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The Historical News

STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA ANDERSON, CHEROKEE, GREENVILLE, OCONEE, PICKENS & YORK COUNTIES

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SOUTH CAROLINA STATE FLAG

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VOL. 29 NO. 10-SC
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Southern Historical News, Inc.
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NOVEMBER 2009
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SHOP WITH US FOR ALL OF YOUR HOLIDAY NEEDS!

Your One Stop Shopping Place Manager - Cecelia Porch WALMART SUPERCENTER, located at 1451 Woodruff Rd. in Greenville, phone 864-297-3031, is one of the leading department stores in this area. Be sure to visit them on your next trip to town. They boast a wide selection of clothing and shoes for the entire family. Regardless of age, figure or fashion personality, WALMART SUPERCENTER can please even the most discriminating taste. Need appliances, furniture, auto parts, cameras, toys or gifts, groceries, meats, produce items and much, much more? These items are what you’ll find at WALMART SUPERCENTER. Come in and see where quality merchandise and selection is greater. WALMART SUPERCENTER carries nationally advertised brands and have helpful and friendly sales personnel. All of these things contribute to make shopping here a real pleasure. The writers of this 2009 Historical Review make particular mention of this well-stocked store. Cecelia and all associates of WALMART SUPERCENTER thank their customers for past business and support, look forward to being of service to you, and wish you a safe and happy holiday season!

BROOKSIDE LIVING CENTER, INC.
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR - JIMMY KING DIRECTOR OF ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES - LORI LUND COMPLETE REHABILITATION FACILITY INCLUDING: • OCCUPATIONAL • PHYSICAL • SPEECH • SHORT TERM REHAB AVAILABLE MEDICARE/MEDICAID & PRIVATE INSURANCE ACCEPTED RESIDENTIAL SETTING IN ATTRACTIVE NORTH ANDERSON

208 JAMES ST.

864-226-3427

ANDERSON

JIMMY, LORI & STAFF THANK THE PEOPLE OF THIS AREA FOR PLACING THEIR TRUST & CONFIDENCE IN THEM, & REMIND YOU THEY ARE OF SERVICE TO THE ENTIRE AREA. HAVE A SAFE & HAPPY HOLIDAY SEASON!

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BECOME PART OF THE MORNINGSIDE FAMILY
HAVE A SAFE & HAPPY HOLIDAY SEASON!

DIRECTOR - CYNTHIA SWENEY • CHOICE OF SUITE STYLES • 24-HOUR ON-SITE STAFF • MEDICATION ASSISTANCE • SCHEDULED LOCAL TRANSPORTATION AVAILABLE • THREE FULL MEALS PLUS SNACKS • FULL ACTIVITY & SOCIAL CALENDAR

Anderson...........20-23 Cherokee...........16-17 Greenville...........2,4-6 Oconee..............14-15 Pickens................9-11 York.......................7-8

COUNTY HISTORY INDEX

CYNTHIA & STAFF AT MORNINGSIDE ASSISTED LIVING THANK THE FAMILIES OF THIS AREA FOR PLACING THEIR COMPLETE TRUST & CONFIDENCE IN THEM, & REMIND YOU THEY ARE OF SERVICE TO THE ENTIRE AREA!

15855 WELLS HWY.

864-888-8886

PET FRIENDLY

SENECA

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CHEROKEE & PICKENS COUNTY AREA

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Celebrating 21 Years!

ITTY BITTY LEARNING CENTER, INC.
Locally Owned & Operated by Patrick & Linda Barr Monday - Friday 6:30 A.M. - 6:00 P.M. One of the favorite places of both busy parents and children is ITTY BITTY LEARNING CENTER, INC.; one of the area’s finest child care centers. Located at 2732 Anderson Hwy. 135 (5 miles from West End School) in Liberty, phone 864-843-1343, this outstanding child care features facilities for the care of children ages 6 weeks through 15 years old and has won the support and approval of parents from all over the local area. They offer before and after school care and age based curriculums. They feature such outstanding programs as instructional activities and projects, hot meals and snacks, supervised play periods, daily naps and much, much more. The atmosphere is one of relaxation, fun and learning, so that the children really enjoy coming to this fine center. State licensed and insured, ITTY BITTY LEARNING CENTER, INC. has a fenced playground with a great assortment of everything that makes being a kid fun! No wonder children love it. The writers of this 2009 Historical Review are pleased to be able to list this outstanding child care center among the area’s leading businesses. Patrick, Linda and staff at ITTY BITTY LEARNING CENTER, INC. thank the parents of this area for placing their complete trust and confidence in them, and wish you a safe and happy holiday season!

MECHANICAL SERVICES
Certified Auto Care Locally Owned & Operated By Don Goble, Sr. Proudly Serving You Since 1988 For the type of performance you expect from your car or truck, visit MECHANICAL SERVICES for expert repairs on all makes and models, foreign and domestic. This complete car care center is located at 110 West Rutledge Ave. in Gaffney, phone 864-487-5888, and offers you honest, accurate and reliable service at competitive prices. They care about your car or truck just like you do and their goal is your complete satisfaction. After all, a satisfied customer is a good referral. MECHANICAL SERVICES can handle anything from a tune-up or brake work to a major repair or overhaul. Their certified technicians and their state-of-the-art equipment assures you that your investment will continue to be a good one. We, the writers of this 2009 Historical Holiday Review for Cherokee County, think that if you trust your car to the specialists at MECHANICAL SERVICES you won't be disappointed. Don and everyone at MECHANICAL SERVICES thank their customers for placing their complete trust and confidence in them, remind you they are of service to the entire area, and wish you a safe and Happy Thanksgiving and a Merry Christmas!

Enjoy your place in life.

200 ANNE DR. • EASLEY, SC 29640
admineasley@hmr-ltc.com
Nestled in the foothills of South Carolina, EASLEY LIVING CENTER is a 103-bed living center convenient to area hospitals, several lakes and various tourist attractions. We offer skilled nursing, intermediate nursing and rehabilitation services. Our highly trained professionals provide challenging opportunities and positive encouragement to assist residents on the road to recovery. Communication with families is important to us, and we frequently meet with families to discuss their loved ones plan of care. We welcome you to come tour our Living Center and see what living at EASLEY LIVING CENTER is all about. We, the writers of this 2009 Historical Review, are proud to include EASLEY LIVING CENTER among the area’s leading businesses. Everyone at EASLEY LIVING CENTER thanks their families and residents for placing their complete trust and confidence in them, and wishes you a safe and happy holiday season!

PHONE: 864-859-9754 FAX: 864-859-0697

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GREENVILLE COUNTY AREA

GREENVILLE COUNTY
Captain Richard Pearis (Paris) was the earliest known white settler in the Greenville area. He moved in with the Cherokee Indians between the years 1766-68. According to tradition, George II of England gave Captain Pearis a tract of 10 square miles embracing the land that later became the site of the city of Greenville. The county was created by the General Assembly on March 22, 1786. In 1797, a county seat was laid out and called Pleasantburg. By 1869, the population had reached 2,000. The city’s name was changed to Greenville in 1831. The Village of Greenville was chartered by an act of the General Assembly on December 17, 1831. On February 14, 1907, the city surrendered its charter and accepted incorporation under the general law.

Greenville County Was Created March 22, 1 786
Captain Richard Pearis (Paris) was the earliest known white settler in the Greenville area. He moved in with the Cherokee Indians between the years 1766-68. According to tradition, George II of England gave Captain Pearis a tract of 10 square miles embracing the land that later became the site of the City of Greenville. The County was created by the General Assembly on March 22, 1786. In 1797, a County Seat was laid out and called Pleasantburg. By 1869, the population had reached 2,000. The city’s name was changed to Greenville in 1831. The Village of Greenville was chartered by an act of the General Assembly on December 17, 1831. On February 14, 1907, the City surrendered its charter and accepted incorporation under the general law.

GREER
Designated the “Domain of the Cherokee,” the present site of Greer was a paradise for the Cherokee Indians who hunted through the hills and fished in the many streams. Settlers who lived close to the Old Indian Boundary Line encountered many pioneer hardships and provided a few scalps for braves’ belts. Not long after the Revolutionary War, the “domain” became a part of South Carolina. But for the next 100 years, the area remained the same. It consisted of small, separate farming communities, such as Pleasant Grove and Fairview. It wasn’t until 1873, when the Richmond and Danville Air Line Railway (now Southern Railway) laid track between Charlotte and Atlanta, that the town began to develop. The railway established a flag station on land that had belonged to Manning Greer and named it Greer’s Station. The town grew up around the depot and by 1896 the population was greater than 1,000. Although Cedar Hill Factory, erected in 1820, was the first mill, the advent of cotton mills did not begin in earnest until the early 1900s. The mills established Greer as a textile center until the 1980s when the focus changed to equipment manufacturing and plastics.

GREENVILLE - Situated in the heart of the Piedmont Plateau, Greenville is known as the “Textile Center of the World” because of its numerous textile manufacturing plants. Bargain hunting in the many outlet shops in the area is a way of life for residents and visitors alike. For art lovers, visiting the local museums is a must. One of the world’s finest and largest collections of sacred art and rare Biblical antiquities can be found in the Museum of Sacred Art on the campus of Bob Jones University (Tuesday-Sunday. Free. Children under six not admitted). The Greenville County Museum of Art at 420 College Street houses the largest collection of paintings by Andrew Wyeth outside of the artist’s own holdings. (Monday-Saturday and Sunday PM Free.) The Greenville Zoo is not just for the animals. You can find picnic tables, grills, playgrounds and a small garden at 1200 E. Washington Street. (Daily Admission). The Reedy River Historic Park and Greenway on Howe Street features footpaths along the river banks and picnic sites. It’s the site of the first permanent settlement (1776) in Greenville. A few miles north of downtown Greenville, on SC 253, Paris Mountain State Park’s thick forest setting and swiftly moving streams get you back to nature very quickly. You can set up camp, picnic, fish and swim in a crystal clear lake or walk a nature trail.

GREENVILLE “TEXTILE CENTER OF THE WORLD”

A Colorful History Of Greenville
Greenville's colorful history had its beginnings with the Cherokee Indians, who occupied most of the beautiful Blue Ridge foothills until 1777 when a treaty was signed giving white men access to it. The area's first white settlers were the Austin family, who came to southern Greenville County in 1761. The first great land-owner in the city of Greenville was Richard Pearis, an Irishman who settled on 100,000 acres of land around the Reedy River in the late 1760s. Pearis' half-breed son had been given the land by his Cherokee mother. All of Pearis' holdings were confiscated by Patriots during the Revolution, because of Pearis' Tory activities. Land sales were open in 1784 and white settlers rushed to purchase up-country acres in the former Indian territory. In 1786, “Greeneville" County, probably named for Revolutionary War General Nathaniel Greene, was chartered. In 1797, Lemuel Alston, who had bought much of Pearis' former land, laid out a plat for his development, “Pleasantburg,” but that name did not last long. In 1831, the small village of Greenville was officially chartered. The county's narrow, rushing streams had provided water power for cotton mills as early as 1820, but Greenville was primarily a resort for low country planters in the antebellum period. The textile industry really began to flourish after reconstruction, with the mills and mill villages surrounding the western edge of this city. In 1915, Greenville held its first 'Textile Center of the South.' Since that time, the area's economy has grown significantly and also become more diverse. But through all the changes over the years, the natural beauty of the land has the same appeal it had for those who saw it first.

Monday - Friday 10:00 A.M. - 6:00 P.M. Catering to the family in the old fashioned tradition, MEMORIAL PHARMACY, INC. is the modern pharmacy with “old time” service! They’re specialists in service and they’ve been doing it for years. Located at 100-A Simpson St. (across from Greenville Radiology) in Greenville, phone 864-295-1113, this is one pharmacy where personal service and individual attention are not things of the past. A friendly smile, a cheerful greeting and prompt, personal service are what you’ll get every time you walk in. No wonder they’re the favorite pharmacy of so many families in the area. MEMORIAL PHARMACY, INC. now offers compounding service for their customers, as well as home medical supplies such as diabetic supplies, nebulizers, oxygen, bedside commodes, wheelchairs, adult briefs and underpants, and much more. The authors of this 2009 Historical Review urge all of our readers to shop where service and the customer are the main products: MEMORIAL PHARMACY, INC. Everyone at MEMORIAL PHARMACY, INC. thanks their customers for past business and support, reminds you they are of service to the entire area, and wishes you a happy holiday season!

GREENVILLE COUNTY AREA

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tim’s automotive service
Locally Owned & Operated by Tim Brown Proudly Serving Greenville Over 29 Years Member Of BBB & Greenville Chamber of Commerce Service! That’s the main product at TIM’S AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE, where the customer always comes first! Anytime you stop into this friendly garage back at their original location at 901 Wade Hampton Blvd. (not affiliated with 330 Wade Hampton Blvd. location) in Greenville, phone 864-233-3555, you can look forward to some of the very finest repairs on your auto or truck in this area, foreign or domestic. You’ll sure be treated right. They specialize in major and minor repairs, including engine repair, transmission servicing, brakes, a/c work, oil changes, tune-ups and much more. TIM’S AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE has built up a long list of satisfied customers and the reason is that business goes where it is invited and stays where it is well treated. That accounts in a very large measure for their success. The writers of this 2009 Historical Holiday Review know that you will be pleased with any work done by this fine garage. Tim and everyone at TIM’S AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE thank their customers for past business and support, look forward to being of service to you in the future, and wish you a Happy Thanksgiving and a Merry Christmas!

