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Adapted from The Impact Celebrities Have on Our Lives by Deborah King

Deborah King is the bestselling author of Truth Heals: What You Hide Can Hurt You. A health & wellness expert and attorney, Deborah King is featured regularly in broadcast, online, and print media, making frequent appearances on national TV such as CNN and Fox News. She is also a featured blogger for Psychology Today, writing on a wide range of issues such as health, politics, domestic violence and celebrities. People often ask me why I use celebrity examples to illustrate my work. Well, look around you. The truth is that we are obsessed with celebrities. Head to the checkout line at a grocery store and you’ll see all the magazines, each trying to have the most salacious story on the cover to gain your attention so that you’ll spend your hard-earned dollar buying it. For many people, not a day goes by when they don’t sneak a peek at their favorite celebrity gossip website. Sites like TMZ.com and PerezHilton.com are some of the hottest websites online, garnering millions of hits a day. I use celebrities as examples because they act as good reflections for us. When Larry King has a heart attack and tells his audience how it prompted him to stop smoking, he inspires. Same for Michael J. Fox for Parkinson’s and Montel Williams for MS. When Teri Hatcher reveals that her uncle sexually abused her, it makes it easier for us to admit that it happened to us as well. When Britney Spears is brought to the hospital and evaluated for bipolar disorder, we feel differently about our own depression. When another politician is caught having sex with someone not his spouse and tries to squirm out of it, we see our own reluctance to reveal our own secrets. So the impact of celebrities can be positive as well as negative. What is it about celebrities that make them so irresistible? Is it that they lead such different lives? Is it that they have the ability to buy whatever they want? Or is it that they seem to have such a glamorous life? In a sense, celebrities are our new gods. We like to fantasize that our lives could become like theirs – we too could be beautiful, desirable, talented, rich. At the same time, we secretly want to see them fall so that we know that even our gods have feet have clay. According to an advertising resource called the Consumer Magazine Advertising Source, entertainment publications, like the popular Entertainment Weekly and the nefarious National Enquirer, sell around five million copies on a weekly basis. This is a huge amount of money. As long as people buy, magazines will keep providing us with celebrity news. Paparazzi will keep chasing celebrities trying to catch them in embarrassing moments or making a general nuisance of themselves to both celebrities and non-celebrities alike. Not only are magazines popular, but reality shows have been popping up all over television to bring us visually into the lives of our favorite celebrities. One of the first to put himself and his entire family on television was Ozzie Osbourne; there he was being a husband and a father, shuffling around picking up dog poop and taking out the garbage. It was almost as if the producers of the show wanted to show that celebrities are exactly like everyone else. Except they have big houses. And a lot of cars. And a lot of other stuff. The Fascination Obsession Why are we obsessed with celebrities? Some believe we are obsessed with celebrities because we need to have an escape from the humdrum of everyday life. This makes sense in a bizarre sort of way. For instance, , if you are not centered and balanced energetically, and you don’t feel so good
CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE

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about who you are, you are much more likely to follow your favorite celebrity and wish that you could be them. Others theorize that we mentally stalk celebrities because we are waiting for them to fail. Much like the Roman spectators waited for the gladiator to lose his battle and die, we too are waiting for celebrities to flame out and reach some sort of a bottom that makes them seem a little more human and more like us. Dr. Charlotte De Backer of the University of Leicester, Department of Media and Communication, carried out a study to try to explain why we are so obsessed with celebrities. She discovered that the younger the participant was, the more apt they were to follow celebrity gossip, even if the gossip was about a celebrity that they had never heard of. Dr. De Backer said, “Each person has a different reason for wanting to track the every movement of their favorite celebrity, but there comes a time when being amused by their antics transforms into becoming obsessed, and no obsession is a good thing, especially when you look at the type or role models that recent celebrities have become.” The sad fact is that we are more enthralled by celebrities who have bad reputations than celebrities who are excellent role models. As parents or mentors, we have to be careful what we allow children to see and listen to. Some parents seem to believe that all celebrities are worthy of being role models. Unfortunately, this is far from the truth. Fast Reporting or Bad Celebrities? There was a time when you could stand up and cheer for Babe Ruth. You could be proud that your son had all of his baseball cards and that he wanted nothing more than to be the Babe when he grew up. The average fan, however, didn’t know what Babe did behind closed doors. His private life was private. Now, however, thanks in part to the internet, it is much easier to find out about everything a celebrity has ever done. You can’t avoid knowing that Winona Ryder has been arrested and convicted of shoplifting, or that Mel Gibson has a problem with alcohol. If a celebrity does something good, it takes a team of PR professionals to get it into the mainstream media. If a celebrity does something bad, or if something tragic happens, it’s all over the celebrity gossip sites in a matter of minutes. Take, for instance, the story of Heath Ledger. Heath was an actor who had received critical acclaim for some of his work. You may have seen a few photos of him here and there, and sometimes the paparazzi would try to get onto one of his movie sets, but they were very undemanding of his time compared with other celebrities. Then, on January 22, 2008, the media heard rumors that Heath Ledger had been found unconscious in his New York apartment. Minutes later, updates starting flying onto the internet. Some talked about a mysterious connection with actress Mary-Kate Olsen and his use of hard drugs like heroin; others said Heath had committed suicide. Due to the speed of the internet, people were contemplating the cause of his death only minutes after he was found and the authorities were called. Almost two weeks later the toxins report was completed and it was said that Heath died due to an accidental overdose of prescription medications. Even though little media attention had been placed on her before, his surviving daughter, Matilda Rose, was suddenly one of the most photographed children on the planet, with her face appearing on dozens of different magazines.

