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Reference
Manual
Copyright
1993 Lucasfilm Ltd. All rightsreserved.
.
Software License Agreement
Thissoftwaremaynotbe copied,inwholeorpart, withoutthe written
consentofLucasfilm, exceptin thenormaluseofthesoftware,orto makea
backupcopyofthesoftware. Copyrightnoticesmustbeattached toany
permittedcopies,aswereattached to theoriginal. Thisexceptiondoes not
allowcopies to be madefor others,whethersold,loaned,orgiven.
Trademarks
THX is aregistered trademarkofLucasfilm,LTD.
R2 is trademarkofLucasfilm, LTD.
IBM is a registered trademarkofInternational Business Machines
Corporation. MS-DOS is a registered trademarkofMicrosoftCorporation.
HardwaredesignedbyGaryKephart,TomlinsonHolman& TimHolmes.
Softwareengineeredby DonaldSwearingen
Writtenby Marcod'Ambrosio,TomlinsonHolman,TimHolmes,andFionaPeersArtiaga.
'\
RegistrationCard
Please lake a few minutes 10 fall out this regislIalion carel. It wiIJ provide us with helpful infonnation so that we can
inform you of software updates or product seminars. (Please print or type)
I I I
Fimname
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LUiname
. I
b.k I I I
ynllM
I
iddreu ifIlonnadon
I .".,.----I
1 --., rL,--: lJueJte nlm6YY)' ....... ______
Ptoduct Survey
1. Do you own an Ivie PC.40 Audio Spectrum a Yes a No
Have you ever attended a nIX Audio Selllinar'l a Yes a No
,. Are you interested in attended a nIX Audio Seminar for the R2'1 a Yes Q No
..t. Are you interested in receiving any of the following infonnation: .
a nIX Approved Equipment List a nIX Certified Theatte List a THX Newsletter
Veneral Comments:
~ ~ ~
THXDIVISION
P.O. BOX2009
SanRafael,CA 94912
U.S.A
Attn: PatrickArtiaga
~ ~
Table of Contents
: .
"
Preface............................................................................................................................ .i v
About This Manual.........................................................................................i v
Audience............................................................................................................i v
Introduction.................................................................................................................. 1
Theory................................................................................................................ 1
EquipmentRequirements.............................................................................. 2
PowerRequirements....................................................................................... 2
Compatibility................, .................................................................................... 3
R2 Analyzer Operation Overview.....................: ..................................................... 4
Functions........................................................................................................... 4
Main Menu................................................................................................................... 5
Fl Real-Time Frequency Response.......................................................................... 7
Fl RT/Av Menu Choices...............................................................................10
Fl RT/Av ScreenLayout................................................................................13
F2 Background Noise..................................................................................................15
F2 NC MenuChoices......................................................................................17
F2 NC ScreenLayout.......................................................................................18
F3 Reverberation Time Measurements..................................................................19
F3 RT-60 MenuChoices..................................................................................21
F3 RT-60 Screen Layout.....................................................................: ............23
F9 Configuration..........................................................................................................24
F9ConfgMenuChoices..................................................................................26
UsingtheR2 Analyzer................................................................................................27
Software Installation.......................................................................................27
Set Up.................................................................................................................27
Placement of Microphones............................................................................30
Tuning.................................................................................................................30
Taking Measurements....................................................................................31
Index........................................................................... ....................................................A
R2 Reference Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 iii
Preface
ABOUT THIS MANUAL
This manual accompanies the THX R2 Spectrum Analyzer software and
hardware. It is divided into four parts.
The Preface provides information about the intent and
organization of the manual.
The Introduction is an overview of the THX R2 Spectrum
Analyzer.
The Operation Overview provides information about each of
the menus, sub-menus and options.
The section on Using the R2 Analyzer explains how to use the
Analyzer and what information is presented to assist you in
analyzing the results of the measurements.
~ U D I E N E
This manual is meant for use by theater sound technicians who are familiar
with standard industry terminology. Basic understanding of real time
acoustic measurements is assumed.
R2 RefereIlce Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 iv
Introduction
THEORY
The THX R2 Analyzer is a classical Real-Time analyzer with some important
new additions to sound technology that improve both the accuracy of
acoustical and electrical measurements and also the ease with which these
measurements can be taken. The R2 has the ability to measure frequency
response curves acoustically or electronically, acoustic backgrQund noise
level, and reverberation. The measurements are displayed on calibrated
screens which show simultaneously the noise criteria curves, reverberation
vs. frequency required curves, or the like. This development alone reduces
the amount of data manipulation which must be done, since in the past an
instrument was used to make a measurement, and then the measurements
had to be plotted on special graph paper to see how they compared with
specific criteria. In the R2 Analyzer, this work is automatic as the screen
displays bolll the results of measurements and the appropriate criteria curve
simultaneously.
Today, there are many approaches offered for acoustical measurement.
