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INDIAN ASSOCIATION OF PHYSICS TEACHERS NATIONAL STANDARD EXAMINATION IN ASTRONOMY 2008 - 2009 Date of examination: 23rd November 2008

Time 15.00 to 16.00 Hrs.

JUNIOR LEVEL

Instructions to Candidates

1. In addition to this question paper, you are given a separate answer sheet.

2. On the answer sheet fill up all the entries carefully in the space provided, ONLY IN BLOCK CAPITALS.

Incomplete I incorrect J carelessly filled information may disqualify your candidature.

3. On the answer sheet, use only BLUE or BLACK BALL PEN for making entries and marking answers.

4. This paper has two part. In part A 1 (a. Nos. 1 to 30)each question has FOUR alternatives, out of which only one is correct. Choose the correct alternative and mark a cross (X) in the corresponding box on the answer sheet.

For example,

Part A2 (a. Nos. 31 to 40) has four alternatives in each question, but any number of these (4, 3, 2, or 1) may be correct. You have to mark ALL correct alternatives and mark a cross (X) for each, like

5. Any rough work should be done only on the sheet provided at the end of question paper.

6. For Part A1, each correct answer gets 3 marks; wrong answer gets a penaltyof 1 mark. For Part A2 full marks are 6 for each question, you get them when ALL correct answers only are

marked. .

7. Use of nonprogrammable calculator is allowed.

8. No candidate should leave the examination hall before the completion of the examination.

9. The answers / solutions of this question paper will be available on our website - www.iapt.org.in by 30 th November 2008.

10. Result sheets and the "centre top 10%" certificates of NSEA are dispatched to the Professor in charge of the centre. Thus you will get your marks from the Professor in charge of.your centre by January 2009 end.

11. TOP 300 (or so) students are called for the next examination-Indian National Astronomy

Olympiads (lNAO). Individual letters are sent to these students ONLY.

12. No querries will be entertained in this regard.

PLEASE DO NOT MAKE ANY MARK OTHER THAN (X) IN THE SPACE PROVIDED ON THE ANSWER SHEET.

Answer sheets are evaluated with the help of a machine. Due to this, CHANGE OF ENTRY IS NOT ALLOWED.

Scratching or overwriting may result in wrong score.

DO NOT WRITE ANYTHING ON BACK SIDE OF ANSWER SHEET. CERTIFICATES & AWARDS

Following certificates are awarded by the !.A.P.T. to students successful in NSEA. i) Certificate for "Centre Top 10%\1 students.

ii) Merit certificates to statewise Top 1 % students.

iii) Merit certificate and a prize in the form of a book to Nationwise Top 1 % students.

YOU HAVE TO BE BORN BETWEEN JANUARY 1, 1994 AND DECEMBER 31, 1995

INDIAN ASSOCIATION OF PHYSICS TEACHERS

NATIONAL STANDARD EXAMINATION IN ASTRONOMY JUNIOR LEVEL

2008-2009

Total time: 60 minutes (A-I, A-2) Marks: 150

PART A -1: ONLY ONE OUT OF FOUR OPTIONS IS CORRECT

1) Choose the INCORRECT statement from the following.

(a) An increase in pressure results in increasing the melting point of some solids. (b) An increase in pressure results in decreasing the melting point of some solids. (c) An increase in pressure results in increasing the boiling point of all liquids. (d) An increase in pressure results in decreasing the boiling point of some liquids.

2) Let Q = (x / y) where x andy are real numbers. If both x andy are increased equally, then

(a) Q will increase (b) Q will decrease

(c) Q will remain the same (d) none of the above.

3) Triangles of perimeter 9 units are drawn with their sides having integral and unequal lengths. How many such triangles are possible?

