This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Troilus and Criseyde
Table of Contents
Troilus and Criseyde ...........................................................................................................................................1
Troilus and Criseyde
• Book I • Book II • Book III • Book IV • Book V This page copyright © 1999 Blackmask Online.
BOOK I The double sorwe of Troilus to tellen, That was the king Priamus sone of Troye, In lovinge, how his aventures fellen Fro wo to wele, and after out of Ioye, My purpos is, er that I parte fro ye. Thesiphone, thou help me for tendyte Thise woful vers, that wepen as I wryte! To thee clepe I, thou goddesse of torment, Thou cruel Furie, sorwing ever in peyne; Help me, that am the sorwful instrument That helpeth lovers, as I can, to pleyne! For wel sit it, the sothe for to seyne, A woful wight to han a drery fere, And, to a sorwful tale, a sory chere. For I, that god of Loves servaunts serve, Ne dar to Love, for myn unlyklinesse, Preyen for speed, al sholde I therfor sterve, So fer am I fro his help in derknesse; But nathelees, if this may doon gladnesse To any lover, and his cause avayle, Have he my thank, and myn be this travayle! But ye loveres, that bathen in gladnesse, If any drope of pitee in yow be, Remembreth yow on passed hevinesse That ye han felt, and on the adversitee Of othere folk, and thenketh how that ye Han felt that Love dorste yow displese; Or ye han wonne hym with to greet an ese. And preyeth for hem that ben in the cas Of Troilus, as ye may after here, That love hem bringe in hevene to solas, And eek for me preyeth to god so dere, That I have might to shewe, in som manere, Troilus and Criseyde 1
Now fil it so. In Troilus unsely aventure. And to the Grekes ost ful prively He stal anoon. And eek for hem that falsly been apeyred Thorugh wikked tonges. And biddeth eek for hem that been despeyred In love.Troilus and Criseyde Swich peyne and wo as Loves folk endure. And sende hem might hir ladies so to plese. By Paris doon. that in the toun ther was Dwellinge a lord of greet auctoritee. for to departen softely Took purpos ful this forknowinge wyse. by sort. Thus biddeth god. Thorugh which that Troye moste been for−do. That it to Love be worship and plesaunce. And biddeth eek for hem that been at ese. Troilus and Criseyde 2 . Hym deden bothe worship and servyse. Daun Phebus or Apollo Delphicus. how that the Grekes stronge In armes with a thousand shippes wente To Troyewardes. and live in charitee. The ravisshing to wreken of Eleyne. in curteys wyse. And eek by answere of this Appollo. In whiche ye may the double sorwes here Of Troilus. that never nil recovered be. And. For which. they wroughten al hir peyne. ye. It is wel wist. That in science so expert was. that he Knew wel that Troye sholde destroyed be. Now herkeneth with a gode entencioun. So graunte hem sone out of this world to pace. That god hem graunte ay good perseveraunce. For now wol I gon streight to my matere. He caste anoon out of the toun to go. in diverse wyse and oon entente. that Troye sholde Destroyed ben. be it he or she. And how that she forsook him er she deyde. and they. for his benignitee. By answere of his god. To preye for hem that Loves servaunts be. and the citee longe Assegeden neigh ten yeer er they stente. So whan this Calkas knew by calculinge. that highte thus. And wryte hir wo. And for to have of hem compassioun As though I were hir owene brother dere. That Grekes sholden swich a peple bringe. That been despeyred out of Loves grace. For wel wiste he. wolde who−so nolde. in loving of Criseyde. In trust that he hath conning hem to rede In every peril which that is to drede. For so hope I my soule best avaunce. A gret devyn that cleped was Calkas.
And ofter wolde. Wel nigh out of hir wit for sorwe and fere.' And she him thonked with ful humble chere. hir−selven excusinge. and ye your−self.Troilus and Criseyde The noyse up roos. Of his goodnesse he gladed hir anoon. Troilus and Criseyde 3 . which that al−day herde at ere Hir fadres shame. As ferforth as your fader dwelled here. That doun were sent in scorning of nature. This lady. in Ioye. As she that niste what was best to rede. But whether that she children hadde or noon. On knees she fil biforn Ector a−doun. and held hir stille. in this meschaunce. whan it was first aspyed. With pitous voys. and generally was spoken. Now hadde Calkas left. And seyde. and it hadde ben his wille. whyl you good list. and tendrely wepinge. Thorugh al the toun. The thinges fellen. And that she was so fair a creature. And whyl she was dwellinge in that citee. `And al thonour that men may doon yow have. which that was in gret penaunce. Al unwist of this false and wikked dede. and casten to ben wroken On him that falsly hadde his feith so broken. and allyed With hem of Grece. in al Troyes citee Nas noon so fair. As to my dome. fel and bones. Dwelleth with us. Now was this Ector pitous of nature. his falsnesse and tresoun. in Troye. and bothe of yonge and olde Ful wel beloved. and your body shal men save. As fer as I may ought enquere or here. His doughter. Criseyde was this lady name a−right. In widewes habit large of samit broun. and wel men of hir tolde. he and al his kin at ones Ben worthy for to brennen. therfore I late it goon. For of hir lyf she was ful sore in drede. I rede it naught. for passing every wight So aungellyk was hir natyf beautee. Bitwixen hem of Troye and Grekes ofte. And seyden. And took hir leve. That lyk a thing immortal semed she. That Calkas traytor fled was. as they doon of werre. `Lat your fadres treson goon Forth with mischaunce. His mercy bad. And saw that she was sorwfully bigoon. Kepte hir estat. and hoom. As doth an hevenish parfit creature. Ye shul han. And in hir hous she abood with swich meynee As to hir honour nede was to holde. and allone Of any freend to whom she dorste hir mone. For bothe a widowe was she.
but nathelees. The folk of Troye hir observaunces olde. But though that Grekes hem of Troye shetten. Nor under cloude blak so bright a sterre As was Criseyde. whan clothed is the mede With newe grene. Troilus and Criseyde 4 . Among thise othere folk was Criseyda. In widewes habite blak. And eft the Grekes founden no thing softe The folk of Troye. Who−so that can. In general. But aldermost in honour. in litel brede. ay under shames drede. So many a lady fresh and mayden bright. whan comen was the tyme Of Aperil. and yow to longe dwelle. as he was wont to gyde His yonge knightes. and thus fortune on−lofte.Troilus and Criseyde For som day boughten they of Troye it derre. Bihinden othere folk. And to the temple. may rede hem as they wryte. Biholding ay the ladyes of the toun. As for to honoure hir goddes ful devoute. ay whyl they were wrothe. To herknen of Palladion servyse. Palladiones feste for to holde. bothe for the seson and the feste. In beautee first so stood she. And swote smellen floures whyte and rede. and debonaire of chere. And yet she stood ful lowe and stille alloon. ther wente many a wight. And under eft. This Troilus. They hadde a relik hight Palladion. And neigh the dore. as folk seyde everichoon That hir behelden in hir blake wede. ladde hem up and doun In thilke large temple on every syde. That was hir trist a−boven everichon. And so bifel. But how this toun com to destruccioun Ne falleth nought to purpos me to telle. as I rede. so many a lusty knight. Hir olde usage wolde they not letten. out of doute. or in Dyte. And namely. Nas never seyn thing to ben preysed derre. But the Troyane gestes. of lusty Ver the pryme. Simple of a−tyr. In sondry wyses shewed. Right as our firste lettre is now an A. gan hem to wheelen bothe After hir cours. For it were a long digressioun Fro my matere. In Omer. or in Dares. And hir citee bisegede al a−boute. Hir godly looking gladede al the prees. Ye. as they felle. Ful wel arayed. bothe moste and leste. makelees. With ful assured loking and manere. in al hir beste wyse.
And yet as proud a pekok can he pulle. O blinde entencioun! How ofte falleth al theffect contraire Of surquidrye and foul presumpcioun. For−thy ensample taketh of this man. And which a labour folk han in winninge Of love. of your livinge. and with my feres drawe. That Love is he that alle thing may binde. and holden it folye. As proude Bayard ginneth for to skippe Out of the wey. that now was most in pryde above. to reven him his reste. He wolde smyle. And wende nothing hadde had swiche might Ayens his wil that sholde his herte stere. Til he a lash have of the longe whippe.' And with that word he gan cast up the browe. Yet am I but an hors. `Lo! is this nought wysly spoken?' At which the god of love gan loken rowe Right for despyt. But gan to preyse and lakken whom him leste. This Troilus is clomben on the staire. pardieux. O verrey foles! nyce and blinde be ye. Wex sodeynly most subget un−to love. and shoop for to ben wroken. ful fat and newe shorn.Troilus and Criseyde Now here. and worthy folkes alle.' So ferde it by this fers and proude knight. and ever it shal bifalle. That he. now there. in the keping. or lete his eyen bayten On any woman that he coude aspye. she slepeth softe For love of thee. Than thenketh he. Yet with a look his herte wex a−fere. `Though I praunce al biforn First in the trays. He kidde anoon his bowe nas not broken. For caught is proud. and your lewede observaunces. Ascaunces. And whan your preye is lost. wo and penaunces. Ye wyse. and horses lawe I moot endure. proude. Though he a worthy kinges sone were. To scornen Love. For ever it was. which that so sone can The freedom of your hertes to him thralle. whan thou tornest ful ofte! `I have herd told. And litel weneth that he moot descenden. Ye lovers. O blinde world. and. `god wot. and caught is debonaire. so priketh him his corn. Ther nis not oon can war by other be. which doutaunces. But al−day falleth thing that foles ne wenden. And seye him thus. Troilus and Criseyde 5 . For sodeynly he hit him at the fulle. And in his walk ful fast he gan to wayten If knight or squyer of his companye Gan for to syke. for no devocioun Hadde he to noon.
She nas nat with the leste of hir stature. The worthiest and grettest of degree: This was. Sin. And they that han ben aldermost in wo. To Troilus right wonder wel with−alle Troilus and Criseyde 6 . that thorugh a route His eye perced. And trewelich it sit wel to be so. The yerde is bet that bowen wole and winde Than that that brest. For this trowe I ye knowen. `wher hastow woned. With−inne the temple he wente him forth pleyinge. and is. Now sith it may not goodly be withstonde. And eek the pure wyse of here meninge Shewede wel. For alderwysest han ther−with ben plesed. With love han ben conforted most and esed. and therfor I yow rede To folwen him that so wel can yow lede. Men reden not that folk han gretter wit Than they that han be most with love y−nome. as touching this matere. And caughte a−yein his firste pleyinge chere. that creature Was neuer lasse mannish in seminge. lest men mighte him here. and yet men shal it see. hath preved and doth yet. And ofte it hath the cruel herte apesed. I wol ther−to refere. and so depe it wente. Of him thenke I my tale for to holde. god!' thoughte he. alle or some.Troilus and Criseyde For may no man for−do the lawe of kinde. And al his werk. And causeth most to dreden vyce and shame. That art so fair and goodly to devyse?' Ther−with his herte gan to sprede and ryse. That this be sooth. estat. and of his cares colde. And strengest folk ben therwith overcome. But alle hir limes so wel answeringe Weren to womanhode. he may yow binde. that men might in hir gesse Honour. of every wight aboute. Til on Criseyde it smoot. And sodeynly he wax ther−with astoned. and ther it stente. Wher−so she were of toune. and wommanly noblesse. as him−selven list. Both of his Ioye. And worthy folk maad worthier of name. This Troilus. And leten other thing collateral. On this lady and now on that lokinge. And is a thing so vertuous in kinde. And softe sighed. And gan hire bet biholde in thrifty wyse: `O mercy. Refuseth not to Love for to be bonde. But for to tellen forth in special As of this kinges sone of which I tolde. For I it gan. or of with−oute: And up−on cas bifel.
of loves servants every whyle. your ordre is ruled in good wyse! `In noun−certeyn ben alle your observaunces. Him−self to wrye. But from a−fer. god wot how! Nought wel for wel. Blissed be love. ye. And scorned hem that loves peynes dryen. `What! May I not stonden here?' And after that hir loking gan she lighte. He neither chere made. Lest it were wist on any maner syde. He was tho glad his hornes in to shrinke. that thus can folk converte! She. Lo. And of hir look in him ther gan to quiken So greet desir. Him tit as often harm ther−of as prow. That serveth most ententiflich and best. Ascaunces. he that leet him−selven so konninge. Right with hir look. And al his chere and speche also he borneth. not fulliche al awhaped. His wo he gan dissimulen and hyde. Unnethes wiste he how to loke or winke. whyl that servyse laste. Ne his desir. in swich manere. this in blak. Right with hir look thurgh−shoten and thurgh−darted. Al feyneth he in lust that he soiorneth. That in his herte botme gan to stiken Of hir his fixe and depe impressioun: And though he erst hadde poured up and doun. what he mente. his maner for to holde. Your hyre is quit ayein. Ne no−thing asketh so grete attendaunces Troilus and Criseyde 7 . And eft on hir. Over alle thyng. ne worde tolde. And ay. lest fully the descente Of scorn fille on him−self. On other thing his look som−tyme he caste. `Lord. and swich affeccioun. at hem he gan to smyle. That sodeynly him thoughte he felte dyen.Troilus and Criseyde Gan for to lyke hir meninge and hir chere. ne wherfor he stood thus. He streyght anoon un−to his paleys torneth. likinge to Troylus. And seyde. for she leet falle Hir look a lite a−side. Repentinge him that he hadde ever y−iaped Of loves folk. Whan he was fro the temple thus departed. That never thoughte him seen so good a sighte. Which somdel deynous was. In feith. he stood for to biholde. Out of the temple al esiliche he wente. Was ful unwar that love hadde his dwellinge With−inne the subtile stremes of hir yen. but. But it a sely fewe poyntes be. Ye loveres! For the conningest of yow. the spirit in his herte. so ye live al in lest. but scorn for good servyse. And after this.
And first be gan to syke. ye wolden at me greve! `But tak this.Troilus and Criseyde As doth youre lay. And whan that he in chaumbre was allone. But he mighte ought recovered be therby. Or elles. for oon of hir servaunts pace. with−outen lette. yet mighte he falle in grace. whan that he say his tyme. Or elles doon of good entencioun. And thoughte ay on hir so. to hyden his desir in muwe From every wight y−born. That wel unnethe un−to his folk he fayned That othere besye nedes him destrayned. as mote I thee. And what to arten hir to love he soughte. In which he saugh al hoolly hir figure. and eft to grone. al−outrely. But that is not the worste. But. And that he wel coude in his herte finde. I leve. than shalt thou han a groyn anoon: Lord! wel is him that may be of yow oon!' But for al this. It was to him a right good aventure To love swich oon. He doun up−on his beddes feet him sette. be lorn As she. as he sat and wook. tolde I yow the worste poynt. for so goodly oon. yet muchel more he thoughte What for to speke. But bad his folk to goon wher that hem liste. and if he dide his cure To serven hir. that ye loveres ofte eschuwe. He held his pees. For wo was him. First. Be wrooth. that what to doon he niste. Ful ofte thy lady wole it misconstrue. though swete seed be sowe. Troilus and Criseyde 8 . That. Thus took he purpos loves craft to suwe. ne him for his desir ne shame. Thus gan he make a mirour of his minde. and that knowe alle ye. And gan loude on his sorwe for to winne. for other enchesoun. And deme it harm in hir opinioun. his spirit mette That he hir saw a temple. that love to wyde y−blowe Yelt bittre fruyt. Al seyde I sooth. Imagininge that travaille nor grame Ne mighte. And yet if she. And on a song anoon−right to biginne. and al the wyse Right of hir loke. Al were it wist. Ful unavysed of his wo cominge. And over al this. Remembring him. And thoughte he wolde werken prively. and what to holden inne. For love bigan his fetheres so to lyme. and gan it newe avyse. but in prys and up−born Of alle lovers wel more than biforn. Thus argumented he in his ginninge. non other bote him gayned.
I deye. a wonder thinketh me. Allas! what is this wonder maladye? For hete of cold. that han me brought to this. save our tonges difference. y−wis. Wherfore. As in a place un−to youre vertu digne. Yow thanke I. For ay thurst I. now youres is My spirit. But as hir man I wole ay live and sterve. I noot. lord. O quike deeth. But whether goddesse or womman. `And if that at myn owene lust I brenne. which that ye do me serve. O swete harm so queynte. what fele I so? And if love is. in al that Troilus Seyde in his song. Ne him forbar in no degree. But−if that I consente that it be? `And if that I consente. from whennes comth my wo? If it be wikke. lo! every word right thus As I shal seyn. which that oughte youres be. so beth to me benigne. wher−to pleyne I thenne? I noot. ne why unwery that I feynte. I wrongfully Compleyne. and with ful humble chere Bicome hir man. may to me savory thinke. if my servyse or I May lyke yow. y−wis. She be. and who−so list it here. what thing and whiche is he! If love be good.' In him ne deyned sparen blood royal The fyr of love. as to my lady dere. the more that I it drinke. Lo! next this vers. But pleynly. wher−fro god me blesse. thus possed to and fro. O god. And of his song nought only the sentence. he may it finden here. Al sterelees with inne a boot am I A−mid the see. But held him as his thral lowe in distresse. by−twixen windes two. for cold of hete. As writ myn autour called Lollius. and nought repente. I dar wel sayn.Troilus and Criseyde For with good hope he gan fully assente Criseyde for to love. For myn estat royal here I resigne In−to hir hond.' And to the god of love thus seyde he With pitous voys. Cantus Troili. Fro whennes cometh my wailing and my pleynte? If harme agree me. Whenne every torment and adversitee That cometh of him. `O lord. That in contrarie stonden ever−mo. `If no love is. for al His vertu or his excellent prowesse. Troilus and Criseyde 9 . lord. How may of thee in me swich quantitee. And brende him so in sondry wyse ay newe. `Ye stonden in hire eyen mightily.
' Alle othere dredes weren from him fledde. trowe I. and dide eek such travayle In armes. allas! myn hele and hewe And lyf is lost. his hote fyr to cese. And seyde. Ne made him only ther−fore ones meve. It shewed in his hewe. That every other charge he sette at nought. wher−so men wente or riden. This. Founde oon the beste. that. lo. gan quiken and encrese. day by day. for this conclusioun. but ye wole on me rewe. And ay the ner he was. Ye wolden on me rewe er that I deyde! My dere herte. knoweth al this companye. For lust to hir. that fairer was to sene Than ever were Eleyne or Polixene. His herte. and lengest tyme abiden Ther peril was. That Ector or his othere bretheren diden. For−thy ful ofte. to whom serve I and laboure. Ne made him thus in armes for to madde. But were he fer or neer. Ne in him desyr noon othere fownes bredde But argumentes to his conclusioun. To lyken hir the bet for his renoun. Fro day to day in armes so he spedde. bothe eve and morwe. Eek of the day ther passed nought an houre That to him−self a thousand tyme he seyde. But only. And he to be hir man. For ay the ner the fyr. and eek his sorwe Gan multiplye. Troilus and Criseyde 10 . For ther−by to ben esed wel he wende. he hadde a fever and ferde amis. who−so toke keep. To seen hir goodly look he gan to prese. Was ay on hir. lest of him men wende That the hote fyr of love him brende.Troilus and Criseyde That sixty tyme a day he loste his hewe. Ne also for the rescous of the toun. Lo. now wolde god. the hotter is. By night or day. I dar seye this. And fro this forth tho refte him love his sleep. Criseyde. That alle the Grekes as the deeth him dredde. And yet was he. So muche. whyl he may dure. Both of the assege and his savacioun. And made his mete his foo. his owene thought. As I best can. But for non hate he to the Grekes hadde. `Good goodly. the more he brende. and from the deeth his cure! The sharpe shoures felle of armes preve. which that is his brestes ye. that to thenke it was mervayle. here his lyf. Therfor a title he gan him for to borwe Of other syknesse. That she on him wolde han compassioun. for wisdom or folye.
Than were I quit of languisshing in drede. god wolde. now art thou in the snare. certayn. But than fel to this Troylus such wo. towardes thee.Troilus and Criseyde But how it was. to which my sorwe wil me lede! A. That is the man of so gret sapience. never wight so faste! O mercy. dere herte. lord. But wel I rede that. or what−so−ever he thoughte. If this be wist. And with som freendly look gladeth me. O thou woful Troilus. `O fool. oon of the tweye. by no maner weye. Or feyned hir she niste. can I not seye. He sayde.' `God wolde I were aryved in the port Of deth. Thy lady is. as snow in fyr is sone. whyl that my lyf may laste. But whanne he hadde a space fro his care. Ne semed it as that she of him roughte. and help me from The deeth. That held us lovers leest in reverence! Now. More than my−self wol love yow to my laste. And thou fordoon. `What wol now every lover seyn of thee. but ever in thyn absence Laughen in scorn. Ne of his wo ne dorste he not biginne To tellen it. to me it were a gret comfort. for I. ye. That thow beset were on swich oon that sholde Knowe al thy wo. and seyn. for to tellen hir his wo. for whom I pleyne. For whiche him thoughte he felte his herte blede. as frost in winter mone. For by myn hidde sorwe y−blowe on brede I shal bi−Iaped been a thousand tyme More than that fool of whos folye men ryme. and ye. Nor of his peyne. That he was wel neigh wood. now gnaw thyn owene cheyne. al lakkede hir pitee: But al so cold in love. Troilus and Criseyde 11 . That never of him she wolde have taken hede. Thus to him−self ful ofte he gan to pleyne. Thou were ay wont eche lovere reprehende Of thing fro which thou canst thee nat defende. That whilom Iapedest at loves peyne. Now artow hent. `Lo. swete. Sin thou most loven thurgh thi destinee. `But now help god. for ay his drede Was this. swete. Though never more thing ye me bi−hete!' This wordes and ful manye an−other to He spak. he may goon in the daunce Of hem that Love list febly for to avaunce!' `But. for al this world to winne. y−caught. ther gooth he. that she som wight had loved so. If that his lady understood not this. and called ever in his compleynte Hir name. thonked be god.
and ther−for scorne nought. Troilus and Criseyde 12 . at my preyinge. `or what aventure Hath gyded thee to see my languisshinge. And art now falle in som devocioun. And so can leye our Iolyte on presse.Troilus and Criseyde Til neigh that he in salte teres dreynte. and his corage awaken. As for the tyme. for sorwe and thought. And with an angre don his sorwe falle. and shal. Which cause is of my deeth. And waylest for thy sinne and thyn offence. I hyde it for the beste. It is not so. and I mot nedes deye. And bring our lusty folk to holinesse!' These wordes seyde he for the nones alle. `What cas. she herde nought his pleynte. my deyinge Wol thee disese. That am refus of euery creature? But for the love of god.' quod Troilus. that called was Pandare. Pandare? `I wole parten with thee al thy peyne. for trewe or fals report. Wostow nought wel that it am I. Ne do thou never swiche a crueltee To hyde fro thy freend so greet a care. and herde him grone. `Allas! what may this be? Now freend. that neigh malt for wo and routhe. Al was for nought. `But if thou wene I be thus sik for drede.' quod he. `who causeth al this fare? O mercy. Ful often seyde. or is. A freend of his. as glad desport. as fer as tonges spaken. ther is no more to seye. And hast for ferde caught attricioun? God save hem that bi−seged han our toun. god! What unhap may this mene? Han now thus sone Grekes maad yow lene? `Or hastow som remors of conscience. I have. Ther nas a man of gretter hardinesse Than he. ne more desired worthinesse. sooth for to seyne. A thousand fold his wo gan multiplye. for certes. And whan that he bithoughte on that folye. And say his freend in swich distresse and care: `Allas!' quod he.' This Pandare. As it is freendes right. To entreparten wo. That with swich thing he mighte him angry maken. Com ones in unwar. bi−twixen thee and me. But wel he wist. If it be so I do thee no comfort. Be thou nought wrooth. Ther is a−nother thing I take of hede Wel more than ought the Grekes han y−wrought. Bi−wayling in his chambre thus allone. Go henne a−way. But though that I now telle thee it ne leste. Ther−for go wey. `if ever love or trouthe Hath been.
but be thou in gladnesse. Hyd not thy wo fro me. Eschewe thou that. If it were wist. for sith it may thee lyke. `For how might ever sweetnesse have be knowe To him that never tasted bitternesse? Ne no man may be inly glad. more for other semeth. But lest thow deme I truste not to thee.' Than gan this sorwful Troilus to syke. I trowe. now herke. a−yeins the which who−so defendeth Him−selven most. By his contrarie is every thing declared. And wel wot I thou mayst do me no reste. And for the love of god. And lat me sterve. Ech set by other.' `How hastow thus unkindely and longe Hid this fro me. And yet it maketh sharpe kerving−tolis. by shame eek worthinesse. By good counseyl can kepe his freend ther−fro.' quod Pandare. That never was in sorwe or som distresse. Troilus and Criseyde 13 . `A whetston is no kerving instrument. How devel maystow bringen me to blisse?' `Ye.' `This were a wonder thing. my colde care So hyd it wel. Troilus. That streyght un−to the deeth myn herte sayleth. though myn herte breste. Now herkne.' quod Troylus. `Though I be nyce. That myn avys anoon may helpen us. unknowe. of my distresse. my fulle freend Pandare. thou fool?' quod Pandarus. If thou do so. for thus it stant with me. him alder−lest avayleth. thy wit is wel biwared. for now wostow my wo. For harmes mighte folwen. That oon that exces doth ful yvele fare. `Paraunter thou might after swich oon longe. "God leve it be my beste To telle it thee. With disespeir so sorwfully me offendeth. `Love. I telle it never to mo. but telle it blyve. mo than two. As men may see. And seyde him thus. freend. Ther−to desyr so brenningly me assaylleth. That to ben slayn it were a gretter Ioye To me than king of Grece been and Troye! `Suffiseth this. and so the wyse it demeth. Yet wole I telle it. A fool may eek a wys man ofte gyde. And ther thou woost that I have ought miswent. `Thou coudest never in love thy−selven wisse. That I have seyd. Eek whyt by blak.Troilus and Criseyde In wrong and right y−loved thee al my lyve. Thus ofte wyse men ben war by folis. for swich thing to thee scole is. it happeth ofte so. I have my−self eek seyn a blind man go Ther−as he fel that coude loke wyde.
And final cause of wo that ye endure. I woot wel. and for−thy wolde I fayn remeve Thy wrong conseyte. unhappily for me. if thee liste. and tel me. myn entencioun Nis nought to yow of reprehencioun. And not my−self.' Quod she.' quod Troilus. can I rede thee. if ich it wiste. For. To speke as now. paraunter. it was thus.' quod Pandare. repreve me no more. Though I desyre with thee for to bere Thyn hevy charge. That al his craft ne coude his sorwe bete. oughte conne. But wel I woot. That certayn. never yet. and that me smerteth sore. Be what she be. Thy wo to telle. Al for the doughter of the kinge Admete. For love hadde him so bounden in a snare. y gesse?' `Nay. as freend fullich in me assure. `and coude in every wightes care Remede and reed. the mene of it no vyce is. and wel the more Counsayllen thee of that thou art amayed. I have no cause. Wrot in a compleynte of hir hevinesse: Ye say the lettre that she wroot. by herbes he knew fyne. For to trusten sum wight is a preve Of trouthe. that bothe two ben vyces. But to thyn help yet somwhat can I seye. thogh that it were Eleyne." −− `Right so fare I. Which that y−cleped was Oenone. for to deyen in the peyne. I love oon best. That I shal never−mo discoveren thee. `Now. he hath noon help to ryse. `And witeth wel. I. I kepe nat restreyne Thee fro thy love. til that him list to leve. Ne." Troilus and Criseyde 14 . `I woot wel that it fareth thus by me As to thy brother Parys an herdesse. Yet to him−self his conning was ful bare. or elles alle leve. −− "Phebus. it shal the lasse dere. "Wo him that is allone. that have in love so ofte assayed Grevaunces. for to sore As doth an hauk that listeth for to pleye. and he falle. and do thee som wight triste. And tel me plat what is thyn enchesoun. that first fond art of medicyne. That is thy brotheres wif. `Therfore. `And of o thing right siker maystow be. for no wight may bireve A man to love. Mistrusten alle. `The wyse seyth. `herkneth. For douteth no−thing.Troilus and Criseyde `Sith thus of two contraries is a lore. and love hir as thee liste. Eek thee ne oughte nat ben yvel apayed. And yet. by my trouthe. y−wis.
For this nis not. for al this.Troilus and Criseyde And sith thou hast a felawe. For. And namely. gon sithen longe whyle. pardee. As I best can. And cryde `A−wake' ful wonderly and sharpe. That hereth soun. As doon thise foles that hir sorwes eche With sorwe. the nexte wyse To winnen love. And sith thou wost I do it for no wyle. for−why ther is no space. `Men seyn. for whom that he so ferde. "To wrecche is consolacioun To have an−other felawe in his peyne. And listen nought to seche hem other cure. or elles sone dye. That certeynly no more harde grace May sitte on me. And lat us lissen wo with other speche. whan men the strenges plye. that in fere Was Pandarus. soth for to seyne. For−why to telle nas not his entente To never no man. So may thy woful tyme seme lesse. Troilus and Criseyde 15 ." That oughte wel ben our opinioun. To walwe and wepe as Niobe the quene. for that he So dul is of his bestialitee?' And with that. And after this with sykinge he abreyde. as techen us the wyse. But in his minde of that no melodye May sinken. But−if that it the bet governed be. For it is seyd. certeyn. Thow wost thy−self whom that I love. Lest I wolde of thy lady thee bigyle. `If god wole thou art not agast of me. `What? Slombrestow as in a lytargye? Or artow lyk an asse to the harpe. of love we pleyne. Pandare of his wordes stente. him to glade.' Yet Troilus. `Lat be thy weping and thi drerinesse. Tel me sumwhat. But longe he ley as stille as he ded were. And Troilus yet him no word answerde. So ful of sorwe am I. And to Pandarus voys he lente his ere. lest that in frenesye He sholde falle. And sith I am he that thou tristest most. tel thy mone. whan they han misaventure. And up his eyen caste he.' as thise wyse treten. `Man maketh ofte a yerde With which the maker is him−self y−beten In sondry maner. Delyte not in wo thy wo to seche. For of him−self it wolde y−nough out−springe. sin al my wo thou wost. no word seyde. Whos teres yet in marbel been y−sene. bothe thou and I. in his counseyl tellinge That toucheth love that oughte be secree.
`for al that ever ye conne. `Nor other cure canstow noon for me. nay. But I may not endure that thou dwelle In so unskilful an opinioun That of thy wo is no curacioun. I thee preye. whan he had herd him crye `Awake!' he gan to syke wonder sore. `by god and by my trouthe!' `What. `therfore I seye. For I have herd thy wordes and thy lore. That thou dispeyred art thus causelees? What? Liveth not thy lady? Benedicite! How wostow so that thou art gracelees? Swich yvel is nat alwey botelees.' quod Pandarus. brother. Sin thing to come is ofte in aventure. But suffre me my mischef to biwayle. tellen of thy sorwes smerte. but seken bote they ne kepe. For thy proverbes may me nought avayle. as bokes telle. But nathelees. Troilus and Criseyde 16 . `As though myn owene lyf lay on this nede?' `No. Not as bisily. And hir bisoughte on thee to han som routhe?' `Why. put not impossible thus thy cure.' quod this Troilus. for thy coward herte. I wol deye. that is out of drede. `And why?' −− `For that thou sholdest never spede. `But ones niltow. `I graunte wel that thou endurest wo As sharp as doth he.' Quod Pandarus. in helle. What knowe I of the quene Niobe? Lat be thyne olde ensaumples.' `No. And seyde. now pees. Al this gan Troilus in his herte caste. Ne to thyn owene help do bisinesse As muche as speke a resoun more or lesse. Eek I nil not be cured.' `Wostow that wel?' −− `Ye. Whos stomak foules tyren ever−mo That highte volturis. `Now knowe I that ther reson in the fayleth. and cry no more. But lyest as he that list of no−thing recche. though that I stille lye.Troilus and Criseyde Eek som−tyme it is craft to seme flee Fro thing which in effect men hunte faste. Ticius. `Allas! What may this be.' quod tho Pandarus. And for thyn ire and folish wilfulnesse. Swich is delyt of foles to biwepe Hir wo. For wantrust.' quod he. I am not deef. But tel me. She nil to noon swich wrecche as I be wonne. `Freend. certes.' Quod Troilus. if I wiste what she were For whom that thee al this misaunter ayleth? Dorstestow that I tolde hir in hir ere Thy wo. Why. sith thou darst not thy−self for fere.
y−wis? Lord. "The wrecche is deed. and lost that is un−sought. For of his wo.' Of that word took hede Troilus. For. What! Many a man hath love ful dere y−bought Twenty winter that his lady wiste. as hir Ioyes moten over−goon. al be his lady fayr? Nay. which a thank than shaltow han of this! Thus wol she seyn. `Allas! What is me best to do?' To whom Pandare answered. lo. Ne alle the men that ryden conne or go May of hir cruel wheel the harm withstonde. But bothe doon unmanhod and a sinne. Or be recreaunt for his owene tene. Troilus and Criseyde 17 . `Than blamestow Fortune For thou art wrooth. But that for fere is yolden up thy breeth. `What? Shulde be therfor fallen in despeyr. `For if hir wheel stinte any−thing to torne. she knew ful lyte. The best is that thou telle me thy wo. and she not why it is. And seyde. Or sleen him−self. That never yet his lady mouth he kiste. now at erst I see.' Quod Pandarus. And how that sooth him seyde Pandarus. Unknowe. and sithen honge!' `Ye. And thoughte anoon what folye he was inne. pardee! That. but ever in oon be fresh and grene To serve and love his dere hertes quene. I be thy bote. it is not the rather so. And thenke it is a guerdoun hir to serve A thousand−fold more than he can deserve. For Grekes han biseged us. as hir list. And she wol quyte that thou shalt not fele.' quod Troilus tho. Ful hard were it to helpen in this cas. or that it be ful longe. And of his deeth his lady nought to wyte. love a woman that she woot it nought. she pleyeth with free and bonde. For wel finde I that Fortune is my fo. and al the toun at ones. god woot. `If thee lyke. ye. but thou it finde so. god wot. So mote hir sorwes passen everichoon. Wostow nat wel that Fortune is commune To every maner wight in som degree? And yet thou hast this comfort. If thou thus deye. To peces do me drawe. so thou seyst. the devel have his bones!" `Thou mayst allone here wepe and crye and knele.Troilus and Criseyde What womman coude love swich a wrecche? `What may she demen other of thy deeth. And with that thought he gan ful sore syke. unkist. nay. `allas! But. And have my trouthe. But. That for to sleen him−self mighte he not winne.
y−wis. and al this bet to eche. `Allas! Of al my wo the welle. For he was hit. `And for−thy loke of good comfort thou be. In honour. To Cerberus in helle ay be I bounde. for nought but good it is To loven wel. thou shalt hir name telle. For who−so list have helping of his leche. A man to have pees with him−self. And whan that Pandare herde hir name nevene. To him bihoveth first unwrye his wounde. to as fer as she may strecche. And seyde. sith hir wheel by no wey may soiorne. If she be fayr.' But tho gan sely Troilus for to quake As though men sholde han led him in−to helle. Than is my swete fo called Criseyde!' And wel nigh with the word for fere he deyde. and in a worthy place. By my wil. ne a gladder. `Ne I never saw a more bountevous Of hir estat. Lord. Than wolde I hopen rather for to spede. Now fare a−right. but grace. the firste poynt is this Of noble corage and wel ordeyne. ne a more gracious For to do wel. and eek of gentilesse. be of good chere. `A ha!' quod Pandare.' Tho gan the veyne of Troilus to blede. tel me this. Were it for my suster. A kinges herte semeth by hirs a wrecche. What wostow if hir mutabilitee Right as thy−selven list.Troilus and Criseyde Than cessed she Fortune anoon to be: Now. ne lasse hadde nede to seche What for to doon. for Ioves name in hevene. Knowe ich hir ought? For my love. Thee oghte not to clepe it hap. and ther−with glade thee. Love hath biset the wel. And seyde. al thy sorwe. and tel me what she is Anoon. thou hast cause for to singe! `And therfor wostow what I thee beseche? Lat be thy wo and turning to the grounde. thou wost thy−self. That sith thy lady vertuous is al. `Loke up. `And also thenk. I seye. I gesse. that I may goon aboute thy nede. he was glad. wol doon by thee. So oughtest thou. and wex al reed for shame. So folweth it that ther is som pitee Troilus and Criseyde 18 . she sholde al be thyn to−morwe. `Theef. For certeinly. `Freend so dere. Or that she be not fer fro thyn helpinge? Paraunter. `Here biginneth game!' And with that word he gan him for to shake. and seyde. ne of speche A freendlier. For of good name and wysdom and manere She hath y−nough.
And some wolde monche hir mete alone. And I shal never−more whyl I live. And prey to thee my Iapes thou foryive. And wostow why? For thou were wont to chace At Love in scorn. And thoughten that it was a siker art. And for−thy see that thou. whan they slepen softe. `And som of hem tok on hem. and make hem for to grone. as ful ofte Next the foule netle. And next the valey is the hil a−lofte. And think wel. for the colde. For by my trouthe. in special. `But wel is me that ever that I was born. for to assayen over−al. `Yet seydestow. Requere nought that is ayein hir name. that loves servants everichone Of nycetee been verray goddes apes.' Quod Troilus. And seyd. "Thy grace. hadde a blaunche fevere. lord! For now I me repente If I mis spak. And som han feyned ofte tyme. And sithen thou hast wepen many a drope. Now wolde never god but thou were esed. and for despyt him calle "Seynt Idiot. `and now I hope That thou the goddes wraththe hast al apesed. she of whom rist al thy wo Here−after may thy comfort been al−so. `A! Lord! I me consente. Now may I iape of thee. And thus they wolde han brought hem−self a−lofte. in love I dorste have sworn. that. And seyd swich thing wher−with thy god is plesed. Thus seydestow. Thee sholde never han tid thus fayr a grace. though that I sholde deye. that dorste I seye.' `Thou seyst wel. And nathelees were under at the laste. lord of thise foles alle. if that I shal! But nathelees.Troilus and Criseyde Amonges alle thise othere in general. Bereth eek thise holsom herbes. These loveres wolden speke in general.' quod Pandare. `For thilke ground. Troilus and Criseyde 19 . rough and thikke. and sey to god of love. Ligging a−bedde. For vertue streccheth not him−self to shame. for the more part. More than y−nough. For fayling. and Iapedest ful faste." `How often hastow maad thy nyce Iapes. And som. That thou art noon of tho. And preydest god he sholde never kevere. That thou biset art in so good a place. so seydestow ful ofte. thou seydest. and tolde How that they wake. `Now beet thy brest. that bereth the wedes wikke. for now my−self I love:" Thus sey with al thyn herte in good entente. The rose waxeth swote and smothe and softe.
And of thy−self. Hope alwey wel. And but she do." For−thy som grace I hope in hir to finde. Stond faste. I wol now that thou see. but−if drerinesse Or over−haste our bothe labour shende. by my trouthe. `And for to speke of hir in special. I thenke. I hope of this to maken a good ende. And on the morwe pulle it up as blyve. And so we may be gladed alle three. But trewely. And what it is. in sondry wyse. Be lusty. and trewe. for the beste. I have right now of thee A good conceyt in my wit. ay redy To peyne me to do yow this servyse. `Wherfore I am. Troilus and Criseyde 20 . Hir beautee to bithinken and hir youthe. Or elles al our labour is on ydel. Of al his lay. Hath thee converted out of wikkednesse. as I gesse. as writen clerkes wyse. And. though that hir liste bothe and couthe. `But he that parted is in every place Is no−wher hool. He hasteth wel that wysly can abyde. Be diligent. I leve.Troilus and Criseyde And next the derke night the glade morwe. free. sith that love. though it may never thryve. and most his foos to−greve. for. though swich oon have no grace? Eek wostow how it fareth of som servyse? As plaunte a tre or herbe. for any hevinesse. `And wostow why I am the lasse a−fered Of this matere with my nece trete? For this have I herd seyd of wyse y−lered. "Was never man ne woman yet bigete That was unapt to suffren loves hete. persevere in thy servyse. or elles love of kinde. No wonder is. and wol be. `And sith that god of love hath thee bistowed In place digne un−to thy worthinesse. I holde it for a vyce. and ay wel hyde. it sete hir wel right nouthe A worthy knight to loven and cheryce. What wonder is. for ye beth bothe wyse. for to good port hastow rowed. And al is wel. `And. Celestial. `Now loke that atempre be thy brydel. And conne it counseyl kepe in swich a wyse That no man shal the wyser of it be. of his goodnesse. ay suffre to the tyde. For bothe yow to plese thus hope I Her−afterward. That thou shalt be the beste post. if thou werke in this wyse. And also Ioye is next the fyn of sorwe. It sit hir nought to be celestial As yet.
Than arn they folk that han most god in awe. `Thou hast a ful gret care Lest that the cherl may falle out of the mone! Why. And yet me athinketh that this avaunt me asterte! `Now. god shal helpe us at the laste. `Now. And ben converted from hir wikked werkes Thorugh grace of god. som of hem shal smerte. thou art al! Troilus and Criseyde 21 .' Whan Troilus had herd Pandare assented To been his help in loving of Criseyde. Of thee. this drede I most. I understonde. entremete of that thou hast to done! For goddes love. And dredelees. And god to−forn. that mighte sounen in−to gode. I wol go. `Now blisful Venus helpe. But hotter wex his love. And Pandare in his armes hente faste. me were lever dye Than she of me ought elles understode But that. That to my lady I desiren sholde That toucheth harm or any vilenye. Or nil not here or trowen how it is. Wex of his wo. and anoon answerde. `now do right as the leste. So lat me alone. Pandare. dere frend. And strengest−feythed been. A−dieu! Be glad! God spede us bothe two! Yif me this labour and this besinesse. hir eem. thou wost. freend. pardee. o word. I can no more seye. that list hem to him drawe. fy on the Grekes alle! Yet. I roughte nought though that she stode and herde How that thou seyst.' Tho lough this Pandare. `But. I may som thank deserve. For dredelees. see now these wyse clerkes. And conne an errour alder−best withstonde. untormented.' Tho Troilus gan doun on knees to falle. and eek for the manere Of thee. `But herke. er that I sterve. Pandare. Pandare.' quod he. she nil no swich thing here. And seyde. but fare−wel. al−though his herte pleyde. eek tel me this. That erren aldermost a−yein a lawe. `And I thy borw? Fy! No wight dooth but so. And of my speed be thyn al that swetnesse. With sobre chere. and it shal be thy beste. and thus he seyde. lo. But thou wys. if that my lyf may laste. as who seyth. How wiltow seyn of me and my destresse? Lest she be wrooth.Troilus and Criseyde `Ensample why. thou mayst. I bidde thee a bone.' −− `Why.' Quod Pandarus. how shal myn wo ben lesse Til this be doon? And goode. for I nolde That thou in me wendest so greet folye. y−wys. lord! I hate of the thy nyce fare! Why. Al this drede I.
