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Robert Peezkowsiki YELLOW pT Tot Lockheed P-33 J-L a Robertepeczkowskil colon filnstrations by intur Inezerzals P-338 J-L Lightning a ee ag oid _STRATTIS. Published in Poland in 2003 by STRATUS Artur Juszezak, Po. Box 123, 27-600 Sandomierz 1, Poland e-mail: arturj @mmpbooks.biz for Mushroom Model Publications, 36 Ver Road, Redbourn, AL3 7PE, UK. e-mail: rogerw@waitrose.com © 2003 Mushroom Model Publications. http://www.mmpbooks.bi All rights reserved. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of permitted under the Copyright, Design and Patents Act, 1988, no part of this pu may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, electrical, chemical, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission. All enquiries should be addressed to the publisher. ISBN 83-917178-2-8 Editor in chief Roger Wallsgrove Editors Bartlomiej Belcarz Robert Pgezkowski Artur Juszczak Edited by Robert Pgczkowski Page design by Artur Juszezak Robert Peczkowski Cover Layout Artur Juszezak DIP Robert Peczkowski Artur Juszezak Translation Wojtek Matusiak Proofreading Roger Wallsgrove Colour Drawings Artur Juszezak Seale plans Dariusz Karnas Printed by: Drukarnia Diecezjalna, ul. Zeromskiego 4, 27-600 Sandomierz tel. (15) 832 31 92; fax (15) 832.77 87 www.wdspl — marketing@wds.pl WYPRODUKOWANO W POLSCE PRINTED IN POLAND On the title page: P-38} over Europe 1944, Photo: The Air Force Historical Research Agency Tella of conients Introduction, Versions. P BBD esssesennetn P-38K. P-38L, P-38M se Droop $n00t.... Pathfinder... rsfeagene eae hnett aes . scien Reconnaissance versions... P-38 Aces.. Colour photos . General view. Fuselage Engine... Tail booms Tallon Wing. Undercarriage. Armament Cockpit. : Sache raat as ee “ ia BSG... Colour profiles. Bibliograp, Introduction introduction (the time when the radical configuration P-38 Lightning entered Az its performance was better than any other aircraft in use with the US Army Air Corps. Its speed, service ceiling, and rate of climb ‘were superior to those of the P-39 Airocobra or P-40 Kittyhawk. Even the arrival of the P-47 Thunderbolt failed to challenge the P-38"s supremacy as an excellent escort fighter. ‘The Lightning was not free [rom faulls, though. Pilots complained about insufficient cockpit heating and icing at high altitudes. Supercharger air cool- ing was a greater problem. The intercoolers were located in wing leading edges between the engines and the cockpit, and poor cooling prevented P-38 pilots from using the full power of their Allison V-1710-89)91 engines. The maximum power output was often reduced to 1,250 hp, under front line con- ditions, instead of 1,425 hp that the engines were capable of. Wing-mounted intercoolers worked satisfactorily up to about 1,000 hp, but above that value they were not able to cope with the cooling requirements, and, additionally, the long intercooler piping was prone to frequent failures. Moreover, aircraft used in Britain suffered from other engine problems. Recent research indicated that fuel quality issues may have exacerbated a demanding engine, turbosupercharger and altitude problem, Fuel quality ‘was not so critical for engines with mechanical superchargers, or radial engines with turbosuperchargers; but with this in-line engine and turbosupercharger it led to ineffective operation at high altitudes. (It is worth noting that Charles Lindbergh discovered that P-38 pilots were not getting nearly the best out of their engines - using too high RPM in auto rich - in the Pacific theatre.) Even the repositioning of the intercooler from the. J model onwards failed to cure the problem and the P-38s were gradually withdrawn from units based in Britain, as Major General Billy Mitchell favoured P-51 Mustangs. By the P-38 prototype: The YP-38 at factory airfield during the press show. Lockheed 4 P38 I-L Introduction cend of the war only the 474® FG was operational in Burope on Lightnings, though it was well liked in Europe in the interdiction and bomber role. Inthe Pacific the situation was quite the reverse, The Lightning was much proferred by USAAF units, in contrast to the alternatives that were on offer and the