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SAFETY DATA SHEET

Member of OMV Group

TOLUENE
Product Code: 97210000 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ Section 1 IDENTIFICATION OF THE SUBSTANCE/PREPARATION AND OF THE COMPANY 1.1 Product Trade name 1.2 Use of the substance/preparation 1.3 Company identification TOLUENE The product is used as raw material in the petrochemical industry, synthesis and medicines industry and as solvent. PETROM S.A., 239 Calea DorobanŃilor, postal code 010567, Bucharest, Romania, phone +40(0)725.16.00.00, www.petrom.com, in the working point: PETROBRAZI, 65 Trandafirilor Street, Brazi Locality, Prahova County +40 (0) 725.16.16.16

1.4 Emergency telephone

Section 2 COMPOSITION /INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS 2.1 The product must be considered: substance
Substance name Concentration/ concentration range %(m/m) CAS EINECS Index EC Hazard F Repr.Cat.3 Xn Xi R Phrases R11 R63 R48/20-65 R38 R67

Ignition and explosion hazards The product is classified as highly flammable. Presents ignition and explosion risk when exposed to heat and flame. 3.2. Adverse effects - adverse effects of the physical & chemical properties and manner of manifestation: The toluene is stable at the room’s temperature, in normal conditions of storage and handling. Reacts with strong oxidizing agents. Thermal oxidizer decoposition of the product may produce carbon oxide and toxic vapours. - adverse effects over the human health and manifestation symptoms: In case of inhalation, 40-80% of the quantity is maintained in the organism. Vapour inhalation may cause pulmonary oedemas, cough and asphyxiation. Inhalation of high concentrations may cause damage to the central nervous system characterized by dizziness, headaches, fatigue, weakness, confusions, insomnia, irritability, which can lead to narcotic coma. Due to ventricular fibrillations it may cause heart failure. May also cause liver and kidney damage. Inhalation in small quantities in a longer time may cause a local irritant reaction and general toxic action. Inhalation of the product may cause pneumonia, which can be fatal. Prolonged skin contact may cause acute dermatitis. Chronic intoxication causes damage to the bone marrow. The symptoms of chronic poisoning include irritation of the mucous membrane, headaches, dizziness, loss of appetite and intolerance to alcohol. Chronic intoxication during pregnancy was associated with teratogenic effects on the foetus (causes severe malformation: microcephilia, disorders of the central nervous system, delays in development, speaking disorders, slow downs in growth, physical deficiencies including deformities of the face, cerebral cracks, leisure of the eyes and ears, small and flat nose). - adverse effects over the environment and manifestation symptoms: Causes adverse effects on reproduction. 3.3 Other dangers which do not result from classification Section 4 FIRST AID MEASURES 4.1 Symptoms and effects as a result of exposure - acute intoxication: dizziness, lost of balance, loss of consciousness. . - chronic intoxication: damage to the central nervous system, cephalgia, fatigue, coordination and memory damage, nausea, anorexia. 4.2 First aid measures (general overview) Remove the victim into fresh air; rinse the affected area with plenty of water and soap. Seek medical assistance. 4.3 First aid measures - in case of inhalation: : The victim must be immediately removed from the corrupted area into safety place. If necessary artificial respiration will be performed, cardiac massage. Seek medical assistance. - in case of ingestion: : If the victim is conscious he/she should drink 1-2 glasses of water to dilute the product. If large quantities of toluene are swallowed, gastric irrigation will be performed. DO NOT induce vomiting because there is the danger to aspirate it into the lungs. - in case of eye contact: Rinse with plenty of water even under the eyelid, for 15 minutes. It is not allowed rubbing the eyes or keeping them firmly closed. - in case of skin contact: The contaminated equipment will be removed as soon as possible. Rinse the skin immediately with water and soap. If skin irritation persists seek medical assistance. 4.4 Qualified medical attention Provide symptomatic treatment and moral support. The rescuer will give first aid taking care to protect his breath. The rescuer’s individual protection is ensured by wearing a gas filter mask for organic vapours or autonomous isolating equipment, clothes made of natural fibres, protective gloves and shoes resistant to oil products without metallic accessories. 4.5 Other information DO NOT administer anything to a person found in unconscious state or presenting convulsions.

