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CRT3815

ORDER NO.

CD MECHANISM MODULE(S10.5COMP2)

CX-3195
This service manual describes the operation of the CD mechanism module incorporated in models listed in the table below. When performing repairs use this manual together with the specific manual for model under repair.
Model DEH-2900MP/XN/EW5 DEH-2920MP/XN/EW5 DEH-2900MPB/XN/EW5 DEH-2910MP/XN/UR DEH-2950MP/XN/ES DEH-2950MP/XN/ES1 DEH-2990MP/XN/ID DEH-P390MP/XU/UC DEH-P3900MP/XU/UC DEH-P4950MP/XU/ES DEH-P4950MP/XU/CN5 DEH-P2900MP/XU/UC DEH-P3950MP/XU/ES DEH-P3950MP/XU/CN5 DEH-P5900MP/XU/EW5 Service Manual CRT3802 CD Mechanism Module CXK5760 Model DEH-3900MP/XN/EW5 DEH-3990MP/XN/ID DEH-P40MP/XU/EW5 DEH-P4950MP/XU/ES DEH-P490IB/XN/UC DEH-P4900IB/XN/UC DEH-P4900IB/XN/EW5 DEH-P5950IB/XN/ES DEH-P5950IB/XN/ES1 DEH-P5990IB/XN/ID DEH-P590IB/XN/UC DEH-P5900IB/XN/UC DEH-P6900IB/XN/EW5 DEH-P6950IB/XN/ES DEH-P6950IB/XN/ES1 Service Manual CRT3804 CRT3829 CRT3834 CRT3835 CRT3846 CRT3847 CRT3848 CD Mechanism Module CXK5760 CXK5760 CXK5760 CXK5760 CXK5760 CXK5760 CXK5760 CRT3820 CXK5760 CRT3816 CRT3817 CRT3823 CRT3824 CRT3828 CXK5760 CXK5760 CXK5760 CXK5760 CXK5760

CRT3851 CRT3852 CRT3853

CXK5760 CXK5760 CXK5760

PIONEER CORPORATION

4-1, Meguro 1-chome, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8654, Japan PIONEER ELECTRONICS (USA) INC. P.O. Box 1760, Long Beach, CA 90801-1760, U.S.A. PIONEER EUROPE NV Haven 1087, Keetberglaan 1, 9120 Melsele, Belgium PIONEER ELECTRONICS ASIACENTRE PTE. LTD. 253 Alexandra Road, #04-01, Singapore 159936

PIONEER CORPORATION 2006

K-ZZA. OCT. 2006 Printed in Japan

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CONTENTS
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1. CIRCUIT DESCRIPTIONS ............................................................................................................................... 3 2. MECHANISM DESCRIPTIONS...................................................................................................................... 20 3. DISASSEMBLY .............................................................................................................................................. 22

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CX-3195
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0.1 Block diagram of CD LSI PE5547A E F CX-3195 5 6 7 8 3 .F Signal PE5547A Internal RAM (1Mbit) B RF amplifier BMC EFM decoder CD-ROM decoder Audio DSP CIRC Digital servo PORT I/F V850ES core SRAM 1bit DAC C Port control Analog output D Fig.E.5 6 7 8 1. A A. which are generally employed as peripheral circuits. is an LSI integrating the afore-mentioned LSI unit and microcomputer unit in one chip. used in this product. however. PE5547A.B.1. CIRCUIT DESCRIPTIONS The recent mainstay of the CD LSI is the LSI integrating the core DSP with DAC or RF amplifier.

and divide the value by 7. they are used to produce such signals as RF. Incidentally.1. whose parts are described individually below. The voltage between LD1 and V3R3 is set to about 225 mV. Pickup Unit C CD CORE UNIT MD 5 7 15 5 7 15 2R4 x 2 4. The LD current is obtained by measuring the voltage between LD1 and V3R3. Caution: Be careful not to short-circuit the REFO and GND when measuring. demodulator. TE. Signals from the pickup are I/V converted in the pickup with the preamplifier with built-in photo detectors.1.65 V) for both. The REFO is an output obtained from REFOUT in the LSI via the buffer amplifier. the pickup output signals are processed to generate signals that are used in the subsequent blocks: servo. All measurements will be performed with this REFO as the reference. and TE zero-cross signals.1 APC (Automatic Power Control) circuit Since laser diodes have extremely negative temperature characteristics in optical output when driven in constant current. and control blocks.1 APC F 4 CX-3195 1 2 3 4 . which becomes about 30 mA. and after added with the RF amplifier.1 PREAMPLIFIER BLOCK A In the preamplifier block.5k 1k VR + - LD- 6. the reference voltages of this LSI and the pickup are the REFO (1. and is output from the pin 133 of this LSI. as this LSI employs a single power supply (+ 3. This is the feature of the APC circuit. The preamplifier block is built in CD LSI PE5547A (IC201).3 V) specification.7 143 PD REG 1. B 1.5k + LD+ 14 14 Vref 142 LD 1k 2SA1577 2R7 + - APN 100k 100k D 150k 3p LDS PE5547A E Fig.25V + 6. it is necessary to control the current with the monitor diodes in order to keep the output constant. FE.1.5 (ohms).1 2 3 4 1.