Out of these blake wawes for to sayle. and gat him so in grace. Of my conning. Al this Pandare in his herte thoughte. or mighte be. And how he best mighte hir beseche of grace. Help now. O wind. Dede were his Iapes and his crueltee. my deeth. That in his tyme was.' Quod Troilus. that unnethe I it stere: This see clepe I the tempestous matere Troilus and Criseyde 22 . and a place.' Quod he. And thus he dryveth forth his aventure. And in the feld he pleyde tho leoun. Wo was that Greek that with him mette that day. Now lat us stinte of Troilus a stounde. The thriftieste and oon the beste knight. thenking on this matere. For every wight that hath an hous to founde Ne renneth nought the werk for to biginne With rakel hond. `Yis. That fareth lyk a man that hurt is sore. And in the toun his maner tho forth ay So goodly was. `that thou me recomaunde To hir that to the deeth me may comaunde. but he wol byde a stounde. And sende his hertes lyne out fro with−inne Alderfirst his purpos for to winne. And finde a tyme ther−to.' −− And wente his wey. That ech him lovede that loked on his face. freend. or he wroughte. Have here my trouthe.' This Pandarus tho. the lore Abit of him that gooth aboute his cure. And is somdel of akinge of his wounde Y−lissed wel. by my trouthe. and this in special. desirous to serve His fulle freend. the weder ginneth clere. and thenk I wol thy thank deserve. than seyde in this manere. but heled no del more: And. For he bicom the frendlyeste wight. And caste his werk ful wysly. His heighe port and his manere estraunge. `Far−wel. For in this see the boot hath swich travayle.' `God yelde thee. The gentileste. as an esy pacient. I shal.Troilus and Criseyde My lyf. But Troilus lay tho no lenger doun. O wind. hool in thyn bonde I leye. and that thou shalt wel here. and eek the moste free. Explicit Liber Primus Book II Incipit Prohemium Secundi Libri. And ech of tho gan for a vertu chaunge. But up anoon up−on his stede bay.
so seye I. And for−thy if it happe in any wyse. Exclipit prohemium Secundi Libri. Myn auctor shal I folwen. Eek scarsly been ther in this place three That han in love seid lyk and doon in al. Or wondreth on his speche or his doinge. and whyte. and yet they spake hem so. Halt nat o path. and wordes tho That hadden prys. And ful of bawme is fleting every mede. but sin I have begonne. For−why to every lovere I me excuse. Eek for to winne love in sondry ages. How Troilus com to his lady grace. In sondry londes. And thee right nought. Thou be my speed fro this forth. But out of Latin in my tonge it wryte. blewe. And thenketh.Troilus and Criseyde Of desespeyr that Troilus was inne: But now of hope the calendes biginne. A blind man can nat Iuggen wel in hewis. that in forme of speche is chaunge With−inne a thousand yeer. Ben quike agayn. Me nedeth here noon other art to use. In visitinge. that winter dede made. sondry ben usages. For every wight which that to Rome went. I noot. For as myn auctor seyde. but it is me no wonderinge. or alwey o manere. For−thy men seyn. for it no−thing of newe is. in open doing or in chere. that called art Cleo. For to thy purpos this may lyken thee. so nolde I nat love purchace. but prey yow mekely. To ryme wel this book. As it bitit. That fresshe floures. That of no sentement I this endyte. ech contree hath his lawes. som in stoon wal. Wherfore I nil have neither thank ne blame Of al this werk. That here be any lovere in this place That herkneth. if I conne. As thus. and my muse. now wonder nyce and straunge Us thinketh hem. Eek though I speke of love unfelingly. O lady myn. yet al is seyd or shal. And spedde as wel in love as men now do. Whan Phebus doth his brighte bemes sprede Troilus and Criseyde 23 . If that they ferde in love as men don here. in forme. as the storie wol devyse. In May. and rede. or seyde hire sawes. til I have do. Eek in som lond were al the gamen shent. Ye knowe eek. Disblameth me if any word be lame. No wondre is. Incipit Liber Secundus. that moder is of monthes glade. Eek som men grave in tree.
with a sorwful lay.' quod Pandarus.' quod she. `Ye. on Mayes day the thridde. `This romaunce is of Thebes. and took his wey ful sone Un−to his neces paleys ther bi−syde. thou him gyde! Whan he was come un−to his neces place. If god wole. Quod Pandarus. Amphiorax. whyl hem leste. And caste and knew in good plyt was the mone To doon viage. The swalwe Proigne. al this yeer. god yow see. god of entree. And up she roos. ye shal fare wel the bet.' quod she. fil thurgh the ground to helle. With−inne a paved parlour. what seith it? tel it us. welcome y−wis. Now Ianus. That with the noyse of hir he gan a−wake. uncle myn. and they three Herden a mayden reden hem the geste Of the Sege of Thebes.Troilus and Criseyde Right in the whyte Bole. that hym fil that day a tene In love. Is it of love? O. And we han herd how that king Laius deyde Thurgh Edippus his sone. ful many a wente. `Ma dame. and ever lay Pandare a−bedde. Whan morwe com. for al his wyse speche. som good ye me lere!' `Uncle. two othere ladyes sete and she. So shoop it. of yow I mette!' And with that word she doun on bench him sette. and tho she seyde. for which in wo to bedde he wente. and he forth in gan pace.' Troilus and Criseyde 24 . And here we stenten at these lettres rede. That Pandarus. And fond. To goode mote it turne. and al that dede. it so bitidde As I shal singe. `But I am sory that I have yow let To herknen of your book ye preysen thus. and eek his greet empryse. er it was day. `Wher is my lady?' to hir folk seyde he. And made. gan make hir waymentinge. that we rede. Felt eek his part of loves shottes kene. And gan to calle. With al your book and al the companye!' `Ey. and by the hond in hye She took him faste. half in a slomeringe. How the bisshop. as the book can telle. and seyde. For goddes love. and dresse him up to ryse. `your maistresse is not here!' With that they gonnen laughe. It made his hewe a−day ful ofte grene. That. coude he never so wel of loving preche. Why she forshapen was. `This night thrye. And they him tolde. Til she so neigh him made hir chiteringe How Tereus gan forth hir suster take. nece. Remembringe him his erand was to done From Troilus.
it semeth as ye rave! It sete me wel bet ay in a cave To bidde. as ever have I Ioye!' Tho gan she wondren more than biforn A thousand fold. I trowe. And but your−selven telle us what it is. This thing be told to yow. I nil yow nought displese.' quod she. To knowe thing desired she so faste. For her−of been ther maked bokes twelve: −− But lat be this. And with a syk she seyde him at the laste. `By god. Of this and that they pleyde. and rede on holy seyntes lyves.' `Ye. rys up. uncle dere. I iape nought. nay. `what thing is that? What! Bet than swiche fyve? Ey.' `A! God forbede!' quod she. `Be ye mad? Is that a widewes lyf. `Al this knowe I my−selve. and doun hir eyen caste. and yonge wyves. for me.' quod he. som Iape. And lat us don to May som observaunce. That was the tounes wal and Grekes yerde. and lat us daunce. in al the toun of Troye.' quod this Pandarus. and with mery chere. ye maken me right sore a−drad. Til she gan axen him how Ector ferde. Ye ben so wilde. `tel it us For goddes love.Troilus and Criseyde Quod Pandarus. ne never shal. is this. uncle myn. `as ever mote I thryve! It is a thing wel bet than swiche fyve. and tel me how ye fare. My wit is for to arede it al to lene.' quod she. `Now. sith the tyme that she was born.' quod he. I thanke it god. Lat maydens gon to daunce. `Save in his arm he hath a litel wounde. and shew your face bare. And al the assege of Thebes and the care. Do wey your barbe. As freendes doon. whan they ben met y−fere.' quod Pandarus.' `And I your borow. Nor axen more.' `Now. y−wis! For al this world ne can I reden what It sholde been. `that wole I telle as blyve. `Ful wel. As help me god.' `Nay. `Yet coude I telle a thing to doon you pleye. For never. nay.' So after this. Do wey your book. I noot nat what ye meene. so god you save? By god. uncle myn? Why so?' quod she. with many wordes glade. And ye it wiste. holy god. that may do yow disese. as mote I thryve!' `And why so. is than the assege aweye? I am of Grekes so ferd that I deye. And freendly tales. Troilus and Criseyde 25 .' `As ever thryve I. For prouder womman were ther noon on−lyve. and gunnen wade In many an unkouth glad and deep matere.
The same prys of Troilus I seye.' quod Pandarus. `that lyketh me. Ector and Troilus. As any men that liveth under the sonne. in everi wightes ere. and Troilus. For never yet so thikke a swarm of been Ne fleigh. Whyl that he held his blody swerd in honde. that is sooth. dar I seye. That certainly. by my trouthe. That is to mene. best felawshipe can To suche as him thinketh able for to thryve. They faren wel. the king hath sones tweye. now there. I knowe not swiche tweye. as Grekes fro him gonne fleen. Of Troilus the same thing trowe I. that al the prys hath he Of hem that me were levest preysed be.' Troilus and Criseyde 26 . men tellen that he dooth In armes day by day so worthily.' `Ye sey right sooth.' quod she. In whom that ever vertu list abounde. and worthinesse.' `In good feith. eem. And been of good condiciouns ther−to. Hir might is wyde y−knowe.Troilus and Criseyde And eek his fresshe brother Troilus. For greet power and moral vertu here Is selde y−seye in o persone y−fere. `For yesterday. The wyse worthy Ector the secounde. That as that day ther dorste noon with−stonde. `Of Ector nedeth it nought for to telle: In al this world ther nis a bettre knight Than he. dredelees. And thorugh the feld. He might have wondred up−on Troilus. that ever I saw my lyve. Wysdom. This knoweth many a wys and worthy wight. God help me so. fredom. And he wel more vertu hath than might.' quod Pandarus. And wher him list. and what they conne. and hem alle doun he caste. They been as voyde of vyces.' quod she. it was arayed thus: He was hir deeth. For.' `By god. and sheld and lyf for us. that is of worthinesse welle. Now hem he hurte. though that I sholde deye. `of Ector that is sooth. `Therto he is the freendlieste man Of grete estat. god save hem bothe two! For trewely I holde it greet deyntee A kinges sone in armes wel to do. honour. And bereth him here at hoom so gentilly To every wight. y−wis. As alle trouthe and alle gentillesse. Ther nas but Grekes blood. Ther nas no cry but "Troilus is there!" `Now here. he hunted hem so faste. Ay where he wente.' `In good feith. `But. who−so hadde with him been.
`What eyleth yow to be thus wery sone. With−oute paramours.' With that she gan hir eiyen doun to caste. Tak it for good that I shal seye yow here. I am to no man holden trewely.' And every wight that was a−boute hem tho. `Gladly. And namelich of wommen? Wol ye so? Nay. your nece. lat us daunce. leve nece dere. I wol amende.' quod she. `And eek me wolde muche greve.Troilus and Criseyde And with that word tho Pandarus. Ye been the womman in this world livinge. myn uncle. `Shal I not witen what ye mene of this?' `No. emforth my wit. And cast your widwes habit to mischaunce: What list yow thus your−self to disfigure. And sey to me. what yow liste:' And with that word hir uncle anoon hir kiste. gan fer a−wey to stonde. this thing axeth layser. and seyde. And that ye witen wel your−self. as blyve. and have so litel quit. sitteth down. Whyl they two hadde al that hem liste in honde. alwey. And seyde.' `Nay. in hir entencioun Troilus and Criseyde 27 . that maketh the thonder ringe.' quod she. Your freendship have I founden ever yit. and lothest am to greve. Yet were it bet my tonge for to stille Than seye a sooth that were ayeins your wille. `Nece. Sith yow is tid thus fair an aventure?' `A! Wel bithought! For love of god. Of hire estat and of hir governaunce. and ye it toke amis. lo! To the laste. `But. So muche as yow. `Now is it tyme I wende. `grant mercy. That herde that. Quod Pandarus. He took his leve. by god. `I wol go henne. with the grace of god.' `Y−wis. And by the blisful Venus that I serve. nece.' quod she thenne. And Pandarus to coghe gan a lyte. myn uncle. y−wis. As in my gilt I shal you never offende. But yet. If I it tolde. for the love of god. And. I seye. That I best love.' tho quod he. And Iuppiter. I yow beseche. by the goddesse Minerve. blame have I. Yet for al that. How−so it be that som men hem delyte With subtil art hir tales for to endyte. `For. Whan that hir tale al brought was to an ende. Lat be to me your fremde manere speche. As ye ben he that I love most and triste. I have to done With yow. to speke of wisdom er ye go. aryseth. I leve. to my wittinge. And seyde. And if I have er this.
and loken on hir face. Cacche it anoon. neither cas nor fortune him deceyven. I preye. if he it can receyven. And swich a wight is for to blame. for in this world is noon. But right his verray slouthe and wrecchednesse. And seyde. `and bet wole er I go. Ne shal I never seen yow eft with ye. By alle the othes that I have yow sworn. And were it thing that me thoughte unsittinge. ye shal me finde trewe. And ye be wrooth therfore. As I to yow have told wel here−biforn. yes.' Troilus and Criseyde 28 . What sholde I peynte or drawen it on lengthe To yow. Whan that it commeth. For−thy hir wit to serven wol I fonde −−' And loked on hir in a besy wyse. that been my freend so feithfully?' And with that word he gan right inwardly Biholden hir. or make a proces any whyle. But. Lo. What sholde I lenger proces of it make? Yif me your hond. for goddes love. wher−to? Ne chaungeth nat for fere so your hewe. for the love of god. or wene I lye. `For to every wight som goodly aventure Som tyme is shape. And seyde. For tendre wittes wenen al be wyle Ther−as they can nat pleynly understonde. `On suche a mirour goode grace!' Than thoughte he thus: `If I my tale endyte Ought hard. I thoughte now if ye Be fortunat. And she was war that he byheld hir so. I gesse. And love as wel your honour and renoun As creature in al this world y−born. but wilfully it weyven.Troilus and Criseyde Hir tale is al for som conclusioun. no?' `Yes. my good eem. She shal no savour han ther−in but lyte. For hardely the werste of this is do. `Beth nought agast. and eek of me. And this matere is so bihovely. by my trouthe. lest aventure slake. for now men shal it see. have ye Ful lightly founden. ne quaketh nat. `And sith I speke of good entencioun. O bele nece. `Lord! So faste ye me avyse! Sey ye me never er now? What sey ye.' quod he. and ye conne it take. To yow nolde I no swiche tales bringe. If that yow list. And. And though my tale as now be to yow newe. Yet trist alwey. `And sithen thende is every tales strengthe. `Good aventure. And if that he wol take of it no cure. And trowe I wolde hir in my wil bigyle. a wight so wel begoon.' `Now.
though that we bothe apeyre? `Allas! He which that is my lord so dere. `Wo worth the faire gemme vertulees! Wo worth that herbe also that dooth no bote! Wo worth that beautee that is routhelees! Wo worth that wight that tret ech under fote! And ye. As wel as thee. than I sholde been his baude. That of his deeth yow liste nought to recche. Which alwey for to do wel is his wone. nece myn. No more than of a Iapere or a wrecche. Allas! That god yow swich a beautee sente! `If it be so that ye so cruel be. I wol sterve. if that I sholde assente. for I yow nought requere. `com of. your beautee may not strecche To make amendes of so cruel a dede. thou and I and he Were hanged. so loveth thee. Lo. here is al.Troilus and Criseyde Quod she. The goode. What mende ye. Thorugh myn abet. To binde yow to him thorugh no beheste. As heyghe. I nil not lyen. `But if ye lete him deye. Have her my trouthe. it wol his bane be. I see him deye. and free. lat me not in this fere dwelle:' `So wol I doon. as ye see. nece. For me were lever. Al sholde I with this knyf my throte kerve −−' With that the teres braste out of his yen. now herkneth. Thus giltelees. For whether it be wel or be amis. For bothe I am agast what ye wol seye. that he thyn honour shente. The noble Troilus. Avysement is good bifore the nede. with al his fulle might. For to be slayn. ther he goth up−right. the kinges dere sone. But only that ye make him bettre chere Troilus and Criseyde 29 . That. to make him live or deye. That is so trewe and worthy. y−wis. And eek me longeth it to wite. That trewe man. I shal telle: `Now. If therwith−al in you ther be no routhe. Say on. as men mighte on us alle y−see: I am thyn eem. If ye be swich. That nought desireth but your freendly chere. And hasteth him. `Now understond. if fortune wol assente. the shame were to me. that been of beautee crop and rote. by my trouthe! `And also thenk wel that this is no gaude. `If that ye doon us bothe dyen. that noble gentil knight. And seyde. what sholde I more seye? Doth what yow list. fresshe. worthy. bot ye helpe. and tel me what it is. wyse. Than is it harm ye liven. than have ye fisshed faire.
' `Now.Troilus and Criseyde Than ye han doon er this. for wo! Why nere I deed? For of this world the feith is al agoon! Allas! What sholden straunge to me doon. Go love.' quod be. whan it paste. God help me so. So lat your daunger sucred ben a lyte.' quod she. your beste is to do so. "To late y−war. `What? Who wol deme. that he the images eteth? Thenk eek how wel and wysly that he can Governe him−self. Troilus and Criseyde 30 . Wol deme it love of freendship in his minde. And she bigan to breste a−wepe anoon. Thoughte. to stinte his wo. And eek ther−to. goode nece. And seyde. And god so wis be my savacioun. That of his deeth ye be nought for to wyte. y−wis. though he see a man To temple go. Til crowes feet be growe under your ye. I never other mente. which that herde him in this wyse. So that his lyf be saved.' With this he stente. Whan that him thinketh a womman bereth hir hye. is ther noon." And elde daunteth daunger at the laste. But alwey. that he no−thing foryeteth. That every wight. As love for love is skilful guerdoninge. olde. I bidde wisshe yow no more sorwe. and more feste. What fors were it though al the toun behelde? `Swich love of freendes regneth al this toun. ther wol no wight of thee. I sette the worste that ye dredden this. this request is not but skile. how elde wasteth every houre In eche of yow a party of beautee. This al and som. Ne doute of reson. `I shal fele what he meneth. And sende yow thanne a mirour in to prye In whiche that ye may see your face a−morwe!" Nece. at the leste. he shal come here so selde. `Thenk eek. and alle proude. `what wolde ye devyse? What is your reed I sholde doon of this?' `That is wel seyd. And wrye yow in that mantel ever−mo. pardee. eem. and caste adoun the heed. And therfore. Men wolden wondren seen him come or goon: Ther−ayeins answere I thus a−noon. `Allas. `Lo. and playnly our entente. he prys and thank him geteth. `The kinges fool is woned to cryen loude. wher he cometh. quod Beautee. As I have seyd. "So longe mote ye live. er that age thee devoure.' Criseyde. That. Lat this proverbe a lore un−to yow be. y−wis. `certayn. best is That ye him love ayein for his lovinge. but he be fool of kinde. for.
`By god. of me is nought to recche. I wole deye as sone as he −−' And up he sterte.' Troilus and Criseyde 31 . And in his preyere eek saw noon unright. And for the harm that mighte eek fallen more. Or of our deeth! Allas! I woful wrecche! Mighte he yet live. And I with him. I shal no−more come here this wyke.Troilus and Criseyde Whan he. Criseyde. allas! In my presence. `But sith it lyketh yow that I be deed. She gan to rewe and dredde hir wonder sore. And thoughte thus. It nedeth me ful sleyly for to pleye. doutelees. O dispitouse Marte. Pallas! Thou in this dredful cas for me purveye. that for my beste freend I wende. here I me shryve. O Furies three of helle. which that wel neigh starf for fere. So as she was the ferfulleste wight That mighte be. And god to−forn. that god is of the see. is this my blisful cas? Is this the verray mede of your beheste? Is al this peynted proces seyd. And saw the sorwful ernest of the knight. Ret me to love. Fro this forth shal I never eten breed Til I myn owene herte blood may see. As men ben cruel in hem−self and wikke. and seye That wikkedly ye doon us bothe deye. I see ful wel that ye sette lyte of us. And if this man slee here him−self. `O cruel god. on yow I crye! So lat me never out of this hous departe. Ye nolde han had no mercy ne mesure On me. That if that I. and in swich maner cas. Til she agayn him by the lappe caughte. and sholde it me defende? `Allas! I wolde han trusted. and herde eek with hir ere. and on his wey he raughte. allas! Right for this fyn? O lady myn. it wol be no solas. This false world. What men wolde of hit deme I can nat seye. but alwey had me in repreve. allas! Who may it leve? `What? Is this al the Ioye and al the feste? Is this your reed. `Unhappes fallen thikke Alday for love. For certayn. `A! May it be no bet?' quod Pandarus. or any mannes creature. thurgh my disaventure. For so astonied am I that I deye!' With that she gan ful sorwfully to syke. By Neptunus. If that I mente harm or vilanye! But sith I see my lord mot nedes dye. Ector. Had loved other him or Achilles. that am mistrusted thus.
' quod he. I shal myn herte ayeins my lust constreyne.' Quod he. with goddes governaunce. But that I dredde.' `Now wel. `I preye.' Tho Pandarus a litel gan to smyle. Though al the world on o day be my fo. `For love of god. as in my fantasye. `That of this thing that ye han hight me here. plese him fro day to day. Troilus and Criseyde 32 . `No. for no savacioun Of yow. But nathelees. Ther−to nolde I nought ones have seyd nay. no. Til at the laste.' `Can he wel speke of love?' quod she. `Of harmes two. Right for to speken of an ordenaunce.' quod she. Ye wol it holden trewly un−to me?' `Ye. This other day. Gan he and I wel half a day to dwelle. −−' `I graunte wel.' `Ne that I shal han cause in this matere. But cesse cause. Ye seyn. Tel me. wis. I shal yow telle. `A! Lord! What me is tid a sory chaunce! For myn estat lyth in Iupartye.' and stinte for to wepe. Ne love a man. than myn emes lyf to lese. And eek myn emes lyf lyth in balaunce. `Sone after that bigonne we to lepe. `But may I truste wel ther−to.Troilus and Criseyde And with a sorwful syk she seyde thrye. `myn uncle dere. Ne shal I never on him han other routhe. what nedeth more speche?' Tho fillen they in othere tales glade. And eek his lyf. `But that I nil not holden him in honde. which that us bothe made. That in this proces if ye depper go. I shal so doon.' quod she tho. `myn owene nece dere. by a welle. `By my trouthe. `And here I make a protestacioun. Myn honour sauf. And casten with our dartes to and fro. the lesse is for to chese. And seyde.' quod he. doutelees. though that ye sterve bothe two. `to pleyne. nought gon ful longe whyle. parde. `by my trouthe. In−with the paleys−gardyn. Tel me how first ye wisten of his wo: Wot noon of hit but ye?' He seyde. How we the Grekes myghte disavaunce. ne can I not. That certaynly.' quod Pandare.' quod she. ye no−thing elles me requere?' `No. `O good eem. myn honour shal I kepe. for I the bet me shal purveye. Yet have I lever maken him good chere In honour. `and I wol doon my peyne. ne may Ayeins my wil. ay cesseth maladye. or after yow to preche?' `Why. but elles wol I fonde.
and lat me liven as I can. It fel that I com roming al allone Into his chaumbre." But though that he for wo was pale and wan. for. and send me swich penaunce As lyketh thee. as I was cominge. Al sodeynly he lefte his compleyninge. Thou be my sheld. MEA CULPA. `"For certes. Now. til now. "do ye your hedes ake For love. And on the gres a−doun he leyde him tho. my lowe confessioun Accepte in gree. And sikerly." quod he. As never of thing hadde I no routhe more. This is the worste. lord! I me repente. and what that was his mone. the sothe for to seyne. Right thus to Love he gan him for to pleyne. and fond how that he lay Up−on his bed. And gan to motre. That may my goost departe awey fro thee. but from desesperaunce. That to myn hertes botme it is y−sounded. I noot what. with loking of hir yen. `Of which I took somwat suspecioun. "Lord! Have routhe up−on my peyne. freend. so soore hath she me wounded. `"O god. I dar me not bi−wryen. Who sey ever or this so dul a man?" "Ye. but man so sore grone Ne herde I never. Troilus and Criseyde 33 .Troilus and Criseyde Til at the laste he seyde he wolde slepe. He seyde. And I after gan rome to and fro Til that I herde. `This passed forth. And wel the hotter been the gledes rede. ye slepen al to longe. And leet ther−of as no−thing wist hadde I. `"That slepen so that no man may yow wake. And god so wis be my savacioun. trewely. that at thy disposicioun Ledest the fyn by Iuste purveyaunce. That stod in blak. "A−wake. `Tho gan I stalke him softely bihinde. Ne wist I nought. As I can clepe ayein now to my minde. And neer I com. How he bigan ful wofully to grone. And I with that gan stille awey to goon. Al have I been rebel in myn entente. And come ayein anoon and stood him by. It semeth nat that love dooth yow longe. and fond he wepte sore. Of every wight. lord. Thorugh which I woot that I mot nedes dyen. That men hem wryen with asshen pale and dede. Yet made he tho as freshe a countenaunce As though he shulde have led the newe daunce. And seyde. this other day. as that I welk allone." `With that he smoot his heed adoun anoon. for thy benignitee.
Swich chere him dooth. `A! Go we see. dere nece. ye shenden every deel!' `O mercy. Ne never was to wight so depe y−sworn. And every word gan up and doun to winde. By Mars the god. And for the love of god that us hath wrought. Whan ye ben his al hool. I prey to god.Troilus and Criseyde For neither with engyn. Was I so bisy no man for to preche. For man may love. tho fond she right nought Of peril. That yet fele I myn herte for him wepe. But now to yow rehersen al his speche. And to non harm of yow. Unethes mighte I fro the deeth him kepe. never. And be ye wys. Or he me tolde who mighte been his leche. `What−so I spak. But straught in−to hir closet wente anoon. and hoom he wente. but whan that she Was ful avysed. sith that I was born. his herte may to−breste. therof spak I not. caste up the latis wyde.' quod she. `And god wot. a. as he is youre: Ther mighty god yet graunte us see that houre!' `Nay. And sin ye woot that myn entente is clene. Troilus Hath right now put to flight the Grekes route!' With that gan al hir meynee for to shoute. and elles nought. no lenger she ne stente. `But for to save his lyf. And wex somdel astonied in hir thought. That han swich oon y−caught with−oute net. And men cryde in the strete. Now beth nought wrooth. why she oughte afered be. that helmed is of steel. of possibilitee. have ye. Tak hede ther−of. ne with no lore. ha!' quod she. Ther were never two so wel y−met. Troilus and Criseyde 34 . I mente nought but weel.' anoon quod he. `As helpe me god. as it com hir to minde. Or alle his woful wordes for to soune. A womman so. Now have I plat to yow myn herte shriven. That he hadde seyd. Wel in the ring than is the ruby set. But as she sat allone and thoughte thus. Ne bid me not.' `Now wel. my blood. my nece dere. `And right good thrift. as ye ben fair to see. `foryeven be it here!' With this he took his leve. for I non yvel mene. thus am I driven. Thascry aroos at skarmish al with−oute. he was glad and wel bigoon! Criseyde aroos. And sette here doun as stille as any stoon. but ye wol see me swowne. Right for the newe cas. that he and I may liven. `See. And lord. but−if hir leste. And she nought love ayein.
Al armed. Whyl he and al the peple for−by paste. This Troilus sat on his baye stede. Right as his happy day was. fulfild of heigh prowesse.Troilus and Criseyde For thurgh this strete he moot to palays ryde. may nought disturbed be That shal bityden of necessitee. To loke on Mars. In which men mighte many an arwe finde That thirled hadde horn and nerf and rinde. `Here cometh our Ioye. So lyk a man of armes and a knight He was to seen. for pure a−shamed. this is he Which that myn uncle swereth he moot be deed. ful softely. next his brother. How sobreliche he caste doun his yen. and eek his gentillesse. so weldy semed he.' And with that thought. so yong. and that as faste. And ay the peple cryde. It was an heven up−on him for to see. And wounded was his hors. `For other wey is fro the yate noon Of Dardanus. And leet so softe it in hir herte sinke. And gan to caste and rollen up and doun With−inne hir thought his excellent prowesse. On whiche he rood a pas. and thoughte it was a routhe To sleen swich oon. with−outen faile. she Gan in hir heed to pulle. men say. as wel as hardinesse. ful richely. his bak bihinde. `Who yaf me drinke?' For of hir owene thought she wex al reed. And eek to seen him in his gere him dresse. But most hir favour was. For bothe he hadde a body and a might To doon that thing. `Lo. Remembringe hir right thus. But I on him have mercy and pitee. His wit. if that he mente trouthe. in routes tweyne. That to hir−self she seyde. sooth to seyne. And his estat. Whan he the peple up−on him herde cryen. Troilus and Criseyde 35 . for his distresse Was al for hir. So fresh. And. his shap. and also his renoun. That by a tissew heng. As was on him. and gan to blede. that god is of batayle. For which. was nought. save his heed. Now mighte som envyous Iangle thus. trewely. His sheld to−dasshed was with swerdes and maces.' With that com he and al his folk anoon An esy pas rydinge. His helm to−hewen was in twenty places. ther open is the cheyne. That to biholde it was a noble game. But swych a knightly sighte. holdere up of Troye!' For which he wex a litel reed for shame. Cryseyda gan al his chere aspyen.
but that she gan enclyne To lyke him first. a ginning hath it nede Er al be wrought. Peraunter he mighte have me in dispyt. And. for his worthinesse. As to myn auctor listeth for to endyte. and what eschue. sooth to seyn. lord! So she gan in hir thought argue In this matere of which I have yow told. and lat us tourne faste Un−to Criseyde. It were honour. ther I may stonde in grace? `In every thing. If it so were hir eem ne wolde cesse. She thoughte wel that Troilus persone She knew by sighte and eek his gentillesse. mote he never thee! For every thing. If I wolde utterly his sighte flee. To graunte him love. with swich a lord to dele. To helpen sely Troilus of his wo. And sith he hath to see me swich delyt. ye. me hate to purchace. and gan to caste Wher−on she wolde apoynte hir at the laste. And what she thoughte somwhat shal I wryte. and in no sodeyn wyse. his manhod and his pyne Made love with−inne hir for to myne. For myn estat. and also for his hele. `Al were it nought to done. pardee?' Now who−so seyth so. I woot. For though a man forbede dronkenesse. He gat hir love. and with aspectes payed. and I have told yow why. now was it cold. In honestee. That plyted she ful ofte in many fold. yet. For which. Now were I wys. And.Troilus and Criseyde `This was a sodeyn love. Ther−as she sat allone. up−on hir for to presse. wel arayed. For Troilus. And thus she seyde. she nas not al a fo To Troilus in his nativitee. That rydeth forth. with−outen any drede. With−outen nede. ther lyth mesure. that heng hir heed ful lowe. Disposed wel. He nought for−bet that every creature Troilus and Criseyde 36 . by proces and by good servyse. how mighte it be That she so lightly lovede Troilus Right for the firste sighte. Thurgh which I mighte stonde in worse plyt. And what to doon best were. wel wot I my kinges sone is he. And after that. with pley and with gladnesse. Now lat us stinte of Troilus a throwe. Sat in hir seventhe hous of hevene tho. And also blisful Venus. For I sey nought that she so sodeynly Yaf him hir love. `Eek. Now was hir herte warm. God woot that wel the soner spedde he.
or loven novelrye. And yet his lyf al lyth now in my cure. What dishonour were it un−to me. he meneth in good wyse. which that is the beste. `And eek I knowe. he is noon. the hardest is. Men mighten deme that he loveth me. For out and out he is the worthieste. I thank it god. That he may make avaunt. and eek myn aventure. Ne als I nel him never so cheryce. certein. so god me spede. `Now set a cas. Ne avauntour. by Iuste cause. and that he is not nyce. His thewes goode. who−so taketh hede. What wonder is it though he of me have Ioye? `I am myn owene woman. In March. as after myn estat. as I gesse. To wys is he to do so gret a vyce. And goodlieste. Sith it is so. Or maisterful. A cloudy thought gan thorugh hir soule pace. a wonder is it nought. With−outen Ialousye or swich debat. I ne oughte not for that thing him despyse. par dieux! I am nought religious! And though that I myn herte sette at reste Upon this knight. in cas if that me leste? What. Troilus and Criseyde 37 . Eek sith I woot for me is his distresse. Men loven wommen al this toun aboute. For wel wot I my−self. and stonde unteyd in lusty lese. seyth men. this? May I him lette of that? Why nay. pardee! I knowe also.' But right as whan the sonne shyneth brighte. that chaungeth ofte tyme his face. And kepe alwey myn honour and my name. and alday here and see. Be they the wers? Why. Al wolde I that noon wiste of this thought. `I thenk eek how he able is for to have Of al this noble toun the thriftieste. with−outen doute. I am oon the fayreste. y−wis. And so men seyn in al the toun of Troye. But swich is love. He shal me never binde in swiche a clause. By alle right. it may do me no shame. that is the worthieste. To been his love. Shal noon housbonde seyn to me "Chekmat!" For either they ben ful of Ialousye. of longe tyme agoon. `What shal I doon? To what fyn live I thus? Shal I nat loven. nay. Right yong. out of drede. And that a cloud is put with wind to flighte Which over−sprat the sonne as for a space. wel at ese. so she hir honour save.Troilus and Criseyde Be drinkelees for alwey. Save only Ector. `Ne me to love.
To pleyen. no wight on it sporneth. and hir peyne? Ther loveth noon. and demen. but thus. Right of him−self. I can nat see. hir folwede in the gardin al aboute. `How ofte tyme hath it y−knowen be.' And with an other thought hir herte quaketh. Or soun of belles whyl that they be ronge?' And after that. and thrallen libertee? Allas! How dorste I thenken that folye? May I nought wel in other folk aspye Hir dredful Ioye. and went hir for to pleye. And seyde. right anoon as cessed is hir lest. with hir neces three. som cloud is over that sonne: Ther−to we wrecched wommen no−thing conne. Our wreche is this. `He which that no−thing under−taketh. Or wher bicometh it. For ever som mistrust. Now hoot. The treson. a gret route. `How bisy. in−to nought it torneth. Whan us is wo. So that for fere almost she gan to falle. be him looth or dere. hir thought bigan to clere. I trowe so. bi−twixen tweye. And who may stoppen every wikked tonge. Than slepeth hope. `Also these wikked tonges been so prest To speke us harm. lo. and Antigone. if I love. For though these men for love hem first to−rende. our owene wo to drinke. `For love is yet the moste stormy lyf.Troilus and Criseyde That over−spradde hir brighte thoughtes alle. eek men be so untrewe. Flexippe. hir constreynt. And up and doun ther made many a wente. That erst was no−thing. that they sey non harm of me? For though ther be no cause. that ever was bigonne. Sholde I now love. Ful sharp biginning breketh ofte at ende. And coye hem. is doon. Troilus and Criseyde 38 . that to womman hath be do? To what fyn is swich love. Ther is no wight that woot. she. and after dreed awaketh. Tharbe. yet hem semen Al be for harm that folk hir freendes quemen. That thought was this: `Allas! Sin I am free. Wher it bycomth. She rist hir up. whan it is ago. but wepe and sitte and thinke. and putte in Iupartye My sikernesse. or nyce stryf. now cold. eek moste I be To plesen hem that Iangle of love. So cesseth love. that it Ioye was to see. and forth to love a newe: But harm y−doon. Ther is in love. that she nath why to pleyne. Adoun the steyre anoon−right tho she wente In−to the gardin. And othere of hir wommen. No thing ne acheveth. That. who−so it rewe.
Thurgh which is alle sorwe fro me deed. wher−so that he be! `Whom sholde I thanke but yow. for feblesse of his yen. though wrecches on it cryen? No wele is worth. Defamen love. I gesse. And benched newe. In which she walketh arm in arm bi−twene. so doth he me. Or thraldom. And for−thy. out of drede. trewe in myn entente. Or is unmighty. for swich maner folk. I love him best. as no−thing of him knowe. myn hertes lust to rente. with−outen Ialousye or stryf. but they bente never his bowe. He outher is envyous. `And who−so seyth that for to love is vyce. That it an heven was hir voys to here. And shadwed wel with blosmy bowes grene. to whom I have and shal Ben humble subgit. May nought endure on it to see for brighte? Or love the wers. of kinde righte. mirour of goodliheed. As I have seyd. I love oon which that is most ententyf To serven wel. Til at the laste Antigone the shene Gan on a Troian song to singe clere. `O love. han me so wel beset In love. Though that a man. for his shrewednesse. Of al this blisse. blisful god. `Ye. though he fele in it distresse. Of trouthe ground. for that I love! This is the righte lyf that I am inne. Y−wis. Troilus and Criseyde 39 . y−wis. For never yet thy grace no wight sente So blisful cause as me. or right nyce. lord.Troilus and Criseyde This yerd was large. and rayled alle the aleyes. unwery or unfeyned. stoon of sikernesse. −− She seyde. Of vertu rote. that al that bereth lyf Imaginen ne cowde how to ben bet. That ever was. un−to my laste. and sonded alle the weyes. Of wit Appollo. Thei speken. `What is the sonne wers. As I best can. who that hath an heed of verre. That day by day I in my wil amende. `As he that is the welle of worthinesse. yeve ich al For ever−more. in which to bathe I ginne? And thanked be ye. that may no sorwe dryen. wol love. lord. To flemen alle manere vyce and sinne: This doth me so to vertu for to entende. and leest with harm distreyned. For. of lust findere and heed. my lyf to lede In alle Ioye and seurtee. god of love. Now good thrift have he. to yow. lord. To loven. Fro cast of stones war him in the werre! `But I with al myn herte and al my might.
and gan ther−with to syke. That she and al hir folk in wente y−fere. And seyde. and sterres for to appere. Now woot I wel. And voyded weren they that voyden oughte.' Quod tho Criseyde. for ye ben wyse. that to slepe wel hir leste. And therwith−al. And whyte thinges wexen dimme and donne For lak of light. Al dredde I first to love him to biginne. so it semeth by hir song. And axen fendes.' `Forsothe. wis. that it shal ever laste. Do wey. Whan al was hust. The dayes honour. y−wis. And his in me.' quod freshe Antigone the whyte. and al myn owene knight. `Who made this song with so good entente?' Antigone answerde anoon. a lay Troilus and Criseyde 40 . al this clepe I the sonne. She seyde. `For alle the folk that han or been on lyve Ne conne wel the blisse of love discryve. But seyde.' And of hir song right with that word she stente.' quod Criseyde. upon a cedre grene.Troilus and Criseyde My dere herte. That she wex somwhat able to converte. The nightes fo.' Criseyde un−to that purpos nought answerde. `Ma dame. nay. and seyde. as they conne faire endyte?' `Ye. is there swich blisse among These lovers. if oon be hoot. and thoughte Of al this thing the manere and the wyse. `Now. they woot no−thing of this! Men mosten axe at seyntes if it is Aught fair in hevene. Reherce it nedeth nought. is it foul in helle. `Y−wis. in his briddes wyse. nece. Hir wommen sone til hir bed hir broughte. And ay gan love hir lasse for to agaste Than it dide erst. Ful loude sang ayein the mone shene. They wenen al be love. So whan it lyked hir to goon to reste. the goodlieste mayde Of greet estat in al the toun of Troye. A nightingale. Gan westren faste. ther is no peril inne. and dounward for to wrye. do wey. `But wene ye that every wrecche woot The parfit blisse of love? Why. y−wis. And let hir lyf in most honour and Ioye. than lay she stille. In which myn herte growen is so faste. `Lord. As he that hadde his dayes cours y−ronne. Under the chambre−wal ther as she lay.' But every word which that she of hir herde. and the hevenes ye. it wol be night as faste. She gan to prenten in hir herte faste. Why? For they conne telle. and sinken in hir herte. Paraunter.
But Troilus.' And he answerde him. This Pandarus com leping in at ones. And chese. And every wight out at the dore him dighte. anoon−right tho hir mette. Algate a foot is hameled of thy sorwe. Under hir brest his longe clawes sette. And as she sleep. Hir love of freendship have I to thee wonne.' What sholde I lenger sermon of it holde? As ye han herd bifore. thow shal trowe me. Troilus and Criseyde 41 . of the whiche I tolde. and hath abiden Til two or three of his messages yeden For Pandarus. That herkned she so longe in good entente.' With al the haste goodly that they mighte. And in his chaumbre sit. that hath caught him an hete?' And gan to Iape. by the morwe. with herte left for herte. `Ly stille and lat me slepe. But Troilus. Redressen hem a−yein the sonne bright. And dide his herte in−to hir brest to goon. til that he herde som tydinge. But lak of pursuit make it in thy slouthe. And spreden on hir kinde cours by rowe. til this day. And seiyde thus: `Who hath ben wel y−bete To−day with swerdes. that thoughte his herte bledde For wo. that made hir herte fresh and gay. How that an egle. al he him tolde. But right as floures. −− Sire. ne no−thing smerte. and we our tales holde Of Troilus. `O Venus dere. And forth he fleigh. and soughten him ful faste. Now lat hir slepe. Til at the laste the dede sleep hir hente. my nece wol do wel by thee. and lat us soupe and go to reste. fethered whyt as boon. And wher him liste upon his wey him spedde. and seyde. and seyde. Til they him founde and broughte him at the laste. shal I now wepe or singe?' Quod Pandarus. `For thus ferforth I have thy work bigonne. And love thee best. They spedde hem fro the souper un−to bedde. and with slinge−stones. thy nedes spedde be. if thou wolt singe or daunce or lepe. And out hir herte he rente. And don thyn hood. thorugh the colde of night Y−closed. stoupen on hir stalke lowe. Of which she nought agroos. Fro the scarmuch. Fro day to day.Troilus and Criseyde Of love. `Do we as thee leste. `Freend. and that a−noon. `Lord. And also hath she leyd hir feyth to borwe. At shorte wordes. that is to paleys riden. by god and by my trouthe. He seyde. so ye swete! But rys. Right so gan tho his eyen up to throwe This Troilus.