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singer of the popular band U2. He and Bobby Shriver also started Product Red. what is the comparison saying to you? Does Bono’s activism inspire you. CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 43 . Since 1999. big and bright.com/resources/advice/celebrities>. there are some celebrities who use their fame to bring about change and are good celebrity role models. but then. or are you more likely to want to imitate the “I don’t give a damn” attitude of many in the pages of the media? Do you feel compassion for Britney Spears as she battles her inner demons.deborahkingcenter. Paul O’Neill. a commercial initiative to help fight against AIDS. you may want to reexamine your own life. malaria.The Positive Celebrities Even though there are more stories about celebrities who have a negative influence on us and the decisions we make in our lives than there are positive actions. Which celebrities are you most enthralled by? Do you understand why? When you look in the mirror and delight in your Rachel haircut. can actually serve a purpose in our lives. King. Angelina Jolie is another celebrity who.” Deborah King: Master Healer and Teacher. “We cannot close ourselves off to information and ignore the fact that millions of people are out there suffering. 2009. or despair that you will never have Halle Berry’s body. or do you think she deserves no visitation with her kids? The stars are out there. although she had a very rocky and well-known past. as much fun as our fantasies of them may be. Deborah. and tuberculosis around the world. He has met with many influential politicians and has taken the United States Treasury Secretary. If you spend more time finding out which of your favorite stars went to dinner last night and who they went to dinner with. Take Bono. on a tour of parts of Africa to show him first-hand what those living in poverty are facing. technology has simply made it easier. and was given the title of UNHCR Goodwill ambassador in 2001. All of us would like to believe that if we were in a bad situation. Let’s get the stars rising in ourselves. Jolie said during the press conference to announce her ambassador status. someone would help us. “The Impact Celebrities have on Our Lives. Bono has been campaigning for third world debt relief and helping to raise awareness of the plight of those living in Africa. and the truth is that celebrities. The Mirror Effect We are a fame-obsessed culture. has come to be one of the great spokeswomen about the living conditions children in various third world countries face. <http://www.” Ms. we have always been so. Is there anything missing from your life that you could better use that time to fill? Friends? Exercise? Truth heals.

CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 44 .

_____ 5. 1 = the least possible . write the number that most accurately reflects your feelings.com/resources/advice/celebrities>. discuss the results.” Deborah King: Master Healer and Teacher. _____ 10. I am obsessed with a celebrity. <http://www. I am inspired to do something good because a celebrity does. • • Which questions got the highest scores? Which questions got the lowest scores? CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 45 . _____ 6. _____ 8. I often compare the way I look to a celebrity I like. Tally the results for the whole class. _____ 4. I spend time listening to or reading celebrity news. I spend money on celebrity magazines. Your teacher may ask a group of students to do the math for the class. I enjoy hearing about celebrities getting into trouble. I want to live my life like a certain celebrity. “The Impact Celebrities have on Our Lives.Student Version The Impact of Celebrities Reading selections for this module: King. _____ 3. I wear certain kinds of clothes or hairstyles because you like the way they look on celebrities. 2009. _____ 7. Deborah. On a scale of 1-5. _____ 9. _____ 2. Then as a class. I am inspired by a famous athlete to practice my sport. I care about the details of a celebrity’s life. 5 = the maximum possible _____ 1.deborahkingcenter. Think about the celebrities that you care about the most. and find the average numerical answer for each question. Reading Rhetorically Prereading Activity 1 Getting Ready to Read Class Survey Answer the following survey questions to help you determine how much celebrities impact you and your classmates.