this LSI is equipped with the RFAGC auto-adjustment function. RFO = (A + B + C + D) x 2 The RFO is used for the FOK generation circuit and RF offset adjustment circuit.2k - + AGCO 119 44k RFOFF setup 20k 11. is A/C-coupled externally.2 RF and RFAGC amplifiers The output from the photo-detector (A + C) and (B + D) is provided from the RFO terminal as the RF signal (which can be used for eye-pattern check). DFCT.1. The RFO signal.2k 15. amplified. The low frequency component of the voltage RFO is calculated as below.5 V.1.2k 56p 5. Also. and equalized inside this LSI. input to the pin 121. explained below. This RFO signal is also used for the EFM.2 RF/AGC/FE E F CX-3195 5 6 7 8 5 .55k 124 EQ1 1.8k VREF D Fig. after it is added.1.75k To DEFECT/A3T detection For RFOK generation Pickup Unit P3 P7 P9 P2 P4 P8 B+C 6 6 B 130 A+C 13 13 C VREF A R2 + - 61. which switches feedback gains of the RFAGC amplifier so that the RFO output will be 1. A B CD CORE UNIT 122 121 PE5547A AGCI RFO RFRF2EQ2 126 125 123 1.2k 22p 4. MIRR. and amplified in the RFAGC amplifier to obtain the RFAGC signal. output from the pin 122.5 6 7 8 1.0k 135 140k 160k FEOFF setup FE A/D FE- 134 10k 8. and RFAGC auto-adjustment circuits.7k 4p 5k + + - 5k 3.8k 61.0k + + - 129 FEO VREF 10k + - 8.6k 15.

TE waveform of about 1.36k 63k + - 161k TE2 132 112k + VREF 45. which indicates the timing to close the focus loop and focus-close status during the play mode.6 kHz. "H" is output in closing the focus loop and during the play mode. which is used for protection and gain switching of the RF amplifier. The cutoff frequency for the subsequent stage amplifiers is 14.D) is provided from the pin 135 as the FE signal.5 Vp-p is obtained with the REFO as the reference.8k / 10k x 111k / 61k x 160k / 72k = (A + C . and (A + C . an S-shaped curve of 1.1. As for the signal. The cutoff frequency in the subsequent is 21. The low frequency component of the voltage TE is calculated as below.1.3 TE F 6 CX-3195 1 2 3 4 .1. from the pin 70.1.F). B Additionally.B .5 For the FE outputs. TEO = (E . Therefore. since the DC level of the RFO signal is peak-held in the subsequent digital block and compared at a certain threshold level to generate the RFOK signal.D) x 8. and then provided from the pin 138 as the TE signal. The low frequency component of the voltage FE is calculated as A below. 1.F) x 4.1.B .F) x 63k / 112k x 160k / 160k x 181k / 45.36k + - 139 P1 P6 - F 9 9 F 160k 63k 160k 20k 60k 10000p TEC 131 112k 140 - VREF + Inside TEC E Fig.3 Vp-p with the REFO as the reference. the focus is closed even on a mirror-surface area of a disc.5 Tracking error amplifier The photo-detector outputs E and F are passed through the differential amplifier and the error amplifier to obtain (E .1 2 3 4 1. 1. the RFOK becomes "H" even in a non-pit area.1 kHz.4 RFOK circuit This circuit generates the RFOK signal.3 Focus error amplifier The photo-detector outputs (A + C) and (B + D) are passed through the differential amplifier and the error amplifier. This signal is also supplied to the microcomputer via the low-pass filer as the FOK signal.4k x 160k / 80k = (E . CD CORE UNIT PE5547A TE A/D TEOFF setup + + + - C Pickup Unit D P5 P10 E TEO 138 47p 80k 160k 137 TE- 11 11 E 45.D) x 3. FE = (A + C .48 For the TE output.B .

