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NGP\00586 Rev.

C, 2009-10-29 Evolution Series


TM
EDGE 1

The information in this documentation is subject to change without notice and describes only the product defined in
the introduction of this documentation. This documentation is intended for the use of Nera's customers only for the
purposes of the agreement under which the documentation is submitted, and no part of it may be reproduced or
transmitted in any form or means without the prior written permission of Nera.

The information or statements given in this documentation concerning the suitability, capacity, or performance of the
mentioned hardware or software products cannot be considered binding but shall be defined in the agreement made
between Nera and the customer. However, Nera has made all reasonable efforts to ensure that the instructions
contained in the documentation are adequate and free of material errors and omissions. Nera will, if necessary,
explain issues that may not be covered by the documentation. Nera's liability for any errors in the documentation is
limited to the documentary correction of errors.

NERA WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE IN ANY EVENT FOR ERRORS IN THIS DOCUMENTATION OR FOR ANY
DAMAGES, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL (INCLUDING MONETARY LOSSES), that might arise from the
use of this documentation or the information in it. This documentation and the product it describes are considered
protected by copyright according to the applicable laws.

NERA logo is a registered trademark of Eltek ASA. Other product names mentioned in this documentation may be
trademarks of their respective companies, and they are mentioned for identification purposes only.

Copyright Nera Networks AS 2009. All rights reserved.



2 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE NGP\00586 Rev. C, 2009-10-29
Document history

Revision Date Summary of changes
Rev A 23.Dec.2008 First Release
Rev B 29.May.2009 Updated Signature numbers
Added Adjacent and Co-channel data
Updated IFU ODU cable requirements
Rev C 29.Oct.2009 Added R2 supported features:
o Ethernet IFU for the ANSI market
o 11GHz ODU
o HSB RPS mode
o Ethernet RSTP
o Encrypted management traffic
Removed Ethernet QinQ support (not available yet)














NGP\00586 Rev.C, 2009-10-29 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE 3
Contents Page
1. INTRODUCTION - EVOLUTION SERIES....................................................................................................7
1.1. TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURE................................................................................................7
1.2. NETWORK APPLICATIONS...................................................................................................................8
2. SYSTEM OVERVIEW EVOLUTION SERIES EDGE...............................................................................9
2.1. HARDWARE OVERVIEW.......................................................................................................................9
2.2. SOFTWARE OVERVIEW......................................................................................................................10
2.3. COMPATIBILITY WITH EVOLUTION SERIES METRO & XPAND................................................10
2.4. FEATURES BASIC TERMINAL ........................................................................................................10
2.5. LICENSED FEATURES (SOFTWARE CONTROLLED) .....................................................................10
2.6. SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS ..............................................................................................................11
2.6.1. 1+0 system......................................................................................................................................11
2.6.2. Hot StandBy (HSB) system............................................................................................................11
2.7. TEST FEATURES ...................................................................................................................................13
2.7.1. Looping & built-in PRBS ...............................................................................................................13
2.8. IFU UNIT DESCRIPTION......................................................................................................................14
2.8.1. IFU Interfaces .................................................................................................................................14
2.8.2. IFU LEDs........................................................................................................................................15
2.8.3. SD memory card slot ......................................................................................................................15
2.8.4. IFU reset button ..............................................................................................................................15
2.8.5. E1-cross-connect (IFU-A version)..................................................................................................15
2.9. ODU UNIT DESCRIPTION....................................................................................................................16
3. GENERAL EQUIPMENT CHARACTERISTICS .......................................................................................17
3.1. LINK CAPACITY ...................................................................................................................................17
3.2. FREQUENCY BANDS ...........................................................................................................................17
3.3. EQUIPMENT REFERENCE POINTS ....................................................................................................19
3.4. INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL STANDARDS..........................................................................19
3.5. ETSI EQUIPMENT CLASS....................................................................................................................19
3.6. ENVIRONMENTAL ...............................................................................................................................20
3.6.1. Electromagnetic Compatibility Conditions (EMC).........................................................................20
3.6.2. Safety conditions.............................................................................................................................20
3.6.3. RoHS and WEEE compliance ........................................................................................................20
3.6.4. Environmental conditions ...............................................................................................................20
3.6.5. Outdoor Enclosure Protection.........................................................................................................20
3.7. MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS..................................................................................................21
3.7.1. Installation ......................................................................................................................................21
3.7.2. Dimensions .....................................................................................................................................21
3.7.3. Weights...........................................................................................................................................21
3.8. POWER SUPPLY AND CONSUMPTION.............................................................................................22
3.9. SYSTEM RELIABILITY ........................................................................................................................22
3.9.1. Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF)...........................................................................................22
4. RADIO CHARACTERISTICS .......................................................................................................................23
4.1. TRANSMITTER CHARACTERISTICS.................................................................................................23
4.1.1. Nominal Output Power ...................................................................................................................23
4.1.2. Automatic/Manual Power Control (ATPC/MTPC) ........................................................................23
4.1.3. TX oscillator frequency tolerance...................................................................................................24
4.2. RECEIVER CHARACTERISTICS.........................................................................................................24
4.2.1. Receiver Threshold Adaptive Modulation Mode.........................................................................24
4.2.2. Receiver Threshold 4 QAM - 7 MHz BW......................................................................................24
4.2.3. Receiver Threshold 16 QAM - 7 MHz BW....................................................................................24
4.2.4. Receiver Threshold 32 QAM - 7 MHz BW....................................................................................24
4.2.5. Receiver Threshold 4 QAM - 14 MHz BW....................................................................................25
4.2.6. Receiver Threshold 16 QAM - 14 MHz BW..................................................................................25
4.2.7. Receiver Threshold 32 QAM - 14 MHz BW..................................................................................25
4.2.8. Receiver Threshold 4 QAM - 28 MHz BW....................................................................................26
4.2.9. Receiver Threshold 16 QAM - 28 MHz BW..................................................................................26



4 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE NGP\00586 Rev. C, 2009-10-29
4.2.10. Receiver Threshold 32 QAM - 28 MHz BW.................................................................................. 26
4.2.11. Maximum input signal level ........................................................................................................... 27
4.2.12. RX oscillator frequency tolerance .................................................................................................. 27
4.2.13. Noise Figure ................................................................................................................................... 27
4.3. SYSTEM PERFORMANCE.................................................................................................................... 27
4.3.1. Equipment background BER (Residual BER) ................................................................................ 27
4.3.2. System Signature ............................................................................................................................ 27
4.3.3. Co-channel interference sensitivity ................................................................................................ 28
4.3.4. Adjacent channel interference sensitivity ....................................................................................... 28
4.4. DIPLEXER AND ANTENNA INTERFACE.......................................................................................... 29
4.4.1. General description......................................................................................................................... 29
4.4.2. RF-Coupler ..................................................................................................................................... 29
4.4.3. Interface to Antenna feeder system non integrated antennas....................................................... 29
4.5. IFU-ODU INTERFACE .......................................................................................................................... 30
4.5.1. Cable interface characteristics ........................................................................................................ 30
4.5.2. Cable requirements ......................................................................................................................... 30
4.5.3. Lightening arrestor requirements.................................................................................................... 30
5. BASEBAND CHARACTERISTICS............................................................................................................... 31
5.1. GENERAL............................................................................................................................................... 31
5.2. IP AND MPLS PACKET TRAFFIC SUPPORT..................................................................................... 31
5.3. ETHERNET CHARACTERISTICS........................................................................................................ 31
5.3.1. Ethernet Interfaces.......................................................................................................................... 31
5.3.2. Throughput ..................................................................................................................................... 31
5.3.3. Ethernet Frame Delay & Frame Delay Variation ........................................................................... 32
5.3.4. Flow Control................................................................................................................................... 32
5.3.5. MAC learning................................................................................................................................. 32
5.3.6. L2 switch modes............................................................................................................................. 32
5.3.7. VLAN switching............................................................................................................................. 32
5.3.8. Quality of Service (QoS) ................................................................................................................ 33
5.3.9. Rapid Spanning Tree ...................................................................................................................... 33
5.3.10. Maximum Packet Size .................................................................................................................... 33
5.3.11. Packet Statistics .............................................................................................................................. 33
5.4. E1 CHARACTERISTICS........................................................................................................................ 34
5.4.1. E1 Interfaces ................................................................................................................................... 34
5.4.2. E1 priority....................................................................................................................................... 34
5.4.3. E1 delay.......................................................................................................................................... 34
5.5. EBUS CHARACTERISTICS .................................................................................................................. 34
5.6. EXTERNAL ALARM INPUT CHARACTERISTICS ........................................................................... 35
6. MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS..................................................................................... 36
6.1. THE BUILT-IN SUPERVISION SYSTEM............................................................................................ 36
6.1.1. Telnet .............................................................................................................................................. 36
6.1.2. Event log stored in NE.................................................................................................................... 37
6.1.3. Monitoring of traffic performance.................................................................................................. 37
6.1.4. Security management...................................................................................................................... 38
6.1.5. SNMP ............................................................................................................................................. 38
6.2. CONNECTION TO NERA NETMASTER............................................................................................. 38
7. REFERENCES ................................................................................................................................................. 39
8. TERMINOLOGY............................................................................................................................................. 41
APPENDIX 1 ODU/Diplexer sub-band range ..................................................................................................... 42




NGP\00586 Rev.C, 2009-10-29 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE 5
List of Figures Page
Figure 2-1 Block diagram, 1+0 terminal ..................................................................................................................... 11
Figure 2-2 Block diagram, HSB - EPS........................................................................................................................ 12
Figure 2-3 Block diagram, HSB RPS....................................................................................................................... 12
Figure 2-4 System loopbacks & PRBS........................................................................................................................ 13
Figure 2-5 IFU-A (Ethernet & E1) .............................................................................................................................. 14
Figure 2-6 IFU-B (Ethernet)........................................................................................................................................ 14
Figure 2-7 E1 Cross-Connect ...................................................................................................................................... 15
Figure 2-8 ODU 1+0 & 30cm (1ft) antenna ................................................................................................................ 16
Figure 2-9 ODU Hot Standby & 60cm (2ft) antenna .................................................................................................. 16
Figure 3-1 Principle block diagram for a radio system ............................................................................................... 19


