第三回:議溫明董卓叱丁原,餽金珠李肅說呂布 第三回: 第三 di4 san1 third,number three 回 hui2 to circle,to go back,to turn around,to answer,to return,to revolve

,Hui ethnic group (Chinese Muslims),time,classifier for acts of a play,section or chapter (of a classic book) : 議溫明董卓叱丁原, 議 yi4 to criticize,to discuss(议) 溫 wen1 warm,lukewarm,temperature,to warm up,mild,soft,tender,to review,to revise,epidemic,surname Wen(温) 明 ming2 clear,bright,to understand,next,the Ming dynasty (1368-1644),surname Ming 董卓 Dong3 Zhuo2 Dong Zhuo (-192), top general of late Han, usurped power in 189, murdered empress dowager and child emperor, killed in 192 by Lü Bu 呂布|吕布 叱 chi4 to scold,shout at,to hoot at 丁 ding1 fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,fourth in order,letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,butyl,surname Ding,cubes (of food) 原 yuan2 former,original,primary,raw,level,cause,source , 餽金珠李肅說呂布 餽 kui4 make a present 金 jin1 gold Au, transition metal, atomic number 79,metal,money,the Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115-1234),surname Jin or Kim 珠 zhu1 bead,pearl 李 li3 plum,surname Li 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 說 shui4 to canvass,to persuade(说) shuo1 to speak,to say,a theory (usually in compounds such as 日心说 heliocentric theory)(说) 呂布 Lu:3 Bu4 Lü Bu, general and warlord(吕布) 且說曹操當日對何進曰:「宦官之禍,古今皆有;但世主不當假之權寵,使至於此。若欲治罪,當除元惡,但付 一獄吏足矣,何必紛紛召外兵乎?欲盡誅之,事必宣露。吾料其必敗也。」何進怒曰:「孟德亦懷私意耶?」操 退曰:「亂天下者,必進也。」進乃暗差使命齎密詔,星夜往各鎮去。 且說曹操當日對何進曰: 且 qie3 further,moreover 說 shui4 to canvass,to persuade(说) shuo1 to speak,to say,a theory (usually in compounds such as 日心说 heliocentric theory)(说) 曹操 Cao2 Cao1 Cao Cao (155-220), famous statesman and general at the end of Han, noted poet and calligrapher, later warlord, founder and first king of Cao Wei 曹魏, father of Emperor Cao Pi 曹丕,the main villain of novel the Romance of Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义 當日 dang1 ri4 that very day,the same day(当日) 對 dui4 couple,pair,to be opposite,to oppose,to face,versus,for,to,correct (answer),to answer,to reply,to direct (towards sth),right(对) 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say

: 「宦官之禍, 「 宦官 huan4 guan1 eunuch,functionary 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 禍 huo4 disaster(祸) , 古今皆有;但世主不當假之權寵, 古今 gu3 jin1 then and now,ancient and modern 皆 jie1 all,each and every,in all cases 有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be ; 但 dan4 but,yet,however,only,merely,still 世 shi4 life,age,generation,era,world,lifetime 主 zhu3 to own,to host,master,lord,primary 不當 bu4 dang4 unsuitable,improper,inappropriate(不当) 假 jia3 fake,false,artificial,to borrow,if,suppose jia4 vacation 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 權 quan2 authority,power,right,temporary(权) 寵 chong3 to love,to pamper,to spoil,to favor(宠) , 使至於此。 使 shi3 to make,to cause,to enable,to use,to employ,messenger 至於 zhi4 yu2 as for,as to,to go so far as to(至于) 此 ci3 this,these 。 若欲治罪, 若 ruo4 to seem,like,as,if 欲 yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish 治罪 zhi4 zui4 to punish sb (for a crime) , 當除元惡, 當 dang1 to be,to act as,manage,withstand,when,during,ought,should,match equally,equal,same,obstruct,just at (a time or place),on the spot,right,just at(当) dang4 at or in the very same...,to pawn,suitable,adequate,fitting,proper,replace,represent(当) 除 chu2 to get rid of,to remove,to exclude,to eliminate,to wipe out,to divide,except,not including 元 yuan2 Chinese monetary unit,dollar,primary,first,the Yuan or Mongol dynasty (1279-1368),surname Yuan 惡 e3 nauseated(恶) e4 evil,vice,wicked,malevolent,malignant,pernicious,fierce(恶) wu4 to hate,to loathe(恶) , 但付一獄吏足矣, 但 dan4 but,yet,however,only,merely,still 付 fu4 to pay,to hand over to,surname Fu

一 獄 吏 足 矣 ,

yi1 yu4 li4 zu2 yi3

one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout prison(狱) minor official foot,to be sufficient archaic final particle similar to modern 了

何必紛紛召外兵乎? 何必 he2 bi4 there is no need,why should 紛紛 fen1 fen1 one after another,in succession,one by one,continuously,diverse,in profusion,numerous and confused,pell-mell(纷纷) 召 Shao4 surname Shao,name of an ancient state zhao4 to call together,to summon,to convene 外 wai4 outside,in addition,foreign,external 兵 bing1 soldiers,a force,an army,weapons,arms,military,warlike 乎 hu1 (final particle in classical Chinese, expressing question or doubt, similar to 嗎|吗) ? 欲盡誅之, 欲 yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish 盡 jin4 to use up,to exhaust,to end,to finish,to the utmost,exhausted,finished,to the limit (of sth)(尽) 誅 zhu1 to execute,to put to death,to condemn,to punish(诛) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it , 事必宣露。 事 shi4 matter,thing,item,work,affair 必 bi4 certainly,must,will,necessarily 宣 xuan1 to declare (publicly),to announce,surname Xuan 露 lou4 to show,to reveal,to betray,to expose lu4 dew,syrup,nectar,outdoors (not under cover),to show,to reveal,to betray,to expose 。 吾料其必敗也。 吾 料 其 必 敗 也 。 wu2 I,my liao4 material,stuff,grain,feed,to expect,to anticipate,to guess qi2 his,her,its,theirs,that,such,it (refers to sth preceding it) bi4 certainly,must,will,necessarily bai4 be defeated,to defeat,loss(败) ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula

」何進怒曰: 」 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 怒 nu4 indignant 曰 yue1 to speak,to say :

「孟德亦懷私意耶? 「 孟 Meng4 first month,eldest brother,surname Meng 德 de2 Germany,virtue,goodness,morality,ethics,kindness,favor,character,kind 亦 yi4 also 懷 huai2 to think of,to cherish,mind,heart,bosom,surname Huai(怀) 私 si1 personal,private,selfish 意 yi4 idea,meaning,thought,to think,wish,desire,intention,to expect,to anticipate,abbr. for Italy 意大利 耶 ye1 (phonetic ye) ? 」操退曰: 」 操 cao1 to grasp,to hold,to operate,to manage,to control,to steer,to exercise,to drill (practice),to play,to speak (a language) cao4 to fuck (vulgar) 退 tui4 retreat,to decline,to move back,to withdraw 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「亂天下者, 天下 tian1 xia4 land under heaven,the whole world,the whole of China,realm,rule,domination 者 zhe3 -ist, -er (person),person (who does sth) , 必進也。 必 bi4 certainly,must,will,necessarily 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula 。 」進乃暗差使命齎密詔, 」 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 乃 nai3 to be,thus,so,therefore,then,only,thereupon 暗 an4 dark,gloomy,hidden,secret,muddled,obscure,in the dark :闇: an4 dark,gloomy,muddled,obscure,in the dark,to close (a door),night,eclipse,stupid,ignorant 差 cha1 difference,discrepancy,to differ,error,to err,to make a mistake cha4 differ from,short of,to lack,poor chai1 to send,to commission,messenger,mission ci1 uneven 使命 shi3 ming4 mission (diplomatic or other),set task 齎 ji1 send,to present in both hands 密詔 mi4 zhao4 secret imperial edict(密诏) , 星夜往各鎮去。 星 夜 往 各 鎮 xing1 star,satellite,small amount ye4 night wang3 to go (in a direction),to,towards,(of a train) bound for,past,previous ge4 each,every zhen4 composed,small town,to suppress,to press down,to post(镇)

去 qu4 to go,to leave,to remove,fourth tone of putonghua 。

卻說前將軍鰲鄉侯西涼刺史董卓,先為破黃巾無功,朝廷將治其罪,因賄賂十常侍幸免;後又結託朝貴,遂任顯 官,統西州大軍二十萬,常有不臣之心。是時得詔大喜,點起軍馬,陸續便行;使其婿中郎將牛輔,守住陝西, 自己卻帶李傕、郭汜、張濟、樊稠等提兵望洛陽進發。卓婿謀士李儒曰:「今雖奉詔,中間多有暗昧。何不差人 上表,名正言順,大事可圖。」卓大喜,遂上表。其略曰: 卻說前將軍鰲鄉侯西涼刺史董卓, 卻說 que4 shuo1 and the story continues thus: (literary auxiliary particle 发语辞) (却说) 前 qian2 before,in front,ago,former,previous,earlier,front,prefixed word denoting respect (polite 美称); foremost; premier 將軍 jiang1 jun1 (army) general(将军) 鰲 ao2 mythological sea turtle(鳌) 鄉 xiang1 country,village(乡) 侯 hou2 西涼 Xi1 Liang2 Western Liang of the Sixteen Kingdoms (400-421)(西凉) 刺 ci4 thorn,sting,thrust,to prick,to pierce,to stab,to assassinate,to murder 史 shi3 history,surname Shi 董卓 Dong3 Zhuo2 Dong Zhuo (-192), top general of late Han, usurped power in 189, murdered empress dowager and child emperor, killed in 192 by Lü Bu 呂布|吕布 , 先為破黃巾無功, 先 xian1 early,prior,former,in advance,first 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 破 po4 to break,to split,broken,damaged,worn out 黃巾 huang2 jin1 refers to the Yellow Turbans peasant uprising at the end of later Han (from 184)(黄巾) 無 wu2 -less,not to have,no,none,not,to lack,un-(无) 功 gong1 merit,achievement,result,service,accomplishment,work (phys.) , 朝廷將治其罪, 朝廷 chao2 ting2 court,imperial household,dynasty 將 jiang1 (will, shall, "future tense"),ready,prepared,to get,to use(将) jiang4 a general(将) 治 zhi4 to rule,to govern,to manage,to control,to harness (a river),cure,treatment,to heal 其 qi2 his,her,its,theirs,that,such,it (refers to sth preceding it) 罪 zui4 guilt,crime,fault,blame,sin , 因賄賂十常侍幸免;後又結託朝貴, 因 yin1 cause,reason,because 賄賂 hui4 lu4 to bribe,a bribe(贿赂) 十常侍 shi2 chang2 shi4 Ten Permanent Functionaries at the end of Han, a byword for corruption

幸免 xing4 mian3 narrowly and luckily escape ; 後 hou4 back,behind,rear,afterwards,after,later(后) 又 you4 (once) again,also,both... and...,again 結 jie1 to bear fruit,to produce,firm,solid(结) jie2 knot,sturdy,bond,to tie,to bind,to check out (of a hotel)(结) 託 tuo1 to trust,to entrust,to be entrusted with,to act as trustee(托) 朝 chao2 to face,towards,facing,direct,dynasty,imperial court zhao1 morning 貴 gui4 expensive,noble,your (name),precious(贵) , 遂任顯官, 遂 sui4 to satisfy,to succeed,then,thereupon,finally,unexpectedly 任 ren4 to assign,to appoint,to take up a post,office,responsibility,to let,to allow,to give free rein to,no matter (how, what etc),surname Ren 顯 xian3 prominent,conspicuous,Greek stem: phanero-(显) 官 guan1 official,government,organ of body , 統西州大軍二十萬, 統 tong3 to gather,to unite,to unify,whole(统) 西 xi1 west,the West,Spain (abbr.),Spanish 州 zhou1 province,sub-prefecture,state (e.g. of US) 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor 軍 jun1 army,military,arms(军) 二十 er4 shi2 twenty,20 萬 wan4 surname Wan,ten thousand,a great number(万) , 常有不臣之心。 常 有 不 臣 之 心 。 chang2 always,ever,often,frequently,common,general,constant,surname Chang you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be bu4 (negative prefix),not,no chen2 statesman,vassal,courtier,minister,official zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it xin1 heart,mind

是時得詔大喜, 是 shi4 is,are,am,yes,to be 時 shi2 o'clock,time,when,hour,season,period,surname Shi(时) 得 de2 to obtain,to get,to gain,to catch (a disease),proper,suitable,proud,contented,to allow,to permit,ready,finished de5 structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc dei3 to have to,must,ought to,to need to 詔 zhao4 imperial order(诏) 大喜 da4 xi3 exultation , 點起軍馬, 點 dian3 point,dot,speck,drop,decimal point,point of a scale,point in a theory or

argument,downwards-right convex character stroke,a little (usually 一點|一点),a jot,beat (of percussion instrument),to draw a dot,to touch slightly,to drip,classifier for items,classifier for small indeterminate quantities,to nod,to select item from a list,to order (food in a restaurant),to count,o'clock,one fifth of a two hour watch (old),hour,point of time,iron bell (used to mark time),pastry,dimsum 點心|点心(点) 起 qi3 to rise,to raise,to get up,to set out,to start,to appear,to launch,to initiate (action),to draft,to establish,to get (from a depot or counter),verb suffix, to start,(before place or time) starting from,classifier for occurrences or unpredictable events: case, instance,classifier for groups: batch, group 軍 jun1 army,military,arms(军) 馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) , 陸續便行;使其婿中郎將牛輔, 陸續 lu4 xu4 in turn,successively,one after the other,bit by bit(陆续) 便 bian4 ordinary,plain,convenient,as convenient,when the chance arises,handy,easy,informal,simple,so,thus,to relieve oneself,to urinate,to defecate,equivalent to 就: then,in that case,even if,soon afterwards pian2 advantageous,cheap 行 hang2 a row,series,age order (of brothers),profession,professional,relating to company xing2 to walk,to go,to travel,a visit,temporary,makeshift,current,in circulation,to do,to perform,capable,competent,effective,all right,OK!,will do xing4 behavior,conduct ; 使 shi3 to make,to cause,to enable,to use,to employ,messenger 其 qi2 his,her,its,theirs,that,such,it (refers to sth preceding it) 婿 xu4 son-in-law 中 zhong1 within,among,in,middle,center,while (doing sth),during,China,Chinese zhong4 hit (the mark) 郎 lang2 (arch.) minister,official,noun prefix denoting function or status,a youth,surname Lang 將 jiang1 (will, shall, "future tense"),ready,prepared,to get,to use(将) jiang4 a general(将) 牛 niu2 ox,cow,bull 輔 fu3 to assist,to complement,auxiliary(辅) , 守住陝西, 守住 shou3 zhu5 to hold (a position) 陝西 Shan3 xi1 Shaanxi or Shǎnxī province (Shensi) in central north China, abbr. 陝|陕 or 秦, capital Xi'an 西安(陕西) , 自己卻帶李傕、 自己 zi4 ji3 self,(reflexive pronoun),own 卻 que4 but,yet,however,while,to go back,to decline,to retreat,nevertheless,even though(却) 帶 dai4 band,belt,girdle,ribbon,tire,area,zone,region,to wear,to carry,to lead,to bring,to look after,to raise(带) 李 li3 plum,surname Li 傕 jue2 used in old names 、

郭汜、 郭 Guo1 surname Guo guo1 outer city wall 汜 si4 stream which returns after branching 、 張濟、 張 zhang1 to open up,to spread,sheet of paper,classifier for flat objects, sheet,classifier for votes,surname Zhang(张) 濟 ji4 aid,ferry,frugal(济) 、 樊稠等提兵望洛陽進發。 樊 fan2 surname Fan,cage,fence 稠 chou2 dense,crowded,thick,many 等 deng3 class,rank,grade,equal to,same as,to wait for,to await,et cetera,and so on,et al. (and other authors),after,as soon as,once 提 di1 carry (suspended) ti2 to carry (hanging down from the hand),to lift,to put forward,to mention,to raise (an issue),upwards character stroke,lifting brush stroke (in painting),scoop for measuring liquid 兵 bing1 soldiers,a force,an army,weapons,arms,military,warlike 望 wang4 full moon,to hope,to expect,to visit,to gaze (into the distance),to look towards,towards 洛陽 Luo4 yang2 Luoyang prefecture level city in Henan, an old capital from pre-Han times(洛阳) 進發 jin4 fa1 to set out,to start(进发) 。 卓婿謀士李儒曰: 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 婿 xu4 son-in-law 謀士 mou2 shi4 skilled manipulator,sb who can engineer and see through a project,adviser(谋士) 李 li3 plum,surname Li 儒 ru2 scholar,Confucian 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「今雖奉詔, 「 今 jin1 today,modern,present,current,this,now 雖 sui1 although,even though(虽) 奉詔 feng4 zhao4 to receive an imperial command(奉诏) , 中間多有暗昧。 中間 zhong1 jian1 between,intermediate,mid,middle(中间) 多 duo1 many,much,a lot of,numerous,multi有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be 暗昧 an4 mei4 obscure,remaining unenlightened 。

何不差人上表, 何不 he2 bu4 why not?,why not do (sth)? 差 cha1 difference,discrepancy,to differ,error,to err,to make a mistake cha4 differ from,short of,to lack,poor chai1 to send,to commission,messenger,mission ci1 uneven 人 ren2 man,person,people 上 shang4 on,on top,upon,first (of multiple parts),previous,last,upper,higher,above,to climb,to go into,to go up,to attend (class or university),third tone of putonghua 表 biao3 exterior surface,family relationship via females,to show (one's opinion),a model,a table (listing information),a form,a meter (measuring sth) :錶: biao3 a wrist watch or pocket watch , 名正言順, 名正言順 ming2 zheng4 yan2 shun4 right and proper,authoritative and fair,(modified from Confucian Analects) with the right title (or reputation), the words carry weight(名正言顺) , 大事可圖。 大事 da4 shi4 major event,major political event (war or change of regime),major social event (wedding or funeral),(do sth) in a big way 可 ke3 can,may,able to,to approve,to permit,certain(ly),to suit,very (particle used for emphasis) 圖 tu2 diagram,to plan,picture,drawing,chart(图) 。 」卓大喜, 大喜 da4 xi3 exultation , 遂上表。 遂 sui4 to satisfy,to succeed,then,thereupon,finally,unexpectedly 上 shang4 on,on top,upon,first (of multiple parts),previous,last,upper,higher,above,to climb,to go into,to go up,to attend (class or university),third tone of putonghua 表 biao3 exterior surface,family relationship via females,to show (one's opinion),a model,a table (listing information),a form,a meter (measuring sth) :錶: biao3 a wrist watch or pocket watch 。 其略曰: 其 qi2 his,her,its,theirs,that,such,it (refers to sth preceding it) 略 lu:e4 plan,strategy,outline,summary,slightly,rather,to rob,to plunder,to summarize 曰 yue1 to speak,to say :

竊聞天下所以亂逆不止者,皆由黃門常侍張讓等侮慢天常之故。臣聞揚湯止沸,不如去薪;潰癰雖痛,勝於養 毒。臣敢鳴鐘鼓入洛陽,請除讓等。社稷幸甚!天下幸甚! 竊聞天下所以亂逆不止者, 竊 qie4 I beg to presume,steal(窃) 聞 wen2 to hear,news,well-known,famous,reputation,fame,to smell,to sniff at,surname Wen(闻) 天下 tian1 xia4 land under heaven,the whole world,the whole of China,realm,rule,domination 所以 suo3 yi3 therefore,as a result,so 亂 luan4 in confusion,disorderly(乱) 逆 ni4 contrary,opposite,backwards,to go against,to oppose,to betray,to rebel 不止 bu4 zhi3 incessantly,without end,more than,not limited to 者 zhe3 -ist, -er (person),person (who does sth) , 皆由黃門常侍張讓等侮慢天常之故。 皆 jie1 all,each and every,in all cases 由 you2 to follow,from,it is for...to,reason,cause,because of,due to,to,to leave it (to sb),by (introduces passive verb) 黃 huang2 yellow,sulfur,surname Huang or Hwang(黄) 門 men2 gate,door(门) 常 chang2 always,ever,often,frequently,common,general,constant,surname Chang 侍 shi4 attend on 張 zhang1 to open up,to spread,sheet of paper,classifier for flat objects, sheet,classifier for votes,surname Zhang(张) 讓 rang4 to yield,to permit,to let sb do sth,to have sb do sth(让) 等 deng3 class,rank,grade,equal to,same as,to wait for,to await,et cetera,and so on,et al. (and other authors),after,as soon as,once 侮慢 wu3 man4 to humiliate,to bully 天 tian1 day,sky,heaven 常 chang2 always,ever,often,frequently,common,general,constant,surname Chang 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 故 gu4 happening,instance,reason,cause,deceased,old 。 臣聞揚湯止沸, 臣 chen2 statesman,vassal,courtier,minister,official 聞 wen2 to hear,news,well-known,famous,reputation,fame,to smell,to sniff at,surname Wen(闻) 揚 yang2 to raise,to hoist,the action of tossing or winnowing,scattering (in the wind),to flutter,to propagate(扬) 湯 tang1 soup,surname Tang(汤) 止 zhi3 to stop,to prohibit,until 沸 fei4 to boil , 不如去薪;潰癰雖痛, 不如 bu4 ru2 not equal to,not as good as,inferior to,it would be better to 去 qu4 to go,to leave,to remove,fourth tone of putonghua 薪 xin1 fuel,salary ; 潰 kui4 be dispersed,break down(溃) 癰 yong1 carbuncle(痈)

雖 sui1 although,even though(虽) 痛 tong4 ache,pain,sorrow , 勝於養毒。 勝 sheng4 victory,success,to beat,to defeat,to surpass,victorious,superior to,to get the better of,better than,surpassing,superb (of vista),beautiful (scenery),wonderful (view),(arch. pronunciation shēng) able to bear,equal to (a task)(胜) 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 養 yang3 to raise (animals),to bring up (children),to keep (pets),to support,to give birth(养) 毒 du2 poison,narcotics,evil 。 臣敢鳴鐘鼓入洛陽, 臣 chen2 statesman,vassal,courtier,minister,official 敢 gan3 dare 鳴鐘 ming2 zhong1 drum call,bell ring,chime(鸣钟) 鼓 gu3 convex,drum,to rouse,to beat 入 ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese) 洛陽 Luo4 yang2 Luoyang prefecture level city in Henan, an old capital from pre-Han times(洛阳) , 請除讓等。 請 qing3 to ask,to invite,please (do sth),to treat (to a meal etc),to request(请) 除 chu2 to get rid of,to remove,to exclude,to eliminate,to wipe out,to divide,except,not including 讓 rang4 to yield,to permit,to let sb do sth,to have sb do sth(让) 等 deng3 class,rank,grade,equal to,same as,to wait for,to await,et cetera,and so on,et al. (and other authors),after,as soon as,once 。 社稷幸甚! 社稷 she4 ji4 state,country,the Gods of earth and grain 幸甚 xing4 shen4 very fortunate,sth to rejoice at ! 天下幸甚! 天下 tian1 xia4 land under heaven,the whole world,the whole of China,realm,rule,domination 幸甚 xing4 shen4 very fortunate,sth to rejoice at !

何進得表,出示大臣。侍御史鄭泰諫曰:「董卓乃豺狼也,引入京城,必食人矣。」進曰:「汝多疑,不足謀大 事。」盧植亦諫曰:「植素知董卓為人,面善心狠;一入禁庭,必生禍患。不如止之勿來,免致生亂。」 何進得表,

何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 得 de2 to obtain,to get,to gain,to catch (a disease),proper,suitable,proud,contented,to allow,to permit,ready,finished de5 structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc dei3 to have to,must,ought to,to need to 表 biao3 exterior surface,family relationship via females,to show (one's opinion),a model,a table (listing information),a form,a meter (measuring sth) :錶: biao3 a wrist watch or pocket watch , 出示大臣。 出示 chu1 shi4 to show,to take out and show to others,to display 大臣 da4 chen2 chancellor,title of important minister (e.g. in Japan) 。 侍御史鄭泰諫曰: 侍 shi4 attend on 御史 yu4 shi3 imperial censor (formal title of a dynastic official) 鄭 Zheng4 surname Zheng(郑) 泰 tai4 safe,peaceful,most,Mt Thai 泰山 in Shandong,abbr. for Thailand,grand 諫 jian4 to remonstrate,to admonish(谏) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「董卓乃豺狼也, 「 董卓 Dong3 Zhuo2 Dong Zhuo (-192), top general of late Han, usurped power in 189, murdered empress dowager and child emperor, killed in 192 by Lü Bu 呂布|吕布 乃 nai3 to be,thus,so,therefore,then,only,thereupon 豺狼 chai2 lang2 jackal and wolf,ravenous wolf,fig. evil person,vicious tyrant 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula , 引入京城, 引入 yin3 ru4 to draw into,to pull into 京城 jing1 cheng2 capital of a country , 必食人矣。 必 bi4 certainly,must,will,necessarily 食人 shi2 ren2 man-eating (beast),to eat people,fig. to oppress the people 矣 yi3 archaic final particle similar to modern 了 。 」進曰: 」 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say :

「汝多疑, 多疑 duo1 yi2 skeptical , 不足謀大事。 不足 bu4 zu2 insufficient,lacking,deficiency,not enough,inadequate,not worth,cannot,should 謀 mou2 to plan,seek,scheme(谋) 大事 da4 shi4 major event,major political event (war or change of regime),major social event (wedding or funeral),(do sth) in a big way 。 」盧植亦諫曰: 」 植 亦 諫 曰 : 盧 Lu2 surname Lu,abbr. for Luxembourg 盧森堡|卢森堡(卢) zhi2 to plant yi4 also jian4 to remonstrate,to admonish(谏) yue1 to speak,to say

「植素知董卓為人, 「 植 zhi2 to plant 素 su4 raw silk,white,plain, unadorned,vegetarian (food),element,usually 知 zhi1 to know,to be aware 董卓 Dong3 Zhuo2 Dong Zhuo (-192), top general of late Han, usurped power in 189, murdered empress dowager and child emperor, killed in 192 by Lü Bu 呂布|吕布 為人 wei2 ren2 behavior,one's conduct(为人) , 面善心狠;一入禁庭, 面 mian4 fade,side,surface,aspect,top,face,classifier for flat surfaces such as drums, mirrors, flags etc :麵: mian4 flour,noodles 善心 shan4 xin1 kindness,benevolence,philanthropy,virtuous intentions 狠 hen3 fierce,very ; 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 入 ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese) 禁 jin1 to endure jin4 to prohibit,to forbid 庭 ting2 court,courtyard , 必生禍患。 必 bi4 certainly,must,will,necessarily 生 sheng1 to be born,to give birth,life,to grow,raw, uncooked 禍患 huo4 huan4 disaster,calamity(祸患) 。 不如止之勿來, 不如 bu4 ru2 not equal to,not as good as,inferior to,it would be better to 止 zhi3 to stop,to prohibit,until

之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 勿 wu4 do not 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) , 免致生亂。 免 mian3 to exempt,to remove,to avoid,to excuse 致 zhi4 to send,to devote,to deliver,to cause,to convey :緻: zhi4 fine and close 生 sheng1 to be born,to give birth,life,to grow,raw, uncooked 亂 luan4 in confusion,disorderly(乱) 。 」 」 進不聽,鄭泰、盧植皆棄官而去。朝廷大臣,去者大半。進使人迎董卓於澠池,卓按兵不動。張讓等知外兵到, 共議曰:「此何進之謀也;我等不先下手,皆滅族矣。」乃先伏刀斧手五十人於長樂宮嘉德門內,入告何太后 曰:「今大將軍矯詔召外兵至京師,欲滅臣等,望娘娘垂憐賜救。」太后曰:「汝等可詣大將軍府謝罪。」讓 曰:「若到相府,骨肉虀粉矣。望娘娘宣大將軍入宮諭止之。如其不從,臣等只就娘娘前請死。」 進不聽, 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 不 bu4 (negative prefix),not,no 聽 ting1 to listen,to hear,to obey,a can (loanword from English "tin"),classifier for canned beverages(听) ting4 to let,to allow(听) , 鄭泰、 鄭 Zheng4 surname Zheng(郑) 泰 tai4 safe,peaceful,most,Mt Thai 泰山 in Shandong,abbr. for Thailand,grand 、 盧植皆棄官而去。 盧 Lu2 surname Lu,abbr. for Luxembourg 盧森堡|卢森堡(卢) 植 zhi2 to plant 皆 jie1 all,each and every,in all cases 棄 qi4 to abandon,to relinquish,to discard,to throw away(弃) 官 guan1 official,government,organ of body 而 er2 and,as well as,and so,but (not),yet (not),(indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state),(indicates contrast) 去 qu4 to go,to leave,to remove,fourth tone of putonghua 。 朝廷大臣, 朝廷 chao2 ting2 court,imperial household,dynasty 大臣 da4 chen2 chancellor,title of important minister (e.g. in Japan) , 去者大半。 去 qu4 to go,to leave,to remove,fourth tone of putonghua

者 zhe3 -ist, -er (person),person (who does sth) 大半 da4 ban4 more than half,greater part,most,probably,most likely 。 進使人迎董卓於澠池, 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 使 shi3 to make,to cause,to enable,to use,to employ,messenger 人 ren2 man,person,people 迎 ying2 to welcome,to meet,to face,to forge ahead (esp. in the face of difficulties) 董卓 Dong3 Zhuo2 Dong Zhuo (-192), top general of late Han, usurped power in 189, murdered empress dowager and child emperor, killed in 192 by Lü Bu 呂布|吕布 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 澠池 Mian3 chi2 (渑池) , 卓按兵不動。 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 按兵不動 an4 bing1 bu4 dong4 to hold back one's troops without moving (idiom); to bide one's time(按兵不动) 。 張讓等知外兵到, 張 zhang1 to open up,to spread,sheet of paper,classifier for flat objects, sheet,classifier for votes,surname Zhang(张) 讓 rang4 to yield,to permit,to let sb do sth,to have sb do sth(让) 等 deng3 class,rank,grade,equal to,same as,to wait for,to await,et cetera,and so on,et al. (and other authors),after,as soon as,once 知 zhi1 to know,to be aware 外 wai4 outside,in addition,foreign,external 兵 bing1 soldiers,a force,an army,weapons,arms,military,warlike 到 dao4 to (a place),until (a time),up to,to go,to arrive , 共議曰: 共 gong4 common,general,to share,together,total,altogether 議 yi4 to criticize,to discuss(议) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「此何進之謀也;我等不先下手, 「 此 ci3 this,these 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 謀 mou2 to plan,seek,scheme(谋) 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula ; 我等 wo3 deng3 we; us (archaic) 不 bu4 (negative prefix),not,no 先 xian1 early,prior,former,in advance,first 下手 xia4 shou3 start,put one's hand to,set about,the seat to the right of the main

guest , 皆滅族矣。 皆 jie1 all,each and every,in all cases 滅 mie4 to extinguish,to overthrow (a former regime)(灭) 族 zu2 race,nationality,ethnicity,clan,by extension, social group (e.g. office workers 上班族) 矣 yi3 archaic final particle similar to modern 了 。 」乃先伏刀斧手五十人於長樂宮嘉德門內, 」 乃 nai3 to be,thus,so,therefore,then,only,thereupon 先 xian1 early,prior,former,in advance,first 伏 fu2 to lean over,to fall (go down),to hide (in ambush),to conceal oneself,to lie low,hottest days of summer,to submit,to concede defeat,to overcome,to subdue,volt,surname Fu 刀斧手 dao1 fu3 shou3 lictor 五十 wu3 shi2 fifty 人 ren2 man,person,people 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 長樂 Chang2 le4 (长乐) 宮 gong1 palace,surname Gong,castration (as corporal punishment),first note in pentatonic scale(宫) 嘉 jia1 excellent 德 de2 Germany,virtue,goodness,morality,ethics,kindness,favor,character,kind 門 men2 gate,door(门) 內 nei4 inside,inner,internal,within,interior(内) , 入告何太后曰: 入 ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese) 告 gao4 to tell,to inform,to say 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 太后 tai4 hou4 Empress Dowager 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「今大將軍矯詔召外兵至京師, 大將軍 da4 jiang1 jun1 important general,generalissimo(大将军) 矯詔 jiao3 zhao4 the pretense of acting on imperial order(矫诏) 召 Shao4 surname Shao,name of an ancient state zhao4 to call together,to summon,to convene 外 wai4 outside,in addition,foreign,external 兵 bing1 soldiers,a force,an army,weapons,arms,military,warlike 至 zhi4 arrive,most,to,until 京 Jing1 capital,Beijing (abbr.) 師 shi1 a division (military),teacher,master,expert,model(师) , 欲滅臣等,