using the probability that 0 and 1 occur at 50%. A 1. and clips the signal. As the purpose of detecting the zero-cross point.1. which. exceeds the D range of the operational amplifier. cannot be entirely eliminated in AC coupling process. the reference voltage ASY of the EFM comparator is controlled. The AGCO signal output from the pin 119 is A/C-coupled externally. and TEC voltage = TE level x 4 The TEC level can be calculated at 4.1.5k 40k E Fig.5k 7. but. To use for detecting the direction in which the lens moves in tracking close. input to the pin 118. the following two points can be named: 1. The EFM signal is output from the pin 113.1. B PE5547A Vdd C 114 ASY RFI EFM signal + Vdd D 118 2k 113 EFM 40k + + 1.4 EFM F CX-3195 5 6 7 8 7 . it poses no particular problem.62 V.7 EFM circuit The EFM circuit converts the RF signal into digital signals of 0 and 1.6 Tracking zero-cross amplifier The tracking zero-cross signal (hereinafter referred to as TEC signal) is obtained by amplifying the TE signal by fourfold. To use for track-counting in the carriage move and track jump modes 2.) The frequency range of the TEC signal is from 300 Hz to 20 kHz. Thus. the comparator level will always stay around the center of the RFO signal. Missing RF signal due to scratches and stains on the disc. This reference voltage ASY is generated by passing the EFM comparator output through the low-pass filter.5 6 7 8 1. (Used in the tracking brake circuit to be explained later.1. and supplied to the EFM circuit. caused by variation in disc production. and used to detect the tracking-error zero-cross point. because the CD LSI only uses the signal at the zero-cross point. at this level. and asymmetry of the upper and lower parts of the RF.

Each drive signal for focus. Subsequently.1 2 3 4 1. in-focus. (It shows a case where the focus loop cannot be closed.2. track jump and carriage move. In the focus servo system. The DSP block is the signal-processing unit. where data decoding. pressing the focus close button. EQ CONTROL PWM FD 109 6 12 FOP LENS FOM FOCUS SEARCH TRIANGULAR WAVE GENERATOR 11 Fig. error correction. and ends up in outputting D/A-converted audio signals through the D/A converter. the in-focus point is looked for by moving the lens up and down with the focus search voltage of triangular signal. tracking. in 10 ms." and then. supplied to the spindle servo block. the EFM signal is decoded in the signal-processing unit. and SIN signals. and output drive signals for the focus.1 Focus servo system The main equalizer of the focus servo consists of the digital equalizer block.2. carriage. and then converted to analog data through the LPF.1. the rotation of the spindle motor is retained at a certain set speed by kicking the spindle motor. The focus-close operation is performed when the following three conditions are satisfied at the same time: 1) The lens moves toward the disc surface. can be monitored with the FIN.2. Also. C D IC201 PE5547A A+C B+D E 129 130 IC301 BA5839FP FE AMP A/D DIG. The FE and TE signals. after changed to analog form.2 SERVO BLOCK (PE5547A: IC201) A The servo block performs servo control such as error signal equalizing.) With the focus mode selector displaying 01 in the test mode. the FSS bit is shifted from "H" to "L. the spindle servo error signal is generated. The servo LSI monitors the FE and RFOK signals and automatically performs the focus-close operations at an appropriate timing. B 1.2 shows a series of actions concerning the focus close operations. These drive signals. When the above-mentioned conditions are met and the focus loop is closed. and compensation are performed. The figure 1. are A/D-converted. and carriage systems via the servo block.1 Block diagram of the focus servo system F 8 CX-3195 1 2 3 4 . Consequently. it is necessary to move the lens within the in-focus range in order to close the focus loop. and used to output the spindle drive signal. SD.2." the CPU of the LSI takes several actions including protection. Furthermore. 2) RFOK = "H" 3) The FE signal is zero-crossed. CIN. and actual lens behavior. search voltage.1. During this time. TIN. the CPU of the LSI starts monitoring the RFOK signal obtained through the low-pass filter. the FE converges to "0" (= REFO). the signals are amplified and supplied to the actuator and motor for each signal. Fig. respectively. TD. allows to check the S-shaped curve. For that purpose. generated in the preamplifier stage. in this decoding process. If the RFOK signal is determined to be "L. and MD) are output as PWM3 data. and spindle servos (FD.1 shows the block diagram of the focus servo system. tracking.

2 Tracking servo system The main equalizer of the tracking servo consists of the digital equalizer block.2.2.3 Block diagram of the tracking servo system E F CX-3195 5 6 7 8 9 .5 6 7 8 Search start Output from FD terminal A A blind period The broken line in the figure is assumed in the case without focus servo. EQ CONTROL PWM TD 110 2 14 13 TOP TOM LENS JUMP PARAMETERS Fig.2 Timing chart for focus close operations C 1.3 shows the block diagram of the tracking servo system. FE controlling signals You can ignore this for blind periods. Fig.1.2. FSS bit of SRVSTS1 resistor B RFOK signals The status of focus close is judged from the statuses of FSS and RFOK after about 10 mS. IC201 PE5547A E F 132 131 IC301 BA5839FP D TE AMP A/D DIG. The figure 1.1.2.

