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S.

1 CHEMISTRY EXAM
END OF TERM ONE 2008.
Time: 2Hours
Instructions:
The paper consists of sections A and B.
Section A consists forty compulsory objective type of question. For each of the questions
1-40. Four alternative lettered A, B, C and D are given choose the letter which
corresponds to the best alternative indicate it in the box on the left hand side.
Section B part one consists five structured (short answer) compulsory questions. Answer
to this section must be written in the spaces provided. Well labeled diagram, proper use
of terms will be awarded extra credit.
Section B part two contains four essay type or semi structured questions. Answers to
this section must be written on the foolscaps.
Attempt two questions from this section. Begin each essay on a fresh page.

FOR OFFICIAL USE:
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form vapor that reacts within urine and give it a good smell. A. Handle apparatus without permission C. C. Which of the following is used to put out a fire? A. Condense 5. Read the account below to answer Q4 and 5. Which of the following substances would catch fire when exposed. gives off vapor that discourages bad smell and kills insects B. rays of light and a loud bang 2 . 6. reduce space for urine and insects C. rays of right in zig zag way. particles moving in random direction B. gasoline (petrol) 3. A. Turn off running water gas D.SECTION A 1. sound 2. Naphthalene (moth balls) are put in a cupboard where there are insects and urinals. Carbon dioxide. carbon dioxide D. Melt B. Freeze C. sand C. Enter without permission B. soot D. Student was observing smoke under a microscope he saw. Water vapor 7. Sublime D. Mercury vapor B. Which of the following is the reason why the balls are used in the places mentioned to. produce pleasant smell that destroy urine and attract insect D. water B. particles were motionless D. light B. Cooking oil vapor D. C. 4. heat C. A. Inside the lab one is not suppose to A. The following is formed in the luminous flame except. Listen to instructions. A. The balls diminish in size because they A.

The centre of the Bunsen flame is cool. Match stick head Nichrome wire The diagram above is intended to prove A. 11. D. 12. Mercury from mixing with water.5 B. Recording a lower temperature. The luminous flame has three zones D.9 C. 59.5 D. The boiling part of the same liquid at 0 feet is A. Bunsen burner B. The boiling part of a liquid is 560 C at 3500 feet. Glass mixing with mercury. 61. Which of the following would import a salty taste? A. Excessive bubbling of the hot liquid. the boiling point drops by 1oC) 9. Electric balance 13. 10. Sucrose (cane sugar) C. C. C. The nichrome wire glows red hot in the outer zone. A match stick catches fire when exposed. 3 . B. Periodic table D. When finding the temperature of a water bath the bulb of the thermometer does not touch the beaker this is to prevent. Quick boiling of a liquid B. Ethanol (alcohol) D. Gentle boiling of a liquid. 56.8. C. Over heating. Which of the following has contributed to the modern study of chemistry? A. A. Lemon Juice. Quick building of vapor pressure. Electron microscope. Sodium carbonate (soda ash) B. C. A boiling chip enables A.5 (For every 1000 feet rise in altitude. D. Study the diagram below and answer the question. 53. B.

turn on the gas lap. Which of the following would one use to determine the boiling point of water? A. Melting D. strike the metal. 4 . Bunsen flame D. B. The following are destructive uses of chemistry except. reacted with glass to form a black substance. Plastics and herbicides D. soot D. B. was using a luminous flame B. Trough and pestle. Sublimation C. Which of the following would turn air colored? A. D. heat B. water bath. 18. 17. Sulphur powder.14. light C. A. Which of the following is the reason why the tube turned black? The Student/substance. Bromine Vapor C. strike the metal. 20. connect the rubber wire. open the article. The tube suddenly became black. connect the rubber wire. Drugs and poisonous. C. 15. filter paper and filter funnel C. Potassium manganate (VII) B. Exhaust pipe fumes. Skin lightening creams and dental creams C. Soaps and deodorants. connect the rubber wire. wood fire B. A student was heating a substance in the test tube. turn on the gas. strike the metal. tube. Which of the following is not formed in a semi luminous flame? A. light the metal. D. beaker and spatula D. Which of the following is the correct procedure of lighting the Bunsen burner? A. Condensation. which of the following apparatus did he use? A. was using a non luminous flame D. turn on the gas lap. 16. mortar and pestle B. A. 19. gave off a black vapor C. sand bath C. Evaporation B. A student wanted to make a mixture from sugar and salt. The process by which dew is formed is A. turn on the gas lap. sand 21.

reappears in the cool parts of the tube. The substance is said to A. 24. too much air D. 25. low pressure of gas. kerosene (lamp oil). is a good conductor of heat D.22. Afrigas. Fuels B. Lukewarm water is water which is. Sublime D. A substance disappears from the hot bottom of the tube. A. Chemicals of life C. Evaporate B. condense C. 29. too hot and uncomfortable to touch D. slightly above room temperature C. The red vapor spread in both jars. A gas jar containing air was inverted over red vapor another jar containing a red liquid. at room temperature B. “Hail” stones is solid. too little gas B. lustrous (shiny) and easy to follow its movement C. Clouds D. A. Freeze. Heating appliances D. fire wood and charcoal belong to a group of substances called A. Lighting appliances 26. Bromine D. carbon dioxide C. “Strike” back is caused by A. Toilet soap is perfurmed in order to A. discourage offensive odour D. neither hot not cold. Which of the following is the reason why mercury is used in thermometers? It A. Snow 28. Which of the following was the liquid? A. give the skin a supple appearance C. water B. Petrol B. 5 . expands and contracts B. does not stick on the wall of glass. kill germs B. 27. Linctus (cough mixture) 23. remove dirt from the skin. high pressure of gas C. blood C.