欲 yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish 滅 mie4 to extinguish,to overthrow (a former regime)(灭) 臣 chen2 statesman,vassal,courtier,minister,official 等 deng3 class,rank,grade,equal to,same as,to wait for,to await,et cetera,and so on,et al. (and other authors),after,as soon as,once , 望娘娘垂憐賜救。 望 wang4 full moon,to hope,to expect,to visit,to gaze (into the distance),to look towards,towards 娘娘 niang2 niang5 queen,empress,imperial concubine,Goddess, esp. Xi Wangmu 王母娘娘 or 西王母, Queen Mother of the West,mother,aunt 垂 chui2 to hang (down),droop,dangle,bend down,hand down,bequeath,nearly,almost,to approach 憐 lian2 to pity(怜) 賜 ci4 confer,bestow,grant(赐) 救 jiu4 to save,to assist,to rescue 。 」太后曰: 」 太后 tai4 hou4 Empress Dowager 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「汝等可詣大將軍府謝罪。 「 汝 ru3 thou 等 deng3 class,rank,grade,equal to,same as,to wait for,to await,et cetera,and so on,et al. (and other authors),after,as soon as,once 可 ke3 can,may,able to,to approve,to permit,certain(ly),to suit,very (particle used for emphasis) 詣 yi4 to go (to visit a superior),one's current attainment in learning or art(诣) 大將軍 da4 jiang1 jun1 important general,generalissimo(大将军) 府 fu3 seat of government,government repository (archive),official residence,mansion,presidential palace,(honorific) Your home,prefecture (from Tang to Qing times) 謝罪 xie4 zui4 apology (for an offence)(谢罪) 。 」讓曰: 」 讓 rang4 to yield,to permit,to let sb do sth,to have sb do sth(让) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「若到相府, 「 若 ruo4 to seem,like,as,if 到 dao4 to (a place),until (a time),up to,to go,to arrive 相 xiang1 each other,one another,mutually xiang4 appearance,portrait,picture 府 fu3 seat of government,government repository (archive),official residence,mansion,presidential palace,(honorific) Your home,prefecture (from Tang to Qing times) ,

骨肉虀粉矣。 骨肉 gu3 rou4 blood relation,kin,one's flesh and blood 虀 ji1 fragment,salted vegetables,spices 粉 fen3 powder,cosmetic face powder,food prepared from starch,noodles or pasta made from any kind of flour,whitewash,white,pink 矣 yi3 archaic final particle similar to modern 了 。 望娘娘宣大將軍入宮諭止之。 望 wang4 full moon,to hope,to expect,to visit,to gaze (into the distance),to look towards,towards 娘娘 niang2 niang5 queen,empress,imperial concubine,Goddess, esp. Xi Wangmu 王母娘娘 or 西王母, Queen Mother of the West,mother,aunt 宣 xuan1 to declare (publicly),to announce,surname Xuan 大將軍 da4 jiang1 jun1 important general,generalissimo(大将军) 入 ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese) 宮 gong1 palace,surname Gong,castration (as corporal punishment),first note in pentatonic scale(宫) 諭 yu4 order (from above)(谕) 止 zhi3 to stop,to prohibit,until 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 。 如其不從, 如 ru2 as,as if,such as 其 qi2 his,her,its,theirs,that,such,it (refers to sth preceding it) 不 bu4 (negative prefix),not,no 從 cong1 lax,yielding,unhurried(从) cong2 from,via,passing through,through (a gap),past,ever (followed by negative, meaning never),(formerly pr. zong4 and related to 縱|纵) to follow,to comply with,to obey,to join,to engage in,adopting some mode of action or attitude,follower,retainer,accessory,accomplice,related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor,surname Cong(从) zong4 second cousin(从) , 臣等只就娘娘前請死。 臣 chen2 statesman,vassal,courtier,minister,official 等 deng3 class,rank,grade,equal to,same as,to wait for,to await,et cetera,and so on,et al. (and other authors),after,as soon as,once 只 zhi3 only,merely,just,but :祇: zhi3 but,only :隻: zhi1 classifier for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, some utensils, vessels etc 就 jiu4 at once,right away,only,just (emphasis),as early as,already,as soon as,then,in that case,as many as,even if,to approach,to move towards,to undertake,to engage in,to suffer,subjected to,to accomplish,to take advantage of,to go with (of foods),with regard to,concerning 娘娘 niang2 niang5 queen,empress,imperial concubine,Goddess, esp. Xi Wangmu 王母娘娘 or 西王母, Queen Mother of the West,mother,aunt 前 qian2 before,in front,ago,former,previous,earlier,front,prefixed word denoting respect (polite 美称); foremost; premier 請 qing3 to ask,to invite,please (do sth),to treat (to a meal etc),to request(请) 死 si3 to die,impassable,uncrossable,inflexible,rigid,extremely

。 」 」 太后乃降詔宣進。進得詔便行。主簿陳琳諫曰:「太后此詔,必是十常侍之謀,切不可去。去必有禍。」進曰: 「太后詔我,有何禍事?」袁紹曰:「今謀已泄,事已露,將軍尚欲入宮耶?」曹操曰:「先召十常侍出,然後 可入。」進笑曰:「此小兒之見也。吾掌天下之權,十常侍敢待如何?」紹曰:「公必欲去,我等引甲士護從, 以防不測。」 太后乃降詔宣進。 太后 tai4 hou4 Empress Dowager 乃 nai3 to be,thus,so,therefore,then,only,thereupon 降 jiang4 to drop,to fall,to come down,to descend xiang2 to surrender 詔 zhao4 imperial order(诏) 宣 xuan1 to declare (publicly),to announce,surname Xuan 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 。 進得詔便行。 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 得 de2 to obtain,to get,to gain,to catch (a disease),proper,suitable,proud,contented,to allow,to permit,ready,finished de5 structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc dei3 to have to,must,ought to,to need to 詔 zhao4 imperial order(诏) 便 bian4 ordinary,plain,convenient,as convenient,when the chance arises,handy,easy,informal,simple,so,thus,to relieve oneself,to urinate,to defecate,equivalent to 就: then,in that case,even if,soon afterwards pian2 advantageous,cheap 行 hang2 a row,series,age order (of brothers),profession,professional,relating to company xing2 to walk,to go,to travel,a visit,temporary,makeshift,current,in circulation,to do,to perform,capable,competent,effective,all right,OK!,will do xing4 behavior,conduct 。 主簿陳琳諫曰: 主 zhu3 to own,to host,master,lord,primary 簿 bu4 a book,a register,account-book 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 琳 lin2 gem 諫 jian4 to remonstrate,to admonish(谏) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「太后此詔, 「 太后 tai4 hou4 Empress Dowager 此 ci3 this,these 詔 zhao4 imperial order(诏)

, 必是十常侍之謀, 必 bi4 certainly,must,will,necessarily 是 shi4 is,are,am,yes,to be 十常侍 shi2 chang2 shi4 Ten Permanent Functionaries at the end of Han, a byword for corruption 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 謀 mou2 to plan,seek,scheme(谋) , 切不可去。 切 qie1 to cut,to slice qie4 close to,fanqie (反切) 不可 bu4 ke3 cannot,should not,must not 去 qu4 to go,to leave,to remove,fourth tone of putonghua 。 去必有禍。 去 必 有 禍 。 qu4 to go,to leave,to remove,fourth tone of putonghua bi4 certainly,must,will,necessarily you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be huo4 disaster(祸)

」進曰: 」 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「太后詔我, 「 太后 tai4 hou4 Empress Dowager 詔 zhao4 imperial order(诏) 我 wo3 I,me,my , 有何禍事? 有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 禍事 huo4 shi4 disaster,doom(祸事) ? 」袁紹曰: 」 袁紹 Yuan2 Shao4 Yuan Shao (153-202), general during late Han, subsequently warlord(袁绍) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「今謀已泄,

「 今 jin1 today,modern,present,current,this,now 謀 mou2 to plan,seek,scheme(谋) 已 yi3 already,to stop,then,afterwards 泄 xie4 to leak (of water or gas),to drip,to drain,to discharge,to leak out,to divulge (secrets),to give vent (to anger, spite etc),to disperse,to reduce , 事已露, 事 shi4 matter,thing,item,work,affair 已 yi3 already,to stop,then,afterwards 露 lou4 to show,to reveal,to betray,to expose lu4 dew,syrup,nectar,outdoors (not under cover),to show,to reveal,to betray,to expose , 將軍尚欲入宮耶? 將軍 jiang1 jun1 (army) general(将军) 尚 shang4 still,yet,to value,to esteem,surname Shang 欲 yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish 入 ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese) 宮 gong1 palace,surname Gong,castration (as corporal punishment),first note in pentatonic scale(宫) 耶 ye1 (phonetic ye) ? 」曹操曰: 」 曹操 Cao2 Cao1 Cao Cao (155-220), famous statesman and general at the end of Han, noted poet and calligrapher, later warlord, founder and first king of Cao Wei 曹魏, father of Emperor Cao Pi 曹丕,the main villain of novel the Romance of Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「先召十常侍出, 「 先 xian1 early,prior,former,in advance,first 召 Shao4 surname Shao,name of an ancient state zhao4 to call together,to summon,to convene 十常侍 shi2 chang2 shi4 Ten Permanent Functionaries at the end of Han, a byword for corruption 出 chu1 to go out,to come out,to occur,to produce,to go beyond,to rise,to put forth,to happen,classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc , 然後可入。 然後 ran2 hou4 after,then (afterwards),after that,afterwards(然后) 可 ke3 can,may,able to,to approve,to permit,certain(ly),to suit,very (particle used for emphasis) 入 ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese) 。 」進笑曰: 」 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进)

笑 xiao4 laugh,smile 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「此小兒之見也。 「 此 ci3 this,these 小 xiao3 small,tiny,few,young 兒 er2 son(儿) r5 non-syllabic diminutive suffix,retroflex final(儿) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula 。 吾掌天下之權, 吾 wu2 I,my 掌 zhang3 in charge of,palm of hand 天下 tian1 xia4 land under heaven,the whole world,the whole of China,realm,rule,domination 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 權 quan2 authority,power,right,temporary(权) , 十常侍敢待如何? 十常侍 shi2 chang2 shi4 Ten Permanent Functionaries at the end of Han, a byword for corruption 敢 gan3 dare 待 dai1 stay,delay dai4 to wait,to treat,to deal with,to need,going to (do sth),about to,intending to 如何 ru2 he2 how,what way,what ? 」紹曰: 」 紹 shao4 connect,to introduce(绍) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「公必欲去, 「 公 gong1 public,collectively owned,common,international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar),make public,fair,just 必 bi4 certainly,must,will,necessarily 欲 yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish 去 qu4 to go,to leave,to remove,fourth tone of putonghua , 我等引甲士護從, 我等 wo3 deng3 we; us (archaic) 引 yin3 to draw (a bow),to pull,to stretch sth,to extend,to lengthen,to involve in,to attract,to lead,to guide,to divert (water) 甲 jia3 armor,first of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,first in order,letter "A" or roman "I" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,first party (in legal contract, usually

written 甲方, as opposed to second party 乙方),methyl 士 shi4 scholar,warrior,knight 護 hu4 protect(护) 從 cong1 lax,yielding,unhurried(从) cong2 from,via,passing through,through (a gap),past,ever (followed by negative, meaning never),(formerly pr. zong4 and related to 縱|纵) to follow,to comply with,to obey,to join,to engage in,adopting some mode of action or attitude,follower,retainer,accessory,accomplice,related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor,surname Cong(从) zong4 second cousin(从) , 以防不測。 以防不測 yi3 fang2 bu4 ce4 to provide against any misfortune (idiom)(以防不测) 。 」 」 於是袁紹、曹操各選精兵五百,命袁紹之弟袁術領之。袁術全身披掛,引兵布列青瑣門外。紹與操帶劍護送何進 至長樂宮前。黃門傳懿旨云:「太后特宣大將軍,餘人不許輒入。」將袁紹、曹操等都阻住宮門外。何進昂然直 入。至嘉德殿門,張讓、段珪迎出,左右圍住,進大驚。讓厲聲責進曰:「董后何罪,妄以酖死?國母喪葬,託 疾不出!汝本屠沽小輩,我等薦之天子,以致榮貴:不思報效,欲相謀害!汝言我等甚濁,其清者是誰?」進慌 急,欲尋出路,宮門盡閉,伏甲齊出,將何進砍為兩段。後人有詩歎之曰:漢室傾危天數終,無謀何進作三公。 幾番不聽忠臣諫,難免宮中受劍鋒。 於是袁紹、 於是 yu2 shi4 thereupon,as a result,consequently,thus,hence(于是) 袁紹 Yuan2 Shao4 Yuan Shao (153-202), general during late Han, subsequently warlord(袁绍) 、 曹操各選精兵五百, 曹操 Cao2 Cao1 Cao Cao (155-220), famous statesman and general at the end of Han, noted poet and calligrapher, later warlord, founder and first king of Cao Wei 曹魏, father of Emperor Cao Pi 曹丕,the main villain of novel the Romance of Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义 各 ge4 each,every 選 xuan3 to choose,to pick,to select,to elect(选) 精兵 jing1 bing1 elite troops 五 wu3 five,5 百 bai3 hundred,numerous,all kinds of,surname Bai , 命袁紹之弟袁術領之。 命 ming4 life,fate,order 袁紹 Yuan2 Shao4 Yuan Shao (153-202), general during late Han, subsequently warlord(袁绍) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 弟 di4 younger brother,junior male,I (modest word in letter) ti4 variant of 悌, to do one's duty as a younger brother 袁 Yuan2 surname Yuan,often refers to Yuan Shikai 袁世凱|袁世凯 術 shu4 method,technique(术) 領 ling3 neck,collar,to lead,to receive,classifier for clothes, mats, screens

etc(领) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 。 袁術全身披掛, 袁 Yuan2 surname Yuan,often refers to Yuan Shikai 袁世凱|袁世凯 術 shu4 method,technique(术) 全身 quan2 shen1 whole body,em-dash, a hyphen the length of an m in current typeface, one half the Chinese dash 破折號|破折号 ── 披掛 pi1 gua4 to put on a suit of armor,to put on dress,to wear(披挂) , 引兵布列青瑣門外。 引 yin3 to draw (a bow),to pull,to stretch sth,to extend,to lengthen,to involve in,to attract,to lead,to guide,to divert (water) 兵 bing1 soldiers,a force,an army,weapons,arms,military,warlike 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 列 lie4 to arrange,to line up,row,file,series,column 青 qing1 nature's color,green or blue,greenish black,youth,young (of people),abbr. for Qinghai province 青海 瑣 suo3 fragmentary,trifling(琐) 門外 men2 wai4 outside the door(门外) 。 紹與操帶劍護送何進至長樂宮前。 紹 shao4 connect,to introduce(绍) 與 yu2 (same as 歟|欤, final particle expression doubt or surprise, similar to 吗 or 呢)(与) yu3 and,to give,together with(与) yu4 take part in(与) 操 cao1 to grasp,to hold,to operate,to manage,to control,to steer,to exercise,to drill (practice),to play,to speak (a language) cao4 to fuck (vulgar) 帶 dai4 band,belt,girdle,ribbon,tire,area,zone,region,to wear,to carry,to lead,to bring,to look after,to raise(带) 劍 jian4 (double-edged) sword(剑) 護送 hu4 song4 to escort,to accompany(护送) 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 至 zhi4 arrive,most,to,until 長樂 Chang2 le4 (长乐) 宮 gong1 palace,surname Gong,castration (as corporal punishment),first note in pentatonic scale(宫) 前 qian2 before,in front,ago,former,previous,earlier,front,prefixed word denoting respect (polite 美称); foremost; premier 。 黃門傳懿旨云: 黃 huang2 yellow,sulfur,surname Huang or Hwang(黄) 門 men2 gate,door(门) 傳 chuan2 to pass on,to spread,to transmit,to infect,to transfer,to circulate,to conduct (electricity)(传)

zhuan4 biography,historical narrative,commentaries,relay station(传) 懿旨 yi4 zhi3 an Imperial decree 云 yun2 (classical) to say :雲: Yun2 abbr. for Yunnan 雲南|云南 province in southwest China,surname Yun :雲: yun2 cloud : 「太后特宣大將軍, 「 太后 tai4 hou4 Empress Dowager 特 te4 special,unique,distinguished,especially,unusual,very 宣 xuan1 to declare (publicly),to announce,surname Xuan 大將軍 da4 jiang1 jun1 important general,generalissimo(大将军) , 餘人不許輒入。 餘 yu2 extra,surplus,remaining,remainder after division,(following numerical value) or more,in excess of (some number),residue (math.),after,I,me,surname Yu(余) yu2 variant of 餘|余, remainder,surname Yu(馀) 人 ren2 man,person,people 不許 bu4 xu3 not allow,must not,can't(不许) 輒 zhe2 often,regularly,(archaic) luggage rack on a chariot (drooping down like ears, hence "chariot ears")(辄) 入 ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese) 。 」將袁紹、 袁紹 Yuan2 Shao4 Yuan Shao (153-202), general during late Han, subsequently warlord(袁绍) 、 曹操等都阻住宮門外。 曹操 Cao2 Cao1 Cao Cao (155-220), famous statesman and general at the end of Han, noted poet and calligrapher, later warlord, founder and first king of Cao Wei 曹魏, father of Emperor Cao Pi 曹丕,the main villain of novel the Romance of Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义 等 deng3 class,rank,grade,equal to,same as,to wait for,to await,et cetera,and so on,et al. (and other authors),after,as soon as,once 都 dou1 all, both,entirely (due to) each,even,already du1 capital city,metropolis,surname Du 阻 zu3 to hinder,to block,to obstruct 住 zhu4 to live,to dwell,to stay,to reside,to stop 宮 gong1 palace,surname Gong,castration (as corporal punishment),first note in pentatonic scale(宫) 門外 men2 wai4 outside the door(门外) 。 何進昂然直入。 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 昂然 ang2 ran2 upright and unafraid 直 zhi2 straight,vertical,frank,directly,straightly,upright 入 ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese)

。 至嘉德殿門, 至 嘉 德 殿 門 , zhi4 arrive,most,to,until jia1 excellent de2 Germany,virtue,goodness,morality,ethics,kindness,favor,character,kind dian4 palace hall men2 gate,door(门)

張讓、 張 zhang1 to open up,to spread,sheet of paper,classifier for flat objects, sheet,classifier for votes,surname Zhang(张) 讓 rang4 to yield,to permit,to let sb do sth,to have sb do sth(让) 、 段珪迎出, 段 duan4 surname Duan,paragraph,section,segment,stage (of a process),classifier for stories, periods of time, lengths of thread etc 珪 gui1 jade tablet,silicon 迎 ying2 to welcome,to meet,to face,to forge ahead (esp. in the face of difficulties) 出 chu1 to go out,to come out,to occur,to produce,to go beyond,to rise,to put forth,to happen,classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc , 左右圍住, 左右 zuo3 you4 about,approximately,left and right,around,attendant 圍住 wei2 zhu4 to surround,to gird(围住) , 進大驚。 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor 驚 jing1 to start,to be frightened,to be scared,alarm(惊) 。 讓厲聲責進曰: 讓 rang4 to yield,to permit,to let sb do sth,to have sb do sth(让) 厲聲 li4 sheng1 stern voice(厉声) 責 ze2 duty,responsibility,to reproach,to blame(责) 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「董后何罪, 「 董 dong3 supervise,to direct,director,surname Dong 后 hou4 empress,queen,surname Hou :後: hou4 back,behind,rear,afterwards,after,later 何 He2 surname He

he2 what,how,why,which,carry 罪 zui4 guilt,crime,fault,blame,sin , 妄以酖死? 妄 wang4 absurd,fantastic,presumptuous,rash 以 Yi3 yi3 to use,according to,so as to,in order to,by,with,because 酖 dan1 addicted to liquor zhen4 poisonous,to poison 死 si3 to die,impassable,uncrossable,inflexible,rigid,extremely ? 國母喪葬, 國 guo2 country,nation,state,national,surname Guo(国) 母 mu3 female,mother 喪葬 sang1 zang4 funeral,burial(丧葬) , 託疾不出! 託 tuo1 to trust,to entrust,to be entrusted with,to act as trustee(托) 疾 ji2 sickness,disease,hate,envy,swift 不 bu4 (negative prefix),not,no 出 chu1 to go out,to come out,to occur,to produce,to go beyond,to rise,to put forth,to happen,classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc ! 汝本屠沽小輩, 汝 ru3 thou 本 ben3 roots or stems of plants,origin,source,this,the current,root,foundation,basis,(classifier for books, periodicals, files etc) 屠 Tu2 surname Tu tu2 slaughter,slaughter man 沽 gu1 buy,sell,abbr. for Tianjin 天津 (also 津沽) 小 xiao3 small,tiny,few,young 輩 bei4 contemporaries,generation,lifetime(辈) , 我等薦之天子, 我等 wo3 deng3 we; us (archaic) 薦 jian4 to recommend,to offer sacrifice (arch.),grass,straw mat(荐) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 天子 tian1 zi3 the (rightful) Emperor,the "Son of Heaven" (traditional English translation) , 以致榮貴: 以致 yi3 zhi4 to such an extent as to,down to,up to 榮 rong2 glory,honor,nutritive energy (in Chinese medicine),blood,surname Rong(荣) 貴 gui4 expensive,noble,your (name),precious(贵) :

不思報效, 不 bu4 (negative prefix),not,no 思 si1 to think,to consider 報效 bao4 xiao4 render service to repay kindness(报效) , 欲相謀害! 欲 yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish 相 xiang1 each other,one another,mutually xiang4 appearance,portrait,picture 謀害 mou2 hai4 to conspire to murder,to plot against sb's life(谋害) ! 汝言我等甚濁, 汝 ru3 thou 言 yan2 to speak,to say,talk,word yan2 "speech" or "words" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 149), occurring in 说, 话, 请, etc.(讠) 我等 wo3 deng3 we; us (archaic) 甚 shen2 what(什) shen4 what,very,extremely,any 濁 zhuo2 turbid,muddy,impure(浊) , 其清者是誰? 其 清 者 是 誰 ? qi2 his,her,its,theirs,that,such,it (refers to sth preceding it) qing1 clear,distinct,complete,pure,the Ch'ing or Qing dynasty (1644-1911) zhe3 -ist, -er (person),person (who does sth) shi4 is,are,am,yes,to be shei2 who,also pronounced shui2(谁)

」進慌急, 」 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 慌 huang1 to get panicky,to lose one's head 急 ji2 urgent,pressing,rapid,hurried,worried , 欲尋出路, 欲 yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish 尋出 xun2 chu1 to find out,to search out,to uncover,to discover(寻出) 路 lu4 road,path,way,surname Lu , 宮門盡閉, 宮 gong1 palace,surname Gong,castration (as corporal punishment),first note in pentatonic scale(宫) 門 men2 gate,door(门) 盡 jin4 to use up,to exhaust,to end,to finish,to the utmost,exhausted,finished,to the limit (of sth)(尽) 閉 bi4 to close,stop up,shut,obstruct(闭)

, 伏甲齊出, 伏 fu2 to lean over,to fall (go down),to hide (in ambush),to conceal oneself,to lie low,hottest days of summer,to submit,to concede defeat,to overcome,to subdue,volt,surname Fu 甲 jia3 armor,first of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,first in order,letter "A" or roman "I" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,first party (in legal contract, usually written 甲方, as opposed to second party 乙方),methyl 齊 Qi2 (name of states and dynasties at several different periods),surname Qi(齐) qi2 neat,even,level with,identical,simultaneous,all together,to even sth out(齐) 出 chu1 to go out,to come out,to occur,to produce,to go beyond,to rise,to put forth,to happen,classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc , 將何進砍為兩段。 將 jiang1 (will, shall, "future tense"),ready,prepared,to get,to use(将) jiang4 a general(将) 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 砍 kan3 to chop 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 兩 liang3 both,two,ounce,some,a few,tael,weight equal to 50 grams(两) 段 duan4 surname Duan,paragraph,section,segment,stage (of a process),classifier for stories, periods of time, lengths of thread etc 。 後人有詩歎之曰: 後人 hou4 ren2 later generation(后人) 有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be 詩 shi1 poem(诗) 歎 tan4 sigh,gasp,exclaim(叹) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 漢室傾危天數終, 漢 Han4 Chinese,the Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD)(汉) 室 shi4 room 傾 qing1 to overturn,to collapse,to lean,to tend,to incline,to pour out(倾) 危 wei1 danger,to endanger,surname Wei,Taiwan pr. wei2 天 tian1 day,sky,heaven 數 shu3 to count,to enumerate,to criticize (i.e. enumerate shortcomings)(数) shu4 number,figure,to count,to calculate,several(数) shuo4 frequently,repeatedly(数) 終 zhong1 end,finish(终) , 無謀何進作三公。 無 wu2 -less,not to have,no,none,not,to lack,un-(无)

謀 mou2 to plan,seek,scheme(谋) 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 作 zuo4 to do,to make,to regard as,to take sb for 三 san1 three,3 公 gong1 public,collectively owned,common,international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar),make public,fair,just 。 幾番不聽忠臣諫, 幾 ji1 almost(几) ji3 how much,how many,several,a few(几) 番 Pan1 surname Pan,place name fan1 deeds,foreign,classifier for repeated actions: time 不 bu4 (negative prefix),not,no 聽 ting1 to listen,to hear,to obey,a can (loanword from English "tin"),classifier for canned beverages(听) ting4 to let,to allow(听) 忠 zhong1 loyal 臣 chen2 statesman,vassal,courtier,minister,official 諫 jian4 to remonstrate,to admonish(谏) , 難免宮中受劍鋒。 難免 nan2 mian3 hard to avoid,difficult to escape from(难免) 宮 gong1 palace,surname Gong,castration (as corporal punishment),first note in pentatonic scale(宫) 中 zhong1 within,among,in,middle,center,while (doing sth),during,China,Chinese zhong4 hit (the mark) 受 shou4 to receive,to accept,to suffer,subjected to,to bear,to stand,pleasant, (passive marker) 劍 jian4 (double-edged) sword(剑) 鋒 feng1 point of a spear,edge of a tool,vanguard,forward (in sports team)(锋) 。

讓等既殺何進,袁紹久不見進出,乃於宮門外大叫曰:「請將軍上車!」讓等將何進首級從牆上擲出,宣諭曰: 「何進謀反,已伏誅矣。其餘脅從,盡皆赦宥。」袁紹厲聲大叫:「閹官謀殺大臣!誅惡黨者前來助戰!」何進 部將吳匡,便於青瑣門外放起火來。袁術引兵突入宮庭,但見閹官,不諭大小,盡皆殺之。袁紹、曹操斬關入 內。趙忠,程曠,夏惲,郭勝四個被趕至翠花樓前,剁為肉泥。宮中火燄沖天。張讓,段珪,曹節,侯覽將太后 及太子并陳留王劫去內省,從後道走北宮。 讓等既殺何進, 讓 rang4 to yield,to permit,to let sb do sth,to have sb do sth(让) 等 deng3 class,rank,grade,equal to,same as,to wait for,to await,et cetera,and so on,et al. (and other authors),after,as soon as,once 既 ji4 already,since,both... (and...) 殺 sha1 to kill,to murder,to slaughter,fight(杀) 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) ,

袁紹久不見進出, 袁紹 Yuan2 Shao4 Yuan Shao (153-202), general during late Han, subsequently warlord(袁绍) 久 jiu3 (long) time,(long) duration of time 不見 bu4 jian4 not see,not meet(不见) 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 出 chu1 to go out,to come out,to occur,to produce,to go beyond,to rise,to put forth,to happen,classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc , 乃於宮門外大叫曰: 乃 nai3 to be,thus,so,therefore,then,only,thereupon 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 宮 gong1 palace,surname Gong,castration (as corporal punishment),first note in pentatonic scale(宫) 門外 men2 wai4 outside the door(门外) 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor 叫 jiao4 to shout,to call,to order,to ask,to be called,by (indicates agent in the passive mood) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「請將軍上車! 將軍 jiang1 jun1 (army) general(将军) 上車 shang4 che1 to get on or into (a bus, train, car etc)(上车) ! 」讓等將何進首級從牆上擲出, 」 讓 rang4 to yield,to permit,to let sb do sth,to have sb do sth(让) 等 deng3 class,rank,grade,equal to,same as,to wait for,to await,et cetera,and so on,et al. (and other authors),after,as soon as,once 將 jiang1 (will, shall, "future tense"),ready,prepared,to get,to use(将) jiang4 a general(将) 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 首 shou3 head,chief,first (occasion, thing etc),classifier for poems, songs etc 級 ji2 level,grade,rank,step(级) 從 cong1 lax,yielding,unhurried(从) cong2 from,via,passing through,through (a gap),past,ever (followed by negative, meaning never),(formerly pr. zong4 and related to 縱|纵) to follow,to comply with,to obey,to join,to engage in,adopting some mode of action or attitude,follower,retainer,accessory,accomplice,related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor,surname Cong(从) zong4 second cousin(从) 牆 qiang2 wall(墙) 上 shang4 on,on top,upon,first (of multiple parts),previous,last,upper,higher,above,to climb,to go into,to go up,to attend (class or university),third tone of putonghua 擲 zhi4 to toss,to throw dice,Taiwan pr. zhi2(掷) 出 chu1 to go out,to come out,to occur,to produce,to go beyond,to rise,to put

forth,to happen,classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc , 宣諭曰: 宣 xuan1 to declare (publicly),to announce,surname Xuan 諭 yu4 order (from above)(谕) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「何進謀反, 「 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 謀反 mou2 fan3 to plot a rebellion,to conspire against the state(谋反) , 已伏誅矣。 已 yi3 already,to stop,then,afterwards 伏誅 fu2 zhu1 to be executed(伏诛) 矣 yi3 archaic final particle similar to modern 了 。 其餘脅從, 其餘 qi2 yu2 the rest,the others,remaining,remainder,apart from them(其余) 脅 xie2 side of body,threaten(胁) 從 cong1 lax,yielding,unhurried(从) cong2 from,via,passing through,through (a gap),past,ever (followed by negative, meaning never),(formerly pr. zong4 and related to 縱|纵) to follow,to comply with,to obey,to join,to engage in,adopting some mode of action or attitude,follower,retainer,accessory,accomplice,related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor,surname Cong(从) zong4 second cousin(从) , 盡皆赦宥。 盡皆 jin4 jie1 all,without exception,complete,whole,entirely(尽皆) 赦 she4 to pardon (a convict) 宥 you4 forgive,help,profound 。 」袁紹厲聲大叫: 」 袁紹 Yuan2 Shao4 Yuan Shao (153-202), general during late Han, subsequently warlord(袁绍) 厲聲 li4 sheng1 stern voice(厉声) 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor 叫 jiao4 to shout,to call,to order,to ask,to be called,by (indicates agent in the passive mood) : 「閹官謀殺大臣!