While the classical real-time analyzer seems like one of the oldest techniques
around, by improving on the method rather than discarding it for newer
developments, gains are seen in accuracy. This is because most of the newer
methods are at heart based on FFT analysis which has several problems that
are hard to surmount. The FFT, for instance, work fundamentally on a linear
frequency scale, dividing the spectrum up in equal amounts of Hertz, such as
0-100, through 19,900-20,000 at 100 intervals. The problem with the results
then is that at low frequencies there is not much frequency resolution, while
at high frequencies there is more frequency resolution than is useful. And it
is just at the low frequencies where the most resolution is needed in many
room acoustical tasks. A 1/3-octave-band real time analyzer, on the other
hand, has constant resolution on a iogaritllmic frequency scale, automatically.
The new improvements to performance accuracy come out of using
microphone multiplexing for spatial averaging and from using a computer to
calculate the long-term temporal average. While fat capacitors hung on
detectors of inexpensive analyzers slow the display down from the jittery type
commonly seen, the best approach to the problem of the random nature of
the pink noise source used is to calculate the average correctly over many
seconds.: In this way, high accuracy is achieved. The spatial average is good
enough with four microphones that picking up the microphone array and
setting itl down in a different group of seats in a cinema will usually result in
less than\a 1 dB change in each 1/3-octave-band, so the results are reliable
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R2 Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993
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from day-to-dayandyear-to-year inelectro-acoustic tuning. Itshouldbe
pointedout,however,thata parallelfilter band real-timeanalyzer is blind to
oneimportanteffect, which mustbe designed into thesoundsystem under
test, and thatis itis timeblind. Thus,itmustbecombinedwith other
techniques for originalsystemdesign; the technique is perfectly fine in the
day-to-daysetupofsoundsystemsofknown(orrecttimecharacteristicssuch
as the THX Sound System.
TheR2 Analyzerusesabankof1/3-octave-bandswitchedcapacitorfilters.
This technologyis extremelystable,notsubjecttochangewith timeas are
someanalog implementations. The filters meet ANSI and ISO standardsfor
acoustical measurements. Thebankoffilters is followed by31 logarithmic
integrated circuitrms detectors which ensurehigh accuracyofmeasurements.
Thirtydetectors are usedfor the filters centeredon theISO standardcenter
frequencies from 25 Hzto 20 kHz. Anadditionaldetector is used for overall
SPL orvoltage requirements.
.EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS
The R2 SpectrumAnalyzer requires an IBM compatible computerwith:
640 k RAM
one 3.5" highdensity floppy drive
oneserial port
graphicsadapterfor aeGA,EGA, VGA, orPlasmascreen
one parallelport,ifprintingis required
The THX R2 Acoustical MeasurementSystem includes:
1 THX R2 SpectrumAnalyzersoftwarepackage
1 R2 Spectrum Analyzer unit
1 R2 MultiPlexer Unit (microphone MultiPlexer)
4 Microphones and stands
1 Analyzer to MultiPlexer interconnect cable
1 Powercord for the R2 Analyzer
AnRS-232 cable,andcarryingcasemaybeoptionallyincluded.
POWER REQUmEMENTS
The R2 Analyzermaybe runfrom a varietyofpowerline voltages.
Instr,uctions onchanging theAnalyzer to acceptdifferentvoltages are
included in this ManuaL
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COMPATIBILITY
The R2 software has been tested under Windows 3.1 and will work as a full
program. Make sure that any T5Rs or other memory resident
programs are loaded after Windows, or loaded into high memory in order to
maximize the low, 005 memory available to the R2 program. The software
will run on 05-2 systems as a DOS application.
The software is not currently compatible with soft-PC or other DOS
emulation software on the Macintosh platform. Testing is presently
underway to test compatibility with Windows NT.
Compatibility with disk compression utilities is currently underway. Use of
these utili ties is not currently recommended.
R2 Referjence Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 3
R2 Analyzer Operation Overview
FUNCTIONS
The R2 software is a menu-driven system that allows you to choose different
operations by using the function keys at the top of your keyboard. The Main
Menu branches into four main areas: Real Time Frequency Response (F 1),
Background Noise (F2), Reverberation Time Measurements (F3), and
Configuration (F9). The Help Key (F 1D) is available at all levels of the
system.
Each of the four main areas includes sub-menus that allow you to further
define the parameters of your measurements. Each of these sub-menus is
described in detail under the appropriate choice from the Main Menu.
To return to a menu at a higher level, press 'esc' to step back up through the
menus, until you reach the desired one. If you press 'esc' at the Main Menu, a
prompt will ask if you would like to return to DOS.
Certain menus also repeat within different test programs. There are 21 unique
menus, handling 38 applications. The most commonly repeated menus are
the Real Time test program menus. .
R2 Reference Manual
;
Revision 1.0 August 1993 4
Main Menu
The opening screen displays the R2 logo in the center of the screen - an easy
reference to the main menu status. The main menu screen will display, from
left to right;
THX R2 Spectrum Analyzer logo
today's date
the current time
current menu title
Function key headings are displayed along the lower edge of the screen. The
menu title and function key headings change as you enter different menus
screens.
