71 views

Uploaded by vipkolon

piles

- Types of Footing
- artigo
- Micro Pile
- Marine Pile by Ajit Kumar
- books_2710_0.pdf
- 07_bridge
- 371572207
- 2A_2
- Chapter 2 Foundation1
- Abutment Design
- 65029463-Piperack-Design-Example.pdf
- Wind Turbine Foundation Design Ch5
- High-Rise Buildings :: Foundation Construction
- Residential Apartment Report
- 03510E01
- Seymour-Jones
- Price Bid
- Use of Bitumen-Discussion
- Pile Foundation
- Nota Bhg 4 - Supervision of Bridge Construction

You are on page 1of 59

Testing

Theory

Experience

Lesson Plan

g Topic

- Driven piles - Static capacity g Topic 2 (Section 9.9) - Driven Piles - Construction Monitoring and QA g Topic 3 (Section 9.9.10) - Driven Piles Load Tests g Topic 4 (Section 9.10) - Drilled shafts - Static capacity - Construction

Deep Foundations

Lesson 09 - Topic 1

Driven Piles and Static Capacity

Learning Outcomes

g At

- Describe types of driven piles and applications for use Compute static capacity for driven piles in granular and cohesive soils Identify 2 of the design steps in pile groups Discuss negative skin friction

g Deep

g Shallow

g Deep

Foundations

Figure 9-1

g The

foundation designer must define at what depth suitable soil layers begin in the soil profile

Figure 9-1

Figure 9-1

g Figure

9-2

g Specific

- Static pile capacity - Ultimate pile capacity - Driving capacity - Restrike capacity - Shaft resistance in piles - Side resistance in drilled shafts - Toe resistance for piles - Tip or base resistance for shafts - And more..

Structural Terminology

g Allowable

(Nominal) load

g Ultimate g Table

9-10 for maximum structural design stress and maximum structural driving stress

Types of Piling

Concrete Concrete

Timber Timber

Steel Steel H H

Composite Composite

g Table

Type of Pile Timber Precast / Prestressed Reinforced Concrete Steel H Steel Pipe (without concrete core) Steel Pipe (with concrete core)

9-1

Typical Axial Design Loads 20-110 kips (100 500 kN) 90-225 kips (400-1000 kN) for reinforced 90-1000 kips (400-4500 kN) for prestressed 130-560 kips (600-2500 kN) 180-560 kips (800-2500 kN) 560-3400 kips (2500-15000 kN) Typical Lengths 15-120 ft (5-37 m)* 30-50 ft (10-15m) for reinforced 50-130 ft (15-40m) for prestressed 15-130 ft (5-40 m) 15-130 ft (5-40 m) 15-130 ft (5-40 m)

* 15-75 ft (5-23 m) for Southern Pine; 15-120 ft (5-37 m) for Douglas Fir

g Table

Typical Problem Boulders overlying bearing stratum Loose cohesionless soil Negative skin friction Deep soft clay Artesian Pressure

9-2

Recommendations Use heavy nondisplacement pile with a reinforced tip or manu-factured point and include con-tingent predrilling item in contract. Use tapered pile to develop maximum skin friction. Use smooth steel pile to minimize drag adhesion, and avoid battered piles. Minimize the magnitude of drag force when possible. Use rough concrete pile to increase adhesion and rate of pore water dissipation. Do not use mandrel driven thin-wall shells as generated hydrostatic pressure may cause shell collapse; pile heave common to closed-end pipe. Do not use tapered piles unless large part of taper extends well below scour depth. Design permanent pile capacity to mobi-lize soil resistance below scour depth. Use precast concrete piles where hard driving expected in coarse soils. DO NOT use H-piles or open end pipes as nondisplacement piles will penetrate at low blow count and cause unnecessary overruns.