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GREENVILLE COUNTY AREA
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Greer’s First cHUrcH Mt. tABor PresBYteriAn
Greer's first church, Mt.Tabor Presbyterian, was organized in 1841 at Bailey's Cross Roads, two miles south of Greer. Known now as First Presbyterian Church, the original one-room building was rolled on logs and pulled by mules in 1880 to the site of its present buildings on School Street. Since that time, religion has played an important role in the life of the people, and membership is high in Greer's large number of churches—totalling more than 75. Among the Congregations represented are: Assembly of God, Baptist, Catholic, Church of Christ, Church of God, Episcopal, Lutheran, Methodist, Non-denominational, Pentecostal, Presbyterian and Wesleyan. Church-sponsored activities include basketball and softball leagues for men, women and youth, and individual church-sponsored youth and senior citizens' programs.

picnic areas provide a midday respite for office workers. Falls Cottage, an historic home built in the late 1800s, provides access to the park from Main Street. The cottage was restored in 1977 and is now owned by the City of Greenville. Reedy River Falls Park, 47 Camperdown Way... 240-8088 Falls Cottage, 615 S. Main St.... 240-8088

Main Street between East and West Court Streets designates the area of Greenville's origination. Also in this area was the Mansion House, built in the 1820s, now known as the Poinsett Hotel. Main Street... 240-8088

TOWN SQUARE

AdVENTUREs IN PREsERVATION OffERs hANds-ON PREsERVATION VACATIONs
Adventures in Preservation, formerly known as the Heritage Conservation Network, is a nonprofit organization that offers hands-on preservation vacations to destinations throughout the world. Guided by experts, participants take part in real-world preservation projects. Planned trips for 2010 include U.S. destinations in Illinois, Montana, and New York City as well as international destinations in Kenya, Armenia, Slovenia, and Albania. For more information visit www.adventuresinpreservation.org.

siXtY Acres DeeDeD to ForM toWn oF rocKville
Reprinted Courtesy of Greenville County Historic Preservation Commission and Alexia Jones Helsley, "The Court of General Sessions," The Carolina Herald, XX (Spring 1992) On September 28, 1792, Charles Cotesworth Plackney deeded sixty acres of his original land grant of 640 acres to the Commissioners of Washington (Court) District “to superintend building of a gaol and a Courthouse" and to "form a town by the name of Rockville." (Rockville was later named Pickensville.) The Pickensville courthouse was not (a place) where deeds and wills were maintained, but rather (the location) where a state appointed judge listened to certain criminal and civil cases for (approximately) six days, twice a year. A sheriff and clerk of court of the Washington District carried out the mandates of the court. At the same time this court system existed at Pickensville ... county courts existed at the respective county seats of ... Greenville County (City of Greenville by the late 1790s) and Pendleton for Pendleton County (present Anderson, Pickens, and Oconee counties). These county courts handled the bulk of the court work, trying both (lesser) criminal and civil cases. Because there was a great deal more activity related to the county courts, both the villages of Pendleton and Greenville were more important ... (by) the late 1790s than was Pickensville, although neither ... boasted more than a few buildings during this time.

License# 15-141

SMALL WORLD CHILD DEVELOPMENT CENTER

Historic Greenville sites
This is the oldest church congregation in Greenville. Dated to pre-Civil War times, the brick building was constructed in the Gothic Revival style. The church's cemetery is worth a visit to read the many 19-century gravestones. 10 N. Church Street... 271-8773

CHRIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH

Locally Owned & Operated by Margaret Wencil “We Do Not Discriminate” Monday - Friday 6:30 A.M. - 6:00 P.M. You love your child and can feel good about choosing SMALL WORLD CHILD DEVELOPMENT CENTER, located at 715 North Main in Mauldin, phone 864-288-6910. They provide quality child care in a warm, caring atmosphere where your child can learn and develop through supervised activities tailored to your child’s individual needs. Their programs provide opportunities for learning through both individual and group experiences. SMALL WORLD CHILD DEVELOPMENT CENTER plans for all phases of a child’s development through physical, intellectual, social and emotional experiences with age based curriculums. They provide total child care for children ages 6 weeks through 12 years. Before and after school care is available. Come by and look around; you’ll see why SMALL WORLD CHILD DEVELOPMENT CENTER is what you want for your child. Margaret and staff thank the parents of this area for placing their complete trust and confidence in them, look forward to taking care of your little ones in the future, and wish you a safe and happy holiday season!

Organized by the Rev. James R. Rosemond, the church was one of South Carolina's first separate black congregations immediately following the Civil War. 101 E. Court Street... 232-6903

JOHN WESLEY UNITED METHODIST CHURCH

This 1838 house is the present-day headquarters of the Greenville Council of Garden Clubs. It was originally built by a wealthy cotton planter as his town house. The main features of interest are its copper roof, hand-blown glass windows and wooden peg construction. Call for hours open. 560 N. Academy Street... 232-3020

KILGORE-LEWIS HOUSE

This area along the Reedy River is where Greenville began in 1770. The falls were once the source of power for early industries. Today, beautiful footpaths wind along the river banks while
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REEDY RIVER FALLS PARK & FALLS COTTAGE

YORK COUNTY AREA

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A Look Back At York County Early Years
The first white settlers of the area were Scotch-lrish who had previously settled in the Pennsylvania counties of York, Chester, and Lancaster: names later bestowed upon their counterparts in South Carolina. Those who settled in York County came primarily from Down, Antrim, Londonderry, and Tyrone Counties in Ulster Province, Ireland. The Scotch-lrish were the backbone of York County settlement. During the Revolutionary War, soldiers from York County took part in many battles, including the Cherokee Campaign (1776), the Georgia-Florida Campaign (1777-1778), and the Defense of Charleston (1779). Such prominent military figures as Colonel Thomas Neel, Colonel William Bratton, Colonel William Hill, and Colonel Samuel Watson were York County residents. Two important Revolutionary battles took place within the boundaries of York County. On July 12, 1780, at Williamson's Plantation, near Brattonsville, Colonel Bratton, with a small band of outnumbered men, defeated the infamous Captain Christian Huck and his Tory force. This victory, acclaimed as "Huck's Defeat," came at a most opportune moment since it occurred soon after the fall of Charleston, the darkest hour of the conflict in South Carolina. York County's greatest contribution to history was made when her people, led by Hill and others, refused to accept British protection, raised the American Flag, and proclaimed to the world their determination to fight to the death. York County was the only section of South Carolina which did not surrender to the British. Another great contribution that York County made to the war effort was the Battle of King's Mountain. At King's Mountain on October 7, 1780, backwoodsmen of the Carolinas, Tennessee, and Virginia defeated the British forces of Colonel Patrick Ferguson. This victory proved to be the turning point in the War of Independence because it shattered the myth of British invincibility. Following the Revolution and throughout most of the nineteenth century, York County's economy was primarily agricultural. From the period of the Revolution to the time of the Civil War, farms and plantations dominated the landscape. The 1860s and 1870s were the tumultuous years of the War Between the States and Reconstruction. Many residents were casualties of the War, though very little military action took place in the county. In 1865, there was a skirmish at Nation Ford when Union troops burned the railroad trestle which spanned the Catawba River at that point. York County escaped the path of Sherman's March when flooding in the western part of the State diverted the troops south and east. During the war years, York County was a place of refuge for many Charleston residents who fled the lowlands. York County homes also sheltered President Jefferson Davis and his cabinet as they fled Richmond near the end of the conflict. President Davis spent the night of April 26, 1865, near Fort Mill at Springfield. Some cabinet members stayed at the home of Colonel William Elliot White, where on the morning of April 27, 1865, President Davis had his last full cabinet meeting. After the meeting, the group crossed Nation Ford, and traveling a route which included part of what is now Eden Terrace in Rock Hill, continued on to York. Mr. Davis and some of his party spent that night at the home of Dr. J. Rufus Bratton in York. During Reconstruction, York County was declared in a state of rebellion. Several units of Federal militia were stationed in the area. The textile industry was the dominant force which altered the economy of York County in the late nineteenth century. York County had the natural assets to make her a successful textile region. Labor was plentiful and cheap, there was an abundance of water power, and cotton was immediately at hand. The railroads provided the means for transporting cotton and finished products. By 1852, the Charlotte and South Carolina Railroad Company had established a depot in York County. This depot later became the site of the county's largest city - Rock Hill. Another railroad - the King's Mountain - had come to Yorkville (or York) in the middle of the 1850s. Gold mining was carried on in nineteenth century York County. Almost fifty gold mines were in operation at one time, of which there were reports of production from twenty. Estimates reveal that York County's gold production ranked fourth in South Carolina. Old mine sites may still be found near most communities in the county. In 1880-1881, the Rock Hill Cotton Factory (now Ostrow Textile Mills) was the first cotton mill established in York County and was also the first steam-driven cotton factory in South Carolina. Other mills were later established in Fort Mill, Clover, and York. The White and Hutchison families were instrumental in the establishment of textile mills in York County. York County manufacturing became more diversified in the early years of the twentieth century. John G. Anderson's Rock Hill Buggy Company converted its facilities to the construction of automobiles in 1916. The peak of success for the Anderson Automobile Company came in 1920. At that time, nearly thirty-five automobiles were assembled daily. The company's operations ceased in 1925 as a result of the economic depression following World War I. The late nineteenth century ushered in a new era in education for York County with the establishment of three institutions of higher learning. After temporary operations in Columbia, Winthrop College was moved to its permanent home in Rock Hill in 1895. Two colleges for blacks were operating in Rock Hill prior to the establishment of Winthrop. What is now Friendship College was founded in October, 1891. Present-day Clinton College was established in 1894. York County of the twentieth century is a product of her heritage. This brief summary of historical highlights has covered only a portion of the county's interesting history. Many historical sites still exist in York County. Every individual would find it an enjoyable experience to visit the many sites York County has to offer.

★★★★★★★★★★★★
NOW ACCEPTING APPLICATIONS AT CHERRY LAUREL APARTMENTS

wellington square apartments innsbrook commons HAVE A apartments SAFE & HAPPY cherry laurel HOLIDAY SEASON! apartments
Looking for a nice place to live? Call and inquire about the many benefits of living at WELLINGTON SQUARE APARTMENTS, INNSBROOK COMMONS APARTMENTS OR CHERRY LAUREL APARTMENTS. They are all income restricted housing. WELLINGTON SQUARE APARTMENTS is located at 1246 Wellington Square Dr. in York, phone 803-684-3977, INNSBROOK COMMONS APARTMENTS and CHERRY LAUREL APARTMENTS are located at 514 Innsbrook Commons Cir. in Rock Hill, phone 803-328-2844. WELLINGTON SQUARE APARTMENTS and INNSBROOK COMMONS APARTMENTS feature all of the modern conveniences including appliances, choice of 2 or 3 bedroom units, bath-shower combinations, carpeting, decorator accents, and much, much more. CHERRY LAUREL APARTMENTS will offer 3 bedroom town homes. It's so nice to live in a place where minimal upkeep is required and everything is so modern and attractive. Your whole family will love living at one of these beautiful properties! The writers of this 2009 Historical Review think that you should look into the many benefits of apartment living...the modern way!

ELECTRICAL, PLUMBING & MOBILE HOME SUPPLY, INC.
Proudly Serving This Area For 20 Years Locally Owned & Operated Monday - Friday 8:00 A.M. - 5:30 P.M. Saturday 8:00 A.M. - 4:00 P.M. One of the most upstanding community members has to be FOGLE’S ELECTRICAL, PLUMBING & MOBILE HOME SUPPLY, INC., dedicated to providing area residents with the very finest in hardware, plumbing and electrical supplies, RV supplies and mobile home supplies. This popular concern is located at 1110 East Alexander Love Hwy. (Hwy. 5 & 161 By Pass) in York, phone 803-6846258, and has earned the respect and admiration of all those who have done business with them. Their honest and forthright manner of dealing on a one-to-one basis with people have made them the local leader in their field. You can better appreciate the quality of their service by stopping in! FOGLE’S ELECTRICAL, PLUMBING & MOBILE HOME SUPPLY, INC. is renowned throughout the area as being a foremost advocate of fair business practices and community-minded ventures. Make this fine firm your headquarters for all your hardware, plumbing, electrical, RV and mobile home supplies. The writers of this 2009 Historical Review are pleased to be able to list FOGLE’S ELECTRICAL, PLUMBING & MOBILE HOME SUPPLY, INC. among the area's leading businesses. Everyone at FOGLE’S ELECTRICAL, PLUMBING & MOBILE HOME SUPPLY, INC. thanks their customers for past business and support, and reminds you they are of service to the entire area! Have a safe and happy holiday season!

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YORK COUNTY AREA
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Rock Hill Telephone Company Museum
Located in the heart of downtown Rock Hill, the Rock Hill Telephone Company Museum offers you a hands-on tour through 100 years of providing communications to this area’s home and business customers. Your tour through the Rock Hill Telephone Company Museum begins with a brief video presentation outlining the 100year history of the company. Next you will learn how telephone poles were erected in the 1930s utilizing a 1927 Mack Line Truck. The next stop on your tour is a replica of a late 1800s telephone office. While visiting there, you can use an original magneto telephone to call a friend at another magneto telephone at the opposite end of the first 25-year era (1894-1919). Move through time to a 1930s hotel lobby where you can use a coin-operated telephone to call anyone in Rock Hill (free). Then try our switchboard office where you become the operator. The third 25-year era of your tour features a display of telephone directories extending along a twenty-foot wall. This would be a perfect time to examine a telephone switch station and learn what actually happened when you used a rotary dial telephone to place a call. Entering the last 25-year era you will see how communications developed from transistors to fiber optics. Your 100-year journey is now complete. Travel with us into the future of communications. We’ll be there. We’re Your Rock Hill Telephone Company.

Virginia, North Carolina and into the South Carolina Piedmont. These Scotch-lrish were Highland Scots who were moved into Northern Ireland by James I of England, and in later generations moved to the New World because of political conflict between the Crown and themselves. They were fiercely independent, clannish, strong believers in Calvinism and highly suspicious of outsiders. They were the vanguard of the frontier in the Southeast and their democratic ideas were to set the character for America's westward thrust in later decades. In the years prior to the American Revolution the Scotch-lrish were joined by Germans, English and African slaves who had followed the same road from Pennsylvania or had come from coastal settlements below the fall line. By the end of the 18th century this region had begun to lose its pioneer character and was evolving into a mature farming community. In the following decades the farmers slowly adopted some elements of the plantation economy which was beginning to dominate South Carolina. Some might

continued on page 9

Take Dave Lyle Boulevard from I-77 toward Downtown Rock Hill. Proceed 3.7 miles to the corner of Dave Lyle & Black Street. Take a left on Black Street. The Rock Hill Telephone Company Museum is approximately 100 yards on the left.

