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Time:3 hrs.
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06ME6s
Sixth semester B.E. Degree Examination,
Decemb er zoll,
Heat and Mass Transfer
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3a.
b.
c.
Note:l. Answer any FrvE
fult
questions,
selecting
Max' Marks:100
at least TWO questionsfrom
each part.
2. Use of heat transfer data hand book is permitted.
PART
_
A
Explain briefly: i) Thermal conductivity
ii) Thermal diffusivity
iii) overall heat transfer coefficient.
(06 Marks)
Derive the general three dimensional conduction equation in Cartesian coordinates and state
the assumptions made
(08 Marks)
A square plate heater of size 20 cms x 20 cms is inserted between two slabs. Slab
.A,
is
3 cms thick (K: 50 wmK) and slab 'B' is 1.5 cms (K: 0.2 wmK). The outside heat
transfer coefEcients on both sides of A and B are 200 and 50 W/m2K respectively.
Temperature of surrounding air is 25'c. If the rating of the heater is I kw, find
!
Maximum temperature in the system" ii) Outer surface temperature of two slabs.
Draw the equivalent circuit for the system.
(06 Marks)
Derive an expression for the temperature distribution for a long pin of uniform cross section
without insulated tip.
(to Marks)
A rod (K:200
wlmK) 10 mm in diameter and 5 cms long has its one end maintained at
100oC' The surface of the rod^is exposed to ambient wr at 30"C with convective heat
transfer coefficient of 100 wmrK. Assuming other end insulated, determine
i) The temperature
of the rod at 25 mm distance from the end at 100.c.
iD Heat dissipation rate from the surface of the rod and
iii) Effectiveness.
(10 Marks)
Explain physical
significance of Biot number and Fourier number. (04 Marks)
Oblain an expression for instantaneous heat transfer and total heat transfer for lumped heat
analvsis treatment of heat conduction problem. (08
Marks)
A 15 mm diameter mild steel sphere K:42 WmoC is exposed to cooling air flow atZ1"C
resulting in the convective coefficient h=120 Wm2oC.
Deterrnine the following:
i) Time required to cool the sphere from 550.C to 90.C.
ii) Instantaneous
heat transfer rute2minutes after the start of cooling. For mild steel
p
:
7850 kg/ri
I
Cp
:
475 J/kg.C; c,
:
0.045 #m (08 Marks)
what do you rnean by hydrodynamic
and thermar boundary layer? (04 Marks)
Explain physical
significance of
i) Grashoff number ii)
prandtl
number iii) Nusselt number
iv) Reynolds number
(oE Marks)
A nuclear reactor with its core constructed
of parallel
vertical plates 2.2 mhigh and 1.4 m
rvide has been designed on free convection hcating of liquid bismuth. The maximum
temperafcre
of the plate srirface is limited to 950"C while the lowest allowable temperafure
of bismuth is 340oC. Calculate the maximum possible
heat dissipation from both sides of
each plate.
For the convective coefficient the appiopriate correlation is
N,
=
0.13(Gr.Pr)o'333
.
(08 Marxsy
4a.
b.
I of2
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PART
_
B
5 a. with the help of dimensional
*urvri,
derive expression
which relates
Reynolds
number'
Nusselt
number and Prandtl number'
n L

(10 Marks)
b. Air at standard
conditions
of 760 mm of Hg at 20oC flows over a flat plate at 3 m/sec'
The
plate is 50";
x 25 cms . Find theheat
losiper
fto* if air flow is parallel to 50 cms side of
the plate. tiis
"*,
side is kd;;;i.l
to ttr. air flow,
what will be the effect on heat
transfer?
T.;;;t;f
tht plate is 100"C'
(l0Marks)
6a.DeriveanexpressionforLMTDforcounterflowheatexchanger.Statetheassumptions (10 Marks)
06ME6s
Explain briefly the concept of a black body'
(04 Marks)
State and exPlain,
i) Kirchoff
s law.
ii) Planck's
law.
iiD Wein's displacement
law.
(08 Marks)
iv) Lambert's
cosine law'
Calculate
the net radiant
heat exchange
pil unit area ior two large
parallel
plates at
temperature
of 427'C and 27"C r.rpJ.tiraty.
€hotpl,t"=0'9',€"otapl",.=0'6
If a polished
aluminium
shierd is placed between them. Find the percentage
reduction
in the heat transfer'
(08 Marks)
e.*",0=0'04'
,r***!r
tltii, cooler consists
of straight
tube of 2 cms oD and 1'5 cm ID enclosed
with in a pipe
and cocentric
with it. The external
pip. it welt insulated'
The oil flows through
the tube at
0.05 kg/sec
(cp
:
z rlttg"c)
*a
"ootirrg
fluid flows
in the annulus
in opposite
direction
at
therateof0'1kg/sec(Cp:4KJ/kg"C)]fntoilentersthecooleratl80"Candleavesat
g0"c
while cooling
tiquid enters the cooler at 30oC. Calculate
the length
of the pipe required
if heat transfer
coefficient
from oil to tube surface
is 1720 Wlm2oC
and from metal surface
to coolant is 3450 W;;"C.
Neglect the resistance
of the tube wall'
(10 Marks)
State and explain Fick's law of diffusion'
'
(04 Marks)
Distinguish
Uetween
the nucleate boilin!
and film boiling'
^
r^n io
pwn^sed
(06 Marls)
A vertical tube oi 60 mm outside ii*.t.t
and f i m long is exposed
to steam at
atmospheric
pressure. The outer ,.rrfu".
of the tube is maintained
at a temperature
of 50"c
iV,iiiJ"if"i
cold *utrr through the tube' Calculate
the following:
ii The raie of heat transfer
to the coolant'
ii) The rate of condensation
of steam'
(10 Marks)
b.
7a.
b.
c.
8a.
b.
tr.
7 ofZ
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