District of Columbia Water and Sewer Authority

George S. Hawkins, General Manager

Briefing on:

DC CLEAN RIVERS PROJECT First Street Tunnel

Construction Update and Focus on Noise, Vibration, and Air Monitoring / Controls
Briefing for:

First Street Tunnel Forum / Community Group
April 24, 2014

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1

Tunnel Forum

Representatives and Alternates
Location/Group
First Street NW Bryant / Channing Streets Flagler Place Adams Street W Street First and V Streets U Street Thomas St / Rhode Island Ave Local Blogs Government-ANC Civic Associations Special Interest Groups

Representative
Dr. Marilyn Lashley Renee Peres Victoria Leonard Shelly Parker Joe Levesque Angela Ray Serita Sanders Chris Von Ferro Scott Roberts Mark Mueller Sherry Howard

Alternate
Tomas Encaracion TBD Pia Brown TBD TBD Theodore Bush John Salatti Harvey Hartfield Betsy McDaniel Teri Janine Quinn

All meetings are open to the public.

2

Presentation Agenda
 Construction Update  Six-Week Look-Ahead and Street Activity  Tunnel Forum Consensus Topics  Noise and Vibration Control, and Air Quality  Trees  Protection of Structures  Parking  Next Steps

3

Construction Update
Scott Hoffman, Skanska‐Jay Dee (SKJD)

4

Construction Update
 Main mining shaft activities/demo  Schedule for freeze trench and Construction Staging Areas (CSAs)  Rodent control  Utility work  Site office  Instrumentation and monitoring  Hotline testing and roll-out  Special Needs Survey  Noise, vibration, and air monitoring

MAY 2014)

(OPEN MAY 2014)

(OPEN MAY 2014)

5

Six‐Week Look‐Ahead and Street Activity
Scott Hoffman, Skanska‐Jay Dee (SKJD)

6

Project Activity Over the Next Six Weeks
  Install ground freezing utility trench: late April – mid May Establish Construction Staging Areas:
  

Channing St, late April – mid May: Conduct surveys, perform rodent control applications, prepare site for slurry wall construction Adams St, mid May: Locate utilities V St: mid May: Locate and relocate utilities Bryant St, April – mid May: Removed street light at Bryant and Second Streets, demo sidewalk along W St, paving and striping, install signs and curbs McMillan, early May: Utility coordination, install perimeter fence, site prep, paving and striping W St, late May: Lot demo and site prep; install temporary lighting, perimeter fencing, curb, and retaining walls 143 W St, mid May: Relocate and install fence, relocate parking bumpers, install signs

Alternative Parking Areas
   

7

Upcoming Street Closures
 Continued street closure at First and Channing Streets for:
 

McMillan Stormwater Storage Project (MSSP) SKJD work at the main mining shaft

 Starting in mid May, portions of the West Street alley will be closed for construction of the freeze trench at:
 

Channing Street mining shaft West side alley at Bryant Street south to Thomas Street

 First and V Streets will be closed for construction (see next two pages for details)

8

Tree Box Removal at First and V Streets to Maintain Two-Way Traffic
N

 Construction Staging Area: Site Prep and Construction  Remove tree boxes on First Street at First and V Streets intersection  Pave First Street up to existing sidewalks  To maintain two-way traffic on First Street as required by DDOT
Construction Staging Area

9

Streetscaping at First and V Streets
N

 Streetscaping in affected area will follow project construction
 

New tree boxes New sidewalks

10

Rodent Report: Thomas Street NW Alley
 DC Water’s Rodent and Pest Control Program is underway, ahead of construction  We are working with the DC Department of Health in the project area to respond to community concerns about rodents

Thomas Street NW alley.

11

Tunnel Forum Consensus Topics
Tom Lindberg, DC Clean Rivers Project

12

Resident Parking Permits Extend 2-Hour Parking Restriction
 Proposal to extend 2-hour parking restriction was discussed on March 20 at an ANC meeting, and again on March 27 at our Tunnel Forum meeting  Approved by neighbors at March 20 meeting  Need approval from DDOT  If approved, DC Water/SKJD will implement change
N

McMillan Reservoir

Extended parking area is shown in the shaded area.

13

Response to Eliminate No Turn on Red Street Sign at Bryant and First Streets NW
 DC Water and DDOT considered the proposal to eliminate the No Turn on Red sign at the intersection of Bryant and First Streets NW  DDOT determined:
There is no confusion between the existing No Turn on Red sign and the First Street Detour sign  Northbound motorists making a right turn on Bryant St cannot see cars coming from the eastbound direction  The No Turn on Red sign must remain for motorists’ benefit and safety

Existing traffic signs at Bryant and First Streets NW to remain in place.