(a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4

4) A tall girl standing in front of a vertical plane mirror, is able to see herself only upto her knees. She can see the lower part of her legs, if

(a) she moves towards the mirror

(b) she moves away from the mirror (c) she bends down

(d) she stands on a stool

5) The first Indian astronaut to travel in space is

(a) Sunita Williams (b) Kalpana Chawla (c) Rakesh Sharma (d) Satish Dhawan

6) Velocity"- time graph for the motion ora particle is as shown below. Maximum value of acceleration is during the interval

ve\ocH:,Y

(a) BC (b) CD (c) DE (d) EF

7) Wires A and B-are made from the same material. Wire A has length 12 m and weighs 50 g, while wire B is 18 m long and weighs 40 g. Then the ratio (RA / Ra) of their resistances will be

(a) 16/45 (b) 415 (c) 8/15 (d) 4/9

8) A cell of emf El and internal resistance rl is supplying current to an external resistance R. When another cell of emf £2 and internal resistance 1'2 is added in series the current inR will increase

(a) for all values of EI and E2 (b) only if E\ < E2

(c) only if E2 > (~El) I (R + rt) (d) only if (E2! r2 ) > (EI I r\)

9) A body is released from rest from the topof a tower of height 3H. The ratio oftimes it takes to fall through equal heights H is

(a) 1 : (-Y2 - 1) : (..)3 - -Y2) (b) I : 4 : 9

(c) 1 : 1 :1

(d) 9: 4: 1

10) If

pa + qb + rc + sd pa+qb-rc -sa

pa - qb + rc - sd - pa-qh -rc +sd

then

(a) be, ap, sr, dq are in proportion (b) be, ad, ps, qr are in proportion (c) ae, bd, pq, rs are in proportion (d) ar, bp, cq, ds are in proportion

11) A physics student learnt about two fuel saving inventions=Puel Saver A" saves 30% and "Fuel Saver B" saves 40% offuel. He modifies his car engine to use both the fuel savers A and B. How much fuel does he save?

(a) 70 % (b) 35 % (c) 40 % (d) 58 %

12) A radio-active nucleus X transforms into its stable isotope Y. Ifx andy are the numbers of a and p particles given out, then

(a) x == y (b) x= 2y (c) 2x::;: y (d) 4x= y

13) Mars appears reddish to us because of

(a) scattering of light by molecules in the atmosphere of Mars (b) scattering of light by molecules in the atmosphere 0 f Earth (e) presence of iron oxide on the surface of Mars

(d) presence oflead oxide on the surface of Mars

14) a, band c are three vectors having magnitudes 8, 3 and 5 as shown in the figure. Then, -+

a.

(a) a= b + e (b)a>b+c (c)a<b+c

(d) none of these

15) An aluminum cube at 100°C is kept in contact on top of an identical copper cube at 30°C. The ratio of density of aluminum to the density copper is 1:3 and the ratio of their specific heats is 2: 1. Their common equilibrium temperature after some time will be

(a) 6SoC (b) 58°C (c) 30°C (d) 72°C

16) (l + tanl () ) 1 (1 + cotl ()) :::: (a) tan2 ()

(b) cot2 e

(c) sec2 e

(d) cosec20

17) The constellation having three equally spaced stars at its centre is

(a) Orion (b) Pleiades (c) Cancer (d) Auriga

18) An iceberg is floating in ocean. What fraction of its volume is above the water? (Given: density of ice= 900 kglm3 and density of ocean water = 1030 kg! m3)

(a) 901103 (b) 13/103 (c) 10 1103 (d) 11103

19) A buggy ABC of shape as shown in the figure is filled with water. Which of the following statements is NOT correct?

A

(a) Average pressure on surfaces A and C is the same.

(b) Pressure on surface B is greater than average pressure on surface A. (c) Force due to hydrostatic pressure on C is greater than that on A.

(d) The buggy moves to the right on its own.

20) In the figure shown PQ II RS and 8M 111N. Then measure of angle a is

L I'll

p

(a) 58° (b) 1180 (c) 89° (d) 91°

T

21) An Earth satellite of periodehours revolving along equatorial orbit from east to west is located overhead at a place on equator at 16.00 hours. At what time will it again be overhead

at the same place for the first time? .