「 閹 yan1 castrate,neuter(阉) 官 guan1 official,government,organ of body 謀殺 mou2 sha1 murder,premeditated murder(谋杀) 大臣 da4 chen2 chancellor,title of important minister (e.g. in Japan) ! 誅惡黨者前來助戰! 誅 zhu1 to execute,to put to death,to condemn,to punish(诛) 惡 e3 nauseated(恶) e4 evil,vice,wicked,malevolent,malignant,pernicious,fierce(恶) wu4 to hate,to loathe(恶) 黨 dang3 party,association,club,society,surname Dang(党) 者 zhe3 -ist, -er (person),person (who does sth) 前來 qian2 lai2 to come (formal),before,previously(前来) 助 zhu4 to help,to assist 戰 zhan4 to fight,fight,war,battle(战) ! 」何進部將吳匡, 」 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 部 bu4 ministry,department,section,part,division,troops,board,(classifier for works of literature, films, machines etc) 將 jiang1 (will, shall, "future tense"),ready,prepared,to get,to use(将) jiang4 a general(将) 吳 Wu2 surname Wu,province of Jiangsu,name of Southern China states at different historical periods(吴) 匡 kuang1 correct , 便於青瑣門外放起火來。 便於 bian4 yu2 easy to,convenient for(便于) 青 qing1 nature's color,green or blue,greenish black,youth,young (of people),abbr. for Qinghai province 青海 瑣 suo3 fragmentary,trifling(琐) 門外 men2 wai4 outside the door(门外) 放 fang4 to release,to free,to let go,to put,to place,to let out,to set off (fireworks) 起火 qi3 huo3 to catch fire 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 。 袁術引兵突入宮庭, 袁 Yuan2 surname Yuan,often refers to Yuan Shikai 袁世凱|袁世凯 術 shu4 method,technique(术) 引 yin3 to draw (a bow),to pull,to stretch sth,to extend,to lengthen,to involve in,to attract,to lead,to guide,to divert (water) 兵 bing1 soldiers,a force,an army,weapons,arms,military,warlike 突 tu1 to dash,to move forward quickly,to bulge,to protrude,to break through,to rush out,sudden,Taiwan pr. tu2 入 ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese) 宮 gong1 palace,surname Gong,castration (as corporal punishment),first note in pentatonic scale(宫)

庭 ting2 court,courtyard , 但見閹官, 但 dan4 but,yet,however,only,merely,still 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 閹 yan1 castrate,neuter(阉) 官 guan1 official,government,organ of body , 不諭大小, 不 bu4 (negative prefix),not,no 諭 yu4 order (from above)(谕) 大小 da4 xiao3 dimension,magnitude,size,measurement , 盡皆殺之。 盡皆 jin4 jie1 all,without exception,complete,whole,entirely(尽皆) 殺 sha1 to kill,to murder,to slaughter,fight(杀) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 。 袁紹、 袁紹 Yuan2 Shao4 Yuan Shao (153-202), general during late Han, subsequently warlord(袁绍) 、 曹操斬關入內。 曹操 Cao2 Cao1 Cao Cao (155-220), famous statesman and general at the end of Han, noted poet and calligrapher, later warlord, founder and first king of Cao Wei 曹魏, father of Emperor Cao Pi 曹丕,the main villain of novel the Romance of Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义 斬 zhan3 to behead (as form of capital punishment),to chop(斩) 關 guan1 mountain pass,to close,to shut,to turn off,to concern,to involve,surname Guan(关) 入 ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese) 內 nei4 inside,inner,internal,within,interior(内) 。 趙忠, 趙 Zhao4 surname Zhao,the Former Zhao 前趙 (304-329) and Later Zhao 後趙 (319-350) of the Sixteen Kingdoms(赵) 忠 zhong1 loyal , 程曠, 程 cheng2 rule,order,regulations,formula,journey,procedure,sequence,surname Cheng 曠 kuang4 waste,wilderness,vast,desert(旷) ,

夏惲, 夏 Xia4 the Xia or Hsia dynasty c. 2000 BC,Xia of the Sixteen Kingdoms (407432),surname Xia xia4 summer 惲 yun4 surname Yun(恽) , 郭勝四個被趕至翠花樓前, 郭 Guo1 surname Guo guo1 outer city wall 勝 sheng4 victory,success,to beat,to defeat,to surpass,victorious,superior to,to get the better of,better than,surpassing,superb (of vista),beautiful (scenery),wonderful (view),(arch. pronunciation shēng) able to bear,equal to (a task)(胜) 四 si4 four,4 個 ge4 individual,this,that,size,classifier for people or objects in general(个) 被 bei4 by (indicates passive-voice sentences or clauses),to cover,to wear 趕 gan3 to catch up,to overtake,to hurry,to rush,to drive away(赶) 至 zhi4 arrive,most,to,until 翠 cui4 bluish-green,green jade 花 hua1 flower,blossom,fancy pattern 樓 lou2 house with more than 1 story,storied building,floor(楼) 前 qian2 before,in front,ago,former,previous,earlier,front,prefixed word denoting respect (polite 美称); foremost; premier , 剁為肉泥。 剁 duo4 to chop (meat),to cut 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 肉 rou4 meat,flesh,pulp (of a fruit) 泥 ni2 mud,clay,paste,pulp ni4 restrained 。 宮中火燄沖天。 宮 gong1 palace,surname Gong,castration (as corporal punishment),first note in pentatonic scale(宫) 中 zhong1 within,among,in,middle,center,while (doing sth),during,China,Chinese zhong4 hit (the mark) 火燄 huo3 yan4 blaze,flame(火焰) 沖 chong1 (of water) to dash against,to mix with water,to infuse,to rinse,to flush,to develop (a film),to rise in the air,to clash,to collide with(冲) 天 tian1 day,sky,heaven 。 張讓, 張 zhang1 to open up,to spread,sheet of paper,classifier for flat objects, sheet,classifier for votes,surname Zhang(张) 讓 rang4 to yield,to permit,to let sb do sth,to have sb do sth(让) ,

段珪, 段 duan4 surname Duan,paragraph,section,segment,stage (of a process),classifier for stories, periods of time, lengths of thread etc 珪 gui1 jade tablet,silicon , 曹節, 曹 cao2 a company,a class,a generation,surname Cao 節 jie2 festival,holiday,node,joint,section,segment,part,to economize,to save,to abridge,moral integrity,classifier for segments, e.g. lessons, train wagons, biblical verses(节) , 侯覽將太后及太子并陳留王劫去內省, 侯 hou2 覽 lan3 look over,to view(览) 將 jiang1 (will, shall, "future tense"),ready,prepared,to get,to use(将) jiang4 a general(将) 太后 tai4 hou4 Empress Dowager 及 ji2 and,to reach,up to,in time for 太子 tai4 zi3 prince 并 bing4 and,also,together with :並: bing4 and,furthermore,also,together with,(not) at all,simultaneously,to combine,to join,to merge :併: bing4 to combine,to amalgamate 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 留 liu2 leave (message),to retain,to stay,to remain,to keep,to preserve 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 劫 jie2 to rob,to plunder,to seize by force,to coerce,calamity 去 qu4 to go,to leave,to remove,fourth tone of putonghua 內 nei4 inside,inner,internal,within,interior(内) 省 sheng3 to save,to economize,to do without,to omit,to leave out,province xing3 introspection,to examine oneself critically,awareness,to visit (an elderly relative) , 從後道走北宮。 從 cong1 lax,yielding,unhurried(从) cong2 from,via,passing through,through (a gap),past,ever (followed by negative, meaning never),(formerly pr. zong4 and related to 縱|纵) to follow,to comply with,to obey,to join,to engage in,adopting some mode of action or attitude,follower,retainer,accessory,accomplice,related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor,surname Cong(从) zong4 second cousin(从) 後 hou4 back,behind,rear,afterwards,after,later(后) 道 dao4 direction,way,road,path,principle,truth,morality,reason,skill,method,Dao (of Daoism),to say,to speak,to talk,classifier for long thin stretches, rivers, roads etc,province (of Korea do 도, and formerly Japan dō) 走 zou3 to walk,to go,to run,to move (of vehicle),to visit,to leave,to go away,to die (euph.),from,through,away (in compound verbs, such as 撤走),to change (shape, form, meaning) 北 bei3 north

宮 gong1 palace,surname Gong,castration (as corporal punishment),first note in pentatonic scale(宫) 。

時盧植棄官未去,見宮中事變,擐甲持戈,立於閣下。遙見段珪擁逼何后過來,植大呼曰:「段珪逆賊,安敢劫 太后!」段珪回身便走。太后從窗中跳出,植急救得免。吳匡殺入內庭,見何苗亦提劍出。匡大呼曰:「何苗同 謀害兄,當共殺之!」眾人俱曰:「願斬謀兄之賊!」苗欲走,四面圍定,砍為虀粉。紹復令軍士分頭來殺十常 侍家屬,不分大小,盡皆誅絕,多有無鬚者誤被殺死。曹操一面救滅宮中之火,請何太后權攝大事,遣兵追襲張 讓等,尋覓少帝。 時盧植棄官未去, 時 shi2 o'clock,time,when,hour,season,period,surname Shi(时) 盧 Lu2 surname Lu,abbr. for Luxembourg 盧森堡|卢森堡(卢) 植 zhi2 to plant 棄 qi4 to abandon,to relinquish,to discard,to throw away(弃) 官 guan1 official,government,organ of body 未 wei4 not yet,did not,have not,not,8th earthly branch: 1-3 p.m., 6th solar month (7th July-6th August), year of the Sheep 去 qu4 to go,to leave,to remove,fourth tone of putonghua , 見宮中事變, 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 宮 gong1 palace,surname Gong,castration (as corporal punishment),first note in pentatonic scale(宫) 中 zhong1 within,among,in,middle,center,while (doing sth),during,China,Chinese zhong4 hit (the mark) 事變 shi4 bian4 unforeseen event,incident(事变) , 擐甲持戈, 擐 huan4 pass through,to get into (armor) 甲 jia3 armor,first of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,first in order,letter "A" or roman "I" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,first party (in legal contract, usually written 甲方, as opposed to second party 乙方),methyl 持 chi2 to hold,to grasp,to support,to maintain,to persevere,to manage,to run (i.e. administer),to control 戈 ge1 spear,surname Ge , 立於閣下。 立 li4 set up,to stand 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 閣下 ge2 xia4 Your Majesty,Sire(阁下) 。 遙見段珪擁逼何后過來, 遙 yao2 distant,remote,far,far away(遥)

見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 段 duan4 surname Duan,paragraph,section,segment,stage (of a process),classifier for stories, periods of time, lengths of thread etc 珪 gui1 jade tablet,silicon 擁 yong1 to hold,to embrace,to wrap around,to gather around (sb),to throng,to swarm,to support(拥) 逼 bi1 force,compel,drive,press for,extort,press on towards,press up to,to close (in on),make (someone do something),pussy; cunt (vulgar) 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 后 hou4 empress,queen,surname Hou :後: hou4 back,behind,rear,afterwards,after,later 過來 guo4 lai2 to come over,to manage,to handle,to be able to take care of,also pr. guo4lai5(过来) , 植大呼曰: 植 zhi2 to plant 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor 呼 hu1 to call,to cry,to shout,to breath out,to exhale 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「段珪逆賊, 「 段 duan4 surname Duan,paragraph,section,segment,stage (of a process),classifier for stories, periods of time, lengths of thread etc 珪 gui1 jade tablet,silicon 逆賊 ni4 zei2 renegade,traitor and bandit(逆贼) , 安敢劫太后! 安 an1 content,calm,still,quiet,safe,secure,in good health,to find a place for,to install,to fix,to fit,to bring (a charge against sb),to pacify,security,safety,peace,ampere,surname An 敢 gan3 dare 劫 jie2 to rob,to plunder,to seize by force,to coerce,calamity 太后 tai4 hou4 Empress Dowager ! 」段珪回身便走。 」 段 duan4 surname Duan,paragraph,section,segment,stage (of a process),classifier for stories, periods of time, lengths of thread etc 珪 gui1 jade tablet,silicon 回 hui2 to circle,to go back,to turn around,to answer,to return,to revolve,Hui ethnic group (Chinese Muslims),time,classifier for acts of a play,section or chapter (of a classic book) 身 shen1 body,torso,person,life,status,pregnancy,classifier for clothes: suit 便 bian4 ordinary,plain,convenient,as convenient,when the chance arises,handy,easy,informal,simple,so,thus,to relieve oneself,to urinate,to defecate,equivalent to 就: then,in that case,even if,soon afterwards pian2 advantageous,cheap 走 zou3 to walk,to go,to run,to move (of vehicle),to visit,to leave,to go away,to

die (euph.),from,through,away (in compound verbs, such as 撤走),to change (shape, form, meaning) 。 太后從窗中跳出, 太后 tai4 hou4 Empress Dowager 從 cong1 lax,yielding,unhurried(从) cong2 from,via,passing through,through (a gap),past,ever (followed by negative, meaning never),(formerly pr. zong4 and related to 縱|纵) to follow,to comply with,to obey,to join,to engage in,adopting some mode of action or attitude,follower,retainer,accessory,accomplice,related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor,surname Cong(从) zong4 second cousin(从) 窗 chuang1 shutter,window 中 zhong1 within,among,in,middle,center,while (doing sth),during,China,Chinese zhong4 hit (the mark) 跳出 tiao4 chu1 to jump out,fig. to appear suddenly , 植急救得免。 植 zhi2 to plant 急救 ji2 jiu4 first aid,emergency treatment 得 de2 to obtain,to get,to gain,to catch (a disease),proper,suitable,proud,contented,to allow,to permit,ready,finished de5 structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc dei3 to have to,must,ought to,to need to 免 mian3 to exempt,to remove,to avoid,to excuse 。 吳匡殺入內庭, 吳 Wu2 surname Wu,province of Jiangsu,name of Southern China states at different historical periods(吴) 匡 kuang1 correct 殺 sha1 to kill,to murder,to slaughter,fight(杀) 入 ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese) 內 nei4 inside,inner,internal,within,interior(内) 庭 ting2 court,courtyard , 見何苗亦提劍出。 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 苗 Miao2 surname Miao,Hmong or Miao ethnic group of southwest China miao2 sprout 亦 yi4 also 提 di1 carry (suspended) ti2 to carry (hanging down from the hand),to lift,to put forward,to mention,to raise (an issue),upwards character stroke,lifting brush stroke (in painting),scoop for measuring liquid 劍 jian4 (double-edged) sword(剑) 出 chu1 to go out,to come out,to occur,to produce,to go beyond,to rise,to put

forth,to happen,classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc 。 匡大呼曰: 匡 kuang1 correct 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor 呼 hu1 to call,to cry,to shout,to breath out,to exhale 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「何苗同謀害兄, 「 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 苗 Miao2 surname Miao,Hmong or Miao ethnic group of southwest China miao2 sprout 同謀 tong2 mou2 to conspire with sb,to plot,a conspirator,a partner in crime,an accomplice(同谋) 害 hai4 to do harm to,to cause trouble to,harm,evil,calamity 兄 xiong1 elder brother , 當共殺之! 當 dang1 to be,to act as,manage,withstand,when,during,ought,should,match equally,equal,same,obstruct,just at (a time or place),on the spot,right,just at(当) dang4 at or in the very same...,to pawn,suitable,adequate,fitting,proper,replace,represent(当) 共 gong4 common,general,to share,together,total,altogether 殺 sha1 to kill,to murder,to slaughter,fight(杀) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it ! 」眾人俱曰: 」 眾人 zhong4 ren2 everyone(众人) 俱 ju1 entirely,without exception ju4 a social club 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「願斬謀兄之賊! 「 斬 謀 兄 之 賊 ! 願 yuan4 to hope,to wish,to desire,hoped-for,ready,willing,sincere(愿) zhan3 to behead (as form of capital punishment),to chop(斩) mou2 to plan,seek,scheme(谋) xiong1 elder brother zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it zei2 thief(贼)

」苗欲走, 」 苗 Miao2 surname Miao,Hmong or Miao ethnic group of southwest China miao2 sprout 欲 yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish

走 zou3 to walk,to go,to run,to move (of vehicle),to visit,to leave,to go away,to die (euph.),from,through,away (in compound verbs, such as 撤走),to change (shape, form, meaning) , 四面圍定, 四面 si4 mian4 all sides 圍 wei2 to encircle,to surround,all around,to wear by wrapping around (scarf, shawl),a surname(围) 定 ding4 to set,to fix,to determine,to decide,to order , 砍為虀粉。 砍 kan3 to chop 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 虀 ji1 fragment,salted vegetables,spices 粉 fen3 powder,cosmetic face powder,food prepared from starch,noodles or pasta made from any kind of flour,whitewash,white,pink 。 紹復令軍士分頭來殺十常侍家屬, 紹 shao4 connect,to introduce(绍) 復 fu4 to go and return,to return,to resume,to return to a normal or original state,to repeat,again,to recover,to restore,to turn over,to reply,to answer,to reply to a letter,to retaliate,to carry out(复) 令 ling4 make or cause to be,order,command,decree,honorable 軍士 jun1 shi4 sergeant(军士) 分頭 fen1 tou2 separately,severally(分头) 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 殺 sha1 to kill,to murder,to slaughter,fight(杀) 十常侍 shi2 chang2 shi4 Ten Permanent Functionaries at the end of Han, a byword for corruption 家屬 jia1 shu3 family member,(family) dependent(家属) , 不分大小, 不分 bu4 fen1 not divided,irrespective,not distinguishing between 大小 da4 xiao3 dimension,magnitude,size,measurement , 盡皆誅絕, 盡皆 jin4 jie1 all,without exception,complete,whole,entirely(尽皆) 誅 zhu1 to execute,to put to death,to condemn,to punish(诛) 絕 jue2 to cut short,extinct,to disappear,to vanish,absolutely,by no means(绝) , 多有無鬚者誤被殺死。 多 duo1 many,much,a lot of,numerous,multi有無 you3 wu2 to have or have not,surplus and shortfall,tangible and intangible,corporeal and incorporeal(有无)

鬚 xu1 beard,mustache(须) 者 zhe3 -ist, -er (person),person (who does sth) 誤 wu4 mistake,error,to miss,to harm,to delay,to neglect(误) 被 bei4 by (indicates passive-voice sentences or clauses),to cover,to wear 殺死 sha1 si3 to kill(杀死) 。 曹操一面救滅宮中之火, 曹操 Cao2 Cao1 Cao Cao (155-220), famous statesman and general at the end of Han, noted poet and calligrapher, later warlord, founder and first king of Cao Wei 曹魏, father of Emperor Cao Pi 曹丕,the main villain of novel the Romance of Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义 一面 yi1 mian4 one side 救 jiu4 to save,to assist,to rescue 滅 mie4 to extinguish,to overthrow (a former regime)(灭) 宮 gong1 palace,surname Gong,castration (as corporal punishment),first note in pentatonic scale(宫) 中 zhong1 within,among,in,middle,center,while (doing sth),during,China,Chinese zhong4 hit (the mark) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 火 huo3 fire , 請何太后權攝大事, 請 qing3 to ask,to invite,please (do sth),to treat (to a meal etc),to request(请) 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 太后 tai4 hou4 Empress Dowager 權 quan2 authority,power,right,temporary(权) 攝 she4 to take in,to absorb,to assimilate,to act for,to take a photo,photo shoot,photo,to conserve (one's health)(摄) 大事 da4 shi4 major event,major political event (war or change of regime),major social event (wedding or funeral),(do sth) in a big way , 遣兵追襲張讓等, 遣 qian3 dispatch 兵 bing1 soldiers,a force,an army,weapons,arms,military,warlike 追 zhui1 to pursue (a problem),to chase 襲 xi2 to attack,to inherit,classifier for suits (esp. of funeral robes)(袭) 張 zhang1 to open up,to spread,sheet of paper,classifier for flat objects, sheet,classifier for votes,surname Zhang(张) 讓 rang4 to yield,to permit,to let sb do sth,to have sb do sth(让) 等 deng3 class,rank,grade,equal to,same as,to wait for,to await,et cetera,and so on,et al. (and other authors),after,as soon as,once , 尋覓少帝。 尋覓 xun2 mi4 to look for(寻觅) 少 shao3 few,little,lack shao4 young 帝 di4 emperor 。

且說張讓,段珪,劫擁少帝及陳留王,冒煙突火,連夜奔走至北邙山。約三更時分,後面喊聲大舉,人馬趕至; 當前何南中部掾吏閔貢,大呼:「逆賊休走!」張讓見事急,遂投河而死。帝與陳留王未知虛實,不敢高聲,伏 於河邊亂草之內。軍馬四散去趕,不知帝之所在。 且說張讓, 且 qie3 further,moreover 說 shui4 to canvass,to persuade(说) shuo1 to speak,to say,a theory (usually in compounds such as 日心说 heliocentric theory)(说) 張 zhang1 to open up,to spread,sheet of paper,classifier for flat objects, sheet,classifier for votes,surname Zhang(张) 讓 rang4 to yield,to permit,to let sb do sth,to have sb do sth(让) , 段珪, 段 duan4 surname Duan,paragraph,section,segment,stage (of a process),classifier for stories, periods of time, lengths of thread etc 珪 gui1 jade tablet,silicon , 劫擁少帝及陳留王, 劫 jie2 to rob,to plunder,to seize by force,to coerce,calamity 擁 yong1 to hold,to embrace,to wrap around,to gather around (sb),to throng,to swarm,to support(拥) 少 shao3 few,little,lack shao4 young 帝 di4 emperor 及 ji2 and,to reach,up to,in time for 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 留 liu2 leave (message),to retain,to stay,to remain,to keep,to preserve 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang , 冒煙突火, 冒煙 mao4 yan1 smoking(冒烟) 突 tu1 to dash,to move forward quickly,to bulge,to protrude,to break through,to rush out,sudden,Taiwan pr. tu2 火 huo3 fire , 連夜奔走至北邙山。 連夜 lian2 ye4 the same night,that very night,before this night is out(连夜) 奔走 ben1 zou3 run,rush about,be busy running about 至 zhi4 arrive,most,to,until 北邙 Bei3 Mang2 Mt Mang at Luoyang in Henan, with many Han, Wei and Jin dynasty royal tombs 山 shan1 mountain,hill 。

約三更時分, 約 yao1 weigh(约) yue1 appointment,agreement,to arrange,to restrict,approximately(约) 三更 san1 geng1 midnight 時分 shi2 fen1 time,period during the day,one of the 12 two-hour periods enumerated by the earthly branches 地支(时分) , 後面喊聲大舉, 後面 hou4 mian5 rear,back,behind,later,afterwards(后面) 喊聲 han3 sheng1 to yell,hubbub(喊声) 大舉 da4 ju3 carry out a large-scale (military) operation(大举) , 人馬趕至;當前何南中部掾吏閔貢, 人馬 ren2 ma3 men and horses (e.g. on parade),centaur(人马) 趕 gan3 to catch up,to overtake,to hurry,to rush,to drive away(赶) 至 zhi4 arrive,most,to,until ; 當前 dang1 qian2 current,today's,modern,present,to be facing (us)(当前) 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 南 nan2 south 中部 zhong1 bu4 middle part,central section 掾 yuan4 official 吏 li4 minor official 閔 min3 surname Min,feel compassion for(闵) 貢 gong4 tribute,gifts(贡) , 大呼: 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor 呼 hu1 to call,to cry,to shout,to breath out,to exhale : 「逆賊休走! 「 逆賊 ni4 zei2 renegade,traitor and bandit(逆贼) 休 xiu1 to rest 走 zou3 to walk,to go,to run,to move (of vehicle),to visit,to leave,to go away,to die (euph.),from,through,away (in compound verbs, such as 撤走),to change (shape, form, meaning) ! 」張讓見事急, 」 張 zhang1 to open up,to spread,sheet of paper,classifier for flat objects, sheet,classifier for votes,surname Zhang(张) 讓 rang4 to yield,to permit,to let sb do sth,to have sb do sth(让) 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 事 shi4 matter,thing,item,work,affair 急 ji2 urgent,pressing,rapid,hurried,worried

, 遂投河而死。 遂 sui4 to satisfy,to succeed,then,thereupon,finally,unexpectedly 投 tou2 to throw,to send,to invest 河 he2 river 而 er2 and,as well as,and so,but (not),yet (not),(indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state),(indicates contrast) 死 si3 to die,impassable,uncrossable,inflexible,rigid,extremely 。 帝與陳留王未知虛實, 帝 di4 emperor 與 yu2 (same as 歟|欤, final particle expression doubt or surprise, similar to 吗 or 呢)(与) yu3 and,to give,together with(与) yu4 take part in(与) 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 留 liu2 leave (message),to retain,to stay,to remain,to keep,to preserve 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 未知 wei4 zhi1 unknown 虛實 xu1 shi2 what is true and what is false,(to get to know) the real situation(虚 实) , 不敢高聲, 不敢 bu4 gan3 not dare to 高聲 gao1 sheng1 aloud,loud,loudly(高声) , 伏於河邊亂草之內。 伏 fu2 to lean over,to fall (go down),to hide (in ambush),to conceal oneself,to lie low,hottest days of summer,to submit,to concede defeat,to overcome,to subdue,volt,surname Fu 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 河邊 he2 bian1 river bank(河边) 亂 luan4 in confusion,disorderly(乱) 草 cao3 grass,straw,manuscript,draft (of a document),careless,rough 之內 zhi1 nei4 inside(之内) 。 軍馬四散去趕, 軍 jun1 army,military,arms(军) 馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) 四散 si4 san4 to disperse,to scatter in all directions 去 qu4 to go,to leave,to remove,fourth tone of putonghua 趕 gan3 to catch up,to overtake,to hurry,to rush,to drive away(赶) ,

不知帝之所在。 不知 bu4 zhi1 not to know,unaware,unknowingly,fig. not to admit (defeat, hardships, tiredness etc) 帝 di4 emperor 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 所在 suo3 zai4 place,location,whereabouts,domicile,to be located,to belong to (organization etc) 。

帝與王伏至四更,露水又下,腹中飢餒,相抱而哭;又怕人知覺,吞聲草莽之中。陳留王曰:「此間不可久戀, 須別尋活路。」於是二人以衣相結,爬上岸邊。滿地荊棘,黑暗之中,不見行路。正無奈何,忽有流螢千百成 群,光芒照耀,只在帝前飛轉。陳留王曰:「此天助我兄弟也!」遂隨螢火而行,漸漸見路。行至五更,足痛不 能行。山岡邊見一草堆,帝與王臥於草堆之畔。草堆前面是一所莊院。莊主是夜夢兩紅日墜於莊後,驚覺,披衣 出戶,四下觀望。見莊後草堆上紅光沖天,慌忙往視,卻是二人臥於草畔。 帝與王伏至四更, 帝 di4 emperor 與 yu2 (same as 歟|欤, final particle expression doubt or surprise, similar to 吗 or 呢)(与) yu3 and,to give,together with(与) yu4 take part in(与) 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 伏 fu2 to lean over,to fall (go down),to hide (in ambush),to conceal oneself,to lie low,hottest days of summer,to submit,to concede defeat,to overcome,to subdue,volt,surname Fu 至 zhi4 arrive,most,to,until 四 si4 four,4 更 geng1 to change geng4 more,even more,further,still,still more , 露水又下, 露水 lu4 shui3 dew,fig. short-lasting,ephemeral 又 you4 (once) again,also,both... and...,again 下 xia4 down,downwards,below,lower,later,next (week etc),second (of two parts),to decline,to go down , 腹中飢餒, 腹 fu4 abdomen,stomach,belly 中 zhong1 within,among,in,middle,center,while (doing sth),during,China,Chinese zhong4 hit (the mark) 飢 ji1 hungry(饥) 餒 nei3 hungry(馁) , 相抱而哭;又怕人知覺, 相 xiang1 each other,one another,mutually xiang4 appearance,portrait,picture 抱 bao4 to hold,to carry (in one's arms),to hug or embrace,surround,cherish

而 er2 and,as well as,and so,but (not),yet (not),(indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state),(indicates contrast) 哭 ku1 to cry,to weep ; 又 you4 (once) again,also,both... and...,again 怕 pa4 to be afraid,to fear 人 ren2 man,person,people 知覺 zhi1 jue2 perception,consciousness(知觉) , 吞聲草莽之中。 吞聲 tun1 sheng1 to swallow one's cries(吞声) 草莽 cao3 mang3 a rank growth of grass,uncultivated land,wilderness 之中 zhi1 zhong1 inside 。 陳留王曰: 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 留 liu2 leave (message),to retain,to stay,to remain,to keep,to preserve 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「此間不可久戀, 「 此間 ci3 jian1 here,this place(此间) 不可 bu4 ke3 cannot,should not,must not 久 jiu3 (long) time,(long) duration of time 戀 lian4 to feel attached to,long for,love(恋) , 須別尋活路。 須 xu1 beard,necessary,must(须) 別 bie2 leave,depart,separate,distinguish,classify,other,another,do not,must not,to pin(别) 尋 xun2 to search,to look for,to seek(寻) 活 huo2 to live,alive,living,work,workmanship 路 lu4 road,path,way,surname Lu 。 」於是二人以衣相結, 」 於是 yu2 shi4 thereupon,as a result,consequently,thus,hence(于是) 二 er4 two,2,stupid (Beijing dialect) 人 ren2 man,person,people 以 Yi3 yi3 to use,according to,so as to,in order to,by,with,because 衣 yi1 clothes yi4 to dress,to wear,to put on (clothes) 相 xiang1 each other,one another,mutually xiang4 appearance,portrait,picture 結 jie1 to bear fruit,to produce,firm,solid(结) jie2 knot,sturdy,bond,to tie,to bind,to check out (of a hotel)(结) ,

爬上岸邊。 爬上 pa2 shang4 climb up 岸邊 an4 bian1 shore(岸边) 。 滿地荊棘, 滿 man3 full,filled,packed,fully,completely,quite,to reach the limit,to satisfy,satisfied,contented,to fill,abbr. for Manchurian(满) 地 de5 -ly,structural particle: used before a verb or adjective, linking it to preceding modifying adverbial adjunct di4 earth,ground,field,place,land 荊棘 jing1 ji2 briar,blackberry vine(荆棘) , 黑暗之中, 黑暗 hei1 an4 dark,darkly,darkness 之中 zhi1 zhong1 inside , 不見行路。 不見 bu4 jian4 not see,not meet(不见) 行路 xing2 lu4 to travel,transport 。 正無奈何, 正 zheng1 Chinese 1st month of year zheng4 just (right),main,upright,straight,correct,positive,greater than zero,principle 無奈 wu2 nai4 without choice,for lack of better option,grudgingly,willynilly,nolens volens(无奈) 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry , 忽有流螢千百成群, 忽 hu1 suddenly 有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be 流螢 liu2 ying2 firefly(流萤) 千 qian1 thousand :韆: qian1 a swing 百 bai3 hundred,numerous,all kinds of,surname Bai 成群 cheng2 qun2 in groups,large numbers of,grouping , 光芒照耀, 光芒 guang1 mang2 rays of light,brilliant rays,radiance 照耀 zhao4 yao4 shine,illuminate , 只在帝前飛轉。

