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Answers to Paper 1

1 C

2 D

3 C

4 B

5 C

6 A

7 A

8 A

9 B

10 C

11 C

12 A

13 C

14 C

15 C

16 C

17 D

18 B

19 C

20 C

21 B

22 D
23 D

24 B

25 A

26 D

27 D

28 A

29 B

30 B

31 C

32 B

33 A

34 C

35 D

36 D

37 B

38 D

39 A

40 A

41 A

42 B

43 A

44 B

45 A
46 C

47 A

48 D

49 A

50 B

MARKING SCHEME

Question Answer Marks


No.
1 (a) P = Lifting Force 1
Q = Weight / Gravitational Force Attraction 1
(b) P=Q 1
(c) Lifting Force / P 1
Total
2. (a) 300 s 1

(b) Pt = ml

100 x ( 1050 – 300) = 0.5 l

l = 150 000 J kg-1m(with unit) 2

(c) Heat supplied is used to break up bonds between molecules

Heat is not used to increase kinetic energy

Total 5
3. (a) Parallel circuit 1
(b) Mk 1 – all symbols correct
Mk 2 – circuit is correct 2
(c) The brightness of lamp J = lamp K = lamp L = lamp M 1

(d) The voltage is the same 1


(e) One bulb blow , other bulbs can still lights up 1
Total 6
4. (a) The process where induced current / e.m.f in a conductor 1
when the conductor experiences a change in magnetic
flux.
(b) (i) Solenoid experiences a change in magnetic field. An 1
induced current / e.m.f induced in the solenoid 1

(ii) A : North pole - 1m 1


B : South pole - 1m 1

(c) (i) Increases 1

(ii) The magnitude of induced current increases // the rate of 1


change of the magnetic flux increases
Total 7
Change of momentum/product of Force with time of 1
5. (a) impact

(b) (i) Force on the watermelon in Diagram 5.1 is larger than the 1
force on the watermelon in Diagram 5.2
(ii) Time of impact on surface A is shorter than time of impact 1
on surface B
(iii) A shorter time of impact will produce a larger force 1
(c) The change of momentum of the watermelon in Diagram 1
5.1 is equal to that of the watermelon in Diagram
(d) Sponge/carpet/towel/cloth/grass & other suitable materials 1
(e) 1. Body will be hold back by the seat belt when car stopped 1
suddenly
2. The seat belt will lengthen slightly, the impulsive force
inflicted on the body will be less 1
Total 8
6. (a) The light which has one wavelength / one colour 1
(b) Wavelength of red light > Wavelength of blue light 1
The distance between consecutive bright fringes for red 1
(c) light is more than that of blue light./ 1
The distance between consecutive bright fringes for the
same light are constant.
(d) The longer the wavelength, the longer the distance between 1
consecutive bright fringes
(e) (i) The distance between two consecutive bright fringes will 1
decrease
(ii) a is inversely proportional to x 1
(f) Diffraction // Interference 1
Total 8
7. (a) (i) Temperature ↑, resistance ↓ 1
(ii) - Lines drawn on the graph. 1
-1.35 Ω
(b) (i) Output,R 1

0
1
1
1
(ii) OR 1
(iii) 1

(c) (i) To control the current flows into the base terminal. 1

(ii) At night, no light fall on the LDP, resistance, R of LDP ↑. 1


As R ↑, the voltage, V across the LDP also ↑.
V across the base circuit > Vmin , this will switch on the 1
transistor and the collector circuit works.
1
(iii) The voltage 6 V in the collector circuit will not light up the 1
bulb.
Total 10

8 (a) 2

(b) Real, diminished, inverted 1


(i) 1/f = 1/u +1/v
(c) 2
v = 15 cm
(ii) m = v/u m = 0.5 1
(i) Objective lens = convex lens Y
(d) 2
Eyepiece = convex lens X
(ii) Power of convex lens X > power of convex lens Y 1
(iii)

Total 12
9 (a) (i) Angle between incident ray and normal line 1

(ii) • Increase the angle of incidence,i, then angle of


refraction,r will also increase 1
• Keep on increasing the angle of incidence until
angle of refraction is 90° 1
• The angle of incidence is called critical angle 1

• Increase the angle of of incidence more than the


critical angle 1
• The ray will be reflected.
1

4/5
(b) • Density diagram 9.2 < density diagram 9.3 1
• Refractive index 9.2 < Refractive index 9.3 1
• Angle of refraction in diagram 9.2 > angle of
refraction in diagram 9.3 1
• The higher the density the smaller the angle of 1
refraction
• The higher the refractive index the smaller the angle 1
of refraction.