Rock Hill Telephone Company Museum 117 Elk Avenue Rock Hill, South Carolina 803-324-4030

red’s automotive repair & electric service
Locally Owned & Operated by Red Byrd At RED’S AUTOMOTIVE REPAIR & ELECTRICAL SERVICE, they feature complete repairs on all makes of automobiles, both domestic and foreign. They are located at 2446 Wood Rd. in York, phone 803-684-3715. Here, you will always receive excellent service at the most reasonable of prices. An automobile will not run indefinitely without the proper attention and care. So car owners of this area all realize that at one time or another they will require the services of a reputable repairman to keep it in running order. When you drive your car into RED’S AUTOMOTIVE REPAIR & ELECTRICAL SERVICE, it will be put into the very best of condition by qualified personnel and always at reasonable rates. Here, you can be assured of reliable service as all work done by this firm is fully guaranteed. This well-known firm has a reputation for ability and experience in handling all repairs, major and minor. For quality repairs including tune-ups, electrical service, engine repairs, brakes, transmission maintenance, etc. call the people at RED’S AUTOMOTIVE REPAIR & ELECTRICAL SERVICE. Red and everyone at RED’S AUTOMOTIVE REPAIR & ELECTRICAL SERVICE thank their customers for past business and support, look forward to being of service to you in the future, and wish you a safe and happy holiday season!

Kings Mountain History Farm

The History Farm here at Kings Mountain State Park is not just an attempt to recreate an Upcountry farmstead of the 1850's, but also an opportunity to preserve a unique collection of 19th century log and timber structures from the Piedmont region of our state. Evidence uncovered while clearing the site indicates that a working farm did exist here, however, none of the present buildings are original to the site. These structures were moved to the Farm from various locations throughout the Upcountry or were constructed by members of the park staff in the vernacular style of the region. While touring the Farm you will see examples of two basic construction techniques: log and timber frame. Log construction was introduced to America by the Swedes and Finns who settled Delaware in the 1640's. These early settlers were transplanting an architectural style that had been developed into a fine art in the Scandanavian countries. A century later, German immigrants settling in Pennsylvania also brought with them a tradition of log construction which they carried into the frontier. Log construction fit in well with the conditions found on the American frontier, where sawmills were rare or unknown and there was a surplus of good timber to be cleared for farming. Other immigrant groups, notably the Scotch-lrish, saw the benefits of log construction and carried it from Pennsylvania to other areas of the colonies. Log construction arrived in this area of South Carolina via settlers moving down the valleys of the Appalachian chain from the North. It is worth noting that Yoric, Lancaster and Chester counties have namesakes in Pennsylvania. The traditianal English building method which arrived here via the coast is known as timber frame or mortise and tenon construction. Trees were hewn square and joined together into a frame which was covered by boards. The only example on the Farm of timber frame construction is the 1840's Cotton Gin. HAPPY HOLIDAYS! With the exception of the Farm Manager's House, which is chestnut, all the other structures are fashioned from pine. The two basic log construction styles represented here are round and hewn. The corn crib is the only building utilizing round log construction, and is also the only excepton to corner construction, which is a V-notch rather than half-dove tail Hewn log construction is represented by two styles on the Farm. (To hew a log is to remove and flatten the rounded surface with a broad ax.) The Farm Manager's House is the exception again and represents one style which has the logs hewn "square" or flattened on all four sides. The other hewn log buildings are hewn only on two sides which form the interior and exterior surfaces. Both types are "chinked," which was a traditional mixture of clay and straw, stuffed between the logs to seal out the cold and insects. The Upcountry of South Carolina was settled as early as the mid-1700's mainly by Scotch-lrish immigrants traveling down the Great Philadelphia Wagon STEVE & THE STAFF AT ROLLING HILLS NURSERY & LANDSCAPING, INC. Road which extended from the Pennsylvania frontier southward through Maryland,
continued above

THANK THEIR CUSTOMERS FOR PAST BUSINESS & SUPPORT, & LOOK FORWARD TO SERVING YOU IN THE FUTURE!

PICKENS COUNTY AREA
KINGS MOUNTAIN - continued from page 8

PAGE 9

have owned a few slaves although the majority did not. The Kings Mountain Farm represents this process. Although not a palatial plantation as some of its neighbors may have been, the farm represents the culmination of many years of hard labor by a yeoman farmer and his family who had managed to rise above an existence of self-sufficiency to a position where cash crops could be sold for profit. Grains such as corn and wheat were often carried to market or converted into whiskey. It was cotton more and more which came to be the state's primary cash crop. Gins such as the one here at the farm were common throughout the Piedmont and could provide the owner with additional income. It was the ycoman farmers who were the backbone of the state and had as significant an influence in shaping the state's history as~their plantation neighbors. As you enter the farmstead try to relate each structure as a part of the whole, each dependent on the other. We hope that when you leave you will take with you a better understanding of 19th century farmers in the Carolina Piedmont and their lifestyle. Additional information or assistance may be secured by contacting the Superintenent, KINGS MOUNTAIN STATE PARK, Route 2, Box 230, Blacksburg, S.C 29702 Telephone (803) 222-3209

★★★★★★★★★★★★
WE BUY WRECKED CARS!

REED’S USED AUTO PARTS
Locally Owned & Operated Monday - Friday 8:00 A.M. - 5:00 P.M. Need an auto part? Short of cash? Call REED’S USED AUTO PARTS and see just how little a good used auto part can cost. Located at 1075 Earls Bridge Rd. in Easley, phone 864859-0534 or visit them at www.reedsautoparts.com, this community-minded business has what you want! The people of this area have come to depend on this reliable salvage yard for service and quality when it comes to parts....and for good reason! Their business was built on efficiency and customer satisfaction. People come back again and again when they know that low prices and great service go hand in hand at this establishment. If you have a junk car that needs to be removed, they will buy it for cash! In compiling a profile of leading businesses in this area, we, the writers of this 2009 Historical Holiday Review feel that no listing would be complete without prominent mention of this fine shop. Everyone at REED’S USED AUTO PARTS thanks their customers for past business and support, and wishes you a safe and happy Thanksgiving and a happy holiday season!

1. Privy - Built in traditional style by members of the Civilian Conservation Corps in the 1930's, this structure was moved to this site from the Kings Mountain National Military Park and converted into restrooms. 2. Homeplace - Originally located in rural York County near Sharon and McConnells, this log home is believed to have been built by a returning Civil War veteran in the late 1860's. The Homeplace is the center of crafts demonstrations and other household activities. 3. Smokehouse - Built by the Park Staff, this structure was built using authentic construction methods, hewn logs with half dovetail notches, to resemble a design commonly found in the upcountry. 4. Outhouse 5. Outbuilding - This small barn is used for storage. One of the first buildings moved to the site, it has been reconstructed along traditional lines. It was located originally near Bullocks Creek in York County. 6. Blacksmith/Carpenter Shop - Houses the tools of both trades, which were important to the operation of the farm. This log structure was discovered within the walls of a frame house which was being demolished in Kershaw County, and is believed to date from the early 1820's. 7. Sorghum Mill and Cooker - After the sorghum cane is harvested in the fall, it is squeezed through the rollers at the cane mill. The cane juice collected is then placed in the cooker where the water is evaporated by heat leaving a thick dark syrup which was used as a sugar supplement. 8. Corn Crib - It was built by Park Staff using traditionai construction methods, round peeled logs with v-notch corners, and based on a traditional Appalachian design. As the name implies it was used to store corn. 9. Field - This area is planted in season with sorghum cane and corn which are consumed on the farm by family members and barnyard animals. 10. Cotton Gin - This 1840's ginhouse was moved to this site from Lexington County. It has undergone a great deal of reconstruction but evidence of the original structure is obvious in its beams, gear wheels and cotton press. The gin would have been housed in the upper story and turned by leather belts connected to the gear wheels which were operated by animals walking in a circle. Because of this the ground level space is free of posts. 11. Animal Farm - This building was brought from northeastern York County near Lake Wylie. It is used to store feed hay and harnesses. The sheds give shelter to the animats in bad weather. 12. Garden - Every homestead counted heavily on their gardens for vegetables. Farm families ate what they needed during the season and preserved their surplus by pickling and drying. 13. Ranger's Residence - This building was originally located north of York and purported to have been built in the early 19th century. It is built of chestnut logs hewn square and held together with half-dovetail comers. This is a private residence, so please respect its privacy. 14. Herb Garden - Households depended on these gardens for food flavorings, preservatives, and medicines.

LEGEND

UNCLE SAM’S ANTIQUES & COLLECTIBLES
Monday - Friday 9:00 A.M. - 6:00 P.M. Saturday 10:30 A.M. - 6:00 P.M. Tasteful, stylish and definitely unique! These are just a few words which could describe UNCLE SAM’S ANTIQUES & COLLECTIBLES, the area’s unusual antique specialist. Located at 108 North 1st St. in Easley, phone 864-8552150, this respected local merchant deals in the very special and unusual lines of antiques and collectibles from art to furniture, from crystal to primitives, from memorabilia to miniatures. Their selection is one of the very finest to be found anywhere, and they add their own “very special” service to every transaction. You’ll like doing business with this quality-minded firm as much as you like their distinctive antiques and collectibles. The authors of this 2009 Historical Review would like to compliment this outstanding antique store for their beautiful selection of unique and antique merchandise. Uncle Sam and Griffin Hill thank their customers for past business and support, remind you they are of service to the entire area, and wish you a safe and happy holiday season!

PAGE 10

PICKENS COUNTY AREA

Grist Mills Of Pickens cOunty
Courtesy of Sharon Mahanes

★★★★★★★★★★★★★

Grist mills, lumber and shingle mills, and textile mills have driven South Carolina's economy for past generations. Harnessing widely available waterpower, gristmill's ground grain for local farmers, producing staples such as cornmeal, flour, and grits. The miller retained a portion of the product (the miller's toll) to use himself or to sell. Such mills reflected the region's early economy, which was independent, self-sustaining and based on the family farm. A few of these gristmills survive in renovated or reconstructed form. Hagood Mill - The Hagood Mill is on the National Register of Historic Places. Built in 1826, then rebuilt in 1845 by Locally Owned & Operated by Steve Cole James Hagood, the mill utilizes the waters of Jennings Monday - Friday 8:00 A.M. - 4:00 P.M. Creek (now Hagood Creek) to turn its 20-foot diameter wooden wheel. A dam was used to divert water down an earthen millrace If you are particular about your car, then you should be par(sluice), toward the gristmill, where flour and cornmeal were ticular about your car’s servicing. People throughout this area go ground. From 1845 through much of the 19th century, Hagood Mill out of their way to stop in at STEVE COLE’S AUTO REPAIR, was a busy center of commerce. The wheel was rebuilt in the mid because they know that these professionals are completely famil1970's using as many original parts as possible. Today, once a iar with all models and makes of automobiles and can handle month, the millwright turns on a pump and the waters of Hagood anything from a tune-up to engine repair. They specialize in both Creek once again spill over the waterwheel. Inside the wooden major and minor repairs. clapboard building, spindles, shafts and gears begin to turn, grindSo, the next time you’re in the area, stop in at STEVE ing cornmeal and grits between two 1600-pound granite stones. COLE’S AUTO REPAIR, the service center that “Cares” for you Hagood Mill is one of the oldest known gristmill's in the state of and your car. South Carolina that still produces grain products, and the only mill They are located at 312 West Cedar Rock St. in Pickens, in South Carolina that uses the original wheel components. In phone 864-878-0031. addition to the mill, there is a heritage park that consists of, a We, the editors of this 2009 Historical Holiday Review, would Caretaker's cabin, gift shop and the Murphree-Hollingsworth Log like to call the attention of the driving public to this fine service Cabin (circa 1790). Throughout the year, the mill is also the site of center. heritage-based music festivals, traditional mountain crafts, and livSteve and everyone at STEVE COLE’S AUTO REPAIR ing history presentations. thank their customers for past business and support, remind you The mill is open the third Saturday of each month from 10 a.m. they are of service to the entire area, and wish you a Happy - 4 p.m., and is available for viewing every day of the year by appointment. To get to the mill from Pickens - take Hwy. 178 north to Hagood Mill Road, turn left onto Hagood Thanksgiving and a joyous holiday season! Mill Road and the mill is on the right. For more information and viewing appointments please contact the Pickens County Museum, 307 Johnson Street, Pickens Happy Holidays! SC 29671. (864) 898-5963. picmus@co.pickens.sc.us Prompt Installation 24/7 Emergency Service Golden Creek Mill Golden Creek Mill was originally built Dependable Automatic Delivery in 1825 by Joseph Woodal. It is a wonderful example of Underground Tank Installation the 19th century mills that provided cornmeal, grits and Guaranteed Price Programs flour in early American neighborhoods. In later years it Experienced Service Technicians was converted into a Cotton Gin and Press. Today, it is a Easy Payment Options replica/restoration of the 1800's mill that was nestled on Builders Programs the wooden banks of Golden Creek and is fully operaGas Logs / Water, Space & Pool Heaters tional. This mill uses a 14 foot water powered wheel for milling purposes. In addition to the mill, there is a country store featuring Amish products, a museum, and a nice picnic area overlooking the stream.You can visit the mill America’s Propane Company most mornings by appointment. To get to the mill from Pickens - take Hwy 8 into Easley, turn right onto Highland Road (HotSpot Gas Station on the corner). Go about 1.6 miles to Enon Church 2001 Gentry Memorial Hwy., Pickens Road. Turn left on Enon Church Road. Look for the Golden Creek Mill 3/10 mile on the right. 201 Enon Church Road, Easley, SC 29640-6915. (864) 859-1958 (a.m.); (864) 843-6320 (p.m.) goldencreek@msn.com Yoder's at Meece Mill Meece Mill no longer processes grits, flour or meal, but has been preserved as a placid, creek side Mennonite restaurant. This mill was originally known as Gravely Mill. It was built in the late ADMINISTRATOR - SUE PARKS 1800's. It later became known as Meece Mill with it's new owner Bob • THERAPEUTIC DIETS • PERSONAL LAUNDRY • DRESSING • GROOMING • MEDICATION SUPERVISION/FACILITATION Meece. The mill was reconstructed by • INDIVIDUALIZED HEALTHCARE • TRAINED STAFF 24 HOURS Mac Walker in 1930 and was in opera• PRIVATE & SEMI PRIVATE ROOMS & MUCH MORE! tion until about 1964. Today it is known FOR MORE INFORMATION CALL: as Yoder's at Meece Mill. This mill differs from other mills in the area in that it was run by turbines instead of a water wheel. Nearly all of the original equipment is still in the mill. In its day, this mill was used as a hammer mill, and a corn and wheat mill. Today, it houses Yoder's, a B-B-Q spot and gift shop. Locals flock there for 123 COUCH LANE EASLEY hearty-servings of steaming, old-style rural cuisine. This mill is a great place to EVERYONE AT MAGNOLIAS OF EASLEY ASSISTED LIVING THANKS THEIR RESIDENTS FOR PAST BUSINESS & stop and slip back in time.You can eat lunch along the 12 mile river and enjoy the SUPPORT, LOOKS FORWARD TO SERVING YOU IN THE FUTURE, & WISHES YOU A SAFE & HAPPY HOLIDAY SEASON!