capabilities of the P-38 were virtually ideal for the conditions in this theatre. This aircraft was flown by the two top scoring American pilots of WWII, Bong and MeGuire, us well as by many other aces General assessment of the Lightning is favourable, After the initial inter- cooler, poor cockpit heating, and icing problems were solved, after hydraulic assisted ailerons were fitted (this powered aileron system being the first on a major production fighter) and airbrakes were introduced to facilitate dive fecovery, the aeroplane was much more combat capable, {ts weak points, that were never cured, included poor rearward visibility, problems with the fit of the wing-fuselage fillet, and a high risk of injury to the pilot when he was forced to bail out, due to the double cruciform tail arrangement, Like the P-47 Thunderbolt, the turbosuperchargers on the P-38 ‘were challenging to work on, both due to access and their complexity. Com- pared to aircraft of the previous generation, this was a more difficult aircraft to maintain, The handed propellers, critical for the combat manoeuvrability of the type, required different reduction gear units for each engine which naturally complicated their maintenance. ‘The aircraft was also neither casy nor cheap to manufacture. However, the Lightning's good points far outnumbered the shortcomings. ‘The handed propellers, that gave so many headaches to the ground crew, cancelled out the propeller torque that made life so difficult for single-engined fighter pilots. As well as the previously mentioned enhanced combat capabil- ity, they gave the Lightning better stability and manoeuvrability. One of the original objectives of the Lightning’s layout was to concentrate the armament. Fitting the machine guns along the fuselage axis, closely grouped together, facilitated aiming and fire concentration regardless of the target's distance, and assisted better gunnery by the pilot. The aircraft's structure was strong and resistant to damage, the twin boom layout giving a slight edge in structural integrity over more conventional layouts, Naturally, the twin engine advantage increased the chances of survival. The Lightning could fly on one engine with no major difficulties, and still hold a devent speed. The sheer size of the twin-engined fighter allowed it to take a sizeable bomb load, in the end of 4,00Ib (not far short of the B-17F's normal 5,0001b). The performance - its maximum speed and range - were among the best of contemporary fighters, The Lightning was developed from the outset as a single-seater, twin- engined air superiority fighter, and this is the main difference with respect to other twin-engined fighters of the time. The P-38, despite the problems alluded to here, was unarguably one of the best fighters of WWII, notably a rarity in being a twin engined fighter able to hold its own (in the hands of a competent pilot) against single engined machines. It also became one of the best reconnaissance aircraft P-38 H of 80°FS, 8% FG, 5 AAF at Dobodura, New Gwinea, Sept. 1943 T. Kopaiski coll. P38EL 5 Development Model 42-81-20 FSC-1 Model 422-81-22 PSE-2 Model 42-81-22 P-38J-20-LO. Model 422 7 p-38K-1-LO Mode] 422-87-23 Model 42-87-23 os : | RSE4 P-38L-1-L0 7 -38 “Pathfinder P-38L-5-VO. Model 422-87-23 F5G-6 6 P-385-L P-38J (Model 422) As previously mentioned, the earlier versions of the P-38 were not free of shortcomings. Lockheed designers developed a new version of the Light- ning, taking into account both the requirements of the air service, and their own independent research. Particular attention was paid to improved flying charaeteristies, structural strength, and relieving the pilot from much of the manual engine management. This, the new P-38I, introduced in August 1943, featured a number of improvements: First ofall, new intercoolers were introduced in redesigned (more blunt- looking) engine nacelles. This allowed a significant simplification of the turbosupercharger air cooling system. The space thus gained in the leading edges of outer wing panels was used to accommodate additional fuel tanks. ‘The tanks were fited from version P-381-5LO on, and all the P-38]-51O and P-38J-10L0 aircrait featured these tanks. This subtype can be recognised by the additional fuel tank filling points near the leading edge. The additional tanks required the wing (o be reinforced by fitting additional sub-spars. In addition, the glycol radiator and turbosupercharger air intakes were reshaped, These were enlarged and better streamlined to reduce drag. ‘The cockpit was also redesigned. ‘The first production bloc builtin 3 versions: 38 (Model 422-81-14) covered 1,010 aircraft P-38J-1-L0 - 10 built, test batch; P-38J-5-LO ~ 210 built, leading edge tanks introduced Fuseleage of the Note the early version of the windscreen. 