Also. The speed is approximately 10 times faster than in the normal mode. the off-track direction is determined from the TEC and MIRR signals. as well as their phase relation. SERVO CLOSED Fig. and the set number of tracks are counted using the TEC signal. the CPU of the LSI sets about half the number of the total tracks to jump (about five tracks for a 10-track jump).1 2 3 4 (a) The track jump operation is automatically performed by the auto-sequence function inside the LSI with a command from the CPU of the LSI. In the test mode. (b) Brake circuit Since the servo loop is not closed very well in the setup mode and track jump mode. The FF/REW action in the normal operation mode is realized by performing single jumps consecutively. as well as carriage A move can be performed and checked in mode selection.2. a single track jump and four to 100 multi-track jump are available in this system. and 32 * 3 track jumps. the brake circuit is used for stabilizing the servo-loop close operation. for increasing the tracking servo gain. The brake circuit detects the direction in which the lens moves. For the track jumps used in the search mode. and outputs only the drive signal for the direction opposite to the movement to slow down the lens. out of these track jumps. BRAKE OFF GAIN UP EQUALIZER D GAIN NORMAL NORMAL OPEN T. and stopping the lens.1. By outputting the brake pulse for a certain period of time (set by the CPU of the LSI) from the time the set number is counted. B BRAKE TD t2 t1 KICK C TEC ON T. Additionally. the tracking loop can be closed so that the normal play can be continued. 32. the brake circuit is kept ON for 50 msec. after the brake pulse is stopped. in order to facilitate closing of the tracking loop in a track jump. thereby stabilizing the tracking servo-loop close operation. In a track jump. 1.4 Single-track jump E F 10 CX-3195 1 2 3 4 .

8mS (32 TRACK JUMP) Fig.6 Track brake F CX-3195 5 6 7 8 11 .1.2. Fig.1.5 Multi-track jump C LENS MOVING FORWARDS (INNER TRACK TO OUTER) LENS MOVING BACKWARDS TEC TZC (TEC "SQUARED UP" ) (INTERNAL SIGNAL ) D MIRR MIRR LATCHED AT TZC EDGES SWITCHING PULSE = EQUALIZER OUTPUT (SWITCHED) E DRIVE DIRECTION REVERSE FORWARD Time Note : Equalizer output assumed to hava same phase as TEC.2.10 TRACK JUMP) 5.9mS (4. BRAKE SERVO SD t 2.5 6 7 8 TD t1 t2 A TEC (10 TRACK) GAIN UP EQUALIZER 50 mS NORMAL ON OFF OPEN CLOSED B T.

the equalizer output voltage may exceed the threshold level a few times.1. IC301 BA5839FP DIG. In this case. Also. the output waveform of the drive voltage from the LSI assumes a pulse-like form. Specifically. the equalizer gain is set to output higher voltage than the carriage motor starting voltage at this time. EQ CONTROL PWM SD 111 24 17 18 LCOP LCOM M CARRIAGE MOTOR KICK. after the gain is increased to a certain level. since it is necessary to move the whole pickup to the FORWARD direction when the lens offset reaches a certain level during the play mode. BRAKE REGISTERS C Fig. and only when it exceeds the threshold level. This can reduce the power consumption. outputs the drive signal from A the CD of the LSI. due to such causes as eccentricity of discs.2.2. a certain threshold level is preset in the servo LSI for the equalizer output. before the whole pickup starts moving.7 Block diagram for the carriage servo block TRACKING DRIVE (LOW FREQUENCY) D LENS POSITION CRG DRIVE (INSIDE UPD63711GC) DRIVE ON/OFF THRESHOLD CRG MOTOR VOLTAGE E CARRIAGE MOVED AT THESE POINTS Fig.8 Waveforms of the carriage signal F 12 CX-3195 1 2 3 4 . This signal is applied to the carriage motor via the driver IC.2.3 Carriage servo system The carriage servo system inputs the output of the low frequency component from the tracking equalizer (information on the lens position) to the carriage equalizer.1 2 3 4 1.1. the drive voltage will be output. In actual operations. B IC201 PE5547A From TRACK EQ. and.