Or on som other wight this charge leye. Now help thy−self. `Lord. to do thyne eres glowe! `Touching thy lettre. And god toforn. Til that thou be ayein at hir fro me? Thou mayst answere. It spredeth so for Ioye. for the love of Marte. hardily. `And I my−self shal ther−with to hir goon. And we shal speke of thee som−what. now. And ryd forth by the place. as I wolde outrely. On me is nought along thyn yvel fare. `I woot wel that thow wyser art than I A thousand fold. y−heried be it here!' And to Pandare he held up bothe his hondes. god shilde us fro mischaunce! Ryd forth thy wey. `For pardee. In grete disese abydeth for the peyne. and shal with al my might. wryte hir right now A lettre. Ye. Worth thou up−on a courser right anoon. God help me so. And thou shalt finde us. Do now as I shal seye. myn herte. if I may.Troilus and Criseyde Thy might. And if thou nilt. and to this night Have I nought fayned. Ne mighte me so gladen. al thyn be that I have. And up−on me make thy contenaunce. a−byd.' Quod Pandarus. I wol be there at pryme." but he That hangeth by the nekke. in−to the strete lokinge. And whan thou wost that I am with hir there. in which I wolde hir tellen how I ferde amis. A thousand Troians who so that me yave. and hir beseche of routhe. and leve it not for slouthe.' `Al esily. sittinge At som windowe. thy grace. god so wis me save. And seyde. as nought ne were. be war and faste eschuwe To tarien ought. For I am hool. thou art wys y−nough. than maystow us saluwe. right in thy beste gere. `for every thing hath tyme. wyte al thy−self thy care. Right of myn owene hond. But. and hold thy governaunce. I have ever yit Ben redy thee to serve. al brosten been my bondes. `And if thee list. how shal I doon. by thy lyf. lo. but emforth my wit Don al thy lust. but if I were as thou. Troilus and Criseyde 42 . "A−byd. god wot. I trowe. Whan Thou art goon. how shal I liven? Whan shal I next my dere herte see? How shal this longe tyme a−wey be driven. So longe abyd til that the night departe. it wol to−sterte! `But Lord. sooth to seyne. Eche after other. For al so siker as thow lyst here by me. And for thy werk somwhat as I shal seye. and fare a−right.
`Depardieux. the whyte. Do that I seye. `Ne Iompre eek no discordaunt thing y−fere. with alle his fingres fyve. He gan him recomaunde un−to hir grace. So spede it. For by that lord that formed est and west. I will aryse and wryte. For if a peyntour wolde peynte a pyk With asses feet. But. and thou. with good entente. Thanne were I deed. he seyde this: −− `Allas. his lust. And after this. Lat be. my dere brother Pandarus. So hardy was to hir to wryte. I am ashamed for to wryte. As make it with thise argumentes tough. I assente. though he. Troilus and Criseyde 43 . It cordeth nought. It shulde maken every wight to dulle. so nere it but a Iape.' This counseyl lyked wel to Troilus. `For though the beste harpour upon lyve Wolde on the beste souned Ioly harpe That ever was. Yif thou me wit my lettre to devyse:' And sette him doun. Lest of myn innocence I seyde a−mis. and eek these othere termes alle. And in ful humble wyse. Ne scrivenish or craftily thou it wryte. and sory mote he been his lyve. as a dreedful lover. That in swich cas these loveres alle seche. and wroot right in this wyse. it axeth muchel space. and of his strokes fulle. hold of thy matere The forme alwey. −− First he gan hir his righte lady calle. and hede it as an ape.' Quod Troilus. as in his speche. And blisful god preye ich. His hertes lyf. And if thou wryte a goodly word al softe. Sin that thee list. Ayeins thy lust that helpeth thee to thryve. of his folye. reherce it not to ofte. Or that she nolde it for despyt receyve. In loves termes. As thus. and lat me therwith goon.' To that Pandare answerde. Beblotte it with thy teres eek a lyte. Minerva. Touche ay o streng. His blisse. `If thee lest. Though it be good. and seyde. and the lettre I shal endyte. ful lowly he hir prayde To be nought wrooth.Troilus and Criseyde I woot thow nilt it digneliche endyte. I hope of it to bringe answere anoon Right of hir hond. To here his glee. to usen termes of phisyk. ther mighte it no−thing weyve. Were his nayles poynted never so sharpe. y−wis. and do that it be lyk. To telle al how. his sorwes leche. and if that thou nilt noon. The vyage. or ay o werbul harpe.
And after that. And with his salte teres gan he bathe The ruby in his signet. and eek he dredde hir so. and seyde. he wolde in trouthe alwey him holde. And that she sholde han his conning excused. whan that she hir uncle herde. Al prevely. And faste he swoor. er he lette. but herkneth. and ley ful loude. a blisful destenee Thee shapen is. `Into the gardin go we. For which I come to telle yow tydinges. thus answerde: `Now by your feyth. a lusty sorwe. `dere.Troilus and Criseyde That love it made. my lady shal thee see. of this a long sermoun. whan ye han space. And whan that he so fer was that the soun Of that he speke. A Greek espye. he that is al hoolly youres free Him recomaundeth lowly to your grace. or elles moste he dye. I may not slepe never a Mayes morwe. Ther is right now come in−to toune a geste. `I hoppe alwey bihinde!' And she to−laugh. With dreedful herte. How ferforth be ye put in loves daunce. myn herte. and to his neces paleys sterte. And his unworthinesse he ay acused. He seyde hir thus. Ther−with a thousand tymes. `Loke alwey that ye finde Game in myn hood. That litel was. But that was endeles. And pitously gan mercy for to crye. Troilus and Criseyde 44 .' Criseyde. and gan the lettre folde. And seyde. with−outen ho.' quod she. and we shal here. `Lettre. that it was passed pryme. Him−self was litel worth. Avyseth you on it. and it sette Upon the wex deliverliche and rathe. `Lo. and out the lettre plighte. So fresh it is. and lesse he coude.' quod he. myn uncle. al−though it sore smerte. And seyde. Quod Pandarus.' With that they wenten arm in arm y−fere In−to the gardin from the chaumbre doun. it thoughte hir herte breste. and desirous to here The cause of his cominge. −− And radde it over. `Y−wis. I have a Ioly wo. no man here mighte. And sent to you this lettre here by me. What maner windes gydeth yow now here? Tel us your Ioly wo and your penaunce. than gan he telle his woo. And gan to Iape. And after that he seyde. and telleth newe thinges. if yow leste.' This Pandare took the lettre. and that by tyme A−morwe. And of som goodly answere yow purchace.' `By god. He kiste tho the lettre that he shette.
For love of god.' quod she. for favour ne for slouthe. uncle dere. To myn estat have more reward. or to han of him routhe.' Therwith she lough. For trewely I nil no lettre wryte. And made hir so to laughe at his folye. that every other day I faste' −− And gan his beste Iapes forth to caste. and seyde. If. And whan that she was comen in−to halle. `Eem. Ful prively this lettre for to rede.' Ful dredfully tho gan she stonde stille. I preye. eem. `Now is this the grettest wonder That ever I sey! Lat be this nyce fare! To deethe mote I smiten be with thonder. `Scrit ne bille. `Now. That folk may seen and gauren on us tweye. To taken it. And took it nought. helpe me god. Refuse it nought. In harming of my−self or in repreve? Ber it a−yein. That he that most desireth yow to serve. and also. And seyde hire. and hente hir faste. Swich answere as yow list.' `No? than wol I. for the citee which that stondeth yonder. by god. wel neigh alle and some. out of drede. And letteth nought. `I can abyde til they be goon. And seyde. To seyn a sooth. this was oon A−monges othere thinges.' And gan some of hir women to hir calle. and seyde hym.' And he gan at him−self to iape faste. And whether that he live or elles sterve. He may not longe liven for his peyne.' And gan to smyle. for him that ye on leve!' This Pandarus gan on hir for to stare. And in hir bosom the lettre doun he thraste. `we wol go dine anoon. And streyght in−to hir chaumbre gan she goon. Of him ye recche leest wher he bicome. your−self purveye. But for al that that ever I may deserve. so pleynly for to seyne. that toucheth swich matere. now were it covenable To myn estat. Troilus and Criseyde 45 .Troilus and Criseyde Or. Wolde I a lettre un−to yow bringe or take To harm of yow. I preye. Ne bring me noon. Than to his lust. what list yow thus it make? `But thus ye faren. and seyde.' quod he. I have so greet a pyne For love. That she for laughter wende for to dye. `Now cast it awey anoon.' quod he. And seyde. what sholde I more seye? `And loketh now if this be resonable.' Quod she. But of hir besinesses. `Nece. but al hir humble chere Gan for to chaunge. and by your trouthe. `Go we dyne. `so ye endyte.
`Ye were caught er that ye wiste. And seten in the window bothe tweye. who hath arayed thus The yonder hous.' quod she tho. by my trouthe. Er he was war. `I seye. Whan Pandarus saw tyme un−to his tale. `My−self to medes wol the lettre sowe. but as his suster. and gan for to biholde. And after noon ful sleyly Pandarus Gan drawe him to the window next the strete. And seyde. Now for the love of me. And fond no lak. and doth him not to deye. but holden him in honde She nolde nought. nece. and sat on knowe. ye. nece myn. But Pandarus. as fer as I can understonde: −− She thonked him of al that he wel mente Towardes hir. tel on. I preye. Troilus and Criseyde 46 . and gan a lettre wryte.' Therwith al rosy hewed tho wex she. goode nece. She wolde fayn to doon his herte an ese. `sey nat so. Of his good wil. this is the firste lettre That ever I wroot.' And held his hondes up. `do what yow liste. she took him by the hood. and gan hir herte unfettre Out of disdaynes prison but a lyte. Yif me the labour. it to sowe and plyte. There as he sat and loked in−to the strete. that in a study stood.' And in−to a closet. for I can so wryte. `So I trowe. And seyde. `Now.' quod he. I noot. `And eek I noot what I sholde to him seye. and went hir in to dyne. And up it putte. and sette hem doun and ete. be it never so lyte.' quod she. and to Pandarus in gan goon. for to avyse hir bettre. And fillen forth in speche of thinges smale.' `Ye.' `Nay.' quod he. And sette hir doun. `Nece. How liketh yow the lettre that ye woot? Can he ther−on? For. ne make hir−selven bonde In love. for goddes love. and whos it was him tolde. she thoughte he coude good. Refuseth not at this tyme my preyere. him to plese.' `Aquyte him wel. Of which to telle in short is myn entente Theffect.' Tho wesshen they. And saw wel that hir folk were alle aweye.' `I vouche sauf. al or any del.' `Depar−dieux. Yet at the leste thanketh him. She shette it.Troilus and Criseyde Avysed word by word in every lyne. `God leve al be wel! God help me so. that stant afor−yeyn us?' `Which hous?' quod she.' quod Pandare. And gan to humme. and seyde. She wente allone. my nece dere.' quod he. `Now. And knew it wel.
to which ye me constreyne. With that he gan hir humbly to saluwe With dreedful chere. And seyde. which that alle these thinges say. I suppose. And how−so she hath hard ben her−biforn. and thiderward gan bende Ther−as they sete. or telle of his aray? Criseyde. Criseyde. I pray yow hertely. His goodly manere. To telle in short. She shal not pulle it out this nexte wyke. Troilus. and wex as reed as rose. to longe y−doon hardnesse Causeth despyt ful often. that ye no longer on it honge. Al softely. Now stint. So wel. as was his way to wende To paleys−ward. that ilke day! God woot wher he was lyk a manly knight! What sholde I drecche. God sende mo swich thornes on to pyke! Pandare. `Nece. which that stood hir faste by. `Nece. Or goodly was beseyn. she hath now caught a thorn. "Impressiounes lighte Ful lightly been ay redy to the flighte. of thing ful ofte looth bigonne Cometh ende good. God woot if he sat on his hors a−right. To god hope I. And up his look debonairly he caste. and his gentillesse. and Pandare him aspyde. For trusteth wel. y−see who cometh here ryde! `O flee not in. Lo. `As wisly helpe me god the grete. And seyde. Lest he may thinke that ye him eschuwe.Troilus and Criseyde And doun she sette hir by him on a stoon Of Iaspre. that never. Tel me that I shal axen yow a lyte: Troilus and Criseyde 47 . His persone. and nece myn. Ne hadde she swich routhe of his distresse.' And right as they declamed this matere. his aray. and oft his hewes muwe. And bekked on Pandare. right at the stretes ende. Com ryding with his tenthe some y−fere. up−on a quisshin gold y−bete. he seeth us. But hasteth yow to doon him Ioye have.' `Nay. Al wolde ye the forme of daunger save. his look. by god and yonder sonne! For−why men seyth. That ye to him of hard now ben y−wonne Oughte he be glad. hir lyked al y−fere. I never dide a thing with more peyne Than wryte this. `God woot. and he bigan to smyte. And seyde.' quod she.' `But ye han pleyed tyraunt neigh to longe. And hard was it your herte for to grave. Felte iren hoot. his chere. for destresse. nay.' And took it him: He thonked hir and seyde. and forth he paste. sith that she was born.
as who seyth. and loke on al this blake. he mighte his herte reste. Ye felen wel your−self that I not lye.' What sholde I make of this a long sermoun? He moste assente on that conclusioun. If that I may. And al was wel. he took al for the beste That she him wroot. Al covered she the wordes under sheld.' But Pandarus thoughte. And guerdon him with no−thing but with sighte.' quod Pandare. And seyde. He song. And Troilus he fond alone a−bedde. Bitwixen hope and derk desesperaunce.' And seyde. by my trouthe!' `God help me so. if she mighte. freend. `ye sey me sooth. for somwhat he biheld On which. Troilus? Nay. The which can helen thee of thyn accesse. it may not be. right at his in−cominge.' quod he.Troilus and Criseyde A womman.' But ofte gan the herte glade and quake Of Troilus. `Nay. for shame. in a traunce. god hath holpen us. what for hope and Pandarus biheste. `For playnly hir entente. Lat be youre nyce shame and youre folye. `as I have told yow thrye. helpe me so the mone. and it were eek to sone To graunten him so greet a libertee. Thus to the more worthy part he held. That. As for the tyme. but for hir lakked routhe. `Who is in his bed so sone Y−buried thus?' `It am I. `Who. With−outen his gilt. And right for Ioye he felte his herte daunce. And why. Considered al thing.' `Ye. And spek with him in esing of his herte. Were it wel doon?' Quod she. Lat nycetee not do yow bothe smerte. `Thou shalt aryse and see A charme that was sent right now to thee. And Pandarus gan him the lettre take. If thou do forth−with al thy besinesse. But fynally. so he dooth!' `Wel. And on his wey ful faste homward he spedde. So as the wordes yave him hope or drede. and whan that it was eve. that were of his deeth to wyte. `Pardee. him thoughte. `Lo! Sumwhat I bringe.' quod he.' Quod Pandarus. yond he rit!' Quod she. `Was for to love him unwist.' as seyde she. through the might of god!' quod Troilus. he roos and took his leve. But Pandarus. whyl that he gan it rede. this nyce opinioun Shal not be holden fully yeres two. `Ye. `It shal not be so.' But ther−on was to heven and to done. Troilus and Criseyde 48 . That lay as dooth these loveres. Have here a light. Lo.
But woltow stinten al this woful chere. Wherfore I seye alwey. And bisily with al his herte caste Som of his wo to sleen. For in good herte it moot som routhe impresse. Or. Therwith ful ofte encreseth eek desyr. and freend. that day and night This Troilus gan to desiren more Than he dide erst. and brother dere. That. Ther−as thou mayst thy−self hir preye of grace. Right so encrees hope. And Pandarus. by my trouthe. But to Pandare alwey was his recours. whan that the sturdy ook. `And certainly. It is oon of the thinges that furthereth most. "Nay. And him bisoughte of rede and som socours. So was he outher glad or seyde `Allas!' And held after his gestes ay his pas. So through this lettre. yet she stant on rote. Seyth Daunger. And aftir swiche answeres as he hadde. God woot that thy disese dooth me wo. So were his dayes sory outher gladde. Troilus and Criseyde 49 . Encresen gan desyr. sooth to seyne. the more fyr. And pitously gan ay til him to pleyne. And. That thou shalt come in−to a certayn place. yet shal I shape it so. What in effect is this un−to my bote?" `Thenk here−ayeins. and dide his might To pressen on. as by Pandarus lore. of what it be. Wex wel neigh deed for routhe. that sey his wode peyne. `Paraunter thenkestow: though it be so That kinde wolde doon hir to biginne To han a maner routhe up−on my wo. I noot if thou it wost. And god to−forn. and that as faste. And siker place his wo for to biwreye. after that these dees turnede on chaunces. And. A man to have a leyser for to preye. which that she him sente. he leet it not refreyde. `Lord. And dide also his othere observaunces That to a lovere longeth in this cas.Troilus and Criseyde His grete wo for−yede he at the leste. as an ook cometh of a litel spyr. And wryten to hir of his sorwes sore Fro day to day. of which he brente. So reuleth hir hir hertes goost with−inne. thou shalt me never winne. thurgh hope. That by Pandare he wroot somwhat or seyde. or it be dayes two. To here and see the giltles in distresse. And seyde. Through more wode or col. But tho that been expert in love it seye. But as we may alday our−selven see. though she bende.
`I pray yow that ye be Freend to a cause which that toucheth me. For swifter cours cometh thing that is of wighte. and to him seyde. Troilus and Criseyde 50 . I roughte nought though alle hir foos it herde. `Now lat me allone. and called is Criseyde. The grete sweigh doth it come al at ones. `wel thow wost. `er houres twyes twelve. my brother Deiphebus. Troilus.' Quod Pandarus. and stant with−outen doute.' Quod he.' quod he. `O. with−oute more speche. But so nil not an ook whan it is cast. it wol aryse. and werken as I may. Ayeins a thing that mighte thee for−thinke. `hardely. Which is thy brother that thou lovest best As in thy verray hertes privetee?' `Y−wis. And wrongfully have hir possessioun: Wherfor I of your lordship yow biseche To been our freend.' Pandare gan him thonke.' `Than nedeth. my freend?' He seyde. pardee. How I might best avaylen? Now lat see. Whan it descendeth. `If ye. Criseyda. unwist of it him−selve. To telle in short.Troilus and Criseyde On which men hakketh ofte. `Now. for sith that day that I was bore. with−outen wordes mo.' quod Deiphebus. than don thinges lighte. my lord so dere. for the nones. That thow spekest of to me thus straungely. is not this. cesse wind. Al han men been the lenger ther−aboute.' Deiphebus him answerde. Ful lightly. My brother Troilus. ne never−mo to been I thinke. I have a lady in this toun. `But tel me how. He shal thee ese. that I Wol be hir champioun with spore and yerde. Receyved hath the happy falling strook. Al nere it but for man I love most. In al that ever I may. That is my nece. `Yis.' `Yis. It nedeth me nought thee longe to forbyse. `Lo. no man he lovede so. and to Deiphebus wente he tho Which hadde his lord and grete freend ben ay. Save Troilus. `But.' quod Deiphebus. if thee lest. but sey wherfore It is.' quod Pandare. I nas. and god to−fore. sire. Quod Pandarus. A thing now which that I shal axen thee. Men shal reioysen of a greet empryse Acheved wel. As doon these rokkes or these milne−stones. Which some men wolden doon oppressioun. thou that woost al this matere. `And reed that boweth doun for every blast. for trusteth wel. yet tel me. Na−more to speke.
of kinde.' `Nay.' quod Pandarus. It nedeth nought to preye him freend to be. But to his neces hous. right as we wole him have. What wolt thow seyn. woot I wel. He com. For I have herd him. And Ector. No fors of that. And sette him doun. and I can finde Yet gretter help to this in myn entente. `Spek thou thy−self also to Troilus On my bihalve. which that comen was. lo. What with hir othere freendes governaunce.' `Sire. which that is my lord. `Of Ector. `And if I more dorste preye as now. `It shal be doon. Than. o tyme and eek other. To han som of your bretheren here with yow. if I for Eleyne sente To speke of this? I trowe it be the beste. lat him have al y−fere. And bringe on yow advocacyes newe?' `I? No. He shal be swich. For she may leden Paris as hir leste. nece myn. and pray him with us dyne. Be ye nought war how that fals Poliphete Is now aboute eft−sones for to plete. And shortly maked eche of hem his fo.' Deiphebus. and spak right in this wyse. And chargen yow to have so greet travayle. Hir adversaries wolde of it agryse. and never gan to fyne.Troilus and Criseyde Wolden as now don this honour to me. Answerde. and myne othere lordes mo. and chaunged al hir hewe. To preyen hir to−morwe. for the love of god. al this shal be doon. And took his leve. as streyt as lyne.' quod she. `What is he more aboute. Nere it for Antenor and Eneas. that she Come un−to yow hir pleyntes to devyse. To al honour and bountee to consente. see ye nought how I swete? I noot whether ye the more thank me conne. He seyde. she mighte never fayle For to be holpen. Speke of Criseyde swich honour. me to drecche And doon me wrong? What shal I do. But. myn uncle dere. my brother. It nedeth nought his helpes for to crave. and fond hir fro the mete aryse. so have I ronne! Lo. That mighten to hir cause bet avayle. Troilus and Criseyde 51 . that he May seyn no bet. That been his freendes in swich maner cas. what at your instaunce. `it shal no−thing be so. `With−outen that I have ynough for us. swich hap to him hath she.' quod Pandare. For I have been right now at Deiphebus. `O veray god. allas? Yet of him−self no−thing ne wolde I recche.
But goodly gan to his preyere obeye. And sey. To holde him on the morwe companye At diner." Now thenk not so. Yet hadde I lever unwist for sorwe dye. For I right now have founden o manere Of sleighte. in his propre persone. Whanne this was doon. and lasten til a−morwe. in trouthe. doutelees. To telle in short. as thee to pleye. `Sey that thy fever is wont thee for to take The same tyme. `Thow thinkest now. For−why thou semest syk. or slouthe. To bere thee wel to−morwe. Venus here to borwe. he shal it never winne For ought he can. by my thrift. thou art now in a drede. I can arede. But wel wot I. For I am syk in ernest. "How sholde I doon al this? For by my cheres mosten folk aspye. and she shal han on thee routhe. I leye. and that as blyve. doun in thy bed thee leye. For. Thou shalt be saved by thy feyth. soth for to seye. `Now is tyme. And al this thing he tolde him. Sone after that.' Quod Troilus. whan that so he biginne. `Thow shalt gon over night. and wente up−on his weye. par−dee. And how that he Deiphebus gan to blende. Un−to Deiphebus hous. Go now. And hast the lasse need to countrefete.Troilus and Criseyde That. Som−tyme a man mot telle his owene peyne. And ly right there. And lat see now how wel thou canst it make. Bileve it. thow mayst no lenger up endure.' Quod Pandarus. and thou this purpos holde ferme. Troilus and Criseyde 52 . So that wel neigh I sterve for the peyne. Thy grace she shal fully ther conferme. that sykliche I me feyne. `Thou shalt the bettre pleyne. as stille as any stoon.' And as they casten what was best to done. For him men demen hoot that men seen swete. And seyde him. for thou dost greet folye. and forth gan for to wende To Troilus. Com hir to preye. Deiphebus. now pitously compleyne. and al is wonne. `Y−wis. I hope. word and ende. thou nedelees Conseylest me. That for hir love is that I fare a−mis. Lat not for nyce shame. of his owene curtasye. which she nolde not denye. farwel! And. Thy maladye a−wey the bet to dryve. for to coveren al thy chere. or drede. He thonked hir. now prey. `Now spek. And what it is. this Pandare up a−noon. syk is he that is in sorwe. and byde thyn aventure. if that thou conne.
over night. he peyned him to glade Hem as he mighte. And after that. But god and Pandare wiste al what this mente. him gonnen they to preyse. hir sister Tarbe also. So glad ne was he never in al his lyve. that the faire quene Eleyne Shoop hir to been. And every wight gan waxen for accesse A leche anoon. Or his accesse. and I Shal wel the deer un−to thy bowe dryve. What nedeth yow to tellen al the chere That Deiphebus un−to his brother made. She com to diner in hir playn entente. With Deiphebus. hoomly. and seyde. But swich a nede was to preye him thenne. And to Pandarus reed gan al assente. and lat us faste go Right to the effect. But flee we now prolixitee best is. After compleynt. er Troilus him leyde. and how men wolde him glade? But al for nought. that he it grauntede anon−right. For love of god. And to Deiphebus hous at night he wente. As folk don yet. God woot. Deiphebus had him prayed. And fedde hem wel with al that mighte lyke. And lat us of hir saluinges pace. Lyth yet"−−and therwith−al he gan to syke. That thoughte. whan som wight hath bigonne Troilus and Criseyde 53 . To been a freend and helping to Criseyde. But as his suster. or his siklych manere. To been hir fulle freend with al his might. `Allas!' was his refreyn. best coude I yet been his leche. As for to bidde a wood man for to renne. the syke. But ever−more. Gret honour dide hem Deiphebus. and chere good he made. Compleyned eek Eleyne of his syknesse So feithfully. and neighen gan the tyme Of meel−tyd. this charme I wol yow lere. holde thee at thy triste cloos. an houre after the pryme. `In this manere Men curen folk. Antigone.' But ther sat oon. he held forth ay the wyse That ye han herd Pandare er this devyse. with−oute tales mo. al innocent of this. But certeyn is.' Therwith he took his leve al softely. Whan he was leyd. al list hir nought to teche. to whom she nolde feyne. How men gan him with clothes for to lade. And Troilus to paleys wente blyve. The morwen com. Com eek Criseyde.Troilus and Criseyde `Lo. `My goode brother Troilus. sooth to seyne. certeyn. Why al this folk assembled in this place. that pitee was to here.
sith Troilus is here. but he shal it rewe. That dooth yow harm. Ector? Or woot it Troilus?' He seyde. Herde al this thing Criseyde wel y−nough. this matere. and seyde. that highte Poliphete. By cause. and up with prys him reyse A thousand fold yet hyer than the sonne: −− `He is. `Ye. I wol but right in sterte. they hir highten To been hir helpe in al that ever they mighten. he can.' And goodly on Criseyde she biheld. Up−on hir fo. So heynous. and that anoon. Answerde of this ech worse of hem than other. Troilus and Criseyde 54 . of that they wolde afferme. And gonne a while of this and that devyse. and alle folk be trewe. And every word gan for to notifye. `Go we blyve. To speke here of the nedes of Criseyde?' Eleyne. And seyde to Deiphebus. To mowen swich a knight don live or dye? But al passe I. arisen everychoon. and seyde. And. If that I may. by your leve. If youre wille be.Troilus and Criseyde To preyse a man. it stant thus. `An−honged be swich oon. I mene. which that by the hond hir held. But Pandarus brak al this speche anoon. For which with sobre chere hir herte lough. alle at ones. fro diner for to ryse. For for o fyn is al that ever I telle. `do yow dwelle?' He rong hem out a proces lyk a belle. my brother. if that ye wolde assente. Took first the tale. Woot ought my lord. that fewe lordes conne. but wole ye now me here? Me thinketh this. And do yow wite. for it ne may not varien. er she wente.' What sholde I lenger in this tale tarien? Pleynly. as I yow preyde. that she a lady is. She tolde hir−self him al this.' quod he. `Wole ye goon. And. It were good. as hem oughte. And so he shal.' `Tel thou thy neces cas. For who is that ne wolde hir glorifye. were he my brother.' quod Deiphebus To Pandarus. that men mighte on it spete. `for thou canst best it telle.' And Pandarus. Spak than Eleyne. `Ioves lat him never thryve. The tyme com. lest ye to longe dwelle. `Pandarus. And Poliphete they gonnen thus to warien. y−wis.' −− `My lordes and my ladyes. lo. `For he wole have the more hir grief at herte. And seyde. He not for−gat hir preysing to conferme. and bringe him sone of lyve! And yeve me sorwe. What sholde I lenger.
to Troilus in they wente. that is here.' And in he lepte. And al hir cas reherce. That can hir cas wel bet than I declare. Eleyne. she gan him to disporte. in a throwe. hir cause to sustene. `Ywis.' And they. he wol forbere His ese. he wol wel that ye bringe Criseyda. he wole here.' Troilus and Criseyde 55 . `God have thy soule. Wher it be bet she byde til eft−sones. that no−thing knewe of his entente. I woot it wel right now. Deiphebus and I. or wole ought here of this. as I can knowe. And seyde hem. and take hir leve. Reherce hir cas unlyk that she can seye. y−brought have I thy bere!' To smylen of this gan tho Troilus. Whan it was seyd. With−oute more. beth al hool. and for the tounes prow. `But wel ye woot. So after this quod she. Now loketh ye. And seyde. in a whyle. she may him ones preye To ben good lord. To bringe in prees that mighte doon him harm Or him disesen. in short. And Pandarus. Ne more pres. And him with al hir wit to recomforte. for I wol have no wyte. and womanly to pleye. Quod Troilus. for I can. As she best coude. Now loketh ye. And fewe folk may lightly make it warm. But it were I. in al hir goodly softe wyse. my lady. and that anoon. for my bettre arm . `So there be no taryinge. which that him thar nought for yow.Troilus and Criseyde If that he slepe. `I sey for me.' This Pandarus gan newe his tunge affyle. This may not muchel of his ese him reve. To been good lord and freend. `We yow biseke. as woot wel here Pandare. Eek other thing that toucheth not to here. Out wente anoon to Eleyne and Deiphebus. And as he may enduren. That no wight in ne wente but ye tweye. He wol me telle. that knowen what to doon is. Have god my trouthe. and so doth Pandare eke. best is. the chaumbre is but lyte. For love of god. `As sone as I may goon. `And eek. ye moste alweyes aryse! Now fayre brother. Gan him saluwe. My dere brother. and seyde him in his ere. right hertely. with−oute rekeninge. I preye!' And gan hir arm right over his sholder leye. And after this. for she is straunge. sone after. I wol right fayn with al my might ben oon. That secret is. which that certeinly Receyveth wrong. Un−to Criseyde.
taketh of hem your leve. Quod Pandarus.' Al innocent of Pandarus entente. I preye. in−to an herber grene. `If that she vouche sauf for to do so. And seyde. And in the vertue of corounes tweyne. And Pandarus.' tho quod he. as hap was. and softely yow pleye. and eek my lordes tweyne. `Ye two. I conjure and heighly yow defende. com forth with me.' quod Eleyne the quene. so did Eleyne the quene. my lady quene Eleyne Abydeth yow. To yow have I to speke of o matere. `Aviseth yow what folk ben here with−inne. Quod tho Criseyde. Lest we to longe his restes him bireve. And in what plyt oon is. for goddes love. the bet. the mountaunce of an houre. `To been avysed by your reed the bettre': −− And fond. Seyde. hardily. that hath for yow this peyne! `Fy on the devel! Thenk which oon he is. and turne we anoon To Pandarus. And rominge outward. uncle dere'. whan ye may goodly Your tyme y−see. but in a grisly wyse He preyede hem anoon on it avyse. take with yow your nece Antigone. If swich a man was worthy to ben deed. The lesse prees. Slee nought this man. Woot I nought who. `Alle folk. Deiphebus gan this lettre to unfolde In ernest greet. And largely. That Ector hadde him sent to axen reed. which that sowle us alle sende. that gan ful faste prye That al was wel. at his beddes heed. in ernestful manere. Stinteth right here. And arm in arm inward with him she wente. And loke that ye thonke humblely Hem alle three. or no fors. and my suster leef and dere. This ilke thing they redden hem bi−twene. `Rys. elles god for−bede. The copie of a tretis and a lettre. Troilus and Criseyde 56 . `God save al this companye! Com.Troilus and Criseyde `Good thrift have ye. Now lat hem rede. nece myn.' And with that word quod Troilus. On his half. and out he gan to goon In−to the grete chambre. Thei gonne on it to reden and to poure. Deiphebus. Or whom yow list. and. `And it your wille be That she may take hir leve. fast it gan biholde. Downward a steyre. god him amende! And inward thus ful softely biginne. Avysed wel hir wordes and hir chere. `Go we. and that in hye. er that she go?' `O. Nece.
lo. Ye fierse Mars apeysen of his ire. al the tyme is wonne! `In titering. and whom yow liste. O Ioves doughter dere. or may endure. And in a thousand formes doun him sente For love in erthe. hem that ye wol sette a−fyre. com of anoon. Thenk al swich taried tyd. if that I wel descerne. he hente. That lay. Ye Ioves first to thilke effectes glade. And in this world no lyves creature. And though ye wolde han after merye dayes. in erthe and salte see Is felt thy might. come of now. And was the firste tyme he shulde hir preye Of love. herbe and grene tree Thee fele in tymes with vapour eterne. as yow list. brid. Secoundelich. Plesaunce of love. In gentil hertes ay redy to repaire! O verray cause of hele and of gladnesse. And thoughte. As man. With−outen love. and pursuite. is worth. and she Spak swich a word. Algates. Was Troilus nought in a cankedort. and as yow list. Thorugh which that thinges liven alle and be. BOOK III Incipit prohemium tercii libri. and mighte whispringe of hem here. Y−heried be thy might and thy goodnesse! In hevene and helle. or han anoon comfort'. I dar not with yow dele. best. God loveth. ye lovers that ben here. and why? For she. right now renneth my sort Fully to dye. whan ye ben oon.Troilus and Criseyde And in what plyt he lyth. O blisful light of whiche the bemes clere Adorneth al the thridde hevene faire! O sonnes lief. Com of therfore. and amorous him made On mortal thing. if ye conne. O goodly debonaire. and bringeth him to hele. but lost it nis! That wol ye bothe seyn. and to love wol nought werne. Than dar ye nought.' But now to yow. ye maken hertes digne. Comeveden. Lest tyme I loste. They dreden shame. thus loked he. O mighty god. And. Whyl folk is blent. fish. ther yet devyneth noon Up−on yow two. and he. Troilus and Criseyde 57 . `O lord. and delayes. The folk devyne at wagginge of a stree. what shal he seye? Explicit Secundus Liber. and vices they resigne. ay ye Yeve him in love ese or adversitee.
As why this fish. and this shal be my chere. thow wost! Who is al there? I se nought trewely. `it is Pandare and I. And this knowe I by hem that loveres be. `O. your might him sendeth. Recordinge his lessoun in this manere. Com ner. for thy benignitee. and nought that. or why he loveth here. fresshe and benigne. Whan they can not construe how it may io. At reverence of hem that serven thee. Ye holden regne and hous in unitee. who is here yow comen to visyte. and gan in at the curtin pyke. so techeth me devyse Som Ioye of that is felt in thy servyse. Whos clerk I am. here is she that is your deeth to wyte. comth to were. that ledde hir by the lappe. Ye knowe al thilke covered qualitee Of thinges which that folk on wondren so. thy vois be now present.' quod Criseyde. for the love of god. Lo. `Wher me be wo. who nede hath. `Thus wole I seye and thus.' quod Troilus so rewfully. `God do bote on alle syke! See. That word is good. and shorte for to syke! And Pandarus. and do me shewe of thy swetnesse. `A ha. Ye soothfast cause of frendship been also. −− Caliope.' Ther−with it semed as he wepte almost. Ye folk a lawe han set in universe. sestow not my destresse. after a wight entendeth.' `Ye. Heringe hir come.' God leve him werken as he can devyse! And. She loveth him. god him bringe! Explicit prohemium Tercii Libri. so that his herte gan to quappe. Lay al this mene whyle Troilus. For now is nede. The Ioyes that he hath. Incipit Liber Tercius. O mighty god. And seyde. lord. And hye or lowe. Thus wole I pleyne unto my lady dere. to Venus heryinge? To which gladnes. do ye not so To me. I may nought ryse To knele.' `Sire. `Ma fey!' thought he. How I mot telle anon−right the gladnesse Of Troilus. Ye in my naked herte sentement Inhelde. That who−so stryveth with yow hath the werse: Now. lady bright. swete herte? Allas. This nil I not foryeten in no wyse.' And dressede him upward.' quod she. and she right tho Gan bothe here hondes softe upon him leye. and do yow honour in som wyse. `Ey! What is this to seye? Troilus and Criseyde 58 .Troilus and Criseyde Ye do hem corteys be.
Troilus and Criseyde Sire, come am I to yow for causes tweye; First, yow to thonke, and of your lordshipe eke Continuance I wolde yow biseke.' This Troilus, that herde his lady preye Of lordship him, wex neither quik ne deed, Ne mighte a word for shame to it seye, Al−though men sholde smyten of his heed. But lord, so he wex sodeinliche reed, And sire, his lesson, that he wende conne, To preyen hir, is thurgh his wit y−ronne. Cryseyde al this aspyede wel y−nough, For she was wys, and lovede him never−the−lasse, Al nere he malapert, or made it tough, Or was to bold, to singe a fool a masse. But whan his shame gan somwhat to passe, His resons, as I may my rymes holde, I yow wole telle, as techen bokes olde. In chaunged vois, right for his verray drede, Which vois eek quook, and ther−to his manere Goodly abayst, and now his hewes rede, Now pale, un−to Criseyde, his lady dere, With look doun cast and humble yolden chere, Lo, the alderfirste word that him asterte Was, twyes, `Mercy, mercy, swete herte!' And stinte a whyl, and whan he mighte out−bringe, The nexte word was, `God wot, for I have, As feyfully as I have had konninge, Ben youres, also god so my sowle save; And shal til that I, woful wight, be grave. And though I dar ne can un−to yow pleyne, Y−wis, I suffre nought the lasse peyne. `Thus muche as now, O wommanliche wyf, I may out−bringe, and if this yow displese, That shal I wreke upon myn owne lyf Right sone, I trowe, and doon your herte an ese, If with my deeth your herte I may apese. But sin that ye han herd me som−what seye, Now recche I never how sone that I deye.' Ther−with his manly sorwe to biholde, It mighte han maad an herte of stoon to rewe; And Pandare weep as he to watre wolde, And poked ever his nece newe and newe, And seyde, `Wo bigon ben hertes trewe! For love of god, make of this thing an ende, Or slee us bothe at ones, er that ye wende.' `I? What?' quod she, `By god and by my trouthe, I noot nought what ye wilne that I seye.' `I? What?' quod he, `That ye han on him routhe, For goddes love, and doth him nought to deye.' `Now thanne thus,' quod she, `I wolde him preye To telle me the fyn of his entente; Troilus and Criseyde 59
Troilus and Criseyde Yet wist I never wel what that he mente.' `What that I mene, O swete herte dere?' Quod Troilus, `O goodly, fresshe free! That, with the stremes of your eyen clere, Ye wolde som−tyme freendly on me see, And thanne agreen that I may ben he, With−oute braunche of vyce on any wyse, In trouthe alwey to doon yow my servyse, `As to my lady right and chief resort, With al my wit and al my diligence, And I to han, right as yow list, comfort, Under your yerde, egal to myn offence, As deeth, if that I breke your defence; And that ye deigne me so muche honoure, Me to comaunden ought in any houre. `And I to ben your verray humble trewe, Secret, and in my paynes pacient, And ever−mo desire freshly newe, To serven, and been y−lyke ay diligent, And, with good herte, al holly your talent Receyven wel, how sore that me smerte, Lo, this mene I, myn owene swete herte.' Quod Pandarus, `Lo, here an hard request, And resonable, a lady for to werne! Now, nece myn, by natal Ioves fest, Were I a god, ye sholde sterve as yerne, That heren wel, this man wol no−thing yerne But your honour, and seen him almost sterve, And been so looth to suffren him yow serve.' With that she gan hir eyen on him caste Ful esily, and ful debonairly, Avysing hir, and hyed not to faste With never a word, but seyde him softely, `Myn honour sauf, I wol wel trewely, And in swich forme as he can now devyse, Receyven him fully to my servyse, `Biseching him, for goddes love, that he Wolde, in honour of trouthe and gentilesse, As I wel mene, eek mene wel to me, And myn honour, with wit and besinesse Ay kepe; and if I may don him gladnesse, From hennes−forth, y−wis, I nil not feyne: Now beeth al hool; no lenger ye ne pleyne. `But nathelees, this warne I yow,' quod she, `A kinges sone al−though ye be, y−wis, Ye shal na−more have soverainetee Of me in love, than right in that cas is; Ne I nil forbere, if that ye doon a−mis, To wrathen yow; and whyl that ye me serve, Cherycen yow right after ye deserve. `And shortly, dere herte and al my knight, Troilus and Criseyde 60
Troilus and Criseyde Beth glad, and draweth yow to lustinesse, And I shal trewely, with al my might, Your bittre tornen al in−to swetenesse. If I be she that may yow do gladnesse, For every wo ye shal recovere a blisse'; And him in armes took, and gan him kisse. Fil Pandarus on knees, and up his eyen To hevene threw, and held his hondes hye, `Immortal god!' quod he, `That mayst nought dyen, Cupide I mene, of this mayst glorifye; And Venus, thou mayst maken melodye; With−outen hond, me semeth that in the towne, For this merveyle, I here ech belle sowne. `But ho! No more as now of this matere, For−why this folk wol comen up anoon, That han the lettre red; lo, I hem here. But I coniure thee, Criseyde, and oon, And two, thou Troilus, whan thow mayst goon, That at myn hous ye been at my warninge, For I ful wel shal shape youre cominge; `And eseth ther your hertes right y−nough; And lat see which of yow shal bere the belle To speke of love a−right!' ther−with he lough, `For ther have ye a layser for to telle.' Quod Troilus, `How longe shal I dwelle Er this be doon?' Quod he, `Whan thou mayst ryse, This thing shal be right as I yow devyse.' With that Eleyne and also Deiphebus Tho comen upward, right at the steyres ende; And Lord, so than gan grone Troilus, His brother and his suster for to blende. Quod Pandarus, `It tyme is that we wende; Tak, nece myn, your leve at alle three, And lat hem speke, and cometh forth with me.' She took hir leve at hem ful thriftily, As she wel coude, and they hir reverence Un−to the fulle diden hardely, And speken wonder wel, in hir absence, Of hir, in preysing of hir excellence, Hir governaunce, hir wit; and hir manere Commendeden, it Ioye was to here. Now lat hir wende un−to hir owne place, And torne we to Troilus a−yein, That gan ful lightly of the lettre passe That Deiphebus hadde in the gardin seyn. And of Eleyne and him he wolde fayn Delivered been, and seyde that him leste To slepe, and after tales have reste. Eleyne him kiste, and took hir leve blyve, Deiphebus eek, and hoom wente every wight; And Pandarus, as faste as he may dryve, Troilus and Criseyde 61
that it sat me so sore. So that. That ever wiste that she dide amis. But. That never I this for coveityse wroughte. swich a mene As maken wommen un−to men to comen. and on his beddes syde him sette. God woot. `But god. halwed is. and hoolly to be thyn. al that glade night. with mery chere. do now as thee oughte. that I. that I the worste trecherye Troilus and Criseyde 62 . To tale. `That is to seye. for thee am I bicomen. through myn engyn. the name as yet of here Among the peple. with−oute wordes mo. And seye. Up roos. `And have it brought to swich plyt as thou wost. For thee have I bigonne a gamen pleye Which that I never doon shal eft for other. and thou. For thee have I my nece. and brother dere. Whan every wight was voided but they two. But only for to abregge that distresse. By Troilus he lay. and trattor eek y−fere! `And were it wist that I. and kep hir out of blame. thow stondest now in weye To fare wel. But wo is me. To do thy lust. For that man is unbore. That al shal been right as thy−selve liste. I dar wel swere. I seye it for no bost. For goddes love. For which wel nygh thou deydest. To telle in short. And on a paillet. Have ever sithen doon my bisinesse To bringe thee to Ioye out of distresse. as I shal yow devyse: `Myn alderlevest lord. And I hir eem. Al−though he were a thousand fold my brother. Hadde in my nece y−put this fantasye. of which thy wo wex alwey more. that cause al this. And wostow which? For shame it is to seye. May thenken that she is my nece dere. as who seyth.Troilus and Criseyde To Troilus tho com. This Pandarus. And alle the dores were faste y−shette. And gan to speken in a sobre wyse To Troilus. Why. thou wost wel what I mene. al the world up−on it wolde crye. gode brother. take I to witnesse. of vyces clene. Al sey I nought. That I. `For wel thou wost. thorugh me. When I thee saw so languisshing to−yere. as me thoughte. So fully maad thy gentilesse triste. Sin thou art wys. Bitwixen game and ernest. that al wot. with−outen any lette. as lyne right. and wel was hem they were y−fere. and save alwey hir name. with al my might and al my lore. For love.
