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How many products will the company need to produce from 2006 through 2008 in order to increase its monthly average for the period from 2005 through 2008 by 200% over its 2005 average? (A) 148,000 (B) 172,000 (C) 200,000 (D) 264,000 (E) 288,000

Company produced 12*2000 = 24,000 products in 2005. If company produces X products from 2006 to 2008, then total amount of product produced in 4 years (2005 through 2008) is X+24,000. The gives the average of (X+24,000)/4. This average needs to be 200% higher than that in 2005. In math terms, 24,000+200%(24,000) = 72,000. So: (X+24,000)/4 = 72,000 X+24,000 = 288,000 X = 264,000

2nd approach:

200% more than 2,000 is 6,000 products per month. Now, in order the monthly average, from 2005 through 2008, to be 6,000 products per month, the company should produce total of 6,000*48 products in these four years (48 months). Since in 2005, the company produced total of 2,000*12 products, then from 2006 through 2008, the company should produce 6,000*482,000*12=2,000*12*(3*4-1)=2,000*12*11=264,000. Answer: D.

2. If John makes a contribution to a charity fund at school, the average contribution size will increase by 50%, reaching $75 per person. If there were 5 other contributions made before Johns, what is the size of his donation? (A) $100 (B) $150 (C) $200 (D) $250 (E) $450

final avg = 75 = 1.5 of old i.e old avg = 50 = total of five/5 total of five = 250

new avg = 75 = total of six/6 total of 6 = 450 so John's contribution = 450-250 =200

Let be the average contribution size before John makes his contribution. Let be the total contribution size before John makes his contribution. Let be John's contribution. --> --> --> -->

3. What is the minimum percentage increase in the mean of set X {-4, -1, 0, 6, 9} if its two smallest elements are replaced with two different primes? (A) 25% (B) 50% (C) 75% (D) 100% (E) 200% 4. A group of men and women gathered to compete in a marathon. Before the competition, each competitor was weighed and the average weight of the female competitors was found to be 120 lbs. What percentage of the competitors were women? (1) The average weight of the men was 150 lb. (2) The average weight of the entire group was twice as close to the average weight of the men as it was to the average weight of the women.

Avg weight of women = 120 lbs Stmnt 1: Avg weight of men = 150 lbs This statement doesn't tell us the average weight of the entire group. The avg weight of men is not helpful till we know the avg weight of the entire group. Not sufficient Stmnt 2: Avg weight of group was twice as close to the average weight

of the men as it was to the average weight of the women. Since avg weight is twice as close to avg weight of men, the number of men must be twice of the number of women So women must be 1/3 of the total group. Think of the scale method we use. Ratio of the distances is 1:2 (avg is closer to men's avg than women's avg) so number of men: number of women = 2:1. Sufficient. Statement 2 is a direct reference to the number line method. Or you can say that it refers to the core concept of average weight. It says that the group avg is twice as close to the men's average as the women's average. We know that group average lies between the two averages. If men are more, the group average will be closer to men's average. If women are more, the group average will be closer to women's average ....................|.......................................|......................... .| .........Women's avg.....................Group Avg...................Men's Avg The statement says that group average is twice as close to men's avg so it means that number of men is twice of number of women. If you look at the scale method discussed in the link, you will understand it even better. We are given that the distance between group avg and men's avg is half the distance between group avg and women's avg. So men must be twice of women.

5. The mean of (54,820)2 and (54,822)2 = (A) (54,821)2 (D) (54,821)2 + 1 (B) (54,821.5)2 (C) (54,820.5)2

(E) (54,821)2 1

One can try plugging numbers and see the pattern: Take 2 and 4: average= 3 Now, for and ,

We can quickly realize that average of 54820 and 54822= 54821 So, as per the pattern derived above, average of and

= Answer: D

6. Set S consists of integers 7, 8, 10, 12, and 13. If integer n is included in the set, the average (arithmetic mean) of set S will increase by 20%. What is the value of integer n? 10 12 16 22 24

7. x, y, and z are consecutive integers, and x < y < z. What is the average of x, y, and z? (1) x = 11 (2) The average of y and z is 12.5 The answer is D