the EFM waveform is monitored in the LSI. the mode is used to keep the disc rotation approximately normal. the brake voltage is sent out from the servo LSI. and the normal servo mode in the synchronous status. In both cases.1. a signal is created to show if they are "in-sync" or "non-sync. In accordance with the CPU of the LSI command. Used in the setup mode after the kick mode.5 6 7 8 1. Used during the play mode when the focus loop is unlocked. a flag is set inside the CD of the LSI. used in the normal operation. this mode is also used for grating confirmation.4 Spindle servo system In the spindle servo system. In the stop mode. and when the longest EFM pattern exceeds a certain interval (or the rotation slows down enough). and the CPU of the LSI switches off the brake voltage. b.2. In the applicable servo mode." The status is not recognized as asynchronous until the signal is "non-sync" for eight consecutive times. the voltage in both ends of the spindle motor is 0 V. the "H" or "L" level is input to the spindle equalizer. by WFCK/16 sampling whether the frame sync signal and the internal frame counter output are synchronized. B A C D IC201 PE5547A SPEED ERROR SIGNAL DSP BLOCK DIG. until the TBAL adjustment is completed. In the EFM demodulation block. 6) Rough servo Used in carriage feed (carriage move mode such as long search). the disc will be ejected after the period of time mentioned above elapses. 2) Offset a.9 Block diagram of the spindle servo system F CX-3195 5 6 7 8 13 . EQ PWM MD 112 IC301 BA5839FP 16 26 15 SOP SOM M SPINDLE MOTOR E EFM SIGNAL PHASE ERROR SIGNAL Fig. If a flag is not set within a certain period. At this time. until it is locked again. In the test mode. the CPU of the LSI shifts the mode from the brake mode to the stop mode. 3) Applicable servo CLV servo mode. If the mode switches to this stop mode in the eject operation. 4) Brake Used to stop the spindle motor. otherwise it is recognized as synchronous.2. the following modes are available: 1) Kick Used to accelerate the disc rotation in the setup mode. By obtaining the linear velocity from the EFM waveform. and retains the mode for a certain period of time. 5) Stop Used when the power is turned on and during the eject operation. the leading-in servo mode is automatically selected in the asynchronous status.

Then.3. This adjustment is performed at the same timing as the auto-gain control.3. positive. respectively. since disturbance is input to the focus loop.3. B 2) The CPU of the LSI calculates the voltages for correction from the values read in 1). F 14 CX-3195 1 2 3 4 . when they are in LDOFF status. a series of steps are repeated for better adjustment accuracy. Additionally.1 2 3 4 1.3 AUTOMATIC ADJUSTMENT FUNCTION A In this system. . 1.) Adjusting procedure 1) The CPU of the LSI reads respective offsets through the CD of the LSI. 4) The CPU of the LSI issues a command and reads out the detected results from the CD of the LSI. following a certain rule. and . C 1. the same as in the auto-gain control. Adjusting procedure 1) The CPU of the LSI issues the command to introduce disturbance to the focus loop (inside the CD of the servo LSI). the amp gains for E-ch and F-ch should be changed.BAL) auto-adjustment This adjustment equalizes the output difference of the E-ch and F-ch from the pickup by changing the amplifier gain inside the CD of the LSI. in this adjusting. FE. utilizing the phase difference between the 3T level waveform of the RF waveform and that of when focus error disturbance is input. 2) Kick the lens in the radial direction to ensure the generation of the TE waveform. 5) The CPU of the LSI calculates the necessary correction and substitutes the result to the bias adjustment term inside E D the CD of the LSI.3 FE bias auto-adjustment This adjustment is to maximizes the RFO level by optimizing the focus point during the play mode. 1.When the offset amount is 0. steps 2) to 4) are repeated until the offset amount becomes 0 or the repetition reaches the limit number of times. and RF offsets are 0 V. FE. 3) The CPU of the LSI reads the offset amount of the TE signal calculated in the LSI at the time through the CD of the LSI. 0 V.0. Details of each adjustment will be explained below. and substitutes the corrected values to prescribed places to adjust. adjustment is performed so that the TE waveform becomes symmetrical on each side of the REFO.2 Tracking balance (T. all the circuit adjustments are automated inside the CD of the LSI. 2) The waver of the 3T component of the RF signal is detected in the CD of the LSI. In actual operation. FE. .8 V.1 TE. the adjustment is completed. All adjustments are performed whenever a disc is inserted or the CD mode is selected by pressing the source key. and RF amplifier offsets of the preamplifier block in POWER ON are adjusted to the respective target values with the REFO as reference. and RF offset auto-adjustment In this adjustment the TE. 4) The CPU of the LSI determines the offset amount is 0.When the offset amount is positive or negative. (The target values for TE. 3) The relation between the 3T component above and the disturbance is processed inside the CD of the LSI to detect the volume and direction of the focus offset. Adjusting procedure 1) After closing the focus loop. or negative. which will be described later.