14

Noise and Vibration Control, and Air Quality
Scott Hoffman, Skanska-Jay Dee (SKJD)

Philip Jo, Kroner Environmental Gabriel Illingworth, Kroner Environmental

15

Addressing Community Concerns About Construction
Construction Noise, Vibration, & Air Quality Issue Contact Hotline (844) FST-INFO (844-378-4636) SKJD Notified

Evaluation of Work (Existing Conditions)

Evaluation of Issue at the Noise & Vibration Source Monitor Complaint Response

Evaluation of Noise & Vibration Controls

Compliance Data Sent to DC Water

Further Mitigation to be Considered 16

Implemented Noise and Vibration Mitigation Measures
 DC Water FST contract requirements
     

 Noise reduction measures
    

Dedicated noise and vibration specialist Detailed monitoring and control plans Restrictions on work hours near sensitive receptors Limits based on DCMR and DC Water’s baseline readings Period real-time monitoring DDOT-approved haul routes

Best available control technologies Noise barriers Equipment alternatives Consolidated generators, compressors, and gas-powered looped freeze trench system Equipment maintenance and inspections

 

Hotline 844-FST-INFO (844-378-4636) Consolidate equipment at Channing Street CSA
     

TBM support area Freeze plant location Fewer sensitive receptors South and east berms as noise barriers Power generators and compressors sited here Use utility trench to bring power, air, and freeze to CSAs

17

Sound Basics
 Sound vs. noise

Sound is a mechanical wave that is an oscillation of pressure transmitted through a solid, liquid, or gas Noise is an unwanted sound; its intensity (“loudness”) is measured in decibels (dB) Sound Pressure Level (SPL) is the force of sound on a surface area SPL depends on the environment in which the source is located and the listener’s distance from the source We “hear” or perceive sound pressure as loudness SPL is measured in decibels by a sound level meter

Sound Source

 How is sound level measured?
 

 

Sound pressure level is measured in decibels by a sound level meter.

18

Sound Basics
 Typical range of construction sound at 50 feet
        

Auger: 80–83 dB(A) Concrete mixer: 85 dB(A) Air compressor: 80–83 dB(A) Diesel generator: 80–85 dB(A) Backhoe: 80 dB(A) Excavator: 85 dB(A) Crane: 83 dB(A) Pneumatic tools: 85 dB(A) Jackhammer: 110 dB(A)

19

Sound Basics
 Various sound descriptors (not all noise is created equal…)
Instantaneous noise level (Lp): Receiver’s noise at any moment in time; also known as instantaneous sound level  Maximum/minimum noise level (Lmax/Lmin): Highest/lowest instantaneous noise level during a specified time period  Equivalent noise level (Leq): Average acoustical energy over a given period of time

The sound pressure level fluctuates from about 60 dB(A) to almost 80 dB(A).

With every strike of the hammer, the noise level rises rapidly and then falls off equally rapidly.

20

Sound Basics
 Noise math

Addition: Adding two equal noise sources results in a 3 dB increase 80 + 80 = 160 dBA 80 + 80 = 83 dBA  Subtraction: Subtracting one noise source from two equal noise sources results in a 3 dB decrease 80 – 77 = 3 dBA 80 – 77 = 77 dBA 

Microphone recording sound data during construction activities.

21

Vibration Basics
 What is vibration?

P-Wave

  

Vibration is an oscillatory motion which can be described in terms of displacement, velocity, or acceleration In most cases, the response of humans, buildings, and equipment to vibration is more accurately and commonly described using velocity (inches/second) Expressed in in/sec or VdB Three vibration wave types: P, S, and R waves R wave (surface wave) is most difficult to control

S-Wave

R-Wave

22

Vibration Basics
 Typical vibration levels of construction equipment at 25 feet
      

Hydromill: 0.017 in/sec Vibratory roller: 0.21 in/sec Dozer: 0.089 in/sec Auger: 0.09–0.1 in/sec Truck: 0.08 in/sec Crane: 0.1 in/sec Jackhammer: 0.035 in/sec

Sand filter demolition at McMillan site.