1/8 scale. P-38L-L 7 P-38J-5-LO side 1/72 scale. Right. P-38] in Europe 1944, Author coll. 8 P38 IL P-38J-10-LO — 790 buil, flat windscreen with integral bullet-proof glass introduced. ‘The next production block, Model 422-81-22, was built in 2 ver- sions: P-38J-15-LO — 1,400 built, with a different electric system (fuses replaced with circuit breakers, for example) and pilot's armour; P-38L-20-LO — 350 built, turbosupercharger control improved Subsequent production block, Model 42-81-23, built in just one J-25-L0 - 210 buil. This version introduced special compressibility flaps that facilitated dive recovery. These were fitted under wings, so as not to affect the airflow over the tail. They were electric-operated and when deflected, they shifted the centre of pressure of the wing which greatly assisted dive recovery. This version also introduced hydraulic-assisted ailerons, greatly improving lateral control. Before that, at high speeds, P-38 pilots encountered major difficulties with fast aileron control and this restric- tion was used by enemy pilots to evade Lightnings by making fast rolls. Visually, this. modification can be identified by the absence of aileron trim tabs, P-38J serial numbers 42-12867—12869 Lockheed P-38]-1-LO 42-13560—13566 Lockheed P-38J- 42-67102—67311 Lockheed P-38J-! 42-67402—68191 Lockheed P-38J-10-LO 42-103979—104428 Lockheed P-38J-15-LO 43-28248—20047 Lockheed P-38-15-LO 44-23059—23208 Lockheed P-38J-15-LO 44-23209—23558 Lockheed P-38J-20-LO 44-23559—23768 Lockheed P-38J-25-LO Versions P-38)-15-L0 side views. 1/72 scale. PIBIL YD Right. P-381 of the Sth AK, S5th PG, 338th FS over Europe, 1944. Photo: The Air Force Historical Research Agency. Above: This P-38] made a forced landing near the village of Bena- Bena, New Guinea. The picture was taken of these local natives 10 whom an aircraft on the ground was a novelty. Below: P-381 over the Pacific islands. Both photos T. Kopaiiski coll. P-38)-25-L0 side elevation. 1/72 scale P38 -L 13 P-38K This version was powered by 1.445 hp Allison V-1710-75/77 engines, driving Hamilton Standard propellers with slightly broader blades and a larger diameter (3.81 m). The aircraft offered only slightly better performance than the P-39J and, because the engine deliveries were not certain, no production ‘was undertaken, Only one prototype was built. P-38K-1LO serial number 42-13558 P-38L This version retained all the changes introduced in the P-38). ‘The new Allison V-1710-111/113 engine was rated at 1,495 hp for take off and 1,622 hp maximum combat (boosted) output, An improved turbosupercharger was fitted, and the fuel system and fuel pump were redesigned. For the first time additional tanks with pressure fuel feed were used, resulting in four bulged fairings under wings that housed the booster fuel pumps. Extemal changes included repositioning of the landing light to the leading cidge of the port wing and of the camera gun to the port fixed bomb tack. This version was also able to be armed with rockets, Initially the launchers were attached directly under wings, but firing the rockets caused wing skin defor- mation, Therefore, a special “Christmas Tree” launcher was developed. ‘The cockpit arrangement was changed (in fact it changed with virtually every version) and so was the radio equipment setup. The L version used the SCR-522 radio set, and a radio direction finder was also fitted. The P-38L was built in two blocks: P-38L-1-LO ~ 1,290 aircraft - virtually the same as the P-38-25-LO, except for the new engines; P-38L-5-LO — 2,520 aireraft — with the redesigned fuel system and