there are many more. leaving room to write underneath each one. models (Tyra Banks). Activity 2 Introducing Key Concepts What kinds of celebrities are there? Write down as many kinds of celebrities as you can think of. At the end of the competition. If you do. Each of the other groups can then add categories of celebrities that the first group did not think of. Write “Negative Impact” at the top of the circle on the right. where the circles overlap. Do the same with the 5 celebrities that have had the most negative impact and why. write down the 5 celebrities that your group agree have had the most positive impact upon the world—and a brief note as to why. Ryan Seacrest). however. Class competition: In groups or individually. Rowling). Categorizing celebrities: Work in a group. list 2-3 celebrities that your group can agree have a “neutral” impact and why. brainstorm as many celebrities in each category that you can! Your teacher will give you 2 minutes for each category. etc. as a whole. writing the categories in columns on a sheet of paper.” (contestants in Biggest Losers television program) athletes (Kristi Yamiguchi). show hosts (Oprah Winfrey. remember to interpret the results for your reader and explain what you think they show. K. “stars. write “Neutral”. We all think about movie stars. one group should write their answers on the board. Using the class list of celebrities. Some possibilities are: movie stars. writers (J. politicians (Arnold Schwarzenegger). Be sure to put them in the correct parts of the diagram! CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 46 . You may use the class survey results in the essay you will write on this topic. After each group has made their list. yielding a good class list. Copy the complete class list. add any celebrities that were mentioned that you forgot to list. and that is one important category. reality t. singers (Justin Bieber). dancers (Michael Jackson). One member of your group should draw a Venn Diagram on a large piece of paper like this: Write “Positive Impact” at the top of the circle on the left. In the middle. fashion designers (Vera Wang). “obsessed” with celebrities based on the survey? Explain. business entrepreneurs/inventors (Bill Gates).• What do you think it means? Is the class. In the middle.v.

making frequent appearances on national TV such as CNN and Fox News.Activity 3 Surveying the Text—and Making Predictions Before you read the article. Deborah King is the bestselling author of Truth Heals: What You Hide Can Hurt You. specifically. King wants to persuade us that celebrities have a good impact on us. writing on a wide range of issues such as health. what else would you like to know about celebrities and their impact on us? Write down 3-5 questions about this topic that you hope the author discusses in her article. King wants to explain why she likes celebrities so much. e. King wants to explore both the positive and negative impact of celebrities on us. 2. online. 3. d. She is also a featured blogger for Psychology Today. King wants to explore why we are so obsessed with celebrities.” What do you think the author means? Now that you have thought about this topic. The truth is that we are obsessed with celebrities. not a day goes by when they don’t sneak a peek at their favorite celebrity gossip website. The Fascination Obsession Fast Reporting or Bad Celebrities? The Positive Celebrities The Mirror Effect Read the first paragraph of the article: “People often ask me why I use celebrity examples to illustrate my work. and print media. A health & wellness expert and attorney. The last two sentences of the article are: “The stars are out there. What do you predict each section will be about based on the subtitles? a. look around. d. Let’s get the stars rising in ourselves. domestic violence and celebrities. why do you think Deborah King is writing this particular article? What is her purpose? Choose your answer/s from below: a.com are some of the hottest websites online. in the biographical information makes her sound credible? Underline those words. Head to the checkout line at a grocery store and you’ll see all the magazines. garnering millions of hits a day. CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 47 . 5. b. Does she sound like she knows about the “impact celebrities have on our lives?” What.” Based on that first paragraph and the 4 subheadings. Throughout the article you will see 4 subheadings in bold type. politics. Read the biographical information about the author of the article. each trying to have the most salacious story on the cover to gain your attention so that you’ll spend your hard-earned dollar buying it. Deborah King. answer the following questions: 1. King wants to persuade us that celebrities have a negative impact on us. big and bright. Well. Deborah King is featured regularly in broadcast. For many people.com and PerezHilton. Sites like TMZ. 4. b. c. c.

humdrum. scandalous. lustful. hoping to get a story. especially something shocking or scandalous dull and boring. fill out the right column. apt. obscene. enthralled. What words are the most difficult? What words were you already familiar with? Then. write the word from the list above that you think matches the correct definition. salacious Below are the definitions of the words. grossly indecent. more than is reasonable or sensible CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 48 .Activity 4 Introducing Key Vocabulary The following words are used in the article that you will soon read. nefarious. Prediction: How do you think this word relates to the topic? word definition expressing too much sexual interest or detail. giving total attention to someone or something amusing or silly behavior doing something often and being likely to do it again to think about someone or something constantly. Check your answers with your teacher. In the left column. paparazzi. monotonous very interested or fascinated by someone or something. obsessed. Discuss your predictions with your group. evil or wicked freelance photographers who follow famous people. antics.

Annotating forces you to read more slowly and carefully. comments and even whole sentences in the text and the margins. How accurate were your predictions? 2. During this reading you do not need to understand every word or sentence. you will read the text again more slowly and carefully and deal with those difficult parts. discuss in small groups the following questions: 1. Be able to explain why you chose that sentence. 3. but do not take the time to try to figure them out now. symbols. The first reading should be fairly quick to get the main ideas. Put question marks by words. 2. Share which sentences you marked as the most interesting and why. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ Activity 6 Rereading the Text Annotating a text means marking the text with highlighting. work as a group to write a 1-2 sentence summary of the entire article. You are just saying.Reading Activity 5 First Reading with a Purpose Thorough understanding of a text requires reading it more than once. Compare words or parts that you found confusing. Review the predictions you made about the reading. Of course you can continue to mark within the text as well. circle any new vocabulary words that you recognize from Activity 4. One strategy is to write about the content of the article in one margin and your reaction to the content in the other margin. but you need to be strategic in your annotation for it to be effective. Did more than one group member choose the same sentence. you do not have to figure out the meaning yet. CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 49 . “I didn’t get that sentence either. sentences or sections that are confusing. 1. Later. 4. again. or were they all different? 3. underlining. Put square brackets [ ] around the most interesting sentence in the section. Somebody in your group may offer a very brief explanation. but.” After you have discussed all the sections of the article. What is Deborah King’s message about the impact of celebrities? Be ready to share your summary sentences with the class. As you read the first section of the article (¶ 1-5). After reading the article.