(c)
Suggestion Explanation
Use refractive index of outer So that total internal
layer is less than the reflection can happen in the
refractive index of outer fiber optic.
layer
Use high flexibility material so that it can be bend
Use strong material do not break easily
Use thin material Lighter // can be use in 10
small area
Low density material Lighter
Total 20
10(a) A resultant field due to the combination of the magnetic 1
field due to the current in the conductor and external
magnetic field // Diagram

(b) M1 Number of turns in D10.2 is bigger 1


M2 angle of deflection of the ammeter indicator in 1
D10.2 is bigger
M3 the reading of spring balance in D10.2 is smaller 1
M4 as current flows is bigger, force acting upwards is 1
bigger
M5 the reading of spring balance is smaller as ,the force 1
upwards that act on
the coils is bigger

(c) (i) M1 Force acting on the cooper rod 1


M2 moved the cooper rod towards the magnet 1
(ii) M1 the cooper rod vibrates 1
M2 as current change direction 1

(d) (i) M1 When the current flow into the coil, magnetic field 1
is produced.
And forces are produced
M2 Catapult field is produced 1
M3 The forces are in the opposite direction 1
M4 These pair of forces produce the turning effect on 1
the coil.

(ii) M1 Increase the strength of magnet / add more magnet 1


M2 increase the strength of magnetic field 1
M3 Increase the number of turns in the coils 1
M4 to increase the magnitude of force 1
M5 Increase the magnitude of current 1
M6 to increase the magnitude of force / increase the 1
strength of magnetic field

Total 20

11(a) (i) Weight is the gravitational force acts an object. 1


(ii) Upthrust = weight of the boat 1
(iii) - Sea water is denser 1
- Boat displaced less sea water and gain the same 1
upthrust . Therefore boat sinks less in sea water 1
(b) (i) Upthrust = mass of sea water displaced 1
= mg
= Vρg 1
= 250 X 1080 X 10 = 2.7 X 106 N 1
(ii) 2. 7 X 106 = V X 1000 X 10 1
∴ V = 270 m3 1
(c) (i)
Specifications Reasons
Small stem Increase the sensitivity where the scale
and long. divisions are far apart so that small
changes in density can be detected. 8
Glass wall Do not erode and small adhesive force.
Large High upthrust /displaces more liquid/to
diameter of be able to float easily.
bulb.
Lead shots Hydrometer can stay upright.

(ii) - P is chosen 1
- Small and long stem, glass wall, large diameter of
bulb and lead shots used. 1
Total 20

12(a) (i) The time taken for half of nucleus radioactive material to 1
decay.

(ii) Fast moving electron / electron 1

(iii) Geiger-Muller tube 1


(b) - 800 ---------> 400 ---------> 200 ----------> 100
----------> 50 //
14 days 14 days 14 days
14 days 1

No. of T 1/2 = 4

- 4 x 14 days / 64 days 1

(c) - The state of matter of radioisotope is solid. 1

- Easier to handled. 1

- Emits gamma-ray. 1

- Penetrating power is high. 1

- Long half-life. 1

- Last longer. 1
- The most suitable radioisotope is Cobalt-60. 1

- Because the state of matter is solid, emits 1


gamma-ray and long half-life

(d) (i) The process of breaking up of on heavy nucleus into lighter 1


nucleus.
(ii) - Neutron bombarded a uranium nucleus // 1
Diagram

- Three neutrons produced // Diagram 1


- The new neutron bombarded a new uranium 1
nucleus // Diagram

- For every reaction, the neutrons produced will 1


generate a chain reaction // Diagram - 1m

(iii) E = mc2
2.9 x 10 -11 = m x (3.0 x 108)2 1
m = 3.22 x 10-28 kg 1
Total 20

PAPER 3

Section A
1(a) (i) Angle of incidence. 1
(ii) Angle of refraction. 1
(iii) Glass block/refractive index of the glass block/density of the glass block…. 1
1(b) (i)
i/ 0 r/ 0
20 13 Value of r
30 19 5 values correct ----- (2)
40 25 4 or 3 values correct ------(1) 2
50 30 2 values and below -------(0)
60 36
(ii)
i/ 0 r/ 0 sin i sin r
20 13 0.34 0.22
30 19 0.50 0.33
40 25 0.64 0.42
50 30 0.77 0.50
60 36 0.87 0.59

1) All quantities i, r, sin i and sin r correct --√


2) Units for all quantities correct ---- √
3) * All values of sin i correct ----- √√
* 1 value of sin i incorrect ------√
* > 1 value of sin i incorrect ------ 0 5
4) * All values of sin r correct ----- √√
* 1 value of sin r incorrect ------√
* > 1 value of sin r incorrect ------ 0
5) Consistency of decimal point for sin i --- √
6) Consistency of decimal point for sin r --- √

Score Mark
7–8 5
5–6 4
3–4 3
2 2
1 1
0 0
1(c)
On the graph paper.