List of Tables Page
Table 3-1 Link Capacity.............................................................................................................................................. 17
Table 3-2 Frequency bands ......................................................................................................................................... 18
Table 3-3 ETSI equipment class, fixed modulation .................................................................................................... 19
Table 3-4 Power Consumption Terminal ................................................................................................................. 22
Table 3-5 Power Consumption - Units ........................................................................................................................ 22
Table 3-6 MTBF Figures............................................................................................................................................. 22
Table 4-1 Nominal output power................................................................................................................................. 23
Table 4-2 Receiver threshold 4 QAM in 7 MHz channel ............................................................................................ 24
Table 4-3 Receiver threshold 16 QAM in 7 MHz channel .......................................................................................... 24
Table 4-4 Receiver threshold 32 QAM in 7 MHz channel .......................................................................................... 24
Table 4-5 Receiver threshold 4 QAM in 14 MHz channel .......................................................................................... 25
Table 4-6 Receiver threshold 16 QAM in 14 MHz channel ........................................................................................ 25
Table 4-7 Receiver threshold 32 QAM in 14 MHz channel ........................................................................................ 25
Table 4-8 Receiver threshold 4 QAM in 28 MHz channel .......................................................................................... 26
Table 4-9 Receiver threshold 16 QAM in 28 MHz channel ........................................................................................ 26
Table 4-10 Receiver threshold 32 QAM in 28 MHz channel ...................................................................................... 26
Table 4-11 Maximum input signal level...................................................................................................................... 27
Table 4-12 Typical and guaranteed signature values................................................................................................... 27
Table 4-13 Co-Channel Interference Sensitivity......................................................................................................... 28
Table 4-14 Adjacent Channel Interference Sensitivity................................................................................................ 28
Table 4-15 RF-coupler loss ......................................................................................................................................... 29
Table 4-16 ODU flanges and waveguide..................................................................................................................... 29
Table 4-17 Recommended IFU-ODU cables .............................................................................................................. 30
Table 5-1 Ethernet Frame Delay & Delay Variation................................................................................................... 32
Table 6-1 RMON packet counters............................................................................................................................... 37




6 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE NGP\00586 Rev. C, 2009-10-29
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NGP\00586 Rev.C, 2009-10-29 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE 7
Scope
Section 1 of this document gives an overview of Nera Evolution Series PTP microwave radios. Section 2
and onwards covers the Evolution Series EDGE specifications.
1. INTRODUCTION - EVOLUTION SERIES
The Nera Evolution Series covers products for all type of professional wireless carrier systems. Neras
microwave experience dates back more than 60 years, with a leading position in this field.

The Nera Evolution Series microwave radio dramatically changes the operations for wireless transmission
network owners. With common platform architecture, transmission capacity, system configurations and
transmission protocols can be changed to adapt to future needs. Evolution Series is designed with focus
on high MTBF to achieve low cost of ownership. Fullband ODUs leads to requirement for very few spare
parts and simplified logistics. Evolution Series ensures maximum uptime and low maintenance.

The Evolution Series microwave radio family is designed to transmit data rates from about 6 Mb/s to 1.6
GB/s, in frequency bands from 4 GHz to 40 GHz. The configuration of capacity and modulation is
configurable, giving an optimal balance between system gain and spectral efficiency. The units in the
system are very flexible allowing a wide range of capacities and features to be enabled by software.

Network operators can easily future proof the network as the microwave radio can easily adapt to the
evolution of the transmission network. Growing traffic and the convergence of network technologies
causes changing requirements, such as capacity upgrades, change of transmission systems between PDH,
SDH/SONET and pure Ethernet; all this is simply implemented by software configuration change and
change of interface modules. The available interfaces range from E1, T1, E3, DS3 STM-1/OC-3, and
STM-4/OC12 to 10/100BASE-TX and Gigabit Ethernet.

The Evolution Series radios are integrated in Neras EM/NMS system, NetMaster. Integration of Fault
and Performance management into 3rd party SNMP Managers are possible using the Evolution SNMP
MIBs provided by Nera.

Evolution Series Main Features and Benefits:

Licensed frequency bands from 4 to 40 GHz, ETSI and ANSI
Indoor and outdoor configurations from non-protected to 7+1
Channel bandwidths from 5 to 56 MHz
Throughput from 6Mb/s in 5MHz to 350Mb/s in 56MHz
One Transceiver covers one complete frequency band (very few spares needed)
Low power consumption
Embedded advanced Ethernet switching features
Native Ethernet and E1/T1 mapping or Ethernet and E1/T1 over SDH/SONET

1.1. Technology and Architecture
The Evolution Series microwave radio utilizes the state-of-the-art technology to achieve low power
consumption and high reliability.

A high degree of RF circuit integration is achieved using Microwave Monolithic Integrated Circuits
(MMICs). This, combined with a direct at RF modulation architecture, enables a broadband and compact
ODU design. Furthermore, patented power amplifier technology delivers low power consumption which
further enhances reliability.



8 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE NGP\00586 Rev. C, 2009-10-29

The modem contains multi-level modulation, combined with powerful error correction codes. The modem
is extremely flexible, enabling an optimum configuration for all capacities and channel plans.

The ODU consists of a Transceiver and a Diplexer. The ODU is frequency and capacity agile over the
whole frequency band. The Diplexer tuning range is very wide and most frequency bands can be covered
by 2-3 variants for the whole band. The frequency setting is easy and is performed locally or remotely
through the GUI or element manager.

The ODU can be mounted directly on the antenna, both in unprotected and protected configurations. The
ODU can also be mounted on the antenna pole, using a short flexible waveguide to the antenna.

The various InterFace Units (IFUs) are extremely compact, catering for cost efficient solutions to both
TDM and Ethernet traffic needs. The IFUs contains the user interfaces, baseband processing and
multiplexing, management and radio interfaces. The embedded SDH/PDH cross-connects allows flexible
aggregation of TDM traffic from tail sites, while the advanced Ethernet L2/VLAN-switch performs
carrier Ethernet service aggregation and QoS functions.
1.2. Network Applications
The Evolution Series microwave radio is ideally suited for carrier grade backhauling of mobile- and/or
WiMAX- networks. The flexibility in configurations between Ethernet, E1/T1 and SDH/SONET is
future-proofing the investment, as the equipment can easily adapt to a pure packet network by simple
software re-configuration.

Backhaul networks
- The Evolution Series PtP radio is ideal for demanding and critical application such as backhaul of 3G
and the emerging 4G cellular systems. The hybrid nature of the Evolution Series, makes it a perfect
choice for backhaul of legacy TDM based services as well as a mix mode network, where TDM and
IP traffic are carried over a shared link, towards the next generation all IP infrastructure.
- Where loss of traffic directly results in loss of revenue, reliability and maximum uptime are critical
parameters for the network operator. The Evolution Series reliable and flexible architecture as well as
high system gain, ensures increased availability of the offered services, and a secured revenue stream.
The embedded E1 cross-connect enables routing of traffic without the need for external cabling. The
radio can be configured for a wide range of capacities, ensuring an optimal utilization of the available
spectrum as well as capabilities for upgrading when traffic demand increases or new services are
introduced.

Evolution EDGE radio chain
with embedded E1 cross-
connect and Ethernet L2
switching

Evolution EDGE radio
spur
with E1 interface and
EthernetfvLAN
switching
Core Transport Network

Evolution XPANDfNETRO
high capacity radio ring
Evolution EDGE radio spur
with advanced
EthernetfvLAN switching




NGP\00586 Rev.C, 2009-10-29 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE 9
2. SYSTEM OVERVIEW EVOLUTION SERIES EDGE
The remaining sections of this document cover Evolution Series EDGE.

Evolution Series EDGE is a fully software configurable point-to-point radio system with split
architecture. Transmission capacity, adaptive modulation and Ethernet features are controlled by licenses
and upgrades can easily be done after installation.

The ANSI version of the IFU supports 100Mbps Ethernet.
The ETSI version of IFU includes, in addition to Ethernet interfaces, 20E1 interfaces and embedded E1
cross-connect.

Evolution Series EDGE - Main Features and Benefits:

Licensed frequency bands: 7, 8, 11, 13, 15, 18, 23, 26, 38 GHz
System configuration: 1+0 and Hot Standby
Channel bandwidths: 7, 14 or 28-30 MHz
One Transceiver covers one complete frequency band (very few spares needed)
Throughput: 10.5 111 Mb/s
Fixed or hitless adaptive modulation
Native mapping of Ethernet traffic into radio-frame with minimal overhead
Advanced Ethernet switching features
EBUS - for easy interconnection of IFUs in a traffic node
Up to 20xE1 mapped directly to radio-frame
Embedded E1 cross-connect
Low power consumption

Evolution Series EDGE is utilizing native mapping of traffic into the radio frame. With the ETSI IFU, E1
capacity is optional, and selectable up to 20xE1. Remaining link capacity is used for Ethernet traffic.
Fixed or adaptive modulation is selectable in RF-channels of 7, 14 or 28-30 MHz. Changes and upgrades
can be done by the user without HW changes of the basic platform.

In adaptive modulation mode, the radio will select the highest possible throughput based on received
signal quality. If the signal quality is degraded due to link fading or interference, the radio will change to
a more robust modulation and link throughput is consequently reduced. When signal quality improves,
the modulation is automatically increased and link throughput is restored to the original setting. The
throughput changes are hitless (no bit errors introduced). During a period of reduced throughput, the
traffic is prioritized based on Ethernet QoS - and E1 priority - settings. In case of congestion, Ethernet
and/or E1 traffic with lowest priority is dropped. E1 capacity is fixed per modulation state based on the
E1 priority setting.

2.1. Hardware Overview
A non-protected terminal consists of one IFU, one ODU and one antenna. The IFU and the ODU is
interconnected by a single coaxial cable carrying power to the ODU and user-traffic. Maximum distance
between IFU and ODU is 200m/650ft. The ODU consist of a Transceiver and a Diplexer. Each
Transceiver covers a full frequency band (e.g. the 23GHz band). The Diplexer covers a sub-band, and
there are typically 2-3 different diplexers per frequency band. The diplexers are field replaceable. For an
ODU/diplexer overview see Appendix 1.