rocket launcher. Also the attachments for the wing-mounted carriers were modified to be able to carry a total of two 2,000 1b. bombs or two 300 US- gallon tanks. AN/APS-13 warning radar was fitted in the lower section of the starboard fin; P-38L-5-VN ~ 113 aircraft built under licence by the Consolidated-Vultee Aircrafi Corporation plant at Nashville. Serial numbers: 442376925058 Lockheed P-38L-1-LO 44-23059—27258 Lockheed P-38L-5-LO 44-53008—53327 Lockheed P-38L-5-LO 44-53328—S407 Lockheed P-38L-5-LO (contract cancelled) 43-50226—S0338 Convair P-38L-5-VN 43-50339—52225 Convair P-38L-5-VN (contract cancelled) P38 IL 1S P-38L-5-LO side elevations. 1/72 scale. Landing lamp. P-38L “Gremlin” of 367th FG. Photo 376th FG Association. Below: Scrap view of AN/APS- 13 warning radar P-38L-5-LO front elevation, 1/72 scale plans. P38I-L 17 Versions P-38L-5-LO with drop tank. Note the the camera gun on the port bomb carrier JAB scale. P-38L-J with Bazooka rocket launchers, 1/8 scale. Another view of P-38 at Bena - Bena, New Guinea. T. Kopaiiski coll. 20 PIB IL Introduction Fuselage of P-38M-5-LO. TAB scale, 22 P38 IL P-38M The excellent flying characteristics of the Lightning, and delays in the introduction of the P-61 Black Widow, led to an attempt to adapt the P-38 for night fighter duties. After a series of trials and experiments during late 1944 the USAAF placed a contract with Lockheed for conversion of a P-38L-5-LO, serial number 44-25237, to a two-seat night fighter. Conversion was cat- ried out at Lockheed’s Dallas Modification Center. After acceptance, the USAAF ordered 75 aircraft converted from the P-38L-5 version. The modified machines received designation P-38M-S-LO. ‘The conversion consisted of fitting a radar operator's compartment aft of the cockpit, and the radar in a streamlined pod under the nose of the aircraft Special muzzle fairings to reduce glare were fitted to the gun barrels. The aircraft were not used in combat, us they were too late in entering service with operational units, Serial numbers of the aircraft converted to P-38M-5-LO. 44-26831, 26863, 26865, 26892, 26951, 26997, 26999, 27000, 27108, 27233, 27234, 27236, 27237, 27238, 27245, 27249, 27250, 27251, 27252, 27254, 27256, 27257, 27258, 53014, 53015, 53016, 53017, 53019, 53020, 53022, 3029, 53030, 53031, 53032, 53034, 305 , 53 53068, 53069, 53073, 53074, 53076, 53077, 53079, 53080, , 53083, 53084, 53085, 53086, 53087, 53088, 53089, 53090, 53092, 53093, 53094, 53095, 53096, 53097, 53098, 53100, 53101, 53106, 53107, 53109, 53110, 53112. Introduction P-38M-5-LO side elevations. 72 scale plans. P-38-L 23 P-38M-5-LO. 1/72 scale plans. 24 P38 IL Versions “Droop Snoot” As the bomb load and range of later P-38 versions was almost equal to that of the B-17, the idea to use the P-38 as a bomber was put forward for obvious reasons (faster aircraft, fewer air crew, lower fuel consumption). Such aircraft needed a bomb sight or had to be guided by an aircraft with a bomb sight. This version of the P-38 was obtained by fitting an extensively glazed bomb aimer’s compartment in the fuselage nose. The station was fitted with a Norden sight. Trials were conducted using P-38H serial number 42-67086. The converted aircraft would lead Lightnings each loaded with 4,000 Ib. of bombs, to be dropped on a signal from the lead ship equipped with a bomb sight. After successful tests Lockheed converted 23 P-38Js. The aircraft were known colloquially as the P-38) “Droop Snot”. Moreover, 100 conversion kits were manufactured and despatched to units. The first bombing raid using a P-38) Droop Snoot lead ship was carried out on 10 April 1944, and the type was used exclusively in Europe. P-381 “Droop Snot” - fuselage. JAB scale plans. P-38I-L 27 Versions Pathfinder This version was virtually identical to the Droop Snoot, but converted from the P-38L, and fitted with AN/APS-15 radar for detecting ground targets. in bad weather. hae P-38L “Pathfinder” - fuse- lage. 1AA8 scale plans. P-38L. “Pathfinder” con- verted from P-38L-I. USAF 28 P38 FL Versions Reconnaissance versions Earlier versions of the P-38 had already been converted for reconnaissance duties by fitting cameras in place of the armament. ‘The J - L