All lower-level menu screens display the same information as the main
menu, plus the graphic window to the left, and the status windows to the
right of the screen.
THX R2 Spectrum Analyzer 111/93 11 :38 MAIN
Acoustical Measurement System
R2 Reference Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 5
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Tpe Main Menu and the primary are illustrated below:
.R2 MainMenu

'v
,

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F1 RtlAv F2NC F3 RT60
IF1 Inputl
IF2 SPL I
IF3 Disp I
IF4 TimeI
IF1
InputI
F4 20s
F5 Free F5 Freez
F6 Peak F6 Peak
F7 Pink F7 Pink F7 Pink
Fa Go Fa Go Fa Go
IF9 LoadI IF9 LoadI IF9 LoadI
F10 Help F10Help F10 Help
F9Confg F10Help
F2 Reprt
F3 Mic+.
F4 Drive
F6 pGain
F7 Prntr
Fa sNums
F10Help
1...--:--_..... 1 =Menu
R2 :ij.eference Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993
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F1 Real-Time Frequency Response
The Real-Time Frequency Response Menu allows you to define the input,
SPL, display and time parameters for your measurements. The sub-menu
structure for F 1 RT/ Av is illustrated on the following pages.
This section includes:
an illustration of the sub-menu structure
a brief explanation of the functions and sub-menu choices
an explanation of the screen layout
R2 ~ f e r e n c e Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 7
:;d
N
R2 MainMenu
-:;d,
I'D
nr
(tl
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F1 Mic1 F2Mic2 FSMic3 F4Mfc4 F5 PlEX F6 Linel F7Line2 Fa MUX F9SUM FlOHelp
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FlOHelp
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F1 X
F2 Flat
FlOHelp
C I=Menu
- - ----

R2 MainMenu
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....
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F4Time r t Y t t f ,
F460s F5 Free
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F9 LoadI
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F4Wtg .F5Off F6Refup F7Refdn FaPrint F9Save F10Help

\0
F1 RT/Av Menu Choices
A brief explanation for each of the function keys and sub-menus included in
the f1 Real Timel Averaging choice off of the Main Menu is included in the
following table:
Fl Mic1
F2 Mic2
F3
f4
F5 Plex
F6 line1
F1
Line2 .
.F8 MUX
Fl .Weighting
Fl A
F2 CWtg.
F3 Flat
F10
F2
F1
F2
FlO
F3 Units
Fl SPL
F2 ACV
Defines input devices. This function has the following
sub-menu choices:
Switches Microphone 1on/off.
Switches Microphone 20n/off.
Switches Microphone 30n/off.
Switches Microphone4 on/off.
Multiplexes defined microphones.
nesLine 1asaninputdevice,iftheR2 microphonesarenot
d.
esline2asaninputdevice,iftheR2 microphonesarenot
Usedforequalization;levelsgainforeachinputdevicewhenLines
1and2areusedas devices.
Adds Lines 1and2together.
ContextSensitive Help.
Defines SPL Measurement Parameters. This function
has the following sub-menu choices:
Adjuststhe spectrumweightingaccordingtothe desired
measurementmethod. Thissub-menuhasthefollowingchoices:
DefinesAwe forthismeasurement.
DefinesCweightingforthismeasurement.
Definesflatweightingforthismeasurement.
Context sensitive help.
sforthe SPlwindow.ThisSUb-menu
MeasuresdBSPL.
MeasuresACvolts,
MeasuresdBwith referenceto.775volts
MeasuresoBwith referenceto 1.0volts.
Context sensitive help.
Context sensitive help.
Modifies the screen display. This function has the
following SUb-menu choices:
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R2 Reference Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 10
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fl Octav Toggles the display between 1/1 octave and 1/3 octave
f2 Resp Compares between the current displayed measurement and a
defined file.
fl Fast Fast response time.
f2 Slow Slow response time.
f3 W5 Restarts the averaging window every 5 seconds.
f4 W10 Restarts the averaging window evefY 10 seconds.
f6 W30 Restarts the averaging window every 30 seconds.
f7 W60 Restarts the averaging window every 60 seconds.
flO Help Context sensitive help.
f3 dB/dv Modifies the display resolution. This sUb-menu has the following
choices:
fl 1 1 dB/div
f2 2 2 dB/div
f3 3 3 dB/div
f4 4 4 dB/div
f5 5 5 dB/div
flO Help Context sensitive help.
f4 Wtg Defines display weighting. This sub-menu has the following
choices:
fl AWtg Applies A weighting to this measurement.
i
f2 CWtg Applies C weighting to this measurement.
f3 EWtg Applies E weighting. to this measurement.
f4 Flat Applies flat weighting to this measurement.
flO Help Context sensitive help.
f5 Off Applies an offset to the screen display. This SUb-menu has the
following choices:
fl X ISO 2969 Curve X. Tunes for flat response because the R2
Analyze is boosting high frequencies precisely according to the X
curve.
f2 Flat No offset
flO Help Context sensitive help.
f6 Ref 11
Raises the display reference line. (The display goes down.)
f7 Ref 0.
lowers the display reference line. (The display goes up.)