Reread the article. CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 50 . 2. 2. carried out a study to try to explain why we are so obsessed with celebrities. These reactions could be questions. Finally. Example: Look at the sample annotation of paragraphs 7 & 8 below. the more apt they were to follow celebrity gossip. Dr. Do you think this is an effective strategy for this topic? Why or why not? Find the examples listed below in King’s article. She does not spend the same amount of time writing about each example.Directions: 1. De Backer said. In the chart below. think of a more contemporary (modern) example King could use to make the same point. Department of Media and Communication. She discovered that the younger the participant was. discuss why the author uses this celebrity as an example. What is her point? Finally. write your reaction to the text. Here you can use abbreviations only you understand or even texting language. What do you notice about the notes in the margins? My Reaction Why? fun to gossip! What are the reasons? Miley Dr. 3. 1. your own examples. Also write in the margin “ex” if the author includes an example or “def” if the author includes a definition. Charlotte De Backer of the University of Leicester. and no obsession is a good thing. and statements of agreement or disagreement.” Content Study by Backer Why obsessed? Results: 1) kids more interested 2) different reasons 3) any obsession is not good Activity 7 Rereading the Text Looking at Examples Work on your own to fill out the following chart. Then discuss your answers in a small group. In the right margin write phrases or sentences which communicate the main point of that paragraph or section. King uses specific examples as her primary means of supporting her points. especially when you look at the type or role models that recent celebrities have become. In the left margin. “Each person has a different reason for wanting to track the every movement of their favorite celebrity. write how many sentences she writes about each celebrity. but there comes a time when being amused by their antics transforms into becoming obsessed. even if the gossip was about a celebrity that they had never heard of. 3.

He was rarely in the tabloids until 2008. In 2001 she was arrested for shoplifting $5. Below is a three column chart. He also had a reckless. What examples does she use in paragraph 1 and 4? 6. Ruth still holds other batting records to this day. Why do you think she provides so much detail about one example and very little detail about another? What is the impact on the reader? 5. While this record was beaten in 1974 by Hank Aaron. In paragraph 5 she gives the example of a reality TV show portraying Ozzie Osbourne as a regular father and husband.500 worth of items from a store in Beverly Hills. What are those activities? How well could she have made her point without these examples? Activity 7a Rereading the Text This activity will help you understand the deeper meanings of the article and make connections between the text and your life. Angelina Jolie (¶16) is an American actress living with Brad Pitt. when he died of an accidental drug overdose. Winona Ryder (¶11) is an award-winning movie actor whose personal life has been closely followed by the media. setting a lifetime record of 714 HRs in 1935. Fill out the chart for the introduction (¶ 1-5) of the article. She is also famous for her concern and help to humanitarian efforts such as helping refugees overseas. # of Sentences Author’s point in using this example Contemporary Example 4. He is most famous for his hitting. The first paragraph has been done for you as an example. Then she gives two examples of his activities that prove this. partying lifestyle. Your annotations will guide you as to what to write. King uses some other examples besides specific celebrities. Heath Ledger (¶12-14) is the actor who played the Joker in The Dark Knight.Celebrity Babe Ruth (¶10) is probably the most well-known baseball player of all time. CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 51 .

SAY MEAN “The Fascination Obsession” MATTER CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 52 . ¶2 ¶3 ¶4 ¶5 Continue the “Say-Mean-Matter” chart for the rest of the reading. This means we constantly want to know what celebrities are doing. but this time write about each section instead of each paragraph. Discuss your chart with your classmates. This may include reading “between the lines” or explaining the author’s purpose.” She points out the popularity of magazines and websites that focus on celebrities. what does the text say? What is the main point here? In this column you can quote a sentence or phrase. ¶1 King says we are “obsessed with celebrities. Celebrity news gives me something to talk about with my friends and even people I don’t know very well. MATTER Why is this idea important? How does it relate to my life? What is the significance for me or others? What are the future implications for society? It would be weird to not care about celebrities. MEAN What does the author mean? Write in your own words your interpretation/ understanding of the author’s point.SAY In a particular paragraph or section. Sometimes they seem more important than our friends and family.

Scare Children” and the story would be about how a Lady Gaga performance for charity made children cry and run in panic. The story should be about at least one celebrity. Use at least one of the vocabulary words in the title. . You may also want to include a fan or a group of fans in your story. Read your stories to the class. . your title could be “Lady Gaga Antics Thrill Teens. review the vocabulary words. make sure the vocabulary words are used accurately. Then write a newspaper headline and a very short article using at least four of the vocabulary words. real or make believe. For example. As you listen to the stories. .“Fast Reporting or Bad Celebrities?” “The Positive Celebrities” “The Mirror Effect” Activity 8 Looking Closely at Language (Vocabulary) Working in small groups. • CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 53 . • • Include enough information in the story to show that you understand the vocabulary words.