STEVE COLE’S AUTO REPAIR

864-878-4796

MAGNOLIAS OF EASLEY ASSISTED LIVING

864-859-3303

continued on page 11

PICKENS COUNTY AREA

PAGE 11

★★★★★★★★

S C FRANKS CHAPEL OF REMEMBRANCE
Locally Owned & Operated By Luther Johnson, Jr. Always there in time of need, the S C FRANKS CHAPEL OF REMEMBRANCE at 301 East Main St. in Liberty, phone 864843-6309, is recognized as being one of the area’s foremost funeral directors. This established concern has helped a great many local families through their time of sorrow through compassionate funeral arrangements and complete service. This qualified funeral director will be glad to lend whatever assistance you need for preplanning your family’s funeral arrangements. They offer a wide variety of plans which can be suited to most any situation. S C FRANKS CHAPEL OF REMEMBRANCE has handled many dignified funerals for people of all faiths and all walks of life. The writers of this 2009 Historical Review urge you to trust your family’s arrangements to this qualified firm. Luther and everyone at S C FRANKS CHAPEL OF REMEMBRANCE thank the people of this area for placing their complete trust and confidence in them, and wish everyone a safe and happy holiday season!

A Brief History of Pickens county
Pickens County was a native Cherokee territory until the American Revolution. The Cherokee's sided with the British, suffered defeat, and surrendered their South Carolina lands. (Andrew Pickens and the Hopewell Treaty) The former Cherokee territory was generally known as the Washington District as it was included in the Ninety Six Judicial District that was created in 1769. This region was composed of the present day Counties of Greenville, Anderson, Pickens and Oconee. Streets for the district courthouse town of Pickensville (near present day Easley) were laid off and soon a small cluster of businesses and homes arose. After the 1789 creation of the Greenville District, the state legislature created the Pendleton District and moved the courthouse to the town of Pendleton. In 1826, the Anderson district was created, leaving today's Oconee and Pickens Counties as the Pickens District. The District courthouse was in the town of Pickens, located on the banks of the Keowee River, about a mile from today's Oconee Nuclear Station. In 1868, when the district was divided into Oconee and Pickens Counties, the town of Pickens was then moved 14 miles east to its present location, just south of the historic Hagood Mill. Prior to that move, as well as afterwards, the Hagood Mill provided a gathering place where locals could meet and discuss topics like politics, crops, social activities, or just to exchange ideas. For many years the mill remained a vital link that brought together the rural upcountry pioneers.
GRIST MILLS - continued from page 10

peaceful setting. Open the third Saturday of every month from 11:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.. To get to Yoder's from Pickens - take Hwy. 178 north out of Pickens and go about 3 miles. Turn left onto Gravely Road and go about 3.5 miles. Turn right onto Meece Mill Road. The Mill will be about 1/4 mile on the right. 1054 Meece Mill Road, Pickens, SC 29671. yodersatmeecemill@juno.com (864) 878-2608 Issequeena Corn Mill Featuring a three-legged (Meadows-type) mill with a wooden hopper, Collins Ole Towne, utilizes a small mill that was used on large farms or small plantations. Step back in time and visit a depression era country store featuring a collection of memorabilia found in most country stores of the 20s and 30s. The old time barbershop next door is a recreation of long ago where one could get a haircut, shave, shoeshine, and even a bath. Visit a small sawmill that families used to saw their building materials to construct their homes. A red schoolhouse includes desks from Central High School, a stage, and school memorabilia. Call for an appointment. From Central, take Hwy.93 toward Liberty. Go one mile. Look for overhead railroad bridge on left. Turn left and cross bridge. Turn right, then turn right on first dirt road. 226 Lawton Road, Central, SC 29630. (864) 639-2618. croycollins@juno.com or croypatcollins@aol.com For more infomation on grist mills contact SPOOM (Society For Preservation Of Old Mills) www.spoom.org

allen redding auto center
Quality! The way it was - the way it should be - the way it is at ALLEN REDDING AUTO CENTER! Your car is a very important part of your life and it should be treated that way. So, keep your car looking beautiful, clean and in great body-operating condition. Let ALLEN REDDING AUTO CENTER, located at 224 Redding Rd. in Easley, phone 864855-0809, be the shop that you can depend on. And always remember; your satisfaction is their satisfaction. So, whether you have an accident or need a great detail job, a beautiful paint job or you want to restore that old classic, bring your vehicle to ALLEN REDDING AUTO CENTER, the MASTER in auto body care. They offer assistance in insurance claims and are experts in collision repair, fiberglass work and color matching. The writers of this 2009 Historical Holiday Review are pleased to be able to list this outstanding firm among the area's leading businesses. Everyone at ALLEN REDDING AUTO CENTER thanks their customers for past business and support, reminds you they are of service to the entire area, and wishes all a Happy Thanksgiving and upcoming holiday season!

PAGE 12

ANDERSON, GREENVILLE & YORK COUNTY AREA
HAPPY HOLIDAYS!

SHOP WITH US FOR THE HOLIDAYS!

SHOP WITH US FOR THE HOLIDAYS!

One of the best stores in town to shop for quality and value is WALMART SUPERCENTER. They’re the Family Store. They carry a full line of clothing and shoes for each member of the family, as well as school supplies, furniture, housewares, sundries, electronics, hardware, toys, jewelry, sporting goods, and all those pesonal items for your car. They also offer a full line grocery department, bakery, deli, meat department, fresh produce, pharmacy, vision center, 1 hour photo, a beauty salon, tire and lube express and much, much more. WALMART SUPERCENTER believes that the one most important thing is customer satisfaction, and the friendly, courteous personnel strive to assist you in every way. People prefer to do business with them because they furnish quality products at prices they can afford. We, the editors of this 2009 Historical Review, are pleased to be able to list WALMART SUPERCENTER among the area's leading businesses. The management, staff and all of the associates of WALMART SUPERCENTER thank their customers for business and support, and invite the entire area in to see the difference between a department store and a SUPERCENTER!

Manager - Kevin Roten One of the friendliest stores in town is WALMART SUPERCENTER! Here’s the place you’ve been looking for, if you like the kind of store where courtesy and service are bywords of business, and the selection is ultra-complete. Located at 651 Hwy. 28 Bypass in Anderson, phone 864-261-7420, this full-line store has more to offer! They feature a complete grocery department, fresh meats and produce, bakery and deli. Sundries, housewares, toys, games, hardware, cosmetics, drugs, school supplies, stationary, gifts, candy, fabrics, notions and automotive supplies are among the many essential items featured here. The prices are just as low as anywhere else, and smart shoppers keep a regular list of needed goods in order to be able to pick them up in one convenient stop. They also have a hair salon, vision center, and bank. Personal service is an important part of the business operated by this concern. If YOU want to shop where selection and service are at their best, the editors of this 2009 Historical Review invite you to try WALMART SUPERCENTER! You won’t regret it. The associates at WALMART SUPERCENTER thank their customers for past business and support, and wish you a safe and happy Thanksgiving and upcoming holiday season!

970 EAST LIBERTY ST. • YORK

803-684-5486
RUSSELL SINCLAIR - MANAgER

14055 EAST WADE HAMPTON BLVD. • GREER

864-877-1928
CATHEY WOOD - MANAgER

Beauty By Design
Monday - Wednesday 10:00 A.M. - 6:00 P.M. Thursday - Friday 9:00 A.M. - 6:00 P.M. Saturday 8:00 A.M. - 3:00 P.M. Today, more than ever before, a person's total image depends a great deal on their hair. Beautiful hair can make even the average person look and feel exquisite. In this area, men, women and children on the go, find the surroundings of BEAUTY BY DESIGN, located at 1305-A Laurens Rd. in Greenville, phone 864-370-5488, the "in" place for hair styling. You too, are sure to find this place the most progressive hair styling salon to be found anywhere. Here you can relax and unwind in their pleasant atmosphere while professional hair stylists show you the latest, up-todate, scientific approach to enhancing the beauty of anyone. The hair stylists here are specialists in styling, cutting, tinting, and waving. The personnel here have a passion for perfection and flair for glamour. We, the editing staff of this 2009 Historical Review, emphatically hope that you enter a more exciting and beautiful world with a visit to BEAUTY BY DESIGN. We know you will be glad you did.

UR 24 HO G N TOWI E IC SERV

howard's body shop & wrecker service
Locally Owned & Operated By Bryan Davis Monday - Friday 9:00 A.M. - 5:00 P.M.

The Nutty Bavarian
www.nuttybavariangreenville.com
ThE NUTTY BAvARIAN of GREENvILLE, LLc. is a mobile areana cart, where they specialize in on-site roasting of cinnamon glazed peanuts, pecans, cashews, macadamia nuts and almonds. They also feature flavored popcorn for festivals, football games and any event. Have a Safe and Happy Holiday Season!

Of Greenville, LL C.

People in the Greenville County area don't have to look far and wide for a firm which is capable of doing the highest quality auto body work and painting. HOWARD'S BODY SHOP & WRECKER SERVICE at 121 Duffie Rd. in Simpsonville, phone 864-963-8660, can refinish and repaint ANY car or truck, foreign or domestic. Their work is wellknown as being fast, economical AND beautiful! If you have an old car that needs restoring bring it here to Bryan, he'll put it back to perfect condition for you. When you bring your car into this outstanding body and paint shop, you can rest assured that the work will be done to your complete satisfaction. From a small crease to a roll-over, you can do no better than to trust your car to the experienced pros at HOWARD'S BODY SHOP & WRECKER SERVICE. The authors of this 2009 Historical Review urge all of our readers to remember that all insurance companies permit you to choose the body shop you like best. Bryan and everyone at HOWARD'S BODY SHOP & WRECKER SERVICE thank their customers for placing their complete trust and confidence in them, remind you they are of service to the entire area, and wish you a safe and happy holiday season!

YORK COUNTY AREA
OPEN THANKSGIVING DAY! COME JOIN US FOR A TRADITIONAL THANKSGIVING LUNCH!

PAGE 13

LAYAWAY AVAILABLE ALL YEAR!

rock hill pawn shop
Gift Certificates Available

Featuring American Cuisine With A Southern Flare! “Business Or Pleasure, Why Not Both?” Open 7 Days Monday - Saturday - Lunch 11:00 A.M. - 2:00 P.M. Sunday Brunch 10:00 A.M. - 2:00 P.M. Monday - Sunday - Dinner 5:00 P.M. - 10:00 P.M.

ALL ABC PERMITS

Proudly Serving This Area For Over 20 Years Locally Owned & Operated By Douglas Mason Need money? ROCK HILL PAWN SHOP loans money on most anything of value! This reputable pawnbroker has established an enviable reputation for loaning the most and their large number of repeat customers shows it. Located at 2009 Cherry Rd. in Rock Hill, phone 803-327-6500, this well-run shop specializes in the making of loans on such items as guns, knives, sporting goods, jewelry, watches, musical instruments, electronics, computers and much more. As a retail store, ROCK HILL PAWN SHOP has also been very successful in offering their customers some of the area's outstanding bargains on out-of-pawn merchandise. Stop in today and look over the selection of goods that he has to offer...you'll be sure to find something you like! The writers of this 2009 Historical Review are pleased to be able to list this outstanding pawn shop among the area's leading businesses. Douglas and everyone at ROCK HILL PAWN SHOP thank their customers for past business and support, and invite the entire area to visit them soon! Have a safe and happy holiday season!

THE CONCORD COVE RESTAURANT is the popular meeting place for people in this area. Stop here for a meal that you won’t soon forget. They are located, Between Lake Wylie & Rock Hill, at 5303 Concord Rd. (near entrance of Catawba Nuclear Plant), phone 803-831-1036. The management invites you to drop in for some of the fine cooked foods in which they specialize, such as steaks, seafood, daily specials and much more! There is something about this restaurant that sets it apart from other eating places and makes it highly satisfactory. The extreme care and thought that goes into everything - the cooking, service, and arrangement, create a dining atmosphere that should be visited regularly. Their food is temptingly delicious, prepared in the most careful manner in a spotless, sanitary kitchen. You’ll find many delicious meals offered on their menu, all prepared to satisfy the most critical diner. In making this 2009 Historical Review, we the editors, wish to compliment THE CONCORD COVE RESTAURANT for their great food and friendly service, and are pleased to be able to list them among the area's leading businesses. THE CONCORD COVE RESTAURANT thanks their guests for past business and support, and wishes you a safe and happy holiday season!

SHOP WITH US FOR ALL YOUR HOLIDAY NEEDS!

GIFT CERTIFICATES AVAILABLE!

WRIGHT FUNERAL HOME
Locally Managed By Chris Hoofnagle Looking for better prices on lumber and building materials? Check with the friendly people at LOWE’S OF YORK and find out what value in building materials really means. Conveniently located at 1010 East Liberty St. in York, phone 803-684-1548, this outstanding retail outlet has the selection, the service, and the low prices to draw customers from miles around! LOWE’S stocks over 46,000 products and has another 400,000 products available through their Special Order Service. LOWE’S offers professional installation on many items they sell, including water heaters, storm doors, vinyl flooring, carpet, appliances, blinds, ceiling fans, and fencing, to name a few. LOWE’S is committed to offering the best service and their knowledgeable professionals will assist you with all of your building needs. We, the editors of this 2009 Historical Review are pleased to be able to list LOWE’S OF YORK among the area's leading businesses. The management and associates at LOWE’S OF YORK thank their customers for past business and support, and invite the entire area to shop with them soon. Have a safe and happy holiday season! Locally Owned & Operated by Isaac N. Wright, Jr. Proudly Serving This Area Since 1914 A reverent and compassionate service according to your family’s faith. That’s what you’ll receive when you make funeral plans with WRIGHT FUNERAL HOME at 301 East Liberty St. in York, phone 803684-4781; the all faith funeral directors. This well-known and respected firm has been serving the needs of families throughout the area for over 96 years. They are dedicated to the very highest principles of dignity and service at these difficult times. Understanding counselors will take care of everything for you. From chapel to services to cemetery....you can place your complete trust in this qualified concern and you won’t be disappointed. Feel free to contact them at any time for professional counseling regarding pre-need planning. It’s the very best way to have everything arranged before you need it! The writers of this 2009 Historical Holiday Review urge you to contact WRIGHT FUNERAL HOME at your earliest possible convenience. The staff at WRIGHT FUNERAL HOME thanks the families of this area for placing their complete trust and confidence in them, and wishes you a safe and happy holiday season!

