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Sample Midterm Solutions for exam one ENME 351

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36 pts 1. True/False, Multiple Choice, short answer circle your answers (4 pts each) (i) Write the base-10 (decimal) number 9 as a base-2 (binary) number. Ans: __1001____ (ii) 0111 (binary) is equal to 7 (decimal). Using twos complement, what is -7 in binary? Ans: ___1001_______ (iii) If a periodic signal y(t) is an even function, its Fourier coefficients A0 and An will be zero. (a) True; (b) False. (iv) For a first order system 3 y + 4 y = 5 F( t ) , what is the time constant of the system? (a) 2 s (b) 4 s (c) 5 s (d) 3/4 s (e) 4/3 s (f) 4/5 s (g) 5/3 s (h) 1 s (v) For a second order system 2 y + 3 y + 4 y = F( t ), what is the natural frequency ( n) ? (e) 3 rad/s (f) 1 rad/s (a) 2 rad/s (b) 3 rad/s (c) 4 rad/s (d) 2 rad/s (vi) A second order system with a static sensitivity of K=1 and a natural frequency of n = 100 Hz is excited by an input function F(t) = sin(2 *1000t). What is the steady-state amplitude of y(t)? Ans: ___0.01____________ (vii) For a signal y(t) = sin(10 t) + 4cos(20 t) - 5cos(30 t), what is the minimum sampling frequency (fs), in units of Hz, needed to avoid aliasing? Ans: ____30__________ Hz (viii) For a linear second order system, which one of the following statements is true? (a) When subjected to a step input, the response will not oscillate when < 0.707 ; (b) When subjected to a step input, the settling time of the response decreases as increases; (c) When subjected to a sine input, the steady-state response will have the same frequency as the input, but it may have a different amplitude and phase. (d) When subjected to a sine input, resonance will occur when is smaller than 1; (ix) What is the steady-state value of y(t) for the following 4th order system in response to a step input, F(t) = u(t) d 4 y d 3y d 2 y 6 dy 1

12 dt 4 + dt 3 +5 dt 2 + 5 dt + 2 y(t ) = F (t )

(a) 1/2

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) 4

(e) 6

(f) 1/6

(g) 1/12

(h) 12

20 pts 2. Consider the following logic circuit: A A B A*B 10 pts (a) Using standard logic operators , , +, and + (i.e. NOT, AND, OR, and XOR) define the Boolean expression (i.e. the logic function Z = fn(A,B,C) ) for the circuit.

Z = A*B + A*B

5 pts

(b) Using your Boolean expression from (a), determine the truth table for this circuit. A 0 1 0 1 B 0 0 1 1 Z 0 0 1

5 pts

(c) Based on your truth table in (b), simplify the logic circuit as much as possible.

24 pts

4. A voltage signal from a sensor used to measure vibration of a dynamic structure if given by v(t) = 2 sin(2" *f1t) + 3 sin(2"$ f2t) + sin(2"$ f3t) where f1 = 20 Hz, f2 = 32 Hz, f3 = 80 Hz. You want to measure this signal using an Arduino, but due to limitations in the speed of your code, you can only make one measurement every 0.02 s.

6 pts

(a) What is the sampling time resolution (%t), the sampling frequency (fs), and the Nyquist frequency (fN) for your Arduino setup? Show any calculations as needed. %t = ___0.02______ sec fs = __1/ % t = 50____ Hz fN = __ fs /2 = 25____ Hz

10 pts

(b) Using the folding diagram (or similar approach) determine the frequencies (fi) and phases (&i, relative to the original signal) for each component of your sampled signal.

(c) You have a 10 #F (10-6 F) capacitor and a potentiometer (variable resistor) available to create a low-pass RC filter. What value should you choose for the resistance to eliminate significant aliasing in your sampled signal, without reducing the range of measured frequencies? Set the corner frequency of the filter to the Nyquist frequency (25 Hz): !c = 1/RC = 2"(25) ! R = 1/(50"C) = R = 1/(50"(10-5)) = 636.6 '

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