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REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA

INDONESIA’S BIOFUEL POLICY, DEVELOPMENT & OUTLOOK
PURNOMO YUSGIANTORO MINISTER OF ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES

BIOFUELS AND FEEDSTOCKS INDONESIA 2007 Jakarta, 30 – 31 January 2007

OUTLINE
1. 2. Energy Development In Indonesia National Energy Policy (Presidential Decree No. 5 Year 2006) 3. 4. 5. Energy Mix 2006 To 2010 Energy Diversification Program Fast Track Biofuel Development

ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA
NO 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. SUBJECT Momentum beginning Fiscal Influence (APBN) Primary Energy Production Accessibility to Energy Energy Demand Growth Subsidy Reduction Sectoral Treatment Policy Priority Contribution to National Development THE ERA OF ENERGY RESURGENCE IN INDONESIA I (1966) Oil dominant 50 – 75 % Oil Oil and traditional energy Low Pricing policy Lex Specialist Supply Side Management (SSM) - Pro Growth - Pro Job - Pro Poor 25 – 35 % Oil and energy alternative Oil and commercial energy High Substitution policy Lex Generalist Demand Side Management (DSM) - Pro Poor - Pro Job - Pro Growth II (2006) Oil dependency

(PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 5 YEAR 2006)
CURRENT ENERGI MIX
Hydro Power, 3.11% Geothermal, 1.32% Natural Gas, 28.57%

NATIONAL ENERGY POLICY

National (Primary) Energy Mix

Oil 51.66%

National (Primary) Energy Mix of 2025 (BaU Scenario)
Power Pl ant, 1.9% Mini/micro Hydro Power Plant, 0.1% Geothermal, 1.1%

Coal, 15.34%

National Energy Mix 2025 (Presidential Decree No. 5/2006)
Oil, 20% Gas, 30%
Biof uel, 5%

Gas, 20.6%

Oil, 41.7%

OPTIMIZING ENERGY MANAGEMENT
Coal , 33%

RE,17%

Geothermal, 5% Biomass, Nuclear, Hy dro Solar Energy , Wind Power, 5% Coal Liquef action 2%

Coal 34.6%

ENERGY MIX 2006 to 2010
Household and Commercial 2006
OIl 53.1% Briquet Coal 0.1% Biofuel (Biooil) 0.0% CNG 1.5% NG 6.4%

Household and Commercial 2010
Oil 28.1% Briquet Coal 1.2% Biofuel (Biooil) 3.7%

CNG 0.0% LPG 10.6%

Electricity 36.1%

LPG 19.0% Electricity 40.1%

NG 0.1%

Transportation 2006
Biofuel (BioDiesel) 0.0% Electricity 0.0% Biofuel (Bio-Oil) 0.0% NG 0.0% Biofuel (BioEthanol) 0.0%

Transportation 2010
Biofuel (Bio- Biofuel (BioDiesel) Ethanol) 0.4% 7.6% Biofuel (Bio-Oil) 1.9% Electricity 0.0% NG 1.4%

Automotive Diesel Oil 45.9%

Automotive Diesel Oil 42.3% Gasoline 54.0% Gasoline 46.5%

ENERGY MIX 2006 to 2010 (continuation)
Industry 2006
Gas 19.6% Electricity 13.1%

Industry 2010
Gas 20.4% Electricity 12.4%

Oil 30.9% Coal 22.5% Oil 43.8% LPG 1.1% Coal 34.9%

LPG 1.4%

Power Plant 2006
Gas 14.3% Coal-Hy brid 0.0% Oil 23.7% Biof uel 0.9%
Coal 71.4%

Power Plant 2010

Coal-Hybrid 2.2% Gas 8.3% Oil 2.7% Biofuel 0.8% Geothermal 6.8%

Geothermal 5.3%

Hy dro 9.6% Coal 46.2%
Hydro 7.8%

ENERGY DIVERSIFICATION PROGRAM
Types of fuel • Gas LPG BBG • Coal Coal Briquette Coal gasification Coal liquefaction Household √ √ √ √ √ – Transportation √ √ – – √ √ Industry √ √ √ √ √ √ Power Plant – √ √ – √ √

• Biofuel Bio-ethanol Bio-diesel Bio-oil
• Geothermal • Other Renewable Energy Biomass Nuclear Water Solar cell Wind CBM Hydrogen / Fuel Cell Oil Shale Biogenic Gas

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FAST TRACK BIOFUEL DEVELOPMENT
Energy Self Sufficient Village
Each Region Developing its Bioenergy Potential SHORT RUN LONG RUN

Create Job Energy Poverty Alleviation

Fast Track

SPECIAL BIOFUEL ZONE

Infrastructure

Explicit Investment Employment Ratio

Demplot

On time Schedule

Energy and Mineral Resources Department

www.esdm.go.id www.mesdm.net