PAGe 14

oConee CoUnTy AreA

OCONEE COUNTY WAS NAMED AFTER A MOUNTAIN
Named after a mountain in the Cherokee Nation area, Oconee County was provided for in the constitution of 1868 as part of the Pickens District. The county is almost an island being bordered on the northwest by the Chattooga River, on the west by the Tugaloo River and Lake Hartwell and on the east by Lake Keowee and Lake Jocassee. Sumter National Forest occupies the northwestern part of the county. The Cherokee Indians came through this area in their conquest of the Piedmont tribes. These high plateaus and mountains were their last strongholds in South Carolina before they moved out in 1792 after signing a treaty.

The Wisdom of Jefferson (And hoW Timely)
John Kennedy once said to an assembled group of scholars in the White House, "I think this is the most extraordinary collection of talent, of human knowledge, that has ever been gathered at the White House - with the possible exception of when Thomas Jefferson dined alone."

These Thomas Jefferson quoTes below could prove his poinT:
• When we get piled upon one another in large cities, as in Europe, we shall become as corrupt as Europe. • The democracy will cease to exist when you take away from those who are willing to work and give to those who would not. • It is incumbent on every generation to pay its own debts as it goes. A principle which if acted on, would save one-half the wars of the world. • I predict future happiness for Americans, if they can prevent the government from wasting the labors of the people under the pretense of taking care of them. • My reading of history convinces me that most bad government results from too much government. • No free man shall ever be debarred the use of arms. • The strongest reason for the people to retain the right to keep and bear arms is, as a last resort, to protect themselves against tyranny in government. • The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants. • Very Interesting Quote: In light of the present financial crisis, it's interesting to read what Thomas Jefferson said in 1802: "Banking institutions are more dangerous to our liberties than standing armies. If the American people ever allow private banks to control the issue of their currency, first by inflation, then by deflation, the banks and corporations that will grow up around the banks will deprive the people of all property until their children wake-up homeless on the continent their fathers conquered." Doesn't this sound eerily familiar to what is happening in America today?

OCONEE STATION STATE HISTORICAl SITE
The blockhouse
This 210-acre park, on Oconee Creek in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains, contains two historic structures: a stone blockhouse (fort) known as Oconee Station and a two-story brick residence known as the William Richards House. The blockhouse was constructed around 1792 as one of a chain of such buildings established during a period of tension between white settlers and the Indians. Oconee Station was the last blockhouse to be decommissioned in the state. The troops were removed in 1799. The brick house at Oconee Station, which sits near the blockhouse, was built in 1805 by William Richards, a native of Ireland. Richards established a successful trading post at Oconee Station. After the death of William Richards, along with the western movement of the frontier, Oconee Station's importance began to decline. The site is listed on the National Historic Register. Throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Oconee Station served as a family home and farm. The property was privately owned until the mid-1970s when the South Carolina Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism purchased the property to develop a historic park.

Attention
if you operate a business that is not listed in this publication and would like your company information listed in the next issue, please fill out the following and mail it to us at: southern historical news, inc. p.o. box 1068, hiram, Ga. 30141. we will have one of our representatives contact you.
business name: _______________________________ business address: _____________________________ city: _______________ state: _______ Zip: __________ business phone: (_____)______________________ daytime # if different: (_____)___________________ or you can give us a call at:

* office hours: 11 am- noon * admissions: free * hours of operation during standard time: march-december Th-su 9am-6pm * closed these dates: January & february contact information: 500 oconee station rd walhalla,sc 29691 phone: (864) 638-0079

hours

1-800-422-4478

OCONEE COUNTY AREA

PAGE 15

Seneca HiStoric DiStrict
★ The entire historic district is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. 1. Homer Ballenger House, 311 South First Street. Private. (Theme: Architecture) 2. Burckhalter-Davis House, 144 South Fairplay Street. Private. (Theme: Architecture) 3. Episcopal Church, South Townville & South Second Streets. Private. (Theme: Religion/Philosophy, Architecture) 4. G.N. Gignilliat House, South First Street. Private (Theme: Architecture) 5. G.W. Gignilliat House, South First Street. Private. (Theme: Architecture) 6. Sue L. Gignilliat House, 300 South First Street. Private. (Theme: Architecture) 7. Austin Harper House, 215 South First Street. Private. (Theme: Architecture) 8. T.J. Harper House, South Fairplay Street. Private. (Theme: Architecture) 9. Harper-Burley House, South Townville & South First Streets. Private (Theme: Architecture) 10. Hines House, South Second Street and South Townville Streets. Private. (Theme: Architecture) 11. Whit Holleman House, South First & South Townville Streets. Private. (Theme: Architecture) 12. Marett James House, 301 South First Street. Private. (Theme: Architecture) 13. B.A. Lowry House, 206 S. Fairplay. Private. (Themes: Architecture, Political and Governmental Affairs) 14. Lunney Museum, 211 South First Street. Private (Theme: Architecture) 15. R.L. Nimmons, Jr. House, South Fairplay Street. Private. (Theme: Architecture) 16. W.P. Nimmons House, 207 South Townville Street. Private. (Theme: Architecture) 17. Roach-Matheson Log Cabin, 110 West South Second Street. Private (Theme: Architecture) 18. Seneca Baptist Church, 210 South Fairplay Street. Private (Theme: Architecture, Religion/Philosophy) 19. Seneca Presbyterian Church, Corner South First and Oak Streets. Private. (Theme: Architecture, Religion/Philosophy) 20. Jesse Stribling House, South First Street. Private. (Theme: Architecture) 21. Old Stringer House, 305 South First Street. Private (Theme: Architecture) 22. H.L. Thompson House, 206 Townville St. Private (Theme: Architecture) 23. D.P. Thompson Waikart House, 215 South Fairplay Street. Private. (Theme: Architecture)

107 Todd Trails road 103 Millbrook, alabaMa, 36054 334-414-9053 operaTionaMerica1972@yahoo.coM
Warren shanks Mceachern Founder non gratum anus rodentum

OPERATION AmERICA (1972)

Gentlemen/ladies: Operation America is seeking the donation of Honorable Discharge certificates of deceased veterans for research and preservation. Every document donated will be thoroughly researched, preserved, and used as the basis for a biography describing the veteran’s life and service. Eventually, our archives will be transferred to the custody of the Smithsonian Institution for the use of all Americans. Due to the tragic 1973 fire in St. Louis, Missouri, the only surviving evidence of a veteran’s service is his/her Honorable Discharge certificate. Each year we “rescue” hundreds of documents cast into garbage dumps or exploited on the internet auctions. We ask your help in getting these historic documents into our archives for preservation and study. Your help will be deeply appreciated. We welcome your questions, comments, or suggestions. Sincerely, Warren Shanks McEachern

INdIAN SUmmER
Coming in late October or early November while the leaves are turning color and falling from the trees, Indian Summer is a short period of especially fair weather and mild days. It is not a separate season but a part of autumn that has no definite dates to begin or end. The mild, pleasant weather of Indian Summer follows the autumn's first period of cold, wintry days. The days become noticeably warmer, but the nights remain chilly. Throughout Indian Summer, the sun shines dimly and softly. The sky turns a rich blue and always appears gentle and hazy near the horizon. With almost no wind, the air remains smoky and still. An Indian Summer moon often has a soft yellow or orange hue that lasts from a week to 10 days. The rays of warm, hazy sunshine with that fresh autumn tang, have inspired poets to sing the praises of October and Indian Summer. Leaves change to brilliant crimson, russet, and gold. Wild asters, goldenrod, and fringed gentians bloom at this time. It is also the time for harvest and preserving the products that summer has brought forth. Then winter begins. Indian Summer is caused by a large mass of warm tropical air that south winds carry northward over the country. During Indian Summer, the air mass remains stagnant causing the weather to remain clear and mild. The American Indians looked forward to and enjoyed Indian Summer. They called it the special gift of a favorite god, Cautantowwit, the god of the Southwest. Although the origin of the name Indian Summer is uncertain, one story is that the American settlers named the period after the American Indians, who told the settlers that this pleasant period of autumn could be expected. Another story is that the settlers used the name because this period of good weather gave the warlike Indians a chance to make more attacks on the settlers. The settlers also believed that the smokiness of Indian Summer came from the camp fires that the Indians built. Other parts of the world also have a short period of fine weather similar to Indian Summer that is referred to by Europeans as Old Wives' Summer. In Poland, the period lasts for three or four weeks and is called God's Gift to Poland.

PAGE 16

CHEROKEE COUNTY AREA

CHEROKEE COUNTY CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
The Chamber of Commerce and the people of Cherokee County welcome you to our area of South Carolina. The City of Gaffney, which is the County Seat, and the Town of Blacksburg have many advantages of pleasant living in small cities and towns with most of the benefits of large cities which are less than an hour's drive away. In the Piedmont area of rolling terrain, we have the four seasons with winters short, early spring, summer and an extended fall. The mountains from our area are one hour away and the ocean four hours which provide our people with a wide range of recreation. We would like the opportunity to show you our County and point out the many advantages offered to industry, business and to those interested in residing in this area. We urge you to contact the Chamber Office by telephone, letter, or come by and let us assist you. We will be pleased to hear from you.

GAFFNEY AREA THiNGS TO SEE ANd dO
Limestone college was established as a private boarding college for women in 1845. The first males were admitted to the school, as day students only, in 1903. Limestone became a full coeducational institution in 1969. A self guided tour of this campus is available . Possum trot school: a well preserved one room school house that was built in 1887. The school is located in front of Hamrick, Inc. at I-85, Exit 90. cowpens national Battle ground: From Gaffney - S.C. 11 to the Battle Ground Entrance. From I-85- Exit 83, north on S.C. 110 to S.C. 11, then right to Battle Ground Entrance. Kings mountain national military Park: From Gaffney - U.S. 29 to 21 then right on S.C. 21 to S.C. 216 (Battleground Road), then right on Battleground Road. From I-85 Exit 102, south on S.C. 210 to U.S. 29, then left on U.S. 29 to S.C. 21 then right on S.C. 21 to Battleground Road, then right on Battleground Road. the million gallon Peach: The Board of Public Works in Gaffney, S.C. built an elevated water storage tank in the shape of a peach in 1981. South Carolina produces more peaches than Georgia, and Gaffney is the home of the S.C. Peach Festival. The Peachoid water tank is located in Gaffney on Interstate 85 near the Exit for S.C. Highway 11- the Cherokee Foothills Scenic Highway. the historic residential District with well cared for homes and streets is shaded by stately oak trees. A picture of the best in southern living. the historic Downtown District with newly renovated main street. oakland cemetery outlet shopping: I-85, Exits 87 and 90.

CHEROKEE COUNTY
For the period immediately following the Revolution, the events in the Cherokee County Area are rather obscure. No town or village of importance appeared in what is now Cherokee County until the 1830s, at which time Limestone Springs and Cherokee Falls were established along with several taverns and mills which were distributed throughout the area. In 1804, Michael Gaffney, originally from Granard, Ireland, settled at what is now Gaffney, and shortly afterward opened a tavern where the roads cross from Rutherfordton to York and from Spartanburg to Charlotte. By 1809, Gaffney was a leading citizen of the community. The city of Gaffney expanded considerably when in 1873 the Richmond and Atlanta Airline Railroad was completed. In the fall of 1873, plans were drawn for the town of Gaffney by Tillman Gaines, and lots in the new town were sold at auction. Blacksburg was established as a town somewhat later than Gaffney by Jacob Augustus Deal, father of Cherokee County Textiles, who surveyed the streets and planned the town of Black's Station, which later became Blacksburg.

COwpENS NATiONAl BATTlEFiEld
"The troops I have the honor to command have been so fortunate as to obtain a complete victory over a detachment of the British Army commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton...such was the inferiority of our numbers that our success must be attributed to the justice of our cause and the gallantry of our troops." General Daniel Morgan __________________________________ Daniel Morgan's tough Continentals and backwoods militia were fleeing on the afternoon of January 16, 1781. The "Cowpens" was a frontier pasturing ground where gentle rolling terrain and open woods offered an ideal setting for battle. Morgan's men welcomed the decision to stand. They needed rest and a good meal. That night, Morgan went among the troops cheering them up, explaining what he expected from them in the morning and promising that the "Old Wagoneer" would crack his whip over Tarleton the next day. At dawn, the British attacked in classic Eighteenth century style. The long rank of green jackets and red coats prompted one young American soldier to call it "the most beautiful line I ever saw." Morgan knew his opponent and deployed his troops in a way that made the most of their abilities in the kind of fight he expected from his adversary. A complete American victory was secured in less than an hour. The British losses were a staggering 80% killed, wounded or captured. Morgan's losses were minimal and victory was as complete as any of the entire American Revolution. Cowpens National Battlefield is a unit of the National Park System, preserving natural and historic landmarks across America. A visitor center, automobile trail, walking trail, and picnic area are available. Consider a trip to Cowpens National Battlefield and relive a portion of America's War for Independence. During your visit, please observe all rules and regulations. If you encounter any problems, please let a park ranger know. Have a safe visit and help us preserve your national park.

AmericAn Legion, Post 109 P.o. Box 8001 gAffney, south cAroLinA 29342

CHEROKEE COUNTY VETERANS MUSEUM
“For God and Country”

The Cherokee County Veterans’ Museum is sponsored by the American Legion Post 109. Officially dedicated on July 12, 1992, the museum houses over 500 artifacts and places of memorabilia depicting the various eras in American military history from the period of the Revolutionary War to the period of Desert Storm to this date. In addition to the historical significance and importance of its holdings, the museum offers opportunities and facilties to those who wish to reflect upon the sacrifices made both by themselves and by others in the great conflicts in American history. There are picnic tables situated on the grounds for the use of those who wish to come and have a snack, to rest or relax, to engage in good, wholesome conversation, or to reminisce about the times they spent in service to their country. hours: saturday, 9 am-11 am sunday, 2 pm-4 pm open other hours by appointment for school, church, civic or other groups.

