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Energy from Biomass Derived by burning plant material and animal waste, or by burning fuels from those Charcoal:

arcoal: produced by burning out moisture of wood, higher energy content than wood, portable, available in dev. countries, deforestation Garbage power burning garbage to produce steam and run turbines Ethanol alcohol produced by plant in fermentation, made mainly from corn and sugarcane Biodiesel Removing oil from plants or algae, mixed with diesel or burned directly Oil from algae promising source, grown in tanks on surface, no effect on food price, can use waste CO2 from burning plants Burning Solid Biomass directly burning above fuels for generation of industrial use

Its All About the Turbines Turbine spins a generator to make electricity, all comes down to spinning the turbine Spin steam, wind, moving water Steam coal, oil, solar, geothermal, nuclear, burning biomass, natural gas

Geothermal Using heat stored underground to produce power, heated air/water, cool buildings Pumping warm water into the ground (50-60 degrees) to cool water, or vice versa in winter Electricity cool water pumped hundreds of thousands of feet down to heat up and return as steam to spin the turbine Small percentage of energy is tapped, low emissions, can be widespread, can be done almost anywhere Potential for subsidence, increased seismic activity, high start costs, deep wells must be drilled for energy

Hydroelectric Nuclear Solar No direct emissions, expandable and portable, little maintenance, inexpensive after initial High start costs, need battery or grid, sun Passive advantages little disruption, inexpensive, low/no emissions, high net energy Utilizes controlled fission, uranium is mined, enriched, and used in power plants Potential reserves are vast Emit very little CO2, low risk of incidents, low environmental impact Low/negative net energy, high costs, major disasters from accidents, no effective disposal, fear, radioactive waste Moving water, hydroelectric dams, tidal energy Efficient and predictable, high net energy, flood control, recreation, irrigation and municipal use Habitat destruction, high initial costs, disruption of migration, high CO2

Wind

Passive disadvantages high initial cost, must be planned while building, only works when sun is up

Generates electricity while turbine is spinning Many suitable sites, high net energy, low cost after initial, expandable, no direct emissions, other uses, little disruption High initial cost, maintenance, noise pollution, kills birds and bats