10 Evolution Series
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EDGE NGP\00586 Rev. C, 2009-10-29
2.2. Software Overview
The equipment has two software banks in the IFU, one active and one inactive for backup and upgrades.
Upgrades can be downloaded to the inactive software bank using the Graphical User Interface (GUI) or
the element manager (NetMaster). Active software bank can be switched any time controlled from
NetMaster or through the GUI. Software to the ODU is automatically uploaded from the IFU at power
up. Optional software licenses are stored in the IFU. Each IFU is given an IP-address and is considered as
a network element together with its accompanied ODU. A HSB-terminal is then consistently considered
as two network elements. Terminal configuration can be uploaded from the terminal for backup and
duplication needs, and downloaded to the terminal from a saved configuration file.
2.3. Compatibility with Evolution Series METRO & XPAND
The Evolution Series EDGE is a hardware optimized solution based on the Evolution Series platform.
The IFU and ODU are optimized for cost effective edge networks, requiring TDM (E1) connections
and/or carrier Ethernet services. The ODU has the same physical appearance and is using the same
diplexers, couplers and antenna mount systems as the Evolution Series METRO & XPAND ODU. The
external diplexer design, allowing easy replacement of diplexers in the field, is common for all Evolution
Series ODUs. The cable and connectors between the IFU and the ODU is the same. Installation and
operation of the different Evolution Series variants are very similar, and look and feel is the same. The
user interface in the embedded web manger is similar to the other Evolution Series variants, and the
management solutions for the NMS are also following the same principles.
2.4. Features basic terminal
Evolution Series EDGE (no feature license required):
1+0 or Hot Standby configuration
7 MHz 10.5 Mbps
14 MHz 21 Mbps
28-30 MHz 44 Mbps
Ethernet 4xFE with MAC switching (one in EBUS#1-interface)
Ethernet QoS
4 Alarm input - open/closed circuit configurable
Configuration and control through built-in Web-server using a standard web-browser
SNMPv2 for network management
2.5. Licensed features (software controlled)
Fixed higher order modulation (16 and 32 QAM), enabling capacity up to 111 Mbps
Adaptive Modulation (This license includes fixed higher order modulation)
E1 transport, up to 20xE1
E1 cross-connect (4x20E1 PXC)
SNMPv3 / HTTPS (encrypted network management)
VLAN-switching (IEEE 802.1Q). This feature allows tagging of untagged traffic (priority and
VLAN-id) as well as assigning VLAN membership to each switch port
Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP Ethernet loop protection)



NGP\00586 Rev.C, 2009-10-29 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE 11
2.6. System Configurations
Evolution Series EDGE is available in the following configurations:
1+0 (Non Protected)
Hot Standby:
o Equipment Protection Switching (EPS). IFU and ODU are protected. External split of
traffic required
o Radio Protection Switching (RPS). ODU is protected. Internal split of traffic. All
customer connections to main IFU
2.6.1. 1+0 system
The 1+0 configuration consists of an IFU with 20 E1 interfaces, two EDGE-bus serial interfaces and three
FE Ethernet interfaces. A single coaxial cable connects the IFU to the ODU. The ODU is mounted
directly on the antenna or near the antenna. When the ODU is not mounted directly on the antenna, a
short flexible waveguide is used to connect the ODU to the antenna port.

Figure 2-1 Block diagram, 1+0 terminal
2.6.2. Hot StandBy (HSB) system
The HSB configuration consists of two IFUs connected through EBUS in a Main/Standby mode, two
coaxial cables to the ODUs and two ODUs mounted on an RF-Coupler Unit or on two separate antennas.
The RF-Coupler can be asymmetrical or symmetrical, and the RF-Coupler/ODU assembly can be
mounted directly on the antenna or near the antenna. When the RF-Coupler is not directly mounted, a
short flexible waveguide is used to connect the RF-Coupler to the antenna port.

HSB Space Diversity:
Improved system performance can be achieved by use of two antennas), and no coupler. This
configuration provides path diversity as well as higher system gain with the same size antennas.

IFU Configuration modes:
Two alternative IFU configuration modes are available; HSB-EPS with protection of IFU and ODU and
HSB-RPS with protection of ODU.
2.6.2.1. Hot Standby Equipment Protection Switching (HSB-EPS)
E1s and Alarm inputs are connected to both IFUs using a Y-split-cable. Ethernet protection is achieved by
using separate connections from an external Ethernet switch. EBUS2 between the IFUs is used for
control and monitoring.




12 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE NGP\00586 Rev. C, 2009-10-29
ODU
Coaxial cable
- 48VDC
Coaxial cable
- 48VDC
* : Asymmetrical or Symmetrical RF coupler 20xE1
Radio
nterface
E1
nterface
E1 cross-connect
(PXC)
ETH
L2 or
VLAN
LAN2
LAN1
4x
ALM
input
EBUS
nterface
LAN3
FU main
FU stby
EBUS
ALM
nterf
LAN2
LAN1
LAN3

Figure 2-2 Block diagram, HSB - EPS

2.6.2.2. Hot Standby Radio Protection Switching (HSB-RPS)
Ethernet, E1s and Alarm inputs are all connected to the main IFU. Internal switching in the main IFU is
used to distribute traffic to the Standby IFU. EBUS1 between the IFUs is used for traffic, control and
monitoring.

ODU
Coaxial cable
- 48VDC
Coaxial cable
- 48VDC
* : Asymmetrical or Symmetrical RF coupler 20xE1
Radio
nterface
E1
nterface
E1 cross-connect
(PXC)
ETH
L2 or
VLAN
LAN2
LAN1
4x
ALM
input
EBUS
nterface LAN3
FU main
FU stby
EBUS
ALM
nterf

Figure 2-3 Block diagram, HSB RPS

2.6.2.3. HSB switching
Manual HSB Switching:
Manual switching is available using the equipment graphical user interface.

Automatic HSB Switching:
Switching is based on individual hardware alarms or a combination of several hardware alarms. TX and
RX direction (one terminal) are switched simultaneously if one or more of the switch criteria are active.
Masking of switch criteria is possible. Switching can be configured to be revertive or non-revertive.
Total switching time is < 2s.

Default TX switching criteria:
TX Alarm
E1 LOS Alarm (on any enabled E1)
Ethernet Link Loss Alarm (on any enabled Ethernet access ports excl ETH#1 used
for management)

Default RX switching criteria:
HBER Alarm
Demod Synch Loss Alarm
ODU Lost Contact Alarm
LOWRF (additional criteria used for fixed modulation configurations)



NGP\00586 Rev.C, 2009-10-29 Evolution Series
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EDGE 13
2.7. Test features
2.7.1. Looping & built-in PRBS
The following looping possibilities are built into the equipment and can be activated from the Graphical
User Interface. All loopbacks are automatically de-activated after a user selected activation period.
The E1s can be individually configured to run built-in PRBS tests. In combination with E1-looping it is
then possible to do an E1 performance test from one location.

Ethernet loopbacks require test-instruments that accept traffic coming back to the same interface.




Figure 2-4 System loopbacks & PRBS
Local terminal loopback: Loopback to other terminal:
1. E1 (LIU) 2. E1 (LIU) towards ODU
3. Ethernet (switch) 4. Ethernet (switch) towards ODU
5. ODU









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EDGE NGP\00586 Rev. C, 2009-10-29
2.8. IFU Unit Description
Two HW-versions of the IFU are available. The A-version has Ethernet and E1 interfaces, and the B-
version has Ethernet interfaces only. The IFUs are extremely low power units with fixed interfaces. Each
unit is slightly less than 1RU high and only half 19 width wide. Two IFUs can be mounted next to each
other in a 19 rack, and two IFUs are used in protected configurations. The two IFU variants are
compatible if configured without E1.

The IFUs contains a built-in controller, Ethernet interfaces and a built-in Ethernet switch for packet
traffic. The A-version includes also E1 interfaces and cross-connect for the E1 traffic. Traffic capacity
and mix of Ethernet and E1 is user selectable with some features controlled by software licenses.
Ethernet- and E1- traffic are then carried over the coaxial interface to the ODU where the signals are
modulated to the RF-carrier. The IFU has a built-in web-server, and may be managed by a standard web-
browser.

Figure 2-5 IFU-A (Ethernet & E1)


Figure 2-6 IFU-B (Ethernet)
2.8.1. IFU Interfaces
The IFU is equipped with the following interfaces/connectors:
1 x RJ45 for Alarm-input (4 x External Alarm Input)
3 x 10/100 Base-TX interface
2 x EBUS (RJ45) for interconnection of IFUs (including 1xFE on EBUS#1)
1 x ODU interface (TNC)
-48V Power
GND connector (M4 screw)
SD memory card slot (for future use)
Additional interfaces for IFU-A: 20 x E1 (2xE1 on each RJ45 connector)



NGP\00586 Rev.C, 2009-10-29 Evolution Series
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EDGE 15
2.8.2. IFU LEDs
The IFU has four LEDs at the left end indicating power and alarm/traffic status. One LED at the right end
of the IFU is indicating Radio (ODU) status.
2.8.3. SD memory card slot
An SD memory card slot is provided at the side of the IFU. A standard SD- or SDHC- memory card can
be inserted to store configuration data and/or RF-input time series measurements.
2.8.4. IFU reset button
A reset button is provided next to the ODU-interface. The reset button is accessed through a small hole in
the IFU-front and is used to reset configuration to factory default.
2.8.5. E1-cross-connect (IFU-A version)
The IFU-A contains an embedded 4-port PDH X-Connect (PXC). All E1s may be cross-connected
individually between each of the four ports. One port goes to the 20xE1 Line Interfaces, one port goes to
the Radio Interface, and the last two ports goes to the EBUS interfaces (EBUS #1 and #2). Each of the
four ports can handle up to 20 E1 circuits (4x20E1 non-blocking cross-connect).


Figure 2-7 E1 Cross-Connect

E1 Cross-Connect
(PXC)

20xE1 ports
Radio
EBUS #2
EBUS #1



16 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE NGP\00586 Rev. C, 2009-10-29
2.9. ODU Unit Description
The ODU hardware is capacity and modulation independent. It consists of a Transceiver and a Diplexer.
The Transceiver is tunable over the whole frequency band, both high and low part. The diplexer
determines the sub-band coverage. The ODU is normally mounted directly to the antenna for all
configurations. In HSB and 2x 1+0 configurations, an RF-coupler is used when connecting the ODU to
the antenna interface.

An optional pole mount kit is available.






Figure 2-8 ODU 1+0 & 30cm (1ft)
antenna



Figure 2-9 ODU Hot Standby & 60cm (2ft)
antenna





NGP\00586 Rev.C, 2009-10-29 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE 17
3. GENERAL EQUIPMENT CHARACTERISTICS
3.1. Link Capacity
The table below shows capacities vs. channel bandwidth and modulation type. Capacity is shown in terms
of total payload that may be allocated to Ethernet- or E1- transport, or a mix of the two traffic types.
Maximum Ethernet capacity is 100Mb/s. Maximum E1 capacity is 20xE1.

Bandwidth and Modulation
Link Capacity

7 MHz
14 MHz 28 MHz
10.5 Mb/s (0-5E1) 4 QAM
21 Mb/s (0-10E1) 16 QAM
27 Mb/s (0-12E1) 32 QAM
21 Mb/s (0-10E1) 4 QAM
43 Mb/s (0-20E1) 16 QAM
54 Mb/s (0-20E1) 32 QAM
44 Mb/s (0-20E1) 4 QAM
89 Mb/s (0-20E1) 16 QAM
111 Mb/s (0-20E1) 32 QAM
Table 3-1 Link Capacity
3.2. Frequency bands
The equipment is available in ITU-R, CEPT, FCC and national frequency bands according to the
following tables. The BW given in the last column is for information only and indicates which BWs the
plan includes. Each Transceiver covers a complete frequency band. Details about Diplexer tuning range is
found in Appendix 1.