For example. she does not mean every single American. King says. Explain what you think the “mirror effect” of celebrity-watching is. What was the point of this example? What was her point? Write her purpose for this example in one sentence: 6. a famous baseball player who played in 1914-1935. during a visit from a friend. Comparisons can show both similarities and differences. do we enjoy watching celebrities fail? 5. to celebrities like Mel Gibson and Winona Ryder of today. so who is “we”? Do you think that her claim is a fair statement? Why or why not? Deborah King uses comparisons several times in her article. What does King say in the article that proves she is not completely against the idea of watching celebrities? Find at least 2 spots in the article that show this. what is the main idea of the whole article? In Activity 5 you wrote down what you thought Deborah King’s message was. in paragraph 4. In her first paragraph. • In paragraph 6. 8. “The Impact of Celebrities Have on Our Lives. Is King emphasizing how they are similar to Babe Ruth or different? In what way? 2. What word in paragraph 2 indicates that she is talking about the mirror effect there as well? 7. Why.” but we get the idea. whom does King imply bears part of the blame for the Paparazzi stalking celebrities? (She doesn’t use the word “blame. Heath Ledger.” You may be indirectly saying (implying) that you want your friend to go home. “The truth is that we are obsessed with celebrities. she compares the celebrity of Babe Ruth. according to King. As you noticed from an earlier activity.Postreading Activity 9 Thinking Critically Discuss the answers to these questions with a classmate: 1. Activity 10 Summarizing and Responding Your annotation should now show all of Deborah King’s main points in her article. 4. For example.” Obviously. King spends several paragraphs discussing the actor. she compares us to “Roman spectators” of ancient times who watched the gladiators fight to the death in the ring. Authors also imply ideas in their writing. Find at least two spots in the article where she mentions this. you may say. we also like to see them fail.) Explain how you know this. Sometimes people state ideas indirectly. she does not use the word “mirror” in the paragraphs that follow.” However. as much as we are “obsessed” by celebrities. King subtitles her last section “The Mirror Effect. Rewrite your main idea sentence/s in the box below: CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 54 . • 3. “I am tired.” however. Several times King mentions that. Is she saying that we are similar to Roman spectators or different? In what way? In paragraph 10.

for you identify the title of the article.) Use all your own words in a summary. 3. but add the author and title.) Continue writing your summary by referring to your section summary sentences. Does the writer include the author’s name in the first sentence of the summary? Yes _____ No _____ Writer: Include the author’s name. You can improve your first sentence by: __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 55 . Be sure to refer to your annotations for ideas about what to write! Activity 10a Additional Summarizing and Responding Peer Response to Summary 1. write the main idea of each of the sections of the article in 1-2 sentences. Make sure that your sentences are connected and that your wording flows well. you may use “I. Does the writer include the title of the article in the first sentence? Yes _____ No _____ Writer: Include the title of the article. Don’t forget to refer back to your annotations! Discuss what is absolutely necessary to include and what might be less important. but make sure you are reporting all of King’s ideas—not yours. 2. A response is your personal reaction to one or more ideas that King wrote about—not all of them! Try to connect something you read about in King’s article to your own experiences. Write a one paragraph response to the article. (It should not sound like a list of points. You should not quote or use the word “I” in your summary. Does the first sentence clearly state the main idea of the article? Yes _____ No _____ Writer: State the main idea of the whole article in the first sentence. The first sentence of a summary is very important. but don’t simply copy them. Do you experiences cause you to agree with her or to disagree? Do you think her points are strong or weak? Since these are your ideas and experiences. and the main idea of the whole article. Make sure it is clear and accurate. (Use what you wrote above. Write a one-paragraph summary of the entire article using the ideas expressed in your summary sentences above. the author.Now. A summary is a shorter version of the text which contains all the most important information—and nothing else. working with a partner.

Does the writer avoid summarizing information from the article? Yes _____ No _____ Writer: Don’t summarize in the response. Does the writer give some personal experience to show why s/he is responding to King this way? Yes _____ No _____ Writer: Be sure to connect your ideas to your personal experience! 3. Does the writer include all of the important ideas and supporting points from the article? Yes _____ No _____ Writer: You left out one of King’s important points: __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 5. Peer Response to Response 1. Does the writer use all his or her own words? Yes _____ No _____ Writer: You used the authors words (give line number): __________________________________________________________________ 6. Does the writer choose one or two ideas from King’s article to respond to? Yes _____ No _____ Writer: Be sure to focus your response on King’s idea/s. Does the writer keep his or her opinions out of the summary? Yes _____ No _____ Writer: You mentioned your own opinion in the summary. Assume that the reader has read your summary! 4.4. CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 56 . Does the writer give enough detail to explain why s/he agrees or disagrees with King’s idea? Yes _____ No _____ Writer: Add more detail and explanation for your readers. 2.