23

Project Construction Noise Limits
Noise Limits (25 ft from the outermost limits of the construction site).
Construction Staging Area Location Channing St (CS-CSA) Adams St (AS-CSA) V St (VS-CSA) Pump Station (PS-CSA) (on Thomas St) Weekday Leq Limits (dBA) 7:00 AM – 7:00 PM 801 801 801 Weekend Leq Limits (dBA) 7:00 AM – 7:00 PM 622 — — Nighttime Leq Limits (dBA) 7:00 PM – 7:00 AM 612 — —

801

Source: 1) DC Municipal Regulations – 2802, Construction 2) EDR noise limit accounts for 3 dBA + ambient 24

Site-Specific Noise and Vibration Mitigation Measures
Site
CS-CSA

Mitigation Measures
• Existing berm will remain • Additional sound barrier 6 feet above berm • Consideration of construction methods • • • • • Portable sound barriers for specific equipment on-site 1 drill rig in operation at a time 1 loader operating in support of drilling Limited choice of heavy equipment during drill rig operations 2 cranes used during operations; additional heavy equipment use prohibited • Limited work hours Case-by-case basis Limited heavy equipment use Use monitoring to determine extent of noise and vibration Limited work hours

AS-CSA, VS-CSA, PS-CSA

Freeze Trench, APAs, CWZ

• • • •

Sample of noise-reduction panel.

25

Predicted Noise Levels at Adams Street-CSA

Mitigations Implemented

Flagler Place NW

26

Predicted Noise Levels at V Street-CSA

Mitigations Implemented

27

Predicted Noise Levels Thomas Street-CSA

Mitigations Implemented

28

Air Monitoring
 Dust suppression required on-site  Based on erosion and sediment plan, no visible dust to leave site  Real-time dust monitoring  Periodic monitoring especially during heavy earth-moving  Real-time monitoring upwind and downwind

29

Addressing Community Concerns About Construction
Construction Noise, Vibration, & Air Quality Issue Contact Hotline (844) FST-INFO (844-378-4636) SKJD Notified

Evaluation of Work (Existing Conditions)

Evaluation of Issue at the Noise & Vibration Source Monitor Complaint Response

Evaluation of Noise & Vibration Controls

Compliance Data Sent to DC Water

Further Mitigation to be Considered 30

Trees
John Kennedy, DC Clean Rivers Project
Ron Davis, DC Clean Rivers Project

31

Tree Removal and Replanting
 65 trees of varying diameter were removed in February 2014 in the Bloomingdale area
  

11 at McMillan APA 4 at W Street APA 9 at Bryant Street APA

   

4 at Channing Street CSA 16 at Adams Street CSA 15 at First and V Streets CSA 6 on Thomas Street

 DC Water and SKJD will work with DDOT and the Tunnel Forum Group prior to re-constructing each disturbed area  Potential collaboration between DC Water and DDOT to plant trees in public right-of-way in the Bloomingdale area during construction  DC Water’s tree giveaway program can provide small trees to neighborhood residents
65 trees of varying diameter were removed from the Bloomingdale neighborhood earlier this year.

32

Landscaping Planting Plan Adams and Flagler Streets
Adams St NW

New Tree New Planter Box Existing Tree

TREES • ACNI – Black Maple • ACRU – Red Maple • ACSA – Sugar Maple • MAVI – Sweetbay Magnolia • PLHY – London Planetree • QUPH – Willow Oak SHRUBS • AZGP – Pink Azalea • GAJA – Dwarf Gardenia GRASSES • LIMJ – Big Blue Lilyturf

Flagler Pl NW

33

Landscaping Planting Plan Adams and First Streets
Adams St NW

TREES • ACNI – Black Maple • ACRU – Red Maple • ACSA – Sugar Maple • MAVI – Sweetbay Magnolia • PLHY – London Planetree • QUPH – Willow Oak SHRUBS • AZGP – Pink Azalea • GAJA – Dwarf Gardenia GRASSES • LIMJ – Big Blue Lilyturf

New Tree New Planter Box

First St NW

34

Landscaping Planting Plan First and V Streets (Sheet 1)
TREES • ACSA – Sugar Maple • PLHY – London Planetree SHRUBS • AZGP – Pink Azalea • GAJA – Dwarf Gardenia First St NW

V St NW New Tree New Planter Box Existing Tree Grass – Lirope Muscari “Big Blue” 35

Landscaping Planting Plan First and V Streets (Sheet 2)
V St NW
TREES • ACNI – Black Maple • ACRU – Red Maple • ACSA – Sugar Maple • LAIN – Crape Myrte • PLHY – London Planetree SHRUBS • AZGW – White Gumpo Azalea • GAJA – Dwarf Gardenia • HOPA – Patriot Hosta • HYQU – Oak Leaf Hydrangea GRASSES • HEMI – Purple Palace Coral Bells • IRVE – Blueflag Iris • SEAJ – Autumn Joy Stonecrop

First St NW New Tree New Planter Box Existing Tree

Grass – Kentucky Bluegrass, Fescue, Red Top 36 Grass – Lirope Muscari “Big Blue”