Toluene

min. 99.9

108-88-3

203-625-9

601-021-00-3

Section 3 HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION 3.1 Classification F; R11 - Repr.Cat.3; R63 - Xn; R48/20-65 - Xi; R38 - R67 The product is dangerous. Highly flammable. Possible risk of harm to the unborn child. Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation. Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed. Irritating to skin. Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness. Human/health hazards: - by inhalation: exposure to a low concentrations causes irritation of the respiratory tract; exposure to higher concentrations may cause respiratory failure, stomach aches and affects the central nervous system causing loss of balance, vomiting sensation, nausea; prolonged exposure may cause cardiac diseases; very high concentrations may cause faints, coma, death. - by skin and eyes contact: the contact with the liquid or vapours has an irritant effect on the eyes and skin; produces redness of the skin and eye; prolonged exposure may cause dermatitis or opaque sight. - by ingestion: causes severe gastrointestinal pains, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, affects the central nervous system by loss of balance. There is the danger of aspirating the product into the lung (pulmonary oedemas, bleeding and even death). Environmental hazards Pollutant for the environment. Harmful to aquatic organisms, adverse effect in the aquatic environment.
TOLUENE PETROM S.A.

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Section 5 FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES 5.1 Suitable extinguishing media (media, materials) Chemical and aeromechanical foam extinguishers for hydrocarbons, dry powder and carbon dioxide extinguishers, dry ice extinguishers; fixed and mobile extinguishing installations with chemical and aeromechanical foam, special PSI vehicles. For small fires the materials used for fire fighting should be dry substances (sand, land), and for large fires chemical foam and aeromechanical foam. For the storage tanks, fixed installations with aeromechanical foam are recommended. 5.2 Not recommended extinguishing media (media, materials) Water, anti alcoholic foam, sprinkler installation. Direct flushes of water must not be used because there is the danger for the fire to extend. Sprinkler installations can be used only to cool down the containers. 5.3 Special exposure hazards Danger of intoxication due to the toxic substances produced through thermal decomposition. Danger of thermal burns. 5.4 Special protective equipment for fire-fighters A suitable protective suit will be used for interventions in high temperatures (anti-thermal) and / or fire resistant suit (aluminised). Because the fire may produce toxic smoke and accidents, autonomous isolating equipment with compressed air and gas masks with polyvalent refills will be used. 5.5 Other information The fire area will be isolated. The access for unauthorized personnel will be forbidden. Section 6 ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES 6.1 Personal precautions The uninvolved personnel are carried off. The fire sources are disconnected (for example: engine is shut down); the flammable and combustible materials and the formation of sparks will be avoided. The danger zone is established with the explosive prove device and it will be isolated. Entering the area will be possible only with special protection equipment. Approach from the up wind side. After leaving the area the clothes that came into contact with the product will be changed and the affected areas washed with water and soap. In the enclosed space, if possible, adequate ventilation must be ensured. 6.2 Environmental precautions The spill of the product in drains, rivers or soil must be avoided. The affected area must be immediately isolated and the spilled product will be collected because it represents a pollution source. The contaminated surfaces with the spilled product will be covered with sand, earth, incombustible materials or other absorbent materials. Retaining dikes will be built in order to control leaks or spillage, if the case. In the event of large spills the competent authorities must be notified. 6.3 Methods for cleaning up The spilled product will be collected into metallic barrels, so that it does not represent a pollution source. The materials used for cleaning are: sand, earth, and other biodegradable absorbent materials. Collecting of spilled product is performed by specialized personnel. The wastes are considered dangerous and will be transported to special waste collection points or they will be burnt according to the legal provisions. 6.4 Other information Product vapours are heavier than air and may travel substantial distances to remote ignition. Use water spray to disperse the vapours. Section 7 HANDLING AND STORAGE 7.1 Handling (including environment protective measures) Handling is performed with the strict observance of the technological and PSI instructions. Avoid besprinkling with the product of the personnel. Contact with strong oxidizing agents will be avoided. When handling the containers that contain the product, avoid the mechanic shocks, kicks, deteriorations. Should only be used anti-ex tools, instruments and electric equipments. All the pipes and the equipment used for handling, transport or transfer must be connected to the grounding conductor in order to prevent uncontrolled electric static discharge.
TOLUENE PETROM S.A.

