). (1) (2)


1 ,
2+2-= 2+2-2 =>=

1
=> = 60 .
2

2 . 2=2+2-.
<0 2<2+2 =>

< 90 , .

: 2=2+2-2 (3). (1) (3) 1
, 2+2-= 2+2-2, =

A1 = 30 = 60 .

, = 60 , A1 = 30 => =

2=2+22= 2=2+2-, .

( A = 90 ) = , = 3.

,
.

12

=2=2.

, = 30o B = 60o.
2=(2)2-( 3 )2=2 , ==
2

3 3
=
=
=
=
.

2
2

9
=3 =

) = 2 , =

) > 90o

) =2

5
,
2

2. ( 3 ) + 2 2 2
2 2 + 2 2 2
25 2 18 2 + 2 2 2
5
=

=
4
4
4
4
2
2 2 = 8 2 = 2 .
2

) >> 2=92 , 2+2=(2)2+2  2+2=52 , 2>2+2  > 90o .


2 2 + 2 2 2 18 2 + 2 2 4 2
) =
=
2 = 4 2 = 2
4
4
2

2 =

2 2 + 2 2 2 8 2 + 2 2 9 2 2

=
=
= .
4
4
4
2

10

A =120. 2=

2 2
4


2=2+2-2120 =>
1
2=2+2-2( ) =>2=2+2+ => 2+2=2- (1).
2

1 2 =

2 =

2 2 + 2 2 2
4

2 2 + 2 2 2 2( 2 + 2 ) 2 (1) 2(a 2 ) 2 2a 2 2 2 2 2
=
=
=
=
.
4
4
4
4
4
13

11
(,) .
, 42=2+32.

= 90 , .

2+2=2 =>42+2=2 (1)

2+2=2 , (1)
2 2
+ 2 = 2 => 2-2+42=42 =>
4
42=2+32, .
12

. 2+2+2+2=22.

1 :
2
2+2=22+
(1).
2
1 :
2
2+2=22+
(2).
2
(1) (2) : 2+2+2+2=2(2+ 2)+
2 2
+
=>
2
2
2+2+2+2=2(2+ 2)+ 2 (3).

2=(+)2=2+2+2. ===== 2+2+2.=



2
2
2+2+2
.
= 2+2+
=> 2+2= 2.
2
2
2
2
2
2
2 2
2
2
(3) + + + =2( )+ 2 =22-2+
2
2=22.

14

13
,,
4
===.
3 2
2+2=2+2+
.
8

a
==== , =.
4

a2
1 : + =2 + . (1).
2
. 1
:
2
a
2
2
2


a2
2
8 ,
 2=
2+2=22+  2+2=22+
2
8
2
a2 a2
3a 2
(1) 2+2= 2+2- + = 2+2+
.
8
2
8

14

=3,=8 =60.
.

:
2=2+2-2 => 2=64+9-2.24.

1
=> 2=49
2

=> =7. =7.


( )
2= = 2 =

2 2 + 2 2 2 2.9 + 2.49 64
=
= 13 AM = 13.
4
4

15

=4 , =3
(,)
.
7
. = ,
8
)
15

) .

) 2 2-2=2. =>
2 2
=
= 4.
2
.
4
) .=.  =
=
(1).

2 2 + 2 2 2
2 =

4
2 2 + 2 2 2 2.4 2 + 2.32 42
34
2 =
=
=
(2).
4
4
2
4.2 8 34
=
(1) (2) =
.
34
34
16
,,

2
4

> 2 .

2
4

>

2 2 + 2 2 2

>
2>22+22-2-4
4
4

22>22+22-4 2>2+2-2  2>(-)2  >|-| ,


( ).
17
.
2+2=2+2

.
1
2
2+2=22+

2
2
2
2
2 B
+ =2 +
. =
2
, ,
2+2=2+2.
16

18
= + . (1)

2
2
2
2
2
2
a 2 + 2 2 2 + 2 2 2a 2
+
=
+ = a + + + =
= a.
2
2
2a
2
2

19
.
.

. .
,

= 90 . ,

2=2+2 (1)
2


, =
.
= =
4
2 2
,
:
2

1
1 2 a
3a 2
1
2
2
2
MN 2 =
=

=
(

)
=
[
a

]
=
.


4
4
4
16
2
2
(1)
a 2 3a 2 7a 2
7a
2= +
=
, =
.
4 16
16
4

20

.


. 1
:
2
2
2
2
+ =2 +
,
2
B 2
2+2=22+
.
2

17

:
2+2+
2
B 2
2 + 2
2+2=22+
+22+
=2(2+ 2)+
. = ,
2
2
2

B
=
=
.
2
2
2+2+2+2=2+2.

21
: >  <
( ).

<  2<2 
.

2 2 + 2 2 2 2 2 + 2 2 2
<
3 2 < 3 2 < ,
4
4

22
, , =5,=4 3 =7
,,.

2 2 + 2 2 2
= 25 . =5. 2
4
2-2=2 => M= 3 .
2=2=

= 2 2 = 22 .

23

A < 90 , B < 90 .

2+2=2+2+2.


.

2=2+2-2.

2=2+2-2.
18


2+ 2=2 2 +2+ 2-2.-2.= 2+ 2+2 (--)= 2+
2+2.= 2+ 2+2.
:

A > 90 , B > 90.

24
=8,=6 =5.
)
) .

2=64 2+2=61<64 , A > 90


) .

2=2+2+2.,
1
2=2+2+2 => 64=25+36+12 => = .
4

2=2+2-2. => 2=2+2-2 =>
53
36=25+64-16 => = .
16
25

. ,
, , 2=.+.


.+.=(-)+(-)=(2+2)-( .+.) (1).
.=.= ( c ) = AO 2 R 2 , .
1
2+2=22+

B 2
=22+2R2. (1)
2

.+.=22+2R2-2(2- R2)=4 R2=(2R)2=2.


19

26
, +=+.
=.

=, =z , = =.

+=+z =z ( ).
+=+z z
xz+z=z+z2 => +z=z+z2 => (+z)=z(+z) => =z =.
=+z=+=.

27
=4 , =3
(,)
.
7
. = ,
8
)
) .

) 2 2-2=2. =>
2 2
=
= 4.
2
.
4
) .=.  =
=
(1).

2 2 + 2 2 2
2
=

4
2 2 + 2 2 2 2.4 2 + 2.32 42
34
2 =
=
=
(2).
4
4
2
4.2 8 34
(1) (2) =
=
.
34
34
28
,
. ( ).

20

( )( )( ).