4) The CPU of the LSI calculates the necessary correction and performs the loop gain adjustment inside the CD of the LSI. Adjusting procedure 1) Introduce disturbance to the servo loop. For increased adjustment accuracy. The adjustment is performed by changing the amp gain between RFO and RFAGC.5 RF level auto-adjustment (RFAGC) This adjustment is to adjust the dispersion of the RF level (RFO). 2) The error signals (FE and TE) when disturbance is introduced are extracted through the band pass filter. the whole RFAMP gains will be increased by + 6 dB or + 12 dB. which may be caused by mechanism or disc-related factors. and 2) immediately before the setup is completed (or when the play mode is about to start). to a steady value for reliable signal transmission. A 1. 3) The CPU of the LSI sends a command to the CD of the LSI to adjust the amp gain to the level calculated in 2).7 Initial values in adjustment All automatic adjustments immediately after inserting a disc are performed based on the initial values. TE. Adjusting procedure When the system determines that the reflected beams from the disc surface are extremely weak during the setup mode. or a CD-RW is played.4 Focus and tracking AGC This adjustment is to automatically adjust the focus and tracking servo loop gains. Automatic adjustments by source change or ACC ON are basically performed using the previous adjustment values as the initial values. Adjusting procedure 1) The CPU of the LSI issues a command and reads out the output from the RF level detection circuit inside the CD of the LSI. to obtain the G1 and G2 signals. and RF amplifiers) are increased by + 6 dB or + 12 dB. such as when the lens is dirty. depending on the situation. gains in the whole RFAMP block (FE.3. E F CX-3195 5 6 7 8 15 . B C 1. the same adjustment process is repeated a few times.3.6 Adjustment of gains in preamplifier stage In this adjustment. 2) From the read values. the CPU of the LSI calculates the amp gain to change the RFO level to the target. 3) The CPU of the LSI reads the G1 and G2 signals through the CD of the LSI. when reflected beams from the disc surface are extremely weak.5 6 7 8 1. This adjustment is performed 1) when only the focus close operation is completed during the setup mode. D 1.3.3.

When the coefficient is 0. Ex. 35 .6 dB. The coefficient of 7 to 10 indicates to decrease the RF level (for less gains).) 3) RF level adjustment (RFAGC) Reference value = 8 The coefficient of 9 to 15 indicates to increase the RF level (for more gains).8 Coefficient display of adjustment results For some of the adjustments (FE and RF offset. When the AGC coefficient is 40.3. which means the FE offset before adjustment is . the gain is the maximum at TYP + 7. When the coefficient is 15.32 = 3 x 32 mV = 96 mV The correction is about +96 mV. the adjustment results can be displayed and confirmed in the test mode.4. When the coefficient changes by 1. FZD cancel. the gain changes by 0. A The coefficient display in each auto adjustment is as follows: 1) FE and RF offset Reference value = 32 (coefficient of 32 indicates that no adjustment is required) The value is displayed in the unit of approximately 32 mV. 2) F and T gain adjustment Reference value for focus and tracking = 20 B The displayed coefficient / the reference value indicates the adjusted gain.96 mV. and RFAGC). the gain is the minimum at TYP . adjustment of 40 / 20 = 2 times (+ 6 dB) has been performed.1 2 3 4 1. When the FE offset coefficient is 35. (It means that the original loop gain was half the target. C D E F 16 CX-3195 1 2 3 4 . Ex. and the whole gain was doubled to obtain the target value.9 dB. F and T gains.7 to 1 dB.

3 ± 0. are used.1. no particular control terminals are available. For ON/OFF of the Loading drive. the VD (7. Also. The CPU of the LSI controls ON/OFF with "CONT". A CN901 B 15 PGND 18 29 IC301 LOADING M MOTOR BA5839FP LCOM 17 10 19 9 22 CONT LOEJ 21 CLCONT 43 5 LCOP 1 2 VD 28 41 C IC201 PE5547A 10 14 GND 6 DSCSNS 8EJ 7 12EJ 8 9 HOME D 9 VDD 3.5 6 7 8 1.3 V).5 V) and the VDD (3.4. the LCO output switches LOADING MODE and CARRIAGE MODE with "CLCONT". are used in this system.2 Loading/carriage mode shift CX-3195 5 6 7 8 17 . The two power supplies.1 Power supply/loading system circuit block E CLCONT Loading Mode Carriage Mode Loading Mode F Fig.5 ± 0. but the input signal "LOEJ" assumes an equivalent role. except for Load/Eject of the CD driver.3VDD S903 S905 S904 S901 Fig.4 POWER SUPPLY AND LOADING BLOCK For the power supply for this system. and the VDD (for the LSI: 3. which are supplied from the motherboard.1.4. the VD mentioned above (for the drive system).165 V).