. A bunsen burner has ...... 1 B..... Salt and sand are solids.. sand is grey. They can be told apart by the fact that. ion C. 4 32. The smallest part of matter is A. 3 D..brown... sand melts above 3000C salts melts at 800oC 33. A. Element 6 . A For evaporation processes were carried out as shown which of them was not correctly carried out? B C D 31.. C. molecule B. sand has no taste. Sand is rough... 2 C. atom D. salt is white D.... salt is smooth B.30.holes A.. salt is sweet.

Test tube. B. charcoal particles.34. It is possible to put out a Bunsen flame because the Bunsen burner has A. clay particles C. far apart. sweat from the body evaporates leaving solid salt. gas jet C. It is easy to liquefy a gas than a solid because the particles in a gas are (have) A. below 0oC C. between 0 and 100oC B. sublimes after drawing heat from the body C. D. 39. 7 . which are restricted in their movement. chimney D. which vibrate randomly D. above 100oC D. Which of the following would one use to measure ten litre of water? A. A. A stone is rigid because it contains particles A. D. B. B. The melting part of sucrose (cane sugar) is above 110oC To determine the melting point of sugar one has to use a thermometer which reads. Which of the following best explain the above observations? The liquid A. dust particles B. between 0oC and 400oC. Measuring cylinder. D. Which of the following would elevate the boiling point of water? A. weak forces of attraction C. Dissolves salt from the skin leaves the skin white. 36. B. which are immobile C. 40. 38. in clusters. which vibrate away from mean positions B. 35. C. Volumetric flask. salt crystals. connection to the gas tap. gas taps. the skin temperature evaporates the liquid makes it cool and dissolves part of the skin. A liquid was dropped on the skin the drop disappeared was leaving a white patch where the drop was and the skin felt cold. strong forces of attraction. 37. Trough. D.

.. (3mks) Give the use of each part labeled. 8 ................................... ........................................... ............ ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... State the kinetic theory............................................................ Give the name of each state............................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Name a substance that exists in three states of matter........................................ ........................................................................................................................... (2mks) ........................................... (3mks) ....................................... 42... (1mk) ............................................................................................................................................................... ...............................................................................................................................SECTION B PART 1............... (3mks) .... Draw a labeled diagram of the Bunsen burner................................. 41(a).......................................................................... ......

................................................................................................ (b)................................................................................................................. ... ............................................................................... ……………………………………………………………………………………… (c).... Beaker...................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................ Draw the following laboratory apparatus and state their uses........................43................................. (2mks) ................... ................................................................................................................................................................................. (2mks) ................. .................. Melting and freezing................... ____________________ Distinguish between Boiling and Evaporation........................................................................... (1 ½mks each) spatula Teat pipette (dropper)....................................................... (2mks) .......................................................... 9 .................................................... .............................................................................................. Reagent bottle Use________________ use_________________ Use________________ use_________________ _ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ___________________ 44.... Sublimation and condensation...................... (a)............. ......

........................................................ (6mks) Give the properties of the flame....................................................................... Atom.... Mixture........................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................. Element.......................................................... Give two example of each (2mks) (4mks) 10 ........................................ ……………………………………………………………………………………… 45................................................................................................................ SECTION B PART II: 46(a) What is a flame? (2mks) Draw a labeled diagram of the flame formed when the air hole of the Bunsen (b).............................................................. ................................................. (1mk) .................................................................................................................. ...................................................................................................... ................................................................................................ ............................... .. Distinguish between volatile and non volatile liquid............................... Compound..... .................................................................................................................................................................................................... (3mks) 47 (a)............................................... .............................. (4mks) State two problems and causes encountered in the Bunsen burner...... Molecule............................................ (1mk) ............................................................................................................. burner is closed..................... (1mk) ............................................................................................................................................................................................. Define the following terms.... ..................... (1mk) ............... ... (1mk) ............................................................................................................................................................................................

(b). 48. 11 . Ethanol (alcohol) (v). Ammonia solution. Describe an experiment carried out to determine the boiling point of named volatile liquid in you description include a diagram of the apparatus and two precaution taken during the experiment. 49 Describe tests carried out as evidence for existence of particles using the following substances. Smoke What is an Experiment? Write an essay of not less than 150 words titled (3mks) (3mks) (3mks) (3mks) (3mks) (2mks) “My first chemistry experiment” In your description include the apparatus you used. (iv). Potassium manganate (VII) (ii). (i). experimental procedures and what was observed. disappointing and fear you had about chemistry as a subject. State clearly what was interesting. Sodium Chloride (common salt) (iii).