4
( )( )( ) ( )
a2
4( )( ) 2 4 2 4 ( + ) + 4 2 ( + + ) 2 2( + + )( + ) + 4 2
: 2-2+2 0 (-)2 0 ,
!

, ( ) 2 ( )

1: = =, .
2: ( ), ( ).
29

= 60 .

2+2=2+2+2.

.
1
2
2
2
2
2 B
2
2
2 A
: + =2 +
, + =2 +
.
2
2
:
B 2
A 2
B 2 A 2
=22+
+ 2 
=
+ 2
22+
2
2
2
2
2
2
B 3 A

=
 = 3. 
2
2
B
3.
=
 O = 3.O .
2
2

: 30=
,
=
.

3
30
, ,
==. 32+62=92+22.

===

. 1

21

:
2

2a
2

3
: 2+2=22+
, 2+2=22+ =>
2
2
2
2a
2+2=22+
(1)
9
2
2a 2
2+2=22+
2+2=22+
(2).
2
9
(1) (2) :
2a 2 2 2a 2
4a 2
2a 2
2+2=2(22+
- )+
 2+2=42+
-22+

9
9
9
9
32+62=92+22, .

31

a2
.= .
2
3a 2

) 22=2+2
) 2=
.
4

) (?) , .=.
a2
2
=> =. => =
(1) .
2
2
2 + 2 2
2
2 2
: = + -2 => =
(2) .
2
(1),(2) ,
2 2 + 2 2
=
2a 2 = 2 + 2 .
2
2

) 1

2 =

2 2 + 2 2 2
=
4
2

2 2 + 2 2 2 2( 2 + 2 ) 2 2.2a 2 a 2 3a 2
=
=
=
.
4
4
4
4

32
(O,R)

= , = , = , 2=2+2+ (1) = 30 .

:

) B = 120 ,

) = 90 , ) 3 = 2 + .

22

) (1)  2=2+2+> 2+2  2>2+2 B > 90 .


2 + 2 2 (1) 1
=
==
=
0< B <180 B = 120 .
2
2
2

) = ( ),

= 30 o .

= + 120 = 30 + = 90 .

) = 30 ( ) =

= 30 o = .
2
:
2+2=2 
2

3
2
+ =
+ 2 = 3 .
+ + = + =
4
2
2
2 2

33
(,) , (,r) r<.
(,r) (,).

, (,r).
( , ) = ( , ) ,
() ( , ) 2-2.
, ( , ) = 2-2=r 2 2 ( , ) = 2-2= r 2 2.
2 , .

34
(O,) .
(,) ,
=
(,) (,)
. 32=3.

23

.=2-2=(4)2-(2)2=122 ,

( )

2.=242 (1). 2=. ( (,))


2=2.4=82=> 32=242 (2).
(1) (2) 32=3..
35
,, =
2

=
= .
2
3
) = 2
)

2
) = =
.
9

2
2

) 2 =

2 2 + 2 2 2

4

2
2 2 + 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 + 2 2 2

=
2 2 = 2 2 + 2 2 2 2 = 2 2

=
2
4
4
4

 = 2 .
)

.=

. =

( 2)
=

= 2 = 2 ,

.=2

2
2
2
.

) 2 ( > =
:


8
2

2
8
4 2
4 2

2
=
=
2 =

2 2 = 2 2 = 2 2 =
9
9
9
9
3

 =

2
.
9

24

36

+=13, =60 = 3 .
)
) ,.

+=13 , = 3 , =60
,,.
+ +
+ 13
=-=
=
=====
.
2
2
2

=60 => 1 = 30o ( )

3
3
13
1 =

=
= 3.
= 3 = 7.

2
2=2+2-260
1
=> 2=(+)2-2-2 => 2=(+)2-3 => 49=169-3 => =40.
2
+ = 13
= 8 = 5

,

.
= 40
= 5 = 8


1) . : 2 > 2 + 2

2) . : 2 < 2 + 2
3)

, ,
.

2 < 2 + 2

4) < 90 , 2 < 2 + 2

5) ,, 2>2+2,
. .
6)
, ,
,
. .
7) 2=. . .
8)
. .
9) , , :
2 < 2 + 2 , 2 < 2 + 2 , 2 < 2 + 2 .
25

10) , ,

2 > 2 + 2 ,

2 < 2 + 2 , 2 > 2 + 2 .

11) 5, 7, 9

12) ,
, , : 2 = 2 + 2 2 2 = 2 + 2 + 2
.

13) : = 6cm, = 8cm B = 7cm .


. 2cm.

14) , .
: 2 + 2 = 2 2 +

2
2

15) , .
:

2 + 2 = 2 2 +

2
2

16) ,
R = , =R.
: .=2- R2

. .

17) (,R)
=<R.
, .= R2- 2

. .

18) .
.
. . .

26

19) =4cm , =3cm =


2.

OA
= x.
3

. .

20)
=3 cm , =6 cm , =2 cm
=8 cm. ,,, . .
21) , ,
2=2+2-2. . .

22) =6cm , =8cm =7cm.


.
2.
. .

23)
2
. : 2+2=22+
.
2

. .

24) :
. 2=2+2+
. 2=2-2-2
. 2=2+2+
. 2=2+2-
. 2=2+2.

25) =4cm , =5cm ,

= 30 .
:
.3

. 41

. 10

21

. 20.

27

26) =5cm , =7cm ,


=6cm , .
:
.1

.2

. 2,5

. 3

.4

27) =2cm , =9cm ,


=6cm.
,,, :
.

6
9

69
2

62
2

15
2

.3

28) , :
. =
. =
. =
. =
. =
29) , :
. =

. =
. =
. =
. =

30) A < 90 .
:
. 2=2+2-2
. 2=2+2-2
. 2=2+2
. 2=2+2+2
. 2=2+2.
28

31) A = 90 , > , = .
:
. 2+2=42
. 2-2=2
. 2=2+2+
2

. + =
2

. +

2=

22+

BM 2
2 +
.
2
2

32) < , . :
. 2-2=2.
. 2-2=2.
. 2+2=2.
. 2+2=2.
. .
33) >
, .

.
. 2=2+2-2. . . .
. 2=. . . -2
.

...
=
...

. 2+2=2. . .+

2
...

. 2-2=2 . . .

29

34) ( A > 90 ) . :
. 2=2+2-2.
. 2=2+2-2.
. .=.
.