Y−wis. and it were brought to preve. Proverbes canst thy−self y−nowe. For makinge of avantes. And after I go telle it two or three. though I thee ofte preye To holden secree swich an heigh matere. Ne knewe hem more than myn olde hat? No wonder is. Ne for no wys man." `And. Yet eft I thee biseche and fully seye. I coude almost A thousand olde stories thee alegge Of wommen lost. And. allas! So often here−biforn Hastow made many a lady bright of hewe Seyd. al is on. thow wost wel. and by name. Troilus and Criseyde 63 . what. "Welawey! The day that I was born!" And many a maydes sorwes for to newe. if she be wel avysed. nere it that I wilne as now tabregge Diffusioun of speche. For which these wyse clerkes that ben dede Han ever yet proverbed to us yonge. and thou right nought y−wonne. `Wher−fore. Al seyde men sooth as often as they gabbe. right for that wikked dede. As wel for foly ofte as for malyce. in wyse folk. That privetee go with us in this cas. but for foles nyce. and wost. Ayeins that vyce. for I breke my biheste. what shal I clepe hem. For wyse ben by foles harm chastysed. That "Firste vertu is to kepe tonge. And she for−lost. For skilful is. And be nought wrooth. `O tonge. al is untrewe That men of yelpe. `Now loke thanne. And lyere. er I wol ferther goon a pas. `Avauntour and a lyere. `And thenk what wo ther hath bitid er this. that vyce No womman drat. for to been a labbe. a womman graunte me Hir love. for the more part. And for the harm that in the world is now. And what mischaunce in this world yet ther is. that thou us never wreye. thorugh fals and foles bost. and seyth that other wol she non. I am avauntour at the leste.Troilus and Criseyde Dide in this cas. `I sey not this for no mistrust of yow. As thus: I pose. Swich maner folk. if they be nought to blame. that ever was bigonne. my preyere. That is to seye. That never yet bihighte hem this ne that. For wel wot I. That hem avaunte of wommen. And I am sworn to holden it secree. so god me sende hele. Though wommen drede with us men to dele. Fro day to day. Of kinde non avauntour is to leve. as men rede.
Thou wost eek what thy lady graunted thee. Have al this thing that I have seyd in minde. That god me sende deeth or sone lisse. Troilus and Criseyde 64 . I may no lenger wake. And bid for me. thou menest wel. And day is set. or dorste. may al this world governe. and no wight may us here? `But natheles. And gan his look on Pandarus up caste Ful sobrely. but tel me. For al the good that god made under sonne. if it remembre thee. Gan tho for Ioye wasten and to−melte. As I am mortal. Heringe theffect of Pandarus biheste? His olde wo. as him list. That. Achilles with his spere Myn herte cleve. That han in winter dede been and dreye. whan that May is. I shal thy proces sette in swich a kinde. Therfore I dar this fully undertake. As wel thou wost. if I lye. he felte of hem no more. `Freend. How neigh the deeth for wo thou founde me. That quake now. And al the richesse of his sykes sore At ones fledde. al were my lyf eterne. Wax sodeynliche his herte ful of Ioye. sooth to seye. Sith I so looth was that thy−self it wiste. How dorst I mo tellen of this matere. if thee liste. That wiste I wel. in Aprille the laste. that made his herte swelte. parde. For at thy day thou shalt me trewe finde. and frendly for to see. or sholde conne. and be now of good chere. by that god I thee swere. sin thou art now in blisse. As thinketh me. leve brother dere. Right in that selve wyse. Whan every lusty lyketh best to pleye. Revesten hem in grene. And keep thee clos. That gladder was ther never man in Troye. And god to−forn. `For wel I woot.' Who mighte telle half the Ioye or feste Which that the sowle of Troilus tho felte. But right so as these holtes and these hayes. that it shall thee suffyse. And. And how thou didest al thy bisinesse To knowe of me the cause of my distresse. And seyde. `That rather deye I wolde. And peril was it noon to thee by−wreye. that art the man that I best triste. Have now good night. For it shal been right as thou wolt devyse. now stokked in presoun. the chartres up to make. `Thou wost how longe I it for−bar to seye To thee.Troilus and Criseyde `But now to purpos. and determyne. if I late or yerne Wolde it biwreye.
He not for−gat his gode governaunce. `But. in alle the temples of this toun Upon the goddes alle. Cassandre. I wol alwey thyne hestes alle kepe. Caytif to cruel king Agamenoun. Tel me. which thou me dost for companye. Ne sholde han wist. I wol thee swere. So. this grete empryse Performe it out. pardee. and for noon hope of mede. but that I wol thee serve Right as thy sclave. Troilus and Criseyde 65 . On swich message. `But he that goth. `And that thou hast so muche y−doon for me. And. I am nought wood. whan they were arayed. This knowe I wel. though as the fyr he brende For sharp desyr of hope and of plesaunce. whider−so thou wende. by thy speche. by word or by manere. al−if I lewed be. if that thee lyketh here.Troilus and Criseyde In wrecchednesse. Eleyne. sooth to seyne. in filthe. That alle tho that liven. and trist. calle him what thee list. and felawship.' Thus held him ech of other wel apayed. al mighte I now for thee A thousand tymes on a morwen sterve. For ever−more. I have my faire suster Polixene. I sholde wene it were a bauderye. and lat me thanne allone. with−outen any drede. That al the world ne mighte it bet amende. `And. on the morwe. But in him−self with manhod gan restreyne Ech rakel dede and ech unbrydled chere. calle it gentilesse. Have now good night. me thoughte. That never in me thou deme swich folye As I shal seyn. as I have lered. It is not so. that thou knowe I thenke nought ne wene That this servyse a shame be or Iape. And this. for gold or for richesse. for now is moste nede. Ech to his owene nedes gan entende. with al myn herte. and in vermyne. Be she never so faire or wel y−shape. I can no more. That this. which thou wilt of everichone. un−to my lyves ende! `But here. But Troilus. And this that thou dost. or any of the frape. For high and low. I thee biseche. sith that thou hast don me this servyse My lyf to save. To−morwe day. Compassioun. and lat us bothe slepe. Departe it so. for the love of god. That I ne may it never−more deserve. that woot I wel. for wyde−where is wist How that there is dyversitee requered Bitwixen thinges lyke. To han for thyn.
as writen is in geste. So coude he him governe in swich servyse. she was no more afered. So secret. This is to seyn. Ne that he tornede on his pilwes ofte. That he so ful stood in his lady grace. hir thank for to deserve. and in swich fere. Of alle Ioye hadde opned hir the yate. But it was spoken in so short a wyse. And al the whyl which that I yow devyse. And shortly of this proces for to pace. in armes as a knight. For ought I wot.Troilus and Criseyde What that he mente. That. and of swich obeisaunce. he wiste what she thoughte With−outen word. to ben in his gode governaunce. Lest any wyght devynen or devyse Wolde of hem two. It semed hir. That twenty thousand tymes. to purpos for to go. In swich awayt alwey. That in his thought he nas sumwhat disesed. with al his fulle might. For which she thought that love. But in swich cas men is nought alwey plesed. whan that she dorste or leste. And wolde of that him missed han ben sesed. He say his lady som−tyme. and also She with him spak. so that it was no nede To bidde him ought to done. So as they dorste. That al this world so leef to hem ne were As that Cupido wolde hem grace sende To maken of hir speche aright an ende. and sheld from every displesaunce. as touching this matere. or she lette. how they wolde procede. But thilke litel that they spake or wroughte. But certeyn is. or ought for−bede. That can I deme of possibilitee. This was his lyf. al−though he lay softe. So wel his werk and wordes he bisette. And by hir bothe avys. She thonked god she ever with him mette. as was the beste. His wyse goost took ay of al swich hede. That wel she felte he was to hir a wal Of steel. so wel dissimulen he coude. That in this whyle. And for the more part. or to it leye an ere. For−why she fond him so discreet in al. So wys he was. That al the world ne might it bet devyse. no more than was he. By day he was in Martes high servyse. Apoynteden ful warly in this nede. Nil I nought swere. From every wight as fer as is the cloude He was. al come it late. Troilus and Criseyde 66 . the longe night He lay. and thoughte how that he mighte serve His lady best.
He lettres bar whan Troilus was absent. That Pandarus. As for to bringe to his hous som night His faire nece. For ther was som epistel hem bitwene. I wene. This timbur is al redy up to frame. In storye noon. Ne bar him bet than he. To ese his frend was set al his desyr. hem sholde no−thing fayle. he to and fro was sent. as seyth myn auctor. That never man. Us lakketh nought but that we witen wolde A certein houre. and in this tyme swete. That stonding in concord and in quiete. I have not herd it doon er this. and put in execucioun. to quike alwey the fyr. Now al is wel. for al the world is blind In this matere. wiste he wel. Thise ilke two. That wolde. Touching hir love. And Troilus. wel contene Neigh half this book. Dredelees. or every look. that ever dide his might Right for the fyn that I shal speke of here. of which him list not wryte.Troilus and Criseyde I mene. For sothe. Ne layser have hir speches to fulfelle. that al this purveyaunce Troilus and Criseyde 67 . He shof ay on. Wher−as at leyser al this heigh matere. For he with greet deliberacioun Hadde every thing that her−to mighte avayle Forn−cast. were at the fulle up−bounde. And Pandarus. with−outen drede. to poynte. for cost ne for travayle. an inpossible were. And for to been in ought espyed there. Or of what wight that stant in swich disioynte. Was evere y−lyke prest and diligent. as fer as oughte ben requered. How sholde I thanne a lyne of it endyte? But to the grete effect: than sey I thus. paraunter. or look. His wordes alle. Criseyde and Troilus. As I have told. But now. as in his freendes nede. bothe fremed and tame. or chere Of Troilus that I rehersen sholde. That. y−wis. In al this whyle un−to his lady dere. in which she comen sholde. som man wayten wolde That every word. ne no man here. Hadde out of doute a tyme to it founde. and Troilus y−fere. Come if hem list. I trowe it were a long thing for to here. or sonde. And neither laft. That it befel right as I shal yow telle. it cleer was in the wind Of every pye and every lette−game. And though I wolde I coude not. Save only often mighte they not mete.
Now is ther litel more for to doone. To telle him next whan Grekes sholden flee. He streight a−morwe un−to his nece wente. Or elles. Right sone upon the chaunging of the mone. If that he were missed. ye shal be ther anoon. At whiche she lough. `Nece. Whan lightles is the world a night or tweyne. And forthy lette him no man. But nathelees. And moste at swich a temple alone wake.' Nought list myn auctor fully to declare What that she thoughte whan he seyde so. Ye han wel herd the fyn of his entente. he gan anoon to pleye As he was wont. And founde his cause. Ne lengere doon him after hir to gape. lo. But that. She graunted him. night or day. Me were lever a thousand−fold to dye. obeyed as hir oughte. Troilus and Criseyde 68 .Troilus and Criseyde Knew at the fulle. and waytede on it ay. And asked him if Troilus were there? He swor hir. He nolde never come ther she were. And seyde. `It rayneth. And first to seen the holy laurer quake. Er that Apollo spak out of the tree. Sone after this.' And seyde. Whan he was come. But preye Apollo helpen in this nede. to him she gan to rowne. But certeynly she moste. I pose that he were. This moot be doon.' quod he. by hir leve. `ne stond not thus to muse. how sholde I goon?' `Lat be. with him to go. he swor and gan hir seye. Hadde here−up−on eek made gret ordenaunce. That Troilus was out of town y−fare. Ther−whyle he was aboute this servyse. Answered of Appollo for to be. she sholde him not escape. As if he seyde ther−of sooth or no. and ther−to his aray. And that the welken shoop him for to reyne. with−outen awayt. That he was goon to doon his sacrifyse. Come soupen in his hous with him at eve. Yow thurfte never have the more fere. for he was out of towne. But Pandare up. By this and that. sith he hir that bisoughte And. and shortly for to seyne. Al−though with him to goon it was no fere. and gan hir faste excuse. For rather than men mighte him ther aspye. `Nay. For to be war of goosish peples speche.' So at the laste her−of they felle at oon. and of him−self to Iape. And fynally. as his nece. yet gan she him biseche. softe he swor hir in hir ere. god forbede.
At which Pandare tho lough. and alle frendes fare. Ther he bishet.Troilus and Criseyde That dremen thinges whiche that never were. by stokkes and by stones. ful softe they hem sette. and nedes wolde wende. whan it was eve. in Cancro ioyned were. This mene I now. soule and bones. or that hir laughen made. and do now as yow liste. Or elles were him levere. `Now were it tyme a lady to go henne! `But goode nece. and seyde thenne. God wot. Saturne. At ese wel. if I mighte ever plese Yow any−thing. Hir em anoon in armes hath hir nome. he tolde tale of Wade. he roos and took his leve. ye ben our hierdes. sin midnight. And seyde him. For−why this is your owene hous. But Troilus. But execut was al bisyde hir leve. The bente mone with hir hornes pale. than prey I yow. At the goddes wil. pardee. And with hir faire nece Antigone. who. `Yis. she pleyde. `To doon myn herte as now so greet an ese As for to dwelle here al this night with me. And wel was him that coude best devyse To lyken hir. Whan tyme was. ther was no deyntee for to fette. And after to the souper. Though to us bestes been the causes wrye. With Pluto king as depe been in helle As Tantalus!' What sholde I more telle? Whan al was wel. And wel avyse him whom he broughte there.' He swor hire. alle and some.' quod he. with hertes fresshe and glade. But at the laste. And by the goddes that in hevene dwelle. She took hir leve. And othere of hir wommen nyne or ten. sin I mot on yow triste. that. was in mewe. Unwist of every wight but of Pandare? But to the poynt. Loke al be wel. as every thing hath ende. and Iove. now whan that she was y−come With alle Ioye. O influences of thise hevenes hye! Soth is. With a certayn of hir owene men. as trowe ye. But who was glad now. He song. under god. Fortune. And after souper gonnen they to ryse. That swich a rayn from hevene gan avale That every maner womman that was there Hadde of that smoky reyn a verray fere. for she gan hoomward hye. Troilus and Criseyde 69 . that stood and mighte it see Thurgh−out a litel windowe in a stewe. executrice of wierdes. And she to souper com. `Eem. for which she moste bleve. But O.
whom yow list of hem. For hoom to goon. `Lord. as grucche and thanne abyde. And toke his leve. it may nought wel bityde. your wommen liggen alle. it skile is to be so. But Pandarus. as good chep may I dwellen here. Sin that yow list. I wolde go. Ful glad un−to hir beddes syde hir broughte. And seyde. and al was on a flood. this is an huge rayn! This were a weder for to slepen inne. And have a thank. Heren noise of reynes nor of thondre? By god. com ofte. `myn uncle leef and dere. but here−after sone. tok hede of his preyere. right in my lyte closet yonder. And for ye neither shullen. For that we shul not liggen fer asonder. it were to me a shame. She thoughte.' Ther nis no more. hir eem. nece!' quod he tho. I trowe it be the beste. Now am I glad. With women swiche as were hir most aboute. And if ye liggen wel to−night. And careth not what weder is on−lofte. And that I rede us sonE to biginne. if goodly hadde he might. I seyde but a−game. The voyde dronke. And blew ther−with so wonderliche loude. To wende as now.' quod she. woot ye wher I wol yow leye. but tho bigan aright The newe Ioye. And I wol in that outer hous allone Be wardeyn of your wommen everichone.' Criseyde. and gan ful lowe loute. `And in this middel chaumbre that ye see Shal youre wommen slepen wel and softe. That. And ever−mo so sternelich it ron. So go we slepe. The wyn anon. ye may here calle. which that coude as muche good As half a world. and travers drawe anon. right as him oughte.' Troilus and Criseyde 70 . sin that yow list to dwelle. That wel neigh no man heren other coude. graunt mercy. `Here at this closet−dore with−oute. Right over−thwart.' `Y−wis. And ther I seyde shal your−selve be. And graunte it gladly with a freendes chere.' `I wol. soth for to telle. by my trouthe. dar I seye. He wolde han hyed hir to bedde fayn. `And nece. and al the feste agayn.' Thus al is wel. and whan so that yow leste. And seyde.Troilus and Criseyde For. `Were it a game or no. I am right glad with yow to dwellen here. And sin it ron. Tho Pandarus. out of the chaumber gon. that hadde nought to done More in the place. Gan every wight. I sey it nought a−game.
for the love of Hierse eke. For thou shalt in−to hevene blisse wende. shortly to the poynt right for to gon. and that I glad ayein may turne. For love of Cipris. There was no more to skippen nor to traunce. Now help. which. The whiche in forme of bole awey thou fette. with−outen lenger lette. By Troilus a−doun right he him sette. And gan the stewe−dore al softe un−pinne. And late hem slepe that a−bedde were. I thee biseke That this viage be not to thee looth. that wel coude eche a del The olde daunce. for the love of faire Europe. But Pandarus. ther as I have seyd. `Thou wrecched mouses herte. Thy fader prey al thilke harm disturne Of grace. For which Pallas was with Aglauros wrooth. `for never yet no nede Hadde I er now. Art thou agast so that she wol thee byte? Troilus and Criseyde 71 . `And if I hadde.' Quod Troilus. `O Iove eek. O fatal sustren. O Mars. And.' Quod Troilus. Aspectes badde of Mars or of Saturne. thou me nought ne lette.' `Now blisful Venus. O Venus ful of murthe.' `Yit blisful Venus. And seyde. `as wis as I thee serve.Troilus and Criseyde So whan that she was in the closet leyd. this night thou me enspyre. with mischaunce. thou me grace sende. thou with thy blody cope. er any clooth Me shapen was. `Make thee redy right anon. O Phebus. I mene Adoon. ne halvendel the drede. til I sterve. O help now at this nede! `Mercurie. this night shal I make it wel. If any wight was steringe any−where. And alle hir wommen forth by ordenaunce A−bedde weren. But boden go to bedde. So thryve I. that with the boor was slawe. Or casten al the gruwel in the fyre. Yet for hir love. He thoughte he wolde up−on his werk biginne. Now help. Whan that he sey that alle thing was wel. So helpeth to this werk that is bi−gonne!' Quod Pandarus. `Ne drede thee never a del. For it shal been right as thou wilt desyre. And ever bet and bet shal. my destene me sponne. For love of him thou lovedest in the shawe. thenk whan Dane hir−selven shette Under the bark. and eek Diane. Of al this werk he tolde him word and ende. And stille as stoon. Or thou combust or let were in my birthe.' Quod Pandarus. and every poynt ther−inne. and laurer wex for drede.
`Now wherby that I telle yow al this? Ye woot your−self. ye nolde Him never falsen.' `Ey! God forbede that it sholde falle. Unwist. Quod tho Criseyde. This Troilus.Troilus and Criseyde Why. Ne wondreth not. but it were on him along. `Now. Ne yeve a wight a cause to devyne. And Pandarus. And whan my tale al brought is to an ende. for I wol have the wyte. benedicite?' Quod she. and seyde hir in hir ere. Oon of this world.' Quod he. `Who goth there?' `My dere nece. and ther−to trouthe plyght. and softely it shette. And as he com ayeinward prively. as love an other in this whyle. Ful sykerly they slepten alle y−fere. `it am I. And folowe me. And Troilus he broughte in by the lappe. The sterne wind so loude gan to route That no wight other noyse mighte here. That. with a ful sobre chere. And him hir "leef" and "dere herte" calle. I under−take. Troilus and Criseyde 72 . the hous men mighte myne. Goth to the dore anon with−outen lette. don this furred cloke up−on thy sherte.' quod he. and lat me go bifore a lyte. Your wommen slepen alle. `so as ye wommen demen alle. How that your love al fully graunted is To Troilus. the worthieste knight. And slepen wolen til the sonne shyne. `Now stant it thus.' And with that word he gan un−do a trappe. whyle ye liven sholde. Is thurgh a goter. so wol I wende. She doth hir−self a shame. for hem. So that. `that ye swich foly wroughte! They mighte deme thing they never er thoughte! `It is nought good a sleping hound to wake. and him a gyle. ye shul wel understonde. by a prive wente. Ther−as they laye. `No word. that sith I fro yow wente. But byd. and asked.' quod he. ne have of it no fere. `Lat me som wight calle. nece myn. right as I com. And they that layen at the dore with−oute. Lat no wight ryse and heren of oure speche.' `What! Which wey be ye comen. In−to my chaumbre come in al this reyn.' Quod Pandarus. for love of god I yow biseche. as wel as any wight. right platly for to seyn.' And ner he com. His nece awook. I mene. `And how thus unwist of hem alle?' `Here at this secre trappe−dore. And maken him an howve above a calle. That for to holde in love a man in honde.
And by that feith I shal Pryam of Troye! `And he is come in swich peyne and distresse That. Ialousye. He sodeynly mot falle in−to wodnesse. as wisly have I Ioye. `So worldly selinesse. How that ye sholde love oon that hatte Horaste.' Criseyde. Thou misbeleved and envious folye. for ought I can espye. who−so tales tolde. Ioye. I shal ther−of as ful excusen me As ever dide womman. for now live I to longe! `Horaste! Allas! And falsen Troilus? I knowe him not. which that al this wonder herde. but he be al fully wood by this.' quod she. god helpe me so. it moot ben oon of tweye. eem. And with a syk she sorwfully answerde. if him lyke'. My dere herte wolde me not holde So lightly fals! Allas! Conceytes wronge. But O. to−morwe. Now if he woot it not.Troilus and Criseyde Unwist of every maner wight. thou wikked serpent. As every Ioye of worldly thing mot flee. And if to lese his Ioye he set a myte. He seyth him told is. Y−medled is with many a bitternesse! Ful anguisshous than is. god woot. and I him see. But−if god helpe. Which clerkes callen fals felicitee. The drede of lesing maketh him that he May in no perfit selinesse be. Why hastow Troilus me mad untriste. And with that word she gan ful sore syke. or how thou pleye. certeyn. Ther is no verray wele in this world here. What harm they doon. Gan sodeynly aboute hir herte colde. `Condicioun of veyn prosperitee. Than every tyme he that hath in memorie. of a freend of his. how may he seye That he hath verray Ioye and selinesse. Either he woot that thou. For either Ioyes comen nought y−fere. and cause why this is. That trewely.' quod she. `Wherfore I wol deffyne in this matere. `O god!' quod she. Than semeth it that Ioye is worth ful lyte. Or woot it not. art muable. `Allas! What wikked spirit tolde him thus? Now certes. Troilus and Criseyde 73 . `O brotel wele of mannes Ioye unstable! With what wight so thou be. That is of ignoraunce ay in derknesse? `Now if he woot that Ioye is transitorie. Save of my−self. For sorwe of which this night shalt been his laste. `Allas! I wende. Or elles no wight hath hem alwey here.
that I wiste?' Quod Pandarus. `Nece. `that shal be sene. I never mote have Ioye! `Now loke thanne. `And god to−forn. `Ye. that his sorwe Is causeles. ye hadde him never leef. ne more his herte apese. I hope al shal be wel that is amis. thus wryten clerkes wyse. And ye therwith shal stinte al his disese? Have here. sin ye make this ensample of me. if that I shal nought lye. But of malyce. uncle myn. so that it shal suffyse. I bidde god. nece myn.' quod he.' quod she. nay. For ther is no−thing mighte him bettre plese. Shul putte al night his lyf in Iupartye For thing of nought! Now. To putte his lyf al night in Iupertye. if ye. by that god above. ye nece myn. And doth right so. that ye wol not do so. Save I my−self. nece myn. If that ye suffre him al night in this wo. And sey my dere herte.' quod he.' `A ring?' quod he. hasel−wodes shaken! Troilus and Criseyde 74 . `Thus fallen is this cas. But wel I woot. and axe amonges alle How is this candele in the straw y−falle? A! Benedicite! For al among that fare The harm is doon. and ye suffre him in distresse.Troilus and Criseyde That never yet agilte him. `Wole ye doon o thing. `Now by my thrift. For whan a chaumber a−fyr is. platly. I dar avowe.' `Why. `Nay. and fare−wel feldefare! `And. That dar I seyn. If I al night wolde him in sorwe see For al the tresour in the toun of Troye. For. Nay.' `To−morwe? Allas. swich abodes been nought worth an hawe. That peril is with drecching in y−drawe. `what is. and bereth him this blewe ringe. for I holde it the beste. What. Wel more nede is. Ye been to wys to do so gret folye. that been his love. `who tolde him this? Why doth my dere herte thus. God help me so. For. al thing hath tyme. it sodeynly rescowe Than to dispute. `Hadde I him never leef? By god. that shal be seen to−morwe. Nought only this delay comth of folye. or an halle.' quod she.' `So shal I do to−morwe. it may not stonden in this wyse. y−wis. For ye may quenche al this. allas?' `Ye woot. if that yow leste. Ye neither bountee doon ne gentilesse!' Quod tho Criseyde. ne take it not a−greef. now there is but we two.' quod she. I wene Ye hadde never thing so leef. that were a fair!' quod he.
That with his deeth he wol his sorwes wreke. `This is so gentil and so tendre of herte. wel maystow cursen slouthe! `Wot ye not wel that noble and heigh corage Ne sorweth not. And that. y−wis. nece. But ye ben wys. Ye knowe eek how it is your owne knight. fayn wolde I doon the beste. whan that I mighte him finde. This seyd by hem that be not worth two fecches. For trusteth wel.' `Thanne. But er he come. For with o word ye may his herte stere. and that we han on honde Nis neither hard. I am. At dulcarnon.' This accident so pitous was to here. So spek your−self to him of this matere. `Ye. Ne. No wonder is. And Troilus hir knight to hir so dere. ne stinteth eek for lyte? But if a fool were in a Ialous rage. er that his herte breke. that ring moste han a stoon That mighte dede men alyve maken. That. right at my wittes ende. ne sinne. I nolde setten at his sorwe a myte. And for−thy. pardee. how sore that him smerte. And his coming unwist is to every wight. at pryme face. But feffe him with a fewe wordes whyte Another day. ye moste upon him triste. harm may ther be noon. And I al prest to fecche him whan yow liste. I wol my−self be with yow al this night.' Quod Pandarus. nece. But whether that ye dwelle or for him go. ne skilful to withstonde. Discrecioun out of your heed is goon.' quod he. He wol to yow no Ialouse wordes speke. though that she dide him as thanne a grace. Considered alle thinges as they stode. til god me bettre minde sende. sin al my trist Troilus and Criseyde 75 . `and that is routhe. `As wisly god at reste My sowle bringe.Troilus and Criseyde Ye nece myn. O tyme y−lost. `Now have I told what peril he is inne. sin she dide al for gode. And eek so lyk a sooth. If that I hadde grace to do so. for wrecches wol not lere For verray slouthe or othere wilful tecches. But this thing stant al in another kinde. His prive coming. Cryseyde answerde. I wil up first aryse. and the siker place. for the love of god.' quod she. by right. And swich a ring trowe I that ye have noon. wol ye here? Dulcarnon called is "fleminge of wrecches". And. eem. It semeth hard. `doth her−of as yow list. as me is for him wo! And eem. That fele I now.
and. to pleye anoon bigan.' And with that word he drow him to the fere. as for his observaunce. It nedeth not no ferther for him sterte. If sorwe it putte out of hir remembraunce. for she bad him not ryse. And ech of yow ese otheres sorwes smerte. Now doth him sitte. right be hir beddes heed. And seyde.Troilus and Criseyde Is on yow two. `my nece dere' Ther good thrift on that wyse gentil herte! But liggeth stille. Yet nathelees. And seyde. for your trouthe. that so wel coude fele In every thing. As for to loke up−on an old romaunce. though men sholden smyten of hir heed. Al thoughte she. ayeins the which that no man may.' quod he. see how this lord can knele! Now. as wolde the excellence Of love. For love of god. al−though she syked sore. and taketh him right here. For I am here al in your governaunce. Upon your beddes syde al there with−inne. `Nece. She coude nought a word a−right out−bringe So sodeynly. That ech of yow the bet may other here. And in his beste wyse his lady grette.' This Troilus ful sone on knees him sette Ful sobrely. Venus. I the herie. seeth this gentil man!' And with that word he for a quisshen ran. for his sodeyn cominge. That I honour may have. So wircheth now in so discreet a wyse. hir servaunt and hir knight Ne sholde of right non untrouthe in hir gesse. so she wex sodeynliche reed! Ne. considered his distresse. Ne oughte eek goodly maken resistence And eek bycause I felte wel and say Youre grete trouthe.' `That is wel seyd. Or elles that she toke it in the wyse Of duetee. whyl that yow leste. But wel finde I she dide him this plesaunce. and fond his contenaunce. And that love is in cause of swich folye. Criseyde. and he plesaunce. and servyse every day. But lord. herte myn. For sone hope I we shulle ben alle merie. and ye ben bothe wyse. But Pandarus. That she him kiste. `Now wol ye wel biginne. And bad him sitte a−doun with−outen more. that was Troilus lady right. gode nece dere. Troilus and Criseyde 76 . Thus to him spak she of his Ialousye: `Lo. Ther god your hertes bringe sone at reste!' Can I not seyn. And cleer stood on a ground of sikernesse. And took a light. Quod Pandarus. `Kneleth now.
and som swich fantasye With pietee so wel repressed is. "Ye. or of him slivere. Ialousye is love!" And wolde a busshel venim al excusen. Al can I nought as muche as it were right. I thonke it yow. my dere herte and al my knight. And after that. Of that I wolde up−on thee pleyne and crye! `Eek al my wo is this. what al this is to seyne Shal wel be told. myn. Of habundaunce of love and bisy cure. Have and ay shal. That it unnethe dooth or seyth amis. The harm of which I wolde fayn delivere! Allas! That he. `And dredelees. That folk ungiltif suffren here iniure. that folk now usen To seyn right thus. And I. sooth to seyne. y−wis. That dooth your herte this disese endure. with a myn herte. as fer as I have wit. Ther Iove him sone out of your herte arace! `But O. Troilus and Criseyde 77 . But herte myn. Thus causelees is cropen in−to yow. how sore that me smerte. Of whiche. som maner Ialousye Is excusable more than som. so that ye noght yow greve. −− But. not I for−why ne how That Ialousye. it oughte bere his name. That undeserved suffrest Ialousye. for whiche your passioun I wol not calle it but illusioun. But goodly drinketh up al his distresse. And who that giltif is. herte myn. or grame. ye be not in that plyt. Is this an honour to thy deitee. that shal be founde at preve. This droof me for to rewe up−on your peyne. al quit goth he? O were it leful for to pleyne on thee. And that excuse I. or hate. for the gentilesse. allas! That wikked wivere. For ther−with mene I fynally the peyne. That thanke I god. Though I to yow right on your−self compleyne. Fully to sleen. Shuld have his refut in so digne a place. and every wrong redresse.Troilus and Criseyde And that your herte al myn was. thou Iove. O auctor of nature. As whan cause is. `But certeyn is. If it be lyker love. emforth my conninge and my might. Ben to yow trewe and hool. `And your goodnesse have I founde alwey yit. `My goode. That halt your herte and myn in hevinesse. al hool. `And som so ful of furie is and despyt That it sourmounteth his repressioun. For that o greyn of love is on it shove! But that wot heighe god that sit above.
And after winter folweth grene May. And doun he fel al sodeynly a−swowne. But al was hust. For it thoughte him no strokes of a yerde To here or seen Criseyde. for my devoir and your hertes reste. and Pandare up as faste. whan he hir wordes herde. and syghed sore. `allas! Thy wyle Serveth of nought. and that that he was born. By sort. For wrooth was she that shulde his sorwes lighte. And al that labour he hath doon biforn. And every spirit his vigour in−knette. thou wost. of a ful misty morwe Folwen ful ofte a mery someres day. and sorwfully he sighte. For love of god. in thought ne dede untrewe To Troilus was never yet Criseyde. `Now god. This was no litel sorwe for to see. than am I not to blame!' Ther−with the sorwe so his herte shette. do me deye. And held hir pees. So hope I that he shal. That from his eyen fil there not a tere. so weylaway the whyle!' And therwithal he heng a−doun the heed. And with the shete it wreigh. and thus she seyde. The crampe of deeth. This Troilus. Allas! What mighte I more doon or seye?' With that a fewe brighte teres newe Owt of hir eyen fille. The feling of his sorwe. But.' thoughte he. and reden eek in stories. Men seen alday. For now is wikke y−turned in−to worse. But nathelees. `O Pandarus. to streyne him by the herte. So they astoned or oppressed were. whan that he speken mighte. `God woot. or of his fere. For every teer which that Criseyde asterte. Wher−so yow list. Or of ought elles. lat preve it for the beste! And if that I be giltif. for he best may. him liste not to slepe. And in his minde he gan the tyme acurse That he cam there. that of this game. What mighte he seyn? He felte he nas but deed. Troilus and Criseyde 78 . And fil on knees.Troilus and Criseyde `Of which I am right sory but not wrooth.' With that hir heed doun in the bed she leyde. his lady wepe. For I have seyn. or in what wyse so yow leste. not o word spak she more. But now help god to quenchen al this sorwe. Have ye no care. Whan al is wist. Than seyde he thus. fled was out of towne. He wende it lost. by ordal or by ooth. That after sharpe shoures been victories. he thoughte he nas but lorn. But wel he felte aboute his herte crepe.
Him to revoken she dide al hir peyne. And al foryaf. Ful fayn. whan he gan bet a−wake. shortly for to seyne. And at the laste. Ne cause eek non. And therwith−al she swoor him in his ere. so wolde I. he in−to bedde him caste. `Nece. at the laste.' quod she. And of his swough sone after that adawe. what thing is this?' `Why do ye with your−selven thus amis?' Quod tho Criseyde. and seyde As fil to purpos for his herte reste. But wonder sore he was abayst. my dere herte. She ofte him kiste. and ofte his sorwes to comforte. `Is this a mannes game? What. And with a syk. and to hir spak.' quod he. He seyde. `Beth nought agast. `Sey "Al foryeve. y−wis. `O mercy. nor I ne serven here of nought. `ful lever were Than al the good the sonne aboute gooth'. I am nought wrooth. pees. though it no nede were. and I wiste how. Now speek to me. but ye helpe us now. lat now non hevy thought Ben hanginge in the hertes of yow tweye:' And bar the candele to the chimeneye. or we be lost. And. And seyde. for it am I. sin ye be brought In thus good plyt. that to me. hir thoughte tho no fere. and." and stint is al this fare!' `Ye. `Allas! That I was born!' `Ye.' But certeyn. your owne Troilus is lorn!' `Y−wis. `Y−wis. And with hir goodly wordes him disporte She gan. to deliveren him from bittre bondes. god. Allas. and wete his temples tweyne. Troilus! Wol ye do thus.' quod she. Quod Pandarus. Therwith his pous and pawmes of his hondes They gan to frote. and ofte tyme him keste. is this a mannes herte?' And of he rente al to his bare sherte. wole ye pullen out the thorn That stiketh in his herte?' quod Pandare. `O theef. he gan his breeth to drawe.Troilus and Criseyde `O nece. nece. Troilus and Criseyde 79 . He thonked hir. And she to that answerde him as hir leste. Light is not good for syke folkes yen. This light. Have here my trouthe and many another ooth. Whan she swich othes as hir list devyse Hadde of him take. And gan bet minde and reson to him take. Sone after this. And seyde. But for the love of god. Cryseyde!' But al for nought. for shame?' And therwith−al hir arm over him she leyde. For this or that. yet mighte he not a−breyde. to bidde him thennes ryse. `For ought I can espyen.
for every wight.' `Nay. `y−wis. Be any wrong. Wol ye the childish Ialous contrefete? Now were it worthy that ye were y−bete. whan she was at swiche a feste. with blisse of that supprysed. What harm was that. and eek where. I wol no more trespace. certeyn. I gesse. He seyde hir. To whom this tale sucre be or soot. `Of gilt misericorde! That is to seyn. After myn auctor. swete herte myn. that he took it by. hir to fonde.' `And now. he moste feyne. shortly for to seyne. As he that nedes moste a cause fisshe. sodeynly avysed. Foryeve it me.' quod he. as he that mente No−thing but wel. som−tyme I moot. al were it so. And Pandarus. and also why He Ielous was. Or elles. With−outen more. al dere y−nough a risshe. by that god that boughte us bothe two. but of thise ilke tweye. Lest she be wrooth. Swich arguments ne been not worth a bene. He moste obeye un−to his lady heste. sin ther was cause noon. tellen hir gladnesse. sin I non yvel mene? For. She bad him that to telle hir bisily. `Allas! Up−on my sorwes syke Have mercy. That this was doon of malis. `If ye ben wyse. in tho wordes that I seyde.Troilus and Criseyde Yet lesse thing than othes may suffyse In many a cas.' This Troilus. Cryseyde! And if that. she bar him on honde. `that I have do yow smerte. Not I not what.' And she answerde. Swowneth not now. And beth wel war ye do no more amis. with a ful good entente. Troilus and Criseyde 80 . And ever−more on this night yow recorde. He hir in armes faste to him hente. And eek the signe. And for the lasse harm. And seyde. Whan that the sperhauk hath it in his foot? I can no more. and. And she answerde. In alle thinge is myn entente clene. `Swete.' Tho Troilus gan sorwfully to syke. Do what yow list.' quod she. She mighte on him han loked at the leste. I am al in your grace. Though that I tarie a yeer. Leyde him to slepe. But in effect she wolde wite anoon Of what man. Put al in goddes hond. that I foryeve al this. and seyde. dere herte myn. myn owene swete herte. lest more folk aryse. him thoughte his herte deyde. That loveth wel meneth but gentilesse.' What mighte or may the sely larke seye.
Men moste drinke. Bitrent and wryth the sote wode−binde. whan hir drede stente. Right so Criseyde. as ever mote I goon. and hath his lady swete. And seyde. y−wis. if it comth to the nede. Gan thanken tho the blisful goddes sevene. That stinteth first whan she biginneth to singe. it Ioye was to sene. Troilus and Criseyde 81 . al quit from every drede and tene. This Troilus in armes gan hir streyne. Now is this bet. in ought that he may gesse. And right as he that seeth his deeth y−shapen. Made him swich feste. And from his deeth is brought in sikernesse. al hool of cares colde. Non swich they felten. Thus sondry peynes bringen folk in hevene. Gan eche of hem in armes other winde. Now be ye caught. with many a twiste. Criseyde. Whan she him felte hir in his armes folde. Men drinken often peyne and greet distresse. as for this aventure. And deye moot. `Ne hadde I er now. my swete herte dere. hir streyghte bak and softe. As writen clerkes in hir bokes olde. That thourgh a peyne hath founden al his cure. With worse hap god lat us never mete! Hir armes smale. than bothe two be lorn! For love of god. Criseyde. Now yeldeth yow. which that felte hir thus y−take. As she that iuste cause hadde him to triste. now is ther but we tweyne. Whan that she hereth any herde tale. Or in the hegges any wight steringe. Right as an aspes leef she gan to quake. And after siker dooth hir voys out−ringe. sith they were born. And as aboute a tree. And as the newe abaysshed nightingale. For out of wo in blisse now they flete. `O swete. Ful bittre drink. That bitternesse assayed was biforn. I mene it here. Opned hir herte and tolde him hir entente. that heled for to be As of a fevre or othere greet syknesse. as men may often see. for other boot is noon. Ben yolde. For al this world. I were now not here!' O! Sooth is seyd.Troilus and Criseyde As wel as I have told hir hevinesse. in swich present gladnesse Was Troilus. But Troilus. Whan she his trouthe and clene entente wiste. take every womman hede To werken thus. And sodeynly rescous doth him escapen. and for to han gladnesse. And now swetnesse semeth more sweet.' To that Criseyde answerde thus anoon.
thurgh myn ignoraunce. I thee grete. if that yow liste. and whyte He gan to stroke. his desyr wol flee with−outen winges. `Here may men seen that mercy passeth right. And me bistowed in so heygh a place That thilke boundes may no blisse pace. fleshly. `Now wolde god I wiste.' quod he. `was ever thus at ese As I. though that I unworthy be. that trouthe and diligence. Love. smothe.Troilus and Criseyde Hir sydes longe. This dar I seye. she felte no disese. And next that. ther I lykly was to sterve. O. certes. that dar I wel seyn. `For certes. or sterve. hir brestes rounde and lyte. of your benignitee. Than seyde he thus. but laude and reverence Be to thy bounte and thyn excellence!' And therwith−al Criseyde anoon he kiste. Troilus and Criseyde 82 . the wel−willy planete. After thy−self next heried be she. To do me live. noldestow of bountee hem socouren That serven best and most alwey labouren. Right thourgh the vertu of your heyghe servyse. Thus in this hevene he gan him to delyte. Who−so wol grace. Of which. my lady dere. For never man was to yow goddes holde As I. Imeneus. And thus seyde he. Yet were al lost. deyneth hir herte reste. and list thee nought honouren. what to done. thou holy bond of thinges. `O. `And for the love of god. As thus I mene. Yet mot I nede amenden in som wyse. That am unworthy to so swete a wight. that ye wol be my stere. But herte myn. But−if thy grace passed our desertes. So techeth me how that I may deserve Your thank. how I yow mighte plese! What man. Ne do no−thing that yow be displesaunce. `Benigne Love. fresshe wommanliche wyf. The experience of that is felt in me. on whiche the faireste and the beste That ever I say. and good thrift bad ful ofte Hir snowish throte. Myn herte swete. for Ioye unnethe he wiste. Hast holpen. Lo. `And for thou me. Citherea the swete. I can no more. so that I. certeyn. Venus mene I. Charitee. That shal ye finden in me al my lyf. Thy moder eek. Sin god hath wrought me for I shal yow serve. And ther−with−al a thousand tyme hir kiste. That. So thenketh. which ye han brought fro cares colde. that coude leest deserve Of hem that nombred been un−to thy grace. For.