CHEROKEE COUNTY AREA

PAGE 17

THE HISTORY OF GAFFNEY
Business, industry, agriculture, education, and religion. They are all part of Gaffney's past, present and future. In 1803 Michael Gaffney established a store where two Indian trails crossed, the current intersection of the highways U.S. 29 and S.C. 11. His store flourished and soon a resort hotel was built near Limestone Springs. An iron works was established at Cherokee Ford on the Broad River. As the settlement of Gaffney grew the hotel was converted into a college for women. It now houses the administrative offices of Limestone College. The railroad was built in 1873 and the tracks were surveyed, streets laid out, and homes and business built. Gaffney was incorporated in 1857. Gaffney's textile industry was established in 1887 and cotton became the major agricultural crop. In 1897 Cherokee County was formed and Gaffney became the county seat. Public utilities were established. The dreams of a public library and hospital became true. Agriculture and the spinning and weaving of cotton were the main employment until 1945. With the end of World War II, the diversification of industry started. Textiles remained strong with the addition of dyeing, finishing and apparel manufacturing. The metal fabricating industry discovered Gaffney. Food processing also became a major employer. Distribution centers were established to utilize the highway and rail systems. Cotton gave way to peaches. There are currently 36 churches representing 13 denominations in the Gaffney area. The churches and local civic clubs make Gaffney a caring place in which to live.

OVERVIEW OF CHEROKEE COUNTY
History Cherokee County can claim a major portion of the state's history as its own. Within the bounds of the county, two major battles of the Revolution and several minor skirmishes were fought. The Battle of Kings Mountain forced the British to reconsider their strategy and the Battle of Cowpens began the chain of events which ended the war. In 1804, Michael Gaffney, originally from Granard, Ireland, settled at what is now Gaffney, and shortly afterward opened a tavern where the roads cross from Rutherfordton to York and from Spartanburg to Charlotte. The completion of a railroad through the town in 1873 ignited further growth of Gaffney in the mid-1880s. In 1897, Cherokee was formed as a county from parts of Spartanburg, Union and York Counties. In 1889 the Town of Blacksburg took shape with the addition of railroad shops, a hotel, a school and several stores that were built. Location - Climate - Terrain Cherokee County, covering an area of 396.83 square miles, is located in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains in the Northwestern part of South Carolina. It is strategically located along Interstate 85, midway between the cities of Greenville, S.C. and Charlotte, N.C. Rainfall is usually abundant and spread quite evenly throughout the year. The mean annual precipitation in Cherokee County is 47.78 inches. The average growing season is 231 days. The mean annual temperature is 61.1 degrees (F). The average temperature during January is 42.8 degrees (F), while the average July temperature is 79.0 degrees (F). The average relative humidity daily is 78% at 1:00 a.m.; 81% at 7:00 a.m.; 53% at 1:00 p.m.; and 63% at 7:00 p.m. The elevation of this area, ranging from 800 to 1,000 feet, is conducive to cool nights during the summer months.

THE GETTYSBURG ADDRESS
November 19, 1863 a National Cemetery was dedicated in Southern Pennsylvania. Four months earlier, Meade’s Army of the Potomac comprised of 90,000 troops clashed with Lee’s Confederate forces consisting of 75,000 troops. They fought heavily for three days, July 1-3, 1863. The battle resulted in over 51,000 casualties. The Battle of Gettysburg has long been referred to as the turning point of the War Between the States. Many account Lee’s loss of men & valuable supplies as the beginning of the end. Although a Northern victory, Meade’s loss of troops was nearly equal to Lee’s and both sides reeled with grief. Lincoln was asked to make some remarks at the dedication ceremony. His words were considerably short (only three minutes) compared to the two hour funeral oration given by Edward Everett of Massachusetts. LIncoln’s words have since overshadowed us, having as much relevance now as they did then. Like the battle itself, The Gettysburg Address reminds us of the struggle of its time, the sanctity of human life, the value of our unity and the sacrifices made to preserve our nation. “Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation or any nation so conceived and so dedicated can long endure. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting-place for those who here gave their lives that this nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead who struggled here have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living rather to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us- that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion-that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain, that this nation under God shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth.” Abraham Lincoln, November 19,1863.

November 19, 1863

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PAGE 18
century saw a number of changes in manufacturing methods as competition drove invention. By 1880, the first wire nail manufacturer in America went into production, making iron wire nails, but by the end of the decade steel rather than iron wire nails were becoming more common. Generally speaking, iron hand-wrought nails are uncommon after 1815 having been supplanted by machine-cut iron nails, which can be dated as early as the end of the 19th century. Instances of iron wire nails, which date from the last quarter of the 19th century, are rare and give way to steel wire nails around 1890, although they are not common before 1900. By 1910 they are common. So, we know that the handful of steel wire nails at the Fort Daniel site date to the 20th century and have nothing to do with the fort. According to Edwards' typology, the hand-wrought nails are Type 1a to be dated between 1730 and 1794 and not later. This analysis is based on diagnostic attributes of the nail head and shaft. While these nails could have been re-used for Fort Daniel, they belong to the period of the earlier 1790s fort at this location. What of the machine-cut nails? Based on close examination of some excellently preserved machine cut nails from Fort Daniel, at least six important diagnostic attributes can be seen. These include the material--iron; the direction of the iron grain, the shape of the nail, position of burrs resulting from cutting the nail, clinch marks from heading, and the fact that the nail is hand-, not machine-headed. All of the intact machine-cut nails from Fort Daniel appear to be the same type. Edwards and Wells have identified 28 types of nails that can be dated between 1731 and 1900. Of these, 15 types are 19th century machine-cut nails. The earliest of the machine-cut nail types they present is a "Type 3c," in which the nail was cut by machine, but was headed by hand as a machine to both cut and head nails had not yet been perfected. They date this type to between 1805 and 1810. Type 3c is identical to the machine cut nails we have from Fort Daniel (Figure 3).

By Dr. Jim D'Angelo, Archaeologist Reprinted Courtesy Of The Gwinnett County, GA Historical Society Like the Eskimos who, it has been said, have 45 words for snow because their welfare depends on making such fine distinctions about the attributes of "snow," archaeologists make fine distinctions concerning the attributes of artifacts so that they can more reliably conduct the research that is important to their welfare. Through their attributes, artifacts have a story to tell about how, when, where, and why they were made. We could say that, for those who know what to look for, artifacts can be "read." This article is a primer about reading one kind of artifact: the nail. The most obvious attributes of any artifact are the material from which it is made, and its form. Iron nails tell us that they must have been made sometime after the beginning of the Iron Age, (about AD 1200 in the Mediterranean World), but before the advent of modern steel sometime around 1850. A steel nail tells us that it must have been made sometime after 1850 and more likely after the last quarter of the 19th century when machine-cut steel nails were first marketed. As form often points to function, the shape of a nail, has a story to tell if we know what to look for. Of course the basic shape of a nail-long, smooth, and pointed on one end with some kind of head for hammering-tells us it is not a screw or bolt. But, beyond this, the form or morphology of a nail has many telling "diagnostic" attributes, if we know what to look for.1 A case in point are three types of nails recently recovered at the Fort Daniel site. There were a few steel wire (round) nails found in clusters at the north end of the site. The other two types of nails, found across the entire site, were two varieties of "square" nails (Figure I). A bit of nail manufacturing history is called for here.2

Figure 3. Comparison of Fort Daniel machine-cut/hand-headed nail with Edwards' 1805-1810 Type 3c. Figure I. Two types of nails from the Fort Daniel site: hand-wrought and machine-cut/hand-headed. Until about 1790, most nails were made from square rod forged by a blacksmith or slit into rods in a slitting machine. The nail rod was then cut into desired lengths, reheated, and hammered until it tapered at one end. Again heated, the nail was then hand-headed in a tool designed for this purpose. Of these "hand-wrought" nails, the classic "rose head" nail shows the distinctive hammer marks of the "nailer" (Figure 2 1a). Remember, each process left distinctive marks, and that becomes very important for "reading" the nail.

According to Edwards, the process by which this nail was produced was introduced in 1805 but had a short life as it was soon made obsolete by a process perfected by 1810 that could both cut and head a nail. If a nail manufacturer had not switched over to the process by 1815 they would find it difficult to compete. Thus, the Type 3c Fort Daniel nails can be dated to not before 1805 and probably no later than 1810-1815. These dates are perfect for the construction of Fort Daniel in 1813. Where they were manufactured is not known, but they probably came into Savannah by ship and were transported to the Frontier by wagon. Who would have ever guessed that nails tell us so much?

1. An example of a diagnostic attribute is the nail head. The head can have many characteristics such as how it was made, size, shape, and so on. There are scores of combinations of these characteristics and recognizing them is the basis of morphological classification or typology of any artifact. For example, the "rosehead" or "bubble head" (see Figure 2) is diagnostic because it allows us to "read" what the nail has to say about how, when and for what it was made.

Figure 2. Top view of three types of nail heads: 1a - rosehead; 3c-hand-headed machine-cut; and 8g - 1847 bubble head machine-headed nail. By about 1790, machines for making nails from rolled (flat) stock were being used in the industrial north, and machine-made nails--more plentiful and cheaper than hand-wrought nails--were being exported from manufacturing centers in Pennsylvania, Ohio, and points north.3 Thus, by about 1800, machine or "cut" nails were becoming more common.4 By about 1815, machine-cut nails were common, and wrought nails were made only as a specialty item, and then, only to the Civil War period. The 19th

2. For this and the analysis of the Fort Daniel nails that follows, I am indebted to Jay D. Edwards' and Tom Wells' 1993 monograph, Historic Louisana Nails: Aid to the Dating of Old Buildings. Fred B. Kniffen, Cultural Resources Laboratory Monograph Series No. 2, Geoscience Publications, Department of Geography and Anthropology, Lousiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisana.

3. Whereas a good nailer was able to make a few hundred wrought nails a day, Edwards reports a 1795-patented machine that was capable of producing 10,000 nails per day. By 1811 this number was up to 60,000!

4. In the rural South, particularly on the frontier; the situation is unclear. Published studies are not to be found.

PAGE 19

South Carolina & The Historic State House
South Carolina stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Blue Ridge Mountains, containing 31,055 square miles with a population of 2.9 million. Thousands of tourists visit this state of scenic grandeur with world famous gardens, magnificent homes and historic battlefields. South Carolina has played a major role in the development of the nation during its more than 400 years of history. More battles and skirmishes of the Revolutionary War (137) were fought in South Carolina than in any other state. South Carolina has provided the nation one president, Andrew Jackson. Among other South Carolinians who have served in high government offices are John C. Calhoun, vice president, secretary of state and secretary of war; James F. Byrnes, secretary of state and supreme court justice; and John Rutledge, chief justice of the supreme court. Spanish explorers were sailing along the present-day South Carolina Coast less than 30 years after the discovery of America. The first attempt at establishing a settlement in the state was made by the Spanish in 1526 on Winyah Bay near what is now the city of Georgetown. A severe winter, Indian attacks and disease forced the Spanish to abandon the settlement. In 1562 a group of French Huguenots landed at a site near the present-day Parris Island Marine Base at Beaufort. Led by Jean Ribaut, the French were almost successful in establishing a permanent settlement. Ribaut, however, had to go back to France, and when his return to the colony was delayed, the settlers thought they had been deserted. With the help of the Indians, they built a craft and sailed for home. The boat became becalmed and everyone aboard was in danger of starvation when they were rescued by a passing English ship. It remained for the lords proprietors, the eight nobles who were given the Carolinas by King Charles II, to succeed in establishing the first permanent settlement. In 1670 the English arrived at Albemarle Point, ten years later moving across the Ashley River to the present site of Charleston. By the mid-1700s, new townships were developing inland. The German Scotch-Irish and Welsh settlers were a different kind of people by inclination and background from the planter class of the tidewater area. With the influx of pioneers from other areas, the Up-Country peoples of the Piedmont Plateau began to develop governmental ideas along the same lines as their neighbors in the Low-Country or Coastal Plain Region. Although all of the settlers were required to pay taxes to the state, only the Low-Country residents had actual representation before 1770. South Carolinians were leaders in the resistance to the Stamp Act and took an active part in the American Revolution. The initial overt act of the Revolution occurred on July 12, 1775, at Fort Charlotte in McCormick County. This was the first British property seized by force by American Revolutionary Forces. The first decisive victory of the war involving land and naval forces was won at Fort Moultrie. The Battles of Kings Mountain (1780) and Cowpens (1781) are considered by many historians to be the turning points of the Revolution. In 1788, South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the Federal Constitution. In the early 19th century, talk of secession mounted proportionately with rising tariffs. The touchy situation led to the state’s adoption of the nullification method of dealing with unpopular Federal laws. Originated by Calhoun, this innovation figured prominently in the 1833 compromise on tariff regulations in time to avert actual warfare. On December 20, 1860, in Charleston the Ordinance of Secession was passed, making South Carolina the first state to secede from the Union. Fort Sumter, in Charleston Harbor, garrisoned by Federal troops, fell soon after to the Confederates, was never surrendered, and remained in their hands until the evacuation of Charleston in 1865. That same year, General Sherman left a scorched-earth trail from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia, then through South Carolina burning Columbia as he returned north. Post-war South Carolina was in ruinous condition and the state was occupied by Federal troops until the government was restored to the people with the election of Wade Hampton in 1876. Until Hampton’s election, most of the population who had backed the Confederacy were effectively disfranchised. Illiterates, “carpet-baggers” from the North and “scalawags”, raided the treasury and plunged the state in debt. Thus, by April 1877, when President Hayes withdrew Federal troops from South Carolina, the state had declined to a condition from which it took many years to recover. In the 1800s, the textile industry started to flourish, but it was not until after World War II that South Carolina made great economic progress. Today the economy is healthy and the state is a leader in textiles and other manufacturing fields. Nearly all the giant industrial firms in the country have plants in South Carolina and the state has been one of the most successful in the nation in encouraging foreign investments, resulting in the annual manufacture of nearly $3 billion in products. Travel and tourism has grown in recent years to become the state’s second largest industry, attracting $4.6 billion in direct travel-related revenue in 1989. More than 97,000 South Carolinians are employed in this vital industry. The solid economic base is rounded out by agriculture, with products from the state’s fields and stockyards around the billion-dollar mark.