versions described in this book were also converted into recon- naissance P-38 variants, as follows: F-5B-ILO (Model 422-81-21) ‘This version was based on P-38H-1 and P-38J-10 aircraft. Various camera sets were used. The most frequent one consisted of two 6 in. focal length K-17 cameras for oblique photos and a 20 in, or 24 in, K-15 for vertical photos. ‘These aircraft were fitted with a Sperry automatic pilot device. ‘The F-5B-1-LO was the last version which had been built as reconnais- sance machine from the outset; later ones being converted from fighter P-385, after these were assembled and delivered to the USAAF. Two hundred aircraft were built, of which 110 were based on the P-38J-10-LO. Serial numbers: 42-68192/68301- F5-B-1-LO (P-38J-10-L0 based). F-5C-1-LO (P-38J-5LO). ‘This designation applied to P-38I-SLO aircraft converted to reconna- issance version. These P-38J aircraft were converted at Lockheed’s Dallas Modification Center to a reconnaissance standard similar to the F-SB-I-LO, P38 I-L 29 30 P38 IL but with an improved photo system. A total of 128, or according to other sources, 123 aircraft, were converted. Because these machines were not listed by the manufacturers as reconnaissance machines, serial numbers were not recorded at assembly. F-5E-2-LO (P-38J-15-LO) ‘Two hundred P-38I-15-LO airerafi were converted at Lockheed’s Dallas Modification Center to a reconnaissance standard similar to the F-5C-1-LO. Because these machines were not listed by the manufacturers as reconnais- sanee machines, serial numbers were not recorded at assembly. F-SE-3-LO (P-38J-25-LO) Similarly, 105 P-38J-25-LO aircraft were converted to a reconnaissance version virtually identical to the F-SC-1-LO. Serial numbers are unknown. F-5E-4 (P-38L-1-LO) This aircraft was converted from the P-38L-I-LO. It was equipped with four cameras. A total of 508 aircraft were converted. F-5F-3-LO (P-38L-5-LO). These were P-38L-5-LO conversions with five cameras. The number of aircraft so modified is not accurately known, F-5G-6-LO (P-38L-5-LO) ‘This was the last reconnaissance version of the Lightning, It featured an enlarged nose compartment with four vertical photo cameras plus a single oblique camera at the front, 68 aircraft were converted at Lockheed’s Dallas Modification Center. Because these machines were not listed by the manufacturers as recon- naissance machines, serial numbers were not recorded at assembly. P38I-L 31 P-38 Top Aces Above: P-38 “Lou-E-Z-An” of 367 FG. Above right: P-38 “Flaming Fury” of 367FG, piloted by Lt. Bill Lewis. Right P-38 “Barb IX” of 307FG. Bottom: P38 “Steven Vincent” of 367FG. All photo via 367FG Association 32 PSB IL Top P-38 Lightning aces P-38 Top Aces Name Vietories_|_Medals | ‘Theatre/ar | Unit Aireraft name Richard I Bong 40.0 [Mur PTOISAE 49rG___ | Marge ‘Thonias McGuire 380 | MH PTOSAE 475FG__| Pudgy V ‘Charles MacDonald 27.0| DSC PIOISAK 47506 | Putt Putt Mara Gerald R. Johnson 22.0[ DSC. PTOSAE 49rG [Barbara Jay T. Robbins: 22.0 DSC PTOSAP, SEG andi Robert Westbrook 200]- PTONSAF _[18FG Thomas J.Lyach 200| DSC PTOISAF 35FG Bill Hanis 160] PYO/3AR | 186 George S. Welch 16.0] DSC PTO/SAE SFG: - [Edward “Porky” Cragg: 15.0[= PTO/SAF SFG) Porky Ml [Cyril E Homer 15.0[- PTO/SAF SEG Uncle Cy's Angel Daniel T Roberts Ie 140/ DSC PIOSAR 47556 (Cotesworth B. Head Jr 12.0[- PTOAZAF _[18FG ‘Kenneth G. Lada 120|- PROSAR 8FG ‘Windy City Ruthie ‘James A. Watkins 12.0) PTOSAF 49FG Richard 1, West 120]. PTOSAE SFG. = Francis J Lent i0[ss. PIOISAF 475EG__[T.Rigor Mortis John S. Loisel iLo[ss. PIOSAE 475EG John W. Mitchell i1.0]- PTO/3AF | 18FG ‘Murray “Jim” Shubin 1.0| DS PTOASAR —_[347FG [Oriole Comelius Smith 11.0[- PIO/SAE SFG) Corky HL Ken Spaiks T1.0[- PTOSAF, ara |= William Giroux 10.0] PTOISAF 8PG Whilma Wy Dead Eye Daisy Paul Stanch 100]- PTOSAP = Regina l Elliot Summer 100|- PTO/SAF z Tredric Champlin 9.0[- PTOMSAF : Eileen-Anne ‘Torn Lanptiier 45[NC PTO3AR__|347RG Rex Barber 5.0 [NC PTOASAR —_[347RG P-38J-15-LO (serial 42-103993), personal aircraft of Richard Bong, At that time Bong was posted to the HQ of the Sth AK, but flew missions with 49FG, April 194. 