只 zhi3 only,merely,just,but :祇: zhi3 but,only :隻: zhi1 classifier for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, some utensils, vessels etc 在 zai4 (located) at,(to be) in,to exist,in the middle of doing sth,(indicating an action in progress) 帝 di4 emperor 前 qian2 before,in front,ago,former,previous,earlier,front,prefixed word denoting respect (polite 美称); foremost; premier 飛轉 fei1 zhuan4 to spin very fast,fig. fleeting passage of time(飞转) 。 陳留王曰: 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 留 liu2 leave (message),to retain,to stay,to remain,to keep,to preserve 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「此天助我兄弟也! 「 此 ci3 this,these 天 tian1 day,sky,heaven 助 zhu4 to help,to assist 我 wo3 I,me,my 兄弟 xiong1 di4 older and younger brother,brothers,brotherly,fraternal 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula ! 」遂隨螢火而行, 」 遂 sui4 to satisfy,to succeed,then,thereupon,finally,unexpectedly 隨 sui2 to follow,to comply with,varying according to...,to allow,surname Sui(随) 螢火 ying2 huo3 light of firefly,fairy light(萤火) 而 er2 and,as well as,and so,but (not),yet (not),(indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state),(indicates contrast) 行 hang2 a row,series,age order (of brothers),profession,professional,relating to company xing2 to walk,to go,to travel,a visit,temporary,makeshift,current,in circulation,to do,to perform,capable,competent,effective,all right,OK!,will do xing4 behavior,conduct , 漸漸見路。 漸漸 jian4 jian4 gradually(渐渐) 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 路 lu4 road,path,way,surname Lu 。 行至五更, 行 hang2 a row,series,age order (of brothers),profession,professional,relating to

company xing2 to walk,to go,to travel,a visit,temporary,makeshift,current,in circulation,to do,to perform,capable,competent,effective,all right,OK!,will do xing4 behavior,conduct 至 zhi4 arrive,most,to,until 五 wu3 five,5 更 geng1 to change geng4 more,even more,further,still,still more , 足痛不能行。 足 zu2 foot,to be sufficient 痛 tong4 ache,pain,sorrow 不能 bu4 neng2 cannot,must not,should not 行 hang2 a row,series,age order (of brothers),profession,professional,relating to company xing2 to walk,to go,to travel,a visit,temporary,makeshift,current,in circulation,to do,to perform,capable,competent,effective,all right,OK!,will do xing4 behavior,conduct 。 山岡邊見一草堆, 山岡 shan1 gang1 mound,small hill(山冈) 邊 bian1 side,edge,margin,border,boundary(边) bian5 suffix of a noun of locality(边) 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 草 cao3 grass,straw,manuscript,draft (of a document),careless,rough 堆 dui1 a pile,a mass,heap,stack , 帝與王臥於草堆之畔。 帝 di4 emperor 與 yu2 (same as 歟|欤, final particle expression doubt or surprise, similar to 吗 or 呢)(与) yu3 and,to give,together with(与) yu4 take part in(与) 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 臥 wo4 to lie,to crouch(卧) 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 草 cao3 grass,straw,manuscript,draft (of a document),careless,rough 堆 dui1 a pile,a mass,heap,stack 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 畔 pan4 bank,field-path 。 草堆前面是一所莊院。 草 cao3 grass,straw,manuscript,draft (of a document),careless,rough 堆 dui1 a pile,a mass,heap,stack 前面 qian2 mian4 ahead,in front,preceding,above 是 shi4 is,are,am,yes,to be 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout

所 suo3 actually,place,classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc,that which,particle introducing a relative clause or passive 莊 zhuang1 farm,village,manor(庄) 院 yuan4 courtyard,institution 。 莊主是夜夢兩紅日墜於莊後, 莊 zhuang1 farm,village,manor(庄) 主 zhu3 to own,to host,master,lord,primary 是 shi4 is,are,am,yes,to be 夜 ye4 night 夢 meng4 to dream(梦) 兩 liang3 both,two,ounce,some,a few,tael,weight equal to 50 grams(两) 紅日 hong2 ri4 sun(红日) 墜 zhui4 to fall,to drop,to weigh down(坠) 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 莊 zhuang1 farm,village,manor(庄) 後 hou4 back,behind,rear,afterwards,after,later(后) , 驚覺, 驚覺 jing1 jue2 to wake up with a start(惊觉) , 披衣出戶, 披 pi1 scatter,separate,to open,to unroll,to spread out 衣 yi1 clothes yi4 to dress,to wear,to put on (clothes) 出 chu1 to go out,to come out,to occur,to produce,to go beyond,to rise,to put forth,to happen,classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc 戶 hu4 a household,door,family(户) , 四下觀望。 四下 si4 xia4 everywhere 觀望 guan1 wang4 to observe from outside,to have an overview,to oversee(观望) 。 見莊後草堆上紅光沖天, 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 莊 zhuang1 farm,village,manor(庄) 後 hou4 back,behind,rear,afterwards,after,later(后) 草 cao3 grass,straw,manuscript,draft (of a document),careless,rough 堆 dui1 a pile,a mass,heap,stack 上 shang4 on,on top,upon,first (of multiple parts),previous,last,upper,higher,above,to climb,to go into,to go up,to attend (class or university),third tone of putonghua 紅 hong2 bonus,popular,red,revolutionary(红) 光 guang1 light,ray,bright,only,merely,to use up 沖 chong1 (of water) to dash against,to mix with water,to infuse,to rinse,to flush,to develop (a film),to rise in the air,to clash,to collide with(冲)

天 tian1 day,sky,heaven , 慌忙往視, 慌忙 huang1 mang2 in a great rush,in a flurry 往 wang3 to go (in a direction),to,towards,(of a train) bound for,past,previous 視 shi4 to look at,to regard,to inspect(视) , 卻是二人臥於草畔。 卻 que4 but,yet,however,while,to go back,to decline,to retreat,nevertheless,even though(却) 是 shi4 is,are,am,yes,to be 二 er4 two,2,stupid (Beijing dialect) 人 ren2 man,person,people 臥 wo4 to lie,to crouch(卧) 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 草 cao3 grass,straw,manuscript,draft (of a document),careless,rough 畔 pan4 bank,field-path 。

莊主問曰:「二少年誰家之子?」帝不敢應。陳留王指帝曰:「此是當今皇帝,遭十常侍之亂,逃難到此。吾乃 皇弟陳留王也。」莊主大驚,再拜曰:「臣先朝司徒崔烈之弟崔毅也。因見十常侍賣官嫉賢,故隱於此。」遂扶 帝入莊,跪進酒食。 莊主問曰: 莊 主 問 曰 : zhuang1 zhu3 to wen4 to yue1 to farm,village,manor(庄) own,to host,master,lord,primary ask(问) speak,to say

「二少年誰家之子? 少年 shao4 nian2 juvenile,youngster 誰 shei2 who,also pronounced shui2(谁) 家 jia1 home,family,classifier for families or businesses,refers to the philosophical schools of pre-Han China,noun suffix for specialists in some activity such as musician or revolutionary, corresponds to English -ist, -er, -ary or -ian,surname Jia 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 子 zi3 son,child,seed,egg,small thing,1st earthly branch: 11 p.m.-1 a.m., midnight, 11th solar month (7th December to 5th January), year of the Rat zi5 (noun suffix) ? 」帝不敢應。 不敢 bu4 gan3 not dare to 應 ying1 ought(应) ying4 surname Ying,to answer,to respond(应)

。 陳留王指帝曰: 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 留 liu2 leave (message),to retain,to stay,to remain,to keep,to preserve 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 指 zhi3 finger,to point,to direct,to indicate,to refer to,to rely on,to count on, (hair) stands stiffly on end 帝 di4 emperor 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「此是當今皇帝, 「 此 ci3 this,these 是 shi4 is,are,am,yes,to be 當今 dang1 jin1 current,present,now,nowadays(当今) 皇帝 huang2 di4 emperor , 遭十常侍之亂, 遭 zao1 meet by chance (usually with misfortune),classifier for events: time, turn, incident 十常侍 shi2 chang2 shi4 Ten Permanent Functionaries at the end of Han, a byword for corruption 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 亂 luan4 in confusion,disorderly(乱) , 逃難到此。 逃 tao2 to escape,to run away,to flee 難 nan2 difficult (to...),problem,difficulty,difficult,not good(难) nan4 disaster,distress,to scold(难) 到此 dao4 ci3 hereto,hereunto 。 吾乃皇弟陳留王也。 吾 wu2 I,my 乃 nai3 to be,thus,so,therefore,then,only,thereupon 皇 Huang2 emperor,surname Huang 弟 di4 younger brother,junior male,I (modest word in letter) ti4 variant of 悌, to do one's duty as a younger brother 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 留 liu2 leave (message),to retain,to stay,to remain,to keep,to preserve 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula 。 」莊主大驚,

」 莊 zhuang1 farm,village,manor(庄) 主 zhu3 to own,to host,master,lord,primary 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor 驚 jing1 to start,to be frightened,to be scared,alarm(惊) , 再拜曰: 再 zai4 again,once more,re-,second,another,then (after sth, and not until then) 拜 bai4 to pay respect,worship,visit,salute 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「臣先朝司徒崔烈之弟崔毅也。 「 臣 chen2 statesman,vassal,courtier,minister,official 先 xian1 early,prior,former,in advance,first 朝 chao2 to face,towards,facing,direct,dynasty,imperial court zhao1 morning 司徒 Si1 tu2 minister of education (hist.),two-character surname Situ 崔 cui1 high mountain,precipitous,surname Cui 烈 lie4 ardent,intense,fierce,stern,upright,to give one's life for a noble cause,exploits,achievements 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 弟 di4 younger brother,junior male,I (modest word in letter) ti4 variant of 悌, to do one's duty as a younger brother 崔 cui1 high mountain,precipitous,surname Cui 毅 yi4 perseverance 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula 。 因見十常侍賣官嫉賢, 因 yin1 cause,reason,because 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 十常侍 shi2 chang2 shi4 Ten Permanent Functionaries at the end of Han, a byword for corruption 賣 mai4 to sell(卖) 官 guan1 official,government,organ of body 嫉 ji2 jealousy,be jealous of 賢 xian2 worthy (person)(贤) , 故隱於此。 故 gu4 happening,instance,reason,cause,deceased,old 隱 yin3 secret,hidden,concealed,Greek stem: crypto-(隐) yin4 to lean upon(隐) 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 此 ci3 this,these 。 」遂扶帝入莊, 」 遂 sui4 to satisfy,to succeed,then,thereupon,finally,unexpectedly

扶 帝 入 莊 ,

fu2 to support with hand,to help sb up,to help di4 emperor ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese) zhuang1 farm,village,manor(庄)

跪進酒食。 跪 gui4 kneel 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 酒 jiu3 wine (esp. rice wine),liquor,spirits,alcoholic beverage 食 shi2 animal feed,eat,food si4 to feed 。

卻說閔貢趕上段珪拏住,問天子何在。珪言已在半路相失,不知何往。貢遂殺段珪,懸頭於馬項下,分兵四散尋 覓;自己卻獨乘一馬,隨路追尋。偶至崔毅莊,毅見首級,問之,貢說詳細。崔毅引貢見帝,君臣痛哭。貢曰: 「國不可一日無君,請陛下還都。」崔毅莊上只有瘦馬一匹,備與帝乘。貢與陳留王共乘一馬。離莊而行,不到 三里,司徒王允,太尉楊彪,左軍校尉淳于瓊,右軍校尉趙萌,後軍校尉鮑信,中軍校尉袁紹,一行人眾,數百 人馬,接著車駕,君臣皆哭。先使人將段珪首級往京師號令。另換好馬與帝及陳留王騎坐,簇帝還京。先是洛陽 小兒謠曰:「帝非帝,王非王,千乘萬騎走北邙。」至此果應其讖。 卻說閔貢趕上段珪拏住, 卻說 que4 shuo1 and the story continues thus: (literary auxiliary particle 发语辞) (却说) 閔 min3 surname Min,feel compassion for(闵) 貢 gong4 tribute,gifts(贡) 趕上 gan3 shang4 to keep up with,to catch up with,to overtake,to chance upon,in time for(赶上) 段 duan4 surname Duan,paragraph,section,segment,stage (of a process),classifier for stories, periods of time, lengths of thread etc 珪 gui1 jade tablet,silicon 拏 na2 apprehend,take 住 zhu4 to live,to dwell,to stay,to reside,to stop , 問天子何在。 問 wen4 to ask(问) 天子 tian1 zi3 the (rightful) Emperor,the "Son of Heaven" (traditional English translation) 何在 he2 zai4 where?,what place? 。 珪言已在半路相失, 珪 gui1 jade tablet,silicon 言 yan2 to speak,to say,talk,word yan2 "speech" or "words" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 149), occurring in 说, 话, 请, etc.(讠) 已 yi3 already,to stop,then,afterwards 在 zai4 (located) at,(to be) in,to exist,in the middle of doing sth,(indicating an action in progress) 半路 ban4 lu4 halfway,midway,on the way

相 xiang1 each other,one another,mutually xiang4 appearance,portrait,picture 失 shi1 to lose,to miss,to fail , 不知何往。 不知 bu4 zhi1 not to know,unaware,unknowingly,fig. not to admit (defeat, hardships, tiredness etc) 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 往 wang3 to go (in a direction),to,towards,(of a train) bound for,past,previous 。 貢遂殺段珪, 貢 gong4 tribute,gifts(贡) 遂 sui4 to satisfy,to succeed,then,thereupon,finally,unexpectedly 殺 sha1 to kill,to murder,to slaughter,fight(杀) 段 duan4 surname Duan,paragraph,section,segment,stage (of a process),classifier for stories, periods of time, lengths of thread etc 珪 gui1 jade tablet,silicon , 懸頭於馬項下, 懸 xuan2 hang,suspend,unresolved(悬) 頭 tou2 head,hair style,the top,end,beginning or end,a stub,remnant,chief,boss,side,aspect,first,leading,classifier for pigs or livestock(头) tou5 suff. for nouns(头) 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) 項 Xiang4 surname Xiang(项) xiang4 back of neck,item,thing,term (in a mathematical formula),sum (of money),classifier for principles, items, clauses, tasks, research projects etc(项) 下 xia4 down,downwards,below,lower,later,next (week etc),second (of two parts),to decline,to go down , 分兵四散尋覓;自己卻獨乘一馬, 分 fen1 to divide,to separate,to allocate,to distinguish (good and bad),part or subdivision,fraction,one tenth (of certain units),unit of length equivalent to 0.33 cm,minute,a point (in sports or games),0.01 yuan (unit of money) fen4 part 兵 bing1 soldiers,a force,an army,weapons,arms,military,warlike 四散 si4 san4 to disperse,to scatter in all directions 尋覓 xun2 mi4 to look for(寻觅) ; 自己 zi4 ji3 self,(reflexive pronoun),own 卻 que4 but,yet,however,while,to go back,to decline,to retreat,nevertheless,even though(却) 獨 du2 alone,independent,single,sole,only(独) 乘 cheng2 to ride,to mount,to make use of,to avail oneself of,to take advantage of,to multiply,Buddhist teaching 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout

馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) , 隨路追尋。 隨 sui2 to follow,to comply with,varying according to...,to allow,surname Sui(随) 路 lu4 road,path,way,surname Lu 追尋 zhui1 xun2 pursue,to track down,to search(追寻) 。 偶至崔毅莊, 偶 至 崔 毅 莊 , ou3 accidental,image,pair,mate zhi4 arrive,most,to,until cui1 high mountain,precipitous,surname Cui yi4 perseverance zhuang1 farm,village,manor(庄)

毅見首級, 毅 yi4 perseverance 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 首 shou3 head,chief,first (occasion, thing etc),classifier for poems, songs etc 級 ji2 level,grade,rank,step(级) , 問之, 問 wen4 to ask(问) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it , 貢說詳細。 貢 gong4 tribute,gifts(贡) 說 shui4 to canvass,to persuade(说) shuo1 to speak,to say,a theory (usually in compounds such as 日心说 heliocentric theory)(说) 詳細 xiang2 xi4 detailed,in detail,minute(详细) 。 崔毅引貢見帝, 崔 cui1 high mountain,precipitous,surname Cui 毅 yi4 perseverance 引 yin3 to draw (a bow),to pull,to stretch sth,to extend,to lengthen,to involve in,to attract,to lead,to guide,to divert (water) 貢 gong4 tribute,gifts(贡) 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 帝 di4 emperor , 君臣痛哭。

君 jun1 monarch,lord,gentleman,ruler 臣 chen2 statesman,vassal,courtier,minister,official 痛哭 tong4 ku1 to cry bitterly 。 貢曰: 貢 gong4 tribute,gifts(贡) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「國不可一日無君, 不可 bu4 ke3 cannot,should not,must not 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 日 ri4 sun,day,date, day of the month,abbr. for 日本|日本 Japan 無 wu2 -less,not to have,no,none,not,to lack,un-(无) 君 jun1 monarch,lord,gentleman,ruler , 請陛下還都。 請 qing3 to ask,to invite,please (do sth),to treat (to a meal etc),to request(请) 陛下 bi4 xia4 Your Majesty,His or Her Majesty 還 hai2 still,still in progress,still more,yet,even more,in addition,fairly,passably (good),as early as,even,also,else(还) huan2 to pay back,to return,surname Huan(还) 都 dou1 all, both,entirely (due to) each,even,already du1 capital city,metropolis,surname Du 。 」崔毅莊上只有瘦馬一匹, 」 崔 cui1 high mountain,precipitous,surname Cui 毅 yi4 perseverance 莊 zhuang1 farm,village,manor(庄) 上 shang4 on,on top,upon,first (of multiple parts),previous,last,upper,higher,above,to climb,to go into,to go up,to attend (class or university),third tone of putonghua 只有 zhi3 you3 only 瘦 shou4 tight,thin,lean 馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 匹 pi1 mate,one of a pair pi3 ordinary person,classifier for horses, mules etc,classifier for cloth: bolt , 備與帝乘。 備 bei4 to prepare,get ready,to provide or equip(备) 與 yu2 (same as 歟|欤, final particle expression doubt or surprise, similar to 吗 or 呢)(与) yu3 and,to give,together with(与) yu4 take part in(与) 帝 di4 emperor 乘 cheng2 to ride,to mount,to make use of,to avail oneself of,to take advantage of,to multiply,Buddhist teaching

。 貢與陳留王共乘一馬。 貢 gong4 tribute,gifts(贡) 與 yu2 (same as 歟|欤, final particle expression doubt or surprise, similar to 吗 or 呢)(与) yu3 and,to give,together with(与) yu4 take part in(与) 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 留 liu2 leave (message),to retain,to stay,to remain,to keep,to preserve 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 共乘 gong4 cheng2 to ride together,to carpool 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) 。 離莊而行, 離 li2 to leave,to depart,to go away,from(离) 莊 zhuang1 farm,village,manor(庄) 而 er2 and,as well as,and so,but (not),yet (not),(indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state),(indicates contrast) 行 hang2 a row,series,age order (of brothers),profession,professional,relating to company xing2 to walk,to go,to travel,a visit,temporary,makeshift,current,in circulation,to do,to perform,capable,competent,effective,all right,OK!,will do xing4 behavior,conduct , 不到三里, 不到 bu4 dao4 not to arrive,not reaching,insufficient,less than 三 san1 three,3 里 Li3 Li (surname) li3 li (Chinese mile),500 meters (modern),home,hometown,village,neighborhood,administrative unit :裏: li3 lining,interior,inside,internal :裡: li3 lining,interior,inside,internal , 司徒王允, 司徒 Si1 tu2 minister of education (hist.),two-character surname Situ 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 允 yun3 just,fair,to permit,to allow , 太尉楊彪, 太 尉 楊 彪 , tai4 highest,greatest,too (much),very,extremely wei4 military officer,to quiet,surname Wei yang2 poplar,surname Yang(杨) biao1 a tiger-cat,stripes,streaks,veins

左軍校尉淳于瓊, 左 zuo3 left,surname Zuo 軍校 jun1 xiao4 military school,military academy(军校) 尉 wei4 military officer,to quiet,surname Wei 淳于 Chun2 yu2 two-character surname Chun'yu 瓊 qiong2 jasper,fine jade,beautiful,exquisite (e.g. wine, food),abbr. for Hainan island province 海南(琼) , 右軍校尉趙萌, 右 you4 right (-hand) 軍校 jun1 xiao4 military school,military academy(军校) 尉 wei4 military officer,to quiet,surname Wei 趙 Zhao4 surname Zhao,the Former Zhao 前趙 (304-329) and Later Zhao 後趙 (319-350) of the Sixteen Kingdoms(赵) 萌 meng2 people,sprout , 後軍校尉鮑信, 後 hou4 back,behind,rear,afterwards,after,later(后) 軍校 jun1 xiao4 military school,military academy(军校) 尉 wei4 military officer,to quiet,surname Wei 鮑 bao4 abalone,surname Bao(鲍) 信 xin4 letter , 中軍校尉袁紹, 中 zhong1 within,among,in,middle,center,while (doing sth),during,China,Chinese zhong4 hit (the mark) 軍校 jun1 xiao4 military school,military academy(军校) 尉 wei4 military officer,to quiet,surname Wei 袁紹 Yuan2 Shao4 Yuan Shao (153-202), general during late Han, subsequently warlord(袁绍) , 一行人眾, 一行 yi1 xing2 party,delegation 人 ren2 man,person,people 眾 zhong4 crowd,multitude,abbr. for 眾議院|众议院 House of Representatives(众) , 數百人馬, 數百 shu4 bai3 several hundred(数百) 人馬 ren2 ma3 men and horses (e.g. on parade),centaur(人马) , 接著車駕, 接著 jie1 zhe5 to catch and hold on,to continue,to go on to do sth,to follow,to carry on,then,after that,subsequently,to proceed,to ensue,in turn,in one's turn(接 着)

車駕 ju1 jia4 carriage(车驾) , 君臣皆哭。 君 臣 皆 哭 。 jun1 monarch,lord,gentleman,ruler chen2 statesman,vassal,courtier,minister,official jie1 all,each and every,in all cases ku1 to cry,to weep

先使人將段珪首級往京師號令。 先 xian1 early,prior,former,in advance,first 使 shi3 to make,to cause,to enable,to use,to employ,messenger 人 ren2 man,person,people 將 jiang1 (will, shall, "future tense"),ready,prepared,to get,to use(将) jiang4 a general(将) 段 duan4 surname Duan,paragraph,section,segment,stage (of a process),classifier for stories, periods of time, lengths of thread etc 珪 gui1 jade tablet,silicon 首 shou3 head,chief,first (occasion, thing etc),classifier for poems, songs etc 級 ji2 level,grade,rank,step(级) 往 wang3 to go (in a direction),to,towards,(of a train) bound for,past,previous 京 Jing1 capital,Beijing (abbr.) 師 shi1 a division (military),teacher,master,expert,model(师) 號令 hao4 ling4 an order (esp. army),bugle call expressing military order,verbal command(号令) 。 另換好馬與帝及陳留王騎坐, 另 ling4 other,another,separate,separately 換 huan4 change,exchange(换) 好 hao3 good,well,proper,good to,easy to,very,so,(suffix indicating completion or readiness) hao4 to be fond of 馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) 與 yu2 (same as 歟|欤, final particle expression doubt or surprise, similar to 吗 or 呢)(与) yu3 and,to give,together with(与) yu4 take part in(与) 帝 di4 emperor 及 ji2 and,to reach,up to,in time for 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 留 liu2 leave (message),to retain,to stay,to remain,to keep,to preserve 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 騎 qi2 to ride (an animal or bike),to sit astride(骑) 坐 zuo4 to sit,to take a seat,to take (a bus, airplane etc),to bear fruit,surname Zuo , 簇帝還京。 簇 cu4 crowded,framework for silkworms,gather foliage,bunch,classifier for bunched

objects 帝 di4 emperor 還 hai2 still,still in progress,still more,yet,even more,in addition,fairly,passably (good),as early as,even,also,else(还) huan2 to pay back,to return,surname Huan(还) 京 Jing1 capital,Beijing (abbr.) 。 先是洛陽小兒謠曰: 先 xian1 early,prior,former,in advance,first 是 shi4 is,are,am,yes,to be 洛陽 Luo4 yang2 Luoyang prefecture level city in Henan, an old capital from pre-Han times(洛阳) 小 xiao3 small,tiny,few,young 兒 er2 son(儿) r5 non-syllabic diminutive suffix,retroflex final(儿) 謠 yao2 popular ballad,rumor(谣) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「帝非帝, 「 帝 di4 emperor 非 fei1 non-,not-,un-,abbr. for Africa 非洲,wrong,evil-doing,insist on,simply must 帝 di4 emperor , 王非王, 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 非 fei1 non-,not-,un-,abbr. for Africa 非洲,wrong,evil-doing,insist on,simply must 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang , 千乘萬騎走北邙。 千 qian1 thousand :韆: qian1 a swing 乘 cheng2 to ride,to mount,to make use of,to avail oneself of,to take advantage of,to multiply,Buddhist teaching 萬 wan4 surname Wan,ten thousand,a great number(万) 騎 qi2 to ride (an animal or bike),to sit astride(骑) 走 zou3 to walk,to go,to run,to move (of vehicle),to visit,to leave,to go away,to die (euph.),from,through,away (in compound verbs, such as 撤走),to change (shape, form, meaning) 北邙 Bei3 Mang2 Mt Mang at Luoyang in Henan, with many Han, Wei and Jin dynasty royal tombs 。 」至此果應其讖。 」 至此 zhi4 ci3 up until now,so far 果 guo3 fruit,result 應 ying1 ought(应) ying4 surname Ying,to answer,to respond(应) 其 qi2 his,her,its,theirs,that,such,it (refers to sth preceding it) 讖 chen4 prophecy,omen(谶)

車駕行不到數里,忽見旌旗蔽日,塵土遮天,一枝人馬到來。百官失色,帝亦大驚。袁紹驟馬出問何人。繡旗影 裏,一將飛出,厲聲問:「天子何在?」帝戰慄不能言。陳留王勒馬向前,叱曰:「來者何人?」卓曰:「西涼 刺史董卓也。」陳留王曰:「汝來保駕耶?汝來劫駕耶?」卓應曰:「特來保駕。」陳留王曰:「既來保駕,天 子在此,何不下馬?」卓大驚,慌忙下馬,拜於道左。陳留王以言撫慰董卓,自初至終,並無失語。卓暗奇之, 已懷廢立之意。 車駕行不到數里, 車駕 ju1 jia4 carriage(车驾) 行 hang2 a row,series,age order (of brothers),profession,professional,relating to company xing2 to walk,to go,to travel,a visit,temporary,makeshift,current,in circulation,to do,to perform,capable,competent,effective,all right,OK!,will do xing4 behavior,conduct 不到 bu4 dao4 not to arrive,not reaching,insufficient,less than 數 shu3 to count,to enumerate,to criticize (i.e. enumerate shortcomings)(数) shu4 number,figure,to count,to calculate,several(数) shuo4 frequently,repeatedly(数) 里 Li3 Li (surname) li3 li (Chinese mile),500 meters (modern),home,hometown,village,neighborhood,administrative unit :裏: li3 lining,interior,inside,internal :裡: li3 lining,interior,inside,internal , 忽見旌旗蔽日, 忽 hu1 suddenly 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 旌旗 jing1 qi2 gonfanon,banner 蔽 bi4 to cover,to shield,to screen,to conceal 日 ri4 sun,day,date, day of the month,abbr. for 日本|日本 Japan , 塵土遮天, 塵土 chen2 tu3 dust(尘土) 遮 zhe1 to cover up (a shortcoming),to screen off,to hide,to conceal 天 tian1 day,sky,heaven , 一枝人馬到來。 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 枝 zhi1 branch,classifier for sticks, rods, pencils etc 人馬 ren2 ma3 men and horses (e.g. on parade),centaur(人马) 到來 dao4 lai2 arrival,advent(到来) 。 百官失色, 百 bai3 hundred,numerous,all kinds of,surname Bai

官 guan1 official,government,organ of body 失色 shi1 se4 to lose color,to turn pale , 帝亦大驚。 帝 di4 emperor 亦 yi4 also 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor 驚 jing1 to start,to be frightened,to be scared,alarm(惊) 。 袁紹驟馬出問何人。 袁紹 Yuan2 Shao4 Yuan Shao (153-202), general during late Han, subsequently warlord(袁绍) 驟 zhou4 sudden,unexpected,abrupt,suddenly,Taiwan pr. zou4(骤) 馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) 出 chu1 to go out,to come out,to occur,to produce,to go beyond,to rise,to put forth,to happen,classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc 問 wen4 to ask(问) 何人 he2 ren2 who 。 繡旗影裏, 繡 旗 影 裏 , xiu4 to embroider(绣) qi2 banner,flag ying3 picture,image,film,movie,photograph,reflection,shadow,trace li3 lining,interior,inside,internal(里)

一將飛出, 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 將 jiang1 (will, shall, "future tense"),ready,prepared,to get,to use(将) jiang4 a general(将) 飛出 fei1 chu1 to fly out(飞出) , 厲聲問: 厲聲 li4 sheng1 stern voice(厉声) 問 wen4 to ask(问) : 「天子何在? 「 天子 tian1 zi3 the (rightful) Emperor,the "Son of Heaven" (traditional English translation) 何在 he2 zai4 where?,what place? ? 」帝戰慄不能言。 戰慄 zhan4 li4 to tremble; shudder(战栗)

不能 bu4 neng2 cannot,must not,should not 言 yan2 to speak,to say,talk,word yan2 "speech" or "words" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 149), occurring in 说, 话, 请, etc.(讠) 。 陳留王勒馬向前, 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 留 liu2 leave (message),to retain,to stay,to remain,to keep,to preserve 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 勒馬 le4 ma3 to rein in a horse(勒马) 向前 xiang4 qian2 forward,onward , 叱曰: 叱 chi4 to scold,shout at,to hoot at 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「來者何人? 「 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 者 zhe3 -ist, -er (person),person (who does sth) 何人 he2 ren2 who ? 」卓曰: 」 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「西涼刺史董卓也。 「 西涼 Xi1 Liang2 Western Liang of the Sixteen Kingdoms (400-421)(西凉) 刺 ci4 thorn,sting,thrust,to prick,to pierce,to stab,to assassinate,to murder 史 shi3 history,surname Shi 董卓 Dong3 Zhuo2 Dong Zhuo (-192), top general of late Han, usurped power in 189, murdered empress dowager and child emperor, killed in 192 by Lü Bu 呂布|吕布 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula 。 」陳留王曰: 」 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 留 liu2 leave (message),to retain,to stay,to remain,to keep,to preserve 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「汝來保駕耶?

「 汝 ru3 thou 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 保駕 bao3 jia4 escort the Emperor (also used jocularly)(保驾) 耶 ye1 (phonetic ye) ? 汝來劫駕耶? 汝 ru3 thou 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 劫 jie2 to rob,to plunder,to seize by force,to coerce,calamity 駕 jia4 to harness,to draw (a cart etc),to drive,to pilot,to sail,to ride,your good self,surname Jia,prefixed word denoting respect (polite 敬辞)(驾) 耶 ye1 (phonetic ye) ? 」卓應曰: 」 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 應 ying1 ought(应) ying4 surname Ying,to answer,to respond(应) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「特來保駕。 「 特 te4 special,unique,distinguished,especially,unusual,very 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 保駕 bao3 jia4 escort the Emperor (also used jocularly)(保驾) 。 」陳留王曰: 」 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 留 liu2 leave (message),to retain,to stay,to remain,to keep,to preserve 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「既來保駕, 「 既 ji4 already,since,both... (and...) 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 保駕 bao3 jia4 escort the Emperor (also used jocularly)(保驾) , 天子在此, 天子 tian1 zi3 the (rightful) Emperor,the "Son of Heaven" (traditional English translation) 在此 zai4 ci3 hereto,here , 何不下馬? 何不 he2 bu4 why not?,why not do (sth)?