Frequency
Band
Frequency
[GHz]
Channel Plan
Duplex
spacing
[MHz]
BW [MHz]
7 GHz 7.1-7.4 ITU-R F.385-7 Annex 3
196
28
7 GHz 7.1-7.4 CEPT 02-06 Annex 1
154
7/14/28
7 GHz 7.1-7.4 ITU-R F.385-8 Rec. 1-4
161
7/14/28
7 GHz 7.1-7.4 ACA Rali FX3
270
30
7 GHz 7.2-7.5 ITU-R F.385-8 Rec. 1-4
161
7/14/28
7 GHz 7.4-7.7 ITU-R F.385-8 Annex 3
168
28
7 GHz 7.4-7.7 ITU-R F.385-8 Annex 1,4
154
28
7 GHz 7.4-7.7
ITU-R F.385-8 Annex 1, 1
CEPT 02-06 Annex 1
154 7/14/28
7 GHz 7.4-7.7 ITU-R F.385-8 Rec 1-4 161
7/14/28
7 GHz 7.4-7.9 ITU-R F.385-8 Annex 4 245 7/14/28
7 GHz 7.1-7.7 Korea
300
30
7 GHz 7.1 7.7 IC SRSP 307.1 150/175 30
8 GHz 7.7-8.3 ITU-R F.386-6 Annex 1 311.32 29.65
8 GHz 7.9-8.4 ITU-R F.386-6 Annex 4 266 7/14/28
8 GHz 7.9-8.5 CEPT 02-06 310
7/14/28



18 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE NGP\00586 Rev. C, 2009-10-29
Frequency
Band
Frequency
[GHz]
Channel Plan
Duplex
spacing
[MHz]
BW [MHz]
8 GHz 8.2-8.5 ITU-R F.386-6 Annex 3
119
126
14
7
8 GHz 8.2-8.5 ITU-R F.386-6 Rec. 1 151.614 7
8 GHz 7.7 - 8.3 IC SRSP 307.7 300 30
11 GHz 10.7-11.7 ITU-R F. 387-9 530 30
11 GHz 10.7-11.7 ITU-R F. 387-9 Annex 2 490 30
11 GHz 10.7 - 11.7
FCC CFR47 101.147 Table o
IC SRSP 310.7
490 30
13 GHz 12.7-13.3
ITU-R F. 497-6
CEPT 12 02F
266 7/14/28
15 GHz 14.4-15.35 ITU-R F.636-3 490 7/14/28
15 GHz 14.5-15.35 ITU-R F.636-3 420 7/14/28
15 GHz 14.6-15.2 CFT Mexico 315 14/28
15 GHz 14.5-15.35 CEPT 12-07E 728 7/14/28
15 GHz 14.5-15.35 ACA RALI FX3 644 14/28
15 GHz 14.4-15.35 IC SRSP-314.5 475 30
18 GHz 17.7-19.7
ITU-R F.595-8
CEPT 12-03E
1010 7/13.75/27.5
18 GHz 17.7-19.7
ITU-R F.595-8
Norma No 15/96
1560 13.75/27.5
18 GHz 17.7-19.7 China 1092.5 27.5
18 GHz 17.7-19.7 China 1120 28
18 GHz 18.7-19.7
FCC CFR47 101.147 Table r
IC SRSP-317.8
1560 30
23 GHz 21.2-23.6
ITU-R F.637-3 Annex 3
CEPT 13-02E
1008 7/14/28
23 GHz 22.0-23.6 RA 352 1008 28
23 GHz 21.2-23.6 ITU-R F.637-3 Annex 4 1200 50
23 GHz 21.2-23.6 ITU-R F.637-3 Annex 1 1232 7/14/28
23 GHz 21.2-23.6
FCC CFR47 101.147 Table s
IC SRSP321.8
1200 30
24 GHz 24,25-25,35
FCC CFR47 101.147 Table r
IC SRSP-324.25
800 30
26 GHz 24.25-26.5
ITU-R F.748-4 Annex 1
CEPT 13-02E
1008 7/14/28
38 GHz 37.0-39.5
ITU-R F.749-2 Annex 1
CEPT 12-01E
1260 7/14/28
38 GHz 38.6-40.0
FCC CFR47 101.147 Table v
IC SRSP338.6
700 30
Table 3-2 Frequency bands



NGP\00586 Rev.C, 2009-10-29 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE 19

3.3. Equipment Reference Points
A principle block diagram for a digital radio relay system, including the main blocks, is shown in Figure
3-1. The block diagram includes marked interface points, which serve as reference points for several
technical parameters used in this document.


* The RF-Coupler is used in Hot StandBy or 2x (1+0) single polarized configurations
Figure 3-1 Principle block diagram for a radio system
3.4. International and National Standards
Evolution Series is compliant with relevant international and national standards. Units relevant
for the EU-market are type approved and labelled according to EU Directive 1999/5/EC
(R&TTE).
3.5. ETSI Equipment Class
The equipment is compliant to the relevant class specifications in EN 302 217. In adaptive modulation
mode the equipment is compliant to ETSI class 2. For fixed modulation mode the following classes
applies:

BW
Fixed
Modulation
Class
4 QAM 2
16 QAM 4
7,14 or 28 MHz
32 QAM 4
Table 3-3 ETSI equipment class, fixed modulation



20 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE NGP\00586 Rev. C, 2009-10-29
3.6. Environmental
3.6.1. Electromagnetic Compatibility Conditions (EMC)
ETSI: The equipment conforms to the EMC standard as specified in EN 301 489 part 1 and 4.
FCC: The equipment conforms to FCC Part 15 subpart B class A.
3.6.2. Safety conditions
The equipment conforms to EN 60215, EN 60950 and UL/CSA 60950.
3.6.3. RoHS and WEEE compliance
The equipment is compliant to EU Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS) and EU Directive 2002/96/EC (WEEE).
3.6.4. Environmental conditions
The equipment conforms to the environmental classes defined in ETS-300-019:

Transportation: ETSI-EN-300-019-1-2, class 2.3, public transportation.
(temperature range: -40

C to +70

C).
Storage: ETSI-EN-300-019-1-1, class 1.2, weather protected,
not temperature-controlled storage locations.
(temperature range: -40

C to +70

C).
Use: Indoor mounted units: Temperature range: -5

C to +55

C.
According to ETSI-EN-300-019-1-3, class 3.2, partly temperature-
controlled locations.
For temperatures between +45

C and +55

C the relative humidity


must be between 5% and 40%.
Altitude 5000 m/16400 feet

Outdoor mounted units: Operational temperature range: -45 C to +55 C.
Guaranteed performance in the range: -33 C to +50 C.
Humidity 100 %.
Altitude 5000 m/16400 feet
Compliant with ETSI-EN-300-019-1-4, class 4.1, non weather
protected locations

For temperatures below 0

C the equipment must be switched on


for at least 10 minutes in order to operate according to the
specifications.
3.6.5. Outdoor Enclosure Protection
The ODU is waterproof and weather resistant according to IP65





NGP\00586 Rev.C, 2009-10-29 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE 21
3.7. Mechanical Characteristics
3.7.1. Installation
The equipment is very easy and quick to install. It is designed for stationary use in split mount
installations. IFU and ODU are interconnected with coaxial cable. One cable for each ODU is used. (i.e.
two cables needed for HSB systems). The IFU can be installed as a stand-alone unit, or it can be mounted
in a standard 19 rack (Ref. IEC 297-2 and IEC 297-3), or in an ETSI standard cabinet (Ref. ETSI EN
300 119) using optional mounting brackets. The ODU may be mounted directly to the antenna for
antenna sizes up to and including 1.8 m. Alternatively the ODU can be supplied with a mount for a
vertical column ( = 60-115 mm).
3.7.2. Dimensions
IFU
1
1+0: 227 mm x 181 mm x 37 mm, 8.9 x 7.1 x 1.46 (0.85RU)
ODU 1+0, 7 - 11 GHz: 228 mm x 197 mm x 240 mm, 9 x 7.6 x 9.5
ODU 1+0, 13 - 40 GHz: 218 mm x 177 mm x 230 mm, 8.6 x 7 x 9.1
RF Coupler 7 - 11 GHz: 232 mm x 102 mm x 415 mm, 9.1 x 4.0 x 16.3
13 - 40 GHz: 220 mm x 106 mm x 374 mm, 8.7 x 4.2 x 14.7
XCVR 7 - 40 GHz: 218 mm x 125 mm x 230 mm, 8.6 x 4.9 x 9.1
3.7.3. Weights
IFU: 0.8 kg / 1.8 lbs
ODU 7 - 11 GHz: 8.0 kg / 17.7 lbs
ODU 13 - 40 GHz: 6.5 kg / 14.3 lbs
RF Coupler: 5.0 kg / 11.0 lbs
XCVR: 5.2 kg / 11.5 lbs


1
The width and depth of the unit are exclusive flanges (mounting brackets) and table studs for free-standing mounting. Special
brackets for mounting into different cabinets are available. Two IFUs can be mounted horisontally in a 19 rack



22 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE NGP\00586 Rev. C, 2009-10-29
3.8. Power supply and consumption
The equipment operates from a battery supply between -40.5 volt and -57 volt, nominally -48 volt DC
according to EN 300 132-2. The primary DC-power is supplied to the indoor unit through a filtering and
reverse polarity protection function. The power to the outdoor unit is supplied from the indoor unit via the
IFU-ODU coaxial cable. When using Hot StandBy (HSB) configuration, the power consumption in the
standby ODU is about 12W lower than the active ODU.

Average numbers in the tables below should be used for calculating power consumption over time.
Maximum numbers should be used for dimensioning the power system to work under all environmental
and traffic load conditions.

7 & 8 GHz 11 GHz 13-26 GHz 38 GHz
Terminal
Average Maximum Average Maximum Average Maximum Average Maximum
1+0 Terminal 36 W 44 W 55 W 63 W 42 W 55 W 55 W 63 W
HSB Terminal 60 W 76 W 98 W 114 W 70 W 98 W 98 W 114 W
Table 3-4 Power Consumption Terminal

Unit Average Power
Consumption
Maximum Power
Consumption
ODU 7 & 8 GHz 29 W 34 W
ODU 13-26 GHz 35 W 45 W
ODU 11 & 38 GHz 48 W 53 W
IFU-A & IFU-B 7 W 10 W
Table 3-5 Power Consumption - Units
3.9. System Reliability
3.9.1. Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF)
The MTBF figures are predicted and calculated according to methods in MIL-HDBK-217E including
adjustment for experienced field data. MTBF for 1+0 Terminal is about 45 years.

Unit name: MTBF @ 25 C ambient temp [ [[ [Hours] ]] ]:
Transceiver Unit (ODU) 600 000
IFU-A & IFU-B 1 200 000
Table 3-6 MTBF Figures



NGP\00586 Rev.C, 2009-10-29 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE 23
4. RADIO CHARACTERISTICS
4.1. Transmitter Characteristics
The Transmitter is kept muted until the terminal is configured with relevant RF frequencies.
The same applies to the situation where the IFU is replaced by a spare IFU.
4.1.1. Nominal Output Power
The tolerance is 1.5 dB for 7 & 8 GHz and 2 dB for 13-38 GHz. Typical values measured with
modulation (PRBS-data). Ref. Point C [dBm]. For RF-Coupler loss see chapter 4.4.2.