7. Kopastski coll. P-38I-L 33 P-38 Top Aces P-38 of 367FG. Aircraft named “KOZY KOZA”, piloted by Lt. Sam Plotecia. “Butch I, P-38 piloted by Capt. Horace M. Har- twig of the 392nd fighter Squadron, 367th Fighter Group. P-38 “LUCKY IRISH”, of 392 FS, 367 FG, piloted by Lt, Gerald O'Donnell. Below: Victory list on the nose of the P-38 belonged to R. Bong. T. Kopaaiski coll 34 P38 EL P-38 Top Aces P-38 of 367 FG, “Viking 2”, piloted by Lt, James C. Paschal P-38 of 367 FG, “Little Buckaroo”, piloted by R.C. “Buck” Rogers P-38 of 367 FG, Belle” piloted by Lt, Wil- Tiam H. Lemley. All photos: 367 FG Association vie CC, Lucas P38IL 35 Colour photos Above: P-38J, 42-67543 in flight at UK Airshow. Right: The same P-38 taxying in Operated by The Fighter Collection, it was registered NBIASX. Photos J. Kightly 36 P38I-L Colour photoes P-38, N3145X in a turn, a view from below, The same Ligthning land- ing at Duxford during the annual Flying Legends show. The P-38 N3145X after arrival in the UK in 1992; seen here at Boscombe Down before being painted. All photos J. Kightly. P38 IL 37 Colour photos Above P-38I taking off. Undercar- riage partially retracted. J. Kighily Right Nose and port engine of 44- 23314; a P-38) preserved by Planes of Fame, Bast in the A, Lochte. The same P-38 as above A. Lochte. 38 P38 I-L Colour photos Left and above: A main fuselage from the rear Note, the pilot’s ladder in the centre in the retracted position, Panel behind the rear of the canopy gives access to a hand grip. A. Lochte Left: Nose of the P-38, with majar service access panel removed. J. Kighily P-38J-L 39 Right: Bottom rear fuselage. Recognition lights and part of the retractable ladder are shown. Right Portside of the fuselage under the cockpit. Canopy open with side panels down, Right below: Rear view of the main fuse lage with port wing, Below, Nose of P-38 from below. All photos A. Lach AO P38 I-L Colour photos Above: Two photos of the pilot's ladder in down (left) and retracted position (right). Below: Portside of the main fuselage, rear-bottom view. Ladder in reivacted position. Note that the red beacon on the underside is a post-war addition. Photos A. Lockie. P38I-L AL Colour photos Above: Rear fuselagehving june- tion. The balck hole is a pivot for access ladder. Above right: Port-rear part of the fuselage. Both photos A. Lochte. Right: Port-front part of the fuselage. R. Pecckowski Right: Boitom, rear part of the fuselage. Access ladder partially extended. A. Lochte 42 P38 I-L Colour photos Photos of the port engine cowsling Note the different position of the vit cooler flaps {open in the top photo and closed in the lower one). In the middle photo the polished oval is visible, This shows a reflection of the nose gear position to the pilot. Photos A. Lochte. P38I-L 43 Colour photos Right: Front view of the star- board engine, Right Port engine on P-381-20-L0. Right, betow Close-up view of the port engine cowting. Oils cooler flap in closed position Below: Oil cooler flap in open posi- tion, rear view: All photos A. Loch. 44 P3BIL Colour photos Details of the engine air intake, The ower two intakes at the front are for the oil cooler, while the centre intake (clearly shown in the right middte photos) is for the intercooler. In the top, right photo the exhaust shroud (large scoop) is visible and plug spark cooling intake. All photos A. Locke. P38 IL 45 Colour photos Right photos: Details of the intercooler flap, at the bottom of the both cowlings. Flap sitown in open posi tion. Below: Rear of the engine cowling. Round cover on the door is access to the heater duct. All photos A. Lochte 46 P38 IL Photos of the starboard engine with cowling removed, Engine details and engine mount assembly are visible. | All photos A, Lochte. P3BI-L 47 Colour photos Right: Allison V-1710 Model F. Allison. Right: The overall view of the port supercharger Below: Tivo photos of the air intakes for the turbo- charger. The outer intakes are for the turbocharger, and the centre one for cockpit heating. Photos A. Lochte. 