For product transportation only CF or auto tanks (technically and PSI corresponding), metallic barrels or cans shall be used. Transport, even in small quantities, in improvised containers is not permitted. No smoking. 7.2 Storage - storage requirements: The product should be stored in special set up locations, away from the sun rays, and far from any heating or ignition sources, cool (< 40ºC), dry, well ventilated. Storage containers should be kept tight closed. The containers tightness will be checked periodically. The floors of the warehouses must be thick and solvent resistant. The places where product is handled will be provided with general and local ventilation systems in order to maintain concentrations under the allowed limits. Local ventilation system is preferred because it prevents the dispersion of the toxic gases in the working area by catching from source. Saving sprinklers must be provided. - specific requirements: In large quantities the product should be stored in fixed roof tanks connected to the grounding conductor and provided with exhaust valve and stopping flames trap, measuring equipment and Ex protection control, special PSI systems and retention tubes. For small quantities containers made of glass will be used. The storage containers will be labelled adequately. 7.3 Specific use(s) - recommended use(s): raw material, solvent - internal regulation : work instructions 7.4 Other information The trained personnel about the possible dangers must carefully handle the product. They must wear adequate protection equipment. After handling face and hands must be washed. It is forbidden to eat, drink and also to keep food in the working area. Avoid vapour inhalation. Section 8 EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION 8.1 Exposure limit values 8.1.1 Specific control parameters
Occupational exposure limit (OEL), (mg / m3) Long term Short time (8 h) (15 minutes) 192 384 Limit Biologically Tolerable (LBT) Biological Sampling material time Urine Urine End of the shift End of the shift

Substance

CAS

Biological indicator Hipuric acid o-cresol

Proposed LBT 2g/l 3mg/l

Toluene

108-88-3

8.1.2 Preparations, allowed limit values for ingredients: not applicable. 8.1.3 Information regarding current monitoring procedures: Monitoring procedures regarding the toxicity in the exposed area are being performed. The personnel’s health will be monitored. 8.2 Exposure control 8.2.1 Occupational exposure control Respiratory protection: When the oxygen concentration in open air is of minimum 18%, the gas filter mask for organic vapours (filter of AX gases) will be used. When the oxygen concentration is below 18%, isolating equipment with air or oxygen will be used. Will be used gloves that will ensure protection against the oil products. At the same time the free movement of the fingers must be ensured, the gloves must protect as well as possible the forearm, to be tight on hands, not to be torn. When choosing the gloves the recommendations of the producer regarding the quality of the material, type of conjunction and the qualitative characteristics, must be taken into consideration.
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Hand protection:

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Eye protection:

Skin protection:

There will be worn glass protection goggles or goggles for chemical protection, according to the regulations concerning the protection of eyes and face. No contact lens will be worn at the working place. Suitable protective clothes and underwear made of natural fibres must be worn according to the legislation and boots with rubber shoe for oil products. The following articles are forbidden: collars, visors for shade, vizier for hats and frames of glasses made of celluloid or other flammable materials. In case of danger that the product might come into contact with the skin, a protective antistatic and resistant to burning suit will be worn.

10.1 Conditions to avoid

10.2 Materials to avoid 10.3 Hazardous decomposition products 10.4 Other information Section 11 TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

- storage in places without a good ventilation - storage near sources of heat and ignition - contact with strong oxidizing agents - generation of static electricity Strong oxidizing agents (concentrated nitric acid, nitric acid + sulphuric acid, dinitrogen tetra oxide, silver per-chlorate, bromine triflour, tetranitromethan) Incomplete burning generates carbon oxide, carbon dioxide and other toxic vapours. Hazard polymerization does not occur.

8.2.2 Environmental exposure control All measures against accidental spillage of product during handling, transport, storage and/or usage should be provided. The environment exposure will be constantly monitored. 8.3 Other information Providing the measures and control equipment, ensuring the ventilation systems that maintain the concentration below the dangerous limits. Limit the number of employees that are exposed to danger or susceptible of being exposed, at the lowest level. Section 9 PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES 9.1 General information - appearance: transparent liquid, colourless, free of sediments - odour: specific aromatic 9.2 Important health, safety and environmental information
No. 9.2.1 9.2.2 9.2.3 9.2.4 9.2.5 9.2.6 9.2.7 9.2.8 9.2.9 9.2.10 9.2.11 9.2.12 9.2.13 9.3 9.3.1 9.3.2 9.3.3 Specification of physical and chemical proprieties of the substance/ preparation pH Boiling point, °C Ignition temperature, °C Flash point, °C Explosive properties, %v/v – lower explosive limits - upper explosive limits Oxidizing properties Vapour pressure 20°C, hPa Density at 20°C, kg/m3 Solubility - water solubility at 20°C, mg/l - fat solubility n-octanol/ water partition coefficient Kinematic viscosity at 20°C, cSt Vapour density (air=1) Volatility index Other physical & chemical properties Melting point/ melting range, °C Auto-ignition temperature, °C Miscibility Values not applicable 110.6 unknown 4 ÷ 7 ºC 1.2 7.0 unknown 30 865 ÷ 875 515 unknown 2.65 ÷ 5.0 0.68 3.14 2.24 -95 480 ÷ 545 Alcohols, ethers, chloroform, carbon sulphur, glacial acid acetic and acetone Method Note IUCLID IUCLID IUCLID IUCLID IUCLID ASTM D 4052 IUCLID IUCLID IUCLID Engineering Tool Box osha.gov osha.gov IUCLID IUCLID osha.gov