Frequency band: [GHz]
Modulation
7 8 11 13 15 18 23 26 38
Fixed 4 QAM +23 +23 +25 +22 +22 +20 +20 +19.5 +19
Fixed 16 QAM +23 +23 +25 +22 +22 +20 +20 +19.5 +19
Fixed 32 QAM +22 +22 +24 +21 +21 +19 +19 +18.5 +18
Adaptive Modulation +23 +23 +25 +22 +22 +20 +20 +19.5 +19
Table 4-1 Nominal output power
4.1.2. Automatic/Manual Power Control (ATPC/MTPC)
ATPC is an optional feature, which is aimed to drive the TX power amplifier output level from a proper
minimum, which is calculated to facilitate the radio network planning and is used in the case of normal
propagation, up to a maximum value, which is given in Table 4-1. When ATPC is disabled (i.e. MTPC
mode), the output power can be set by the user.

ATPC-figures:
Transmitter power output regulation speed: > 50 dB/s
Typical ATPC-range: 20-25 dB
Guaranteed ATPC-range: 20 dB

Nominal input level is adjustable by the user.
Adjustment range: -30 dBm to -60 dBm

Configurable Coordinated/Default Output Power and 5 min alarm for exceeded level
supported.

MTPC figures:
Typical MTPC range: 20-25 dB

Range with ETSI mask compliance
1

7-23 GHz ODU: 15 dB
26-38 GHz ODU: 10 dB

Step size: 0.1 dB
Accuracy: Ref Corresponding Output Power Tolerance

1
For compliance to optional ETSI mask requirement of -60 dBc in frequency bands from 7-8GHz, the MTPC range is 10 dB.



24 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE NGP\00586 Rev. C, 2009-10-29
4.1.3. TX oscillator frequency tolerance
Frequency tolerance: 5 ppm.

4.2. Receiver Characteristics
Typical values measured with modulation (PRBS-data). Ref. Point C.
Guaranteed values are 1.5 dB higher. For RF-Coupler loss see chapter 4.4.2
4.2.1. Receiver Threshold Adaptive Modulation Mode
Modulation is switched based on SNRestimates on the receive side. Switching to lower modulation is
activated 3-4 dB above the BER 10-6 threshold. Hysteresis is 1dB.

Equipment thresholds for each bandwidth (7, 14 and 28MHz) are equal to the 4 QAM receiver threshold
values given in the tables for fixed modulation below.
4.2.2. Receiver Threshold 4 QAM - 7 MHz BW
Frequency band:
[GHz]
7 8 11 13 15 18 23 26 38
BER 10-6 [dBm] -89.5 -89.5 -89 -88.5 -88.5 -87.5 -87.5 -87 -85
BER 10-8 [dBm] -88 -88 -87.5 -87 -87 -86.5 -86.5 -85.5 -84
BER 10-10 [dBm] -87 -87 -86.5 -86 -86 -85.5 -85.5 -84.5 -83
Table 4-2 Receiver threshold 4 QAM in 7 MHz channel
4.2.3. Receiver Threshold 16 QAM - 7 MHz BW
Frequency band:
[GHz]
7 8 11 13 15 18 23 26 38
BER 10-6 [dBm] -83 -83 -83 -82 -82 -81 -81 -80.5 -79
BER 10-8 [dBm] -81.5 -81.5 -81.5 -80.5 -80.5 -79.5 -79.5 -79 -77
BER 10-10 [dBm] -80 -80 -80 -79 -79 -78 -78 -77.5 -76
Table 4-3 Receiver threshold 16 QAM in 7 MHz channel
4.2.4. Receiver Threshold 32 QAM - 7 MHz BW
Frequency band:
[GHz]
7 8 11 13 15 18 23 26 38
BER 10-6 [dBm] -80 -80 -80 -79 -79 -78 -78 -77.5 -76
BER 10-8 [dBm] -78 -78 -78 -77.5 -77 -76.5 -76.5 -75.5 -74
BER 10-10 [dBm] -77 -77 -77 -76 -76 -75.5 -75.5 -74.5 -73
Table 4-4 Receiver threshold 32 QAM in 7 MHz channel



NGP\00586 Rev.C, 2009-10-29 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE 25
4.2.5. Receiver Threshold 4 QAM - 14 MHz BW
Frequency band:
[GHz]
7 8 11 13 15 18 23 26 38
BER 10-6 [dBm] -87.5 -87 -87 -86.5 -86.5 -85.5 -85.5 -85 -83
BER 10-8 [dBm] -86 -86 -86 -85 -85 -84.5 -84.5 -83.5 -82
BER 10-10 [dBm] -85 -85 -85 -84.5 -84 -83.5 -83.5 -82.5 -81
Table 4-5 Receiver threshold 4 QAM in 14 MHz channel
4.2.6. Receiver Threshold 16 QAM - 14 MHz BW
Frequency band:
[GHz]
7 8 11 13 15 18 23 26 38
BER 10-6 [dBm] -80 -80 -80 -79.5 -79 -78.5 -78.5 -77.5 -76
BER 10-8 [dBm] -79 -78.5 -78.5 -78 -78 -77 -77 -76.5 -74.5
BER 10-10 [dBm] -77.5 -77.5 -77.5 -76.5 -76.5 -75.5 -75.5 -75 -73
Table 4-6 Receiver threshold 16 QAM in 14 MHz channel
4.2.7. Receiver Threshold 32 QAM - 14 MHz BW
Frequency band:
[GHz]
7 8 11 13 15 18 23 26 38
BER 10-6 [dBm] -77 -77 -76.5 -76 -76 -75 -75 -74.5 -72.5
BER 10-8 [dBm] -75.5 -75 -75 -74.5 -74.5 -73.5 -73.5 -73 -71
BER 10-10 [dBm] -74 -74 -74 -73 -73 -72 -72 -71.5 -69.5
Table 4-7 Receiver threshold 32 QAM in 14 MHz channel



26 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE NGP\00586 Rev. C, 2009-10-29
4.2.8. Receiver Threshold 4 QAM - 28 MHz BW
Frequency band:
[GHz]
7 8 11 13 15 18 23 26 38
BER 10-6 [dBm] -84 -84 -83.5 -83 -83 -82 -82 -81.5 -79.5
BER 10-8 [dBm] -82.5 -82.5 -82 -82 -81.5 -81 -81 -80 -78.5
BER 10-10 [dBm] -81.5 -81.5 -81 -81 -80.5 -80 -80 -79 -77.5
Table 4-8 Receiver threshold 4 QAM in 28 MHz channel
4.2.9. Receiver Threshold 16 QAM - 28 MHz BW
Frequency band:
[GHz]
7 8 11 13 15 18 23 26 38
BER 10-6 [dBm] -78 -77.5 -77.5 -77 -77 -76 -76 -75.5 -73.5
BER 10-8 [dBm] -76.5 -76.5 -76 -75.5 -75.5 -75 -75 -74 -72.5
BER 10-10 [dBm] -75.5 -75.5 -75 -74.5 -74.5 -73.5 -73.5 -73 -71
Table 4-9 Receiver threshold 16 QAM in 28 MHz channel
4.2.10. Receiver Threshold 32 QAM - 28 MHz BW
Frequency band:
[GHz]
7 8 11 13 15 18 23 26 38
BER 10-6 [dBm] -75 -75 -74.5 -74 -74 -73 -73 -72.5 -70.5
BER 10-8 [dBm] -74 -74 -73.5 -73 -73 -72 -72 -71.5 -69.5
BER 10-10 [dBm] -73 -73 -72.5 -72 -72 -71 -71 -70.5 -68.5
Table 4-10 Receiver threshold 32 QAM in 28 MHz channel



NGP\00586 Rev.C, 2009-10-29 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE 27
4.2.11. Maximum input signal level
Maximum input signal levels in point C (measured with PRBS of 2
23
-1).
These limits apply without interference:
Frequency band: [GHz] 7-18 23-38
BER 10
-6
[dBm]
-17 -20
BER 10
-8
[dBm]
-19 -22
BER 10
-10
[dBm]
-21 -24
Table 4-11 Maximum input signal level
4.2.12. RX oscillator frequency tolerance
Frequency tolerance: 5 ppm
This limit includes both short-term factors (environmental effects) and long-term ageing effects.
4.2.13. Noise Figure
Ref. Point C. Guaranteed Values.
Frequency band: [GHz] 7-8 11 13/15 18/23 26 38
Noise figure F [dB]

3.9 4.4 4.8 5.8 6.3 7.9

4.3. System Performance
4.3.1. Equipment background BER (Residual BER)
Typical residual BER is 3x10
-14
. Guaranteed residual BER is 3x10
-13
.
4.3.2. System Signature
The equipment includes an Adaptive Time Domain Equalizer (ATDE). The system signature for
BER=10
-6
is specified below for 6.3 ns delay of reflected signal. The limits are valid for both minimum
and non-minimum phase.
Typical values Guaranteed values Capacity and Channel
BW

Width
[MHz]
Depth
[dB] SF
DFM
[dB]
Width
[MHz]
Depth
[dB]
111 Mbit/s@28MHz (32 QAM) 27 26 1.35 52 30 17
89 Mbit/s@28MHz (16 QAM) 20 26 1.00 53 29 17
44 Mbit/s@28MHz (4 QAM) 20 36 0.32 65 24 25
54 Mbit/s@14MHz (32 QAM) 13 30 0.41 60 15 22
43 Mbit/s@14MHz (16 QAM) 12 32 0.30 62 14 22
21 Mbit/s@14MHz (4 QAM) 8 37 0.11 70 12 32
27 Mbit/s@7MHz (32 QAM) 6 35 0.11 69 10 25
21 Mbit/s@7MHz (16 QAM) 6 37 0.08 71 10 22
10.5 Mbit/s@7MHz (4 QAM) 3 40 0.03 78 4 35
ACM@28MHz 20 36 0.32 65 24 25
ACM@14MHz 8 37 0.11 70 12 32
ACM@7MHz 3 40 0.03 78 4 35
Table 4-12 Typical and guaranteed signature values



28 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE NGP\00586 Rev. C, 2009-10-29

4.3.3. Co-channel interference sensitivity
The table shows maximum C/I values for 1 dB and 3 dB increase of the 10
-6
BER threshold.

Guaranteed C/I at BER = 10-6
@ RSL Degradation Link Capacity
1 dB 3 dB
111 Mbit/s@28MHz (32QAM) 28 24
89 Mbit/s@28MHz (16QAM) 25 21
44 Mbit/s@28MHz(4QAM) 19 15
56 Mbit/s@14MHz (32QAM) 29 25
44 Mbit/s@14MHz (16QAM) 26 22
21 Mbit/s@14MHz (4QAM) 19 15
27 Mbit/s@7MHz (32QAM) 29 25
21 Mbit/s@7MHz (16QAM) 26 22
10.5 Mbit/s@7MHz (4QAM) 20 16
ACM@28MHz 19 15
ACM@14MHz 19 15
ACM@7MHz 20 16
Table 4-13 Co-Channel Interference Sensitivity
4.3.4. Adjacent channel interference sensitivity
The table shows maximum C/I values for 1 dB and 3 dB increase of the 10
-6
BER threshold.