下馬 xia4 ma3 dismount a horse(下马) ? 」卓大驚, 」 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor 驚 jing1 to start,to be frightened,to be scared,alarm(惊) , 慌忙下馬, 慌忙 huang1 mang2 in a great rush,in a flurry 下馬 xia4 ma3 dismount a horse(下马) , 拜於道左。 拜 bai4 to pay respect,worship,visit,salute 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 道 dao4 direction,way,road,path,principle,truth,morality,reason,skill,method,Dao (of Daoism),to say,to speak,to talk,classifier for long thin stretches, rivers, roads etc,province (of Korea do 도, and formerly Japan dō) 左 zuo3 left,surname Zuo 。 陳留王以言撫慰董卓, 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 留 liu2 leave (message),to retain,to stay,to remain,to keep,to preserve 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 以 Yi3 yi3 to use,according to,so as to,in order to,by,with,because 言 yan2 to speak,to say,talk,word yan2 "speech" or "words" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 149), occurring in 说, 话, 请, etc.(讠) 撫慰 fu3 wei4 to console,to comfort,to soothe(抚慰) 董卓 Dong3 Zhuo2 Dong Zhuo (-192), top general of late Han, usurped power in 189, murdered empress dowager and child emperor, killed in 192 by Lü Bu 呂布|吕布 , 自初至終, 自 初 至 終 , zi4 from,self,oneself,since chu1 at first,(at the) beginning,first,junior,basic zhi4 arrive,most,to,until zhong1 end,finish(终)

並無失語。 並 bing4 and,furthermore,also,together with,(not) at all,simultaneously,to combine,to join,to merge(并) 無 wu2 -less,not to have,no,none,not,to lack,un-(无)

失語 shi1 yu3 loss of speech (e.g. as a result of brain damage),aphasia(失语) 。 卓暗奇之, 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 暗 an4 dark,gloomy,hidden,secret,muddled,obscure,in the dark :闇: an4 dark,gloomy,muddled,obscure,in the dark,to close (a door),night,eclipse,stupid,ignorant 奇 ji1 odd (number) qi2 strange,odd,weird,wonderful 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it , 已懷廢立之意。 已 yi3 already,to stop,then,afterwards 懷 huai2 to think of,to cherish,mind,heart,bosom,surname Huai(怀) 廢 fei4 abolish,crippled,abandoned,waste(废) 立 li4 set up,to stand 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 意 yi4 idea,meaning,thought,to think,wish,desire,intention,to expect,to anticipate,abbr. for Italy 意大利 。

是日還宮,見何太后,俱各痛哭。檢點宮中,不見了傳國玉璽。董卓屯兵城外,每日帶鐵甲馬軍入城,橫行街 市,百姓惶惶不安。卓出入宮庭,略無忌憚。後軍校尉鮑信,來見袁紹,言董卓必有異心,可速除之。紹曰: 「朝廷新定,未可輕動。」鮑信見王允,亦言其事。允曰:「且容商議。」信自引本部軍兵,投泰山去了。 是日還宮, 是 shi4 is,are,am,yes,to be 日 ri4 sun,day,date, day of the month,abbr. for 日本|日本 Japan 還 hai2 still,still in progress,still more,yet,even more,in addition,fairly,passably (good),as early as,even,also,else(还) huan2 to pay back,to return,surname Huan(还) 宮 gong1 palace,surname Gong,castration (as corporal punishment),first note in pentatonic scale(宫) , 見何太后, 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 太后 tai4 hou4 Empress Dowager , 俱各痛哭。 俱 ju1 entirely,without exception ju4 a social club 各 ge4 each,every 痛哭 tong4 ku1 to cry bitterly

。 檢點宮中, 檢點 jian3 dian3 to examine,to check,to keep a lookout,cautious; restrained (in speech or mannerisms)(检点) 宮 gong1 palace,surname Gong,castration (as corporal punishment),first note in pentatonic scale(宫) 中 zhong1 within,among,in,middle,center,while (doing sth),during,China,Chinese zhong4 hit (the mark) , 不見了傳國玉璽。 不見了 bu4 jian4 le5 to disappear,to be missing(不见了) 傳 chuan2 to pass on,to spread,to transmit,to infect,to transfer,to circulate,to conduct (electricity)(传) zhuan4 biography,historical narrative,commentaries,relay station(传) 國 guo2 country,nation,state,national,surname Guo(国) 玉 yu4 jade 璽 xi3 ruler's seal(玺) 。 董卓屯兵城外, 董卓 Dong3 Zhuo2 Dong Zhuo (-192), top general of late Han, usurped power in 189, murdered empress dowager and child emperor, killed in 192 by Lü Bu 呂布|吕布 屯 tun2 to station (soldiers),to store up zhun1 difficult,stingy 兵 bing1 soldiers,a force,an army,weapons,arms,military,warlike 城外 cheng2 wai4 outside of a city , 每日帶鐵甲馬軍入城, 每日 mei3 ri4 daily 帶 dai4 band,belt,girdle,ribbon,tire,area,zone,region,to wear,to carry,to lead,to bring,to look after,to raise(带) 鐵 tie3 iron Fe, transition metal, atomic number 26(铁) 甲 jia3 armor,first of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,first in order,letter "A" or roman "I" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,first party (in legal contract, usually written 甲方, as opposed to second party 乙方),methyl 馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) 軍 jun1 army,military,arms(军) 入 ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese) 城 cheng2 city walls,city,town , 橫行街市, 橫行 heng2 xing2 rampage,riot(横行) 街 jie1 street 市 shi4 market,city , 百姓惶惶不安。

百姓 bai3 xing4 common people 惶 huang2 frightened 惶 huang2 frightened 不安 bu4 an1 unpeaceful,unstable,uneasy,disturbed,restless,worried 。 卓出入宮庭, 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 出入 chu1 ru4 to go out and come in,entrance and exit,expenditure and income,discrepancy,inconsistent 宮 gong1 palace,surname Gong,castration (as corporal punishment),first note in pentatonic scale(宫) 庭 ting2 court,courtyard , 略無忌憚。 略 lu:e4 plan,strategy,outline,summary,slightly,rather,to rob,to plunder,to summarize 無 wu2 -less,not to have,no,none,not,to lack,un-(无) 忌憚 ji4 dan4 be afraid of,fear(忌惮) 。 後軍校尉鮑信, 後 hou4 back,behind,rear,afterwards,after,later(后) 軍校 jun1 xiao4 military school,military academy(军校) 尉 wei4 military officer,to quiet,surname Wei 鮑 bao4 abalone,surname Bao(鲍) 信 xin4 letter , 來見袁紹, 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 袁紹 Yuan2 Shao4 Yuan Shao (153-202), general during late Han, subsequently warlord(袁绍) , 言董卓必有異心, 言 yan2 to speak,to say,talk,word yan2 "speech" or "words" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 149), occurring in 说, 话, 请, etc.(讠) 董卓 Dong3 Zhuo2 Dong Zhuo (-192), top general of late Han, usurped power in 189, murdered empress dowager and child emperor, killed in 192 by Lü Bu 呂布|吕布 必 bi4 certainly,must,will,necessarily 有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be 異心 yi4 xin1 different feelings,disloyalty,infidelity,malice(异心) , 可速除之。 可 ke3 can,may,able to,to approve,to permit,certain(ly),to suit,very (particle used for emphasis)

速 su4 fast,rapid,quick,velocity 除 chu2 to get rid of,to remove,to exclude,to eliminate,to wipe out,to divide,except,not including 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 。 紹曰: 紹 shao4 connect,to introduce(绍) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「朝廷新定, 「 朝廷 chao2 ting2 court,imperial household,dynasty 新 xin1 new,newly,abbr. for Xinjiang 新疆,meso- (chem.) 定 ding4 to set,to fix,to determine,to decide,to order , 未可輕動。 未可 wei4 ke3 cannot 輕 qing1 light,easy,gentle,soft,reckless,unimportant,frivolous,small in number,unstressed,neutral(轻) 動 dong4 to use,to act,to move,to change(动) 。 」鮑信見王允, 」 鮑 bao4 abalone,surname Bao(鲍) 信 xin4 letter 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 允 yun3 just,fair,to permit,to allow , 亦言其事。 亦 yi4 also 言 yan2 to speak,to say,talk,word yan2 "speech" or "words" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 149), occurring in 说, 话, 请, etc.(讠) 其 qi2 his,her,its,theirs,that,such,it (refers to sth preceding it) 事 shi4 matter,thing,item,work,affair 。 允曰: 允 yun3 just,fair,to permit,to allow 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「且容商議。 「 且 qie3 further,moreover 容 rong2 to hold,to contain,to allow,appearance,look,countenance 商議 shang1 yi4 to negotiate,discussion,proposal(商议)

。 」信自引本部軍兵, 」 信 xin4 letter 自 zi4 from,self,oneself,since 引 yin3 to draw (a bow),to pull,to stretch sth,to extend,to lengthen,to involve in,to attract,to lead,to guide,to divert (water) 本 ben3 roots or stems of plants,origin,source,this,the current,root,foundation,basis,(classifier for books, periodicals, files etc) 部 bu4 ministry,department,section,part,division,troops,board,(classifier for works of literature, films, machines etc) 軍 jun1 army,military,arms(军) 兵 bing1 soldiers,a force,an army,weapons,arms,military,warlike , 投泰山去了。 投 tou2 to throw,to send,to invest 泰山 Tai4 shan1 Mt Tai in Shandong, eastern of the Five Sacred Mountains 五嶽|五岳 去 qu4 to go,to leave,to remove,fourth tone of putonghua 了 le5 (modal particle intensifying preceding clause),(completed action marker) liao3 to know,to understand :瞭: liao3 clear :瞭: liao4 to look afar from a high place 。

董卓招誘何進兄弟部下之兵,盡歸掌握。私謂李儒曰:「吾欲廢帝立陳留王,何如?」李儒曰:「今朝廷無主, 不就此時行事,遲則有變矣。來日於溫明園中,召集百官,諭以廢立;有不從者斬之,則威權之行,正在今 日。」 董卓招誘何進兄弟部下之兵, 董卓 Dong3 Zhuo2 Dong Zhuo (-192), top general of late Han, usurped power in 189, murdered empress dowager and child emperor, killed in 192 by Lü Bu 呂布|吕布 招誘 zhao1 you4 to invite,to recruit,to attract,to entice(招诱) 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 兄弟 xiong1 di4 older and younger brother,brothers,brotherly,fraternal 部下 bu4 xia4 troops under one's command,subordinate 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 兵 bing1 soldiers,a force,an army,weapons,arms,military,warlike , 盡歸掌握。 盡 jin4 to use up,to exhaust,to end,to finish,to the utmost,exhausted,finished,to the limit (of sth)(尽) 歸 gui1 to go back,to return(归) 掌握 zhang3 wo4 to grasp (often fig.),to master,to know well,to understand sth well and know how to use it,fluency,to control,to seize (initiative, opportunity, destiny) 。

私謂李儒曰: 私 謂 李 儒 曰 : si1 personal,private,selfish wei4 speak of(谓) li3 plum,surname Li ru2 scholar,Confucian yue1 to speak,to say

「吾欲廢帝立陳留王, 「 吾 wu2 I,my 欲 yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish 廢 fei4 abolish,crippled,abandoned,waste(废) 帝 di4 emperor 立 li4 set up,to stand 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 留 liu2 leave (message),to retain,to stay,to remain,to keep,to preserve 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang , 何如? 何如 he2 ru2 how about,what kind of ? 」李儒曰: 」 李 li3 plum,surname Li 儒 ru2 scholar,Confucian 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「今朝廷無主, 「 今朝 jin1 zhao1 at the present,now 廷 ting2 palace courtyard 無 wu2 -less,not to have,no,none,not,to lack,un-(无) 主 zhu3 to own,to host,master,lord,primary , 不就此時行事, 不 bu4 (negative prefix),not,no 就此 jiu4 ci3 and thus,thereupon 時 shi2 o'clock,time,when,hour,season,period,surname Shi(时) 行事 xing2 shi4 to execute,to handle,behavior,action,conduct , 遲則有變矣。 遲 chi2 late,delayed,slow(迟) 則 ze2 conjunction used to express contrast with a previous sentence or clause,standard,norm,rule,to imitate,to follow,then,principle,classifier for written items (such as an official statement)(则) 有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be

變 bian4 to change,to become different,to transform,to vary,rebellion(变) 矣 yi3 archaic final particle similar to modern 了 。 來日於溫明園中, 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 日 ri4 sun,day,date, day of the month,abbr. for 日本|日本 Japan 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 溫 wen1 warm,lukewarm,temperature,to warm up,mild,soft,tender,to review,to revise,epidemic,surname Wen(温) 明 ming2 clear,bright,to understand,next,the Ming dynasty (1368-1644),surname Ming 園 yuan2 garden(园) 中 zhong1 within,among,in,middle,center,while (doing sth),during,China,Chinese zhong4 hit (the mark) , 召集百官, 召集 zhao4 ji2 to convene,to gather 百 bai3 hundred,numerous,all kinds of,surname Bai 官 guan1 official,government,organ of body , 諭以廢立;有不從者斬之, 諭 yu4 order (from above)(谕) 以 Yi3 yi3 to use,according to,so as to,in order to,by,with,because 廢 fei4 abolish,crippled,abandoned,waste(废) 立 li4 set up,to stand ; 有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be 不 bu4 (negative prefix),not,no 從者 cong2 zhe3 follower,attendant(从者) 斬 zhan3 to behead (as form of capital punishment),to chop(斩) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it , 則威權之行, 則 ze2 conjunction used to express contrast with a previous sentence or clause,standard,norm,rule,to imitate,to follow,then,principle,classifier for written items (such as an official statement)(则) 威 wei1 power,might,prestige 權 quan2 authority,power,right,temporary(权) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 行 hang2 a row,series,age order (of brothers),profession,professional,relating to company xing2 to walk,to go,to travel,a visit,temporary,makeshift,current,in circulation,to do,to perform,capable,competent,effective,all right,OK!,will do xing4 behavior,conduct , 正在今日。 正在 zheng4 zai4 in the process of (doing something or happening),while (doing) 今日 jin1 ri4 today

。 」 」 卓喜。次日大排筵會,遍請公卿。公卿皆懼董卓,誰敢不到?卓待百官到了,然後徐徐到園門下馬,帶劍入席。 酒行數巡,卓教停酒止樂,乃厲聲曰:「吾有一言,眾官靜聽。」眾官側耳。卓曰:「天子為萬民之主,無威儀 不可以奉宗廟社稷。今上懦弱,不若陳留王聰明好學,可承大位。吾欲廢帝,立陳留王,諸大臣以為何如?」誅 官聽罷,不敢出聲。座上一人推案直出,立於筵前,大呼:「不可!不可!汝是何人,敢發大語?天子乃先帝嫡 子,初無過失,何得妄議廢立?汝欲為篡逆耶?」卓視之,乃荊州刺史丁原也。卓怒叱曰:「順我者生,逆我者 死!」遂掣佩劍欲斬丁原。 卓喜。 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 喜 xi3 to be fond of,to like,to enjoy,to be happy,to feel pleased,happiness,delight,glad 。 次日大排筵會, 次日 ci4 ri4 next day,the morrow 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor 排 pai2 a row,a line,to set in order,to arrange,to line up,to eliminate,to drain,to push open,platoon,raft,classifier for lines, rows etc 筵 yan2 bamboo mat for sitting 會 hui4 can,be possible,be able to,will,be likely to,be sure to,to assemble,to meet,to gather,to see,union,group,association(会) kuai4 to balance an account,accounting(会) , 遍請公卿。 遍 bian4 a time,everywhere,turn,all over,one time 請 qing3 to ask,to invite,please (do sth),to treat (to a meal etc),to request(请) 公 gong1 public,collectively owned,common,international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar),make public,fair,just 卿 qing1 (old) minister,(old) term of endearment between spouses,thou (poet.) 。 公卿皆懼董卓, 公 gong1 public,collectively owned,common,international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar),make public,fair,just 卿 qing1 (old) minister,(old) term of endearment between spouses,thou (poet.) 皆 jie1 all,each and every,in all cases 懼 ju4 to fear(惧) 董卓 Dong3 Zhuo2 Dong Zhuo (-192), top general of late Han, usurped power in 189, murdered empress dowager and child emperor, killed in 192 by Lü Bu 呂布|吕布 , 誰敢不到? 誰 shei2 who,also pronounced shui2(谁) 敢 gan3 dare 不到 bu4 dao4 not to arrive,not reaching,insufficient,less than ?

卓待百官到了, 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 待 dai1 stay,delay dai4 to wait,to treat,to deal with,to need,going to (do sth),about to,intending to 百 bai3 hundred,numerous,all kinds of,surname Bai 官 guan1 official,government,organ of body 到了 dao4 le5 at last,finally,in the end,has arrived,when subj. arrives at a location or time , 然後徐徐到園門下馬, 然後 ran2 hou4 after,then (afterwards),after that,afterwards(然后) 徐徐 xu2 xu2 slowly,gently 到 dao4 to (a place),until (a time),up to,to go,to arrive 園 yuan2 garden(园) 門 men2 gate,door(门) 下馬 xia4 ma3 dismount a horse(下马) , 帶劍入席。 帶 dai4 band,belt,girdle,ribbon,tire,area,zone,region,to wear,to carry,to lead,to bring,to look after,to raise(带) 劍 jian4 (double-edged) sword(剑) 入 ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese) 席 xi2 banquet,woven mat,seat,place in a democratic assembly,surname Xi 。 酒行數巡, 酒 jiu3 wine (esp. rice wine),liquor,spirits,alcoholic beverage 行 hang2 a row,series,age order (of brothers),profession,professional,relating to company xing2 to walk,to go,to travel,a visit,temporary,makeshift,current,in circulation,to do,to perform,capable,competent,effective,all right,OK!,will do xing4 behavior,conduct 數 shu3 to count,to enumerate,to criticize (i.e. enumerate shortcomings)(数) shu4 number,figure,to count,to calculate,several(数) shuo4 frequently,repeatedly(数) 巡 xun2 to patrol,to make one's rounds , 卓教停酒止樂, 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 教 jiao1 to teach jiao4 religion,teaching,to make,to cause,to tell 停 ting2 to stop,to halt,to park (a car) 酒 jiu3 wine (esp. rice wine),liquor,spirits,alcoholic beverage 止 zhi3 to stop,to prohibit,until 樂 le4 happy,laugh,cheerful,surname Le(乐) yue4 surname Yue,music(乐) , 乃厲聲曰:

乃 nai3 to be,thus,so,therefore,then,only,thereupon 厲聲 li4 sheng1 stern voice(厉声) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「吾有一言, 「 吾 wu2 I,my 有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 言 yan2 to speak,to say,talk,word yan2 "speech" or "words" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 149), occurring in 说, 话, 请, etc.(讠) , 眾官靜聽。 眾 zhong4 crowd,multitude,abbr. for 眾議院|众议院 House of Representatives(众) 官 guan1 official,government,organ of body 靜 jing4 still,calm,quiet,not moving(静) 聽 ting1 to listen,to hear,to obey,a can (loanword from English "tin"),classifier for canned beverages(听) ting4 to let,to allow(听) 。 」眾官側耳。 」 眾 zhong4 crowd,multitude,abbr. for 眾議院|众议院 House of Representatives(众) 官 guan1 official,government,organ of body 側耳 ce4 er3 to bend an ear (to),to listen(侧耳) 。 卓曰: 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「天子為萬民之主, 「 天子 tian1 zi3 the (rightful) Emperor,the "Son of Heaven" (traditional English translation) 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 萬民 wan4 min2 all the people(万民) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 主 zhu3 to own,to host,master,lord,primary , 無威儀不可以奉宗廟社稷。 無 wu2 -less,not to have,no,none,not,to lack,un-(无) 威儀 wei1 yi2 majestic presence,awe-inspiring manner(威仪) 不可以 bu4 ke3 yi3 may not 奉 feng4 to offer (tribute),to present respectfully (to superior, ancestor, deity etc),to esteem,to revere,to believe in (a religion),to wait upon,to accept orders

(from superior) 宗廟 zong1 miao4 temple,ancestral shrine(宗庙) 社稷 she4 ji4 state,country,the Gods of earth and grain 。 今上懦弱, 今 jin1 today,modern,present,current,this,now 上 shang4 on,on top,upon,first (of multiple parts),previous,last,upper,higher,above,to climb,to go into,to go up,to attend (class or university),third tone of putonghua 懦弱 nuo4 ruo4 cowardly,weak , 不若陳留王聰明好學, 不 bu4 (negative prefix),not,no 若 ruo4 to seem,like,as,if 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 留 liu2 leave (message),to retain,to stay,to remain,to keep,to preserve 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 聰明 cong1 ming5 acute (of sight and hearing),clever,intelligent,bright,smart(聪明) 好學 hao4 xue2 eager to study,studious,erudite(好学) , 可承大位。 可 ke3 can,may,able to,to approve,to permit,certain(ly),to suit,very (particle used for emphasis) 承 cheng2 to bear,to carry,to hold,to continue,to undertake,to take charge,owing to,due to,to receive 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor 位 wei4 position,location,classifier for people,place,seat,classifier for binary bits (e.g. 十六位 16-bit or 2 bytes) 。 吾欲廢帝, 吾 欲 廢 帝 , wu2 I,my yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish fei4 abolish,crippled,abandoned,waste(废) di4 emperor

立陳留王, 立 li4 set up,to stand 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 留 liu2 leave (message),to retain,to stay,to remain,to keep,to preserve 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang , 諸大臣以為何如?

諸 zhu1 surname Zhu,all,many,various(诸) 大臣 da4 chen2 chancellor,title of important minister (e.g. in Japan) 以為 yi3 wei2 to believe,to think,to consider erroneously,to assume (wrongly)(以为) 何如 he2 ru2 how about,what kind of ? 」誅官聽罷, 」 誅 zhu1 to execute,to put to death,to condemn,to punish(诛) 官 guan1 official,government,organ of body 聽 ting1 to listen,to hear,to obey,a can (loanword from English "tin"),classifier for canned beverages(听) ting4 to let,to allow(听) 罷 ba4 to stop,cease,dismiss,suspend,to quit,to finish(罢) ba5 (final particle, same as 吧)(罢) , 不敢出聲。 不敢 bu4 gan3 not dare to 出聲 chu1 sheng1 to utter,to give voice(出声) 。 座上一人推案直出, 座 zuo4 seat,base,stand,(classifier for buildings, mountains, large solid things etc) 上 shang4 on,on top,upon,first (of multiple parts),previous,last,upper,higher,above,to climb,to go into,to go up,to attend (class or university),third tone of putonghua 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 人 ren2 man,person,people 推 tui1 to push,to cut,to refuse,to reject,to decline,to shirk (responsibility),to put off,to delay,to push forward,to nominate,to elect 案 an4 (legal) case,incident,record,file,table 直 zhi2 straight,vertical,frank,directly,straightly,upright 出 chu1 to go out,to come out,to occur,to produce,to go beyond,to rise,to put forth,to happen,classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc , 立於筵前, 立 li4 set up,to stand 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 筵 yan2 bamboo mat for sitting 前 qian2 before,in front,ago,former,previous,earlier,front,prefixed word denoting respect (polite 美称); foremost; premier , 大呼: 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor 呼 hu1 to call,to cry,to shout,to breath out,to exhale :

「不可! 「 ! 不可 bu4 ke3 cannot,should not,must not

不可! 不可 bu4 ke3 cannot,should not,must not ! 汝是何人, 汝 ru3 thou 是 shi4 is,are,am,yes,to be 何人 he2 ren2 who , 敢發大語? 敢 gan3 dare 發 fa1 to send out,to show (one's feeling),to issue,to develop,(classifier for gunshots, "rounds")(发) 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor 語 yu3 dialect,language,speech(语) yu4 to tell to(语) ? 天子乃先帝嫡子, 天子 tian1 zi3 the (rightful) Emperor,the "Son of Heaven" (traditional English translation) 乃 nai3 to be,thus,so,therefore,then,only,thereupon 先 xian1 early,prior,former,in advance,first 帝 di4 emperor 嫡子 di2 zi3 son of first wife , 初無過失, 初 chu1 at first,(at the) beginning,first,junior,basic 無 wu2 -less,not to have,no,none,not,to lack,un-(无) 過失 guo4 shi1 defect,fault(过失) , 何得妄議廢立? 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 得 de2 to obtain,to get,to gain,to catch (a disease),proper,suitable,proud,contented,to allow,to permit,ready,finished de5 structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc dei3 to have to,must,ought to,to need to 妄 wang4 absurd,fantastic,presumptuous,rash 議 yi4 to criticize,to discuss(议) 廢 fei4 abolish,crippled,abandoned,waste(废) 立 li4 set up,to stand

? 汝欲為篡逆耶? 汝 ru3 thou 欲 yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 篡逆 cuan4 ni4 to rebel,to revolt 耶 ye1 (phonetic ye) ? 」卓視之, 」 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 視 shi4 to look at,to regard,to inspect(视) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it , 乃荊州刺史丁原也。 乃 nai3 to be,thus,so,therefore,then,only,thereupon 荊州 Jing1 zhou1 Jingzhou prefecture level city on Changjiang in Hubei(荆州) 刺 ci4 thorn,sting,thrust,to prick,to pierce,to stab,to assassinate,to murder 史 shi3 history,surname Shi 丁 ding1 fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,fourth in order,letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,butyl,surname Ding,cubes (of food) 原 yuan2 former,original,primary,raw,level,cause,source 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula 。 卓怒叱曰: 卓 怒 叱 曰 : zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo nu4 indignant chi4 to scold,shout at,to hoot at yue1 to speak,to say

「順我者生, 「 順 shun4 to obey,to follow,to arrange,to make reasonable,along,favorable(顺) 我 wo3 I,me,my 者 zhe3 -ist, -er (person),person (who does sth) 生 sheng1 to be born,to give birth,life,to grow,raw, uncooked , 逆我者死! 逆 我 者 死 ! ni4 contrary,opposite,backwards,to go against,to oppose,to betray,to rebel wo3 I,me,my zhe3 -ist, -er (person),person (who does sth) si3 to die,impassable,uncrossable,inflexible,rigid,extremely

」遂掣佩劍欲斬丁原。

」 遂 sui4 to satisfy,to succeed,then,thereupon,finally,unexpectedly 掣 che4 pull,obstruct,hinder,draw 佩劍 pei4 jian4 saber (fencing)(佩剑) 欲 yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish 斬 zhan3 to behead (as form of capital punishment),to chop(斩) 丁 ding1 fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,fourth in order,letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,butyl,surname Ding,cubes (of food) 原 yuan2 former,original,primary,raw,level,cause,source 。

時李儒見丁原背後一人,生得器字軒昂,威風凜凜,手執方天畫戟,怒目而視。李儒急進曰:「今日飲宴之處, 不可談國政;來日向都堂公論未遲。」眾人皆勸丁原上馬而去。卓問百官曰:「吾所言,合公道否?」盧植曰: 「明公差矣:昔太甲不明,伊尹放之於桐宮。昌邑王登位方二十七日,造惡三千餘條,故霍光告太廟而廢之。今 上雖幼,聰明仁智,並無分毫過失。公乃外郡刺史,素未參與國政,又無伊、霍之大才,何可強主廢立之事?聖 人云『有伊尹之志則可,無伊尹之志則篡也。』」卓大怒,拔劍向前欲殺植。議郎彭伯諫曰:「盧尚書海內人 望,今先害之,恐天下震怖。」卓乃止。司徒王允曰:「廢立之事,不可酒後相商,另日再議。」於是百官皆 散。卓按劍立於園門,忽見一人躍馬持戟,於園門外往來馳驟。卓問李儒:「此何人也?」儒曰:「此丁原義 兄:姓呂,名布,字奉先者也。主公且須避之。」卓乃入園潛避。 時李儒見丁原背後一人, 時 shi2 o'clock,time,when,hour,season,period,surname Shi(时) 李 li3 plum,surname Li 儒 ru2 scholar,Confucian 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 丁 ding1 fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,fourth in order,letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,butyl,surname Ding,cubes (of food) 原 yuan2 former,original,primary,raw,level,cause,source 背後 bei4 hou4 behind,at the back,in the rear,behind sb's back(背后) 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 人 ren2 man,person,people , 生得器字軒昂, 生 sheng1 to be born,to give birth,life,to grow,raw, uncooked 得 de2 to obtain,to get,to gain,to catch (a disease),proper,suitable,proud,contented,to allow,to permit,ready,finished de5 structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc dei3 to have to,must,ought to,to need to 器 qi4 device,tool,utensil 字 zi4 letter,symbol,character,word 軒昂 xuan1 ang2 high,lofty,elevated,dignified(轩昂) , 威風凜凜, 威風凜凜 wei1 feng1 lin3 lin3 majestic,awe-inspiring presence,impressive power(威风凛 凛) , 手執方天畫戟,

手 shou3 hand,(formal) to hold,person engaged in certain types of work,person skilled in certain types of work,personal(ly),convenient 執 zhi2 to execute (a plan),to grasp(执) 方 fang1 square,quadrilateral,power (such as cube 立方),classifier for square things,upright,honest,fair and square,surname Fang,direction,party (to a dispute),one side,place,method,prescription,just,then,only then 天 tian1 day,sky,heaven 畫 hua4 to draw,picture,painting(画) 戟 ji3 halberd,long handled weapon with pointed tip and crescent blade,combined spear and battle-ax , 怒目而視。 怒目而視 nu4 mu4 er2 shi4 to glare at(怒目而视) 。 李儒急進曰: 李 儒 急 進 曰 : li3 plum,surname Li ru2 scholar,Confucian ji2 urgent,pressing,rapid,hurried,worried jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) yue1 to speak,to say

「今日飲宴之處, 「 今日 jin1 ri4 today 飲宴 yin3 yan4 banquet,dinner,drinking party,feast(饮宴) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 處 chu3 to reside,to live,to dwell,to be in,to be situated at,to stay,to get along with,to be in a position of,to deal with,to discipline,to punish(处) chu4 place,location,spot,point,office,department,bureau,respect,classifier for locations or items of damage: spot, point(处) , 不可談國政;來日向都堂公論未遲。 不可 bu4 ke3 cannot,should not,must not 談 tan2 to speak,to talk,to converse,to chat,to discuss,surname Tan(谈) 國政 guo2 zheng4 national politics,archaic rank, "Minister of State",common given name(国政) ; 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 日 ri4 sun,day,date, day of the month,abbr. for 日本|日本 Japan 向 xiang4 direction,orientation,to face,to turn toward,to,towards,shortly before,formerly,to side with,to be partial to,all along (previously),surname Xiang 都 dou1 all, both,entirely (due to) each,even,already du1 capital city,metropolis,surname Du 堂 tang2 (main) hall,large room for a specific purpose,relationship between cousins etc on the paternal side of a family,of the same clan,classifier for sets (or suites) of furniture, classes etc 公論 gong1 lun4 public opinion(公论) 未 wei4 not yet,did not,have not,not,8th earthly branch: 1-3 p.m., 6th solar month (7th July-6th August), year of the Sheep 遲 chi2 late,delayed,slow(迟) 。

