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jueves, 16 de junio de 2011

Didactic Sequence* A didactic sequence is a group of activities created in order to reach an objective. Those activities must follow an order and an organization. That means that each activity has its own purpose and all of them work together in order to reach a bigger objective. Another characteristic of didactic sequences is that they must have a rhythm too. According to Zabala Vidiella, didactic sequences must have the following characteristics: They must test the previous knowledge of the pupils and adapt the class to the level of knowledge of students. (Rodriguez, n.d) The contents of the class must be meaningful and must represent a challenge for students. (Rodriguez, n.d) They promote mental activity and construction of new concepts. (Rodriguez, n.d) They promote autonomy and met cognition. (Rodriguez, n.d) The didactic sequence must develop in students knowledge, abilities and attitudes. And must help the student to take his abilities outside the school. (Obaya, n.d) A didactic sequence for English must have four main elements: Activities: What students will be doing in the classroom. (Harmer, 2006) Skills: Which language skills se wish our students to develop Language: What language students will practice, research or use Content: Select content which has a good chance of provoking interest and involvement. Cognitivism is a theory that began on 1960. It arose as an opposition to the behaviorist approach of the time. Cognitivism is based on the mental processes that students use in order to reach understanding. Some of those processes are perception, memorization, thinking and resolution of problems. Cognitivism was the basis of the constructivist theories of the time. It as related with Vigotsky and Piagets theories and it supported them. Some of the principles of Cognitivism are:

The subject is an active part in knowledge and the relationships between it and the environment are very important in order to acquire a real learning. The own reception and organization of knowledge is pretty important to get understanding as well as the strategies that the subject use to it. Human beings are able to learn by themselves, using the elements around them and using their previous knowledge too. Learners construct their own knowledge by making their own information structures. Cognitivism is based on the idea that people construct their knowledge by changing the understanding, meanings and concepts of things inside them. Besides using constructivist theories (Piaget, Vygotsky and Ausbel), Cognitivism also use other knowledge theories, including the Information Processes one. So, at the end of the day, Cognitivism is about how students learn by themselves, constructing their own knowledge using all tools around them, including social interaction, previous knowledge and culture. But on the other side we have the Metacognitivism theory too. This theory goes beyond the first one, because it is concerned not just about the students building their own knowledge, but also how about they realize they are building it. Metacognitivism is based on the idea that students must know about the strategies they need to apply in a specific time in order to reach understanding. This means that students will be able to know about their best developed abilities and the worst develop abilities in order to take as much advantage as they can to take control of their own learning process. If they can do that they will regulate their own learning process and will create effective strategies to reach the best understanding they can

DESIGN OF A DIDACTIC SEQUENCE

1. INTRODUCTION TO THE TASK Your task is to develop a didactic sequence in small groups. This didactic sequence will have to implement the teaching and learning approaches presented throughout the course. The sequence

will be your final task for this module and you will present it orally to your classmates on the last day we deal with module 2 in class.

2. GROUPS From each of the three different seminars (A, B and C), six small groups (of approximately 4 persons each) will be constituted at random during the first module 2 seminar:

Since there are no seminar sessions specifically scheduled for the groups to work on the didactic sequence, you will have to work collaboratively together with your mates to accomplish the different activities this task includes.

3. THE DIDACTIC SEQUENCE The didactic sequence you have to design will have to implement the teaching and learning approaches presented throughout the course: - It will have to be task or project based - It will focus on the receptive, productive and interactive skills - Assessment will be integrated in the teaching and learning process and will be global and continuous - Etc. But apart from this, it will have to meet the following requirements: - It will consist of a sequence of 3 or 4 sessions of one hour each. - It will be addressed to Primary school learners of English. - It can be a sequence both for the subject of English or other non-linguistic subjects. In the latter case the didactic sequence will be CLIL-based. - The different activities proposed in your didactic sequences will make use of the digital technologies to promote English learning.

4. TASK ACTIVITIES

5. OBJECTIVES According to what has been said so far, the objective of this task is: 1. To develop a didactic sequence in small groups that implements the teaching and learning approaches presented throughout the course. 2. To present the didactic sequence you developed to your class mates orally so that different ways of designing a teaching and learning process that considers the approaches dealt with throughout the course can be shared.

6. SOME DIDACTIC SEQUENCE MODELS Before starting to design your didactic sequence, observe different ones (both formal and content aspects). Here are some interesting links: http://www.xtec.es/aulanet/ud/angles/index.htm http://www.xtec.es/sgfp/llicencies/200506/memories/1065m.pdf http://www.xtec.cat/ies-sabadell/clil-si/index.html http://ddd.uab.cat/pub/ciencies/16996712n16p21.pdf

We also recommend that you have a look at this document: http://phobos.xtec.cat/edubib/intranet/file.php?file=docs/programacio/del_curriculum_a_les_pr ogramacions.pdf (pp. 24-38)

7. THE LAST MODULE 2 SESSION During the last module 2 session you are going to present your didactic sequences orally.

8. EVALUATION CRITERIA

1. The extent to which the didactic sequence considers the teaching and learning approaches presented throughout the course. 2. The extent to which the oral presentation of your didactic unit, and the audio-visual materials you make use of, allow you to share with your classmates different ways of designing a teaching and learning process that considers the approaches dealt with throughout the course. Note: If the didactic sequence task is not delivered in due time, we will not guarantee its revision.