SOUTH CAROLINA

Mr. Charles C. Wilson, of Columbia (last architect of the State House) declares that South Carolina’s State House is “one of the notable buildings of the world.” Designed by Maj. John R. Niernsee, whom death prevented from carrying out what he said was “his life work,” and in vital particulars his plans were afterwards departed from. December 15, 1851, cornerstone for a “Fire Proof Building” was laid and in 1852 General Assembly appropriated $50,000 to complete it and to begin next section as “New State Capitol.” P.H. Hammerskold was the architect, and in May, 1854, he was dismissed for “concealments and misinterpretations and general dereliction of duty.” August 3, 1854, Niernsee was elected architect. He reported work and materials defective, wholly unsuitable, and the work was taken down, with a total loss of $72,267. Nov. 27, 1854, Gov. John. L. Manning recommended that new building be located at intersection of Senate and Richardson (now Main) Streets, with north and south exposures, declaring: “If change of location be made, in the end, perhaps it may not be a subject much to be regretted that delay and disaster attended

THE STATE HOUSE

the first efforts to construct a new Capitol for the commonwealth.” The General Assembly ordered location of new building changed, with wings extending east and west, as at present. Niernsee planned to complete building in 5 yrs. In 1857 it had advanced to top of basement window-heads. October 1, 1860, he reported the “absolute value of work put into the building” to be $1,240,063, and the structure as advanced to nearly 66 ft. above the foot of the foundation. “The Corinthian granite capitols, some 64, are being executed in a style and finish heretofore unequalled in that line.” (Mr. Wilson characterizes this work as “wonderful, nothing finer in France or Italy.”) Work was suspended when Sherman’s army destroyed Columbia on February 17, 1865. Only slight damage was done to the building by the shells, as the cannons were of light calibre, but the loss caused by the destruction of the old State House, with its valuable library; the offices, workshops, etc. with their priceless contents of plans, drawings and models, the work of 10 yrs.; and a vast quantity of finished marble and rough material was estimated by Niernsee as amounting to $700,000. “But 6 balls struck the western front,” with little damage “except one which shattered the moulded windowsill and balusters of the 2nd window (from the House of Representatives.” Four shots struck the interior of the building - 10 shots in all. Brass markers are placed at the spots on the west and southwest. Damage to the quoin-stones and basement cornice at the southwestern corner was caused “by the proximity of the fire from the adjacent old State House Building.” “One of the latest and best busts of Calhoun” was destroyed. Five “bells of St. Michael’s Church, Charleston, sent up here some time ago, deposited under one of the sheds, were cracked by fire and made useless, except the metal for recasting.” Niernsee’s library of architectural and scientific books, engravings, and several thousand drawings, the result of his practice of 25 yrs., with all the valuable detail State House drawings, contracts, etc., which had accumulated during 10 yrs.,” “were utterly swept away during that terrible night” - an irreparable loss.” Nothing remains of these drawings but several prints of a perspective view and one full size detail of a Corinthian capitol, but this perspective and evidence in the building itself indicate his conception of the completed building. His plan did not contemplate a dome anything like that now on the building, but a lofty and finely-proportioned tower rising through center of building, and supported on piers and arches from the ground up - a “rectangular lantern” somewhat pyramidal in outline, 30 ft. square at base, 180 ft. above ground, and to cost $200,000. Niernsee returned to Columbia as architect in 1885 to resume work, but died June 7. Succeeded by a former associate J. Crawford Neilson, of Baltimore, and on Oct. 1, 1888, by his son, Frank Niernsee, who successfully carried on the work, mainly on the interior, until it was again suspended about 1891. In 1900, Frank P. Milburn, was appointed architect. He replaced the roof and built present dome and north and south porticos at a cost of about $175,000, McIlvain & Unkefer being contractors. Senator J.Q. Marshal, of the Commission, protested strongly against Milburn’s appointment. He finally secured investigation of the work and Milburn and contractors were sued by Senate. There was a mistrial and case was not re-tried. A Joint Legislative Committee, after calling in Capt. S.S. Hunt, Supt. of Construction of U.S. Capitol, characterized the dome as “infamous, no uglier creation could be devised, and it is nothing short of a miserable fraud.” April 8, 1904, Chas. C. Wilson, of Columbia, was elected architect, under whom sundry items of improvements and equipment, on interior were made, and terrace and steps on north front building. This work continued several years at total cost of about $100,000. Mr. Wilson says: “The style of the building is in Roman Corinthian, with considerable freedom and distinguished originality in much of the detail. The workmanship of Maj. Niernsee’s time is exceptionally fine, indicating not only his great genius of mechanics of the highest skill and integrity. “All credit for this noble and dignified building is due to the original designer and architect, Maj. John R. Niernsee. It is due him and to future generations of South Carolinians that it be protected from further departure from his design, and in good time, in the State’s future prosperity, it is not too much to hope that it may yet be restored to his ideal.” Appropriations for the building have been verified in legislative documents to the amount of $3,540,000, the records of several other years not being available. Editor’s Note: In Mr. A.S. Salley’s history of the State House it is stated that the granite for this handsome structure was quarried in the immediate vicinity of Columbia, the greater part of it coming from the Granby quarry located about 2 miles south of the State House.

First State House Begun 1753; burned 1788. Second State House Begun 1786; burned 1865.

PAGE 20

ANDERSON COUNTY AREA

The Isaqueena Trail
In the western foot hills and up state South Carolina the heroic deed of an Indian maiden became a legend that has been proudly proclaimed since white men first began to encroach on Indian territory. The Cherokees were disturbed and angered at being pushed farther and farther back as more and more the white settlers moved on to their land. Discontent escalated into hostility among the Indians as they were forced to surrender more territory. In their tribal council at Cherokee Village, a decision was made to stage an uprising. Their plan was to wage a surprise attack on the settlers and kill them. Whether because of her white sweetheart or just out of kindness; Isaqueena, an Indian maiden set out to warn the white settlers about the scheduled uprising. As she traveled she estimated how far from home each stream was that she crossed. The first stream encountered was a mile from her home. Today it bears the name, "Mile Creek". As is true of most streams that crossed her trail some edifice was erected that bore the name of the stream. In the case of Mile Creek, Mile Creek Baptist Church was constructed. Continuing her way eastward, Isaqueena approached a creek six miles from home. Here, a small town emerged by the name "Six Mile". Nestled on a plateau near the most eastern ridges of the mountains; its location was ideal for foot hill and mountain traders. At one time Six Mile could boast of having most every establishment that a town could wish for. A post office, stores, a cotton gin, a black-smith shop and a hospital which has been converted into a convalescent home are among its cherished claims. Dr. Peek who established the hospital began construction on a tuberculosis sanitorium on near by Six Mile Mountain. The project was soon abandoned and only the foundation exists today. A damaging tornado hit Six Mile in April 1929. Five members of Tilman Garrett's family were killed and four members of his brother Raymond Garrett's family were killed. A little two year old girl was swept away from a demolished house. She was found at the school house unharmed. Twelve miles from home the Indian maid discovered a river flowing across her trail. Known thereafter as "Twelve Mile River" a textile plant was built along its banks. This plant didn't receive its name from the river but instead was called "Catteechee Cotton Mill". The mill, operated by water power from the river, was soon surrounded by a village. Employment in the mill has provided a livelihood for many families through the years. Nearby stores, schools and churches have provided material, intellectual and spiritual qualities for the town. The next "Water-mark along her way was named "Fifteen Mile Creek". Unlike the other streams no type of construction has ever been attempted in its vicinity. Its borders have been used mostly for farming and pasture. Still trudging eastward on her errand of mercy "Eighteen Mile Creek" became part of the legend. A few miles up stream from where Fifteen Mile Creek and Eighteen Mile Creek converge; a corn mill was constructed on Eighteen Mile Creek. The mill, known as Simm's Mill, received its power by water from the creek. As the water rushed by the turbine wheel a shaft was turned which in turn made the mill rocks revolve which ground the corn. A wood shop adjacent to the mill was in use at one time. It too was operated by water power. Brothers: Pat White and Henry White operated both, the corn mill and the wood shop. They were very adept at working with wood and produced some beautiful results. When Edna and I were first married they turned some table legs for me. This table became our first dining room table. Years later it was destroyed by fire when the barn in which it was stored burned. A few miles up the creek Ruhamah Elementary School was re-located close to the creek. Ruhamah Church and Ruhamah School were constructed on the same plot of ground. The church still stands at its original location but the school was moved a couple of miles to a location near Eighteen Mile Creek. The school was consolidated with the Liberty School system many years ago and no longer exists. Three and Twenty Creek which was next on Isaqueena's journey, had a church and fire station established near by. They were known by Three and Twenty Church and Three and Twenty Fire Station. Six and Twenty Creek, the last to be named by Isaqueena, was near by Six and Twenty Baptist Church which was constituted in 1835. This Church is located near the head of the creek. Down stream three miles west of Anderson, S.C. The area around the creek is intensely populated. Smith's Mill located near the creek on Anderson-Clemson Boulevard was a long time land mark until destroyed by fire in later years. The mill produced excellent meal and flour. Manse Jolly, another legend in The Six and Twenty community, was a Confederate soldier who refused to surrender at the end of the war between the States. His exploits are well known and recorded in history. He swore that he would kill a yankee for each of his brothers killed in the Civil War. He and his famous horse, Dixie, was a familiar figure in Anderson County especially in Six and Twenty community where his home is located. Many times he attended Six and Twenty Baptist Church. One time he ran out of the church and quickly un-hitched and mounted Dixie. As so many times past his quick "Get a Way" allowed him to elude the federal soldiers who came to capture him. Eventually he went to Texas where he married. One day, however, he tried to cross a swollen stream on his beloved horse, "Dixie" and was drowned. Six and Twenty Creek marks the end of the Isaqueena Trail unless, as is quite likely, there is a connection with Ninety Six S.C., a town east of Greenwood, S.C.

Reprinted Courtesy of AndeRson Independent-MAIl Anderson Anderson was named for Gen. Robert Anderson, a Revolutionary War hero, who was born in 1741 in August County, VA. His parents came to this country from Ireland. As a young man, he came to South Carolina to help his good friend, Andrew Pickens, in surveying some land that had been ceded to the English Colony by the Indians. He returned to Virginia to marry Ann Thompson and brought her back to South Carolina, where they settled at Long Cane, Abbeville County. Anderson later moved to the newly opened Upcountry and settled in the early Pendleton district near the Seneca River on the side of the river that became a part of Arderson County when the old district was divided. The city was founded in February 1827 and incorporated by an act of the Legislature on December 19, 1833. Anderson was the first city in the South to have an unlimited supply of electric power. The first cotton gin in the world to be operated by electricity was in Anderson County in 1897. Belton Long before Belton was chartered, it was an important stop on the old wagon trail from the mountains to Hamburg, located on the Savannah River near Augusta, GA. The wagon trail followed the old Indian trail along which DeSoto is believed to have traveled in 1540 when he crossed Anderson County on his way to the mountains. When two railway lines created a junction in Belton, this had much to do with the prosperity of the area. Much of the land of the area was owned by Dr. George

CITIes & Towns of Anderson CounTy

continued on page 21

GOD “IN UST” TR WE

CMS GARAGE & BODY SHOP

“IN WE GOD TRU ST”

Proudly Serving This Area Since 1952 Manager - Steve Moon Monday - Friday 8:00 A.M. - 5:00 P.M. The people at CMS GARAGE & BODY SHOP are specialists when it comes to all types of auto repairs, body work and painting. The next time you need your car or truck repaired or repainted, be sure to take it to this reliable shop. They are located at 1219 South Main St. in Anderson, phone 864-225-7346. The owners and all the employees at CMS GARAGE & BODY SHOP understand auto body repair work thoroughly, and will put this knowledge to work for you. If you need auto paint work done, you can be assured a quality job here because they have all the necessary tools and equipment. They specialize in major and minor repairs, oil changes, tune-ups, brakes, a/c work and much more. Insurance policies allow you to select the repair shop of your choice so when making your selection, think first of CMS GARAGE & BODY SHOP. Whether the job is large or small, you will always receive the same courteous treatment. They are well-known in this area because they have the knowledge that puts their work in a class by itself! So, remember, for any auto repairs or painting, contact CMS GARAGE & BODY SHOP. The writers of this 2009 Historical Review are pleased to be able to list this outstanding garage and body shop among the area’s leading businesses and invite you to give them a call. Everyone at CMS GARAGE & BODY SHOP thanks the people of this area for placing their complete trust and confidence in them, and wishes you a safe and happy holiday season!