」眾人皆勸丁原上馬而去。 」 眾人 zhong4 ren2 everyone(众人) 皆 jie1 all,each and every,in all cases 勸 quan4 to advise,to urge,to try to persuade,exhort(劝) 丁 ding1 fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,fourth in order,letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,butyl,surname Ding,cubes (of food) 原 yuan2 former,original,primary,raw,level,cause,source 上馬 shang4 ma3 to get on a horse,to mount(上马) 而 er2 and,as well as,and so,but (not),yet (not),(indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state),(indicates contrast) 去 qu4 to go,to leave,to remove,fourth tone of putonghua 。 卓問百官曰: 卓 問 百 官 曰 : zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo wen4 to ask(问) bai3 hundred,numerous,all kinds of,surname Bai guan1 official,government,organ of body yue1 to speak,to say

「吾所言, 「 吾 wu2 I,my 所 suo3 actually,place,classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc,that which,particle introducing a relative clause or passive 言 yan2 to speak,to say,talk,word yan2 "speech" or "words" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 149), occurring in 说, 话, 请, etc.(讠) , 合公道否? 合 ge3 100 ml,one-tenth of a peck,measure for dry grain equal to one-tenth of sheng 升 or liter, or one-hundredth dou 斗 he2 Chinese musical note,fit,to join,counter for matches, battles etc 公道 gong1 dao4 justice,fairness,public highway gong1 dao5 fair,equitable 否 fou3 to negate,to deny,not pi3 clogged,evil ? 」盧植曰: 」 盧 Lu2 surname Lu,abbr. for Luxembourg 盧森堡|卢森堡(卢) 植 zhi2 to plant 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「明公差矣: 公差 gong1 cha1 tolerance (allowed error) 矣 yi3 archaic final particle similar to modern 了 : 昔太甲不明,

昔 xi1 past,former 太 tai4 highest,greatest,too (much),very,extremely 甲 jia3 armor,first of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,first in order,letter "A" or roman "I" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,first party (in legal contract, usually written 甲方, as opposed to second party 乙方),methyl 不明 bu4 ming2 not clear,unknown,fail to understand , 伊尹放之於桐宮。 伊 yi1 he,she,surname Yi,abbr. for Iraq or Iran 尹 yin3 surname Yin,to rule 放 fang4 to release,to free,to let go,to put,to place,to let out,to set off (fireworks) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 桐 tong2 Chinese wood-oil tree (Aleurites cordata) 宮 gong1 palace,surname Gong,castration (as corporal punishment),first note in pentatonic scale(宫) 。 昌邑王登位方二十七日, 昌邑 Chang1 yi4 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 登 deng1 scale,climb,ascend,mount,go up,register,note,to publish,to issue,to record 位 wei4 position,location,classifier for people,place,seat,classifier for binary bits (e.g. 十六位 16-bit or 2 bytes) 方 fang1 square,quadrilateral,power (such as cube 立方),classifier for square things,upright,honest,fair and square,surname Fang,direction,party (to a dispute),one side,place,method,prescription,just,then,only then 二十 er4 shi2 twenty,20 七 qi1 seven,7 日 ri4 sun,day,date, day of the month,abbr. for 日本|日本 Japan , 造惡三千餘條, 造 zao4 to make,to build,to invent,to manufacture 惡 e3 nauseated(恶) e4 evil,vice,wicked,malevolent,malignant,pernicious,fierce(恶) wu4 to hate,to loathe(恶) 三 san1 three,3 千 qian1 thousand :韆: qian1 a swing 餘 yu2 extra,surplus,remaining,remainder after division,(following numerical value) or more,in excess of (some number),residue (math.),after,I,me,surname Yu(余) yu2 variant of 餘|余, remainder,surname Yu(馀) 條 tiao2 strip,item,article,clause (of law or treaty),classifier for long thin things (ribbon, river, road, trousers etc)(条) , 故霍光告太廟而廢之。 故 gu4 happening,instance,reason,cause,deceased,old 霍 huo4 suddenly,surname Huo

光 guang1 light,ray,bright,only,merely,to use up 告 gao4 to tell,to inform,to say 太 tai4 highest,greatest,too (much),very,extremely 廟 miao4 temple,monastery(庙) 而 er2 and,as well as,and so,but (not),yet (not),(indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state),(indicates contrast) 廢 fei4 abolish,crippled,abandoned,waste(废) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 。 今上雖幼, 今 jin1 today,modern,present,current,this,now 上 shang4 on,on top,upon,first (of multiple parts),previous,last,upper,higher,above,to climb,to go into,to go up,to attend (class or university),third tone of putonghua 雖 sui1 although,even though(虽) 幼 you4 young , 聰明仁智, 聰明 cong1 ming5 acute (of sight and hearing),clever,intelligent,bright,smart(聪明) 仁 ren2 humane,kernel 智 zhi4 wisdom,knowledge , 並無分毫過失。 並 bing4 and,furthermore,also,together with,(not) at all,simultaneously,to combine,to join,to merge(并) 無 wu2 -less,not to have,no,none,not,to lack,un-(无) 分毫 fen1 hao2 fraction,slightest difference,hairsbreadth 過失 guo4 shi1 defect,fault(过失) 。 公乃外郡刺史, 公 gong1 public,collectively owned,common,international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar),make public,fair,just 乃 nai3 to be,thus,so,therefore,then,only,thereupon 外 wai4 outside,in addition,foreign,external 郡 jun4 canton,county,region 刺 ci4 thorn,sting,thrust,to prick,to pierce,to stab,to assassinate,to murder 史 shi3 history,surname Shi , 素未參與國政, 素 su4 raw silk,white,plain, unadorned,vegetarian (food),element,usually 未 wei4 not yet,did not,have not,not,8th earthly branch: 1-3 p.m., 6th solar month (7th July-6th August), year of the Sheep 參與 can1 yu4 to participate (in sth)(参与) 國政 guo2 zheng4 national politics,archaic rank, "Minister of State",common given name(国政) , 又無伊、

又 you4 (once) again,also,both... and...,again 無 wu2 -less,not to have,no,none,not,to lack,un-(无) 伊 yi1 he,she,surname Yi,abbr. for Iraq or Iran 、 霍之大才, 霍 huo4 suddenly,surname Huo 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor 才 cai2 ability,talent,endowment,gift,an expert,only (then),only if,just :纔: cai2 just,not until , 何可強主廢立之事? 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 可 ke3 can,may,able to,to approve,to permit,certain(ly),to suit,very (particle used for emphasis) 強 jiang4 stubborn,unyielding(强) qiang2 strong,powerful,better,slightly more than,vigorous,violent,surname Qiang(强) qiang3 to strive,to make an effort(强) 主 zhu3 to own,to host,master,lord,primary 廢 fei4 abolish,crippled,abandoned,waste(废) 立 li4 set up,to stand 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 事 shi4 matter,thing,item,work,affair ? 聖人云『有伊尹之志則可, 聖人 sheng4 ren2 saint,sage,refers to Confucius 孔子,the current reigning Emperor(圣 人) 云 yun2 (classical) to say :雲: Yun2 abbr. for Yunnan 雲南|云南 province in southwest China,surname Yun :雲: yun2 cloud 『 有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be 伊 yi1 he,she,surname Yi,abbr. for Iraq or Iran 尹 yin3 surname Yin,to rule 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 志 zhi4 aspiration,ambition,the will :誌: zhi4 sign,mark,to record,write a footnote 則 ze2 conjunction used to express contrast with a previous sentence or clause,standard,norm,rule,to imitate,to follow,then,principle,classifier for written items (such as an official statement)(则) 可 ke3 can,may,able to,to approve,to permit,certain(ly),to suit,very (particle used for emphasis) , 無伊尹之志則篡也。 無 伊 尹 之 wu2 -less,not to have,no,none,not,to lack,un-(无) yi1 he,she,surname Yi,abbr. for Iraq or Iran yin3 surname Yin,to rule zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it

志 zhi4 aspiration,ambition,the will :誌: zhi4 sign,mark,to record,write a footnote 則 ze2 conjunction used to express contrast with a previous sentence or clause,standard,norm,rule,to imitate,to follow,then,principle,classifier for written items (such as an official statement)(则) 篡 cuan4 to seize,to usurp 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula 。 』」卓大怒, 大怒 da4 nu4 angry,indignant , 拔劍向前欲殺植。 拔 ba2 to pull up,to pull out,to draw out by suction,to select,to pick,to stand out (above level),to surpass,to seize 劍 jian4 (double-edged) sword(剑) 向前 xiang4 qian2 forward,onward 欲 yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish 殺 sha1 to kill,to murder,to slaughter,fight(杀) 植 zhi2 to plant 。 議郎彭伯諫曰: 議 yi4 to criticize,to discuss(议) 郎 lang2 (arch.) minister,official,noun prefix denoting function or status,a youth,surname Lang 彭 Peng2 surname Peng 伯 bo2 father's elder brother,senior,paternal elder uncle,eldest of brothers,respectful form of address 諫 jian4 to remonstrate,to admonish(谏) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「盧尚書海內人望, 「 盧 Lu2 surname Lu,abbr. for Luxembourg 盧森堡|卢森堡(卢) 尚書 shang4 shu1 same as 書經|书经 Book of History,a high official in ancient China (esp. in combinations such as 戶部尚書|户部尚书)(尚书) 海內人望 hai3 nei4 ren2 wang4 to be the center of attention of the whole country (idiom)(海内人望) , 今先害之, 今 先 害 之 , jin1 today,modern,present,current,this,now xian1 early,prior,former,in advance,first hai4 to do harm to,to cause trouble to,harm,evil,calamity zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it

恐天下震怖。 恐 kong3 afraid,frightened,to fear 天下 tian1 xia4 land under heaven,the whole world,the whole of

China,realm,rule,domination 震 zhen4 to shake,to vibrate,to jolt,to quake,excited,shocked,one of the eight trigrams, symbolizing thunder 怖 bu4 terror,terrified,afraid,frightened 。 」卓乃止。 」 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 乃 nai3 to be,thus,so,therefore,then,only,thereupon 止 zhi3 to stop,to prohibit,until 。 司徒王允曰: 司徒 Si1 tu2 minister of education (hist.),two-character surname Situ 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 允 yun3 just,fair,to permit,to allow 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「廢立之事, 「 廢 fei4 abolish,crippled,abandoned,waste(废) 立 li4 set up,to stand 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 事 shi4 matter,thing,item,work,affair , 不可酒後相商, 不可 bu4 ke3 cannot,should not,must not 酒後 jiu3 hou4 after wine,after drinking(酒后) 相 xiang1 each other,one another,mutually xiang4 appearance,portrait,picture 商 Shang1 the Shang dynasty, 16th to 11th century BC shang1 commerce,to consult,quotient,2nd note in pentatonic scale , 另日再議。 另 日 再 議 。 ling4 other,another,separate,separately ri4 sun,day,date, day of the month,abbr. for 日本|日本 Japan zai4 again,once more,re-,second,another,then (after sth, and not until then) yi4 to criticize,to discuss(议)

」於是百官皆散。 」 於是 yu2 shi4 thereupon,as a result,consequently,thus,hence(于是) 百 bai3 hundred,numerous,all kinds of,surname Bai 官 guan1 official,government,organ of body 皆 jie1 all,each and every,in all cases 散 san3 leisurely,loosen,powdered medicine,to scatter,to come loose san4 adjourn,scatter 。 卓按劍立於園門,

卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 按 an4 to press (with the hand),to push,to control,to restrain,to check,pressing down (brush movement in painting),according to,in the light of 劍 jian4 (double-edged) sword(剑) 立 li4 set up,to stand 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 園 yuan2 garden(园) 門 men2 gate,door(门) , 忽見一人躍馬持戟, 忽 hu1 suddenly 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 人 ren2 man,person,people 躍馬 yue4 ma3 to gallop,to spur on a horse,to let one's steed have his head(跃马) 持 chi2 to hold,to grasp,to support,to maintain,to persevere,to manage,to run (i.e. administer),to control 戟 ji3 halberd,long handled weapon with pointed tip and crescent blade,combined spear and battle-ax , 於園門外往來馳驟。 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 園 yuan2 garden(园) 門外 men2 wai4 outside the door(门外) 往來 wang3 lai2 dealings,contacts,to go back and forth(往来) 馳 chi2 run fast,speed,spread,gallop(驰) 驟 zhou4 sudden,unexpected,abrupt,suddenly,Taiwan pr. zou4(骤) 。 卓問李儒: 卓 問 李 儒 : zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo wen4 to ask(问) li3 plum,surname Li ru2 scholar,Confucian

「此何人也? 何人 he2 ren2 who 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula ? 」儒曰: 」 儒 ru2 scholar,Confucian 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「此丁原義兄:

「 此 ci3 this,these 丁 ding1 fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,fourth in order,letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,butyl,surname Ding,cubes (of food) 原義 yuan2 yi4 original meaning(原义) 兄 xiong1 elder brother : 姓呂, 姓 xing4 family name,surname,name 呂 Lu:3 surname Lü(吕) lu:3 pitchpipe, pitch standard, one of the twelve semitones in the traditional tone system(吕) , 名布, 名 ming2 name,noun (part of speech),place (e.g. among winners),famous,classifier for people 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth , 字奉先者也。 字 zi4 letter,symbol,character,word 奉 feng4 to offer (tribute),to present respectfully (to superior, ancestor, deity etc),to esteem,to revere,to believe in (a religion),to wait upon,to accept orders (from superior) 先 xian1 early,prior,former,in advance,first 者 zhe3 -ist, -er (person),person (who does sth) 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula 。 主公且須避之。 主 zhu3 to own,to host,master,lord,primary 公 gong1 public,collectively owned,common,international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar),make public,fair,just 且 qie3 further,moreover 須 xu1 beard,necessary,must(须) 避 bi4 to avoid,to shun,to flee,to escape,to keep away from,to leave,to hide from 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 。 」卓乃入園潛避。 」 乃 入 園 潛 避 。 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo nai3 to be,thus,so,therefore,then,only,thereupon ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese) yuan2 garden(园) qian2 hidden,secret,latent,to hide,to conceal,to submerge,to dive(潜) bi4 to avoid,to shun,to flee,to escape,to keep away from,to leave,to hide from

次日,人報丁原引軍城外搦戰。卓怒,引軍同李儒出迎。兩陣對圓,只見呂布頂束髮金冠,披百花戰袍,擐唐猊 鎧甲,繫獅蠻寶帶,縱馬挺戟,隨丁建陽出到陣前。建陽指卓罵曰:「國家不幸,閹官弄權,以致萬民塗炭。爾 無尺寸之功,焉敢妄言廢立,欲亂朝廷?」 次日, 次日 ci4 ri4 next day,the morrow , 人報丁原引軍城外搦戰。 人 ren2 man,person,people 報 bao4 to announce,to inform,report,newspaper,recompense,revenge(报) 丁 ding1 fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,fourth in order,letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,butyl,surname Ding,cubes (of food) 原 yuan2 former,original,primary,raw,level,cause,source 引 yin3 to draw (a bow),to pull,to stretch sth,to extend,to lengthen,to involve in,to attract,to lead,to guide,to divert (water) 軍 jun1 army,military,arms(军) 城外 cheng2 wai4 outside of a city 搦 nuo4 take hold 戰 zhan4 to fight,fight,war,battle(战) 。 卓怒, 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 怒 nu4 indignant , 引軍同李儒出迎。 引 yin3 to draw (a bow),to pull,to stretch sth,to extend,to lengthen,to involve in,to attract,to lead,to guide,to divert (water) 軍 jun1 army,military,arms(军) 同 tong2 like,same,similar,together,alike,with 李 li3 plum,surname Li 儒 ru2 scholar,Confucian 出迎 chu1 ying2 to greet,to go out to meet 。 兩陣對圓, 兩 liang3 both,two,ounce,some,a few,tael,weight equal to 50 grams(两) 陣 zhen4 disposition of troops,wave,spate,burst,spell,short period of time,classifier for events or states of short duration(阵) 對 dui4 couple,pair,to be opposite,to oppose,to face,versus,for,to,correct (answer),to answer,to reply,to direct (towards sth),right(对) 圓 yuan2 circle,round,circular,spherical,(of the moon) full,unit of Chinese currency (Yuan),tactful,to justify(圆) , 只見呂布頂束髮金冠, 只 zhi3 only,merely,just,but :祇: zhi3 but,only :隻: zhi1 classifier for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, some utensils,

vessels etc 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 呂布 Lu:3 Bu4 Lü Bu, general and warlord(吕布) 頂 ding3 apex,crown of the head,top,roof,to carry on the head,to push to the top,to go against,most,to replace,to substitute,classifier for headwear, hats, veils etc,to agree or support (internet slang, similar to digg)(顶) 束髮 shu4 fa4 to bind one's hair,headband(束发) 金 jin1 gold Au, transition metal, atomic number 79,metal,money,the Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115-1234),surname Jin or Kim 冠 guan1 hat,crown,crest,cap guan4 to head , 披百花戰袍, 披 百 花 戰 袍 , pi1 scatter,separate,to open,to unroll,to spread out bai3 hundred,numerous,all kinds of,surname Bai hua1 flower,blossom,fancy pattern zhan4 to fight,fight,war,battle(战) pao2 gown (lined)

擐唐猊鎧甲, 擐 huan4 pass through,to get into (armor) 唐 Tang2 Tang dynasty (618-907),surname Tang 猊 ni2 (mythical animal),lion :貎: ni2 wild beast,wild horse,lion,trad. form used erroneously for 貌,simplified form used erroneously for 狻 鎧甲 kai3 jia3 armor(铠甲) , 繫獅蠻寶帶, 繫 ji4 to tie,to fasten,to button up(系) xi4 connect,to tie(系) 獅 shi1 lion(狮) 蠻 man2 barbarian,bullying,very,quite,rough,reckless(蛮) 寶 bao3 a jewel or gem,a treasure,precious(宝) 帶 dai4 band,belt,girdle,ribbon,tire,area,zone,region,to wear,to carry,to lead,to bring,to look after,to raise(带) , 縱馬挺戟, 縱 zong4 warp (the vertical threads in weaving),vertical,longitudinal,north-south (lines of longitude),lengthwise,to release,to indulge,even if(纵) 馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) 挺 ting3 straight and stiff,rather (good),quite,very,classifier for guns or machinery 戟 ji3 halberd,long handled weapon with pointed tip and crescent blade,combined spear and battle-ax , 隨丁建陽出到陣前。

隨 sui2 to follow,to comply with,varying according to...,to allow,surname Sui(随) 丁 ding1 fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,fourth in order,letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,butyl,surname Ding,cubes (of food) 建陽 Jian4 yang2 (建阳) 出 chu1 to go out,to come out,to occur,to produce,to go beyond,to rise,to put forth,to happen,classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc 到 dao4 to (a place),until (a time),up to,to go,to arrive 陣 zhen4 disposition of troops,wave,spate,burst,spell,short period of time,classifier for events or states of short duration(阵) 前 qian2 before,in front,ago,former,previous,earlier,front,prefixed word denoting respect (polite 美称); foremost; premier 。 建陽指卓罵曰: 建陽 Jian4 yang2 (建阳) 指 zhi3 finger,to point,to direct,to indicate,to refer to,to rely on,to count on, (hair) stands stiffly on end 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 罵 ma4 to scold,abuse(骂) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「國家不幸, 「 國家 guo2 jia1 country,nation,state(国家) 不幸 bu4 xing4 misfortune,adversity,unfortunate,sad,unfortunately , 閹官弄權, 閹 yan1 castrate,neuter(阉) 官 guan1 official,government,organ of body 弄 long4 lane,alley nong4 to do,to manage,to handle,to play with,to fool with,to mess with,to fix,to toy with 權 quan2 authority,power,right,temporary(权) , 以致萬民塗炭。 以致 yi3 zhi4 to such an extent as to,down to,up to 萬民 wan4 min2 all the people(万民) 塗 tu2 to smear,daub(涂) 炭 tan4 wood charcoal,coal,carbon 。 爾無尺寸之功, 爾 er3 thus,so,like that,you,thou(尔) 無 wu2 -less,not to have,no,none,not,to lack,un-(无) 尺寸 chi3 cun5 size,dimension,measurement 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 功 gong1 merit,achievement,result,service,accomplishment,work (phys.) , 焉敢妄言廢立,

焉 yan1 where,how 敢 gan3 dare 妄言 wang4 yan2 fantasy (fiction) 廢 fei4 abolish,crippled,abandoned,waste(废) 立 li4 set up,to stand , 欲亂朝廷? 欲 yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish 亂 luan4 in confusion,disorderly(乱) 朝廷 chao2 ting2 court,imperial household,dynasty ? 」 」 董卓未及回言,呂布飛馬直殺過來。董卓慌走,建陽率軍掩殺。卓兵大敗,退三十餘里下寨,聚眾商議。卓曰: 「吾觀呂布非常人也。吾若得此人,何慮天下哉?」帳前一人出曰:「主公勿憂:某與呂布同鄉,知其勇而無 謀,見利忘義。某憑三寸不爛之舌,說呂布拱手來降,可乎?」 董卓未及回言, 董卓 Dong3 Zhuo2 Dong Zhuo (-192), top general of late Han, usurped power in 189, murdered empress dowager and child emperor, killed in 192 by Lü Bu 呂布|吕布 未 wei4 not yet,did not,have not,not,8th earthly branch: 1-3 p.m., 6th solar month (7th July-6th August), year of the Sheep 及 ji2 and,to reach,up to,in time for 回 hui2 to circle,to go back,to turn around,to answer,to return,to revolve,Hui ethnic group (Chinese Muslims),time,classifier for acts of a play,section or chapter (of a classic book) 言 yan2 to speak,to say,talk,word yan2 "speech" or "words" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 149), occurring in 说, 话, 请, etc.(讠) , 呂布飛馬直殺過來。 呂布 Lu:3 Bu4 Lü Bu, general and warlord(吕布) 飛 fei1 to fly(飞) 馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) 直 zhi2 straight,vertical,frank,directly,straightly,upright 殺 sha1 to kill,to murder,to slaughter,fight(杀) 過來 guo4 lai2 to come over,to manage,to handle,to be able to take care of,also pr. guo4lai5(过来) 。 董卓慌走, 董卓 Dong3 Zhuo2 Dong Zhuo (-192), top general of late Han, usurped power in 189, murdered empress dowager and child emperor, killed in 192 by Lü Bu 呂布|吕布 慌 huang1 to get panicky,to lose one's head 走 zou3 to walk,to go,to run,to move (of vehicle),to visit,to leave,to go away,to die (euph.),from,through,away (in compound verbs, such as 撤走),to change (shape, form, meaning) ,

建陽率軍掩殺。 建陽 Jian4 yang2 (建阳) 率 lu:4 rate,frequency shuai4 to lead,to command,rash,hasty,frank,straightforward,generally,usually 軍 jun1 army,military,arms(军) 掩 yan3 to cover up,to surprise 殺 sha1 to kill,to murder,to slaughter,fight(杀) 。 卓兵大敗, 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 兵 bing1 soldiers,a force,an army,weapons,arms,military,warlike 大敗 da4 bai4 to defeat,to inflict a defeat on sb(大败) , 退三十餘里下寨, 退 tui4 retreat,to decline,to move back,to withdraw 三十 san1 shi2 thirty,30 餘 yu2 extra,surplus,remaining,remainder after division,(following numerical value) or more,in excess of (some number),residue (math.),after,I,me,surname Yu(余) yu2 variant of 餘|余, remainder,surname Yu(馀) 里 Li3 Li (surname) li3 li (Chinese mile),500 meters (modern),home,hometown,village,neighborhood,administrative unit :裏: li3 lining,interior,inside,internal :裡: li3 lining,interior,inside,internal 下 xia4 down,downwards,below,lower,later,next (week etc),second (of two parts),to decline,to go down 寨 zhai4 stronghold,stockade,camp,village , 聚眾商議。 聚眾 ju4 zhong4 to gather a crowd,to muster(聚众) 商議 shang1 yi4 to negotiate,discussion,proposal(商议) 。 卓曰: 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「吾觀呂布非常人也。 「 吾 wu2 I,my 觀 guan1 to look at,to watch,to observe,to behold,concept,point of view(观) guan4 Taoist monastery(观) 呂布 Lu:3 Bu4 Lü Bu, general and warlord(吕布) 非常 fei1 chang2 unusual,extraordinary,extreme,very,exceptional 人 ren2 man,person,people 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula 。 吾若得此人,

吾 wu2 I,my 若 ruo4 to seem,like,as,if 得 de2 to obtain,to get,to gain,to catch (a disease),proper,suitable,proud,contented,to allow,to permit,ready,finished de5 structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc dei3 to have to,must,ought to,to need to 此 ci3 this,these 人 ren2 man,person,people , 何慮天下哉? 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 慮 lu:4 to think over,to consider,anxiety(虑) 天下 tian1 xia4 land under heaven,the whole world,the whole of China,realm,rule,domination 哉 zai1 (exclamatory or interrogative particle) ? 」帳前一人出曰: 」 帳 zhang4 account,mosquito net,tent,curtain,debt,credit(帐) 前 qian2 before,in front,ago,former,previous,earlier,front,prefixed word denoting respect (polite 美称); foremost; premier 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 人 ren2 man,person,people 出 chu1 to go out,to come out,to occur,to produce,to go beyond,to rise,to put forth,to happen,classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「主公勿憂: 「 主 zhu3 to own,to host,master,lord,primary 公 gong1 public,collectively owned,common,international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar),make public,fair,just 勿 wu4 do not 憂 you1 to worry,to concern oneself with,worried,anxiety,sorrow,a parent's funeral,inconvenienced by being orphaned(忧) : 某與呂布同鄉, 某 mou3 some,a certain,sb or sth indefinite,such-and-such 與 yu2 (same as 歟|欤, final particle expression doubt or surprise, similar to 吗 or 呢)(与) yu3 and,to give,together with(与) yu4 take part in(与) 呂布 Lu:3 Bu4 Lü Bu, general and warlord(吕布) 同 tong2 like,same,similar,together,alike,with 鄉 xiang1 country,village(乡) , 知其勇而無謀,

知 zhi1 to know,to be aware 其 qi2 his,her,its,theirs,that,such,it (refers to sth preceding it) 勇 yong3 brave 而 er2 and,as well as,and so,but (not),yet (not),(indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state),(indicates contrast) 無 wu2 -less,not to have,no,none,not,to lack,un-(无) 謀 mou2 to plan,seek,scheme(谋) , 見利忘義。 見利忘義 jian4 li4 wang4 yi4 to see profit and forget morality (idiom); to act from mercenary considerations,to sell one's soul for gain(见利忘义) 。 某憑三寸不爛之舌, 某 mou3 some,a certain,sb or sth indefinite,such-and-such 憑 ping2 to lean against,to rely on,on the basis of,no matter (how, what etc),proof(凭) 三 san1 three,3 寸 cun4 a unit of length,inch,thumb 不 bu4 (negative prefix),not,no 爛 lan4 soft,mushy,well-cooked and soft,to rot,to decompose,rotten,worn out,chaotic,messy,utterly,thoroughly(烂) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 舌 she2 tongue , 說呂布拱手來降, 說 shui4 to canvass,to persuade(说) shuo1 to speak,to say,a theory (usually in compounds such as 日心说 heliocentric theory)(说) 呂布 Lu:3 Bu4 Lü Bu, general and warlord(吕布) 拱手 gong3 shou3 to cup one's hands in obeisance or greeting,fig. submissive 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 降 jiang4 to drop,to fall,to come down,to descend xiang2 to surrender , 可乎? 可 ke3 can,may,able to,to approve,to permit,certain(ly),to suit,very (particle used for emphasis) 乎 hu1 (final particle in classical Chinese, expressing question or doubt, similar to 嗎|吗) ? 」 」 卓大喜,觀其人,乃虎賁中郎李肅也。卓曰:「汝將何以說之?」肅曰:「某聞主公有名馬一匹,號曰『赤 兔』,日行千里。須得此馬,再用金珠,以利結其心。某更進說詞,呂布必反丁原,來投主公矣。」卓問李儒 曰:「此言可乎?」儒曰:「主公欲取天下,何惜一馬?」卓欣然與之,更與黃金一千兩、明珠數十顆、玉帶一 條。 卓大喜,

卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 大喜 da4 xi3 exultation , 觀其人, 觀 guan1 to look at,to watch,to observe,to behold,concept,point of view(观) guan4 Taoist monastery(观) 其 qi2 his,her,its,theirs,that,such,it (refers to sth preceding it) 人 ren2 man,person,people , 乃虎賁中郎李肅也。 乃 nai3 to be,thus,so,therefore,then,only,thereupon 虎 hu3 tiger 賁 ben1 energetic,surname Ben(贲) bi4 bright(贲) 中 zhong1 within,among,in,middle,center,while (doing sth),during,China,Chinese zhong4 hit (the mark) 郎 lang2 (arch.) minister,official,noun prefix denoting function or status,a youth,surname Lang 李 li3 plum,surname Li 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula 。 卓曰: 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「汝將何以說之? 「 汝 ru3 thou 將 jiang1 (will, shall, "future tense"),ready,prepared,to get,to use(将) jiang4 a general(将) 何以 he2 yi3 whence 說 shui4 to canvass,to persuade(说) shuo1 to speak,to say,a theory (usually in compounds such as 日心说 heliocentric theory)(说) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it ? 」肅曰: 」 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「某聞主公有名馬一匹, 「 某 mou3 some,a certain,sb or sth indefinite,such-and-such 聞 wen2 to hear,news,well-known,famous,reputation,fame,to smell,to sniff at,surname Wen(闻) 主 zhu3 to own,to host,master,lord,primary

公有 gong1 you3 publicly owned,communal,held in common 名 ming2 name,noun (part of speech),place (e.g. among winners),famous,classifier for people 馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 匹 pi1 mate,one of a pair pi3 ordinary person,classifier for horses, mules etc,classifier for cloth: bolt , 號曰『赤兔』, 號 hao2 roar,cry(号) hao4 day of a month,(suffix used after) name of a ship,(ordinal) number(号) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say 『 赤 chi4 red,scarlet,bare,naked 兔 tu4 rabbit 日行千里。 日 ri4 sun,day,date, day of the month,abbr. for 日本|日本 Japan 行 hang2 a row,series,age order (of brothers),profession,professional,relating to company xing2 to walk,to go,to travel,a visit,temporary,makeshift,current,in circulation,to do,to perform,capable,competent,effective,all right,OK!,will do xing4 behavior,conduct 千里 qian1 li3 a thousand miles,a thousand li (i.e. 500 kilometers),a long distance 。 須得此馬, 須 xu1 beard,necessary,must(须) 得 de2 to obtain,to get,to gain,to catch (a disease),proper,suitable,proud,contented,to allow,to permit,ready,finished de5 structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc dei3 to have to,must,ought to,to need to 此 ci3 this,these 馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) , 再用金珠, 再 zai4 again,once more,re-,second,another,then (after sth, and not until then) 用 yong4 to use 金 jin1 gold Au, transition metal, atomic number 79,metal,money,the Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115-1234),surname Jin or Kim 珠 zhu1 bead,pearl , 以利結其心。 以 Yi3 yi3 to use,according to,so as to,in order to,by,with,because 利 li4 advantage,benefit,profit,sharp 結 jie1 to bear fruit,to produce,firm,solid(结)

jie2 knot,sturdy,bond,to tie,to bind,to check out (of a hotel)(结) 其 qi2 his,her,its,theirs,that,such,it (refers to sth preceding it) 心 xin1 heart,mind 。 某更進說詞, 某 mou3 some,a certain,sb or sth indefinite,such-and-such 更 geng1 to change geng4 more,even more,further,still,still more 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 說 shui4 to canvass,to persuade(说) shuo1 to speak,to say,a theory (usually in compounds such as 日心说 heliocentric theory)(说) 詞 ci2 works,phrases,classical Chinese poem,word,diction(词) , 呂布必反丁原, 呂布 Lu:3 Bu4 Lü Bu, general and warlord(吕布) 必 bi4 certainly,must,will,necessarily 反 fan3 contrary,in reverse,inside-out or upside-down,to reverse,to return,to oppose,opposite,against,anti-,to rebel,to use analogy,instead,abbr. for 反切 phonetic system 丁 ding1 fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,fourth in order,letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,butyl,surname Ding,cubes (of food) 原 yuan2 former,original,primary,raw,level,cause,source , 來投主公矣。 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 投 tou2 to throw,to send,to invest 主 zhu3 to own,to host,master,lord,primary 公 gong1 public,collectively owned,common,international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar),make public,fair,just 矣 yi3 archaic final particle similar to modern 了 。 」卓問李儒曰: 」 問 李 儒 曰 : 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo wen4 to ask(问) li3 plum,surname Li ru2 scholar,Confucian yue1 to speak,to say

