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# Taller de diseo de reactores

Integrantes: Caldern Kozma Joyce Castellar Torres Yeison Fruto Daz Harold

## Docente: Mara teresa Acevedo

Facultad de ingeniera Programa de ingeniera qumica Universidad de Cartagena Cartagena de Indias D.T y C.

1. Consider the startup of a CSTR for the liquid phase reaction A products. The reactor is initially filled with feed when steady flow of feed (q) is begun. Determine the time (t) required to achieved 99% of the steady-state value of fA. Data:

Solucin:
El balance para el Sistema viene dado por

## Ya que la reaccin se efecta en fase lquida, . Dividimos la ecuacin entre .

, entonces

. Consideramos que

Sabemos que

## Dividimos todo entre

Integramos y despejamos CA

## Reemplazamos los datos conocidos

2. The production of ethylene glycol from ethylene chlorohydrin and sodium bicarbonate.

Is carried out in a semibatch reactor. A 1.5 equimolar solution of ethylene chlorohydrin is fed at a rate 0.1 mole/minute to 1500 dm3 of a 0.75 molar solution of sodium bicarbonate. The reaction is elementary and carried out isothermally at 30C where the specific reaction rate is 5.1 dm3/mol/h. Higher temperatures produce unwanted side reactions. The reactor can hold a maximum of 2500 dm3 of liquid. Assume constant density. a) Plot the conversion, reaction rate, concentration of reactants and products, and number of moles of glycol formed as a function of the time. b) Suppose you could vary the flow rate between 0.01 and 2 mol/min, what flow a rate would and holding time you choose to make the greatest number of moles of ethylene glycol in 24 hours keeping in mind the downtimes for cleaning, filling, etc., c) Suppose the ethylene chlorohydrin is fed at a rate of 0.15 mol/min until the reactor is full and shut in. Plot the conversion as a function of time. d) Discuss what you learn from this problem and what you believe to be the point of this problem. Solucion: Realizando el balance de moles para cada especie:

## a) Por polymath las grficas son las siquientes:

b) Tomando un tiempo para actividades como recarga, limpieza, llenado 4,5 h, si hay un reactor batch por da el tiempo de reaccin seria de 24 - 4.5 = 19.5hs, ahora; la temperatura en la que opera el reactor no produce otras reacciones, as aumentando el flujo de A que es 2 mol/min o 120 mol/h la reaccin ocurre mas rpido. Cuando el tiempo es de 19.5hs con un flujo de 120 mol/h, 1560 dm3 tendran que adicionarse al reactor. Dado que el volumen del reactor es de 2500 dm3 y que de antemano hay 1500dm3 de B en el reactor la reaccin no puede darse para un tiempo de 19.5hs y un flujo de 120 mol/h. Adems hay 1500dm3 de B a una concentracin de 0.75M por lo que solamente hay 1125 moles de B para

reaccionar, esto significa que alrededor de 750 dm3 de A es todo lo que puede reaccionar. Se podra adicionar mas A a el reactor para mantener la taza de reaccin alta a medida que disminuye la concentracin de B, pero adicionar el doble del volumen sera una prdida de tiempo y material. Adicionar 1125 moles de A a una taza de 120 mol/h toma 9.375hs. Usando el cdigo de polymath del inciso a y cambiando el Fao a 120 y el tiempo a 9.375 nos da 1107 moles de C, permitindonos asi que la reaccin vaya a 9.5hs resultando asi 1115 moles de C y para las 10 hs un resultado de 1124 moles de C. c)

3. A reversible reaction is taking place in a membrane reactor. Pure A enters the reactor, and B diffuses through the membrane. Unfortunately, some of the reactant A also diffuses through the membrane. a) Plot the flow rates of A, B and C down the reactors, as the flow rates of A and B through the membrane. b) Compare the conversin profiles of a conventional PFR with those of an IMRCF. What generalizations can you make? c) Would the conversion of A be greater or smaller if C were diffusing out instead of B?

## Para una reaccin reversible: ( As: ( ) )

Por estequiometra:

Usando polymath:

## b) como hay difusin a las paredes la ecuacin para A queda como:

Reemplazando la nueva ecuacin en polymath tenemos la siguiente grfica para la comparacin de los dos reactores.

d) se obtendra una mejor conversin si C fuera difundido hacia las paredes del reactor.

4. A microreactor similar to the shown in Figure P4-19 from the MIT group is used to produce phosgene in the phase gas.

The microreactor is 20mm long, 500m in diameter, and packed with catalyst particles 35m in diameter. The entering is 830 kPa (8.2atm), and the entering flow to each microreactor is equimolar. The molar flow rate of CO is 2*10-5 mol/s and the volumetric flow is 2.38*10-7 m3/s. The weight of catalyst in one microreactor: W= 3.5*10-6kg. The reactor is kept isothermal at 120C. Because the catalyst is also slightly different than the one in Figure P4-19, the rate law is different as well.

a) Plot the molar flow rates FA, FB and Fc, the conversion X, and pressure ratio y along the length of the reactor. b) Calculate the number of microreactors in parallel to produce 10.000 kg/year phosgene

c) Repeat part (a) for the case when the catalyst weight remains the same but the particle diameter is cut in half .If possible compare your answer with part (a) and describe what you find nothing anything unusual d) How would your answers to part (a) change if the reaction were reversible with kc=0,4dm3/mol? Describe what you find

Solucin: En fase gaseosa las ecuaciones del balance molar quedan como:

Usando polymath:

## en paralelo. c) asumiendo que el flujo laminar es ~Dp-2 por lo tanto:

Con esta nueva ecuacin usando polymath tenemos las nuevas grficas:

d) una conversion mas baja es alcanzada debido al equilibrio. Ademas,la reaccion de reversa comienza a superar a la reaccion directa cerca de la salida del reactor.