48 P38 I-L Colour photos Tivo photos of the Gen- eral Electric Type B-33 supercharger. In the upper Photo the bottom of the supercharger is shown. Above left: Upper view of the B-33 supercharger Left: General arrangement of the air ducts of the super- charger. Right: G.E. pe B-33 supercharger, exhaust turbine A. Lochte P38I-L 49 Colour photos Details of the coolant radiator doors. Just behind the radiator the access door to the baggage compartment is visible. Below right: Two photos of the super- charger air intake. 50 P-38E-L Colour photes Diferent views of the super- charger air intakes. Differ- ent views of the super- charger air intakes. These are located just below the trailing edge of the outer wings on both tailbooms. Photos on both pages A. Lochue. P38 IL ST Colour photes Above left: Rear of the coolant radia- tor, Note the honeycomb structure. Above and left: Two shots of the coolant radia tor air intake. Below: Coolant radiator outtets from the rear: Flaps in fully open position. All photos A. Lochte. Above: P-38 tail unit Below: Photos of the vertical stabiliser, outside (left photo) and i wide (right photo). Photos A. Lochte (2), R. Peezkowski (1) P38 SL 53 Colour photes Almost a side-on elevation of the starboard vertical stabiliser. Note that the antenna wire was added postwar in place of the navigation light. Below, right: Inside starboard boom and tail junction. Below: Starboard rudder naviga- tion light. All photos A. Lochte. 54 P38 IL Colour photos Details of the horizontal stabi liser and elevator mass balance. A, Lochte photos, P38 IL 55 Colour photos Right: Outboard starboard stabi- liser: Below: Outside, starboard fin & rudder showing trim tab, navigation light and rudder mass balance. Right: Bottom of the horizontal stabiliser and starboard fin & rudder. All photos on both pages A. Lochte 56 P38 EL Colour photos Above: Bottom of the starboard outer wing. Left: Port wingtip with pitot tube cand navigation light (top and bottom) Below, left: Port wingtip, front view: Photos on both pages A, Lachte, P-38S-L 57 Colour photos Inner starboard wing . Pylon and drop tank are also visible. Port drop tank pylon with 150 U.S. gallon tank. Port drop tank pylon. 58 P38 IL Colour photos Port drop tank pylon from the rear Starboard drop tank pylon vith gun camera. Upper side of the star- board inner wing. Photos of bath pages A, Lochte P38 I-L 59 Colour photos Wing root fillet, port wing, Leading edge of the out- board port wing. Outer Fowler flap - port wing, 60 P38 IL Colour photos Dive flap on the port wing. Note also booster fuel pump. Left: Close-up shot of the booster fitel pump. Below: Inside of the extended, port Fowler flap. All photos A, Lochte. P38L-L 61 Colour photos Landing lamp in the leading edge of the port wing. A, Lochte Dive flap in extended posi- tion. J. Kigthly Bottom of the starboard outer wing. Fowler flap deployed. A. Lochte. 62 P38 I-L Colour photos Colour photes The nose gear wheel well. Photos A. Lochte. 64 P38 TL Colour photos Above left: Nose gear showing drag struts, shimmy damper cand torque link Above: Nose gear- starboard side. Left Shimmy damper details, The yellow fork is @ tow bar Photos A. Lochte P38-L 65 Colour photos Above left: Nose gear - front view: Above: Details of the nose gear wheel, port side. Below: Details of the wheel well cover: Photos R. Pecckowski (1), A. Lochte (2) 66 P38IL Colour photos Above: Three photos of the main gear wheel well. The largest photo showing the main gear looking forward, Right: Details of the main gear wheel, inner side Photos A. Loch. P-38I-L 67 Colour photos Both pages: Details of the main gear and wheel well doors On the opposite page, iner view of the main gear This page left: Rear (top) and front view of the main sear, Photos A. Lochte P38 I-L 69 Port main gear wheel well, looking forward. Long silver tube is coot- ant line. Above right: Port main gear wheel well, looking aft. Boom door actuator is visible in the center A. Lochte photos. Right. Main gear components Drawing from the Technical Manual 70 P3851 Colour photos Right: Outboard rear landing gear door actuator - starboard boom Middle Outside main gear doors. Note the shape of the doors: Bottom left: Boxtom of the starboard boom - gear doors open. Note the doors hinges inside the whell well. Also the oxygen access panel is visible, just aft of the wheel well Photos A. Lochte Bottom right: Inside of the main gear wheel well, looking aft. R, Pecekowski. P38I-L 71 Colour photos Front view of the P-38 showing its armament con- figuration: The four 12.7 ‘mm machine guns and one 20 min cannon. A. Lochte Empty shell ejector cluutes on starboard side: R. Peczkowski. Nose armament from the right A. Lochte. 