Guaranteed C/I at BER = 10-6
@ RSL Degradation [dB] Link Capacity
1 dB 3 dB
111 Mbit/s@28MHz (32QAM) -6 -9.5
89 Mbit/s@28MHz (16QAM) -6 -10
44 Mbit/s@28MHz(4QAM) -6 -10
56 Mbit/s@14MHz (32QAM) -6 -9.5
44 Mbit/s@14MHz (16QAM) -6 -9
21 Mbit/s@14MHz (4QAM) -6 -9
27 Mbit/s@7MHz (32QAM) -3 -7
21 Mbit/s@7MHz (16QAM) -3 -7
10.5 Mbit/s@7MHz (4QAM) -3 -6
ACM@28MHz -6 -10
ACM@14MHz -6 -9
ACM@7MHz -3 -6
Table 4-14 Adjacent Channel Interference Sensitivity



NGP\00586 Rev.C, 2009-10-29 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE 29
4.4. Diplexer and Antenna Interface
4.4.1. General description
The diplexer determines the ODU sub-band coverage and duplex spacing. Most frequency bands are
divided into only two sub-bands. See APPENDIX 1 for details. The same diplexer is used both for
high and low subband, and since the diplexer is a detachable unit it can be changed and turned in
field. This simplifies planning and maintenance. ODU transmit and receive frequency can be set to
any frequency within the given pass-band range.
4.4.2. RF-Coupler
The additional loss for RF-Coupler is given in Table 4-15. The RF-Coupler is used in protected
configurations and single polarized 2+0 systems.
Asymmetrical RF-Coupler
Symmetrical RF-
Coupler
Main Protection

Nom Max Nom Max Nom Max
Transmission loss [dB]
TX or RX
3.4 3.8 1.5 2 6.5 7
Table 4-15 RF-coupler loss
4.4.3. Interface to Antenna feeder system non integrated antennas
The interface between the ODU-Diplexer (1+0 configuration) or HSB-coupler (HSB configuration) and
the antenna feeder system is rectangular waveguide. The ODU-Diplexer and HSB-coupler flange types
and corresponding waveguides to be used (if remote mount) is shown in Table 4-16. The ODU-Diplexer
and HSB-coupler aluminum flanges are protected by chromate coating.

Frequency band
[GHz]
7/8 11 13 15 18/23/26 38
Waveguide
(remote mount)
R84 /
WR112
R100 /
WR90
R120 /
WR75
R140 /
WR62
R220 /
WR42
R320 /
WR28
CBR84 CBR100 CBR120 CBR140 CBR220 CBR320
ODU-Diplexer and
HSB-Coupler
Flange types

Table 4-16 ODU flanges and waveguide




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4.5. IFU-ODU Interface
4.5.1. Cable interface characteristics
The following signals are transmitted via the cable:
Transmit and Receive data signal (including IFU-ODU control communication).
Power to the ODU.
The cable interface has over-voltage and over-current protection.
Maximum IFU-ODU cable length supported is 200m. No cable length configuration is needed. Use of
external lightening arrestors is optional.
4.5.2. Cable requirements
A double shielded waterproof coaxial cable should be used.
Cable requirements:
Characteristic impedance: 50 +/- 3
Maximum DC resistance: 3.75 (sum of inner and outer conductor)
Maximum attenuation at 50 MHz 6.4 dB
Return Loss < -25 dB
Connector: TNC, male

Recommended cables:
Cable, 50
Cinta CNT-400 () (Andrew)
Cellflex LCF14-50J () (RFS)
Table 4-17 Recommended IFU-ODU cables
4.5.3. Lightening arrestor requirements
One or two lightening arrestors may be used on the IFU-ODU cable to reduce risk for damage caused by
lightening strikes. An arrestor at the ODU should be mounted as close to the ODU as possible and for the
IFU at the shelter/cabinet entry point. Installation and grounding should be according to Nera
recommended practice. Lightening arrestor requirements per IFU-ODU connection:

Insertion loss 5-140 MHz: < 0.5dB
Return loss 1.75-5 MHz: < -14dB
Return loss > 5 MHz: < -25dB
Group delay variation @ 2-140MHz: < 100 ns



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5. BASEBAND CHARACTERISTICS
5.1. General
Ethernet traffic (and optional E1-traffic) is mapped into a scalable frame for transport towards the ODU.
Ethernet traffic goes through the built-in Ethernet switch (Layer-2 switch) where one port of the switch is
connected to the radio mapper and four FE ports are available at the front of the IFU. The Ethernet traffic
can be mixed with E1 traffic and the Ethernet traffic capacity is equal to the selected link capacity less the
capacity allocated to E1s.
5.2. IP and MPLS packet traffic support
The Link is a layer-2 device and is transparent to layer-3 for user traffic. This means that both IPv4.
IPv6 and MPLS packets encapsulated in standard Ethernet packets can be transported over the link.
Management traffic is running over IPv4. Traffic priority based on DSCP/TOS (Layer 3) is supported.
5.3. Ethernet characteristics
5.3.1. Ethernet Interfaces
Eth#1, Eth#2 and Eth#3: 10/100Base-TX, IEEE 802.3
Eth#4 10/100Base-TX, IEEE 802.3 with modified pin-out
Connectors: 4xRJ-45
LEDs: One for each of the three ports, Eth#1, Eth#2 and Eth#3.
Eth#4 has no LED on front of the IFU

The Ethernet ports are configurable to:
Auto-Negotiation or 10/100BASE-TX half/full duplex
Flow control for full duplex connections according to IEEE 802.3x. Flow control is available in
maximum throughput mode (QoS disabled)
5.3.2. Throughput
Ethernet throughput is measured according to RFC 2544. Numbers are given for a link with no
E1 capacity configured. When E1 is used, Ethernet throughput is reduced with about 2.05Mb/s
per E1.
Maximum Ethernet Throughput
802.1D (MAC-switching) mode
64 bytes 1518 bytes
Link Capacity &
RF bandwidth
[Mb/s] [Mb/s]
111 Mbit/s@28MHz 100 100
89 Mbit/s@28MHz 100 87
44 Mbit/s@28MHz 55 42
54 Mbit/s@14MHz 70 54
43 Mbit/s@14MHz 55 43
21 Mbit/s@14MHz 26 20
27 Mbit/s@7MHz 34 26
21 Mbit/s@7MHz 26 20
10.5 Mbit/s@7MHz 13 10
ACM@28MHz 55-100 42-100
ACM@14MHz 26-69 20-53
ACM@7MHz 13-34 10-26



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5.3.3. Ethernet Frame Delay & Frame Delay Variation
Frame delay specified below is according to ITU-T Y.1563, Network Section and RFC 1242 store-and-
forward definition: "The time interval starting when the last bit of the input frame reaches the input port
and ending when the first bit of the output frame is seen on the output port."

Numbers in the table below are given for a link with no queuing-delay and all link capacity allocated to
Ethernet-traffic.

Delay
64 bytes 1518 bytes
Delay variation Link Capacity &
RF bandwidth
[ms] [ms] [ms]
111 Mbit/s@28MHz <0.08 <0.33 < 0.001
89 Mbit/s@28MHz <0.10 <0.38 < 0.001
44 Mbit/s@28MHz <0.12 <0.55 < 0.001
54 Mbit/s@14MHz <0.11 <0.48 < 0.001
43 Mbit/s@14MHz <0.12 <0.55 < 0.001
21 Mbit/s@14MHz <0.16 <0.99 < 0.002
27 Mbit/s@7MHz <0.16 <0.77 < 0.002
21 Mbit/s@7MHz <0.16 <0.91 < 0.002
10.5 Mbit/s@7MHz <0.26 <1.60 < 0.002
ACM@28MHz <0.12 <0.55 < 0.001
ACM@14MHz <0.16 <0.99 < 0.002
ACM@7MHz <0.26 <1.60 < 0.002
Table 5-1 Ethernet Frame Delay & Delay Variation
5.3.4. Flow Control
Ethernet flow control can be enabled when QoS is disabled. MAC control frames are used to carry the
PAUSE commands.
5.3.5. MAC learning
MAC-learning can be enabled or disabled. MAC address table size is 1024 addresses. MAC address
table aging timeout can be configured to 15 seconds or 5 minutes.
5.3.6. L2 switch modes
The built-in switch can be set up in three different modes:
Mode 1: (factory default) Eth#1 preconfigured for NMS-traffic. Switching between
Eth#2, Eth#3, Eth#4 and Eth-radio-port is based on MAC-addresses.
Mode 2: MAC-switch mode. All ports are transparent for tagged and untagged frames.
Switching is based on MAC-address for both user- and management- traffic.
Mode 3: VLAN switch mode, please see section 5.3.7.
5.3.7. VLAN switching
VLAN switching based on the VLAN Identifier (VID) is supported as an option. All ports of the Ethernet
switch can be configured for VLAN membership and the ports can be configured as trunk-port (accepting
only tagged frames) or access-port (tagging ingress packets and stripping egress packets). On Access-
ports VLAN-id and VLAN-priority are configurable.
5.3.7.1. Active VLANs
The number of active VLAN supported is 64.



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5.3.8. Quality of Service (QoS)
The QoS characteristics of the system will naturally be governed by the queuing and buffering strategies
of the subsystems. To allow for a wide array of applications for this product these strategies are made user
selectable.
5.3.8.1. QoS priority scheme
Four traffic/priority queues representing up to four distinct traffic classes are available. Incoming traffic
can be assigned to a traffic class (queue) based on VLAN 802.1p, type of service, or port.
1. VLAN (802.1p user priority)
Frame is assigned to traffic class based on VLAN Priority Code Point (PCP) value represented
by 8 decimal values (0-7).
2. DSCP/TOS (IPv4/IPv6)
Frame is assigned to traffic class based on DSCP/TOS represented by 64 decimal values (0-63).
3. Port (Ethernet input ports)
Mapping to traffic class level can be assigned to each port individually (i.e. all incoming frames
are mapped to the same traffic class).
4. QoS priority OFF (Maximum throughput)
All traffic is mapped to a single traffic class.
5.3.8.2. QoS scheduling mode
The traffic/priority queues can be serviced with either weighted round robin (fair queuing) or strict
priority scheduling (strict queuing).

Strict priority scheduling
In this scheduling mode, the frame chosen for transmission is taken from the highest priority queue that is
not empty. This ensures that all high priority frames (e.g. frames mapped to high priority queues) egress
as soon as possible.

Weighted Round Robin (WRR) scheduling
WRR scheduling distributes forwarding capacity between the different priority queues to prevent high
priority data streams from completely blocking lower priority streams. Scheduling is done according to a
weighted round robin principle, with the set of weights (8, 4, 2, 1) applied to the four priority queues
(highest service level/priority queue has the highest weight).
5.3.9. Rapid Spanning Tree
RSTP is supported according to IEEE 802.1D-2004, clause 17. In addition, the system offers Rapid Link
Shut-down, where a failure on the radio link layer will immediately trigger spanning tree convergence.
RSTP operates on physical topology. When VLANs are in use, some VLANs may be rendered
unconnected due to RSTP switchover.
5.3.10. Maximum Packet Size
The maximum Ethernet frame size is 1632 bytes (not including preamble and start of frame delimiter).
5.3.11. Packet Statistics
RMON statistics is supported and can be accessed via the WEB interface or through the SNMP MIB.