Scour

g Table

9-3

Pile Types Steel Pipe (Closed end), Precast Concrete Steel H, Steel Pipe (Open end) Placement Effects Increase lateral ground stress Densify cohesionless soils, remolds and weakens cohesive soils temporarily Set-up time may be 6 months in clays for pile groups Minimal disturbance to soil Not suited for friction piles in coarse granular soils. Piles often have low driving resistances in these deposits making field capacity verification difficult thereby often resulting in excessive pile lengths. Increased densification of soils with less disturbance, high capacity for short length in granular soils

Shape Characteristics

Displacement

Nondisplacement

Tapered

Other issues

g Noise

and vibrations during installation g Remote areas may restrict driving equipment size g Local availability of certain materials g Waterborne operations may dictate some handling limitations (e.g., shorter pile sections) g Steep terrain may make use of certain pile equipment costly or impossible

g Often

several deep foundation types meet project requirements g Final choice must be made on cost analysis g In cost analysis include ALL costs related to a given pile type

cost of load testing, cost of pile caps, noise and vibrations, etc

g Three

- Pile support cost - Pile cap support cost - Construction control method support cost

g For

most piles, the pile cost is usually linear with depth based on unit price

long, large section steel piles

Special handling, splicing, etc.

g Express

g For

g Ultimate

g Qu=Rs+Rt

g Shaft

resistance, Rs=fsAs

g Toe

resistance, Rt=qtAt

g Qu=

g The

allowable geotechnical pile load, Qa is defined as follows in terms of Qu and factor of safety, FS

Qu Qa = Factor of Safety

Factor of Safety

g FS

- Level of confidence in input parameters - Variability of soil and rock - Method of static analysis - Proposed pile installation method - Level of construction monitoring

g The

FS used in static analysis should be based upon the construction control method specified

Construction Control Method Static load test (ASTM D-1143) with wave equation analysis Dynamic testing (ASTM D-4945) with wave equation analysis Indicator piles with wave equation analysis Wave equation analysis Gates dynamic formula Factor of Safety 2.00 2.25 2.50 2.75 3.50

Qu = Rs1 + Rs2 + Rs3 + Rt Assume static load test For design Qa = (Rs3 + Rt) / (FS=2) Qa = (Qu - Rs1 - Rs2) / (FS=2) For plans and specs Qu = Rs1 + Rs2 +(Qa)(FS=2)

In SRD, FS is not used SRD = Rs1 + Rs2 + Rs3 + Rt Soil Setup and Relaxation are considered in SRD Assume soft clay layer has sensitivity of 2 SRD = Rs1 + Rs2/2 + Rs3 + Rt

SRD should also include resistance to penetrate hard or dense layers

Example 9-1

g Compute

capacity

Pile

g Cohesionless

K el eris

lin m To

Hanse n

n o s

iya g r e v y a t Vij ch o F

&

ot u q Ca

Th urm

an

et al v e s t n Bereza

Vesic

S ey

Nordlund

ida h s i K

s Brom

Me yer hof

mou r- J o n es

Nordlunds Method

Figure 9-5

d=D

Qu =

K C F pd

d =0

sin ( + ) Cd d + t N q A t p t cos

Nordlund Method

For a pile of uniform cross section (=0) and embedded length D, driven in soil layers of the same effective unit weight and friction angle, the Nordlund equation becomes:

Qu = (K CF pd sin Cd D) + (t N q A t pt)

RS RT

R s = K C F p d sin C d D

K = coefficient of lateral earth pressure CF = correction factor for K when D Figures 9.7 - 9.10 Figure 9.11

pd = effective overburden pressure at center of layer = friction angle between pile and soil Figure 9.9 = embedded pile length Cd = pile perimeter

