IB Chemistry – HL

Topic 7 Questions
1.

For the reaction below
H2(g) + I2(g)

2HI(g)

at a certain temperature, the equilibrium concentrations are (in mol dm –3)
[H2] = 0.30, [I2] = 0.30, [HI] = 3.0

What is the value of K?
A.
2.

5.0

B.

10

C.

15

D.

100

The value of the equilibrium constant for the reaction
2HI(g)

H2(g) + I2(g)

is 0.25 at 440°C. What would the value of the equilibrium constant be for the following reaction
at the same temperature?
H2(g) + I2(g)

3.

2HI(g)

A.

0.25

B.

0.50

C.

2.0

D.

4.0

Hydrogen and carbon dioxide react as shown in the equation below.
H2(g) + CO2(g)

H2O(g) + CO(g)

For this reaction the values of Kc with different temperatures are
Temperature / K

Kc

500

7.76×10–3

700

1.23×10–1

900

6.01×10–1

Which statement for the reaction is correct?
A.

The forward reaction is endothermic.

B.

H2O(g) and CO(g) are more stable than H2(g) and CO2(g).

C.

The reaction goes almost to completion at high temperatures.
1

[I2(g)] = 0.0 What is the value of K? 7.0×102 A liquid and its vapour are at equilibrium inside a sealed container.44 D. are [H2(g)] = 0. 4. C.0 mol of R is present. Decreasing the volume of the container 2 . It increases by a factor of four. D. The reverse reaction is favoured by high temperatures. 33 D. The expression for the equilibrium constant for a reaction is Kc = [ B][ C] [ A] 2 At a certain temperature the values of [A].D. Adding more liquid B. A. A. It doubles. A 1.4 mol dm–3? 5.0 mol of P and 6. 1. It does not change.30.0×10–2 B. 1. [HI(g)] = 3.25 C. What happens to the value of Kc when all three values are doubled to 0.2 mol dm –3. Adding more vapour C. Which change will alter the equilibrium vapour pressure of the liquid in the container? A. 4.0 dm3 reaction vessel initially contains 6. in mol dm –3. B. 0. At equilibrium 4. the equilibrium concentrations. 10 C. 0.30. 0.00 R(g) + S(g) For the reaction below: H2(g) + I2(g) 2HI(g) at a certain temperature.11 B. It is halved.0 mol of Q. [B] and [C] are all 0. What is the value of Kc for the following reaction? P(g) + Q(g) 6. A.

... (a) The equation for the decomposition of hydrogen iodide is 2HI(g) H2(g) + I2(g) ∆HӨ = +52 kJ Predict and explain the effect on the position of equilibrium of (i) increasing the pressure........................................................................................... (2) (ii) increasing the temperature........................................................................................................................................................................................ 8......... after equilibrium is re-established... ............................................ Decreasing the temperature The equilibrium between nitrogen dioxide (dark brown) and dinitrogen tetroxide (colourless) is represented by the following equation............................... Kc....................................... with reference to the value of Kc.................... ........... at constant temperature.... 2NO2(g) (a) N2O4(g) ∆H = negative Kc = 1 at 328K Write the equilibrium constant expression...... .................................................. .................................................... ................................................................................................................ (2) (d) Two moles of NO2(g) and two moles of N2O4(g) were placed in an empty 1 dm3 container and allowed to come to equilibrium at 328 K.... (2) (c) State and explain the visible change that takes place as a result of a decrease in pressure.. (2) (Total 7 marks) 9....................... at constant pressure.......... .................................................................. ................................................... whether the equilibrium mixture would contain more or less than two moles of NO2(g).......................................................... .............................D...................................................................................... (2) 3 .................................................. .......................................................... (1) (b) State and explain the effect of an increase in temperature on the value of K c..................................................................... Predict..................................................

04 (i) Equilibrium concentration / mol dm–3 [HI] [H2] [I2] 0. Calculate the amounts of carbon monoxide and steam at equilibrium and the value of Kc. Calculate the values of Kc for the forward reaction for each experiment.) (2) (Total 5 marks) 4 . at constant temperature and pressure. Experiment Initial concentration / mol dm–3 number [HI] [H2] [I2] 1 0. and explain your choice.0 mol of carbon monoxide and 2. (3) (ii) Under the same conditions of temperature and pressure. 2. although this is not the correct value.0 mol of carbon monoxide and 3.1 for experiment 1 and 0. (If you were unable to calculate a value for Kc in (i) use the value 9. 1. (1) (c) The equilibrium formed during this reaction was investigated in two experiments carried out at different temperatures. 2. The results are shown in the table below.00 0. deduce the concentrations of the other species present at equilibrium. The equation for another reaction used in industry is CO(g) + H2O(g) (i) H2(g) + CO2(g) ∆HӨ = −42 kJ Under certain conditions of temperature and pressure.00 0.04 For each experiment. At equilibrium. although these are not the correct values.6 mol of both hydrogen and carbon dioxide were present.2 mol of steam were left to reach equilibrium. (If you were not able to calculate the values of Kc in (c)(i).01 0.04 0.00 2 0.(iii) adding a catalyst. assume that the values are 0. (2) (b) Deduce the expression for Kc for the forward reaction.0 mol of steam were left to reach equilibrium. (6) (ii) Use the two calculated values of Kc to deduce which of the two experiments was carried out at the higher temperature.) (2) (Total 15 marks) 10.0.2 for experiment 2.06 0. Calculate the amounts of each reactant and product at equilibrium.

3. (a) (i) no effect. forward reaction absorbs heat/endothermic/OWTTE. 1 forward reaction is exothermic/∆H is negative/equilibrium moves to left/OWTTE.IB Chemistry – HL Topic 7 Answers 1. D A 4. D No ECF throughout this question. 8. too much NO2/OWTTE. Kc = [N 2 O 4 ] (a) [NO 2 ] 2 (b) Kc decreases. (ii) shift to right. D 2.e. 2 [7] 9. D 7. (c) 2 (mixture will get) darker/darker than expected. B 5. D 6. (iii) 2 2 no effect. equilibrium position moves to the left/towards reactants as there is an increase in the number of moles of gas from right to left. equal gas moles on each side. (d) 2 (equilibrium mixture contains) less (than 2 moles NO2). [N 2 O 4 ] given values make [NO 2 ] 2 = 1 2 i. 5 .

2 (0.01) 2 = 6. (b) Kc = [H 2 ][I 2 ] [HI]2 2 .0/4.catalyst speeds up both forward and reverse reactions equally. 3 Apply ECF from Kc expression. (ii) H2 and CO2/products = 1.25. Kc (= 1.25 ×10 − 2 .4 (mol).02 (mol dm 3). − [I2] = 0.04) ECF from above values.33/1. H2O = 1. 2 Using Kc = 9.04) 2 6 ECF from above values.02 (mol dm 3).01 (mol dm 3).02) 2 = 0. (i) CO = 0. − [I2] = 0.62÷0. 2 [15] 10.0. (ii) experiment 2 (at higher temperature). Kc = (0.6) = 4.4×1.7 (mol). CO and H2O/reactants = 0.5.04 (mol dm 3). (c) (i) experiment 1 − [HI] = 0. values for H2 and CO2 are 1. [5] 6 .6 (mol). Ignore units. 1 Ignore state symbols.5 and values for CO and H2O are 0.3 (mol).67/0. Kc = (0. (0. higher Kc value/equilibrium shifted to right. experiment 2 − [H2] = 0.