34 Evolution Series
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5.4. E1 characteristics
The IFU has 20xE1 interfaces as standard. 2xE1 is provided on each connector. E1 capacity over the link
is selectable from 0-20 x E1.
5.4.1. E1 Interfaces
Interface parameters according to ITU-T Rec. G.703:
Bit rate: 2.048 Mb/s 50 ppm
Line code: HDB3
Impedance: 120 balanced
Maximum attenuation of input signal at 1.024 MHz: 6 dB
Connector type: RJ-45
Jitter and wander specifications are according to ITU-T Rec. G.823
5.4.2. E1 priority
A priority scheme is available for E1-traffic to allow scaling of E1 capacity when the link is running with
lower capacity due to adaptive modulation. Each enabled E1 can be allocated priority from high to low.
High priority E1s will always be transmitted. Lowest priority E1s will be skipped when switching one
modulation level down and second lowest priority E1s will be skipped when switching another
modulation level.

Ethernet traffic is always using remaining link capacity
Ethernet traffic priority (QoS) is independent of E1 traffic priority
5.4.3. E1 delay
E1 delay through one hop (from E1-interface on site A to E1-interface on site B, excluding propagation
delay): < 0.3 ms

5.5. EBUS characteristics
Two EBUS interfaces are prepared for easy interconnection of E1s and control signals between IFUs. In
addition the EBUS#1 connector provides access to Ethernet port#4.
E1s on EBUS#1 and EBUS#2 are enabled by the PXC license.
Max cable length: 10m
Cable: STP Cat5 (or above) crossover




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5.6. External Alarm Input characteristics

External switch Alarm Interface IFU
RJ45 Connector










Pin 1

Pin 2 (gnd)

Four independent alarm inputs are provided. Active high or low is configurable for all 4 inputs
independently. When the external signal is open, the voltage at pin 1 will not exceed -24Vdc.

Note that the voltage is not an isolated voltage. It is drawn from -48V supply in the IFU.

Connector: 1xRJ-45. Four two-pin interfaces
Interface: Current loop. Not galvanic isolated
State on: > 1.1 mA, < 1.2 k
State off: < 0.08 mA, > 170 k
Transient protection: Amplitude: < 85 V
Transient protection: Duration: < 10 ms, non-repetitive



36 Evolution Series
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6. MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS
The powerful integrated supervisory system of Evolution Series provides user-access to the NEs in a most
dynamic manner. The management function in the NE can be accessed by the use of a web-browser or by
an SNMP manager such as Neras EM/NMS system, NetMaster.

WEB
Network
Operator
NMS
Configure NE
View Status
Download SW
Access tool
Action


The IFU and ODU element management software performs the following management tasks:

Fault management: Collecting and logging of alarms and analogue measurements from the
local terminal.
Performance management: Collecting and logging quality measurements according to standards
(G.784 and Ethernet RMON)
Configuration management: Configuration of the terminal (including configuration up/download) and
Software download
Security management: Configuration of user id/password and the users privileges in the NE.
Includes logging in NE of user actions.
6.1. The built-in supervision system
The built-in Graphical User Interface (GUI) is accessed through an IP-connection either remotely, locally
or both. With a computer in the same subnet as the IP-address of the IFU, you can access and configure
the terminal (including the IP-address).

Factory default IP-address: 10.0.0.10
Factory default management port: ETH1
For alternative configuration of the Ethernet ports, please see section 5.3.6.

Default communication protocol between the IFU and the web-browser is http. Encrypted
communication using https is available as option.
6.1.1. Telnet
A telnet session can be opened for configuration and monitoring of a limited subset of the
parameters available through the GUI (see 6.1).

The following telnet commands are supported:
o ipconfig: To set element IP-address, subnet-mask and default gateway
o iprange: To view the IP addresses that can access the network element and to



NGP\00586 Rev.C, 2009-10-29 Evolution Series
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activate/deactivate IP range limitations
o iprangeset: To set the range of IP addresses that can access the network element
o reset: Reset CPU (configuration settings are not affected)
6.1.2. Event log stored in NE
Evolution Series NEs can log events and faults in the local fault log. The log size is 10.000 events. The
log can be set to wrap-around or halt when it is full. Alarm logging can be masked based on severity
level. An operator (with administrator privileges) can also clear the log.
6.1.3. Monitoring of traffic performance
Signal level and transmission performance data are monitored continuously by the built-in supervision
function. G.826 performance data is available for E1. RMON statistics data are available for
Ethernet/VLAN traffic.
6.1.3.1. Link Performance
Link performance is monitored based on information from the error correction decoder. Link
performance monitoring is independent of type of traffic.
6.1.3.2. Signal Level monitoring
The following parameters are monitored:
RF output level
RF input Level
Voltages (Primary and Secondary)
6.1.3.3. Ethernet performance
Ethernet packet RMON statistics are provided per port. Packet counters (resettable) are available for
events shown in the table below.

Name In Out
DropEvents 0 0
Octets 7592 8653
Pkts 40 42
BroadcastPkts 1 0
MulticastPkts 0 0
PausePkts 0 0
CRCAlignErrors 0 0
UndersizePkts 0 0
OversizePkts 0 0
Fragments 0 0
Jabbers 0 0
Collisions 0 0
Table 6-1 RMON packet counters
6.1.3.4. E1 performance
E1 performance is estimated based on measuring parity errors on individual E1s. G.826 performance for
the E1 bundle is then calculated and stored in the element:
Error Seconds (ES)
Severely Error Second (SES)
Background Block Error (BBE)
Unavailable state (UAS)
Cumulative error counters.



38 Evolution Series
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15-min, 24-hour and 1-month records are calculated. The log contains the current and last month, current
and last 24-hour, and current and sixteen last 15-min records. Threshold values can be defined for each of
the performance records and a performance alarm will be raised if the threshold is exceeded for any of the
periods.
6.1.4. Security management
The user must have a username and password defined in the NE in order to log in. Each user name is
defined with access privileges. Four levels are defined;

User level: Privileges:
Passive Users Passive users are only able to monitor data. They are not able to change any
configuration.
Active Users Same as Passive. In addition active users are able to reset counters.
Master Users Master users have access to all commands, except those related to user account
administration and Configuration/SW download.
Admin Users Admin users have access to all commands. The Admin user is the administrator and is
responsible for adding, deleting and managing user accounts and privileges. In addition
the admin user is responsible for Configuration/SW download.
6.1.4.1. Security event logging
The NE can log events related to security. The log size is 1000 events. When it is full it will wrap-around.
The operator (with administrator privileges) can also clear the log.
6.1.5. SNMP
An embedded SNMP agent is provided and supports the following management functions:
Basic monitoring of network and interface parameters
Fault Management
Supports enumeration of possible alarms, current alarm table and historic alarms (log).
Analogue measurements
Received signal level.
Performance measurements
6.1.5.1. SNMP protocols
SNMPv2c and SNMPv3 are supported and are configurable from the GUI.
6.1.5.2. SNMP Traps
Each element can be configured to send traps to SNMP managers (trap servers). Up to three trap-servers
can be configured for each element.

6.2. Connection to Nera NetMaster
NetMaster is the Nera Element/Sub-network manager that is specialized to monitor and control a large
network of Nera radio elements. NetMaster is utilizing the SNMP-mib in the elements as well as the
built-in element web-pages to retrieve relevant information from the network elements.




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7. REFERENCES
Document code: Title/Description:
ETSI EN 301 489-4 V1.4.1
Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Electro Magnetic
Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 4: Specific
conditions for fixed radio links and ancillary equipment and services. For grade B
equipment
ETSI EN 300 019-1-1 V2.1.4 Classification of environmental conditions; Storage. Class 1.2, weather protected
ETSI EN 300 019-1-2 V2.1.4
Classification of environmental conditions; Transportation. Class 2.3, public
transportation
ETSI EN 300 019-1-3 V2.1.2
Classification of environmental conditions; Stationary use at weather protected
locations. Class 3.2, partly temperature controlled locations
ETSI EN 300 019-1-4 V2.1.2
Classification of environmental conditions; Stationary use at non-weather protected
locations
ETSI EN 300 132-2 V2.1.2
Equipment Engineering (EE); Power supply interface at the input to telecommunication
equipment; Part 1: Interface operated by Direct Current (DC)
ETSI EN 302 217-1 V1.1.3 Overview and system-independent common characteristics
ETSI EN 302 217-2-1 V1.2.1
System-dependent requirements for digital systems operating in frequency bands where
frequency co-ordination is applied
ETSI EN 302 217-2-2 V1.2.3
Harmonized EN covering essential requirements of Article 3.2 of R&TTE Directive for
digital systems operating in frequency bands where frequency co-ordination is applied
CENELEC EN 60950: 2006 Safety of information technology equipment
CENELEC EN 60215: 1989 Safety requirements for radio transmitting equipment
ITU-R Rec. F.746-7 (2003) Radio-frequency channel arrangements for fixed service systems
ITU-R Rec. F.383-7 (2001)
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for high capacity radio-relay systems operating
in the lower 6 GHz band
ITU-R Rec. F.384-8 (2004-01)
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for medium and high capacity analogue or
digital radio-relay systems operating in the upper 6 GHz band
ITU-R Rec. F.385-8 (2005)
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 7 GHz
band
ITU-R Rec. F.386-6 (1999-02)
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for medium and high capacity analogue or
digital radio-relay systems operating in the 8 GHz band
ITU-R Rec. F.387-9 (2002-05)
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 11 GHz
band
ITU-R Rec. F.497-6 (1999)
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 13 GHz
frequency band
ITU-R Rec. F.636-3 (1994)
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 15 GHz
band
ITU-R Rec. F.595-8 (2003-02)
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 18 GHz
band
ITU-R Rec. F.637-3 (1999)
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 23 GHz
band
ITU-R Rec. F.748-4 (2001)
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 25, 26,
and 28 GHz bands
ITU-R Rec. F.749-2 (2001)
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 38 GHz
band
ITU-T Rec. G.703 (11/2001) Physical/electrical characteristics of hierarchical digital interfaces
ITU-T Rec. G.823 (03/2000)
The control of jitter and wander within digital networks which are based on the 2048
kbit/s hierarchy
ITU-T Rec. G.826 (02/1999)
Error performance parameters and objectives for international, constant bit rate digital
paths at or above the primary rate
ITU-T Rec. G.921 (11/1988) Digital Sections based on the 2048 kbit/s hierarchy.
ITU-T Y.1563 (draft so far) Ethernet Frame Transfer and Availability Performance
CEPT/ERC Rec. 74-01 E (2002-10) Spurious Emissions
CEPT/ERC Rec 14-01 E (1996-08)
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for high capacity analogue and digital radio-
relay systems operating in the band 5925 MHz 6425 MHz
CEPT/ERC Rec 14-02 E (1996-08)
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for medium and high capacity digital radio-
relay systems operating in the band 6425 MHz 7125 MHz
CEPT/ECC Rec 02-06 (2002-08)
Preferred channel arrangement for digital fixed service systems operating in the
frequency range 7125-8500 MHz
CEPT/ERC Rec. 12-06 E (1996-12)
Harmonised radio frequency channel arrangements for digital terrestrial fixed systems
operating in the band 10.7 11.7 GHz