72 P38 IL Colour photos 20 mm cannon (above) and Colt-Browing (M2) machine gun (below). Drawings from Techni- Above: Machine guns and cannon blast cal Manual tubes. A. Lochte. Below: Feeding the machine guns of a Lighting. _USAF Z P-38I-L 73 Colour phates Above: Port side of the canopy Above: Fe 07 rer part ofthe aa) canopy, Radio gear is dam visible. Left: Rear part of the canopy. Photos A. Lochte. 74 P38 IL Colour photos Windscreen of the P-38L, the pilot's seat is also vis- ible, Two photos of the port side of the canopy, details of the throttle quadrant and control wheel are visible. Photos A. Lochte, P-385-L 75 Colour photos Right: Main instrument panel. Magnetic compass Vacuum gauge Clock Artificial horizon Intake pressure gauge Tachometer Starboard engine oil temperature, pressure and fuel gauge Radiator temperature gauge 9. Carburetor intake temperature gauge 10, BC6080 comactor II. Generator switch 12, Ammeter 13, Compass correction cards 14. Port engine oil tem- perature, pressure and fuel gauge 15. Vertical speed indicator 16. Turn indicator 17. Air speed indicator 18. Directional gyro 19, Remote-indicator com- pass 20, Reserve fuel gauge 21. Main fuel gauge 22. Oil pressure gauge 24, Landing gear warning light 25. Landing gear warning light test bution Z 26. Spare bulb ee Above: Drawing of the instrument panel. NOAyAwNS 2 76 P-38-L Colour photos Left: The left, forvant part of the cockpit. The throtile quadrant, landing gear controls and trim settings are visible. A. Lochve. Below: Drawing of the control wheel and pedals. Below. Drawing of the throttle quadrant panel. Below right: Cockpit armour plates with flat armoured windscreen fitted from P- 38J-10 variants. “ines ) P38E-L 77 Colour photos Right: Starboard cockpit panel. Controls of the SCR-522 radio system are visible, The handle visible just aft of the radio control is to raise and lower the side canopy panel. A. Lochie. Right: Canopy structure. Drawing from the Technical Manual. Below: Details of the unique P-38 control wheel. A. Lochte. Golour photos Above: Rear, starboard part of the P-38 canopy Starboard (above) and port (left) side of the canopy: Photos A. Lochte. P38IL 79 Colour photos Twvo photos of the Lightning canopy, in open positin (above) and closed (below. 80 P38, Colour photes PoBB P38 81 Colour phatos This and previous page F-5G fuselage and camera port details. The Yanks Air Museum P-38L Lighining (44-27183) was config- ured with this between 1995 and 1997. 3 nose A, Lochte. F-SG of Sth PRG, 36th PRS, Sth AF. USAF 82 P38 IL colour photos Above: General view of the F-5G preserved in USA. A, Lochte Below: Converted F-3G, CF-JJA 10004 hotos.com, Ron Dupas. P38 LL 83 Colour profiles P-385-L 85 Colour profiles “prol Ae “OH SSUIY “OAMOT "SA WEL JO D-OW *886L9-Zh [PHS ‘OT-OM-8E-d 86 P-38I-L P-38I-L 87 $r6L SU “wDysHAD A “OA M6LE /SA WOE JO MOUOH., ‘OT-OT-£8E-d 88 P38 IL Colour profiles P38L 89 Colour profiles P-38J-15-LO, serial 43-28677 “Little Buckaroo” of 392th FS, 367th FG, Clasters, October 1944, 90 P-38IL Colour profiles P-38I-L 91 Colour profiles P-38J-10-LO, “Haleakala” of 459th FS, pilot Lt. H.H. Sealy. 92 P-38I-L Colour profiles P-38I-L 93 Colour profiles sourddiiyd “D4 WISLb ‘Sel SEF OD UND TY few 201d .aip-gorg 8 Addeg,, “OT-S-T8E-d 94 P38 IL Colour profiles P-38I-L 9S Colour profiles ‘sper sourddimya ‘uokedury “uosovesy uorto{D ‘fepy ‘OA WEb SA M6 Jo 09 Jo yerome Truosrad * BSI y SOUTTY., “(REOST-PPIOL “TEH®S) ‘OT-S-T8E-d 96 P38 IL Colour profiles P38 -L 97 Colour profiles Sb6I PUNYS ‘OA HS SA HVE .Jea SW OEMPY AqOIOK,, ‘OT-S+18¢-a Colour profiles P38I-L 99 Colour profiles Jo Butyy so0ySig wnL 11 pue Burpy Yorny as]zp ayy, “taP|sORNA ur plore Joqumeg we SP61 [ndy Ut papury-saxog yeIONY AY MIST “DA MPT JO98LET-Ph PUPS ‘OT-S-18E-d -38 JL, 100. Golour profiles P38I-L 101 Colour profiles Colour profiles P38 FL 103 Introduction ~~ YD f “shor sourddyiyd “Oa WLP OD “PIeU yo ypsoue [a torr