There are three ways to do this: direct quotation. question. Use appropriate and varied verbs to “lead into” the reference (e. believes. paraphrase. A paraphrase communicates the meaning of the original source but in your own words. 2. Evaluate the following direct quotation choices. Discuss your answers with a classmate. argues. explains. After the first time. When referring to the ideas of others. talented.g. relate to or argue with him or her. rich” (King 1). “We like to fantasize that our lives could become like theirs—we too could be beautiful. desirable. Include the author. Be sure to comment on the reference. etc. and no quotation marks are used.). use quotation marks. describes. Which quote is the author’s observation? a. and the truth is that celebrities. remember to do the following: • • • • • Include the title. The first time you mention the author’s name. and you want to agree. Which quote best explains a reason why we are so interested in celebrities and may even fantasize about them? a. and summary. reports.Overview One of the most important features of academic writing is using the words and ideas from written sources to support your own point and to demonstrate your understanding of others’ ideas. If you use the exact words of the author. discusses. A summary communicates the main point(s) in your own words and is much shorter than the original source. Connecting Reading to Writing Using the Words of Others Activity 11 Using the Words of Others One difficulty of citing sources is choosing which sentence or idea to include in your essay. • • • A direct quotation uses the exact words of the original source with quotation marks. 1.. as much fun as our fantasies of them may be. questions. can actually serve a purpose in our lives” (3). especially when you look at the type or role models that recent celebrities have become’ ” (King 2). Should we put double quotes on this since this is King’s quote or does that just give it away? b. “We too are waiting for celebrities to flame out and reach some sort of a bottom that makes them seem a little more human and more like us” (King 2). Use quotation marks if it is a shorter work like an article or a short story. CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 57 . Pretend like you are in a serious discussion with the author. Underline or italicize if it is a longer work such as a book or play. use only the author’s last name. King suggests that “Truth heals. The length is about the same. disagree. use the full name as it appears on the story or book. b. “ ‘No obsession is a good thing.

Paraphrasing is a valuable skill because. Paraphrase 1: ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Possible answer: We like to see celebrities get into trouble so they seem more normal and less perfect like ordinary people. Quote: “We like to fantasize that our lives could become like theirs—we too could be beautiful. therefore. Activity 11a Using the Words of Others Steps to Effective Paraphrasing When you refer to another text in your own writing. rich” (King 1). “Some believe we are obsessed with celebrities because we need to have an escape from the humdrum or everyday life” (King 2). Looking at your notes. Look back at the original source to be sure you have accurately communicated the meaning in your paraphrase. . write a few notes or phrases about the meaning of the passage. Quote: “We too are waiting for celebrities to flame out and reach some sort of a bottom that makes them seem a little more human and more like us” (King 2). 2. Make any necessary adjustments. desirable. . 1. However. write a sentence in your own words that communicates the meaning of your original source. or your might want to “paraphrase” the text. even though the paraphrase is in your own words. copying the exact words of the writer in quotation marks. The following steps will help you. Paraphrase 2: ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 58 .3. you need to be careful to cite the source of the idea by giving the title of the text and the author’s name. A paraphrase is expressing another writer’s idea completely in your own words. b. It’s impressive! Learning to paraphrase well takes practice. • It is better than quoting when the information is not particularly unique or special • It helps you control the temptation to quote too much • It shows that you have understood the meaning of the original text by putting it completely in your own words. Without looking at the original source. 4. “Except they have big houses. And a lot of other stuff” (King 1). Which of the following would be more worth quoting in your essay? Why? a. you do not use quotation marks. And a lot of cars. you might quote the text directly. Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning. talented. Paraphrase the following two quotes from Activity 12. 3.

• Deborah King and I both believe that . • Although I disagree with Deborah King that . TO EXPRESS PARTIAL AGREEMENT: • Although I agree with Deborah King that . which ones you disagree with. . . . • Deborah King overlooks the fact that . DISAGREE: Deborah King’s assumption that we are all obsessed with celebrities is CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 59 . . Find at least one point of King’s that you can agree with. . . and one that you can partially agree with. . Trade papers and evaluate your classmates’ paraphrases. . . . . I disagree that . . • Deborah King’s assumption that . . . . . AGREE: Deborah King and I both see that some celebrities have a positive effect on us by being good role models. . I fully agree that . Paraphrase #1 Is any important information missing? Is any information present in the paraphrase that is not in the original quote? Did the writer use his/her own words and sentence structure? Paraphrase #2 Is any important information missing? Is any information present in the paraphrase that is not in the original quote? Did the writer use his/her own words and sentence structure? Yes No Negotiating Voices Activity 12 Negotiating Voices Soon you will begin to write the first draft of an essay on the topic of the impact of celebrities. However. one that you can disagree with. . • I agree with Deborah King that . . Using the above patterns (or your own). . and which points you only partially agree with. . . . write out three statements. .Possible answer: We enjoy dreaming about the fame and money of a celebrity’s life. . . Notice the different wording that you can use to express how you feel about King’s assertions: TO EXPRESS AGREEMENT: • Deborah King is right about . . . because . . so your readers will hear her “voice” in your essay. . . . TO EXPRESS DISAGREEMENT: • I think Deborah King is mistaken about . . Your readers will want to clearly understand which of King’s points you agree with. . . however. You will be referring to the article by Deborah King for at least some of your support. . . because . is not accurate because . • Deborah King is right that . your own writer’s “voice” is important too. . she fails to see that .