40 Evolution Series
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CEPT /ERC/REC 12-02 (1996-08)
Harmonised radio frequency channel arrangements for analogue and digital terrestrial
fixed systems operating in the band 12.75 GHz to 13.25 GHz
CEPT/ERC/REC 12-07 E (1996-08)
Harmonised radio frequency channel arrangements for digital terrestrial fixed systems
operating in the bands 14.5 - 14.62 GHz paired with 15.23 - 15.35 GHz
CEPT/ERC/REC 12-03 (1996-08)
Harmonised radio frequency channel arrangements for digital terrestrial fixed systems
operating in the band 17.7 GHz to 19.7 GHz
CEPT T/R 13-02 (1994-02) Preferred channel arrangements for fixed services in the range 22.0-29.5 GHz
IEC 297-2
Dimensions of mechanical structures of the 486.6mm (19in) series: Cabinet and pitches
of the rack structures.
IEC 297-3
Dimensions of mechanical structures of the 486.6mm (19in) series: Sub-rack and
associated plug in units.
IEC 60169-16, Ed. 1.0
Radio-frequency connectors. Part 16: R.F. coaxial connectors with inner diameter of
outer conductor 7 mm (0.276 in) with screw coupling - Characteristic impedance 50
ohms (75 ohms)
IEC 60169-29, Ed. 1.0
Radio-frequency connectors - Part 29: Miniature r.f. coaxial connectors with screw-,
push-pull and snap-on coupling or slide-in rack and panel applications; Characteristic
impedance 50 ohms
IEC 60603-7 (1996)
Connectors for electronic equipment - Part 7-1: Detail specification for 8-way, shielded
free and fixed connectors with common mating features, with assessed quality
IEC 60835-2-8 (1993-05)
Methods of measurement for equipment used in digital microwave radio transmission
systems - Measurements on terrestrial radio-relay systems - Adaptive equalizer.
IEEE 802.3 Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection
IEEE 802.1xx Ethernet networking
FCC CFR47 part 101 FCC Code of Federal Regulations, Fixed Microwave Services
FCC CFR47 part 15 FCC Code of Federal Regulations, Radio Frequency Devices
SRSP 307.1 Technical Requirements for Fixed Line-of-Sight Radio Systems Operating in the Band
7125 - 7725 MHz
SRSP 307.7 Technical Requirements for Fixed Line-of-Sight Radio Systems Operating in the Band
7725 - 8275 MHz
SRSP 310.7 Technical Requirements for Fixed Line-of-Sight Radio Systems Operating in the Band
10.7 - 11.7 GHz
SRSP-314.5 Technical Requirements for Fixed Line-of-Sight Radio Systems Operating in the Band
14.5 - 15.35 GHz
SRSP-317.8 Technical Requirements for Fixed Line-of-Sight Radio Systems Operating in the Bands
17.8-18.3 GHz and 19.3-19.7 GHz
SRSP-321.8 Technical Requirements for the Fixed Line-of-Sight Radio Systems Operating in the
Bands 21.8-22.4 GHz and 23.0-23.6 GHz
SRSP-324.25 Technical Requirements for Fixed Radio Systems Operating in the Bands 24.25 -
24.45 GHz and 25.05 - 25.25 GHz
SRSP-338.6 Technical Requirements for Fixed Radio Systems Operating in the Band 38.6-
40.0 GHz
CAN/CSA 22.2 No. 60950-00 Safety Information processing and business equipment
UL 1950 Safety of Information Technology Equipment





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8. TERMINOLOGY
Abbreviation: Description:
ACM Adaptive Coded Modulation
AIS Alarm Indication Signal
ALM External alarm input/output
ATDE Adaptive Time Domain Equaliser
ATPC Automatic Transmitter Power Control
AUX Auxiliary functions
BER Bit Error Rate
C/I Carrier to Interference ratio
CS Channel Spacing
EM Element Manager
EMC Electro Magnetic Compatibility
EPS Equipment Protection Switching
FTD Frame Transfer Delay
HBER High Bit Error Rate
HSB Hot StandBy
IFU InterFace Unit
LAN Local Area Network
LBER Low Bit Error Rate
LOF Loss Of Frame
LOS Loss Of Signal
MTBF Mean Time Between Failure
NMS Network Management System
ODU OutDoor Unit
PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
PRBS Pseudo Random Bit Sequence
PXC PDH-X-Connect
PWR Power Supply
RF Radio Frequency
ROHS Restriction on Hazardous Substances
RPS Radio Protection Switching
RX Receiver
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TX Transmitter
VID VLAN identifier
VLAN Virtual Local Area Network
WAN Wide Area Network
WEEE Waste Electrical & Electronic Equipment
Transceiver Transmitter/Receiver




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APPENDIX 1 ODU/DIPLEXER SUB-BAND RANGE
The sub-band range is specified for each diplexer in the table below. Include half the channel BW to
calculate the minimum and maximum frequencies to be used with each diplexer.
Freq.
band
[GHz]
Duplex
Spacing
TX
Freq:
Sub-band 1 &
Diplexer #
Sub-band 2 &
Diplexer #
Sub-band 3 &
Diplexer #
7.1-7.4 154,161
Low:
High:
7110 - 7198
7271 - 7359
07A11
7156 - 7240
7317 - 7401
07A12
7191 - 7279
7352 - 7440
07A13
7.1-7.4 196
Low:
High:
7107 - 7191
7303 - 7387
07A21
7163 - 7247
7359 - 7443
07A22
7.1-7.4 270
Low:
High:
7115 - 7145
7385 - 7415
07A71
7.1-7.7 300
Low:
High:
7125 - 7275
7425 - 7575
07A61
7275 - 7425
7575 - 7725
07A62
7.2-7.6 161
Low:
High:
7236 - 7320
7397 - 7481
07A51
7278 - 7362
7439 - 7523
07A52
7320 - 7404
7481 - 7565
07A53
7.4-7.7
154,161,
182
Low:
High:
7414 - 7498
7575 - 7659
07A31
7456 - 7540
7617 - 7701
07A32
7491 - 7579
7652 - 7740
07A33
7.4-7.7 168
Low:
High:
7414 - 7498
7575 - 7659
07A31
7456 - 7540
7617 - 7701
07A32
7499 - 7583
7667 - 7751
07A34
7.4-7.9 245
Low:
High:
7428 - 7540
7673 - 7785
07A41
7540 - 7652
7785 - 7897
07A42
7.7-8.3 310
Low:
High:
7718 - 7851
8025 - 8163
08A11
7822 - 7971
8133 - 8282
08A12
7.9-8.4 266
Low:
High:
7905 - 8028
8171 - 8294
08A21
8017 - 8136
8283 - 8402
08A22
7.9-8.5 310
Low:
High:
7905 - 8045
8215 - 8355
08A31
8045 - 8185
8355 - 8495
08A32
8.2-8.5
See table
below

11
490/530
/520
Low:
High:
10715 - 10955
11205 - 11485
11A11
10955 - 11195
11445 - 11685
11A12
11 530
Low:
High:
10695 - 10935
11225 - 11465
11A21
10935 - 11175
11465 - 11705
11A22
11
490/500
FCC
Low:
High:
10700 - 10940
11200 - 11430
11A41
10835 - 11075
11325 - 11565
11A42
10970 - 11200
11460 - 11700
11A43
13 266
Low:
High:
12751 - 12891
13017 - 13157
13A11
12835 - 12977
13101 - 13243
13A12
15 315
Low:
High:
14627 - 14795
14942 - 15110
15A41
14739 - 14907
15054 - 15222
15A42
15 420
Low:
High:
14501 - 14746
14921 - 15166
15A21
14655 - 14928
15103 - 15348
15A22
15 490
Low:
High:
14403 - 14690
14893 - 15180
15A11
14655 - 14928
15103 - 15348
15A22
15 644/728
Low:
High:
14501 - 14697
15145 - 15348
15A31
18 1010
Low:
High:
17700 - 18221
18710 - 19230
18A11
18167 - 18690
19177 - 19700
18A12
18
1092.5/
1120
Low:
High:
17714 - 18209
18806 - 19301
18A21
18099 - 18594
19191 - 19686
18A22
18 1560
Low:
High:
17700 - 18140
19260 - 19700
18A31
23 1008
Low:
High:
22003 - 22591
23011 - 23599
23A31
23 1200
Low:
High:
21200 - 21800
22400 - 23016
23A11
21800 - 22400
23000 - 23600
23A22



NGP\00586 Rev.C, 2009-10-29 Evolution Series
TM
EDGE 43
Freq.
band
[GHz]
Duplex
Spacing
TX
Freq:
Sub-band 1 &
Diplexer #
Sub-band 2 &
Diplexer #
Sub-band 3 &
Diplexer #
23 1232
Low:
High:
21200 - 21800
22400 - 23016
23A11
21763 - 22344
22995 - 23576
23A12
24 800
Low:
High:
24250 - 24550
25050 - 25350
26A21
26 1008
Low:
High:
24549 - 25004
25557 - 26012
26A11
24969 - 25445
25977 - 26453
26A12
38 1260
Low:
High:
37058 - 37618
38318 - 38878
38A11
37618 - 38178
38878 - 39438
38A12
38 700
Low:
High:
38600 - 38825
39300 - 39525
38A21
38800 - 39050
39500 - 39750
38A22
39050 - 39300
39750 - 40000
38A23

Freq.
band
[GHz]
Duplex
Spacing
TX
Freq:
Sub-band 1 &
Diplexer #
Sub-band 2 &
Diplexer #
Low:
High:
8196 - 8247
8348 - 8399
08A51
8231 - 8287
8383 - 8441
08A52

Sub-band 3 &
Diplexer #
Sub-band 4 &
Diplexer #
8.2-8.5
151,614/
154
Low:
High:
8259 - 8317
8413 - 8469
08A53
8301 - 8352
8453 - 8504
08A54

Sub-band 1 &
Diplexer #
Sub-band 2 &
Diplexer #
Low:
High:
8279 - 8321
8398 - 8444
08A41
8290 - 8335
8416 - 8461
08A42

Sub-band 3 &
Diplexer #
Sub-band 4 &
Diplexer #
8.2-8.5 119/126
Low:
High:
8314 - 8356
8440 - 8482
08A43
8332 - 8377
8454 - 8496
08A44