A
=
.
E

35) =6cm , =8cm


. :
. =6 =

32
3

. =2 =32
. =4 =16
. =5 =12,8
. =7 =
36)

64
.
7

( = 90 ) . :
. 2 =
2

. + =
37)

. 2 =

. 2 =

2
.
=
2

5 ,

:
. 3, 2

. 2, 2

. , 2

. , 5

3, 2

38) ,, 2=2+2+.
= :
.45

.30

.60

.75

.15

39) ,, 2=2+2-2 ,
. < :
30

.<90
40)

.>90

. >90

. >90

4 cm. , cm,
A. 2 2

41)

. =90

. 5 2

. 5

. 3 2

. 2


2 cm 4 cm cm :
. 3 2

. 8
42)

. 2 2

. 6

. 3

( = 90 )

= 2 .

. 3
43)

. 4

. 2

. 1

. 5

.
, :

44)

. 2 = 2 + 2 2

. 2 = 2 + 2 2

. 2 = 2 + 2 + 2

. 2 = 2 + 2

. 2 = 2 + 2

= 90 , > , = .
, :
. 2 + 2 = 4 2

. 2 2 = 2

2
. + = 2 +
2

2
. + = 2 +
2

45)

46)

. 2 = 2 + 2 +

= 90 . :
. 2 + 2 = 2

. 2 + 2 = 2 2

. 2 + 2 = 4 2

. 2 + 2 = 5 2

. 2 + 2 = 3 2

< , . :
. 2 2 = 2
. 2 + 2 = 2

. 2 2 = 2
. 2 + 2 = 2

31

47)

= 10cm , = 9cm = 7cm ,

( cm) :
.

5
3

. 8

. 9

17
2

19
.
2

48) =+2 , =2 + 3 ,
=+2 , =+3 , :
1
3
. .
.4
.1
. 5
.
2
2
49)

:
.
.
.
.
. .

50)
() ()
.

51) () ()
. .

32

52) (,R)
.
. ()
. ().

53) () ().
() ().

54) ()
()
.
()

33

().

55) ()
(). () ()
, , .

34

56) x () (),
.


1.

( , R)
1 2 , , .
=R2.

2.


=. .

3.

( = 90 )
=2+3 , =2+2 =.

4.

. =6 =8
.

5.

. =6 =13
.

35

6.

(,)
. 2+2=42.

7.

,

.

8.

(,) .
, 2+2+2+2
.

9.

,
, =/3 =2/9. .

10.

= = 2 .
.
==.

11.

= 45 .
.
2+2=2

12.

.
.
. = 4,
= 8 = 6, :
)
,
.
)

13.

2.

.

14.

) =3 , =4 =6 (>0)
) = , =/2 =2/3 (>0)

15.

36

. ,
.

16.

2+=(+)2

, . .

17.

=2
= 7 .

18.

=2+ 3 , = 15 =4 ,

19.

( )
,, 4,5,6 .
,
, =(++)/30.

20.

=2 2( )( ) , : 3=+.

21.

(=) .
2=2.

22.

==5.
=. = 4 5 , .

23.

(,R) .

) 2=2=2+2- 2 .=2+2+ 2 .
) .-. .

24.

B = 120 , -=-=2.
)
)

91
.
2

3
2 + 2 = 5 2
2

25.

26.

(,) ,.
=15 , =20 =24. .

37

27.


. = 2 2

28.

= 2 + 2 2 2

29.

==11 =10.
=3 , =10.

30.

2=, =|-|. 2

31.

: =4 , =6 =4,
.

32.

2 + 2 =

7 2
, 2 + 2 = 32
5

33.

42=2+22, .
4(2+2)=2+52.

34.

( A =90) 2+2+2=82
2+2=52

35.

(,R), (,) R>. ()


,,,.
(,R) (,), 2+2=2+2.

36.

=5, =4 =3 :

) ,
) ,
) ,
) .

37.

22-=

2=2+2- .

38.

2+2=22,
()

2,

38

()


3
=
=
=
.

39.

( = 90 ) .
, 2=42+32.

40.

41.

)
)

,
,

B =120.

, ,

2
4

=
)
)

43.

BE 1
= ,
AB 2

: 2=

42.

= 2,
=
.

.
2

1
=
4 2 2 .
2

= 60 .

2 + 2 5 2
4

44.

)
(,) ( , ) = 2000 .
(,2)
.
.
)
(,) ( , ) = 2000 .
(,2)
.
.

45.

(,R) , ,
.
) R = 4 3 , =20 , =16
) =4 , =5
) =45 , =36 , =50 R
) =8 , R = 4 =2

39

46.

R=15cm 10cm.
=3.
.

47.

, , , =2
=10, , , =3 =5.
)
,
)
,
, ,
)
.

48.

=8 .
(,2) (,2) .
) (,2)
)
(,2) ( ),
6 10
=
.
5

49.

R/2 (, R).
1
.
4
.

50.

x,y .

51.

(,) .
,
.=2.

52.

(,R),
.
. . 2+.=2

53.


.
.

40

54.

.
,
, ,.
,,, .

55.

(,R)
. 2=.-.
5
=
.
2
) 2+2=32
)
= = 2 .

56.

57.
.
.
.
) =
) ,, .

58.

(,R)
. , :
) ,
) MA + = 4 R 2 .

41

10o

1
= 2

1
1
1
E = = =
2
2
2

E = =

E=

1
( 1 + 2 )
2

1
E = 1 2
2

1
2

42

// // .
= = = , = =
() = () + () + () + ()
( + ) 2 =2() + 2 + 2
() = //

(;)
() = (). () = ()
() = () = .//


,
1
=
2



=
() = () + () () = 2()
= 2() = 1
//
2

43

() = () + () =


( + )
=
//
+
=
2
2
2
2

,
=( +)

.
= = . + = +
= .
.
() = () + () = 2()
() = ( + )

() = ( +) //
2

44


= ( )( )( ) ,
,, .

1
= (
2
2
) =
( )( )( ) .//
a
= ,

:
() = () + () + () =

= + + =
2
2
2
= ( + + ) = .//

4R
, , R

,
= = 90
B = E

=
=
=
= a
//

2R
2R
2 2R

45


1
1
1
= = =
2
2
2

=

=
=
= .

1
=
=
2
2
.

//


=
=

( ) 2

=
=
= 2 .//
1
()

2

2 .

46

, .


=
=


= . = = =


() = 2 ()
() = 2 ()
() + () = 2 ( + )
() = 2 ()//


,
.