And at o word. herte myn. that ye ben in this place?' `Ye. Ye. if that hem liste pleye! I can no more. `O dere herte. Thise ilke two. for on that is al my trist. How blithe un−to hem bothe two thou were! Why ne hadde I swich on with my soule y−bought. certeyn. god thank I of his grace!' Troilus and Criseyde 83 . Doth therwith−al right as your−selven leste. lat slee me with the dede. For which ful ofte ech of hem seyde. If that it lyke un−to your womanhede. my pees. Or elles. be−twixen dreed and sikernesse. with−outen repentaunce. But iuggeth. thou foule daunger and thou fere. or the leeste Ioye that was there? A−wey. at loves reverence. may it be That it be sooth. But late us falle awey fro this matere. that al ne can I telle! But sooth is. and al myn herte dere.' `Y−wis. breken your defence. and that I yow bi−seche. I speke hem alle under correccioun Of yow. though I can not tellen al. And if that I. my knight. my suffisaunce!' Of hir delyt. lord! So he gan goodly on hir see. O blisful night. that feling han in loves art. Clippe ich yow thus. Wel−come. That never his look ne bleynte from hir face. For myne wordes. of his excellence. Yet have I seyd. And seyde. this that seyd is here. that ben in armes laft. Have any word in eched for the beste. For it suffyseth. That is so heygh. As can myn auctor. And if I do. of hem so longe y−sought. That ech from other wende been biraft. lo. But now to purpos of my rather speche. So looth to hem a−sonder goon it were.Troilus and Criseyde Ne wol not. but thus thise ilke tweye That night. My ground of ese. Felten in love the grete worthinesse. Of swich gladnesse. and. That al this thing but nyce dremes were. present or in absence. I shal In every thing al hoolly his sentence. Graunt mercy. or elles I it mete?' And. For love of god. `myn owne hertes list. this was hir moste fere.' quod she. god to−forn. `O swete. And lat hem in this hevene blisse dwelle. ye that han ben at the feste. And putte it al in your discrecioun To encrese or maken diminucioun Of my langage. here and every part. or Ioyes oon the leste Were impossible to my wit to seye.
ther god yeve hem mischaunce. But it shal falle hem as I shal yow rede. ful of coveityse. or elles whan that folk ben syke. Was ever yet y−yeve him swich delyt. Troilus and Criseyde 84 . of whom that I yow seye. for Ioye he niste. Lord! trowe ye. in oo poynt. to finde. `O eyen clere. And every lover in his trouthe avaunce! As wolde god. God wot. To techen hem that they ben in the vyce.Troilus and Criseyde Quod tho Criseyde. They knewe hem first. Of which I can nought tellen no scripture. of tho pens that he can mokre and kecche. Sone after this they speke of sondry thinges. Ye humble nettes of my lady dere! Though ther be mercy writen in your chere. That where his spirit was. was tourned to gladnesse. that dispyse Servyse of love. doutelees. So parfit Ioye may no nigard have! They wol sey `Yis. And ther−to dronken hadde as hoot and stronge As Crassus dide for his affectis wronge. That shewed his affeccioun with−inne. It were ye that wroughte me swich wo. Criseyde him yaf. sooth. a coveitous. al−though they holde hem nyce! Thise ilke two. and every wo and fere That passed was. I thanke it god. a wreccbe. But wel I woot. for also god me save. a broche.' but lord! So that they lye. That. and seyde. They shul forgo the whyte and eke the rede. Whan that hir hertes wel assured were. hadde eres al−so longe As hadde Myda. ful of wo and drede! They callen love a woodnesse or folye. and where. And eek rehercen how. and stak it on his sherte. As is in love. That blameth love and holt of it despyt. In whiche a ruby set was lyk an herte. But esy sykes. And pleyinge entrechaungeden hir ringes. Of swiche sykes coude he nought bilinne. swiche as been to lyke. and therwith−al him kiste. And live in wo. but al swich hevinesse. Tho gonne they to speken and to pleye. As fil to purpos of this aventure. the text ful hard is. gold and asure. How coude ye with−outen bond me binde?' Therwith he gan hir faste in armes take. And loveres nought. This Troilus ful ofte hir eyen two Gan for to kisse. Nought swiche sorwfull sykes as men make For wo. And wel an hundred tymes gan he syke. tho wrecches. and whanne. in som plyt? Nay. Tho bisy wrecches.
Wel oughte bestes pleyne. And passed wo with Ioye countrepeyse. That day of us mot make desseveraunce! For tyme it is to ryse. that with tho wordes felte. That never−more under the ground thou winde! For now. Or elles I am lost for evermo! O night. Gan therwith−al Criseyde his lady dere In armes streyne. Fortuna maior.Troilus and Criseyde And ever−mo. than anoon Criseyde. that was to hem so dere. Gan for to ryse. allas! Why niltow over us hove. and hennes go. to Troilus thus seyde: −− `Myn hertes lyf. comune astrologer. It was biset in Ioye and bisinesse Of al that souneth in−to gentilnesse. Troilus and Criseyde 85 . With kissing al that tale sholde breke. For it accordeth nought to my matere. for thou so hyest out of Troye. Gan on his brest to bete. the dayes messager. Reson wil not that I speke of sleep. But whan the cok. for thyn hast and thyn unkinde vyce. makere of kinde. For to recoveren blisse and been at ese. as folk in bokes rede. and seyde in this manere: −− `O cruel day. As he that never yet swich hevinesse Assayed hadde. That under that men mighte in reste abyde. And diden al hir might. allas! What me is wo. sin they were oon. Ne sholde in veyn escape in no manere. my trist and my plesaunce. That there−as day with labour wolde us breste. And Lucifer. The blody teres from his herte melte. accusour of the Ioye That night and love han stole and faste y−wryen. Have I forgon thus hastily my Ioye!' This Troilus. allas! To shortly thyn offyce. Thou rakel night. That shapen art by god this world to hyde At certeyn tymes with thy derke wede. As longe as whanne Almena lay by Iove? `O blake night. and deynest us nought reste! `Thou dost. out of so greet gladnesse. they toke of that ful litel keep. So faste ay to our hemi−spere binde. With herte sore. whan that hem fel to speke Of any thing of swich a tyme agoon. and after crowe. And estward roos. And fallen in a newe Ioye anoon. and out hir bemes throwe. That thou thus fleest. But lest this night. ther god. As thoughte him tho. That I was born. and folk thee chyde. to him that coude it knowe. God woot. Thee. for pietous distresse.
why sekestow this place. thou. though I wolde it turne out of my thought. `O fool. Me lever were than thise worldes tweyne. As wisly verray god my soule save. how that shal be. what list thee so to spyen? What hastow lost. O goodly myn. And of my lyf. What! Holde your bed ther. That first shal Phebus falle fro his spere. To dyen in the peyne. trewely. Dispitous day? Thyn be the pyne of helle! For many a lovere hastow shent. for certes. Er Troilus out of Criseydes herte! `Ye he so depe in−with myn herte grave. us nedeth no day haven. but I retourne. Ne whanne. And seyde. and thus he seyde. The game. for his grace? `Allas! What han thise loveres thee agilt. allas! I shal the tyme see. That in this plyt I may be eft with yow. We wol thee nought. That. For every bore hath oon of thy bright yen! Envyous day. For to disesen loveres in this wyse. myn owene lady bright. Yit were it so that I wiste outrely. allas! Fro yow soiourne? `But nathelees. And with a syk she seyde. Yet sholde I bet enduren al my peyne. your humble servaunt and your knight. Ther god thy lyght so quenche. Thy pouring in wol no−wher lete hem dwelle. the which thing. Sin that desyr right now so byteth me. wel may men thee dispyse. `O herte dere. I not how.' To that Cryseyde answerde right anoon. How sholde I longe. allas! And shal I go? Now fele I that myn herte moot a−two! For how sholde I my lyf an houre save. That I am deed anoon. And suffrest hir so sone up fro thee ryse. `My lady right. And every egle been the dowves fere. And every roche out of his place sterte. Sin that with yow is al the lyf I have? `What shal I doon. I coude nought! Troilus and Criseyde 86 . Were in your herte set so fermely As ye in myn. god woot. and wilt.Troilus and Criseyde A−cursed be thy coming in−to Troye. so ferforth now is goon. What proferestow thy light here for to selle? Go selle it hem that smale seles graven. y−wis. Criseyde. and eek thy Morwe! I bidde god. That hast the Dawing al night by thy syde.' And eek the sonne Tytan gan he chyde. That I. so yeve yow bothe sorwe!' Therwith ful sore he sighte. and of my wele or wo The welle and rote. And shal I ryse.
as he was wont to done. And fermely impressen in his minde The leste poynt that to him was plesaunce. So sore gan his parting hir destreyne. Beth to me trewe.Troilus and Criseyde And. soone after that ye go. his lust. his dedes wyse. right in the same wyse. and every countenaunce. herte myn. Thus seyde I never er this. He seyde. and yet took he non hede. And. mr dere herte swete. That it may never out of his remembraunce. For I am thyn. As woo bigon as she was. and faste him cledde. But sleep ne may ther in his herte sinke. Thonkinge love he so wel hir bisette. and ofte keste. His gentilesse. Thenkinge how she. for the love of god that us bath wrought. or elles were it routhe. And if to yow it were a gret gladnesse To turne ayein. Retorned to his real palais. and lust to brede Gan more than erst. Desyring eft to have hir herte dere Troilus and Criseyde 87 . And in his armes took his lady free An hundred tyme. by god and by my trouthe! `Beth glad for−thy. sooth to seyne. But al for nought. And with swich wordes as his herte bledde. A thousand−fold was worth more than he wende. sone He softe in−to his bed gan for to slinke. Of Troilus gan in hir herte shette His worthinesse. As wisly god myn herte bringe at reste!' And him in armes took. God mighte not a poynt my Ioyes eche! But. Desyr al newe him brende. ne shal to mo. with−oute more speche. that wolde I yow bi−seche. sin it mot nedes be. and live in sikernesse. Lat in your brayn non other fantasye So crepe. And Troilus un−to his palays ferde. `Farewel. that it cause me to dye! `And that ye me wolde han as faste in minde As I have yow. To slepe longe. This Troilus up roos. And verrayliche. and how she with him mette. of thilke remembraunce. Agayns his wil. it were so. if I wiste soothly that to finde. So hard him wrong of sharp desyr the peyne For to ben eft there he was in plesaunce. for whom desyr him brende. he may wel ligge and winke. and on his wey him spedde. Criseyde also. And in his thought gan up and doun to winde Hir wordes alle. Ther god us graunte sounde and sone to mete!' To which no word for sorwe she answerde. As fayn wolde I as ye.
my lyf in thy servyse. Pandare. a−morwe which that comen was Un−to his nece. `for alle your wordes whyte. Fox that ye been. And er that he wolde of the place aryse. `Al this night so reyned it. Whan tyme was. and she al−so Foryaf. `The sonne. with al the affeccioun Of frendes love that herte may devyse.' quod she. `Never the bet for yow. That. Seyde. and smyteth of myn heed. allas! That al my drede is that ye. to bringe him fro distresse. Have here a swerd. An hondred sythe he gan the tyme blesse. That resteles ful longe a−bedde lay. To Pandarus on knees fil adoun. It mighte nought a mote in that suffyse. and seyde. `hath reyn so do me wake. He com anoon. He gan him thonken in his beste wyse. Upon a day. god yeve youre herte care! God help me so. the sothe for to telle. That he was born. But of this thing right to the effect to go. What! God foryaf his deeth.' quod he. if that I shal be deed. And Pandarus gan under for to prye.' And Troilus ful sobrely he grette. the fery flood of helle. nece swete. Thou hast in hevene y−brought my soule at reste Fro Flegitoun.' And ner he com. hir hedes ake. Now torne we ayein to Troilus. and wex for shame al reed. Al night. she dorste make him chere.Troilus and Criseyde In swich a plyt. nece. which that al the world may see. how can ye fare?' Criseyde answerde. hom til hir hous she wente. Troilus and Criseyde 88 . And doun upon his beddes syde him sette. To him to come in al the haste he may. `Nece. and with hir uncle gan to pleye. O! Who−so seeth yow knoweth yow ful lyte!' With that she gan hir face for to wrye With the shete. `How stont it now This mery morwe. Trow I. And seyde. And Pandarus hath fully his entente. and at the laste hir kiste. That som of us. I passe al that which chargeth nought to seye. For other cause was ther noon than so. nought ones seyde he `nay. Han litel layser had to slepe and mete. I trowe. and gan hir fayre grete. `O frend of frendes the alderbeste That ever was. This Troilus.' With that his arm al sodeynly he thriste Under hir nekke. And prevely sente after Pandarus. though I mighte a thousand tymes selle. He seyde. ye caused al this fare.
dar I seye. For elles deed hadde I be many a day. it is me leef. `I hope. I hadde it never half so hote as now. it brest alday so ofte. `Thus hastow me no litel thing y−yive. Be not to rakel. But now I fele a newe qualitee. And seyde. Fo which to thee obliged be for ay My lyf. `For of fortunes sharpe adversitee The worst kinde of infortune is this. Ne I nil not rakle as for to greven here. For−thy nede is to werke with it softe.' Tho gan he telle him of his glade night. Whos I am al. God help me so. And by that feyth I shal to god and yow. it wol thee harme. God woot. It nedeth not this matere ofte tere. and eek thy kinde bisinesse. And. For worldly Ioye halt not but by a wyr. if I have doon for thee In any cas. the more it me delyteth. My dere frend. and how.' Quod Troilus. and holde the wel ther−inne. For if thou be. For also seur as reed is every fyr. and shal. for−thy do nought amis. That in my gilt ther shal no thing be lorn. but tak now a−greef That I shal seyn. of this thou woldest litel care. That. and god to−forn. that I shal so me bere.' Troilus and Criseyde 89 .Troilus and Criseyde Saw never yet. be war of this myscheef. Thou art wys y−nough. my lyf. And am as glad as man may of it be. that dar I leye. and than he thus answerde: `My dere frend. And Pandarus ful sobrely him herde Til al was seyd. A man to have ben in prosperitee. And it remembren. `Freend. `Thou art at ese. That preveth wel. as I am trewe knight. That thanked be the heighe worthinesse Of love. al another than I dide er this. god wot.' And with that word doun in his bed he lay. whan it passed is. til that I deye. So inly fayr and goodly as is she. And wher−of first his herte dredde. Ye. that I thus am hires. For wistestow myn herte wel. As greet a craft is kepe wel as winne. Brydle alwey wel thy speche and thy desyr. That thou thy−self ne cause it nought to misse. though thou sitte warme. And ay the more that desyr me byteth To love hir best. Pandare. there−as thou now brought art in−to blisse. certeyn. and why? For thorugh thyn help I live. `I noot my−self not wisly what it is.
And for to preysen un−to Pandarus The bountee of his righte lady dere. This Ioye may not writen been with inke. And bothe. A−gon was every sorwe and every fere. And feythfully gan alle the goddes herie. This passeth al that herte may bithinke. For if it erst was wel. In Ioye and suerte Pandarus hem two A−bedde broughte. tho was it bet A thousand−fold. that changen gan hir hewe. and seyde thus. I−comen was the blisful tyme swete. Felicitee. Sone after this. Calling it traytour. ne may not here suffyse. To aske at me if that they blythe were. That Troilus was warned that he sholde. For eche of hem gan otheres lust obeye. And lat see now if that he can be merie. Quod Troilus. Til that the night departed hem a−twinne. they hadde. That maketh it so sone day to be. And thus they ben in quiete and in reste. But cruel day. so wel−awey the stounde! Gan for to aproche. This is o word for al: this Troilus Was never ful to speke of this matere. He feleth other weyes. And holden was the forme and al the wyse. As it was erst. And Pandarus to thanke and maken chere. envyous. `Allas! Now am I war That Pirous and tho swifte stedes three. This is no litel thing of for to seye. and worse. sin they ben met. As muche Ioye as herte may comprende. Troilus and Criseyde 90 . Of hir cominge. Nought nedeth it to yow. that he That ones may in hevene blisse be. and so they wende. which that thise clerkes wyse Commenden so. So wo was hem. dar I leye. Than thilke tyme he first herde of it seye. For whiche hem thoughte felen dethes wounde. for that fortune it wolde. Whiche that drawen forth the sonnes char. Criseyde his lady mete. and eek of his also. Han goon som by−path in despyt of me. y−wis. whan that hem bothe leste. as they by signes knewe. But playnly to the effect right for to go. which nedeth nought devyse. Ther he was erst.Troilus and Criseyde Pandare answerde. And day they goonnen to dispyse al newe. For which he felte his herte in Ioye flete. This passeth every wit for to devyse. This tale ay was span−newe to biginne. this nedeth not enquere. And bitterly the dayes light they curse.
as him list hem gye. that. for ought that may betyde. in blisse. as cam him wel of kinde. Love. And couples doth in vertu for to dwelle. that knetteth lawe of companye. And whanne hir speche doon was and hir chere. And many a night they wroughte in this manere. He spendeth. as I gesse. for the sonne him hasteth thus to ryse. That nil not been. and in singinges. Dyverseth so his stoundes concordinge. And of hir beautee. In suffisaunce. and eek this kinges sone of Troye. That Phebus mote his rosy day forth bringe. And by the hond ful ofte he wolde take This Pandarus. `That that the world with feyth. that I have told and telle. And held aboute him alwey. A−boute his herte. And swich a feste and swich a proces make Him of Criseyde. with−outen drede. Al this doth Love. `Love. and thus gan love him plese. Love. and of hir womanhede. of honour and largesse. he was in swich gladnesse. The fressheste and the beste he coude fynde. Love. which that is stable. He yeveth frely ofte. It was an hevene his wordes for to here. That elements that been so discordable Holden a bond perpetuely duringe. And. That it up rong un−to the yate of hevene. The godlihede or beautee which that kinde In any other lady hadde y−set Can not the mountaunce of a knot unbinde. They twinne anoon as they were wont to done. and chaungeth wede. And setten tyme of meting eft y−fere.Troilus and Criseyde And. A world of folk. He was so narwe y−masked and y−knet. as in love. out of drede. that with an holsom alliaunce Halt peples ioyned. Iusteth. maketh festeynges. That it undon on any manere syde. of al Criseydes net. And thanne he wolde singe in this manere. That there nis lovere in this world at ese So wel as he. that his hestes hath in hevene hye. This Troilus gan al his lyf to lede. and in−to gardin lede. And that the mone hath lordship over the nightes. And thus Fortune a tyme ladde in Ioye Criseyde. Ne shal I never doon him sacrifyse!' But nedes day departe moste hem sone. ay heried be his mightes! Troilus and Criseyde 91 . That swich a voys was of hym and a stevene Thorugh−out the world. that of erthe and see hath governaunce. That in his herte he demede. Bind this acord.
no nede was him biseche To honouren hem that hadde worthinesse. that gredy is to flowen. For which he gat him thank in every place. And whan that he com rydinge in−to toun. Love of his vertu liste To cerclen hertes alle. He was. that so fersly they ne growen To drenchen erthe and al for ever−mo. Ful ofte his lady. And if that Love ought lete his brydel go. The smale bestes leet he gon bi−syde. Thou lady bright. that every lover thoughte. Ire. or lyoun. I mene folk that oughte it been of right. And in despyt hadde alle wrecchednesse. Or elles hunten boor. so wel coude he devyse Of sentement. hem wolde I that he twiste To make hem love. Benigne he was to ech in general. bere. and kepe hem that ben trewe. And doutelees. Save Ector. And lost were al. That lover was. daun Cupyde. on haukinge wolde he ryde. That Pryde. Ful redy was. And certeynly. That altered his spirit so with−inne. And glad was he if any wight wel ferde. Al that now loveth a−sonder sholde lepe. that auctor is of kinde. that the see. from hir window doun. `So wolde god.Troilus and Criseyde `That.' In alle nedes. That al was wel. but−if that bokes erre. As fresh as faucon comen out of muwe. In tyme of trewe. Troilus and Criseyde 92 . Envye. And most of love and vertu was his speche. Constreyneth to a certeyn ende so His flodes. And though that he be come of blood royal. and in so unkouth wyse Al his array. y−heried be his grace. for the tounes werre. That from his bond no wight the wey out wiste. most y−drad of any wight. him goodly to saluwe. and that hem leste ay rewe On hertes sore. And over al this. Him liste of pryde at no wight for to chase. Thy blinde and winged sone eek. And hertes colde. For sooth to seyn. That. and every other vyce. Thus wolde love. that Love halt now to−hepe. the doughter to Dione. he lost held every wight But−if he were in loves heigh servyse. And this encrees of hardinesse and might Cam him of love. whan he it wiste or herde. his ladies thank to winne. with his bond. And esen hem that weren in distresse. what−so he seyde or wroughte. and Avaryce He gan to flee. and ay the firste in armes dight. and faste binde.
Ye heried been for ay. and if they on hir lye. Quaketh for drede of that I moot endyte. From Troilus she gan hir brighte face Awey to wrythe. The Grekes stronge. y−thonked be Fortune! That semeth trewest. I can no more.Troilus and Criseyde Ye sustren nyne eek. O ye Herines. his owne herte swete. aboute Troye toun. Bifel that. Explicit Liber Tercius. but sin that ye wol wende. Incipit Quartus Liber. My thridde book now ende ich in this wyse. Nightes doughtren three. that by Elicone In hil Parnaso listen for to abyde. and took of him non hede. Or at the leste. That endelees compleynen ever in pyne. And can to foles so hir song entune. And now my penne. That she hem hent and blent. Ligginge in ost. Thou cruel Mars eek. But al to litel. But caste him clene out of his lady grace. As to myn auctor listeth to devyse. with−outen ende! Thourgh yow have I seyd fully in my song Theffect and Ioye of Troilus servyse. Lasteth swich Ioye. as I have seyd er this. As wryten folk through which it is in minde. and eek Thesiphone. Allas! That they sholde ever cause finde To speke hir harm. Than laugheth she. hem−self sholde han the vilanye. fader to Quiryne. allas! With which I wryte. So that the los of lyf and love y−fere Of Troilus be fully shewed here. For which right now myn herte ginneth blede. weylaway the whyle. Alete. whan that Phebus shyning is Troilus and Criseyde 93 . For how Criseyde Troilus forsook. BOOK IV Prohemium. And whan a wight is from hir wheel y−throwe. how that she was unkinde. That ye thus fer han deyned me to gyde. traytour comune. Y−wis. Explicit prohemium. And on hir wheel she sette up Diomede. Megera. whan she wol bygyle. and maketh him the mowe. And Troilus in luste and in quiete Is with Criseyde. Mot hennes−forth ben matere of my book. Al be that ther was som disese among. This ilke ferthe book me helpeth fyne.
Maugre Polydamas or Monesteo.Troilus and Criseyde Up−on the brest of Hercules Lyoun. For dredelees. And in the herd. And othere lasse folk. But on a day wel armed. at Greek requeste. and yeve him audience. And for the surplus yeven sommes grete. with speres sharpe y−grounde. In consistorie. as Phebuseo. Ben Troye y−brend. I was Troian. This thing anoon was couth in every strete. Hir fomen in the feld anoon hem mette. sooth for to telle. bright and shene. dartes. swerdes. and al your lust to acheve. Ector. with−oute lenger lette. among the Grekes. maces felle. Troilus and Criseyde 94 . my lordes. The longe day. Whan Calkas knew this tretis sholde holde. This knowe ye. that day the folk of Troye Dredden to lese a greet part of hir Ioye. thorugh yow. Not I how longe or short it was bitwene This purpos and that day they fighte mente. As he was wont to greve hem what he mighte. At whiche day was taken Antenor. To stinte noyse. For love of god. And with hir axes out the braynes quelle. And sette him there−as he was wont to done. with lordes olde. Thanne seyde he thus. moste and leste. and beten doun to grounde. But in the laste shour. And with a chaunged face hem bad a bone. With arwes. or eek the Troian daun Ripheo. That with the worse at night homward they fledden. The folk of Troye hem−selven so misledden. as it is knowen out of drede. Polynestor. `Lo! Lordes myne. with ful many a bold baroun. They fighte and bringen hors and man to grounde. if that yow remembre. and tho they gonnen trete. shal. Caste on a day with Grekes for to fighte. Ye han er this wel herd it me devyse. Of Pryamus was yeve. With spere in hond and bigge bowes bente. Sarpedon. And for the Grekes weren me so leve. and every−where. sone He gan in thringe forth. `And in what forme. Hir prisoneres to chaungen. Polyte. That Ector. And. Bothe in thassege. to don that reverence. or in what maner wyse This town to shende. for harm. I am Calkas. That alderfirst yaf comfort to your nede. in toune. And with the firste it cam to Calkas ere. as I leve. And tolde wel how that ye sholden spede. and many a worthy wight out wente. in a stounde. A tyme of trewe. So that. Santippe.
with−oute more. `Havinge un−to my tresour ne my rente Right no resport. `For. And thus shal Troye turne to asshen dede. Oon of so fele. Rewe on this olde caitif in destresse. My child with oon may have redempcioun. The toun of Troye shal ben set on−fyre. and in his lokinge eke. I may hir have right sone. Sin I through yow have al this hevinesse! `Ye have now caught and fetered in prisoun Troians y−nowe. I shal nat lye. for to hele him of his sorwes sore. That thei wol bringe it to confusioun. allas! Slepinge at hoom. to respect of your ese. the tyme is faste by. as wisly have I Ioye. O cruel fader that I was! How mighte I have in that so hard an herte? Allas! I ne hadde y−brought hir in hir sherte! For sorwe of which I wol not live to morwe. So longe he gan of socour hem by−seke That. But al that los ne doth me no disese. doutelees. But now or never. this olde greye. I have eek founde it be astronomye. And dar wel seye. if that it lyke yow. whanne out of Troye I sterte. Appollo hath me told it feithfully. for to plese. Sin ye shul bothe han folk and toun as yerne? `On peril of my lyf. They yave him Antenor. Ben with the folk of Troye alwey so wrothe. What nede were it this preyere for to werne. Wening in this you. I vouche−sauf. To teche in this how yow was best to done. and if your willes be. Thus al my good I loste and to yow wente. I holden have my pees. Right in despyt of king Lameadoun. That makeden the walles of the toun. O help and grace! Amonges al this prees. and by augurie eek trewely. But−if ye lordes rewe up−on my sorwe. That fyr and flaumbe on al the toun shal sprede. by that cause I say no tyme er now Hir to delivere. For you to lese al that I have in Troye. The salte teres from his eyen tweye Ful faste ronnen doun by eyther cheke. Humble in speche. `Save of a doughter.' Telling his tale alwey. allas! So yeve him me. that I lafte. Troilus and Criseyde 95 .Troilus and Criseyde I com my−self in my propre persone. `For certeyn. O sterne. Phebus and Neptunus bothe. By sort. lordes. Now for the love of god and of bountee. By−cause he nolde payen hem hir hyre.
' he seyde. And seyn. The cause y−told of hir cominge. Thembassadours to Troye streyght they wente. But resoun seyde him. on my part. which that wel the Grekes herde. As breme as blase of straw y−set on fyre. First.' The noyse of peple up−stirte thanne at ones. Lest men sholde his affeccioun espye. For Antenor how they wolde han Criseyde. Thembassadours ben answered for fynal. And whan Pryam his save−garde sente. And whan that she had seyd him hir entente. Whan axed was for Antenor Criseyde. the olde Pryam the king ful sone in general Let here−upon his parlement to holde. And telle his lady first what that they mente. Theschaunge of hir. Ther−after wolde he werken also blyve. But. on that other syde. We usen here no wommen for to selle. And ful of anguissh and of grisly drede Abood what lordes wolde un−to it seye. Gan it withstonde. As he that with tho wordes wel neigh deyde. and what weye He mighte best theschaunge of hir withstonde. how to save hir honour. that thorugh thy medling is y−blowe Your bother love. Love him made al prest to doon hir byde. for the beste. He wolde lat hem graunte what hem leste. Lest for thy werk she wolde be thy fo. And if they wolde graunte. he no word to it seyde. `I noot on yow who that this charge leyde. Troilus and Criseyde 96 . Theschaunge of prisoners and al this nede Hem lyketh wel. `With−oute assent of hir ne do not so. as god forbede. With mannes herte he gan his sorwes drye. And rather dye than she sholde go. ye may eft−sone hem telle. Ector. she nis no prisoner. and sobrely answerde: −− `Sires. And hem for Antenor ful ofte preyde To bringen hoom king Toas and Criseyde. there it was erst unknowe. Ful faste he caste how al this mighte stonde. But nathelees. For which ful sone chaungen gan his face. Of which the effect rehersen yow I shal. and forth in they procede. Though al the world ayein it wolde stryve. This Troilus was present in the place.' For which he gan deliberen.Troilus and Criseyde But who was glad y−nough but Calkas tho? And of this thing ful sone his nedes leyde On hem that sholden for the tretis go. That though the lordes wolde that she wente. than thoughte he thinges tweye.
Troilus and Criseyde For infortune it wolde, for the nones, They sholden hir confusioun desyre. `Ector,' quod they, `what goost may yow enspyre This womman thus to shilde and doon us lese Daun Antenor? −− a wrong wey now ye chese −− `That is so wys, and eek so bold baroun, And we han nede to folk, as men may see; He is eek oon, the grettest of this toun; O Ector, lat tho fantasyes be! O king Priam,' quod they, `thus seggen we, That al our voys is to for−gon Criseyde;' And to deliveren Antenor they preyde. O Iuvenal, lord! Trewe is thy sentence, That litel witen folk what is to yerne That they ne finde in hir desyr offence; For cloud of errour let hem not descerne What best is; and lo, here ensample as yerne. This folk desiren now deliveraunce Of Antenor, that broughte hem to mischaunce! For he was after traytour to the toun Of Troye; allas! They quitte him out to rathe; O nyce world, lo, thy discrecioun! Criseyde, which that never dide hem skathe, Shal now no lenger in hir blisse bathe; But Antenor, he shal com hoom to toune, And she shal out; thus seyden here and howne. For which delibered was by parlement For Antenor to yelden out Criseyde, And it pronounced by the president, Al−theigh that Ector `nay' ful ofte preyde. And fynaly, what wight that it with−seyde, It was for nought, it moste been, and sholde; For substaunce of the parlement it wolde. Departed out of parlement echone, This Troilus, with−oute wordes mo, Un−to his chaumbre spedde him faste allone, But−if it were a man of his or two, The whiche he bad out faste for to go, By−cause he wolde slepen, as he seyde, And hastely up−on his bed him leyde. And as in winter leves been biraft, Eche after other, til the tree be bare, So that ther nis but bark and braunche y−laft, Lyth Troilus, biraft of ech wel−fare, Y−bounden in the blake bark of care, Disposed wood out of his wit to breyde, So sore him sat the chaunginge of Criseyde. He rist him up, and every dore he shette And windowe eek, and tho this sorweful man Up−on his beddes syde a−doun him sette, Ful lyk a deed image pale and wan; Troilus and Criseyde 97
Troilus and Criseyde And in his brest the heped wo bigan Out−breste, and he to werken in this wyse In his woodnesse, as I shal yow devyse. Right as the wilde bole biginneth springe Now here, now there, y−darted to the herte, And of his deeth roreth in compleyninge, Right so gan he aboute the chaumbre sterte, Smyting his brest ay with his festes smerte; His heed to the wal, his body to the grounde Ful ofte he swapte, him−selven to confounde. His eyen two, for pitee of his herte, Out stremeden as swifte welles tweye; The heighe sobbes of his sorwes smerte His speche him refte, unnethes mighte he seye, `O deeth, allas! Why niltow do me deye? A−cursed be the day which that nature Shoop me to ben a lyves creature!' But after, whan the furie and the rage Which that his herte twiste and faste threste, By lengthe of tyme somwhat gan asswage, Up−on his bed he leyde him doun to reste; But tho bigonne his teres more out−breste, That wonder is, the body may suffyse To half this wo, which that I yow devyse. Than seyde he thus, `Fortune! Allas the whyle! What have I doon, what have I thus a−gilt? How mightestow for reuthe me bigyle? Is ther no grace, and shal I thus be spilt? Shal thus Criseyde awey, for that thou wilt? Allas! How maystow in thyn herte finde To been to me thus cruel and unkinde? `Have I thee nought honoured al my lyve, As thou wel wost, above the goddes alle? Why wiltow me fro Ioye thus depryve? O Troilus, what may men now thee calle But wrecche of wrecches, out of honour falle In−to miserie, in which I wol biwayle Criseyde, allas! Til that the breeth me fayle? `Allas, Fortune! If that my lyf in Ioye Displesed hadde un−to thy foule envye, Why ne haddestow my fader, king of Troye, By−raft the lyf, or doon my bretheren dye, Or slayn my−self, that thus compleyne and crye, I, combre−world, that may of no−thing serve, But ever dye, and never fully sterve? `If that Criseyde allone were me laft, Nought roughte I whider thou woldest me stere; And hir, allas! Than hastow me biraft. But ever−more, lo! This is thy manere, To reve a wight that most is to him dere, To preve in that thy gerful violence. Troilus and Criseyde 98
Troilus and Criseyde Thus am I lost, ther helpeth no defence! `O verray lord of love, O god, allas! That knowest best myn herte and al my thought, What shal my sorwful lyf don in this cas If I for−go that I so dere have bought? Sin ye Cryseyde and me han fully brought In−to your grace, and bothe our hertes seled, How may ye suffre, allas! It be repeled? `What I may doon, I shal, whyl I may dure On lyve in torment and in cruel peyne, This infortune or this disaventure, Allone as I was born, y−wis, compleyne; Ne never wil I seen it shyne or reyne; But ende I wil, as Edippe, in derknesse My sorwful lyf, and dyen in distresse. `O wery goost, that errest to and fro, Why niltow fleen out of the wofulleste Body, that ever mighte on grounde go? O soule, lurkinge in this wo, unneste, Flee forth out of myn herte, and lat it breste, And folwe alwey Criseyde, thy lady dere; Thy righte place is now no lenger here! `O wofulle eyen two, sin your disport Was al to seen Criseydes eyen brighte, What shal ye doon but, for my discomfort, Stonden for nought, and wepen out your sighte? Sin she is queynt, that wont was yow to lighte, In veyn fro−this−forth have I eyen tweye Y−formed, sin your vertue is a−weye. `O my Criseyde, O lady sovereyne Of thilke woful soule that thus cryeth, Who shal now yeven comfort to the peyne? Allas, no wight; but when myn herte dyeth, My spirit, which that so un−to yow hyeth, Receyve in gree, for that shal ay yow serve; For−thy no fors is, though the body sterve. `O ye loveres, that heighe upon the wheel Ben set of Fortune, in good aventure, God leve that ye finde ay love of steel, And longe mot your lyf in Ioye endure! But whan ye comen by my sepulture, Remembreth that your felawe resteth there; For I lovede eek, though I unworthy were. `O olde, unholsom, and mislyved man, Calkas I mene, allas! What eyleth thee To been a Greek, sin thou art born Troian? O Calkas, which that wilt my bane be, In cursed tyme was thou born for me! As wolde blisful Iove, for his Ioye, That I thee hadde, where I wolde, in Troye!' A thousand sykes, hottere than the glede, Troilus and Criseyde 99
but lyth forth in a traunce. that Ioye nor penaunce He feleth noon. and wot al how it is. Among his sobbes and his sykes sore. And specheles thus been thise ilke tweye. ful deed and pale of hewe. He stood this woful Troilus biforn. And how ful graunted was. as thoughte him. that felte His freend Pandare y−comen him to see. Fortune our Ioye wolde han over−throwe? `For in this world ther is no creature. Ney deed for smert. But in a rees to Troilus he wente. he niste what he mente. Toward the bed gan softely to goon. In−to the derke chaumbre.Troilus and Criseyde Out of his brest ech after other wente. But lord.' he seyde. Gan for to wepe as tendreliche as he. Pandare. in so litel a throwe. So that. un−dide it him anoon. for distresse. thorugh cas or aventure. And wex so mat. For sorwe of this. gan bresten out to rore. So confus. which that in the parlement Hadde herd what every lord and burgeys seyde. as stille as stoon. As to my doom. who wolde have trowed this? Who wolde have wend that. Seing his freend in wo. And with his chere and loking al to−torn. that for the tyme kepte The chaumbre−dore. `Lo! Pandare. For verray wo his wit was neigh aweye. For which this sorwful Pandare. his wo to fede. `Yis! As wisly were it fals as it is trewe. And on his pitous face he gan biholden. Gan wel neigh wood out of his wit to breyde. that ever saw ruyne Straungere than this. Medled with pleyntes newe. `For Antenor how lost is my Criseyde?' This Pandarus. so often gan his herte colden. and with his armes folden. of pitee. Hastow nought herd at parlement. whos hevinesse His herte slow. that ful tendreliche wepte. For which his woful teres never stente. with−outen more. this Troilus. Ful pitously answerde and seyde. that he niste what to seye. by oon assent. so his peynes him to−rente. But at the laste this woful Troilus. And shortly. for wo. This woful wight. Gan as the snow ayein the sonne melte. And Pandare. A certeyn knight. I am deed. That I have herd. And with a sorwful noyse he seyde thus. For Antenor to yelden so Criseyde. Troilus and Criseyde 100 . god. O mercy. That neyther mighte o word for sorwe seye.
by proces. For−thy be glad. Absence of hir shal dryve hir out of herte. and that can good a−right. why thou art now so mad To sorwen thus? Why lystow in this wyse. or heled thus to be. To helpe his freend. Sin thy desyr al holly hastow had. that neigh for sorwe deyde. `But tel me this. He roughte not what unthrift that he seyde. thou shalt have oon of tho To abrigge with thy bittre peynes smerte. Ech for his vertu holden is for dere. But Troilus. This lechecraft. `For al−so seur as day cometh after night. And. labour or other wo. shal I finde. that never felte in my servyse A frendly chere or loking of an ye. at the other out it wente: But at the laste answerde and seyde. til I dye. god for−bede alwey that ech plesaunce In o thing were. lest he for sorwe deyde.Troilus and Criseyde But who may al eschewe. as thou wel wost thy−selve. This town is ful of ladies al aboute. `And over al this. Troilus and Criseyde 101 . thy−self to saven artow holde. to my doom. Or elles selde seinge of a wight." And up−on newe cas lyth newe avys. it oughte y−now suffyse? But I. Som cas shal putte it out of remembraunce. Were wel sitting. she is glad and light. hir yeftes been comune. For sin it is but casuel plesaunce. with−outen any doute. shal of kinde colde. lat this consayl never y−thee. `Freend. And. as writ Zanzis. Swich fyr. Ne trust no wight to finden in Fortune Ay propretee. Bothe heroner and faucon for rivere. to doon his wo to falle. another can wel daunce. oon or two. The newe love. and in non other wight! If oon can singe. If this be goodly. we shal recovere another. for−thy I thus defyne. `And eek. Oon ere it herde. Thenk eek. Lat me thus wepe and wayle. that was ful wys. myn owene dere brother. Ye. Tok litel hede of al that ever he mente. If she be lost. or al devyne? Swich is this world. fairer than swiche twelve As ever she was. And this is fayr. `What. by right. if that I were a feend. To traysen hir that trewe is unto me! I pray god. for thy part. So that. "The newe love out chaceth ofte the olde. in som route.' Thise wordes seyde he for the nones alle. Don olde affecciouns alle over−go. For douteles.
for she was myn. For. To whom myn herte enhabit is by right. in conclusioun." Thou most me first transmuwen in a stoon. Why gabbestow. leve brother. `Thow biddest me I sholde love an−other Al freshly newe. make no comparisoun To creature y−formed here by kinde. so longe may this sorwe myne. that seydest thus to me That "him is wors that is fro wele y−throwe. sin I have trouthe hir hight. for whiche I thee biseche. to and fro. How that it sholde a lasse peyne be Criseyde to for−goon. lat be. what so thou seye. As he. that whan a wight is wo bi−goon. dokke out. I wolde not do so. and how that twinned be we tweyne. `The deeth may wel out of my brest departe The lyf. `And ther thou seyst. Er thou so lightly do my wo to falle. And ther I wol eternaly compleyne My wo. O leve Pandare. I wol not been untrewe for no wight. and thou shalt fele noon. But fro my soule shal Criseydes darte Out never−mo. Netle in. `She that I serve. And reve me my passiounes alle. and seyth right thus. now this. I wol not be of thyn opinioun. and lat Criseyde go! It lyth not in my power. And never other creature serve. So hold thy pees. Touching al this. thou sleest me with thy speche. Pandare? Now foule falle hir. y−wis. Why hastow not don bisily thy might To chaungen hir that doth thee al thy wo? Why niltow lete hir fro thyn herte go? Why niltow love an−other lady swete. "Thenk not on smert. Whan I am deed. thou Pandarus. now that. I wol go wone in pyne. `Thow hast here maad an argument.Troilus and Criseyde But do me rather sterve anon−right here Er I thus do as thou me woldest lere. Shal han me holly hires til that I deye. but doun with Proserpyne. He cometh to him a pas. thou shalt as faire finde As she. for fyn. for thy wo that care! `Thow farest eek by me. And live in ese and in felicitee. But as hir man I wol ay live and sterve. sin that thee thinketh so light To chaungen so in love. Than he hadde erst non of that wele y−knowe?" `But tel me now. And though I mighte. That may thyn herte setten in quiete? Troilus and Criseyde 102 . But canstow pleyen raket. Pandarus. ay to and fro.
