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ws#_____ Date:_______

Common Elements -There is also a link on my website under Unit 2 Part A

Science/ Phipps/ Block#___

Directions: In this activity you will use the website to click through the 6 different steps. At each step you will need to answer the questions below.

Step 1: Common Elements

Everything around us is made of atoms. Most objects are mixtures or compounds of different types of atoms, but some common items consist of only a single type of atom. Each image here represents a common item that is composed of only one or a few elements. 1. What elements are in these common items?(give it a guess!!) 2. Place the name in the same box as the picture.

Click Step 2: Zoom in on a Penny

2. Describe the differences in the penny at 125 microns vs ~3nm(nanometers).

3. Beside copper what are pennies today made of?

Click Step 3:Atomic Models

While various types of microscopes can reveal details at many levels of magnification, no microscope can produce images showing the detailed parts of single atoms.

4. List the three subatomic particles that make up atoms. Give the mass and charge of each one. Sub Atomic Particle Charge Weight Location

Click Step 4: Build Atoms Yourself:

In these steps you will need to click next (white button) to move through the tutorial. One way to find out about the structure of something is to take it apart. Another way is to construct the item from its parts. This interactive model will allow you to build atoms of different elements from a collection of subatomic particles. 7. Try to put 3 electrons on the 1st level, try to putting all the electrons on the second level. a. Describe what happens to electrons. Nucleus 18- 3rd Energy Level ___-2nd - Energy Level __-1st - Energy Level

8. How many electrons fit on each energy level? Write your answer in the boxes above.

Honors Only!!

Click Step 5: Build More Atoms / Make sure your elements are balanced!!

Fill in the Chart below for the following elements: complete any missing boxes!! Element Name Carbon Hydrogen B Lithium 5 Symbol Be Protons Electrons Neutrons

1. An atom is determined by which particle? Describe how you used the model to come up with your answer.

2. What do you get when you change the number of neutrons in the nucleus?

3. What controls the "weight" of an atom? Describe how you used the model to come up with your answer.

4. What do you get if the number of protons and electrons in your model is not equal?

Click Step 6: Reading the Periodic Table

5. Fill in the missing information:

What are the rules for writing the symbol?

-Atomic number is equal to the number of____________________. -Protons are always equal to _____________________.

How do you round this number?

What is the atomic Mass defined as..?

What two subatomic particles make up the MASS?

6. Fill in the chart below: Remember the s are always the same number! Calculating Neutrons (subtract Protons from Mass)


Atomic Atomic Protons Neutrons Electrons Interesting Fact Number Mass