= ' ,

.
1
1
=
,
= . ' = '. ''
2
2
' '. '
.//

47


( )

,, , :

, (, , )

< 90 o , 2 > 2 + 2
> 90 o
= 90 o , 2 < 2 + 2
2 = 2 + 2
,

= 2 ( )( )( ) , =
a

2
( )( )( ) , = ( )( )( )

2 =

2 2 + 2 2 2
2 2 + 2 2 2
2 2 + 2 2 2
, 2 =
, 2 =
4
4
4

,
= ( )( )( ) , 2 =++

= ( )( )( ) R =
4R
4 ( )( )( )

, = = ( )( )( ) =

( )( )( )

=
=
= 2R


= 2 ( )( )( ) , = 2 ( )( )( ) , = 2 ( )( )( )


2=2+2-2 , 2=2+2-2 , 2=2+2-2
=

2 + 2 2
2 + 2 2
2 + 2 2
, =
, =
.
2
2
2

,
2 .

48

...
1
,
()+()=()+().

,
.
, // .

()+()=
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
. + . = . + . = ( + ) = . = ( ).
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
, ()+()=()-[ ()+()]=() ( ) = ( ).
2
2

()+()=()+().
2

= = 120 ,
=2cm, KB=6cm =10cm.
() ().

= 120 (?).
, :
1
1
3
()= KB.K .120 = .6.10.
= 15 3 . .
2
2
2

()=

1
1
3
K .K .120 = .2.6.
= 3 3,
2
2
2

()=

1
1
3
K .K .120 = .2.10.
= 5 3 . .
2
2
2

, ()=()+()+()=23 3 . .

49

3
=10, =12, =14.
,
.

. :
=

+ +
2

, =
, =

= 18,

2( )

( AB)

()= ( )( )( ) = 24 6 . .

2( )
2( ) 24 6
24 6
=
= 4 6, =
.
, =
5

4 6

35 6
=
,R =
.
3
4( )
12

=10 A =135.

,
, ()=().
1
100 2
, ()=2()= 2. ...135 = 10.10. 45 =
= 50 2
2
2
. .

5
,

( ) 2
( ) 2
( ) 2
= 2
= 2
=
.
)
)
)
( )
( )
( ) 2

( = = 90 )
2


( )
2
=
= .
= = 2 .

( )

50

( = = 90 ) =


= .

( ) 2
=
.
( ) 2
( ) 2
( ) ( ) 2 2
) ) )
=
=
=
.
( ) ( ) 2 2
( ) 2
6

.
. ()=().

1
()=() (1) (= .. ).
2
1
, ()=() (1) (= .. ).
2

, ()=()  ()+()=()+()
 ()=() (1)
()=().
7
2
,
4
. 30.


. ====
=

.
2
2

1
1
2
()=()= .. =
.
=
2
2 2
8

1
2
2
2
.. ( ) =
. ()= 4
=
,
2
8
8
2

2 2
1

=
= = 30 .
4
2
2

, ()=

51

8
,,.


. = =,
,.

. : = 180 60 60 = 60.
, ()=()+()+()=
a2 3 1
2 3 a2 3 1
2 3
3(a 2 + a + 2 )
+ . . . 60 +
=
+ . . . 60 +
=
4
2
4
4
2
4
4

. .
9
, , ,
3
()= ().
8

()=()+()-() (1)
, ()=

( ) ( )
()=
=
2
4

( ) ( )
=
.
2
4

1
.
2

( MN ) = 1 2 = 1 () = 1 () = 1 . 1 ( ) = ( ) .
4
4 2
8
( ) 2 4

(1) ()=

( ) ( ) ( ) 3
+

= ( ).
4
4
8
8

10
= 2 A = 60 .

52

2 = 2 + 2-2 2 = 42 42

2 = 3 2 = 3 (1). :
2

2
2 =
= 1 = 90
=
=

=
=

3
+
) = 30.
= 180 (

11

( A = 90 )
.
( ) 2 ( ) 2 2
+
=
.
4
2
2

1
1
A.B ()= A.,
2
2
1
1
2 2
2 2
( )2 ( ) 2 4
+
=
+4
(1)
2
2
2
2
2=. 2=. , (1)
( )2 ( ) 2 2 2
2 ( + ) 2
+
=
+
=
=
.
4
4
4
4
2
2

()=

12

A = 60 .

( )
. ()=
.
4

 = = 90 .

A = 60 B1 = 30 =

(1) (
2

30 ).

: 1 = 30 =

(2) .
2

53

,
, :
( ) . (1),(2) 1 1 1
=
=

=== . = ,
( ) .
2 2 4
()=

( )
.
4

13
, ,
2

=
, = , = .
3
4
2
,,.

()=()-[()+()+()] ,
( ) () ( )
()
= 1
+
+
=
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
. . .
1
+
+
=

2 3
3 . 2 3. 4 2 . 4
1 1 3
5
1
+
+
= 1 ( + + ) = .
3 12 8 24

5
5
()=
()=
( )( )( ), 2 .
24
24
14

= 90 . R
, 2+2=4R2.

= 2 R = 2 R 2 = 4 R 2 2 ( + )

2
2
= 2 R = 2 R = 4 R

2+2=4R2(2+2)= 4R2(2+2(90-))=
4R2(2+2)= 4R2.1=4R2.

54

15

( ) 13
.
=
B .
( ) 16

( ) 13
( ) () 13
() 13
=

=
1
=
( ) 16
( )
16
( ) 16
() 3

= . (1)
( ) 16

1
.
()
2
2
2
====
===
===
,
(2).
1
( )

2
3a
3a
3
, =
.=
(1) (2) => =
.
8
8
16

3
3

2= a 2 2 2 = 2 = = 30 = 60.
4
4
2

16
= + . (1)

.
(1) 2R = 2R + 2R = +
= ( + ) = (180) = , .
17

, ,,
2 R
, R
.

: ()=
1

4R
2

= ,

+ +
1
1
+
+
=
=
=
=
.

2 R
2
55

18
+=2, =6R.

+ + 3
=

2
2

R=
=
=====
=
R=
= 6 R.
3

4
4
6
6
4

19
:

2 2

+ +
R,
.

2E
(1), = (2) 4R= (3) ,
a
(1)
(2)
2 2
2 2
2 2
2
=
=
=
=
+ + 2 2 + 2 2 + 2 2 4 2 ( 1 + 1 + 1 ) 2( ) 2 ( + + )

: =

2
2 2 2

(3) 4 RE RE R
=
=
= .
4 2 4 2


1) ,
2)
, .
3) .
4) = ( - ) ( - ) ( - )
.

56

5) = 1 2 , 1 2 ,
2

.
6) .

7) A
, :

( ) =
( )

8) . .
9)

2
8 2 2

1
()= ,
2

10) 4 cm ,
16 cm 2
11) , 9 .