11.1 Substances/preparations: Toxicological information and other effects on health Acute toxicity: - ingestion: - LD50 (rat) =5300 – 5910 mg/kg - LD50 (rat) =12.5 – 28.8 mg/l (4h); - inhalation: - skin: - LD50 (rat) = 12124 mg/kg; LD50 (rabbit)= 8390 – 18090 mg/kg Chronic toxicity: - ingestion: - inhalation: - Chronic inhalation may cause the loss of appetite, nausea, loss of weight, insomnia, unusual hypersensitivity of the extremities followed by motor weaknesses - skin: - In case of repeated contact the product may cause skin dryness and lesions. - other ways Irritant effects Irritating to skin and eyes. Specific effects: Limited evidence of carcinogenic effect (Cat.3 carcinogens); it might be a teratogenic substance. Chronic inhalation affects the central nervous system and causes damage to the bone marrow. Progressive anaemia can occur. 11.2 Preparations: Information regarding the toxicological effects (and other effects on health) of the ingredients Not applicable 11.3 Reference source IUCLID data base 11.4 Other information Pathogen effect: being a liposoluble liquid it circulates in the blood attached to the lipo-proteins; it mainly deposits in the central nervous system and bone marrow (rich in lipids). Section 12 ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION 12.1 Ecotoxicity Toxicity data to aquatic organisms: - acute toxicity to fish LC50 (96h) = 13 - 24 mg/l - acute toxicity to algae EC50 (24h) > 245 mg/l; EC50 (48h) = 125 – 160 mg/l: EC50 (7days) > 400 mg/l 12.2 Mobility Toluene floats on water. It may contaminate deep waters because it’s free mobility when is released to soil.

Section 10 STABILITY AND REACTIVITY 10.0 Stability
TOLUENE PETROM S.A.

The product is stable in ambient conditions, in closed containers, under normal storage and handling conditions.
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12.3 Persistence and degradability - Substance (ingredients) potential of degradation: In water toluene is volatile and biodegradable. The main process depends on the temperature of the water and on the existence of acclimated organisms in the area. If toluene is released to soil, it will be lost by evaporation from near surface soil and microbial degradation. The product is biodegradable in soil in aerobic conditions. In air, toluene oxidizes rapidly, producing through photochemical reactions, hydroxyls. - Half-life: In water toluene is volatile and biodegradable depending on the concentration, with a halve time starting from a few days to several weeks. -Substance (ingredients) potential of degradation into sewage-treatment plants: unknown 12.4 Bioaccumulative potential It does not bioaccumulate in a significant manner. 12.5 Other adverse effects: no adverse effects are known. Additional ecological information: - water: liquid hydrocarbons will not be allowed to enter in drains or waters. In case of accident request the intervention of special units; - soil: hydrocarbons will not be spilled, they must not enter the soil. In case of accidents request the intervention of special units; - air: losses of liquid must be maintained as low as possible. Section 13 DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS 13.1 Appropriate disposal methods of the substance or preparation The absorbent materials imbued with toluene will be collected and transported to special waste collection points. Contaminated waters will be treated by gravitational separation of the solid components followed by the water’s surface clean up. The water must be dual filtered and the active carbon absorbed from it (1 kg of active carbon at 10 kg soluble substance). The used water obtained after filtering will be brought again to the tank of gravitational clean up. 13.2 Appropriate disposal methods of contaminated packaging The empty containers that contained toluene will be drained and evacuated from the warehouse. These must no be used to deposit drinkable water. The empty containers will be labelled like those that contained toluene. The wastes that contain toluene that are about to be disposed of, must be kept in hermetic closed containers. The protective individual clothes that are dirty with toluene must be kept in separate boxes, until they are washed. 13.3 Relevant provisions of legislation Provisions of the legislation regarding to waste will be observed (Government Decision HG 856/2002; waste code 16 03 05*). Section 14 TRANSPORT INFORMATION Transport information ADR / RID / IMDG / IMO / IATA / IT-ICAO: ONU (UN) Number 1294 Class, Classification Code Class 3, F1 Goods name TOLUENE Packing group II Hazard identification number 33 Label 3 Special requirements to be accomplished In case the containers are transported an adequate ventilation system must be ensured. Other applicable information Marine pollutant