Refer to Deborah King’s article. We can pick up other tips too. especially older people. the recent Heisman Trophy winner. who don’t even know much about them. I also get a better idea of where fashion trends are going. focus on the author’s attitude about the topic. being obsessed with celebrities is a healthy escape from our boring lives. It’s fun to know if Justin Bieber is dating Selena Gomez or whether Lindsay Lohan really made it out of rehab.not accurate because I know too many people. Your teacher may also want you to use the results of the survey your class completed at the beginning of this module as additional evidence. My brother is obsessed with Cam Newton. Writing Rhetorically Prewriting Activity 13 Reading the Assignment The following is an essay assignment on the topic of celebrities and the impact that have on our lives. because he wants to be a famous football player. the bad effects will outweigh any of the positive ones. “The Impact Celebrities Have on Our Lives” as part of the evidence for your position. but that doesn’t make it a big problem and it doesn’t mean we want to copy their bad behaviors. More than anything. People have been fascinated with the rich and famous since ancient times. I’d rather bond with someone over the latest antics of a celebrity than all the other dark topics in the news. so it’s only human nature. Support your position by referring to the passage and providing reasons and examples from your own experience. observations. Knowing the details about celebrities gives us something to talk about with each other. Compare your statements with a classmate. What’s wrong with that? --Collin Palmer High School Sophmore Explain Palmer’s argument and discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with his analysis and conclusion. she fails to see that for the fans who are truly obsessed. or reading. As your teacher reads the essay prompt aloud. however. Does he mostly agree or disagree with Deborah King? Do you mostly agree or disagree with him? A Healthy Obsession I think that all the concern over celebrities in our lives is completely exaggerated. CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 60 . PARTIALLY AGREE: Deborah King is right that celebrities can serve a good purpose in our lives. Check to make sure that your classmate’s statements fairly represent what King says and clearly state why the writer agrees or disagrees. so that I can feel more confident about what I am wearing. We teenagers are passionate—maybe even obsessed—about our favorite stars.

You may want to use some of the wording patterns in Activity 13 to express how much you agree or disagree with Collin Palmer. Author’s Points Palmer’s opinion about the impact of celebrities (his MAIN idea): Agree? Disagree? Partially Agree? Comments Palmer’s supporting arguments (reasons): Activity 15 Writing Your Working Thesis Analyze your answers in Activity 15 to help you decide whether you mostly agree or mostly disagree with Collin Palmer. How do you feel about each of his reasons? You might agree with some and disagree with others. and write notes in the “comments” column to help you remember how you might want to respond in an essay.Activity 14 Getting Ready to Write After reading the prompt. he seems to be unaware that celebrity behavior has gotten so much worse and has a strong negative effect on us. Write a “working thesis” that will answer the prompt at the bottom of the chart. discuss the following questions with a classmate: • • • What is Collin Palmer’s opinion on this topic over all? What are the reasons for his opinion? Annotate: underline each separate argument or reason for his stand. Sample working theses: • Although I agree with Collin Palmer on a couple of points. Discuss each point with a classmate or small group. CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 61 . Write your ideas on the chart below.

WORKING THESIS: Activity 15a Getting Ready to Write 1. • • I agree with Collin Palmer that celebrities don’t have a negative effect on us. CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 62 . What is the same about the two experiences? What is different? How do you think the invention of the internet has changed the impact of celebrities on us? 2. write a thesis that reflects what you are feeling. However. backed by a great country song about celebrities. but this video has some good information. Of course. but it will help you to get started. singers.com/watch?v=sIXardsPSE4 The audio is low sometimes. there are a few people who seem to get too carried away.com/watch?v=E3sB5WiFwF8 Many celebrity images.youtube. Media: Celebrities: http://www.youtube. I think that it is having a very negative effect on all of us. • • Famous Future: http://www. Who were the celebrities they liked? What kind of celebrities were they? Athletes. Celebrity Influence on Teens: http://www. • Watch one or more of the following Youtube videos about the effects of celebrities on us. and for them it is a very negative influence.youtube. Your “working thesis” may change as you write your first draft and discover more about what you think. etc. there was no internet then!) Did the celebrity / celebrities have a strong impact on their lives? (Did the celebrities change their lives or inspire them in any way?) Write a short journal entry about your interview. actors.? How did they keep up with the celebrities they liked? (Remember. Compare this adult’s experience with celebrities to your own experiences.• I agree with Collin Palmer that we shouldn’t be so concerned about being obsessed with celebrities because for most of us it is harmless fun.com/watch?v=PqcV-Ugl5Pk Interviews and commentary with 3 teens who want to become famous. I disagree with Collin Palmer’s argument that we shouldn’t be concerned over celebrity obsession. • • • • Interview an older person (your parents’ or grandparents’ age) about celebrities they were fascinated by in their youth. if you feel a near 100% agreement or disagreement (or if you are not ready to consider concessions).

