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By Dmytro Roy, Group 44-H

Our organization - «Global strategies of economical
development» (GSED)has accepted participating in program “Aid

Studying description and features of this country, we

selected such basic problems:
• High level of unemployment – 30%;
• Low index of GNP ($100 per capita);
• Very little industry (a chemical factory in the capital);
• Very bad communications and social infrastructure;
• Few educated people, only 40% literacy rate;
• Poor sanitation – malaria is common;
• Main river and lake polluted by the chemical factory.

Analyzing these factors, we created the plan of actions for

economic development of Chukren.

We suggest starting our developing from modernizing farming.

Chukren is predominantly an agricultural and rural-based
society. Agriculture provides livelihoods for 80% of the
population and the majority of the poor. This action would put
an end to famine, provide some export, and develop agricultural
industry. We could predict that profit yield from export will
fill budget with money. Government should focus on ensuring that
tangible benefits are delivered to the rural poor. In
particular, it will focus support on the development of an
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effective agricultural extension service to meet the needs of
all producers with a specific focus on smallholders,
particularly women. The main component of private sector work to
date has been in the area of agri-business.

Secondly, we suggest
realisation of a road
building program, it would
help to export commodities
and would provide
communications with all parts
of Chukren.

Thirdly, we suggest using

the central river for
building hydro-electric
stations. They would protect the central valley from floods, and
provide energy for industrial, agricultural and household needs.

The fourth step is developing of industry, especially

chemical industry. We could expect the level of unemployment
going down.

The fifth step is the

housing program, which
should fight with the
problem of homelessness.
The program’s essential
part is engaging the
local resources:
producing up to 80% of
the structural components
by the local small enterprises, using local materials, and
employing the local workforce.

The International aid in

Chukren focuses on
strengthening the national
health system as a whole.
Support to the Ministry of
Health is channelled through
the health sector strategic
plan. The plan provides for
the expansion of basic
services, community based
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health care services and addresses issues around the chronic
lack of health professionals in the country. Experience
available enables us to expect positive results. The GSED has
been supporting the rural water and sanitation sector in Lesotho
through the Department of Rural Water Supply in the Ministry of
Natural Resources since 1987. This partnership has helped to
provide water and sanitation facilities to the most remote
villages in Lesotho. A similar program has been developed for
the highland areas of Chukren.

Education is a
significant component of
the Irish Aid programme in
Chukren and support is
provided for the
implementation of the
Government’s Education
Sector Strategic Plan. The
priorities of aid include
improving the quality of
primary education and
increasing enrollment, particularly for girls. In 2007 Aid
supported the Chukren Ministry of Education in its work to
improve the quality of basic education by providing staffing
support for the Ministry, funding the provision of learning
materials and assisting the Ministry in providing HIV and AIDS
awareness training to both teachers and pupils.

General Budget Support

Ireland is currently one of nineteen donors providing GBS to
Chukren (the G19 group). The partnership is based on a MoU
signed in 2004 and represents the most advanced degree of
harmonisation and alignment of donor programmes in the country.
The MoU provides for annual government, donor and civil society
joint reviews and monitoring of PARPA implementation. Irish
Aid’s main focus in the G19 dialogue is on pro-poor resource
allocation and the impact of GBS on the poor. Arising from the
policy dialogue and performance which underpins this support,
65% of the budget is allocated annually to priority poverty
reduction sectors, with at least 50% going to health and