Each status is shown in Fig.3 and the status change in Fig.1 2 3 4 The load/eject operation is controlled with the status changes of the HOME switch (also used for clamp detection) on the mechanism unit and the three switches on the control unit.1. Using the detection results in the microcomputer. The disc size detection (8 or 12 cm) is also performed through this status change.4.4.3 DSCSNS status LOADING 12 cm 12EJ C SW_ON SW_OFF SW CHANGES 8EJ DSCSNS HOME CLCONT CONTROL LOEJ MOTOR STOP LOAD STOP It changes Load/Carriage D 8 cm 12EJ SW CHANGES 8EJ DSCSNS HOME E CLCONT CONTROL LOEJ MOTOR STOP LOAD Dead zone STOP F 18 CX-3195 1 2 3 4 . DSCSNS 8SW 12SW HOME Status SW1(S903) SW2(S905) SW3(S904) SW4(S901) Mechanism state A OFF ON ON OFF With no disc B ON ON ON OFF C ON OFF ON OFF D ON OFF OFF OFF E ON ON ON ON Clamp state B Fig.1.4.1.4. each status (A to E) is determined. The ON/OFF statuses of these switches are respectively A detected at the input port of the microcomputer.

4.5 6 7 8 EJECT 12 cm 12EJ 8EJ DSCSNS HOME A SW CHANGES CONTROL CLCONT B LOEJ MOTOR STOP EJECT STOP 8 cm 12EJ SW CHANGES 8EJ DSCSNS HOME C CONTROL CLCONT LOEJ MOTOR STOP EJECT Dead zone STOP D Fig.1.4 Status change in LOAD and EJECT modes E F CX-3195 5 6 7 8 19 .

the Load Carriage Motor is started and the rubber roller rotates. (The left and right of SW Arm are coupled. the coupled joint will lock. 12cm-disc passes under the Guide Pins and the Centering Pins. If the disc is a 12cm-disc. SW3 is not turned ON. and centered in the back position of the mechanism. When SW1 is switched from ON to OFF. and the microcomputer determines that the disc is a 12cm-disc. MECHANISM DESCRIPTIONS .) Load Carriage Motor Pickup Unit B SW3 C SW2 Rubber Roller DISC SW1 SW Arm L D SW Arm R . 8cm-disc is centered by the Guide Pins and the Centering Pins. Centering Pin Centering Pin 8cm-Disc E Guide Pin Guide Pin Guide Pin 12cm-Disc Centering Pin F 20 CX-3195 1 2 3 4 . 2. SW Arm L and R rotate and SW1 is switched from ON to OFF. and the microcomputer determines that the disc is an 8cm-disc. and when only one side is pushed.Disc centering mechanism 1. and the arms will not open more than a certain width (SW3 will not be turned ON).Loading actions A 1. 2. 3. a clamp action is triggered. In case of an 8cm-disc.1 2 3 4 2. When a disc is inserted. SW3 is turned ON with SW Arm.

At the same time. For an 8cm-disc.5 6 7 8 . The Clamp Lever slides and lowers the Clamp Arm (the disc is clamped). Also the arm slides the Mechanical Lock Lever. The movement of the Detection Arm engages the Loading Rack with the 2-Stage Gear. and OFF again. turns the Mechanical Lock Arm.Clamp actions mechanism 1. 3. 3. For a 12cm-disc. When the arm is rotated. and the carriage operation will start Clamp Arm Feed Screw's Gear Clamp Lever 3 1 A Detection Arm 1 Loading Rack 2 2-Stage Gear B 8 7 Gear Lock Arm 4 5 Planet Gear Roller Up Arm C Rubber Roller Mech Lock Arm 6 Mech Lock Lever . and the Rubber Roller is separated from the disc. Eject is completed when SW3 is switched OFF.Eject actions 1. completing the clamp operation. 2. Eject is completed when SW2 is switched OFF. When the clamp action is completed. the eject action will start in the reverse order of the procedure mentioned earlier. and releases the mechanical lock. the Roller Up Arm is rotated. 2. D E F CX-3195 5 6 7 8 21 . the Clamp Lever rotates the Gear Lock Arm. 4. With an 8 or 12cm-disc centered on the spindle. the Planet Gear is separated from the 2-Stage Gear and engaged with the gear of the pickup feed screw. and OFF again. and the pickup is fed to the inner periphery passing the home SW ON point. When the Load Carriage Motor is rotated backward. the Detection Arm is moved. ON. ON.

remove it from the three Dampers. 3. 2. remove the two Springs (A). DISASSEMBLY .Removing the Upper and Lower Frames 1. and remove the Upper Frame. be sure to apply some alcohol to the Dampers and assemble the mechanism in a clamped state. Caution: When assembling. .How to hold the Mechanism Unit A 1. because it is not very solid. B B a Upper Frame C B B B B A D Damper Damper A Carriage Mechanism Lower Frame E F 22 CX-3195 1 2 3 4 . 2. Hold the Upper and Lower Frames. Turn the Upper Frame using the part "a" as a pivot. the six Springs (B). and the four Screws. B Do not squeeze this area. With a disc inserted and clamped in the mechanism. Do not hold the front portion of the Upper Frame. While lifting the Carriage Mechanism.1 2 3 4 3.