FlO Help Context sensitive help.
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R2 Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 11
Fl 10 s
F2 20s
F3 30s
F4 60s
F5
Fl Octav
F2 Comp
F3 dB/div
F4
F5 Off
F6 Ref 11
F7 Ref (1.
F8 Print
F9 Save
Defines time for the average. This function has the
following sub-menu choices:
Averages for 10 seconds
Averages for 20 seconds. This time setting is typically used.
Averages for 30 seconds
Averages for 40 seconds
Averages until Fa (stop) is pressed.
Context sensitive
Starts average. to stop.
Loads a previously saved file. This function has the
sub-menu choices:
Toggles the display between 111 octave and 1/3 octave.
Select file to compare displayed file.
Defines d .
Applies an offset to t ~ screen display.
Modifies display. Moves the reference line up.
Modifies display. Moves the reference line down.
OISI[)IA'''An file.
Context sensitive
R2 Reference Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 12
F 1 RT/Av Screen Layout
THX R2 Spectrum Analyzer 1/1/S3 11:38 REAL TIME
85.0
__ W , _ w _. __ _ w___ _
.... -- --- ---
------------
.. -
1
The Real Time screen, entered from F1 on the main menu screen, contains
thefollowing statuswindowsasyouread from top to bottom;
SPL Window. Thiswindow has three parameters:
1. The top parameters identifies the typeofmeasurement
madeintheSPL window.
2. Nextis theSPL weighting. Thevaluedisplayed is selected
in the Real Time SPL sub-menu.
3. Nextis theSPL response time(fastorslow).
Microphone#/Line# Window. This window has two
parameters:
1. Theconstantto theleftofthereadoutreads: "mic#"or
"line#"according to the typeofinputdeviceselected.
2. The readoutto the rightdisplaystheactual microphoneor
line inputselected in the Real Time Inputsub-menu.
R2 Reference Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 13
dB/DIVWindow. This window displays thedB/DIVvalue
selected in the Real Time dB/DIV sub-menu.
DisplayWindow. This windowdisplays theweightingoroffset
curveselected in the Real Time Display Wtg orReal Time
DisplayOffsetsub-menu.
Resp Window. This windowdisplays theresponse time (fast or
slow) selected in the Real Time Display sub-menu. The
function key display toggles to displaytheoppositeofthevalue
chosen for thewindowto allow you to changethewindow
valueatthe touchofa key.
Pink Window. This window displays whether the internal pink
noisegeneratoris onoroff, as selected in theReal Timesub-
menu. F7 toggles this function onoroff.
AverageWindow. This window displays the time in seconds
used for averaging.
Display File Window. This windowdisplays then ~ m ofthe file
currentlydisplayed.
CompareWindow. This windowdisplays thenameofthefile
thatisbeingusedfor comparisonpurposes.
R2 Reference Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 14
F2 Background Noise
The Background Noise Menu allows you to define the input, sound pressure
levels, display and time parameters for the background noise included in
your measurements. The sub-menu structure for F 2 NC is illustrated on the
following page.
This section includes:
an illustration of the sub-menu structure
. a brief explanation of the functions and sub-menu choices
an explanation of the screen layout
R2 Reference Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 15
R2 MainMenu
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F2 NC
PleaseseetheFlRT/Avinformation
IF1 Inputl
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PleaseseetheFl RT/Avinformation
IF2 SPLI
I
Pleaseseethe Fl RT/Avinformation
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F4 20s
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F5 Free
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F6 Peak
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F7 Pink
Fa Go
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IF9 LoadIt
t t t t I
Fl MelhdF2 Micup F3 Max F4 Curvup F5 Curvdn F6 Refup F7 Refdn Fa Print F9 Save FlO Help
F10Help
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1...-__....1
1
=Menu
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R2 Reference Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 16
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Ref IJ.
Print
Save
""""'"""..."
Saves
F2 NC Menu Choices
A brief explanation for each of the function keys and sub-menus included in
the F 2 Background Noise choice off of the Main Menu is included in the
following table:
Seetheexplanationunderf1RT/Avon 7.
Seetheexplanationunderr1RT/Avonpage7.
Seethe underf1RT/Avonpage8.
round noiseover20second intervals.
Seetheexplanationunderf1RT/Avonpage9.
Seetheexplanationunderf I AT/Avon 9.
Seetheexplanationunderf 1AT/Avon page9.
Beginsmeasurementof
Loads a previously saved file.
following SUb-menu
Fl:
Methd
fl NC
f2 PNC
f3 AC
flO Help
F2 MicO
f3
MaxD
f4 Curv(l.
f5 . CurvO
F6 Ref0
noise.
This function has the
choices:
Definesthemethodforcategorizingthemeasurement.Thissub-
menuhasthe choices:
SelectstheNC noisemeasurementcriteria.
SelectsthePNCnoisemeasurementcriteria.
Selectsthe AC noisemeasurementcriteria.
Contextsensitive help.