「此言可乎? 「 此 ci3 this,these 言 yan2 to speak,to say,talk,word yan2 "speech" or "words" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 149), occurring in 说, 话, 请, etc.(讠) 可 ke3 can,may,able to,to approve,to permit,certain(ly),to suit,very (particle used for emphasis) 乎 hu1 (final particle in classical Chinese, expressing question or doubt, similar to 嗎|吗)

? 」儒曰: 」 儒 ru2 scholar,Confucian 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「主公欲取天下, 「 主 zhu3 to own,to host,master,lord,primary 公 gong1 public,collectively owned,common,international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar),make public,fair,just 欲 yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish 取 qu3 to take,to get,to choose,to fetch 天下 tian1 xia4 land under heaven,the whole world,the whole of China,realm,rule,domination , 何惜一馬? 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 惜 xi1 pity,regret,to rue,to begrudge,Taiwan pr. xi2 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) ? 」卓欣然與之, 」 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 欣 xin1 happy 然 ran2 correct,right,so,thus,like this,-ly 與 yu2 (same as 歟|欤, final particle expression doubt or surprise, similar to 吗 or 呢)(与) yu3 and,to give,together with(与) yu4 take part in(与) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it , 更與黃金一千兩、 更 geng1 to change geng4 more,even more,further,still,still more 與 yu2 (same as 歟|欤, final particle expression doubt or surprise, similar to 吗 or 呢)(与) yu3 and,to give,together with(与) yu4 take part in(与) 黃金 huang2 jin1 gold(黄金) 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 千 qian1 thousand :韆: qian1 a swing 兩 liang3 both,two,ounce,some,a few,tael,weight equal to 50 grams(两) 、 明珠數十顆、

明珠 ming2 zhu1 a pearl,a jewel (of great value) 數 shu3 to count,to enumerate,to criticize (i.e. enumerate shortcomings)(数) shu4 number,figure,to count,to calculate,several(数) shuo4 frequently,repeatedly(数) 十 shi2 ten,10 顆 ke1 classifier for small spheres, pearls, corn grains, teeth, hearts, satellites etc(颗) 、 玉帶一條。 玉 yu4 jade 帶 dai4 band,belt,girdle,ribbon,tire,area,zone,region,to wear,to carry,to lead,to bring,to look after,to raise(带) 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 條 tiao2 strip,item,article,clause (of law or treaty),classifier for long thin things (ribbon, river, road, trousers etc)(条) 。

李肅齎了禮物,投呂布寨來。伏路軍人圍住。肅曰:「可速報呂將軍,有故人來見。」軍人報知,布命入見。肅 見布曰:「賢弟別來無恙!」布揖曰:「久不相見,今居何處?」肅曰:「見任虎賁中郎將之職。聞賢弟匡扶社 稷,不勝之喜。有良馬一匹,日行千里,渡水登山,如履平地,名曰『赤兔』:特獻與賢弟,以助虎威。」布便 令牽過來看。果然那馬渾身上下,火炭般赤,無半根雜毛;從頭至尾,長一丈;從蹄至項,高八尺;嘶喊咆哮, 有騰空入海之狀。後人有詩單道赤兔馬曰: 李肅齎了禮物, 李 li3 plum,surname Li 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 齎 ji1 send,to present in both hands 了 le5 (modal particle intensifying preceding clause),(completed action marker) liao3 to know,to understand :瞭: liao3 clear :瞭: liao4 to look afar from a high place 禮物 li3 wu4 gift,present(礼物) , 投呂布寨來。 投 tou2 to throw,to send,to invest 呂布 Lu:3 Bu4 Lü Bu, general and warlord(吕布) 寨 zhai4 stronghold,stockade,camp,village 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 。 伏路軍人圍住。 伏 fu2 to lean over,to fall (go down),to hide (in ambush),to conceal oneself,to lie low,hottest days of summer,to submit,to concede defeat,to overcome,to subdue,volt,surname Fu 路 lu4 road,path,way,surname Lu 軍人 jun1 ren2 serviceman,soldier,military personnel(军人) 圍住 wei2 zhu4 to surround,to gird(围住) 。

肅曰: 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「可速報呂將軍, 「 可 ke3 can,may,able to,to approve,to permit,certain(ly),to suit,very (particle used for emphasis) 速 su4 fast,rapid,quick,velocity 報 bao4 to announce,to inform,report,newspaper,recompense,revenge(报) 呂 Lu:3 surname Lü(吕) lu:3 pitchpipe, pitch standard, one of the twelve semitones in the traditional tone system(吕) 將軍 jiang1 jun1 (army) general(将军) , 有故人來見。 有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be 故人 gu4 ren2 old friend 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 。 」軍人報知, 」 軍人 jun1 ren2 serviceman,soldier,military personnel(军人) 報 bao4 to announce,to inform,report,newspaper,recompense,revenge(报) 知 zhi1 to know,to be aware , 布命入見。 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 命 ming4 life,fate,order 入 ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese) 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 。 肅見布曰: 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「賢弟別來無恙! 「 賢弟 xian2 di4 worthy little brother(贤弟) 別 bie2 leave,depart,separate,distinguish,classify,other,another,do not,must not,to

pin(别) 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 無恙 wu2 yang4 unaffected (by a disease)(无恙) ! 」布揖曰: 」 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 揖 yi1 greet (by raising the joined hands) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「久不相見, 「 久 jiu3 (long) time,(long) duration of time 不 bu4 (negative prefix),not,no 相見 xiang1 jian4 meet each other(相见) , 今居何處? 今 jin1 today,modern,present,current,this,now 居 ju1 reside 何處 he2 chu3 whence,where(何处) ? 」肅曰: 」 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「見任虎賁中郎將之職。 「 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 任 ren4 to assign,to appoint,to take up a post,office,responsibility,to let,to allow,to give free rein to,no matter (how, what etc),surname Ren 虎 hu3 tiger 賁 ben1 energetic,surname Ben(贲) bi4 bright(贲) 中 zhong1 within,among,in,middle,center,while (doing sth),during,China,Chinese zhong4 hit (the mark) 郎 lang2 (arch.) minister,official,noun prefix denoting function or status,a youth,surname Lang 將 jiang1 (will, shall, "future tense"),ready,prepared,to get,to use(将) jiang4 a general(将) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 職 zhi2 office,duty(职) 。 聞賢弟匡扶社稷, 聞 wen2 to hear,news,well-known,famous,reputation,fame,to smell,to sniff at,surname Wen(闻) 賢弟 xian2 di4 worthy little brother(贤弟) 匡 kuang1 correct

扶 fu2 to support with hand,to help sb up,to help 社稷 she4 ji4 state,country,the Gods of earth and grain , 不勝之喜。 不勝 bu4 sheng4 cannot bear or stand,be unequal to,very,extremely(不胜) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 喜 xi3 to be fond of,to like,to enjoy,to be happy,to feel pleased,happiness,delight,glad 。 有良馬一匹, 有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be 良馬 liang2 ma3 good horse(良马) 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 匹 pi1 mate,one of a pair pi3 ordinary person,classifier for horses, mules etc,classifier for cloth: bolt , 日行千里, 日 ri4 sun,day,date, day of the month,abbr. for 日本|日本 Japan 行 hang2 a row,series,age order (of brothers),profession,professional,relating to company xing2 to walk,to go,to travel,a visit,temporary,makeshift,current,in circulation,to do,to perform,capable,competent,effective,all right,OK!,will do xing4 behavior,conduct 千里 qian1 li3 a thousand miles,a thousand li (i.e. 500 kilometers),a long distance , 渡水登山, 渡 du4 to cross,to pass through,to ferry 水 shui3 water,river,liquid,beverage,molten (metal),surname Shui 登山 deng1 shan1 to climb a mountain,climbing,mountaineering , 如履平地, 如 ru2 as,as if,such as 履 lu:3 shoe,to tread on 平地 ping2 di4 (geography) plains , 名曰『赤兔』: 名 ming2 name,noun (part of speech),place (e.g. among winners),famous,classifier for people 曰 yue1 to speak,to say 『 赤 chi4 red,scarlet,bare,naked 兔 tu4 rabbit 特獻與賢弟, 特 te4 special,unique,distinguished,especially,unusual,very

獻 xian4 to offer(献) 與 yu2 (same as 歟|欤, final particle expression doubt or surprise, similar to 吗 or 呢)(与) yu3 and,to give,together with(与) yu4 take part in(与) 賢弟 xian2 di4 worthy little brother(贤弟) , 以助虎威。 以 Yi3 yi3 to use,according to,so as to,in order to,by,with,because 助 zhu4 to help,to assist 虎 hu3 tiger 威 wei1 power,might,prestige 。 」布便令牽過來看。 」 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 便 bian4 ordinary,plain,convenient,as convenient,when the chance arises,handy,easy,informal,simple,so,thus,to relieve oneself,to urinate,to defecate,equivalent to 就: then,in that case,even if,soon afterwards pian2 advantageous,cheap 令 ling4 make or cause to be,order,command,decree,honorable 牽 qian1 to pull (an animal on a tether),to lead along,to hold hands(牵) 過來 guo4 lai2 to come over,to manage,to handle,to be able to take care of,also pr. guo4lai5(过来) 看 kan1 to look after,to take care of,to watch,to guard kan4 to see,to look at,to read,to watch,to consider,to regard as,to view as,to treat as,to judge,(after repeated verb) to give it a try,depending on (how you're judging),to visit,to call on,to treat (an illness),to look after,Watch out! (for a danger) 。 果然那馬渾身上下, 果然 guo3 ran2 really,sure enough,as expected 那 na3 variant of 哪,how,which na4 that,those,commonly pr. nei4 before a classifier, esp. in Beijing 馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) 渾身上下 hun2 shen1 shang4 xia4 all over,from head to toe(浑身上下) , 火炭般赤, 火炭 Huo3 Tan4 Fo Tan (area in Hong Kong) 般 ban1 sort,kind,class,way,manner 赤 chi4 red,scarlet,bare,naked , 無半根雜毛;從頭至尾, 無 wu2 -less,not to have,no,none,not,to lack,un-(无) 半 ban4 half,semi-,incomplete,(after a number) and a half 根 gen1 radical (chem.),root,basis,classifier for long slender objects, e.g.

cigarettes, guitar strings 雜 za2 mixed,miscellaneous,various,to mix(杂) 毛 mao2 hair,fur,pore,dime (classifier for jiao 角, one-tenth of yuan),surname Mao ; 從頭至尾 cong2 tou2 zhi4 wei3 from first to last,from start to finish(从头至尾) , 長一丈;從蹄至項, 長 chang2 length,long,forever,always,constantly(长) zhang3 chief,head,elder,to grow,to develop(长) 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 丈 zhang4 ten feet ; 從 cong1 lax,yielding,unhurried(从) cong2 from,via,passing through,through (a gap),past,ever (followed by negative, meaning never),(formerly pr. zong4 and related to 縱|纵) to follow,to comply with,to obey,to join,to engage in,adopting some mode of action or attitude,follower,retainer,accessory,accomplice,related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor,surname Cong(从) zong4 second cousin(从) 蹄 ti2 hoof,pig's trotters 至 zhi4 arrive,most,to,until 項 Xiang4 surname Xiang(项) xiang4 back of neck,item,thing,term (in a mathematical formula),sum (of money),classifier for principles, items, clauses, tasks, research projects etc(项) , 高八尺;嘶喊咆哮, 高 gao1 high,tall,fig. above average,height,(honorific) your,surname Gao 八 ba1 eight,8 尺 che3 one of the notes in the gongchepu chi3 a Chinese foot,one-third of a meter,a ruler,a tape-measure,one of the three acupoints for measuring pulse in Chinese medicine ; 嘶喊 si1 han3 to shout 咆哮 pao2 xiao4 to roar,to thunder,to snarl,to bluster (of wind, waves, etc.),crashing waves (onomatopoeia),to rage (of a person) , 有騰空入海之狀。 有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be 騰空 teng2 kong1 to take off(腾空) 入 ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese) 海 hai3 ocean,sea 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 狀 zhuang4 accusation,suit,state,condition,strong,great,-shaped(状) 。 後人有詩單道赤兔馬曰: 後人 hou4 ren2 later generation(后人) 有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be 詩 shi1 poem(诗) 單 chan2 see Chányú 單於|单于, Han dynasty name for chieftain of Xiongnu Huns 匈奴 (单) dan1 bill,list,form,single,only,sole,odd number(单) shan4 surname Shan(单) 道 dao4 direction,way,road,path,principle,truth,morality,reason,skill,method,Dao

(of Daoism),to say,to speak,to talk,classifier for long thin stretches, rivers, roads etc,province (of Korea do 도, and formerly Japan dō) 赤 chi4 red,scarlet,bare,naked 兔 tu4 rabbit 馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say :

奔騰千里蕩塵埃,渡水登山紫霧開。掣斷絲韁搖玉轡,火龍飛下九天來。 奔騰千里蕩塵埃, 奔騰 ben1 teng2 (of waves) to surge forward,to roll on in waves,to gallop(奔腾) 千里 qian1 li3 a thousand miles,a thousand li (i.e. 500 kilometers),a long distance 蕩 dang4 to wash,to squander,to sweep away,to move,to shake,dissolute,pond(荡) 塵埃 chen2 ai1 dust(尘埃) , 渡水登山紫霧開。 渡 du4 to cross,to pass through,to ferry 水 shui3 water,river,liquid,beverage,molten (metal),surname Shui 登山 deng1 shan1 to climb a mountain,climbing,mountaineering 紫 zi3 purple,violet,amethyst,Lithospermum erythrorhizon (flowering plant whose root provides red purple dye),Japanese: murasaki 霧 wu4 fog,mist(雾) 開 kai1 to open,to start,to turn on,to write out (a medical prescription),to operate (vehicle),abbr. for 開爾文|开尔文 degrees Kelvin(开) 。 掣斷絲韁搖玉轡, 掣 che4 pull,obstruct,hinder,draw 斷 duan4 to break,to break off,to decide,to judge,(in negative sentences) absolutely,definitely,decidedly(断) 絲 si1 silk,thread,trace(丝) 韁 jiang1 reins,halter(缰) jiang1 bridle,reins 搖 yao2 shake,to rock(摇) 玉 yu4 jade 轡 pei4 bridle,reins(辔) , 火龍飛下九天來。 火龍 huo3 long2 fiery dragon(火龙) 飛 fei1 to fly(飞) 下 xia4 down,downwards,below,lower,later,next (week etc),second (of two parts),to decline,to go down 九 jiu3 nine,9 天 tian1 day,sky,heaven 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 。

布見了此馬,大喜,謝肅曰:「兄賜此良駒,將何以為報?」肅曰:「某為義氣而來,豈望報乎?」布置酒相 待。酒酣,肅曰:「肅與賢弟少得相見;令尊卻常會來。」布曰:「兄醉矣!先父棄世多年,安得與兄相會?」 肅大笑曰:「非也﹔某說今日丁刺史耳。」布惶恐曰:「某在丁建陽處,亦出於無奈。」肅曰:「賢弟有擎天駕 海之才,四海孰不欽敬?功名富貴,如探囊取物,何言無奈而在人之下乎?」布曰:「恨不逢其主耳。」肅笑 曰:「『良禽擇木而棲,賢臣擇主而事。』見機不早,悔之晚矣。」布曰:「兄在朝廷,觀何人為世之英雄?」 肅曰:「某遍觀群臣,皆不如董卓,董卓為人敬賢禮士,賞罰分明,終成大業。」布曰:「某欲從之,恨無門 路。」 布見了此馬, 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 了 le5 (modal particle intensifying preceding clause),(completed action marker) liao3 to know,to understand :瞭: liao3 clear :瞭: liao4 to look afar from a high place 此 ci3 this,these 馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) , 大喜, 大喜 da4 xi3 exultation , 謝肅曰: 謝 xie4 to thank,to apologize,to wither (flowers, leaves etc),to decline,surname Xie(谢) 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「兄賜此良駒, 「 賜 此 良 駒 , 兄 xiong1 elder brother ci4 confer,bestow,grant(赐) ci3 this,these liang2 good,very,very much ju1 colt(驹)

將何以為報? 將 jiang1 (will, shall, "future tense"),ready,prepared,to get,to use(将) jiang4 a general(将) 何以 he2 yi3 whence 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 報 bao4 to announce,to inform,report,newspaper,recompense,revenge(报) ?

」肅曰: 」 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「某為義氣而來, 「 某 mou3 some,a certain,sb or sth indefinite,such-and-such 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 義氣 yi4 qi4 (also yi4 qi5),spirit of loyalty and self-sacrifice,code of brotherhood(义气) 而 er2 and,as well as,and so,but (not),yet (not),(indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state),(indicates contrast) 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) , 豈望報乎? 豈 qi3 how can it be that?,(rhetorical adverb)(岂) 望 wang4 full moon,to hope,to expect,to visit,to gaze (into the distance),to look towards,towards 報 bao4 to announce,to inform,report,newspaper,recompense,revenge(报) 乎 hu1 (final particle in classical Chinese, expressing question or doubt, similar to 嗎|吗) ? 」布置酒相待。 」 布置 :佈置: bu4 zhi4 to put in order,to arrange,to decorate,to fix up,to deploy 酒 jiu3 wine (esp. rice wine),liquor,spirits,alcoholic beverage 相待 xiang1 dai4 to treat 。 酒酣, 酒 jiu3 wine (esp. rice wine),liquor,spirits,alcoholic beverage 酣 han1 intoxicated , 肅曰: 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「肅與賢弟少得相見;令尊卻常會來。 「 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 與 yu2 (same as 歟|欤, final particle expression doubt or surprise, similar to 吗 or 呢)(与) yu3 and,to give,together with(与) yu4 take part in(与) 賢弟 xian2 di4 worthy little brother(贤弟) 少 shao3 few,little,lack

shao4 young 得 de2 to obtain,to get,to gain,to catch (a disease),proper,suitable,proud,contented,to allow,to permit,ready,finished de5 structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc dei3 to have to,must,ought to,to need to 相見 xiang1 jian4 meet each other(相见) ; 令尊 ling4 zun1 (honorific) your father 卻 que4 but,yet,however,while,to go back,to decline,to retreat,nevertheless,even though(却) 常 chang2 always,ever,often,frequently,common,general,constant,surname Chang 會 hui4 can,be possible,be able to,will,be likely to,be sure to,to assemble,to meet,to gather,to see,union,group,association(会) kuai4 to balance an account,accounting(会) 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 。 」布曰: 」 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「兄醉矣! 「 兄 xiong1 elder brother 醉 zui4 intoxicated 矣 yi3 archaic final particle similar to modern 了 ! 先父棄世多年, 先父 xian1 fu4 deceased father,my late father 棄世 qi4 shi4 to leave this world,to die(弃世) 多年 duo1 nian2 many years , 安得與兄相會? 安 an1 content,calm,still,quiet,safe,secure,in good health,to find a place for,to install,to fix,to fit,to bring (a charge against sb),to pacify,security,safety,peace,ampere,surname An 得 de2 to obtain,to get,to gain,to catch (a disease),proper,suitable,proud,contented,to allow,to permit,ready,finished de5 structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc dei3 to have to,must,ought to,to need to 與 yu2 (same as 歟|欤, final particle expression doubt or surprise, similar to 吗 or 呢)(与) yu3 and,to give,together with(与) yu4 take part in(与) 兄 xiong1 elder brother 相會 xiang1 hui4 to meet together(相会) ? 」肅大笑曰:

」 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor 笑 xiao4 laugh,smile 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「非也﹔某說今日丁刺史耳。 「 非 fei1 non-,not-,un-,abbr. for Africa 非洲,wrong,evil-doing,insist on,simply must 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula ﹔ 某 mou3 some,a certain,sb or sth indefinite,such-and-such 說 shui4 to canvass,to persuade(说) shuo1 to speak,to say,a theory (usually in compounds such as 日心说 heliocentric theory)(说) 今日 jin1 ri4 today 丁 ding1 fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,fourth in order,letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,butyl,surname Ding,cubes (of food) 刺 ci4 thorn,sting,thrust,to prick,to pierce,to stab,to assassinate,to murder 史 shi3 history,surname Shi 耳 er3 ear,handle (archaeology),and that is all (classical Chinese) 。 」布惶恐曰: 惶恐 huang2 kong3 terrified 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「某在丁建陽處, 「 某 mou3 some,a certain,sb or sth indefinite,such-and-such 在 zai4 (located) at,(to be) in,to exist,in the middle of doing sth,(indicating an action in progress) 丁 ding1 fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,fourth in order,letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,butyl,surname Ding,cubes (of food) 建陽 Jian4 yang2 (建阳) 處 chu3 to reside,to live,to dwell,to be in,to be situated at,to stay,to get along with,to be in a position of,to deal with,to discipline,to punish(处) chu4 place,location,spot,point,office,department,bureau,respect,classifier for locations or items of damage: spot, point(处) , 亦出於無奈。 亦 yi4 also 出於 chu1 yu2 due to,to stem from(出于) 無奈 wu2 nai4 without choice,for lack of better option,grudgingly,willynilly,nolens volens(无奈) 。 」肅曰: 」 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say :

「賢弟有擎天駕海之才, 「 賢弟 xian2 di4 worthy little brother(贤弟) 有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be 擎 qing2 to raise (hand) 天 tian1 day,sky,heaven 駕 jia4 to harness,to draw (a cart etc),to drive,to pilot,to sail,to ride,your good self,surname Jia,prefixed word denoting respect (polite 敬辞)(驾) 海 hai3 ocean,sea 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 才 cai2 ability,talent,endowment,gift,an expert,only (then),only if,just :纔: cai2 just,not until , 四海孰不欽敬? 四 海 孰 不 欽 敬 ? si4 four,4 hai3 ocean,sea shu2 who,which,what bu4 (negative prefix),not,no qin1 royal(钦) jing4 to respect,to venerate,to salute,to offer

功名富貴, 功名 gong1 ming2 scholarly honor (in imperial exams),rank,achievement,fame,glory 富貴 fu4 gui4 riches and honor(富贵) , 如探囊取物, 如 ru2 as,as if,such as 探囊取物 tan4 nang2 qu3 wu4 to feel in one's pocket and take sth (idiom); as easy as pie,in the bag , 何言無奈而在人之下乎? 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 言 yan2 to speak,to say,talk,word yan2 "speech" or "words" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 149), occurring in 说, 话, 请, etc.(讠) 無奈 wu2 nai4 without choice,for lack of better option,grudgingly,willynilly,nolens volens(无奈) 而 er2 and,as well as,and so,but (not),yet (not),(indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state),(indicates contrast) 在 zai4 (located) at,(to be) in,to exist,in the middle of doing sth,(indicating an action in progress) 人 ren2 man,person,people 之下 zhi1 xia4 under,beneath,less than 乎 hu1 (final particle in classical Chinese, expressing question or doubt, similar to 嗎|吗) ? 」布曰:

」 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「恨不逢其主耳。 「 不 逢 其 主 耳 。 恨 hen4 to hate bu4 (negative prefix),not,no feng2 to meet by chance,to come across,to fawn upon qi2 his,her,its,theirs,that,such,it (refers to sth preceding it) zhu3 to own,to host,master,lord,primary er3 ear,handle (archaeology),and that is all (classical Chinese)

」肅笑曰: 」 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 笑 xiao4 laugh,smile 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「『良禽擇木而棲, 良禽擇木而棲 liang2 qin2 ze2 mu4 er2 qi1 a good bird chooses a tree to nest in (proverb); fig. a good general chooses a lord to serve under(良禽择木而栖) , 賢臣擇主而事。 賢 xian2 worthy (person)(贤) 臣 chen2 statesman,vassal,courtier,minister,official 擇 ze2 to select,to choose,to pick,to differentiate(择) zhai2 pick over(择) 主 zhu3 to own,to host,master,lord,primary 而 er2 and,as well as,and so,but (not),yet (not),(indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state),(indicates contrast) 事 shi4 matter,thing,item,work,affair 。 』見機不早, 』 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 機 ji1 machine,engine,opportunity,intention,aircraft,pivot,crucial point,flexible (quick-witted),organic,surname Ji(机) 不 bu4 (negative prefix),not,no 早 zao3 early,morning , 悔之晚矣。 悔 之 晚 矣 。 hui3 regret zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it wan3 evening,night,late yi3 archaic final particle similar to modern 了

」布曰: 」 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「兄在朝廷, 在朝 zai4 chao2 sitting (currently serving, e.g. board members) 廷 ting2 palace courtyard , 觀何人為世之英雄? 觀 guan1 to look at,to watch,to observe,to behold,concept,point of view(观) guan4 Taoist monastery(观) 何人 he2 ren2 who 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 世 shi4 life,age,generation,era,world,lifetime 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 英雄 ying1 xiong2 hero ? 」肅曰: 」 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「某遍觀群臣, 「 某 mou3 some,a certain,sb or sth indefinite,such-and-such 遍 bian4 a time,everywhere,turn,all over,one time 觀 guan1 to look at,to watch,to observe,to behold,concept,point of view(观) guan4 Taoist monastery(观) 群 qun2 crowd,flock,group 臣 chen2 statesman,vassal,courtier,minister,official , 皆不如董卓, 皆 jie1 all,each and every,in all cases 不如 bu4 ru2 not equal to,not as good as,inferior to,it would be better to 董卓 Dong3 Zhuo2 Dong Zhuo (-192), top general of late Han, usurped power in 189, murdered empress dowager and child emperor, killed in 192 by Lü Bu 呂布|吕布 , 董卓為人敬賢禮士, 董卓 Dong3 Zhuo2 Dong Zhuo (-192), top general of late Han, usurped power in 189, murdered empress dowager and child emperor, killed in 192 by Lü Bu 呂布|吕布 為人 wei2 ren2 behavior,one's conduct(为人) 敬 jing4 to respect,to venerate,to salute,to offer 賢 xian2 worthy (person)(贤) 禮 li3 gift,propriety,rite(礼)

士 shi4 scholar,warrior,knight , 賞罰分明, 賞罰 shang3 fa2 reward and punishment(赏罚) 分明 fen1 ming2 clearly demarcated,sharply contoured , 終成大業。 終 zhong1 end,finish(终) 成 cheng2 finish,complete,accomplish,become,turn into,win,succeed,one tenth,surname Cheng 大業 da4 ye4 great cause,great undertaking(大业) 。 」布曰: 」 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「某欲從之, 「 某 mou3 some,a certain,sb or sth indefinite,such-and-such 欲 yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish 從 cong1 lax,yielding,unhurried(从) cong2 from,via,passing through,through (a gap),past,ever (followed by negative, meaning never),(formerly pr. zong4 and related to 縱|纵) to follow,to comply with,to obey,to join,to engage in,adopting some mode of action or attitude,follower,retainer,accessory,accomplice,related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor,surname Cong(从) zong4 second cousin(从) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it , 恨無門路。 恨 hen4 to hate 無 wu2 -less,not to have,no,none,not,to lack,un-(无) 門路 men2 lu4 way of doing sth,the right social connection(门路) 。 」 」 肅取金珠、玉帶列於布前。布驚曰:「何為有此?」肅令叱退左右,告布曰:「此是董公久慕大名,特令某將此 奉獻。赤兔馬亦董公所贈也。」布曰:「董公如此見愛,某將何以報之?」肅曰:「如某之不才,尚為虎賁中郎 將;公若到彼,貴不可言。」布曰:「恨無涓埃之功,以為進見之禮。」肅曰:「功在翻手之間,公不肯為 耳。」布沈吟良久曰:「吾欲殺丁原,引軍歸董卓,何如?」肅曰:「賢弟若能如此,真莫大之功也!但事不宜 遲,在於速決。」 肅取金珠、 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 取 qu3 to take,to get,to choose,to fetch

金 jin1 gold Au, transition metal, atomic number 79,metal,money,the Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115-1234),surname Jin or Kim 珠 zhu1 bead,pearl 、 玉帶列於布前。 玉 yu4 jade 帶 dai4 band,belt,girdle,ribbon,tire,area,zone,region,to wear,to carry,to lead,to bring,to look after,to raise(带) 列 lie4 to arrange,to line up,row,file,series,column 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 前 qian2 before,in front,ago,former,previous,earlier,front,prefixed word denoting respect (polite 美称); foremost; premier 。 布驚曰: 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 驚 jing1 to start,to be frightened,to be scared,alarm(惊) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「何為有此? 「 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be 此 ci3 this,these ? 」肅令叱退左右, 」 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 令 ling4 make or cause to be,order,command,decree,honorable 叱 chi4 to scold,shout at,to hoot at 退 tui4 retreat,to decline,to move back,to withdraw 左右 zuo3 you4 about,approximately,left and right,around,attendant , 告布曰: 告 gao4 to tell,to inform,to say 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「此是董公久慕大名, 「 此 ci3 this,these

是 shi4 is,are,am,yes,to be 董 dong3 supervise,to direct,director,surname Dong 公 gong1 public,collectively owned,common,international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar),make public,fair,just 久慕 jiu3 mu4 lit. I've admired you for a long time (honorific).,I've been looking forward to meeting you.,It's an honor to meet you at last. 大名 Da4 ming2 , 特令某將此奉獻。 特 te4 special,unique,distinguished,especially,unusual,very 令 ling4 make or cause to be,order,command,decree,honorable 某 mou3 some,a certain,sb or sth indefinite,such-and-such 將 jiang1 (will, shall, "future tense"),ready,prepared,to get,to use(将) jiang4 a general(将) 此 ci3 this,these 奉獻 feng4 xian4 to consecrate,to dedicate,to devote(奉献) 。 赤兔馬亦董公所贈也。 赤 chi4 red,scarlet,bare,naked 兔 tu4 rabbit 馬 Ma3 surname Ma,abbr. for Malaysia 馬來西亞|马来西亚(马) ma3 horse,horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess,knight in Western chess(马) 亦 yi4 also 董 dong3 supervise,to direct,director,surname Dong 公 gong1 public,collectively owned,common,international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar),make public,fair,just 所 suo3 actually,place,classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc,that which,particle introducing a relative clause or passive 贈 zeng4 give present(赠) 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula 。 」布曰: 」 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「董公如此見愛, 「 董 dong3 supervise,to direct,director,surname Dong 公 gong1 public,collectively owned,common,international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar),make public,fair,just 如此 ru2 ci3 in this way,so 見愛 jian4 ai4 loved,respected (honorific)(见爱) , 某將何以報之? 某 mou3 some,a certain,sb or sth indefinite,such-and-such 將 jiang1 (will, shall, "future tense"),ready,prepared,to get,to use(将) jiang4 a general(将) 何以 he2 yi3 whence