12) ,
.
13) 2, .
14) ,
60 .
15) 1,2
1,2. . .
16)
. .
17)
. .

57

18)

19) ,
.
20) ()= ( )( )( ) , =
21) 1,2 , .
22)


.
:

. =

23)

. =

. = 2

. =

. =

1 2
( 1 2 )
2

:
.
.
.
.
.
24)

.
.
.
1 = 2 2 .
.

, :
. 2

25)

3
4

u
4

2
u
2

. 2

3
16

. 2

3
4

:
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

26) ,
:
.
.
.
58

.
. .
27) = 8
. 82
.42
.22
.642

.162

28) 1,2

1 + 2
1. 2
1. 2
.
.
.

.12.22
. 1.2
2
2
4

29) ( A =90)
1
1
1
1
1
.
.
.
. .
.
2
2
2
2
2
30) 1,2
:
+ 2

+ 2
.1+2 . 1

. 1+ 2
. 1
2
2
2
2
4
+ 2
. 2 1
.
2
31) :
2
2
2
.
.
.22
. 2
.
2
4
2
32) :

. = 90

. = B

. = B = 60O

. =

. =

33) 1/3.
:
. 1/3
.1/9
.1/6
.1/27
.1/ 3
34) .
;
. ()=2()

.()=()/2

.()=2()/3

.()=().

35)

.()=()/4

111 ,

. = 1

( )

(11 1 )


:
11 1 1

. = 1

. = 90 + A 1

. = 180 1 1

. = A 1 + A 1 = 180

59

36)

= ( - ) ( - ) ( - )
, , , :
. = + +
. =

37)

. =

. 2 = 2( )


+ +
2 2 2

+
2

. =

E1 , E2 ,

:
. 2 =

. 2 = E1 E 2

E1
E2

. E1 = E 22

38)

E
. = 1
. E1 E 2 =
E2
, :

. () = ( )
. () = ( )
. ( ) = () + ( )
. ( ) = ( )
. () = 2 ( )
39)

E = 4 3 cm2 . , :
. 4 3 cm

. 8 3 cm
12
.
cm
3

. 4 cm

40)

. 4 4 3 cm

O :
.

1
(90 A )
2

41) =
( ),
2

= ( + ) ( + ) ( + )

. .

42) , 30 . ,
.

60

43) ,
.

= 2, = 3, = 60
= 3, = 3, = 4
= = , = 5 3

= .
= .
= .
= .

===4

44) ()
.
()
,
().
()
().

61

45) ()
().

46) () ().

62

47) () ().

48) () ().

63

49) () ().

50) () ().

64

51) ()
().


1.

(//)
:

) = = 90 , = 120 ==2,
) =4 , =10 ==5.

2.

4
136 . .

3.

92
.
16

4.

6 2
60. :
)
,
)
.

5.
)
)
)

16 cm 12 cm. :

,
,
.

65

6.

, z, z
,,z ,, , =1 , =4 , =8.
()=11 3 .

7.

, , ,
= , = = . :
) ( ) = 2 () ,
) () = 7 () .

8.

=5, = 60 R=

:
)
,
)
.

7 3
3

9.

.
, 12 , 9 15
20.

10.

= 60 =6 =10.
.
)
,
)
,
)
.

11.

= 17cm, = 8cm = 15cm.

) ,
) ,

( )
( )

12.


. 8 12 .
()=20.

13. , , ,
. : ) () = ()

() = 1 () .
4

14. , .
.

66

15. ,
. . ( ) =

1
( )
2

16.

(//) =. .
()=2().

17.

.
.

18.

, .

.

19.

90 cm2. ,
2
, ,
1
.
.

20.

=/3.

// ( ). =
,
6
()=().

21.

60,
.

22. ( A =90)
=3. ()=

( )
.
3

23. B =60 , =45 =10. .


24.
. ()=

( AB )
.
2

25. B =60 , =45 =10.


=3,=4. ,
.
)
)
) ()=6.
67

26.

=6,
. ()=9/2.

27. =70 ,
=20 =40 =30.
) ,
) .
[.: ,

) ()=()-()=].

28. (=)

=6 A = 120 .

)
)
1
= ,
2
.

29. (,R) .

=.
) =
)

) R.

30.

= 30 =2 ()=9.
.

31.

= 60 =12cm, =3cm
. .

32.

24
.

33.

.
=2. ()=3().

34. 14 20,
.

68

35.

=2 3 , B =60 , =450.
, ,.

36. ,
60m, 160 m2 8m.

37.

(//) == 2
. 5
.

38. ,, ,
: 2+2+2=3 3.

39.

.
3
()=()=2
.
8

40.

( = 90 ).
,,.
,,
) (),(),(),
) () .

41.

.
,,
=,=,= . :
) ()=(),
) ()=3().

42.

(//)
. ()2=()() .

43.


(==),
1/3 .

44.

.
=/2 .

69

1
( ),
2
() ( )
)
,
,
( ) ( )
) , ()=().

) () =

45. = 12m , = 10m ,


= 14m 48 6 m2. , ,
, , = 4m , = = 2m = 2m
) () , () , () () ,
(BEZ ) = 1 ,
)
() 2
) ,
) B = 2 73 m.

46.

3 ( 2 + 2 2 )
, = 60 .
4

47.

=2 ,
4= +2-2.
2

) ,
) R .

48.
R =

,,

, R,
2( + + )

49.

2 + 2 = 22 .

a 3
() = 3().
6

50. = 15 . M
.
( A)

()

51. = 6 , = 5 = 4 60

(>0).

) < 90o
)

70

)
( AB ) = 10
)
( ) 9
) R .

52.


4(-)(-)(-)=()2 , .

53. (=) 1.

A =, ()=(1+).

54.
1

+ =2 , =6R=

, R,

55.

=1+ 2 , =2 =

2
4

= 3 R
.

71

11o


-
360
=180

- 2-4
4
1/(2-4)=(2- ) .

360
4
//
=(2- ) 90 = 180

, ,
360
=
=180


.//
-
R :
2


2
() + = R 2
2

() P =

() =

1

2

() 2 + 2 = 2
2


2
+ = R 2
2
() -
P = + ... + =
() -
1
1
1
= () = ( ) = = //
2
2
2

72


R
.

4 = R 2 4 = R

R 4

2
2



360
( , R ). =
= 60 .
6
6 = R
( , R )
R .

3
6 = R 6 = R
2



.

R
3 = R 3 3 =
2


R L = 2R
 S = R

180

=
180

73


R = R2


( , R ) = R2
360

1
= R2
2
To

.