Stepsthroughall themicrophones.
Displaysmaximum'measurementforallmicrophones,allpositions,
MovestheNCoverlaycurvedown.
MovestheNCoverlaycurveup.
Modifiesdisplay. Movesthereference lineup.
Modifiesdisplay. Movesthereferencelinedown.
file.
file.
Context sensitive help.
ontext sensitive
R2 ReJerence Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993
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F2 NC Screen Layout
THXR2 Spectrum Analyzer 111/93 11:38 BACKGROUND NOISE
85.0
---------------------------
5
20
30
The Background Noise screen contains the sameelements as the Real Time
menuscreen, in the sameorder, with the additionofTime, Curveand
Method windows.
Time Window. This windowshows the test time selected from
the Background Noise sub-menu.
CurveWindow. Thiswindowshows the NC value that the NC
curve represents.
Method Window. This windowshows the background noise
evaluationmethod (Le., NC, PNC, RC) selected from the
Background Noise Method sub-menu.
R2 Reference Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 18
F3 Reverberation Time Measurements
#
The Reverberation Time Measurements Menu allows you to define the
input, sound pressure levels, display and time parameters for the background
noise included in your measurements. The sub-menu structure for F3 RT-60
is illustrated on the following page.
This section includes:
an illustration of the sub-menu structure
a brief explanation of the functions and sub-menu choices
an explanation of the screen layout
R2 e f ~ r e n c e Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 19
R2 Main Menu
F1 Input Please see the F1 RT/Av information
F2 SPL Please see the F1 RT/Av information
F3 Disp Please see the F1 RT/Av information
F1 1 s F2 2 s F3 3 s F4 4 s F5 5 s F6 6 s F7 7 s Fa a s F10 Help
F1 Hit F2 2 Hit F3 3 Hit F4 4 Hit F10 Help
F6 Peak
F7 Pink
Fa Go
F1 Hit up F2 Mic up F3 Avg F4 Oct dn F5 Oct up F6 THX F7 Tab Fa Print F9 Save F10 Help
F10 Help
'--__---'I =Menu
R2 Reference Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 20
F3 RT60 Menu Choices
A brief explanation for each of the function keys and sub-menus included in
the F 3 Reverberation Time Measurements choice off of the Main Menu is
included in the following table:
Seetheexplanation underF1 AT/Avonpage7.
Seetheexplanation underF1AT/Avonpage7.
Seetheexplanation underF1 AT/Avonpage8.
Allows you to estimate the decay time for this
measurement. This sub-menu has the following
choices:
Definesthelongestoctavebanddecaytimeaslessthanone(1)
second.
Fl 15
Definesthelongestoctavebanddecaytimeaslessthan two(2)
seconds.
F2 25
Definesthelongestoctavebanddecaytimeaslessthanthree (3)
seconds.
f3
3s
Definesthelongestoctavebanddecaytimeaslessthanfour(4)
seconds.
F4 4s
Definesthelongestoctavebanddecaytimeaslessthanfive (5)
seconds.
F5 55
Definesthe longestoctavebanddecaytimeaslessthansix(6)
seconds.
F6 65
Definesthelongestoctavebanddecaytimeaslessthanseven (7)
seconds.
F7 78
Fa 85 Definesthelongestoctavebanddecaytimeas lessthaneight(8)
seconds.
Definesthenumberoftimesthatthe pinknoiseis stoppedabruptly
tomeasurethe
ation underF1AT/Avon 9.
9.
H.:IrllnCl measurementofbackground noise.
Loads a previously saved file. This sUb-menu has the
following choices:
Selectswhichhittoview.
F2
F3
F4 Oct (J. .
F5 Octt}
F6 ",;;:n.,<3''';: thereverberationdatabyoctaveband.
F7, n i C l l n l ~ \ C l thereverberationdataintabularform.
R2 ision 1.0 August 1993 21
Prints displayed file.
Saves displayed file .
Context sensitive help.
Context sensitive help.
Fa
.. F9. .
R2 Reference Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 22
F:5 RT -60 Screen Layout
THX R2 Spectrum Analyzer 111/93 11:38 RT60
---------------------------
5
1
3
The RT-60 menu screen also contains the same elements as the Real Time
menu screen, in the same order, with the addition of Hits, Time, Freq. and
RT-60 windows.

Hits Window. This window shows the number of test hits
selected from the RT-60 Hits sub-menu.

Time Window. This window shows the test time values
selected from the RT-60 Time sub-menu in seconds.

Freq. Window. This window displays the octave band selected
from the RT-60 sub-menu.

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RT-60 Window. This window displays the measured
reverberation time value.
R2 Reference Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 23
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F9 Configuration
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The ConfigurationMenu allows you to define the drive, printers and
microphones to be used for this measurement. There is no screen for this
function. The sub-menu structurefor F9 Confgis illustrated on the
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following page.
This section includes:
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an illustration of the sub-menu structure

a briefexplanationofthe functions and sub-menu choices


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anexplanationofthe screen layout


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R2 Riference Manual
Revision 1.0 August 1993 24
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R2 Main Menu
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F9Confg

1---iI...