Section 15 REGULATORY INFORMATION 15.1 Substance/preparation labelling TOLUENE Code: 97210000 EC 203-625-9 “EC Label”

Labelling according to EC directives Potential hazardous components that must be specified on the label:
F Xn

Highly flammable R Phrase(s)

Harmful

R11 - Highly flammable R38 - Irritating to skin R48/20 - Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation. R63 - Possible risk of harm to the unborn child R65 - Harmful may cause lung damage if swallowed R67 - Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness

S Phrase(s)
S2 - Keep out of reach of children S33 - Take precautionary measures against static discharges S36/37 - Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves. S46 - If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label. S62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.

15.2 Specific provisions 15.3 Relevant information regarding national legislation
OUG (Government Emergency Ordinance) no. 200/2000 regarding classification, labelling and packaging of dangerous chemical substances and preparations, MO (Official Gazette) 593/22.11.2000 Law no. 451/2001 for the approval of OUG no. 200/2000 regarding classification, labelling and packaging of dangerous chemical substances and preparations, MO 416/26.07.2001 HG (Government Decision) no. 490/2002 for the approval of Methodological norms for applying OUG no. 200/2000 regarding classification, labelling and packaging of dangerous chemical substances and preparations, MO 356/28.06.2002 HG (Government Decision) no. 92/2003 for the approval of Methodological norms regarding classification, labelling and packaging of dangerous chemical substances and preparations, MO 118/25.02.2003 Law no. 360/2003 regarding the regime of dangerous chemical substances and preparations, MO 635/5.09.2003 Law no. 263/2005 for amending law 360/2003 regarding the regime of dangerous chemical substances and preparations, MO 899/07.10.2005 Law no. 324/2005 for amending OUG 200/2000 regarding classification, labelling and packaging of dangerous chemical substances and preparations, MO 1019/17.11.2005 HG (Government Decision) no. 199/2006 regarding amending HG 490/2002 for the approval of Methodological norms of applying OUG no. 200/2000 regarding classification, labelling and packaging of dangerous chemical substances and preparations, MO 223/10.03.2006

TOLUENE PETROM S.A.

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Section 16 OTHER INFORMATION 16.1 Relevant R Phrases list R Phrase(s)
R11 - Highly flammable R38 - Irritating to skin R48/20 - Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation. R63 - Possible risk of harm to the unborn child R65 - Harmful may cause lung damage if swallowed R67 - Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness

16.2 Clear distinction of information which has been added, erased or modified: not applicable 16.3 Other information References:
1. Methodology for completing and checking the Safety Data Sheet –, 4th edition/ December 2006 – www.anspcp.ro 2. European Chemical Substances Information – www.ecb.jrc.it – IUCLID data base 3. ADR 2005 – Annex A: dangerous goods list 4. Ministry of Chemical Industry - Department Norms PSI-1988 and General norms of fire-fighting prevention and extinction (Order no.775/22.07.1996, issued by the Internal Affairs Ministry) 5. General labour protection norms HG (Government Decision) 1218/06.09.2006 regarding the determination of the minimum SSM requirements for providing protection for the workers against risks related to chemical agents’ presence. 6. Law 319/14.07.2006 – Law of labour security and health 7. Specific PSI legislation: DG PSI-001; DG PSI-002; DG PSI-003; DG PSI-004; DG PSI-005; Law no. 307-2006; OMI no. 712-2005 8. Concise Encyclopaedia of Chemical Technology – Kirk – Othmer 9. Lange’s Handbook of Chemistry – Jhon A. Dean 10. Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ Handbook, sixth edition 11. www.engineeringtoolbox.com 12. www.osha.gov Provided information refers to the product in question. It does not apply if the product is used together with other materials or in processing. The user must ensure that all the information is correct and complete for the appropriate usage at the present time. Information corresponds to our knowledge an expertise at the present time or at the time the product was introduced on the market. The user stands the risks resulted from the non-observance of the recommendations of this sheet regarding usage, handling, storage and transport of the product. Used abbreviations: ADR European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road RID International Convention Concerning the Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail IMDG code International Marine Dangerous Goods Code IT-ICAO Technical Instructions of International Civil Air Organisation IATA International Air Transport Association PSI Prevention and fire extinguishing ( Prevenirea şi stingerea incendiilor )

TOLUENE PETROM S.A.

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Version 1; Data: March 2007 Supersedes : all previous versions