Lesser of

Rt = t Nq pt At R t = qL A t

t = dimensionless factor

Nq = bearing capacity factor At = pile toe area pt

Ground Surface

B Arching Action Df

Zone of Shear & Volume Decrease

pO = Df

Df

Nordlund Method

Qu = R S + R T

and

Qa = QU / FS

FS based on construction control method as in Table 9-5

Steps 1 through 6 are for computing shaft resistance and steps 7 through 9 are for computing the pile toe resistance STEP 1 Delineate the soil profile into layers and determine the angle for each layer

a. Construct po diagram using procedure described in Chapter 2. b. Correct SPT field N values for overburden pressure using Figure 3-23 from Chapter 3 and obtain corrected N160 values. Delineate soil profile into layers based on corrected N160 values. c. Determine angle for each layer from laboratory tests or in-situ data. d. In the absence of laboratory or in-situ test data, determine the average corrected N160 value, N', for each soil layer and estimate angle from Table 8-3 in Chapter 8.

STEP 2 Determine , the friction angle between the pile and soil based on the displaced soil volume, V, and the soil friction angle, .

a. Compute volume of soil displaced per unit length of pile, V. b. Enter Figure 9-6 with V and determine / ratio for pile type. c. Calculate from / ratio.

STEP 3 Determine the coefficient of lateral earth pressure K for each soil friction angle, . a. Determine K for each angle based on displaced volume V, and pile taper angle, , using appropriate procedure in steps 3b, 3c, 3d, or 3e. b. If displaced volume is 0.1, 1.0, 10 ft3/ft and the friction angle is 25, 30, 35, or 40, use Figures 9-7 to 9-10. c. If displaced volume is given but angle is not. Linear interpolation is required to determine K for angle.

K versus

= 25

Figure 9-7

STEP 3 Determine the coefficient of lateral earth pressure K for each soil friction angle, . d. If displaced volume is not given but angle is given, log linear interpolation is required to determine K for displaced volume V. e. If neither the displaced volume or angle are given, first use linear interpolation to determine K for angle and then use log linear interpolation to determine K for the displaced volume, V. See Table 9-6 for K as function of angle and displaced volume V

Table 9-6(a) Design Table for Evaluating K for Piles when = 0 and V = 0.10 to 1.00 ft3/ft

0.10 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 0.70 0.73 0.76 0.79 0.82 0.85 0.91 0.97 1.03 1.09 1.15 1.26 1.37 1.48 1.59 1.70 0.20 0.75 0.78 0.82 0.86 0.90 0.94 1.02 1.10 1.17 1.25 1.33 1.48 1.63 1.79 1.94 2.09 0.30 0.77 0.82 0.86 0.90 0.95 0.99 1.08 1.17 1.26 1.35 1.44 1.61 1.79 1.97 2.14 2.32

0.40 0.79 0.84 0.89 0.93 0.98 1.03 1.13 1.22 1.32 1.42 1.51 1.71 1.90 2.09 2.29 2.48 0.50 0.80 0.86 0.91 0.96 1.01 1.06 1.16 1.26 1.37 1.47 1.57 1.78 1.99 2.19 2.40 2.61 0.60 0.82 0.87 0.92 0.98 1.03 1.08 1.19 1.30 1.40 1.51 1.62 1.84 2.05 2.27 2.49 2.71 0.70 0.83 0.88 0.94 0.99 1.05 1.10 1.21 1.32 1.44 1.55 1.66 1.89 2.11 2.34 2.57 2.80 0.80 0.84 0.89 0.95 1.01 1.06 1.12 1.24 1.35 1.46 1.58 1.69 1.93 2.16 2.40 2.64 2.87 0.90 0.84 0.90 0.96 1.02 1.08 1.14 1.25 1.37 1.49 1.61 1.72 1.97 2.21 2.45 2.70 2.94 1.00 0.85 0.91 0.97 1.03 1.09 1.15 1.27 1.39 1.51 1.63 1.75 2.00 2.25 2.50 2.75 3.0

STEP 4 Determine the correction factor CF to be applied to K if .

Use Figure 9-11 to determine the correction factor for each K. Enter figure with angle and / ratio to determine CF.

Figure 9-11

STEP 5 Compute the average effective overburden pressure at the midpoint of each soil layer.