1--.1...
1--.1...

F2 Reprt
F3 Mic+-
F4 Drive
F6 pGain
F7 Prntr
Fa sNums
1.--0__.-1
1
=Menu
............... F10Help
R2 Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 25
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F9 Confg Menu Choices
A briefexplanationfor eachofthe function keys and sub-menusincluded in
the F9 Configurationchoice offofthe MainMenu is included in the
following table:

input devices if a hardware failure occurs.
Specifies the drive where data is to be stored .
Adjusts the pink noise gain.
Selects the printer.
Displays the serial numbers of the input devices used.
Context sensitive help.
R21 Reference Manual
Revision 1.0 August 1993 26
Using the R2 Analyzer
SOFTWARE INSTALLATION
BeforeinstallingtheR2 software,besureto makeabackupcopyusingthe
following procedure. You willneed theR2 programdisketteand ablank
formatted diskette.
1. Exitto theDOS prompt
2. Insert theR2 programdiskette into driveA
3. Insert the blankdiskette into driveB
4. AttheC:> prompt,typecopy R:*. * 8:
After'completing the backup procedure, remove the blankdiskette from drive
Bandstoreit. Installthe R2 softwareusing.the following procedure:
1. IfyouarenotalreadyattheDOSprompt,exitto theDOSprompt
2. CreateadirectorycalledR2 bytypingmd R2.
3. ChangedirectoriessothatyouareworkingintheR2 directoryby
typingcd R2. TheC:>promptshouldnowdisplayC:R2>
4. Insert the R2 programdisketteintodriveA
5. AttheC:R2> prompttypecopy R:*. c: \R2
Files from theR2 programdiskettewillbecopiedintothe R2 directoryonthe
C drive. WhentheC:R2> promptdisplays, thecopyingprocessis complete.
SET UP
TheR2 Analyzermayberunfrom avarietyofvoltages. ,Be sureto verify that
yourunitis adjusted for thepropervoltagebyfollowing theprocedurebelow:
1. Remove the line cord from the powermodulein the rearofthe R2
Ana'yzer ,
2. Pull buttheblackpanel
. I
3. O V ~ thewhite pointerto the appropriateposition
I
\
,.,,.,.
R2 Reference Manual Revision 1.0
I
August 1993
4. Replace theblackpanel
5. Attachthe line cord from the powermodulein the rearofthe R2
Analyzer.
Afterverifying thattheR2 Analyzeris set'to the correctvoltage,setuptheR2
Unitusing the graphics on the following pages:
iEMultiPlexer
DDDD
-, R2 MultiplexerUnitFrontPanel
PinkNol Mlc2 Mlc4
o
o o
R2 MultiplexerUnitRearPanel
{'1 ~
lineInputs
:J?
SpectrumAnalyzer Cl
I
@'1 f@
, Un.Outputs
R2AnalyzerUnitFrontPanel
Sellal expansion Tilt p,.. Even! MUll-
Pol1
Pori Signal amp Aelay AucIo ""-e
CJ c=J <:> <:> <:> <:> C'-_--I}
Out Out ..........J PoI1
R2AnalyzerU nitRearPanel
R2 eference Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 28
1. Connectthe computerand theSpectrumAnalyzer by attachingan
RS-232 cableto theCOM1 portonthebackofthecomputerand to
the connection marked "Serial Port" on the back of the Spectrum
Analyzer. Use a "straight through" monitor type cable, not anull
modem cable.
Note: The computermustuse the COM1 connection. Some older
machinesorlaptopswill requirethe useofabatchfile to direct
thecomputerto therightport. If youneedto modifythebatch
file, enterthefollowing in the batchfile:
Line #
1 Mode com 1 :=96,e, 7,1
2 cd/r2
3 gothH <adapter>
2. ConnecttheMultiplexer and the SpectrumAnalyzerbyattaching
the multiplex cable to the circular connector marked "Multiplexer"
onthe backoftheSpectrumAnalyzerand to thecircularconnector
marked "Analyzer" onthe backofthe Multiplexerunit.
3. Connect themicrophones to connections marked "MIC 1" tht:ough
"MIC 4" onthe backofthe Multiplexerunit.
Note: If non-standard microphones areused, connect to "Line 1" and
"Line 2" onthefront ofthe SpectrumAnalyzer unit via a
microphone pre-amplifier. Gaincalibration mustbedoneby
adjusting thepreamp gain whenusingnon-standard
microphones.
4. StarttheprogrambytypinggothH <adapter>(insertthe
appropriatevalue: CGA, EGA, VGA orplasmaf<;>r <adapter.
Note: If you are runningWindowswith resolutions other than
VGA, disable thescreensaverorotherTSRs as the R2 screen
maynotberestoredcorrectlyandyou mayhavetoexitthe
programandreboottorestoreacorrectscreendriver.