Sin in this world of right nought may I serve. How sholde I that foryete. And wolde hir−selven been of thyn assent? Now is not this a nyce vanitee? Rys up anoon. rather than my felawe deye. For which. and that so blyve? O where hastow ben hid so longe in muwe. Troilus and Criseyde 103 . parde. `What. Of me. day and night. `Wel wot I. nay. for in this houre I wil be deed. and hast non hardiment To take a womman which that loveth thee. `Artow in Troye. Delivere now the world. god wot. `Freend. That. at my requeste. and leve thy nyce fare. O deeth. As licour out of alambyk ful faste. so dostow right. I wol be deed. cometh and endeth peyne.' This Troilus in teres gan distille. Or hold hir stille. this servyse. that am the wofulleste wight That ever was. Thou outher do me anoon yn teres drenche. And sin thee list myn arguments to blame. And with thy manhod letten al this grame? Go ravisshe hir ne canstow not for shame! And outher lat hir out of toune fare. whyl my lyf was in quiete. sin with this sorwe I am a−fyre. And canst it not out of thyn herte dryve. sin I so ofte after thee calle. And to the ground his eyen doun he caste. With−outen wordes mo. Er thou me slowe.' To this answerde him Troilus ful softe. or she shal bleven oure. soth for to seyne. And seyde. That canst so wel and formely arguwe? `Nay. unpreyed. O deeth. I wolde have yeven hyre. `Parde. For sely is that deeth. And kyth thou art a man. That in this world I no−thing so desyre. And Pandarus gan holde his tunge stille. But nathelees. ofte y−cleped. But now thy cominge is to me so swete. Why nilt thy−selven helpen doon redresse. for what that ever may bifalle. nought worth is al thy reed. that livede in lust and in plesaunce With hir as muche as creature on−lyve. Yet shal I som−what more un−to him seye:' And seyde. Do me. sin thou hast swich distresse. that endere art of sorwes alle. Com now. thus thoughte he at the laste.Troilus and Criseyde `If thou hast had in love ay yet mischaunce. I. Or with thy colde strook myn hete quenche! `Sin that thou sleest so fele in sondry wyse Ayens hir wil. and lat this weping be. for tyme is that I sterve. leve brother dere.
A wonder last but nyne night never in toune. Ther−after mayst thou telle al thy sentence.' Thus wepinge that he coude never cesse. To aske hir at my fader. of his grace. `Yet drede I most hir herte to pertourbe With violence. And me were lever deed than hir defame. As it stant now. Desyr for to destourben hir me redeth. He nil for me his lettre be repeled. but hadde ich it so hote. Though al this toun cryede on this thing by note. And namely. `Allas! How shal I. than wol they roune. My fadres graunt if that I so withstode. For sin my fader. she sholde go with me. sin ye two been al oon. Sin wel I woot I may hir not purchace. He seyde. `First. `Freend. I sholde han also blame of every wight. wrecche. I moste hir honour levere han than me In every cas. thou mayst. As nolde god but−if I sholde have Hir honour lever than my lyf to save! `Thus am I lost. And reson nil not.' Pandare answerde. And whan thou me hast yeve an audience. for ought that I can see. But why this thing is laft. Than thenke I. Thus am I with desyr and reson twight. sin thou wost this toun hath al this werre For ravisshing of wommen so by might. Don as thee list. So wel−a−wey. for me. For if I wolde it openly distourbe. so it were hir assent. It sholde not be suffred me to erre. if I do swich a game. this were hir accusement. And more thing than thou devysest here.Troilus and Criseyde Al this have I my−self yet thought ful ofte. ne doon so gret unright. in so heigh a place As parlement. Troilus and Criseyde 104 . Pandare! Encressen eek the causes of my care. `I have eek thought. For when men han wel cryed. For certeyn is. thou shalt wel here. but help thy−self anoon. I nolde sette at al that noyse a grote. why nil myn herte breste? For. so myn herte dredeth. ther is but litel reste. `Devyne not in reson ay so depe Ne curteysly. And hope is lasse and lasse alwey. sin that I am hir knight. Bet is that othere than thy−selven wepe. as lovere oughte of right. And thyn estat. fare? For wel fele I alwey my love encresse. It moste been disclaundre to hir name. Sin she is chaunged for the tounes goode. hath hir eschaunge enseled. as in love.
That nost not that she wol ben y−vel apayed To ravisshe hir. To ravisshe hir. for any awe. Lat not this wrecched wo thin herte gnawe. right as a knight. `For−thy tak herte. And if thee list here sterven as a wrecche. `Nay. But as for me. Shulle in a strete as dogges liggen dede. ich assente. so love hir wel the lasse. hastow hir wil assayed. though I dyen sholde. she mighte holden thee for nyce To lete hir go thus to the Grekes ost. ne no vyce Hir to with−holden. Ne peyne noon ne may me so tormente.' quod Pandare. it is not myn entente. Though thou do bote a−noon in this mischeef. Thanne is she fals. Have mercy on thy−self. the devel spede him that it recche!' This Troilus gan with tho wordes quiken. And weyveth wrecches. `al this day. Thourgh love is broken alday every lawe. for by myn heed. At shorte wordes. as wel thy−selven wost. A−dieu. up−on a stounde. for hir cowardyse. But certaynly thou mayst not me so priken. Thenk eek Fortune. for no cas. she shal not goon. God helpe me so. Helpeth hardy man to his enpryse. `than a−mayed. she nil nat take a−greef. But manly set the world on sixe and sevene. but−if hir−self it wolde. with−oute wounde. That. that ye loveth most.' `Why. A love. In every cas I wol a freend be founde. But tel me than. `I wol my−self be with thee at this dede.Troilus and Criseyde Rys up. `It is no shame un−to yow. that is thy brother. Now loveth thee as wel as thou dost here. Paraunter. `Freend.' `Wher−of artow. Kyth now sumwhat thy corage and thy might. o thing I dar thee swere. Though ich and al my kin. That sorwest thus?' And he answerde. Thou shalt thy pees ful wel here−after make.' quod Pandarus. and why shaltow not have another? `And Troilus. And rather be in blame a lyte y−founde Than sterve here as a gnat. And. And seyde. And if she wilneth fro thee for to passe. so mene I. go to hevene. `And though thy lady wolde a litel hir greve. That if Criseyde. and thenk. Thourgh−girt with many a wyd and blody wounde. if thou deye a martir. certayn. sin thou hast not ben there. whiche that is thy leef. Why sholde than for ferd thyn herte quake? Thenk eek how Paris hath. graunt mercy. I can not leve That she wolde it as now for yvel take. Troilus and Criseyde 105 .
Troilus and Criseyde But−if that Iove tolde it in thyn ere? `For−thy rys up, as nought ne were, anoon, And wash thy face, and to the king thou wende, Or he may wondren whider thou art goon. Thou most with wisdom him and othere blende; Or, up−on cas, he may after thee sende Er thou be war; and shortly, brother dere, Be glad, and lat me werke in this matere. `For I shal shape it so, that sikerly Thou shalt this night som tyme, in som manere, Com speke with thy lady prevely, And by hir wordes eek, and by hir chere, Thou shalt ful sone aperceyve and wel here Al hir entente, and in this cas the beste; And fare now wel, for in this point I reste.' The swifte Fame, whiche that false thinges Egal reporteth lyk the thinges trewe, Was thorugh−out Troye y−fled with preste winges Fro man to man, and made this tale al newe, How Calkas doughter, with hir brighte hewe, At parlement, with−oute wordes more, I−graunted was in chaunge of Antenore. The whiche tale anoon−right as Criseyde Had herd, she, which that of hir fader roughte, As in this cas, right nought, ne whanne he deyde, Ful bisily to Iuppiter bisoughte Yeve hem mischaunce that this tretis broughte. But shortly, lest thise tales sothe were, She dorste at no wight asken it, for fere. As she that hadde hir herte and al hir minde On Troilus y−set so wonder faste, That al this world ne mighte hir love unbinde, Ne Troilus out of hir herte caste; She wol ben his, whyl that hir lyf may laste. And thus she brenneth bothe in love and drede, So that she niste what was best to rede. But as men seen in toune, and al aboute, That wommen usen frendes to visyte, So to Criseyde of wommen com a route For pitous Ioye, and wenden hir delyte; And with hir tales, dere y−nough a myte, These wommen, whiche that in the cite dwelle, They sette hem doun, and seyde as I shal telle. Quod first that oon, `I am glad, trewely, By−cause of yow, that shal your fader see.' A−nother seyde, `Y−wis, so nam not I, For al to litel hath she with us be.' Quod tho the thridde, `I hope, y−wis, that she Shal bringen us the pees on every syde, That, whan she gooth, almighty god hir gyde!' Tho wordes and tho wommanisshe thinges, Troilus and Criseyde 106
Troilus and Criseyde She herde hem right as though she thennes were; For, god it wot, hir herte on other thing is, Although the body sat among hem there. Hir advertence is alwey elles−where; For Troilus ful faste hir soule soughte; With−outen word, alwey on him she thoughte. Thise wommen, that thus wenden hir to plese, Aboute nought gonne alle hir tales spende; Swich vanitee ne can don hir non ese, As she that, al this mene whyle. brende Of other passioun than that they wende, So that she felte almost hir herte deye For wo, and wery of that companye. For which no lenger mighte she restreyne Hir teres, so they gonnen up to welle, That yaven signes of the bitter peyne In whiche hir spirit was, and moste dwelle; Remembring hir, fro heven unto which helle She fallen was, sith she forgoth the sighte Of Troilus, and sorowfully she sighte. And thilke foles sittinge hir aboute Wenden, that she wepte and syked sore By−cause that she sholde out of that route Departe, and never pleye with hem more. And they that hadde y−knowen hir of yore Seye hir so wepe, and thoughte it kindenesse, And eche of hem wepte eek for hir destresse; And bisily they gonnen hir conforten Of thing, god wot, on which she litel thoughte; And with hir tales wenden hir disporten, And to be glad they often hir bisoughte. But swich an ese ther−with they hir wroughte Right as a man is esed for to fele, For ache of heed, to clawen him on his hele! But after al this nyce vanitee They took hir leve, and hoom they wenten alle. Criseyde, ful of sorweful pitee, In−to hir chaumbre up wente out of the halle, And on hir bed she gan for deed to falle, In purpos never thennes for to ryse; And thus she wroughte, as I shal yow devyse. Hir ounded heer, that sonnish was of hewe, She rente, and eek hir fingres longe and smale She wrong ful ofte, and bad god on hir rewe, And with the deeth to doon bote on hir bale. Hir hewe, whylom bright, that tho was pale, Bar witnes of hir wo and hir constreynte; And thus she spak, sobbinge, in hir compleynte: `Alas!' quod she, `out of this regioun I, woful wrecche and infortuned wight, And born in corsed constellacioun, Troilus and Criseyde 107
Troilus and Criseyde Mot goon, and thus departen fro my knight; Wo worth, allas! That ilke dayes light On which I saw him first with eyen tweyne, That causeth me, and I him, al this peyne!' Therwith the teres from hir eyen two Doun fille, as shour in Aperill ful swythe; Hir whyte brest she bet, and for the wo After the deeth she cryed a thousand sythe, Sin he that wont hir wo was for to lythe, She mot for−goon; for which disaventure She held hir−self a forlost creature. She seyde, `How shal he doon, and I also? How sholde I live, if that I from him twinne? O dere herte eek, that I love so, Who shal that sorwe sleen that ye ben inne? O Calkas, fader, thyn be al this sinne! O moder myn, that cleped were Argyve, Wo worth that day that thou me bere on lyve! `To what fyn sholde I live and sorwen thus? How sholde a fish with−oute water dure? What is Criseyde worth, from Troilus? How sholde a plaunte or lyves creature Live, with−oute his kinde noriture? For which ful oft a by−word here I seye, That "rotelees, mot grene sone deye." `I shal don thus, sin neither swerd ne darte Dar I non handle, for the crueltee, That ilke day that I from yow departe, If sorwe of that nil not my bane be, Than shal no mete or drinke come in me Til I my soule out of my breste unshethe; And thus my−selven wol I do to dethe. `And, Troilus, my clothes everichoon Shul blake been, in tokeninge, herte swete, That I am as out of this world agoon, That wont was yow to setten in quiete; And of myn ordre, ay til deeth me mete, The observaunce ever, in your absence, Shal sorwe been, compleynte, and abstinence. `Myn herte and eek the woful goost ther−inne Biquethe I, with your spirit to compleyne Eternally, for they shal never twinne. For though in erthe y−twinned be we tweyne, Yet in the feld of pitee, out of peyne, That hight Elysos, shul we been y−fere, As Orpheus and Erudice, his fere. `Thus, herte myn, for Antenor, allas! I sone shal be chaunged, as I wene. But how shul ye don in this sorwful cas, How shal youre tendre herte this sustene? But herte myn, for−yet this sorwe and tene, Troilus and Criseyde 108
and therfore I it pace. and ay my birthe acorse. soothly for to seye. Com hir to telle al hoolly his message. as thinketh me. and childishly deface Hir heigh compleynte. That alderfirst me broughte in−to servyse Of love. y−bathed was ful wete.' How mighte it ever y−red ben or y−songe. pleynte. which that sent from Troilus Was to Criseyde. A−noy. y−see. from hevene teres reyne. hir face. woful wrecche. Felinge alwey. Un−to Criseyde. If I discreven wolde hir hevinesse. wo.Troilus and Criseyde And me also. and eek siknesse. torment. It sholde make hir sorwe seme lesse Than that it was. Criseyde. distresse. for with hir salte teres Hir brest. That in the hous he mighte unnethe abyde. The ende of blisse ay sorwe it occupyeth. Wher shal I seye to yow "wel come" or no. I recche not to deye. And fond that she hir−selven gan to trete Ful pitously. As he that pitee felte on every syde. smert. Which yaf him verray signal of martyre Of deeth. For pitee of myn aspre and cruel peyne! ' Troilus and Criseyde 109 . The pleynte that she made in hir distresse? I noot. And in hir aspre pleynte than she seyde. And who−so troweth not that it so be. he seeth sorwe al at ones. Pandare. allas! That endeth in swich wyse? `Endeth than love in wo? Ye. as for me. fury. she gan for sorwe anoon Hir tery face a−twixe hir armes hide. Unbroyden. The mighty tresses of hir sonnish heres. cruel bitternesse. `Pandare first of Ioyes mo than two Was cause causinge un−to me. Lat him upon me. As anguish. Tho gan she pleyne a thousand tymes more. And he ful glad to doon him that servyse. fro wikke I go to worse. hangen al aboute hir eres. my litel tonge. Peyne. y−wis. Ther−as she lay in torment and in rage. That my−self hate. I trowe. as ye han herd devyse. `Who−so me seeth. For which this Pandare is so wo bi−goon. which that hir herte gan desyre. That for the beste it was accorded thus. That now transmuwed been in cruel wo. For if Criseyde hadde erst compleyned sore. for. So ye wel fare. but. in a ful secree wyse. Whan she him saw. or men lyeth! And alle worldly blisse. drede. Out of my woful body harm ther noon is. langour.
allas. which by me thy Troilus thee sente. for−do? Leef al this werk and tak now hede to That I shal seyn. for the love of god. he seyde From Troilus thise wordes to Criseyde.' Torned hir tho Criseyde. For which Pandare mighte not restreyne The teres from his eyen for to reyne. er I wende? I have y−nowe. And semeth me that he desyreth fawe With yow to been al night. For verray wo his wit is al aweye. if ther were any wyse. he and I.Troilus and Criseyde `And thou. if he ther−after sende!' She was right swich to seen in hir visage As is that wight that men on bere binde. that been of torment in swich rage. and eek hir Ioyes everychone. Why woltow thus thy−selve. and thus lyth now Criseyde allone. Troilus and Criseyde 110 . `what wordes may ye bringe? What wol my dere herte seyn to me. May to no long prologe as now entende. As she that feleth dedly sharp distresse. And her−upon ye may answere him sende. So leef this wo er Troilus be here. That to biholde it was a dedly thing. of good entente. for to devyse Remede in this. This. lyk of Paradys the image. Hir face. a wo makinge So greet that it a deeth was for to see: −− `Allas!' quod she. The pleye. Which that I drede never−mo to see? Wol he have pleynte or teres. Aboute hir eyen two a purpre ring Bi−trent. He somwhat is fro weping now with−drawe. That cause is of this sorwe and this unreste. the laughtre men was wont to finde On hir. `what thenkestow to do? Why ne hastow to thy−selven som resport. Ben fled. That in−to litel bothe it hadde us slawe. as he best mighte. theffect of my message. Hath mad eschaunge of Antenor and yow. and sighte sore. my nece dere. fynally. But how this cas doth Troilus moleste. my suster. Was al y−chaunged in another kinde.' quod she. `This. But thurgh my conseil this day. I trowe ye han herd al how The king. and herkne. But nathelees. short and pleyne. nece. `For which we han so sorwed. with othere lordes. ful of discomfort. That may non erthely mannes tonge seye. in sothfast tokninge of hir peyne. And. As ferforth as my wit can comprehende.' `Gret is my wo. For ye. for the beste.' Quod Pandarus. `Lo.
Syn wel ye woot the tyme is faste by. But to the pitouse goddes everichone Troilus and Criseyde 111 . As he that of his lyf no lenger roughte. `But bidde him come. trewely. Wommen ben wyse in short avysement. certain. I shal don al my peyne. `And shapeth yow his sorwe for to abregge. me to restreyne From weping in his sighte. that thus me threteth. It shal not lakken. and for−thy yet I seye. What helpeth it to wepen ful a strete. That love him bet than he him−self. If to this soor ther may be founden salve.' Goth Pandarus. And with som wysdom ye his sorwes bete. Or come ayen. `and uncle. and Troilus he soughte. `but yet it hardere is to me To seen that sorwe which that he is inne. Allas! For me hath he swich hevinesse? Can he for me so pitously compleyne? Y−wis. he sholde not come here For al the good that Pryam may despende. I gesse. But ye wol have him wood out of his minde! `For wiste he that ye ferde in this manere. `Grevous to me. his sorwe doubleth al my peyne. That knowe I wel.Troilus and Criseyde `But yet to me his sorwe is muchel more. Sin ye ben wyse.' Thise wordes seyd.' `Go. For wel wot I. god wot. is for to twinne.' Quod she. it wol my bane be. And what that I may helpe. or platly he wol deye. `Allas! Why do ye so. and bisily. it shal not fayle. Quod Pandarus. sone after ye be went. whan I him hider bringe. And deye I wol in certayn. And in myn herte seken every veyne. Him for to glade. He wolde him−selve slee. That he shal come? Arys up hastely.' quod Criseyde. And lat sen how your wit shal now avayle. and if I wende To han this fare. I shal don al my might. and gan to wepe pitously. And nought encresse. leve nece swete. For to what fyn he wolde anoon pretende. Til in a temple he fond him allone. So leef this sorwe. Or though ye bothe in salte teres dreynte? Bet is a tyme of cure ay than of pleynte. on myn halve. That he yow nat biwopen thus ne finde. `I mene thus. er deeth. Beth rather to him cause of flat than egge. and bothe of oon assent.' tho quod she. Dryve out that goost which in myn herte beteth. she on hir armes two Fil gruf. So shapeth how distourbe your goinge.
They seyn right thus. But swich an errour up−on god to gesse Were fals and foul. but they seyn that therfore That it shal come. al the sothe for to seye. In hir merytes sothly for to be. Which may not ben deceyved never−mo. O. he nas but loren. For wel he thoughte ther was non other grace. And hem disponeth. that from eterne if he Hath wist biforn our thought eek as our dede. `But nathelees. comth by necessitee. For right thus was his argument alwey: He seyde. Wherfor I seye. `For other thought nor other dede also Might never be. it is my destinee. welaway! So sleye arn clerkes olde. as these clerkes rede. `For som men seyn. That I not whos opinion I may holde. Hath feled biforn. That destinee thorugh argumentes preve. As they shul comen by predestinee. `For certaynly. That purveyaunce hath seyn bifore to be. this wot I wel. that thing is not to come For that the prescience hath seyn bifore That it shal come.Troilus and Criseyde Ful tendrely he preyde. and wikked corsednesse. `But it were rather an opinioun Uncerteyn. And som men seyn that nedely ther is noon. pardee. with−outen ignoraunce. thourgh his ordenaunce. waylawey! `For al that comth. `Eek this is an opinioun of somme That han hir top ful heighe and smothe y−shore. Sin god seeth every thing. That outrely he shoop him for to deye. but swich as purveyaunce. We have no free chois. allas! Whom shal I leve? For ther ben grete clerkes many oon. Thus to be lorn.' he seyde. though men hadde it sworn. For if ther mighte been a variaunce To wrythen out fro goddes purveyinge. Ne god may not deceyved ben. if god seth al biforn. To doon him sone out of this world to pace. therfore the purveyaunce Troilus and Criseyde 112 . out of doutaunce. But that free chois is yeven us everichoon. `That for−sight of divyne purveyaunce Hath seyn alwey me to for−gon Criseyde. He was so fallen in despeyr that day. and made his mone. And shortly. and no stedfast forseinge. Ther nere no prescience of thing cominge. And certes. Than moot it fallen. That god shuld han no parfit cleer witinge More than we men that han doutous weninge. that were an abusioun.
for that he sit. whiche that falle. Ther moot necessitee ben in yow bothe. and thus. certes. And in thee nede of sooth. though the cause of sooth of this Comth of his sitting. as they seyn. thyn opinioun soth be. By whiche reson men may wel y−see. As whether that the prescience of god is The certayn cause of the necessitee Of thinges that to comen been. And thus necessitee in either is. To enqueren which thing cause of which thing be. the man sit not therfore. but nedely. that if the opinioun of thee Be sooth. `I mene as though I laboured me in this. That they in certayn ben purveyed alle. And ferther−over now ayenward yit. I may wel maken. Therfore is thyn opinioun sooth. That by necessitee they comen alle. Troilus and Criseyde 113 . As thus. And of the thinges that to comen be. Or if necessitee of thing cominge Be cause certeyn of the purveyinge. `But thou mayst seyn.Troilus and Criseyde Wot it biforn with−outen ignoraunce. y−wis. My resoninge of goddes purveyaunce. That he mot sitten by necessitee. Than by necessitee bihoveth it That. for thing shal come. al falle it foule or faire. out of doutaunce. al seme it not ther−by That prescience put falling necessaire To thing to come. Bihoveth it that thinges. y−wis. But rather. `Thus on this same wyse. For needfully bihoveth it not to be That thilke thinges fallen in certayn That ben purveyed. For in him nede of sittinge is. right so it is of the part contrarie. y−wis. yet necessitee Is entrechaunged. than seye I this. `But now ne enforce I me nat in shewinge How the ordre of causes stant. bothe in him and thee. for the man sit ther bifore. forsothe. `And in this manere this necessitee Retorneth in his part contrarie agayn. That thilke thinges that in erthe falle. but wel wot I. `For if ther sit a man yond on a see. And I seye. for I wol not tarie : `I seye. That thyn opinioun of sitting soth is. Lo. That it bihoveth that the bifallinge Of thinges wist biforen certeynly Be necessarie. as it semeth me. That wenest or coniectest that he sit. now herkne. `For al−though that. pardee.
That for−wot al with−outen ignoraunce. Ey! Who seigh ever a wys man faren so? Why. and I hadde swich a thought. `And yet this is a wonder most of alle. in the dees right as ther fallen chaunces. that thing mot nedefully be so. That in thyn heed thyn eyen semen dede? `Hastow not lived many a yeer biforn With−outen hir. Troilus and Criseyde 114 . That. to seyn. `O mighty god. They mowe not been eschewed on no syde. and ferd ful wel at ese? Artow for hir and for non other born? Hath kinde thee wroughte al−only hir to plese? Lat be. Com Pandare in. Ben cause of thilke sovereyn purveyaunce.Troilus and Criseyde Therfore is it purveyed. But that god purveyth thing that is to come For that it is to come. sin thou nost not yit. Touching hir goinge. That thing to come sholde cause his prescience. that is a fals sentence. `And this suffyseth right y−now. Nat that it comth for it purveyed is: Yet nathelees. yet is not Criseyde a−go! Why list thee so thy−self for−doon for drede. `Almighty Iove in trone.' And whyl he was in al this hevinesse. Rewe on my sorwe. That right as whan I woot ther is a thing. `And over al this. trewely. Now trewely. how that it shal falle. parde. Or elles. That thing to come be purveyed. Or bring Criseyde and me fro this distresse. −− But now is this abusion. yet seye I more herto. or do me deye sone. So mot it come.' quod Pandarus. That fallinge of the thinges temporel Is cause of goddes prescience eternel. bihoveth it nedfully.' Than seyde he thus. That whylom been bifalle and over−come. That wost of al this thing the soothfastnesse. For to destroye our free chois every del. That they bityden by necessitee. `in trone. and thenk right thus in thy disese. and thus the bifalling Of thinges that ben wist bifore the tyde. and elles nought? So mighte I wene that thinges alle and some. certeyn. and seyde as ye may here. certaynly. Y−wis. Eek right so. Right so in love. ther come and goon plesaunces. what thenkestow to done? Hastow swich lust to been thyn owene fo? What. Why thou thus sorwest. `What mighte I wene. thinges that purveyed be. Troilus. whan I woot a thing coming. Disputinge with him−self in this matere.
and mercy I beseche! Help.Troilus and Criseyde Ne if she can hir−self distorben it. So gan the peyne hir hertes for to twiste. with−outen mo. and sighte sore. With broken voys. Shal. So bittre teres weep nought.' And what him liste. whan it is night. and the herte unswelle.' This Troilus answerde. Right with the word. But hem in armes toke and after kiste. Wher−with she can. if I shal right arede. `For which my counseil is. Soth is. and I wil do right so. as is ligne aloes or galle. as I finde. And whan that it was tyme for to go. But whan hir woful wery gostes tweyne Retorned been ther−as hem oughte dwelle. `Thou seyst right wel. I have with hir y−spoke and longe y−be. Ful prevely him−self. The lasse wofulle of hem bothe niste Wher that he was. Un−to hir com. And how they wroughte. "Certeyn. And that som−what to wayken gan the peyne By lengthe of pleynte. That in this world ther nis so hard an herte. I deye. and make of this an ende. I shal yow telle sone. That neither of hem other mighte grete. thourgh hir grete mighte. Thou to hir go. Criseyde To Troilus thise ilke wordes seyde: `O Iove. So as accorded was bitwixe us tweye. As I seyde erst. she shal not wende. for it is the beste. That nolde han rewed on hir peynes smerte. A man may al by tyme his nekke bede Whan it shal of. of which thou art in drede. he seyde un−to it more. And hold this purpos. and sorwen at the nede. And ever−mor me thinketh thus. out of teres kinde. ne mighte o word out−bringe. Tho woful teres that they leten falle As bittre weren. hir grace un−to us sende. that whan they gonne first to mete. For peyne. Distorbe al this. Hir woful spirit from his propre place. `For−thy take hede of that that I shal seye." And for−thy put thyn herte a whyle in reste. Thou hast not yet assayed al hir wit. and ebben gan the welle Of hire teres. that she Hath som−what in hir hertes prevetee. for wo and for sobbinge. Troilus!' And ther−with−al hir face Upon his brest she leyde. Myn herte seyth. And blisful Iuno. alwey up poynt to pace. al hoors for−shright. The woful Myrra through the bark and rinde. as he was wont to done. and loste speche. as I hope. Troilus and Criseyde 115 .
This sorwful man can now noon other reed. That in this world he lenger liven sholde. He gan hir limes dresse in swich manere As men don hem that shul be leyd on bere. And seyde. how sore that him smerte. So that his sowle hir sowle folwen mighte. fulfild of heigh desdayn. And with his teres salte hir brest bireyned. And this was him a preignant argument That she was forth out of this world agoon. and sin ye may do me no werse. This Troilus. Fy on your might and werkes so diverse! Thus cowardly ye shul me never winne. And after this. for breeth ne felte he noon. Hir eyen throwen upward to hir heed . Troilus and Criseyde 116 . and she lay as for deed. for fere.Troilus and Criseyde And thus she lyth with hewes pale and grene. Shal never lover seyn that Troilus Dar not. He seyde how she was fro this world y−fare! So after that he longe hadde hir compleyned. Ther shal no deeth me fro my lady twinne. that on hir gan biholde. and seyde that was to seye. With−oute answere. Can he noon finde in no−thing on Criseyde. For aught he woot. Rewe eek on me. sin ye han slayn hir thus. But sin ye wol not suffre us liven here. Him−self to sleen. But ofte tyme hir colde mouth he kiste. `For I this world. and long streight he hir leyde. with his lady dye. `O lord. This al and som. Wol lete. And pitously gan for the soule preye. With sorwful voys and herte of blisse al bare. and felte hir limes colde. I wol bere hir companye. and thou. with sterne and cruel herte. Sin love and cruel Fortune it ne wolde. `O cruel Iove. That whylom fresh and fairest was to sene. Yet suffreth that our soules ben y−fere. His hondes wrong. And whan he seigh ther was non other woon. For signe of lyf. Clepinge hir name. For certeyn. Wher him was wo. that set art in thy trone. Thanne seyde he thus. Ther−as the doom of Mynos wolde it dighte. god and him−self it wiste! He rist him up. For which his song ful ofte is `weylaway!' But whan he saugh that specheles she lay. for I shal folwe hir sone!' She cold was and with−outen sentement. He gan tho teris wypen of ful dreye. that falsly have ye slayn Criseyde. His swerd a−noon out of his shethe he twighte. for ought he can or may. and folowe hir spirit lowe or hye. Fortune adverse.
which a dede! Allas! How neigh we were bothe dede! `Thanne if I ne hadde spoken. o swete herte dere. al redy for to deye But as god wolde. lo. which that here is. Criseyde. And thou. And asked him. For which Criseyde up−on him gan biholde. and ther−with−al she sore sighte. for we han right y−now of this. For which hir goost. Receyve now my spirit!' wolde he seye. Live ye yet?' and leet his swerd doun glyde. in armes folde. `But with this selve swerd. And Attropos. And seyde. `Allas! For. As they that hadden al hir blisse y−lorn. douteless. And he answerde. My−selve I wolde han slayn!' −− quod she tho.' and she answerde. `That if a wight alwey his wo compleyne. by that ilke lord that made me. And late us ryse and streight to bedde go And there lat ys speken of oure wo. For. and bretheren al y−fere. Ye wolde han slayn your−self anoon?' quod she. my moder. Pryam. by the morter which that I see brenne. and gan for fere crye. that thanked be Cupyde!' Quod she. And gan him in hir armes faste folde. And how himself ther−with he wolde have slawe. As it lay bare. herte myn. herte myn. After your deeth. `Lady myn Criseyde. I nolde a forlong wey on−lyve han be. In−to hir woful herte ayein it wente. and kiste hir ofte. anoon she gan his swerd aspye. Troilus and Criseyde 117 . `Ye. And thou. as that hir eyen glente A−syde.Troilus and Criseyde `And thou. `Ye. of swough ther−with she abreyde. farwel! For I go. whiche that I leve in wo. But at the laste. Til at the last this sorwful wight Criseyde To Troilus these ilke wordes seyde: −− `Lo. god. `O mercy. Knowe I ful wel that day is not fer henne. For pitously ech other gan biholde. With swerd at herte. to han been crouned quene Of al the lond the sonne on shyneth shene. `But ho. wel wot ye this. why he it hadde out−drawe? And Troilus anoon the cause hir tolde. Biwaylinge ay the day that they were born. that flikered ay on−lofte. as grace was. make redy thou my bere! And thou. And hir to glade he dide al his entente. and `Troilus' she cryde.' quod she.' Whan they were in hir bedde. And he bigan to glade hir as he mighte. citee. Took hir in armes two. Nought was it lyk tho nightes here−biforn. And gan to syke.
Nis but to shewe yow my mocioun. that it may be so By alle right. I shal yow wel an heep of weyes shewe. And sin that here assembled be we tweyne To finde bote of wo that we ben inne. That wol I doon. I preye. I shal ben here. and. the whiche that we ben inne. For tyme y−lost may not recovered be. But what is thanne a remede un−to this.Troilus and Criseyde And seketh nought how holpen for to be. and sleen this hevinesse. that it may not be with−stonde For al this world. And to the beste. as ful wel ye woot. the wo. ye han wel understonde. But that we shape us sone for to mete? This al and som. For there is art y−now for to redresse That yet is mis. `The sothe is. and in a wordes fewe. And. I speke it for the beste. So wol I telle yow. It nis but folye and encrees of peyne. ther nis no−more amis. `Sooth is. whyl it is hoot. For trewely. For ought I woot. And as I am avysed sodeynly. It were al tyme sone to biginne. that the twinninge of us tweyne Wol us disese and cruelliche anoye. as by my Iugement. my dere herte swete. But I wol gon to my conclusioun. To finde un−to our helpe the beste weye. For in effect what−so ye me comaunde. if that he wol have Ioye. Me thinketh thus. whiche that I shal seye. Ther−of am I no maner thing in doute. `Now that I shal wel bringen it aboute To come ayein. `For which I wol not make long sermoun. And taketh it non other wyse. for the love of god. `Makinge alwey a protestacioun. for no−thing elles is But for the cause that we sholden twinne. That serveth love. in ought that I can see. sone after that I go. Troilus and Criseyde 118 . And lat us shape a bettre wey to finde. But him bihoveth som−tyme han a peyne. `Now herkneth this. And sin ther helpeth noon avysement To letten it. For dredeles. with−inne a wouke or two. that nouther ye nor I Oughte half this wo to make skilfully. lat it passe out of minde. for−yeve it me If I speke ought ayein your hertes reste. That now these wordes. `I am a womman. for that is no demaunde. Considered al. My goinge graunted is by parlement So ferforth.
`Ye seen that every day eek. That day by day. but for drede Lest in this toun that folkes me dispyse By−cause of him. But what! She shal come hastely ayeyn. see ich never Ioves face! `Why trowe ye my fader in this wyse Coveiteth so to see me. And to and fro eek ryde and gon as blyve Alday as thikke as been flen from an hyve. It oughte lesse causen us to sorwe. And er that truwe is doon. in swich an aventure? Y−wis. And eek myn othere thinges alle y−fere. And nameliche. ye mowen elles lite endure! `Ye knowe eek how that al my kin is here. beth glad now. `So as I shal not so ben hid in muwe. `And thenk right thus. ye. if ye conne. lo. And thanne at erste shul we been so fayn. Men trete of pees. That al this world ne mighte our blisse telle. right anoon. "Criseyde is now agoon. myn owene herte dere. ther−as we ben now. as wyd as it hath space. But−if that onliche it my fader be. myn herte dere. nor I with yow In fourtenight. That men the quene Eleyne shal restore. ne see yow go ne ryde. Ye shal ful wel al myn estat y−here. And thanne have ye bothe Antenor y−wonne And me also. And every wight han libertee to bleve Troilus and Criseyde 119 ." And whanne. Er dayes ten. Ye may the bettre at ese of herte abyde. Us neded for my wending nought to care. For myn honour. and it supposed is. Or elles. this dar I saufly seyn. `I see that ofte. So as we shulle to−gederes ever dwelle. The nature of the pees mot nedes dryve That men moste entrecomunen y−fere. So though ther nere comfort noon but this. That men purposen pees on every syde. I shal ben here. my dere herte. `For if that it be pees. for his unhappy dede? What woot my fader what lyf that I lede? For if he wiste in Troye how wel I fare.Troilus and Criseyde And sin I shal no ferthere out of Troye Than I may ryde ayein on half a morwe. And Grekes us restore that is mis. Sin wel ye woot that it is now a trewe. May ye not ten dayes thanne abyde. Whom that I nolde leven for to see For al this world. allas? By god. more and more. our counseil for to hyde. That for the beste. Ye speke not with me.
`The moeble which that I have in this toun Un−to my fader shal I take. Troilus. This is to seyn. And I right now have founden al the gyse. The whiche freendes ferventliche him preye To senden after more. Yet hider. Whyl that this toun stant thus in Iupartye. Is old. for whider sholde I goon. For goddes speken in amphibologyes. men seyn that hard it is The wolf ful. if it so be That al this thing ne may yow not suffyse. if pees bityde. He hath not wel the goddes understonde. for o sooth they tellen twenty lyes. and doon him stonde in grace. I shal him so enchaunten with my sawes. Troilus and Criseyde 120 . that men ful ofte. And herkeneth how. Mot spenden part. and beren him on honde. pardee. For ay with gold men may the herte grave Of him that set is up−on coveityse. My fader. I shal eek shewen him. lest it folk aspyde. as me lyst. and that in hye. I shal it yow devyse. With−oute net. though ther never pees ne were. What frendes that ich have on every syde Toward the court. `And though so be that pees ther may be noon. with−outen leve. `And that shal been an huge quantitee. Or calculinge avayleth nought three hawes. but. `Eek drede fond first goddes. Or how mischaunce sholde I dwelle there Among tho men of armes ever in fere? For which. That. to doon the wrathe pace Of Priamus. `Lo. and plukke him by the sleve. wher−with I shal him hente. y−wis. Desyr of gold shal so his sowle blende. I shal wel make an ende. and seye. in certayn I shal fonde Distorben him. and elde is ful of coveityse. `So what for o thing and for other. if that ye wole assente. or his clerkes lawes. `Have here another wey. Thus shal I seyn. I suppose. I can not seen wher−of ye sholden drede. `And if he wolde ought by his sort it preve If that I lye. This may be sent by no wight but by me. And how I mene. That right in hevene his sowle is. Makinge his sort. And. the remenant for to save. swete. as ye knowen wel.Troilus and Criseyde Where−as him list the bet. I moste come. shal he mete! For al Appollo. and the wether hool to have. as wisly god my soule rede. That right for trust and for savacioun It sent is from a freend of his or tweye.
whan she wente. And that hir herte trewe was and kinde Towardes him. Your fader is in sleighte as Argus yed. Thus writen they that of hir werkes knewe. for he can the craft. out of drede. and took it for the beste. Herde al this thing devysen to and fro. and not at−rede. `Certes. And but I make him sone to converte. And. "That oon thenketh the bere. Whan he for ferde out of his Delphos sterte. And that she starf for wo neigh. whan the sonne is shene. And as the briddes. And verraylich him semed that he hadde The selve wit. But of my deeth though litel be to recche. And seyde hire.' And treweliche. honour." Your sire is wys. with herte and eres spradde. To reste bringe out of this cruel sorwe. god! So wisly thou me. as writen wel I finde. and ther−with hem bitwene Bigan for Ioye the amorouse daunce. but yet to lete hir go His herte misforyaf him ever−mo. I wol to yow oblige me to deye.Troilus and Criseyde Thus shal I seyn. and made hir hertes clere. Tho sleightes yet that I have herd yow stere Ful shaply been to failen alle y−fere. Troilus and Criseyde 121 . And doon my reed with−inne a day or tweye. And but ye come at day set in−to Troye. he gan his herte wreste To trusten hir. But fynally. may nought out of his minde. Ne shal I never have hele. myn owene swete herte! `For trewely. and seyd is. That al this thing was seyd of good entente. Dwel rather here. But natheles. This Troilus. and spak right as she mente. woful wrecche." `It is ful hard to halten unespyed Bifore a crepul. ne Ioye. "Men may the wyse at−renne. That of hir heste he might hir trewe finde. myn owene lady dere. er that ye me cause so to smerte. Delyten in hir song in leves grene. and that his cowarde herte Made him amis the goddes text to glose. For which ful ofte he pitously hir preyde. But al another thenketh his ledere. For thus men seyn. if ye be unkinde. For which the grete furie of his penaunce Was queynt with hope. the wending of Criseyde. And was in purpos ever to be trewe. `For al−so sooth as sonne up−rist on morwe. Right so the wordes that they spake y−fere Delyted hem. For al this world. I wol my−selven slee if that ye drecche. Yet.