) 3.5 6 7 8 . Remove the two Screws and Bevel Gear Bracket. Bevel Gear Bracket 1 A B Spring 3 C 2 1 Guide Arm Assy Spring D E F CX-3195 5 6 7 8 23 .Removing the Guide Arm Assy 1. (Note that the gears will come off. When it is turned about 45 degrees. 4. 5. Remove the two Springs from the left and right sides. assemble with the Bevel Gear Bracket moved to the direction of the arrow (1). Caution: When assembling. Remove the Upper and Lower Frames and set the mechanism to the eject mode. and turn it upward. 2. Slide the Guide Arm Assy to the left. slide it to the right and remove.

Unsolder the four leads. assemble it with the SW in a clamped state so as not to damage it. 2. Apply Shorting Solder to the flexible cable of the Pickup.) 3. C Spring D Spring Roller Arm Assy E F 24 CX-3195 1 2 3 4 .How to remove the Roller Arm Assy 1. Slide the Roller Arm Assy to the left. (If the Spring can be removed. depending on the type of CD Core Unit. and disconnect it from the connector. Remove the Spring. Shorting Solder A Screw B CD Core Unit Solder . the unit need not be removed. and loosen the Screw. Remove the Guide Arm Assy.How to remove the CD Core Unit 1. Remove the CD Core Unit.1 2 3 4 . 2. 4. 3. Caution: When assembling the CD Core Unit. Remove the CD Core Unit.

and have it clamped. While releasing from the hook of the Inner Holder. Make the system in the carriage mechanism mode. Remove the Poly Washer. taking the plate (Chassis) in-between. Remove the CD Core Unit and remove the leads from the Inner Holder. lift the end of the Feed Screw. Assemble the sub unit side of the Pickup. Caution: When assembling. Change Arm. 4. and Pickup Lock Arm.How to remove the Pickup Unit 1. 3. When treating the leads of the Load Carriage Motor Assy. move the Planet Gear to the load/eject position before setting the Feed Screw in the Inner Holder. 2. do not make them loose over the Feed Screw. Poly Washer Pickup Lock Arm Inner Holder Feed Screw B A Change Arm Planet Gear Pickup Rack Chassis C Pickup D E F CX-3195 5 6 7 8 25 .5 6 7 8 .

1 2 3 4 . 4. and Pickup Lock Arm. 3. Release the leads (orange and purple) of Load Carriage Motor Assy from the CD Core Unit and remove the holder. Remove the Poly Washer. Gear Bracket Screw B Screw A Bevel Gear Bracket A Poly Washer Change Arm Pickup Lock Arm B Load Carriage Motor Assy Screw C C 1 D E F 26 CX-3195 1 2 3 4 . 5. and remove all the gears. do not make them loose over the Feed Screw. Remove the two Screws (C) and the Load Carriage Motor Assy. Remove the two Screws (B) and the Gear Bracket (remove the CD Core Unit. move it to the direction shown in the illustration (1). if necessary). and have it clamped. Change Arm.How to remove the Load Carriage Motor Assy 1. 2. Make the system in the carriage mechanism mode. Caution: When assembling the Load Carriage Motor Assy. When treating the leads of the Load Carriage Motor Assy. Remove the two Screws (A) and the Bevel Gear Bracket (Note that the gears will come off). 6.

Make the system in the carriage mechanism mode. 3. 5. 2. and have it clamped. Make the system in the carriage mechanism mode. A Spring B Clamp Arm Assy Spring Detection Pin Spring A place the boss in the cam Detection Pin C . and set the mechanism to the eject mode. and remove the Spindle Motor Assy. place the boss of the Detection Pin in the cam unit of the Loading Rack.5 6 7 8 .How to remove the Spindle Motor Assy 1. and remove. 4.How to remove the Clamp Arm Assy 1.Remove the two Screws.Set the mechanism to the clamped and move the Pickup to circumference. 2.Set the mechanism to the eject mode and remove the Clamp Arm Assy. turn the Clamp Arm Assy upward. Screw D Spindle Motor Assy E F CX-3195 5 6 7 8 27 . While pressing the position A. Remove the three Springs.Remove the CD Core Unit and remove the leads from the Inner Holder. 3. slide it to the left. Caution: When assembling.