# Sizing the Battery Bank All of the following dictate the battery bank capacity you’re looking for

: ✓ The efficiency of the inverter ✓ The number of days you expect the battery bank to last without recharging ✓ The batteries’ operating temperature and voltage ✓ How much of the battery bank your client is willing to use ✓ The voltage at which you want the battery to operate

62 kWh 5.1. i f the client has three 20 W DC lights that she runs for two hours each day. Multiply the energy value from Step 3 by the desired days of autonomy. 5.9 = 21.8 kWh. Divide the watt-hours value from Step 1 by the estimated inverter efficiency. 21.54 kWh × 3 days = 19.78 kWh ÷ 0.1 kWh. 6.1 kWh ÷ 48 V = 0. or 606 Ah. Add any energy consumption from DC loads to the watt-hours value in Step 2. Divide the value calculated in Step 4 by the temperature compensation value provided by the battery manufacturer 19. Divide the value from Step 5 by the allowable depth of discharge. 29. 6.75 = 29.606 kAh.9 = 6. . Determine the average daily AC watt-hours (or kilowatt-hours) consumption level. Divide the value from Step 6 by your desired nominal voltage for the battery bank.42 kWh 3.78 kWh 2.12 kWh.8 kWh ÷ 0. 5. 7.12 kWh = 6.62 kWh ÷ 0. The total energy consumption is therefore 6. the total DC energy consumption is 3 lights × 20 W × 2 hours = 120 Wh. or 0.42 kWh + 0.54 kWh. 4.

Wire sizing will depend on the load currents and the distances of the loads from the source. .

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19. capacity required – 375Ah • Capacity required with 2 days autonomy – 720Ah at 48V • Selected battery – Exide LMS750. 48 V • At 80% depth of discharge. 48 V.5Vmp. PV Array Design • PV array output required – 16.98 hours array capacity – 3.89 kWp • Module selection – MBPV125 (130Wp. 28.4 kWh • Considering solar insolation of 4.5 = 2 Number of modules in parallel = 70/4. • Total number of batteries = 24 x 1 = 24 nos.PV module considered – MBPV 125 Battery considered – LMS400 Depth of discharge – 0. 48V/230V Charge Controller • Rating for charge controller – 70 Amps. • Number of batteries in parallel – 1 no. 2V.5 kWh. 750Ah • Number of batteries in series – 24 nos. 1 phase. Overall System Design . 4.5 = 16 Inverter Capacity • Inverter capacity required – 2 kVA.8 Days of autonomy – 2 Array output efficiency – 85% nverter efficiency – 90% Battery efficiency – 85% Battery Design • Battery output required – 300Ah.5 Imp) • Number of modules is series = 48/28. 48V • Array output considering losses of 15% .

1.8°E • Daily solar insolation at 25° slope – 5. Case Description A small village in a remote area has been facing a lot of problems because of the frequent load shedding.54 kWh/m2/day • PV module considered – MBPV 125 • Battery considered – LMS650 • Depth of discharge – 0. Typical System Design Assumptions in System Design • Solar PV system is considered.0°N • Longitude considered for site (Amravati city) – 77.8 • Days of autonomy – 2 • Array output efficiency – 85% . The villagers are well educated and are interested in having a 2kW standalone solar photovoltaic power plant to cater to their daily most critical domestic electricity needs for 5 hours a day. • Latitude considered for site (Amravati city) – 21.Designing Stand alone Solar PV Power Plant Case study 1 3.5.

21 kWh • Considering solar insolation of 5. PV Array Design • PV array output required – 13. 650Ah • Number of batteries in series – 24 nos.5 = 2 • Number of modules in parallel = 60/4.5Vmp. 48V/230V Charge Controller • Rating for charge controller – 60 Amps. 48 V .5 Imp) • Number of modules is series = 48/28. 28.16. 48 V • At 80% depth of discharge.78 kWh. 2V. Inverter Capacity • Inverter capacity required – 2 kVA. 1 phase. • Number of batteries in parallel – 1 no. 4.• Inverter efficiency – 90% • Charge controller efficiency – 95% • Battery efficiency – 85% Battery Design • Battery output required – 250Ah.54 hours array capacity – 3.5 = 14 • Total number of modules = 14 x 2 =28 nos. 48V • Array output considering losses of 15% . capacity required – 315Ah • Capacity required with 2 days autonomy – 630Ah at 48V • Selected battery – Exide LMS650.00 kWp • Module selection – MBPV125 (130Wp. • Total number of batteries = 24 x 1 = 24 nos.