For−why your faderes sleighte wol us shende. pees or no. your fader shal yow glose To been a wyf. Shal causeles so sterven in his trouthe! `And over al this. To trusten on. And eche of hem with herte. that sin we mowe er day Wel stele away. sin Calkas on the Grekis syde Hath ones been. and doun our walles torn. but−if routhe Remorde yow. For which that weye. and that is al my drede. whan man may chese. with−oute more. in me ther may not sinke A good opinioun. and been to−gider so.Troilus and Criseyde For al be that his moeble is him biraft. That ye shul dullen of the rudenesse Of us sely Troianes. In cas ye sholden to your fader go. And lat us stele away bitwixe us tweye. as I have told yow yore. your fader shal despyse Us alle. So thenk I nam but deed. For accident his substaunce ay to lese. wit. for ernest ne for game. If that ye mighte come ayein or no? Troilus and Criseyde 122 . `I noot if pees shal ever−mo bityde. Ye shal not blende him for your womanhede. And if ye goon. of whom ye nil han routhe. That ay drede I. Ne feyne a−right. `For which. For−why the Grekes han it alle sworn Til we be slayn. `And this to me so grevous is to thinke. He shal som Grek so preyse and wel alose. That fro my brest it wol my soule rende. A thousand tymes mercy I yow preye. And doth somwhat. And thus he shal yow with his wordes fere. and might To plesen yow don al his besinesse. and lost so foule his name. and pitous herte. nis but a fantasye. and seyn this citee nis but lorn. if that ye wende. I woot. That ravisshen he shal yow with his speche. But. as that I shal yow seye. `I mene this. with humble. So reweth on myn aspre peynes smerte. His olde sleighte is yet so with him laft. `Ye shal eek seen. `Ye shul eek seen so many a lusty knight A−mong the Grekes. And that thassege never shal aryse. ful of worthinesse. And thenk that folye is. And Troilus. and as he can wel preche. or vertue of your trouthe. that ye wol bleve there. for ought I can espye. What wit were it to putten in assay. trewe. Or do yow doon by force as he shal teche. He dar no more come here ayein for shame. Ne dredeles.
my knight. Simoys. god shilde us fro mischaunce! Troilus and Criseyde 123 . And I with body and soule sinke in helle! `But that ye speke. That halve goddes been of wildernesse. that as an arwe clere Thorugh Troye rennest ay downward to the see. Ber witnesse of this word that seyd is here. or for weddinge. and eek on eche goddesse. as ye devyse. if that ye wole assente. delyt. now trowe me if thow leste! `And thou. thorugh hir might. We may wel stele away. And thus we may eschewen al this drede. for. But been honured whyl we dwelten there. And your honour. `And hardily. Be fals to yow. This is the beste. that ye sholden so. sin Troye hath now swich nede Of help. And help me god so at my moste nede As causeles ye suffren al this drede! `For thilke day that I for cherisshinge Or drede of fader. right in this wyse Answerde. ful sore it wol us rewe. For I have kin and freendes elles−where That. ne dredeth no poverte. As wood as Athamante do me dwelle Eternaly in Stix. And namely. For everich other wey ye can recorde. Myn herte. And finde swich unthrifty weyes newe. my Troilus. `And vulgarly to speken of substaunce Of tresour. Til in−to tyme that we shal ben dede. Us sholde neither lakke gold ne gere. may we bothe with us lede Y−nough to live in honour and plesaunce. For any womman. myn owene herte free. with a syk. And Attropos my threed of lyf to−breste If I be fals. On Satiry and Fauny more and lesse. god for−bede. though we comen in oure bare sherte. as in myn entente. awey thus for to go And leten alle your freendes. y−wis. That thilke day that ich untrewe be To Troilus. `Y−wis.Troilus and Criseyde Thus mene I. may not ther−with acorde. Iuno. my dere herte trewe. If this were wist.' Criseyde. or of other wight. and eek of o thing taketh hede. But afterward. That thou retorne bakwarde to thy welle. Or for estat. And go we anoon. the put of helle! `And this on every god celestial I swere it yow. that it were a gret folye To putte that sikernesse in Iupertye. my lif laye in balaunce. Saturnes doughter. On every Nymphe and deite infernal.
But lust voluptuous and coward drede. Er Phebus suster. god. As alday happeth. Your honour. `And also thenketh on myn honestee." Thus maketh vertue of necessitee By pacience. They wolden seye. `And trusteth this. And with what filthe it spotted sholde be. if it be may. Sin to be trewe I have yow plight my trouthe. Thus were al lost. Ne though I livede un−to the worldes ende. which that now shyneth so clere. That love ne droof yow nought to doon this dede. herte swete. And she ne daunteth no wight but a wrecche. Myn herte seyth that it wol been the beste. For ever in oon. out of doute. for the love of god.' `O mercy. game. Lucina the shene. If in this forme I sholde with yow wende. But. I wol yow seen with−outen any fayle. ye slee me thus for verray tene! I see wel now that ye mistrusten me. for routhe. I mene. how foule I sholde it shende. as helpe me Iuno. and swere it. "The suffraunt overcometh. after anger. that nought wol of hir recche. That floureth yet. a tyme for to winne. with−outen any wene. Why. Beth nought to hasty in this hote fare. and that were routhe and sinne. that som tyme it is wit To spende a tyme." pardee. My name sholde I never ayeinward winne. That ye ne dorste come ayein for shame! And er that ye Iuparten so your name. hevenes quene.' `And now. for the love of Cynthia the shene. For by your wordes it is wel y−sene. Eek "Who−so wol han leef. so this be sooth. For hasty man ne wanteth never care. `And thenketh wel. lord! The sorwe and wo ye wolden make. Sin that I see that nede it moot be thus. as for to live in reste. what lyf is this?' quod she. that certes. `I shal wel suffre un−to the tenthe day. Thus were I lost. `What trowe ye the peple eek al aboute Wolde of it seye? It is ful light to arede. Mistrust me not thus causeles. `And for−thy slee with reson al this hete. myn herte dere. Now. The Leoun passe out of this Ariete. `Allas. So lat us stele prively away. Men seyn.Troilus and Criseyde `And if so be that pees her−after take. I wol ben here.' quod Troilus. The tenthe day. and thenk that lord is he Of fortune ay. Troilus and Criseyde 124 . but−if that deeth me assayle. he lief mot lete. y−wis.
`For if ye wiste how sore it doth me smerte. Troilus and Criseyde 125 . nere it that I wiste remedye To come ayein. And by my thrift.' quod she. `Myn owene hertes soothfast suffisaunce. wel ye may me leve. That er that I departe fro yow here. y−wis. with−outen mo. Ye. and leveth eek your sorwe. To see yow wepen that I love most. For who may holde thing that wol a−way? My fader nought. At shorte wordes. Sin I am thyn al hool. so beth me not unkinde. ne never shal til that I dye. that alle trouthe in yow entende. And trusteth me.' To this answerde Troilus and seyde. thou wost. no plesaunce Of othere do me fro your remembraunce. Sin thilke day I saw hir first with ye.' `Graunt mercy. And for the love which that I love yow eke. `For−thy. That whyl that I am absent. That "love is thing ay ful of bisy drede. and er ye cause finde. `And blisful Venus lat me never sterve Er I may stonde of plesaunce in degree To quyte him wel. with al myn herte I yow beseke.Troilus and Criseyde Ne. Ye wolde cesse of this. pardee. lorn am I nought fro yow yit. That of so good a comfort and a chere I may you seen. for god. right here I wolde dye! `But certes. that so wel can deserve. Though that we been a day or two a−twinne. as wis I never un−to Criseyde. Me glade. `And over al this I pray yow. my wending out of Troye Another day shal torne us alle to Ioye. it shal be founde at preve. I nere but deed. For goddes love. that ye may bringe at reste Myn herte. I can no more. Was fals.' quod she tho. And that I moot gon to the Grekes ost. which that is at point to breste. for al his queynte pley. goode myn. Or here my trouthe. if that ich other wende. as god defende! That so bitraysed were or wo bigoon As I. If that ye were untrewe. to whom ther nis no cause y−wrye. For I am ever a−gast. The pure spirit wepeth in myn herte. `Now god. I wol not live til morwe. I am not so nyce a wight That I ne can imaginen a wey To come ayein that day that I have hight. If that yow list don ought for my preyere. for−why men rede. And douteles. Dryf out the fantasyes yow with−inne." `For in this world ther liveth lady noon.
grounded upon trouthe. Ne made me to rewe on your distresse. So that it may your herte and myn suffyse. `And this may lengthe of yeres not for−do. that of his might may do The sorwful to be glad. But Iuppiter. that your estat royal Ne veyn delyt. for tyme is that ye ryse. `For trusteth wel. Ne entendement considere. ne tonge telle The cruel peynes of this sorwful man. in despyt Every thing that souned in−to badde. whyl I may dure. The day gan ryse. nobley. sustren three. That ay honour to me−ward shal rebounde. Ne pompe. And rewfulliche his lady gan biholde. and streite in armes folde. nor only worthinesse Of yow in werre. For mannes heed imaginen ne can. That I was your. Committeth. Explicit Liber Quartus. array. And fareth now wel. angry Parcas. And that your reson brydled your delyt.' And after that they longe y−pleyned hadde. to meten in this place. I shal so doon. And that ye hadde. so yeve us grace. so trewe I have yow founde. As rudenesse and poeplish appetyt. Ne remuable fortune deface. As he that felte dethes cares colde. Aprochen gan the fatal destinee That Ioves hath in disposicioun. BOOK V Incipit Liber Quintus. For which Criseyde moste out of the toun. This made. as me thoughte. And Troilus shal dwelle forth in pyne Til Lachesis his threed no lenger twyne. And to hir grace he gan him recomaunde. aboven every creature. With−outen more. Er nightes ten. this holde I no demaunde. That passen every torment doun in helle. and Troilus him cladde.Troilus and Criseyde And whyl that god my wit wol me conserve. Which that his soule out of his herte rente. or eek richesse. And ofte y−kist. to don execucioun. and shal. Wher him was wo. And to yow. That was the cause I first hadde on yow routhe! `Eek gentil herte and manhod that ye hadde. out of the chaumbre he wente. −− Troilus and Criseyde 126 . But moral vertue. or torney marcial. For whan he saugh that she ne mighte dwelle.
That shal I seyn. Ful sorwfully she sighte. And ellis. As she that niste what was best to rede. But at the yate ther she sholde oute ryde With certeyn folk. now farewel al thy Ioye. in rumour of this fare. And seyde un−to him−self this ilke sawe. Ful redy was at pryme Dyomede. Criseyde. er that she go? Why nil I bringe al Troye upon a rore? Why nil I sleen this Diomede also? Why nil I rather with a man or two Stele hir a−way? Why wol I this endure? Why nil I helpen to myn owene cure?' But why he nolde doon so fel a dede. For shaltow never seen hir eft in Troye! Soth is. `thus foul a wrecchednesse Why suffre ich it. That wel unnethe it seen was in his chere. al wolde he nought him pleyne. whan she redy was to ryde. he hoved hir tabyde. As man that hath his Ioyes eek forlore. Whan Diomede on horse gan him dresse. as men in bokes rede. that she departe sholde a−morwe. That on his hors unnethe he sat for peyne. Lest that Criseyde. He hadde it doon. so gan his herte gnawe. Sin that the sone of Ecuba the quene Bigan to love hir first. But Troilus. and Zephirus as ofte Y−brought ayein the tendre leves grene.' quod he. or Ioyes here−tofore. Was waytinge on his lady ever−more As she that was the soothfast crop and more Of al his lust. So wo bigoon. And trewely. Criseyde un−to the Grekes ost to lede. `Allas. with−outen wordes more. Ne was so looth out of a toun to fare. For ire he quook. lo. He hadde in herte alweyes a maner drede. and why him liste it spare. why nil ich it redresse? Were it not bet at ones for to dye Than ever−more in langour thus to drye? `Why nil I make at ones riche and pore To have y−nough to done. Men wiste never womman han the care. Sholde han ben slayn. This Troilus. with−outen reed or lore. For sorwe of which she felt hir herte blede.Troilus and Criseyde The golden−tressed Phebus heighe on−lofte Thryes hadde alle with his bemes shene The snowes molte. He gan his wo ful manly for to hyde. and seyde `Allas!' Troilus and Criseyde 127 . this was al his care. certeyn. that whyl he bood in this manere. for whom his sorwe Was al. as I seyde yore.
gan fallen forth in speche Of this and that. for somwhat shal I seye. if she have in hir thought Him that I gesse. What wonder is though that hir sore smerte. and it was eek to done. that ladde hir by the brydel.' This Diomede. But torne he moste. I have herd seyd. And caste his eye upon hir pitously. for ought that may bityde. For at the worste it may yet shorte our weye. and dooth me not to deye. For douteles. And right with that was Antenor y−come Out of the Grekes ost. `Now hold your day. Of which the sone of Tydeus took hede. Ful fayn. and made feste. and un−to Diomede No word he spak."' But natheles this thoughte he wel ynough. If that I speke of love. And forth she rit ful sorwfully a pas. rood and dide hir companye. and gan hir eek biseche. Whan she forgoth hir owene swete herte? This Troilus. As he that coude more than the crede In swich a craft. eek tymes twyes twelve. "He is a fool that wol for−yete him−selve. or make it tough. and seyde he was wel−come. and asked why she stood In swich disese. in wyse of curteisye. And Antenor he kiste. Whan that he saw the folk of Troye aweye.Troilus and Criseyde But forth she moot. out of doute. he may not been y−brought So sone awey. Troilus and Criseyde 128 . as he that coude his good. And lord! So she gan wepen tendrely! And he ful softe and sleighly gan hir seye. With hauke on hond. And neer he rood. That she not wite as yet shal what I mene. Thoughte. but I shal finde a mene. He peyned him with al his fulle might Him to with−holde of wepinge at the leste. To take hir by the honde al sobrely. Ther nis non other remedie in this cas. his cause for to make. And ther−with−al he moste his leve take. Passinge al the valey fer with−oute. And Troilus to Troye homwarde he wente. ne noon of al his route. `Al my labour shal not been on ydel. `That certaynly I am aboute nought. And ferther wolde han riden. And Troilus. and with an huge route Of knightes. Whan this was doon. This Diomede. and every wight Was of it glad. al nere his herte light.' With that his courser torned he a−boute With face pale. and wo was him to goon so sone. If that I may. and by the reyne hir hente.
`And though ye Troians with us Grekes wrothe Han many a day be. To been your freend. But wolde never god but−if as trewe A Greek ye shulde among us alle finde As any Troian is. Myn herte hath for to amende it greet delyt. she wolde hir sorwe apese. as beth not wroth with me. Al can I not to yow. And. So fro this forth. and shal ben ay. But this enseled til another day. For folk of Grece. and seyde he doon it wolde. for the love of god.' He seyde eek thus. `Y−wis. but out of more respyt. I lovede never womman here−biforn As paramours. Thaqueintaunce of these Troianis to chaunge. we Grekes con have Ioye To honouren yow. To doon al that may lyke un−to your herte.Troilus and Criseyde That if that he encrese mighte or eche With any thing hir ese. for the love of god. And seyde. to my might. That he nolde doon his peyne and al his might To doon it. That ther nas thing with whiche he mighte hir plese. I wolde of this yow telle al myn entente. Comaundeth me. Your owene aboven every creature. And preyede hir. No wonder is. `And by the cause I swoor yow right. for it is to yow newe. as wel as folk of Troye. how sore that me smerte. For trewely. lo. And if I may your harmes not redresse. I am. And. alwey yet. which that seen us bothe may. yow thinketh straunge. And taketh not my frendship in despyt. `And nere it that we been so neigh the tente Of Calkas. and helply. whyl that my lyf may dure. as a knight. Whom so ye hate. `Thus seyde I never er now to womman born. Troilus and Criseyde 129 . ther can no wight yow serve. `And that ye me wolde as your brother trete. God help me so. pardee. day and night. I am right sory for your hevinesse. that she sholde Comaunde it him. that ye never knewe. my lady dere. That half so looth your wraththe wolde deserve. Yeve me your hond. `I woot. for to doon hir herte an ese. I pray yow. beth not my fo. Noot I not why. And though your sorwes be for thinges grete. my lady free. For trewely he swoor hir. O god of love in sooth we serven bothe. For god myn herte as wisly glade so. and eek as kinde. ne never shal no mo. now. And for that more aqueintaunce eek of yow Have ich had than another straunger wight.
`O dere doughter myn. his fate. And that him liste his friendship hir to bede. `Ther been so worthy knightes in this place. And in his throwes frenetyk and madde He cursed Iove. as I shal. and `Deeth!' he cryde. To Troye is come this woful Troilus. save his lady. of no−thing took he hede. and weyleth there and torneth Troilus and Criseyde 130 . To chambre he wente. Appollo. and mercy I yow preye. and eek Cupyde. him−self. every creature. And forth I wol of Troilus yow telle. His burthe. wel−come!' She seyde eek. But natheles she thonked Diomede Of al his travaile. And ye so fair. But here I leve hir with hir fader dwelle. til I sterve.Troilus and Criseyde Compleyne aright. she was fayn with him to mete. Ne noon to him dar speke a word for drede. for I am yet to lere. To bedde he goth. but him obeye I wol alwey. And seyde. For I have herd or this of many a wight. In sorwe aboven alle sorwes smerte. and eek nature. `And wondreth not. As she that was with sorwe oppressed so That. milde. And trusten him she wolde. With felon look. So lowly ne so trewely you serve Nil noon of hem. And wolde do fayn that is him leef and dere. Though that I speke of love to you thus blyve. Bacus. And thorugh his paleys. And there his sorwes that he spared hadde He yaf an issue large. But mighte me so fair a grace falle. But here and there. For whan she gan hir fader fer aspye. Tho sodeinly doun from his hors he sterte. Hir thoughte hir sorwful herte brast a−two. As seyde she. and wel she mighte. Hath loved thing he never saugh his lyve. And she accepteth it in good manere. And stood forth mewet. Hir fader hath hir in his armes nome. Eek I am not of power for to stryve Ayens the god of love. myn owene lady bright. and from hir hors she alighte. and Cipryde. she nought his tales herde. and mansuete. Wel neigh doun of hir hors she gan to sye. that everich of hem alle Wol peynen him to stonden in your grace. with a swollen herte.' Criseide un−to that purpos lyte answerde. and his goode chere. now here a word or two. and face dispitous. That ye me for your servaunt wolde calle. He cursed Ceres. And. in effect. And tweynty tyme he kiste his doughter swete.
wher is it. and seyde: −− `Wher is myn owene lady lief and dere. And swich a tremour fele aboute his herte. And ther−with−al his body sholde sterte. And to him−self right thus he spak. And graspe aboute I may. makinge ay his mone. Ixion in helle.' And whan he fil in any slomeringes. See how I deye. but in this place. O swete fo! O lady myn. And pitously he cryde up−on Criseyde. how shal she this sustene. as yvel as I ye fare.Troilus and Criseyde In furie. and that is al my care. ye nil me not rescowe! `Who seeth yow now. That wonder was to here his fantasye. sorwful creature? For tendernesse. For wel wot I. And there−with−al he sholde a noyse make. Anoon biginne he sholde for to grone. as dooth he. And seme as though he sholde falle depe From heighe a−lofte. mete he were allone In place horrible. Another tyme he sholde mightily Troilus and Criseyde 131 . I finde nought tenbrace. my righte lode−sterre? Who sit right now or stant in your presence? Who can conforten now your hertes werre? Now I am gon. Whan I the firste night have al this tene? How shal she doon eek. and than he wolde wepe. And with the stert al sodeinliche awake. ich hadde as tho be sleyn! O herte myn. But tho bigan his herte a lyte unswelle Thorugh teres which that gonnen up to welle. where? Wher ben hir armes and hir eyen clere. that I love and no mo! To whom for ever−mo myn herte I dowe. as. And dremen of the dredfulleste thinges That mighte been. That of the feer his body sholde quake. Wher is hir whyte brest. allas! Why leet ich hir to go? As wolde god. Save a pilowe. no wight. Or meten that he was amonges alle His enemys. whom yeve ye audience? Who speketh for me right now in myn absence? Allas. er ye torne un−to this place. and in hir hondes falle. Criseyde. And in this wyse he neigh til day soiorneth. and grene Shal been your fresshe wommanliche face For langour. Swich wo for me? O pitous. And rewen on him−self so pitously. `How sholde I thus ten dayes ful endure. That yesternight this tyme with me were? Now may I wepe allone many a tere. `How shal I do? Whan shal she com ayeyn? I noot. pale.
On hevene yet the sterres were sene. For which to chaumbre streight the wey he took. On ydel for to wryte it sholde I swinke. but on the morwe he wente To Troilus. his pleynt. This Pandare. `the sorwe Which that I drye. I may not longe endure. And of the feste and pleyes palestral At my vigile. that shyneth clere. And whyten gan the orisonte shene Al estward. My sheld to Pallas yef. and seyn it was folye. as it woned is for to done. Whan that my wit is wery it to thinke. Troilus and Criseyde 132 . Of gold. And Troilus tho sobreliche he grette. that of al the day biforn Ne mighte han comen Troilus to see. and offre Mars my stede. And eft biginne his aspre sorwes newe. Whan Troilus hath sent after Pandare. My swerd. that men clepeth an urne. So that it lay not in his libertee No−wher to gon. For in his herte he coude wel devyne. and to my lady that I serve. This knew he wel y−nough. myn helm. I trowe I shal not liven til to−morwe.' quod Troilus. his langour. So causeles swich drede for to drye. For love of whom thus pitously I sterve. mayst thy−self ful wel devyne That swich a wo my wit can not defyne. And that he wolde telle him of his pyne. And Phebus with his rosy carte sone Gan after that to dresse him up to fare. and his pyne? Nought al the men that han or been on−lyve. And on the bed ful sone he gan him sette. For with the king Pryam alday was he. To thee devysen of my sepulture The forme. Thou. Al−though he on his heed it hadde y−sworn. on aventure. That every man mighte on his sorwes rewe. whan that he for him sente. That Troilus al night for sorwe wook. For whiche I wolde alwey. That preye I thee thou take and it conserve In a vessel. Who coude telle aright or ful discryve His wo. `My Pandarus. with−oute book. and. Al−though ful pale y−waxen was the mone. `But of the fyr and flaumbe funeral In whiche my body brenne shal to glede. leve brother dere. and of my moeble thou dispone Right as thee semeth best is for to done. I prey thee tak good hede That be wel. redere.Troilus and Criseyde Conforte him−self. `The poudre in which myn herte y−brend shal torne.
as I have told thee yore. my lyf that dorste I leye. And he not yet made halvendel the fare. That doth thee fele in sleep al this penaunce. that I mot nedes dye. my leve brother dere. a tyme doth hem cure. and fonde to ben glad and light. And causeles. and lat hem faren to mischaunce. god wot. `So sholdestow endure. I can not seen in him no remedye. And sin she thee to comen hath bihight. She nil hir hestes breken for no wight. That it is folye for to sorwen thus. But who−so wol not trowen reed ne lore. I pray thee tel me now. or elles from his wyf. and seyde. If that thou trowe. My dere freend. For dred thee not that she nil finden weye To come ayein. Ten dayes nis so longe not tabyde. and late slyde The tyme. `But Troilus. The owle eek. for whiche I can no−more. Yet nil he with him−self thus maken stryf. And for they can a tyme of sorwe endure. `Troilus. it fecche!' Pandare answerde. they take it wysly. god Mercurie! Of me now. I counte hem not a bene. And by my dremes now and yore ago. The soule gyde. What nede is thee to maken al this care? `Sin day by day thou mayst thy−selven see That from his love. A straw for alle swevenes signifiaunce! God helpe me so. by my maladye. that any wight Hath loved paramours as wel as thou? Ye. Al certeinly. To preye hir kepe it for a remembraunce. though he love hir as his owene lyf. and fro many a worthy knight Hath his lady goon a fourtenight. `How doon this folk that seen hir loves wedded By freendes might. A man mot twinnen of necessitee. But lete him worthen with his fantasye. Troilus and Criseyde 133 . Ther woot no man aright what dremes mene. As tyme hem hurt. er this. whan thee list. Hath after me shright alle thise nightes two. For they procede of thy malencolye. That alwey freendes may nought been y−fere. And seen hem in hir spouses bed y−bedded? God woot. and. woful wrecche. `Thy swevenes eek and al swich fantasye Dryf out. For−why good hope halt up hir herte on−lofte. And. faire and softe. Ye. as it bi−tit ful ofte. `For wel I fele. and do me this plesaunce. For wel thow wost.Troilus and Criseyde So yeve it hir. which that hight Ascaphilo.
And thus thou shalt the tyme wel bigyle. The folk wol wene that thou. or shryking of thise oules. it noon honour is to thee To wepe. For certes. or fast. That wel unnethe it doon shal us duresse. allas. of o thing trust to me. For trewely. or three. Allas. lat us speke of lusty lyf in Troye That we han lad. and that thou darst not ryse. And langour of these twyes dayes fyve We shal ther−with so foryete or oppresse.' This Troilus answerde. If thou thus ligge a day. `This toun is ful of lordes al aboute. or two. after tymes of the yeer by kinde. And rys up now with−oute more speche.Troilus and Criseyde `For prestes of the temple tellen this. for cowardyse. And othere seyn. But leve no dreem. `O brother dere. `Now rys. for it is nought to done. shal drede swich ordure! `For which with al myn herte I thee beseche. so noble a creature As is a man. or glotonye. the beste is thus to done. my dere brother Troilus. Thee feynest syk. not hennes but a myle. that of complexiouns Proceden they. and as wel they telle. and that theffect goth by the mone. That bringen shal our blisse now so blyve. That dremes been the revelaciouns Of goddes. And eek of tyme cominge us reioye. That thou hir see. And trewes lasten al this mene whyle. As ravenes qualm. That they ben infernals illusiouns. And lat us caste how forth may best be drive This tyme. For fere of which men wenen lese her lyves. Go we pleye us in som lusty route To Sarpedon. that cause is of thy sorwe. This knowen folk that han y−suffred peyne. y−wis. And leches seyn. God help me so. Un−to thy−self that al this thou foryive. As if a wight hath faste a thing in minde. Who woot in sooth thus what they signifye? `Eek othere seyn that thorugh impressiouns. And dryve it forth un−to that blisful morwe. the which shal be right sone. That. And treweliche eek augurie of thise foules. `Rys. and in thy bedde to iouken thus. and forth the tyme dryve. To trowen on it bothe fals and foul is. and eek how freshly we may live Whan that she cometh. Troilus and Criseyde 134 . Men dreme. That ther−of cometh swiche avisiouns. `Wel worth of dremes ay thise olde wyves. as they in bokes finde.
I shal aryse as sone as ever I may. But what avayleth this to Troilus. Til Troilus gan at the laste assente To ryse. That no wight sholde make melodye. y−wis. As fer as any wight hath ever y−went. Now this. That feleth harm and smert in every veyne.' So longe of this they speken up and doun. so faste imagininge. That for his sorwe no−thing of it roughte? For ever in oon his herte pietous Ful bisily Criseyde his lady soughte. to whom myn herte I sacrifyse. How have ye faren. through wind. And god. `To ryde and pleye us with king Sarpedoun.' quod Pandarus. This Sarpedoun. lo. No wonder is. He fedde hem day by day. Or for to here on instrumentz so pleye. as he that honourable Was ever his lyve. or touche. was never y−seyn with ye. It was his sorwe upon hem for to seen. sin that ye were here? Troilus and Criseyde 135 . For she. `O lufsom lady bright. and forth to Sarpedoun they wente. That glade. Nor in this world ther is non instrument Delicious. whan that she cometh in Troye. That he ne seyde. That deyntee was. now that. and ful of heigh prowesse. and though I ever pleyne. my conseil is. Was never er that day wist at any feste. Or alwey wepe. Whan he was ther−as no wight mighte him here. With al that mighte y−served been on table. That at that feste it nas wel herd acorde. that of his herte berth the keye. So sende us hastely the tenthe day! For was ther never fowl so fayn of May. er tho. `That we may pleye us best in al this toun?' `Bi god. this was his fantasye.Troilus and Criseyde That though he wepe and make sorwful chere. I am no−thing to blame. On hir was ever al that his herte thoughte. that swich noblesse. can him no festeyinge. As I shal been. Ne of ladies eek so fayr a companye On daunce. Nor ther nas houre in al the day or night. `But sin of fyne force I moot aryse. of corde. Sin I have lost the cause of al my game. Sin that he saw his lady was a−weye. These ladies eek that at this feste been. That tonge telle or herte may recorde. Was absent. That cause is of my torment and my Ioye. al coste it greet richesse.' quod Troilus. `But whider is thy reed. As seyden bothe the moste and eek the leste.
' Pandare answerde. and if we hennes hye Thus sodeinly. whan that hem bothe leste. Made him to dwelle. lat us now sone at eve Our leve take.' But welaway. trewely! Lat us holde forth our purpos fermely. a−twixen noon and pryme. and after lat us ryde. And after this. Quod Troilus. y−wis. and seyde. He wolde wondren on it. They spaken of Crysede the brighte. Troilus and Criseyde 136 . And in−to tyme that it gan to nighte. and now. And to the chambre hir wey than han they nomen. with alle peyne and wo. his herte him wel bihighte. he wolde allone rede. they doun of hors alighte. and homward lat us torne. For goddes love. he Iaped thus. y−wis. Hold forward now. `Leve brother Pandarus. For trewely. The lettres eek. She wolde come as sone as ever she mighte. Intendestow that we shal here bleve Til Sarpedoun wol forth congeyen us? Yet were it fairer that we toke our leve.' Thus Pandarus. Er Calkas sende Troilus Criseyde!' But natheles. `God woot. thus sodeinly. Criseyde comen!' And ther−with gan he singe. I holde it vilanye. hasel−wode!' thoughte this Pandare. I nil not thus soiourne. The ferthe day to take of him oure leve. With−inne his herte. And seyde. `Be we comen hider To fecchen fyr. he wolde wende. if I shal soothly seyn. And swor. That I may finden. Fortune his howve entended bet to glase. Whan they un−to the paleys were y−comen Of Troilus. and at the woukes ende. And to him−self ful softely he seyde. `Ye. `Now god me grace sende. and thus he droof to an ende The ferthe day. al this nas but a mase. and every word and dede That passed was. And sin that ye bihighten him to byde. Ther any wight is of us more fayn Than Sarpedoun. I can not tellen whider We mighten goon. and seyde. and rennen hoom ayeyn? God helpe me so. hir womanhede. myn owene lady dere. that she of olde tyme Hadde him y−sent. at myn hom−cominge. Refiguringe hir shap. An hundred sythe. And on hir wey they spedden hem to wende. refreyden may this hote fare. `Sin that we seyden that we wolde bleve With him a wouke.Troilus and Criseyde Wel−come. Of Sarpedoun they toke hir leve tho.
sin I may no bet. Ay as he rood. his herte gan to colde. that cause hast been of lisse! Yet. as sone as day bigan to clere. This Troilus gan of his sleep tabrayde. For whan he saugh hir dores sperred alle. `For love of god. that now art night. As frost.' ful pitously he seyde. his owene brother dere. whylom croune of houses alle. dorste I for this route. With−outen word. Sin she is went that wont was us to gye! `O paleys. he gan so faste ryde. O thou lanterne. O hous. Wel neigh for sorwe a−doun he gan to falle. whan he was war and gan biholde How shet was every windowe of the place. On morwe. And whan he mighte his tyme aright aspye. to Pandarus he tolde His newe sorwe. And every thing com him to remembraunce As he rood forbi places of the toun In whiche he whylom hadde al his plesaunce. and pitous to biholde. For which with chaunged deedlich pale face. For sin we yet may have namore feste. `Lo. Wel oughtestow to falle. `And yonder have I herd ful lustily Troilus and Criseyde 137 . whylom day. Enlumined with sonne of alle blisse! O ring. with hir eyen clere. That every wight mighte on his sorwe rewe. So lat us seen hir paleys at the leste. and I to dye. And to Pandare. That no wight of his contenance aspyde. of which the seynt is oute!' Ther−with he caste on Pandarus his ye With chaunged face. Me coughte first my righte lady dere. fayn wolde I kisse Thy colde dores. he forth bigan to pace. And fare−wel shryne. Fro thennesforth he rydeth up and doun. his meyne for to blende. And to Criseydes hous they gonnen wende. yond saugh I myn owene lady daunce. `O paleys desolat.Troilus and Criseyde They spedde hem fro the soper un−to reste. him thoughte. and eek his Ioyes olde. A cause he fond in toune for to go. And in that temple.' And ther−with−al. Therwith. But lord! This sely Troilus was wo! Him thoughte his sorweful herte braste a−two. So pitously and with so dede an hewe. Than seyde he thus. O paleys. of houses whylom best y−hight. fro which the ruby is out−falle. of which queynt is the light. `As go we seen the paleys of Criseyde. O cause of wo. And. as god wolde. O paleys empty and disconsolat.
"Now goode swete. And hider hoom I com whan it was eve. As Iuno was un−to the blood Thebane. How thou me hast wereyed on every syde. I preye thee. of alle lustes leve.' And after this he to the yates wente Ther−as Criseyde out−rood a ful good paas. and yonder pleye Saugh I hir ones eek ful blisfully. for his Ioye. and dredful for to greve! Now mercy. so cruel thou ne be Un−to the blood of Troye. Allas! And there I took of hir my leve! And yond I saugh hir to hir fader ryde. And live and deye I wol in thy bileve. and pale. What nede is thee to seke on me victorie. and so clere. love me wel. that she nil nought soiorne. in the yonder hous. That to the deeth myn herte is to hir holde. And here I dwelle out−cast from alle Ioye. My lady first me took un−to hir grace. and. Sin I am thyn. lyk a storie. and hoolly at thy wille? What Ioye hastow thyn owene folk to spille? `Wel hastow. and that men seyden softe. For which I naxe in guerdon but a bone. `O blisful lord Cupyde.' And of him−self imagened he ofte To ben defet. Herde I myn alderlevest lady dere So wommanly." And yond so goodly gan she me biholde. and waxen lesse Than he was wont. That in my soule yet me thinketh I here The blisful soun. blisful lord. in that yonder place. And to him−self ful ofte he seyde `Allas! From hennes rood my blisse and my solas! As wolde blisful god now. For which the folk of Thebes caughte hir bane. so goodly. And yonder ones to me gan she seye. Thou mighty god. `Distreyne hir herte as faste to retorne As thou dost myn to longen hir to see. thou wost wel I desire Thy grace most. y−wroke on me thyn ire. Singen so wel. til I may seen hir eft in Troye. lord. Now. And up and doun ther made he many a wente. For sorwe of which myn herte shal to−cleve. lord.' Thanne thoughte he thus. Whanne I the proces have in my memorie. I preye. Men might a book make of it.Troilus and Criseyde My dere herte laugh. And shal. `And at that corner. Than woot I wel. Troilus and Criseyde 138 . with voys melodious. That thou Criseyde ayein me sende sone. I mighte hir seen ayein come in−to Troye! `And to the yonder hille I gan hir gyde.
Than shal she come. And to him−self right thus he wolde talke. That he hadde of him−self swich fantasye. As he that stood bitwixen hope and drede.Troilus and Criseyde `What may it be? Who can the sothe gesse Why Troilus hath al this hevinesse?' And al this nas but his malencolye. O brighte Lucina the clere. And seyde. night by night. And every night. swich lyf right gan he lede. And made a song of wordes but a fewe. of which I lost have al the light. Toward my deeth with wind in stere I sayle. Pheton. And that his fadres cart amis he dryve. My ship and me Caribdis wole devoure. yonder is myn owene lady free. For which the tenthe night if that I fayle The gyding of thy bemes brighte an houre. And on the Grekes ost he wolde see. as was his wone to done. And that the sonne wente his course unright By lenger wey than it was wont to go. ren faste aboute thy spere! For whan thyn hornes newe ginne springe. For whiche. `Y−wis. I shal be glad. That cause is of my torment and my sorwe. That was absent.' Upon the walles faste eek wolde he walke. And whan he was from every mannes sighte. `Lo. as he best mighte. And seyde. And al his sorwe he to the mone tolde. if al the world be trewe! `I saugh thyn hornes olde eek by the morwe. For love of god. Than they be wont to be.' And thus he droof a day yet forth or tweye. him thoughte tho. `O sterre. ther tho tentes be! Troilus and Criseyde 139 . Somwhat his woful herte for to lighte. With softe voys he. He stood the brighte mone to beholde. With herte soor wel oughte I to bewayle. The sonnes sone.' This song whan he thus songen hadde. Whan hennes rood my righte lady dere. whan thou art horned newe. me dredeth ever−mo. Another tyme imaginen he wolde That every wight that wente by the weye Had of him routhe. Or elles yonder. For which him lyked in his songes shewe Thencheson of his wo. and that they seyen sholde. gan singe as ye may here. and lenger every night. `Y−wis. sone He fil ayein in−to his sykes olde. `I am right sory Troilus wole deye. that may my blisse bringe!' The day is more. of his lady dere. As ye have herd. That ever derk in torment. be on−lyve.
Thus shal I have unthank on every syde. For now is wors than ever yet I wende. for nought I can him queme. Ful ofte a day she sighte eek for destresse. Til fully passed was the nynthe night. My Troilus shal in his herte deme That I am fals. She ladde hir lyf. that more and more Thus stoundemele encreseth in my face. as she that al the day Stood whan she dorste. It seyth. the tenthe morwe That she shal come.Troilus and Criseyde And thennes comth this eyr. Now mighty god. Is of my ladyes depe sykes sore. so weylaway the tyde! `And if that I me putte in Iupartye. Troilus and Criseyde 140 . for now live I to longe! Allas! And I ne may it not amende. this woful creature. And alle his goodly wordes recordinge Sin first that day hir love bigan to springe. that is so sote. That bisily dide alle his fulle might Him to comforte. `My fader nil for no−thing do me grace To goon ayein. And al the night wepinge. Yevinge him hope alwey. And thus she sette hir woful herte a−fyre Through remembraunce of that she gan desyre. save onliche in this space. `That I was born! Wel may myn herte longe After my deeth. That I was born. That in my soule I fele it doth me bote. and make his herte light. I am but lost. and stinten al his sorwe. I preve it thus. and ther she dwelt hadde ay. `And hardely this wind.' she seyde. If in the hondes of som wrecche I falle. And if so be that I my terme passe. And in hir−self she wente ay portrayinge Of Troilus the grete worthinesse. Up−on that other syde eek was Criseyde. allas! she lay. Or elles. Hir limes lene. And ay bi−syde him was this Pandarus. And thus despeired. for in non othere place Of al this toun. and loked on the place Ther she was born. "Allas! Why twinned be we tweyne?"' This longe tyme he dryveth forth right thus. among the Grekes stronge. I shal be holde a spye. thou on my sorwe rewe!' Ful pale y−waxen was hir brighte face. For which ful ofte a day `Allas. Fele I no wind that souneth so lyk peyne. out of alle cure. this drede I most of alle. and it bifalle That I be caught. al be myn herte trewe. To stele awey by nighte. lo. With wommen fewe. and so it may wel seme.
`To late is now to speke of this matere. For ever on love han wrecches had envye. bityde what bityde. Biheld the toures heighe and eek the halles. And went with yow. Coude I not seen. And this was yet the worste of al hir peyne. and this is beste. Lo.' But god it wot. I shal to−morwe at night. Ther was no wight to whom she dorste hir pleyne. as for conclusioun.' she seyde. for al swich variaunce. Ful rewfully she loked up−on Troye. And go with Troilus wher−as him leste. with−inne him−self ay arguinge Troilus and Criseyde 141 . But futur tyme. Felicitee clepe I my suffisaunce. Who mighte han seyd. Out of this ost stele on som maner syde. For that that som men blamen ever yit. `Allas!' quod she. She was ful fer fro that entencioun. For she wol take a purpos for tabyde. er fully monthes two. of whom yow telle I gan. er I was in the snare. Or rewlen him by every wightes wit. wel remembred me. out of drede. `Lord! Whether yet thou thenke up−on Criseyde? `Allas! I ne hadde trowed on your lore. what dostow now. allas! Oon of thyn eyen three Me lakked alwey. Goth now. To Troye I wol. So tendrely she weep. And present tyme eek coude I wel y−see.Troilus and Criseyde In al this world ther nis so cruel herte That hir hadde herd compleynen in hir sorwe. Whan men the cors un−to the grave carie. On tyme y−passed. That nolde han wopen for hir peynes smerte. er that I come here. `For who−so wole of every word take hede. Have I had ofte with−inne yonder walles! O Troilus. For bothe Troilus and Troye toun Shal knotteles through−out hir herte slyde. And as for me. that causeth now my care. other maner folk commenden it. `The plesaunce and the Ioye The whiche that now al torned in−to galle is. Ne shal he never thryven. Hir nedede no teres for to borwe. No fors of wikked tonges Ianglerye. `For which. `But natheles. as ye me radde er this! Thanne hadde I now not syked half so sore. This Diomede. bothe eve and morwe. This purpos wol I holde. by est or weste. Prudence. with−outen any wordes mo. that I had doon a−mis To stele awey with swich on as he is? But al to late cometh the letuarie.
of face. Thoughte in his herte. as bokes us declare. For never. To this entente he coude never fyne. Ther nas no lak. he was of tunge large. Ther mighte been no fairer creature. Charitable.Troilus and Criseyde With al the sleighte and al that ever he can. and chevalrous Of dedes. Hardy. And here−up−on to goon assaye hir now? I may wel wite. And goodly of hir speche in general." `But who−so mighte winnen swich a flour From him.' This Diomede. In−to his net Criseydes herte bringe. And som men seyn.' Yet seide he to him−self upon a night. Lo. nought nacheveth. he were a conquerour. And heir he was of Calidoine and Arge. save hir browes ioyneden y−fere. and free. "Men shal not wowe a wight in hevinesse. I wole hir herte seche. That she nas nat with−oute a love in Troye. He nist how best hir herte for tacoye. lyk his fader Tideus. And ofte tyme this was hir manere. The beste y−norisshed eek that mighte be. For he that nought nassayeth. lusty. testif. `But for to assaye. strong. they writen that hir syen. To fisshen hir. To gon y−tressed with hir heres clere Doun by hir coler at hir bak bihinde. But natheles. ay which of hem was more. and eek of chere. Al sholde I deye. And with hir riche beautee ever−more Strof love in hir. For wyse folk in bokes it expresse. I shal no more lesen but my speche. wel in his herte he thoughte. `Happe how happe may. that woot wel how Hir wo for love is of another wight.' And right anoon. for whom she morneth night and day. How he may best. She sobre was. Ther−to of shap. `it nought ne greveth. With sterne voys and mighty limes square. estatliche. in ought I can espyen. he leyde out hook and lyne. sithen he hir thennes broughte. as he that bold was ay. But for to speken of hir eyen clere. and wys with−al. Which with a threde of gold she wolde binde. Was in his nedes prest and corageous. That Paradys stood formed in hir yen. He mighte seyn.' he seyde. Troilus and Criseyde 142 . `Now am I not a fool. eek simple. And. it nil not been my prow. Ne coude he seen her laughe or make Ioye. trewely. with shortest taryinge. Criseyde mene was of hir stature.
as of his entente. On of the beste enteched creature. To telle him what was hir opinioun. whyl that the world may dure. Al mighte a geaunt passen him of might. I can not telle hir age. but. And of thassege he gan hir eek byseche. This Diomede. `If ich aright have taken of yow hede. Sin that Criseyde out of the citee yede. It semed not she wiste what he mente. And Troilus wel waxen was in highte. O lady myn. at shorte wordes for to telle. But what he mente. Welcomed him. Yong. if that hir straunge thoughte The Grekes gyse. and thus he seyde. Me thinketh thus. Whan ye out come of Troye by the morwe. And certainly in storie it is y−founde. hir owene knight. I shal yow telle sone. And feyned him with Calkas han to done. But natheles. Tendre−herted. strong. Fro that demaunde he so descendeth doun To asken hir. The spyces and the wyn men forth hem fette. Trewe as steel in ech condicioun. as fresshe as braunche in May. Criseyde. And after this. fresshe. Troilus and Criseyde 143 . And forth they speke of this and that y−fere.Troilus and Criseyde Ne never−mo ne lakkede hir pitee. That sin I first hond on your brydel leyde. And complet formed by proporcioun So wel. or shal. and werkes that they wroughte? And why hir fader tarieth so longe To wedden hir un−to som worthy wight? Criseyde. in no degree secounde In durring don that longeth to a knight. Answerde him tho. and hardy as lyoun. this ilke Diomede Gan in him−self assure. That Troilus was never un−to no wight. slydinge of corage. As fer−forth as she conning hadde or might. that kinde it not amenden mighte. And he was ethe y−nough to maken dwelle. on the tenthe day. But for to tellen forth of Diomede: −− It fil that after. with−outen longe lette. His herte ay with the firste and with the beste Stood paregal. That is. of which som shal ye here. Com to the tente ther−as Calkas lay. He gan first fallen of the werre in speche Bitwixe hem and the folk of Troye toun. But trewely. that was in hir peynes stronge For love of Troilus. As freendes doon. and doun by hir him sette. to durre don that him leste. As in his tyme. Criseyde.