!
,
. !
, ,

rad!

...
1

R =R.

1
:

1= ( ) () =

R 2 60
360

R2 3 R2 R2 3
=

4
6
4

. .
2
:
2=.-1=R2-[

R2
6

R2 3
5 R 2 R 2 3
]=
+
. .
4
6
4

74

2
(,R) =R.
= . =4
=3 , 4 , 3
R.


.=2-R2  2.R.R= 2-R2 
O2=3R2  O= R 3 = 3 .
:
2-R2=2  (R 3 )2-R2=2  =R 2 =4.
3
=R 2
R.
)

) ( )

)
.

1
1
R2 2
) ()= .. = .R. 2.R =
. .
2
2
2

) = 90 = R 2 = 4 . ( ) =

.R 2 .90
360

R2
4

. .

) 1 2 .

1+2= ( ) - ()=

R2
4

R2 2 R2
=
( 2 2) . .
2
4

4
=2
, =2.
.

(,) .
75

1
1
2
4
= = = = .
2
3
3
3
1
1= - - = 2
2
2
1
2= E 1 = 2 2 = 2 .
3
3

1 1
2 2

+
= .
2 2 2 2
3
E1 2
= = 2.
E2 1

5

(,R). (,R)
=4-3 3 . ,
=2 3 R=2.

=3= R 3 .
a2 3
3 3 2
3 3 2
=-()= R2= R2
R =
R .
4
4
4

3 3 2
=4-3 3 ,
R = 4-3 3 => R=2 =2 3 .
4

6
(,R) =R 2 , = R 3 ,
==R. .

: =R 2 =4 1 = 4 = 90.

= R 3 =3 2 = 3 = 120.

==R= 6 3 = O 4 = 6 = 60.

, 5 = 360 1 2 3 4 = 30 .
1
,,, = .R. R. .
2

.
, ( ) =

1 2
R2
1
R2 3
R 90 =
, () = R 2120 =
,
2
2
2
4
76

()=()=

1 2
R2 3
1
R2
R 60 =
, ()= R 2 30 =
.
2
4
2
4

, ()= ()+()+()+()+()=

R2 R2 3
+
+
2
4

2R2 3
R 2 3(1 + 3) R 2
+
=
. .
4
4
4

7
=2 , = 3 =1.

, .
)

)
.

) 2=4 2+2=4 , .
( )

=
, = 30 = 60.
2

1
1
3
()= .. = .1. 3 =
. .
2
2
2
3
( )
3
3 1
: ()=.  =
= 2 =
=
.

2
3+ 3 3+ 3
2

) . = ( ) 1 = 2 = 30.
: 30=

=
=
= 3.

3
3

, = 60 = = 90. = 120.
:
. .120
L= l + 2 =
+ 2 3. :

180

1
2120
2
=2()- ( ) = 2. ..
=

.
3.

. .
2
360
3

77

8
R,3R .
,
R.

2.
1 ,
. =1 ,
= 3R- R =2R.
12 :

1 = 1 2 2 2 2 = (4 R) 2 (2 R) 2 = 2 R 3.
= 2 R 3.

1
, 1 2 = 30 , 12 2= O1O2 .
2

AB = 90O + 30O = 120O , A = 60O. , l =

L= l + l + =

.R.120
180

2. .R
.3R.60
,l =
= R.

3
180

2. .R
+ R + 2 R 3. .
3

A = 90 =4 = 60 .

.
.

= 60 => B = 30 =

B
= 2 (
2

30 ).

A1 = 60 , = 120 =2.

, = ()

.22.30 3 3
1

=
B

.
A

120

=
.

360
3

78

: 2=2-2=12 => =2 3
=-=2 3 -2.
++ l = 2+(2 3 -2)+

.2.30

180

=2 3+

10
(,6) .
) -
) -
)
- .

) >90

360

> 90 < 4, =3.

)
3=R 3 3=6 3 , 3=

R
= 3.
2

) ==. =+
3
=> R=3+2 => 6=3+2 => = .
2
2

3 9
(,). = =. =
. .
4
2
2

11

A = 90 ==8.

.
.

2=2+2 => = 8 2.
=

8 2
=
= 4 2.
2
2


79

1
. 2 .90
, =()- ( )= .. A
= 32 8 . .
2
360

12
(,)
=2. (,)
(,).

OA
=
A1 = 30 , 1 = 60 = 3 .
2

,

=1+2= (O ) () + ( ) ( ) =
= 2

120 1 2
120 + 3

360 2

60 1 2
5

3 60 =
3 2 . .

360 2
6

13

= 90 , = 60 =4cm.
.
.

AM , MN .

=4 , =2 =2 3. ( = 60 = 30 =
l

AM

4
= 2)
2

60o 2
30o
= .2.
=
, l = .2.
= =2 3 2.
180o
3 M
180o 3


L=

2
+ + 2 3 2 = + 2( 3 1) ,
3 3

=()- ( ) ( ) = 2 3

2
= 2 3 . .
3 3

80

14
R.
R
.
.

=R,
(,R).
L= l + l + .

, R.

1 = 1 = 600 2 = 300.
, l + l + =

.R.60

180

.R.30

180

+R = R+

R
2

( + 2) R
.
2

E= ( ) E
=
=

.R 2 .30o
360

R2
12

[( ) ( )] =

R2
6

.R 2 .30o
360

.R 2 .60o
360

1
.. 60 ] =
2

R2 3
R 2 (3 3 )
]=
. .
4
12


1)
2) , ,
3) , , .

4) , .
5)
,
6) ,

81

7)
360
=
2

8) ,
.
9) ,
.
10) ,
.
11) ,
12)

13) ,
,

14) ,

15) . .
16) -
.
17) .
18)

.
19)

20) . .
21) 42=4R2-2 , R
-. . .
82

22) . . .
23) 1 . . .
24)

, R,

R 2
, :
2

. R 2 2
25)

. R 2

. 2R

. 2R 2

, R ,
R 3 , :

. R
26)

R
3

R
2

R 3
2

. 3R

, R ,
R 3
, :
2

R 2
2

27)

. 2R

. R 2

. R

R
2

, , :
.
.
.

28)

.
.

, R ,
60 , ( R ) :

29)

R
2

. R 3

. 2R

. R 2

. R

. 180 +

360

. 180

360

. 360

180

. 360 +

180

360

30) ,
1
1
1
1
.
.
.
. 2
2
2
2
2
1
.
2

83

31)

6 , R, :
R 3
2

32)

. R 2

. R

R
2

R
3

4 , R, :

33)

R 2
2

. R


R 3
2

. R 2

. R2 2

R 2
3

3 , R, :
. R

. R 3

1
R
2

R 3
.
3

34) (,R)
.2R

.R2

.2R

.22

.2.