Introduction A. check the lyrics at http://www. an informal outline of an argument essay often includes the following: Introduction • Background information (trends. the prompt. The lyrics have many great ideas related to this topic. but it will save you time in the long-run. Author of Prompt’s main idea? CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 63 . This may seem like a time-consuming process. survey results. Listen to the country song by Brad Paisley. What points from the song relate to Deborah King’s article? What points in the song related to Collin Palmer’s arguments? Writing Activity 16 Organizing Your Essay Making a Brief Essay Outline to support your thesis Writing an outline helps you choose and order the ideas you will use before you begin writing the essay. Background Information? B. In general. videos.Write a short summary of the video. “Media: Celebrities” at http://www. personal experience and observations) • Opposing point of view • Response to opposing point of view Conclusion • Restatement of your position • Call for action or agreement • Prediction of the future Outline I. interview.azlyrics.” This is the song that is played on the video above. After you have listened to the song a couple of times.youtube. What points from the video relate to Deborah King’s article? What issues in the video relate to Collin Palmer’s arguments? 3. “Celebrity. Write a response to the song.com/lyrics/bradpaisley/celebrity.com/watch?v=E3sB5WiFwF8. importance today) • Introduction of Palmer’s opinion • Working thesis Body Paragraphs • Topic Sentence • Lots of support (Possible sources: the article.html to make sure that you have understood them completely. songs.

The writer takes notes at each step and reads the notes back to the group to make sure he or she has understood and included all the peers’ comments.” Revising and Editing Activity 18 Revising the Draft Working in groups of three or four. The group decides which paragraph has the weakest support and explains to the writer why they think the paragraph is weak. 4. once wrote. (The paragraph may not have enough explanation or may not provide enough specific and varied support.) Be specific! ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ * Following the guidelines above. the writer completes questions 4 & 5.) 3. You can’t just will yourself to become a good writer. It’s sweaty work. The group then completes the following tasks and the writer fills out the peer review form: 1. First Point or Reason Why __________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ • Support (From personal experience: an example. a statistic.* My Working Thesis II. Activity 17 Composing a Draft Now you are ready to write your essay. etc. Don’t forget to follow your outline and create a title. After the group has discussed each paper. Be sure to allow yourself enough time to write a good draft. “Writing is physical work. an expert’s opinion. Your teacher will give you an idea of how many to plan. CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 64 . Each member states one thing that they like about the essay. 2. You really have to work at it. The group brainstorms how the paragraph could be improved. 5. write out your plan for as many paragraphs as you need to support your thesis. information from the article. Will Haygood. each student reads his or her essay aloud to other members of the group. Write your first draft according to the prompt’s instructions. something I have read or seen. A professional writer.

Activity 19 Editing the Draft Another aspect to improving an essay is correcting the grammar. slow yourself down by covering everything but the line you are reading with a piece of paper or start with the last paragraph of your essay and work backwards paragraph by paragraph or sentence by sentence. read your essay aloud so you can hear errors and awkward constructions. Write a final draft of your essay. With the help of your teacher. which paragraph has the weakest support? Why? 3. What specific suggestions does my group have to make my paragraph better? 4. Which editing strategies did you use? Which one was more effective for you? Why? 2. What was the most helpful feedback from the peer review? 5. Look for only one type of error at a time. Read the following strategies to help you edit effectively. CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 65 . figure out your own pattern of errors—the most serious and frequent errors you make. Focus on individual words and sentences rather than on overall meaning. Use the dictionary to check spelling and confirm that you have chosen the right word for the context. Then go back and look for a second type and. Choose at least two of the strategies to edit your paper and then write a paragraph that reports the strategies you used and how well then worked (see directions below). If possible. correcting all the errors that you have found. Correct it in a different colored pen. In what ways can I apply the comments about one of my paragraphs to other body paragraphs of my essay? Write another draft of your essay that reflects the feedback you have received from your peers and/or your teacher. According to my group. What is one type of error you make the most often? Give an example below. set your essay aside for 24 hours before rereading it to find errors. To do this. a third. What did my group like about my essay? 2. if necessary.Peer Review Writer _______________________ Reviewers __________________________________________ 1. which is called editing. • • • If possible. • • • Write a paragraph that answers the following questions: 1.

(In other words. what would you still like to improve? 3. What was your greatest improvement? Explain how you decided to improve this area.Activity 20 Reflecting on Writing Compare your first draft to your final draft. If you had more time. What have you learned is the area you most need to improve? CSU EXPOSITORY READING AND WRITING COURSE DRAFT The Impact of Celebrities | 66 . and write a paragraph that answers the following questions: 1. What activities or feedback helped you the most to improve your essay? 4. what steps did you take to improve it? 2. What have you learned is your greatest strength as a writer? 5.