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Earth Is Safe: No Black Holes Spun Out of Atom Smasher, Yet
Charles Q. Choi, LiveScience Contributor | April 30, 2014 12:11pm ET
The most powerful particle accelerator in the world, the Large Hadron Collider, has not yet created any black holes as some have feared, researchers say. Even if this atom smasher does create black holes, there is no danger of those black holes destroying Earth, added scientists of the new study published online March 5 in the journal Physical Review Letters. Black holes get their names from their gravitational fields, which are so fiendishly powerful that nothing can escape, not even light. Supermassive black holes millions to billions of times the mass of the sun are thought to lurk at the heart of virtually
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any 2 of 7 4/30/2014 11:31 PM . Atomic nuclei — either those of hydrogen or lead — zip at high speeds around the 17-mile (27-kilometer) circular particle accelerator before colliding into targets at near the speed of light. a black hole sucks in material from a companion star. At distances comparable to the sizes of these extra dimensions. hidden dimensions of reality also exist. However. respectively.com/25700-no-black-holes-at-atom-smasher. Here. scientists say. scrunching all that mass together. A number of quantum gravity theories propose that extra dimensions are folded up into sizes ranging from smaller than a proton to as big as a fraction of a millimeter. However. a powerful enough particle accelerator might concentrate enough mass and energy together to generate black holes. have been developed over the last 70 years and tested with high precision.Earth Is Safe: No Black Holes Spun Out of Atom Smasher. some researchers have suggested that "quantum black holes" — ones smaller than a proton — can exist if extra.html every galaxy." said study author David Strom. No chance of destroying Earth The potential for a black hole factory raised fears that a stray black hole could devour our planet whole." generating a black hole as often as every second. scientists have proposed that extra dimensions might exist. In theories aiming to describe how the cosmos works in its entirety. electricity and magnetism as well as the weak and strong nuclear forces. If so. researchers have two disparate theories — general relativity and quantum mechanics — which.net/Slow-Computer Easily Repair a Slow Computer. Yet | Space. Very Simple Instructions (Recommended) Lumosity Brain Games Concealed Carry Guide Did Hubble Discover God? Quantum black holes A black hole is normally thought to form when the remains of a dead star collapses under its own gravity. Credit: Chandra X-Ray Observatory." Strom said. who is a member of the ATLAS collaboration at the Large Hadron Collider. Currently. was coming online. the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). scientists wondered if it might become a "black hole factory. [The Top 10 Ways to Destroy Earth] Even if an atom smasher were to create black holes. NASA View full size image How to Fix Slow Computer windowsanswers.space. "It has been much more difficult to make progress on both theoretical and experimental aspects of a quantum theory of gravity. there is no danger of those dense objects destroying Earth . a particle physicist at the University of Oregon at Eugene. "Quantum theories of almost all of the forces around us. these models suggest that gravity could become far stronger than normal.com http://www. [The Strangest Black Holes in the Universe] When the most powerful atom smasher in the world. can mostly explain the nature of gravity and the behavior of the particles seen around the universe.
space." When the LHC upgrades to hurl particles with more energy and throw more particles at targets per run. nearly all of the quantum black holes the particle accelerator would generate would be traveling fast enough from it to rip free of Earth's gravity." Strom said.Earth Is Safe: No Black Holes Spun Out of Atom Smasher. In 2015. they are so tiny that it would take each one more than the current age of the universe to destroy even a milligram of Earth matter." Strom said. "They pose no threat to the Earth . even if any quantum black holes do get trapped within the Earth. "If we detect quantum black holes. subtle effects of extra dimension theories that we can find in our data. EDITOR'S RECOMMENDATIONS Doomsday: 9 Real Ways Earth Could End Photos: The World's Largest Atom Smasher (LHC) 5 Reasons We May Live in a Multiverse 3 of 7 4/30/2014 11:31 PM . they will be among the most quickly decaying objects ever produced at an accelerator. Original article on Live Science.com http://www. "It may be that we have already produced many of the these dark matter particles in our experiment. Had quantum black holes been created.html quantum black holes the Large Hadron Collider might generate would pose no risk to Earth. they must be beyond the current energy reach of the LHC. Furthermore." Some of these competing theories.330 times the mass of a proton. evaporating within a billionth of a trillionth of a trillionth of a second. they would have decayed into pairs of particles and jets of radiation that ATLAS could detect. This will help researchers see if heavier quantum black holes might exist. "it should be easy to find these particles." Strom said. These findings suggest that quantum black holes smaller than 5 trillion electron-volts do not exist — that is." Strom said. early in 2015. before they could devour any significant amount of matter. researchers now reveal they have not yet detected any sign of quantum black holes being created by the LHC. and that quantum black holes should lose more mass than they absorb. the LHC will restart and be capable of producing nearly twice the energy as it has in previous runs. but we have not been clever enough to find them.com/25700-no-black-holes-at-atom-smasher. Follow Live Science @livescience. and that we need to seek different theories that explain why the force of gravity appears to be so different from the other forces that we observe in nature. Even if the production of quantum black holes is ultimately out of the LHC's reach. theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking calculated that all black holes should lose mass by emitting radiation. Facebook & Google+. "It may also be that there are no extra dimensions." Strom added. such as supersymmetry. Scientists running the particle accelerator's ATLAS detector — one of the two detectors involved in the discovery of the Higgs boson — performed an extensive search for quantum black holes by probing all the data from the atom smasher's most powerful collisions during 2012. To start with." Even if Hawking is wrong. "predict particles that are candidates for the dark matter that we know forms most of the mass of our galaxy and that can also be produced at the LHC. "We will be looking for quantum black holes from the first day that the LHC turns on at higher energy. No quantum black holes seen In any case. "there may be other. about 5. Yet | Space." Strom said. "Our findings show that if these quantum black holes exist. as well as extra dimensions of reality.
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and since they haven't resulted in any catastrophes.com http://www. Yet | Space.space.. 5 of 7 4/30/2014 11:31 PM . the LHC's comparatively mild collisions most assuredly won't either Reply · Like · 10 hours ago Facebook social plugin SUBSCRIBE TO SPACE... NASA Cameras Watch | Video Powerful X-Flare Erupts On Sun's Western Limb | Video First Solar Eclipse of 2014 Occurs Tuesday: Australia Set for Best Vie. Chip Smelcer · Jefferson County High School since cosmic rays strike the planet and its atmosphere with energies far in excess of those attainable by the LHC..COM Most Popular NASA Supersonic Science Aims to Shush Sonic Booms Lyrid Meteors Rain Over Earth. Comment using.html 'Twisters' On The Sun Spotted By Spacecraft | Video Giant Exoplanet Rotates 36X Faster Than Earth | Video Add a comment..Earth Is Safe: No Black Holes Spun Out of Atom Smasher.com/25700-no-black-holes-at-atom-smasher..
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