35)
.30 .45

.60

.90

.120

36) 3 R
1
. R 3
2

1
R 3
3

R
2

. R 3

1
R 3.
4

37) 4 R
1
. R 2
2

1
R 2
3

. R 2

. R 3

1
R 2
4

38) (,R)
R
,
2
.
.
.
.
. .

84

39) , , :
.
.
.
.
. .
40)

, :
.
.
41)

.
.

, :

42)

S , R , :
.

43)

2 R
180

R
360

R
180

R 2
360

. 45

. 60

. 90

. 120

. 45

. 60

. 108

. 120

, 108 , :
.
.

46)

R 2
180

, :
. 30

45)

, , :
. 30

44)

.
.

R , 24
:
.
.

.
. 15

85

47)
.

, :
R
180

R 2
360

R 2
180

R
180

R2
.
360

48) :
.4R2
. 2R2
. R2
. R2
. 2(-1) R2
49)

, :
.
.
.
.
.

50) (,R)
R
, ..
2
..
51) (,R)
R 3

, ..
2
..
52) (,R)
R 2

, ..
2
..
53) (,R)
R, ..
..
54)

86


,
R

1. 4R 2
3R 2 3
4
3 2
3.
R 3
2
4. 2R 2
5. 3R 2 3

2.

.
.

55) :
R

30
20

2 3

15 2
7

3
56) :
R

16
3

8
9
5

9
5

60
150

2 5

2
12

300

87

57)

58)

59)

60)

88

61)
.

62)

63)

89

64) R.
S.


1.

-
.

2.

8.

3.


)
3cm 4cm,
)
.

4.

R = 3 cm, .
:)

) .

5.

R ,
16 ; .

6.

(,R)
80 cm. :

) R
) =
.

7.

(,R).
= 12 cm, :)
) .

8.

, R 8 cm 4 3 .
:
)
)
) .
90

9.

=2 =.

. .

10.

R.
.
)
, ,
12-
)
12- R.

11.

- 10.

- 75. :
) -,
) -,
) -.

12.

R
, R
.

13.

- 12 , 1 A3 A1 A2

A A1 =135 , =10.

14.

=3 =6.
. (. 1 )

15.

12

R.
)
R ,
)
.

16.

(,R) =3 =6
.
,, .

17.

(,R) .
(,) , .
R2.

91

18.

(,R) =2R. ,
, .
^

).

19.

(,R)
. = 4 = 6, () =2().

20. R ,
,
.
)
R
) , =
2+ 6
2

) = R 2 +

21.

3
2
^

R.
.

22. (,R).
, : (HAB) =

1
(ABGDEZ)
42

23.

, ==R. R
,
.

24.

(,R) =60, =120 ,=120 .


.
)
,
)
, R,
)

.

25.

, .
, .

.

26.

(,R) -
E 3
- ,
= .
E 4
=6.

92

27.

(,R) ,, =3 =6.
, :
)
,
)
R,
)
.

28.

(,R) =3.
AB =2 =5, :
)
R,
)

.

29.

=1 , =2 = 3. )
. )
, ,
3 1

.
3

30.


(,R)
2

.
3 + 2

31.

= 2 + 2 .

.

32.


.

.
[ ]

33.



, ,

.

34.

) =15cm =25cm.
(
,
,
.
93

35.

4cm
.

36.

=6cm
.
.
1
3
(: 30 0 = 60 0 = , 60 0 = 30 0 =
).
2
2

37.

R R2(3-2 2 ).
(.: )

38.

(,R).
. ,
3R 7
=
.
14

39. (,R)
.
. :
)
) .

[.: ()=R2/2 = R2/2].

40. (,R)
= . = R 7 , :
)
i) = = 3 , 3
(,R),
ii) ,
2
iii)
.
7
(BO ) = 1 ()
)
() 2
)
.

41.

(1,1) , (2,2) (3,3)

, . 1=2= 2 3= 2 2 , :
)
123 ,
)
,
)
.

94



2000
1
1.

,

2 + 2 = 22 +

2
2

2. <
2-2=.
2 .
. :
B1. =8 , =6 =5. :
. 7

. 4

. 10

. 9

. 11

2. =4 , =7 , =5 , .
:
. 4

. 8

8
3

. 5

. 3

2
// , < =4, =3, =5.

. ,
. ,
. .
3
(,R) =15.

95

. R ,
. (,R),
,
. .

4
(,R) . ,
, ,
.
= , . :

. 2 = ,
. = = R 2 2 ,
. 2 + 2 = 2( R 2 + 2 ),
2( R 2 + 2 )
+
=
.
.
R 2 2

2000
1
1. . . 195.

2. 2 2-2=2..
1. 2 + 2 = 22 +

2
2

=8 , =6

=5 =10. .
2. 2 : 2-2=2..,
=4 , =7 , =5 =3. .

96

. , .
( ) ==3.
=4.
. =4, =+=8
=3, : ()=

+
4+8
=
3 = 18 .
2
2

. =8 =3, ()=

8.3
=
= 12
2
2

.
3

. : 3= R 3 R =

3
3

3
3

3R=

15
3 = 5 3.
3

. (,R)=R2  (,R)= 5 3  (,R)=.25.3=75 .

97

. =
==15 ()=

a2 3
.
4

225 3
.
4

.
=75-

225 3
300 225 3
 =
.
4
4

. ,
.
, , (,R) ,
.=.  .=. .=2.
. ( )
, .=R2-2.
, (
) , .=R2-2.
, = = R 2 2 .
. 1
:
2 + 2 = 2 2 +

2
(2) 2
2 + 2 = 2 R 2 +
2 + 2 = 2 R 2 + 2 2 . .
2
2

= , .=R2 2 2 + 2 = 2 R 2 + 2 2

98

:
2( R 2 + 2 )
2 + 2

2 + 2
+
=

+
=

+
1
=


R 2 2

2 2

2
2
1

+1 =
+

+
=
+

1
1
2
2
2
2

2 = = . H 2

.
<><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><>

2001
1
1. ,


2.

= 90

2+2

2
2

.
2-2
.

. = 90 , =1

=3.
1. :
.2

.3 2

99

2. :
.

. 3

. 5 .

2
=6 , =12 =8.
. ,
. ,
. .
3

, z, z = z = 150o .

,,z ,, ,
=2 , =4 , =6.
.
.

