Hot tapping: cost effective pipeline modification and repair

- without the need for shutdown

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

What is hot tapping?
"efinition# $hat is it used for%
Hot tapping is a method of making a connection into an existing pipe or vessel which is still under pressure or live Additional branches allowing supply to and from other areas of plant etc Entry points for isolation equipment line stops inflatable isolation equipment etc !onitoring points for temperature probes etc. Can be performed without the need to shut down the plant. No need for loss of production or supply to other areas

$hat are the advantages%

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

Where can hot tapping be used?
Oil and gas setor  Onshore, offshore and subsea etro!hemi!al industr"  H"dro!arbons # !rude $ hea%" oils  &ight oils, diesel, 'erosene, petroleum, motor oils  (arious !hemi!als o)er generating industr"  *team and )ater harma!euti!al $ food industr"  Compressed air  Food produ!ts +ater industr"  otable )ater and se)erage
24” hot tap machine in position

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

Hot tapping: the Furmanite IPSCO advantage
 *pe!ialist engineering ser%i!es pro%ider  (ast global e,perien!e in pipeline inter%ention te!hni-ues  *uitabl" -ualified e,perien!ed personnel .*/0 1  0,tensi%e in%entor" and personnel enable multiple hot tap pro2e!ts to be underta'en simultaneously  &arge diameter !apabilit"  Full range of fittings and e-uipment in sto!' at all times

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

Hot tapping: basic procedure
 4he hot tapping ma!hine !onsists of a teles!opi! boring bar, me!hani!all" dri%en, ad%an!ing a !utting tool  4he full bore %al%e .a!ting as a !ontrol %al%e1 allo)s the drilling ma!hine to be remo%ed  Conne!tion to e,isting pipe is made through a full en!ir!lement split tee .)elded or me!hani!al1 )hi!h !ontains s"stem pressure and pro%ides a !onne!tor outlet  Cutter and pilot )ith !oupon are remo%ed from e,isting pipe5 4he !oupon is retained b" pilot drill me!hanism

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

The Furmanite IPSCO folding head system
4he benefits
 0-uipment is lighter and more readil" transported to site  7edu!ed )or'spa!e re-uired around the pipe  *i8es up to 92: .;< 1=00 mm1  ressures up to 143psi .10 bar1

60” folding head

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure
Step 1:
4he hot tapping ma!hine is mounted on to the tapping %al%e

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure
Step 2:
4he !utter/pilot assembl" is ad%an!ed until it tou!hes the parent pipe, then the hot tap is started

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure
Step 3:
+hen the pilot brea's through produ!t fills the %oid5 >ir is e,pelled through the tapping ma!hine purge %al%e, and %al%e is then !losed to retain the pressure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure
Step 4:
+hen pilot is !ompletel" through stop rotation and ad%an!e to allo) u-)ires to drop

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure
Step 5:
+hen !utter tou!hes top of pipe the ma!hine is restarted so that the !ut !an be !ompleted

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure
Step 6:
+hen the !ut is !omplete the ma!hine is stopped and !utter ad%an!ed to !onfirm that the tap is !omplete

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure
*tep 9?
Coupon and !utter are )ithdra)n )ith the !oupon or !ut out retained b" the u-)ires

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he hot tapping procedure
Step 8:
4he tapping %al%e is then !losed and the ma!hine !an be remo%ed

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

How is the coupon retained?
*tandard option? @-)ires
ilot drill has u-)ires )hi!h pre%ent the !oupon from falling into the line  4his method is suitable for the %ast ma2orit" of hot taps  4he limitations areA - Bas %elo!ities up to 10 m/s .20 mph1 - &i-uid %elo!ities up to 3 m/s .10 mph1 

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her pro!ess in operation

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

4he !oupon !at!her process

ositi%e retention pilot drill Cutting head and pilot drill )ith !oupon retained

7emo%al of !oupon on 36: hot tap

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

Hot tapping? referred angles of tap
*tandard %erti!al tap - no unusual problems >ngled %erti!al tap - no problems for angles less than 43 degrees >s the angle of tap rotates around there be!omes more !han!e of the s)arf from the tap !oming ba!' to)ards the %al%e and the tapping ma!hine adapter resulting in problems !losing the %al%e and )ithdra)ing the !utter full" 4he measuring rod )ill tend to fall out5 Ct is also !onsiderabl" harder to install the drilling ma!hine into position

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

Non-standard hot taps
!an" taps
4>;D C@4407

C&O4 <7C&&

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

Non-standard hot taps
#ateral or angled taps
COE 0;*>4C;B ><

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

Non-standard hot taps
$illside taps
COE 0;*>4C;B ><

 Compensated pad re-uired to pro%ide flat fa!e for the pilot drill  +eld !ompensating pad in position prior to )elding bran!h !onne!tion  0,tended !utter ma" be re-uired

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

Non-standard hot taps
%l&ow taps
COE 0;*>4C;B ><

 Compensated pad re-uired to pro%ide flat fa!e for the pilot drill  +eld !ompensating pad in position prior to )elding bran!h !onne!tion  0,tended !utter ma" be re-uired

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

Hot tap limitations
Ea,imum pressure
 0-uipment is rated to 1440 *C .100 bar1 F 100GF .3=GC1  ressures abo%e this !an be hot tapped, spe!ialist pro!edures and e-uipment re-uired .refer to "our Furmanite !onta!t1

Ea,imum temperature
 0-uipment is rated to 900GF .391GC1 F 900 *C .4= bar1

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

What in ormation is required?
&ine details
 ;ominal si8e  +all thi!'ness  <esign parameters -!ontents, pressure $ temperature  Operating !onditions - if different

Hran!h details  ;ominal si8e  +all thi!'ness  &ength  Flange/interfa!e spe!ifi!ation  Clearan!e spa!e for hot tapping ma!hine (al%e details  (al%e t"pe - e5g5 ball, gate, et!  (al%e bore  O%erall length
Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

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Hot tapping

Equipment preparation
Ea!hine *ele!tion  *i8e of bran!h to be hot tapped and !utter to be used  *i8e of parent pipe .t"pe of !utter1  +all thi!'ness of parent pipe .po)er re-uired1  Eaterial of parent pipe .!utting material $ form1  4otal !ombined length of %al%e and bran!h .tra%el1  Contents, pressure and temperature .seal suitabilit"1  Clearan!e spa!e for ma!hine Ea!hine reparation  (al%e adapter  Cutter t"pe  ilot drill  Cutter holder
Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

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Hot tapping

Clearance re!uired for hot tap machines
Note:
;ot 2ust I and J but ho) to get the ma!hine into position '

&

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

Hot tapping applications
4"pi!al hot tap lo!ations

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping

Hot tapping fittings and e'uipment
0,tensi%e in%entor" for !ustomer use
 Close-sure !ompletion flanges  *plit tees  urge e-ualisation fittings  4opping ma!hines  Ee!hani!al line stop fittings  *ure stop tees )ith bottom outlet prepped for )elding  *pheri!al three-)a" tees  4hree-)a" line stop tees

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04

Hot tapping: cost effective pipeline modification and repair
- without the need for shutdown

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Furmanite Confidential - 1/9/04