STEP 6 Compute the shaft resistance in each soil layer. Sum the shaft from each layer to obtain the ultimate shaft resistance, RS.

R s = K C F p d sin C d D

STEP 7 Determine the t coefficient and the bearing capacity factor, N'q, from the angle near the pile toe. a. Enter Figure 9-12(a) with angle near pile toe to determine t coefficient based on pile length to diameter ratio. b. Enter Figure 9-12(b) with angle near pile toe to determine, N'q. c. If angle is estimated from SPT data, compute the average corrected SPT N160 value over the zone from the pile toe to 3 diameters below the pile toe. Use this average corrected SPT N160 value to estimate angle near pile toe from Table 8-3.

STEP 8 Compute the effective overburden pressure at the pile toe. NOTE: The limiting value of pt is 3 ksf (150 kPa)

STEP 9 Compute the ultimate toe resistance, Rt. Use lesser of:

Rt = t Nq pt At Rt = qL At

t Coefficient versus

1

Figure 9-12a

0.1 15 20 25 30 35 40 45

(degrees)

Figure 9-16b

Figure 9-13

- Types of FootingUploaded byRaju Shrestha
- artigoUploaded bysundra0
- Micro PileUploaded byWanZainuriadi
- Marine Pile by Ajit KumarUploaded byAjit Kumar
- books_2710_0.pdfUploaded byBrilian Dwi
- 07_bridgeUploaded bynelsonsainz
- 371572207Uploaded byrnelly
- 2A_2Uploaded byIndunil Jmg
- Chapter 2 Foundation1Uploaded byDipendraGautam
- Abutment DesignUploaded bydsureshcivil
- 65029463-Piperack-Design-Example.pdfUploaded bysaroiitm
- Wind Turbine Foundation Design Ch5Uploaded byLeo Zen
- High-Rise Buildings :: Foundation ConstructionUploaded bySatyanarayana Murthy
- Residential Apartment ReportUploaded byApoorva Meena
- 03510E01Uploaded byfructora
- Seymour-JonesUploaded byYuvarasu
- Price BidUploaded byGoanengineer
- Use of Bitumen-DiscussionUploaded byReemALMousawi
- Pile FoundationUploaded byEngr Darlington Chukwurah
- Nota Bhg 4 - Supervision of Bridge ConstructionUploaded byfarahazura
- Passive Isolation of Deep FoundationsUploaded byrameshkaa
- 279928797-Pile-caps-guidance-pdf.pdfUploaded byakanages
- Assessment of Calculation Procedures for Piles in Clay Based on Static Loading TestsUploaded bylingamkumar
- Guidance - Working Near Our Assets TWUploaded byEnri05
- Basal Reinforced Piled Embankment on M6 Extension, Scotland, UKUploaded bysandycastle
- Burke 2007Uploaded bymendez529
- Design CDPO OFFICE 53.00 lakhsUploaded byD.V.Srinivasa Rao
- Ch11 FootingsUploaded byMohamed
- Vsl Threadbar SystemsUploaded byNguyen Chau Lan
- CAP_400_e_b5Uploaded byBi Lai