8. The arithmetic mean of a set of 10 numbers is 20. If each number is first multiplied by 2 and then increased by 5, then what is the mean of new numbers? A) 20 B) 25 C) 40 D) 45 E) 50 9. The mean of 25 observations is 36. The mean of first 13 observations is 32 and that of last 13 observations is 39. What is the value of 13th observation? A) 20 B) 23 C) 30 D) 32 E) 40 10. The average age of 6 persons living in a house is 23.5 years. Three of them are majors and their average age is 42 years. The difference in ages of the three minor children is same. What is the mean of the ages of minor children? A) 2 years B) 3 years C) 4 years

D) 5 years E) 6 years 11. What is the mean of first 10 natural numbers? A) 7 B) 5.5 C) 5 D) 4.5 E) 3 12. In a class of 45 students a boy is ranked 20th. When two boys joined, his rank was dropped by one. What is his new rank from end? A) 25th B) 26th C) 27th D) 28th E) 29th 13. In the first 10 overs of a cricket game, the run rate was only 3.2. What should be the run rate in the remaining 40 overs to reach the target of 282 runs? A) 6.25 B) 6.5 C) 6.75 D) 7 E) 7.25 14. A family consists of two grandparents, two parents and three grandchildren. The average age of the grandparents is 67 years, that of the parents is 35 years and that of the grandchildren is 6 years. What is the average age of the family? A) 28 years B) 31 years C) 32 years D) 34 years E) 35 years 15. A grocer has a sale of $6435, $6927, $6855, $7230 and $6562 for 5 consecutive months. How much sale must he have in the sixth month so that he gets an average sale of $6500? A) $4991 B) $5991 C) $6001

D) $6991 E) $7991 16. The average of 20 numbers is zero. Of them, at the most, how many may be greater than zero? A) 0 B) 1 C) 10 D) 19 E) 20 17. The average weight of 8 person's increases by 2.5 kg when a new person comes in place of one of them weighing 65 kg. What might be the weight of the new person? A) 75 kgs B) 76 kgs C) 76.5 kgs D) 85 kgs E) Cannot be determined 18. The captain of a cricket team of 11 members is 26 years old and the wicket keeper is 3 years older. If the ages of these two are excluded, the average age of the remaining players is one year less than the average age of the whole team. What is the average age of the team? A) 23 years B) 24 years C) 25 years D) 26 years E) 27 years 19. The average monthly income of P and Q is $5050. The average monthly income of Q and R is $6250 and the average monthly income of P and R is $5200. The monthly income of P is: A) 3500 B) 4000 C) 4050 D) 5000 E) 5050 20. The average age of husband, wife and their child 3 years ago was 27 years and that of wife and the child 5 years ago was 20 years. The present age of the husband is: A) 35 years B) 40 years C) 50 years

D) 55 years E) 65 years 21. In Adam's opinion, his weight is greater than 65 kg but less than 72 kg. His brother doesnt agree with Adam and he thinks that Adam's weight is greater than 60 kg but less than 70 kg. His mother's view is that his weight cannot be greater than 68 kg. If all of them are correct in their estimation, what is the average of different probable weights of Adam? A) 67 kg B) 68 kg C) 69 kg D) 70 kg E) 71 kg 22. The average weight of A, B and C is 45 kg. If the average weight of A and B be 40 kg and that of B and C be 43 kg, then the weight of B is: A) 17 kg B) 20 kg C) 26 kg D) 29 kg E) 31 kg 23. The average weight of 16 boys in a class is 50.25 kg and that of the remaining 8 boys is 45.15 kg. Find the average weights of all the boys in the class. A) 47.55 kg B) 48 kg C) 48.55 kg D) 49.25 kg E) 50 kg 24. A library has an average of 510 visitors on Sundays and 240 on other days. The average number of visitors per day in a month of 30 days beginning with a Sunday is: A) 250 B) 276 C) 280 D) 285 E) 292 25. If the average marks of three batches of 55, 60 and 45 students respectively is 50, 55, 60, then the average marks of all the students is: A) 53.33 B) 54.68

C) 55 D) 56.5 E) 60 26. A student's marks were wrongly entered as 83 instead of 63. Due to that the average marks for the class got increased by half (1/2). The number of students in the class is: A) 10 B) 20 C) 40 D) 73 E) 90

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