Worksheet 10 – More Useful Expressions for Successful Discussions

A. LEADING A DISCUSSION 1 • Getting Started • 2 Bringing People into the Discussion 3 Encouraging Everyone to Participate 4 Clarifying • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Is everybody ready to begin? Okay are we ready to start? (Name), what do you think? (Name), do you have anything to add? What do you think about (Name)’s point? Does anyone have anything to add? Would anyone like to comment on what (Name) said? Could you go over that again? I’m afraid we don’t really understand what you said. I’m not sure we all understand what you mean. Let’s hear what some others have to say. I think you’ve got a good point there. Why don’t we find out what other people have to say? Perhaps we should go on to the next point. We have only a few minutes left, so could we move on? Are there any more comments before we move on to the next point? That’s interesting, but it raises a different point. Could we come back to that later?

5 Controlling People Who Talk Too Much 6 Keeping the Discussion Moving 7 Keeping the discussion on the Subject 8. Reaching Agreement and Summing Up

• •

Do we agree that......? So, to sum up, we’ve decided .......

B. VOCABULARY FOR LISTENING ACTIVELY 1 • What do you mean? Asking for Clarification • I’m not sure what you mean. • Sorry, but I don’t understand what you mean • Could you explain what you mean by ...? • Are you saying that .........? • I’m not sure I follow you. Did you say that ....? 2 Clarifying or Restating (Your Comments) 3 Paraphrasing • • • • • • • • • • I mean ....... In other words, ........ The point I’m trying to make is ..... (Name) said that ......... What (Name) means is ......... I believe (Name)’s point is ........... I think (Name) feels that ...... Isn’t that right? Let me see if I understood. You said ........... Do you see what I mean? Is that clear?

4 Checking for Understanding

CC 204 0 E ng lis h for Acad e mic S t udie s ( He alt h C are) – S tudy G uide

C. VOCABULARY FOR EXCHANGING OPINIONS 1 • What do you think of .........? Asking for an Opinion • How do you feel about .....? • What’s your opinion of ........? 2 Giving an Opinion • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • In my opinion, ......... Personally, I think that ........ It seems to me ......... As far as I’m concerned, ......... That’s right. You’re right. I think so, too. I agree with you. I definitely agree. I completely agree with you. Yes, but..... Possibly. but..... Yes, but the problem is.... I don’t really agree with you. I’m not sure I agree with you. The reason is that..... Yes, that may be true, but....

3 Agreeing (usually used by the ‘discussion leader)

4 Expressing Reservations (usually used by the ‘discussion leader) 5 Disagreeing

D. VOCABULARY FOR TAKING TURNS 1 To indicate that you want to speak, you can use nonverbal signals such as Getting Attention leaning forward or raising your hand. You can also gain the attention of the group members during a pause by saying : • May (could) I ask a question? • May (could) I say something here? • May (could I make a suggestion? or : • I have a question I’d like to ask. • I have a point I’d like to make. 2 Interrupting If you feel that a interruption would be appropriate, you can wait for a pause in the conversation and then say : • Excuse me, but........ • Pardon me, but........ • Excuse me for interrupting, but....... • Sorry to interrupt, but........ • • • • • • • • Excuse me, I’d just like to finish this point. If you could wait for a second, I’m just about to finish my point. Could I please just finish my point? Anyway, ....... As I was saying, ........ In any case, ....... Going back to what I was saying,...... As I was saying, ........

3 Keeping Your Turn

4 Continuing after an Interruption

CC 204 0 E ng lis h for Acad e mic S t udie s ( He alt h C are) – S tudy G uide

6. VOCABULARY FOR DEALING WITH A PROBLEM Emphasizing a Point • It seems to me that the real issue is....... • I think the basic cause is...... • As far as I can see, the main problem is...... • In my opinion, the basic problem is...... 7. VOCABULARY FOR STATING PRIORITIES • In my opinion, the main thing is..... • As I see it, the most important point is.... • I feel that the most important consideration is..... 8. VOCABULARY FOR ASKING FOR OPINIONS • (Name), would you like to give us your opinion about ....... • (Name), what’s your opinion about ..... • (Name), I wonder if you’d like to comment on ..... • (Name), what’s your reaction to ...... • (Name), how do you feel about ..... Useful Resources on Discussion Skills: http://elc.polyu.edu.hk/elsc/material/Speaking/discussion_skills.htm

CC 204 0 E ng lis h for Acad e mic S t udie s ( He alt h C are) – S tudy G uide

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