ANDERSON COUNTY AREA
CITIES & TOWNS - continued from page 20 continued from below

PAGE 21

Brown, a well-known physician. He gave several acres of land for a railroad station, now the public square, and a lot on which to build a school. His daughter, Josephine, named the town Belton in honor of Judge Belton O'Neal who was instrumental in the construction of the Greenville-Columbia railroad and was its first president. The town was chartered in 1855. In its early years, Belton was well-known for its hotel, built by Brown and Col. A.R. Broyles and sold soon after its completion to G.W. McGee. It was famous for its food and hospitality and travelers from all over made a special effort to lodge there. The castle-like tower that rises above the town of Belton - the standpipe for water storage - has become a familiar landmark and its image is used as Belton's logo in the town's seal. It was constructed in 1909. Honea Path There are some who say the town of Honea Path is operating under an assumed name and that the original name was Honey Path. The exact origin of the name of this small Anderson County municipality has been tossed around for nearly a century. The original 1885 charter refers to the town as "Honey Path" in three places. Early wills and deeds also bear the name "Honey Path." The town apparently was named for William Honey, early trader and large landowner in the area. There is a record of the town being incorporated in 1917 under the name Honea Path. Since that time, legal documents have used the name Honea Path. How and when the name was changed remains a mystery but it possibly could have happened when an error in spelling was made in a later document because the "y" was so illegible it was mistaken for an "a." Iva Iva was originally a shipping station known as Cook's Station, named for Dr. Augustus "Gus" Cook, a prominent local physician and businessman. The post office was named for his daughter, Iva Cook Bryson. The name Cook was dropped in favor of Iva for both station and post office after it was discovered there was another Cook's Station in South Carolina. Apparently, this is the only town in the Upstate area named for a woman. Iva was incorporated in 1906. Before Seaboard Railroad closed its Iva operation, the railroad played a vital part in the community's economy. In the 1800s Cook operated a general store located near the railroad facing the town square on what is now Highway 81. The square now includes a mock public well on the site of the original public well once used by merchants and shoppers shortly after the turn of the century. Pelzer Pelzer was named for Francis J. Pelzer, who was one of the founders of Pelzer Manufacturing Co. The original plant, built in 1881, was a venture of Pelzer, William Lebby and Ellison Smyth, business investors who had definite ideas for establishing a cultural community. According to published reports, the operation was financed by Pelzer with Smyth as president and treasurer. When the town was laid out on what was called Square Street about the same year the plant was built, the pilot included spots for a library, church and school. The first generators ever built by General Electric Co. were installed in Pelzer Mill. Pelzer Plant No. 1 was the first mill in the state to install an incandescent lighting system. The No. 4 plant was at one time the largest plant in the United States of its kind under one roof. In 1902, Pelzer was the first and only town in the state to have compulsory education. Pelzer also was the first town in Anderson County to have a kindergarten program. Starr Twiggs was the name of a small village 10 miles south of Anderson on the road to Augusta until the Savannah Valley railcontinued above

road was completed in 1884, when the name was changed to Starr Station in honor of the first popular railway engineer by that name. For almost a century, the surrounding area was largely dominated by now disappearing cotton farms. West Pelzer The Cherokee Indians were the first settlers of the present site of West Pelzer, which originally was called Franklin. While there were settlers in the vicinity in the 1800s, the town of Frankville was not chartered until 1913. The original survey for the town was made by John Franks. The street layout in the older part of the town is the same today as called for in the original street plat. Frankville's name later was changed because of its location. A new petition was filed and on September 13, 1918, the name was changed from Frankville to West Pelzer. Williamston Williamston was named for West Allen Williams, who owned several thousand acres of land in the area. Williams discovered a natural mineral spring on his property, and the town grew up around it. In the early 1800s, the community, known then as Mineral Spring, was a booming health resort. The townspeople renamed the town for Williams, who had discovered the spring of water which people believed had healing properties. News of the water's medicinal value spread and as time passed, durable buildings replaced the temporary housing. As fame of the spring grew, more and more travelers came to the town, some hoping for miracle

continued on page 22

ELLENBURG NURSING CENTER, INC.
Serving The Area For The Past 43 Years Administrator - Lyndon Ellenburg Quality care is available at the ELLENBURG NURSING CENTER, INC. in Anderson at 611 East Hampton St., phone 864-226-5054. With RN supervision and doctors on call at all times, the staff follows prescribed special diets and physicians’ orders. This health care center stresses love and care and the focus is on recovery and continuing improvement. Physical therapy is also available to assist the resident with the strengthening of muscles and several exercise and recreation programs are featured. There’s a social life at the ELLENBURG NURSING CENTER, INC., too, with the recovering resident being urged to participate in order to regain the spirit, which makes living so worthwhile. The writers of this 2009 Historical Review are pleased to be able to list ELLENBURG NURSING CENTER, INC. among the area's leading businesses. Lyndon and everyone at ELLENBURG NURSING CENTER, INC. thank the residents and their families for placing their complete trust and confidence in them through the years, and remind you they are of service to the entire area! Have a safe and happy holiday season!

ed powell's auto salvage & garage
Family Owned & Operated Monday - Friday 8:00 A.M. - 5:30 P.M. Saturday 8:00 A.M. - 12:00 Noon Closed Every Fourth Saturday When the people of the Anderson County area need used auto parts, they usually head straight for ED POWELL'S AUTO SALVAGE & GARAGE at 3715 Mabry St. in Anderson, phone 864-296-9722 and 864-296-9718. Here, they can be assured of getting the part they need and something that's unusual these days: courteous service and low prices! With acres and acres of wrecks in their yard, this prominent company has been serving the area with the best used parts and a thorough knowledge of the automotive industry. More often than not, the part you want is easily located and, once installed, will yield years and years of practical service. ED POWELL'S AUTO SALVAGE & GARAGE also offers 24 hour towing as an additional service to the area's motorists. If your car is damaged beyond repair, they'll buy it from you. The writers of this 2009 Historical Review urge all of our readers to do something for the ecology as well as their pocketbooks and buy "re-cycled" parts from this outstanding wrecking yard! Everyone at ED POWELL'S AUTO SALVAGE & GARAGE thanks their customers for placing their complete trust and confidence in them, reminds you they are of service to the entire area, and wishes you a safe and happy holiday season!

PAGE 22

ANDERSON COUNTY AREA

CITIES & TOWNS - continued from page 21

cures, others simply out of curiosity. Three Abbeville men, Enoch Nelson, John G. Wilson and H.T. Tuston, bought land near the spring where they built a $100,000 hotel. The Mammoth Hotel was at one time the second largest building in the state. Almost the entire village of Williamston was destroyed by fire in 1860, when everything in the business section burned except a drug store and a blacksmith shop. The town was rebuilt and many businesses flourished. In 1872, Williamston Female College was established by Dr. Samuel Lander, a Methodist minister. The college was moved to Greenwood in 1904, where it became Lander College, honoring its founder. La France La France was originally named "Autun" for a town of that name in France meaning Town of Augustus. This is the home of the early Pendleton Factory, later known as Pendleton Manufacturing Co. and in more recent years as La France Industries. The original plant still stands as part of a textile manufacturing and finishing complex equipped with the finest and most modern machinery to be found anywhere, but products made here have changed through the years. During the Civil War, for example, blankets for the Confederacy were the principal product manufactured. In recent years, La France fabrics have included upholstery materials for furniture and vehicles and industrial fabrics. Townville Townville is located in north-western South Carolina in the upper part of Anderson County and the lower part of Oconee County. The early settlers came to Townville and Pendleton at much the same time and were mostly of Scottish and Irish descent from the state of Pennsylvania. They came during the Revolutionary War period. The name Townville wasn't decided on until the government established a post office. Many residents wished to name the community Brownsville for Sam Brown, one of the early settlers, but it was found that there already existed a Brownsville in South Carolina. Postal authorities named it Townville, instead. Piedmont Piedmont, which is incorporated, is a bi-county town, divided by the Saluda River, with part of the town in Anderson County and part in Greenville County. Piedmont has the distinction of being one of the oldest manufacturing towns in South Carolina. Its beginnings date back to 1843, when the area was known as Garrison Shoals and a small grist mill and a log cabin were the only structures. The first mill building was completed in early 1876. Several Piedmont schools are on Anderson County soil.

new prospect baptist church
Dr. Tony smiTh, pasTor “finD hope for The Journey” sunDay services 8:30 a.m., 11:00 a.m. & 6:30 p.m. sunDay school 9:45 a.m. weDnesDay service 6:30 p.m. nursery proviDeD

2503 whitehall rd. • anderson
www.NPBCANDERSON.ORG yOu ARE iNvitED tO COmE wORShiP with uS & wE hOPE yOu hAvE A SAfE & hAPPy hOliDAy SEASON!

864-225-1236

kiddie land child care center
locally owned & operated by dawn marcie proudly serving this area for 51 years 6:30 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. sc license# 14440 ages 6 weeks to 11 years • pre-school learning programs for ages 2 - 5 • school transportation • summer camp program

1010 whitehall rd. • anderson
dawn & everyone at kiddie land child care center wishes you a safe & happy holiday season!

864-226-2037

POP’S DINER
PROUDLY SERVING THIS AREA FOR THE PAST 13 YEARS MONDAY - SATURDAY 11:00 A.M. - 9:00 P.M. LOcALLY OwNED & OPERATED bY MANcEL cHADwIck

308 McGEE ST.

864-369-6920

HONEA PATH

EVERYONE AT POP’S DINER THANKS THEIR GUESTS FOR PAST BUSINESS & SUPPORT, INVITES THE ENTIRE AREA TO DINE WITH THEM SOON, & WISHES ALL A HAPPY THANKSGIVING & A MERRY CHRISTMAS!

ANDERSON COUNTY AREA
continued from below

PAGE 23

Anderson County
Reprinted Courtesy of Pendleton District Historical Recreation and Tourism Commission Anderson County is named for Revolutionary War leader Robert Anderson. It was created in 1826 when the Pendleton District was divided. The City of Anderson is the courthouse seat. It has several historic districts and a strong cultural base. Anderson is known as "the Electric City" for pioneering long-distance power transmission. Pendleton, in Anderson County now, was too near the edge of the new county to be the courthouse seat. It is on the National Register of Historic Places, one of the largest historic districts in the nation. Belton is named for railroad pioneer Belton O'Neal. Honea Path is a Cherokee name -- 'Honea' means 'Path'. The town of Piedmont is named after the geographic province. It has a rich heritage in textiles. Pelzer is named for textile pioneer Francis Pelzer.

African-American members in antebellum times, and the slave gallery still remains. The records of the church's Black communicants, including marriages and deaths, are available at the Pendleton District Commission's Research Rooms. - Located on East Queen Street in Historic Pendleton. Daily exterior viewing. (Interior included on pre-arranged guided group tours.) 1-800-862-1795. Woodburn - Jane E. Hunter, founder of the Phillis Wheatley Association, was born on this ca. 1830 plantation in 1882. - Located on History Lane (across Highway 76 from Tri-County Technical College), Pendleton. - Woodburn is operated as a house museum by the Pendleton Historic Foundation. April-October, Sundays 2 - 6 p.m. or by appointment. (864)646-7249 or 1-800-862-1795.

• Historic Pendleton: tours, historic houses, farm museum, festivals, antiques, shopping, etc • Anderson County Museum • Anderson County Arts Center • Anderson College Rainey Fine Arts Center • South Carolina Tennis Hall of Fame and Ruth Drake Museum, Belton

SiteS & AttrActionS

African-American Heritage Walking tour - Pendleton Foundation for Black History and Culture - PO Box 806 - Pendleton, SC 29670 - Hours: Self-guided tour (maps available at Pendleton District Commission) - Admission: FREE - Come explore African-American heritage in Pendleton through this self-guided tour to ten sites. The sites you will visit on your tour represent a work-in-progress. Several have been saved by individuals, families and groups who cared; others are being restored through community effort. Pendleton Historic District - Pendleton, SC - Admission: FREE - The entire town is on the National Register of Historic Places. A landmark is the Pendleton Farmers Society Hall, built in 1828 by a society begun in 1815. More than fifty buildings pre-date 1850, and there is a self-guided walking tour and a cassette tape tour. St. Paul's episcopal church - Pendleton, SC 29670 - (864)646-3782 - (800)8621795 - Hours: Call for details. Admission: - Call for details. - This white clapboard church was built in 1822. A Jardine pipe organ has filled the church with music since 1848, and the churchyard includes burial sites for several historically important people.

AttrActionS & HiStoric SiteS

Locally Managed by Ron Brock Safe, Reliable Service Since 1951 Rural residents will be pleased to know that BLOSSMAN GAS & APPLIANCE is the authorized distributor for L.P. gas. This friendly concern specializes in personalized service and regular deliveries to all outlying areas. You won’t be without the clean warmth of gas with this reliable company on the job. Located at 4117 Hwy. 81 South in Anderson, phone 864-296-1933, this is one fuel company which realizes the importance of keeping the customer satisfied. They offer easy payment plans, gas and electric appliances, sales, service, installation and much more! Whether you’re a small or large user of L.P. gas, BLOSSMAN GAS & APPLIANCE will do their utmost to keep you satisfied. They value their customers above all else and their record of dependability shows it! Please feel free to give them a call anytime you have a question regarding L.P. gas service in the local area. The writers of this 2009 Historical Holiday Review would like to congratulate this well-run firm for their customer satisfaction and constant improvements. Ron and staff thank their existing customers for their years of continued support and business, and wish you a happy holiday season!

Anderson east church Street Business District - A plaque with a time capsule beneath it marks the site of Anderson’s former Black Business District. Restaurants, tailor shops, barber shops, cab companies, funeral homes, hotels, doctor and dentist offices, and more businesses flourished on East Church Street from the 1920s through the 1950s. - Located in the City Parking Lot on Church Street in Anderson. PendletonAfrican-American Heritage Walking tour - Come explore AfricanAmerican heritage in Pendleton through this self-guided tour to ten sites. The sites you will visit on your tour represent a work-in-progress. Several have been saved by individuals, families and groups who cared; others are being restored through community effort. Pendleton Foundation for Black History and culture - PO Box 806, Pendleton, SC 29670. Hours: Self-guided tour (maps available at Pendleton District Commission) - Admission: FREE St. Paul's episcopal church - An 1822 Episcopal church, St. Paul's had many
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GREENVILLE COUNTY AREA

CHILD DEVELOPMENT
LOCALLY OWNED & DIRECTED BY CARLA JENKINS ANDREWS LICENSE #17820 www.fourwindscdc.com A REFRESHING DIFFERENCE IN CHILD CARE & PRIVATE SCHOOL MONDAY - FRIDAY 6:30 A.M. - 6:00 P.M. • QUALITY CHILD CARE - INFANTS TO 12 YEARS CONVENIENT • A BEKA CURRICULUM - K-2-4TH GRADE TO BMW, • KEYPAD SECURITY ENTRANCE MICHELIN & • OVER 1.5 ACRES OF AGE APPROPRIATE I-85 OUTDOOR PLAYGROUNDS • AFTER SCHOOL PICK UP & DROP OFF • DYNAMIC SUMMER PROGRAM • NUTRITIONAL HOME COOKED MEALS SERVED DAILY

864-234-1534
1300 BOILING SPRINGS RD. IN GREER/GREENVILLE
(1.2 MILES FROM 85 JUST OFF PELHAM)
CARLA, ALAN & ALL THE STAFF AT FOUR WINDS CHILD DEVELOPMENT THANK THE PARENTS OF THIS AREA FOR PLACING THEIR COMPLETE TRUST & CONFIDENCE IN THEM, LOOK FORWARD TO TAKING CARE OF YOUR LITTLE ONES IN THE FUTURE, & WISH YOU A SAFE & HAPPY THANKSGIVING & HOLIDAY SEASON!