- हरी इच्छा क्या हैUploaded byvipkolon
- PL60 SplitterUploaded byVipin Tyagi
- Bhai Gurdas 20-03-13Uploaded byvipkolon
- Welcome Your Death 09-01-15Uploaded byvipkolon
- सेव कीती संतोखीईं जिन्ही सचो सचु धिआइआ SGGS 466-467 03-02-12Uploaded byvipkolon
- Earthworks and Soil Comp ActionUploaded bykumaramit9
- We Are Born Thirsty 26-12-2012Uploaded byvipkolon
- mps-engUploaded byjishant
- NotesUploaded byvipkolon
- Building Bye LawsUploaded byvipkolon
- shotcrete HandbookUploaded byMohamed H. Jiffry
- Tug of War Inside Mind 12-1-15Uploaded byvipkolon
- The More I Practise (Sachin) 15-12-14Uploaded byvipkolon
- Ashwini UpadhyayUploaded byvipkolon
- Lieutenant Governor of DelhiUploaded byvipkolon
- God-1Uploaded byvipkolon
- Thesis_pham_12-1-2010Uploaded byvipkolon
- 2008f Heitz,Lüking,Kempfert - Geosynthetic Reinf. and Pile SuppUploaded byvipkolon
- Before Influencing Others, Influence Yourself 17-09-14Uploaded byvipkolon
- MseUploaded byvipkolon
- Mini Crash Barrier Drawing - CORRECTED 05-05-13 Model (1)Uploaded byvipkolon
- Do You Want to Be a Perfect Manager 19-09-14Uploaded byvipkolon
- Development of a High Strain-Rate Constitutive Model for Sands AnUploaded byvipkolon
- Are You Ready to Do Selfless Service (Seva) 18-12-14Uploaded byvipkolon
- Civil Engineer Wakes 23-09-14Uploaded byvipkolon
- Unified Building Byelaws for Delhi 20141419596105Uploaded byvipkolon
- REINFORCED FOOTINGUploaded byvipkolon
- Management for Engineers 11-09-14Uploaded byvipkolon
- A Review of Stabilization of Soils by Using NanomaterialsUploaded bySravan Muguda Viswanath
- Tn Slopeface Tcm29-9642Uploaded byvipkolon

- GEA Process Technology for Dairy and Formulated Products_tcm11-23709Uploaded byRuben Serra
- Feb 2001 CAWS Newsletter Madison Audubon SocietyUploaded byMadison Audubon Society
- Basics of Solar PV SystemUploaded byRoy Anthony T. Bayon
- ACME PDF.pdfUploaded byArpit Mehrishi
- Araby AnalysisUploaded bytienma1989
- Cranial Nerve PathwaysUploaded bybahahahah
- 5070_s03_qp_1.pdfUploaded byAnonymous wFLGHQ6AR
- Copy of LM324 Data SheetUploaded byS.v. NagaRaj
- ArtCAM Tutorijal 10Uploaded byIvan Nikolic
- Submerged Arc Welding NEURAL NETWORKUploaded byJohnnyDorian
- Janowcyk Andrew Publication ListUploaded byJessicxMasenrp
- Teknik-Menjawab-Kimia-SPM BETUL SALAH.ppsxUploaded byCik Su
- Labor and DeliveryUploaded bydexter
- CPTU Dissipation Test InterpretationUploaded byWilliam Chong
- RF Agile TransceiverUploaded byFrancisco J Lopez
- VSAT_G703E1_appnoteUploaded byAhmad Draie
- Preparation of the Great Philosophic StoneUploaded byHoot4Real
- TEM in Food Drink Industry Eric Candy Energy Efficiency in Brewing Industry i5Uploaded byሶፎንያስ ዳንኤል
- MECHANICAL EQUIPMENTS OF BUILDING.pptUploaded byNerinel Coronado
- Calculation Exercise Settling Water _.pdfUploaded bydhiyamita husnashi
- point groupUploaded byRatna Siti Khodijah
- Energy Substation Cat Epp 2978 Simaflex EnUploaded bydip461
- Sampleppt for SeminarUploaded byMahesh Sahu
- NRC Hearing Indian Point Limited Appearance Statement, Mark Kelly, NRC Adams # ML12270A373Uploaded byMkKelly
- Digital-Logic-formula-notes-final-1.pdfUploaded byHima Sekhar
- Bas, Van Geel Et Al. 2011Uploaded byMarla Saldanha
- Cee 2014 Set b PhysicsUploaded byhumanruhul
- Ascdc-man-op-concrete Pouring & Testing Monitoring02Uploaded byaristeo garzon
- Soal Pisa 2012 (matematika)Uploaded byAnonymous fy8Wo4b
- The Not So Short Introduction to Getting into Medical SchoolUploaded bydeuist