1) Correct title on axes-----√


2) Units correct ------- √
3) Even scale -------√
4) * All points correctly plotted -------- √√
• 1 point incorrectly plotted ------- √
• > 1 point incorrectly plotted ------ 0
5) Best fit straight line -------- √
6) > 50% graph paper --------√
5
Score Mark
6–7 5
5–4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1

Total 16
1(d) Sin r is directly proportional to sin i . 1

2(a) (i) 1 1
R increases linearly with …………………………………..(1)
I
1
(ii) - Extrapolated line shown to intercept at axis---------(1) 2
I
-1
- 0.2 A ------------------------------(1)
1
(iii) = 0.4r 2
I
∴ 0.2 = 0.4r -----------------------(1)
r = 0.5 Ω ---------------------------(1)
2(b) - Show a big ∆ on the graph to determine the gradient------------------(1)
(i) y − y1
- The correct 2 from the ∆ drawn ------------------------(1) 3
x 2 − x1
- m = 0.4 A-1Ω-1 ------------------ Ans + unit --------------(1)
(ii) 1
m= ,
E
1 2
∴ 0.4 = , ----------------(1)
E
E = 2.5 V --------------------(1)
2(c) 1. The connection of the wires must be tight.
2. The circuit is switched off whenever the readings were not taken from the 1
meters. This is to reduce energy loss from the cell.
3 (a) 1 Menyatakan inferens dengan betul
Pressure depends on volume// Volume influences pressure 1

(b) 1 Menyatakan hipotesis dengan betul.


When the volume decrease , the pressure increase , 1
1 menyatakan tujuan dengan betul
(c) (i)
To investigate the relationship between volume and pressure

(ii) 1 menyatakan pembolehubah manipulasi dan bergerakbalas dengan betul


Manipulated : volume
Responding : pressure

1 menyatakan pembolehubahyang dimalarkan dengan betul


Fixed : mass of gas // temperature

(iii) 1 menyatakan alat radas dan bahan


Syringe, clip , thick rubber tube, bourdon gauge .

(iv) 1 menyatakan atau melukis gambar rajah susunan radas.

(v) Menyatakan kaedah mengawal pembolehubah manipulasi

The piston of the 100 cm -3 syringe is adjusted until the volume of air in the
syringe at atmospheric pressure.The other end of the rubber tube is connected to
bourdon gauge and the pressure of the air in the syringe is read on the gauge.

1 The piston of the syringe is pushed in until the enclosed volume


is 98 cm3 / V1.
1 Menyatakan kaedah mengawal pembolehubah bergerakbalas.
The pressure on the Bourdon gauge is recorded.

1 Menyatakan ulangan eksperimen


The steps is repeated for an enclosed volume of
96 cm3/V2, 94 cm3/V3, 92cm3/V4, 90 cm3/V5
1 menyatakan kaedah menjadual data dengan betul
tajuk//symbol dengan unit yang betul

Tabulating data
(vi)
Isipadu,V/cm3 Tekanan,P/ Nm-2 1/V , cm-3
98 /V1
96 /V2
94 /V3
92 /V4
90/V5

1 menyatakan kaedah menganalisa data dengan betul

(vii)
P ( Nm-2 )

V (cm3) 10

4(a) 1 Menyatakan inferens dengan betul 1


Magnetic field strength depends on the number of turns

1 Menyatakan hipotesis dengan betul.


(b) The magnetic field strength will increase when the number of turns 1
increase

(c)
(i) 1 menyatakan tujuan dengan betul
To investigate the relationship between magnetic field strength and
number of turn on the coil

(ii) 1 menyatakan pembolehubah manipulasi dan begerakbalas dengan betul


manipulated : number of turns
responding : magnetic field strength //number of small iron pin

1 menyatakan bembolehubahyang dimalarkan dengan betul


Fixed : size of current// type of core

(iii) 1 menyatakan alat radas dan bahan


Retort stand, soft iron core, connector wire, PVC insulated copper wire,
small iron pin, ammeter, rheostat , battery/ power supply

(iv) 1 menyatakan atau melukis gambar rajah susuan radas berlabel.

Soft iron core

turns

small iron pins

retort stand

(v) 1 Menyatakan kaedah mengawal pembolehubah manipulasi

The soft iron core is wound with 20 turns of insulated copper wire and set
up as shown in diagram above.

1 Menyatakan kaedah mengawal pembolehubah bergerakbalas.


The switch is turned on and the rheostat adjusted until the ammeter
Reading is 1.0 A. The beaker containing small steel pin then
brought near the iron core.
Count and record the number of small iron pin attached to the soft
Iron core.

1 Menyatakan ulangan eksperimen


Repeat the experiment by winding the soft iron core with, 30 turns,
40 turns, 50 turns and 60 turns.
(vi) 1 menyatakan kaedah menjadual data dengan betul

tajuk//symbol dengan unit yang betul

Number Number of pins attached, n /pieces


of turns, n,
turns
20 / n1
30 / n2
40 / n3
50 / n4
(vii)
60 / n5

(vii) 1 menyatakan kaedah menganalisa data dengan betul

number of pin
n / pieces

10

Number of turns/turns

JAWAPAN TAMAT