The programwill thenconnect, calibrate, andinitialize..Thisprocesswill
take from onetotwominutes, dependinguponthe processingspeedofthe
computer.
Note: Toforce theprogramintoofflinemode, type gothH
: <adapter>o.
R2 Reference ranual Revision 1.0 August 1993 29
PLACEMENT OF MICROPHONES
The microphones are pressure response calibrated. For accurate
IJleasurements, they should be mounted in their holders so that the
diaphragm is at a 90 degree angle to the sound. In most motion picture
theaters, the microphones should therefore face the ceiling.
Place the microphones in a diamond shaped array covering approximately
the center part of the auditorium, see the illustration below. Avoid placing
the microphones near the walls. This placement will provide spatial
averaging to create a more consistent tuning throughout the room.
TUNING
Supplement to follow.
R2 iReference Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 30
TAKING MEASUREMENTS
The following procedures document the recommended method for Real
Time Testing,Averaging,Background Noise Testing, and RT-60 Testing.
Configurationsteps are also providedfor reference.
REAL TIME TESTING
The Real Time testingprogramis activated usingthefollowing procedure:
1. Press the F 1 Real Timefunction key on the MainMenu.
2. SelectadatainputsourcebypressingtheF 1 Inputfunction key and
selecting aninputsource from theReal Time Inputs sub-menu.
Note: If the sourceis linelevel (Le. Line#1, Line#2, MUX, orSUM)
select the properline level value from the Real Time Input
Units sub-menuthatappearswhena linesource is selected..
3. Select a weightingcurve (normallyflat) andresponse integration
time(normallyslow) for thedatainputbypressingtheF2 S:PL
function key onthe Real Time menu and choosing a value from
the Real Time SPL menu.
4. Configurethegraphicwindowandstatuswindowparametersby
pressingthe F 3 Dispfunction key onthe Real Time menu, and
choosing the following graphicscreen parametersfrom the Real
Time Display sub-menu.
5. Selecta1/3orfulloctavebanddisplaybytogglingthe F1Octav
function key.
6. Selectafastorslowgraphicwindowresponse timebytogglingthe
F2 Fast/Slowfunctionkey.
7. Selectthedecibels perreference linedivisionbypressingthe
F3 dB/divfunction keyonthe Real Time Oisplaymenuand
choosing a decibel value from the Real Time InputUnits menu.
8. Selectthedesiredweightingcurvebypressingthe F 4 Wtgfunction
keyonthe Real Time Displaymenuandchoosinga weighting
value from the Real Time DisplayWtgmenu.
R2 Reference Manual Revision 1.0 August ~ 9 9
i
31
9. SelectthedesiredoffsetcurvebypressingtheF5 Offfunction key
on theReal Time Display menuandchoosingan offset value from
the Real Time Display Wtg menu.
10. Scrollthedata.curveupordownin5dB incrementsbypressing
theF6 RefUp orF7 RefDn function keys.
11. Return to the Real Time menu.
12. Toggletheinternalpinknoisegeneratoronandoffbypressingthe
F7 Pinkfunction key.
13. Freeze thedatacurve,andenterthesavemode,bypressingthe F8
Freez function key. Adjustmentsto theoctave, dB perdivision,
weightingandoffsetvaluesmayalsobemadeatthistime.
. .
14. To savethedata,presstheF8 function keyagain, whichwillnow
read "Save",andenterthefile name. Datamayalsobeprintedat
this time,bypressingthe F9 function keyontheRealTimeView.
menuwhich will nowread "Print".
15. Toloadstoreddatafiles, pressthe F9 Loadfunction keyintheReal
Time Displaymenuandselectthedesiredfile. Once~ file is
loaded,itmaybeprintedbypressingtheF9 functionkey, which
will read "Print" inthe Real Time View menu.
AVERAGING
The Averagetestingprogramis activated usingthefollowing procedure:
1. PresstheF 1 Rt/Av function key onthe MainMenu.
2. Select the inputsourcesandvalues,SPLvalues,anddisplay
parametersasdescribed inthe RealTime testingprocedure.
3. Select anAveragingt s ~ timebypressingtheF 4 Timefunction key
ontheAverage m n ~ andchoosing thedesired test time.
Note: The Windowoptionis a uniquefeature in theTHX R2
SpectrumAnalyzer that allows quickrefreshmentofan
averaging graphicwindow,eliminating theneed for manual
restartsoftheaverage.
I 4. Toggletheinternalpinknoise generatoronoroffbypressingthe
F7 Pinkfunction key.
R2 eference Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 32
5. PresstheFa Go function key tobegintesting. Thetestingwill
automaticallystopaftertheselectedtesttimehaselapsed. If aIfree
l
testtime is selected,theusermustmanuallystopthetestby
pressingthe Fa function key again,whichwill read "Stopll.
6. Tosavethedata,presstheFa function key, whichwillnow read
"Save
ll
,andenterafile name. Thedatamayalsobeprinted atthis
time,bypressing theF9 function keyontheAverageView menu
whichwill read "Print".
