Operational Amplifiers

Ch. 9 #1
Chapter 9
Operational Amplifiers
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #2
Important Parameters
Gain
Small-Signal Bandwidth
Large-Signal Bandwidth
Output Swing
Linearity
Noise and Offset
Supply Rejection
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #3
One-Stage Op Amps
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #4
One-Stage Op Amp in Unity Gain Configuration
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #5
Cascode Op Amps
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #6
Unity Gain One Stage Cascode
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #7
Folded Cascode Op Amps
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #8
Folded Cascode Stages (cont.)
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #9
Folded Cascode (cont.)
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #10
Folded Cascode(cont.)
|A
v
|≈ g
m1
{[(g
m3
+ g
mb3
)r
o3
(r
o1
||r
o5
)]||[(g
m7
+ g
mb 7
)r
o7
r
o9
]}
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #11
Telescopic vs. Folded Cascode Pole
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #12
Example Folded-Cascode Op Amp
See Example 9.6
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #13
Single-Ended Output Cascode Op Amps
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #14
Triple Cascode
A
v
app. (g
m
r
o
)
3
/2
Limited Output Swing
Complex biasing
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #15
Two-Stage Op Amps
Design Approach for Two-Stage Op Amps
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #16
Single-Ended Output Two-Stage Op Amp
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #17
Output Impedance Enhancement With Feedback
Rout = A
1
g
m2
r
o2
r
o1
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #18
Gain Boosting in Cascode Stage
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #19
Differential Gain Boosting
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #20
Differential Gain Boosting (cont.)
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #21
Differential Gain Boosting (cont.)
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #22
Common-Mode Feedback
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #23
Common-Mode Feedback (cont.)
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #24
High Gain Amp Model
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #25
Common-Mode Feedback (cont.)
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #26
Resistive Sensing
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #27
Source-Follower Buffering
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #28
Deep Triode FET CM Sensing
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #29
CMFB Example
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #30
Alternative CMFB for Folded Cascode
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #31
Simplified CMFB with Triode Devices
See example 9.9
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #32
CMFB Triode Example with Reference
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #33
CMFB Triode Example with Reference (cont.)
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #34
CMFB Triode Example with Reference (cont.)
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #35
Differential Pair with CMFB
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #36
Slew Rate
Linear RC Step Response
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #37
Slewing in Op Amp
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #38
Small-Signal Operation of Op Amp
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #39
Op Amp Slewing
Slew rate = V/S = I/C
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #40
Op Amp Slewing (cont.)
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #41
Slewing in Telescopic Op Amp
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #42
Folded-CascodeSlewing
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #43
Folded-Cascode (cont.)
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #44
Slewing Recovery
Operational Amplifiers
Ch. 9 #45
Slewing Recovery (cont.)