(a) 24.00 hr (b) 22.00 hr (c) 20.48 hr Cd) 20.00 hr

22) A long copper wire is wound in the form ofa coil of radius r, A current of2 A is passed through this coil and the magnetic induction at the centre of this coil is noted. The same wire is now folded end to end and coil of the same radius r is prepared and the same current is passed through it. The magnetic induction at the centre

(a) will be doubled (b}will be halved

(c) will remairi same. (d) will drop to zero

23) An air bubble situated at the bottom of an open kerosene tank rises to the top surface. It is observed that at the top the volume of the bubble is thrice its initial volume. If the atmospheric pressure is 72 em of Hg, and mercury is 17 times heavier than kerosene, the depth of the tank must be

(a) 2.16 m (b) 2.88 m (c) 12.24 m (d) 24.48 m

24) Let N = 28, the sum of ALL distinct factors ofN is

(a) 27 (b) 28 (c) 55 (d) 56

a square pattern

,,,",',rt"",,,,,, H~ deep, Then,

in

26)

30) P\,

after ... ",.,,.,<,,,V'l"',;IY

PART A-2

In question 31 to 4,0 any number of options (1 or 2 or 3 or all 4) may be correct.

You are to identify aU of tbem correctly to get 6 marks. Even if one answer identified is incorrect or one correct answer is missed, you get zero score.

31) The sun is visible little before the sunrise and little after the sunset from

(a) Mercury (b) Venus (c) Earth (d) Mars

32) Sound waves produced by a source are propagating in a medium. The quantity/quantities that change from point to point is/are

( a) pressure (b) density

(c) temperature (d) elasticity

33) INSA T series of Indian satellites is used for

(a) telecommunication (b) television

(c) weather forecasts (d) missile launching

34) (a2 + 3x + 5)112 + (~ + 3x + 20)112 :; 15. therefore x is

(a) (-8/3) (b) (14/5) (e) (- 1112) (d) 4

35) In the figure shown below the incircle of a triangle ABC touches the sides AB, BC and CA at points P, Q and R respectively. Therefore.

A

~

P I

. r B~c

~

(a) (AP + BQ + CR) == (112) (perimeter of the triangle ABC)

(b) (AP + BQ + CR) = 4r

(c) (AR+ CQ + BP) = (112) (perimeter of the triangle ABC) (d) (AR +CQ + BP)=AI+ BI +CI

36) If [2 + m2 + n2 = 5, then (1m + mn + In) is

(a) ~ (-5/2) (b) ~(-l) (c) < 5 (d) s 3

37) Dimensions of a solid wooden paraJleJopiped of specific gravity 0.8 are 5 em x 7.5 em

x 10 em. While floating on still water, how many em of it c~n be above water? '

.l' ....... ,..

(a) 1 em (b) 1.5 em (e) 2 em

. (d) none ofthe above

38) The diagonals of a quadrilateral are equal and bisect each other, The quadrilateral has to be

(a) any parallelogram (b) any rectangle

(c) any trapezium

(d) any rhombus.

39) During a spacewalk an astronaut has to use a space suit, otherwise he will . not survive even for a few seconds, because of

(a) very low gravity in the space

(b) nearly zero atmospheric pressure in the space (c) extreme temperature conditions in space

(d) solar radiations in the space.

40) The length of a metal rod at to C is given by the formula L; = Lo (1 + a t) where l« is the length at 0° C and a. is the coefficient of linear expansion for that metal. Which of the following statements is/are true?

(a) If the rod is cooled by t= (1/a)OC, then its length will be zero. (b) The rod will become curved if cooled excessively.

(c) For any metal it is impossible to cool by'(l/a)OC.

(d) Since a is different at different temperatures it is meaningless to think of cooling by (lla)OCo