報 bao4 to announce,to inform,report,newspaper,recompense,revenge(报) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it ? 」肅曰: 」 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「如某之不才, 「 如 ru2 as,as if,such as 某 mou3 some,a certain,sb or sth indefinite,such-and-such 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 不才 bu4 cai2 I; me (humble),incompetent , 尚為虎賁中郎將;公若到彼, 尚 shang4 still,yet,to value,to esteem,surname Shang 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 虎 hu3 tiger 賁 ben1 energetic,surname Ben(贲) bi4 bright(贲) 中 zhong1 within,among,in,middle,center,while (doing sth),during,China,Chinese zhong4 hit (the mark) 郎 lang2 (arch.) minister,official,noun prefix denoting function or status,a youth,surname Lang 將 jiang1 (will, shall, "future tense"),ready,prepared,to get,to use(将) jiang4 a general(将) ; 公 gong1 public,collectively owned,common,international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar),make public,fair,just 若 ruo4 to seem,like,as,if 到 dao4 to (a place),until (a time),up to,to go,to arrive 彼 bi3 that,those,(one) another) , 貴不可言。 貴 gui4 expensive,noble,your (name),precious(贵) 不可 bu4 ke3 cannot,should not,must not 言 yan2 to speak,to say,talk,word yan2 "speech" or "words" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 149), occurring in 说, 话, 请, etc.(讠) 。 」布曰: 」 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「恨無涓埃之功,

「 恨 hen4 to hate 無 wu2 -less,not to have,no,none,not,to lack,un-(无) 涓埃 juan1 ai1 tiny stream of dust,tiny things,negligible 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 功 gong1 merit,achievement,result,service,accomplishment,work (phys.) , 以為進見之禮。 以為 yi3 wei2 to believe,to think,to consider erroneously,to assume (wrongly)(以为) 進 jin4 to advance,to enter,to come in(进) 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 禮 li3 gift,propriety,rite(礼) 。 」肅曰: 」 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「功在翻手之間, 「 功 gong1 merit,achievement,result,service,accomplishment,work (phys.) 在 zai4 (located) at,(to be) in,to exist,in the middle of doing sth,(indicating an action in progress) 翻 fan1 to turn over,to flip over,to overturn,to translate,to decode 手 shou3 hand,(formal) to hold,person engaged in certain types of work,person skilled in certain types of work,personal(ly),convenient 之間 zhi1 jian1 between,among,inter-(之间) , 公不肯為耳。 公 gong1 public,collectively owned,common,international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar),make public,fair,just 不肯 bu4 ken3 not willing 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 耳 er3 ear,handle (archaeology),and that is all (classical Chinese) 。 」布沈吟良久曰: 」 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 沈 Shen3 surname Shen,place name chen2 吟 yin2 moan,to hum 良久 liang2 jiu3 a good while,a long time 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「吾欲殺丁原,

「 欲 殺 丁 in 原 ,

吾 wu2 I,my yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish sha1 to kill,to murder,to slaughter,fight(杀) ding1 fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,fourth in order,letter "D" or roman "IV" list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,butyl,surname Ding,cubes (of food) yuan2 former,original,primary,raw,level,cause,source

引軍歸董卓, 引 yin3 to draw (a bow),to pull,to stretch sth,to extend,to lengthen,to involve in,to attract,to lead,to guide,to divert (water) 軍 jun1 army,military,arms(军) 歸 gui1 to go back,to return(归) 董卓 Dong3 Zhuo2 Dong Zhuo (-192), top general of late Han, usurped power in 189, murdered empress dowager and child emperor, killed in 192 by Lü Bu 呂布|吕布 , 何如? 何如 he2 ru2 how about,what kind of ? 」肅曰: 」 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「賢弟若能如此, 「 賢弟 xian2 di4 worthy little brother(贤弟) 若 ruo4 to seem,like,as,if 能 neng2 can,may,capable,energy,able,surname Neng 如此 ru2 ci3 in this way,so , 真莫大之功也! 真 zhen1 really,truly,indeed,real,true,genuine 莫大 mo4 da4 greatest,most important 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 功 gong1 merit,achievement,result,service,accomplishment,work (phys.) 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula ! 但事不宜遲, 但 dan4 but,yet,however,only,merely,still 事 shi4 matter,thing,item,work,affair 不宜 bu4 yi2 not suitable,inadvisable,inappropriate 遲 chi2 late,delayed,slow(迟) , 在於速決。 在於 zai4 yu2 to be in,to lie in,to consist in,to depend on,to rest with(在于) 速決 su4 jue2 quick decision(速决)

。 」 」 布與肅約於明日來降,肅別去。是夜二更時分,布提刀逕入丁原帳中。原正秉燭觀書,見布至,曰:「吾兒來有 何事故?」布曰:「吾堂堂丈夫,安肯為汝子乎!」原曰:「奉先何故心變?」布向前一刀砍下丁原首級,大 呼:「左右!丁原不仁,吾已殺之。肯從吾者在此,不從者自去!」軍士散其大半。 布與肅約於明日來降, 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 與 yu2 (same as 歟|欤, final particle expression doubt or surprise, similar to 吗 or 呢)(与) yu3 and,to give,together with(与) yu4 take part in(与) 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 約 yao1 weigh(约) yue1 appointment,agreement,to arrange,to restrict,approximately(约) 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 明日 ming2 ri4 tomorrow 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 降 jiang4 to drop,to fall,to come down,to descend xiang2 to surrender , 肅別去。 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 別 bie2 leave,depart,separate,distinguish,classify,other,another,do not,must not,to pin(别) 去 qu4 to go,to leave,to remove,fourth tone of putonghua 。 是夜二更時分, 是 shi4 is,are,am,yes,to be 夜 ye4 night 二 er4 two,2,stupid (Beijing dialect) 更 geng1 to change geng4 more,even more,further,still,still more 時分 shi2 fen1 time,period during the day,one of the 12 two-hour periods enumerated by the earthly branches 地支(时分) , 布提刀逕入丁原帳中。 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 提 di1 carry (suspended) ti2 to carry (hanging down from the hand),to lift,to put forward,to mention,to raise (an issue),upwards character stroke,lifting brush stroke (in painting),scoop for measuring liquid 刀 dao1 knife 逕 jing4 way,path,direct,diameter(迳) 入 ru4 to enter,entering tone (classical Chinese)

丁 ding1 fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,fourth in order,letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,butyl,surname Ding,cubes (of food) 原 yuan2 former,original,primary,raw,level,cause,source 帳 zhang4 account,mosquito net,tent,curtain,debt,credit(帐) 中 zhong1 within,among,in,middle,center,while (doing sth),during,China,Chinese zhong4 hit (the mark) 。 原正秉燭觀書, 原 yuan2 former,original,primary,raw,level,cause,source 正 zheng1 Chinese 1st month of year zheng4 just (right),main,upright,straight,correct,positive,greater than zero,principle 秉燭 bing3 zhu2 (秉烛) 觀 guan1 to look at,to watch,to observe,to behold,concept,point of view(观) guan4 Taoist monastery(观) 書 shu1 book,letter,same as 書經|书经 Book of History(书) , 見布至, 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 至 zhi4 arrive,most,to,until , 曰: 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「吾兒來有何事故? 「 吾 wu2 I,my 兒 er2 son(儿) r5 non-syllabic diminutive suffix,retroflex final(儿) 來 lai2 to come,to arrive,to come round,ever since,next(来) 有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry 事故 shi4 gu4 accident ? 」布曰: 」 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「吾堂堂丈夫, 堂堂 tang2 tang2 grand,magnificent,stately,majestic appearance 丈夫 zhang4 fu5 husband ,

安肯為汝子乎! 安 an1 content,calm,still,quiet,safe,secure,in good health,to find a place for,to install,to fix,to fit,to bring (a charge against sb),to pacify,security,safety,peace,ampere,surname An 肯 ken3 to agree,to consent,to be ready (to do sth),willing 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 汝 ru3 thou 子 zi3 son,child,seed,egg,small thing,1st earthly branch: 11 p.m.-1 a.m., midnight, 11th solar month (7th December to 5th January), year of the Rat zi5 (noun suffix) 乎 hu1 (final particle in classical Chinese, expressing question or doubt, similar to 嗎|吗) ! 」原曰: 」 原 yuan2 former,original,primary,raw,level,cause,source 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「奉先何故心變? 「 奉 feng4 to offer (tribute),to present respectfully (to superior, ancestor, deity etc),to esteem,to revere,to believe in (a religion),to wait upon,to accept orders (from superior) 先 xian1 early,prior,former,in advance,first 何故 he2 gu4 what for?,what's the reason? 心 xin1 heart,mind 變 bian4 to change,to become different,to transform,to vary,rebellion(变) ? 」布向前一刀砍下丁原首級, 向前 xiang4 qian2 forward,onward 一 yi1 one,1,single,a (article),as soon as,entire,whole,all,throughout 刀 dao1 knife 砍 kan3 to chop 下 xia4 down,downwards,below,lower,later,next (week etc),second (of two parts),to decline,to go down 丁 ding1 fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,fourth in order,letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,butyl,surname Ding,cubes (of food) 原 yuan2 former,original,primary,raw,level,cause,source 首 shou3 head,chief,first (occasion, thing etc),classifier for poems, songs etc 級 ji2 level,grade,rank,step(级) , 大呼: 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor 呼 hu1 to call,to cry,to shout,to breath out,to exhale : 「左右!

「 !

左右 zuo3 you4 about,approximately,left and right,around,attendant

丁原不仁, 丁 ding1 fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,fourth in order,letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,butyl,surname Ding,cubes (of food) 原 yuan2 former,original,primary,raw,level,cause,source 不仁 bu4 ren2 not benevolent,heartless,numb , 吾已殺之。 吾 已 殺 之 。 wu2 I,my yi3 already,to stop,then,afterwards sha1 to kill,to murder,to slaughter,fight(杀) zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it

肯從吾者在此, 肯 ken3 to agree,to consent,to be ready (to do sth),willing 從 cong1 lax,yielding,unhurried(从) cong2 from,via,passing through,through (a gap),past,ever (followed by negative, meaning never),(formerly pr. zong4 and related to 縱|纵) to follow,to comply with,to obey,to join,to engage in,adopting some mode of action or attitude,follower,retainer,accessory,accomplice,related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor,surname Cong(从) zong4 second cousin(从) 吾 wu2 I,my 者 zhe3 -ist, -er (person),person (who does sth) 在此 zai4 ci3 hereto,here , 不從者自去! 不 bu4 (negative prefix),not,no 從者 cong2 zhe3 follower,attendant(从者) 自 zi4 from,self,oneself,since 去 qu4 to go,to leave,to remove,fourth tone of putonghua ! 」軍士散其大半。 」 軍士 jun1 shi4 sergeant(军士) 散 san3 leisurely,loosen,powdered medicine,to scatter,to come loose san4 adjourn,scatter 其 qi2 his,her,its,theirs,that,such,it (refers to sth preceding it) 大半 da4 ban4 more than half,greater part,most,probably,most likely 。

次日,布持丁原首級,往見李肅。肅遂引布見卓。卓大喜,置酒相待。卓先下拜曰:「卓今得將軍,如旱苗之得 甘雨也。」布納卓坐而拜之曰:「公若不棄,布請拜為義父。」卓以金甲錦袍賜布,暢飲而散。卓自是威勢越 大,自領前將軍事,封弟董旻為左將軍鄠侯,封呂布為騎都尉中郎將都亭侯。李儒勸卓早定廢立之計。卓乃於省

中設宴,會集公卿,令呂布將甲士千餘,侍衛左右。 次日, 次日 ci4 ri4 next day,the morrow , 布持丁原首級, 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 持 chi2 to hold,to grasp,to support,to maintain,to persevere,to manage,to run (i.e. administer),to control 丁 ding1 fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,fourth in order,letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,butyl,surname Ding,cubes (of food) 原 yuan2 former,original,primary,raw,level,cause,source 首 shou3 head,chief,first (occasion, thing etc),classifier for poems, songs etc 級 ji2 level,grade,rank,step(级) , 往見李肅。 往 wang3 to go (in a direction),to,towards,(of a train) bound for,past,previous 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 李 li3 plum,surname Li 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 。 肅遂引布見卓。 肅 su4 Gansu,respectful(肃) 遂 sui4 to satisfy,to succeed,then,thereupon,finally,unexpectedly 引 yin3 to draw (a bow),to pull,to stretch sth,to extend,to lengthen,to involve in,to attract,to lead,to guide,to divert (water) 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 見 jian4 to see,to meet,to appear (to be sth),to interview(见) xian4 appear(见) 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 。 卓大喜, 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 大喜 da4 xi3 exultation , 置酒相待。 置 zhi4 to install,to place,to put 酒 jiu3 wine (esp. rice wine),liquor,spirits,alcoholic beverage 相待 xiang1 dai4 to treat 。 卓先下拜曰: 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo

先 xian1 early,prior,former,in advance,first 下拜 xia4 bai4 bow down 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「卓今得將軍, 「 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 今 jin1 today,modern,present,current,this,now 得 de2 to obtain,to get,to gain,to catch (a disease),proper,suitable,proud,contented,to allow,to permit,ready,finished de5 structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc dei3 to have to,must,ought to,to need to 將軍 jiang1 jun1 (army) general(将军) , 如旱苗之得甘雨也。 如 ru2 as,as if,such as 旱 han4 drought 苗 Miao2 surname Miao,Hmong or Miao ethnic group of southwest China miao2 sprout 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 得 de2 to obtain,to get,to gain,to catch (a disease),proper,suitable,proud,contented,to allow,to permit,ready,finished de5 structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc dei3 to have to,must,ought to,to need to 甘 gan1 sweet,willing,abbr. for Gansu 甘肅|甘肃 province,surname Gan 雨 yu3 rain 也 ye3 also,too,(in classical Chinese) final particle serving as copula 。 」布納卓坐而拜之曰: 」 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 納 Na4 surname Na(纳) na4 to receive,to accept,to enjoy,to bring into,to pay (tax etc),nano- (one billionth),to reinforce sole of shoes or stockings by close sewing(纳) 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 坐 zuo4 to sit,to take a seat,to take (a bus, airplane etc),to bear fruit,surname Zuo 而 er2 and,as well as,and so,but (not),yet (not),(indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state),(indicates contrast) 拜 bai4 to pay respect,worship,visit,salute 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「公若不棄, 「 公 gong1 public,collectively owned,common,international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar),make public,fair,just 若 ruo4 to seem,like,as,if 不 bu4 (negative prefix),not,no 棄 qi4 to abandon,to relinquish,to discard,to throw away(弃)

, 布請拜為義父。 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth 請 qing3 to ask,to invite,please (do sth),to treat (to a meal etc),to request(请) 拜 bai4 to pay respect,worship,visit,salute 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 義父 yi4 fu4 foster-father(义父) 。 」卓以金甲錦袍賜布, 」 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 以 Yi3 yi3 to use,according to,so as to,in order to,by,with,because 金 jin1 gold Au, transition metal, atomic number 79,metal,money,the Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115-1234),surname Jin or Kim 甲 jia3 armor,first of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,first in order,letter "A" or roman "I" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,first party (in legal contract, usually written 甲方, as opposed to second party 乙方),methyl 錦 jin3 brocade,embroidered work,bright(锦) 袍 pao2 gown (lined) 賜 ci4 confer,bestow,grant(赐) 布 bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth :佈: bu4 to declare,to announce,to spread,to make known,spread,(cotton) cloth , 暢飲而散。 暢飲 chang4 yin3 to enjoy drinking(畅饮) 而 er2 and,as well as,and so,but (not),yet (not),(indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state),(indicates contrast) 散 san3 leisurely,loosen,powdered medicine,to scatter,to come loose san4 adjourn,scatter 。 卓自是威勢越大, 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 自 zi4 from,self,oneself,since 是 shi4 is,are,am,yes,to be 威勢 wei1 shi4 might,power and influence(威势) 越 Yue4 generic word for peoples or states of south China or south Asia at different historical periods,abbr. for Vietnam 越南 yue4 to exceed,to climb over,to surpass,the more... the more 大 da4 big,huge,large,major,great,wide,deep,oldest,eldest dai4 doctor , 自領前將軍事, 自 zi4 from,self,oneself,since 領 ling3 neck,collar,to lead,to receive,classifier for clothes, mats, screens etc(领)

前 qian2 before,in front,ago,former,previous,earlier,front,prefixed word denoting respect (polite 美称); foremost; premier 將軍 jiang1 jun1 (army) general(将军) 事 shi4 matter,thing,item,work,affair , 封弟董旻為左將軍鄠侯, 封 Feng1 surname Feng feng1 to confer,to grant,to bestow a title,to seal,classifier for sealed objects, esp. letters 弟 di4 younger brother,junior male,I (modest word in letter) ti4 variant of 悌, to do one's duty as a younger brother 董 dong3 supervise,to direct,director,surname Dong 旻 min2 heaven 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 左 zuo3 left,surname Zuo 將軍 jiang1 jun1 (army) general(将军) 鄠 hu4 name of a district in Shaanxi 侯 hou2 , 封呂布為騎都尉中郎將都亭侯。 封 Feng1 surname Feng feng1 to confer,to grant,to bestow a title,to seal,classifier for sealed objects, esp. letters 呂布 Lu:3 Bu4 Lü Bu, general and warlord(吕布) 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 騎 qi2 to ride (an animal or bike),to sit astride(骑) 都 dou1 all, both,entirely (due to) each,even,already du1 capital city,metropolis,surname Du 尉 wei4 military officer,to quiet,surname Wei 中 zhong1 within,among,in,middle,center,while (doing sth),during,China,Chinese zhong4 hit (the mark) 郎 lang2 (arch.) minister,official,noun prefix denoting function or status,a youth,surname Lang 將 jiang1 (will, shall, "future tense"),ready,prepared,to get,to use(将) jiang4 a general(将) 都 dou1 all, both,entirely (due to) each,even,already du1 capital city,metropolis,surname Du 亭 ting2 pavilion 侯 hou2 。 李儒勸卓早定廢立之計。 李 儒 勸 卓 早 定 廢 li3 plum,surname Li ru2 scholar,Confucian quan4 to advise,to urge,to try to persuade,exhort(劝) zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo zao3 early,morning ding4 to set,to fix,to determine,to decide,to order fei4 abolish,crippled,abandoned,waste(废)

立 li4 set up,to stand 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 計 ji4 to calculate,to compute,to count,reckon,ruse,to plan,surname Ji(计) 。 卓乃於省中設宴, 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 乃 nai3 to be,thus,so,therefore,then,only,thereupon 於 yu2 in,at,to,from,by,than,out of,surname Yu(于) wu1 (literary) alas 省 sheng3 to save,to economize,to do without,to omit,to leave out,province xing3 introspection,to examine oneself critically,awareness,to visit (an elderly relative) 中 zhong1 within,among,in,middle,center,while (doing sth),during,China,Chinese zhong4 hit (the mark) 設 she4 to set up,to arrange,to establish,to found,to display(设) 宴 yan4 feast,repose , 會集公卿, 會 hui4 can,be possible,be able to,will,be likely to,be sure to,to assemble,to meet,to gather,to see,union,group,association(会) kuai4 to balance an account,accounting(会) 集 ji2 to gather,to collect,collected works,classifier for sections of a TV series etc: episode 公 gong1 public,collectively owned,common,international (e.g. high seas, metric system, calendar),make public,fair,just 卿 qing1 (old) minister,(old) term of endearment between spouses,thou (poet.) , 令呂布將甲士千餘, 令 ling4 make or cause to be,order,command,decree,honorable 呂布 Lu:3 Bu4 Lü Bu, general and warlord(吕布) 將 jiang1 (will, shall, "future tense"),ready,prepared,to get,to use(将) jiang4 a general(将) 甲 jia3 armor,first of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,first in order,letter "A" or roman "I" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,first party (in legal contract, usually written 甲方, as opposed to second party 乙方),methyl 士 shi4 scholar,warrior,knight 千 qian1 thousand :韆: qian1 a swing 餘 yu2 extra,surplus,remaining,remainder after division,(following numerical value) or more,in excess of (some number),residue (math.),after,I,me,surname Yu(余) yu2 variant of 餘|余, remainder,surname Yu(馀) , 侍衛左右。 侍 shi4 attend on 衛 wei4 to guard,to protect,to defend,abbr. for 衛生間|卫生间, toilet,surname Wei(卫) 左右 zuo3 you4 about,approximately,left and right,around,attendant 。

是日,太傳袁隗與百官皆到。酒行數巡,卓拔劍曰:「今上闇弱,不可以奉宗廟;吾將依伊尹、霍光故事,廢帝 為弘農王,立陳留王皇帝。有不從者斬!」群臣惶怖莫敢對。中軍校尉袁紹挺身出曰:「今上即位未幾,並無失 德;汝欲廢嫡立庶,非反而何?」卓怒曰:「天下事在我!我今為之,誰敢不從?汝視我之劍不利否?」袁紹亦 拔劍曰:「汝劍利,吾劍未嘗不利!」兩個在筵上對敵。正是: 是日, 是 shi4 is,are,am,yes,to be 日 ri4 sun,day,date, day of the month,abbr. for 日本|日本 Japan , 太傳袁隗與百官皆到。 太 tai4 highest,greatest,too (much),very,extremely 傳 chuan2 to pass on,to spread,to transmit,to infect,to transfer,to circulate,to conduct (electricity)(传) zhuan4 biography,historical narrative,commentaries,relay station(传) 袁 Yuan2 surname Yuan,often refers to Yuan Shikai 袁世凱|袁世凯 隗 wei3 surname Wei,eminent,lofty 與 yu2 (same as 歟|欤, final particle expression doubt or surprise, similar to 吗 or 呢)(与) yu3 and,to give,together with(与) yu4 take part in(与) 百 bai3 hundred,numerous,all kinds of,surname Bai 官 guan1 official,government,organ of body 皆 jie1 all,each and every,in all cases 到 dao4 to (a place),until (a time),up to,to go,to arrive 。 酒行數巡, 酒 jiu3 wine (esp. rice wine),liquor,spirits,alcoholic beverage 行 hang2 a row,series,age order (of brothers),profession,professional,relating to company xing2 to walk,to go,to travel,a visit,temporary,makeshift,current,in circulation,to do,to perform,capable,competent,effective,all right,OK!,will do xing4 behavior,conduct 數 shu3 to count,to enumerate,to criticize (i.e. enumerate shortcomings)(数) shu4 number,figure,to count,to calculate,several(数) shuo4 frequently,repeatedly(数) 巡 xun2 to patrol,to make one's rounds , 卓拔劍曰: 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 拔 ba2 to pull up,to pull out,to draw out by suction,to select,to pick,to stand out (above level),to surpass,to seize 劍 jian4 (double-edged) sword(剑) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「今上闇弱, 「 今 jin1 today,modern,present,current,this,now 上 shang4 on,on top,upon,first (of multiple parts),previous,last,upper,higher,above,to climb,to go into,to go up,to attend

(class or university),third tone of putonghua 闇 an4 dark,gloomy,muddled,obscure,in the dark,to close (a door),night,eclipse,stupid,ignorant(暗) 弱 ruo4 weak,feeble,young,inferior , 不可以奉宗廟;吾將依伊尹、 不可以 bu4 ke3 yi3 may not 奉 feng4 to offer (tribute),to present respectfully (to superior, ancestor, deity etc),to esteem,to revere,to believe in (a religion),to wait upon,to accept orders (from superior) 宗廟 zong1 miao4 temple,ancestral shrine(宗庙) ; 吾 wu2 I,my 將 jiang1 (will, shall, "future tense"),ready,prepared,to get,to use(将) jiang4 a general(将) 依 yi1 according to,depend on,near to 伊 yi1 he,she,surname Yi,abbr. for Iraq or Iran 尹 yin3 surname Yin,to rule 、 霍光故事, 霍 huo4 suddenly,surname Huo 光 guang1 light,ray,bright,only,merely,to use up 故事 gu4 shi4 old practice gu4 shi5 narrative,story,tale , 廢帝為弘農王, 廢 fei4 abolish,crippled,abandoned,waste(废) 帝 di4 emperor 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 弘 hong2 great,liberal 農 nong2 agriculture(农) 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang , 立陳留王皇帝。 立 li4 set up,to stand 陳 Chen2 surname Chen,Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)(陈) chen2 to lay out,to exhibit,to display,to narrate,to state,to explain,to tell,old,stale(陈) 留 liu2 leave (message),to retain,to stay,to remain,to keep,to preserve 王 Wang2 king,surname Wang 皇帝 huang2 di4 emperor 。 有不從者斬! 有 you3 to have,there is,there are,to exist,to be 不 bu4 (negative prefix),not,no 從者 cong2 zhe3 follower,attendant(从者) 斬 zhan3 to behead (as form of capital punishment),to chop(斩)

! 」群臣惶怖莫敢對。 」 群 qun2 crowd,flock,group 臣 chen2 statesman,vassal,courtier,minister,official 惶 huang2 frightened 怖 bu4 terror,terrified,afraid,frightened 莫 Mo4 surname Mo mo4 do not,there is none who 敢 gan3 dare 對 dui4 couple,pair,to be opposite,to oppose,to face,versus,for,to,correct (answer),to answer,to reply,to direct (towards sth),right(对) 。 中軍校尉袁紹挺身出曰: 中 zhong1 within,among,in,middle,center,while (doing sth),during,China,Chinese zhong4 hit (the mark) 軍校 jun1 xiao4 military school,military academy(军校) 尉 wei4 military officer,to quiet,surname Wei 袁紹 Yuan2 Shao4 Yuan Shao (153-202), general during late Han, subsequently warlord(袁绍) 挺 ting3 straight and stiff,rather (good),quite,very,classifier for guns or machinery 身 shen1 body,torso,person,life,status,pregnancy,classifier for clothes: suit 出 chu1 to go out,to come out,to occur,to produce,to go beyond,to rise,to put forth,to happen,classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「今上即位未幾, 「 今 jin1 today,modern,present,current,this,now 上 shang4 on,on top,upon,first (of multiple parts),previous,last,upper,higher,above,to climb,to go into,to go up,to attend (class or university),third tone of putonghua 即位 ji2 wei4 to succeed to the throne,accession 未幾 wei4 ji3 soon,before long(未几) , 並無失德;汝欲廢嫡立庶, 並 bing4 and,furthermore,also,together with,(not) at all,simultaneously,to combine,to join,to merge(并) 無 wu2 -less,not to have,no,none,not,to lack,un-(无) 失 shi1 to lose,to miss,to fail 德 de2 Germany,virtue,goodness,morality,ethics,kindness,favor,character,kind ; 汝 ru3 thou 欲 yu4 desire,longing,appetite,wish 廢 fei4 abolish,crippled,abandoned,waste(废) 嫡 di2 first wife,son of first wife 立 li4 set up,to stand 庶 shu4 numerous,all,common people,nearly,to hope,born of a concubine , 非反而何?

非 fei1 non-,not-,un-,abbr. for Africa 非洲,wrong,evil-doing,insist on,simply must 反而 fan3 er2 instead,on the contrary,contrary (to expectations) 何 He2 surname He he2 what,how,why,which,carry ? 」卓怒曰: 」 卓 zhuo2 outstanding,surname Zhuo 怒 nu4 indignant 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「天下事在我! 「 天下 tian1 xia4 land under heaven,the whole world,the whole of China,realm,rule,domination 事 shi4 matter,thing,item,work,affair 在 zai4 (located) at,(to be) in,to exist,in the middle of doing sth,(indicating an action in progress) 我 wo3 I,me,my ! 我今為之, 我 wo3 I,me,my 今 jin1 today,modern,present,current,this,now 為 wei2 as (in the capacity of),to take sth as,to act as,to serve as,to behave as,to become,to be,to do(为) wei4 because of,for,to(为) 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it , 誰敢不從? 誰 shei2 who,also pronounced shui2(谁) 敢 gan3 dare 不 bu4 (negative prefix),not,no 從 cong1 lax,yielding,unhurried(从) cong2 from,via,passing through,through (a gap),past,ever (followed by negative, meaning never),(formerly pr. zong4 and related to 縱|纵) to follow,to comply with,to obey,to join,to engage in,adopting some mode of action or attitude,follower,retainer,accessory,accomplice,related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor,surname Cong(从) zong4 second cousin(从) ? 汝視我之劍不利否? 汝 ru3 thou 視 shi4 to look at,to regard,to inspect(视) 我 wo3 I,me,my 之 zhi1 (possessive particle, literary equivalent of 的),him,her,it 劍 jian4 (double-edged) sword(剑) 不利 bu4 li4 unfavorable,disadvantageous,harmful,detrimental 否 fou3 to negate,to deny,not pi3 clogged,evil ?

」袁紹亦拔劍曰: 」 袁紹 Yuan2 Shao4 Yuan Shao (153-202), general during late Han, subsequently warlord(袁绍) 亦 yi4 also 拔 ba2 to pull up,to pull out,to draw out by suction,to select,to pick,to stand out (above level),to surpass,to seize 劍 jian4 (double-edged) sword(剑) 曰 yue1 to speak,to say : 「汝劍利, 「 汝 ru3 thou 劍 jian4 (double-edged) sword(剑) 利 li4 advantage,benefit,profit,sharp , 吾劍未嘗不利! 吾 wu2 I,my 劍 jian4 (double-edged) sword(剑) 未嘗 wei4 chang2 not yet(未尝) 不利 bu4 li4 unfavorable,disadvantageous,harmful,detrimental ! 」兩個在筵上對敵。 」 兩 liang3 both,two,ounce,some,a few,tael,weight equal to 50 grams(两) 個 ge4 individual,this,that,size,classifier for people or objects in general(个) 在 zai4 (located) at,(to be) in,to exist,in the middle of doing sth,(indicating an action in progress) 筵上 yan2 shang3 feast 對敵 dui4 di2 to confront,to face the enemy(对敌) 。 正是: 正是 zheng4 shi4 (emphasizes that sth is precisely or exactly as stated),precisely,exactly,even,if,just like,in the same way as :

丁原仗義身先喪,袁紹爭鋒勢又危。畢竟袁紹性命如何,且聽下文分解。 丁原仗義身先喪, 丁 ding1 fourth of 10 heavenly stems 十天干,fourth in order,letter "D" or roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc,butyl,surname Ding,cubes (of food) 原 yuan2 former,original,primary,raw,level,cause,source 仗義 zhang4 yi4 from a sense of justice,for the sake of loyalty(仗义) 身 shen1 body,torso,person,life,status,pregnancy,classifier for clothes: suit 先 xian1 early,prior,former,in advance,first 喪 sang1 mourning,funeral(丧) sang4 lose (by death)(丧)

, 袁紹爭鋒勢又危。 袁紹 Yuan2 Shao4 Yuan Shao (153-202), general during late Han, subsequently warlord(袁绍) 爭鋒 zheng1 feng1 to strive(争锋) 勢 shi4 power,influence,potential,momentum,tendency,trend,situation,conditions,outward appearance,sign,gesture,male genitals(势) 又 you4 (once) again,also,both... and...,again 危 wei1 danger,to endanger,surname Wei,Taiwan pr. wei2 。 畢竟袁紹性命如何, 畢竟 bi4 jing4 after all,all in all,when all is said and done,in the final analysis(毕竟) 袁紹 Yuan2 Shao4 Yuan Shao (153-202), general during late Han, subsequently warlord(袁绍) 性命 xing4 ming4 life 如何 ru2 he2 how,what way,what , 且聽下文分解。 且 qie3 further,moreover 聽 ting1 to listen,to hear,to obey,a can (loanword from English "tin"),classifier for canned beverages(听) ting4 to let,to allow(听) 下 xia4 down,downwards,below,lower,later,next (week etc),second (of two parts),to decline,to go down 文 wen2 language,culture,writing,formal,literary,gentle,classifier for money (archaic),surname Wen 分解 fen1 jie3 to resolve,to decompose,to break down 。

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