That. `And thenketh wel. And bet to serven yow wol doon his might. Nor thennes shal not oon on−lyve come For al the gold bitwixen sonne and see. it is nought worth the whyle. `The folk of Troye. `And but−if Calkas lede us with ambages. for it is for to done. I wol ben he to serven yow my−selve. Than any Troian is. Shal been agast that Grekes wol hem shende. which that goddes ben of peyne. so mote I goon! He knew ful wel ther shal not scapen oon That Troyan is. Ther shal be take. nay. Ther shal not oon to mercy goon on−lyve. as who seyth. The which right sore wolde athinken me That ye. Now taketh heed. A more parfit love. So cruel shal our wreche on hem be sene. Sholden spille a quarter of a tere. ye shal in Grekes finde. Swich as men clepe a "word with two visages. Yee. is now no remedye. Trusteth wel. `What wole ye more. Troilus and Criseyde 144 . alle and some In preson been. And al this thing right seen it with your ye. And men shul drede. un−to the worldes ende. my lady bright. it to save. `What wene ye your wyse fader wolde Han yeven Antenor for yow anoon. And clepe ayein the beautee of your face. lufsom lady dere? Lat Troye and Troyan fro your herte pace! Dryf out that bittre hope. That is to seyn. Al were he lord of worldes twyes fyve! `Swich wreche on hem. `Can I not seyn what may the cause be But−if for love of som Troyan it were. Or pitously your−selven so bigyle. If he ne wiste that the citee sholde Destroyed been? Why. for fecching of Eleyne. and more kinde. lever than he lord of Greces twelve!' And with that word he gan to waxen reed. er it be night. and understondeth me. And if ye vouche sauf. From hennes−forth to ravisshe any quene. and for the grete fere. For Troye is brought in swich a Iupartye. with double wordes slye.Troilus and Criseyde Ne coude I never seen yow but in sorwe. ye nil not trowe how sone. for any wight that dwelleth there. He dorste not. er that we hennes wende. and make good chere. ye dwelte lenger there. That Manes." Ye shal wel knowen that I nought ne lye. as ye your−selven see. For dredelees. That ye with salte teres so deface. And that anoon.
and afterward awook. and Ioves. Polymites and many a man to scathe. `But herte myn. So. For to speken with him at the leste. `Y−lived hadde.' she seyde. But it shal not bifallen as ye speke. y−wis. al be it yow no Ioye. `But as to speke of love. Unhappily at Thebes al to rathe.' he seyde. Criseyde! And so hope I that I shal yet. And seyde. that ther may it noon arace. on the morwe. so leve it wel to fare! `That Grekes wolde hir wraththe on Troye wreke.' What shold I telle his wordes that he seyde? He spak y−now. Delivere it sone of al that doth it care! God. and seyde thus. telle yow my sorwe. As conning. whyl I to live have space. and ferther over this. sin that I am your man.Troilus and Criseyde And in his speche a litel wight he quook. to whom I wedded was. `That Grekes been of heigh condicioun. And thus to him she seyde. `I am. I wot my fader wys and redy is. til that he deyde. And stinte a whyle. `I hadde a lord. at his requeste. So dere. It preveth wel. y−wis. hir thank for to deserve. for thy might. Of Calidoine and Arge a king. Ye wol me graunte. And straungely she spak. and as parfit and as kinde. `For if my fader Tydeus. `O Diomede. er that I departe out of this place. I trowe eek wel. he spak so that Criseyde Graunted. allas! The more harm is. And that ye coude wel your lady serve. So that he nolde speke of swich matere. as ye may here: As she that hadde hir herte on Troilus So faste. y−wis. As been bitwixen Orcades and Inde. And been the ferste of whom I seche grace. that I may to−morwe. As gentil man as any wight in Troye. And god to−forn. At bettre leyser. And caste a−syde a litel wight his heed. er this. I am the more un−to him holde. To serven you as hertely as I can. for o day at the meste. I woot eek wel. I hadde been. And that he me hath bought. And ever shal. I love that ilke place Ther I was born. Troilus and Criseyde 145 . as ye me tolde. But he was slayn. The whos myn herte al was. And sobreliche on hir he threw his look. for his grace. If that they mighte. I knowe it wel. men shal finde As worthy folk with−inne Troye toun. but certein.
It sholde be your−selven. So that ye touchen nought of this matere. Here−after. And gan to syke. or do myn herte breste. ye may come here ayeyn. whan it was waxen eve. And Cynthea hir char−hors over−raughte To whirle out of the Lyon. And whan yow list. ther brode Phebus doun alighte. love and I be fer a−sonder! I am disposed bet. Paraunter. I have wel herd it tellen. And al was wel. god wot. The brighte Venus folwede and ay taughte The wey. to pleyne and maken wo. whan ye wonnen han the toun. `And that doth me to han so gret a wonder. as yet me list not pleye. Hir glove he took. Than wole I werke that I never wroughte! This word to yow y−nough suffysen oughte. ne nevere was. `Myn herte is now in tribulacioun. What I shal after doon. And that ye been of noble and heigh kinrede. `To−morwe eek wol I speken with yow fayn. and thus bigan to brede Troilus and Criseyde 146 . if she mighte. thanne so it happen may.' But in effect. Yet bidde I god. His greet estat. As help me Pallas with hir heres clere. as helpe me now Pallas. and faste hir mercy preye. of which he was ful fayn. and shortly for to seye. he roos and took his leve. That ye wol scornen any womman so. That whan I see that I never er say. by my trouthe! `I sey not therfore that I wol yow love. Retorning in hir soule ay up and doun The wordes of this sodein Diomede. Whan that Criseyde un−to hir bedde wente In−with hir fadres faire brighte tente. Un−to my deeth. I mene wel. and seyde. in quiete and in reste I may yow seen. er ye gon. And Signifer his candelse shewed brighte. day by day. by god that sit above:' −− And ther−with−al she caste hir eyen doun. the sothe for to seyn. I can not seye. Eek. Ne I sey not nay. If that I sholde of any Greek han routhe. And that she was allone and hadde nede Of freendes help.Troilus and Criseyde And other love. so mote I go. but in conclusioun. But trewely. out of drede. Ther in myn herte nis. And after this. And. And fynally. This Diomede al freshly newe ayeyn Gan pressen on. and peril of the toun. thus muche I seye yow here. And ye in armes bisy. `O Troye toun.
the sothe for to seyne. Men seyn. She made him were a pencel of hir sleve. un−to the worldes ende. so yeve yow right good day As for the gentileste. I not. lest that ye my tale breke. I finde eek in stories elles−where.Troilus and Criseyde The cause why. tho weep she many a tere. that swich a cas me sholde falle! `They wol seyn. for thise bokes wol me shende. and goostly for to speke. for ever−mo! For I have falsed oon. Troilus and Criseyde 147 . the sothe for to telle. And eek. the story telleth us. The morwe com. that she yaf him hir herte. the bet from sorwe him to releve. `Allas! For now is clene a−go My name of trouthe in love. She seyde. Shal neither been y−writen nor y−songe No good word. I have hem don dishonour. That she tok fully purpos for to dwelle. to serven feithfully. Allas. the gentileste That ever was. of me. What helpeth that to do my blame awey? But sin I see there is no bettre way. But trewely. This Diomede is come un−to Criseyde. Whan that she saugh his wyde woundes blede. And that she took to kepen him good hede. And that to late is now for me to rewe. To Diomede algate I wol be trewe. And eek a broche and that was litel nede That Troilus was. sin I no better may. Ther made never womman more wo Than she. Through−out the world my belle shal be ronge. O. And best can ay his lady honour kepe:' −− And with that word she brast anon to wepe. she yaf this Diomede. in as muche as in me is. trewely. and oon the worthieste! `Allas. So wel he for him−selve spak and seyde. The which he ones wan of Troilus. That she him yaf the faire baye stede. And after this the story telleth us. He refte hir of the grete of al hir peyne. And sin that thus departen ye and I. Yet preye I god. And wommen most wol hate me of alle. Whan through the body hurt was Diomede Of Troilus. rolled shal I been on many a tonge. And for to hele him of his sorwes smerte. whan that she falsed Troilus. That ever I say. weylawey! Al be I not the first that dide amis. That alle hir sykes sore adoun he leyde. `But Troilus. And fynally. And shortly.
I wolde sory be For to seen yow in adversitee. this Troilus and Pandare. To winnen from hir fader. I wene. god yeve his herte pyne!' Pandare answerde. That cam fro fer. bi−for noon. The laurer−crouned Phebus. trewely. And for−thy lat us dyne. Thus dryveth forth. She hath y−now to done. `It may wel be. Til that they coude knowen him a−right. and every maner wight. Gan. Ne me ne list this sely womman chyde Ferther than the story wol devyse. as I biforn have told. Which on the morwe she hadde him byhight To come ayein: god wot. Hir name. in his course ay upward as he wente. But al shal passe. This Troilus. no−thing to slepe him leste. And on the walles of the toun they pleyde. In−to this toun ne comth nought here Criseyde. He shal no terme finden. Whan Troilus his Pandare after sente. Er he hir wan. Troilus and Criseyde 148 . And. `For ought I wot. To Pandarus this Troilus tho seyde. now was it light.Troilus and Criseyde `And certes yow ne haten shal I never. certeyn. Hir olde fader wol yet make hir dyne Er that she go. how longe it was bitwene. they seyden it was she. that ilke nynthe night. as wel as he hath might. with his hete. And if I mighte excuse hir any wyse. they stoden for to see Who that ther come. To warmen of the est see the wawes wete. To loke if they can seen ought of Criseyde. Til it was noon. I yow leve. And freendes love. I thee biseche. al mighte I liven ever. But often was his herte hoot and cold. And Nisus doughter song with fresh entente. that shal ye han of me. I woot wel. And thus by−iaped stonden for to stare Aboute nought. Ther is non auctor telleth it. so trowe I. out of drede. For she so sory was for hir untrouthe. And giltelees. ful litel reste Hadde he that night. That she for−sook him for this Diomede. and thus take I my leve. Now was his herte dul. hardily. And namely. allas! Is publisshed so wyde. And my good word.' But trewely. Y−wis. sikerly. Take every man now to his bokes hede. I wolde excuse hir yet for routhe. For though that he bigan to wowe hir sone. yet was ther more to done. That for hir gilt it oughte y−noe suffyse.
it wole neigh even be. And held with him of al that ever he seyde. And bad hem dryven in hir bestes alle. that she Is taried with hir olde fader so. I wol un−to the yate go. by greve. but sin that I was wrought. `It may be wel. y−wis. He loketh forth by hegge. whan she comth. That er she come. so mote I thee! Al wrong. this lady can hir good. man. And I wol doon hem holden up the yate As nought ne were. but longe may they seche Er that they finde that they after cape. I comende hir wysdom. hardely.' The day goth faste. And Pandarus. Troilus and Criseyde 149 . And at the laste he torned him. `Nay. She comth to−night. and seyde. Shal come al that thou abydest here. fare−wel al the snow of ferne yere!' The wardein of the yates gan to calle The folk which that with−oute the yates were. what seystow. I see hir! Yond she is. thou seist right sooth. al−though she come late. Heve up thyn eyen. y−nough'. but softely By nighte in−to the toun she thenketh ryde. Fortune hem bothe thenketh for to Iape. dere brother. And yet com nought to Troilus Criseyde. now woltow trowen me? Have here my trouthe. And. by god. with−oute more speche. Pandare! Al−most. But in his herte he thoughte. thenk not longe to abyde.Troilus and Criseyde And after noon than maystw thou come ayeyn. dar I seye. wher art? That I see yond nis but a fare−cart. Noot I not how. man! Maystow not see?' Pandare answerde. she meneth ryden prively. and after that comth eve. I woot.' And hoom they go. y−wis.' quod Troilus. Or al the night they moste bleven there. Thise portours been unkonninge ever−mo. my lyf. and softe lough. `I see wel now. `Now douteles. And fer his heed over the wal he leyde. It is ayein som good I have a thought. And to him−self ful sobrely he seyde: `From hasel−wode.' `Allas. by myn hood! She wol not maken peple nycely Gaure on hir. it is not al for nought That in myn herte I now reioyse thus. by tree. I woot hir mening now. `By god. al newe was my care. ther Ioly Robin pleyde. Ye. Ne felte I swich a confort. `But. And comen ayein. Com forth. `We han nought elles for to don. that dorste I leye!' Pandare answerde. Quod Troilus.
Up−on the walles made he many a wente. He so defet was. He seyde. He wente him hoom. that he walketh by potente. For thilke night I last Criseyde say. For wel he seeth it helpeth nought tabyde. This hope al clene out of his herte fledde. Sin she hath broken that she him bihighte. And up and down. This Troilus gan hoomward for to ryde. `I understonde have al a−mis. his hope alwey him blente. But who−so axed him wher−of him smerte. fifte. Bitwixen hope and drede his herte lay. he nolde his cause pleyne. "I shal ben here. for his malencolye. he felte a grevous maladye Troilus and Criseyde 150 . by−cause he wolde sone dye. and eek his moder dere. He nath wher−on now lenger for to honge. But for the peyne him thoughte his herte bledde.' And on the morwe un−to the yate he wente. in sorwe and sykes sore. And eek from every companye he fledde. if that I may. His bretheren and his sustren gonne him freyne Why he so sorwful was in al his chere. He can now seen non other remedye. with−outen any more. For when he saugh that she abood so longe. This was the lyf that al the tyme he ledde. his harm was al aboute his herte. And feble." `For which she may yet holde al hir biheste. in al this hevinesse. Yet som−what trustinge on hir hestes olde. He niste what he iuggen of it mighte. and ther−to pale and wan. So were his throwes sharpe and wonder stronge. of which I tolde. Er that the mone. And what thing was the cause of al his peyne? But al for nought. So was he lene. But natheles. ferthe. out of this Ariete. Ther−with the wikked spirit. Pryam ful ofte. The thridde. Gan in him crepe. And with his ire he thus himselven shente. But seyde. And seyde. with many a tere. But al for nought. he gladded him in this. For which at night. that no maner man Unneth mighte him knowe ther he wente. Which that men clepeth wode Ialousye. sixte day After tho dayes ten. She seyde.Troilus and Criseyde And fer with−in the night. O dere herte swete! The Lyon passe. But for to shape him sone for to dye. For which. by west and eek by este. He thoughte he misacounted hadde his day. He ne eet ne dronk. god us blesse. But whan he saugh she nolde hir terme holde.
And loude he cryde on Pandarus. O lady bright. Thus in my dreem Criseyde I have biholde' −− And al this thing to Pandarus he tolde. and fayn he wolde dye. That bet were it I with myn hondes tweyne My−selven slow. allas! What subtiltee. And by this boor. allas! I fele now so sharpe a newe peyne. That dremes many a maner man bigyle? And why? For folk expounden hem a−mis. al my plesaunce? `Allas! Why leet I you from hennes go. thou canst no dremes rede. How darstow seyn that fals thy lady is. And so bifel that in his sleep him thoughte. That sleep ayein the brighte sonnes hete. `Allas the whyle That I was born. So on a day he leyde him doun to slepe. `Paraunter. Who hath me reft Criseyde. The blisful goddes.' Pandare answerde and seyde. right for thyn owene drede? Lat be this thought. whan he it gan biholde. `O Pandarus. That in a forest faste he welk to wepe For love of hir that him these peynes wroughte. For which wel neigh out of my wit I breyde? Who shal now trowe on any othes mo? God wot I wende. He mette he saugh a boor with tuskes grete. what fel experience Hath fro me raft. Ther every day with lyf my−self I shende. O feyth. my Pandarus. Criseyde. Lay kissing ay his lady bright Criseyde: For sorwe of which. Troilus and Criseyde 151 . She elles−where hath now hir herte apayed. now knowe I crop and rote! I nam but deed. Than he on whom men weneth best to triste? `What shal I doon. through hir grete might. That every word was gospel that ye seyde! But who may bet bigylen. O depe aseuraunce. `O my Criseyde. For any dreem. What wratthe of iuste cause have ye to me? What gilt of me. than alwey thus to pleyne. For through my deeth my wo sholde han an ende. yf him liste. faste in his armes folde.Troilus and Criseyde A−boute his herte. What newe lust. what science. allas! Thyn advertence? O trust. what beautee. have I not seyd er this. And up and doun as he the forest soughte. and seyde. Sin that ther is no remedie in this cas. ther nis non other bote! `My lady bright Criseyde hath me bitrayed. And for despyt. out of his slepe he breyde. In whom I trusted most of any wight. Han in my dreem y−shewed it ful right. ther thou dremest of this boor.
swete herte. My wo. That hir a−bood the beste is for yow tweye. And to Criseyde. And that anoon. in every humble wyse That tonge telle or herte may devyse. sin thou canst wel endyte. and thou shalt fele sone A sothe of al. thought. and al. He wroot right thus.' quod this Pandarus. that every houre encreseth newe. And kisseth him. of which yet bote noon Have I non had. That hastely a lettre thou hir wryte. whos I have been and shal. and so mot dwelle.Troilus and Criseyde It may so be that it may signifye Hir fader. Thorugh which thou shalt wel bringen it aboute. and this I dorste leye. ther he lyth on the grounde. Ther may swich cause been in hir entente. or ellis in som clause. That if so is that she untrewe be. which that old is and eek hoor. body. lust. she wol assigne a cause. these ilke lordes two. Nor she to thee. on poynt to dye. With herte. thou shalt ful sone see. ther is no more to done. With−outen part of elles−where servyse. I wryte. I can not trowe that she wol wryte ayeyn. Troilus and Criseyde 152 . his owene lady dere. As ye wel knowe how longe tyme agoon That ye me lefte in aspre peynes smerte. `For which to yow.' Acorded been to this conclusioun. As whether she hath any libertee To come ayein. and seyde as ye may here. as he that sorwe dryfth to wryte. That hardely thou wolt thy−selven seye. `Lyketh it yow to witen. of wele and wo my welle. To knowe a sooth of that thou art in doute. were it never so lyte?' `Now seystow wysly. `Right fresshe flour. Ayein the sonne lyth. And if she wryte. Whan that ye wente. Thus shuldestow thy dreem a−right expounde. woful wight. And hastely sit Troilus adoun. If she be let.' `How mighte I thanne do?' quod Troilus. `My reed is this. ye. And rolleth in his herte to and fro. As ofte as matere occupyeth place. And she for sorwe ginneth wepe and crye. `To knowe of this. While it yow list. but ever wers bigoon Fro day to day am I. for this I dar wel seyn. I. `Thou hast not writen hir sin that she wente. lyf. Now wryte hir thanne. `And see now why. Me recomaunde un−to your noble grace. with dredful herte trewe. How he may best discryven hir his wo.
that may ye wyte The teres. my lady free. Which I delaye. for which my lyf I warie. `The whos wel−fare and hele eek god encresse In honour swich. as I shal been as swythe Troilus and Criseyde 153 . that ye. For was ther never herte yet so blythe To han his lyf. I can sey yow nought elles.Troilus and Criseyde Compleyninge as I dar or can endyte. My song. That wolde speke. I can no more but. if your wil it were. And that defaced is. cheste of every care. But dayes ten ye nolde in ost soiourne. sooth to seyne. in harm. Wol vouche−sauf this lettre to biholde. My good. But humbely with sorwful sykes syke. `But for−as−muche as me mot nedes lyke Al that yow list. `Which with your cominge hoom ayein to Troye Ye may redresse. in pleynte of myn adversitee. Everich Ioye or ese in his contrarie. Upon the sight of matere of your sonde. and pleyne. in veyn with which I see. At wrytinge of this lettre I was on−lyve. And graunte it that ye sone up−on me rewe As wisly as in al I am yow trewe. so that it never cesse. Considered this. Of sorweful teres salte arn waxen welles. myn owene swete herte. if that they coude. How ye han ferd and doon. Fro day to day desyring ever−more To knowen fully. which that fro myn eyen reyne. I prey to god so mote it be. But in two monthes yet ye not retourne. whos wo ther may no wight discryve. encressen in me Ioye. `Yow first biseche I. ther ye seyden. in wo. if ought amis me asterte. and. `And if yow lyketh knowen of the fare Of me. I dar not pleyne more. Devyse. But turned is. For−yeve it me. Right as your herte ay can. that ye these monthes tweyne Han taried. Al redy out my woful gost to dryve. My Ioye. more a thousand sythe Than ever ich hadde. myn ese eek waxen helle is. And over al this. That sleeth my wit. that upward in degree It growe alwey. that your eyen clere To look on this defouled ye not holde. my lady dere. whyl ye be there. `If any servant dorste or oughte of right Up−on his lady pitously compleyne. And by the cause eek of my cares colde. Than wene I. Yow wryte ich myn unresty sorwes sore. that ich oughte be that wight. and holde him yet in honde. `Myn eyen two.
But in hir lettre made she swich festes. And fareth wel. whan ye next up−on me see. With hope. but ye yeven me The same hele. But whether that ye do me live or deye. And fare now wel. `If other cause aught doth yow for to dwelle. that my lyf unnethe I holde.' This lettre forth was sent un−to Criseyde. For love of god. goodly fayre fresshe may. in yow might for to save Me from disese of alle peynes smerte. Ful pitously she wroot ayein. myn hertes lady free. I woot that. The day in which me clothen shal my grave. I shal noon hele have. That with your lettre ye me recomforte. And fynally she wroot and seyde him thanne. myn hertes day. `And if so be my gilt hath deeth deserved. and swereth she loveth him best. so yeve yow right good day. if that thee lest. yet thinketh on your trouthe. Thus gooth the world. With pacience I wol my wo comporte. For though to me your absence is an helle. Or if yow list no more up−on me see. ye.Troilus and Criseyde As I yow see. Yet pray I god. and seyde. In guerdon yet of that I have you served. god shilde us fro mischaunce. In yow my lyf. myn owene dere herte trewe. al have I for to seye To you wel more than I telle may. That here−upon ye wolden wryte me. As ye that lyf or deeth me may comaunde. swete. `Y−wis. She wolde come. That wonder was. or deeth. Of which he fond but botmelees bihestes. And to your trouthe ay I me recomaunde `With hele swich that. In you lyth. myn owene swete herte! Le vostre T. Troilus and Criseyde 154 . est or west. though no maner routhe Commeve yow. Criseyde shal nought conne knowe me! Y−wis. whan yow liste that it so be. Now wryteth. y−wis. thou mayst now. So thursteth ay myn herte to biholde Your beautee. Ther deeth may make an ende of al my werre. Biseche I yow. But Troilus. my lady free. And with your lettre of hope I wol desporte. So lost have I myn hele and eek myn hewe. but she niste whenne. She wolde come. `I sey no more. Of which hir answere in effect was this. That also sone as that she might. and. my righte lode−sterre. and mende al that was mis. delivereth me fro peyne. and lat me thus not pleyne. Pype in an ivy leef.
For which wel neigh he wex out of his minde. Thou most a fewe of olde stories here. ne word he seyde. And Meleagre. For al to long it were for to dwelle. This dreem. and of what kinde He comen is. of which I told have eek biforn. or elles olde bokes lye. He ne eet. `O brother dere. for taryinge of Criseyde. and hir the heed he sente. of his purveyaunce. Ther roos a contek and a greet envye. And of this lord descended Tydeus By ligne. er he wolde stente. A−monges which ther com. ne sleep. If thou a sooth of this desyrest knowe. oon of this world the best y−preysed. Ne encens up−on hir auter sette a−fyre. But how this Meleagre gan to dye Thorugh his moder. She. To purpos. That called was Cassandre eek al aboute. Wrak hir in a wonder cruel wyse. for that Grekes gonne hir so dispyse. and seyde. And that Ioves. He thoughte ay wel he hadde his lady lorn. And fynally. And al his dreem he tolde hir er he stente. This boor he slow. For which al doun he in his bed him leyde. Cassandre him gan right thus his dreem expounde. May never come out of his remembraunce. how that fortune over−throwe Hath lordes olde. For with a boor as greet as oxe in stalle She made up frete hir corn and vynes alle. with−inne a throwe. And lessen gan his hope and eek his might. Thou wel this boor shalt knowe. A mayde. And hir bisoughte assoilen him the doute Of the stronge boor. `Diane. this boor to see. She gan first smyle. as olde bokes tellen us.Troilus and Criseyde And every wight that meneth trouthe avaunce! Encresen gan the wo fro day to night Of Troilus. as men in bokes finde. For which he for Sibille his suster sente. Him shewed hadde in sleep the signifiaunce Of hir untrouthe and his disaventure. with tuskes stoute.' [Argument of the Books of Statius' "Thebais"] Troilus and Criseyde 155 . He lovede so this fresshe mayden free That with his manhod. `Of which. ne dronk. lord of that contree. Imagininge ay that she was unkinde. which that wrooth was and in ire For Grekes nolde doon hir sacrifyse. through which. with−inne a litel stounde. `To slee this boor was al the contree reysed. wol I yow not telle. And that the boor was shewed him in figure.
She gan eek telle him how that either brother. daun Polymites. For his felawe. Vndecimo sese perimunt per vulnera fratres. Fulmine percussus. Ethyocles and Polimyte also. daun Ethyocles. And thy lady. and thus she spak and tolde. and the welle. wente. vita Pelasgia. Whan Tydeus slough fifty knightes stoute. And so descendeth doun from gestes olde To Diomede. At a scarmyche. spes. How Tydeus was slayn.Troilus and Criseyde Associat profugum Tideo primus Polimitem. out of doute. Tydeus sone. Of which the brother. And of Argyves wepinge and hir wo. Archimori bustum sexto ludique leguntur. Tidea legatum docet insidiasque secundus. decimo Capaneus superatur. With al thy false goost of prophesye! Thou wenest been a greet devyneresse. This Diomede is inne. And also how Cappaneus the proude With thonder−dint was slayn. And how the town was brent she tolde eek tho. Mox furie Lenne quinto narratur et anguis. To cleyme kingdom of the citee. This tolde she by proces.' quod he. Now seestow not this fool of fantasye Troilus and Criseyde 156 . `This ilke boor bitokneth Diomede. y−wis. Bisegeden the citee al aboute. Ypomedon nono moritur cum Parthonopeo. And of the furies. and deed Parthonope of wounde. er she stente. Quartus habet reges ineuntes prelia septem. eche of hem slough other. Un−to the stronge citee of Thebes. Weep if thou wolt. with hir route. And how Amphiorax fil through the grounde. or leef. al she gan him telle. that cryde loude. This Diomede hir herte hath. Of Archimoris buryinge and the pleyes. Argiuam flentem narrat duodenus et igneum.' `Thou seyst nat sooth. She tolde eek al the prophesyes by herte. for. `thou sorceresse. al by lengthe. And how Ypomedoun in litel stounde Was dreynt. and she his. that made the boor to blede. and thou art oute. And of the holy serpent. lord of Argeyes. Dat Graios Thebes et vatem septimus vmbria. Octauo cecidit Tideus. Ful wrongfully of Thebes held the strengthe. She tolde eek how Tydeus. And how that sevene kinges. She tolde eek how Hemonides asterte. that doun descended is Fro Meleagre. Tercius Hemoniden canit et vates latitantes. wher−so she be.
he soughte ay newe To gete ayein Criseyde. That was of creatures. And shapen hadde a mene it out to dryve. whiche that permutacioun Of thinges hath. Ayeins which fate him helpeth not to stryve. Yet ay on hir his herte gan repeyre. And in his herte he wente hir excusinge. yet to−morwe! `As wel thou mightest lyen on Alceste. but−if she wolde dye. That. as olde bokes tellen us. Fortune. Gan pulle awey the fetheres brighte of Troye Fro day to day. And starf anoon. bright of hewe. with al his fulle cure. though he gan him dispeyre. For whom. And from his bed al sodeinly he sterte. Ful ofte a day he bad his herte breste. as regnes shal ben flitted Fro folk in folk. kindest and the beste. For whanne hir housbonde was in Iupartye To dye him−self. as us the bokes telle. But on a day to fighten gan he wende. And thus this worthy knight was brought of lyve. That ever weren. And thus he dryeth forth his aventure. Among al this. Achilles through the mayle And through the body gan him for to ryve. Troilus and Criseyde 157 . But natheles. At which. that tonge it may not telle. for angre of hir speche.' Cassandre goth. and love. Was mad swich wo.Troilus and Criseyde Peyneth hir on ladyes for to lye? Awey!' quod he. And namely. As though al hool him hadde y−mad a leche. and for unreste. and he with cruel herte For−yat his wo. `Ther Ioves yeve thee sorwe! Thou shalt be fals. And in this wo gan Troilus to dwelle. The fate wolde his soule sholde unbodie. And day by day he gan enquere and seche A sooth of this. For which me thinketh every maner wight That haunteth armes oughte to biwayle The deeth of him that was so noble a knight. Unwar of this. She chees for him to dye and go to helle. paraunter. or whan they shal ben smitted. but men lye. And dradde ay that his lady was untrewe. the fyn of the parodie Of Ector gan approchen wonder blyve. as it is hir committed Through purveyaunce and disposicioun Of heighe Iove. the sorwe of Troilus. what for sorwe. For as he drough a king by thaventayle. til they ben bare of Ioye. allas! He coughte his lyves ende. And as these loveres doon. That next him was of worthinesse welle.
As for a freend. sours of gentilesse! How might a wight in torment and in drede And helelees. I in distresse. for routhe. I can not in yow gesse But alle trouthe and alle gentilesse. `Yet preye I yow on yvel ye ne take. which yet ne may not be. Wrot him ayein. the papir al y−pleynted. `Your lettres ful. Conceyved hath myn hertes pietee. For which he weep ful ofte many a tere. he lefte it nought for slouthe. O swerd of knighthod. For trewely. `Cupydes sone. is al for wikked speche. As thinketh me. ye may in me assure. How ye ne doon but holden me in honde. touchinge al this matere. Which I shal with dissimulinge amende. Of your good word and of your frendship ay. And beth nought wrooth. She wolde come ayein and holde hir trouthe. lest that this lettre founden were. and that I yow biseche. Sin ye with me. that what yeer or what day That this shal be. but only your plesaunce. the goddes ordenaunce. Yow neither sende ich herte may nor hele. `Grevous to me. how thinges han y−stonde. and how that ye requeren me To come ayein. Ne finde excuse aright that may suffyse. I have eek seyn with teres al depeynted Your lettre. I take it so. Your haste. for fere. that can I not apoynte. but yet in swich disioynte I stonde as now. is your unreste. And ofte tyme he was in purpos grete Him−selven lyk a pilgrim to disgyse. I syke.Troilus and Criseyde That Calkas causede al hir taryinge. But beth not wrooth. Touchinge us two. and seyde as ye may here. But now no fors. god woot. nor I with yow may dele. But in effect. If he among the Grekes knowen were. ensample of goodlihede. as I may. and that. To hir he wroot yet ofte tyme al newe Ful pitously. Biseching hir that. `For I have herd wel more than I wende. sin that he was trewe. I prey yow. For that I tarie. No mencioun ne make I now. But why. `Comen I wol. whyl that my lyf may dure. but he may not contrefete To been unknowen of folk that weren wyse. yow sende as yet gladnesse? I hertelees. I have eek understonde. To seen hir. Troilus and Criseyde 158 . It semeth not ye take it for the beste. Nor other thing nis in your remembraunce. For which Criseyde up−on a day.
Troilus and Criseyde That it is short which that I to yow wryte; I dar not, ther I am, wel lettres make, Ne never yet ne coude I wel endyte. Eek greet effect men wryte in place lite. Thentente is al, and nought the lettres space; And fareth now wel, god have you in his grace! La vostre C.' This Troilus this lettre thoughte al straunge, Whan he it saugh, and sorwefully he sighte; Him thoughte it lyk a kalendes of chaunge; But fynally, he ful ne trowen mighte That she ne wolde him holden that she highte; For with ful yvel wil list him to leve That loveth wel, in swich cas, though him greve. But natheles, men seyn that, at the laste, For any thing, men shal the sothe see; And swich a cas bitidde, and that as faste, That Troilus wel understood that she Nas not so kinde as that hir oughte be. And fynally, he woot now, out of doute, That al is lost that he hath been aboute. Stood on a day in his malencolye This Troilus, and in suspecioun Of hir for whom he wende for to dye. And so bifel, that through−out Troye toun, As was the gyse, y−bore was up and doun A maner cote−armure, as seyth the storie, Biforn Deiphebe, in signe of his victorie, The whiche cote, as telleth Lollius, Deiphebe it hadde y−rent from Diomede The same day; and whan this Troilus It saugh, he gan to taken of it hede, Avysing of the lengthe and of the brede, And al the werk; but as he gan biholde, Ful sodeinly his herte gan to colde, As he that on the coler fond with−inne A broche, that he Criseyde yaf that morwe That she from Troye moste nedes twinne, In remembraunce of him and of his sorwe; And she him leyde ayein hir feyth to borwe To kepe it ay; but now, ful wel he wiste, His lady nas no lenger on to triste. He gooth him hoom, and gan ful sone sende For Pandarus; and al this newe chaunce, And of this broche, he tolde him word and ende, Compleyninge of hir hertes variaunce, His longe love, his trouthe, and his penaunce; And after deeth, with−outen wordes more, Ful faste he cryde, his reste him to restore. Than spak he thus, `O lady myn Criseyde, Wher is your feyth, and wher is your biheste? Troilus and Criseyde 159
Troilus and Criseyde Wher is your love, wher is your trouthe,' he seyde; `Of Diomede have ye now al this feste! Allas, I wolde have trowed at the leste. That, sin ye nolde in trouthe to me stonde, That ye thus nolde han holden me in honde! `Who shal now trowe on any othes mo? Allas, I never wolde han wend, er this, That ye, Criseyde, coude han chaunged so; Ne, but I hadde a−gilt and doon amis, So cruel wende I not your herte, y−wis, To slee me thus; allas, your name of trouthe Is now for−doon, and that is al my routhe. `Was ther non other broche yow liste lete To feffe with your newe love,' quod he, `But thilke broche that I, with teres wete, Yow yaf, as for a remembraunce of me? Non other cause, allas, ne hadde ye But for despyt, and eek for that ye mente Al−outrely to shewen your entente! `Through which I see that clene out of your minde Ye han me cast, and I ne can nor may, For al this world, with−in myn herte finde To unloven yow a quarter of a day! In cursed tyme I born was, weylaway! That ye, that doon me al this wo endure, Yet love I best of any creature. `Now god,' quod he, `me sende yet the grace That I may meten with this Diomede! And trewely, if I have might and space, Yet shal I make, I hope, his sydes blede. O god,' quod he, `that oughtest taken hede To fortheren trouthe, and wronges to punyce, Why niltow doon a vengeaunce of this vyce? `O Pandare, that in dremes for to triste Me blamed hast, and wont art oft up−breyde, Now maystow see thy−selve, if that thee liste, How trewe is now thy nece, bright Criseyde! In sondry formes, god it woot,' he seyde, `The goddes shewen bothe Ioye and tene In slepe, and by my dreme it is now sene. `And certaynly, with−oute more speche, From hennes−forth, as ferforth as I may, Myn owene deeth in armes wol I seche; I recche not how sone be the day! But trewely, Criseyde, swete may, Whom I have ay with al my might y−served, That ye thus doon, I have it nought deserved.' This Pandarus, that alle these thinges herde, And wiste wel he seyde a sooth of this, He nought a word ayein to him answerde; For sory of his frendes sorwe he is, Troilus and Criseyde 160
Troilus and Criseyde And shamed, for his nece hath doon a−mis; And stant, astoned of these causes tweye, As stille as stoon; a word ne coude he seye. But at the laste thus he spak, and seyde, `My brother dere, I may thee do no−more. What shulde I seyn? I hate, y−wis, Criseyde! And, god wot, I wol hate hir evermore! And that thou me bisoughtest doon of yore, Havinge un−to myn honour ne my reste Right no reward, I dide al that thee leste. `If I dide ought that mighte lyken thee, It is me leef; and of this treson now, God woot, that it a sorwe is un−to me! And dredelees, for hertes ese of yow, Right fayn wolde I amende it, wiste I how. And fro this world, almighty god I preye, Delivere hir sone; I can no−more seye.' Gret was the sorwe and pleynt of Troilus; But forth hir cours fortune ay gan to holde. Criseyde loveth the sone of Tydeus, And Troilus mot wepe in cares colde. Swich is this world; who−so it can biholde, In eche estat is litel hertes reste; God leve us for to take it for the beste! In many cruel batayle, out of drede, Of Troilus, this ilke noble knight, As men may in these olde bokes rede, Was sene his knighthod and his grete might. And dredelees, his ire, day and night, Ful cruelly the Grekes ay aboughte; And alwey most this Diomede he soughte. And ofte tyme, I finde that they mette With blody strokes and with wordes grete, Assayinge how hir speres weren whette; And god it woot, with many a cruel hete Gan Troilus upon his helm to bete. But natheles, fortune it nought ne wolde, Of others hond that either deyen sholde. −− And if I hadde y−taken for to wryte The armes of this ilke worthy man, Than wolde I of his batailles endyte. But for that I to wryte first bigan Of his love, I have seyd as that I can. His worthy dedes, who−so list hem here, Reed Dares, he can telle hem alle y−fere. Bisechinge every lady bright of hewe, And every gentil womman, what she be, That al be that Criseyde was untrewe, That for that gilt she be not wrooth with me. Ye may hir gilt in othere bokes see; And gladlier I wole wryten, if yow leste, Troilus and Criseyde 161
the Grekes boughten dere. and held al vanitee To respect of the pleyn felicitee That is in hevene above. So preye I god that noon miswryte thee. the which that may not laste. And in him−self he lough right at the wo Of hem that wepten for his deeth so faste. As he that was with−outen any pere. Ther he was slayn. The erratik sterres. shortly for to telle. −− Swich fyn hath. And dampned al our werk that folweth so The blinde lust. So sende might to make in som comedie! But litel book. His lighte goost ful blisfully is went Up to the holownesse of the seventh spere. And sholden al our herte on hevene caste. Beth war of men. And kis the steppes. And for ther is so greet diversitee In English and in wryting of our tonge. and herkeneth what I seye! −− Go. Ne thee mismetre for defaute of tonge. wher−as thou seest pace Virgile. god yeve hem sorwe. Omer. no making thou nenvye. Ovyde. this Troilus for love. That thou be understonde I god beseche! But yet to purpos of my rather speche. and Stace. Save Ector. And whan that he was slayn in this manere. Ther god thy maker yet. lo. with ful avysement. litel book. Ne I sey not this al−only for these men. and in effect yow alle I preye. Of Troilus. go litel myn tragedie. Dispitously him slough the fiers Achille. in his tyme. that with the see Embraced is. er that he dye. amen! That with hir grete wit and subtiltee Bitrayse yow! And this commeveth me To speke. But most for wommen that bitraysed be Through false folk. But subgit be to alle poesye. And ther he saugh. And red wher−so thou be. as I began yow for to seye. And forth he wente. In convers letinge every element. −− The wraththe. his loking doun he caste. or elles songe. For thousandes his hondes maden deye. herkeninge armonye With sownes fulle of hevenish melodye. and at the laste. as I can here.Troilus and Criseyde Penolopees trouthe and good Alceste. And doun from thennes faste he gan avyse This litel spot of erthe. But weylawey. Troilus and Criseyde 162 . save only goddes wille. and fully gan despyse This wrecched world. Ther as Mercurie sorted him to dwelle. Lucan.
With al myn herte of mercy ever I preye. dar I seye. and sit in hevene a−bove. Appollo. And loveth him. Iesus. That regnest ay in three and two and oon. What nedeth feyned loves for to seke? Lo here. if ye hir bokes seche. ther nede is. And to that sothfast Crist. and three. and to the philosophical Strode. and roos. And of your herte up−casteth the visage To thilke god that after his image Yow made. −− O moral Gower. he or she. Uncircumscript. For love of mayde and moder thyn benigne! Amen. and two. this book I directe To thee. and most meke. and in this wyse he deyde. of Mars. eterne on−lyve. O yonge fresshe folkes. of swich rascaille! Lo here. Repeyreth hoom from worldly vanitee. for thy grace digne. Lo here. Of your benignitees and zeles gode. For he nil falsen no wight. Troilus and Criseyde 163 . Lo here. Swich fyn hath his estat real above. that passeth sone as floures fayre. our soules for to beye. And sin he best to love is. And to the lord right thus I speke and seye: Thou oon. Swich fyn hath false worldes brotelnesse. to corecte. Us from visible and invisible foon Defende. of Payens corsed olde rytes. Lo here. swich fyn hath his noblesse. So make us. the fyn and guerdon for travaille Of Iove. First starf. and al mayst circumscryve. and to thy mercy. that starf on rode. And thus bigan his lovinge of Criseyde. what alle hir goddes may availle. everichoon. the which that right for love Upon a cros. In which that love up groweth with your age. Swich fyn his lust. That wol his herte al hoolly on him leye. and thinketh al nis but a fayre This world. these wrecched worldes appetytes. Explicit Liber Troili et Criseydis. As I have told. To vouchen sauf.Troilus and Criseyde Swich fyn hath al his grete worthinesse. the forme of olde clerkes speche In poetrye.