Landscaping Plan Thomas Street

Thomas St NW

New Tree New Planter Box Existing Tree

First St NW TREES • CABE – European Hornbeam • GIBI – Ginkgo “Princeton Sentry” (fruitless male version) • LIST – Gum • PICH – Chinese Pistache GRASSES • LIMJ – Big Blue Lilyturf 37

Protection of Structures
Stephen Njoloma, DC Clean Rivers Project

38

Offer for Free Survey Ends Thursday, May 1, 2014
 Structures shown in green are eligible to receive a free pre-construction survey  Surveys, video, and photos provide a snapshot of structure condition prior to construction  A survey is voluntary, but you must participate to receive documentation  Risk of potential damage to property is very slight, but possible  Having a survey may strengthen a property owner’s claim of damage caused by construction

Hurry! Time is running out to get your free survey!

39

Parking
Kevin Pilong, DC Clean Rivers Project
Stephen Njoloma, DC Clean Rivers Project

40

Parking Summary and Update
 Extend 2-hour parking restrictions in neighborhood  First DC Water project to provide Alternative Parking Areas (APAs)  Implement APAs – Summer 2014  Continually monitor APA operations and improve as necessary

41

Resident Parking Permits Existing Residential Parking Areas – Zones 1 & 5
 Posted Zone 5 Parking Only Area is shaded in blue ( )  Posted Zone 1 Parking Only Area is shown in orange ( )  Existing Shared Zone 1 and 5 Parking Area is shaded in green ( )
N McMillan Reservoir

rking on Metered pa of W St de the north si

42

Resident Parking Permits Proposed Residential Parking Areas – Zones 1 & 5
    Posted Zone 5 Parking Only Area is shaded in blue ( ) Posted Zone 1 Parking Only Area is shown in orange ( ) Existing Shared Zone 1 and 5 Parking Area is shaded in green ( ) Proposed Zone 5 Parking Only Area is shaded in pink ( ) to better accommodate those who are directly impacted by construction Steps for revising parking zone signs
  
rking on Metered pa of W St de the north si

N

McMillan Reservoir

ANC support DDOT approval DC Water/SKJD to implement changes

43

Alternative Parking Areas Location Map
 Alternative Parking Areas for eligible residents are shown as
   
N

McMillan Reservoir Entrance

Channing St NW

Bryant St NW

Bryant St (BS-APA) – 56 spaces W St (WS-APA) – 21 spaces 143 W St (143W-APA) – 21 spaces For a total of 98 alternative parking spaces

BS-APA (56)

nt S Brya

t NW

Flagler St NW

W St NW

First St NW

WS-APA (21) 143W-APA (21)
V St NW

Adams St NW

W St NW

2nd St NW

 Construction Staging Areas are shown as ; these areas are closed to the public  Contractor / private parking areas are shown as

V St NW

Elm St NW

First St NW

U St NW

Thomas St NW
de Rho
Old Maple St NW

Isla

nd A

ve

44

Alternative Parking Areas Who is Eligible to Park at an APA?
 To get an APA tag number you need:
Current DC registration  Zone 5 Residential Parking Permit  Reside between North Capitol and 2nd Streets NW and Channing and Thomas Streets NW; shown in pink on the map

N

McMillan Reservoir

Alternative Parking Areas for eligible residents are shown as

 Each resident is assigned a specific APA tag number  APA information package is being prepared for mailing

45

N

APA Priority Areas
 Priority Area 1 ( ) – assign parking to those directly fronting construction and without available off-street parking  Priority Area 2 ( ) – roll out APA tags to this area first, monitor, and expand if necessary  Priority Area 3 ( )  Fourth priority – issue guest passes; this phase will be revisited following delivery of parking passes for Priorities 1 through 3

McMillan Reservoir

46

From March 27 Tunnel Forum Meeting Street Cleaning: Continue or Suspend?
 DCCR traffic and permit staff have investigated this suggestion

McMillan Reservoir
N

Loss of parking due to construction activities should be mitigated with APA implementation

 Recommendation:
Continue alternate side of street parking with DPW street sweeping at this time (streets shown as )  Revisit the issue after APAs are implemented

47

Next Steps
 DC Water and SKJD to coordinate with DDOT regarding 2-hour parking extension signage  Possible new hours for our meetings: suggest changing from 6:30–8 PM to 7–8:30 PM to better accommodate your schedule  Schedule next Tunnel Forum Meeting – Thursday, May 22 or Thursday, May 29 (Memorial Day is Monday, May 26.)  Topics:
APA roll-out  Status of Construction Staging Areas  Suggested topics

48

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