()
.
()

4
=2R.
=2R.
.
.
. =2 2R ,
. .=.,
. R,
.
R.

2001
1
1. . 210

100

2. 4
1.

2.
.

2.

. 2=122=144 2+2=62+82=100<144 , > 90 .


. ==6, ==8 , ==12 =.
2 =

2 2 + 2 2 2
2.82 + 2.62 122
, 2 =
= 14 = 14.
4
4

. > 2 2-2=2..
=

2 2 82 62 7
=
= .
2
2.12
6

3
1
1
3
. ()= .. 60 = .6.2.
= 3 3 .
2
2
2

. = = 150 ,
:

(OAB) . 2 1
=
= = .
(OB) . 6 3

101

. ==2R =4R.
2=. => 2=2R.4R => 2=8 R2 => =2 2.R
. ,

+ = 180 ,

.=.
. =

. = 4 R.3R
=
= 3 2.R

2 2.R

. .

2 = 2 2 = 3 3.R ( 4 R ) = 18R 2 16 R 2 = 2 R 2 => =R 2.


2

, .+.=()1
R2 1
R 2 4 R 2 2 R 2 R 2 (4 2 )
.= .
= 4 R.R 2
=
=

2
2
2
2
2
2

.
<><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><>

2002
1
1.
.
2. ;
. (,R) (,R)>0 ,
(,R) (,R).

. : 2<2+2  < 90
1
. = . . .
2

. (,R) =

R2
180

. 1

102

+ = 2 +
2

2
2

. . (,R) 6=R , 6
.
. 6 =

R 3
, 6 .
2

2
,, 22-=
. 2=2+2-,

2
2

. .
3
, (,R)
30. .
, .
:
. =R,
.

()
= 4,
()

. =

2R 3
.
3

4
, 7cm
====3cm.
. ,
.
(,) =1cm,
103

. (,R) ,
( , R )
( , )

2002
1
1. IV .214 .
2.

. .238 . .
2

. 1 + = 2 +
22-=

2
2

2 + 2

2
2

2
2

2 = +

2
2

2
2

2 + 2 = 2 .

. 2=2+2-2.
2=2+2- () : 2=1 => =

1
=> = 60 .
2

( 2=2+2- => 2<2+2 => < 90 ).

104

. = 90 ,

. . B = 30
2 R
=
= R.
=
2
2
. ,
. ,
()
= 2 ,
()

.
, =

2 R
()
=
= 2.
= 22 = 4.
R
()

. A 2=2-2=(2R)2-R2=3R2 => AB= R 3


(1).
,
(1)

2=. R2= R 3 . => =

R2
R 3
=
(2).
3
R 3

= 60 , = 30 => =2.
(2) =

2R 3
.
3

4
.
3cm 4cm,
2=32+42 => =5cm. ()=25cm2.
. ()=

. 4.3
3+ 4+ 5
=
= 6cm2 . ()= . , =
= 6cm.
2
2
2

6=6 => =1cm.


.

( , R )
( , )

5
R= cm
2

=1cm,

R 2 R 5 25
=
=
=
= .
4
2 2

<><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><>

105

2003
1
. (,R).
. (,R)
. 4=R 2 , 4
. a4 =

R 2
, 4 .
2

. ;
.

.
.
. (,R)
(,R)=R2+2
.

.
. ;
2
==1 = 3 . :

. ,
. ,
. =.
3
,, 2+2=32.
,
. ,
. .=

3a 2
.
2

106

4
.
,
1
,, === a
3

.
:
. ,
. ,
. .

2003
1
. 11.3 . 238
.

. . 233 .
2
.
2=2+2-2.. => =

A =

1
2
=> =
0< A <
2
3

2
.
3

1
1
2
3
=
.
. = . . . = .1.1.
2
2
3
4

. 1 :

2 =

2 2 + 2 2 2 2( 3) 2 + 2.12 12 7
7
=
= =
.
4
4
4
2

107

. 1
2+2=22+

a2
(1)
2

(1) 2+2==32 32=22+


2=

a2
a2
 22=32=>
2
2

5a 2
5
 = a
.
4
2

.
.=.= =

a a a2
= .
22 4

.=(+)=2+

a 2 5a 2 a 2 6a 2 3a 2
=
+
=
=
.
4
4
4
4
2

4
.
1
1 1 2
2 3
3
()= ... = . . 600 =
.
=2
.
2
2 3 3
9 2
18
. ==

a
2a
, ==

3
3

= = 600. .

: ,, .
:
()=()-3()=

a2 3
a2 3 a2 3 a2 3 a2 3
3
=

=
.
4
18
4
6
12

108

. R
3=R 3 . 3=
=R 3  R =

3
3

3
3 2 2
=
=
.
=
9
3
3
<><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><>

2004
1
.
.
. .

R2

360
+
=
.
2
1
= . .
2
=

. ;
. 2+2+2-2.
. - R
2+

2
2

= R2 .

. ,

.

109

.

.
2
123 (,R).
=150, :
. ,
. ,
. R.
3
=2, =1+ 2
()=

2
4

. = 3 ,
. R ,
. .
4

( = 90 ) =R = R 3 .
(, R) (, R 3 ).

:
. R,

110

. , ,
. R,
. R.

2004
1
. . 213 1
. 3

. = 180

360

150 = 180

360

= 12 ,

.
. 12 =

360
= 30 .
12

. 12-
1
1

12 = 12. 1 2 = 12. .1. 212 = 6 R 2 = 3R 2 .


2
2

1
2 1
2
. ()= . . .
= . . . =
= 45 .
2
4
2
2

:
2=2+2-2= (1 + 2) 2 + 2 2 2(1 + 2).2.
. ()=

4R

R=

4( )

2
= ... = 3 = 3.
2

3.(1 + 2).2
3
6
=
=
.
2
(1 + 2).2 2
2
4.
4

.
:

111

2 = 2 + 2 2. (1 + 2) 2 = 22 + 3 2 3
=

4 2 2 2(2 2) (2 2) 3
=
=
.
3
2 3
2 3

4
. :
2=2+2=R2+(R 3 )2=4R2 => B=2R.

. =

= 30 , = 60.
. ,
()=2()=2

.
= R.R 3 = R 2 3 .
2

. () = 120 = 60 ,
:

R 3 60O
R 2120O 1 2

= ( ) + ( ) =
R 120 +

360O
2
360O

5 6 3 R 2
2
R 2 R 2 3 R 2 3R 2 3 5 R 2
1

2
R 3 60 = =

=
R 3 =
2
3
4
2
4
2
6
.

<><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><>

112

113