7. To loadstoreddatafiles, presstheF9 Load function key intheReal
TimeDisplaymenuandselectingthe desiredfile. Oncethefile is
loaded,it maybeprintedbypressingtheF9 function key, which
will read "Print
ll
in theAverageView menu.
BACKGROUND NOISE TESTING
TheBackground Noise testingprogramis activated usingthefollowing
procedure:
1. PresstheF2 NC function keyontheMainMenu. Selectinginput
sourcesandvalues,andpinknoisestatus,asdescribed intheReal
Time testing procedure.
2. SelectaBackgroundNoisetesttimebypressingeithertheF 2 20s
function keyfor a twentysecond test.time,orthe F3 Freefunction
key for amanualstart/stoptesttime.
3. PresstheFa Go functionkeytobegintesting. Thetestingwill
automaticallystopaftertheselected testtimehaselapsed.
Note: If a'free' testtimeis selected,theusermustmanuallystopthe
testbypressingtheFafunctionkeyagai,n, whichwill read
"Stop".
4. To savethedata,presstheFa functionkeyagain,whichwill now
read "Save",andenterthe file name. Adjustments-to the
Background Noise View and BackgroundNoise Method sub
menusmayb,e madeat thistime. .
5. ; Pressthe F1 Mic Upfunction key toadvanceto datainputfrom the
! next microphone.
I
6.1 To display theoverallhighestlevelofbackground
I (maximum level peroctaveofeachofthemicrophones) press the
IF
2
MAX function key. .
R2 Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993- 33
1
7. Scroll the referencecurvein thegraphicwindowupordownusing I
theF:5 RefUporF4 RefDn function keys. .
8. Scroll thedatacurveinthegraphicwindowupordownin5dB 'I
incrementsbypressingthe F5 CurvUporF6 CurvDnfunction
keys. '
I
9. Selectthemethodofbackgroundnoise testingbypressingthe F7
Methd function key onthe Background Noise View sub-menu and
selecting thepreferred method.
I
10. Oncethetestdatais inthedesiredformat, itmaybesavedor
printedbypressingthe FB SaveorF9 Print function keysonthe
I
Background Noise View sub-menu.
I
11. To lpadstoreddatafiles, presstheF9 Load function key intheReal
TimeDisplaymenuandselectthedesiredfile. Oncethefile is
loaded,itmaybeprintedbypressingtheF9 functionkey,which
I
will read "Print" in the Real Time View menu.
I
RT -60 TESTING
The RT-60 testingprogramis activated using the following procedure:
I
1. Press the F:5 RT-60 function keyonthe MainMenu.
I
2. Selectthe inputsourcesand values,pinknoise, andstarting,
stopping,savingandloadingtests, as documented in theReal-
Time Testing procedure. I
3. SelectthenumberoftesthitsbypressingtheF2 Hitsfunction key
andselectingthenumberoftesthitsd e s ~ r e d "Hits"inthiscase is 1
.defined as aburstsofpinknoise.
4. Selectthetimedurationofthe testhitsbypressingthe F3 Time
I
function keyandselectirig thedesired lengthofthetesthits.
THX Certification Teat 'Program
\
:Thisprogramrequiresspecialsoftwarefrom LucasFilm1HXandis
avail+ble onlyto THX trained technicians. . .
,
I
R2 'Reference Manual Revision 1.0 August 1993 34
i
Configuration
To configure test reportsand microphoneusage usethe following procedure:
"
1. Press the F 9 Config key ontheMainMenu.
2. To enterthetechnician and room namestobesaved and printed in
thetestreports,presstheF2 Reprtfunction key andenterthedata
attheprompts.
3. To configuremicrophone usage, press the F3 Mics.functionkey.
Revision 1.0 August ,
INO.EX
Window 14
32....
Backgrpund NoiseTesting33
Compa,re Window 14
Compatibility3
Cqnfiguration 35
Curve.Window 18
dB/OWwiAdow 14
Oispl,yFile'Window14
Oispl,yWindow 14
Equip.ment Requirements 2
Fl. Eeal-Time Frequency Response 7
Fl RT/ Av Menu Choices 10
FlRl/AvScreenLayout13
L" 1
F2 B"ckground Noise 15
F2 N<t MenuChoices17
F2 NCScreenLayout18 .
F3 Reverberation Time Measurements 19
F3 RT-60 MenuChoices21 .
F3 Rl'-'60 Layout23
MenuChoices26
F9 Cgofiguration24
Window23
Functions 4
HitsWindow23
...
Main Menu 5
Method Window 18
Microphone /Line# Window
Overview 4
PinkWindow 14
icrophones30
PCffl.e!.Req':1l1iements 2
ReaLTime Testing31
. RespWindow14
. Testmg34 .
r,.
Window 23
SetUp27 '.. ,. ,-
Iils
'
tallatipn-27
SPL Wind'ow 13, .
- I . R.n....
31
Theory{ 1 T .. . '.
34
Time;.\fmdow:: '
Tunin 30,
.usingtheR2 Analyzer27
voltages2
A
Re"ision
.... '. f.